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title: 'The Belmont chronicle, and farmers, mechanics and manufacturers advocate. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1848-1855, March 11, 1853, Image 1',
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THE BELMONT ( IIHOMCLl "
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS ADVOCATE.
NEW SliRIES.VOIi. 5. M. 2 ST. CLAIRSl ILLR,v0ni0f FRIDiV, 11, 1853. WBOti SO. M
1 ! 1 I... i 'S
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
ri'ni.ts.iiF.nJErtY frutiAY imnmiio,
nv ii. .i. uoWAiti it. ii. coffRN.
OFFICE ON WEST SIDE OK MAIIKET ST.,
IIOI.UII l SEl.OWTHS MAHKKT II0US.
TKRM or SUBSCIlirTIOlI.
t f pal.l within thrM inontl.i, WlB
If palil alter thallium, .... "
rnr dif continunl only at th option f th editor,
whilt arrearages are due.
Cacli annara, (11 llnernr leu,) three week, 1,JJJ
Every a.tilitinnal Inwrtion, AMS
Yearly advertisements one column,
trofessinnal cards S3 per anrtnm.
irj-AII letters addrened to the editor ruuit be paid to
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS.
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xentrary, are considered as wishing to cuntlnuclheir suli
"Scrlptinn. , .
. If euhscriliers order the discontinuance or their po
Tlodleale.tlie pnmiehera may continue to eend them un
Tlil all arrearages arc paid.
3. If mnscribers ncilcictar refuse tn take their period
Icala from thr offices to which they are directed, they
are held responsible till they have settled the hill, and
rdered them discontinued.
. ir eulwcriliers remove to other places without In
form in tlw publishers, and the periodicals are ecnt to
the former direction, they are held responsible.
5. The courts have deelde.l that refusint to take per
iodical" from the office, or Motoring and- leavine them 1
uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of intentional fraud.
DEATH'S FINAL CONQUEST.
BY JAMES SHIRLEY.
Tlie glories of our birth and stittc
Arc shadows, not substantial things;
There is no armor against fate;
IX-ath lays his iey hands on kings;
Sceptre, and crown
Must tumble down,
And in the dust bo equal made)
With the poor crooked scythe and spado.
Some men with swords may t cap the held,
And plant fresh laurels w here they kill:
Tut their strong nerves at last must yield;
They tame hut one another still.
Enrly or late
They stoop to fate,
And must give up (bolt murmuring breath,
When tiny r''c' captive creep to death.
The garlands wither on your brow,
Then boast no more your mighty deeds:
Upon death's purple altar now
Sec where the victor victim bleeds.
All heads must come
To the cold tumb;
Only the actions of the just '
Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.
From the Northern Light.
THE DEATH CHASE;
THE HUNTER'S LAST BULLET.
A WESTERN ADVENTURE.
BY CAPT T. MAXWELL, U. S. A.
One bright, beautiful forenoon, some four
days and three hundred miles after we had
passed the last outpost, some five or six of the
old veterans of the North-West Company's
men, w ho were returning with us from the
lower station on the Yellow Stone, proposed,
ns the steamer drew up along side the bank to
wood which for the hist four days had been
done by cutting and splitting the green scrub
oak, poplar, and Mich oilier small growth as
grew along the bank most convenient to the
boat, and placing so much as we could of it on
the top of boilers to kiln dry these old
hunters proposed, as I was about to say, to
have a short buffalo hunt while the steamer
"Now then lads," said Old Judafi Gtiinly,
as he led bU Indian mustang ashore
sand flung himselfinto the saddle the last of our
party " now lads we're all ready, and we'll'
keep this trail right on up the river to the
Little Walnut Bottom where, we shall find
buffalo any time alter noon."
Offwe went at a brisk canter, all excellently
i mounted and each armed with a prime rifle,
bes ides the usualoutfit peculiar to the frontier, i
consisting of pistols, and a delicate bit of j
steel some fourteen inches in length, half an j
inch thick in the back, and keen enough to i
X shave very cleverly with, which arbitrary j
custom had christened and made fa.nous as '
' the Arkansas tooth-pick.
It was about ten A. M. when we left the ,
steamer, and so well did our horses perform
' after their six day's rest, that by half-past
twelve we -raised the sharp ridge which cut
the course of the river at right angles, nearly!
twenty miles by the channel, and over fifteen J
by the route we had come, from the steamer;
.and ten minutes thereafter we were tearing!
headlong down the northern slope of 'the
ridge, urging our horses like very mad men to
.fall upon a ht r 1 of full a thousund buffaloes,
most of which were drinking when we first
At first old Judah raved and shouted and
-cursed us for crazy, know-nothing fools, for
V thus driving right inainong a herd of buffaloes,
-amorTg"which there were doubtless at least
thirty monster bulls, who would trample us
to death as easily as a mastiff could crush
a mouse beneath his paw.
But the old hunter's warning was lost upon
my companions, who hid sucked at ther si.le
arms during the ride till they were utterly
reckless of everything. As for myself, that
was my first appearance on a prairie stage in
, the character of a buffalo hunter, and little
did I know or care of the danger attendant
upon an experiment like ours.
When Gaiuly saw that all warning was
useless, he gave tremendous whoop, and
dashing forward at theheadof our little troop,
"Come on ye cussed fools! ye'll learn
something before ye git out of this bottom, er
iny name aiut Judah Gainly."
On the level bottom, and about a hundred
rod from the base of the ridge, was a belt of
wood, or rather brush, which hid the buffaloes
from our sight as we gained the level ground;
but from the great trump which he could hear
on the other side, wc judged that the herd
were all ta-foot and rolling off towards the
Wo were mistaken; for just as wo reined
in our horses on the edge of the belt of
brushwood, which we found to be impassable,
a quick cry of alarm from one of our party,
called our attention towards the river bank
not three hundred yards distant, and there
stretching from the wood to the base of the
ridge, was a solid wall of curly pates, vast
humps and brawny shoulders of at least two
thousand animals which bad boen concealed
by the bank, so that we had not seen them
from the ridge.
On they came that avalanche of monsters,
with smoking nostrils, gleaming eyeballs,
and their short, sutmpy 5iorns forming a serried
hedge more formidable than ever did the
bayonets of even Napoleon's favorites the
invincible "Old Guard."
"Back! back, to the ridge before they come
upon us!" yelled two or three of our number;
and, very calmly, Old Judah commenced to re-
"Back to the ridge, ehl Fools! which of
you has ever seen a horse which has been
tidden fifteen miles, keep pace with a buffalo
bull! It is full three hundred rods from here
to the foot of the hill, while those fellows arc
less than as many yards from us. You sec
"Ha! by the heart of John Jacob Astor!
wc are in a tight place now, lads," he yelled
out, as he was interrupted by the dull, lazy
whiz of at least a dozen rifle bullets, some of
which came most sociably near our persons,
as I myself judged from a 3harp tap on my
metal canteen slug under my left arm and a
rather clean cut aperture through the lappcl
or my hunting frock.
"Now ye see, lads; we must work our
horses into this thicket if we can, so lar that I
none of them rollin devils will get afoul of us,
and when they are all past, we must steer for
the river, for yon fellers are Crows, and we
had better take our chance among the horns
and hoofs of these critters, than to get within
range of them red nigers rifles. Come! come,
luds! In with ye!"
But the old hunter's advice hnd occupied j
several moments of our time that should
have been devoted todigginginto the brambles
and ere a single horse had made a break in i
the dense wall of briars twigs ami foliage the
buffaloes, with a plunge, a roar and a cru.h, '
were upon us.
In a moment we were separated, and one
here, another there, in among a hedge of
horns, and amid a continuous roar of buffulo
bull thunder, we were borne on, helpless and
impotent in the centre of the vast herd, while
at short intervals, I' could hear the sharp
ringing report of the Crow rifles, followed by
the whistle of their bullets; but as if by a
very miracle for full twenty minutes, during (
which time the herd was confined between
the belt of brush-wood and the ridge, we
were hurried along with them, without any
one of our number receiving the slightest
injury either from the buffaloes or our friends,
At last when the head of the belt of timber
was gained and the herd began to spread out
and sweep away to the westward, by some
singular chance the old hunter and myself
were flung together, and at the same time, out
clear of the buflalo stream on the left.
For a single instant we reined in our
horses, and as we did so, I pointed to the
Indians some fifty in all, I should think
who had ridden along the summit of the ridge,
keeping just about the same distance from us
that they had been at first.
"Yes, I see the red theives," said my com
panion very calmly, as his eye followed the
direction of my finger. "I sec 'em, Leflenant,
and I can tell ye that they all carry the Cin
cinnati rifle. Too light to kill a hurd shelled
old feller like me this distance. But our boys
are all off rvest with the buffaloes; and we
are left here to pluy at hop und dodge with
these theivin' Crows.
"Well; we must back towards the river,
and ford itr somewhere; for you see them
skunks are dividing about forty of 'em are
coming down to follow the buffaloes and our
fellers, and them other sneaks ten of 'em
will hang round us till they wing us; unless
we play Indian belter than they can. Come,
Leftenunt," and the next breath wo were
dashing away towards the river, while the ten
Crows were gradually closingjn with us bb
they urged on their horses towards the
We were within perhaps two hundred
yards of the bank, when the heaps of at least
thirty Indians were thrust up above the
feathery scarf of fern that grew along the
very edge of the bank.
"This won't do, Leftenant," said the old
hunter, apparently not in the least moved as
far as I could discover. "It won't do sir," and
he caught my '.eft hand bridle rein, whirling
my horse's hcud away from the riverulong with
his own; and as both animals dashed off' over
tho ground just traversed, Old Judah went
"It's no use Leftenant, to try for the river
now. There's five hundred of the thieving
Crows on the other side; and our only chance
j is now to dUtunce them devils on the hills
there, and get far enough ahead of 'em to cross
I the ridge again and pull out for the steamer.
And now, Leftenant, don't worry down your
i unimal in the start, nor above every thing else,
I don't ye was to a single bullet. We Bhall
want 'em, every one before we ever get
At the moment that we turned to retrace
our steps, the savages whose heads we had
only seen above the fern, now rose fully into
view, horaea and all as they rushed up the
bank; and in '.ess than thirty seconds, fifty ol
the red fiends were thundering along the
narrow prairies on our trail, while the (er
warriors on the hill-side came yellingon after
or rather abreast of us, keeping up a dropinjj
fire which we were much too busy to, reply unti
they should come within sorer range ofour he
vier pieces; which at the rate we were going
we began to hopethero was little prospect o
For nearly ten miles along the Nurlh-wcaCcn '
base of thejridge, our flight had continued;
the herd of bufl'uloes, with our companions,
had longsinco disappeared in the Northern
bend, the Crows bad dropped off", one after
another, until not more than t dozen besides i
those on the ridge, continued the race, and I
these were mostly a mile or more behind, and I
losing ground every moment. I
But there were seven of the warriors on i
whom in all that desperate race we had not
gained a single inch. I
Four of these were of tho party on the ridge
while the other three were of those who hod i
followed uhmg the pluin. i
"Look ye here Leftenant this wontnever I
, answer," said Old Judah, suddenly rein'ng in 1
his horse and at the same moment grasping I
the bridle of mine and almost flinging him back I
upon his huunchpt. i
"I tell ye sir, we must drill a hole or two in i
them chap's skulls or they'll cut us ofTsurtain I
sure, before we can get across the ridge. Now I
my advice is Leftenant, that you take hese
three rasculson the prairie in hand, while I t
look after them other beggars on the hill-side I
"But listen youngster you mus.t mind that 1 (
the cunning devils don't dodge your bullets. I
They'll expect you to aim at their heads, then t
at the flash of your piece, they'll fling them- i
selves flat along their horse's neck, or r
it may be drop right dow n along side the ani- i
mal, so that your bullet '11 go whistlin by r
without touching nothin. So you see you r
must aim just a few inches above the horscB t
wethers and ten to one, you'll bore a hole
square in the top of Mr. Crow's skull." I
Tho last word had scarce passed the lips of r
my companion, when 1 follow ed his advice to 1 1
the letter, by singlingoultlie foremost Indian, ! I
and drawing a "bee" on him, or rather his t
horse just clear of his shoulders. 1 observed I 1
that at tho flash ol my rifle, every one of the f
three Indians fell prostrate on the necksof c
their horses, with their heads no higher than 1 1
those of the animal.
Jly customer was mistaken that time how- I
ever; for a moment after I fired, he sprang s
bolt upright, dropped his rifle, and after fling- I 1
ing his arms about in the most violent manner, U
for a few breaths, he toppled over backwards q
and fell heavily to the ground. If
"That's the fashion to count up our tallies
on the bloody red thieves Leftenant!" observed ' s
old Judah in a tone of exultation, as the sharp t
crack of his rifle followed mine, and one ofljj
the side-hill warriors plunged headlong from a
his saddle that is the way to talk to 'em lad. w
Both them chaps got our bits of lead square ' a
in the top of their gourds right through their ; u
brains if so be these infernal red skunks ' B
have got any brains, );
"They'ro cunnin devils though, and our n
next bullet would'nt wing 'em in that way.
No, no, you-hold on your fire, till you see how j tl
no hang it, as soon as you're ready, we'll g
both fire together but this time aim about 1 1
four feet from the' horse's back just about h
at their heads as they sit in their usual way. n
What say are you ready!" o
"Aye aye Juduh all ready." e
"Well, blaze away Fire!" d
At the simultaneous Hushes ofour rifles the, h
five surviving Indians leaped to their teet on 1 i
the backs of their horses, and then quick as j (1
thought, two of them dropped their weapons, t
clapped their hands to their breasts and plun-j v
ged headlong forward over their horse's head's ' t
to the ground. r
"Fooled ugain!" shouted the old hunter in ' c
an exultant tone; "Lieutenant, there's not j
many of these red western niggers that's got . (
cunning enough to play rifle und tomuhuwk j
with Old Judah Guinly." o
But look ye here we may venture to try the ' r
crossing of the ridge now," and within fifteen ! t
seconds we were dushing up tho ascent, cross- i ,
ing the Indian's course at right angles, not E
sixty yards distaut; but as there was only three t
of them left, we had little apprehension on i
their account; having made up our minds to j r
pick off the three fool-hardy fellows before we
had gained the summit of the ridge, and then e
ride back to the steamer more at our leisure. (
We we-e half way up the hill, with our rifles ! i
loaded, and just about to rein up for another J
pop at the IndianB, when I made the discovery f
that somehow in dashing through the brush-
wood, the hummer of my rifle had got caught
und wrenched entirely off so that the gun was
Almost ot the same moment that I discover-
ed the accident to my rifle, an exclamation of ,
despair from the lips of my companion fell on
my ears, and as soon as he could speuk cohe- ,
rently, I learned that he bud met with un uc-
cident little less serious than mine, in as
much as he bad lost his bullet-pouch, some- .
where below us, and there he was, with only (
a single bullet and that one in his gun.
For a few moments the stalwart, hard-fea-
tured old hunter fairly foumed at the mouth, .
like a mud dog, and roared in his mad excite
ment. But he soon quieted down, and after
trying my bullets und finding them consider
ably too large for his rifle, he spoke to me
calmly as he bad anytime during the day, '
"This is bad Leftenant mighty bad. But
we must make the best we can of it, and trust
to Providence and our horses' bottom. But
look yo here lad!" he sung out, just as we
gained the crest of the ridge "two of them
red devils are mounted better than wo are. I 1
have seen that since we begun climbing this
ridge. And now with your assistance Leften
ant, I'll try und clip them two lust ones at one
shot, after which we cun settle the lust one
unless he runs away: or run uway ourselves,
just as we please."
Old Judy dismounted as he spoke, and giv
ing me the bridle of his horse, which he re
quested mo to lead down the hill sido at a
smart gallop, and in a straight line as we had
been going, ha began looking about him for
some place of concealment. His quick eye
' caught a cavity in a huge old chestnut tree,
' close by the side of the trail, and as I urged
' my two horses down the slope at their best
' speed which, considering that tho descent
was at an angle of full thirty-five degrees from
f the plane of the horizon, was not at a 3 40
1 speed, or in the most approved style of eques
trian elegsnce as I went down the hill I saw I
Old Judc crawl Into the hole in the, old tree, j
ind disappear man, rifle, hunting shirt, lc,'-!
Itti, wolf-skin Cap and all.
I was half way to tho bottom of the hill:
ivhcn two sharp reports, and a moment later, I
he hissing of two bullets as they rut the air :
I guessed) within ten inches on either side of j
ny head; told me, beyond all question, that
ny Indian friends two of them certainly,!
nere determined to keep up a leaden corres
londence with me nt least.
A single quick glance over my fhouldcr, !
ihowed me the two Crows urging their horses'
Idw n the steep slope at their best speed, while, I
y the way thejr had slung their rifles across j
heir shoulders, without reloading them, I
tnew that they judged my companion must I
lave fallen from a wound received on the oth-1
lido of the ridge, and ns they considered nie
lure game, theAdi'jtt SjlmfK worlh while
o lose anything 0iiT J.'; between us,
y reining in tneifTiorRcsHoTtload their rifles.
Thirty seconds might have passed alter the
wo shots were fired, and I had almost gained
cvel ground, when I heard a most unearthly
vhoop, which I knew in a moment to come
rom the old hunter, and turning in my saddle,
saw the two Indians who had fired at me,
topping, stock still, and were loading their
ifles, apparently in the greatest possible hur
y; -while some hundred and filty yards farther
ip the hill side, stood Old Judc just in the act
if taking aim at the third savage, who had
aised the ridge ond now came sweeping down
he trail with his rifle levelled on the hunter.
At the instant that F was looking for the
lash of my companion's rifle; theold frontiers
nan, let fall the muzzle of his weapon, and a
ireath later, dropping it entirely, he drew
limself up to his full height, and turning
owards the Bingle Crow, he uttered a peeu
iar taunting whoop of defiance which drew
urth a wild yell of rage from the savage who i
ame driving on with furious speed, still cov
ring the hunter with the muzzle of his rifle, i
He was scarcely thirty yards from the old '
ackwoodsman, when without checking the
peed o. his horse In the least, he fired. But j
lis bulle whistled harmlessly by, over the i
rostrate form of the wary old hunter, who
uick as thought, dropped to the earth at the
ash of the Indian's rifle. i
The tremendous whoop of the huntr had i
tartled the two Crows beneath him, & with
leir half loaded rifles they sat there apparent
' bewi Idercd and half stupefied by the sudden
ppeurance of Old Jude there in their rear; i
bile the single warrior came thundering
long down the hill side, his horse grown
unmanageable, his rifle unloaded, and himselt, i
ccustomed as he was to rough riding, scarce- ,
F able to maintain his seat in his wild, plung
ig course down that rugged steep.
Almost before one could have counted ten ,
ie horse hnd borne hi saVagtf rirler to the
pot, where the hunter now no longer pros-
ute. but standing in the path, grasping in
is right hand a fragment of rock that a giant i
light have failed to wield, while, his left was ,
utstretched, as if to the next breath reveal
d his whole intention: for as the horse came 1
ashing on, the veteran hunter grasped him
y the nostrils with such a powerful grip, that .
n an instant the frightened mustang was
ung quivering back upon his haunches, while
lie Crow was hurled violently to the earth,
fhieh he had barely touched when down came
he ponderous rock, upon his naked head, ;
mingling and crushing his face and skull out
I' the very shape of humanity.
Scarcely had the rock left his hand, when;
)ld Judc snatched his rifle from the ground, 1
euped upon the back of the Indian's horse, I
nd with another unearthly whoop, dashed .
ight on down the steep path-way towurds the
Wo remuining Crows, who as if panic-strick-1
in nt the death of-jjie.ir comrade and' the
trange stratagem of the old hunter, turned
md lied for lile, while tho cause of their ter
or came yelling ami whooping on in swift
When the two Crows passed me, they were
o near, and so wholly defenceless, that I
;ould easily have brought either or both from
heir horses with the butt of my crippled rifle.
Jut I was so absorbed by the interest of the
ingular race that I scarcely noticed the fugi
ives, permitting them to pass by unmolested.
As Old Jude drew up with me, I observed
hat he was guiding his horse front side to side
is he dashed on along the trail, holding the
tide reins in his teeth, while he every few
icconds poised his rifle an instant, and then
lowered the muzzle again, until I comprehend
ed that his intention was to get in range so
le could cover them both with his rifle.
Ho had passed mej3erha,ns thirty yards, and i
die Crows were soine fifty' more in advunce
il him, when a sudden turn in the trail;
Drought them into line, and in less than three!
seconds the bullet from Did Jude's rifle hud ;
ped on its mission of death.
Striking tho nearest Indian in the back of
the neck, at the junction with the spine, it
passed out through his throat, and hit the oth-;
?r who must have turned bis head on the in
itant, as the bullet hit him in the right eye,
which it tore from its socket, and then buried
itself in his brain.
Thirty minutes later, we were scouring a
nay across the praries towards the steamer,
ivith three extra horses, the same number of
illes, and several articles of Crow property
which was of small value except as trophies
On the following day we picked up the re
mainder of our party, and in less than an hour
thereafter, we were off on another bufl'ulo
07A little boy had his first pocket - knife,
and for several days he used it himself, and
extended the privilege of the occasional use
of his treasure to his playmates. One even
ing he was kneeling at his mothor's knee,
saying his customary prayer, which closed up
in these words: "And please God give Jim
my Bailey a knife of his own, so he won't
want to borrow mine all the time."
There are many Jimmy Bailey's 'of larger
growth' for whom similar blessings may pro
perly be invoked.
WORTHY OF REMEMBRANCE.
wur excellent friend, I, A. HMMii Esq ,
of Cleveland, lately wrote n letter to a gath
ering of printer that his much Round (VlSdOaa
and good sense in it. We copy a few para
graphs and commend theiri totiie attention oft
Every yo-ing man who is a gra.luito of a :
well-regulatrd newspaper office, should be
qualified, when he is twenty-one years old, to '
conduct a newspaper. It is a fact, that, until
within a few years, all thj editors of newspa
pers in this country were printers. Joseph
Gales, the able and acromp'i-hed editor of the
National Intelligencer, is a practical printer,1
and for all most half a century, has published
the mode paper of the world. lloraceGrccby
is a noble example for young printers to imi
tate. He bod no advantages of birth, of edu
cation, of wealth, of fumily. But by a life of
daily toil at the cas c, and the preas, and the
desk; and by industry', integrity, virtue and
communion with books and papers, he has
made himelf one of the Pnhi of our mighty
realm, ond( with his Trur'nt. wields more po
litical influence than any editor in our Union.
Let me say frankly and candidly, that in my
opinion, the abolition of theold apprenticeship
system is working no good to your profession,
nor to society. That old system was a rigid
one, and many things about it hard for the
flesh and spirit to bear; & yet it was a school
of self-denial, of economy, and of hope, in
which it wos well for the young man to be
educated. I presume I can make the ns-er-tion
without any doubt of its truth, that the
best and most- accomplished printers in this
Union, arc men who served a regular appren
ticeship. You cannot mike go id, steady, in
telligent.elogant prin'ers Without this system.
I have said there were mar.y th:n;:s about it
that used to be hard. But it is well to bear
burthens when we are young, as it gives
strength to carry more weight in after years.
A regular term of apprenticeship should be
pre-ro'juisite for employment in every office.
Were this the rule, you would have better'
printers, better men, and intemperance and
ts kindred vices, would not be frequent among :
printers. But as the practice now is, it leads
a) unsteady, wandering lives, throws young
uen. or rather boys, out into the world, before ;
hey have strength to battle with, or virtuous
principle! to resist, its many temptations, and I
:hus many are ensnared, engulfed, destroyed.
Wherever they are they are restless spirits:
lot being good workmen, they complain ol
:heir wages, are (OYOteat in all strike , and are
ilways a tax upon the sober and Induttroua.
s "traveling jours," they call for "help," &.
ivhen hey get a "job," they only remain long
snough to obtain money for "a drunk" or "a
In conclusion, let me say, if printers would
elevate and ennoble their profession; if they
would make al! of its i.iembers useful, respec
table, honorable, they will at once adopt a regu
lar apprenticeship system, that shall have as
much uniformity us possible throughout our
You may deem my opinions antiquated,
rhey ureal least honestly entertained, and he
ieved to be correct. With many thanks for
four kind invitation, believe me,
JAMES A. BRIGGS.
The Schoolmaster Abroad. A friend ,
rurnisbes us with the following racy speci
uf the way some folks have of doing up let
ters by proxy. Wc infer that the education
if the family was somewhat negbcted, and
ihey therefore waited on JohnatbaOi 'his'n
September the 20 A D 1852
Dear Brother Jacob we let you Know
that we air nil well at Pressent And have
Bean So or Sumtime We received Your
letter on the 13 of this Munth and we Sean
in it that you have got A hie Feaver for to
git home Hut We think it could be curd Buy
counting And we think you will do So as you
Said in your letter come hear this Fall But
you may Do as you Piease A Bout it All ia
rite at home So that you dont neat to cum on
our A count But Still we would like to Sea
you onSt Agin that is Share Futher wc let
you know Souithing A Bout the wether, there
is Bean A very Dry Summer beer our corn is
thin our Wheel is good and our oats is Short
Hut now we have rain A nough now it raind
all nite and rains yet at this time and no Sine
of cleuring of yet Futher I let you know that
we Bot us A 2 yeur old colt it cost us 55 in
money and work it wil make A maire worth
1100 Dollars Futher I wond you to rite to
me whuir I Shall rite to or Direct your let
ter to what Postolfice
Next I let you know that I want you to rite
a Little more the next time And then we wil ,
rite more to Still
But Now My Good Feller I think it is time
For you to Lookout or Ells will Beat you
yet For To Git the wife we all look lor to
see or here of A Weden in the letter But All
in vain no weden to lie heard of in All the
So much of me John to
ibis is lor me Jones I let you know that
I un at home But Still workeu out I had Sum
notion to Cum in to Sea you but now I cand
cum becose I let out my mony to Buy the
colt and have to stay to work lor it my work
is not fur from home it is on the Slashing
therr Buy Benjamin Jurders for Johnathan '
Swandershe Bote it for 000,50 the 100 A-
cres so much of me Jones
this is For me Burbary now I think it1
w as time for you to Lookout or Ells I will
Beut you to get lor I Bote My Weden Dres
All rety But my Bough is mariet now und
the Dres is Bole now what Shal I do A Bout
it But I think I must Sel it A guin and Lay
up the money For uuuther one the Dres is hie
to it is A linzy one So much of me Barbary
U to Jacob
Now we wand you to Anser this Letter AS
Soon as this comes to hand und if you com
out his Fal you dont neat to Sent us an an
ser But if you dont Com you shall sent an an
ser rite A Way so that you mother ig Better
Ho Much of m all and your
Mother Sufiah i i -
Attest Johnathan K winder
Escape of Political Prisoners.
ve translate Irom the Courrirr d'X Huh
Visit of January T( the following commnjii
cation by M. Ribotilet, one of the KfugeVi
who arrived in this City a lew days sinjel
"You some time ago inserted a i'-'terapeallj
ing of tiie escape of twelve political refugee!
from the Isle In Mrrr, in French Gubtnal
This drama has now clo-cd, and I hope it iJ
not too much to ak the insertion of anotheW
letter, which will g've to our friends in A-'
merrea, the particulars of the escape. As
no In UK is involved in my principles, I shall
simply 'lleie -he facts without comment.
"From the time of their departure from
France, the Cayenne exiles submitted with
difficulty to the bad treatment of their keep
ers, but thanks to discreet counsels, no dis
order took place during the whole passage.
On their arrival at the Lie ih. la M:rc, their
troubles were greatly increased. Not a day 1
passed, in which the Governor of the island.
M. Dubooff, did not threaten that he wo uld
put us in irons or shoot us, and that on the !
most trivial pretences. Our hearts, which 1
had not yielded to cruel suffering, were a-'
roused to rebellion by this conduct an 1 we j
determined either to perish or to regiin oir '
liberty. We formed several plans ol escape. '
It was proposed to seize the Gjv.'rnor-Gcne- '
ral and his suite on one of their visits m the
island) w ith such important hostages, it would
have been easy for all to g-t on board a
steamer and make our way to America, where
we were certain oi being well received. A
few moments before acting on this plan, cv- 1
eral of the principal conspirators refused to '
go on, fearing a serious resistance, and in '
consequence, the elfusion of blood. Besides, i
the hope of returning to their families, which
depended on them for support, held back ma-1
ny of the married men. Another plan, on a i
larger scale, was conceived this was to take
possession of Guiana and join forces with the
blacks. I deem it my duty not to eav anv- '
thing more on this subject my friends will
The plans for a general escape having. fa!
ten through, twelve of us combined on the j
8th of Sept., and formed a plan for a partial
escape. At ten o'clock in the evening, two i
of our number went to the telegraph and
broke down the signals. Alter the gendarmes
had gone the round of the barracks, the
twelve refugees quietly left their chambers,
and, each with a smalt parcel under his arm,
went to thejiiace of rendezvous. There, i
were concealed a small sack of biscuit, some .
boarding pikes, and carpenter's tools. Eve- 1
rytbing was placed in a little boat, which
was pushed out by the men swimming. While
tbia was being done, Barthelemy, one of our
beat swimmers, went to take another boat !
which was ubout a pistol slut from the bouse
of the Governor and pilots; we then struck
all together, some swimming, others pushing
the boats towards two large pilot-boats which
were in the olfing. Alter unheard of pains, I
the anchors were weighed, the sails bent, and
we put oil with both the small boats in tow.
An hour afterwards we threw overboard ev
erytbing which, was of no use to u, and sail- !
ed towards the West, without chart or com
pass, und w ith no provisions but live pounds
of biscuit, some raw potatoes which happen
ed to on board, four demijohns of w ine,
and two pots of mustard, but not a drop o!
water. Everything went pretty well through
the night, and at day-break, .ve were aole to
repair the delects in our sail. We then
made rapid headway, and thought we had al
ready reached the Dutch territory when we
perceived the Isles da Sjlut. We lost some
precious time in attempting to reconnoitre
these rocks orders had already been sent
everywhere to stop us, and we were not a '
little surprised to hear the alarm-gun. We
then perceived our error, and were chased by
a gun-boat sent in pursuit ol us by tho otiicer
at the Isles du Halut, with orders to shoot us
down without notice. We learned this fuct
from the engineer of the Yoiayeur and from'
three of our comrades w ho escaped alter us.
Our boat moved well and was double copper
"We had got among the breakers of Syn
anieric, where it was impossible tor our fiie
mies to follow us. The night put an end to
the chase, and we thought we were sale,
when we were brought up short by the sand
banks; we then perceived the tire of a schoon
er which had also given us chase; it wus tho
gen derates, but they did not approach us ut
low water. At three o'clock in the morning,
the tide rose, delivering us from our prison of
mud and from the gendarmes we stood out
to sea for eight hours, and from that time
were not again dioturbed. Alter keeping on
our course lor twenty-four hours, we arrived
at Brandwarscht, the lirst Dutch post. On
making a signal of distress, they came to us.
We requested water und provisions, und sent
three men ashore to get supplies. The com
mander ol the post was absent, and we were
received by u Dutch resident. He found us
in a condition which led him to suspect us
he thought tlut we were couvicl escaped
from the isles du Sulal, and told us that he
considered it his duty to place us in arrest.
I then mtdl this declaration to him: "We
are twelve prisoners ol war escaped from the
isle de la Mire wc cun keep ou in spite of
you your post is too small but I will in
form you that on account of your suspicions
we will not leave the place we throw our
selves on the protection of Holland in virtue
of tho law of nations." The resident told
us that ii we were really political refugees,
we had nothing to fear from Holland, and
that we might trust ourselves in his hands.
He guve me a written declaration thut we
should not be delivered up, and 1 made my
comrades disembark. The aextduy, M. Ma',,
the commander, arrived. He in a Freneh
'"."u. lie cared for us fur brothers and
kept with him lor three days to make us
f.irg. t our sufferings. We were then con
ducted to Paramaribo vhere wc were res
cued as foreigners arriving without passports.
Held in was ;i -signed to us us a residence and
Paramaribo as a pris in.
Meantime, the Governor look every precau
tion to satisfy himseirornur identity, and on
the 21 of December the Dutch Government
gave ps our entire liberty.
"During our s'-iy at Paramaribo, thren
oth' r Republicans escaped Irom Cayenne and
jatno to the Dutch ft under the American
Meg. M.Troyan, . unmmder of the French
urig ig-ur, cane the nfxt diy to demand
Hft but a meeting of all the American mer
chants was he, at the office of the acting
Consul, and i! -vi - i! ',:. .! ni every politi
'rjflHho had set foot on an American
H' 7' 5? free. M -asures were. tln itltt
"HHN bo weft 'treated on hoard,
'hriUSTs oft r -v; ! f r HostOll.
"AaP brothers! I have now an appeal
raisiiaj'i'i' heart. Eleven of my corn
have very unwillingly remained in
Gui'ite; they all wish to come to America;
tie y rle n. eJ of a new free country. They
need tfress the hands of friends. Is there
no meow of giving them aid! I only pre
sent the JUtestion. The large and gnero.ie
!iar: i-' tnoricins and of Frenchmen in
America, I ! -' i". will give the answer.
"My co-nrae's are all good soldiers of uni
versal democracy they arc all young and ac
tive, and own pr opertv."
From lb? means w h.ch wf have ot obtain
ing corr ct infonnat!orrsUpn almost every
-' :i. we are fuilv perVadeJ that we have
very few intelligent median. in 'lr country
in proportion to tiie amount of J ipulation, Sc jjjH
their own numbers. We are ury to say
but tie1 truth ci-npe'. i us to dV1- This JH
I ii t b : for the m- :n-: are aVliant,
wi.er-by they can o!.tii:i informri-ui to malRLjjH
them respected for every mental r;'iaiticationP
The desire, however j most exist in the mind,
and it i:-, for the want of this desire this
mental quality to read g od works, and
tody good authors, that so much ignoranc?
ah M n l-. Instead of reading u-eiu! periodicals
Ittd books, the great majority of them are,
delighted with the flashy stori-s and flippant
liter.i' ore of an'.hors whose names and feme
will never reach above or beyjnd the very
garbage of bookdom.
On our advertisement pae there are two
advertisements for m-ii capable of deduct
ing two separate trades; the one a practical
chemist tor dyeing and finishing woolen
good-; t';.; other a practical machinist. We
know it is not easy to find a person who has
toiled as a hard working mechanic in posses
sion of the means required in the advertise
ment tor the managing machines, and this is
tiie reason why such an advantageous offer is
prescmed. Tnis very fact should teach our
mechanics how much it would be for their
own benefit to employ their leisure hours in
acquiring useful information and obtaining
such a mastery of their trades as to be able
to conduct the same, and thus be ready to
ascend to higher situations whenever oppor
tunities like those on our advertising page are
We have frequent applications fjr practical
intelligent mechanics who can superintend a
business, an 1 we know from experience hiw
difficult it is l i obtain them. Every man will
works at a trade, no matter what that trado
is, should learn 'tsi thoroughly as to be com
petent to conduct the same in all its branches.
Every mechanic should strive to be master of
his business. There is philosophy in every
trade, and why should carpenters, tailors,
machinists, dyers, miil-wrights, coopeis, Sic,
not be as int lligent as doctors, lawyers, and
merchants! There is no use, as many
Mechanics da, complaining about aristocracy
of this and that class; it is worse than foolish-
ness; the a. ..touraey of mind is higher than
that of wealth, and always commands respect.
A gentleman writing to US some time ago for
a machinist to superintend his foundry and
machine shop, said he would give him above
(4,000 per annum, but would be willingto
give him nure could he get the proper person.
"I want a good mechanic,'' was his language,
"und a gentleman; one who is courteous, in
telligent, nnd with WhomH can associate as a
friend." The elevation of our working-men
is one object about which we are solicitous;
we have often preached ubout itthrough these
columns, and will continue to do so upon
every proper occasion. It has been our object
to present I chaste literature along with
scientific and other useful information, but
our circulation is only among the intelligent
of our mechanics; consequently tho great
ma-s for whom our remarks of this kind are
designed w ill not see them. Wc will, how
ever, thank those who do read them to talk
upon the subject from lime to time, with
their brother craftsmen, in order that they
may feel the force of the old adage, "know
ledge is power," und may be led to see the
error and fuolishment of their ways, and
adopt a course of life which will lead them
to ascend to the front ranks of intelligent
mechanics, scientific American,
A fai : C .lci laTios. A shrewd friend of
ours, who is accustomed to look at things in
a business point of view, thinks that the out
cry so often made about expensive preaching,
is without foundation. He argues thus:
"1 have," says he, "a family of six persons,
who attent church, I P'7 twenty four dol
lars a year for pew rent. I heurtivo sermons
on the Sabbath, and one during the week
making one hundred and fifty 'lectures' during
the year. I obtain, therefore, for myself and
family, nine hundred lectures for twenty four
d illars; or in other words, I pay about two
und on:? half cents a lecture. People give
from twenty five to fifty c.nts for a lecture
on Astronomy, aiiu ulm.ost every other subject
you cun name, except the gospel: surely, for
a 'gospel lecture,' I ought to be willing to
give at least Vwo cents add a half."
The thought thus expressed is certainly
just, and might, with great advantage, be car
ried on still further.