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title: 'The Belmont chronicle, and farmers, mechanics and manufacturers advocate. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1848-1855, March 18, 1853, Image 1',
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THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE.
WW SHRtfSS. -VOL. 5. g. 25. ST. CMIRSi'lliLE, OHIO, FRIDAY, MIRCII 18, 1853. f M HOLE NO- 805
. THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
BY II. J. HOWARD -V U. It. COWEN.
OFFICE ON WE3T SIDE OF MARKET ST.,
IMIIKDIATKLY BELOW Til MARKET
'I I. u M.l OK SUBSCRir riON.
If pai.l within thrpc monttm, Sl.-V'
If paid after that lime, '-'.m
Papnrs discontinued only at tha option of tht editor,
Vhile arrearages are due.
T Kit MM OfADTKSTISINO.
Each aquara, (11 lines nr lea,,) Hire week) l.on
Every additional insertion, Jjj
Yeariy advertisements one column, $40,(10
Half column, i,00
Quarter column, 15,00
rrofesaional cards S3 per annum.
JCjAII letters addressed to ilia editor must be paid to
laaur attention ;l
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS.
1. Subscribers wlin do not cive express notice to the
ranlrary, aro considered as wishing to continue their sub
scription. - j
S. If subscribers order the discontinuance nf their pc-1
riodicals.the publishers may continue to send them un-1
til all arrearages arc paid. .
3. If subscribers ncirlert or refuse to take their period-'
Icala frntn the offices to wliich thev are directed, they
are held responsible till they have settled the bill, and
ordered them discontinued.
4. If suliecribers remove to other places without in
forming the publishers, and the periodicals are sent to
Ilia former direction, they are held responsible.
5. The courts have decided that rclusing to lake per- j
lodicals from the office, or removing and leaving them
uncalled for, ia prima facte evidence of intentional fraud.
THE BRIDGE OF SIGHS.
THE BRIDGE OF SIGHS. "Drowned, drowned."--Hamlet.
BY THOMAS HOOD.
One more unfortunate
Weary of breath,
Gone to her death.
Take her ui tenderly,
Lift her with care;
Fashioned so slenderly,
Young and so fair.
Look at her garments,
Clinging like cerements,
Whilst the wavo constantly
Drips from her clothing;
Take her up instantly,
Loving not loathing.
Touch her not scornfully,
Think of her mournfully,
Gently and humanly;
Not of the stains of her,
All that remains of her
Now is puro womanly.
Loop tip her tresses,
Escaped from the comb,
Her fair auliurr. tresses,
While wonderment guesses
"Where was her hornet
Who was her father
Who "was her mother
Had she a sister f
Or had she n brother?
Or was there a dearer one
Still, and a nearer ono
Yet than all olhcr?
Alas! for ihe rarity
Of Christiun cliarfty
Under the sun;
Oh! it was piliful,
Near a whole city lull,
Home she had none. j
The bleak winds of Mnrch
Mndu her tremble and ehivor,
Hut not the dark arch,
Or the bluck flowing river;
Mad from life's history,
Glad to death's mystery
Swift to bo hurled,
Any where, uny where,
Out of the world.
In she plunged boldly,
No matter how coldly
The rough river ran!
Over the brink of it.
Picture it, think ol it,
Dissolute man !
Lave in it, drink of it,
Then, If you can.
Take- her up tenderly.
Lift her with c.tre,
FuUiioiud to slenderly,
Young ond so fair.
Owning her weakness,
Her evil behavior;
And leaving, with nicckiieiS
Her sins to her Savior.
What childlike reflections and what happy
ceremonies crowd upon the mind as we be
hold the first flurry of snow. Whut golden ,
memories or the olden time, when we were a j
boy, cheerful and happy in the country whu j
sisions of sleigh-rides and skating and sliding j
.down hill, and snow ballings, and snow forts, j
glistening like gorgeous palaces when the sun
chanced to shed a ray upon them, and from .
whence noisy armies of schoolboys were wont
to march forth to mimic battle to conquer j
or to be conquered; what spelling schools,
where, after spelling a few times round, we
would all "stund up and down," a generous
emulation, from wliich the victor would come
off crowned with greater glories than were
ver vouchsafed Napoleon in the height of
his power and prosperity; what winter par
ties, at which all the parties, at which all
the neighbors, for miles around, almost,
would punctually attend, as full of glee us
when they were merry school children, like
ourselves. All these things are brought back
so fresh as if it were only yesterday by tho
falling ot the snow. We can remember how,
when the snow was damp, wet used to com
mence rolling a snow-ball fashioned by the
hand, until, us it rapidly increased in dimen
sions, it seemed an avalanche, and we could
not move it further, wo called it the foun
dation of a magnificent palace, and at every
intermission would add to it untilaltnost com
plete, when, like air constructed paiaees, it
would melt away,
"Uke the baseless fabric of a vision."
Ve remember how, for miles and miles
round, the earth would be enveloped in it.
glittering mantle, enlivened by the boisterous
mirth of children and the merry ringing ol
sleigh bells. He who rests his hopes upon
I the snow, rests them npon a slippery founda
' tion, yet wo love the snow. We look upon
it as one of the immeasureable blessings of
that wise Master, "who doeth all things well,"
and though the some thoughts may visit us
j year after year, yet they are, at each visita
tion, as welcotno and us new as ever they
were belore. O! let us never forget thehup
I py days we have spent in childhood, nor tho
wretched ones. We are all children. God
grant we always may be. Buffalo Rough
GETTING A SUBSCRIBER.
Tired and fatigued from n long day's ride;
covered with the dust we had gathered on a(
dry, sandy road, we called nt 'Squire Hobb's
10 wet our mouth, rest our hones, and have a
chat with the 'Squire. On our part, however, 1
there was a disposition very soon to talk lessj
and doze more. This, Hobbs-a good natured i
soul--perceived, as by intuition; and soon I
left us to the soft influences of naturo'e j
Now how long we slept we needn't tell, and
our readers needn't know. It wasn't long,
however, fur loud talking in the 'Squire's of
fice soon aroused us, and we listened to a
conversation highly interesting to us. It'
Beems that Joacum Gulic, old Joe, a clever,
sobersiued, close-fisted neighbor of the
'Squire's had culled to talk about the "crap,"
and matters and things in general.
"Well, 'Squire," said Mr. Gulic," "do you
know where a fellow can buy a right smart
chance of a nigger boy, these times!"
'Realy, Undo Joe, I don't know at this
time. There was a sale in town last week,'
of some six or eight at one time."
"Yes. And I got a right likely negro boy,
eighteen years old, for $450. My word for
it, I wouldn't take a thousand dollars for him
"Just my luck why I never heard a word :
of it. Who tuld you. 'Squire'"
"O, you know I take the paper. I saw the I
sale advertis3d, and as I had to go to town
any way, I went on the day of sale, thinking ,
I might hit a bargain, perhaps, and I did hit a :
'Well, 1 swear, I have got to have a hand,
somehow. You see I have put in more than I
have hands to work. "Who's got a hand to
hire anywheres about!"
'You're too hard fox me again, Uncle Joe;
the hiring season is over. About a month
agoull the negroes belonging to the estate of
II , deceased, were out ut auction,, and
I'm told they went very low."
"The d 1 you say. Why didn't you tell
"I hardly know why. I saw it advertised
in our paper, and I supposed everybody took
that. M M t'n tin. i, I didn't know you wanted
to hire. Did you know I have sold my Harden
tract of land!"
"No, indeed. Who to!" i
"Why, to a rich old fellow from Alubania.
It was day before yesterday, and I got the
"yellow boys," cash up only six dollars per
acre. He sai d, that he came ucross our pa
per in "Old Alabama." I!e liked the descrip
tion of tho country; saw my wee bit of an
advertiesement, and came to see about it. We
struck a trade in no time."
"Jerusalem! And here I've been trying to , i
sell a tract of land for the last two years, &
couldn't get a dollar and a half an acre. It's
better land than yours, too, and you know it,
'Squire. Well, what is, tis, and can't be 'lis
er, but I reckon, 'Squire, I've beat you on su
gar. I bought, lust week, two barrel of sugar
at G cents, when everybody else hud to give 7
cents. Beat that, eh!"
"With 'all case, Uncle Joe 1 bought
mine at 5 cents."
"No, sir! 1 don't believe it. Now say
"At the house of W &. Co. I got a'
rare bargain. You see they advertised in the
paper that they were selling 'off at cost. I'
knew groceries would go quick, so I bought a j
year's supply. Their groceries were all sold
before night, I din't pay the money either
for they took my U. S. Lund Wurrant ut$l,-j
25 per acre."
"Now, now, 'Squire! that can't be, for my
lawyer told me that it wasn't legal to sell my ;
"Very true, some time ago; but the news
came lutely in the paper that Congress had ,
mude them assignable!"
"Well, tisn't fair! its rascality! What right
has these editors to get all the news and keep
it to themseives!"
"Ah! Uncle Joe, you misunderstand it. Ed-(
itors and printers lubor night and day to gath
er the news, and give it to the people to in
struct their readers to inform them of all J
the improvements of the age and ameliorate!
tho condition of society. Their paper goes
abroad, recommending our people and country
to interesting and intelligent emigrants. Cuu
they labor thas for nothing! Should they not
be puip! Is there a man who is not benefitted
by a pu per! Is not every subscriber reptudj
four-fold for tho pittance of $2, his subscrip-l
"Stop, 'Squire! stop right there! I'm going!
to take the paper. I'll take six, and send
some back to my kinfolks in Georgia."
"You needn't go fur for that-here's the ed
itor right in the room."
Here the parties rushed in upon us, where'
we wero acting out must admirably, a person j
fast asleep. It is enough for us to say, iii.it
after an introduction, the name of Joacuiu
Gulic was entered upon our nolo book as a !
subscriber paid iu advance. And now, when!
the parties alluded to shall read this- a e hope I
they will pardon us for giving to the public
the substantial facts urged by the 'Squire
aiding us so effectually in "opttino a sub
scbiuki:." Herald, Jefferion, Texas.
We fiud the following "wet blanket" flout
ing about in our exchanges: Young mother
(who is extremely sentimental ou ooticiug
' that her first born, in the cradle, is excessively
1 restive.) The angels are whispering to thee,
1 my own darling babs. Grandmother (ex
tremely matter-of-fact) It's no such thing,
Laura; the child has only got wind in its stom
Anticipated Conflagration in Rome.
Dr. Cumniing, in his 'Apocalyptic Sketches,'
j and many other authors hsvo asserted, as their
! interpretation of some partsof the Apocalypse,
(that Rome will bo destroyed by fire from
heaven, or swallowed up by an earthquake, or
overwhelmed with destruction by volcanoes,
as the visible punishment of the Almighty for
its I'opery and its crimes. I am unwilling to
deduce any argument of this hind from tho
prophecies which are unfulfilcd; but I behold
everywhere in Rome, near Rome & through
the whole country of Italy, from Rome to Na
ples, the most astounding proofs, not merely
of the possibility, hut of the exceeding proba
bility, that the whole region of central Italy
will one dny suffer under such a catastrophe.
The soil of Rome is tufa of a volcanic origin; I
the smell of the sulphur which we found to be I
most disagreeable must be the result of vol
canic subtcrranen action still going on. At!
Naples, tho boiling sulphur is seen bubbling!
near the surfuce of the earth. When I drew
a stick alongthe ground, the sulphurous smoke
followed the indentation; and it would never
surprise me to hear of the utter destruction of
the entire of Italy. TionsnVs Journal of a
fji7"Thcrc are three kinds of men in this'
world the "Will's," the "Wont's," and the
"Cant's." The former effect ever) thing, the i
other oppose everything, and the latter fail I
in everything. "I will," builds our railroads j
and steamboats. ' I won't," don't believe in
"experiments and nonsense;" while "I can't" (
grows weeds for wheat, and commonly ends
hit days In tho slow digestion of a court of
0C7Attorney-Geiieral Crittenden was mar-, 1
riud to the widow of the late Gen. Ashley, j 1
at Dr. Pyne's Chinch at G o'clock on Feb. ; 1
27. The ceremonies were intended for aj
few friends only, but the news got abroad 1
and tho Church was filled. The President! '
ar.J the President elect, several members of'
tho present and prospective Cabinet, General '
Scott, Mr. Guthrie, with Kentuckiuns from
nil quarters, Judges ol the Supreme Court,1
Senators, Representatives, and the people j
generally were there. Rev. Dr. Pyne otlici- I '
;ited, assisted by a chaplain in the Navy, j '
Secretary Everett gave away tho bride.
Profanity Reruked. A friend sends usj'
the following, which although it has been
published heretofore, we think it cannot be
published too frequently. Kds. Cpur Enq, '
A true extract from the original 'f General Or- j 5
der Book" of Gen. Washington, under dute j
of 38th July, 1779. ' ft
"Many and pointed orders have been issued '
against that unmeaning and abominable cus- ;
torn of swearing notwithstanding which,
ivith much regret, the General o b-,
serves that it prevails, if possihle, more than , 1
ever. His feelings are continually wounded I
by the oaths and imprecations of the soldiers '
whenever he is in hearing of them. The
name of that Being, from whose bountiful 1
goodness we are permitted to exist and enjoy 1
the comforts of life, is incessuutly imprecated
and profaned in u manner as wuuton as it is,
shocking. For the sake therefore of religion, I '
Jeccncy and order, the General hopes and 1
trusts that officers of every rank will use their , 1
influence and authority to check a vice which 1
is as unproli table as it is wicked and shame- 1
fill. 1 1
"If officers would make it an invariable '
rule to reprimand, and if that does not do, I
punish soldiers for offences of kind, it could j '
not fail of huving the desired eflect."
Society of Friends.
The following aro the statistics returned by
the recent Census in regard to the Society of 1
Stutes. No. of Churches. Agg. ; '
Conneticut, 5 1,025 '
Delaware, 9 3,030 ( 1
Georgiu, 2 500
Illinois, 6 1,550;
Indiana, 35 43,015
Iowa, 5 1,550 1
Maine, 24 7,225 I
Maryland, 26 7,700
Massachusetts, 37 13,723 1
Michigan, 7 1,400 j
New Hampshire, 15 4,700
New Jersey, 53 25,545
New York, 132 49,314 i
North Carolina, 30 12,020
Ohio, 94 30,806
Pennsylvania, 141 60,974
Rhode Island, 18 6,370
South Carolina, 1 500
Tennessee, 4 1,600
Vermont, 7 2,550
Virginia, 14 6,300
Dist. of Columbia, 1 200
Total, 714 282,823
Civilization of the Past.
A strange mystery hangs around the1 his
tory of America, previous to the intrusion of
the white man. When Cortez dwelt upon the
Island of Cuba, his eye wandered out over
the deep, and as ho beheld the Tropic sun
glide away down in the West, he conjured
dreams of magnificence and glory; and in
tho far distance beheld the sunny land where
his dreams were to mould themselves Into
proud realities. Through years he struggled
for a mastery of sufficient wealth to speed
him and his followers over the intervening
sea; and at last cut loose from the bound
shore, to petierate where never yet white
man had trodden. After gaining the Con
tinental shore, fired with adventure and a
glowing hope, he burned his .ships to cut off
all retreat, und with his brave men turned to
wards Montezuinus' Hulls.
The history of that adventure wo have
7etit how that, at every step, he saw signs
of very marked Civilization, and how, when
he reached the Capital City, he beheld his
most glowing dreams realized, in the daz
zling splendor of mighty Teocalas, Temples
and Altars. This it is the province of Hbj'l
tory to relate; but we pause upon the very
threshhold of the Mexicans' Temples to ask,
whence came all this consummate Art all
this deep insight into Science all this very
far advanced Civilization! The words die
into on empty echo, for the Past keeps her
secrets hid in darkness, which no eye has yet
been able to pierce. It will not suffice, for I
the proud Aztec to say, "We came from the
North, and found here, in this lonely vslley, j
a race of people lar advanced in Art and ;
Science, who moved away upon our intrusion, 1
into ihe far South;" it will not do for tho
Toltec to say, "We come from the North and
built these great Central American Cities
which now, in their ruins, are the wonder of
the world:' Where is that North, and'
whence came they! Who shall soy 1 t
Fiftd with a thirst for Gold and Glory ;
the Spaniard's incentives to great deeds
Pizarro dared to seek new and untried fields
tag adventure, and at last penetrated through I
the wilds of Peru into the home of her In
cag, where even more magnificence than the '
Spaniard's hrain had dared to conceive, met
his astonished vision. Stately Palaces with
Gold and Silver mountings, ponderous struc- i
tures of carved Stone, Highways, bridges,
cultivnted Fields watered by perfect system
of irrigation, every where met his gaze, nnd
made the weary Castilian laugh for excess of
The history of that Peruvian adventure is 1
known to every reader of Prescott.and needs
1)0 rchcrsal, but can we thrust back the query,
Whence came all this splendor of Art all
this practical Science!" for the Incas, his-
tory is shrouded even in deeper mystery than
that of the Mexican, and for the present, we '
must turn to our own imaginations for an an- '
swer to the query.
The rpcent movement towards Central A
nerica, by large numbers both of English ;
md Yankee adventures, holds out the hone
lhat their restless explorations of that cotin- ,
try may gradually extend from Nicaragua to
Gruatemala, and leod to important discoveries!
imong the Cities described by Stephens as ,
rumbling to decay, and overgrown and al- I.
most hidden by the luxuriant forests of that I
l'ropical clime. The sculpture upon these
splendid ruins contains, doubtless, as does
he sculpture of the East, a history of the
Nations who crested them. And the time .
nay not be far distant, when some American (
Jhampollion shall discover the key by which j
o Unrlval (he obscurity of these records of
he Past. Sandusky Register.
A Shout Romance. Under the above
:aption, Mrs. Swisshclm's paper of the pre
ent week tells the following: J
"Among the freight which passed through
his city last week on the underground rail- ,
uad, was a daughter of a "T. ealthy und in- .
lueutial" citizen of Louisiana, a young lady ,
If remarkable beauty, and no monn
if spirit and intelligence. She had been ,
veil brought up and kindly cared for by her
"atlier; but a creditor levied on her for debt. .
She was placed in a calaboose for safe keep
ng, and for tho inspection of purchasers. A
Otongst those who thought of buying the
irticie. was one gentleman who wished to
earn if her bust was indebted to padding for its
form; but the girl, resenting this pursuit after
(nowledge as a personal insult, dushed him
from her; whereupon this rcpresentutive of
ioiilhern chivalry drew a heuvy whip, and
leult her a blow which she caught upon her
ight arm und shoulder, und which rendered
.hem quite powerless. Thut night-the night
jelore the sale some one came into her
prison, gave her a suit of boy's clothes, bade
aer dress quickly and follow. She did so, Si
was placed by the unknown friend on a steam-)
bout bound fur Pittsburg, and here she arrived I
Her arm and shoulder were still disabled'
rrom the effects of tho blow, by her chivalric ! ,
,vould-be purchaser, but she was thunkl'ul to j
lave got oil' so wonderfully; wus hopeful lor !
;he future, and with a considerable company i ,
jf emigrants, was promptly forwarded to the ,
British dominions." j ,
An Anf.cdote. The following anecdote J ,
"rum tho New Hampshire Telegraph is too
rood to bo lost: ,
Many years ago there was in the eastern 1 1
part of Massacusetts, a worthy old D. D..&.1
ultho' he was an eminently benevolent man I
ind a good christian, yet, it must be conies-1
sed, that he loved a good joko much better, !'
sven, than the most inveterate jukers. It was I
before church organs were much in uso, it so h
happened that the '.hair of the church hud
recently purchased a double bass viol. Not ,
far from the church Was a large pasture, and :
in it n huge town bull. One hot Sabbath in .
the summer he got out of the pasture and
came hollowing up the street. About the'
church there was plenty of untrodden grass,
green and good, and Mr. Bull stooped to try
the quality, pcrchanro to ascertain If its
location had improved its flavor, ut any rule
the reverend doctor was in the midst of his
"Boo-woo-woo," went tho bull.
The doctor paused, looked up utthe singing
seats, und with I grave face, suid:
I would thank the musicians not to tune
their instruments during service time, it an
noys me very much."
Tho people started and the minister then
"Boo-woo-woo," went the bull aguin, as he
passed another green spot.
The purson paused aguin and addressed tho
"I really wish the singers would not tune
their instruments while I am preaching as I
remarked belore, for it annoys ine very
The people tittered, for they knew as well
as any oue, what the real stale of the cuse
was. The minister went on again with his
discourse, but he had nut proceeded tur before
another "Boo-woo-woo," came from Mr. Bull.
The parson paused once more, and again
"I havo twice already requested the music
ians in the gallery not to tunc their instru
ments during sermon time. I now particular-
ly request Mr. Lnfevor that he will not tune
his double bass viol while I am preaching."
This was too much. LtftrrOf got up too
much Ifitated ut the thought of speaking out
in church and stammered out:
"ft isn't me, parsonaB , it's th-thc town
BY FANNY FERN.
Swear! Out upon s'jeh common attain
ments! Ho do the lowest and meanest that
swim in the sinks of vice nnd drunkeness.
There is not a ruffian who cannot boast the
same accomplishment. Every recking den
of deviltry has its proficients. The most de
graded of humanity can swear as roundly a
you. Hark! You hear it in the highway. In
every spot where tipplers congregate, the
oath is. part of every breath. At night it
comr?s 'with fearful distinctness from the
drnm-shop. And yet you are p-oud of your
foul-mouthed wickedness, as though the vilest
of the earth could not boast of the same.
Chew Tobacco! A loathsome spitting
machine, eh! Beautiful and interesting ap
paratus, truly! A selC-acting squirt-gun to
eject the filthiest compound in Creation I A
Lama on two legs bespattering ull within
your reach without provocation even! And
because you cat tobacco and spit out the juice
with mock dignity, you area gentleman! do! '
ho! The raee or fools is not extinct. Why,
you slavering beast, It is no rare accomplish-!
ment to eat tobacco! You can't make your I
mouth fouler than the old vagabond who
spends the shilling he has begged for rum & '
pound of plug. He can act as filthy as
you can. Can't you believe it! See him spit
jnce! Mark the dark lines from each corner
if his mouth, and the noiseme stains of his '
ihirt bosom. Rtre accomplishment indeed:
lor a gentleman.
Drink Champagne! Ha! hr! Dear sir, the
.vhole land is full of just such suckers. The
aggedest, wiry haired, red nosed, blear eyed I
j!d bloat in Christendom, can get us ri-'h and I
bolish and as drunk as you can. And what's
die difference! From the actions a looker-on I
:ould not determine w'hat liquor the two had
JOt drunk on. The one spews iu the gutter!
md the other in his room. There is a differ- '
:nce in the quality of tho coats, but none In'
;hat of drunkenness. The common sot can
jet ns "owly" on common whisky, us you can !
in pure Mam-pagnt. You drink with rc-'
spectable tipplers and drunkards; he with1
hose who tire graduated in the common
You are a gentleman, tire you! Why are
ou! Go well dressed, do you.' And so that
nukes a gentleman. Your whole aim of !
iTe is to udom your person in a fashionable'
suit of clothes, practice a must unnatural
rait, und whirl before the glass. A fine suit
)f clothes, sir, cannot give a man a heart. '
"u wear a moustache und impuriul, nnd so;
loes a goat. A face may be covered with ;
tuir, und no brains in his heud. Bear's grease i
ind a fashionable twirl are all your do- j
r r ' i
Advice of an old Lauv Now, John,!
isten to me, for I am older than you, or I 1
:outdn't be your mother. Never do you mar-;
ry n young woman, John, before you have
contrived to happen at the house where she'
lives ut least lour or five limes before break-i
fast. You should know how late she lies in
tho morning. Yon should take notice wheth
her complexion is the same in the morning
is it is in the evening, or whether the wash .
ind towel have robbed her of her evening
bloom. You should take cure tj surprise her
so that you may see her in her morning dre.-s,
and observe how her hair looks w hen she is
not expecting you. If possible you shuuld be
ivhcre you can hear ihe looming conversation,
between her and her mother. If she is ill
natured and snappish to her mother, so she
A' ill be to you, depend on it. But if you find
icr up and dressed neatly -in tho morning,
with the same countenance, the same smiles,
he sume neutly combed huir. Die sume ready
ind pleasant unswers to her mother, which
characterized her deportment in the evening,
ind particularly if she is lending u hand to
jet the breakfast ready in good season, she is
t prize, John, and the sooner you secure her
o yourself, the better.
The Delaware Legislature has chartered
ihe Air Line Railroad through that State,
rhe capital stock is to be $4,000,000. The
shares 00 dollars each. When ten shares are
ire contributed the directors are to meet in
Milford and to organize. Three years after
the road is completed, 16" fnts on every pas
senger carried is to be paid to the State, and
ten cents for every ton ol merchandize. The
company is to beullowu to form a Union with'
Companies in Delaware and other Stales.
Greenhouse in Winter.
Verv tow persons appear to Know mc vunie
Df the sponge in a greenhouse. I mean for
the purpose of washing the laaves of all those
plants with leaves broad enough to admit of
it. I took tho hint some five years ago from a
neighbor, the most successful plant-grower, I
have ever had the good fortune to know. His
plants were always so especially fresh and
healthy, that I wus for a long time puzzled to
understand his secret. But early one morning
I caught him by a pail of slightly warmwater.
by his side sponging off tho leaves of ull his
choice plants. I said to myself, "I have it,"
I did more; I went home and practised it.
My plants soon showed by their new aspect,
that 1 wus nut wrong in my believing it to be
the real secret of my neighbor's success.
They began to look brighter, healthier, and
grow and bloom better than my utmost care
had ever been able to make do before. And
now strangers rlways ask the same question
when they see my plants, that I used iu ask
my neighbor. My unswer is "Use the sponge."
The pores of the leaf get filled with line dust
and the plant chokes. Syringing does not
wholly remove it; the sponge does. Horticulturist.
DlltttiltM t" (tourtt Carolina. The
Asiieville News says that it is reported thai
Mr. Deartr, in the North end ol Buncombe, I
has recently found a substance strongly re
sembling, and believed by rsany to be the
puro diamond. At nl! events it will cut both 1
glass and Steele. He will no doubt have the '
matter properly tested.
Papers. from San Francisco, have ar
rived m New Vork in tiyhtrm days. These
came by the new route from Acspuleo to Vera
CrWa That will do till we get something
belter, for which v.u shall not be required to
Miss Gould, the poetPfj, gives n ludicrous
incident of the "mistake of the press," in refer
ence to a poem she had sent to a eoohtlf cd-'
"For the dew-drop that fulls upon the fresh
ly blown roses."
The nasty beast made it, from frtshhj Horn
There is an editor a confirmed old bach
who declines sr.cepting wedding cake when
he publishes a marriage. He soys it looks
like countenancing matrimony.
"Oh my friend," said a doctor to an Irish pn
tient, "be composed we m ist sll die once."
"An it's that what vexes inp," replied Pat, "if
I could dio halt u dozen times, I'd not care a
ha' penny about this time."
"There's our Gershom,-' said Mr. Shelton; i
"ho must go off to the city to make a living
liy his icits." ,
"Well, how did he make out!" asked a
"Ah!''said the old man, with a sigh, tapping '
his forehead significantly, "ho failed for icant
An EiMTOft'a Vw amctorv. The follow- i
ing is the valadictorv of apolitical editor out i
' The undersigned retires from the editorial i
chair with a complete conviction that all is i
vanity. From the hour he started his paper, t
to the present time, he has been Solicited to t
lie upon every given subject, and can't remem
ber ever having told a wholesome truth with-' i
out diminishing his subscription list, or making I
an enemy. Under these circumstances of tri
al, and having a thorough contenpt for him-ji
self, he retires in order to recruit his moral 1 1
In old Vermont, time past, liv?d a r;ncr 1
oldmnn named Full, r. He had let part of ' '
his palate and was a nro specimen. He own
ed a mill, the water to w hich was brought for
sume distance through a wooden fiunie. One '
morning an apprentice informed him '.hat the '
flume was full of suckers. Fuller posted him
self at its mouth, placing against it a large
basket to catch the suckers in, while the boy
went to the other end to hoist the gate. There
came a "rush of many waters," earn ing Ful
ler and basket over the overshot wheel and
thirty feet below. All dripping he scrambled
out, sputtering, "you may think I'm an old idi
ot, but I as nt quite such a darned fool that I
can't see through that juke!" Almost anybody
could. Snow- Skates. Some of the Norwegians
who reside here use the Laplanl snow skates,
which are described iu the school geographies.
These skates are strips of smooth wood, about
six feet long and three inches wide, und turn- i
ing up like sleigh runners before. Trie wear
er partly shuffles along by moving alternately
his feet, and shoves himself behind at the
same time with u long stall'. One of these
show Bkateri arrived iu town last week from
Lake Superior, having traveled at the rate of
eighty miles a day. at. Paul's (Mim.) Pio
neer, I'Jj. 3.
DlCOVBBY nt VaLVALS SlLVS8 Mines.- i
It is stated thut great t xcitement hus been
creuted iu the towns on the Rio Grande, op
posite El Praso, by the discovery ol some
very valuable silver mines on the eastern slope
of the, mountain, about sixty miles northeast i
of Donna Ana. The ore is found in immense (
quantities directly on the surface of the ground
und several tons of it have already been gath
red. The Houston Telegraph says:
"One mine is so rich lhat the silver is ex
traded readily by melting it with u common ;
log-tire of pine. Lead oro is alsj found in ex- i
tensive veins, traversiong the rocks in every
direction, We are informed thut thousands'
of tons of lead ore, similar to that obtained )
at the leae mines near Galena, can be gather-!
ed ru the surface of the ground, on the uioiin
nntains east of El Paso. There is a large
hill near the silver mines, that might with
propriety be styled the lead mountain, as it ' '
seems to be un immense mass of galena or j
leud ore. If we may believe the occounts of I
persons who have visited these mines, ihev
must be fur more extensive and valuable Uiani
unv of the mines in Illinois or Wisconsin."
Senathk Hale. The country will regret j
that the Senatorial days of John P. Hale arc
numbered. Even the Washington corres
pondoitt of the N. Y. Express, who detests j
an Abolitionist as ho does & free negro, thus
In that rather dangerous debating club,'
called the V. S. Senute, the loss of Jack Hale
will bo a public calamity. Abolitionist as he'
is. He is an admirable foil of Cass & Co.
When Cass goes for Cuba, Hale goes for
Canada and Nova Scotia. When Cass goes
lor intervention against Austria, Hale goes
for iniervention for Ireland. Hale J.'longutes
Cass, and dilates him in extremis. Hale:
never is in opposition, but always i n extension.
Cass lays down a principle, Hule carries it
out. L'ass hinted the other day lhat Hale's;
role was on the theatre. Hale retorted, in
substance, that if Cass would introduce com
ed and tragedy to waste time in the Senate,'
he (H.) could not leave all the acting toCass. 1
Some Senators thirst for liberty everywhere.
The advice makes some men think In what'
glusa houses they live, and so makes them
cuutious about throwing stones shroud. Up-'
on the whole, Hale is a great conservator, by
being a destructionist. His loss from the:
Senute, 1 have come to the conclusion, will
bo u seiious loss to the country. His place
iu a certain sort of talent, cannot bj supplied.
A QUEER MOVE.
In the Senate proceedings of Tuesday, will
be found the following:
' Mr. Hawkins reported a bill to submit to
the qualified voters of Morgan, Wsshington,
Monroe and Guernsey counties, tho question
of tho erection of Noble county; which wss
read the first time."
This, in view of the decision o; the Su
preme Gourt is a lingular movement. The
Legislature of 1 85 1 cmuted the county of
Noble, as they very clearly had a right to do.
The ne county wus duly organized, ond for
nearly two yeurs it has had all the officers St
machinery of a county. The Legislature has
recognized it by fixing the lime for holding
courts there, and il has also made it a part of
a Congressional district. The enemies of
the county huve brought the question of its
legal existence beforj the Supreme Court of
the State, and that tribunal of Isst resort in
such cases has decided that Noble county
was legally and constitutionally created, and
that it yet continues a legul and constitu
tional county. In the lace or tliesoracts und
this decision, it is now proposed to submit
the question of its existence to the people of
the four counties that surround it. This is a
singular idea. Why not pass a law allowing
an appeul from the Supreme Court in all cases
to the enemies of decisions, as mode by tho
court, ft would be just us reasonable, legal,
constitutional, and proper as the proposed bill
jf Col. Hawkins. O. .V. Journal.
WASHINGTON, March 2.
m.nate. I he Senate. continued in session
till I o'clock, on the citil and diplomatic bill,
without a final vote. Various attempts were
r.ude to make an omnibus bill Of the measure.
Reciprocal fishing rights were tried to be
nterested, but without success, and ammen.'
OMtl were adopted providing for an assay of
ico a'. New York, for the parting, refining and
Melting of gold and silver.
The Texas debt bill was proposed as an a
B Slid men t, und a long debute ensued, contin
;ing up to the adjournment.
IIo-.se. The House continued in session
ip to 13 o'clock la.it bight) on the Military
Ttie amendment of the Senate, making an
ippropriation of ylju.Ono for the survey of
he Rail Road route to the Pacific, was pasts
Other amendments made by the Senato
.vere rejected. Committee rose and reported
to the House, und after passing some amend
Senate. Indian appropriation bill repor
ted with amedmenta.
Nuvu! appropriation bill reported without
Civil and diplomatic bill resumed. An a
mendment admitting flax machines free of
duty, was cdapted. Various amendment , pro
ptMetl, were vo;od down. After luagdebate
tho bill was passed.
The Post Office bill eras taken up, and tho
amendment for building Al ien i EJdv's .sub
terranean Telegraph to California, rejected.
An amendment to establish- a line of mail
steamers to China, under consideration.
House. Senate bill providing for adminis-tL-ring
oath of otEcc to V;ce President, pass
ed. House acted upon the Senate's amendments
to Array bill, appropriation lor fortifications
at Sun Francisco und other points, concurred
in; ulso, the amendment appropriating -SloU.-"-
000 for the survey oi a route to the Pacific.
All amendments have been disposed of, the
H uise went into a Committee of tne Whole.
Light House bill passed, also ihe civil and
iiplottatic bill received from the Senate with
1 large number of amendments. House went
into committee on them. f
WASHINGTON, March 3.
House. ihe House continued in session
until 12 o'clock last night, on the civil and
diplomatic biil, and amendments of the Senate
when the committee r..se and reported; among
them was the impropriation of S100,'J'J0 for
a-i assay officer in New Vork. over which the
friends of the New York Mini movement,
The House went into Committee on the
Senate's amendments to lite Post Office Bill,
and rejected nearly all, & among others, ona
KUthoiising the Post Master General to cou
tract for carrying the mails between Califor
nia and Shanghai, in Ljberi.
Tlie H 'Use concurred in appointing a com
mittee of conference on the disagreement be
fveCn two Houses, ou the civil und diplomat
ic appropriation bill.
Senat::. Tne Post Office appropriation
The Army hill wus returned from the House
with many Senate ameiidin?nu; disagreed.
Senate insisted on the uineitdir.euts, and or
dered a Committee of conferunce.
House bill passed for tho establishment of
Territorial Government in tho newly erected
Territory of Washington.
The Naval appropriation bill wi; next ta
ken up. und srj amendment was inserted, ap
propriating' i'OOJ.OOO for engine houses, foun
ry, work shops &c, at the Navy Yard at San
I-Ir. Hunter, from committee of conference
on deficiency bill, reported that the only a
niendment receded from by tho Senate, was,
on giving California 6300,000 out of duties
collected there during the war, concurred in.
Mr. Bright, from committee on conference
on Army und Navy bill, reported, und the Sen
ate receded from several intendments relating
to California, und providing for an emigrant
route to (,'uliforuia and Oregon, pending do
bate on tin- .Vivy appropriation bill.
Senate adjourned about one o'clock.
WASHINGTON, March 7.
The Senate met ut noon. A resolution
was adopted appointing Messrs. Walker and
Phelps a committee to wait un the Presideut
and inform him that the Senato was ready to
lir. Clayton offered a resolution calling for
papers relative to Nicaragua affairs, and gave
notice that he would call up the resolution al
tho first opportunity, iu order to discuss top
ics embraced therein.