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deliver to tlm plaintiff, Ms agent, or attorney, tha
properly so taken, until Chen' his been executed by
one or more sumcicnl nun lie of ilia plnintill, n
wri ' ii MfMtftoktlU 10 the ilclctidrtnt in, nt ! i.
slouble the value "I the property taken. M ibe effect,
that i lie plalnlill shall duly pro. 'cute the niliou nml
tary en etgste and aamaatt, which met bt iwaftled
inliMt iii in. Tiiu nt nuking Mwn Ihj ntumed
with iht order.
Sec. IW( Por tM pnrpooo of fljlng iliomoaol rl
the offliertaklun, the value of llu property taken,
shall In ascertained by lh tth ol two or mora re
iponilhla penont, whom Ihe gherllr of othi r officer
enall swear Iruly to nnsrsi ihe value then of.
fee. HI. If the undertaking required by aectlen
ono hundred nnd scvcnly-iiin", be mil oiven, wiihin
twenty-lour hours from the takino ofl the pfOpOrty
tinrlcr MM order, the (UrilTor other office! hill re
turn ihe property io the dtratajtitt, And IftMMwr
iff or other Officer, deliver nny property, so taken, to
tlie platatjffi hit agent, or attorney or keep the tent i
Iran tbt defendant, without taking men Menrity
Within thn lime aforesaid, oi il h" lake insufficient
security, he slmll be liable to the defendant in dam
ejgtB, Bee IPS. The defendant liny within Iwc ily-four
hours from the tlmo the undertaking referred to in
the preceding goctinn is given by ilie plaintiff give j
nolicc to tin1 sheriff tlml In: excepts to the gumcfan
cy of the sureties. If he fall to do ho, ! must lie deem
ed ! have waved all objection, to then. When thu
defendant except-, the sureties moat justify upon no
ticc. ns bail on arret. The sheriff or other oili er
shall he responsible lor the euliii iciicy of the sureties
un'il the objection to them is waived ns above pro
vided or until they jus'ify. The property alnll ho
delivered to the plaintiff when the undcrtakinir, re
quired by section ono hund.'id and seventy-nine hna
See. 183, It the property have been delivered to
the plaintlfl andjudgntent bo rendered against him, j
on demurrer, or if he otherwise fail to prosecute hit
nction to final judgment, tho court shall, on applloa j
lion of lliedeleudiint or bis attorney, inipnnnel n jury
to inquire into the rtght of property and right of pog .
cession ol the delciidunt to the property taken. If,
the jury ahull Le satisfied, that rati properly was the 1 1
properly ol the defendant, nt the commencement ol 1
the action, or if they shall find that the defendant j
wnscniitled to the possession only of the snni", at 1
atich lime, then, and in either case, they shall assess . '
such dnmagca for the defendant, ns are rhrht and
proper; for which, w ith costs of tun, tho court shall j 1
fender judgment lor the defendant. '
Sec. 1M. In nil cases, when the property has been (
delivered to the plnintill, w here (he jury shall find '
upon issue joined, for the defendant, they shall u'so j
find, whether the defendant had the right of proper- 1
ty or tho rifihi of possession only, nt the commence- I
ment of ihesuii; and if the jt find either In hit favor, 1
they shall assess Hueb duniages, nj they think right '
ni proper lor the defendant; for which w ith costs of
euit, the court shall render judtmeiit lor the defend- , d
nt. ! r
Sec. 185. In nil cases, wdien the property hns been '
delivered to ihe plnintill', where thejury shall find fir Ji
the plaintiff, on an issue joined, or on inquiry of J
damages upon n judgment by default, they shall ob- i d
scss adequate damage) to the plaintiff tor the illegal
detention of the property, for which with costs of
euit, the court shall render judgment fir the defend-
ant i I'
Sec. 186. When the properly claimed has not , d
been token, or has be, n returned to the defendant by 8'
the sheriff, tor want of the undertaking required by J'
section one hundred and seventy-nine, the action h
mny proceed ns one for damage only, and the plain- ' f
tiff shall be entitled losuch damages as are rigbt and
propir; hut if the property be returned for want ofj
the undertaking required by section ono hundred and
seventy-nine, the plaintiff shall pay all costs made
by tokina the same. I c
Sec. 187. An order may he directed to any other
eountjr than the one in which the action Is brought, .
for the delivery ol the prop rty claimed. Several or- ai
ders may issue at the same time, or successively at w
tho ouiion of the plaintiff) lea only one of litem
ball be taxed in the costs, unless otherwise ordered
by the court. I C1
Sec. 188. The sheriff Of other officer in the exe- ,j
cu'ion of the order of delivery, miy break open nny
building or enclosure, in which the property claimed ni
or nny part thereof, is concealed; but not until ho ei
has been refused un entrance into said building or ";
enclosure and the delivery of ihe properly, alter hav-; J,'
ing demanded the same. I n
Sec. 189. No suit shall he instituted on the un- ,,,
dertaking given under section one hundred and seventy-nine,
before an execution issued en a judgment In
in favor of tho defendant in the action, shall h ive In
been returned, thai .sufficient property, w hereon to j '
levy and make the amount of such judgment, ca1.'.. "
not he found in the county fj'
Si'c. 1!H!. Auy order for the delivery of property in
issued under section one hundred mid" aevonty-five, la
without the affidavit required thereby, shall be set
aside nt the cost of the clerk issuing the same, and i '''
such clerk, ns well r.s the plaintiff, shall, also, he lia- te
bk in damages Id the pmtv injured.
Article l. General Attachments. If
V. AttacnmenU in certain actions.
Btdxttvifion I, Qroundi of attachment. i
3, How attachment obtained. m
Bxectttion and return tbereot.
4, Disposition of attached properly. !'
iVocoodinga upon attachment
ti. General Provutiotn, ,
Grounds of Attachment.
Sec. 191. The plalntlffin a civil aotion for the re I"
tcovcry of money, may, at or alter the eoiiimeuce
ment thereof, hnvcan attachment against the prop
rty of the defendant, and upon tho grounds herein
1. When the defendant, or one of the several de- h
fendauts, is a foreign corporation or a non-residoni u
of this State, or (,
2. Has absconded Willi the intent to defraud his n
creditors: or 'I
3. lias left the county of bis residence, to avoid P
the service of a summons! or
4. So conceals himsi II, that a summons cannot J
be served upon turn: or I,
r. Is about to remove his properly, or n pan there
of, 00 tof the jurisdiction of tho court, with the in- ti
tent to defraud hi- creditors: or
6. Is about to convert Ills property, Or a part there-
of, into money, for the purpose ol placing it beyond Jj
the reach ol his creditor,: or j
7. Has property, or rights in action, which he
conceals: or jr."
8. Hm assigned, removed, or disposed of, or is s c
bout to dispose ol, his property, oru pan thereof, with i
the intent to dulraud hit creditors: er JJ
!). Fraudulently contracted the debt or incurred JJ
the obligation lor which suit is nbout to be or has Cl
been hrou;; lit. liut an attachment shall not lie gruu- I c,
ted on the ground that the defendant is a foreign cor- In
poration or a non-resident of t: is State, lor any a
claim oilier than a debt or demand uri.-ing upon con- ul
tract, judgment, or decree. ,,
How an Attachment is Obtained.
S?c. 199. An order of attachment shall be made n
by tho clerk of the court, in w hich ihe action is I In
brought, in any ct.se mentioni d in tin pr loading sec- ; oi
lion, when there is filed in his ollice, an alliduvit ol .
the plnintill'. bis agent, or attorney, show ing,
1. 'The nature ot ihe plaintiff s cluim. (
2. That it is just: a
3. The amount which the 'affiant htlievci tho
plaintiff ought to recover: and U
4. The existence of some one of the grounds for an j V
attachment, enumerated in the precwling section. w
Sec. llJ3. When tho ground of the attachment is, "
that the defendant is u foreign corporation, or a non gl
resident of this Slate, the order of attachment may be g:
isnied without an undertaking. u
In all other cases, the girder of attachment shall "
riot be issued by the cbrk, unlil there has been ex i- "'
ruled in his ottico, by ono or more sulheieut sureties 61
of the plaintiff, to bo approved by the clerk, on un ,
dertaking not KQSeding double the uiuount of the if
filaintitf'sclaim, to the effect that the plainliff shall
nay the defendant all ilamages, w hich he may sue- in
tain by reason of the attachment, if the order be "
Sec. I1.'!- The order of attachment shall be direct- "
cd anil di Mvarad to ihu sheriff. If shall require him ..
to allach the hinds, tenements, goods, chattels, sloi ks Vl
or inttrest in slocks, rights, credits, moneys, ami ef (i
tecls of the delendani in bis county, not exempt by oi
law from being applied to the payment of the plain- PI
tiff's clniui, or so nincli thereof ns will satisfy tho "
ulni.itifl 's claim, to be suited in the order as in the J:
affidavit, and the probable costs of the action, not ex- ,
-ceeding lilty dollars. p
Sec. l'J i. Orders of nttnehment may bo issued to ti
the sherhls of different counties; nnd several of them l;
may, ol the option of the plaintiff, bo issued at thp '
same lime, or in succession: but such only as have
been executed, shall Ihi taxed in the costs, unless o- ,
llierwise directed by the court ,
Sec. 19. The return day ol the order ol attach- J,
YnMit, when issued ul the eomin, neenieiit ol iheae- II
lion, shall US the Mine ns thai ol the summons; when 1
issued alierwards, it shall bejtwenty days after it is- ,(
Execution and Return thereof.
feee. I7. When there are several orders of at-
toebin'ni against ths same di fendant, they Bhnll bo if
executed in the order in which they wire received I1
by the sheriff. . ''
Si c. 198. The order ol attachment shnll ho exc-
cuuid 'by the sheriff without delay. 'He shall go in J
the plaoe, In le ihu di lenduni's proierty may be j
fouud, (lid there in the presence of twofreehoklsraof
she tounly. declare that by virtue of said order, he
attaches said property at the suit ol such plslntiffi 11
and the offirl r, with the snid In eholders, who shall
l lirat sworn or affirmed by tlx- ofBei r, shall make
a true inventory and nppr ilenient of all the propor
ty attached, which shnll bssjmad by the ofli, r h,
freeholdi i s. and returned w ith the onh r.
Vbore the properly attached, is Mai property, the
omcsr shall lasve with the uotiupsjni ibarimf, or, ii
tliere be no oci opnnt, in a conspieuous place thereon,
n cony of the onler.
Win re it is p ireotlai prnperty, and enu bfl eonie nf ,
he shall lake ihe same into his custody, and hold it
subject to tho order ol the colli I.
Bee, 190, The fherlff shall deliver the property
attached, to Un parson in wboee posmasion n was
fonnil, upon the execution by Biieh person, m the pre-
senee ni the sheriff, of an undertaking to Ihe plain j
tiff, With one or more sufficient sureties, real lent .hi
the county, to tha eif ci that the ptrtlea to the aama
are Isiund, in double ihu appraised value th re, if, that !
the prop rty or iis app: i -ed value in money, shall '
DS lorthe nning to answer the ijIrlgtmalH ol the court
III theaciion; but il it shall app :ar to tlie court, that I
any part ol said properly has been lost or destroyed i
by unavoidable accident, the value thereof shall lie
remitted to the person so bound.
Sec. 900, When tit plainliff, his agent nr ittor
ney, shall make oath In writing, ih u he has. go id
reassn to and does In li"ve, that any person or corpo
ration, to be named and within the county Where
the action is brought, has property of the riefen I am
(desciiUtrg the same) in his pi, "Mission, if the oUicr
Cannot Oome St SUcb property, be shall leave wiih
uch garnishee, copy its) order of a'ttwiM -nt;
With a w ritten notice, that he appear in court, at the
return ot tha ordaf of ittaement, nnd answer, oh
I rovidtd ill section two hundred und lourteen.
See. BJOl, The copy of tie-order and tho notice
shall bfl served upon the garnishee, ns follows: If he .
bo s person, tin y shall bo served upon him personal
ly, or led hi his usual place of residence; if ti corp i- ,
ration, they shall be left wiih the president, or other
le ad of ti e same, or the secretary, OUthUf, or man- I
aging agent thereof. '
See. Joo. DihweQi attachments of the sam ? pro '
icity may be made by tho same olfi -or. nnd on in
rentory and appraisement shall bo sulficient, and it (
diall not be necessary to return the same with mjre 1 1
ban one order. i
Sec. il)d. Where the properly is under attach- ' 1
nenl, ir shall be altachcd under subsequent orders I c
1. If it ba real property, it shall be attached, in
he manner prescrilied in section one hundred onj
9. Hit be personal property, it shall be attached, Id
II in tho hArtdJ of the officer, and subject to any pro- p
3 II the same person or corporation be undo a , 1
garnishee, a copy of the order anil nfrrlce shall bt) j a
lt with him, iii the manlier prescribed In section I o
Bee, 904, The officer shall return upon every or
it of attach ITS nt, what bfl has don-' under it. The
i turn mut show the property attached nnd tho time
I was attached. When garnishees are served, their
anu s and the lime each was served, must be slated. 01
he officer shall, also, return with the ordor nil un- "
rtokingl em under it,
Sec. 90A, An order of attachment hinds the pro;,- .
ty attached from the time of service, and thfl garni
tee shall stand liable to the plaintiff in attaonment u
ir all properly, moneys, and credits in his hands, or iU
ao from him to the defendant, from tho time ho i.- n
irved with the written notice mentioned In section 111
vo bundle. I; but where property Is attached in ihe
mils ot a consignee, his lien thereon shall not be ai-
cltd by ihe attachment.
Disposition of Attached Property.
Bee. 'JIG. The court erany Juttee thercof-riurltin va- dt
illeit, may, on the application ol the plalntto, ami on t
mil canseshown, appoint n receiver, who shall take
i oath faithfully to discharge Ms doty, and shall giva dl
i undartakttt) to the tfime el Ohio, In such sum as t:ie n
iartorudge rusy direct, mut with such security as in
an i.e eoproved ,y the clerk of such court, for the inuii-
i performance of his duty, as such receiver, and to pay at
'er ail money ami aeeount for mi property which mny to
tine into fiis hands by virtue of tiis appointment, at. audi lit
lees and in such manner ns Ihe eotftt may iltrei l.
gSC, 107. Huch receiver shall lake possession of all co
iles, due l ills, l ooks nf account, an ounts.mid all other lh
idsneosof debt, thai nave been taken by ihoshsrliT w on
her otncer.ss the property or tlie defendant inattach' lm
cut, and shall proceed to settle and collect the same. i
ir that purpose, lie may commeneeand malatala actions ju
Ins own name ns Mirh receiver; flit in menadione, pr
i right of defence shall I.e impaired or afflicted. d,
Sec. log. Such receiver shall forthwith give notice r.r
sppotataMat to ihepaioni Indebted to the nmdant rii
aitach meat, The notice iball be written or printed, th
ul Ills , In) ji rved on inn debtor or detitors, hy copy per- a:i
nallv or by copy left nt the residence, on, I from tin' date
such service, the ilelitora ihall siaml liaide to the plain.
flu attachment for the amount of moneya and credits
ttieir hands or due from them to the defendant in at
elliueilt, ami s!:nll aeCOnnt therefOt to the receiver.
Bee. 909, Such receiver shall, when required, reimri
s proceedings to the court, aed hold all moneys eollcc- c."
il by blm and property which may come into ins hands, 1,1
jdect to tfie order ol ilie court. P'
Sec. "Jill. Win re a reoolver is not sppointoil by the llr
air, or a judge thereof, as provided in section two him
id and six, the slier iff nr oilier officer ettacning lie' pro P
'rty shall have all the powers and perform sit tlie duties 11
' a receiver appointed by the conn or a Judge, and may, c:'
necessary, commence and malutalu actions in his own
tine, as sic h officer, lie may be required to givo secu- 1
ty,oiherthan bis official undertsltlng.
Bee 811. The court aliall make proper orders lorthe V1
'esorvatlon ofthe property, durlns the pendency of the ,s
nt. It may direct a sale of property, wh Iiccanseof
perishable nature or the coslof keoplns it, asslowlll 111
i lor the benefit of the parties, la vacation, such s.-!,-
ay lie ordsred by Ihe judge of the court. The sale rhall a
public, after such advertisement as Is prescribed tor n
e sale of like proporty on execution, and hall he luaile
sucii manner and upon such terms of Credit, with se- '
inty.ai the Court or judge, having regard to the proha-
y duration ol'llie action, may direct. The proceeds, if '
llleeted by tin sheriff, will) all the moneys received by 01
mfrom garnishees, snail lie Held and pale over by him, 11
uler tlie same requirement and responsibilities of htm 11
1 1 and sureties, a-i are provided in respect lo money ,le 01
milul in I leu Of liail.
Proceedings upon Attachment.
Sec. B13, If the deleiidant, or ottier person Oil Ins lie
ill", at any time I'elore judenielil, cau-e uu uudcrtakm;- Q
i lie elecnted to the ptalutill hy one or more sureties, res-
lent in the county, lo lie approved by tlie court, m duuble Ci
ie auinuiil ol the plauilitl 's claim, a. slated in Ins atfe
ivlt, to the ctfeei thai the defendant siiaii perform the )
tdgmantol the court, the attechuteat Insueh action shad ti
i alsebarged, and reetltion made of any property taken n,
odef ii, oi llu- proceeds thereof, Such utMeriakini shall it
eo diseliarge the liability ot a isrulsties inetieli action ;
r any property ol the defendant in his hands. (1
Sec. 913, The undertaking mentioned in the lust sec- M
in. may, In vacation, he exec uted in the presenceol' the ,
isrilf having tint order of attachment in Ins hands, or,
cer the return of the order, before the clerk, with the
one otfOCt as il executed in courl: llio sureties in either r . ,
ise, lo lie approved ly the officer, future whom the un- at
irtaklng is executed. di
Sec. 214. The garnishes shall appear as follows. If s
ie order ol attachment i e returned nuriug a term ofthe nt
mrtaud twenty days before the close thereof, he shall nl
ipear at that term; il the order be returned during va- c,
itiOtt, tie sliatl appear at the term next aftot lis return. , h
e shall appear and answer, under ua;h, all queetlona put h(
blm touching the property of every desci iplinu ami
edits ofthe dt'lendaill, in his posse-si, in or under hid j,,
inlrolraud he shall mscfoeo, truly, the SIDOUUtOWiUg hy t
ni .u the defendant, Whether due or nut, ami in case el
Corporation, any slock therein batd by or lor the lienelit , t,
Ihe deleiidant, at or after the service ot notice, r(,
dec. '.'15. A garnishee may pay the money owing to f
is deleiidant by blin.to the sheriff bavins the order of ,i
taciniient, or Into the court, lie shall fie discharged j i,,
oiii liability lo the defendant, lor any money so paid, 1
it exceeding the p!aiUtltrs claim, fie shall mil he sub I
Ctsd to COStS beyond those caused liy Ins resistance of i j
ie claim sgalnat hnu; ami if lis disclose the properly in i
s bands or ths true amount owing by him, ami deliver .
' pay the same according to the onler ofilie court hci.f
tail le allowed his rusts. ,
Hue. '.M0. 1 1 the earninfiee do mil appear in court ami I
iswer, as required hy tectiou two hundred and lourteen, !
ie court may preeeea Se'smsl lulu hy attachment as lor . ''
Sec. 'JI7. If 111'.' irarnisliee appear am) answer, and it ' ,
discovered on bie egamtaation, that, at or after the aer I
ce of lie: order of attachment and notice upon bita, lie "
as possessed of any properly ol' ihe deleiidant, or was i l
idelrtsd to hi in, the court may order the delivery of surh j
tonerty and the payment ol tlie einountowlng hy ha
iniishee, luto the court; or tho court may permit the;!'"
irnlshee to retain the property or the amount owing, j!J
inn ihe execulioil of an Uudsrwklug to tne plalutitt hy i or
ie or inure sullic lent siir, ties, to the etfeci , Itial tlie a-
aunt shall tie paid, or the property tortbeomnig, as the
iiirt may direct. ,
Sec. e,IH. Il'lhe naruisliee fail to appear and answer, 1 J .
' if lie appear and answer, and bis disc losure is not sal- I "
factory to the plaluti.l ; or It he fail lo comply with Ilia I r"
iter of llio court to deliver the piuperly anil pn slits
oney owiii, mio court, oi tivu the undertaking reipiir- :.
I in the preceding section ihe piauitiifmay proceed a
liust blm iii an setion, hy lllng a petition in his own
oiii . as iii other cases, and causing a SueitnQIU lo he is- ' 1.
led upon il; and thereupon such prucei'tlius may he liad i
i in Other actions, and judgment may he remlereil in fa- ' .
ir ot tlie plsintifr, lor the amount of the property and r,
edits ot every kind ol the gefsudaut in the piiSSSSsiull '
tbs garnishee, and for what shall appsar to lie ocvin1
f htm to the dsfoadaut, and lor the costs of the proesied, ?!
ics aiiaiusl ihe irarnisliee. If the plainUtf proceed a-i11'
Jnsl ths garnishee by action, for the cause thai his dis I .!'
osure was unsatisfactory, unless itappcir in Ihe action
tat each disclosure waa incomplete, the plainiiif ahaillff
ay Ihe costs ol such action. The judgment in this ae-j ;
on may bs suforcsd ss judgmsills 111 other cms a, IVhen i
ie claims ol Ihe plauilitl's in attMbnWM a HlUlted, I
ie defendant in attachment may, on motion, hesubsi,. . "
lied asthe plaintiir in the judiiieiil.
Sec. -Jin. final judgnwnt enatl aot ha rendered agelaal 111
is garnishee, unlit the action egelast the deftmdsal in I
ttaebment has been dsesrmiaeflj and if lusueb action
idsiiieut he rendered for the defoudeul in allacl in. '"
is garnishes shall bs discharges and recover cosu ni
ie plainlill'slia'l recover analust tho defendant la at 1
tebllient, and Ihe garnishes shall deliver up all the pro
erty, moneys, ami credits of Ihe deleiidant ni his pos
i s. ion, and pay all tin- inuaeys fntin hluidiie aslhe court
lay order, the garnishee shall fo discharged, ami iris
oats of the proceedings a.'ainst him shall he pud out of
ne proporty and moneys so sue rendered, or as Ihj court
lay think right and proper.
s.c. WO, If Judgment be rendered la the action for the
afondaat, the atfchnient shall be discharged, ami tin,
niperly attached or tl procee, , sliall bereturaed t"
PM, 991, If judsment he rendered for the plainliT, ,t
hall he satisfied as follows: So uiucliufthe property re-
loialag Ut the handsel the officer, an r -myiyMg iim
loueya arlaing fro M the sale of perishable property, ami
ii much ol the personal property and lands and tone
cents, if my, whether held hy hxul si equitable litis, as
lay he necessary to atatiaiy If: e judgment, shall he sold
hy order nl His court, under the itm ft s'f n lion- and
ragelaltnas, a if the same had keen Is? led on by e,cu
1 : and ihe money arising Inorefrrtm, with the saserant
cvtie h msy ae recovered Iroto ths gsrntshee, shall ie ap
pind la sattsfy lb judiinent and costs. Ii there lie net
Shaath in tetany tha seme, lbs jedg ut aha'l itanj,and
eaeeniloa may Issne thereee, fur the residnn, in all reg
(s-ets i . I,, other cters. Ally siirpi.s of the attaehi'.
I property, ,,r na proceeds, -ha.f he r. turn, -I lo llii defend
' Ijee, 'In,, court may imnpel the dil.rcrv W lbs
sherliTfor -aie. oi any- of the gnaenefl proaeriy for watch
i an iinderlakini may hate keen given, g'lS lusv pioceed
suiiiiiiarily on nch underlakiiii, lo e iforce the gnllrery
f Hie property, or the payment ef SllCh anal as ii, a) I e
anenponths akdsrlaklui, hy rales ana attachawnle ag
in cases rifrnntempt.
He-, ttfg. The court ml v enter itMOhOfttTte fepoesel
hjmaelf, f-ir Ihe purpose ofeelllM it. any ol tne eltai tied
property, which may have pa e.i out .'f his henda with
onl iiavne hem, sent or gonVefted Into Money ami itie
sherlrreliall, mtereagi order, have I be same pewsf to
lake tlrts property, m he would have andtr a.i or,;cr of
Hee, -.'.'I. If per SOn ftl property which has baen at
lacked, Ire claimed by any person other than the defend I
ant, it shall he the duly of Hi,, olleef to have the validliy
eTsnch elalmtrled, and each proceedings most he lis t j
thereon, with ihe like street, a In case ihe property had
been seised upon execution, and claimed by kihtro per ;
Bee, 8sta, Where several attachments are agaentad
on the same property, or the same pereons a. a made par-
niahees, the conn, mi the notion of any of the plaintiffs, 1
may order a reference to ascertain and roHiit the a 5
imm nts ami priorities nf the several eftachmonio.
ni-v. mi, r rout lite nine nl t he ins, I ,nc nl the order nl
ttachli t, the ronil rhall bs deemed to have a sailed
larledlctlen ami to Have eoatfot of all subsequent pro
ceedinrs under tins ihnp'.er; and It. al'.cr the tseuing ol
ttie order, the defendant i elni a person, shonld die, or a , t
terpo ration, ami lie charter siioutd expire by llmitetion, 1
nrreltare,ermherwlse,tlie proceedings shall noearrled i
ni; but In alt such Cages Other than where the defend- i
nit teas a foreign corporation, ins ipai representatives I
Ihall fie made panics to the action. j I
Bee, tgf, The deleiidant may, at any lime before
adgmeataftei reasonable notice lo ihe piauilitf move t
he court for a Idltlonal security on the part ol the plain
ill: and if, uu such '.notion, the court is SatUtAed that
heeerety In the alaintltf'g uudeitakiug has removed
nun tins gtate,er is not saffleteat for tne ameuirt tfiere
'I, it may Vacate the order of attachment and direct res
I tart Ion of any properly taken under it, unless in a re.i
ouahle Inns lo he lixed hy the court, sutlicieut securn v
s giVM by the plaintiff.
Sec. '.--JS. 'phe defendant may at any timet efurejad.
tent, upon reasonable, notice to tbe plalnilfT, move to
lecbargeanattsachmeat, aatethe wholeoi a part ofthe
riyertj allaehed. ! B
Sec. gflg, If tie motion he nuule upon allidavits on I
ie part ol the defendant, or papers ami evidence in the ,
as,-, hut imt Otherwise, the plamtiif may oppose the
sine hy affidavits ur other evidence, in addition lo that
u which l he order of attachment M as made.
Attachments in Gertain Actions.
Hfir. MO, Where a rtcMur , runvrycil, or oth j 11
rWlNdUpOflfd of his iro.crty. wltb th OftdnlCill in
'nt to r h"al or itt lVan-l hit crt-ilitnut, or to hunter urdc
IVtlWItl in the eolCtton nl tlii-ir dehUj or
2. It nhtini tn make i-nch sule, convevanre, or itlspO
lion oi hi- iro,nTly, with 10 ell Iramlnftiit intrnl; or
:i. Is fthoiil in remove hf-t pro.'ertv, or a ma'.ei i.it pari
mreor, With tlie intent, or to llu- Met. ol CttOAtln nr
llrmudillg t'if creilitrs, or of liiinleriiiu 01 dallying
lem in tin- collection of ttaolrikbU. n oreditof may bring !
i aciion on hll Claim IxifofB i; i.i due, ami hav an at
.cbinoni Binst the oroocrty ol thr debtor.
Bees 8SI. Tiio Attach nttnt Mtborlsed by the .MtMG
mi. inny he irADted by the court in WllIGh tin actimi
brott-ht,or byajudga thereof but Uefora tueh Mtiou j
iall be) Ironcht, Of tueh a'lachMient shall he fMted,
I'lain'.n!', his mrcnt, (r aUi-rnev, rIhi!) make an DftUl
w ritni", abowloxthe na:uri and BtncHtltof the plain- '
M claim, that it is just, when the attt will become
in, ..ml the exis'.ence ot 5omc one nl lh' tOtlNa for al 's
riinicni, enumeratetl in tne preceding tecuou
Hoc. y,i, ii ibecouri or Ittdge rofuM lo grant an or-1 :M
r (.f etttchment, th.- RctluA ihall lie dlamland. but'
IthOlit prrjudicfl to a future nctiun; and in all Mich nc- i 11
mn, armJicatioti rot an a'taehmenl mini in.- tr matie. Cr
;r. 983. The order of the court nr udga arauttnv the 01
larhmeni s.'iall ojtecify the amount for which it II al
vod, notascoffdtuga ramautnclent to aUtlV tbe plain- rr
I ' claim ami the pro liable i ostn ofthe ac.iun.
Bee. 834e The order ol attachment, asaranteil by the !
urt or Judge, not i.e Uented by the chrk, until
ire nee been executed In his t.jiu-c, snrh niiiteitakintt
tin- hart ofthe plaintiff; as hi directed by ecttouone
ndred ami ntnaty tlWe.
Hec. ii3.-. The plaiiuirr in mi, h action ,hall not have
iirii.ent on hie claim, before it becoraei due. ami tho
icreiiiiirsou Mtacbtneut nay be conducted without
!-. 9 I
Hp.-. 2fl. The rrocccilit.L'R in the Ilt1 article nf tins J
apter enhfequem to aeetlon one hundred ami ninety I
ree, -i.aii, ep far ao they are apiilicable, regulate i.c
aehmetitl aulliuri.d hy this uriich1. t tll
Hec. BST. Tbe Injunotion pror hied by thifl rode, i-- n !
mmand to refrain from a particular "act. it mav i 1
c Una) ludgme ut in nu action, or may 1 1' allowed a at al
otitlonal ramtdy, nml whan MaHowad, it 111811 ic hy j hi
tier. Tlie writ iT injiuirtion If atrOHalted,
iC, V h. Win n it iiiipars hv the petitmn. that the ! hr
amtiif is- entitled to the relief demanded! '"l such re tn
if, or nny part thereof, conaieti in reet rain Ing the
imnuaeion or continuance of tome nit, the conimfe , ai
on or eontlnuance of wbleh, during the litisa si
tn, wtould produce irreat or Irreparable injurv lo the
afntiff. ir wheo, during the litiiration, it apt cam that i w
edefouilaut it dolngi or threatens, nr is about lodo. ur ' dt
procurlnr or itiiferitta to he iiou. lome oti in viola ;
jn ul the plaintiM'V rJglltx, rospoctini, the lubj rl ot the ' dt
turn, ami tending tii irmier thejudimoni InaHactual, a I ol
inpornry Injunction may he granted to restrain IUC J III
:t. Il mny also he grantfd in any case, whore it is
nn ially autborlaod hy stutute. rc
Sec y:io, Tbo Injuueiiou may be (ranted attnatlmej al
coiumenetng tbe action, or at any time afterward. ( tii
ifnre judgtuent, by the rapremo court or any judge J
eteof, the COint ofOommon Plea or any judge thereof, vi
in the ebeeiiee irom the county of Mid Judaea, by pi
i" Proluatojuidge Lboreof. upon its apiraarlni sgtisiacto- el
ly to t lie conn or judge. Iiy tin- atiuiavit of the plaintiff a
' hia axeut, that lite plat nil if la outiUail thtrato, rc
c1'-', -.Mi), i r tin- court ir judvc deem it proper that tin1
jfbndant or mv party to the euit, ilmutd be heard be- '
reyrantiug tho injunction. It may direct a reasonable
nice to boglveu totucb party to attend t'nr aueh pur- i pi
e at a specitiiM time ami place, ami tuny, in the mean 'i
me. restrain euch party, i tu
Sec. J-(. An i il j unci ion ahatl nut I (. granted a'-'aiuM ! ill
party, who has aiis.vor. it, unloaa upon notice; Imt such w
irty may re restrained, until the decision oftboappll J bt
Mlon for an injouctlone la
Hcc. J-li. No liijunetlota. unless otherwise provided j !
t sjtrriai atatute, shah oparato, until tin ariy obtaiuini ' ti
taaasne shall give an undertaking riecutad hy one or I
ore etteVclent euretiee, to be approved by thp e'erk ofjjn
ic court granting inch Injunction, in an amount to he j n
end hy the t'uurt or Judge a! low i in- the same, to iecure J nl
tin party enjoined the damatna ha may sustain, ifititi
- Anally uactuad that the Injunction aught not tu hare ; e
'en (-ranted. ai
Hec. 94?, The onler nf injunction f-ti.ill he adilrcpscil iii
t!ie party enjoined, k hull t ate the Injunction, and shall ; ci
I Isaued by the clei k. hi rt; the in junction is allowed UJ
the commenmeut of tho action, tlto clerk shall en(ui
irsa upon the summons "Injunction allowed,' and it , vt
iall not I e necessary tO iSSUC the order ul InjUUCtloii; Ol
r shall it he necessary to Issue the same, where notice
tho application therefor baa beou given to tin party 1 all
ijoineil Tint aCrvICa Of the Summons so emlnrsed, or th
e notice of the application lur an injunction, uliall be in
itice of its allowance. I lj
Kec. '.Ml. Where the injunction is allowed during tbSj i it
ligation ami u ItbOUt notice ofthe application therefor, tli
e order of injunction shall Ie laauad, ami the stwribT
ilhwith r-erve the lanu!, upon each piirty enjolnetl, in tii
e manner prescribed tor serving s summons, ami make pi
turn thereof without delay, to
Pec. 9iS, An Inlunetio binds the party, Cron tho.iji
me lie has notice thereof, and the uuderlakiug required in
the applicant therefor, is executed ci
Bed WO, N'o Injunction shall lis urantodby a jinl'p, ( pi
tet a motion therefor baa been overruled on the merits ! or
the application, by hi court, ami where 11 has Ikiou
fused by the court in whit h i he action is brouaht, or a ai
dye thereof, it ithnll not he '.ranted to tin name a iptl ci
tut, by a court of interior jurladictlon or auyjudjal
ereof. 1 it
r-ec. "JIT. An injunction granted hy a judge mav he t
iforcd, a the at ofthe conn. Disobedience or an I
junction may be punished us a contempt by the cortjdi
any judgOi Who uii'sfht iiave granted it in vacaiiun. Ir
n aitachiiient mav lw leaned t he t'uurt or JudtM, Up di
i he ii ut latlsfled by afldavil of the breach, of tn lujitne
mi, against tin party umliyof the Same: and he may he J di
uulrad, in the olacretion ol tii eHin or Judge, to pnv a ftl
ie notexeeediof twohuudr-d dollars for the uron.j ui
unty, to make immediate restitution to the party in Ire
r.;ri and five further security, to obey ('he luliuti tloui 1 or
In default tbereol, he may lie committed to close cue on
ly, until he shall fitly comply with aucti requirement on
Iw otherwia.1! legally dlacharurd. I
Hec. A party enjoined may, at any timn he fore j fui
igssjonti upon reassasble notlea to tho party who has 1 ry
talnad the inluUOtkin, move the court lor additional I llu
OUrttyi end it it appear that the surety in tin uudcria- J I r
iiiia rt'iuovetl Irom the State, ur is iiuutlic tent, the' hi
art may vacate the Injunetlon, unless in a raaaonable I m
nc, sUmaMMt security ia glvsju t foi
Bag, 949s ' 1 the hearhm ol an pplcatlej-1 for an in- toi
iiLtVin, earh parly may read allidavits. All attdavits
II lm tiled.
He.. BaOe li the injunction he "rantp.l wi'.'iout notice,
e defendant, at any time satbre the trial, may apply,
i. mi aotlss), to the court iii which the actum n brought
any JudiJP thereof, lo vacate or inodily the. aaine. lhe
(plication may lie made noon the pe'itiou and a!li lavits r,i
ion which the injunction Is granted, erupnu uiiuiavu-i t'
i the part of the parly enjoined, with or wiihuut answor. I til
ii order of the Judic atwwlag, dlasolvlui or utudi lying ft.
i injunction, ahall fia raturnad to the esKaaol the clerk
tint court in which ihu action Ifbrqugbt, and record- J 11
end obeyed, a ir made by tbeeourt. fa
Sir. 851. If the avpliration he made upon affidavit o
l the pari of the deleiidiinl, hut not Otherwise, the nlani
f may oppoee the aeneo to asadavits oi oilier evidence, J
addition to that on whirl, the injunction wa- grautad,
Baa, A defendant may abtala an iajunatiOH upon
i answer in the nature of a counterclaim. He shall m
oceed in UtS manner prencrihed in thin chapter.
Receivers and other provisional Remedies.
pec. HI A receiver may l apKiinted hy ihe m c
nreine court, the dulrici court, or hy the court of com- Vt
nonpleaa or any judgeof either 1 erln tmj ahsitnee ol
ttni l judges from the county, liy the Truhate Judge ihcrc- ,J
I of 10
j u an action hy a vendor to vacate a fraudulent jo
lour'rha-eol pt"eviy, or hy a creditor to Miljcct anv .i.
properly oi lund lo his claim, or helwcen pariueis or
iilwrs Jointly owiiiueor iiileioaled in any prtipeity or
fund on the siplift,ou f tha plainiiif or of anv parlv in
whose risht to or iniurest in the properly or fund, or the ci
uroceed thertof. m prohahle, and where il in shown
thai ih property or fund is laaangei oi i.uma hut, u
1 moved or muter. ally lajuted;
J o in an ttclion hy a mortgage for the foreclosure ot p
' bis tnortgaMi aM'' "ftle "t ll"! mortgaged property, whan ti
I JJ appears tbat tne mortgaged properly is In danger oi (
lmi l'i, fmovM or mgtrt fully mj-trrd. or that t'if
roitdmon o the moura ha i u, .. formrt, ami
tiiftUh'- proprrty la rotal-ly iti.uffir,t,it to dn'.havi
On lllltfaf lieM:
:t. Aft-r jtMfiiipnt. to carry the Judemant into eT-rt
4. Aftr haagment, to d(. ..f aoparty accord
ins to the Judtui' iit or to t.r w (v. it dnrltit thi peuSii
' y of en epffti, or ihm . u t ton has bean ratarned
un fntifDcd, and th- J olft t e.,.,r ,,( lo
i lie property in atiafactlan or the jndgmanii
.. In the cwM provided hi ihu code and tv snaeial
statutes, when a corporation hx im dMaejivad or m
Miveni, or in I mm lm nt dangrrol inset n my or h- fof
"Jltad it i orp.,rat rigbt a:
. In atl otirflf easeg where receivers have heretof-.r-JJ
spfKi-ntrri hy ii.e esegeef cmjrta afasrultyi
Hoc. tu. N'o party, T attsjn-ajy, nf hMwon luiarfetad
m an anion, fhall he appolnetM r - elver therein.
He, J i.i. lh run- enl -rn.g upon ItladatlaslbS rr-ivrr
IU' wfmlo BMforsalMlfe thh.lly. and. with onr-
t9jmrnm approve by Un eonrtor jadge.eteerfM
an undrtak.ntorh,(eTPo and in .--m h mm Mtbe
;'7l 'r ) to ihr. ,.,r,r-t tiMt i.e hi ralth
f I dl cvrf-e duties of few ivef In the aetron, and
-ev the ortteraartbeeonrtiberein.
Her. m, TNe ,ece,v. r fejtf, ,, (,.r tUl. rr(ntfo1
court, psmer to brjM and defend artm-,. in his own
name as reMr.vrr.lotake and keep po of thr
proprr ty.to receive rent-. Collect del.!-, to ro-o-onml
Of and (omp OmlM the -nine, 1 mahfl tranyf. r., nnd I
rei.r rally, todo ...ihacta respfUmK tSM property S the
court may mtborlae. 1
m I tit. Fund- hi the bfjndl or A receiver inav be in 1
vr-M upon mterr -t l y or.h r of i)(! court; hut no such ;
order ihall be ma.le, ncept UpOU tlie con-enl of Um
par:iesto the artinn. "
Hec U.V. When It i . admitted hy the plr-iidinf nr
amina .on nr a party, that ho ha ,n hbl MsaeaatM or ,
Onrtef Um control, any money nr oilier thin capable of
nelivery, which lN-insthr -uljecl ofthe lltitetmn; M held
by him e trustee lor another rsrt . nr which hei-.tif or 1
Is due to another a,ty. the rotrrt may order the ameto
bS deieitteil in court, ..r delivered to nurh party wi'h 1
ivi'ho.jt necurily, milje, t m the further direction ofthe i(
nmrti 1 1
See, '.''(l. AVhnt.evnr, in theejie-rl.e nfif autlmritv
i court -hall l.nveo ilen-.l the .h-i.o.tt or dehverv of mon '
iy or other thing and the nrdin la disobeyed lliecaurt '
weldeennnishlnt the disobedience. n rr A coi.irun.t'
nay make an or.h-r, reonlrlnt the sh-ntfto take 1 1 - nmn i I
v or lltlftg, and depOS It or deliver it in lonhinnitv with 1
he iirectnra of the court. ( i
('lUI'lLK I. tsstil.
'.'. I rial.
Her. Bdn, tssnesarlsson the pleadiage, where a rati 1
r conelnaloa el law is tnaintalaed hi nun iiau, and sea
mverled hy tlin ether, The, are oi tare slndsi 1 1
i. di law: '
ot reel. I
Her. ja, ,n issue,, r.rta ari-e,
I. Upon a iiiatcriat allivatmn in l!ie petit ten dee led tar ' t
Upew a set eiTet eeeaterclalm reseated lathe an
ret, and dealeit tartberepdri 1 1
a Upon material new inallr-r in tlif ISSWSf nr rMf, 1
Intli aliall lie coiiridnrrt' a. cnmrovcrlfd by llii? a Me ' t
Ie party illi.ut lurtlicr pluadnig.
usiiin i. iiiui ii) .Bn.raj,
t, Trial liv Jur, ;
3. Trial by the t.'rnirt: U
4. Trial by It' lert'cs: t
,1. BxeeMlonsj i,
it. Ifaw Tria1: .
7, iiennral pravtelehsi
5. Time nl Trial. i
Trial in General.
eee. '.1,3. Atrlatlsajnlintpet.inlnallon or th, leci
nee, whether ef lawor effaet. la an action, ci
Bee. Lttn, Isstnisof law must hg tried by tin court, tl
ilesrsterred asptotridedla seetlon two handled and .
silly one. Issues Of fact Sri.ing in actions for the re
e.ery nt' money, or nr Specific real or personal prop, ti
ty. ehgUba tried t'f a jury, unless n jury trial is waive !,
a reference tie ordered a- hereinafter provided, I I,
Hit. (M, All o'her is.uesuf utet shall lie tried by Ihe ,
urt, siil jertto iis power 10 order any Issue or Issuer,
he tried byajnry, or referred as provided In this tette vl
Trials by Jury.
F bdivhion 1. Formetion of tho Jury.
J. Conduct ofthe trial. , l'
Formation of the Jury.
t-cr. o-( The ecneral mode or silintnotilno;, impnn it!
'IniL', chatletiiTlA, am! ?wearin- the jury. i.s nolchan u
d iv tlii-i coda.
Conduct of the Trial.
Bee 800, When the jnry has hern anrorn, t!ie trial ' il
iall proeeed in the following order, unless tin; court ti
r special r.'aiMm otherwise direct:
l. The plamtiif hiiii hni'iiy staie hbi claim, and may '
lerly staiai the atrltlenoe by winch he exaeatei t -u. .i
Thr detbndant tUUSt thru I rn'Hy mate hlS drfence, 1
id may briefly .--title the at fdence be expects to oiler in '
inporl of it. ui
;t. The parly, who would I defeated if no evidence p;
ere given on either ilde, must flret produce his svi- .
nice; th" adverse party will then produce bis BVirienco,
4, The parties will then beconAued to rebutting evt 1
uce. unless the court, for good rr'anouM in furtherance j
justico. iormlts them to offer evidence In ti.oir origi I
1 1 case,
.". When the evidence concluded, citlior party may ' . ,
quest Instructions to the jury uu points pi law, which !
iall he civen or r fuaed hy the coiirii which laetrUC 1
nm ihall I.e reduced to writ in:, ; I either pa, ty require it. 1 u
(J. The parties may then subiuit or argue the case tojni
jury. In tbe argument, the party ronjuired Ursttol
ouuee ble evidence, eball have the opening i coneln
on. If several defendants having i-eparatr defence, ,
i peei by different t ounael, tlie court shall arrange their tn
The court mav again charge the Jury after the f.r- .
imeni Is concluded, '
Bee, 'I17. Whenever, in the Opinion ofthe court it 1m si
Oper lor die Jury to have a view nl property which in i
e subject of litigation, ur ul the place in which any nnv j
rial fact occurred, it may order them to lie conducted .
a body under the charge of ai otiici-r to the place, it
Inch rdiaU he sboWH to them hy BOUIO perKim appolnta.1 t.i
- the court for tliat purpose, VVbile the jury are thu. i C
aent, no pereon other than the person so appointed,
iall speak tu Uien on am sul ecl connected with tbe
ial. ' oi
Bee, When ih cac in dually submitted to the m
ry, ihoy may decide in COUfl or retire for deliberation, 1 s:
they retire, they nm-t bayttgt together In somecouya 1
em place, under the chergoofan "diet r until they a i"
ee upon a verdict ur are diSi'liariM d hy the court, auh- it
ul tu the disoration Of the ruurt tit permit them to mm c,
ate temporarily at night, and at their ineals. The nf
tvr baWngtbew under bis charge, Hi.aii nut suiter any i '
innituii I cation to he made tu them, or make any himself, nl
;cept to ask them iftboy have agreed upon their verdict, j,,
iies.shy order of tbe court, and ho shall not before their i
irdict ie rendered, contmunicate to any pereon tne state
their delilerutious ur the verdict agreed upon. ni
Ser. goo, ii thejury nrj permitted to separate either
irlng the trial, or aiier the cane in suhniitted to them, ,
-y shell be admonisbed by the court that it la Uielrdui y s.
il tu converse with, or ouii'er tliamseivea to be eldresiad
, any other persou.on any subject ol the trial, and that
is thmr duty ii t tu form or express an opinion tnoreon, m
til the (itUfif in fin ally nubutlUed tu tin in, i (
Hec. ,'tti. Alter thejury bavins retired for delfaava ,i
hi, ii there be a disagroenteatl between them us tu n
irt of the testimony, or if they desire, to i.e Informed as '
any pari Of tbe law m isiutt in the case, they may r c.
LesttheoiAcer to conduct them to the cuurt, where the
formation upon the poini of law shall he liven, and tlie
iurt may give Its recollection as tu the testimony on the
nut in the presence 0f( or alter notice to the purtiua i
Hec. 971, The Jury may be discharged hy the court on .
count of the niekuem til a juror, or other accident ur I'
ilamity requirnm their dmcliarue, ur hy cuiisimii ui I nth b;
irtiei, or anar Iwy have been kepi tttnether uui 1 1 it s it d'
(UCtority a;tear- that there is nu pruhahili.y ol their a i
H ur. j
Sec. flf; u all eases where tbaj jury are difchariud ti
iriag ihu trial ur after UM SUbmiiiad to therti, it may he 1 ol
ted aain immediate!) ur a', a luture, the court may tii
rec. 'f.X W'jen the Jurv have agreed UpOM tt'eir ver
ct, tliey must I e conducted into cuurt, their names call j C
by the. rlerk.an.l the verdict rOndareg by their (OfO q
an. When the verdict is aniiooncad, either party nay . j
ipure tb jury to be polled, which la done b) tin clerk ,
courl asking each Juror if it is 'ins verdiot, If any
e answers in the negative, thejury must aalu he sent
t fur further deliberation,
cc. f. l. The viirdit.l a.'ia'l he written, llgnes by tha i
aman, ami roe I hy Ihe clerk lo the Jury, and the iuqub
matie wttetber it is their rardlcl. If any Juror dleegreee,
'jury must lh sunt uuta.Min; hut il nu .lisareuuiHut ,f
si pressed, and neither priy reaulrae tbe Jury to 1k
lied, the verdict is complete, and the Jury discharged
nu the case. If, however, tlio verdict Iw defective in '
ui tiuly, the same may, with the assent of llu jury hu- ) ill
t.i ., .. ,1 ,r . ,1 lut i " ---1 li Ihd riuirl ...
Bao, 875, llio verdletofa jury la it ii cr rrone-
I nr gpeeiai, A general verulol Is tlial by wbioh pi
ey prunououe, gjenerully, mitin nil nr uny ul I
e issues, liber iu favor ol tbe plaintiff or de tl
ndiint- A epeelal verdiot is. that by which the
ry liiicls the fuctn only. It must present the ci
cts as r-nt iblisliLil by tin: OVidleOflO, Hliti licit the
lideQee to prove thcin; und thry must be so ui
seated aa tliat lioibiaf rpmaine to thu court r,,
it to dr,cv fruiii tbent otMiettiafoQg oi i.ew. ui
Beo, -itr. in every aotion for th renovery i ti
oney only or epeolfle real property, the jury
their discretion, limy render u goueral or ape m
ul verdict. In nil oilier etaei, thu court may dl
reel the jury to find u gpeeia) vurdiet in wn ti
irr upon alloruny of the iasuen; ,nd in nil ea- u
g may instruct them If tltey render a gonerul di
rdiut, to find upon partioulsrifuestiong of luet tr
be eiated In wrilinc, and may direot a m
ii Bndinf thereon, Tlie epeelal verdiot r find
g must be tiled MfHh the' clerk and entered on
Sec. 277. When lli'j specinl finding of fueln ia
consistent with t!ic ueueral verdict, the former i
nlruls the Utter.aud llio court uiuy give judge. lv
ent ttteordiugly. r
Bee, Wjrhon hy the trerdlet, either party Is i
ititled tn recover money oi the adverse party,
ie jury in their verdict, must usacas the gUlOUUt (:l
Trial by the Court.
I W Mmj triil by ry May tin nnived I
tne Mrtlee Inaetlnng iristng m .mir,,t, si
.tii ihe mm oi th- court, iii ether eetio-ae.
me .olloerhig NNnneri
1. D lh., i ,n r nt f rj, pnrv tppMHltf, hr
ine other petty fail, le appter al the tn.l I
hlmsell or gttnriK y.
v. By erttte, en nt in pereon, m by attn
nry, filed grlth the i-hrk.
a "y era) eMseot le npe, r.niri intend n
HM, a-iii. I'p 'O Ihe triil nf riirsti ,i nf far
ey the court, a ahall net be ateeMtry for th
curt to.tiir' it, finding,! let pt, K. here Hy . let lh
pluintil. or defrndsnt, ui,eMni. the MrUf
requeei ;t, srltb the rlevr of eteeptii g to the d
wloti i of tha curt upon the qaeetfonsnf law in
voivcd iii the triil; in a bleb riasa the eearl .In, i
late In ivnimg u,o eonelueione of hurt banc
ep;.r,iir ly froM the e iiii lii.in, nf law.
Trial by References.
Sec. 5 1. All oreny af the i-'n, in the ac
Umi whether oT ftet'nr of law, ot bath, may hi
referred, upon lh- written eori". nt nl Ihe partin.
or upon (heir oral Oonseul in court entered uuoi
s.c. !i-. Where lh partite Ho not bmmmi
the court mny apan the applltdinn of either, ti
if iti own mot, on, dltttt u reference in ether o
ihe toll, living en-ei:
I. where the trial ef an Isstte of fael -lull rr
lulrethe Mamloatioa of mottial aoeoanta,
ivhere the accnunt is on on. side Only And it aba I
ie made to appear to the court, th .t it g KettS
try that the party an tbt other side shoald hi
igamlned ei a witneae to prove tlie aetamt) h
which ca-es, the referci , nny bo directed to hem
ind report up m the hole ssue or Bpoaanf so
ilie aaestioa of hat i.in.lved th, re n. or.
t!. Where the taking of an aeeoaoi shall bt
teeeeeary for tb In format tan of th,.. court before
ndgomeat, In earn wbleh may be determined
iy the court, or for currying ajttdgemeBt into
ini ct, or,
,'i. Where a q oeslion of fact, other than upon
lie pleadings, Shall arise, upon motion or other
Use, in any Stage of an action.
Sec. 869. i he trial before referees II conduct-
din tha nmi manner at a trial by the court
I hey have the tame power to allium' ,n und cn
oreo the attendance ol witnesses, to administer
II necessary oaths in the trial ef Iht ease, snd
graatu adjournment,, ae the roeru apenraeh
rial. They mast State the fact, f un d, and ihe
onelntlona ol law, separately, mi l ibeii deeii ion
rust be given, and may be exeepted to und re
lowed la like manner. The report of the re
trees upon the whole issue stands as the decision
fthe coun, and judjtetnont may be entered
lereon in the seme manner ae if the aotion hud
cen tried by the court. When tlie reference is
report the (sets, tbe report haa the effeet af e
See SSI. In nil ctsc of refercnee, the par
ee, elcopt when an infant may beo parly, mav
(iri-e upon a SOitabla person, or.pers ii', not ex-
ted ng three, and tha reference shall be order
1 aaeordinglyi end ifthepartiee do n .t agree,
ie coort ihall appoint nna or more referees, not
laeedtng three, wboaball be iree from aseep
Sec. 935, A reference a. provider! in thleehsp
r cannot he ordered by a Probate court, unless
V consent oflb, parties lo the reference and ref
lect. See. M6, ft shell be the dot. Of the referee.
i sign any true exeeptiena taken tunny order
f decision by them nude iu the case, and return
ie same with their report to the curt making
Sec. 2;7. A judge in vacation, upon tlie writ
n consent ofthe pirlies, nny make any order
f reference which the eoort nf which ho is a
tember, could make iu lorm time, in socli case
ie order of reference shall be made on the writ
Mi agreement ol the parlies to relcr, und shall
D filed w ith the clerk ol the courl W illi the oth
r papers m the case.
Sec. 8e. i he referees must be sworn or uf
ruled well and faithfully to hear end examine
ie cause und to make a just and true re port
lereia aocordipg to the best of their undorstan
Ing. Tbe oath may be administered by uny
rrson authorized t.i late it, -positions.
Sec. W9. The rekr. ee shall be ail owed Mich
impenaation for their services as the court may
lent just and proper, which shall be tu.cd us a
nt ofthe casta in the ease.
Dec. alio, ah exception is un objection taken
' it decision "f the emm upon a In ill; r of law.
Sec. 891, The party objeeting taken to a de
ion must except r.t the time the decision is
tde, and time may be given In reduce the OX
iptioa to w riting, but not beyond the term.
Sec. .ii!. No partieal ir farat ol exception is re
tired. The exception must be Stated, with so
ueh of th.-' evidence us is neeeeary to explain
, and no mure, and the whole us briefly as pus
Si c. QD3. Where tlie decision objected to is
itcred on the record, and tbo grounds ofobjeo
on appear iu the entry, the exception may be
kon by the party causing to be noted, ut the
id ofthe decision, thai he txetptt,
Sec. 894, Where the decision is not entered
i the record, or the grounds af objection do not
ifficienliy appear iii the entry , the party eXceu
ng must reduce hie exception to writing und
recent it to the court ior its allo-waane. if true
shall be the duly ofa Btaj oity of the judges
imposing the court, to allow and sign it, win re
ion it shall be filed ccith Ilie pleadings us part
the record, but not spread ut lurge on the
umal, If the w riting is not true, the court
iall correct it, or suggest tli e correction to be
iide, and Italia!! then botlgnod as aforesaid.
Sec. 89A. No exception shall lie regarded, un
i it is material, and prejudicial to the sub
mit! il rights nl the party excepting.
See. -3ll!i. Kxceptions t.ikeii to the decision of
;iy court of record uny, by leave of eneh court,
Withdrawn from the litc's by the party taking
ie same, at any lime before proceedings in error
e commenced, and before the exceptions ure rc-,,,i...i
Bee, 897, A new trial is a re-exmninntion in
ie same court of uu issue af fact after a verdict
I' a jury, report ofa referee, or a decision by
ie court. The former verdict, report, or deals
n shall be vacated and a ni W trial granted, nu
ia apphaaUna a the party aggrieved, for any
the fullawiag eeuseN ttfectini materially the
ibstantlal right, of such partyt
1. Irregularity in tho proceedings of the
UirttJurV, referee, or prevailing party, or ajiy
dor of Ihe court or rtlerte, nr abuse of distfo
on, by which the parly was prevented from
ic ing a fair trial:
.. luigeondUQt Uf thejury nr prevailing party.
3. Accident nr tltrorise, which ordinary pru
mtt aenld not have guarded uglilisl:
4. Bxapeaive damtget, appoartng to have beta
ven under the Inttutttee of passion or prejudice:
5. Brrar in the astesamnnt of the awannt uf
-cuvery, whether loo latge, or too small, where
I, action is apan a contract, or lor tlie injury i
- dettntlotl of propi rty:
0. That the verdict, report or dcei'loji la not
ittitned by vufBcloot evidence, or i, eantrary
7. Newly discovered evidence material for the i
trtv applying, which he could tint, with reason- j
de diligence have discovered and produoed at
8. Error of law occurring ul the tri il, and cx i
pied tu by the party ntakingtbe tpplieetma,
Sec. 89tl, A new trial sliall not be granted on !
mount of the tmallneat ol dantages iu uu tctiou
un injury lo the person or reputation, nor in
iy other action where the damages shall equal
ie ictaal pc oiiary injury MttalMd
Sec. 9&, Tho application for u new trial
tial be mado at the tcruiol the verdict, report, or
vision is reni.i red, and except for ihe cause of
iwly discovered evidence material for the par
1 applying, w hich ho could not with rcttons Mr
ligeaee have discovered and produced ul the
ial, shall bo within three days after tho verdict
decision was rendered, unless unavoidably
Sec. SOH, i he upplication must be by motion
:on written grounds, tiled ut tbt time of m i-
ng tho motion. Tho causes enu rated
subdivision two, thrco and seven of section
go hundred und ninety seven must be sustain
l b utTidr.vit. hawing llfeir truth, and may
i to hi re ert ed by tAu.vlta,
Bea. 8W, Where tbe grounde (or a new trial
mid nut, with .tatonabie diligent,,, have been
Idi.eovend befefe, hot re di.ev,r.d after the r
Iterrnat whiab the VeMlatt r-port nf referee, af ,
IdagdsjM Ws r.nd.red or made, too gpplioatfefl ,.
y I mav be made by p iHmn Blledta in other cue,
,d riot later th n th, CtOfld term afttf the rl Sta,
in eryj on n hu h a Slimma .. Ihl II itatta, I c return n
Nble snd serrerl, or pubin ai mud.' u. prr.en n
n I aed in section n-yenty.lwn, Tha far i Iteledla
y I tne petition shall be c-msldf red sldtnled with
ant answer, end If llio tertlce h.M e rjatnpleli a
r- in vac tin.-, . the ease shall i,.- h, , dand nftmarh f.
iy decied mt tha tnseing term, and if in t.rm,
n it shall he heard end d eidi d alt. r the rxpir-il.on ai
oftw.-r.lv d.v. fr, , s, eh si rvlea The ca-- nt
ithan he plaerd on Ihetritl doekel, and the wit ai
: -iie.se, .hall be i -ximtnrd in op..,, court, or their ll
c 1 de,,,.,, tin,,, 1 1KI ,., .h ,,ihcr aaaea, hilt hatatk k
. Million ahall be Bllad mora lb a ana ye.rult. r .i
. t.ie final jadgmt i.t w rendered. ...
.-ee. 3'.2. Whenaverdimn.es nre recov.-rii- , '"
ble, the plaintiff may tleim and rcaofarany
: fat, oi damegeg lo wbleh ho msy be entitled for I"
I the reuse of action ettahl hed, ,w
See. got, Tbt provisions af thit title re.pcc J?
- lng trials by jnry, apply, ea ferts they ere la
. their nature iiiooical,!. to tr.als b the e'.urt.
Time of Trial.
. Bee. mH. nie elef h of the amtrt ef armimon un
pleas .hull ke. p , anet live bo, k. In he called hii
the appearance dneket, the trial docket, ti, sh
joarnilithe record and egedallnn docket. to.
See. WS, Do the appearsnet do -kr-t. he sliall tin
cnterull actions in trie order iu which they Tl
were brought, the date of the soromone, tha lima lai
of l'ie return th. reof hy tin-ofli o r snd hi. re- la
tarn theron, the litac uf !ling the petiUon, and gn
all subscr) i.-ni pleedinga, j
' Sec. 5. ihe trial Soeket thai I be made nut eei
hv the eicrk r,fihe eenrt at least twelve day an
bl fore tin first dsy of each term of the court; and ol
the actions .hill he set for particular day. inthe ha
erdcr in Which the i.surs wire mido tipi wheth- hi,
I er of lew ev of (set, and o arranged thai the ea !
Itea set for end, day shall be tried a. nearly as ord
may bt on that day. For the pn.nee of arran ae
ging .aid docket, nn issue .hull be consldl red a, be
made- up, when either party it ta dtfaelt ai a bat
S c. 37. Tha trial of an of f.i.-t, ar,d the the
I assessment of damages Inany eseo. etiai; bciolqni
:t'ic oril-T inwhi-h'.hey u r--" .,r r! ,., the trial dcr
I docket, anleee by effn.eot of the partiea, or the ted
I order of tbe court, they are eontinaad or piaeed the
Ial the heel ol the docket. The time o' hcirng he .
jiill oth. re, i., shi-ll be in the or,!, r in which lin
they are ptieed an the docket, nnltm the enart ing
i m its diaeretina ahall Dtherwfee ,i,r j, t. The
eoart may la its diseretina hearal any t me a thh
I motion, and m iy by rule prescribe the time for be
hearing motions. j(i t
Bat, StW, Actions shall be trieble al Ihe first'; oth
I term ofthe courl, after tbe Issues therein, by lioi
lute timet tl ed for pleading, ire or ehould have S
j been made up; and hen, by the times fi.xe.t for il g
pleading, Ihvissuee ure, or should have been otni
I made up during a term, inch ,iciiou ahall be r, :,
triable at that term. Winn tie banes are, or ten
1 1 h"uld bate bcea made up, either hefore.ar du s
I ruga term ef court, hot alter the period fill tuei
preparing the trial docket of each term, the bell
clerk, if reeptired by the court, sluli place such wh.
actions on l ie trial ii,-c'ii t of that t nu. one
See. .'tiiU. The clerk shall make out a copy c'
the trial docket for the u of the bar before afti
the first day af tbe term of eoart. fie,
iCuArT::ri 1 CtrniMtaficy of wltnctea,
e f i Ufiil
j. tn cans oi producing iritneaM.
y. Mofifl ol taking tbdif lestiinons,
i. AdmLfsloni inspection, snd prodne ' -(ton
of dottumonti nnd general
5. Pefpetuntton f tu-tiuiony.
Competency of Witnesses.
I ayvw, a'av. aiw erisVH filill U L HMU HI. I1ICU J il
Wttneetg In any civil letton nr proceeding- be
reason of hit interest In trie event ofthe tame,
as a ptrly or rtttM-m tr by reain f bis eon
1 elotton 't a crifnc; but icb intvrcst rr c 'iivic-
tion may be shown lur tuu purpoee uf effecting
- Iiis ercdibilite,
J 'See, Nothing in tlie ?rr!'ilinjr Hcrtifin
enntained iiall in any manner effect the !aw.,
I now oxicting, relating to the ei tUemont "f c
tatcs of dceeaaed pereona, infanta, idioti .r I one
I tit", or die attestation uf iUu execution of last
I wills and teetanient j; or of conveyance of reni
jcftute, or ol uny t'tiiur inaUnmeM rifj tired by
' Uw to f"- attested.
Sec 313, Any party toe civil arti-n or pro
; ci'eilin mey ooinpel eny id veree patiy, or prr. ii
i fur wbnae benefit i-ul-Ii action -r priieendfng is
instituted, proM cutf ii or defended, ut tlm trial or
by deposition, to teetifyai a witneae in
j tame inenner and suojeet to the aauie ruiea as
otlii r wftneeai
scc. 3D. Nu party lt..ll be allowed to teetlfy
by virtue of the provisions of section three hun
drednud ta?n whore thu adverse party Is tbo ex
rcutofi or tdiiiinietrati r, ofa deecaeed pereon,
when tlif fact to bo proved, transpired ht'ti.v
the death of such deoaaeed pvrsnj norebell he
I testify, unlets bt. give'reatouable notice- of his
intention mi lodo, to the adverse oavty, In
oji lit, nr all. rnty.
Sre. .ll. Tbt' bill m n;j' persons 14011 be in
com pr tent to testifj :
I. Persons who ere of linolilltJ mind ill.'
time of their production for examination1
'J. Children under ten yenrs of age whoapneer
Inospablo "i ri celt just impreeslont ol the
facts rotpeotlng which Uiey uic oxamtnodi or of
relating ihi m truly:
3. Husband end wife, for or against rach other,
or concerning any ooromunleetton wade by one
to the bthor during the marriage, win ther celled
a a witneesj w hile that relation subsisted or af
J. An attorney, concerning nny rci.-inimiiea-tion
mailt to him by bis rh ni in the! relation,
orhisedvloe iheroon, without Uto client's coo
3. A elrrgvman or pHstt, eoncerning any
oonfeeslon mode to blm in his profeesional ch;: r
acti r, in tlm course uf discipline, njolned by the
church t" winch he belongs, without the consent
of tbo person making llu nnnfesion.
Sec. 315. lft person offer himself a a " it
nesSt (hat is ( be tl mt J a oonsout to the oxam
inatiou ajspofen utitrncy, clergyman or priest,
on the same subjeot, within the moaning of the
last two mbdif isinnt oi the preoeding tsetione
Means of Producing Witnesses.
tee. 3 1 (. The e'erk, "f the lateral eaarta and
judgee af the Probate eourta abaU, aoapalieetiaa
ot any person hating a oenoo nr unv matter pan
ding in eourt. issue a enbpoena for vitnoasag un
der the gral of tiie eourt, inverting nil the na meg
ri qoired hv the alipliaaot in one subpotna, v hieh
maybe served by the sberilf. auraaer, at any
oonstabls of the eounly, or i j tlie parly or any
oilier person, Win a a subpoena is M"t i r'''d hy
the herlli'tt ironer or eaaetshle, proof of aerviee
shall be sbuwn hy aSdatlllbut noooels of ser J
ring the tainahll beallaared, eaecpl ehen
erred hv an it :er.
See 31". The subpoena glial I he directed to
the person therein mimed, requiring blm to at- 1
tend nt a parrleulaf time and pi n e, t.i testily aa
a tvitucM, and it nny tonlala a elaae directing
the u'ituesa to brim with him uny ho 4, riling, ,
ur other thing uuder Iii4 eontrol wbioh lie is J
hound hv law I" pro luee tl evidence.
See. dirt. 'A lien the litleod. nee nf the witnes,
before any otlieer guthorlwd ta l ike dtp Miliona
is required, tne lubpoane tltaH bt Itstiad hy such
t?cc. 319. ITit tnhpuana th ill tf serted either
iy reading, "r by copy, delivered t.i the witness,
or left at hie aanal piaee affetidaueei bttlattehl
copy need not coiil.iiu the BaUM ! any oilier
Bet, 830. A witness shall not lie Obliged tout- '
lend lor tcaniinatlon on llio trial of u civil ac
tion, except in Ihe county ol hi residence, nor
to attend tn irive his deposition out of the county
where be 'resides, Ur ahere be Uoy he when the
subpoena leiMtvtd upon bias,
See. 3-1. A w itness may demand his travel
ing; fees, and fee for one dny's attendance, w hen
ihe subpoena i tetl ut'on blm, tad if the
same he not piid, 'ho iln- alull not be ohli
,.ed to obey tiie eabp ana. The ''"''I of such de
oiand and lion payment nli-ill be staled ill the
Bet, MM, Disobedience of a xuhpoens, nr n rn
fusal to be awo.-.. or to nn wcr us a witness, er
subscnbu a depositi on, when I : w fully order j
. ii I.e piinsthtd a, a c ntl mpt of ths rmirt
fall -, if wham hit ttioadaaea at leateitstaT
!'... 893, When ivi'nr, f.jl. fa .itt-nd In
tedlei re to a gsjha hg (ea, tpf in rase ol a Co
'taend fallaratopay I.i. rata,) tha court aa
Beer I. fore whom I iltehdMaa i rniuircd,
J ' " itt: ghnti 1 1 to tha elu rtil". aaraner
' ' ' 1 ' "I 'he " ii rnmendlng him ti
reel. nd i.i i, s the ptr.on ihrmn i.nii, od, I.
irr Ihe ,. ourt or uffiei r m a lima nnd placr
n-i id in ti, atteebment, lo gltt bit tttllataaf
idanswar f .r the contempt lithe attach
i t I., i.ot far Hum, bringing Ihtarlt.
ah rc tbatoari or .rTic'r, a tan nay m
rd in a-hlth tbt Will tea nay cue an uinhrla.
ii? w th atl ty for in. arpcarnncc. Such sum
iel bi endorsed en Ihe baah ..f the stta, limcni;
Id il no .uui i, M fixed nn I taderttd, it ahall
lone hundred dnlltn. I f th" witnes, he not
r.onnliy served, thr court mav, hy a rule, order
in lo Shear eaatt Why an attachment thould
't issue Sgalntt line.
Boe. 3:.' I. 'lh.. punishment for tho contempt
p"' d in teellon Ihtee hondred snd twenty
0 shall he an fo!,,w: 11 hen tlm WiltrMB (grM
attend in ohtditnte to the suhpoena fUatl't
cise "f a demand ami Imlurc tosy his feci
court or i ffici r may fine the itnes, in a sum
' exceeding filly dollars. Iu other eases, tl.e
ur'. or tii, ,-r may fn.i lhr r itntsa in Bum not
eecdlng fifty nor led than Ilea dollar., or may
priaan him in th.- county jail, ther..' lo rcmaiii
til he shall ial n.il to he .worn, ttttlfy, orgivt
di pi - lion I n, Impoetd by the court
'II I," paid into th'- eaunty treasury, and that
posed by the officer, ahall Lc fat the oaaaf
parly for whom tbe witneta arat subpoenaed,
i, ltneaa thall, ahw, h lltblata the party m-
'(',', for any d.nnMj, g , DCSSioned hy his failuro
attend. or Iii, rc:us , t be sworn, lostifv, or
e i.i d. poMlion.
see, Ssfo, a wltnees ta Impritentd hy an ofli.
before Wham his depoeitien is bciiiK taken,
y apply to a jngigeal the .upremc court, eourt
e H in- n pi, as, at probata court, w ho.haM
rapawer laetitahtrga him, if it appear that
imprisonment i.s Illegal,
lee. alio, Erery attachment for the arrest, or
er of commitment to prison f , witneae, by
ourt "r officer, pur-u int to thin chapter, matt
nndor the seal of the court or ollieer, if he
can official sen I, and naat specify pirticnlar
Ihi ea s, of the arrtit or eummitmeni) and if
commitment ha f.r rafaeingta tntarern
Mian, sunfa gutttion tans) be elated in the or
. Pueh order eg corumilmeat may bt dircc
to th,; sheriff, coroner, .,nny constable of
eiunty where eoch witntta reeidet, or may
it tiie l:mr, and shall he executed bv commli
h m to the jail of such county and deliver
a c ipy of the order to Ihe jailor.
3 :7. A p' r-on ernfmed in er.v pri.nn in
8w It, may, by orji r of anv court' of record,
t qoired to he produced for or. I examination
he countv whirc he i- imprisoned) hut in all
rr cans in, xamiaatioa most be by depoti
ic S38, Wh'lt a pritooer'g deposition la be
label be shall remain in Ihocuetody of the
cr having him in charge, wha shall afford
Kinable facilities fur the taking of the deposi
ec. 329. Awitncsa si. ail net big liable to be
J in i eaunty in which he dots not reside, by
g served .,tha summons in tueheonnty,
le going, returning, or attending iu abeoi
to a gubpof nu.
i.e. 3d i. At t.,.j eantnn neemant of each d,y
r tlie first day, a witness may demand his
1 for that day's attendance in abedienea to
bp i and if tbe same be not paid, be ahall
be requiri l to r, main.
L-e, 331. Before testifying, tha witness shall
worn to testify Iht troth, the w hole truth
nothing but Iht Irntb. Tbt modi of ad-i.-t'
r.n an rnl'i, shall he such hi is most bin
! upon the conscience ofthe wiloeea.
Mode of raking the Testimony of Witnesses
AttTicix 1. ACi ;avi.
Bee. 3:?2. The teetimuny of witneateg i, ta-
' bea ui three modest
1 I. By affidavit!
j -'. Hy depeaitii n:
3. l..y rii examination.
I tec. SJ3. An affidavit i-a written declare.
! Xion " r oath, ma , w ithoul notice to the ad
Sec. 334, A deposiilea is i writen dee hire
lion under oath, mad) upon notice ta ihe ad,
terse party lorttie purpose of enabling hin to
attend a:,d cross-examine i or, anon written iu
terrogatorlea. Bee. 335. An oral examination bt an exnminn
iloa In the presence ol thejury or tribunal
thieh is todeeide the tact or act upon it, the,
leslimany bein beard hy the jmy ur tribuuul
irom tne lips e;' tne witnesa.
flee. o.",6. Au affidavit may be aied to veii.'y
a pi indlag, to prove tbe service ol a gammon,
police, or utner process in an wtjott,W o'llain a
provisional remedy, an examination ofa wit
n,ss. u Mlay of proceeding, or apan a mation,and
iu nny other eatc permitted by law.
BtC J3T. An affidavit ntaj he m ule ill Olid
out of this Suite iniore any p reon authariaed io
take depuaitjuus, end mu-t :e aatbvaticated in
tie game way, tacepl ua provided ia section aae
baudred and elaven.
S'.dlivisio.n 1. When to be need.
i. Officers who na) take them.
3. Meaner ef taking and authtaU
4. Bltaeplieni to depositions.
When to be used.
Sic. 3.1s. Ti.e deposition ol unv witnett may
be ased only in 'he loliowin caaeat
1. Wbeathe witaeaa dues net reside in thu
county where the ac. an ar proceeding is pei.d
In;, er is MUi t..r trial, hy ehengc ot venue; or
i. absent thertlroni
J. Whtu, irom age, latlrmity. or imprison
menti the W ituctg is unaLlc to atleOjd ceui t, or ii
j Whan tha teertmony is n quired upon a
naiien, orin any other oase where thearaj i-xaiu-
tnatien ot 11k- witaeaa is not required:
tf e. .'I.'.'t. I ither parly may eou.nunce tn
king ie-ii .lory by deaaeiiiouai at any time after
slivic upon tin deleiidant.
Officers who may take them.
Bee, 3(0, Dcp wittana may be taken in thit
State befort a judge or eleik of the Mipr. ine
tourl. th ceuri o. aonmon pleas, p probtitn
court, befaraa juaileeaf tbe peace, notary puh
lie, mayor, or aiiii i niagittnta of any alt, or
town cerpurate, or b fo-ea niatterianniaafoner,
or uny aeraua ampewem i hy a special eannia
tiaai hm depeeliiaaa, taken in this Btata, to bs
n-i u therein, must bs taken by an olfieer or p r
un arhase authority i - d. i i,, ,i within tbt state.
trice. I'll. Ucp isilliiiitnay be taken eat of thit
Slate byajudge, jn-iioe, or chancellor el any
courl ol ri co' d, i, jaslieeofllu pence, notary pua
lic, mayor, er chief magistrate of any cry. or
taw n eorpurete, a eom missiene, appointed by
tbeUeveruor oi ihi- Smie to t ike riepneltlnaa. or
ny person authoriied by a special , .uu,:. ,a
i'raia this Slate,
Sec. 31.'. Tin pffiei r liefpie wlioin depoi-iikma
an- taken, mutt notbe a relative or attorney of
either purl)', or otherwise uncreated iu the
event of Ihe action or proceeding.
Sec 311. Any court of record ;of this Blatt,
ur any jud-.' Ibereef, is authorii, d lo grant a
aommiaslon lo Uka epoaiiag w ithin araritlt.
.tu ihe Si ne. I In' co'tiiuiss i u Must Le issued
lo 11 person or persons Itteltia tinned, hy thu
el rrk, under tbe seal ol iht com', granting the
ant, and d, posit. on. umler it, must I.e lukeu
apan written InUrrogatorlca, nnles the partite
Manner of taking and authenticating them.
Bta. 844, Prior ttlht laking of any deputa
tion, anleaa taken under a aptalal lannlaatoaii a
ariitea natlcespeelfylng tbt actioatx) prucead
inir, Iht name ul th eart ar tribaaal in which
H a t a be uasd, and the time and place of taking;
t w shall be aerved apou the ad verge ner
V hi. :'i. nt or attori: v of record, or left ui his
usual pliiei f '" h The ties shall he served,
lia la all nihaadrerae parly safllciepi itua
i , i. i-.l r.. I" " travel to attend, ui.d ,ua
[CONCLUDED NEXT WEEK.]