Newspaper Page Text
houme, which ir Ttrry nrnt and comfortable
Onr native escort furnished us with provisions,
end beifw for - our bflgesge. On Monday I
the th inst., the Commodore returned there
gent's visit at Sheudi, the royal residence 3
mile from here. He went in state with pre
cession of more than 300 officers, seamen and
marines; with 9 field pieces and two bandit.
Great numbers of the natives came to witness
our array. We entered the royal castle at
Sheudi, but did not see either the young Prince
or the Queen Dowager. After the reception
we bad a grarid native dinner nt the Regent's
house. I partook of 31 nondescript dishes,
and was then obliged to atop. Everything
passed off remarkably well. We left here on
the 9lh for the Benin Archipchpo 800 miles
to the eastward, of this, taking the Saratoga
in two.and leavingthe Mississippi and Hupply
behind. After a delightful voyage of five days
we reached Port Loyd. (he" harbor of Wei' is
land, where we remained four day. I was ap
pointed to the comma m! of an exploring party.
The island is only six miles long, but very
rugged and covered with the densest tropical
vegetation. I never had such a Imrd day's
work in my life, although we only traveled
twelve miles, I had seven men officers and j
seaman with me. Two of them broke down
completely, a third barely dragged himself u
long, and the others were wofully fatigued.
We climbed down a mile of precipices by
holding on to the rocks and the roots of trees,
shot a wild boar, kindled afire and roasted his
flesh and had a grand time generally. The Be
nin Minds are of volcanic formation, and,
though in latitude 27 c North, the vegetation
ia that which is elsewhere found near the E
quator. The inhabitants some 30 in all are
English, American &. Kanak, mostly runaway
sailors, who raise a few vegetables which they
sell to tailors. Port Lloyd is a splendid and
secure harbor, nnd the only one in all this
part of the Pacific which will answer as a
stopping place and calling station for our new
Pacific steamers, when they get under way.
We can even afford to lose the chance of a
atation in Japan, if we get Port Lloyd. Alto
gether I have employed my time pleasantly
and profitably, since entering those, ice. We
returned on the 23d and fausj the Plymouth
in from Shanghui wih the mails my first
news from homo for seven months. We leave
here for Jeddo in three days. The length of
our stay is ofcourso uncertain, but as soon
aa I get back to some Chinese port, I shall re
sign, and make straight across the Pacific. I
h .ve a mighty hunger to get hock to Civiliza
tion. I am tired Id death of barbarions, cspe
ciallyoftho Chinese, with their monstrosities
and abominations, and I suppose the Japanese
are not much better. What I see of the op
eration of the Japanese laws in Loo-Choo dis
gustg me. I think we shall certainly sail on
Wednesday and spend our Fourth of July in
the bay of Jeddo. Amateur theatricals to
morrow night on board the Mississippi,"
(ttrThi following is a list of officers elect
ted by the Misonic bodies of Ohio at their
meeting in Chillicothe recently. They will
meet in the same place again next year:
Sir Kt. C. F. Hansellman, Cin., MEG M.
' Thos. Orr, Chillicothe, G J) P M.
" B. F. Smith, Mt. Vernon, G. Gen
eralissimo. " J. H. Achey, Dayton, G C G.
" Rev. R. H, Sedgwick, Zaueiville,
P. M. Crume, Eaton, 8 W.
" P. Benedict, Norwaik, Jr. W.
" J. C. Copelan, Cin., O. Treasurer.
" J. D. Caldwell, (Jin., G SeeV.
F . Cleaveland, Portsmouth, G Stan
" Hukle, G Sword Hearer.
" Geo. W. True, Alt. Vernon, G.
" J. B. Covert, Cin., G. Guard.
Urand Royal Arch Chapter.
H. M. Stokes, Lebanon, (Jrand High Priest
C. K. Watson, Tiffin, Dep.
John H. Heaton, St. Clairsville.Grond King.
1 eterOutcalt, Cincinnati, (Jrand Scribe
J. P. Copelan " .. Treasurer.
J. D. Caldwell, " ., Secretary.
Rev. R. H. Sedgwick, Zanesville, Grand
J. A. Retting, Medina, Grand Marshal.
Geo. W. True, Ml. Vernon, G C II.
J. M. Dana, Athens, G R A C.
Jos. Caldwell, Zunesvil'e, G M 3d Veil.
W. N. Foster, Piqua, (J m aj Veil.
J. 8. Felton, Norwaik, G M 1st Veil.
J. B. Covert, Cincinnati, (Jrand Guard.
Grand Ixidye of Matter Masons.
8. V. Bierce, Akron, Grand Master.
W. B. Dodds, Cincinnati, D G M.
Matthew Gaston, Combridge, S G Warden.
M. D. Brock, New talent, G J Warden.
Ionidas Jowelt, Athens, Grand Treasurer,
J. D. Caldwell, Cincinnati, G Sec'y.
J. B. Covert, " Grand Tyler.
THE BENEFITS OF OLIVE OIL.
Missus. Editors I am ofton asked " Wha(
is the benefit of your scientific paper?" I have
been a constant reader of the "Scientific Ame
rican" for five years, and huve noi allowed a i
aingle number to eseape without pursuing its :
cootenta; for myself I can say that I derived
considerable persona! benefit from it early
last Spring. I was attacked with a pain in i
:ny stomach, a little on my right side, which l
ao effected me that I was scarcely able to
walk about. I employed the best medical i
aid, ao considered, to be found in this vicinity,
but all to no purpose. At Isst I was beao't J
to employ a young physician tu try hit
skill, and about the same time I noticed in f
No. 37 and IS, Vol.8, 'Scientific American,"
articles on the subject ol Olive Oil, and its i
good effecta upon the human system but did
i t mention it to the phyacian, who yet had
not prescribed anything for ma. lu a few
day alter this 1 requ tid him to do some
thing for my relief, if he cou'd: he ordered me
to take half a pint of olive oil, and two tea- 1
spoonful of the essence of aniso, mixed to
gether, and to drink this at stated times. Con
sidering well upon what I had read in your
valuable paper, I fell in with hia preacrip-
lion; weuk from that time he ordered a
scaood doe of the name . Since using it I
have not experienced the slightest pain, unless I
I exercieed loo severely, which aometimea I
produced a little but only momentary pain, i
Some physicians told me 1 had the liver com- c
plaint, other consumption, but the young
physician spoken of did not agree with any
of them, and judging from what he aaid, and f
the effort of the oil, he wa right. Now, I
would ask, could there be a more aimple and
aa(e remedy tbso olive oil I The doctor aays
he fiuds it e very useiul article in his proles- r
non, and that the public are not aware of ita
E. W. D.
Norwich, Ct, Scientific American, 'o
us i hi iiaTr;rrtTya" in, -uti
(RTThrre i a cool aasurance, and cufffrtpl
impudence in the following, quite character-1
istitfof ths source from which it eminate. I
From the New York Herald.
FOREIGN MISSIONS AND JAMES GORDEN
The organ of the spoils-Cabinet at Wash
ington has not directly made the assertion. ,
but adopted the coinage of others, that Mr.
Bennett, proprietor of this journal, had made
an application to the spoils-Cabinet for the ,
mission to Frsnce. It is now necessary to ,
say something on the subject. I
We have made some inquiry into the mat
ter, and have ascertained to our perfect satis-
faction that it is entirely untrue. Mr. Ben- ,
nett has not made any application to the spoils-Cabinet
of any office for himself or others,
except one, and that was, simply asking the
administration, if it were so willing, to bestow
h small consulate In Europe upon a gentle
man not Mr. C. E. Lester of hi acquain
tance, who had formerly occupied aimilar
post under a preceding administration. The
letter presented to the Secretary of State on
this subject, puxzled this functionary exceed
ingly, even though it hod received the endor
sement of the President. Indeed, the Pres
ident himself was at a loss to conceive whe
ther the letter was a simple one of introduc
tion, a joke or a serious opplication for office.
The Secretary of State hojvever, treated the
applicant and the missive with his accustomed
brutality; no that Mr. Dudley Minn, the As
sistant Secretary, who it equally well verted
in all kinds of diplomacy, thought that even
in his coarse and vulgar manners the distin
guished spoils Secretary of State exhibited
more thin h's usual bear-like urbanity. That
small favor asked by Mr, Bennett from this
Cabinet wus refused at once and for ever.
This, we believe, is the extent of the ap
plications of Mr. Bennett for office und"; the
present spoils Cabinet. But we understand
thot since he has seen the newtpapcrs com
mencing the uiscuson 0f lno question aa to
his capacity and fitness for the post of envoy
to Fr nCe( and to the propriety of appointing
aim to it, he ia half disposed to take the mat
ter into consideration, and to immediotely
make a formal application to the administra
tion, from top to bottom, for the appointment
to the French miaaion. The diacustion of
the matter in ihe newspapers, on fulse infor
mation, hat brought the subject vividly into
hit mind, and he thinktthat on the whole he
ia at well qualified, in every point of view, for
the mission to France, aa is a French red
republican propogandist for the mission to
Spain, or at an English broken-down socialist
ia for the mission to Naples, or as a Jew
j clerk from Frankfort becomet rich in Wall
street is to become American Minister at
I the Hague.
Mr. Bennett care very little for the salary
j which attaches to the pott, for he sometimet
expends in one of hit own' missions to Europe,
to collect information, double the amount
j which the Government give to their function
I ariea. , But he thinks, alter mature delibera
tion, thot in the present state of the world,
i and from the appearance of things in the
Kust ami West of Europe, he is at least much
better quolified in every point of view for fill
ing tho American cmbatsy in Paris, than a
quiet, indolent, respectful country Judge of
Virgin ia is, who though he knowt the value
of oysters and the use of cards, knowa nothing
of the diplomatic relations of Europe, and who
understands not a word of the French or any
other modern language but his own. Mr.
Mason, it is said, will not take the office; but
if he should, we are very aure that he will
not remain in it much longer than a year
just sufficient to enable him to pocket the
outfit and sulary of eighteen thousand dol
lars. The Senate, we are confident will re
call him, and a great many others besides,
who tire utterly unqualified for the positions
they occupy in the present ominous relationt
, of the world.
Such it the amount, of our information on
the French mitsion in connection with the
on tiie of Mr. Dennett , which hi been bruited
about to much in the newtpapers. We have
no doubt, however that he will immediately
prepare and forward an application (o the
spoiU Cabinet for this million; and, in antic
ipation of his doing so, we now call upon all I
newspapers, and upon the whole iribe of j
stump orators throughout the country, to
take up the important queation and discuss
the merits of the applicant, in order to en
lighten the Cabinet on the matter to bo bro
ught before them, and to determine the mind
of the President when tho ittue shall be
We, therefore, announce with great mod
esty, but with equal formality, that Mr. James 1
Gordon Bennett, the editor and proprietor of 1
the New York Herald, it now an applicant 1
for the highest eir.batsy in the gift of the,
American Government, and that ia the em
busy to Paris; and that he will forthwith 1
moke out all tho necessary papers and pretent ;
them in due form to the tpoils Cabinet, for tho '
solution of this important question. We 1
therefore call on our cotemporaries, here and 1
ulsewhero, to tire away; our dependence it on 1
the good senso and patriotism of tho Preti-
Rates of Postage.
It is not eaay to keep olwaya in mind the
required amount of postage stamps on letters,
tc, under the laws now in force. The Ohio "
Stale Journal hat procured and published the .
Following convenient table of rates, whioh j
(ivea the information required at a glance,
ind which we preaent to our readers, with ,
he tuggeation to cut it out and put it in some
lonvenient place, to aave the trouble of aak
ng and having to answer questions about it. J
Eaeh 4 ounce letter, under 3000 milea pre- tl
aid, 3c; unpaid fie.
Each Jj ounce letier, over 3000 miles, pre-
aid 6o; unpaid 10c.
All printed matter in general any where J
ii the United Statea: "
First three ounces jc ,
Each subsequent ounce ic
If not prepaid double these rates.
Newapapera and periodical paid quarlcr
y or yearly in advance: fC. a
First three ounces j,
Etch subsequent ounce jjc.
And, if weighing over l oi. in the State '
vhere published, Jc. each, and weekly pa- ,i
er in the county where published,.-.
Small newapapen and periodicalspub
iihed monthly or ofuner, and Pamphlet of "
octavo pagea or less when sent in pack
get weighing at least 0 oi. prepaid, Jc. an r
Books bound or unbound weighing nut
nore than four pound may be tent by wail, T.
or each ounce
Under 3000 miles, prepaid lc; unpaid lie "
Over 8000 milea, prepaid ljc; unpaid Sc. V
Fractions over a single rale charged atone
"Periodicale" In the sense used above, are "'
'ubllcttionHiODoA, ot in three month, or A,
ARRIVAL OF THE NIAGARA.
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 27.
The Niagara arrived at midnight, and her
lewi wsi publiahed in the morning papera. '
The Alia arrived out on the morning of the
10th. Her newa had a favorable effect on the 1
markets, and cotton recovered from the de
fine noted in the last report. All qualities 1
live advanced one-eigth, except inferior. The 1
market is poorly supplied. The Broker quo
tationi are at followt: Orleana fair 6, mid
Jling 6j6; Mobile fair 6, middling 6; '
Upland fair 6J, middling Ojflllfif. The sale
of the week amount to 37,300 balea.of which
3i,000 were on speculation, and 4,750 were
for export. The stock et Liverpool, exclu
sive of that on shipboard, it 763.000 bales.
BREADsTurrs Western Canal flour 33s.
6d; Ohio 36s; Southern yellow 40 s. The
market has been firm with an upward tenden
cy in flour and wheat, and a moderate busi
ness. In corn but a small business has been
doing. White wheat 9s. 8dO10s. 2d.; red 9s
7d. Corn, white 40s; yellow 40s. 6d.
Provisions New Pork, mesa OofcDlOOs.
A small business is doing but prices are firm.
New prime mess 72s 6d85t. Lard steady
at 6860s. Linseed cake, thin selling at
Moderate talet of Tobacco at previout
Manchester. Business and prices gene
rally unchanged. In American tecurities
only a small business b. sheen duing. United
States sixot bon-I, nojQUi. Pennsyl
vania fi't 8i80 1 1
The Paris correspondent ays that letter
from Constantinople state that in private cir
clet the Eastern question ia closely examined
at every point, and the conclusion ii, that
there ii no eicape from war. Russian agents
are actively engaged in Turkey stirring peo
ple up for inaurrection.
The Sultan of Turkey announcei that If
the Russians do not evacuate the Danubian
Principalities, he will declare war declared,
and act accordingly; but tho Turkish troops
will not at preaent cross the Danube. The
proclamation of war is posted on all the
mosques. The Sultan invited the combined
fleets of England and France to come to Con
stantinople. The Black Sea it to be free to
veaselt of neutral nations.
Corn may be now imported Into the Paper
States duty free, until February next.
The Emperor of Ruasia hat authorized a
free importation into all the ports of Finland,
of all materials for equipping ships. This
privilege to continue for five yean.
The latest news by submarine telegraph
from Paris is to Oct. 16th. The police made
a search for Kossuth at the house of M. Riff,
a Hungarian, but he hat not been found.
The Emperor Napoleon it reported Behav
ing stated that unless Russia yields, war must
be proceeded with.
ARRIVAL OF THE ARCTIC.
New York, October 31st. -The Arctic ar
rived at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon, with
229 passengers, and Liverpool dates to the
Among the passengers are Signor Martus
celli, Neapolitan Minister at Washington;
Hon. D. D. Barnard, Judge Douglass, and
Messrs. Loufty ond Sami Effendi, Commiss
ioners from Egypt to the Chrystal Palace.
The news from Constantinople represents
the city sa tranquil. Part of the Russiun
army will go into winter quarters at Bucha
rish. At Odessa, on the 6th, the declara
tion of war had been received and the corps
of Gen. Luders were still in the vicinity ex
pecting marching orders.
The cholera had subsided at St. Peters
burgh on the 1 1th. Thedemand for shipping
was unabated, and freighta were higher than
at any former period.
The London Timea says the Turkish man
ifesto is one of the strongest and most unan
swerable State papers issued during the pre
sent century. The Post says morally Russia
is already defeated, and that the will be io
materially, and that hostilities on the Danube
and the shores of the Caspian Sea are inevit
able. A dispatch from Vienno of the 17th saya
Gortaholf repjled to the Turkish summons
that he hat no authority either to commence
hostilities or to moke peace, or to evacuate
the Principalities, therefore he refuses to do
Omar Pacha notified the Russian comman
der to clear out of the Principalitiet before .
the 95th inst,' or he would commence hostili
ties. It it not supposed that flghtingwillbecom- '
nenced on the Danube, but in Georgia or on '
he Black Sea. Old General Poskiswitch 1
akes the chief command of the Russian army 1
ii the Principalities. On October the 6th '
he fleeli were obierved preparing to advance
0 Conitantinopie. A battle wa fought on '
he 27th ultimo between Schaney and the Rua- '
iant, in which the Circoitiam retreated Into "
he mountains. There was a heavy los on 1
oth sides. 0
The Russian subject In Turkey are placed
nder Austrian protection. Turkey allows n
eutral tings on the Danube to 20 degreea 8
.utlria and Russia have recalled their aub
icts from tho Turkish service.
A revolutionary agitation it manifeated in ,
Two hundred political arreiti were made
1 Paris on the night of the 16th. Among
em Goudchaux, Minister of Finance under
le Provincial government. ?
The Turkish declaration of war is published J,!
i full; it ii temperate, high apirited and luyt g
n embargo on Ruasian ships, and fully pro- t;
(eta the right of commerce. When the r(
zar heard that Turkey had declared war he w
ill into a fury and swore he would wage a ,.,
ar of extermination againat the Turks.
A misunderstanding exiata between the J,,
aucaiter Mill owners and their operstlves,
hu ll will probably prove serious. Twenty
re thousands are idle.
All is quiet in France. No ahipments of
oops but great activity exists in the navy
ird. Prussia and Auatria give indications
at they will keep neutral, and the French !
id English diplomatists, therefore, consider u-
at the war, being confined to the Turkish v
ontlers, will not spread throughout Europe.
The commercial advicea from India und
hint are considered favorable. '"
The Japan Expedition returned from Jeddo "'
i the 17th of August, having met with a r
iendly reception. Commodore Perry had
i interview with two of the Imperial Prin- ar
ia, and delivered te them the President's KK
tier, and la lo call next apring for a reply.
The Americana and Japanese parted with
ntual presents uid expressions of good wil I. y
CoHMiRCiM. Cotton steady Sale for ?
ree daye 21,000 bade, including 3,500 on '
ipeeulatlon and 2,000 for export. Prices nee -itiffer.
readetuffs are activ, and flour sold freely '
it a further advance. Baltimore and Phils' '
lelphiaWtGd, held lor r,t. Western Canal I
4i 6da gfis Good flofjr 31s. Wheat in ex-
enaivo demand at 2d fearer. Fine wheat
10s 4d. Corn quiet end unchanged. Beef 1
ind Pork inactive. 1
London Monet Ma as ft, English tecuri- '
tiee are firmer. Consols closed for account 1
it 9la9l 3 8 and for money at 9la9l. 1
Rank stock 217a 918.
Pig Iron has assumed a firm appearance
ind continues to-Mdvafjce.
Intelligence hae reached New Orleant that
the Spsnith Minister near the Mexican Gov
Wnment had suspeWedf diplomatic relktions,
nd had left the capital.- The cause was un
known. The fact, however, if it he aa rep
resented, doee not iiidirnte those familiar re
lations between the ' two coontriet, which
was at one time as much a topioof flihm tier
ing appeals aa the Africanization of Cuba is
at present. By the way, on the latter sub
ject we find the following elegant telegraphic
dispatch in the Tribune of this morning:
"The Union will Maze away again tomor
row pn the Africanization of Coba. ft il all
a blatant fetch, to lirect public attention from
the intestine war in the Democratic camp.
There ner wos a more coltless mare's nest.
2V. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
THE PROGRESS OF REVOLT.
Ex- Senator Diokinso, one of the ablest
and most influential of tho New York Demo
crista, ha made a public avowal of hia posi
tion. He ia utterly opposed to the President
and hia policy. The combat thickena. One
after another, the .strong men ef New York
come forth to avenge the slaughter of Bron
son The Administration ii dead in the Em
pire State. It ii beyond resurrection. The
revolt will not stop there. It will extend all
over the union. The meeting of Congress
will be the signal for such a strife aa hat not
been teen for years, Read the bitter letter of
Dickinson. It ia aharper than any thing that
has yet appeared.
Letter of Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson.
BINGHAMPTON, Oct. 21, 1853.
Mr Dear Sir I snatch a moment from my
engagements in our Circuit, now sitting, to
respond to your kind invitation toaddreas the
meeting of "the National Democrat! of old
Genesee," and toaay it is impossible for me
to leave the business of my clients for a sin
gle hour without doing them great Injuttice,
or I would be with you. When the "free
soil" movement first reared its snaky head I
did not personally fesr its form, and now that
it it, after having hecti slain, under the.gal
vanie I nfluence.oFJslrW' patronage, making
a formidable spasmodic effort, I neither
choose to be deceived by. its appearance nor
alarmed by its threats. The "I ree soil"
movement, although its leaders were demag
ogues and hypocrites, had lome honest men
in its rank and file. Their leaders having
deterted them, and become by a miraculous
conversion what they were to recently wont
to term "doughfacei," will no longer be fol
lowed by those who wat sincere, but left
becoming associations thoae who have hun
ger to reward or enemies to punish. Saul of
Tarsus was converted from an opponent to a
supporter or Christianity by a light which
shone round about Mm, and a voice which en
quired the cause of hit prosecuting tpirit.
But the "free toil" leaders of 1848 were con
verted from the "principles of freedom., to be
come, according to saiir own clxjice vocabu
lary which they have so long and ao loudly
employed against democrats, "doughfaces,"
and the upholders of "man stealers," not by
the lightt which overwhelmed the Apostle,
but by the lights of public palronage, and the
voice of those who put up the public oltic.es,
take the boarding of a public pauper, lo the
The great atruggle whl cb it now going
forward it, whether the Democratic party
shall be compelled longer to cherish in ita
midst the leader of e faithleaa, treacherous
and stultified faction under the euphonioua
terms of "union and harmony," or whether,
after having for five years Buffered under the
experiment without success, it should for ita
own protection, the preservation of ita mem
bers; refuse all further association with such
elements of destruction .and evil. The last
and most infamous HI the Caesars has been
execrated by mankind for his enormities, and
among them was the deoree that the living,
in the full tide of health and vigor, should
bear upon their shoulders a corpae dissolving
with the plague; but the modern now exists
villi power to compel a party, founded in
irinciple pure a virtue end enduring as
ruth, to bear upon its bosom a debased, buck
tiering and faded abolition faction, which has
ixchanged ita limited sincerity for a prospect
if spoils. The Democratic party stands upon
irinciple in national affairs upon which the
dminislration came into power, and to the
uppnrt of which it stands pledged and devo
ed. In State policy it haa given an earnest
f ita determination to complete the canala
it hunt taxation, and thus crown the glory
f the Stat- in the proudest system of inter
al improvement of modern times. Upon the w
itbject of the canal, the apology for a State g
dminislration, covered over with violated
ledges, arid spotted fetch 'broken faith baa
nslly yielded to the influence of the teaaon, w
Ithout having, like most short lived plants,
me to teed.
We have a ticket in the field of able and ,
jright men a platform of principlea tquar- el
f with the Baltimore platform, the preai- ,
nt'a inaugural, and withal, last though not u
ait, the spirit of the constitution. Our hi
tale policy ia such aa the people have aanc- H
oned, and the public judgement ha appro- .
id. The masses are our leaders, and the b,
ill acek to establish and enforce upon oar 0
luntry'a history the doctrine which they 0I
oless and practice, regardless of the noise t
' faction or the aeductiona of patronam.
D. S. DICKINSON.
Wm. G. BRYAN. Esq.
Ai. no ti. 1 1 ii.li. Csaaoxa at the West et
mead of exporting corn to tide-water to the w
dent which they, have done for the last four ol
five year, the farmer sf the West are con- m
i ting their grain into haJbo and pork, by m
hich operation they realise important advan- oi
gea. In 18ol there arrived at tide water t
i the Hudson ti, 467,540 bushels of cm. Du- hi
ig the sarne number of weeks this year the hi
rivsls have been 2,271,370 bushels a fall- 7
g off ol some sixty per cent. In 1851 the at
rivala of bacon at tide-water were 10,398,- te
10 pounds; and in 1S33 the arrival have it
en 1J,3SU,500 pounds an increase of near- cii
100 per cent. The arrival of pork thi aa
iar exceed those of 1M1 by more than 100
ir cent. These figures are Instructive in an
ricultural point of view, and evince wisdom (o
Western farmer, " ' Si
;.'..'.' ' - ..
The Farmers of Aberdeen, Scotland, are
laid to practice the following method for eur
ng their hatter, which gives It a great tu
lerimity over that cf their neighbors:
"Take two quirts of the beet common ealt,
ine ounce of sugar, and one ounce of common
lattpetre; take one ounce of this composition
or ono pound of butter, work it well into the
nass, and close it up for use. The butter
:ured with thia mixture appears of a rich and
narrowy consistence and fine color, and never
icquirea a brittle hardness nor taste salty.
Dr. Anderson saya: 'I have eaten butter
:ured with the above compoaition that has
neon kept for three years, and it was as sweet
is at first.
It mutt be noted, however, that butter thus
cured requires to ttand three weeks or a month
before il is used, ir it is sooner opened the
mlts are not suflciently blended with it, and
sometimes the coolness of the nitre will ha
perceived, which totally disappear! afterwards."
From the Scientific American.
THE NEW STEAMBOAT LAW.
Allow me, through the columi of your va-liant-for-truth
paper, to make a few remarks
on the workings of the New Steamboat Law,
now in force. The good effects of thia law
are aeen and felt by every sensible well-thinking
man; the public have been fully satisfied
with it, so far as it hat gone. The loss ol
life is very small for the past six months,
compared with the aame months in olhei
years; this effect must be produced by tome
cause. It hat been aaid by some ateai iboat
owners this law is a humbug, and they mtan
to use their money and efforts, at the next
Congress, to have it repealed. I have nc
doubt they willj aa some of them hsve not yet
complied with its provisions. I hope every
Member of Congress will take the trouble tc
post himself up in regard to the good effecti
of thi law, before he votes oh the questior
of repealing it. The Engineers, of whom I
am one, have been knocking at the door o
Congress for several years for the enactment
of such a law. The beneficial effects of thii
one is traceable to several causes; the first ii
the prohibition of drinking men to managi
steamboats; another important thing ia, it ii
every man's interest to carry out the law, ai
he hat taken oath to do so, and if he failt ai
to do, hia licenae ia revoked, and then he can
not get employment any where on the Missi
ssippi or Ohio rivers. This it a very impor
tant feature, for an engineer holda hia situs
tion only by doing hit duty. This feature It
carried to a wonderful extent in England,
every police officer and fireman holds hit offi
ce only duing good behaviour. There is i
great difference between a man holding hii
office for one or more years by election, an
one holding it aa long aahe fulfills his duty
Another effect of the New Steamboat Law
i the adoption of better means of avoiding
danger, in the way of life boata and life- pre
servers, steom and water gauges, and the fo
ible alloy in the boilers: this latter is a valua.
ble acquisition when properly applied; but
unfortunately, it hat beer: alio.'ed by the in
spectors to be applied in by a way, such ai
having the plugs in the flues, and some on
Evans' plan, which, in my opinion, is deci
dedly the best: it haa two advantages over
the plates or plugs; the pressure does not
come on the alloy, the same metal answers all
the time. The inspectors should settle down
on tome tystem of using the alloy, which will
be certain and uniform in its operation, such
an important matter ahould be well digested,
and tome uniform plan adopted. Some of the
Inspectors also will pass things which others
will not; and some are not capable of inspec
ting themselves; these things should not be.
Who i it that objects to this law ! No one
bulthe owners ol boatt, who have to pay for
fitting the boat out incompliance with the law;
the public and engineer! do not object;the pi
lots do not, except one here and there who
likea liquor too well. I aend you these, facts
that the public may have a chance to think
for themselves before the proposition comes
up to repeal thii trood law.
ftirThe following are established weights
of varioua articles of produce and the rates
by which they ahould be bought and told:
A bushel of wheat, aixty pounds.
Of shelled corn, fifty-six pound.
Of corn on the cob, severity pounds.
Of rye, fifty-six pounds.
Of oats, thirty-five pounds.
Of barley, forty-eight pounds.
Of potatoes, sixty pounds.
Of beans, sixty pound.
Of bran, twenty pounds.
Of clover teed, sixty-two pounds.
Of tirao'.hy seed, forty-five pounds.
Of flax seed, titty-six pound.
Of hemp seed, forty-four pounds.
Of buckwheat, fifty -two pound.
Of blue-grass seed, fourteen pounds.
Of caator beana, forty-aix pounds.
Of dried pesches, thirty-three pounds.
Of dried apples, twenty-four pounds.
Of onions, fifty-seven pound.
Of salt, fifty pound.
Ride in a Hand Car. Horace Greely,
hile in Indiana, traveled in a hand car, and
ivea this description of his ride:
"The full moon rose bright over the eastern
ooda as, with the north star straight ahead, !
e bade adieu to the embryo city of Brookton.
re were seven of us in the hand car, four
ropelling by twos aa if turning a heavy two
inded grindstone ; but we let offone passeng
' after traversing a few miles. The engi
ser and I made up the party, and the car,
lout equal in size to a wheelbarrow and ai
llf, just managed to hold m and give the
opellers working room. To economize'
lace, I sat a good part of the time facing;
ickward, with my feet hanging over the rear ;
the car, knocking here and there on a tie'
' bridge timber, and olten tickled through my
ockings by the coarse rank weeds growing
at intervale between the ties and recently
iffaned by the hard October frosts. As a
instant effort to hold on wae required, the i
isition was not favorable to alumber, how- ,
ier it may be to cogitation. Our Irish (team
a evolved from Yankee muscle and proved
capital quality. W made o-r first five I
ilea, heavily ladea aa we were in twenty
inutes; our first ten mile In an hour, but t
ir propellers grew gradually weary; we (
a-pped twice or thrice for oil, water, and per
ipe one other liquid, ao that we were five '
iure in making the forty-three milea, or from '
o'clock till midnight I only tried my hand
propelling for a abort mile, and thatexper-
ace sufficed to convince me that, however, ,
may be aa a bualneaa, thie apeciea of exer- .
e cannot be 'conscientiously commended 1
en amusement." 1
Gov. Joseph A. Wright took tho premium
ae dollar) for .the beet- gallon of Indiana :
CHRONTOLE k ADVOCATl""
D. R. COWEIf, Kditor
TMh rFOPtE. AND tmiir rights.
FrMny Moi niiK. nnr. 4 IMS.
Communications must be handed in before 10
o'clock on Wednesday morning.
Reasons for tar,ino a Tafsr. The
above caption it at all timea suggeatlve to
every reflective mind. It requires no depth
of thought o t.icety in logic to show to any
ontf that reasons for taking papers are "aa
plenty as blackberries " and we assume at
the outaet of this article that no one will at
tempt to gain tay the importance Of attain
ing the local preee. If they do we'll meet
them on that tubject and argue it with them
till "crack o' doom." We allude now to or
dinary timet when the world and itt deni-
zens are content to "keep on the even tenor J
of their way" careless aa to surrounding
objects. At the present time, however, such
is not the esse. Portents and prodigies are
I occurring every where to fright men from
; their peace of mind and make them look a
, bout them and endeavor to see what will be
the end of this strange beginning,
i A revolution in the political organizations
of the old world is now almost inevitable.
' The next steamer may bring the news of
. war and bloodshed on the European Continent,
i The fires of liberty which have been amoul
i dering in the breaats of serfs for centuries
1 will burst forth at the first clash of arms and
, in the majesty of their reaiatlesa power they
, may hurl the tyranta from their tottering
i thrones and rite up in tho form and enjoying
1 the immunities of men, men wearing the
image of the Living God, and praiae hit
, name for their Liberty. The powerful
Nicholas, the great Autocrat of the most ex-
- tensive and powerful kingdom on the face of
the Globe will fan thii latent fire into a blaze
by hit courte towards Turkey a blaze that
, will dart itt fiery tongues to and fro, con-
- turning all within ita reach. Even now the
Coaaack hordes are hovering on the borders
of the Ottomsn Empire waiting but the nod
I of this Russian Jupiter to envelope the whole
. of Turkey in their embrace. But he pauses
r in hesitation On the Atlantic coast are two
' powers, who raise their voices, feebly it may
be, but atill they are heard, protesting against
, the farther advance of this powerful Monarch,
, and in the face of these powers lie deems it
politic to resort again to stratagem. What
will be the result will be revealed in the
next year. The prediction of Napohjon is
toon to be verified. He said "In fifty yeare
Europe will be Republican or Cossack!"
Which it will be remains to be seen one or
the other it most surely will be, and that
speedily. This is one reason then why per
sons should take the paper. Every one ia
anxious to know the progress of the Eastern
question, and the course of the Russian
Again, European war will, indeed it has
already wrought a great change in our mark
ets. Every article of consumption haa felt
to a greater or leas degree the effect Of Euro
pe an trouble, and even now every foreign
arrival makes a great difference in the price
of breadstuff. It is needle to dwell on the
imonrtince to the farmer ol keeping peace
with the fluctuations in the commercial world,
as sll feel that it ia of vital consequence.
The monetary interest of our country will
be seriously affected, though in what way
there teems to be a great difference of opin
ion. Some seem to think that the preaent
tightneat in the money market it caused by
the state of European politics, and that in
proportion as the war advances or ceases so
will the tightneaa on the laxity of our
monetary matters be. Tho present existing
panic in the Eaat is attributed to the Turco
Russian war.di it is supposed that it will con
tinue until auch war it terminated. Now we
do not claim any great atore of knowledge
on political economy, but it doe teem to ut
that the preaent monetary panic haa ariaen,
not from foreign war but from the depletion
of our money coffers for money that ahould have
ttayed there inatead of going to Europe to pay
for articlea that ahould have been made here.
!n the natural course of things this panic
would have taken place some time ago, but 1
the discovery of gold in California, and its '
circulation in our country Gas warded off the '
crisis, possibly until now; bow much longer
we know not. In our opinion the existence
of war in Europe, particularly if England A- '
France become entangled will have the ef- 1
feet to drive capital from Europe, where in- ,
vestment i unsafe, to our ahorea, where it (
can be aafely entrusted. Should thit be the 1
result the breakers that are frowning "dead I 8
ahead" in our path will toon be past and we
will have a calm tea beyond.
All thi however, ia out of place in the 1
preaent article and will come up properly at ''
mother time. We intended merely to lay
luvt n the heads of inducement to persons to
lake a paper, and not go into detail. e
At another and a great inducement ic the t
ireaent position of political parties in our .
iwn country. No one will pretend to deny '
hat a great change is about to come over j
ild party organisations, and that even now
ve behold the dawn of a new era in polirica.
rVe do not wiah u be understood at being y
viih croakeri who are continually crying out (
ike jackdawa "the Whig party ia dead" we a
eler to a change that ia about to be wrought (
n the manner of conducting campaigne, and e
he inluence that is brought to bear upon
he voter to procure his support. The old
in aolltleiana adopted (ita maxim "All's tali s
q war," and went into a political campaign n
with the determination to get votes honest
ly If they could, but to get vote. How they
hsf succeeded may be teen by the result of
i ha last election. When the amokeof battle
cleared away, the Temperance party, who
would scorn the usual mode of electioneeriag
were teen broken and acattered in the reir
of the victorious party; beaten, it may be,
but far from being conquered. It ia to be
hoped they are a little wiser than before and
that this defeat may learn them a leaton.
In the Eaitern ttates, in the atcendant
party, there is a bitter etrife. The Admin
istration has totted a bone to the' New York
Democracy, which hat proved, literally, a
"bone of contention." The end of (hia.
ttrife is not yet.
The next six months will shadow forth the
policy of the Administration with regsrd to
Cuban affairs. What it will be will be
anxiouily looked for. It will also require
great skill and diplomacy on the 'part of "the
powers that be" at Washington to proterre
themselves free from foreign alliances a a
nation in the coming strife.
The Pacific Rail R sd will in all prohabili
I '7 engge a great deal of the attention of
Congress at its next session, and to this all
inhabitants of the Mississippi valley look aa
! to the measure that is to do more for the
i Great West than any tingle measure ever
In our State too, are important s) stems oi
policy to be matured, and on the other
hand important encroachments from the op
position to be guarded against. The pro
fessed policy of the ascendant party ia de
cidedly nnti-hank.nnd now, when they have to
: large a majority in both houtet of our Legis
lature will they go a step farther than they
did last year and cruah Banki within out
State entirely? It it a queation of vital im
Iportance! We think the more sensible men
of that party will betitate long ere they tbui
dash down our admirable tystem of Banking
I and place ut at the mercy of foreign Inatitu
tions which will soon flood our State with thei;
currency. This, however, is their expressec
policy nnd if they carry it out such must in
evitably be the result. While we deeply de
plore this atpect of things we can of course
only raise our voices in opposition.
We have a great network of rail-roads il
courte of conttruction, and political weathei
prophets predict great depression in R. R
bonds and stock on account of Europeai
news, this, then is alto to be settled ere long
We have here set forth a few of the ex
traordinary causes that ahould induce
liberal support of the newtpaper press, eith
er one of which would be all-sufficient fot
our exhortation. Reflect on what we hare
written, then look over our paper glance al
ita contents tee whether or not it is, as it
purports to be a shadowing of the transac
tions here and abroad, then if you can con:
scientiously, come up and subscribe for it.
One dollar and fifty cents per year! A mere
trifle compared with the vast benefits arising
from the retding of a netwtpaper in the
family circle. We aak this, not aa a mendi
cant who with hat in hand bowt and smiles a
fawning amile while he begs of you "patron
age." "Patronage" is a word We dislike in
business transactions. We ask a man for
money but we at the same time offer what
we consider an equivalent, and one from
which he will derive at leaat as much benefit
aa the money waa worth to him.
Governor Medill has sppointed the last
Thursday of November (24th.) at a day of
Thanksgiving and Prayer. Several Gover
nors of other States have appointed the lama
day. What a happy idea it would ,be if eve
ry State in the UnicA wodld adopt the same
day as a permanent day of Thanksgiving!
HARRISON COUNTY FAIR.
we inadvertently omitted to notice the
ucceatof thit exhibition in our latt week's
issue. They appear to have bad a very large
attendance, and the exhibition waa, on the
whole, highly creditable to our neighboring
The female equeelrianiam was, as it has
been at other places, the most attractive fee
tore of the exhibition. There were seven
competitors for the prizes, among whom was
Miss Norton, of this place. The lat pre
mium waa awarded to Miss Kennedy, the
second to Miss Simerel, and the third to Miss
Silmore. In relation to thia branch of the
ixhibilion we copy from the Republican:
The award of the committee did not give
intire satisfaction. Many of the "out-aidere"
telieved that Miss Norton and Mrs. Slem
nont were justly entitled to the first and sec
md premiums, and tbey have since been pre
ented by their friend and admirers with pre
niunie of the value of iao each. The other
nsuccesaful competitor! have each been pre
entei with premiums of a lesa value by the
We regret to learn that Miis Simerel was
iirown from her horse againat a tree, having
er collar bone fractured and her face con
(XrThe Wheeling Gazette of Thursday leal
numerate! the building! erected in that city
ir the past year. The aggregate ia certain
' very flattering to the city, and evince a
niiniendable spirit of enterpri e. The buil
ng are aa follow: Dwelling 156; store
ir the sale of merchandise 60; factories SO;
arehouse for storage and commission 30.
ft cau add, loo. from our own observation,,
lat their atorea and warehouse, or a majoxv
y of them, at least, compare favorably with,
ly buildings for a similar purpose, w bars,
rer seen west of the Alleghenies. '
& Whetting City Rending Jtsesi. We
wat an hour or two ha this excellently ar-
.aged room, and it it an appendage of whioh