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WHEAT CULTURE IN OHIO.
Ohio produce annually shout Titrttv nn
millions or Busnttvs of Wheat. Three euc
eoosive crop were m follows.
Crop of I849......v 16,000,000
Crop of 1850 35,000,000
Crop of 1851 25,000,000
Aggregate - 78,000,000
These crop were accurately ascertained;
that of 1849, under the United States; ihntnf
1850 and 1841, by the Slate Assessor. One
i4 the worst crop in many years, (that of 184!),)
and one, (that of 1850.) the best; io that on
the whole the average i a fair one. The
crops of 1858'and 1853, will not be far from
that of 1651, that Is an average.
There is nothing leas understood, than
what ia really an average crop of any staple
grain. We hear continually of 70 and 80
bushel of corn to the acre, a if that were
the common crop; and of 40 bushels of 'vhent
per acre in England, as if that were the com
mon crop in that country; but in fact, it is no
such thing. An average crop for an entire
country, must include nil varieties of soil, as
well aa all varieties of seasons. In some
seasons, the crop fails almost entirely; and
one kind of soil will not produce hu If as much
We have looked over the Agricultural Re
port of the Stale Society, for the purpose ol
aacertaining the general avernge of wheal
production. In the first place, we looked al
the premium cnors, which were as follows:
Ashland county, 45 bushels 70 lls V bushe
Perry 4 " 65
Athens " 45 J "81 "
Lorain "31 " 00
Defiance 43J " "
Stark " 48 " "
Krie " 40 ' "
Carrol ' 39 J " "
Champaign" 3!i " "
Washington" 3tiJ " "
The premium crop of Ashland was equal tc
bushels per acre, at the Statute Weight
which is 60 lbs. per bu. The premium cror.
of Perry was equal to 49j bushels, and tlx
premium crop of Athens to 46 bushels pei
acre. We can easily see, therefore, how, or
suitable land, and high culture, a crop of 4C
bushels per acre may occasionally he raised
but it is no common thing.either in England oi
America. Let us now look at some of the
county averages. We will take five of llit
highest average, andlive of the loicest. Thus
Krie 24 bushels
Montgomery 22 "
Champaign 20$ "
Senaca 21. J "
Ashland 20 "
Jackson 10 '
I'ike 0 "
Lawrence 9 "
Vinton 9 "
Washington 12 "
We see, thercfore.there is a very great did'
erence between the uverage of Iba best coun
lies and the worst.
The average production of the entire State
of Ohio, does not reach 16 bushel per acre.
Let us next inquire into the cost of produc
tion. Tho actual cost of plowing, 'seeding, har
rowing, cutting and threshing an acre of pre
mium wheat in Urown county, was $6,'.'0per
acre. The actual cost of nine acres of pre
mium wheat in Defiance county, was 71,75;
making about $8 per acre. In the former
case, the product was 40 bushels per acre,
and the cost 33 cents 'per bushel. In the
latter case, the product was 369 bushels, or,
41 bushels per acre. The cost therefore, was
about 20 cents per bushel. We infer that
the actual cost of wheat production, indepen
dent of tho interest of capital invested, and
the chargea of Government, is not more than
20 cents per bushel. If the crop be only a
common one, it is because it be less manured
and cultivated. In other words, it has cost
lets. An average production of 16 bushels
per acre, does nut cost over 3,25 per acre,
llut the interest of capital, at 930 per acre, is
81, fit per acre. The chargea ol government
re about 30 ctB. per acre. The total charges,
therefore, are 93,25 per acre. The product
is 16 bushels per acre, which, at 60 cents, is
99,60. With an average of 16 bushels per
ere, and a price of 60 els. per bushel, wheat
ia a profitable crop. This corresponds with
the remark made by farmers, that wheat may
he raised profitably in Ohio at 50 cents per
bushel; but not under. The whole cost per
bushel, as we have aeen above is less than 33
cents per bushel. But wheat culture on bot
tom lands, or without the aid of rotation crops,
would ceaae to be profitable. It is uot calcu
lated to do well, without rotation; nor doea it
suit alluvial land as well as Indian corn.
Of the 25,000,000 bushels of wheat raised
in Ohio, at leaat thirteen million is surplus,
which at 70 cents per bushel, is worth over
Notwithstanding this immense and valua
ble crop is actually raised in this State, yet
the traveller on our railroad would scarcely
suspect its existence. Not one-twentieth
part of the State ia occupied by wheat, while
all around, the atranger seea heavy forest
yet occupying the ground.
The whole rulivated land of Ohio ia only
bout one-fifth part. Railroad Record.
THE U. STATES CIRCUIT COURT ON
THE CROW-BAR LAW.
A bill was filed on Saturday in the Circuit
Court of the United States, now in session
in this city, by Mr. 8. E. Foore, of Con
necticut, sgainst W. D. Morgan, Auditor of
Stats, Francis Lis.cn, a commistioner ap- I
pointed by the Auditor to collect certain I
taxes assessed againat the Ohio Life Insur.
mire and Trust Company, and the other trus- i
lse resident in Ohio impeached. It appears i
by the bill of tho complainant that the tax-
aa aaaessed againat thi company, for the i
year 1851, amount to 912,948, and the taxea !
lor 1862 amount to 983,416, 57, making a i
total of 990115 12, to which i to be added (
penalty and poundage, in the aggregate a- i
mounting to upwarda of 9106,000 more. The c
rata ol taxation to which the company is 1
actually liable, is five per cant, on iu divid-
uds, and was so fixed by the legislature un I
the 14th day of March, 1836. This act pro- v
vided that all banking companie which a
should surrender their right to issue small n
notes leaa thaa 95, should uot afterward be vt
subject to a tax of more than five percent. n
Tiiis company look the benefit of that act, T
and has regularly paid it tax of five per cent, in
and the legislature, it appears, iu viulaliou or at
it pledge, has attempted to subject the com- tj,
peny to a totally different rate, and ten time i
war severe. (
Th act adopted by the Legislature for the to
collection of taxes, empowers the Cominis- ih
sioner appointed by the Auditor to break i
opt o any vault or other strong hold, and bo
aaice upon enough of the effects of the com- up
pany refusing to pay the taxes as shall be J m
within five days after a notice has been serv
ed upon them. And in conformity the Au
ditor hss appointed a Mr. Linck aa the Com
missioner on the part of the State, duly em
powered to execute the law. The present
action of the company by Mr. Footf., one of
the stockholders, claimed nn injunction a
gainat the Commissioner, on the ground that
the proceedings of the Legislature and the
Auditor were altogether illegal and void. The
Court having heard the motion, granted the
injunction with the understanding that it
would entertain a motion for dissolution, il
offered at its present term. The complain
ant was required to give bond in the sum of
9120,000, which hsving been executed with
improved security, the injunction was issued.
There will now perhaps be an opportunity to
hear this question on its merits and the con
stitutionality of the crow-bar law. O. S.
Tun Verm. iKT Legislature. The Coali
tion between the Democrats and Free Soilcrs
I goes on swimmingly. D. I. Thompson,
editor of the Green Mounta in Freeman, the
I Free Soil Organ, has just been elected Secre
J tary of State by two majority. The division ol
I offices thus fur has been, (or the Democratt
. the Governor, the Lieut. Governor, and Ihe
(Treasurer and for the Free Soilcrs tin
I Speoker and Clerk of the House, and thf
! Secretary of 8rate. The only remaining
i important office to be filled is that ol U. S
Senator, for which Daniel Kellogg has beer
I nominated by the Democrata, and O. S
Shatter by the Free Soilcrs. It is yet doubt
ful whether the Senate will go into joint Aa
sembly for an election. Many of the Whigi
in the Senate consider it imperative upoi
them to do so, even though the chsnces o
I electing a Senator are against them. Thi
Message of the new Governor takes groum
sgainst the Maine law.
Ed.toh Ohio State Journal: It is wcl
I known that Col. Medary was appointed Min
' ' ister to ( lull last spring, and it is understooi
1 1 that ho took the oath of office last June. Tin
" i outfit is nine thousand dollars, and the salar;
' ! is also nine thousand dollars per annum, be
1 ing 9750 per month, and being nine !5
i 1 months since, would make 93,750 salary
' , this, with the outfit, would be twelve thousam
1 seven hundred and fifty dollar.
Now, the question is, has Medary reccivei
I all this money from the people' treasury, ani
not yet done any service for the people ii
the capacity of Minialer! Rumor says h
has received his outfit and salary. Can yoi
O. W. P.
We have very frequently been asked thi
; above questions, and have not answered, be
j cause we knew noihing definite of the mat
tcr. We should not refer to it now, exeep
that the questions, as they appear above, com
j to us from a well known and rather prominen
Democrat, and hi, at least, is entitled to ai
answer. It is our judgment that this is i
business which concerns the people, irrespec
live of party. It is understood in this citj
that Mi.imrv docs not intend to go to Chili
and that he is driving a strong game to aecun
his election to the United Stutes Senate.
His political friends have a right to know
these things. The time has come when ht
must answer, or suffer the damaging cone
quencea of the general belief among his
political friends that he has already got the
pay for hi partisan services in his pocket. -O.
O. W. P. CLOSING THE GRAND LODGE.
At the close ol the late session of the Ma
sonic Grand Lodge of Ohio, In this place on
the 21st inst, tho following remarks were
made by the Grand Master:
The Lodge having previously fixed upon 8
o'clock a the hour of adjournment, when
that hourarrrived, M. W. G. M. Ilierce arose
and said "Brethren of the Grand Lodge of
Ohio: The hour having arrived which you
havo fixed as the close of the present session,
we are now to separate; we aro about to quit
this sacred retreat of friendship and virtue to
mix aguin with the world. Amidst its carea
and concerns forget not the duties you havo
so often heard inculcated and so forcibly re
commended in this Lodge. Remember that
annum your several altars you have promised
to assist every worthy brother whff might need
assistance; but your charitiea are not to be
thus circumscribed. Every human being has
u claim upon your kind officea. Do good un
to all, but murocapecially to the household of
the laithful, that the world may say See
how Maaona love one another!"
"Let it not be aaid that we hove labored
here for naught, or spent our strength in
vain; but that our labor is with the Lord, and
our recompense with our God.
' Finally brethren, be ye all of one mind
live in peace and may tho God of Love, of
Peace and of Masonry, ever delight to be with
you and bless you.
"Brethren: I now declare the Grand Lodge
of the State of Ohio closed in ample form."
To myself the most effectual church is that
it which 1 see the eign of Christian affec
tion in those around me; in which warm hearts
are beating on every side; in which a deep,
stiliness spcsksoflhesbsorbedsoul;in which
I recognize fellow-beings who in common
life have impressed me with their piety.
Out look from a beaming countenance, one
tona In tinging from a deeply moved heart
perhaps, aid me more than lha sermon.
When nothing I laid, I feel it to be good to
!e among the devout; and I wonder not that
he Quakers, in aonie of their atlll meetings,
rofea to hold the most intimate union, not
nly with God, but with each other. It i not
vith the voice only that man communicatee
vith man. Nothing is so eloquent as the
leep silence of a crowd. A sigh, a low brea- 1
long, sometimes pours into us our neighbor's '
o-l, more than a volume or worda. Thore i 1
i communication more aubtile than freema
onry between thoae who feel alike. Huw 1
ontagiou is holy feeling! On the other band, 1
iow Ireexing.how palsying the gathering of a '
iiiltllude who feel uolhiug, who comt to '
lint's house without reverence, without love; '
ho gate sround on each other aa if they e
re sssemblod at a show; whose reatleaa- d
ess keep up a llg.ly di.turbing aound,
hose countenancea reveal no colltctedne,
i esrnestuass, but a frivolous or absent mind A
be very aanciity of the pl.ee raakta this (j
difference more chilling. One of lha cold-
pots on earth I ajchurch without devo
jh. What i it to ma that a coatly temple
el apart, by ever so many rites, for God'
rvice; that priests, who trsce their lineage
the apostles, have consecrated, if I find it 1
rouged by the worldly and undevout? This
no church to me. I go to meet, not human
dies, but souls, and if I And them i an
perroom.like that where the first disciple le
t, or in a .bed, or iu a aUect, there 1 find
a'churcii; there i the true altar, the sweet ln'
cense, the accepted priest. These sll I find
in ssnctified souls. Channing.
ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICA.
PHILADELPHIA Nov. 14.
The steamer America arrived at Halifax, I
at 10 o'clock this morning, with dates from
Liverpool to the 29th ol October.
The salea of Cotton, for the week were
35,500 bales, of which speculators took 6000,
bales, and for export 400. The market is
firm for better qualities, but lower, gradca
have declined. -
There has been a decided advance in Bread
stuff during the week, and a large business
was done. Provisions heavier, remain un
changed. Cotton is quoted ar follows Middling Or
leans 6, fair Mobile 6",, Middling Mobile 6L
fair Uplands 6J, Uplsnd 6, The salea on
the 29th were about 6000 bales.
In whest there is an advance of 3d to le.
Corn has also sdvanced 2s to 3s.
White Wheat is quoted at 10s 6d to lis.
f Western Canal flour 37s 6dj Phila. Bait, and
. Ohio 38s, extra brand 48s 6d, Fine White
i Corn 45s, yellow 43.
i Provision Beef Market unchanged, and a
moderate busineaa has been done at previous
rates. New prime mess is quoted st 95s. No
. sales of Pork.
i The Bacon market is dull with a declining
Lard unchanged. The sales of thepeek
. were 200 bbls at 6ft
i Tsllow all quantitie'a have alightly deemed
i about Is, The market is dull.
I Clover seed market is firm, with sales at
I Corn market is firm, with sales al 6s 1 Id,
and 12s for fine.
Spirita of Turpentine market dull, being
1 qucted at 67s58s.
Rice the market is unchanged, and a'mo
I derate busineas has been done.
9 Sugar the market is dull with a declining
The Manchester market ia unchanged.
Commercial advicea from India are favor
; able for importers.
I The transactions in U. S. and store stocks,
have been small. U. S. sixes, bonds, at'68,
I iloJ'.eluUl. S.sixes,stooks,'68, 110 110
1 Penna. fives, 85 a 86. Maryland fives, bonds,
I 96 a 97. Ky. sixes, ,69,98 a 99.
s Havre Cotton Market. The sales for
i the week ending on the 25th were 7,750
bales. The stock on hand ia 68,000. All
qualities have have slightly advanced.. Low
- er grades have improved most.
Superfine Gpnnessee flour is quoted at 45s
t a 50. White Wheat 83 a 84 francs.
9 The English money market is fluctuating,
t Consols for money ond on account 91 J a9l.
i By this arrival we learn that the Eastern
i question has assumed a more threatening as-
r A telegraphic despatch from Bucharist, da
, ted 27th, states that two Russian steamers
t and eight gun boats forced a passage of the
Danube on the 23d. They encountered a
brisk fire from the Turkish portof Isaktchi.
Of the Russians there were one Colonel,
I I three subordinate officers and twelve soldiers
i kille and 40 wouoded. The Ruisiana say they
set tho port on fire by a shell.
In France, everything prepared for a land
expedition to Constantinople, but no orders
will be given totnarch, unlets new circum
stances render it necessary.
Letters from St. Petersburg!!, speak In
strong term, of tho desire of Count Nesaelra
do for further negotiations.
It is reported in Paris that the Emperor
Nicholas had abdicated, in favor of the here
ditary Grand duke but tho report is doubled.
It had the effect of giving a firmness to the
D. Hill, succeeds M. Lacouras the French
Minister at Constantinople.
It is reported the Czar had Said, in answer
to the request of England and France to eva
cuate the Principalities, that he would rather
back out than fight there.
The combined fleet have anchored in the
aea uf Marmora.
The Turkish Government is said to have
declared themovementa of thejfleets unintelli
gible, unless as allies. If they are appre
l hensive of the aafety of the Sultan, the Tur
! kish Government undertake to guarrantee
. the Sultan's safety, and have no use for the
J fleets at Constantinople except at active al
lies. The avowal of the presence of the
fleet, on any other quality, would be an avow
al of weakliest, that would wrong Turkey in
The Turkish minister at France, haa re- '
signed. Baffete pasha tucceedt him. There
is much running to and fro of couriers. It
is rumored that tho four powera have drafted
a new proposition. The king of Belgium i 1
said to be exercising his influence. From
Brussels, a telegraph dispatch of the 26th, 1
aay it i reported at Vienna, that a akirmish I
had occured on the Danube. The Turkish
government prohibits the export of corn. At 1
last account there was no fleet at Conatan-
tinuple. It ia not believed that any pitched !
battles had been fought. The Turkish gov
ernment displays much military aagacity.
They have officially recognixed Bchamy
and othera, Circaaaian chiefs, and sent them
arms and ammunition. o
The Hungarian Gen'l Guyon had been aent n
aa Lieut. Geu'l to Asia. The Russians have d
50,000 men at Bucharest and are establishing P
a strong reserve. All the commanders have J
joined their respective corps. The Ponton n
eorp ha left Bucharest for the Danube.
Jluoo Russians lauded at theredoubtof Kale.
The benediction of Banner, usually preced
ing active service, took placa at Bucharest on
ihe lOth.-The new Greek Patriarch ha G
jeen invited to attend the meeting of the "
The Grand Viiier ha publiihed an order
tailing on the inhabitant of Constantinople
o preserve order, pray for the aucceas 0f the
Purkiah arms, and to protect Christisna from 01
uult. It is now stated positively that the
lussiana and not the Circassians were defeat-
d in the recent engagements. Persia has
ishanded her army on tho Turkish frontier.
subscription is collecting, aa a British Tes
monial lor Capt. Ingraham. The steamer do
rgo, arrived from AuaUalia, with half a mil-
un in gold. She bringa datea from Port
hilip to Aug. S4lh.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC.
NEW YORK Nov. 14.
The steamer Baltic with Liverpool datea to
ovcinber 2nd haa arrived.
Trade in the manufacturing districts re
tina unchanged from laat report.
Flour Tim quotations for flour are, Wet- L
rn Canal 37a 6d, Ohio )9. &rt
White Corn ia acorca and held at 4t j
9alet however, fisve been made at 44J.
There ia no'chaagv til the rate ol interest,
Consols have advanced.
The newa by the Baltfr.ia briefly told for
everything i envelop) In wiyitery.
A dispatch from Vienna state that an ar
mistice, for an indefinite period, had been en
tered into by the Turkish and Russian for
ces. This news hsdthe effect, materially, to
advance the price of Engliah and French
Another dispatch informs us that a satis
factory note, signed by the four powera waa
on its way to ConeUHtittopte, and that the
armistice was to allow, time for its accept
ance or rejection. Thia further strengthened
Another etory haa been'-itarted, to the ef
fect that the so-called armistice waa a con
ditions! order to Omar Psshel, not to com
mence hostilities until the 1st of November,
if it had not already begun. Thia depressed
the stock market.
A telegraph dispatch tays that the Turks
had crossed the Danube in great strength, and
taken possession of the fort of Kolafat with
the intention of attacking the Ruitiani.
Dreadful riot have occured at Wagon, in
consequence of a turn out of the operative
and colliers. A large amount of property
was dcatroyed, and the military were called
Mr. Head, thcU. 8. Conul at Tunis, died
The Pari Moniteur gives strong encour
agement to the growete of Cotton in Algeria.
At Liverpool the general aspect of the
r.'arket for the last three daya wat heavy,
prices favoring buyer,. A detire, on the part
of holder of grade blow middling haa in
tome inttance, eausatVa reduction of 1-16 a J
and to effect aalea only in the general way,
and the quotations laat Saturday were not
The salet of the week were 1 3,000, of which
peculators took 3000, and for export 1500.
The market generally it quiet.
Breadstuff pricee generally well suppor
ted, without any excitement, and varied alight
ly from Friday's quotations.
The demand for Wheat and Flour ia for
the best grades. The tone of the market
follows closely, on the denor of the tuccessive
advicea received from the eait.
White Wheat is qnoted at 10s 4da lOi
lid, red and mixed -9s 8d a 10s 3d. Western
Canal flour 38s, Halt i more, and Philadelphia.
37 6d a 38s 6d Ohio 38s a 39s.
In Indian Corn the light ratee have checked
business. Prime yellow, is quoted at 44s but
i held for 15, white 431 '
At Manchester, busineaa waa very quier,
and the pricea of both goods and yarns favor
Provisions ond producS' are both dull.
Lard and Tobacco quiet. Rice brought ex
treme quotations, and trie market it much the
There it great fluctuation in British fundi
consequent upon the conflicting accounts
from the east.
On the 3 lit of October the quotations of
bank stock closed at 909 213.
At London on the evening of November
1st. Sugar was Arm. The demand for Cof
fee is brisk. Tea is not so active and quo
tations unchanged. Rice In better request.
Iron Scotch pig 76a 6d per ton. Tallow
firm at 51s.
The Baltic brings 74 passengers, among
whom are Gov. Jones, of Tennessee, and
Col. Powell and family, of Philadelphia,
A dispatch received aeCfeerpool, on Satur
day, from the penult, of October 27th con
firms the repoft h& the TurksJ had taken
possession oi Kalafat. Six thouaand Turkiah
infantry and and cavalry, crossed the Dan
ube and took possession of the fort without
retittance. Tho Troopt were still crott, the
men in barget twimming their horses.
The Russians were concentrating around
Kalafat, evidently with the intention of at
tacking the Turks.
The London Tines haa a dispatch from
Constantinople, of the 22nd, stating that the
Austrian envoy had submitted to the Sultan
of the new note of the four powers, which had
been acceded by Russia. Refer ri ng to the
aapect of the whole matter,jthe "Timea" ia of
the opinion that a general war may be pre
vented by negotiations.
THE AMERICA AT BOSTON.
BOSTON, Nov. 14.
The America arrive here late laat night,
and from her mailt we htvf the fellowingad
ditional intelligence: " ' -
The Parit "Moniteur" of Friday, aaya that
the French government haa made auch ar
rangements that in all weeks the standing
army can be raiaed to 650,000 men. It also
isaerta that France and England will be uni
ted in action aa they were in negotiation.
The Earl of Clarendon declares that the
Bngllth government hit not the slightest in
:ention of abandoning the Sultan.
At Conatantinople the Bwedish flag haa
cen insulted, and the residence of the En
lith Consul pelted with atonea.
The reported skirmish between the Rus
ian ateamera and the Turkiah fort, waa tele
rraphed to Paria by the French Consul at
ARRIVAL OF THE STAR OF THE
hew kk. iv. lO.The ateamer Star
f the Weat, from San Jn, arrived at mid
iRht, with tioo passengers and 91,300,000 i
ust on freight, and 9500,000 in the handa of i
assengcrs, Col. Welled U. 8. Senator, i
udge Wells, of the Supreme Court, and Ne- l
or Marcalletta, Minister from N ioarragua,
re among the passengers. ,
ARRIVAL OF THE GEORGE LAW.
Nw yo, Nov. 10th. The steamer f
eorge Law, from Asplnwall the 3d instant, t
aiQuarantin. She bringa the California
aila to the 16th ult., 465 passengers, and
862,0002 of treaeare on freight.
WAauiMOToN, Nev. 10 Drafts registered t
i the th: Traaaury 913,885 74; War 989,
13 95; Interior 93,878 73; Interior on Lands ,
17,152 (Hi Cueiom 84,881 73. Tolalt, .
NEW JERSEY ELECTION.
Pwlamxshu, Nov. 10 .Rodney Jl. Price, ,
mocrat, ia elected Governor, by A to 8,000
ijorlty. Senate, lb democrat.. 8 whigt.
SUICIDE OF WENTWORTH.
PoTLAaa, Nov. io Arnold Wentworth,
trged with forgerie on the Pension Qflfoe, 41
inmitted suicide in jail thia mooning ,
NEW YORK, Nov. 15.
ine snip -American Union," arrived from
rerpool te-day- She lost Ave seamen and
aen pasatgefa on the vojraf,
te a Utter received from Dr. Parkar of
the American Legation st Contora we learn
that the Emperor of China has fled to Tar
tarv. and that the insurgent army waa within
ix days march from Pekln. The Prince
Wcl Tehin, the fifth brother of Taon Kwang,
haa been left in charge of the empire.
BOSTON, Nov. 15
Returns rrom 318 towns gives Washburn,
Whig, 67,182, Bicross. Dem., 86,761, Wil
son, Free Soil, 88,469, Males, Hunker, 6 160,
scattering 800. The new Constitution haa
been defeated by about 6000. The Whiga
have gained largely in the Legislature. Laat
year they had a majority of ten. Thia year,
so far they have 56. The Whiga will, alse
have a majority in the Senate which will ena
ble them to elect their Governor.
BOSTON, Tuesday, Nov 8, 1853.
A most remarkable document Irom the Dc
mociatic County Committee of Essex Co.,
has just made ita appearance. It alludes to
Cushing's letter which it says was made pub
lic for the purpose of defeating the Democrats
of Mastachuaett , declarea that their consti
tutional and personal rights are as dear to
them aa those of the other States of the
Union, nor will they quietly surrender them.
That the edict of Cushing is a shameless at
tempt to violate those principles which will
not be submitted to; and they denounce the
imprudence that would to utterly subvert the
sacred principles of Democracy to further the
petty intrigue of a renegade to his professed
principles, his country and bia God. In con
clusion they say thai they are up to the oe
caaion, ask if there ia an autocrat among us,
and urge Democrata to vote for the friend of
State Reform, and thus manifest their utter
contempt for demagogues and traitora.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.
The National Democrats held a meeting
her last night, and passed resolutions de
claring that the nomination and election of
Gen. Pierce, wat in consequence of hit un
miatakeable national antecedents, and hia
known opposition to the opinions and conduct
of thoae who defeated Cass in 1848, by voting
for Van Buren. It waa further declared that
the Baltimore platform waa not a general
amnesty to such. That the attempt made by
the aeveral departments to crush the National
Democrats in New York, deserves immediate
attention and correction. The course
pursued by Secretary Guthrie waa denounced
in strong terms congratulates the National
Democracy of New York on their recenl
aignal victory over the Free Boilerst and
deprecatea the recent attacks on Dickinson,
Bronsor. and others. ThejVcsolutione having
been read, DovidS. Ratclifftook the platform
and made an able speech against the resolu
tions regtrding them as a thrust at the ad
ministration. Weddel replied, amid much
excitement, that he waa instrumental in
calling the meeting and defended the resolu
tions. The question on the resolutions being
called for, Ratcliff reminded the gentleman
that this was an attack on the administration.
Weddel denied it. At this stage of the
meeting, great excitement prevailed and the
"noise and confusion" was intense, amounting
almost to blows. Some one moved an
indefinite postponement "of the resolutions.
Another wanted to offer a substitute. Before
the question waa distinctly stated, Wm. F.
Thomas, Deputy Collector, sprang upon the
platform and moved an adjournment, but
before doing o he propose three cheers for
the administration which were heartily
given. Whereupon Wallach the Chairman
atruck Thomas knocking him from the
platform. A general melee enaued which
lasted some minutes during which the meeting
adjourned. No one Wat injured seriously.
Mr. Editor: There are certain grievances
to which all persona acting in an official
capacity are subject. Some are alight, and
may be endured without much inconvenience,
being inseparable from the office. There are
others, which, from their infringment of the
"rights of the official," require redress. The
laws regulating the feea of public officers are
aufficienlly plain, and when an officer depend
solely upon fees for compensation for hia
services, it is certainly right that ho .should
have them and not be defrauded by a refuaal
or evasion of payment by persons requiring
hia aervicea. It ia no more than right, that
he should insist on a rigid adherence to the
law, otherwiae he ia cheating himself which
fewhave the se!f-denial,or diainterestedness to
do. The law allows the Recorder 13) cents
for every "search of the recordt" a very
inadequate compensation, considering the
length of time frequently consumed in
"searches." The "records" are entrusted to
the safe-keeping of the Recorder, who ia re
aponsible for any injury) they may suffer
through negligence. The Auditor haa by law j
the "right of search," gratis. Bui no other
official, attorney, or individual haa auch '
privilege. If any aearch ia required, it ia the
recorder's duty, on application, and the
aforesaid fee paid, to make it and if any
copy of a record i needed, it ia hia duty alao '
to take auch copy and receive aa compema- '
lion ten cents for each hundred words so t
sopied. The propriety of this regulation ia ' ,
.hvious-it prevents unnecessary search and ' .
ibuie of the record by inexperienced hands. ! 1
uses may occur, during the throng of bua- 1
Jneaa, that the recorder may give an indi
idual the privilege of aearch for himself but 1
he ssme fee is required therefor. This,
trict justice to the recorder demands, aa hia'
eea are hia support and no one else is enli- j '
led to their benefit. Why any one should I
ttcmpt to evade this Indispensable provision ! P
f the law, and thus cheat the incumbent of
is just and legal dues, is a matter of astonish
lent. The losa of one fee ia a small item
ut multiply it by the number of daya in a 0
ear, and the amount would not equal the
nnual loaa to this office resulting from thia
jurce. It ia to be hoped that persons having b
uainesa of thia kind to transact in the Re
irder'a office hereafter.will recollect that the
tw haa Axed hit fee for aervicea and that he
ia no right to render them gratuitously or
irmit the "Record" to be searched or copied '
ithout the feea required. The la hat made Ul
hia duty to attend to thia matter and it will U
him pleasure to accommodate all per- t
ma, applying, with the desired information
they will come up to the requisition of the "
w and reaped hia righta. Thia ia certainly '
ir asd legal and honorable; Ia it not Mr. b
Permit as to subscribe myeelf the public' Li
S. M. HOWEY.
Recorder of Belmont Co. O.
N. B. For the information of the public' tl
Mr. Editor pleaae to publish the following bill
"f fees ,
For recording each hundred word lOeents n
(For keeping the General Indei) on each a
instrument in additional 10 cents 1
For every search of the Records 18) cents
For every copy of the Recorda for each g
hundred worda 10 cent k
For entering releaae of Mortgage ft cent t
No inatrument entered for record till the t
fee is paid. ,
No search made without the fee in ad vance r
S. M. HOWEY, Recorder.
CHRONICLE k ADVOCATE. I
IS. it. COfTElf, Editor j
TIIS PEOPLE, AND THEIR RIGHTS.
FrMar mrHlaiB Nov. 18 IS93.
Communications Must be handed in before 10
o'clock on wednesday morning.
Is there a Revolt in the New York.
If the late election in that State be taken
as the point from wblch to judge, we would
aay,without hetitation Yei! This, we have
aaid however, long ago, but Locofoco cotem
porariea have hooted at the idea of There
being men in the State of New York who
would dare to act in opposition to the fiat of
a tyrannical Adminiatration. Bowing them
selves with their foreheads in the very dust,
they have shouted their laudations of the
President and hia Cabinet cheerfully
reconciling his most inconsistent acta with
the principles of aound Democracy. (!) The
voice ol the people at the polls has awskened
them from their fawning posture, and they
atraighten up in time to see the Softs badly
The following is the result as we find in
the IV. Y. Tribune: The'atate officers'are sll
Hards, or opposed to the Administration.
The Senate stands Hards 6; Softs 3; Whigs
34. The Assembly stands Whigs 78; Hards
8; and 16 softs or Softs-hards, those supported
by both sections.
That aeema to be evidenceof considerable
discord among the ranks of the "Harmonious
Democracy." All right! Let the President
and hia Cabinet learn to attend to matters a
little more becoming the station of those
octuping the highest offices in the gift of
twenty-three million Americans.
State Board of Equalization.
This body is now in tession at Columbus.
The session commenced on the 8th inst. Mr.
Kmc, of Butler, was presiding, and Mr. Mor
gan, Auditor of State, and an ex rfficio mem
Mr. Payne, of Cuyahoga, offered the fol
Resolved, That the Auditor of State be re
quested to call upon the several Auditors of!
counties to prepare and forward to his office,
as soon as practicable, for the use of this body, j
border msps of their respective counties, ex- j
hibiting the different parcels or tracts of land
on said county lines with the proprietors
names, together with the value per acre, as I
assessed by the district assessors, and equali-!
sed by the County Board of Equalization.
Mr. Ihrig, of Wsyne, made the suggestion
to take the total amount of property in
the State and divide it by the number of'i
Counties. In this way, he insisted, a basis ' ,
would be established to rate the value of pro-! i
perty in each county.
The question being upon the adoption of'
the resolution, it was carried yeas 38, tlaya ' j
An abstract of the taxable property, except
Pike, Lucas and Mahoning was presented by 1 1
Mr. Morgan, and laid on the table.
A messenger boy was employed.
Nov. 9. A series of rules for their govern-; I
ment were read and adopted. i
Mr. Payne offered the following resolution, I
which was carried: i
Resolved, That abstracts of real property of '
the several counties be referred to a commit-
iee oi me wnoie Hoaru, and made the order
of the day for this day.
He urged the carrying out of the plan of
fered yesterday, and to select some one coun
ty in the State as a atandard from which to
equalise the property of the whole State.
Franklin county waa suggested, and, on be
ing offered in a motion, waa adopted.
The Board then resolved itself into a com
mittee of the whole.
The abstract of Franklin County was read,
and the appraisement of '46 and '63 compar
ed. In 1848 the total average value per acre
waa 917,08; in 1863 it is $33,40. The sum
:otal of property in the County, exclusive of
he City, in 1846 waa $6,683,338; in 1863 it
s 10,8364136; being an increaae of nearly
00 per cent.
The motion to adopt the appraisement of
'ranklin County waa argued at conaiderable
rngth; and, continuing until a late hour, and
he committee having formed no baaia from
hich to equalize, on motion, arose, reported
rogress, and aaked leave to ait again.
The Board adjourned until to-morrow.
TiieJBoard have adopted the appraisement
f Franklin County as the atandard from 1
hich to reckon the value of property. They 1
ill now proceed with the countiea in alpha- '
(CT'Quevedo," a Cleveland correspond- t
nt of the O. 8. Journal, thua discourse of ,
ecleeiaetical matters in that city. It atrikea ,
i aa applicable to more places thaa Cleve- ,
ud. We muat have more preaching out of 1
ie pulpit, and instead of alway giving tracts
id advice to the starving poor, we mutt firtt
ve them a loaf of bread, and they will the
ttter appreciate our teaching:
Our citizens are becoming extravagant in i
lurch investment. Within two years, era
ttte more at leaat, $876,000 have been in
eated in church edifice. Pride haa aome-
aing to do in this matter. "The Downa t
reel" people wiih to become fhionble
nd new church muat be put up, nd the
unistrr "put In the newspapers," in accord'
nee with the opinion of Del. Loveringi
'he church muat make a splurge.
I aaw on Friday morning last seven ragged
iris, most of them with "cold wlttelt" bat
ets, paating across Bank atreet. What ia
o become of theae young children! Who ia
o guide them In virtue'a paths! Do they
lot need a "House of Refuge," the comfort
if a homr, and correct moral training! And
vould it not be well to put less money Into?,
rick and mortar, wood and atone, to make
louaes in which to worship God, anddorpore
:o take care of the bodies of children who are
wandering, ragged and cold and depraved'.
:hrough the streets ' These boys ami girt
will be men and women; they will either Mete
r curse society, and the influence tbey tend
mt from their lives will operate tor good or
?vil upon sll around them. Who shall pro
ride for them!
A BEAUTIFUL INCIDENT.
We extract the following from a letter to
the O. S. Journal, by Jons Gxkire. Mr.
NicHoLoRst'f "a fine singer," as we can ful
ly testify, having heard him in the pulpit and
before a crowded audience, hut we can scarce
ly imagine him discoursing "Blest ones at
Home" to a party of half clad Camanchea.
At McNeisa' creek we were met by a war
party of twenty Camanches, with Shave Head
the principal Captain. They had been otit
after the Utaha, but had not 'succeeded in
finding them, and were returning to their
lodges. I mut( confess that I have seen tin?
time when I felt more confidence in my
friends thsn I have with these red gentlemen;
yet we treated them with the greatest polite
ness, which they no doubt fully appreciated,
while they drank up our coffee, and devoured
our antelope, We also met, on the Arkansas,
a number of Kioways, with their wivea and
children. Some of the women were st work
dressing sheepkins and making, lariats, and
wishing to make their acquaintance, we took
a seat among them; but they were too buay
they had no time to talk to ua. Mr.
Nicholson, who is a fine singer, struck up'
Methodist song, to the tune of the "Old Folks
at Home," and after listening a moment their
rude tools fell from their hands, the work waa
stopped, and with eyes glistening and month
extended, 'they drank in the music, and aat
like statutes, until the song was ended.
Bonito, muy bonito, (good, very good,) aaid
they, as they resumed their work; and not
another word could we get out of them.
Verily, there is music in the "Old Folks at
PARENTS, DO YOUR DUTY.
OirCertoin fast young men of our town
seem to vie with each other in making night
hideous by their vile noises, to the great in
convenience of persons who desire quiet. The
contour of their heads would indicate the pres
ence of brains, though their actions give the
"e direct" to such a supposition. We know
their names, and would here mention them,
but out of respect Io their parents we forbear
at this time.
We were of the opinion that we had a
Mayor and Town Council, but it aeema to
have been a mistake, aa these boys roam tho
streets disturbing decent people, while they
themselves are undisturbed.
CirSomc villain or villains on last
Sabbath evening fastened the front gate of
the Methodist Church lot, so that the ladies
were compelled to go to the opposite aide of
the house to get out, while the men were
jompelled to climb the fence. Words are
weak to express our abhorrence of such vil
ainous transactions. The perpetrators there
)f are on their way to the gallows or the
State pris in, and when they get there So
;iety will be relieved of a disgraceful burden.
Again we cull the attention of our town an
horitica to this matter.
fjr-Mr. Hoxeey, our present Recorder,
olds forth in another column on a matter
vhich appears to have become almost un
earable, and should be .speedily righted. It
s but right that the officer should receive bia
ees in every case, in the one mentioned, aa
veil as in the esse of copying an instrument.
THE WAR HAS ACTUALLY BEGUN!
See the Foreign News in another column.
The London papers are still of the opinion
that a general war will be avoided, and an
armistice agreed upon. Under the present
news breadstuff have arisen very considerably.
QZTUisnop Simpson, of the M. E. Church,
was announced to deliver a lecture in Whee
ling on laat Tuesday. The Intelligencer
announced his subject to be: "Conscience
and its relations to Education and Religion."
The Gazette and the Argu announce the
aubject aa " Commerce and ita relatione to
education and religion." The latter we
presume is correct. Mr. 8. is a powerful
pulpit orator, and we have no doubt but that
hia lecture will be an able production.
MAINE LAW IN NEW YORK.
Thia was one of the questions at issue in
tho New York election, and the AT. Y.
Tribune ia of the opinion that an Assembly
ia chosen which will be favorable to the law.
It calls upon all friend to the meaiure to aee
hat it it brought fairly before that body at ita
text aetsion, and the result will hardly be
The inhabitanta of New York City hare
een groaning under ruinous taxea for aome
ime, and never before aeemed to realise tbp
roper cause. Tbey have now. bit upon a
neaaure, which more than every other tingle
aovement.will accomplish IB desired end.
low long will this state be behind them! '
i nere appears to be a very good stage of
. ater in the river at present, and the busi
es on the river is greatly Improving. At
V heeling on the 18th inst there were 10
tet and 9 inches of water Ma the channel.
it Pittsburg on the 16th there were 10 feet
i inches, and the water falling. At Cinci-