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The Belmont chronicle, and farmers, mechanics and manufacturers advocate. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1848-1855, January 12, 1855, Image 1

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: THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
J AND FARMERS, MHCJIANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE
. KBW apS-4'0li. 7. J0; H. ST. rUiHNVIIiLK. OHIO, PRIDiV, JiM.iRV I?. HES. MSLE !R. 939
Tin; .BiwtoNT ohromcli:
ruMaMtnv i niDAY minmitd,
OlMCjHpbilTn SI f)K i IF MAIN si !
a row B Hiiri. h i street
ks or imrtiri ,-.n.
II r-.J wltl.itJrir,i. i,ll., !,.'.( I
l'a4HKs nnlf l tin npiiua
!' '
Pnch jMUK to"1 '" Sine-'
.VcMljr lir(.f yjfi au mi f lM.ini
K""'1 tu fu,tor "uiiu I' mitl IM
; ... Bv dilCOMi n MKf'H aru )
"id HIWMhBliMii .ij
POETRY.
fjswill' ing stanzas uro Irom Bat
"r TfaM'f'" "'' "' a pin in I re-
'nnriHMBgCT and beauty, and one the
innHW 0ftntr:bntii,.4 t . In' world ol i t
cra and Jgenoo which have resulted from,
this geWlIeuian's Inn el- in the II. dy I .:!!!.
nrI other i lut e a wliit li Time Iris touched '
11 i'l- jlhy Hi) lingers, and around which'
memcwy liners will) the prufoundest cino-1
lions Wf awe' and admiraiim.
uawnuihl Jcrusal. iut
Hof scaltjn .l childron hiing
WMiljft lar i lids, an I C'lih'r them
Bttit'a lfiu ' i. ,: ri . .1 '
(!0i Jn.vn1 sceptre broken lies,
LlWrfoi Lis kingly emu
No'new MfsntiH shall arise
jtenWt Jeru- al( 111!
''Bpblel U10 vv lid ass on her hills
lis fol nIryhi.-d lead,
Andl'V the -.n. ice u' Kcdrou's ri'ls
The df sen n.'il. r I r. 1 .1;
Foj where the love of Cpr;st has made
its mansion in the h.'iirt,
IfcYauhlslii ftffif thai will not fade
. Jflcr heavenly c.iunterpsrt.
"IIow 1on, 0 Cinurr! shall men obscure
Thy J.oly chant) -How
long the godless rih'-endure,
Which they bestow on Tiicc?
Tuor, in whose soul 0! tenderness
The FivTiitn'srucrey shone,
Who came, the sons of men tohlcsa
By truth and love alone.
"The suds of eighteen hundred years
Have teen 'I'n v reign expand.
And Mo'idn, on her pathway, hears
Toy name In every land;
Rut where Tav saer'ed steps were sent
The JVnm'a will to hide,
Thy garmuiu yet are daily rent
Thy snui it cruciried!"
SONG.
BY REV. CHARLIS EINGSLEY.
he world goes up, and the world goes down,
And the sunsiine follows ihe rain;
And yesterday's sneer, and yesterday') irown,
Cnu never rnmc over again,
l Sweet wile,
No, can never Come over again,
.For woman is warm, though man ho cold,
And the night will hallow the day;
Till the heart, which at even was weary and old,
(Jan rise in the morning ;;ay,
fewcel wile,
To Its Work in the morning gay.
1 J
MISCELLANEOUS.
How Harry Fell in Love.
BY JAMES H. DANA.
All the gii Is in Flowerdale w ere in love!
with Henry Vernon. That is to suy, they
admired him excessively, und were ready tu
fall in " love il he should lead the way. Fan
ny Homers, the little witch wis the only ex
ception. Merry, dancing, and pretty as a
(airy, it was n question whether she had ever
thought cl luve; if she had, she never Ulkud
of it.
Harry's futjicr was n Senator in Congress,
and he himself was a young lawyer of bril
liant talents, finished education und hand
some fortune. It was not known that his la
ther wished him to marry, and did not, as
is often the cuso, insist on hi selecting 00.
heiress. The now gray-haired old states
man had made a lovematob in iiis youth, and
Blill worshipped ihe memory of the wile he
had too early lost. "Let your ieurt choose,
my son," he said, "marriage, without true ul
fociion, holds out but a poor bhow furhappi
ilees. Mostof those, ot directly interested in the
cvu.ti thought that Isabel Forlcscue would
carry oil' the prize. She was decided'y the
bsiie ..( i.,r village. Having, received her
education at a lnshiuiiublc bCiniuary, there
'vim scarcely an accomplishment of which
abei.could not boast, besides, the family ofj
Vernon an J Frti-M-m had '.urn Hie leading
OlMrS in the country for two generations; and
Cbe gossip.- s.iid 'I, at '.he union ol the two
furluBes, und of the united iuUuence, would
grv II ry a posiliou a I mow unrivalled.
.Certain it is that Harry visited Isabel very
'often. Tim: e u lio i lined lie. aeen.-ed her ol
nwat:.uvciiii;: to win I. .in. "Thiowh bersell j
HFltis way continually," said one. '-Did
Hh any body," said another, "see a gir!
OialTe lave so ,barelaetilly .''' She oiiglil to
bpt him, I'm sure," sneered another, ,'lor she
UM tried, hard enough." Nevertheless, as j
HmNrol chroniclers, we must record the fact
that some ol these very young ladies, such is
the infirmity ot hunmi nature, did their very
E rattiest to uut-mauoeuvru Isabel, and get
larry for themselves.
Harry had not seen Fanny since she was
child. It was only a month since she hud
left school and returned home again; und the
first time she joined in (he village social cir
cle was at a pic-nic. Hero her blooming'
complexion, graceful figure and riuging laugh I
had been the theme of uduiirutioo by all the
beaux, t ie envy of the belles. Hurry had
been her partner in a dance or two, and, in
common with many others, felt it would bo
buly civil to call upon her, So the morning
.after the party hr sallied forth to make the
round Ol the w'lage girls.
He first vitit. d L abel. She was reclining
on fsnteutl, charmingly dressed and read
ing a Hovel. All she could talk about was I
her futiguo. Vet that she looked bewitch- I
ing, was ihco'nlcs'iblc, in Ihe" subdued llglit 1
o! thut sumptuous parlor, with elegant pic- i
tures on the Walljboijuels of flowers all abort, i
u nd an a! Unisphere of exquisite refinement I
tiround. ' Never hud Hany felt so much I
templed tu be in love. He stayed nearly nn
hour, when he had intended to stop only a I
few minutes; un.l would not, perhaps, have I
gone then, if other gentlemen hud not drop- j
ped in. Frotn Isabel's he went to several t
other In uses. Everywhere he foum the
young iadies dressed to receive Ihe company, i
Some were reading novels; some had'n hook
of pretty poetry open before them, and one i
whe had u pretty hand was coqutishly knit
ting a purse. Not one of I htm seemed to
huve anything serious to do. Most of ihrm i
affected, like Isabel, to be quite languid, and
talked tail the fatigues of the day before had Ij
nearly killed then; . i
When Hairy reached the pretty, butun- (
pretending cottage where Fanny resided (
w ith her widow ed mother, he found t!io hall ,
dour epen to admit tho breeze, and so, just
tapping at the perlor entrance, he entereu
bowing. In the shaded fight of the cool fra
grant room, he could not, for a moment, see; i
but be noticed immediately that im one nn- i
IWered his salutation; and directly he noticed
that the apartment was empty. Just then, i
however, a fresh, Itqtlin voice, as merry as u i
bird's in June, was heard warbling in an in- ,
tier apartment. Harry, listened aw hilo.char
uicd, but finding that his knocking wus not
heard, and recognizing, as he thought, Fan- j
ny's voice, finally made bold to go in search (
of tiie singer. Passing dot n the hall, and '
through Another open door, ho suddenly found ,
bin, self in the k'.Uhen, a large, airy apart- I ,
meat, scrupulously clean, with Fanny at the 1 ,
end opposite to him, standing before a dough ' ;
trough, kneading Hour, and carolling like a t
lark. j,
It was a picture an artist would have lo-
(red to paint. Fanny's face was seen partly
in profile, show ing to perlcY.tion her long
lashes, miu bringing out in relief the pou;ing
lips and round chin. The breeze blew her i
brown curls playfully about, and occasionally
JUite over her face, at w hich time she Would
throw them back with a pretty toss of her
head. Her urms were bare; and rounder,
whiter or more toper arms never Were; they
fail ry put to blush with their rosy pearlness,
Ihe snowy flour powdered over them. As
she moved with quick steps at her task, her j
trim figure showed all its grace; und her neat
ankle and delicate foot twinkled in and out.
For awhile she did not observe Harry. It
w as not till she turned to put down ti'.u dred
ging box, that she beheld him.
Most of our fair readers) we suppose, would
have screamed, and perhaps have run out at
the opposite doer. She blushed a little, as
wus natural, hut having no Pulse shame, slid
saw no reason to he frightened merely he- i
cause n handsome young man had Caught her I I
at w ork. So she courtesied prettily, laughed i J
one of her gayest laughs, and said, holding f
up her hands j
' I can't shake hands with you, Mr. Ver- 1
n')l, you ajo. Mamma Was kind enough to j :
let me go to the pic-nic yesterday, and put ! '
off some of my work; and so I'm doing don
hlo work to-day to mike up for it. Ifyou'll '
be kind enough to wail a minute, I will call I 11
I It
mamma-
'No, no,' said Harry .clnrmed by such frank
innocence, and uncennoniously taking a well- '
scrubbed chair, "I've only a few minutes to
stuy. My cull is on you, I cuine to see how '
you boro the fatigues ol yesterday.'
Fanny laughed till her teeth, so white und '
jo little, looked behind the rosy lips, like
pearls set in the richest ruby enamel. "Fu- .v
tigued! Why we bad such a charming time '
yesterday, that one couldn't get tired, even if '
uiie had 'jcen a hundred years old.'
"You'll never grow old,' said Harry, sur- 1
prised lntu what would have been flattery, If '
he had sincerely thought it; und his counte- r
nance showed the admiration for ihe bright c
happy CreatUre before him. v
Fanny blushed, hut rallied, and answered j 1
laughing, "Never grow old! Oil, soon e- : '
nough. What futtfty sight I'll be, to be '
sure bent altnrift double, nud a cap on my 1
head 'ike grnnny Horn's." I "
Harry laughed, too, so ludicrous wus the 1
image; and thus he and Fanny were as much '
at home with each other at once, ns 1( ihey
had been acquainted for Some years.
The intended 'five minutes imperceptibly 1
grew into ten, and the ten into half an hour, i '
Fanny continued at her household work,1
pleasantly chattering the while, both she and I
Harry mutually so interested as to forget time 1
and placo ulike. At last the entrance ol 1
Mrs. Somers interrupted the tete-a-tete. I
Fanny was a little embarrassed, when she I
found how long she and Harry hud been a- '
lone; but the easy matter-of-courso manner r
of Harry as he shook hands with her mother, 1
restored her to herself. "
If the elegant refinement about Isabel had '
tempted Harry tu fall in love, the household '
charm which surrounded Fanny forced him 1
lo do so whether or no. He went away, 1
thinking to hunself vhat a charming wife t
Funny would make, and how sweetly she
wnuld look in her neat, home dress, engaged c
in her domestic duties. Nor is Harry the 1
only young bachelor who remembers that 11
a wife t annol always be in full dress, and 1
who naturally wishes to know how she wi I u
look in the kitchen. 1
'A wife ought as much to know how to f
manage her own house," he said to himself,
'as a man to understand his business. I 1
don't wish a wife of mine, indced.to be maid 1
of ull work; but I should like to have her ca- J
pable of overseeing her servants; and do- I
tocstics discover very soon whether their r
mistress js competent, and obey, er disregard 1
her accordingly. Ah! ifi had such a dear
little wife, how I'd coay her to ga into he I
kitchen occasionally, that 1 might see her at '
work." 4
It soon became apparent that i, would be
Od fuull ol Harry, il he did nut have Fanuy
for a wife. Never was a man deeper in
love, nor did he mak an effort to co iceal it.
II id Funny been a foolish ilirt, she would
u.vo played with his feelings, us vain girls
WTI when, secure Of n laver. But she w as
too frank, und good lor this, nnd only hrsitu.
:ed long enough to be certain ol the state ol
rer own heart, when she made Harry hspiy
iy aci erting him
Two persons more fitted for each other, in
ract could nol be. Though always merry,'
jccnusc always haf.py, Fanny wus amiable,
ntelligcnt and toll ol sound sense. She had
cud and ihnught a great deal, especially for
jne so v Mug, Her heart ran over wi h 'un
WrittVtt poetry.' Hud Hsrry souuht. for a
iletime, he could not have found u wile so
ompanioiiabla, and so su led in every way'
.o him.
What a talk (ha engagement made when
teanieout! Tlie haughty Isabel, wh.i, illi
cit being half us capable of sincere love us
Fanny, hud made up her mind to have Harry,
uid whose vaniiy therefore, was piqued even
legradtd herself so much as to call the bride
;lcct "an artful and intriguing puaa." Olh
r disappointed beauties had other hard names
'or Finny. But though when our heroine
irst heard ol these slanders, sho shed a lew
lears. she soon dried her eyes. 'or, with Har
y's love, nothing could make her long un
,appy. It was not until the young couple had .-.ci
iff en their w edding tour that Harry told his
vile what had first made him fa.l in love
villi her.
'Every other girl I visited that morning,'
16 said, 'was playing the tine lady; and that
v hi le, as I well knew, their mothers were
iftcn slaving in Ihe kitchen. I reasoned that
he daughter who would neglecl her dutv lo
t par;nt, could scurcelv he less selfish to
vurds a husband, Besides, it is a common
nor with your sex. now a-days, to suppose
hat it is debasing lo engage in domestic do
les. To a man of sense, dearest, a woman
lever looks more attractive than ut such a
ime. As WadswOflll writes :"
'Her ntodesl niottone, tight and ( ,
Ami steps Uf virgin libertyi
A e lUnftmtmto in Which there meet
Swdat record-, promises us sweet;
A m ature not loo briffht ana "oo'i
For human nalure's daily IoihI;
"or tranxHtfil orrowsvtlnipla wiles,
l'rni-e, blame . h.ve, ki.-S' ', tears ana smiles."
Aa he recked those lines, w ith exquielt.1
lens'i'uility, he put his anil around Fanny's
valati and drew her towards him; and the
uung wife, looking up IntO'hU lace, with
levoted all'. ction, restd her head .in his bos
un and shed happy tears.
And so we leave thent,
Letter from Major Downing.
Letter of Instruction President Pierce and Cabinet
OASTEND, October 28, 1854.
UBJM UIHEK4LI vve are nil prownn rouuu
lere, and doing tlie best we can, though we
laitlt made out tu I'eU.h matters to u head
ot; but I guess we are In a pretty fair way
or it. Our team's got grit enough and, by
Ingo, they'll haul the load tiny hitch on to,
ir soini'thin's got to give way. Mr. Buchan
n and Mr. Mason isn't quite spry enough;
hey are u little on the old fogy lashlon, und
lot always ready to come up to the scratch;
Ut with Mr. Sickle i spurrin up on one side,
nd Mr. Sunders snuirtu on tother side, and
Ir. Souley 'driiin up behind, we make out to
ot a prelty good pull out of t.hn.n sometimes. '
Ve have got things so far ahead here that
Jr. Sickles and Mr. Sanders thinks I hud
etter write a despatch to you and the Cabi
iet lOthome and give ,onie iristruciiolis how.
i) go on.
I'll It II you what 'lis, Oineral, (when I call
uu Gineral I aoinetimei eenumosi feel as if
was writin touiueral Juukson again;) I say,
Jlneral, I'll tell you what 'tis, them three,
i's (Sickles, Sanders, and Souley) aro the
hree smartest chaps that ever grpwed in
Jorth America. They make Europe sian
ound, and no mistake, Mr. Souley holds I
Id Spain between hie thumb and linger, anil
I'hisks her about jesi as hi 's a mind to,
iueen and all; Mr, Sanders lays dow n the
)etc' cratic Inv to Franopiaud itana a pret y
air chance to bu those President of the new
''reach Republic alter Napoleon goes out;
ud as rot old John Dull, I'll be kicked if I,
hiuk the critter dares lo stir an inch while
lick lea holds him by the horns.
I suppose you've Been the n letters how
ilr. Silkies snubceJ i'eahody, the great mer-hanl-baiiker
about the 4th of July diueer.
Jupilal, wasn't it! Ye see, Mr. i'eahody oin
llh of July dinner. He's always doing aich
lungs, or giving money away lor suiiiethiu
ir other; lor they say he's got money enough
0 buy a kingdom. Wall, ho invited Mr.
sickles tu come and jine the rM of us and
lave u good set down. Hut ye see Mr. I'eu
ody didn't know how much patriotism and
eal Democratic grit there was stowed iwuy
n Mr. Sickle's hreasl; he had no idea nn't;
lid that was the rock he split on. You'll
lardly believe me ,( ineral, when I say it, hut
t's a fact, Mr. I'uahndy had Hugiishmen
here to help eal that dinner. It's a nielan
iholy fact, hul il's true, Ii he had had hull a
able lull uf caiinih ils we could all a stood it
ud fit our way tlrougli: hut Mr. Sickles
ouldu't stand Knglishme.'i . He had to i much.
)emuciutic blood in him for that. To mix
p H uiocrals and ICnglishinen at the same;
able was awlul. itul that wasn't the worst
fit. When Mr. Sickles got there he couldn't
ardly believe his own eyes; for there was a
ortrait of tho Queen hung righl up in the
auieroom with (imeral Washington! Wasn't
hut a stumper.' No wonder Mr, Sickles's
Jemocralic biood bile I over, llul lhat wasn't
he worst of it. W hen they come lo give
he lousls they tousled tho Queen! The
est of the folks stoud up lo drink the toast,
iut Mr. Sickles gill his teeth and sot down
1 hard as a thousand of brick; and he felt so
lisgusted lie couldn't cat another mouthful.
Vnd when the music, to increase the insult,
uruck up "Uod save the Queen,'' Mr. Sick-
lies took Ins hat and marched out. 'VI 'v was '
'spunk that Young America might la be proud
of. Tint Mr. Hucliauan dld'nt take hie hat
laud march out loo only show's thai hen all I
old fogy. ( t
We've held Mf Congress nnd got. things
in a midrtlip jood train; though, II I said
' before, we haint brought inalUrs quite to a
head yot. We meflnfed betlftr than your
Congress does. We didn't slop to mal I so
many long winded speeches, bnl talked right
to the pint, ami got through in a lew days.
Tlie metntara chose mu l,reidellt of Ihe
Congress the first thing; lor tiny said thai I J
was nearest akin to QiBffal Jackson of any 1
ol 'e'n. and the honor belonged to me; so I
u. .d lo lake llm cheer. I returned thanks
U,r the honor ol course, un.i then proe. t iled
to business, I beginned by ca I li u lor the
reports of th MOldlilttW lhat had Ihe busi
ness in huiKl afore we met.
I culled ! or the raftfrt on Hnglan.l first
out of respect in her l'cln ejr venerable old
mother. Mr Silkies, who wn the head of
that committee, reported that J.diu Bull was
nn btotiMl te old logy, utid hud fuuiif it vary
hurdto make any iinprei-ion upon him. The ,
pi ople all seemed to b tied to the Qi . en's
, nproti strings, and diii'nt appear In care no
more about Deiu 'cracy than a hor.-e doc
about his grandfather. Si II he had faith to
j believe that they could be made to take it, i
und when the '.imo comen he was reudy t
i.fl'coat and roil up his sleeves and whip it in
to 'em. (Cheers.)
Upon the question of aeeeptlrg Mr. Sik '.c'sj
report, Mr. Ituchanm rosy and said he ob- I1
jected to the term o! I fogy; be never did like I.
llio term, and he thought it would do m ire
hurt than good in tin report, and he moved
that il be struck out. Mr. Sanders said no; 1
that w is the cream of the report, m i '. he ob-'
jv led to its being struck out. It W i : - - l '
put to vote, and Mr. Buv. aanan and '!. M- '
son voted to b'.rike it out and Ihe res. v'mici
to 1eep il in; so old fog'y s'aiids in the top irtl 1
by a strong majority.
1 then culled for tie report on Franc. I
Mr. fj mdera made a long report; hut thel1
j substance was that tlio Deal icratic crop in''
Frante wasn't quite ripe enough to harvest. ' 1
.Napoleon had liiled the people's heads so
full of the Fistern war at d glory that they 1
j conldn'S think of nothin' else. But said Mr. 1
j Sanders, "there's a good time comia,' bays;
wait a little longer." (Cheers ) I
Mr. Sanders, report was unanimously ne- 1
I cepted, with a proviso that, while wo had '
' to wait a little longer, He shouldn't stop '
I workin,' hut ke.'p stirren' round, ond tryin'
i to get up a 111 US 3 somehow as soon us possi
' hie. ' '
I I then calledjfof the report on Spair;. 1
! Mr. Souley rose, witii fire In his eyi, r.nd '
honey and thunder on Iiis tongue. He re
ported that if there w as any such thing i.s I
gelling sunbeami out 8? kfcowcumber, he
could do it; and he Iridcome pesky near kin- 1
idlin' the flame ofDomooracy from one end of I
Spain to t. other. He uad churned the cream '
ot Spmisli Democracy, churned it well, and 1
! the butter began to come and sv, lm on the '
I top of the -buttermilk, and be thought for a 1
I while ihe bisnesi was done; bt it he looked 1
, into the churn again, U his amazement ihe i
: witchcraft ol dSspolistn hud got the upper i
hand, and the butter was ail meltin' hack I
I again tato the buttermilk 'Jut says he, us
true as Jackson flogged the British at N. 1
Orleans, I'll have a red hot horse-shoe be- 1
fore long to put into that churn, and then
the butter MfsT come. (Cheers.) 1
toyed SSe Oineral, how things is over '
here. We can't do much jest yet, but you
may depend on it there is great times ahead. :
You and Mr. Marey, and the rest, must hold I
on and try tu kep things snug aui tight at ;
home till we g.-t our O ive.-niaant under way '
over here, and we'll cul out some work for '
you to do before long; and them matters and :
hings thai vve don't send over any particular I
directions about, you and the cahiuet must 1
try tu get along with and manage accordin' U
to JTOUf best discretion. But you belter be i
gellin'your furces ready as fast as possible, i
lor wo may call for 'em al any moment. You j
better enlist Ihe old Uowningville company,
and get cou.-in S.ugeant Joel to take com- '
maud ol it. (jet Mr. Marcy to plan out the r
right sert of uuilorin, and gvt my friend Cush- v
lug to address 'em and fill 'aw in" ol b'r'i ! '
und ginger, so they cau'l he held back, but , '
will be ready at a mjineni's warning ta
"inurch,' and carry Democracy all over Eu-1 I
rup, und Ahn, and Afraky, and Am T.iky. 1 1
Poaiscsie (don't knov hut the muss' II
is begun, and we may have tu s.'nd over by I
the next sleain.;r for Sargeant Joel und his i
company to come oa.' The French Bniperb'n
has got, Irighlened or mad abaul in itters, I i
don't know which, aiwJ has siiu'uoed Mr. I
Sjuley, and loruid his settin' a loot on his I
laud. He turned him right out of doors of I
Frai ee, an J told him to go about his busi-
ness somewhere else. Tuis was wh n Mr. : i
Suuley was on Iiis way home to Spain from I
our Congress which vve held at O islend; for
we was very careful not to hold it in France, i
nor Spain, nor Kngleudi to as not to stir up i
u muss .villi the government before it was i
time. l!ul Napoleon has been foolish enough I
to put his foot in it, and now we have ull
agreed that he has got to knock under and
back out, or smell thunder.
In haste, and some agitulion, I remain ,
uuii nld irland. and Minit. r-Ciueral at larire.
MAJOR JACK DOWNING.
i
Tin: Case or Aukisjx. Arrison, the "in
fernal machine" prisoner, under sentence of
death at Cincinnati! remains veiy much in
disposed, and is now under the special care
of tho jail physician. Since his sentence,
Arrisou baSgriWD pal and haggard, and he
gins to exhibit, n bis features a hopelessness
of esca ie from the sentence which hangs
aver him. Almost daily he is visited in hio
cell by a young lady, lo whom, it is intimated,
he is betrothed. Their conversation, al-(
though of a coalidentiul character, is had in
Ihe presence of jailor McLean.
Opportunity is rare, and a wise man will
never let it go by him. Bayakd Taylor. ;
The Treaty of Alliance with Austrin.
l.i' lo lo v ing m the treaty of allisnus be
tween Her Majesty the uea ol fjr. r,i Brit i
tin, Ufa Majesty the niirvartjT oi Auatria and i
he Bmperof nl the French, signed at Vit ii-
ni Dec i, itMi i
(Ratification exchanged at Vienna. Dec. 4,
(Ratification exchanged at Vienna. Dec. 4, 1854.)
(Translated.)
Her Majcty Iha Queen of the United
Kingdom ol Oreai Bri'.sin snd Ireland. Hi
Majesty the Eaptrof of Austria, and his Mu- .
ely the RHpefof (, the French, being ani
nated with the desire ol teruiinstine' the I
pres. ut war al the earliest possible MOMMM
hy ihe rcealsbUsbnant oi fentral peace on
solid basts, uflording to ihe whole of Europe
Frvry guarantee againal.ths return of the i
r. implicate. lis Sfhich hive so uiihnppilv dis
turbed its Kpoae ) being convinced that nolh..
ing could be inure Conducive to t'ut r,uU
l hat the complete union of Iheir efforts until (
thf common object which they I,qve In view (
ihali be entirely atlained; and acknntedg I
ing, in con-cquence, the neee-sily ol com- I
iiijj to an immeuiate iiudirtniidlng with rc- t
gard to their respective positions, and lo ar- v
rSngemvnti ,..i the future, have res. Ived lo I
9 include a treuty ol IlllancS am! hate ttt I
that purpose named aa their pteuipotenttt i
ries: j ,
Her Majesty the Qu en 0f Ui.iteJ King.
Ida ol Groat Britain and Ireland, the right
lion. John Fane, Hirl ot Westmoreland, a t
I'eer of the United Kingdom ol Great Britain p
ind Ireland, a General in her Ilritannic Ma.- j
lesty's army, C 1 inel ol 511th Regiment ol u
Infantry ol the Line, hluight Grand Cross j
:he Most Honorable Order of the Bath, and :
sommander of the Military Dlviflon of the i
ame order. Knight of the Imperial r nd Mil- I
lury Order ol Maria There, a, a member of z
ier Britannic Majesty's Council, and her;d
tinvoy Bxtraordinary, and Minister pleoipo- c
teoUsry lo his Imperial and R iyal Apostolic li
Hajesty. i,
His Majesty, the Bmperor of Aiioiria, th-'
Sieur Charles, Count ie Koul Schaueu-' '.
us ' li iniberlain and Privy Counoillor, Min
ster for Foreign Alla.rs und uf the Imperial .
House, Grand Ci jss of the Imperial Order ' I
)l Leopold, Kuight ol the Older of the Iron C
Jrow u ol the first class. I c
His Majesty ihe Bmperor cf tlie rreneh, 1 1
he Sieur i'ra: cis Adolphus, Baron do B our- I n
pie'iiey, his Envoy Extraordinary nnd Minis- I
cr Clanipotentiary io his Imperial and B y- t,
il Apostolic Majesty, Grand O.Scer of the c
luiperiul Order ol thu L?gion of Honor, cV'.c. c
Who, alter having comme.iiicated to each i
Ither their lull powers, found In good and due
ornV, liave agreed upon and slgtigd the fol- b
owing articles, n
Art. l. The High Contracting Parties re- n
er io the declarations contained in the pro- I
tocols of the Sth ol April und 03d ot May li
if ihe present year, and in the notes exehan- 'J
jed on ihe iilli of August luat;J and us ihey I:
aservod to themselves the right cf proposing t
iccordinj lo circumslsuces, such conditions
is tlley might judge necessary for the gen- s
irul interests ot Kurope;they engage uiutual- i
y und reciprocally not to enter into an ar- e
unge menl with the imperial Court o! Rus- r
lia without having first deliberated thereupon d
u common.
Art2. His Majesty the Emperor of Aus-
.ria having, in Virtue of the treaty concluded t
in the 14th of June last with the Sublime n
I'orle, caused the Principalities ot Moldavia v
md Wallacllla to be occupied by his troops, li
ie engages tu defend the Irontier ot the said t
Priooipalilles against any return ol the Rus- n
nun forces; the Austrian troops shall for this
lurpoae occupy tlie position necessary for h
juaranteeillg those principalities against any
ittack. H.r Majesty the Queen ol the Uui-
ed Kingdom oi Great JJritaiu and Ireland, (
md bia Majesty the JJuiperor of Ihe French, 1
laving likewise concluded With the Sublime r
'orte,od the litb oi March, a treaty H which :u
lUthoiiaea them to direot their forces upon 'p
ivery pari ut the Ottoman Umpire, the above i p
aentiooed occupation siiall rut interfere . p
k ith the free UIOTOmSUt ol the Anglo French j tl
a Ottoman iruops upon these same territo p
iej a;;ainst tlie military force or the territo-lo
y ol Russia. Tliere shall be formed ut Vi- ii
una between the plenipotentiaries of Aus-; b
ria, France and Great Britain, a commission j v
i which Turkey shall be invited to send u la
ilenipotentiary, and which ebail be charged o
villi examining und regulating every (jueslion ( n
Slating either lo the exceptional a.iU provis- a
onsl State in which the said principalities I.p
ire now placed, er to the tree pussuge of the
litferent armies ucross their teri iWry.
Art. 3. In case hoslililies should break;
ml between Austria end Russia, lier Majes- n
y tlie Queen ol the United Kingdom oi , t
ireal Britain and Ireland, His Majesty the , c;
Smperor of Au-tria, and His M ijesty the Lm- u
icrur ol ihu French, mutually promise to u
laob other- otfeutire and defensive ulli nice ic
n this toe present war. und will lor lhat f,
turpose employ, uccordmg to the require IB
uenls ol the war, military and nav'a) ferces.the 2
lumber, doscrip. ion, and destination where- tl
it, Shall,' il occasion should arise, he defer- w
nined by aebsequeol arrsngemsntSi b
Art. 4 In the ense conteinplnted bp tbeld
trucedlng article, the high contracting par- f
Wi reciprocally engage not lo entc.-tai.i ' 11
thy proposition or overture on the part ol the
Imperial Court of Russia, having loritsob-'H
ect the eessathm Of host, lilies, without hav- a
ng come to in urtderstsndlng t tersupon be- g
ivveen themselves. "
Art. 0. Incase the reeslabli.d:uient of 8
jeuerul peace, upon the bass indie ited in J'
Article 1, Should not he assured in ill's course .
if the present year. Her Mijesty Ihe Queen
if the United Klngdon of Great Britain and
Ireland, His Majesty the Bmperor of the j
French, will deliberate without delay upon j
effectual means fur obtaining the object o' j
their alliance.
Art. C. Great Britain, Austria and France .
Will jointly communicate the present treaty (
to the Court ol Prussia, and will with satis- ,
faction receive its accession thereto, in Mia I (
il should promise its co-uperaliou !cr the ae-
lompUabasenl of Uaseonmen object.
Ari 7. The preeenl trea'y sbs be ratin
d, and lbs ratlficStlont Sbsll he exchanged
II V S1MIS in th" spaee ol a lorlnight.
In ttitnee whereof the respective pleajf'
Mitentiarhai huve signed the lime, and bafd
ifllted therete the eeal et their arms.
DoM a' Vienna, the and of December in
lir- year ol our Lord ISO I.
WESTMORELAND (L S.)
EUOL SCHUDNSTEIN (L S.)
BOUERUENNY (L S.)
"Laid before Parliament in Part vni or
Eocrn Pipers,
ll.iid before Parliament in P..rt IX e(
Rnsterti p-.por.
(Laid '. s ore Parliament la Per; XI ' r. .-
.' tu Papers.
,. Already laid before Psrlinrr.ent.
The CiTizi!. John tfftchel hsi w i'h
IrSwn from the Citizer. h fr,:;i ii ,'alle lire.
)nc re,i u for this step i, t)ist Ins eye sight
ISM been injuriously sffi.cied Ly bia lib fa,
nd another i: the t r. i c " i m til it the x'.ent
o which he baa been peraenslly fndehtified
v t'i the paper, has b?en injurious to its in-
luenee end prosperity. Heeonfeaeentbathe
ISS been L'licvuusiy disappointed ie the lem
ur f ibe Asoerieafl people finufhg them
SUch less die) ed than he bad imagined, to
itteourage the free eipress'on ofopinlooupin
li stibjeeta. '1 Be c it z n lost ebent t-n
hnu'ahd sobeerlbtra in eenseueoce of the
roclarnalion ol i.is des re for un "Alabama
ilnnti'lion, well aloi ked with !..t negroeul'
nd several thousand m ra followed WheHW
ommeneed the war upon Ar. hblebop Hughes.
Jr. Mltchel deel ires his intention to remain
n entire obeoarfty for at lenst ii.ur years.
ic Hill still contril. ute, however, io ike Cltl
en. taaiuiy on literary lopics, aiel al'.vay'i un
er hia own signature. The panor will be
onductcd htresfter by Mr. Ctenshsili who
as teen connect..'! v.ith its editorial depart
lent frcm the besTiaaiai,
iiT ( Ver. li-.'C-j Titties.
Thi Cosrtastoa or aCcbas Pxtsomt.
lEHwl LsaiOsCt, Oaa of t.-.e men arrested on
otird an Aia.-rican Schooner at Beraeoe, und
oiiiniil'.ed to pr a n at iisvann, has made a
on.essisu, implicating bluMelf in an rttempt
a create a revelation id Cuba. His real
ame is said te be FkASCIsCO EeTISBFSS.
le is a tall, fir.e-lookiuu' young man, of twen
(-eight or thirty years oi age. 'J'fic Ha-, a. .a
. rrespond' nt of the ChSfhutOn Standard
entaiaa a statement made by Ihe'prlaooar,
rom which vve copy the folluWlng:
"I w as seized at Birscoa, placeJ r.n n y
aek in the fiithy hold of a vessel, with niy
rms Co tightly fastened behind me as tegiu
ie great pain, and I was ut permitted to
izve a mattreaij which my trie. ids wished to
iring me, to rest my aching bones upon.
Chance I was talreu in cbalhatotbe eartle ct
it. Jag:, de Cuba, where, ailer a lon.f conf ue
aeaW they brought me, in ihe h id of a vas
al) Ij this place. During the six days pas
age from St. J'Jgo to thi city. I was kept,
tl the hoid so cruelly tied as o he enable
ven to smoke a cigar. A biscuit in tiie
uorning, and anollier at dinner time, vv-s ir.y
aily und sc'.e. allowance of food."
He further states that he was betrayed by
countryman cf his named Francisco Her
iiamlis, and that he has boldly avowed ta the
nlhorities that his object in visiting Baracoa
.as to crccte a revolution. Having lalicd,
e says, h? is now willing to suiTeni:? penal
id! his lSlowpriSener, be also stated, knew
othing of his intentions, as Mr. F. visited
Juba to pass the winter lor Ihe benefit of his
eaith.
Aliex Palp;!:s axo Criminals T, e
omm'ltee on Commerce in the House of
iepresentalivcs have prepared, and a ill soon
epcrt, a very important bi'l on the subject of
lien paupers and criminals. Undar the,
revision of tiiis biil, it is said, no foreign
ascni.er ebail hereafter be admitted into a
or', of the United Stales unless lies! all hive
ie certilieale of ihe American Consul of the
lace from which he comes, lhat he has not
ne year previous to his departure, been an
unule uf u jail or workhouse, and that he
as not, f,r lour years previousiv, beer, con
icted of any criminal offense, except such
s are designated poli ical crim s. If any
ptain shall bring aueb persons without ihe
3(uired certificates, he shall be liable to tine
nd imprisonment. Tiie vessel In which such
arsons arrive clrull be subject to forfeiture.
(fjio'J.
A Ccat for Hmo Ti.m-s Sixty of tiie
tost fashionable Indies in New-York baVS
irmed a saciely for the promotion of Aineri
an industry, by encouraging domsatie ma'.i
rjctures. The member, pledged thouiselves
i wear nothing which is not mude in Anier
,a, and the lire is spreading. Oar good
iend, Charles S etion, Ksq , of he Astor
louse, N. V., writes to us under date of the
tb ult., in wh'ch he says, 'li.-t evening
icre was a large soirc: given here; the i leu
as, lhat nothing but Ameiican gools th m'.d
e worn on the occasion, ami the effect was
elightful. American silks could n it be
hind, but calicoes and muslin de lanes were
II tho rage."
We would recommend ladies of Cincinnati
form a society of the same sort, and re
We to wear only Amsrlpan manufactured
ood-; b'gin the New Year with this deter
linulion, make domestic fabrics fashionable,
nd vv e shall s ion h .ve good times. We
urchaae twenty millions of dollars worth of
ireign silks every year, which at ten per
out. is the interest upon farsj huuilnd 4tii
.',, nf tinll.ii'M. I. el there he a relor.n.
Cin. W.urlr.
OrMoss will grow upon grave stones, the
vy will cling to the mouldering pile; the
nisleloe springs from the dying branch; am
jod be praised, suniclhing green, soinethin;
air to the sight, and grateful to the heart
ivill yet twine uround and grow out ol 111
scams und cracks o the desolate temple c
t ie human heart.
The Terms on which Russia is Willing
to Make Peace.
Ths follou ng is s trasjalatien of a dispatch
sdsjnsted by Counl de Mss bode to Baron
de Bo.lherg, the Russian cinliassa.Ixr at Bar
lin:
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 6 (Oct. 25.) 1853.
j llotMSt i Ll Baaetl Thi information
which vve receive Irom nil sides provea to us
t, at the present momei t, the German
GuVcmetOetO aie nearly all occupied with
; an- and the same fear 'hat ot beholding, on
i tiie Baettrn qoestien, a achiam break outbe
t . ft :i ihe t a great German Powers, which
in g it place in danger the tranquility of the
; eommn country, and even the existence of
th6 U-rman Conteiieraliou.
t Foitbfa! ta Ihe p ,licy he ttaafelioered since
j the origin o: tins drpiorshle complication,
I and dcrirous o! circMuucribinf ths disistroua
; inaeqoenees witbin the narrow eat limits
p isible, the Bmperor, ear auLrut msster.hss
j iahei , in the present conjuncture, and in
. aamecb as depends upon btm, to prerva
Uermany from tbs scourges with which she
a i ;.,! i' asaejaeed la such an eventuality.
V no are, in c oii j , nc e, M. r ilarou, at
tboriaed tooeciare to Ihe Prussian Cabinet
that the Bmperor ie disposed io take part in
. m '. i o:i- .voich wuuid huve for object tha
re s ablisbment of peace, end to which the
i four pSopoaitloni .n lie a tea below would
serve u- s uiting poin', as t'ormuijted, vis:
I. A commou guarantee by tbefife Pow
ers ulth: religious and civil rights of the
I Cbrietian population ol the Ottoman Kmpiro,
I without distinction of form o' worship,
2. Protectorate oT the Principalities ex-erci-ed
in common by the Ihe Powers, on
Has samS conditions as stipulated ill their fs
por by our treaties with the Porte.
3. Pevision nt tin' treaty of IMU Rus
sia will not oppose its abolition, .f the Sul
ttn, the 'principal party interested, consents
thereto'.
4. Free navigation o! the Dmube, which
exists dtjure, tod w hich Boeaia never bad
. the intention ot preventing.
This determination is founded rationally
upon the supposition that the Western Pow
f ers'u ,.! faitkfntly tuitii the engagement which
; t!,ey hdve contracted in the lace of Uurope,
lo sssors the future condition of tlie Chris
tian population of the Ottoman empire, that
their re:. J nS and c v. I rigtits shall hence
forth ho placed under the guarantee: of all
t::e Powers, and that lius tiie principal ob
ject Ri sia had in v ew in the present war
, shall have been attained.
If the sentiments which induced bis Ma
Ijesty tha Bmperor to make the prateut deela
a o i are ii pi ei ir. ed in Germany, as '.ve sup
posethey aill be, we think ihat we may
c i .rish the hope that the Confederation, uni
ted on fiie sju.c ground, and perteclly reas
sured oa trie German interests ergaged in
I the qneition, will torn its unanimity to lc
: c-iunt tu throw its bulsnce iute the scales of
, Burope In 'n or et a peace cf w hich Austria
and Pro,.: a hare uteseuieJ to us spoolane
. I y In Iha lejr po tits, a basis which will
satisfy them completely.
It', on ihe contrary, use should be nade of
. this un: in, maintained once more by the care
ot Ru-s a, tu briag fertvurd new SOnditioBSi
lac una alibi e ii aubatance and in farm with
his dignity, ihe Bmperor does not doubt that
' the Stales of the Confederation Will reject
aurh pretensions, from whatever side they
may came, as contrary to the sentimoata of
loyalty which animates them, as alee to the
true interests of Germany, A neutrality
maintained with firmness and perseverance,
such as we? proclaimed at the commence
ment oi the -truggle. z what the Hmperor
IblntNi ho may injustice demand in return for
the deference with which he icccived the
oaod wishes addreaaed in its name. .
DE NESSELRODE.
[COMMENT OF THE LONDON TIMES.]
A note, ad re-sd iy Count Nesaelrodc to
the Buaslan Minister st Berlin, about a
r.isnlh sgo, has made its appearance, in
which the Russian Cabinet sigaifles its sen
sent to take part i.i n igjtiatlona for peace up
on the basis of the four points, n oditied lo
suit tho views of the Cajrt of St. Peters
burgh. About ten days later, and after the
result of tiie batiie of Inkermena was known
by the t'zar, the Austrian Minister at St.
Petersburg!) was inforruec thai tho R issian
Government was disposed ta accept the four
pjitits without these modifications, In both
c is. s it is evident that the H al ohject of tho
Russian Cabinet in maliiig these t eclara
tiona, waa to obtain :r im Germany "a neu
tra ity su.port w th f.rmness and pers-:ve-rar.ee;"
out, in b i h cas-'S, tho maneuver
seems to have fai ed, for even P.u'a a was
n it rest ained from concluding the aiditional
ur;i-l3 to h- r ire ity with Austria, and Austria
proceeded without any further deiuy te com
plete her treaty with the Wes ern Powers.
r
It cannot, for a moment, be supposed that the
allied Powers wit: co. sent ta dea'st from the
vaet enterprise in which h y are engaged
u .on any lerntS slurt tf the airrendir and
demolition of (obatteptol, for, till that haa
been ascomp ished, iij iiii g has been d.ne
fur Uu permanent settlement of these mo
! ntentous questions and we must also be in a
1 coudiiion to require tint no sucii armamenta
j and fortitic.ttior.i sh ill again menace the in
land shores ol the Turkish d juiinioi.s.
For the.e reasons, is be! tees that tcr as o
' store Ntfssalai senfei ani W pea or, tei'l arite
out of the present conjuncture of tjfair$.
[From the Standard.]
NESSELRODE AND THE "FOUR POWERS."
I NaaselrodS falls hack upon the four poinla,
of something Uke their. First, a j .iut pro
lectorsle of the L'hisUail subjects af the
1 Porte hy the F ve powers, viz: Russia, Aua
1 triii, Prussia, Franc, an I Kng.and. Now, to
1 the introduction of Russia into this protecto
rate there urc many objections. In tlie firat
place, Russia is u neighbor, end late an one-.
Biuiy,of the p.'it , and any connection be
' j tweOU the su'-.j i o. a State and an alien,
Und lato ... . .. , : lUd professed grounded

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