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thst object which ho Claims te p-ntrc'.wnuld
be, in tact, to give a partnership in the Ciov
rnmeM of the mu'i'ry whoso subjects WON
en protected Afftln, the cred and ritual of
the ruVNrl Christ un subjects re pretty
genera! ly identical with those of the Riis'isn
Church, of which the. Crsr claims to he the
Pope; but such ncsr Identity nl creed nnd in
tereft would give to the protector con
stant oppo'tnniiy of ftilgtout nnd political
intrigue Willi the protected. A protectorate
ol the four Power-', excluding R'usia, T.cnthl
be desirable, nnd wmi'ii bn up ") to none ef
th?se objection". England, Franco, tur.l
Prussia, are alt 'gather removed from pr m
mity to the Turkish empire. Aus'rii, in
deed, touches it Oil one or two pain", but
thei. are unimportant; nnd the diversity of
religious profession the folif PiMMf! IWJ
Protcatant mil two llonnn Catholic Fender
improbable any canccried plan tor disturbing
the religious peace ol the Greek Osiurch , to
which noee ol the e Power belongs. Nes
elrcde hiinelf ftSftlftteS the hypothesis that
the Wen. em Powers will Insure the ftiturs
fths Christian population uf the Turkish
empire. Thi9 turely, i enough) there is no
need far Russia Miming in. We Confess
that we attach the ealel Importsnce both
.e the protector&te utid th" exclusion of Ru
sis. from i. The ftiurtk suggestion, that
Russia had never any purpose of obstructing
tho tree navigation ol ihe Dinubo. in simply
falsehood i shorle r word would belter do.
scrihe the audacious violation ol Uuih Whal
mean th Russia forts and quarantine Oetftb
lishflMentl on 'he riirht bank of th" iivr!
Why has the Molina in Mil h ol ihe river been
advisedly Shotted by sand fathered round the
w recks of surk'-n Vessels, whether auukei
by accident or hy Jcs'gn, us fat Kebastopoi
No, this will Nl pasaj t te growth fQdosei
is tiie h newer to the pretense thst the chan
nel of tho Danube ha not been designed!;
ohsirticted. The river ran Ireely onougl
through all lime uni'l '.lie foundations' ol O
desan wero laid. We hove. perhaps, bestow
ed tn long a notice upon Neseelrode's let
ter; but it is undoubtedly desirable t i let th'
world sec that nothing but falsehood am
subterfuge can come from Russia.
[From London Times of the 8th.]
PRUSSIA MUST SHOW HER HAND.
The King of Prussia boasted the othe
JTi in tho speech in which ho opened tin
session ol the Proesian Diet, tlint he wa
acting in the closest union with Austria, an
tnat, whatever niieht ho llie necessities t
the time, (formally would act as one budy.
W aic not so aangutne us to believe tin
the inertia nnd the divisions of the Confeil
erati in ran bo .so easily overcome its to niak
the fienonn State jiartien to t ie agreemei
now subsist!!!"; between iht Aliie,or to en
gage the federal forces of Ceruiuny nt tivel
in the war; but the Prursian Assembly, I
, which the words wo re'er to wero no recoil
ly addroeaed, can hardly fail to ask forprooi
of that iutimato uaion with Austria, whir
means, also, union with the west of Eumpt
ud among tho first objects of the alliance i
Vienna, we have no doubt that one of ill
three Powers is to apply their influence wit
energy to determine the future Conduct i
Prussia at. this crisis. It is fortunate that,!
the moment when the Chambers are Jus
convoked at Berlin, an event of this iiupo
tance occurs, not In the obscure regions
diplomacy, but in the face'ol Buropo A fc
days more will bring this treaty to the luiov
ledge of the public, and! the question wi
thou be nuked, with authority, whether Prui
aia intends to adopt tho resolutions of ll
triple ulliance, or to Separate herself fro
thstn hy a neutrality, which is a dlsguisi
adherens' to tho cause of Russia. 'I'll
King sf Prussia is suspected in Germany
some aecret engagement, or personal pron
ise, to hii Imperial brolhur iii-law, whic
precludes him from acting as an Indepsn
etit Cicrinan sovereign on behalf of the hoi
or and Interests of Iris country; ami it is ri
marked, willi astonishment, Ihut the militSI
forces of Prussia have been studiously reir.
ved from the Polish frontier, SO as to leal
the kingdom defenseless on ihe eastern sol
Hut these suspicions w ill, ere long,be broug
to a moru decisive test; for when Auslr
announces that, she shall join the Westei
Powers, and place berssll at tlie head ol
national party in Germany, unless the pear
of Europe bs immediately secured, the nei
tralily ot Prussia is, in fact, the only rireut
sialics which encourage ami euah'es Ru
sia to curry on tlio war.
Political Drummond Lights.
The vote in the House of Representstiv
upon the question of passing tie Hiver si
llarbar bill, iiotwilhstanil; ug the President
objections, stood yeas 88, nays so. or tl
HO nays, 7!) wero from Locofoco inein'iei
insludmi Disney, Shannon sud OldsofOhi
Thanks to thepenplti, neither ol ths trio ci
vote nay en River and Harbor hills in tl
neat Congreas. Of ths o-t Wings votin
&3 voted to pass the bill in spit ol Prt-i
dsnt'a veto, but only 3b Democrats had t'
indapsndence to put themselves right on tl
rerord in Oppositil n to the I'reaidenl
The Chirsife Journal publlsbea the ye
end nays, ami pointedly remarks:
"The River stid Harbor bill has gone
keep rornpsny with the Capuleta lor aiiolh
year snd the Northnm and Western stat
may plsce it to sccount of Franklin Piurc
!.. A Dsugluss, and our iuvsluablo Demo
racy, mads up ol such Legieleters as the tv
Aliens of Illinois, llrerkenridpe of Kentuck
llsvis, Ilendrlcksand .Miller of Indiana, ,
usy slid J!ds o Ohio ami 71 other Drui
irtond lights of the Nineteenth century."
Jsa. 3 Hi Massachusetts LeglaUtU
net to-dsy. The Senate wm. orgsnixed
electing II. W. Hcrckley.of Worcester, pr.
idsut. No Speaker ye; in the House.
The mcsstge uf the Coventor is expect
A large bin k hoildiiig on tbe corner
Haverhrll and Trsvsraa streets, owned i
Asren D. Wild, was badly damaged by li
this morning. Harding od Dodge, nmror
dresaers; C. Cleave, itiachiinst, and (juroat
Howard, sawing mschine luai.usclurt rs, a
ameng thti principsl losers.
ALBANY, Jan. 4.
A censissrable est Itement wa caused he
iu wi vien. e al the laierlerenca of Cath
lie prioala.snd destroying nooks uf a religlot
cbsrscler givvn to children at the alinahotif
oaBunday last. Feur leicheru appointed I
the influence ef tho priests und acting uad(
tbsir dtraitioii, stiivd Uie books und ticstrot
(T!R0NirLK k AOVOfATE
d. n. totVE. MlMsm ,
tiik rropt.K, aso Tvfrln ricnts.
Friilnv Mttrninu .Inn. Itl, is:,-,.
HIGH TAXES, No. 1.
Prefatory to our remarks upon this occasion
on the above subject we offer th following 1
choice parnernplu,, the first from the Ohio 1
SMrSNMS J- DrSMCTOt, the latter fro.it tho
St. Clairsville ffsttvWl if Cilizrn: '
I "llsi Whig nafty of OMo jparty whose prac'
geeH in ever been to regard too pabtls treeevrv, i
Srheil they Iinv.- bad St s toll as legitimate ioila
n pal t v WISHi, ju !(;i 'I by the otliei il e.ei luet ol lis '
leSw is re'inrd I 'Tic lul paying SOUptS of UW country I
ashavlnsj been hern ith pack ssddlss upon iheirJ
bfleU-. to he rods booted and spurred liy an atlaioe- x ,
r ley ot Whni bunkers and office holders, can exhibit 1
oosoeti raVord Tlie Dsmoeratle partyon Iheeon 1
irsry hold their servairts, to whom they entrust the i
power ol lew ing tamm and ot reeelvlni snddlsbers.
iti4 ihe public money, to tier same intra ol honesty J,
an i r.-s unslWttty ibat am meoenised among men
in ihelrpnvsts traasactlorrt vrmofis another 'bat
paM ie. sei van Is shnuld I c as scrupulous and cautious j
nthidr management ol the pahus fends nnd Uuir i
npp let lion to pubHfl uses kh tie y are tn IhS use and
management ol indlvbhiai pnaperty And herein
eottaasta the essential antagontetM iagrssjssMsnftbs i
i l wo p'trttes.'
"It cannot be dttplMsdthSt the tn!t9 in Ohio are. I
I this year oppressive in the extreme So ntuehvol
thai Nthaatance almost oaases to be a virtue. Rots'
. i.iji but some nrneni nteeastty, or as ansemmon do
vii ion lo thii iviien ol law and good oM ir oen or '
losjgbtto inmssesvrsjetipte ts lonr? submit to such
: oiiormrus taxations, and it istime we ware essmlni
. uta into the cause of tllSM things, and linding ouia
ii in dv."
Oh temporal Oh Moses.
1 1 Judging by the graphic language of that
1 1 sovereign expounder of LocofoMltnti the
' Stalryman. what IB exemplary set of patri
ots are ihe D' iiiorrncy. Patterns of propri-
, ; ety and paragon of perfection! Qu:le a
i j happy thongbt too, fur the tiliitrsman to bury
' Whiggery in I he tomb ol the OlpuletS, w hile
'lit place the inm aculuto Democracy in tho
, ! calender of s hits. It looks beautiful, to say
nothing of its unblushing impudence and
brazen egotism. But o ur neighbor knows a
tricV worth two or throe of that. He knows
that Use prmtnt legislators and despotic State
Auditor have "regarded the tax paying peo
r pie of the country as having been bom with
' packsaddles on their backs, to be rode booted
J and spurred by"' not on aristocracy of
i( Whigs, &c, but by the ''aristocracy of Dc-
mocrsc.y," am! he conies very nesrssying ho.
t He certainly 'eels thus for he says "taxes
' in Ohio are, this yenr, oppress-, ve iu tho cx
n treme so much so that forbearanco ulutost
ceases lo be a virtue."
v These conflicting sentiments are from two
o journals of undoubted orthodoxy in the Dem-
" OCratiC party. For a text tl en, we take the
, language of the Gutrllr: "TaKU in Ohio
,. are, tUi yrw, opprttlivt in the tvrrrmc."
H Taxes sirs oppressive no one for a moment
0 doubts it. Who then Is responsible Who
'j must wo blame lor ihe enormous burdon of
1 taxes under which we are groaning Not
. the Whig parly, certainly; fur it ha been in
r- a woful minority in the Ulato lor the last
" seven or eight years. Not the Free Soil par
W ty, for it never Iish had the majority in this
II State. Not the Republican party, nor yet
- tlie American Reform party, for they arc but
ie of one year's growth und havo never yettriod
their infant powera in strangling tho tier
' penta Extravagance and Coriuptlon, though
,1 we doubt not tbsir ibillty to do no iu time,
i- There is but one oilier party in tho State
b can we lay the hlaine ot this matter upon the
'" Democratic party! At all events, we'll try.
For some years past the so-called Detnoc
y racy have hud the majority in our State log-'i-
Islature, and ennatqutntly havo mansged
'' tHnps pretty much us they pleaeed, In that
i time a new Constitution has been drafted, and
adopted by the people of the State. This
n Constitution Ihe Democratic parly claimed
a as a triumph sf their policy, und on its ndop
''' lion, heralded the fact as a Democrat ic vic
" tory. Since the State passed tinder this now
- Constitution, it ha boen "in the hands of ita
frisndl," The game anxious hearts that
hovered about the pluco of its birth, have
gone with it since, and protected it through
"a evil anil through good report. Untjuestiuna
l ly had there been any good in it at its birth
it would, ere this, (thanks to tho fostering
s, caro of its anxious godfathers) have hurst up
on a wondering und admiring world. We
'" havo waited, and atched, and watched and
wait ed until "hope deferred" has almost sick
,,. ened the heart, but still it comes not.
ie Under its action saluriss have been ruised,
"' "some ten, some twenty, snd some an hun-
dretl" per cent. Htate oBkeri have hud their
salaries increased; tho judiciary have had
their sulurics iucrsased,- legislators them-
to selves have had their per diem increased 33
Pr per cent., yet we lock in vain for any mark-
ed good this shall bring to the people of our
' tux-ridden State.
u Hot, in. iiiuatea our neighbor, a great part
y, i of our taxes are far school purposes. Pray
who passed the school luw which increases
our taxes! Was it not the Democratic par
ty I Yes, and under the losd ol the new con
stitution! Hut again the great idea almost too big
1, for utterance, is that the great increase of
. taxes is almoat wholly attributablo to local
causes tbst is fwr county uses. Suppose for
the sake or the argument, we grant il true,
, are there pot. in the Slute, more counties
(y where Deiuocrulic otlicers control tho I (fain
re el the enmities than Whigs, or Freo Soilers!
10 Certainly there are, and by their own show
ing, the high taxes are attributable to local
! causes. Then are tbe Deuiocrscy still re
sponsible fur tho high taxos
Wo shsll show in future, by figures, ("fig
ures never lie,") lliul what we have asserted
re above is true. We arc prepared to do it, and
wo will do it.
THE SARAH SANDS.
HALIFAX, Jan. 4th,
" ' The Aslti which sailed al nonu for Boston,
'-jrepoits seeing the Sarah bunds on the iltlh,
f returning to port.
The recent election for n delegnte in Kan- ,
las fnust have opeticd tho eyes of all pef- I
ions who were nirenliuhtened before, on tho 1 1
Iruc position ol the pro-slavery men of the 1
Sou th in relereltce to our new territories
Rfftf has a grenter outrage been perpefa- ,
:ed in our cauntry under the protection and II
anction of law. The right of stifTrage hor
ibly prostituted, and the voty ballot box ta- :
ken possession of by a set of lawless dspre- ' ,
Julors, imported Irom Missouri, who had no .
more right t. vote in Kansas than ho have,
a certainly ii huge stride jtowards an Intf
hy . In a fair, open contest, on the subject
)f slavery, wo firmly believe that the nnti
'lavery men of Kansas would havo conic olT
ricteriotu. But when they nre threatened I
by a set of hired bulli'is, who present a load-
8t! pisto1 at thc:n, and daro them, on pain of i
instant death, to vote for freedom, how elso
could an election result thon it has. Free)
men frotn ihe North went there in gooJ faith,
Intending to make it their home, and with
this Icoling they desired it to be a fret home j
such bb they had left. Met, not with the
accustomed open hand and warm heart of tho j
squatter, they were sot upon from the very',
moment of their arrival by a set of rufBans
Who make their living, undent their bread in J
the sweat, tears and blood of others, ami not 1
f themselves. They were biowbeaten, and
insulted day after day, but being mca ofi
peace, they forbore but the last act of j
southern brutality is more than northern for- j
bearnnce should iul!'er,for it is no longer vir
tuous to forbear.
Yet notwithstanding tho btrafscsd fraud
in tho election of a Delegate, that delegate,
(Mr. Whitfield) hia tuken his scat at Wash
ington, where lie has no more right than tun
Tom Hen ton in llie British Parliament. But
the contest is not yet over no it is not yet
begun. Future elections will tell a different
Itule. Rascality may fli urish for a while, hut
it cannot survive tho searching scrutiny of a
nation, which whatever else may be said of
her, is right at heart.
(jjr Bayard Taylor, the renowned travel
er, Isctured in Wheeling on the evening of
the 3d inst. His subject (The philosophy of
Travel,) was treated in an eloquent manner,
and his lecture was illustrated by incidents
from his own experience. A large and intel
ligent audience listened with the most in
tense interest to tho delivery ot tho lecture,
and all went away more than satisfied with
07"The Bridgeport Star has been remov
ed to Bcllnir, and retaining its brilliancy of
scintillation it ha changed its name to the
Hetlnir Times, Dr. Joseph Gaston, Kditer,
l and Robt. Duncan publisher. Hero's till ye,
Jo.; may you ulwny have a tWon which to
lay your om, and may you never catch cold
by hjiini in wet ihcttl, In your chase after
plcnrture though life's joys may ollen he
knocked intoit, yet may thoy be speedily
set up, ami, last though far Irom least, may
you never he out of $
fjirThf Sheriff of Noble County was re
cently slabbed by a inun itnuied Ball. Thu
wound though serious is not considered fatal.
O--Ou New Yeur'j day while u Mr. Loe,
was loading a musket in a house in Surahs
ville, and while tiie ramrod was still in, tho
gun went oil', shsntiug the ramrod through
thu ceiling und lloor overhoud, and threugh
it bed in which ti Mr. Kirk wns sleeping, in
Rioting ft frightful wound in his hip. The
wound will probably not be futal.
The Lancaster Gun.
Our renders have probably noticed in the
lettera from the Crimea accounts of the Lan
caster gun, which has proved to b a most
eflective weapon against tho walls of Sebus
topol, although it has not been altogether a
sale gun lor those who handled it, two or
three of then having burst. Tho Montreal
(iuzotto gives the following description of
this gun and of the principle of its opera
tions. "It is a well known (act that it is impossi
ble to cast balls or bullets in sichaway
that one side will not' be heavier than the
other, nnd it is also well known that this cir
cumstance deflects the projectile from its
right line. With small anus this difficulty
is overcome by the rifle barrel, which being
spiral, acts upon the soft substsuce ef the
leaden bullet, and gives it a rotary motion
before leaving the muzzle of tho rifle, which
continues until the ball is stopped. By this
means the heavy side is alternately turned in
all directions, so that any tendency io ami
direction is immediately counterbalanced by
a revolution of tho bullet which changes the
position of the heavy side, snd tho result is
that the ball flies in a direct line. Now,
however well ihis plsn may answer lor snull
anus snd leaden balls.tho groove is impracti
I cable for cannon and caa: iron bulls, audit
hus long been a problem lo discover some
means uf making rifled cannons.
"The Lancaster gun professes to have ac
complished this by meuns ol the elliptical
bore, out of which is to be thrown un ellipti
eal projac.tile, either shot or shell. Without
plates we may not be able to make all our rea
ders understund our explanations, but we
hcpe most of them wiil do so. The gun is
I large, because it is at a long range that ita
grout precision of aim telle best over the
) ruminoii gun, and its appearance is that uf an
ordinary large csnuen, except that tho mouth,
instead of being circular, is ehnguted like
mi egg, having one axis longer than anuiher.
Wu will suppose that the mouth is the lar
gest up at d down; that is, that the lunger
axis is vertical, so thul the flattened bail fit
ting it would stand on its edge; but tlie bore
winds gradually Irom the mouth to tho breech
of the gun. so that, when the ball is driven ;
home to the proper position when lite gun Is
loaded, it will have tamed one quarter around, I
and will lie horizontally; tint is, at right an
gles to the longer axis of the mouth of the
gun, and oo one side. When the gun is fired
the ball must make ono revolution for every
four lengths of the gun, and thereby counter-1
islsnce any imperfection in its shape which
vou'd otherwise deflect it. KeVeral of these
tins have burst. This is perhaps attributa
ble to the !nct that they art tissil at very long
nnges, aiid were probably oVer-loaded, nl
hoiic.li it is quito possible, Snd in lart prohs
le. that fort ing the ball 10 talto a rotary
notion would incrt-ase the resistance offered
ie much us to increase the risk ef bursting.
Kxperience w ill soen test Ihe question. We
may remark that the snino principle has been
ipplind to small arms, and a decided advstt
ugc is claimed for thu Lancaster over the
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.
Mr. Sumner presented a memorial from j
Ihe Board ol Trnde of Boston, praying that
the Secretary of the Navy bs empowered to
send one or more vessels to the relief of Dr.
Kane. Referred to com. on Naval Affaire.
The Military Academy bill wua taken up
nd the amendments repOrtod by the com.
on F'insnces concurred in and passed.
An adjournment was proposed.
Mr. Badger moved that when the Senate
adjourn thst it be till Toesdsy, Mondsy be
ing 8llt Jam. ary. Agreed to.
Mr. Broadheud endeavored to get the boun
ty Innd soldier bill before the Senate, but on
motion of Mr. Cass it was made the spocial
3rder of tho doy for Tuesday next.
Mr. Toncey offered an amendment to make
the bill rend elcven' instead of 'ten Circuit
Judges,' in order to provide for California.
It was accepted.
Mr. Cuss was in favor of keeping the
lodges in contract with the people. That
two judges iii n district should olways sit to
gether, though a supreme judge should be
confined to the Supremo Court at the seat of
(iovernmcnt ; was opposed to their consider
ing anything concerning a case beyond tbe
Mr. Ouyer was opposed to a centralization
of the judges in continuing their circuits.
He moved to strike out the first section, snd
lo test the sense of tho Senate upon the in
crease of judges.
Mr. Clnylen hoped no test vote would be
taken ot this stage of bill. Thereupon the
liensto adjourned till Tuesday next.
The Judicial deform bill was taken up n
Napoloan Bonaparte Giidings, delegate
from Nebraska oppeured and was qaalilied
by taking the oath support tho Constitu
tion. Mr. Elliot, of Cass., introduced a bill ma
king appropriations for continuing the re
pairs of the injury done on Plymouth beach.
Referred to cont.vin Commerce.
Mr. Walbridge presented a memorial from
tho New York Life Saving Association, and
that of all the Marine Insuranco companies of
the same city, usking for the filling out of
un expedition for thu rescue of Dr. Kane,
now In the Arctic zone. Referred to Coin,
On motion of Mr. Stanton, of Ky., from
committee en public, printing, that 20,000
extra copies of llie President's message en
tho lute river and hurborbill veto. Ordered
to bo printed 136 against 51.
Tho House went into conimittceon private
hills und subsequently udjourned.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.
Mr. Maxwell ualted, but did not obtain,
leave to oiTer a resolution culling on the
President to furnish the House with tho
number of persons holding stations in tho
DspsrlmentS, designating those appointed
since March 4, 1853, and stuting the number
foreign by birth.
Mr. Ready offered a joint resolution ex
cluding public printers and tho Superinten
dent wf Public Printing Irom tho benefit of
the resolution piinaed last season, giving ex
tra compensation to the employees of the le
gislative departments of the government.
Mr. Clliiginnn asked unanimous consent to
make a parsondl explanation. It is due to
some gentlemen as well as myself, he said,
thst I should make it.
There is a statemcr.t in some newspapers
rela'ive to the remarks ef the gentleman
from Virginia, Mr. Baily, chairman of tho
Committee on Foreign Affairs, the other day
upon the question ef offering our mediation
to thu Kuropcan powers now engaged in the
war, which as i t has gone outdoes a little in
justice to myself and other members of the
I wish to state tint when the committee,
two or three w-eeks ago, with very great
unanimity authorized me ts report ihe media
tion proposition, the circumstance alluded to
by Mr. Bayly was not known to the mem
bers of that committee. In point ef fact it
was not known to me as well bs that gentle
man only on the day previous lo my speak
ing on tho aubject. This fact ought to be
understood, because members of the com
mittee would not probably have acted as they
did with the knowledge ef this circumstance.
I say further that vhen that communication
was mudo, I informed the gentleman of Vir
ginia, that in deference to the informatii n it
would net be necessary to call the committee
together lu reconsider the subject for them
I would waive the right, for the present, to
report on the subject. 1 muy further say,
that the information doea not, in my judg
ment, change at all the propriety of making
the movement which 1 suggested, but for re
sults which is not pruper for me to state, I
decline taking suy steps, at this time. This
much I desire to be understood in justice te
tlie committee and myself.
The House then went into commitleo on
private bills passed 17, and then adjourned
BOSTON, Jan. 5.
The wood work of tho Victoria Bridge aver
ths St. Lawrence at Montreal, wa carried
away by tho pressure of tbe ice. The abut
ment an I pierg are as firm a a rosk.
DETROIT, Jan. 4.
The Legislature met to-day.
The tlovernoi's roesssge state the indebt
edness of the State to be rvei three million
dollars, snd tho surplus in the treasury, Nov.
30th, five hundred and fifty thousand and four
He rccommerds the prohibition ofali bank
bill under five dollars, the einandment of the
prohibilu'y liquor law lo the license system
uf one, ur more gallons, and the amendment
of the law of mining companies increasing
ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC.
NEW YORK, Dec. 31.
The steamer Atla.ttio arrived here this
afternoon about fi o'clock, with Liverpool
dates to Monday, the 18th inst., having been
compelled to return a few heurs alter sailing
on Saturday, Owing to an accident to her
The, Can idi arrived out on Sunday.
The pt cket ship Uucen of tho West was
wrecked in Cardigan Bay. All hands were
The war news is wholly unimportant.
The Atlantic lelt Liverpool at an early
hour on Monday morning, and experienced
heavy westerly weather. She brings 100
passengers, among whom is Mr. Sickles,
Secretsryol the American Legation.
The brokers of Liverpool have agreed to
Close tho produce markets during the whole
of Christmas week, re-opening on the 2d of
The WaH. The dates from Bebastopo
are to tho 4th Instant. Up to that time noth
ing further could be done, as owing to the
heavy rains the trenches wore all full o'wat
er, and the roads had become impassable.
Omar Pasha was at Varna ongaged in em
barking nineteen batalions for the Crimea.
England. Paliament had been opened
and the Queen's speech delivered, which
was wholly occepied with the war, except
ing one sentence, where ahe save: I huve
concluded a treaty with tht United States, by
which subjects of long and difficult discussion
havo been equitably adjusted. The rest of
the speech spesks of tlie army in the Crimea
with admiration and gratitude, and praises
the cooperation of the French
The Queen ssys she has concluded a trea
ty with Austria, and she calls for instant re
inforcements to go to Crimea.
The speech bsd no effect on the funds.
The debates on the address were interest
ing. A hill had been read the second time in
the House of Lords to enlist the Germnn and
A bill had also been introduced into the
House nf commons, to send militia to all the
Nothing had been said in Parliament of a
Dknmahk. The Danish ministry has been
China. -bo India mail waa telegraphed.
Trade in China was -u 1 1 .
The thanka of Purlia meut had been voted
to the amy nnd navy.
The duration of the present eession of Par
liament depends on tho fner n of the gov
ernment inonaur e. but an adjournment will
tuke place in about a week.
Ceil. Ostonsocker had arrived in Crimea to
take commend of Dtinneuberg's division.
Private letters say that the ratification of
the trusty with Austria was exchanged at
Vienna on the 4tb.
If the nugotiatiuns now pending do not
produce peuec, Russia will call out 16 Jmen
' pur 1000, equal to ono million of men, to take
tbe field as early us possible.
Tiie text of the Russian note which Prince
I Gortsehskoffsddressfld to Count Buol, of Vi
enna, on the 9Stll, was us follows:
"Le Soussigns ost. autorine de declares a
M. Boul que s i Majefets P Bmpereur accept
los qustre proppsitiouoi du Cabinet de Vien
na, pour servir de po Int depart a des nego
tiations do palx." Rendered into itg!ish
us follows: 'The under signed Is authorized
to declare to M. Boul that his Uajoaty, Iho
Emperor, accepts the four propositions of
the Cabinet ol Vienna, as a starting paint for
the negotiations ol peaec."
fttE Maukkts. Provisions were firm at
previous tig ires. Beef und pork steady.
Lnnl hint dec.'incd Is.
Sugsr, coffee and molasses unchanged.
Rico was firm, with an upward tendency.
Tobacco in active request at full prices
Wool dull. Iron declining.
The London money market presented no
specitil change. There was an active de
mand. Consols closed at 91a9J. Ameri
can stocks ' ere dull.
LsXttt FROM THE WAR.
Accounts from Sebastopol te the 7th state
that great movements were observed beforo
und around that city on that evening. Im
portant steps were supposed to be Jitukiag.
It looked like pi operations for another great
buttle The investment of the place has
been nearly completed.
Numerous reinforcements had arrived to
The Russians were also pouring in in im
HALIFAX, January 3d.
The steamer Asia arrived one week's la
ter dates from Liverpool.
Cotton. Milligan &. Co., reports New
Orleans fair nt 5 a 6J ; middling 6;. upland
fair fi S-8; middling 4jj.
The markets had partially recovered from
previous decline und closed unchanged, ex
cept for fair uplande wlrch show a decline
Sales far the weeksre 41,900 bales, of
which exporters look 3,600 and speculators
Accounts from Manchester state prices a
Transactions in flour small, but prices
Arm; Western csnal 4 3s, good Ohio a46s,
wheat unchanged ; corn has advanced 8d,
transactions small, Western yellow 44s;
Westorn white 45s.
Lard declined, sales at 53s.
Beef unchanged, with limited business, al
though lor Government contracts prices are
considerably higher. Pork small sales,
though Contrast prices ore higher.
Affairs st tiebastupol are unchanged.
The foreign enlistment bill has created
angry discussions in Parliament.
Pruasia declinea to join tho triple alliance,
but has sent Baron Antedoui as a special En
vov lu I, on. mi to establish conditious for a
specisl treaty with Prance and KughmJ.
Affairs remain unchanged before Sevasto
pol. The weatber has bsen very bad, much
sickness prevsils. The Russians make fre
quent sertioa from Babaalopol, chiefly against
the French. Reinforcements continue to
arrive lor both of the allied arnica.
President Pierce's ' message has bsen re
ceived, but attracted but little attention.
The latest from Ba ukliva is to the 8th.
The Valademer and another Russian steam
er arrived on the 6th outside the quarantine,
the fort opened firs on the French flank or
the allied vesaela and compelled them to re
treat under the batteriea of the tn-t.
Lord Cardigan left for England.
I i . " ......
The Monlteut publishes tho following frorfi
KiMian Bay, Dec. la A Severs sannon
ado has been going on.
Two sorties wore repulsed by the pair t of
the bayonet after an obstinste struggle.
The Ausburg (jazstte reports great activi
ty among the Austrian troops of occupation.
Some regiments advanced to fortified points.
Lord John flu-sell made a speech in which
he announces that an alliance will be made
with Austria offensive and defensive before
the opening of the next campaign.
'Ihe London Times' correapondent of the
33d, gives a gloomy picture of tho allies.
The siege was practically suspended, batter
ies used up, aid the army exhausted, but
quite able to hold their position and chastise
tho ass al lants.
A despcrste affair Occurred between the
Chasseurs de Vineennes aud the "Russian
riflemen on the 38rid.
The French penetrated behind the outer
entrenchments, and established themselves
for a tirrie within the enciente, but as there
was no preparations for a general assault,
On Nov. SGth there waa another conflict
with tho same parties
Preparations renewed for a general bom
bardment, which progressed qaietly on the
35th, on the 38th ind-J'.Mh dosperate sorties
were made by the Russisas on the French,
which were repulsed with cdftsideiablo loss
on hoi h sides.
The Russian defences were much strength
ened. There was a storm ofrairi on the 29th
during) th SOttle made on the French by the :
Russians. Thejformer were 2000 strong and
th latter 700, The French silently mount- ;
ed the parapets, and their ba tteries received
the Russians with deadly volleys, and then
leaping down they attacked them with the
bayonet, and compelled lliem to retreat.
Nov 30th Heavy head on the French linea
daring tho night.
Grtttd Duke llichael was observed mak
ing rccjiineisances at a distance.
Correspondence of the Chronicle.
PEORIA, III. Jan. 2nd 1855.
Having a little leisure at command, and
not ItnoWlGg what else to do, I thought I
would note down a few of the incidents,
views and thoughts encountered snd presen
ted since I left the good old "finished town"
of St. Clairsville.
I jumped aboaid the cars at Wheeling,
and after passing with lights ing like rapidi
ty along deep valleys, now abovo the tree
tops aud anon through dark tutine!s--througli
dense forests of giant trees that have bid de
fiance to the tempests for centuries, and over
wide and beautiful prairies, I found myself in
the flourishing city of Chicago. The growth
of this city iu population and commerce is al
most unparalleled. But the navigation of
tho Lakes being now closed, the .business of
the city is not near so extensive as at other
seasons of tht; year. I need however say
nothing to your readers about Chicago.
From Chicago, I passed over the Chicago
and Rock Island ruil rnnd to Morris, '.he
county scat of Grundy co. III. This is a
flourishing town, vapidly increasing in popu
lation, and pleasantly situated on the Nurlh
bank ol the Illinois river, with the Illinois
csnal and tho Chicago and Rock Island rai'
road passing through it. The country n-
round till place is excellent. It ie, as a
farming country 1 think, all things consider
ed, ulinott unsurpassed. The lay of the land
is good, llie soil very easily cultivated, and
lor fertility il is not SXSOllod. Settlers are
last coming in, and ureof.an intelligent, en
terprising character. Land can be purcha
sc.l here nuw at very cheap rates, but 1 think
this cannot long be the case. I spent sev
eral day in this part of the country. Here,
tor the lirsi time in my life, I saw a prairie
on tie;, lu tbe East, people wiil flock by
thousands to see artificial fire works. But
no exhibition of this kind which the artifice
or ingenuity ol man can invent is to bo com
pared to a prairie on fire. The line Jof the
fire wu suid to be about a mile and one half
iu length. It appeared to me to be much
moro extensive. The whole Southern hori
zon seemed to be one blaze ot light. As it
loomed up, ami was reflected from the clouds,,
and the dark columns ofsmoke as it ascended
'.lie scone wus grand beyond description. I
have seen the wild deer fly nimbly and g,-ace-lully
over the wide pruiries. In company
with uue or two others I met and holped to
give chase to a wolf. Wa met him on the
open prairie, und made at him full tilt. We
soon however brought up smack into a slough,
when wc concluded il most cxpecient to give
over the chase.
While in Morris, I was honored by an in
vitation to a Christmas Ball at the Hopkiu's
House; which 1 of course accepted. This is
a very good house and does honor to the
place They gel up such parlies here on
Democratic principle. Every body is invi
ted, and everybody utlends. They soein to
discurd those inv'dious and senseless class
dis liiictions, which wa are so apt to meet
with farther Eust. Every thing was got up
iu good stylo and went oil' well. No impro
prieties, aud no drinking. A more intelli
gent company, or a company of hondsomei
end more social, easy and gruco!ul ladies in
their manners, it haaseldein been my fortune
to moot with.
From Morris I next went to Lasalle and
Peru . These two heretofore rival cities,
promise soon to drop their rivalry, by having
their two separate dentilies merged iutoone.
They are only seperated by u ruvine, and are
now almost one continuous city. Thia is
the heaa of navigation on the Illinois river,
at the junction of the Illinois canal with the
river. Ths Chicago Rock Island rail road
also passes through these places. A great
amount of business is done here, which is
still iucreasing. The country around is very
siinilur to that ol Grundy co. We Belmont
ers have been iu tlie bsbit of thinking Bridge
port the muddiest place in "all creation," but
Bridgeport can't begin to compote wilh La
salle and Peru in the plenlifulnesd of that
From thence I came next to Peoria. This
ci ly is beautilully situated on the Militsry
Tract rail road, at the Southern extremity ol
Lake Peoria. It is a flourishing, business
city. There are few places in the West
mere attractive to the stranger. It ia reg- 1
ularly laid out, with broad and commodiuua '
streets. Many of the private residence in 1
ths city and just back of it on ths bluff", over
looking the city and the lake, are handeoine
and taateful. Ths day is warm snd pleasant,
and I have jual returned from a stroll, almost
enchanted with the prospect.
In conclusion, I would say to our young
men. ol whatever occupation or profession,
your chances are batter in the West, than in I t
ihe F.ast. Compntition Is mors oen to yo
'Young America" has a lar better opportu
nity ty grow strong and triumph here, To
the farmers of limited means especially, 1
weulil say, if you want to got chesp fsrms snd
good farms with mnrkotv fur your grain, Of
which you will raise a great deal more with
the tamo labor, with markete not much n e
riot to thossoT Belmonc, by all means coma td
the West The stories about the Unhealth
fulness of this country, are, I DolloVo; very
much exaggerated. Yeto may, tAWlo of y,,n.
shake a little with tbe ague, but 'gr'n nnd
bear it," you will soon bs rid of it, wlirn 'no
thing scarcely would induce you to return and
cultivate tho mountains ton hr ve left.
At a meeting of the citizens and friend of
Sobriety, peace arid good order, hold pursuant
to previous notice in tho school hosso st
l5niontowa, Wheeling Township, on ths Oth
inst., E. Balea was called to the olsir, snd
John Bstson appointed Secretory , vhen on
motion, Dr. John Campbell, B. V. Cleaver,
Snd William Ross, were appointed a com
mitiee to draft resolutions expressive of the
object of the meeting. Rev. Wm. Tinnant
wss called upon and addreasad the ajjdienca
in a spirited and able m inner after wlich the
committee reported the following preamble
Whereas, The last session of tile Legisla
ture of Ohio, acting in accordance with the
mjra! improvement that we believe charac
terized our Stnte.and in Obedience With what
We conceive to be the wish of a rtajubity of
the citizens of t ie state enacted a law for
the suppression of the vending and consump
tion of inloi'icatiug Liquors, and believing
the law to be perfectly constitutional and if
properly applied and energetically exeedtedi
will have a tecdeny to put a stop to those
oppallingevils hat arise from tho traffic in,
and use of intoxicating liquors, therefare,
Resolved, 1st. That we approve Of the act
passed by our last Legislature; believing thst
if properly enforced it will very greatly pro
mote tho cause of Temperance.
Resolved, 3d, That wo deeply deplore the
evil as it exists amongst us, while &' claim
to be law abiding citizens.snd friends b'f gooif
order we are determined to aid in enforcing
the law against both venders and consumer
who violate it.
Resolved, 3rd, That we do not wiah to bd
understood as seeking an oppoitunity to en
force said lawa as ia clearly evident by tbe
forbearance we have shown ever since the
passage of said law, but would much rather
that allt would respect t ie law and live up
to its requirements, but if persons will per
sist in violating it, and that, contrary to ear
nest entreaties of their nearest ad dearest
Iriends contrary to their own Le -t interests
and contrary t0 the I; mil admonitions of their'
neighbors) thus sacrificing every thing that
makes life desirable, and human society com
fortable, they must except a atern and rigid
execution of the law.
Resolved, 4lh, That any man who will
sell alcoholic liquors contrary to tho apirit
and meaning of the law is not entitled to the
reopect and confidence of the community in
which he lives.
Resolved, Oth, That in order ts curry sut
our intentions, and more effectually to se
cure the objects that huve convened us this
evening, tiiat a vigilance committee of twelve
persons be appointed, whose duty it shall be
to attend to any violation of the 1 iw that
may come under their notice, or within their
knowledge, in our village or Township, and1
have these violations promptly attended to
by tlie proper authorities.
Resolved, Oih, That we as good citizens m
and consistent temperance men loviugpsace
and good order, will assist the committee in
bringing the violators of said law to justice.
Resolved, 7th, That while it ia our deter
mination faithfully to execute the law and
carry out these resolutions yet we disclaim
everything like sinister or selfish motives and
earnestly hope that the necessity for such an
Unpleasant task may never occur against us.
Resolved, 8th, That it be the duty of tho
committee toconlerwith all known violatora
of the law in the township, and admonish
them to cease ih ir illegal course either in
drinking or traffic, under pain of prompt and
energetic execution of the luw.
On motion, the following persons were
chosen as a vigilsnce committee for the town
ship, to wit. E. V. Cleaver, Dr. John Camp
bell, E. Bales, H. Bumgarner, S. Batson, A,
Williamson, G. W. Bartholomew, Jasiah.
Sneaker, Thos. Morgan, John Majors, John
Campbell, Benjamin Reed.
On motion of Rev. Vincent, each of the
County papors bo requ'sted to publish tho
minutes of this meeting.
E. BALES, Chairman.
JOHN BATSON, Secretary.
January, 5th, 1855.
For the Chronicle.
At a meeting of the surviving soldiers of
the war of Independence, 1 813, held in
Bridgeport, Ohiojanuury, 2, '.856, on mbtiohi
Gen'l. Charles Dellasa was called to ths
chair, and Benjamin Brooks appointed 0ecre
tary, the following resolutions were adopted.
1st. That the application of the soldiers of
1813 to Congress for relief is but an act' of
justice to them, ane an ict ef generosity on
tbe part of the General Goverruient in gran
ting to the aame.
2nd, That in the opinion of thia meeting,
the citizen who responded to the call of their
couotryin the hour o. emergency to vindicate
her honor and defend her independence, la
entitled, not only to a respectable hearing
but renumcralion for hia services out of tho
ample public domain, affording him a homo in
his declining years.
3rd. That tho tbanks of thia meeting be
tendered to the friends and advocatea of this
measure in Congress for their just and land
able effort te give this small boon to the war
worn aoldier to cheer hia path during thr
remnant of his days, ,
4th. That this meeting approve ofthe-proposed
National Convention of old soldiers to
be held in Washington City en tbe 8th mar.
and thst Gsn. Charles DeHass, Reuben
Miller, and Jacob 'Grubb be, and they axe ,
hereby appointed, delegates to the said Con
vention with power te fill any vacancies that
6th. That the Chairman furnish the dele
gates with a certificate of their appointment,
ind a copy of these proceedings to ths edi
tors in this county, and ihwie of the city ef
CHARLES DEHASS, Ch'm'n.
BENJ. BROOKS, Secretary.
fgf Adversity overcome, is the brightest
rlory; and willingly undergone, the greateet
irtue. Suffering are hot the trials of vail