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The Belmont chronicle, and farmers, mechanics and manufacturers advocate. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1848-1855, January 19, 1855, Image 2

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Soldiers of the War of 1814.
The national HnVf ntloil of the soldiers of
the war of ISI2. with Great Biitain, i ssem
bleil iu this cllj on the ft'.h intt , a day inrtn
o Hole in (Ik Military nnia't of his c nn'ry,
and one liit'h may compare pioudiywith
(hat of tho .Vina or ol Inkcrmann, or my
oilier thai Ilea eOfM signalized by high noil
heroic achievement. There win ID attend-
iite. a large number of the patriotic dien-
aVrs of lle ir country, during the war that
ha he i n not improperly designated the sec
ond W.ti ol It ilepi'i'.ilenei not loss than
aeven hundred, we have been informed.
They tailed in a body en President I'ierce.
by hum they were most cordially received,
mid afterward, nt five o'clock, n assembled
in convention lor the transact! m of botlnees,
'f'h result ol the session was the adoption,
unanimously, Of the following preamble and
resolutions!
Forty yean have now elapsed alncc Gen
eral leckenn height mid won the last great
battle of the l ite war With Croat Uritnin at
new Orleans; und that glorious inn I vera try
Is a fitting day for Iho surviving coldlen of
iii.it Mar, to meet and take couniel togothrr.
Thin city, 100 named ufler Iho F.miKR OP
uf it CoOaTKT, is ;i UIOCl appropriate plane
tor onr assemblage. The war ill tin Revolu
tion achieved (ur liberty 'hu war oflSIt,
fecund it. While the green col markc the
graves of cur revolntienary fathers, n few on
ly of those who ataked their liVVC ill our kit j
Immortal conflict, survive to toil the tale ol
their stiff, rugs and unices by far the
greater number have passed do Wit to their 1
last hotnel in earth many ol them in penu
ry and wan".
In lens than forty yeara after the close of
fur revolutionary Struggle, u grateful (Ton- 1
grace of the united Stales, paiaed a general
pension law for the benefit of the aurvlving
efficers and aoldierci at a lime when the
Treaaur) was empty, and heavy war debts
acre banging Over u.
la it, then, unreaaonable for na to expect
that similar justice will bo done to the eur
vlvova of the wr ol 1818, andtha widen-ami
children of thoae arhoare dead, while the
public. Treasury i- ovet Sowing with gold( and
we have, co nptratively no debt to pay! Or
ia it aak'.ngtoo much to have luir portions ol
the public domain, wliialt we loupht and paid
for, alb tie I to u! We think tto .
Be it therefore rttnlved, That a committee!
be appointed to memorialise Congreaa on this
subject, und to urge Up n our Senators and
Repreaentativei i" m ike each officer, soldier,
sailor, and m ir, mi who aerved during the
w ar of IftlS '1 4, appropriate grants of land
tt leaatono hundred and sixty aerea to the
lowest grade, and lor the shortest time of ac
tual aerviee. The benefit ol the law to ex-1
'end to the w idoWa and i hildreil ol those w ho '
are dead.
Rrsofetsf, That similar proviso n ought to
6-' made for "iir red brethren who fought liv
our side, and all those confined in foreign
priaona during any part of the waruf isu,
if alive, ti n J alau to the priaonera in Tripoli, 1
who wi re forced to labor as slaves or felons. I
It dead, then to their Wid ws or children.
Kr$olted, That while we deeply deplore the j
untimely deatlia of ao many uf our brethren .
in arms, v.e pledge nuraelvea ever to aid und
protect their bereaved widows and orphan i, I
and here, on this ntosl int. .resting occasion, I
we extend to each other ihe right hand ol
fellowship and bind ourselves by every sit
ered obligatien to stand by each other while
we live, in defenae of all our rights at borne
and abroad.
Jtooiera, That Congreaa ought to extend
to the aeldlera of the lute war and their wid
owe, the aa mo penaiou ayatem adapted for
those of the Revolution, and the thouka of
this convention lire hereby tendered to those
just and generuua membera ul both Houses
who haio had the ncrVU nlrcudy to move in
this matter,
Rtiolvtd, That, in nur udgmeut, every
principle of justice require that invalid pen
sion should cuiunieuce from the time when
the wounds were received or dissbiiities i.i
curred in Ihe service ul the United States, 1
Reeolval, That our grateful acknowledg
ments are hereby tiindered to the lion. .Mr.
Droadhiad, Beuator from Pennsylvania, and
to other Senatora and Itepreaentativea who
have co-i perat id with him in endeavoring to
have justice done to us; ntid that we also re-
aognlteour great obligation to the patriotic
miliars ol the public press, w ho have so ably
and effii ieutly austained ur cause. We hope
tinny will not be weary in well-deillg but
spread cur present pro tdinga through their
columns, from one end of the Republic i
the ether,
Retolved, Thai each State delegation now
present be appointed a a ial committee Iu
wait upon their respective Senators ami
Representatives, and urge them to aid n ob
taining pistu e,
Kesotted, That in order to obtain justice
ler ourselves, and the widows and orphans
uf our decessed brother soldier?, it is impor
tant to Auve a complete organisation in each
State of the soldiers of the war of mu-'it
li M srat, Thst When we look hack on the 1
past history ol our country, ami the great re-
suita ul the war ol I4IJ, in securing the re
spect ot foreign natlone, in conselidstlng our
frie institutions, in Incresalng our love and
vencretl m for Ihe her es ami sages who es
tablished om ioiuilubls furmol Oovernment,
in provina .s Ul the inestimable value ol our
glorious Union end priceless liberty, "now A
tsrever, one and indivisible," we cannot for-
get our debt of gratitude to Jamea Madison,
who fearlessly receuimrnted the declaration
I war against Great Britain, or the brave
ii.' ii in Congress w ho voted lor it, led on by
the ism or tal Henry t iiy, William Lewndta, I
John C. Calhoun,
Kaswerat, That inasmuch as tl oas who par-
joruud military dot) hi the war ol I8g, ami
IMir ehibireu and representaiivea ure scut
,ered over all parte ol our vast territory, the
Cougresaof tie United I ta tea, in granting
u puailion, w ill entitle ItMlf 10 tho grate ul
irarcra ofwilliODI ol human beings, now
looking eltb anxious hopes tons audio them.
JsaMlsW, Thai the MnUttMnt to Wash
ingioii, now being erei u J Iu thii pity, is one
alike due u iu illuatrioua aervieee, and to
the Bitiooal honor, and ought to be finished
by i mi mu, with alt convenient speed,
Rittiiir,!, That sock Ul the Old Thirteen
statvs u hue not acted in relation to ihe
proposed eeuatrui lion ol ihe moeumeol to
the signers uf the Declaration ul Indepec- 1
deBci in ludrpendeuce Stiare, In Phiiadel- i
pi ia, tie respectfully rcqiu ited Ui take ids
ueceeeery steps to csrrj thai patriotic object
iulu ell' ' I
UrsWerJi That c pv ul our proeeediuin '
be forwarded to i lie Pre. idem uf ilie Uuited '
Mtutea, as well us to tho PresideBl oftllt 1
l'ni:d Slate Senate and to the Hpeakel ol
the House of Representstlves, with a rtMeal
to (he iu latter to lay thcni befojn thi.i u
sooetiffl Uouils. ,
CHRONICLE ft ADVOCATE 1
n. It. COWRRi Mltwri
Tin. it.oi'i.i:, aso nil in muter.
Friiliiy MoruliiK Jim. 19, l5-.
HIGH TAXES.
NUMBER TWO.
We liave asserted Iterclofore that the
Njwr CohstltUtlon,'ln the hands of its friends'
has been more expensive to the people of
I the State than the old, Now we desire no
j one to take our word for i'n truth, merely,
but to read attentively the following facta, j
I Facia are stubborn things, and we hive no
doubt the glorlfyrra of the Constitution will
"have a good time" getting over the follow
itiif array it least we hoM tl.ey will.
From the itatlstlca furnished by Hon.
Wnii Mtditl in his mtesage to the Legisla
ture last winter we glean the following '
facts;
For the eight years Immediately preceding
tin! adoption of tho new constitution tho
whole amount paid the Judiciary was (300,
DM, making an average enn unl cost ol (35,
713. In the two years following tho adop
tion of the New Constitution t4.Jlliiiouiii wa
paid lie Judiciary Was 9103,030, ail average
annual coal of Rol,6IOt In ibis single de
partment .-bow ing an outlay u itttt more tha ft
otiMtd ay ihe nperaMon of the "New Cun
atitiition iu the hands of Its friends," This
may Hot be rntire'y owing to the constitution
but it Is ow ing to the legislation of iis friends.
Thus in the tingle Item of the judiciary we
see an annual expenditure ol more th in SJ.i,-
tiou over the old administration, Quite a
toe; lit le pi!" we should ihoiti for one year
ami an) department!
Tne legislature next demand our attcn-
li oi. in the eight years immediately prece-
ding ihe adoption oi our present Constitution
the whole outlay lor this purpose was $31 I..
hi 3, making an average yearly coat of Qi,.
964, Iu ihe two years succeeding the adop
tion of the New ConatitUtion the outlay lor
the le gislature w us $ 170,'Jjj. making un air
nual average uf 080,137 Again as in the
c, i-e .if the Judiciary considerably more than
double. Dni, under the old ConatitUtion the
State paid ihe Legislative postago,' which is
now done away with. We find that ill eight
years there was expended lor postage S !",-
10 3, Inakiig'nn average annual outlay of
Q3,643. Adding this to the 038,004 we
have a yearly outlay for the Legislature of
041,609, before the adoption o! thu Now Con
stitution, against a yearly outlay of 085,137
since its adoption.
As a mitigating circumstance in reference
to ibis last outlay, we quote Gov. Mtditl'.
"Theexpanaes of the last (Joneral Assembly have
keen made ilia auoj ml n i!,',!i annua Ivoraion; but !
when it ia borne In mind thai upon that b(My de
volved lie reapnntlltlfl and arduous ihuy oi carrying I
into cif ci the Now ConatitUtion, enihrauiug the re- I
nrgauisiittun ol tli aulin (overimieui, nmeu oftliia
auiinadveraion lulla to thu ground aa uuniurited.1' i
Tho above extract embraces about tho on-
ly excuse we have ever heard for the tre-
mendolis increase of expenses in Ihe L"gis-
latlve department, ami the rriendaof the new I
Constitution. havo rung the changes upon it
for the last three years, until it bus become
perfectly stale. How much ol un excuao
there is in it we will si u silling It. The
flrat Legislature under the Ni w ConstitU
lion raised i he y r diitm of members fiotn
$3.00 to S l,(ii). The wagea of clerks, aer-geanta-at-arma,
messenger boys, & ., Sic,
were also raised in proportion. This then is
to be placed, iu the language ufliov. MtdUl
to Ihe account of "tho reepunaiblo and Br
ii IS duty ol carrying into effect the new
Constitution;" with what propriety wo leave
our readers to judge; Again tut salaries oi
common pleas Judgea wore rained from $1000
in $1500 per annum ihe salttrlea afJtdgea
of the Supreme Court, State officers, 8tc,
Sic, were raised, This then is to be attrib
uted to the responsible and arduous duty of
carrying into effect the New ConatitUtion."
A commit i'Hi waa appointed lo revise the
codes oi practice in our courts, by the recom
mendation of the friends oi tie ,Y Constitu
tion Tins was another expense. It may
luivi been needed probably wus, but wo are
justified in charging the cost ol it to the New
!onatitution .
iu a future number we will endeavor to
show that the lipping oil', by the New Con
stitution, of the three Associate Judges, so
lur from being a work o! economy, ia over
balanced by the organization of the Probate
Court. We think we can do this, and thus
show that ihe Judiciary, w hile it is not ren
dered one whit mure efficient, coutt donWe
w hut it did under the old system. Our sub
ject ("i(A i..ifv,") is i r uitrkable prolific 1
one, and we will da our utmost to place in'
tho strongest poetib la light the influence by
w inch the taxes are being inert-used, und do- I
monatrate who are riding the lux-payers!
"booted and spurred."
I
Governer's Official Duties.
i
In ihe Ohio ShtfSSMOA S report of the Sill '
lib Jan. supper appeared the following: l
Blh, Tkt ' muriatic AMIfthfrelOft ul I
OAie Fearless, able and incorruptible. i
This toast was received Willi cheer mi 1
cheer, and such calls for Qov. kledill were '
made as ought to li.ne brought hiw Iroin his 1
oflice, w here lie was necessarily detained by "
urgent offloUl duly. 1
l.toks quite baidaome in print, but the
w ind is most aw fully knocked out of il by
liov. Qrimr, oi the earns!, in the follow-
ng style :
Never i' il u ft, DraiherCox, when the iruthwillj'
toewer a bsitsr purpose, wesaw the oi l MIowvId
vii; bobbiiuj aoiweoii two ir. o bonuela ai ihe t he i
afUonceri at N. iiv 1 lull. ami we know be waataen t
r (he purpees oi duduini Ida lrienda,br fear be
ruuld have (o commit TuimaeTl in answer to done If
ech rklieulous in.ni. w
j-
Dtti 31, about I o'cloc k in (he morning a
uvy galea! Apinwul! resulted iu grcu( los
ii Invalid properly. U
The Democratic Convention.
The Demoenny (!) ofOhioat their 8lh of'
J anuaty Convention, besides nominal' tig a
ticket, pissed a airing of resolutions "as long
as the nrettl law" but like that law iu no
other particular. We give the resolves in
full in this paper. The Journal says it was '
the quietest and most peaceable convention
of the Democracy ever i?cen inColutnbus no
life no enthusiasm no hopefulnctl fer the
future '.noic M'lliiny. There is a beautiful
Consistency in Ihe resolutions one endorg-
in the Baltimore, platform, toother gulping
down tho Administration, Nebraska, Kansas,
and all. They seem 10 think that the exam
ples of Jefferson und Jackson, arc, iu their
reverses, as "a pil'ar of cloud ';y day, and a
pillar of lire by night," piloting them to u har
bor of safety.
On lltO question of Internal Improvements
the President hm spoken, and the Ohio
Democracy have echoed It, Our "salt water
Constitution" must be faithfully executed
Culm and the Sandwich Islands must lie B0
quired, whether with or without war, depo
nent saith not. The sixA feci ion of thefilh
resolution strikes a death-blow to that dcScr
vedly populsr ineaattre,the "Homestead Bill."
That exploded dogma of old fogy States
men, that Ihe safety of the country demands
tho observance uf compromises, is revived,
und u "sectional parly," for the thousandth
time, denounced as dangerous,
After the regular resolutions were offered
and adopifd. Mr. Sautnff) .Vncyr, of Au
glaize, thought he must have u clincher for
the American party, he therefore hud the
resolution which appears last, tacked on af
terwards, In relation to the ticket, we have only to
say iu r.ur humble opinion, il is doomed. Wit
ure soiry that Judge KrftfKMI is on it; lie is
u good man, and un excellent Judge, and it,
seems a pily thai he shnnld be butchered.
In days el olher years, w hen there was a rca
ronablo ohance of electing a ticket lie was
left off, but now be is to be offered aa a aac
rifice to appease the anger of the offended!
gods. It would have afforded us much plea
sure to vote for Judge Kcntlutl, as it Would
many other Republicans in this county, but
we can never vote for a man who isu candi
date of the ci mpact-hreakingi Orcytown
burning, steamboat-snugging, nigger-cat ch
inu', British-free-trude, Roman Catholic, De
mocracy !
,
0"I)r Drake, of Mt. Pleasant. Ohio, a
man of talent, and high standing iu his pro
fession died last Hi ck.
0r"ln giving place to the lullowing c.otn
munication in uur columns, it may not be
amiss to give our reasons. We know noth
ing of the matter of which "A Citizen" com
plains, nlld iu publirhlng it, we sincerely
hope wo are doing the Treasurer a favor, by
giving him an opportunity of explaining it.
The article is from one of the best citi
zens oi Flushing township a man actuated
by no personal feelings in the matter We
think It much belter always to publish such
charges than to auffbj them to scatter about
from mouth to ear, gathering as they go, and
placing it out ol the power of any one to re- 1
lute thoni. We have ever had great confi- j
dence in the sterliug, upright character of I
our worthy Treasurer, iu every station he has j
lilled and we must always think, il there he
any error in his Administration it is uf the
head not ol the heart. Our columns uru
open to hi in or any one else who desires to
auawer the article below.
For the Chronicle.
ROCKHILL, Jan. 4th, 1855.
Mr. Editor, Sir:- -
1 wan tins day called upon by the Deputy
tax gatherer for my taxes on persona1 prop- j
city, which I thought was paid in due time, '
and showed 111 1 1 ) my receipt, but, said he, that ;
is no evidence that the whole ia puid, and
upon examination 1 round that many uf my
neighbire were in the sane quandary.--
Thought us 1 did (hut they hud paid all, until j
iln y were called upon by Iho incumbents j
deputy. Now whose limit i.i this! Maui-
Costly the Treasurer's, lly his negligence, j
Flushing towns up will havo to pay some
twenty or thirty dollars. In staking out my 1
tux on personal properly when I paid it, and
making it out in his delinquent list, there
was a difference ol $1,83. Whether the
mistake was made first or lust, 1 cannot tell,
not knowing the amount of property I had
lisled. The amount bring small 1 forked
over the 1 83 cents, together with "o cams
mileage and lour per cent, rather than ride
to hie office and try to get it eorreeted, We
Will allow Ins honor to make some wist ikes,
but lo occur so lreiiient as ihev l.uve in this I
vicinity is beyond forbearance. Ami it teach-
ea us the Importance ol placing in office men 1
w ho in e honest and capable. Not that we
charge bun with dishonesty,but we iIj oharga 1
bun with incompetency. We might with '
propriety complain of the enormous taxes '
without being charged with mileage &c.,i'
when it was no fault of ours, it is robbing
nur lean pockets to rectify his mistakes.
Hut our only hope is that we wil. get men in i
iffice who will look well to tho people's in-1
lereeta,and to do this the corrupt incumbents j
hut now hold the principal offices of the!
Slate Of Ohio, muat be removed. Had WO
lit better aacrlfice party predilections, and i
lose our ears agiiusl public demagogisiu 1
ban to be trampled upon ai wo now ure. c
s it not time fellow citizens that we begin
o think lor ourselves, and to ae lor our- t
alves before the great avalanche of dee true- a
nni that is now hanging over this nation 1
Itall slide in, when il will he too lute to cor- h
eel I he ill',., I un, , I nur ... I ,
Yours, &c, A CITIZEN.
t.
0 Senators appear to a free pretty gen- u
rally that it cools them more than their
ight dollars a day to live at Werbiogtoa "
Illy, TUla nuy be true, but if they will dill- H
Mlly attend to the public business, lliev u
ill have u pood deal left, and it will not in- j
ire their health, credit, or morals. (t
J ,
Dec. 11 The bhockof an eurtbquukj VMImi
ill at San Frauciaco. j ltl
CONGRESSIONAL.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9.
SENATE.
Sundry bills from the home were taken !
up and re'erred.
Cieu. Cass offered n resolution thut the
officers and eoldlers of the w ar of the revo
lution, now sitting in convention in this city
be invited to occupy seals on tho fl or ol the
Senate during the session. Passed.
Senators Houston and .Morton appeared
und took their sea's.
Mr. Shields presented the petition of the
soldiers of the war ol 181 J, praying the Sen
ate to pass the bounty hind Wl now before
tin in, which was laid on the table.
Mr. Cooper presented a memorial from j
the Academy ol Science in behalf of Dr. j
Kane; referred to committee on naval affairs, ,
Mr. Clayton said, "I have been requested
by Commodore Stewart and oile rs, officers
of the U. 8. Frigate Constitution to usk for ;
a lemunerllon foe less occur! ng to them,
from the reception of the j0Vant,on the I0lh
ol March 1815, nt Fort Frays, by the British
Squadron) re'erred lo Committee on naval
u Hairs.
Mr. Douglass presented a bill in fuvor of I
ilo' conatruetion of the Pacific Railroad end
M ignctio Telegraph, rt fcrred.
Nr. Shields from the committee on Jmli
li ny reported buik with amendments the
bill lor the ro-urgenlxtitlon of the ntny, and ,
moved that il be printed. Agreed to.
Mr. Broadnead presented the petition of;
citizens uf Cumberland county, l'a . praying 1
the ertension of the bounty land laws.
The Senate resumed the consideration ol
the Judicial Reform hill.
Mr. Qiyer rein-wed his motion to strike
out tho first section.
A lengthy discussion Cniued On the amend
mont oi Mr. Douglass.
Measra, Mason, Butler, Tncey, Itu.-k and j
Coyer, argned against the proposition, and
thought the duly of Judges should be in the
appellate court utthe scat if government.
.Messrs. Chase, Pessondnr, Daw sou and
others favored the proposition for circuit duly,
but wil bout coining to a vote thu Senate ud-inurnod.
HOUSE.
Mr. Acken asked leave to present h me
morial of the Charleston Chamber of Com-1
merce, suggesting hate lender of mediation
be mud i by this Government on the Europe
en war.
Mr. Wuish objected.
A resolution wns passed terminating the
debate on the Pacific Railroad bill on the
Hilh.
House then took up the hill to amend the
act gra Ii Dtillg and reducing the price of pub
lic lands.
Mr. Dawson advocated his amendment,
Incotpoating on tho lull the main feuture tf
t lie Homestead bill, and fixing tho pri re of!
land at 2 cents per acre to actual settlers.
Mr. Ki heredg.1 gave notice of an amend
ment, Una 1 tl ng the benefits of the bill to native
citizens, and those new naturalized. Hill
was then laid aside.
Military Committee was, on motion, di
rected to inquire into the propriety ol send
Ing an amed f orce to New Mexico and Utah,
wiiii a gunto prevent Indian outraget,
House, then in committee, took u p the
Pacific Railroad hill.
.Mr. Latham spoke ut a considerable length
iu advocation ol the bill and also for a line
ol steamships from San Pranclsco to Shang
hai. When lie had concluded the commit- I
lee rose, and the House uiliourued.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 10.
Sematk. Mr. Poote presented a memo
rial from Qenrga P. Marsh, resident U. S.
Minister at Constantinople, priying a remu
neration for aervicea in a judicial capacity
and oe u mission to Greece. Referred.
Mr Toouis presented a memorial from the
Bur ol District of Columbia, that the House
bill in reference lo tho judicial tribunal of i
the District may pass the Senate. Referred
tu the judicial committee,
Mr. Duwion gave notion thrt ho had re- I
eeived a letter from the Mujoi of Savannah,
(ia. atating that that city suffered aeverely
tlie past year froai sickness and recently
from storms, that it is indiapenaable thut
the obstructions in that harbor be removed,
and asking him to report a special hill for '
ihnl purpose. To-morrow, Mr. Duw son suid,
he would report such bill.
Mr. Ilutler presented a memorial in oppos- '
it ion to the paiaagOof the judicial reform bill '
nuw belore the Senate.
Mr. Weller presented a petition from the
fficeri oi the urmy for remuneration fur loss 1
sustained by the dieasterto the Winfield Seoll 1
an the Pacific cons' .
Mr. Pratt offered a petition from mer
chants asking Congress to provide against '
the difficulties arising from the abolishment '
af corporal punishment of socmen.
Mr. Clayton offered a petition from Joel
Ware, asking further protection of American 1
manufacturers referred to ihe committee i I '
manufactures.
Il was moved that an assignment bo made '
an the in st Monday uf Feb, next fur the oun- 1
hidcrution ol resolulinns relating to the free- '
Jo,, i of religious worship In foreign conn-:'
tries agreed to.
Mr Bruudhead from ihe committee ol nu- 1
ral affairs, reported a joint rev. .lot i, oi lor .'. I
Jiiippuig one or more vessels lo be sent iu
htarcb of Dr. Kane.
The Semite resumed the consideration of j '
he judicial reform bill. The question '"'-I.
ng on Mr. Chaaea amendment to dispense j
villi circuit services, und reduce the nutn- i '
ler of Judges to six.
Mr. Bayard spoke at some length in op I '
losition to the requirements ot the cirouit I
luty ol tho Supreme Judge.
Without coining to a vole the Senate ud- '
eurned.
HOUSE.
Among other business M,-. Richardson : J
utroduced a bill lo improve the Mississippi '
liver and its tributaries. Referred to tho n
ommittee on Commerce,
The bill amendatory of the land gradua- '
ion was announced us tirsl in order, which j
us pending Duwson'a uiiieuduient, giving u
lomestead nf uo acres at fourteen and u ,
ulf cents an acre, on condition uf actual set
emenl at d cultivation. ,
Mr. Campbell did nut like (his way ul (
icking the homestead principle on this bill
ad then drawing it larough under Ihe ojier- M
lion ol the previous question. Let the
louse wait until the Hoinesteud bill, us u
1'iiiiad by Mr. Hunter, in tho Senate shall
use up, before they attempt to engraft the
umesteud provision.
Mr. Oir was opposed to take the Home- M
end principle ai the effect would be to take
e Common luud of all the Stales fur the
. ,i 0 ill draining Ihe old States lo aellle 1
i new. lureply to the quesiioa of Juues cii
Of Tenn., he said the natural increase of
population and emigration would settle the
territory.
Mr. Dtetoa showed lin t free grants of
lands was not a new principle, as asserted by
Mr. Orr. Il bus been the policy of the gov
ernment from its commencement.
Mr. Orr replied, saying that the tendency
of the times is to make tho people lean on the
government, when the government should
lean on the people, and it wos time to put a
stop to it.
Mr. Campbell then moved that 1 lie bill
and its amendments bo referred to Com. of
the Whole on the state of the Union.
The motion was lost, after a debate.
Mr. Duwson'a uincndnient was rejected,
7 J lo9ff and the bill was then negitived GS
(u M.
Adjourned.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11.
SENATE.
Mr. ltu-k red that the Pacific Railroad
hill be printed und referred in special com
mittee on Pacific Railroad. Agreed to.
Mr. IJadger moved lo talc up the bill in
oreaslng iho compensation of Congreaainen
and Culled Slate Judges.
Mr. Shields asked indulgence of the Sen
ator Irom North Carolina, tu enable him to
bring in i bill authorizing sales of land gran
ted Rock Island Railroad, in the State of III.,
and lor other purposes. Granted. Mr.
Siiiel d moved strike out all alter enaclng
clause, and Insert u substitute which gives
settlers u preemption right. Amendment
agreed to, und bill passed.
Mr, Badger renewed his motion to take
up the compensation bill. Agreed to.
HOUSE.
Mr. Qiddlnga of Nebrcaka, introduced bills
In establish post routes, und protect proprie
tors of towns, ond provide for a survey and
settlement of lint half breed trucks in that
territory "-referred.
Mr. Croker introduced a bill making appro
prlationa lor continuing the improvement on
Tuunton river referred to committee of
commerce!
The House took up the bill to re-modcl
the diplomat ic a ml consular ayategt of the
United Slates, und Mr. Perkins of La., who
reporled it Iriun the c iinmiltee of foreign al
fuirs, explained its provisions.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 12.
HOUSE.
A message was received from the Senate1
announcing the death of Moaea Norris and
communicating the proceedings.
Mr. Morrison paid u high tribute to the
political integrity, wisdom, and private vir
tues of the deceased. In conclusion he mo
ved the usual resolutions of respect.
Mr. Bay ley offered a brief tribute to the
deceased. The resolutions were adopted.
.Messrs. Morris, (.'handler, and Bayjey
were appointed as a committee to act with
that of the Senate to accompany the remains
to New Hampshire. The House is to join
in procession from his late residence to the
railroad cars, us a further mark of respect.
DEAD HEADS.
Ithin a few months past many nf the
Railroad Companies throughout the country
have been curtailing the number of "dead
hoods" or free tickets given out on their
roads. The National nlelligencer, referring
to the recent Railroad Convention in Virgin
ia, which took action on this subject, makes
the following truthful remarks:
"Tho Convention adopted a set of resolu
tions on the subject of Iree tickets, and na
med the functionaries who were to be enti
tled. In the list, editors ot newspapers are
not Included, We are not aware thai editors
in tl is vicioity has ever enjoyed ihis privi
lege, At the north it is called the "dead
head system." Bui perhaps no belter op
portunity will offer for the re rk that the
conductors of the public press have not abu
sed I he prlvi lege accorded to tliem. They
rarely can leave their Blduous duties at home
lor the purpose of u ride uponu railroad, even
under the temptutirn ol vory pleasant com-1
panv. The ediior is lucky who, once u year,
can withdraw himself from his daily toils to
make an eacursion, even when his pen is de
sired to 'note the proceedings.' We sup-1
pose thai as a matter oi course, the action of
Ibis Convention w ill induce the press also lo
abolish the 'dead head system,' and let no
columns and a hall columns for the benefits
af railroads appear In their papers without
lue compensation. The publishers of newS
papers would be decided gainers by this re
ciprocal arrangement."
Personally, we ure rejoiced that the Rail
road Companies liuve seen proper to take ,
his st(;i, it id we trust their example wili be
followed by Stage proprietois, Steamboat
jwners, and ull others connected wi'.h public
Bonveyauoes, The idea nai been ver prev-
ilent that editors more than any other class, ,
lave been the recipient! uf such courtesies;,
mil 11 reoent statement by an eastern railroad
company, show s that out of over five thou
land peases given over that road, but ssvenfo
ii these were enjoyed by the editorial frater
lltv. During the eleven years we hove been
tonneoted With ihe press we have never re-I
seived nor deeired a favor of this character
on the ground ul otii position w hile during
he same period the use of our coiumns has
lUt hundreds of dollars in the pockets of per- I
one connected with these various enterprl-1
vs Which would have been hundreds ol dol- I
urs to our advantage, had these items of:
courtesy'' been charged for us they should
uivo been. What is true with ourself ia also j
rue with aluvat ovary other publisher.
We too, ure in lor reciprocity; and il WOii
ire fortunate enough to raise the means t f
arry us to ihe editnrial Convention to Come
iff In Zaneaville un the itith uno l'th I net ,1
re shall make it our special duty to bring j
olore that body the subject of the future j 1
dead Heading" ol Railroad and Other Com-1'
anies. ' Render UntO Caesar the things;1
Il u t are Caesar's," is our motto. Adopt u '
Bale of prices lorn certain class of "special" '
r "complimentary" article which, under Ihe, '
resent gratuitous system seem lo these j '
entlemen Se be Indispeneable, and our word i 1
ir , theee Companies will very soon be I r
lade to appreciate iho Immenae advantages "
icy have heretofore realized from u habit of I u
Miereaity on the part uf publishers, which
use economists seem ts think ure extended 1
i them as a matter of course done purely '
r the good ol the public in general ami them- j 11
lvea in particular. Afasni Htuutmr,
s
Cam muss Ball. Upper tendoni, in 'ri
aw York city, are to liuve s ball at which J
lies are expected lo appear in Calico drees- "
That is progress in the right direction. ri
o
fjA Russian privateer, with a crew of
0 men, has entered the port of Sai: Frun- ft
ico. ;ti
Democratic Platform for 1855, In Ohio.
Hosnlved, I hnt the Bigluh at Jnnttn
rjr it en annl varsnre wiiieh tlm Demoo
rncy of Ohm nre ir(nnl tu honor; not on-
14 for the llluitrlout milltarv Rohleve
llneme of Andrew Jacks. m nmi his nun-
,bnloni in arms forty yean Ince.bui bo-
enuse the events and results nf thnt liny
will atwnyi he antwlated in iho mlnrli of
tlie Amencnn people with ibe eofrngo,
patriotlem endpurltv which nhnntotorlaed
'the civil cureerofiho llero of Net) Or
Iran. Hesolved, Thnt we tnrneatl reoom
metiil tu the Denvcraitc preai of the State
. ir republish, it the boa) irlbnto lo the
memory of the departed chieftain nml
nnge. the Fttrewoll Addroaa of Andrew
I Jackson, dolivered to his countrymen on
I the ; l of March, Hi;i7 i legnoyn wor
i thy of reverence, n creed of Democratic:
truth at sound mill Invaluable, M ibp In
j augural Address of Thomni JetTersun in
I lot.
i Rusolvod, That ihe names nnd e.tnm-
pies til Jeli'ersiiii and Jnttksun nre u tower
nf strength, whenever lumporary rovers
es occur to the Domocinuc party; and, as
in ITUSnnd 1824, our mono lor fotura
conflict and victory ehnll be FoRWAto
forgetting those tilings which nre behind,
and pressing forward unto those things
winch ere belbre,
Kctolvod, That i la lite duly of every
jOhio Democrat to tieionnlnc, and by this
declaration of aenllmont we nropote 10
proclaim, those immodinte and urgent Is-
auee of 'tate and National policy, upon
iwhichtha Democracy nre fully agreed)
but which cnu only ho se:ured 'o the peo
ple by 'uuiontConcesalon und harmony
everything for thu cause; nothing fur
muni"
Resolved, That wo demand fro i ihu
Democratic majority In Congress,
i l. A rovislon of the Tariff of . l; -1 0 .
wiih ihe double purpose of reducing the
nmnunt ef luvenue, tmd excluding the
pn nclple of bounties io special interests.
Co-operntion, by etncieni measures,
in tlm restoration to tho Statu of iho con
stitutional cun-ency of gold and silver.
,'!. Uostl'lty to a general sysieni of In
ternal Improvements, in accordance wifh
, hu principles expressed in the recent veto
' message of ihe Executive) but ejust nml
1 impartial application within the limits con
templated by tho Conatliution, for Lake
and river improvements, as well ns for
the harbors of the Aliunde nnd Pacific
' couats,
4. Uncompromising hostility to any
attempt of the Ijuropenn power toquab
1 lish colonies on, or to extend their nolit
! Ictll systems over, any part of this conti
nent or the islands adjacent thereto.
, 5. Tlie acquisition and 011110x11' ion 10
our Union of Cuba nnd tlie Sandwich
Islands, at tho earliest moment consistent
with our national honor,and the securing
jo f a passage noross the Isthmus lor our
Commerce in peace, and our armies in
! war.
tl. The speedy passage of n law pin
Icing tlie national domain, in limited quun
1 lilies, within iho leach of actual settlers,
j at a price not exceeding iho necessary
! expenses of acquisition nntl survey,
j 7. Loonomy iu public expundituresjtho
invaslmeni of the public revenue for the
1 redemption of the national debt) and
rigid eniorcemeni of the Independent
j Tioasury act.
Rostilvetl, That the Democracy of Ohio
j arc attached to ihe Union of iho States,
j and 10 the Constituti-n, in which are ex
pressed ihe principles nnd ihe compromi
ses upon too luiih of which tho Union
j was origin, illy established, nnd bv n strict
adherence to which ulone that Union can
be preserved; ami they denounce, as dan-
genius 10 the peace and liberties of ihe
I country, all attempts to organise political
pariies with reference io geographical or
soctitmal distiuclions,
Ri solved, That this Convention, in behalf
of the Democracy ol Ohio, hereby affirm the
platform of resolutions adopied Ht the Na
tional Democratic Convention which assem
bled at Baltimore in June, lSjiJ, as u clear
und distinct declaration of uur political prin
ciples. Hesolved, That 'lie people of Ohio, now,
us ihey havo always done, look upon slavery
as an evil, und unfavorable to the develop
ment of the apirit and praotieal benefits of
tree institutions; and that, entertaining these
ssntimeuts, they will at all times feu 1 it tu
ho their duty to use tt'l power cleurly given
by the terms ol the national compact, lo pre
vent its increase, to mitigate and finally to
eradicate the evil) but be it further
Resolvodi Thai the Democracy ol Ohio do
at the same lime fully recognize tlie doctrine
held by the fathera uf the Republic, and still
maintained by the Democratic party in all
the St ties, that to each State belongs the j
right to udopt and modify its own municipal
laws, le regulate its own internal nffiirs, to !
hold and maintain an equal and independent
SUVereignty With each and every State, und
ihai upon these rights the National Legisla
ture can neither legislate nor encroach.
Itc solved, In the language of the Continen
tal Congress, adopted forty days utter the
Declaration oi Independence, that ''it is u
wise policy to extend the protection of our
luws to all who shall settle among us, of
whatever nation or religion they may be.and
to admit them to u participation of the ben
efita of civil und religious freedom," that we j
therefore proclaim the language of Jefferson !
as our parly creed, to wit. "B )ual and exact ' ,
justice to ali men, of whatever stale or per
suasion, religious or political;" and we here
by reiterate the declaration af successive j
Democratic National Conventions, from lii3ti:
lo ISM, namely: "That the liberal principles
embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of
Independeoe and sanctioned by the Constitu-
lun, which make ours the land of liberty und '
he asylum ul the oppressed of every tuition,' 1
lave ever been cardinal principles in the '
leinocrutie faith; and every attempt to a-I '
iridge the privilege uf becoming citizens andi'
he uwuers of soil among us, ought to be ,
esistet! with the same spirit w uch swept iho 1
lien and sedition laws from our italUleM
'ooks." I c
Resolved, That we will labor for tho elec-
ieu ol a Democratic majority iu the Qener- 0
I Assembly of Ohio, pledged (o the following 8
loaeuresi '
1. A law withholding the remedies jf oui
Itate courts troin such banks or bankers us j
t'fuse to pay their taxes according to tlie t
lunstltutloa and laws uf Ohio; and forbid-! (
ing the Stute Treusurer or County Treusu
tri from receiving the notes of such banks ,S
r bankers in payment of taxes. tl
3. An exercise by the General Assembly ' tt
f Ihe power granted jy the Constitution, to a,
'strict the taxation by tlie authorities of ei-J
cs and incu-perated villages, as well aa of
county commissioners. thereby prcvcntisAV(fl
abuse of such pewer."
Resolved, Thnt w e recognize in the DaqflH
ocratic Administration, State ami NationlH
rearleea (!)consincnt and pntriotic auxilidH
riea in tho above and kindred measures otM
Democratic policy, and therefore worthy of '
the confidence and support of every DoQjUf i
fl
Resolved, That we present to the Democ
1 racy of Ohio (he above nomination, as a
ticket rully deacivlijr n triumphant election
in October; ond totnoir success and to the"
ascendency of Democratic principles involved
, in their election, we pledge ourselves and
those when wercfrcsent.in the coming cam"
pa i n of 1855.
Resolved, That he union of the Dcmo
cratic newspapers nt the capitol the Statu
man f Democrat mcela with our hearty
concurrence, as conducive to the harmony
and integrity ofthepsrty; and that it course
since united, mcetswith tho cordial appro-
vat and deserves i he cordial support of (ho
1 Democracy of Ohio.
Mr. Huutayc Sumjer's resolutioa wis as
fotlewai
Resolved, That the Convention enter their
: solemn protest against the principles of the
j bill lately introduced Into the United States
j Senate, by Mr. Adams, in relation to thl ' Ti
I naturalization of foreigners.
EUROPEAN NEWS.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC.
NlW Yosk, Jan. 11. The Baltic arrived
at half past three ibis afternoon. She bringa
I Liverpool dutea to the 30th of Deeemc e
The government of France has contracted
j for a large loan.
Affairs nt Sebastopot remain unaltered.
Tho speech of Emperor Napoleon to tlio
I legislative assembly ; is said to be very war
; I'ke In tone, and makes no mention ofsny
' prospect of peace. It was immediately fol
lowed by the voting of 500,000.000 francos,
An important meetln ofth? representa
tives of the rive powershas been held at Vi
ennu, but the result has not yet transpired.
Tlie Uussians atill continue to make Jsor
t'es. Three has been made from the city
and one from the harbor.
The allies received 18,000 reinforcements.
The weather is more fuvorable.
There is nothing new in tlie attitude of
Austria or Prussia.
The foreign enlistment bill has passed and
Parliament had adjourned.
The Bullion in the Bank of England has
decreased 18,000.
Lard unchanged with msderatc demand at
previous rates. 5. ales of Beef small, but
prices firm. Pork advanced.
The Baltic left Liverpool early or. the
morning of the 30th, with 83 passengers, in
cluding Commodore Perry.
The Africa arrived out at noon of tha 24th.
The Sarah Sands put into Cark with her
sails damaged. She would proceed after re
pairing, without returning te Liverpool.
The Arabia sailed froai Marseilles en the 31
st. With lci io French troops fer the Crim
ea. A high diplomatic coalerance was to bo
held at the residence of the British Minister
In Vienna on the tJStli. Tne ambassadors
of England, France, Austria, Prussia, Uus
sia, and Prince UotschakofT, are to take part
in the discussion. Tho conference ia to be
ol a positive character.
Vienna dispatches to the SStb, says 7ot
achukoff presentod a rote, received from St.
Petersburg. to Count Buol, which ia believed
to be an unsatisfactory, but not the final re
ply of Kusoia.
The Pitiiaiana mission loLon Ion, of which
high expectation has been formed, it is sur
mised was merely the bearer of an autograph
letter to the Queen and instructions to
watch certain known revolutiunists. 9
Affaire remained unchanged ut Sebastu
pol on 30th of December.
The Russians claimed to be doing consid
erable damage to the approaches of the al
lies: nevertheless the French had their third
parallel mounted with Cannon.
Reinforcements to tlie ullies, amounting
to 18,000, arrive! on Dec. 18th.
Prince Mona.hikoff is sick and Oiten
sacdeu is in command.
Five thousand Turks have landed at Eu
paloria. The destination of Omer Pasha's array is
kept secret.
GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE OF NEW
YORK.
ALBANY, N. Y. Jan. 2.
Gov. Clark s message shows the receipts
in the general fund to be J$ 1,955, 000; pay
menta SI. 8 17,000. It is anticipated that
there will be considerable reduction on tho
receipts in consequence of a reduction oi
tuxes, and reduction of receipts of tho canal.
Debts of the general fund up to 30th Sep
tember, 83,355,000. Capital school fund
lias increased is Ij.uoo ,'uring the year. Re
ceipts of the canals for the yenr 82.0.89,000,
expenditures $1,1288,000. Tito surplus does
not meet the purposes for which it was de- 4
signed by 8104,000, which ii attributed to
commercial embarrassments and short crops.
On the '. juor questiun the Goveroor'a
vietva are of considerable- length, strongly
advocating prohibition; citing many forcible
arguments, lie considers prohibition ciear
ly within the limltl of the Conatitutiondioptg
the bill w ill be framed so aa to secure tha
lupproesion of the liquor trada, without ,in
lerfering with just personal rights; strong'
lenouncea the repeal of tho Misaouri Con
premise considers'its restoration demand!)
or the security of peace and permanent wel
ure of c immunity.
A LvoRT DittKEV Gabriel I. M. ReaV
ran, Said a bright, intelligent negro, own
tear New Orleans, and hired out by his ma
er as a steward on steamboats, on the low
l v i ' i.' lucky holder of ticket Noi .
, in Janes' great gilt enterprise, and ht
Irawn the farm valued at 835,000. He has
n a well written letter, notified the commit."
ee of his condition, and accepting of their
ash oiler. He request them, personally, te
ecuro the freedom of himself and family first
nil then pay him the balance over the expea
es to atari him in the world. The appeal ia.
hrilling and affecting.
f. y-On thelilh inst.. a resolntion waa int
roduced into the Senate of illlinois, inatruc
ng the Senators and Uepreaentativea of that
late, in Oongrose, to vote for the Repeal of
le Misaouri Compromise. It is exfected
i pass- What will become of the little gi
lt, Douglass, if such lilting should hap-;n

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