Newspaper Page Text
CANTON, STAKK COUNTY, OHIO, JUNE 23, 1869.
. I .-l
I P. J. PUSTCHEBT, ; i .
ILXIN AND "ORNAMENTAL
i X llstrev. Canton, Ohio, t , ' nootf
- C. .J. GJEIGER, , ,.
DRUGGIST, "East Tuscarawas St,
- R.-G. WILLIAJttS CO.,
TARUOOISTS A THARMACEU-
U T1STS, aud General Dealers in
I'rurS Paints, Oils, Patent Medlines,
J iH-e-tituffa, Mist doer west of Post
jOmca, Alliance, Ohio. jWsT- Prweorip
tlona prepared at all boars, day or night.
: morn . i i
" 1 TV T ERCHANTTAILOR. and Deal-
- i 1VL Cloths, ClulnirH, V eatings.
ji- .-jgrnmaf ana ggflg-ginmng.
'STARK COTJHTY DEMOCRAT,"
. a , McGREGOR A BON, Publlsh-
rt .n. and Plain " Fancy Job Print
ers. Empire Block, Cuntou, Ohio.
' k' ' ' . HIRAM THURSTON',
BOOK-BINDER and Blank-Book.
Manufacturer. All orders from
' abroad promptly attended. Bindery In
1 tlartwr's Block, (up atars.) ,
urnitutt & saadertaWaff.
" J- B" McCREA, & CO.,
EURNJTURE DEALERS AND
VNI&aXAKRRS, tUaat -Tuacara-was
PRI1TCE 4THAAS, "
M DEBT AKERS Metallic, and
and all kinds of Cothna always on
band. Two Hearses alwaya In readi
ness Eaet Tuscarawas street. '
i; "lSnOTOGRAIMIER.iic: Farttcu
I lar attention given to copylug- and
- ill enlarging .picture.- Of at frames and
Albums constantly on band. Booms in
I ( Matbews'a Blook, South Market street.
" 1 ''-JnnelS'Wtf ' ' ' ' " : '"
; " ,. J. H, SIDDALL, ( ..
1 ! i TYENnST-Offlcea Harter'ariunk
) Block (up stairs.) All operations tn
' l Mechanical lentlstry performed la the
Intest and moat approved manner. He
won Id oall eapecial attention to bla Gold
Filling, in which, in the words of the
1st A. Ward, -he is excelled by few
and eqnalleJ ry none." " "
I IS, I J. 'J A- J. D0UL3. J ).:.
SURGEON" DENTIST -Offlco (up
stairs " above Ueable Uro.'s Jewelry
., Htore. - All 'operations oonnectel with
(be proreastOB prea ptly a lendd te.
D. HASTES At BROTHER,
TlANKEES-East .Tuacarswai Si.
. t J jUcaivo iVpoalU. Loan Money, buy.
iiOwki, Silver, Band six! Ownpoumi in.
Aerest Note-. - KaoUaaee UoaKb'-' ad
uitnRtM vr. rr. . au.rjwuiKBiBitK.
.RAFF & SGHSEIDEH.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office
XV is Harter'a Block, (up mairM) Canton,
Ohfcu.' ; , '- ' aprlLf
UV. Utiles f.ailt'wni-
BIERCE & THOMPSON,
A TTORNEYB AT LAW, Akron,
JWiL. McKINLEY, - .
ATTORNEY AT LAW Office in
Eajrle Vtlock-over National Bank,
ML. U. JUUiLLUua,
A TTGRNEY AT LAW. and Gen
.-errt OoUecting Agent, Carthage. Jas-
nr county. Miaaonri
O' k tTORNKY 'AT .LAW, Notary
XL Public and Military Claim
Alliance, Ohio. ' ; '',,
, . SCHAEFER & LYHCH, ,
V ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Office
. . IXin Opera-iiouse Block. ' i
t -GEO- E. BALDWIN,
. A TTORNl!.Y-
Kugle -Block (upstairs.) ,
J. Vf. McC0RD;r
ATTORNEY' AT LAW,' and Gen
eral Coll eot loo Agent. Alliance, O.
' Business entrusted to his care will re
cti re prompt attention. 25tf :
JOSEPH CREV0I3IE,' Jr.,
NOTARY PUBLIC Office north
eaat corner of Publio Bquare. He
will attend to drawing deeds, mortgages
no wars ef attorney. JLe. In addition to
tbe English, be also speaks tbe German
nd French lannuaeea. lie will also
procure passports for persona wishing
. J4 9 l9 Bro h 7
,; ::v.l J. O. WIIXIARD, j
nOUNTY SURVEYOR Office In
J the Count v Recorder's office in the
Wlkldal Building, where be can be
' found wben tn the city ; if not, any bu
siness wanted, can be left with Jacob
Keplinger, Esq., County Recorder, who
' will rive due notice to uie..
' . Tbe law authorise tbe County Sprvey
or to take tbe acknowledgment of any
instrument of writing : be will therefore
writ and acknowledge Agreements,
Mortgagee, Deed. 4a., Ao , at fair prices
ana upea ins shortest notice.- i
- Canton. Jan. IS laWl.
. . OTTO WDTTZRHALTER,
- and Jeweler, and Dealer in Watches.
Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware R-
' pairiag neatly done, on abort notloe.
No. gle Block. , utbS'tiUtf
j . BZTJSLE & BROTHER,
"HEALERS IN WATCHES,
I Clocks. Jewelry. Rilyerwwv, Ac
lsi4 side Of Pablle dtiaare. Repairing
done on short notloe.
-A;i ti J. A- MEYER,' ' i
t TXEALERlrf AMERICAN AND
'"lyrorelrn watches. Clocks, esuver
'ware -an 4 r"ancy Goods Northwest oors
' ' eor or Public sqnare. rte pairing neauy
- -expeditiously and aausraotoruy uone.
BY A. SFOIEiHAUER At Old
Depot. Uuesto properly cared for,
t ibile uWrstf. tnayl'nar
T OUI3 OHLIGER, Pboprietob
j North Market atreei.
IDANIEI) 1 BQUXtBECrf At
titalkn AUlanci. Ob 1(4 MtW's
always in reacunee on amvat ot cars.
, J.,CL BARTLETT, M.D1 i '
pHYSTClAN 'AND SURGEuN
A Oiuoa on tVJJV luscarawas oireei,
m.,1 nnnoalte - the American - Hotel
ran ton, Ohio.. Dr. Baxtletl hope-to
merit a fair sbsre ol the patronage of
etttzeea of CanUMiairl nsl-rliberrug mnr
eteyL lUtnar beoud etaieoia aKill
hours, day ana mgui, wueu i"
tatonallyengagow. , ' wa-ydtf
1 JUYSICIAN AND SURGEON
A Omce and Residence on wesi
Aarawas Rtreet. next door to Lutheran
Charcb. .AH sitrabiAascRe ned -chronio
diseasee treat SvU- Kcaiiapl SktteaUon J
jirofimional calls. jnnelByl
New ! York, Store.
J3ERPETUAL MOTION IN
Clieapand Good Goods at. Low
Imposition Hated ! - Opposition
Courted! Comparison Invited!
1 .Competition Defied !
The Value Always Given In Ex
change for your Money !
'We respectrally Invite tbe publio to
call and exmuilue our lare and new
Comprising a Large Stock of
Silk aud "Wool Poplins",
Striped Poplins,- ' V
All Wool Plaid, only C3 cts. per yd..
Alpacas ail colors,
French Chintzs, Striped A Figured,
Percales solid colors,
Striped and Figured Lawns from 20
" Up tO 43 Ct3.
Carpets at low prices. - " '
' Also, a Full Line or ( .
White Goods. Notions,
Balmoral Sklrto, Hoop Skirt?; :
Corsets. Counterpanes. '
. . Shawls, Lace Curtain Goods,
White Silk Handkerchiefs.
. We also call your attention to the Do-
' Fruit of the Loom,
' ' Red
Waltham, i ' . ' .
I ' ' ..I-''
All the above brands are one yard
wi.le, and at prices ranging from 121 np
W have also on band also on band
full line of Brown Muslins, a full yard
wlilv sttlllnir from 10c ud to 18c
We sell tbe above brands by tbe piece
at wholesale prices.
we bave a good line of calicoea from Co
ud to 15.
w haves full Hue of Shoes which we
are closing out at cost, as wedon't iutend
to deal in shoes, we offer great bargains
In that ileDsrtment.
Give us a call no trouble to show
Goods, i ,j 1 A. K. MIUL.KK.
BujOtf- --wVth W. H. DAUUUADAT.
'HE WORLD'S' MOWER AND
IT I11S SO F.qUAL.
It JJows It Drops t Self Rakes.
This mabln Is the hsryest KStheriDg of twen
ty josit ezperleose' m the mfoofactare of Aifri
caltarsi Machinery, sod takes rank with the
Drlntlna? areas, enelne. lathe and
locomotive la the qualities or precision
staunchness and durability.
Its foundation Is a single piece
ef eelld Iron, ofshape to resist all possible
Its Bearing is shaped to stan
dard suase and each Cut out ef
solid Iron with mathematical ex
aatness.. . ; :i ......
The wjrki&g parts srs siise permanent
ly fixed that theyesnnot vsry. sod are fully
protected from water, dutv grass
and all other causes of disturb
Bjnhosei autsns ws reduce friction to
the lowest point-stop the self do
Structlon common to all roogh cast machines
avoid breakage In HARVEST
SMars EASY D AFT snd ths asms OU
H ABILITY which nartaln to CUT GEAR
la othor kinds ef maehinery. TO WORLD
as hsem tasted three Tears,. I a the hands C
the most Intelligent A RELIABLE
FAMERS III THE LA n D. all of whom
write la declaring that comparaUvelv,
THERE IS NO OTHER HAR-
' XT TC3rTX7' T
Ftr rtiees aad eoaplete lalormation sddrsas i
i E. BALL et COMPANY. '
. , ' l . CANTON. OHia
TT EEPS ON HAND A LARGE
IV and tins assortment of
Metallic Burial Cases
Wolao lav out and prepare remains
for burial, when deaired. Shrouds, Crape
dtc.. furnished. . w
. , t e, -s r ' . ' 4
ALWAYS II BJtAPmass. .
V have: tbe- mott eltxrant ana
Anatlv Hearse in this section, tor use
which 3 charge nu wurv uu m
rates. ... '..''' '
, '. v-nnerala attended in the country, and
at a very moderate charge. .
T vivathaTTNTJCRTAKlNQ my spe
cial attention, and. after twenty years'
experience iu tbe business, I dely com pe
Orders for Obolas'a'iid Tl Art ills left
my Furniture Koouis, four doors east
tbe American uoiei, bast -i uscarKwaa
street, will receive prompt attention,
J. B. McCRBA.
W 9 av
: Cahton', Tab,' tfr ' '
. , -; a. McGregor, Editor,
PROCEEDINGS of THE STARK
PROCEEDINGS of THE STARK COUNTY DEMOCRATIC CENTRAL
The Stark County Democratic Cen
tral Committee met at the office of
A. McGregor, on the 20th ult, pur
suant to call,and were called toordre
by the Chairman,- Wm. A. Lynch,
On motion, Saturday, the 26th day
of June, 18G9, was fixed upon as the
day to hold the Primary Meetings to
form a ticket to be supported at the
ensuing October election.
The following were the places se
lected for the Primary Meetings :
Paris .Township Paris, Roberts
ville, New' Franklin,' Minerva and
Loutzenheizer's School House.
Washington Strausburg, Bryan's
School House and Mt. Union.
1 Lexington Alliance and Lima.
.Marlboro .Mew .Baltimore, Marl
boro and Nees's School House.
Nimishillen Louisville and llar-
Usnabnrg Usnaburg and Charles
Dewalfs. ' '
Sandy Waynesburg & Magnolia.
Pike- Henry Martin's.
, CantonCanton. ' J
Centre School House.Middle Branch
and Cook's Tavern. - i f
Lake Uniontown. Oreento wn.-
Cairo and Hartville.
Jackson McDonaldsville. Bridge
port and Peter Boron."
.ferry juassuion ana ltichviiie.
Sugar Creek McF arren's School
House and Culler's School Bouse.
Tuscarawas Brookfield. B r e tz's
School House.JEast Greenville and
Stana's school House.
Lawrence Canal Fulton and Law
The noil -book a will bo ODened i
1 o'clock, Wednesday, June 30th ; and
any returns not in before the adjourn
ment or the Committee on that day,
will not be received nor counted.
On motion, a Democratic Conven
tion be held at Canton, at 1 o'clock on
Wednesday. June 80th, 1SC9, to ap
point delegates to the State conven
tion to be held at uolumbus.July 7th
18CU. . -
The Democracy ' ot each township
are also requested to elect at the Pri
mary Meeting, one delegate to the
Senatorial Convention, (except Can
ton and Perry which shall each have
two) to be held at some point and
time to be agreed on hereafter.
WM. A. LYNCH, Ch'n.
LEVI McKINNEY, Sec'y.
THE LACK OF
Considerable excitement exists at
Mt. -Vernon, Ohio, over the-removul
city and the appointment or Noah
Boynton, a brawling, radical politi
cian. Mrs. llooa the wiaow of a
soidier, was appointed to the post-
office about two years ago on account
of her good character and the need
of henelf and. her orphans. While
she was In office, no charge or com
plaint was made against her, and
she kept herself aloof from parties.
None supposed that she would not be
continued in office by Grant, but, to
make all sure, she visited Washing
ton some weeks ago and received his
positive promise that she should not
be disturbed.. - She returned home,
confiding In his word, .assuring her
family and friends that all was right,
but to her utter amazement, she was
removed in a few days, without pre
vious warning, and no, explanation
was given her or has since been glv
en her. Such breach of faith toward
a woman, each downright lying to a
soldiers widow, Is indeed utterly
A meeting of the citizens was held
a few evening ago in the Court House
at Mt Vernon, which is thus sketch
ed by a correspondent of a' Radical
paper, the Cincinnati Commercial,
One of the largest indignation meet
ings ever held in Mt. Vernon was
held in the court-house on Saturday
evening, June 5. The Hon. Henry
a. cuxus, j.'re8iaeat oi tne jvnox
County National Bank, . presided.
The meeting was composed or . lie
publicans, and held to protest against
the removal oi jsira. jm.. Lu jaooci.
the present efflclent Postmistress at
Mt. Vernon. - jura, iiooa is tne wia
ow of one of our brave soldiers who
died while In service, and as a mark
of the high esteem in which hia ser
vices were held by the uavernment,
his widow had been appointed Post
mistress ol this city, and Had given
universal satisfaction. Strong reso
lution?, deploring the removal and
respectfully, requesting the President
to reconsider hia action in ' tne -ease
and retain Mrs. Hood in the position
she now holds, were adopted with
out a dl3senung voice, iier remov
al does not meet the . approval of
large majority of the Republicans of
tniiciry. ' ; . - - f T
Grant's new organ, "The Imper-
ialUC praises the Grand Army oftne
Republic, and tells precisely the num
ber of fighting men it can bring Into
the field at-an' bcur's notice." It
says: 'It is a disciplined army of fou
hundred thousand strong. This si
t As w ii n sv4 atlA a wsert wi f jira t
entire North.'r This advocate of
monarcny is ;tne connaenuat organ
of the Grand Army of the Repub
lic." The 'Grand Army of the Re
public," drilling to overthrow the
Republic and establish a monarch.
would be a fitting finale to the reign
of deviltry inaugurated by the elec
tlon of Lincoln. ' '
A Woman, .Mrs. Nincy B. Madan
has been found guilty of murder In
the first degree, In Massachusetts
The New York 7W8uh -says: "Hang
her? certainly not. The moral feel
ing of the Commonwealth would not
boar it,"" vrbCJhla ihe -Baltimore
The "Moral feeling" of Massachu
setta bore very well the hanging of
Mrs.' Surratt, a lady; for ri crime of
which every one now believes her as
innocent as the child unborn. . What
delicate sensibilities, to be snrel
His Imperial Highness Grant rode
from the White House to the scene
of the nigger riot in Washington on
Monday afterthe row was over, prob
ably inspected he dead bodies of
the killed? 8moke Jils ciga, and
rode back to his quarter in the Im
! 1 ' I
, , J
Tub Southern ladies lately decora
ted the graves of their dead, r With,
them It Was no poltleal move
HOW MR. HARVEY'S SALARY
WAS PAID IN SPITE OF CONGRESS.
A correspondent of the N. Y. Ex
press writes in relation to the at
tempt of the late Congress to defraud
Mr. Harvey, the American Minister
Lisbon, of his salary for three
years Inconsequence of a private let
ter; to Mr. Seward In defense 'of An
It will gratify all the friends of
honesty and fair dealing to know
that Mr. Harvey received his salary
regularly during the whole period
referred to his quarterly drafts on
juanng iiroa. always being acceptea
by Mr. Reward, and the amount paid
by the Harings being reimbursed out
of the surplus fund ot Consular fees.
liad Air. uewaia allowed our Minis
ter's drafts to be dishonored, the
Government would undoubtedly
have been subjected to heavy dam
ages in the Court of Claims. Tne
malice or tne i-tadical congress, tnere-
fore, fell harmless. They were com"
pletely outwitted by the Secretary of
State and in a perfectly just and leg
al manner. Th6 difference between
them was, that he knew what he was
about, and they did not. And. here
is where the laugh comes in." " ,
The present Congress, becoming
tterly ashamed of the mean conduct
of the last Congress, "appropriated
$23,000 for the three years' salary.
The Wayne County (Ohio) Demo
crat discharges the following rather
pungent paraphrase at a leading New
York newspaper: dn. Enquirer.
"This World is all a fleeting show,
To our illusion given; -"Tis
not a source of joy buf woe,
Where.much deceit and venom flow;
It. did not hail from Ileaven."
The above firtt appeared in the
Stark Co. Democrat. Mr. Enquirer.
When GrAnt.'was running last fall
we were told he "ibied to be a Demo
crat," that be was very conserva
tive in hid views." His conservatism
seems to hare taken flight and he is
now earnestly running the Phillips,
Sumner A Co, nigger machine.
It is said Sumner's effort to "make
the Alabama British question the is
sue this fall, has proved a failure.
The other radical issues having prov
ed also lauures, the wonder la now
what hobby they will find to splurge
and yelp on this fall. -
Hojt. George H. Pendleton is
6 till confined to his lied from injuries
received from being thrown from a
buggy, by a runaway team, several
weeks ago. (
The Man that Sold the Last Darkey.
key.. . -
Wm. B. Stokes, the candidate of
tne ultra Radicals for Governor of
Tennessee, is chat fc-ed by Gov- Senter,
as the man that "Hold the last negro
that was ever sold in Tennessee, at
Hayes negro sale house, in Nash
ville, in 1861."
This Stokes is now one of tbe Rad-
cal members of Congress from Teu-
nessee, elected by negro and cart et-
During the war. Stokes was chars-
ed not only with being a bitterseces-
bionUf, but with ralsiag a company
to fight against the old flag. When
elected to Congress, an effort was
made to prevent his taking the oath,
but as the fellow was a radical, he
was admitted to a set. Now he goes
for giving the negro that he sold in
1S62 the right tovote, while he de
prives the white men of the right.
meae negro traderc.after having"dis-
poeed of their surplus "live stock
turning Abolitionists, make the most
radical of Radicals in love for the
negro going farther than the most
Ditter ot the old Abolition tribe.
But a few vears since it -was nroven
that the candidate of the anti-Demo
cratic party in Ohio for Judge of the
Supreme Court, not only sold all his
own, but tbe slaves belonging to his
wire, in the utate of Mississippi, and
pocketing the proceeds, removed to
Ohio, and set up political trade as an
opponent or slavery. Elected to the
enice of Judge, one of his judicial de
cisions was that the term, "freetoA&e
male citizen or the united btates,"
meant a saddle-colored mulatto of
the half blood, and being only half
black, mulattos were white, and had
a right to vote.
Congressman Stokes, who sold the
last negro as a slave that was brought
to the auctioneer's hammer In Ten
nessee, expects to be elected as the
Negro Surrrage candidate for Gover
nor of that State, just as Judge Ghol-
son, who sold bis slaves in Mississip
pi, was elected as the Abolition
candidate ior juage or tne supreme
Court in Ohio. Perhaps he may be,
but we doubt it . ,(1
A Touching Story.
The Hon. A..HJ Stephens, ofGeor
gia, in a recent address, at a meeting
at Alexandria, lor the bene lit of tbe
Orphan Asylum and Free School of
that city, related the following auec
VA'poor little boy on a cold night,
with no home or roof to shelter his
head, no parental or.maternal guard -Ian
or guide to protect or direct him
on his way, reached at night-fall the
home of a wealthy planter, who tooK
him in, fed and lodged bim, and
sent him on hia way with his bless
ing. These kind attentions cheered
his heart wrifljricxtirofi him wljh rrooia
courage lo oattie with the obstacles
or life. Years rolled round. Provi
dence led him on, - and he reached
the legal profession; hia host had
died; tbe cormorant- that prey on the
subsfaiiiee of man,' had formed a tioti
spiracy to get from the widow her
estates. she sent for the nearest
counsel, io commit her cause to1 him,
and that counsel proved to be the or
phan boy long before welcomed and
entertained by her deceased husband.
The stimulus of a warm and tenacious
gratitude was now added to their
ordinary motive connected with the
profession. He undertook her cause
with a will not easy to be related; he
gained it; the widow's estates were
secured to her . in perpetuity," and
Mr. Stephens added, wlth an ftn
phasis of emotion that sent an elec
tric thrill throughout the house, 'thai
boy standi before yonu1 h f .. 1
Quick "Captcbi. During the " night of
Tuesday, June 2d, there was Stolen from
Joseph Bitdorf , of Springfield, township,
an . excellent ' won grey mare. Mr. B.
earne to Akron the next morning ; and in
formed officer Borllson of his - loss. Mr
Burlison telegraphed to various places and
sent oat circulars, one of rhichj attached
Newburg and confirmed the people there
in their lusplciona of a young raaa, who
had come Into the' village oh "Wednesday
morning. . They had detained tha young
fellow, and the receipt of officer Burlisou's
circular constrained them to send the man,
who claims to be John Krumer, -of Cop
ley, to AJcroa..LHaamTedJuraIWduea'
day night, June 3d, and after examination
before Mayor Robertson, 'was Koand : over
in the sum of $ 1,000 to appear at the next
term of - the' Summit ' County
Pleas, to answer to the charge of having
i-Jn Mr. Batdorf 's horse. .Axbok TjS
i . . .i s.k 1 I
A TTEGBoi has Tf i r, fed at Pitts
burg. Pa.. for murdering-v" wTfet.
This is another of the XRiBUXa.'4
"outrages upon black men."
[From the Houston Times.]
WHERE IS THE REBEL
A SONG—To the air "Notional Song of
BY MRS. M. J. Y.
Where U the Rebel Fatherland t 1 i i
Is't Alary land I dear Mary land t
The land of Carroll 1 Thomas 1 Kane I
AtcHenrv'a walls and dungeon, chains t
, . Chohc Oh no I oh. so 1 oh no 1 .no,
.j - Our Fatherland's not boun
ded to. .
Where U the Rebel Fatherland ?
Virginia t our dear motherland t .
Where every vale's a soldier's grave, .
Who died bis native land to save t
Cho. Oh no 1 oh no ). oh no! &c
i ( '
Where is the Rebel Fatherland f
Is't CaroUna? Georgia's strand I
Is't Florida, with summer's bloom .'.
Or that which holds brave Morgan's tomb f
-. Cao. Oh no I. oh.no 1 oh not Ac.
Where is the Rebel Fatherland I . -
Is't LouUiana's tropic land t . : i
The land which guards our AUen a grave.
And Dreox who loved, but could not save ?
- Cao. Oh ao 1 oh nol oh no 1 etc. .
. ,; . . :
Where is the Rebel Fatherland f
Is't Mississippi's glorious land 1 - i -
Or Alabama a faithful breast, r '
On which her bloody dead do rest I . : "
, ... .Cho. Oh no! oh nol. oh no! &c.
Where in the Rebel Fatherland! -i -Arkansas
t or Missouri land t
Lands still In blood and tears baptised ! .
Where every breeze bears groans and sighs ?
Cho. Oh no! oh not oh nol Ac.
. . . ,- : . v -J
Where is the Rebel Fatherland! .. ' ...
Is't Tennessee,. the oppressed land! ;
Where angels watch ZollicofEer's tomb,
And shuddering whisper Rrownlow's doom?
... Cuo. Oh no ! oh no ! oh no ! &c.
Where is the Rebel Fatherland ?
Is't Texas land the Lone Star Land !
The land of Wharton, Johnston, Hood !
Goliad, and where Alamo stood !
Cho. Oh nol oh no ) oh no f c.
This is the Rebel Fatherland ! ' . '"
Oh God in heaven bleas this land ! ' '
Alt. lands o'er which the Blue Cross waved,
Where patriots bold the invaders braved I
Cuo. This is our land, our Father-
- land 1
: -i This Is the Rebel Fatherland I
Where "Boys In Grey" fill 'martyr graves,
From Chesapeake to Tampa's wave ; .
From where the hoarse Atlantic roars
To Rio Grande's quiet shores. '
Cho. This is our land, our Southern
land, This, this our own dear Fatherland.
"GREAT MORAL IDEAS!"
As Developed at the Republican
State Convention of Tennessee
—The of "Great Moral
of "All the
and "All the Leyaity," In a
Grand Carpet-Bag Row.—Second
. The Cincinnati Commercial's correspon
dent reports the second day's proceedings
of the Republican Slate Convention of
Tennessee, as follows. The first day was
fully as bad as the second : .
NASHVILLE, May 21.
WORSE AND WORSE.
At 10 o'clock this morning the delegates
both white and colored, to the
number of three or four h undrew, assem
bled in the corridors of the Capitol, But
the doors of the hall were closed and lock
ed, and ' nobody could ' get in. No one
seemed to know tbe reason of this strange
performance, and for three quarters of an
boor after the time appointed for meeting,
tbe delegates and spectators were kept wait
In. - Observing Senator Cate standing at the
closed door, looking pale and care worn,
as if the cares of State hung heavily upon
his shoulders, I approached him and in
quired how long it would be before the
doors of the sanctuary would open to let in
The sanctuary or, perhaps more prop
erly, the sepulchre how l.cug before it
will open !" .
Well, I cant tell. 'Something teems
has got the matter with something."
That something had got the matter with
something, was very evident, for when the
doors opened there sat the irrepressible
Peam enthroned in the 'chair, over which
there was such a lively fight yesterday.
He looked as calm and complacent as usu
al not a lineament of his stern features
relaxed no not even when the Senter
men set up a prolonged cheering at the
victory over Cate and Butler. The Senter
men having control of the Capitol, had
smuggled Pearn in early In the morning,
and there he had sat ever since. Butler
and Cate were at first a little nonplussed
at this unexpected move of the wily ene
my, but quickly rallying then- self posses
sion, they advanced upon Pearn and took
their stand by the skl-t of him. " Cate had
taken off the gavel in his pocket to keep
Pearn from getting it. when lo, the reverend
gentleman had found another, and was
ready to use it as occasion might require.
The Senter party had gained the chair
by this nice little stratagem, aid theStokesites
were tricked out of it. But they
were not to be so easily deprived of what
they considered their rights. Pearn got
np to say something about . setting a time
to adjourn, when Butler quietly slipped
into the chair. At this, the screams, cheers
and excitement knew no bounds, and the
language is inadequate to convey a just
idea of. the general rumpus. . The astute
Peam looked around to see what was up,
and found out that it was he that was up,
and that the wicked Butler was down in.
the chair. The reverend gentleman cast
contemotuons loos: al the intruding
and then descended to the floor, aad tried
to -nr ' ri-- the Stokes men
drowned hia voice with groans and hisses.
Butler thought he would say a few
words, but the Senter men hooted him
down, and would not let a word be heard.
After several efforts, Butler gave up the
tAlc Cate tried to make himself heard,
but he- was 'also summarily squelched out.
And now ensued a eceao of indescriba
ble confusion." Twenty or thirty were on
the floor-at-- once," tot 'rather upon the
desks,) and ihe display of passion was ter
rific. - " "
An old negro",' who had apparently been
well raised, proposed that 'De 'vention
do now open with prayer." '
A delegate "Yes. old man, a prayer
would be a d d good thing. Grind on,
.A voice 4 G d d n rold Pearn, ;be
Another Ho, but he can act the d
fool." . .
"A deiegate "This ""ere is disgraceful.
Let 'journ or else do something. Stokes
and Senter are both good men. -1" &m wil
ling for either "
.i .Here he was Interrupted by - a colored
gentleman, with his kinky bair parted
the middle, who raised to "pint" of order.
. . "D -n .you and your order, you black
rascal, set down or I'll knock- yer down."
i A. delegate "Gentlemen, for God's
take '.' : i
. "Say for old Peacn's sake, he's running
this machine." u "
Btowalow "I will be heard " '
t 'No you wont, the Brownlow family's
Cate "Plaee listen to me one moment,
Interrupted by cries of 'Pearn, Peara.
I believe" Here he was completely
drowned and forced to give up.
Pearn advanced toward the Speaker's
stand, and endeavored to say something,
but he only got out, " Whither, ah, whith
er, are we drifting !" when a negro an
1 swered,'T'To U 1," which was followed
bv a roar of laughter," and cries of "Butlor,
Butler.". Butler essayed to speaa, but
the Senter men told him to shut his d
vbel mouth, and cheered lustily for Pearn.
, .Axuug fellow mounted a desk and
commenced denouncing Stokes, when the
Stokes men yelled, "Take him down !
Take him to his mother," &., amid the
jeers of the negroes who cried out, 'Stokes
ain't like Senter, he didn't have to have
his difficulties removed."
A delegate!-" Disabilities, . you d--n
Here everything went into confusion
worse confounded at least fifty men all
talking at once, and some getting ready to
try the knock down argument of the fist.
. Cate I have a paper. -
Several voices Go to h 11 with your
Cate But it's important.
' Voices Then let a whi'.e man read it.
We don't want to hear you. Cheers,
groans and laughter.
Cate It's a dispatch from Gov. Sprague
to the working men.
Voices 'G d n Spragne and you
A negro What's Sprague. got to do
with this 'vention !" t
Butler Silence, till the dispatch is read.
Groans for Butler and cheers for Pearn. J
Cate I will now read the dispatch.
Delegate f romC'hattanooga, very hoarse
No you wont, you're ployed out; we don't
want to hear yon. "
Necro Let the cein'an read.
. White Delegate Yes,' let him read
about the Stokes-Cate conspiracy. That's
what we. want to hear.
- Cate here began reading the dispatch
from Sprague In a loud voice. The sub
stance of it- was that the man who killed
Abbott, would address the citizens of
Nashville on Monday night.
Delegate Let's nominate Sprague for
Another No, let's nominate Enos Bop-
ions. - I Great laughter and cheers. I
Delegate Cate, I apologize to . Sprague
for not listening to the dispatch, . but not
to you, G d d n you. t -
. - A negro I moves that w 'tins do now
Another Where to?
White man To hell.
Voices We're there already.
Here a large, fine looking mulatto got
down on a desk, and, with tears in his
eyes, asked if the Convention would hear
him. Cries of "Yes." "No," &c but
the mulatto mainlained his ground, and as
the confusion subsided a Utile, he said he
hoped that he would never see such a
day again, and that his ears would never
again hear what they had this day been
compelled to listen to. "White men,"
said he, "the colored men look to you for
an example, but I warn my race to follow
you no longer, if this is the way you are
going to act. , It seems as though the voice
of that martyred man f pointing to the por
trait of Lincoln would cry from the grave
at such a scene as this. My white friseds
I am ashamed of you, aud so is every de
cent coloied man in this house. I say to
my people, beware, oh beware, of follow
ing after the white man."
This little speech produced a sensation,
Silence reigned for the space of a minute,
and it seemed as though the truths he had
spoken had sunk deep into the hearts of
Captain Hathaway, of militia fame, in
reply to somethinir young Brownlow had
said, used the following elegant and ex
pressive language : "Don't say any more
of your G d d d stuff. If nothing else
will do you. and you must haye a d d
rebel, put N. B. Forrest in nomination,
and vote for him in spite of hell. . I want
it distinctly understosd that I've got a milt
in me big enough to wrap twice around
my body, and tie a knot behind my back,
with the ends lapping down upon the
calves of my legs, and G d d d me to
hell if I can be howled down by any set
of men. .
Having given vent to this enlightened
and Christian sentiment, the gallant Cap
tain had to get off of the desk to take in
some of that common article called breath.
Hamilton continued, 'Tknow what you
want, you want Senter elected, so that the
Brownlow family can keep their fingers in
the treasury.'' This produced an Immense
sensation, for several of the "Brownlow
family" were on band.
"Tom Hamilton, you are a G d d d
infamous liar." said some one jumping to
ward him. "Yes you are," said another.
Hamilton turned very pale, and retorted:
"I have only your word for it, gentle men-
Here another beligerent individual came
to the surface, and raved around at a furi
ous rate. "Take it ud Brownlow, take it
up, if you dont I will. D n me if I dont
have satisfaction." and. off he started to
ward the door, but for soma reason he did
not come back any more, and to that prov
idential circumstance Hamilton probably
owes his life. ' He either failed to find any
whisky to steam no with, or else he found
too much. Perhaps some friend prevailed
unon him not to kill anybody immediately,
but to think-over the matter a little and
see how It would seem. Brownlow resum
ed his soeech and went on to show how
much more monev Stokes had drawn from
the treasury than the entire Brownlow
family, when some one got up in the
Sneaker's stand and, in a cool ana aeuuer-
ate manner, said : "Gentlemen, it is lime
we stopped this muss. Let's all go home
and let this Convention go to hell If it
"Good," said Chairman" Butler, "I sec
ond the motion." And at that Brownlow
stopped speaking, and the Convention was
THE LATE WAB.
Its Origin, Object and Consequence.
Letter from Hon. Alexander
The Hon. Alexander H. Stephens,
of Georgia ,has written a long letter
to the National Intelligencer, In which
he discusses the cause and probable
consequences of the late war between
the North and South. . He say a
As to the origin of the war, or the
first outbreak of hostilities, I did not
say that it was 'Hnauguruted .on . the
one side to vindicate the right of se
cession, and ou the other in denial
Ol tiro TTJgut anrj tu njuiiit itn aj
. It wa¬ inaugurated by :, the se
ceding States at all. It was inaugu
rated and waged by those then con
trolliner the Federal Government to
prevent secession. On the part of
the seceding States, it was carried on
purely indefese" of their right to
withdraw from the Federal Union
of States, which they claimed as
sovereign right- This is the substance
of the statement on that point; and
so the fact will eo down to posterity.
IThe truth Is well established that
the 8ecediDg State did not wish or
desire war. Very few of the public
men in those States even expected
war. All of them, it is true, held
themselves la readiness for it, if it
should be forced upon them against
t heir wiahe3 and most earnest prqtes-
tations. - -
This is abundantly and exclusive
ly apparent from the speeches ana
addresses. It is apparent from the
resolutions of the State Legislatures
and the State Conventions, before
and In their acts of-secession. It
apparent and manifest from their
acts in their new Confederation at
Montewmerv.1 It is apparent from
the inaugural, address of President
Davis. It is apparent from the ap
pointment of Commissioners to set
tle all matters involved in the sepa
tion from their former confederates
honorably, peaceably; amicably and
instlv. it Is aDDarent and manifest
rrom every act tnai trniy muitara
the objects and motives of men, or
from which their real alms can be
instlv arrived at. : Peace not only
with thA tsratoa ironi wnicn iney ntn-
arated. but peace with all the world,
was the strong desire of the Confed-
The wr was not only inaugurated by
the authorities at -Washington,' as
stated, but it was inaugurated by
thern while the Confederate Com
missioners,- with the ollve-braneh
neace in their- hands, were at- tne
i n-nvsrnment. and were eiv.
ea to understand by those lo author-
ity there, that Fort Sumpter, which
became the scene or tne nrst conflict
of arms, would, at an early day, be
peacefully evacuated by the Federal
troops then; holding it. - The war
was inaugurated. It not begun, when
the hostile fleet set out for Charleston
for the purpose of reinforcing that
fort, "at out nefas," Hallam has
well said that the "aggressor in a war ;
is not the first who uses force, but the
first who renders force" necessary."
And eo the facts of history will ever
show how and by whom this late
terrible and most lamentable war
was inaugurated as well as by whom
it was begun. They will ahow who
were the actual aggressors, and who
nrst violated the organic principles
and laws of our American system of
of self-government by the people.
whatever may be the ultimate re
sults of this war, so far as the fate of
constitutional liberty on this conti
nent is concerned, the inauguration
can never be justly and truly charg
ed upon the seceding States.
.tneir oDiect tn separating from
their former associates, with whom
they considered they had been unit
ea in a federal com pact, was not on
ly to remain in peace with them, but
to preserve and perpetuate the prin
ciples of that Constitution which bad
demonstrated such wondrous results
as a bond of Union between sover
eign States so long as its principles
had been adhered to, but which they
apprenenaea, under erroneous con
struction, if not checked, would soon
ieaa to. consolidation and despotism.
If they were rierht in their position
that ours was a Federal Government,
then the authorities at Washington
were the aggressors in inaugurating
tne war to prevent the exercise or
the right of withdrawal; if they
were wrong in their position as to
the character of the General Govern
ment ; if it, in fact, was not Federal
in its nature and character, but was
a Government with a consolidated
sovereignty in the central head, then
tney were tne aggressors in render
ing the inauguration of the war nec
essary for the maintenance of central
supremacy. The whole matter-of
rignt or wrong in the beginning of
me war, as wen as its disastrous con
sequences, depends noon the ereat
question, whether the General Gov
ernment was a Federal . Republic or
not, ana wnat, under the constitu
tion, was the true "orthodox State
Rights principle" to which Judge
JMicoias reiers but does not enlighten
the public upon. In other works, it
depends upon the true answer to the
question : Where, under our system
does our sovereisrntv reside? Ia it
lodged In the General Government.
or has it pessed to the whole poople
ol the United States as one aggre
gate mass, oraocsitstui remain with
me peopic oi tne several Btates as
distinct political organizations ?
The doctrine of the book is that
sovereignty resides just where it did
In 1776, 1778 and 1787 that is, with
the people of the several Stalest It
maintains that all that the the
States did by the adoption of the
Constitution was to delegate,in trust.
tne exercise oi certain specific and
limited powers to the General Gov
ernment, while they retained to
themselves, severally, mreignty
naeii, ine great source rrom which
all political powers emanate.
. xmo uucixiue, x must insist, too,
is not oniy me true doctrine upon
inesupject; judge rdicnoias' opinion
to the contrary notwithstanding
Upon the point ot orthodoxy in ref
erence to that matter. I know of
but one standard, erected and estab
lished in the first of Kentucky's
great resolves of 1798. The doctrine
of this chief apostle of State rights
ana nutnan rights, then announced
rescued and saved the countrv from
consolidation and centralism in 1801.
Under the operation of this most or
thodox principle so established, with
the general and tacit acknowledg
ment of its correctness by all the De
partments of the Government, we
increased, grew and prospered for
sixty years as no nation on earth ev
er did before. Whatever disturban
ces temporarily marred tho harmo
ny ot the general system in the Inter
val upon the subjects or tariffs, inter
nal improvements, the status of the
African population, &c:, grew out of
departures, or attempted departures,
in the Federal Administrations from
the standard thus erected by Jeffer
son as to the nature and extent of
of the powers of the Federal Govern-
meDt. . The more nearly the princi
ples taught by him were adhered to,
tbe more prosperous and happy the
nation was in all parts and mem
bers. I use the word nation in this con
nection purposely, for, notwithstand
ing the very great abuse of this
word, in very recent times, we are
nevertheless a nation in a very prop
er use of that term. Far was it from
my object in the argument in the
volume referred to by J udge N lcho
las to show that "tbe United States
do not constitute a nation." as I
have Been it stated by some writer,
in what he was pleased to consider
a review of the work. The great ob
ject with me, on .the contrary, was
to enow not oniy mat we are a na
lion but what sort of a nation are we?
It is most clearly demonstrated in
that argument that we are a nation
of individuals, blended in a common
mass, with a consolidated soverem-
ty over the whole ; but it is shown
with equal clearness that we are a
nation, tbe constituent elements or
members of which are separate and
distinct political organizations, States
or sovereignties I
It is shown that ours is a conven
tional nation one -created by com
pact. All federal republics and all
confederations between separate and
-ills Unci sovereign powers are conven
weie s naiiun-
Artlclo of Confed
eration; and we are just such a nation
now not a nation or one people or
one political organization, out a na
tion or several distinct political or
ganizations. We are a "confederated'
nation," as Washington properly
styled the present Union. That is,
a nation or states, or what is the
same , thing, a nation of nation?.
ilence the appropriateness or the
motto adopted by the fathers to ex
press the Idea of their work "E
I n this sense we are not only a na
tion, but a nation of the highest type
that the world ever saw. it rises
above the . simple to the complex
It is, indeed, in . many respects a
peculiar nation even in' Its complex
form, differing from all other nations
or its own type in many or its. most
striking characteristics. These pecu
liar features or Its structure, place it
Republics In Its wise provisions for
the preservation of free institutions.
if it be but rightly administered.
The most important ot these features
is tne new principle which it intro
duced In the plan of Federal unions,
of conventional power or nation, to
execute its delegated powers, within
their limited sphere, , directly upon
the citizens of the several States, or
smaller nationalities composing it.
This new Idea of so constituting
federal republic as to make of itasep-
I arate memoers one nation as to an
foreign concerns, and to Keep them
I ciioiiutu tu iu uuiuranc uura, wnii
I division of the powers delegated into
"legislative,, executive and judicial
departments, ' with a perfect ma
chinery of government to operate
within the prescribed limits in the
execution of thedelegated powers,
constitutes tne most strlxinr diner
ence between our present : Federal
Union and all former republics of
class. It marks the greatest stride
of progress in free Institutions ever
before made. - It is this -which has
so impressed tbe tninds aud excited
the admiration of intelligent foreign
ers in contemplating the wonderful
workings of the American -system.
This is the feature to which the learn
ed and philosophic aM ;T.oqjuevllle
refers wheu speaking of our. Consti
tution, he says : . , .
"This Constitution; -which may at
first be confounded with the Federal
constitutions which have 'preceded
it, reste, in truth, upon a whoilv nov
el theory, which may bo' considered
as a great discovery in modern sci
ence. And this dif
ference produced the most moment
ous consequences.7 ',
has recorded his opinion in the fol
lowing words of high import-.
-it is not at an a refinement tnat
a Federal Union should be lormed ;
this is the natural result of men's
joint operations in a very rude state
oi society- liut the regulation of
such a union upon pre-established
principles, the formation of a system
of government and legislation in
in which the different subjects shall
not be individuals, but States, the
application of legislative principles
to sucn a or ay ot states, and the de
vising moans for keeoTna Its integri
ty as a ieaeracy, while tne rights and
powers oi tne individual States are
maintained entire, is the verv ereat-
ear refinement . in social pollev to
which any state of circumstances has
ever given rise, or to which any age
nas ever given Dirtn." JSrousianvs
Political Ehtlosophy, vol. 3, page 336.
This grand conception of so form
ing, modeling, and constituting our
Union of States, which so impressed
De Tocqueville, and which Lord
Brougham considered "the! very
greatest refinement in social policy"
"to which any age has ever given
birth," originated with Mr. Jeffer
son. It came from the same master
mind whose master-hand drew the
Declaration of Independence in 1776,
and in 1798 set forth with so much
clearness and power the true, if not
at present orthodox principles of the
whole structure of our Federal or
ganization in the entire series of
Kentucky's famous resolutions, be
fore referred to, aud which were so
thoroughly indorsed and established
by the country in 1801. To the ad
ministration of the Government in
conformity with these principles, or
with but slight departures from them
"the momentous consequences" spo
ken of by De Tocqueville, distin
guishing our unparalleled career, for
sixty years, in growth, prosperity,
happiness and real greatness is main
And now, Messrs. Editors, do you
ask, Out bono? Why so much writ
ten upon the dead issues of the past,
when question of so much magnitude
of a practical character press upon
the public mind? If so, the reply is
two-fold. First, to vindicate the
truth of history, which is itself a
high duty on the part of any one
who has it in his power to do it; and
in the second place, to show the peo
ple of these States. In this vindica
tion, not only the true cause, the real
"causa "causus" of the late war, but
the real cause of their present trou
bles. The Federal machinery for
the last ten years has been abnormal
In its action. It must be brought
back to the. Jeffersonlttn doctrines,
and made to conform in its work
ings with the organic principles of
its structure, before there can possi
bly be a return of the days of peace,
harmony, prosperity and happiness,
whlcK formerly marked our course.
There is no other hope for -constitutional
liberty on this continent.
Judge Nicholas may 'dream dreams'
about another constitutional amend
ment providing a new mode of elect.
ing the President, but the remedy
lies in no. audi device as that. It
lies simply in bringing .back the
Government in its administration
to original first principles. This is
to be done not by secession, however
rghtrul and efficient a remedy that
might be. That is abandoned. - JNor
is it to be doue by force or violence
of any kind, except the force of rea
son and the power of truth. It is to
be done, it at all, at the ballot-box.
rree institutions are more generally
lost than established, or strengthen
ed by a resort to physical force.
They are eminently the achievement
of virtue, patriotism and reason.
That of institutions, and -even
nominal form tti government, is
now in great danger, the prudent.
sagacious and wise everywhere
virtually admit. An able editorial
in your Jown paper, not long
since, put the pertinent and grave
question, 'whither are we drifting ? '
To this question I take the occasion
for one to give you a direct aud pos
itive answer. We are drifting to
consolidation and empire,, and will
land there at no distant period as
certainly as the sun willset this day.
unless the people - or the several
States awake to a proper appreciation
of tne danger, and save themselves
trom the impending catastrophe by
arresting tne present tendency ot
public affairs. This they can prop
erly do only at the ballot-box. All
mends or constitutional liberty, in
every section and State, must unite
In this grand effort. They must se
riously consider ahd even reconsider
many quesaions to which they havo
given but slight attention heretofore.
They must acquaint themselves
with the principles of their Govern
ment, and .provide security for the
future by studying and-correctiug
the errors or the past. . ,
This is the only hope, as X have
stated, for the continuance of even
our present nominal form of Govern
ment. Depend upon it, there is no
difference between consolidation end
em plre ? No difference between cen
tralism imperialism I The end
eitherraffweirHsattof them, is the
overthrow of liberty and the estab
iienmenc oi uepoti&m. L give you
the words of tru tli in great earnest
ness words which, however receiv
ed or heeded now, will be rendered
eternally true by the developments
ot tne iuture. yours, most respect
ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS.
[From the Day-Book.]
LETTER FROM WARWICK.
THE HILLS, (NEAR) AUBURN,
LEE CO., ALA., JUNE 1, 1869.
To Editor of the Day-Book.
Oknilejiis: The abuses and
usurpations of Government see n
nave ternned tne courts.- - - me arm
which onght to have held, the shield
of tbe Constitution over our defense
less heads, or been shattered to frag
ments by the' thunder of power, has
fallen paralyzed at the very alter
justice I The bar has been cowardly
and tne oencn nail treacnerous, and
half timid. ; The LAW the sacred.
sublime, impartial. Clod-given, ma-
lestie LAW has been ignominious
ly banished from her own darkened
temples, and license has ..run, riot
over the armine, through.' the' legis
lative, balls of . the States and tbe
empire, through all the seats of to
clal purity, despjilidg 1 Eden' at
flowers, ' and- earth and heaven;"of
tham-fruitions! Where aro- the
brave, stern, titanic . thunders of
grand, grim old bar? . Where
fearless, pure-minded,' Iron Judges
the olden lime - A crouching, onag
ing. whining, vnnal , tet of hrtir
bave crawled at the feet of the Fish
ers, and Underwoods, aud Busteeds
the dirty.llttle ground -rattlesnakes
whoarecoilod uuder the ermine
ihe bloated, cancerous, pigmy, Jef-
frieses dwarf monsters of hate, and
prejudice, and persecution! Even
tttjudice, and persecution! Even
he Chief-Justice has not dare
trar.soarent and brave.' He h
doubly opaque, and cast two shadawn
one before aud the other behind
him ! valorously throwing stone,
like the little boy, 'at the dead dogs'
of despotic usurpation, and almost
miraculously, gliding . unseen and
unscratched among the live- lions of
the Mongrel amphitheatre. Immor
tal honor to Jerry Bblack and old
Mr. Bradley, for tbe brave utteran
ces which make them exceptions to
the general ru!e of degeneracy, which
degrades a recreant bar, and link
their names tn undying association
with tht of the: good aad great
Roger Jl. 'l'uney! Te this day it is
not decided whether the "recon
struction" acts are constitutionf 1 or
not! - ' And men who - pretend
to be Democrats talk about Salmon
P. Chase for . President 1 . Feed the
poor dupes on custard blanc mange !
Judge Chase, I have no doubt. Is a
gentleman in his instincts and man
ners, the Richmond Whig says so;
and after a soft, conscientloup, but
good Pllumnus, what a keen nostril
ht has for your kneading tray and
oven, and what a moral coward
withal! "Who dares greatly, does
greatly," but the Chief Justice has
been in "an ague-fitV ever since he
saw Andy Johnson shake In bis
Presidential shoes ! - '. '
"This is true courage, not brutal force
Of vulgar heroes, but the firm resolve
Of virtue and of reason."
And If this Chief-Justice htd pos
sessed that "courage," and the bar
had asserted the rights of the people,
the Temple of Constitutional Liber
ty would to-day have been resplend
ent with the lights kindled from the
Temple of the Law upon - its altars,
and reflected upon its glowlne tow
ers! I have great respect for the
profession of the law. Bred to it
myself and delighting in Its Intel
lectual excitements and sublime ob
iects, I always entered the court
house with something of the rever
ence due to the sacred aisles of the
chureh, and stood erect before the
legal tribunals of my country, cov
eting the smiles of justice and the
blessings of the innocent. I profess
that among the members of the bar,
I have found the truest friends, th
purest patriots, the most unselfish
and generous patrons of benevolence,
the most courtly, honest and brave
men I havo ever known. Hence my
scorn of pettifoggers and my sense
of humiliation at the failure of the
bar to meet, as it might have done
and ought to bave done, the awful
crisis through which our country is
now passing. The lawyers are the
priests of liberty, and "like priests
like people." - If they desert the
cause of the constitution.the tyrants
will have the people an easy prey to
their arts and violence. 1 invoke
them, by the glorious memories of
our own history, by the unutterable
groans and stifled cries of perishing
liberty, by the majesty and glory of
English aad Irish precedents, by the
purity, and dignity, and divine au
thority of Eternal and Almighty
Justice Itself, to come to the rescue
of the Constitution and the laws, of
public virtue, and national prosperi
ty, and private bappines?. The
bench and the bar can yet save us
from tbe jaws of tbe hungry lions
and the tank of the crocodile!
"The repoit was unanimously
adopted 1" Of course it was. What
'report' was that ? Why, any report
of any committee of any conven
tion of anybody to tax the people
to build any sort of a railroad to
"improve" any river, lake or sea in
tbe world any report to exempt
from taxation any capital that swin
dling corporators may invest in any
wild cat 'improvement any where.
Look at the perse- dings ot the
Southern Commercial Convention!
of Congress and carpet-bag Legisla
tures passive. I am tired of 'reports!'
tired of the sort of people who go
about to "spout" and make "re.
ports! " the vagabonds who aspire
to register their names in hotels and
see them in tbe ir-e-ding3 and the
pro-se "doins." Why, Foote was in
the southern Commercial Conven
tion, and the whole Convention
exhibited not more than twice as
much sense as the fool who presides
over the National Debt (aot lreasury)
wnn so mucn green backing i
Oh 1 for a return to "the good old
times" of ''good Queen Bess." . Then
there were laws against vagabonds
and such human trash as float about
on the popular currents, and eddy in
these conventions, as witness the
following extract from "a very old"
and "curious book," to wit:. A
Treatise against Dicing, Danncing,
Valne Playes. or Enterl ads, -Black
Letter. - Nodate '
"O.ueen Elizabeth, iu the xiii, and
xvlii yerses of hir gracious rayne,
two Actes were made for ydle, va
grante and maisterlesse persons, that
vsed to loyter, and would not worke;
should, for the tint offense, have a
hole burned through the gristle ot
one of bis earea, of an ynch com
passe. And for tbe second offence
committed therein, to be hanged. If
these and such lyke lawes were exe
cuted inetlye, trenlye end severely,
(as they onght to be),- without any
respect of persons, favor or friend
shippe, thys dung and filth of ydle-
nesse would easily be reiacted and
cast oute of thys Commonwealth;
there would not be so many loyter
Ing, ydle persons; so many Rufflas,
Blasphemers, Swlnge-Buckelers ; so
many Drunkards, Tossepottas,Djtun
cere, Fydlers and Minatrees, .Dice
Players .and , Maskers, .-Fencers,
Theeves, Enterlude . Players,: -Cut
Purses,. Coslners, Maisterlesa rJervan
tes, Jugglers, Roges, Sturdye Beg
gars, Counterfaito Egyptians,. &c, as
there are ; not yet so many plagues
to bee amongst vs as there are, if
these dunghllles and fllthe in Com
mon weales were remooued, loc ked
into, and cleane caste oute, by the
Industrie, payne, and trauell of those
that are sette in authoritie, and haue
with-" such-lyae-iawes," duly
executed intyle. tienlye and se
vere! ye, (as they ought to be)," there
would be fewer "reports" by seedy
vagabonds and . scurvy political
strollers in conventions, in favor of
taxing honest labor and exempting
capital for the benefit of speculators!
They call It "capital," when.in truth
it is factitious, oastard credit, basely
begotten upon the rotten, syphilitic
body of political corruption, bv per
jurious swindlers, in the drunken
revel or power : c : '---
"Elephant" Norris -our. Skowhe
gan Maine, carpet bag Representa
tive in Congress said in his speech,
last Saturday, to his nigger constitu
ents in Opelika, "I take nothing
bick!" Nobody blames the mangy
cur for not lapping up. his black
vomit ! " It would puke Horace
Greeley, H abpeb'b Weekly, or a
cess-pool,..- to "take it back!" in
Ningpo and Suckow,. the Chinese
have benevolent institutions to sup
press "immoral books." The "Ele
phant," -the - "philosopher," -' and
Harper's. , would fare badly in
China! i How . they - manage to
exist in a Christian .atmosphere
would be a proper subject tor dlscm
slon in a convention of rattlesnake?,
toads and skunks! -
a a .
5"'f ti 41. .I'll
Tiie Illinois Legislature has pass
ed ft law classifying drunkards -with
idiots and -insane people, and giving
their property, and persons to. tho
charge of guardians. . XVliat acutting
satire this. Js upon certain ' members
of Congress from Illinois even in
that august Itody the: Senate of the
United states, where the law might
apply to creations of the Legislature
N. Y. Herald.