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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, January 11, 1861, Image 1

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TOL TIL NO. 186;
NEW SERIES.
COLUMBUS. OHIO. FRIDAY EVENING. JANUARY 11.
1861.
IIZ DOLLAES FEB TEAS;
xnTinaoiy in Atmnet.
D AILY; TRt-WEEKLY AND WEEKLY
MANY PENNY & MILLER, .
PUBLISH.' HB AND PBOPBIKTOBI.
tLT Officft Hob. 88, 88 and 40, North High St.
K "- ", TERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVANOB. . ; . .
Ml; . . : . -" "-. v - - $8 00 par year.
- " ; Uve Carrier, per wek, UJ cents. ,
f rt'-WojUf 8 00 per year.
i. . Advertising by tne Square.
n.j.ioate lyeai...SW 00 Oreiqoi3iMU..W 00
5rfV mor.tb. 18 00 On " 8wek... 3 UO
in' " (Smooths 1 00 One. ' lweek... 7S
3ue. "Vwonth. WW) One 3dyi... 100
Ae fid months 8 Oil One " daye .
me . ' 1 month. 8 00 One " 1 Insertion 50
Displayed advertlitrasnta half more than the ibore
"Ivlvertl'cmenU leaded and placed In the column of
Vxecial Notices,11 dohllt th ordinary ratM.
Ml .lotlcea requtrec to be publlebedby law, legal rates,
i l r ordered on tbt inslae axoluatvely alwr the firatweek
- per ceo;, more than the above ratea; but all (uoh wll
appear In the Trl-VVeekly without oharge. i
- tiuslness Cards, not exceeding five lints, per year, In
I Jo, '!5U por line; outside !'!. .
Notices of meetings , charl tables octettes, Sre companies,
Ai., half price. , , . '
All U atuitnt adwrHttmmtt mutt b patdor in
t twine She rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, same price aa the Dally, where the advertiser
eeslhe Weekly alone. Where rue Dally and Weekly
' are buttta) then the eharg tr the Weekly will be
a. " the rates of the Dally
No advertisement taken except for a definite period.
BUSINESS CARDS.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Spring A Waiter Ste.,
Columbus, OlllO.
W. B. POTTS & CO.,
MAOIIINIBT8,
And Manufacturers of Bras and Composition Casting,
, finished Bran Work of all Description!.
Electro Plating and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, &C.
tehl C0-aiy
A RESIDENT DENTIST.
ALL THOSE HEUUIHlNG THE SEIl.
vices of a Dentlnst, and favoriDg Dr. B. with th.lr
patronage may rely on having eatlstactlon glvsn. Toe
fee will be required on the completion of an operation.
Office Four Doors North of the American Ilotel, over
. Rudhill's Pat Store.
Columbus Jan. 7-dly
DR. T. JOTE, DENTIST.
AGKADtlATK OF TUB PHILADEL.
phla College of Dental Burgery, Is permanently
located In the olty of Columbus, Ohio.
Dental rooms No. 11 B. Town street, near High, nat
loor to the Franklin Dank.
Electricity used in extracting teeth, to relieve pain
Also, filling; and artificial teeth Inserted,
novll-dly
F. A. B. 8IMK1K3,
Attornoy txt TjetKr
- AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Cfilct Arabia Building, opposite Capitol Square.
colcmbus. onio,
COIjUBIIJUB
Machine Manufacturing Company
A V A. ,
.Awe.
MANUfACTURES Of
'STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Caitlngt, Mill Gearing, Machinery.
aLflo,
Xtallsroacl Worli
.' 1 or mar DsacwmoN.
COUHBUS, OHIO.
OHAi. AM BOB, Bup't T- AMB08Treas.
deell. IHW-tf
MILLINERY GOODS.
$20,000 V0RTH
OF
Millinery and Fancy
Goods
For Sale.
1 II. AT Alt R WfJUI, KESJPJECT-
XVe fully inform th Cltltens of Columbus and VI
ulnlty that bia Utock of
FAIL AND WINTER MILLINERY
is now ctmrLETE, .
And being particularly dealrone of
reducing; bia stock Immediately-,
he will Sell,
FROM THIS DATE, AT
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
YOD CAN GET
Bargains ! Bargains ! Bargains!
By Calling:
AND
EXAMINING JttlS STOCK!!
HE SELLS EVERY VARIETY OF
MILLINERY & FANCY GOODS
TOGETHER WITH A
1 Large Stock of Notions,
. .i &o , Ac.
Uj'Prlces mail and
aliall no aatls-
. CAM. AT.
R. H. Ware's
BONNET ROOMS,
NO. 88 BAST TOWN 8T11EKT,
Oliio- -
. oot31d3a -
M, M. .POWER3 & BRO
DtAUliaK JMrOBTEn -ANtt DOMESTIC
8NTJIF,
AND FANCY ARTICLES
No. 1 1 East Stato Street, belween nigh and
the rost-uuioe.voiumDua, unto, "i ooi:dum
FAHOT itBESS MILKS,"
FANCY DKE8S BILKS,
VAKUY L-Hfitta MILKS. ... .
We are bow offering oat Immune stock of Fanoy Dress
Bilk at price leas thin ever beiore offered in this olty.
She attention of the ladle oi tut city and vicinity I
solicited, a our stock la very teleet and complete In all
grade of good la thi lis. rTr. baih,
novVt. No. 28 South High treet
. etror Medical Pnrpo."
T)URS 8BANDDIE8. WINES. OOBDULS, AND BIT
A Tias, from
'Donded Warehouse
WM. HcDONALD,
: .) , ' 108 Boulh Ulgh street.
nov87
arALTEIEfeTHKEAD I.AOR RIITTS
111 elerant qualities for ltdle; also, Hisses' Mitt
In treat variety at . -v. -.' JAlU'aVi
.V 100
ANNUAL PROSPECTUS
OF
ONE DOLLAR
PREMIUMS
THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN IS PRINTED ON
J- llffi-MMICTiaC 3 DEC 33 3E3
AT THE LOW RATE 01"
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR!
- - PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
It ii an old nnd reliable Pemocrntio Journal, and, as a political paper, lias
No Superior in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to its politioal oharaoter, it la a first olasa newapaper, furoiahing ita readers with the
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the stirring event constantly occurring at home and abroad, and choice miscel
laneous selections. It also gives the latest and most reliable
MARKET NEWS
From all the prinoipal marU of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, (ho Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interest consulted and attended to in the column of
TJESnn "77" 33 U JLXj"3r srr.T'iuoE jKT.
During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Weekly States
man will be famished with a oonoise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Weekly Statesman has increased very rapidly,
beingj now mora than double what it was twelve months ago. It is our desire to extend its cir
culation, not only in Ohio,
But in all tho States and Territories West of Us!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, it usefulness will be increased; and we invite
our political and personal friend to aid us in giving to the Weekly Statesman
The Largest Possible Circulation
Among the people. The price of the paper ia ao low that no Democrat need be without it. As
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing th circulation of the Weekly Statesman, we
Wlllg,W A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, by, the 1st day of January, 1861, send u the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who aenda us the
second largest Club of subscribers aa aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us
the third largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
ten yearly subscribers, with the cash lor the same, we will send a copy of tha
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
H7 Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or solicit subscribers for the States
man, eon cut this Prospectus out of the paper and attach to it a strip of writing paper, on wliioh
to record the names of all persona who may become subscribers.
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
TDK
FEB ANNUM !
?!
rcBLisnEKS onio statesman.
NAMES.
STONE'SBAZAAR.
)Nb. 4 Gwvnne Block.
A. P. STONE & O'HARRA
A HE NOW KECElVINOTHEiaWn.
TEtt GOODS, and luvlte the pabllo to lnspeet
them. No such stock of Goods ha ever been brought to
this market. IheBouth, In consequence of the failure
of the grain crop, has not been able to pnrchaae the us
ual quantity ot rtc&gooui, ana una laoioastoma me
Importers to sell them at public auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Htone) being in New York at these large sales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell our goods
here, at leu than any one who purchased two weeka since,
paid for them In New York. Our stock Is complete In
ever department of
KLEOANT DRESS SILKS,
OTTOMAN VELOURS,
BROCHE VALENCI AS,
PRINTED MERINOS,
PRINTED C0BURG3,
DYED COBOGS;
BLACK ALPACAS,
ORLEANS,
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS, '
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
POPLINS, PRINTS,
DELAINES.
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day,
At on) half tho Coat of Impoitatton,
LADIES' FURS,
In all Varieties, of the Celebrated
ITIannfatare of C. O. Onn
then tc son.
HOSIERY DEPARTMENT, ;
Hen's, Ladles tad Children's Under Shirts and Drawers;
Ladle, Mine and Children' Hosiery of all kinds, la
Wool and Lamb's Wool; Fleeov Lined and Cotton Gloves
of every make.
ALSO
A complete assortment oi all the usual varie
ties of ;.
LADIES' CLOTHS, '
fiASSIMF.RES,
OVERCOATINGS,
TWEEDS,
FLANNELS,
RIBBONS,
DRESS TRIMMINGS,
ladies and Gent's Linen Cambric Hand
kerchiefs, &c, &o.
To nations who call on us. we pledge our words to
show them the largest, best and ohcapest stock ef Goods
eve? eeen In this market, or pay them one dollar per
hour wtille looking.
deeMlySuwltw.'
BTONE k. O'nARRA.
GENUINE FAMILY LIQUORS.
WM. B. MOREHOUSE & CO.,
Importer and Wholesale Dtalirs ia
Brandies, Wines, Gins and Began,
beg leave to call the attention of th cltluni of th TJnl
ta Bi.t.i to their Pure Wine and Llouor. cut un un-
a thAipnwn annarvlilon. for Family and Medical use.
In cases snorted to suit customers. Clubs, Military and
other publlo bodies, who require to purchase In large er
small quantities, In cask or hollies, will ue uoeraiiy
dealt With, f rice disi sent ou appiunuuiar -
OLD MOREHOUSE BITTERS.
'' Jteoomnjended by the Brat phyalclans u the best reme
dy known for Dyapepsla, Indigestion, Debility, and all
Jiervou uisaaae. as a leverage. p, .
aome, and deUolou to th taste. Sold by all Druggists.
c . ): wm. b. MonanonsB atcortop'r,
-.i i r , ; i 3fc iSMbaagsj flac, ,
: ;''7r7v7fV' Umt CltJ, H.J.
t. 1,-fh subctlbr wlih to wgtg a few active
men, as Local and TraveHng Agents for their house, to
wnom uxeral inducement will D onsrea. . ror pariis
ulars, sdilrea, a, above,. f- . -oet30-d3ai
TjVaVnOTXINETV AND SILK FANS IR
A7 oewstylesi ... ylUbPoa ond, ateoi isi !
lam ransa, . . ' f Haul's
wajsa ' we, BSSoath ntgU street
NAMES.
Firo Insurance!
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
Fire & Lifo Insurance Co.
3? Caalie sheet. Liverpool. SO and SI Poultry. London.
Oulce, S3 Wall and 01 Flue street, New York.
THOMAS MOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio.
Paid np Canlfnl, Nurplue"
and Heaerved funds fiO, 000, 585
Invested InlhlvConntrf over..800,( 0
Yearly He veu no, over 2,o0t),00O
TTPThe Shareholders personally responsible for en.
gaKeuent of the Company. AH Director must be Sbare-
noluers. .
Director and Shareholder In New York :
James Brown, Est., Chairman. Francl Cottenet, Esq.,
Deputy Chairman.
K. M.Archibald, II. B.M. Ooniul Eugen Dntllh, Esq.
Joseph Oaillard. Jr., Esq. II. Urlnnrll, Esq.
Alexander Hamilton. Jr.,Eiq. E. F. Sanderson, Eiq.
Aud IliUiLTON Jr., Esq.,
Counsel ot the Boaid.
Aimko FttL, Esq., Resident 8eoretary.
Local Board In Cincinnati:
N.W.Thomas Esq. J.D.Jones. Ktq. RufusKirg.Eiq.
Thompson Keave, Eiq. llob't Buchanan, Esq.
The undersigned, Agent In this olty, will he happy to
receive applications for Iosuranc, In the above Company,
AT THE CIT7 BANK.
He ran recommend It with entire oonfldonf e to all deiir
ous of obtaining protection against I.OiS BT FIHE.
No Chargo Ibr PoUcicsu
novl8-tf .. . TII08. MOODIE.
. HOLIDAYS.
ftANCIES.
Such arUsles a you desfr for your IIIJSB AND
Uuchas you fid for your WIFE
Such a are proptr for your DAUGHTER.
Such a your SISTER will pratH you for.
Suoh a your BROTHER can tut.
Such a you leant for " IBS ONE TO? LOVE BEST.'
Such as will be good lor the " BLESSED BABY."
Such u all ce for.
May be found In variety, la my new itook of
WATCHES, CHAINS, JEWEI.KV,
PEATED GOODS,
And general assortment of
Fancy and TJsofol Artiolas.
WM. BLYNN,
No, 10 Bnckeyo fllocli.
December. 1800.
FAMILY EEOVM.
yillTE XV II EAT, BRANDED
"3NOWFLAKE."
From "Barrett Mills, " Springfield, 0. the best brand or
Flour brought to our market. Batt. faction guaranteed.
For sale only at WM. MCDONALD'S,
novin ion Bouin itign street.
Holiday Presents.
OAI.ICOtS, DeLAINES, IrlKHIROP,
CHIATZES. DHESS SILKS, and all
kinds of fashionable
"Wintor Dreeej O-oods.
w are now offering at very low prices.
rs ijtn, uAi.1,
decSl. No. S9Souh nighstreet.
Save Your Honey.
T AM NOW RECEIVING SCIsSCIUP-
A tlons for all the Magazines and Literary paper In
the country and out of tt; among the former, the Oorn-
hill. Temple Bar, tha Atlantic, Harper, Oodey Peterson,
Knickerbocker, Eolecllo, Blackwood, the British Quarter
lies, ate., ao. Subscriber can get them EAbLIEH,
CHEAPER aod free ot Postwe. bv sending their Sub
scriptions through me. lUCHARDKsNNBDT,
deci 17 state street.
Watches and ; Jewelry.
A FINE ASSOHTBIENT OF WATCH
es, Clocks, Jttrelry, Silverware, Ao., kept constant
y on hand at
. . R. KIRttPATRICK'S,
J" No. 1BJ, South High Street, Columbus, 0.
' ITr Watohc and Jewelry repaired.
4eo4 d3m.
GENTLfcniEN'g NEfJti " ILK,
GENTLEMEN'S NKOK TIE-,
- GBNTLEUEN'a NKOK TIES.
The most denrable assortment In the city and atunusal-
ly low prices. , - PSTSRBAIN,
nov84. No. 89 South High street
T?LEG NT PLAIN IILA OK SILKS FOB
IH Street Basquee and Mantles
alto, Rich Trlmmln
and Tassel to match, at
UA1
eyS3 , '
A PPLESl
APPLES!
V 100 Wis. Choice Apple reoetved en eonitrnmtnt
for aal hy . .
ateiui a KIBUBAUX,
, 34 N. High street.
(DljStxitemau
; I.:
IKBKIi
Dally, per year. . ....
Tri-Weekly, pe '
Weekly, per yea -..
.10 00
. SOU
. I Oil
Toombs on the Republican Governors.
Senator Toombs, of Georgia, in Lis speech,
on the 7th Inst., referred to the dereliotioni of
duty ou tho part of tha North, and In no meas
ured time denounced them. Ills views oi tneir
conduct are Interesting Just now, when7 the
complaints ol the South are snoered at, as If.
they bad no foundation. lie said : -
"We demand, In the next pace, 'that persons
committing Crimea against ale proocrty in one
Bute, end fleeing to anotfiP ahall be deliver
ed up in the same manner ek peiBon commit
ting orime againat other properly, and that the
laws of the State from which auoh persous flee
shall be the teat of criminally.' The Cousil
tntlon of (be United States, article four, section
two, saja :
"A person charged in any State with treason,
felony, or other crime, who shall flee from
justice, and be found la another Slate, ahall, en
demand of the executive authority of the State
from which he fled, be delivered uo to be re
moved to the State baviug jurisdiction oftbsj
crime."
But the ncn-alaveholdlog States, treacherous
to their oaths aud oumpacts, bavo steadily re
fused, if the crimioul only stole a negro, and
that negrowas a ulave, to deliver Mm up. It was
refused twice on the requisition of my own State
aa long as twenty-two years ago. It was refused
by Kent, and by Fairfield, Governors of Maine,
aud representing, I believe, each of the then
Federal parties. We appealed then to trater
Uty, bnt we aubmltted; and this constitutional
right baa been practitally a dead letter from that
day to this.
The next case came np between us ana tue
State of New York, when the present sen
lor Senator Mr. Seward was Governor of that
State, and he lefueed it. Why? He said It
was not against the law of New York to steal a
nogro, and thereforo he would not comply with
the demand. He made a similar refusal to
Virginia. Yet theae are our confederates; these
are our sister States! There is the bargain,
there is the compact. You have swore to it.
Bath these Governors swore to it. The Sena
tor fiom New York swore to It. The Gover
of Ohio swore to It when be was Inaugerated
You cannot bind them by oalA. Yet thty talk
to ut of treaion; and I oupsott thy txptet to
whip frtmen into loving ouch brethren. They
will hive a good time in doing it! it ia natural
we should want this provision of the Constitu
tion carried out. The Constitution saja slaves are
property, the Supreme Court says eos the Cons
titution says so. The theft ot slaves la a crime!
they are a subject matter ot felonious asporta
tion. By tbetext and letter of the Constitution
you agreed to give them up. You have sworn
to do it, and yon have broken yonr oatba. Of
course, those who have done so look out for
pretexts. Nobody expected them to do other
wise. I do not think I ever saw a perjurer,
however bald and naked, who could not In
vent aome pretexts topalliate his crime, or who
could not, forfifteensbilllngs, hire an old Btl
ley lawyer to Invent some for him. Yet this
requirement of th eConatitution is another one
of the extreme demands of an extremist and a
rtbel.
1 nave already adverted to the proposition in
regard to giving up criminals who are charged
with stealing negroes, end I have referred to
the cases of Maino, New York, and Ohio. I
come now to the last specification the require
ment that laws should be passed punishing all
who aid apd abet Insurrection. These are of
fenses recognized by the laws of nations, as In
imical to alt society; and I will read the opin
ions ot an emineot publicist when I get to that
point. 1 said mat yon naa aided and abetted
insurrection. John Brown certainly invaded
Virginia. John Brown's sympathizers, I pre
sume, are not f emocrsts. i wo oi tne aocom
plices of John Btown fled one to Ohio, one
to Iowa. The Governors of both States refused
to give up the lugltives from justice. The
party maintained them. I am aware that, In both
Otaee, pretexts were g .it ten up, to covt r the slit me
of the transaction I am going toauoir you that
their pretexts were holUto, untubilantial, Lot
auinif conttitutional law, but againtt the law
of nation. I will buoiv you that it was their
duty to seize them under the law of nations,
and bring them to their confederate States, or
even to a friendly Stato. The first authority I
will read ia Vattel on the law of nations. If
there bad been any well founded ground, if the
papers bad been detective, It toe case bad been
deleotively stated, what was the general duty
of a friendly State without any constitutional
obligation 7 The general principle is, that
one State is bound to restrain its citizeus from
doing anything tending to create disturbance in
another State; to foment disorder; to corrupt
its citizens, or to alienate its allies. Vattel
says, page 1C2:
'And since the latter the sovereign ought
not to suner nis suojects to molest tne suojeuts
of other Slates, or to da tbem an Injury, much
less to give open, audacious effonse to foreign
Powers, he ought to compel the traogretsor to
make reparation for tbe damage or injury, it
possible, or to Inflict On him au t-xampUry pun
ishment; or, finally, aocording to the naturo
aud circumstances of the case, to deliver bim
up to the offeuded State, to be there brought to
justice. This Is pretty generally observed with
respect to great viiuies, wuivu are equally con
trary to the laws aud aafeiy of all nations. As
sassins, iucendariea, and robbers, are seized ev
erywbere, at the desire of the sovereign In
whose territories the crime was committed, and
are delivered up to bis justice. The matter is
carried still further in States that are more
closely connected by friendship aud good neigh
borhood. Even In cases of ordinary trans
gressions, which are only sebjrets of
civil prosecution, either with a view to
the recovery of damages, or the in
fliction of a alight civil punishment, tho sub
jects of two ncighbojing Slates are reciprocally
"... ... l i . . f
ODIlgea to appear ueiure tun iug!Biriie ui tuv
place where they are accused ot havlog failed
. T T . ..I ! . ! I" ....
in tbelr outy. upon a requisition ot inav mag
istrate called letters rogatory, they are sum
moned in due form by their own magistrates
and obliged to appear. An admirable Institu
tion, by means of which many neighboring
Stales live together in peace, and seem to form
only one Republic! This Is in force through
all Switzerland, as auou as tne letter roga
tory aro Issued in form, the superior of tbe ac
cused is bound to enforce them. It belongs not
to him to examine whether the accusation be
true or false; he is to presume on tbe justice of
his neighbors, and not to suffer any doubta on
hi a own cart to impair an institution so well
calculated to preserve harmony and good un
deratandino belween the States."
That Is the law of nations, as declared by
one of Us ablest expounders; Dut besides, we
hava this principle emDodied in tbe Uoustitu
tiooi we have their the obligation to deliver up
fugitives from justice; tne, though it 1 In the
Constitution, though it is sanctioned, at I said,
by all ages and all centuries, by tbe wise and
the cood. everywhere, our confederate States
are seeking false pretexts to evade a plain social
dutv. In which are involved the peace and ecu-
rltv of all civilized society. If we had no Con
stitution, this obligation would devolve upon
friendly States. If there were no Constitution,
we ouitht to demand It. But instead of giving
us thia protection, we are met with reproaches,
rovlllng, tricks, and treachery, to conceal and
protect Incendiaries and murderers.
This man Brown and .hit accomplice, had
sympathizers. Who were they 1 One of them,
aa 1 have before said, who was, according: to his
oubllo apeeches, a defender and a laudator of
John Brown is Governor of Massachusetts
Other officials of that State applauded Brown's
heroism, magnified bia courage, and no doubt,
lamented his ill success. Throughout tho whole
North, nublio meetings, Immense gatherings,
trlumnhal processions, the honors of the hero
and tha oonqaerer, were awarded to this incen
diary and assassin.. They did not condemn the
traitor; think you they abhorred tne treason T
Yet, I repeat, when a distinguished Senator
from a noo-slavehofdiog State Mr. Douglas
proposed to punish such attempts at invasion
and insurrection, Lincoln and his parly come
before the world and say, "here is a sedition
law." To carry out tbe Constitution, to pro
tcot States from invasion and suppress Insurrec
tion, to comply with the lawa of the United
States, ia a sedition law," and the chief of
thia party treats it with contempt; yet, under
the very same clause of tbe Constitution which
warranted this important bill, yon derive yonr
power to pnnisb offences against the law of nations.
Mayor Wood on Secession.
Tbe following is what is said by Mayor Wood
in bis message about the secession of the city
from the State of New York:
"Much, no doubt, can be said la favor of the
justice and pulley of a separation. It may be
eald tnat seoesnon or revolution in any ot toe
United States would be a subversion of all Fed
eral authority, aud, so far as tbe Central Gov
ernment Is ouncerned, the resolving ot the com
uiuuity into its original elements tnat, u part
of the S lutes form new combinations and Gov
ernments other States may do the same. Cali
foriiia and ber sisters of tbe Paclfta will, no
doubt, set up an independent Republic, and bus.
baud their own rich mineral resources.
Toe Western States, equally rich in oerals and
other agricultural products, will probably do
tbe same. Then it may be eald, why should
not New York city, Instead of supporting by
ber contributions In revenue two thirds tbe ex-
flenses of tbe United States, become also equal
y Independent? As a free city, with but a
nominal duty on imports, her local government
could be supported aithout taxation uponjber
people. Thus we could live free from taxes,
and have cheap goods nearly duty free. In this
she would have the whole and uuited aupport of
tne southern states, as wen as of all otber
States to whose interests and rights under tbe
Constitution she has always been true.
"It is ell for individuals or communities to
look every danger square in the face, and to meet
it calmly and bravely. As dreadful as the sev
ering of the bonds that have hitherto united tbe
States has been in contemplation, it is now ap
parently a Btern and inevitable fact. We have
now to meet it with all tho consequences what
ever they may be. If the Confederacy is bro
ken up, tbe Government ia dissolved, and it be
hooves every dixtinct community as well as!
every individual to take care of themselves.
" Wheu DiBumnn has beoome a fixed and oer
tain fact, why may not New York disrupt the
bands which bind her to a venal and corrupt
master to a people and a party that have plun
dered her revenues, attempted to ruin her com-
merce, taken away tbe power ot self-government,
and destroyed tbe Confederacy of which
she was a proud Empire city. Amid the gloom
wbich tbe present and prospective condition of
things must cast over tbe country, New York
as a fre citu, may shed tbe only light and hope
for a future reconstruction of our once blessed
Confederacy.
"Yet I am not prepared to recommend the
violence implied in these views, in stating this
argument in favor of freedom, peaoably if we
oau, forcibly if we must,' let me not be misun
derstood. Tbe redres can be found onlv In
appeals to the magnaulmity of the people of the
wbole State. Tbe events of the oaat two
months have, no doubt, effected a change in the
popular sentiment of tne state and national pol
itics. This cnaoee may brine us the desired
relief, and we may bea le to obtain a repeal of
tne laws to wnicn l nave referred, and a conte
quent restoration of our corporate rights.
"Jan, 7, 1861. FERNANDO WOOD, Mayor."
New Discovery in Steam Navigation in England—
New Discovery in Steam Navigation in England— A Trial on the Thames.
On the 11th nit., a trip was made down the
Thames; to test the merits of an invention,
which is opposed to all the received notion
with regard to the propulsion of vessels, wheth
er by tbe oar, tbe paddle wheel or the screw,
In those cases tbe motion is obtained by the
broad surface which ia brought ti bear upon the
water, whereas, nere tne least oonceivable
resisting surface is presented, namely, tbe rim
of a thin disc, revolving on the axia, like the
ordinary paddle-wheel.. This "diso wheel" is
tbe invention of Mr. James Jones Aston, a
barrister, who has for some years devoted bia
attention to steam navigation. It consists of a
solid circular diso of metal or wood, or both
in combination, with plain edges made as thin
as possible, consistently with its being strong
enough to be turned in tbe water without break
ing or "buckling."
One at tbe stem, or one on each side will pro
pel a boat, but several maybe used on tbe shaft
at equal distances apart. Tbe portion not aot
ing in the water can be cut away, and tbe diso
filled with arms or spokes. Its advantages over
tbe paddle.wbeel and the screw oooslat in the
motive power being so perfectly utilized as to
obtain a greater rate of speed than baa hitherto
been practicable, la its being less likely to be
disibled in a storm or battle, and in the entire
absence of paddles or blades to agitate the wa
ter and to give vibration to the boat. Mr. As
ton obtained the use of an old, heavy and lum
bering craft, and substituted his dlsoeheels for
padule ones, wnicn were oetore employed.
Ehch wheel was comDwed of sever il metal discs.
open in the center, about fonrteen feet In diame
ter, and a utue more man two icet in tne water.
Tbe boat tbus prepared, and with its ordinary
eogines working the wheels, moved eff slowly,
Increasing lie speed until it went a little more
than six knots ao hour.
There wero forty-seven revolutions a minute,
and tbe consumption of coal at the rate of
twelve and a half hundred weight an hour,
1th a pressure of six pounds on the boiler, the
usual speed of the vessel, with the paddle
wheels, being eight knots with one ton of coal.
As tbe wbeel meets witn so little resistance
from tha water, It ought to be, in Mr. Aston 'e
opinion, propelled at a velocity superior to ex
isting marine engines. To tbe sclentiflo It
would be a matter of nice investigation now
these wheels aot upon the water so as to move
along a vessel of such bulk . The defects In the
invention may be said to be a difficulty In mak
log a quick start and in suddenly stopping;, but
these may be overcome by the skill ot a olever,
praoiioal engineer. Mr. Aston alleges various
grounds for the superiority of his disc wheel;
no loss of power from back-water, its liability
to be much less effected by wind and tide, its
suitableness for canals and shallow rivers, and
its cheapness. It ean be easily applied to all
naddle-wboels, and also to the stern; but in the
case of a aorew, some alteration to tbe machine
ry would be necessary.
Printing Office for Sale.
TnF. OAltROLL COUNTY DEIdO
CHAT OFFICE Is offered for sal on very rea
sonable terms. To a practical printer this Is a chance
for a bargain. Three hundred dollar down aud th
balance In two year. The offlce baa a good run of Job
won. and advettlalng patronage. For particulars ad
dress UEO. W. BARLOW,
tlecHMwatwjw. uarroiiton, Ohio.
High Sreot Store
FOU SALE.'
'TI1E THREE STOUT FIItE PROOF
1 STORY HOUSrJ, No 163, occupied ty Akin At Em
my, Stove Dealers, completely fitted with (Oas, tnmice
and Homing J act. xue lot n iw oy xv, ana la offered
on ressonable terms. Apply to
- wm. n- HKUWrt,
JanT-dfol No. 33, North Third Street.
GOLDEN HI! I. SHIRTS,
OOLDEN niLL BniRTS,
GOLDEN HILL SHIRTS.
The pattern of these sbln are new. The Bodies, Toket,
sleeves and bosom, tr formed to fit the person with case
and eomiort. in mark upon teen one designating tne
else msy be relied on a being correct, and each shirt Is
guaranteed well made. A full (took of (II quallUe
constantly for aal at BAIN'S,
novat. no. x eouin uigu street.
HOLIDAY PRESENTS. .....
MINK MUFFS. VIOTORINES andCTJIIB we art
now selling it very low prion, alio all other kinds
fashionable furs. , . . PETR BANH,
deoBl. ' ' No. 89 South High at.
HEfflP AND COTTON HOPES,
do do Twine, ,:;
Bed Cord and Candle Wick,
for ml by , M'KEE A RISTIEAUX.
oct7 ' 34 N. High Street.
NEW GOOD S r,
FOR THE. I
CHEAPER THAN EVER!'
UNCUaRENT MONEY i
TAKEN AT THE HIGHEST BATES.
Broche and Wool
4 v 1
OLOAK8 '
Of Every Description.
CL01H9,
CASSIMERE9, and
VESTINGS.
D,RESS GOODS,
Beautiful Styles.
LADIES AND GENT'S
WRAPPERS AND DRAWERS.
Hosiery and Gloves.
VELVET RIBBONS,
ALA Widths,
IDmlorolclo rioa,
Fancy Woolen Goods.
KNAPP & CO.,
NO. 119
SOUTH HIGH STREET.
octSj-Cawd-iAwCm
T II P..
WEEKLY OniO STATESMAN-
nAYINGI A CIRCULATION
LAEGEB BY BETEB1L THOUSANDS
Than any other paper In Ohio, outsid of Cincinnati
Offers Facilities for Advertising
Which CANNOT FAIL to bring
Speedy and Hemnneratlwo Return
To those whs take advantage of them. '
THE WEEKLY STATESMAN,
Distributed ultra through (very Post Office in Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Who patronage I valuable, and who ttldom see the
Dally Editions of city Journal; and as only
A Limited Kamlerof Advertisements
Are Inserted In It columns, appoprlately and
HANDSOMELY DISPUYEO!
nrrr cannot ran, to
4A.ttxaot Atteiitloxi.
OF ALL I
WHOLESALE DEALERS
Advertising la tbe WE BELT STATESMAN will Ha
It advantagout la
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which is almost certain to follow an xtcnslvt'dlMemla
anon of a knowledg of their business
AMONQ COUNTEY DEALERS I
ADVERTISEMENTS INTENDED FOR
The "Weekly Statesman
. . Should b handed In before Friday noon.
JAB. H. HUH.
WM. H.BE3TISAUX.
M'KEE & RESTIEAUX,
GROCERS
AST)
PRODUCE DEALERS,
No. ft North nign Street,
COLUMBUS, OHIO,
TTAVEON HAND AT WHOIEMTE
rt . i m-a-n rtvuifl on a til n AunnVDfVl
A ay slTJa C.JUall AT At art nA.4Si a" jvwa.i j
FLOUR. SALT, TEA, COFFEE, BCOAR, TOBACCO,
8E9ARS,Eto .Ito, Our Stock has been purchased In
Eastern Cities during tne Faolo, - -
FOU CASH,
and our main Wideevor will, be to offer Inducement to
CASH UTSBS which are not (scaled by any House In
the Olty. ' - -.: 3-.- dc29
HQUWeYPRESEWSa ,
ALIXAIDR'S imL6T8.,l,i!-'T-POINT
LAOS COLLARS. - 1 ' '
VALENCIENNES OOLLARS A SLEEVE 3.
IMB'D MUSI.Ifl do do
" LINES da - ' ! do
znuava noanui ... da .
FIN1 APPLS HANDKERCHIEFS, 'GUT BELTS.
vuDuAinunvn j. . iiatrmctA.
MOCRNIWO ' do ' -1 . NtTBIAS.
HEMMED, WTTTOBED, 1 do ' " HOODS.
QRBNIDINS A LACS1 VEILS ' i BLEKVBS.
i LAOSCOIflCBESABAKBBS.i O0RBT8.
For eel by PETER BAItf,
derll. ' So. efl.Bolh High Street-
INTER PLAINEI,-.1 (.
WmiBB . DeLAINB. - . ,. . .
lfw stvle. and very cheap at - - Artr'
novSA.: - . J , . Ke. W South fllghreet.-
CREAT -ATTBRCT108I3
WM.RICHARDS
A SAIN NOTIFIES THE PEOPLE Of
Columkuaaod vicinity, that he Is bafoie litm with
ene of the best stock of
DRY GOODS
vsr offered to their discriminating gat-ttloti til
treat care, and purchased at Panic Prices, he fls oiU
fled fa saying, no man eaa offer greater Induotmeati to
th "rMdy pay" buyer. Bis tin ef :--
Dress Goods :
Il compute, consisting of all the latest stvlcs and tm
pqrtallgns.
both plain and fancy, and la great vartetlM.
Satinets, Cloths and , Casaimered,
m QOAwrvnis to sdtt tbt mant, t
PRiNTS!
PRINTS !! PRINTS!!!
YARDS TO HUM BAOtl TOO StKwTlOIf.
8h(Ung, Shirting, Ticking, Toweling, Cotton A Wool
Flannel, Gentlemen's Famishing floods, ao., Ao., at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES!
HOODS TlbODS!!!
Btatrrirrr. oncj just iccttrcn er umss ,
BALMORAL SKIRTS;
4 yaro wide admitted by all to be th
Beat, Nicest and Cheapest,
In market. Don't fall to get one.
ucmcmDet tne place and call soon at
258 South High Street,
Ntaa raiEND.
declB-lmd WILLIAM RICHARDS.
SOUTH DISH I
wasaHMK
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
RAILROADS.
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to lndiananolis without Change of Cars
and bnt One Change of Cars between
Colnmbus and St. Louis.
THREH TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
BUS. FIR3TTRAIN.
(Dally, Mondays excepted.)
BIGHT EXPRESS, erfa Dayton, at 8:ti a. m.,atcy
ping at London, Xanla, Daytun, Uiddletowa and Hamil
ton, arrtvingat Cincinnati t8.10 a. m.; Dayton atfet;
a. m., ladlanopoliiat 10.18 a m.:tt Loulsal 11 Su
P . SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 8:10 a. ., stopping at all But
tloni between Columbus and Cincinnati and Dayton, ai
riving at Cincinnati 11:02 a. ., Dayton at ft lit, m..
Indianopollsaf jltp. so.
THIRD TRAIN.
DAY EXPRESS, at 9:30 p. m., stopping at Alton.
Jederson, London, Charleston, Cedarvllle, Xenra,
Spring Valley, Corwin, Morrow, Deerfleld, Foster's.
Loveland, Mlllfordand Plalnvllle, arrlrlrg at Cioetn.
aatl at 7:0 p. a.; Bt. Louis at lit m; Ds;ton at S:AS p.
m.; Indlanopolts at 10:3b p. m.
Sleeplaff Cars on all Nlsrht Train la
Cincinnati and Indianapoli.
BAGGAGE CHECKED THROUGH.
For further Information and Through Ticket apply to
M. L. DOUBRTT,
Tlckst Agent, Union Depot. Onlumaue, Ohio.
E. W. WOODWARD,
Superintendent, Cincinnati.
J NO. W. DOUKBTk
Jul3 Agent, Columbus, "
BORTLE & SHEDD,
No. 273 South High Street,
DEALERS IN
FINK FAlTIILa: GHOCEHIE9. FU
eign and Doaestlo Fruits, choloe Family Flour,
Teas, ao., are now in receipt cf their entire Btook pur
ohased within tbe past tea weeks In New York at Fanlr
fries.
We merely wish to say that we un every thing usual
Iykspt In tlrtttlatl Grocery, and are determined to
ell ear Goods at prices that will defy competition. , .
STOoods Delivered to any part of
Ita city free of Charge.
deel7-d.odlm . .
WHITE WHEAT FAMILY FLOUR,
'Golden Ave Brand. ' For aaleonly by HOKTLsl
A SHEDD, No. 873 South Uigh street. d71-4e9dlm
STEWART'S) DOUBLE EXTHA GOL
en 8, i up, from drippings of Loaf (Sugar at BOaiLS
fcSUEDD'B. dcr?-deodlu
El CINE HULL AIv It HfcHKlAG, AT
BORTLE a BHEDD'S, 273 Stcth Ulgh street.
declT-deodla
CHOICE RAISINS, PRCNEw, CtJK
rabt and Figs, cheap, at BOKILK A 8B aDD'd New
Grocery. dec7-deodlm
FIRE CRACK EKS-IOO BOXES JUST
received by BORTLE 8USDD.873 South High
street. deolS-doodlm
CHOICE GREEN AND BLACK TEAS,
very cheap, at BORILS A BHEDD'S.
dcl7-deodlra
PURE WINES AND LlQCOHS FOR
Medloal purposes, Scotch Al and London Porter, at
BORTLE Ac BHEDD'S. deci7-doodlm
FOKHEI INEDallOsR. 13 LBS. FOH
1, and and all the standard Refined Sugars, oheapar
than the cheapest, (e to BOHTLE a BliEDb'o973onrii
High street . decl7 rleodlm
Baltimore Clothing House.
aiSSS tSo DXsTJlVI,
... I ........ t
( MArtrr-XTCAnii aho vioiuai Miuu m
READY-MADE CLOTHING,
No. 308 W, Baltimore-street,
larrwici LIBERTY ano Bowaaa,) . 1
BALTIIIIORC, ,U4
A Large Assortment of Piece and Famishing
Good Constantly on Eand;
OetWdly
EAGLE WHOLESALE
LOOKING GLASS STORE.
JOSHUA COWPLAND, ; .
Manufacturer and Dealer, No. S South Fourth St.,
Mteeee Market and Chestnut, Philadelphia,' . '
W1
HERE HE OFFEBS AT LOW
pi Ices, an extenilve variety of Lookin. OIum. in
Oilt, Mahogany and Walnut Frames, Laige Freneh Plate
i a urora, r lain ane Kicniy vrnamented, QUI aud Fane
Wood Portrait and Picture Framca.
jUOKnra GLASS PLATES BT THE BOX,
. or m itsa'QVAjrm rJ-
j Goods parked In the 'SarVet aaaa,- as tasarvl
against Breakage,, . ,
JOSHUA WvmairT),"'
'. -3 w SS Boats) Foavth Btreet..
aotao-.irim. , .-Philadelphia.
II EN It T KtEflLEH, .
(Latti ef Pbalant BetablUbnvnt, tt: T) rosrwtor
. Uw New York Fashionable Shaving, Hair Uuttinc
Shampeonlng, Ourllng and Drawing Balooa, Me. 11 '
,KaM State street, near the Poet Offle, An( loor,
. wh.re satlatactlOB at I II be siren In all the verlnaa
braneha. Ladle and Chlldrea'a iialf Drewhsf tout
In the beet style. .
Jyvt-itv.
PARIS CLOAKS AND PALETOTS, w
Made la tbe moat arjIUhaad elrgwit auoorr. . A
bow Invoke just opened by - PETEfcttAlif, '
dee.1 1. So. 09 South Hlgb HnU

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