Newspaper Page Text
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COLUMBUS. OHIO.; MONDMEVENING, JANUARY 14, 1861
; A it -fA' -i-.i.i :. . -
yoL:.jiiyf mmw- series;:
IIZ D0LLAZS PZ2TZA8;
unrubiy la Adrmeti
ffU, mH '.gfiitinitiml
DAILY. TKI-WEEKLY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER, ;
PUBLISH! EB ,'AIfD PB07BIXT0B8.
, I t !
ID" OffiH Kos. 86, 88 and 40, Borta High It.
TERMS INFARIABLY IN ADTAHC1. , ,
Dally - ' $8 00 per year.
By the Carrier, per week, If eents. -ftl-Weslrlv
- 3 , 00
rruu ! A ertlelng Df MU
us siiuar I yeai...50 00
One " '."month. W HO
:ne " enmlhi.li 00
One " 3 nionthi 10 00
One months 8 OQ
-Ine " 1 month, i i 00
On ,? (' ,Sweek... 80
na 1 week... 1 75
Ons ' Sdayivrr 100
flnj.1" . Bdajl.. 75
On.; j ' I lueertloa, 50
Displayed 'advertlsime'ntli bait mort than'th. abort
..Hutments leaded MA' placed n th. Solum, of
Hpecial Notlcei," dm,blt tht ordinawyratti.
til notice required to toe pubHihed by taw, legal retee.
1 1 ordered the inila.soluilvety alter the flat week
per cent, nor than tbe above ratet; bBt U lyob wll
IhaVrl-Waaklv Without Chsrite.
ba.innuCara'a. not exceeding five lines, per year, h-
tt lie, 50 per Uo J oultMe . I'm 'n!vi" Ii
Notlcei of .meeting.; eharlUblee wjlctltf. Sr. companies,
Aurantieni advtrHtemmtt mf hi paid for -4
alnanct "TaB rule will not bevnetM from. . ""'
Weekly, (Mne prloe a the Daily, where the tdvertliar
i the Weekly Slow. Where Le P.Uy and Weekly
are both aeed, then the eharire t.-rtbe Weekly will be
If therateadf tti Pally i. . . i i .
Ho adTertHement taken except for a definite period. ,
EAGLE SRABSyO RKS,
Corner Sprtna; it XV s"'. ' .
Oolumtoufl . Olalo-
W. B,' - POTTS;'&; - .OO.,
And Manofacturere of Drain and OompotlHoh OaaUngt,
rinlahed Braat Work of all Dewriptlonf, ; ...i
Plating. and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, &C
hhl'SO-dly- ' ' " : ''';;
Dr." J B,.' Beanman,
A RESIDENT DENTIST.'
Lt, THOSE MEQUIRIItO THE SEK
Ticea of a Dentinal, and tavonnr ur. s. wui
. with thrir
rely on having laUifaetlon given
am h nmB'nvt on the comDlelion of au operation.
Ofllce Vour Door North of the American Hotel, over
r.nJIatll'i Bat Store.
Oolumbua Jan . '.'-A I y '
if. A. B. SIMKIN3,
Attorney ctt XjAttv
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
OfBi-e Aai'o-.a Uullillng, oppoilte Capitol Square,
Machine tfannfactnring Company
ii o o o i ct, o o e m.uH!;
WJIS J.I U. JTT-i.
STEAM ENGINES ; & BOILERS,
CMtlngi, Mill-Qeulng, Maehlnery.
o ivBwr fcKnaurrfow.'-' " '
'; VOLVMBVHi OHIO. ;
0BA8. AM BOB, Bop't ' " t. AHB0B,Treai
deell, lH5frtf - - "
MILLINER Y GOODS.
' OF" ""
Millinery and : Fancy : Good ;
; .. i- . ' ,i.'-.:ojt'M . i-..: ;,
RH. WAIIE WOULD MESPEOT
e fully Inform the Cltlzcni of Oolumbua and Vi
cinity that his Block of . ...
FAIL AND WIN TEE HTLLI5EET
IS NOW COMrLCTE, i' : .'.(
And beinff partlcnlarlf doalroue of
rednclna; bl. .lock iminedl
atelf , be Will Sell,'
, FROM THIS DATE, AT 7 ,
CREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
'I ; ;.''. j n i' jw.V.i . t.
YOU CAN CKTif
Bargain ! 'Bargains ! Bargains!
EXAMINING M STOCK!!
HE. SJpLLS EVERy VA RIETY-pF,,
MILLINERY & FANCY COODS
lOOETnEH WITH A
targe Btockof ' NolionV
, .a .
ITTPrtcea tnn. and shall be .!
, . . ! ti,m: a. V; l ' '. .
CAM,' AT 1 ' '
I0. 68 BAST IOWA STBEF.T,
Lt IX POWERS & BRO
SK4LEBI VI WrOltTID ANTV noMISTlO r
3k tr.i ANDIANCY AETICLBB
Novll Ea.tltate Blr.et, betwten High iad
tli. Pott-Oflice , Oolumbua, Ohio, ocw:aum
kit'"T.. rfloi.tiKI BILL 8U1M8. II ' ' V "t.
The pattern of these ehirte are new. The Bodies, Yokes,
aleevea and bo torn a are formed to fit the nereon with eaae
and comfort. "Th. mark noon each one deaignatlng to.
alia may be relied on aa bein a correct, and each abirt la
guaranteed wall made. A full stock t all qualities
constantly rot awe at ni w e,
dotM. " Bo. 89 Booth High street.
Vl At ' jj- , ,, . , -
f tttt bow OtTcrinf our immtnto itook of 9 ancy Threat
la. 3. L aa JLralJ aw AlAlblMl . Ml 1 K M. . r i
Bilks atprtota leu man ever won anerM in thla oily.
VhaaUaaUflm-al the ladia of thla clu and Tklnltl ll
aelkited. ai oar stock le vers select and complete In all
grades of goods In thiHta.- t ; -ia BAIN,
nov4. No, SO South High atrnt.
. i i i ' 11 1 1 1 .'i r :
c .!Fr Medical Parpo...,? ,,,;
PTJBfi t AHtra .WTKBS, 00BT.TALB, AND lit
Terns, from "Bnndcd Warehouee - '
botW"' " " fc 108 South High street.;
1 flLTKIE TBRKAD 1ACB MITT"
ill f aleeant ntllUes for LadKal also, Ulaaae' Atltls
la great Variety at . BAUI'R.
. ...!.';. t ' !.:"' .. ' ,, i ........ .. ., .
-' ":" " . . - . . ....
. .. ; ; . j , ,, . .. , ,
tt tk." jm r"J . . , i ,. . --
4 .. .,...... t 't .,:..-.:f.
:: J'-J .v' PAYABLE IN 'ADVANCE.'-'; ' ; ' . ' ;
' It ii iun old Ind reliable ibcmocrotio Journal, fnd, m a political paper, b ,
No Superior in Obip or any other State !
n addition to iU rwlitioaloharnoter, it Is a first dlane, newapaper, furnishing iU readers with Uie
; ' GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitomo of the stirring event constantly ocourring nt home and abroad, and ohoioe miscel
i. - -i,. r. i laneon. eolecUone. . It also giva the latest and most reliable.
' " Trom all the principal inarte' of Trade and Commeroe.
The Basinesl Man, the .Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
, Will eaoh find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of .
TIIE ,,W3333I5LXTr BT JSl.T H2Q3VI KT.
Daring the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the VesRXT States
man will be furnished with a concise report of the doings of each of those bodies. -
During the past year, the- circulation of the Wkklv .Btatkskam has increased very rapidly,
being now more than double what it was twelve months ago. It is our desire to exUmd iU oir--cnhrtidn,
not only in Ohio,
' But in all the States and Territories West of TJs!
la proportion as it is diffused among the poople, its usefulness will be increased; and we invite
our political and personal friends to aid us in giving to the Weekly Statesman
The Largest Possible Circulation
Among the poople. The price of the paper is so
an inducement to friends to aid ns in increasing
WiUiVe A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, by4 the 1st dayof January, 18C1, send us the lowest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the
second largest Olub of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the poreon who send us
1 the third largest Olubwf subscribers as aforwaid; and to eaoh person who sends us a Cmb of
ten yearly Bubeoribers, with tho cash fur the same, we will send aopy of the
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
,. , .. . ,v. pi-ub, or eolicit snbcril)ers for the States-
Ih08!.Tuh-? fedaTSich to it a strip of writing paper, on which
ffl record (He names of all persona who may become subscribers.
' ' . MANTPENNY & MILLER.
......... .... . . . ,
' a. rUBLISnKP.8 OHIO STATESMAN.
FEB , ANNUM !
I?01l CLUBS ! !
-4 , i
low that no Democrat need bo without it.
the circulation of the Wfeki.t Statesman,
)N"o. 4 Gwvnno Block.
? A. STONE &,0IIAPiRA
ABE NOW RECEIVING THEIR WIN
,TKH U00D8, and invite the public to lnspeot
them. No luch atock of Qooda haa ever been brought to
thla market. The South, In consequence of the failure
of the grain crop, haa not been able to purcbaae the ur
ual quantity at rich Rooda, and thla fast haa forced the
Importora to aell them ,at publle auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Stone) being in New York at theae large galea, took
advantage of them, and we can and will aell our good!
here, at lesa than any one who purchased two weeka aince,
paid for them in New . York. . Our stock la complete In
every department of. , ,, i, ";t,.. y .; ... ,
ELEGANT bRESB SILKS,' :
.. OTTOMAN VELOURS, i ! ;.:
BROCHK VALENCI AS, . . .
- PRINTKD MEBINOS, , I -!
.. PRINTED CO BURGS,
' .v DYED COBUGS;
BLACK ALPACAS, -ORLEANS,
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,' .
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
0 POPLINS, PRINTS,
i .v.. i . DELAINES
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
5. Fire Thaiisand Dollars -Worth
' r, "Bought id One Day, v ' , .'
At one half tbe Coat of Impoitation.
la air Varieties, of the Celebrated
' Rlannfatnra ( C. ,'.' ...
i ' ., ' titer. Son.'
-I. I !:'' ,
Hen's, IauHea and Children's Under BhlrU and Drawon;
Ladlea,. liiftea and Ohildren'a Hoaiery of all klndi, In
Wool and Lamb's Wool; fleecy Lined and Cotton tilovei
of every matte
,. I 'i i oi...
A complete awortmenfr. of all the nsnal varie
ties of ; "' ' '' ;.. Ii...
LAiEsj,;(iirOTHs,i u,b;;i . , ;
; " CASSIMERE8, v:
' " '- OVERCOATINGS, '
. V TWEEDS,
FLANNELS, ., . ".. ' ' Z'T" :
r " T DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladioi and Gent's liAen Cambrio Hand
'.kerchieft, Ac, &c.
4. Tersonewh Uow oe, We pledge onr words to
show Ahem ah. Urgeet, beat and cheapest ftoek of Uoods
evet -tweq In this market,, or pay them on. dollar per
hour While looking. , . .
STONE k O HAERA.
WMi B: MOREHOUSE & CO., v
1 Imperwra and Wnejeaale Dealer. lq 4 ; ,
itajafSHf 1 Oiii;;id Began,
beg leave, t ealt ft. attenllbn of the eUlseos of Ihe Unl
tod States to theUt Far. Wines and Liquors, put up un
der their own supervision, tor vamiiy ana jueaicat aie,
i aaaaa aaMrted to ault customers, Chi he, MlllUry and
other public bodies who require to pnrche. In large or
small quantities, id caste or wvimi wu. w ,ui.muj
dealt with. Frlc. List tent on application,
w.uuuu4a4 hw the tralnhvalclana aa the best rerne'
J, known (MDnwDtti, Inuiieeuon, vemiuy, ana an
Nervous Dtseaaea. as a never!!,. uuro, wu-
some, and delicious to the taste. Sold by all Druggists
WM. B. MOREHOUSE ft CO,, Prop'n,
, ' ,i:u -i 1 94B.IatobaBe plaos,
I,.. - jama cirv. rj. j.
F. g.ThY aMbanUwra wish, to nnM fewaellTt
men, at Local and Traveling Agents for their house, to
wnonj ntwrai inaaceaaequ will P eaerea.i . or paruo
ulars, aadreae as above. octSO-dflm
T7VANOY LINEN AND SILK FANS IN
A? newatileei aKibbon Boand, xlenirio. ani In.-
.i;jasi ., Ma. 89 loath High ttrsat
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
Firo & Life Insurance Co.
"? Castle street, Liverpool. ?0andSl Fonltrv, London.
Offlca, So Wall and bl IMue itrcete, New York.
TR0UAB HOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio.
Paid m Capital. Siirpln.
and Ite.ervctl I'uuda 60,0(IOi58S
Inwe.teil In tills Country- over. .800, tKO
K early" Hovenue, over 3,600,000
ICpThe Shareholders personally responsible for an
ga((i'incnH of the Company . All Directors muat be Share
holder!. . Directors and Bhareholdora la New York :
James Brown, Beq., Chairman, Vrancls Oottenat, Esq.,
I.M. Archibald, B.B.H. Consul. lueene Dntllh, Iiq.
Joseph Oaillard, Jr., Esq. H. Orinnell, Biq.
Alexander Hamilton, jr., Etq- ' ttanaeraon, Kiq.
Al.nv. Hahilton, Jr., Kaq.,
' Counsel of Ihe Board.
Ai-nrn rrj.i, Ksq , Beaident Secretary.
. Local Board In Cincinnati: .
N. W. Thomaa. Esq.. J. D. Jonea-Etq. BufuiKlog, Esq.
Thompson Meave, JSsq. Rob't Buchanan, Ksq.
' The undersigned. Agent In this city, will be happy to
receive applications for Insurance In the above Company,
AT TBE CITY BANK.
B can recommend it with entire confidence to all desir
ous of obtaining protection against LOSS BY FIBK.
; 1 . N"o Chnrs for Policies.
novie-tf,,, ' TI10B. HOODIE.
,. FANCIES. .
Such articles as you tletirt for your HUSBAND '
Such as you need for your WITB.
Bach re ere proper for your DAUGHTER.
Such as yoiir 8I8TEB will jrafe you for.
Such as your BROTHER canvse. '
Such u you want for 11 TIIB ONE YOtT LOVE BEST.'
Snch as will be good for the" BLESSED BABY."
Such aa .11 ttet for.
May be found In variety, in my new atock of
WATC11EN, CHAINS, JEWELRY.
" ,, . PLATED GOOllS,
Anil general assortment of
' Fancy and Useful Articles,
, No. 10 Buckeye Block. '
yillTK WHEAT, BRANDED . '.
, "BWO WJTJj AKE."
'rent 1 1 Baraett Mills," Springfield, 0. the best brand of
floor brought to our market. Batltfactlon euaranle)
tor tale only at - wm.sicuonai.u s,
nov - i 10H South High atreet
riALlCOH, DeLAINES. BIKRINOI).
J CHIMTXES. 111 EMM SILKS, and all
kinds 91 lasnionaoie ,
,7V Inter Drees Goods.
we are nowofferlogat very tow prices.
decDI. 1 ' ... Wo. jogpnih High street.
. Save Your Money.
T AM. NOW RECEIVING SDBSCRIP
tlons for all the Magatines and Literary nanera In
the country andont of it; among the former, the Corn-
hill, Tempi. Bar, the Atlantis, Harper, Godey, Peterson,
Kilckwoooker, atcitctio, mackwoo., the British Quarter-
m.yj, ouunrmra cu gut vuem SSBU JliA,
OHCArxiH ana tree 01 restate, by tending their 8ntr
suriptlont through mo, , RICHARD KHNNEDY,
docu ' IV ("tate street.
Watches and , Jewelry !
JMiSORTITIEMT OF WATTII
1, Tcwelry, Sllverarara, Ac. ..kept constant
y on hand at
,. f.; 'i B. KIBKPATBIOK'S,
No. IG5, South High Street, Columbus, 0
1L r Wetchet and Jcwolry repaired.
Sect d3m. . . .. . ..
GENTLEMEN'N NEt;K " 1KM,
" OENTLBMEN'S NECK TIBd,
- OENTLEySN'B NKOK TTEH.
The most desirable assortment in the city and at annul-
lyiowprioea. v J -, , ftlSRBAIN,
novM. No: 89 South High ttreet-
PLEUANX PA.AIN ULAUk SII.KS FOB
JLJ Btreeiuaaquetana aianiiei; alio, Rich Trlmmln
and Tauels to match, at - BAIN
, may!3 ' '..-...: ., . ,
k PPLE8I APPLESI .
iV lnObMi. Choice Apples rectlved en mntlgnmtnt
fqtsaieny , kebtibaux,
n h". Jllgk street.
Dally, per year.
Trl Weekly, per :
Weekly, per yea
The South Carolina Commissioners and the
President of the United States.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29. 1860.
Ki.'i Wo hare tbe honor to transmit to you a
copy of tbe full powers from the Convention of
tbe people Ot douid unruuua, uuuer wuiuu we
are '-auiuorlzea ana eoipowereu 10 treat whq
the GoTornment of the United states lor the
delivery of the forte, magazines, light-houses,
and other real estate, with their appurtenances,
in tbe limits of South Carolina; and also fur an
apportionment of tbe publio debt, and for a di
vision 01 ail other property neiu uy me uovero
mentofthe United States, aa agent of the Con -fedrated
States of which South Carolina was
recently a member, and generally to negotiate
as to ali otha , aieaetit. fcd arraagnnent.
proper to be made and .adopted in the existing
relation of the parties, and for the continuance
of peaoe nud amity between this Common
wealth and tbe Government at Washington."
In the ezecntion oi tnis trnet it is our duty to
furnish you, as we now do, with an official copy
of the Ordinance of Secession, by which tbe
State of South Carolina has resumed tho pow
ers she delegated to tbe Government of the
United Stated, and baa declared her perfect uov
ereignty and independence.
IC would also nave oeea our outy to nave in
formed you tbat we were ready to negotiate
with vou upon all such questions aa are neces
sarily raised by the adoption of thia Ordinance,
and tbat we were prepared to enter upon this
negotiation, with the earnest desire to avoid all
unnecessary and hostile collision, and so to inan
enrate our netf relations as to secure mutual re
aped, general advantage, and a fnture of good
will and normony, Deneuciai 10 an mo parties
But the events of tbe last twenty four hours
render such an assurance impossible. We
came here the representatives of an authority
wmch could, at any time witbln the past sixty
days, have taken possession of the forts in
Charleston barnor, but wnicn, upon pieages giv
en In a manner that we cannot doubt, determ
ined te trust to your honor rather than to Its
own power. Since our artlval here an officer of
tbe United Statoa, acting aa we are assured, not
Only without, but against, jour orders, has dis
mantled one tort ana . occapieu anotner tnus
altering to a most Important extent, the condi
tion of affairs under wblch we oame. '
Until these circumstances are explained In a
manner which relieves us of all doubt as to tbo
spirit in which theae negotiations shall be con
ducted, wo are forced to suspend all dipcusBion
as to any arrangements by which our mutual
Interests mj bo amicably adjusted.
And, In conclusion, wo would urge upon you
th. Immediate withdrawal of the troopaftom
tbo harbor of Charleston. Under present cir
cumstances, they are a standing menace which
render negotiation impossible, and , as our re
cent experience shows, threatens ppeeiHIv to
bring to a biooay issue questions win en ougnt
to bo settled with temperance and judgment.
We hav tbe honor to be
Very respectfully, jour obedWnt eerv'is,
R. W. BARNWELL.
J. H. ADAMS.
JAS. L. ORR.
To tbo President of tbe United StatC3.
THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY.
WASHINGTON CITY, Dec. 30. 1860.
Gentlemen: I have had the honor to receive
your communication of 25tb lost., together with
a copy 01 "your iun powers irom the Conven
tion of tbe people of South Carolina."authorizinir
you to treat with the Government of the United
States on vartons important subjects therein
mentioned, and also a oorv of the Ordinance.
bearing date on the 20th iwt , declaring that
"ine union now euosisung oetwesa soutu Car
olina and other States, under the name of the
United States of Amenoa, is hereby dissolved "
in answer to luis communication, 1 have to
say that my position as President of the United
States was clearly defined In the message to
Congresa on the 31 inst. In (bat I stated that
"apart from tbe execution of the laws, bo far as
tbts may D pracucame, tno executive bas no
authority to deoide what shall be the relations
between the Federal Government and South
Carolina, lie has been invested with no such
discretion. He possesses no power to change
the relations hitherto existing between them,
much less to acknowledge the Independence of
that State. This would be to invest a mere
Executive officer with tbe ptwer of recoeniislue
the dissolution of tbe Confederacy among our
thirty-three sovereign Statei. It bears no re
semblance to the recognition of a foreign it
faelo Government involving no such responsi
bility. Any attempt to do this would, on bis
part, be a naked act of usurpation. It is there
fore, my duty to submit toCongress the whole
questionin all Ita bearings. '1 . 1
bucn is my opinion sun. it could, therefore,
meet vou only as private geltlemen of tbe beh
est character, and was entirdy willing to commu
nioate to Congress any propostion yon might have
to maketo that body upon the subject. Of this
yon were well aware. It Ms my earnest desire
thatsuoh a disposition mightbo made of the whole
sobjeot by Congress, who abnt possess the pow
er, as to prevent the inauguration of a civil war
between the parties, In regard to the possession of
the Federal forts in tbe harbor of Charleston,
and I, therefore, deeply rtgret, tbat in vour
opinion, ' 'the events of last tventy-tour hours
render tnis impossible." 10 conclusion, you
urge ufoo me "the immediate witbdrawl of the
troops from tne nawor ot unirieston," stating
that "under present circmutances they are
Standing menace, which rmders negotiation
Impossible, and, aa our recent experience shows,
threatens speedily to bring 10 a bloody issne
questions which eught to be srtiled with temper
ance and judgment." .
The reason for this change In your oositlon
Is, that sinoe your arrival in Washington, "an
offioer of tbe Unlted.States,actlng as we(yon)are
assured, not oniy witnoui, out against your
(my) orders, bas dismantled one fort and occu
pied another thus altering to a most Important
extent tbe condition of aiilrs unde r which we
(jou) csmo. '. You also allege that yon came
here "the representatives tf an authority which
could, at anytime within the past sixty days,
have taken possession of tie forts tn Charleston
harbor,, but wblch, upoD. pledge, given in a
manner that we (you)canmt doubt, determined
to trust to your (my) boner rather than to its
power." ' ' V '"' ' "'
r . . . . J ..' a..
mis Drings me 10 a conuueraiiou or me na
ture of those alleged pledges, and In what man
ner they have been observec In my message of
the 3d of December last, 1 stated, in regard to
the property ot the United States In South Car
olina, that It "has been purchased for a lair
equivalent, by tbe consent )f the Legislature of
tbe State, lor tne erection 01 ions, magazines,
arsenals, &o , and over thwe the authority t'to
exercise exclusive legislation'' has been express
ly eranted by the Coostltutbo to Congreaa. It Is
ot believed that any attempt will be made to
expel the United States from this property by
force: but if in this I rbruld prove to be mis
taken, the officer in command of the forts has
received orders to aot strlotly on the defensive
In such a eoDllncencv, tie responsibility for con
would riehtfullv rest nnon the head.
ol the assilants." This being tbe condition of
the parties, on Saturday, 8th December, four of
the Representatives from south Carolina called
upon me, and requested an Interview. ' We bad
an earnest conversation on the eubjeot of these
forts, and the best means of preventing a collision
between the parties, for the purpose of sparing
the effusion of blood. I Mggested, for pruden
tial reasons, tbat It would be beat to put in
writing what they said to me verbally. They
did so, accordingly, and on Monday morning,
tha 10th inat.. three of them, presented to me a
naoer slewed by all tbe Representatives from
South Carolina, with a single . exception, of
which the following is a copy . . . ; ,
In compliance With our statement to yon yes
terday, we now express to you our strong con
victions tbat neither of the constituted author
ities, nor any body of the people of the State of
South Carolina, will either attack or moiesi me
United States forts in tbe harbor of Charleston,
previously to the aot of the Convention, and we
hone aid believe not until an offer baa been
made through an accredited representative, to
negotiate for an amicable arrangement or ail
mattersbetween tbe State and the r ederal uov
ernmeni, provided tbat no relnforoements shall
be sent Into those torts, and their relative mm
Itary stilus ehall remain as at present.
m. l. bon ham, ' '
Washington, Dec. 9, 1860.
And tere I mustr in justice to myself, re
mark thtt at the time the paper was present
ed to me, I objected to the word "provided,"
aa It mijht be construed into an agreement on
my part, which I never would make. They
said that nothing was further from their In
tention tbey id id not ao understand it, ana 1
should not so consider it. It is evident they
could enter into no rcciprooal agreement with
me on th subject. Tbey did not profess to
have autherity to do this, and were aoilog in
their indirldual character, I consider It as
nothing mere, in effect, than the promise of
highly bonorabte gentlemen, to exert their In
fluence for the purpose expressed . Tbe event
has proven that they bave faithfully kept this
promise although I have never since received a
line from any one of them, or from any mem
ber of tbe Convention on tbe subject. It is
well-known that it was my determination, and
this I freely expressed, not to reinforce tbe forts
in tbe baibor, anu thus produce s collision, un
til they bad actually been attacked, or until I
had certain evidence tbat tbey were about to be
attacked. This paper I received most cordial
ly, and considered it as a happy omen that peace
mightbo still preserved, and that time might
be thus given for reflection. This Is the whole
foundation for the alledgcd pledge.
But I acted In the sams manner as I would
bare done, bad I entered into a positive and for
mal agreement with parties capable of contract
ing, although such an agreement would bave
been, on my part, from the nature of my official
duties, impossible, Tbe world knows tbat I
have never sent any reinforcements to tbe forts
In Charleston harbor, and I have certainly sever
authorized any change to be made "In their rela
tive military status." Bearing upon thisaubject,
refer yon to an order Issued by the Secretary of
War, on the lltn Inst., to Major Anderson, but
not brought to my notice until the 21st Inst. It
"MEMORANDUM OF VERBAL INSTRUCTIONS TO MAJOR
ANDERSON FIRST ARTILLERY, COMMANDING FORT
MOULTRIE, S. C.
You are aware of the great anxiety of the
Secretary of War that a collision of the troops
with tbe people of this State shall be avoided,
and of bis studied determination to pursue a
course with referenco to tbe military force and
torts in tnis uaiDor, wnicn shall guard against
such a collision. IU bas, therefore, carefully
abstained from increasing tbe loroe at this point
or Ukiug any measure which might add to the
preeerit excited state of the publio mind, or
wbicn would throw any count on tne confidence
he feels that South Carolina will not attempt by
violence, to obtain possession of the public woks,
or interfere with their occupancy.
But as the counsel and acts of rash and im
pulsive persons may possibly disappoint these ex
pectations of the Government, be deems it Dro-
per that you sbouid be prepared, with instructions
co meet so unnappy . a contingency, tit bas,
therefore, direoted me verQADlv, to i-iva vou
Yon are carefully to avoid every act which
would needlessly tend to provoke aggression,
and for that reason you are not, without neces
sity to take up any position wbicb could be con
strued into the assumption of a hostile attitude:
but you are to hold pollution of tht font in this
naroor, ana if attacked, you are to dtfena your
ttlfto the Uitt extremity. . The smallness of your
force will not permit you, perhaps to oooupy
more than one of the three forts, but an attack
on, or attempt to tuko possession of either of
them, will be regarded as an act of hostility.
and you may theu put your command into either
of them which you may deem most proper to in
crease its pjwer of resistance. You art alto
authorized to take timilar tint whentwr vou hate
tangible evidence of a detign to proceed to m hottilt
D. P. BUTLER, Ass't Adj. General.
FORT MOULTRIE, S. C. Dec. 11, 1860.
This is in conformity to my instructions to
Major BuelL 1. :.
JOHN B. FLOYD, Sec. of War.
These were the last Inssructlons trabsmitted
to Major Anderson before his removal to Fort
Sumter, with a single exception, in regard to a
particular which does not In any degree affect
tbe present question. Under these circumstan
ces, it is clear that Major Anderson acted upon
bis own responsibility, and -without authority.
unless . indeed, he bad "tangible evidence of a
design to proceed to a hostile act" en the part
of South Carolina, which has not yet been al
leged. Still, he Is a brave and honorable offioer,
and justice requires that he should not be eon-
demoed without a fair hearing. "
lie thia as It may, when I learned that Major
Anderson bed left Fort Moultrie and proceeded
to Fort Sumter, my first prompting were to
command him to return to bis former position,
and there to await the eontingences presented
in his instructions. This would only have been
done with any degree of safety to tbe oummand
by tbe concurrence of the South Carolina au
thorities.' But before any step could pos
sibly bave been taken in this direction, we re
ceived Information tbat tbe "Palmetto flag
floated out to the breeze at Castle Pinkney, and
a large military force went over last night (the
37th) to Fort Moultrie." Thus the authorities
of South Carolina, without waiting or asklne
for any explanations, and doubtless believing,
as you have expressed it, that the officer had
acted not only without, but against my orders,'
on the very next day after the night when the
removal was made, seized by a military foroe
two of the Federal forts In the harbor of
Charleston, and have covered them under their
own flag instead of that of tbe United States.
At this gloomy period 01 our hlstorr. startllns-
events succeed each other rapidly. On the very
day, the 27th Instant, that possession of these
two forts was taken, the Palmetto flag was
raised over tbe Federal Custom-House and Post
office In Charleston; and on the same day every
officer of the Cnstoms Collector, Naval Officer.
n J , , ... .
surveyor ana appraiser resigned tneir ollices.
And this, although It was well known from tbe
language of my Message that, as an Executive
offioer, 1 felt myself bound to collect tbe reven
ue at tbe port ot Charleston, under the existins?
laws In the harbor of Charleston wenow find
three forts confronting each other. ' over all of
which tbe Federal flag floated only four days
ago; but now, over two 01 them, this nag has
been supplanted,' and the Palmetto flag has been
substituted in Hi stead.; It Is tinder all these
Circumstances tbat I am urged Immediately to
withdraw the troops from the barbor of Charles
ton, and am Informed that without ibis, negotia
tion is impossible, tdis 1 cannot do tbls I
will not do.' Such an Idea waa never thought
of by me In any possible contingency . No such
allusion had been madein any communication
between myself and any human being. Bat the
inference is that l am bound to withdraw the
troops irom the only fort remaining In the pos
session of the United States In tbe harbor of
Charleston, because the offioer there tn com
mand of all of the forts thought troner. without
instructions, to change his position from one of
them to another.
At this point of writing, I have received in
formation bv telegraph from Capt. Humphreys,
la command of the arsenal at Charleston, that
"It haa to-day (Sunday, the 30th.) been taken
by force of arms." It Is estimated tbat the
munition of war belonging to tblg arsenal are
worth ball a million of dollars. ' ,
Comment Is needless. After this Information.
I bare only to add, that whilst it Is my duty
to aeicna i on oumier, a. a portion or IDS puD'
Ho property of tbe United States, aealnst hos
tile attacks, from' whatever quarter tbey may
come, bv each means aa I possess for this pur
Dose, I do not Dercelve bow suoh a defence can
be construed Into a menace, against tbe oity of
Charleston. With great personal regard, 1 re
main, yours very respectfully, -
To Hon. Robebt W. Barnwell, James H- Adams,
James L. Orr.
We will publish the reply or the Commis
sloners to the letter of tbe President, to-morrow
CHEAPER THAN "EVER
UNCUnnENT MONEY '
TAKEN AT THE HIGHEST BATES.
Broche and Wool
Of Every Description.
LADIES AND GENT'S
WRAPPERS AND DRAWERS.
Hosier; and Gloves.
FANcr Woolen Goods.
KNAPP & CO.,
i SOUTH HIGH STREET.
MtSJ-Shwd-aAw-Sw ) i ;';c'.7 . oJ, .; , , , r
: 7U R,
WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN
HAVINO A OIBCTJL ATIOH ' - ' :
LARGER BY SXYaOtAL- THQUBAHDS
Than any other paper tn Ohio, outside of Cincinnati
Offers Facilities for Advertising
: i ... Which CAtWOT PAIL te bring :a v . 7
8peedr Bemataetmaw Return.
To- Ihos. wo take advantage f them.
TIIE 'W KLhlKLY- STATHHM AW ,
Distributed as It hi through every tat OSHot ia Ohio, '
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Whole patronage Is valuable, and. who aeUoa sc. th.
' Dally Editions of city Journals? ana as only 1
A Limited Homier of AdvertWmenti
: Are Inserted In lt 'columns, appoprlately wui fi ,
.1 j .. . J twar oainioT'fian.T.:i.4i;: :.r ; v
Att jt Aot jLttixtio n.
v...: 'Of ALL I '- ,. 1 ..
' Advertising la, (UyfitKlt STATE Bat A wlH to
" - , : . It advantageue in .' : j ! 1
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which is almost certain to follow an eatenslve duaemln
: 1 . . atlon ef a knowledg. ol their buainett " : ' ,
AMONO COUSTBT LXALEBS !
;' ADTBBTIBEMENTS EtTEHDED FOB '
The tklv t3tatesman
Should b. handed In before Friday noon.
JAS.M. M'KEB. ' - 1 J . WM.H.iSflTIEACXr
IM'KEE & PLESTIEAUX,
'Msr,' 84, Wairila'. lilf It
' i-'.'i 1' 'i.i':V VlV!.'o6tTJii9m6,,,
TJAVE ON HAND AT
FLODR. SALT. TEA. OOPTBE. 600 AR. TOBACCO,
SES ARB, Etc Etc. Onr Stock has been purchased
Eastern Cities during tb. Panic, - t '
and onr main endeavor wil be to offer tsdueemenls
bASH M CiSRS whieb an not eKtlod y any won..
NTEIt fcel.AINES, -. .-,-!.; w.,
nlMTBR JVi,AUB3, li : I ..,
ev-Tumaa ti a TWQ
aWtartTetf .heap W - h..
AOAIlf NOTIFIES THE PEOPLE OF .
Columbus and vicinity, that be Is before Ihem with
one of the beet itook of . .! ., . ,
ever offend to their discriminating gin t.larlad with ;
great oar., and parohaied at Pants Prist, be Kelt Justi
fied In saying, M man can offer greater lodaewatnt. to ,
the "ready nay" b.yers. Hit lie. of , i, ;u
Dress Goods r
Is ooiapl.t., ' consisting of all Ihe latest style, and ltt- r
portatlon. - , .
both plain and fancy, and hi great variant. : ' .,;
Satinets, Cloths and Cassimeres,
' ' ! IN QOANTITIEO TO SUIT TIE atAMT, J( (
ifi j .f nn..n, c. ...:t-.'.-iJ
i-rciivj 1 vfti
PRINTS! I PR1NTS11I
c I YARDS TO MUMEROUg TOO MENTION.
Sueetiog, Shirting, Tloklng, Toweling, CottoR A Wool
Flannel, Gentlemen's Furnishing Goodt, Ice., etc., it -GREATLY
HOODS I! HOODS!!!
gaonroi, omei just received r Exrarss
A yiro ld-)mlttd by all tote tkd , ,, ' .
Best; Niceat and Cheapest, :
In market. Don't fall to get one.'
Remember the plate and call toon at -
258 South High Street,
-7 . o
m i. ii: ,
Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia.
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft IndianapoLul
Through to Indianapolis without Change of Cart
and but One Change of Cars between
Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
(Dally, Mebdaya excepted.)
NIGHT EXPRESS, via Durton. at S:3 .. n..aton '
ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, aUdeietown and Hanil- .
ton, anlvlDg at Cincinnati at 8 SO a. m.; Dayton at 3:15
a. m., Indianopolii at 10-.48 a.m. at. Loud at 11 Su
P-m. ' - .
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 a. ., Hopping at all Bu
ttons between Oolumbui and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati 11:01 a. m., Dayton at IMS., m..
Indianopolii af8;88 p. tn.
IHIKU TRAIN. .
BAT EXPRESS, at 140 p. a stopping at Alton,
rJermnw. Looda&r Q ... Oaanrrma, Xtma.
rTpKogVinty, Cortrtn, Morrow. Deorueid, poatar't.
Lo velum, auiuoraaaa i-mmbvuw, mmving at vincw
natl at 7:20 p. m. St. Louli at IS m; Dayton at 5 Si p,
m.; l.dlanopolliat 10:38 p. aa.
Sleeplnar Oar mu all Nlcht Train f
Cincinnati ana Indianapolis.
BAGGAGE CHECKED THROUGH.
For further Information and Through Ticket., apply to
- At. L. DOHBKTY,
Ticket Agent, Union Depot. Oolumbua, Ohio.
E. W. WOODWARD,
Superintendent, Cincinnati. ,
JNO. W. DOHEETF
jnl3 ; Agent, Oolnmhni, .
BORTLE & SHEDD,
No. 273 South High Street,
FINE FAMILY GROCERIES, FOB
sign and Domeetlo Praia, choice Family Floar,
Tea., Ami., are now in receipt of their entire Stock pur
0 hated within the past two weeks la Mew York at Panic
. W. merely with to iiy that we have every thing anal
ly kept In afraf ofaiai Grocery, and are determined to
tall oar Ooodt it prieet that will defy oompetttloa.. u
ICTGood. Dellrered tat T pat f
Ska Cltf free f Charge, , ' '
dMl7-deodlm ' -j '''
WHITE WHEAT FAMILY FEOlfB,
-Golden Am Brmnd." For aale only by BOBTLE
fc SHEDD, No. 873 South Bftgk atreet.- decTl-deodlm -
OTEWABT'l DOUBLE EXTRA OOd.
en eyrup, from anpping 01 i,oai augar at bvhtu
SBEDD'S. . - - - ' OaaVTKlaoiUm
GENUINE HOLLANbUEHUIAG, AT
BOBTLE k BHEDD'fl, S73 Seuth Ulgh tUeeU '
CHOICE RAISINS, PRUNES, CUB
rentt and Flea, chttp. at BORTLE A 8H EDO'S Mew
Grocery. . decl7-deodlm'
FIRE CRACKERS 100 BOXES JUST
received by BORTLB A SHEDD, 273 South High .
CHOICE GREEN AND BLACK TEAS,
very cheap, at BOBTLB at BHEDD'S) ; ..
cl7-oonlm . 1 .
AND LIUCOHS FOB '
BootchAl. and London Fovtsrar
I-r. ,-..'' t ... ; deot7-dMdia
HHEFINEDBUOAB. IS LBS. FOR
II. and and all th. ataadard ReSned Sngan. cheape
than the oheanest. so to BORTLE at BUEDD'i m South
;Aecl7fdeodlm h i
Baltimore Clothing House, "
, , - ;i '-.ia . . . l,rifi .i :.v.
lUXmcTiaDtl .Kp WHOLZUU MALOtJ ui t v
READY-MADE CLOTHING,; ;
': , No. S08 W, Baltimore-street
it 6,:. i
(errwtm uattrt an noWian, )
1 mi ' ":
A Urge Assortment at Pises aai iBralihlng ,
1 ' ' eoodg ConsUntly t' liana; "0 :
'OctWdly - . i.-s t I,. ,i'i! ITC tA'; J (',,. 1. f;
LOOKING GLASS STORE;,-
... ' JOSHUA CO WlLAN,t'.
Manufacturer and Dealer, No. South F earth St.,
- between M.rket and Cheetnat, PhUaitelphl..
WHERE HE OFFERS AT LOW
piicet. an extentiv. variety of Looking fllatte., ia
GUt, Mahogany and Warnkt Pramei, Urge Free Plat. ,'
Mirrors, Plain and Blehly Oraamtntaav HlK AM Vaacy
Wood Fortritt and Ptotur. Fraatia, ' u.i ia.Uv,,.,
IflOnHO CLASI PLATEI ' BT V.IEt BOX,
Ooodt piiokod" In th. Safest manntr, and, Insured
..t'"-53 Sourn rrmrtkOArA,.-:'-wgSMdm
. - ' Philadelphia.
HENRY BtEHLER.'jn,, - .
ftat. oil Phalon'l Eirahlblnaari, It. .,) t)prtttr
th. New York FaahkmaMf Shaving, Balr. Oatunr
- Shampoonlng, Curling nod Dreeting Saiooa, ho. 11
,. East State itreet, rwur tn. Pott Ofl
Omoe, Brat Seet.
Ma a.il,fartlob trill b rlvea
tn all (be vartoaa
branchea. Ltdie. and Children 1 Hair Dretumg Aoae
- In the beet 1 tyl- ' '' ' ti JySI-dlV ( -t
TAKIS CLOAKS AND PALETOTS. "sj f.U
X Madake th. awat ttymn and ei" mianrr
mt Involoe Inst opened bv
, , fltc II
0 South High stmt. I
-5,! . t .: :).,