i- -la -..Si
V tact II n ,
m M.iow ( !) .
an ? .. j-,.uiitw5 ani
.(ormc') ais&t8.pl "Ail t''
If l.'. I'" ;.
COLUMBUS. OHIO. TUESDAY; EVENING. JANUARY 15. 1861.
VOI;. 'VII.'NO.'.189; NEW SERIES!
IIX SOLLAlS 7X3 TXABJ
IftYarlably la oUruiet. -'
V II A V
D A.ILY. TRI-WEEKLY AMD WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
rPBllBH. AND BOBIItOBs,
O Office os- 88, 88 and 40, Berth High St.
1 tllMS INVABIABLT IH ADVAMOB. ;-;
0Uy - W 00 par year.
Bv the Carrier, per woek, X erats. "
frl-WesWv - 8 00 PT.
rriii . - Aavortl.lng; by the Soneuro.
n.Uiriil yeai..'.S20 00
One " ! moi.ths 18 00
3ne " Q months 15 00
jiie " 3 months 10 00
3ns miaithi ' 8 W
On square 8 weeks.. 4 00
One ' M lweek... I 7
One " " 3day ... I 0
One ' ' Sdaye...A7S
nn. ' " 1 Intertion SO
Jn " ' 1 month. 5 00
Dliplayed edvertlMments half more then the above
Adwttlaementa ietfei .aU pl-ced Injhe eolnmaof
II ..utlooe required, to be published by '. Ir'
If ordered on the Insleoeaclusively after thenrst week
mi ien;. mow thas the above rates; but ell each wll
appwrlo the Trl- Weeklyw ithoutchsrge. .. . .
fu.lnese Cards, novesseeding Bye lines, per year, ln
lde,Al5P'Me;outsideS3. ' '
Notices of meetings, ehnri tables ocletles, fire companies,
'AlMratwitni aduertitommtt miuf Be paiSor' tft
j from. Tie rule will not be ntW
Weeklysame price m the Dally, where the advertise
.e, tbe Weekly Hone" Wherehe. .J end Week.ll
are both need, then the charge In th. Weekle Will M
B ii therateeof the Dally ; ; , ' . 4
Ho advertisement taken except for a definite period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Spring tc Water 8U. jj t..
Oolumtous, f1, P"
W. B POTTS &;lC0.,
And Manufacture of Brasi sal OompMltion OaiUnga,
floUbed Bran Work of all PancripUonl. ,; i
Electro PlatiDg and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, AC. ; ;
I)r. J. B. Beauman
A RESIDENT DENTIST. V,
AL,L. THOdK IIKQITIRINO TUB EB
Tlree of a Dentlnit, and farortnrDr. B. with thilr
patronage may rely on haying a(liuotlon glren. The
fee will be required on the completion of an operation.
OfBee four Soon North of the American Hotel, oyer
Ooluiubua Jo 7-dly i :. u '
. F. A.. B. 8mEINSr .........
Attornby ttt Xo,xr
AND NOTARY' PUBLIC. , '
Office Ambit BulMIng, opnoalte Oajiilol Squares -a
. COIitMBUfl. OHIO,
M achine Manqfactunng Company
n1" AlOfOTtrEli Of iu "
STEAM JKGITO. f ; B.01XERS,
CfMttBgij lHll-OflBrlng,'lIaehlBTy.! ; V
Of mil, MBCRlrTlOH.
.fia .' COLITMBC, OHIO, i
0HA8. AHBOi. tp'. ?. AMBOB.iTreai.
$20,000 WORTH I;
Millinery -ani Fancy Goods
1 .''3 .1 I I
DM. WAUR. WeMJtD RESPECT-
fall Inform the Oittieni of Oolnmbneand VI-
dnl ty that bil Block of-; .--'syr .!; t -n:: ,n:.
FALL AKD WIHTEH HILLINRRY . ;
'"ru,ll,'n now cpairUTt,':: ,',.r:u;'-; i
Aud being' particularly desirous of
reducing1 hls stotk Immcdl- ',;
,Vt:atelr, Ue, n-nvctl,','-! Jt'i,', l"e
-.i'f'(:...,5;-.i-J i' HVl i(fJ X'3 J 'live
i.' YO(J Xl A N- 3 E T "; '
Bargains'!' Bargains! Bargains!
- io By ' CaHinff"''j t--
JU i tc .r .j v . , , .v-.i. . i.: ...iJvi lo
. -i-.'J.ioa "i AND'1 "X'-l:--l e. .
EXAMlNINGilS : STOCK I !
HE. 8Ett$; EYRy jARlbTTjbS; ,:;
MILLINERY' & FANCY COOD8
TOOEXIlXli WITH A
Large Stock ofNotions,
TTjPrlce mn and .ball be utls-
--f actor f."--'-" --
flO. Wi E'A'Sl lOW-BEET,
octSldEm - .
11 1QWER3:& BIQ
DtaLtM imnrOllTID AND BOatlSTIO
AND VANOY ARTICLES
No. 1 1 East it At atret V belwsea High and
tbe fost-paesi uotumpne. vw-. aiu i m.. s
GOLDEN II IMi SHIRTS. '
QOLDEN BILL BHIUT8.
aOLDBM UlLU BUIttie.
The pattern of these ahl rta are new. The Bodies, Yokes,
and eomfort. The mark upon (aeh one deaif natlpg the
else may be relied en aa beln g correct, and each shirt is
constitlxfo(raal,t:j, fej.j-i- . ,. BAlfl'S, .
uorftt.. No.MBonlhHIgh atreet.
- IANCV DRE8B BILK8,
" FANCY DRH8rtlt'Vu(T ic
We are to ottering onr tmnnnae-itook of fancy Dress
SlUe at prices leas than ever before (offered In this olty.
The attention of the ladles of this city and vicinity Is
aollclted, as our stock Is e.ry geleet end eomplete In all
sradee of gooag in wis ". ' . 1 slsb,
noTMr '1" " - No. W Boath Hlgk atreet.
ssrov irifldicai Parooses,"
PURE BRANDtIE8."riNEB, C0BDULB, ANti BIT
Ties, front 'Bonded Warehottee "1 "
nr w aa . Iff St . . . . .
botW ? .".!!! ' I1T ' ,v 108 Boutli High streets
rALT EBB Ac THHEA D I.ACE BJITTl
1V1 of elerant qiallttsa lor Ladies; site, )lt' MltU
In grt erlKy a . ti iwiiit.-t BAIN'S..
. .. .!;' . OI TBI i
, -'.-. -.nT ...-...!.. . ; If M
PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS ! !
; ; .. i i : . i, :.... . i . . ; ' ' ; ' .
'i THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN IS PRINTED ON
t , ' ' ...... i
jL 3VE -A. HVC 3VE O T H 23 XX S3 3 T,
- AT THE LOW. RATE OFJ .. '. .
. PAYABLE IN
, i It U an old and reliable Democratio
No' Superior in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to iU political character, it is ft fiwt clas newepapcr, furnishing its readers with the
; GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the stilting events constantly oconrring at home and abroad, and choice miecel
UneonsaeleoUM.. It aleo gives the latest and mot reliable
, ; - i . . , , ' From afl tie principal marts of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, the Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of
' During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the WsKtar States
kan will be furnished with a eoneise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Wekxiy Btatxwax has increased Tery rapidly,
being now more than double what it was twelve months ago. It is our desire to extend its cir
culation, not only In Ohio, i ' ; ,"
! But in all the States and Territories West of Us!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, its usefulness will be increased; and we invite
, our political and personal friends to aid us in giving to the Wkixlt Statbsmab
: Among the people. The price of the paper is so low that no Demoorat need be without it. As
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Whet Stato an, we
will (five ' i in , i, .. -
, : . -A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, byj the 1st day of January, 18C1, send us the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the
second largest Olub of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us
the third largest Olub of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
! ien yearly subscribers, with the cash for the same, we will send a copy of the
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
' O Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or eolioit subscribers for the States
mancan Cut this Prospectus out of the paper and attaoh to it a strip of writing paper, on which
to record the names of all persons who may become subscribers. ;
... i . . ... ;,
PER ANNUM !
PER YEAR !
Mf ar . 3 ,
Journal, and, aa a political paper, lias
. MANYPENNY St MILLER,
rUBUSBBU OHIO STATESMAN.-
' NAMES. 1
No.' 4:1 Qwvnno Block.
A; V. STONE & 0'HARRA
ABE NOW HECEIVINOTIlEIll WIIV
T1R UOODB, . and Invite the publlo to Inipect
them. No each etock of Qoodefcea ever bee. brought to
Ihie market. TheBouth, IneenaeqiUBce of the failure
ef lb. (rain erop, hainot been able to purchaaa the ui
oal quantity of rich gooda, and this faothai foroed the
Importers to eell them at publlo auction. Onr bnyer
(Mr. Stone) being In Mew fork at these large sales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell onr goods
bare, at leas than any ene who pnrcbssed two weeke since,
paid lot them in Mew York. Oar stock Is complete In
every department of " '
ELEQANT DRE93 SILKS,
OTTOMAN VELOURS, .
j BROCHE VALENCIAS,
! PRINTED MEEINOS,
! PRINTED COBORG3,
I DYED COBUG9:
BLACK ALPACAS, ' . . . i . -
i QKLEANS,' ...
f 1 FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
'i ALL WOOL DELAINES. 1
';' POPLINS, PRINT3,
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Sre Thausand 'Dollars Worth
! j J Bought : ia One Pay, i:
At ball the Coat ol Imsoitation,
In all Varieties of the Celebrated
, u ".; 1 Afanoiatare f Ci O. ?un- . ,
. I there & Son.
HOSIERY - DEPARTMENT, ,,
Men's, Ladles' sad Children's Untler BhlU and Drawers;
Ladles,. MIsms and Oblldran's Hosiery or all kinds, IB
Wool and Lamb's Wool; fleecy Lined and OottonOloves
of ever), make. -'ft ;--
'tabAtMHM'. Pill.. J V : .'
A complete assortment 'of all the usnalrarle'
ties of,.,., ... .1 .... ,..!.,
LADIES CLOTHS. '
FLANNELS, ' "
I RIBBON a, '
"i LDRES3i TRIMING3,
ladies and Gent's Linen Cambric Hand-
Tn nnmii whn eall on ui. we olotae our words to
show tbem tbe largest, best land cheapest stock of floods
ever seen In this market,, ojr pay them one dollar per
aeur wnne lootitir.N t i v f
' STONE st O'flABRA.
WE B. RWREHOTJSE & CO.,
A-..: -. I Id i... ! I '. .'( -,:.. ;. i ) 5,17. .!,,,, ,
flho.) i, Imjr3fArssB.rfaoiejaieeaiersm , .
BrftTidies. Wines.. Gins and Searars.
. ..- .i ,'j'ili...ii f. s I I . H! s jT
beg leere to oall the attention of the oltlsens of the TJnl
ted States to their' Pure Wines and Llquorr, put up un
A Ui.irown gMtrlikiii or Family and MMleal aM.
In eases essorted to suit onstomers. Olaba, MlUtary and
other public, bodleswho reqalre to purchase in kwj or
small quaaUUes, 14 Saaks or bottles, wilt be Bberallj
dealt wit5t.f 5K.jit.vM ajiiui4uu.,
OLD " MOREHOUSE 'BITTERS.
' i.uL...jj Ww h flMtnhTiliilani aa the best reme
dy known lor DyspepelSH I.dlgesUeo, Debility, . and all
Nerroas Diseases. - As a 'Sewerage, 11 to pur., whole
some, and delicious te tnetaste. t Boia py euruggin.
Wll. J. JtOHTOCtJgl Cf.VProtr,j. ;
I v. '..l,r
. n .t ui i. usener van
L . . ...m. ... V
"'P. sl-Th. .uhMrlbare'vudi to ennire a" teW actlre
ma, as Local and Trayellni Agents for their Bouse, to
beral IndaoMMuUwUt Ut.nuerea.a or pent-,.
aaraesaeanoee.(M.i .-,. vum-uou,
TTiAIeCY I.tTtriW 'ANO SII.K PAHS "IM
ft ..kfltttlM'-. .nihlM. .BiiMj i BwtMalAti and. lit..
. He. WSostk High street
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
- Fire & Life Insurance Co. .
3? Castle street. Liverpool . 90 and 21 Poultry, London.
Ofiioe, 56 Wall and 01 Fine etreets, New York.
THOMAS HOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio. -
Paid up Capital, Nurplu.
and Heeerved. f'nndi fMnee685
Invested lathi. Couatrw over,.8MO.o.'0
xeariy stevenue, over kouuouo
ITT' The Shareholders personally responsible for en-
gasementsof theCompany. All Directors most be Share
directors and Bhareholders In New York :
James Brown, Bsq., Chairman. Francis Oottenet, Esq.,
I. M. Arehlbald.H. B. if. Consul Kugene DnUlh, Ksq.
Joseph Oalllard. Jr., Esq. II. Oilnnell.Kiq.
Alexnodtr Hamilton. Jr.,Eiq. E . P. Bandsrson, Esq.
, , AI.SI, IlAMItTOK, Jr.,Ksq., -
Counsel of the Board, '
Altrso Fsll, Kiq , Besident Secret 17,
Local Board In Cincinnati: .
K. W. Thomas. Biq. J. S. Jones. Xrq. BufusKlng, Esq.
Thompson Neare, Esq. Rob't Buchanan, Ksq.
The underslrnod. Agent In this olty, will be happy to
receive applications for Iniuranoe In the above Company,
AT THH CITY BANK. I - 1 - . ..
lie can recommend It with entire eonfldenre to all deslr
ou of obulalng protection against LOBS BY JIBE.
1 No CharffO for Policies.
novlSMf. TH0S. M0OBIK.
Such srtlol-e as you cWre for your HUSBAND ,
Such as you need'for your WIFE. .
Suchnssreffor for your DAUOIITER.
Such as jour 8IBTEB will pralu you for.
Snch as your BROTHER can us. .
Such as you want for " TBI ONE YOU LOTH BEST.'
Such as will be good for taeBLK8sKD BABY." , i
Such at all seat for.' . ' .: iil U .
May I found In variety, in my new stock of
WATCHES, ' CHAINS. JEWELRY.
I i'. PLATED GOODS. -.it, i.
And general assortment of ' ' :-.(!(:.
i 1 Fancy tad TTierul Articles,
WM. BLYNN, i i
. ' . . i ' N o. 10 Bncke re Block. .
'Decejnber, 1800. .) s i w- .. i t
TTHITK WHEATj BKANBED ;u ;
! ."SNOWFLAKE.;. !.,.'
From " Barnett Mills," SprlDgfleld, 0. the best brand ef.
flour brought te out market. Batlifactlon guaranteed.
ror sale only at I , WS. AiouuNALU't),
108 South High street.
Ho) iday -Presents.
ALICOS.'-DeliAINES, ' MERINOS,
CHINTZES, DHESS SILHS, and all
kind-of fashionable - .i .
"Winter Dresat Good.
we are now offering at tery low prices. "- ' ' !
decSl. , ; No. SSSouih Hlghrtrcet.
i 1 " Save Your Money.
I AM NOW RECEIVING SUBSCRIP-
tlons for all the alagasines and Literary canera in
the country and eat of It; among the former, the Corn
hill, Temple Bar, the Atlantic, Harper. Godey.Petereoa,
Knickerbocker, Eclectlo, Blackwood, the British Quarter
Ilea," fee., o. Dubacrlbnrs can get them EABLIBB,
OHBAFBaana Tree or rosteve, oy sending tneir BM
scrlptloasthroughme. i i BIOHABI) KHNNSDY,i ..
decie . .. ; i, ,-, lBtate street.
Watches and JeVelry.;. !'
JA'PINB ASSORTMENT 4P WATCH
ZVee, Clocks, Jewelry, Birrerware, fee, kept conatant
f on nana at . . i . . ,
i.ri i '" " ' B. KIRKPATTttflK'B, J
fj No. I6S, South High Strut, Oolumbae, O.
ITr Watches and Jewelry repaired. . ui i i . ,
dec.d3ns. . -t. ;;.....
riENTLEMEN-S NECK 'S IES,' ,. . ,
UT ' . - UKMILBMKN'S NK0K TIK8,
I GENTLEMEN'S NE0K TIBS. .
The most dessrable assortsaent la the elty and atnnuaal
ly low prices. , PETER BAIN,
botM. : !i . Mo. 80 Be nth High street, 1
T7lIiE6ANT PLAIN HI. A OK SILKS IOB
XJ Btre.tBaaquesanaiu.Uea; also, Rich Crtmmla
and Tst.ali.lo match, at ..i... t.,, , , BALaJ
i A" U
pally, per ear. -
Tri- Weekly, per n ar
Weekly, per yea .
. I 00
Second Letter of the South Carolina Commissioners
to the President.
WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan 1, 1861.
Sir: We have the honor to acknowledge tbe
receipt of your letter ot tbe sum December, in
reply to a note addressed by as to job, on tbe
9Bth of tbe same month, aa Commissioners
from South Carolina.' ' , :
In reference ' to the declaration with wblch
.nnrrpnlw commences, that jour "DOBition as
President of the United States was already de
fined In the Message to Congress of the ii in
slant;" that you possess "no power to change
the relations heretofore ztstina between South
Carolina and the United States," "much less to
acknowledge the independence or that State,"
aad that consequently yon could meet us only as
prirate gentleman ot the highest obaracter,
with an entire willingness to communicate to
Congress any proTtiitioo we might hare to
makH we deem it only neoessary to s sy that
the Slate of South Carolina, baring, in tbe ex
ercise of . that great right of self govern ment
which underlies all our political organisations,
declared herself eoverelgo and independent, we,
as her representatives, tell no special solicitude
as to the character in whicb you might recog
nize us. ' Satisfied that the State had simply
exercised her unquestionable right, wo were
prepared, in order to reach substantial good, to
waive tbe formal considerations which your con
stltutional scruples might bare prevented vou
from extending. We came here therefore
expecting to be received as you did receive us,
and perfectly content with that entire willing
neei, of whicb you assured us, to submit any
proposition to Congress wblch we might have to
make upon the subject of the Independence of
the State. Tbe willingness was ample recog
nition of the condition of public affairs, which
rendered our presence neoesssry. In this posi
tion, however, it is our doty both to the State
which we represent and to ourselves, to correct
several important misconceptions of our letter,
into wmcn jou nave fallen. -You
say: "It was my earnest desire that
such a disposition might be made of the whole
subject by Congress, who alone poeseFS tbe pow
er to prevent the inauguration of a civil war be
tween tbe parties in regard to the possession of
tbe Federal forts in the harbor of Charleston;
and I therefore deeply regret that In your opin
ion tbe events ef tbe last twenty-four hours
render this impossible." We expressed no such
opinion;' and tbe language wbish you quote as
ours, is altered in Its sense by the omission of a
most Important part of the sentence. What we
did say was, "But the events of the last twenty
four hours render aucb an assurance impossi
ble." Place that "assurance," as contained In
our letter, in tbe sentence, and we are prepared
to repeat it.
Again, professing to quote our language, you
say: "Thus the authorities of South Carolina,
without waiting or asking for any explanation,
and doubtless believing, as you have expressed
it, that tbe officer had acted not only without
but against my orders," &c. We expressed no
such opinion In reference to tbe belief of tbe
people of South Carolina. The language whicb
you have quoted was applied solely and entire.
ly to our assurances obtained here, and based,
as you well know,upon your own declaration
a declaration which, at that time, it was imDOS.
sible for tbe authorities of South Carolina to
have known. But, without following: this 1st
ter into all its details, we propose only to meet
tbe chief points or the argument.
Some weeks ago the State of South Carolina
declared her intention, in tbe existing condition
of public affairs, to Becede from the Ublted
States. She called a Convention of her people
to put ner aeoiaration in lorce. I ne Conven
tion met and passed tho Ordinance of Secession.
All this you anticipated, and your courao of
aotion was tnoroagmv considered tn jour An
nual message. . You declared you had no right,
and would not attempt, to coerce a seceding
State, but that you were bound by your con
stitutional oath, and would defend the proper
ty of the United States within the borders
of 8outh Carolina, If an attempt was made to
take it by force, seeing very early that this
question of property was a difficult and
delicate one, you manifested a desire to
settle It without collision. ' You did not
reinforce' the- garrison in the harbor of
Charleston. You removed a distinguished and
veteran officer from the oommand of Fort Moul
trie beeauee he attempted to increase his supply
of ammunition. You refused to send additional
troops to tbe same garrison when applied for by
the officer appointed to suoceed him. You ac
cepted the resignation of the oldest snd most
eminent member of your Cabinet, rather than
allow the garrison to be strengthened. ' You
compelled an officer stationed at Fort Sumter
to return immediately to tbe. Arsenal forty
muskets which he had takon to arm bis men.
Yon expressed not to one, but to many, of tbe
most distinguished oi our publlo characters,
whose testimony will be plaoed upon the record
whenever, it is necessary, yonr anxiety for a
peaceful termination of this controversy, and
your willingness not to disturb the military
status of tbe forts, if Commtsssioners should be
sent to tbe Government, whose communications
you promised to submit to Congress. You re
ceived and acted on assurances from the highest
official authorities of South Carolina, that no
attempt would be made to distnrb yonr posses
sion of the forts and property Of tbe United
States, if vou would not disturb their.existlos con-
dItionuntil the Commissioner! bad been senl.and
tbe attempt to negotiate naa laiiea. you toon
from tbe members of the House of Representa
tives a written memorandum that no such at
tempt should be made, "provided that no rein
forcement should be sent into those forts, and
their relative military status shall remain as at
present." And although you attach no force to
the (acceptance of such a paper although you
"considered it as nothing more in effect than the
nromise of highly honorable eentlemen" aa an
obligation on one side, without a corresponding
obligation on the other it must be remembered
(It we were rigntiy imormea; mat you were
nledeed, if you ever did send reinforcements, to
return it to those from whom you had received it,
before you executed your resolution. You sent
orders to your officers commanding them strloty
to follow a line oi couuuee in cooiormtty with
such an understanding. ' Besides all this, you
bad received formal and official notice from tbe
Governor of Sooth Carolina that we bad been
appointed Commissioners, ana were on 'our way
to Washington. You knew tbe implied condi
tion under which we came; our arrival was noti
fied to you, and an hour appointed for an inter
view. We arrived in Washington on Wednes
day, at 3 o'clock, and, you appointed an, Inter
view with us at 1 tbe next day.:; Early on that
day (Thursday), tbe news was received here of
tbe movement of Major Anderson,- That newt
was eammomcated to you immeaiataiy.abd you
Sostponed our meeting until 2 o'clock onFri
ay in order that yon might consult your Cabinet-
On r rluay wo taw you, ana we csuea npon you
then to redeem your pledge. You could not de
nyit. With tbe facts we have stated, and in
the race Of toe crowning auu conclusive tact
that vour Secretary of War had resigned bis
teat in tbe Cabinet, upon the publicly avowed
around that tbe action of Major Anderson had
. . . , . . , j i i-t.k .r .u . r- . .
VIOiateu me, pieugeu taiui ui vus uuveruuieui,
and that unless tbe pledge was Instantly re
deemed, be was dishonored; denial was impos
sible; yau did notaeny . xouaonot aony
II now, bat you seek to escape from its obliga
tion on the grounds, first that we terminated all
nee-ntletion by demanding, as a preliminary,
th withdrawal of tbe United States troops from
tie harbor of Charleston;' and, second, that tbe
authorities of south Carolina, instead of aBk
log explanation, and giving jou tbe opportunl
ty to vindicate yourself, took possession of oth
er property of the United. States.. . We will ex-
amln. both. , .." 'r .'
In the first place, we deny positively that we
ha, .ver in any way made any such demand
Onr Utter is In jour possession; It will ittnd
-a . M YIoa ... mom BkAF Ik
bave been our duty to have assured yoa of onr
readiness to oommenoe negoolations, with the
most earnest and anxious desire to settle all
questions between us amioably.and to onr mutual
advantage, bnt that events had rendered that
assurance impossible. - We stated the events,
and we said that until some satisfactory expla
nation of these events was given us, we could
not proceed; and then, having made this request
for explanation, we added) "And in conclusion,
we would urge upon you the Immediate with
drawal of the troops from tbe harbor of Charles
ton. Under present circumstances they are a
standing menace, wbioh renders negotiation im
possible," Ao. "Under present circumstances!"
What circumstances? Why, clearly tbe occu
pation of Fort Sumplcr and the dismantling of
Fort Moultrie by Msj. Anderson, in tbe faoe of
your pledges, and without explanation or prac
tical disavowal. And .there is nothing in tho
letter wblch would, or could have prevented you
from declining to withdraw the troops, and gof
fering the restoration or the status to wbicb
you were pledged, ir such had been your
desire. It would have been wiser and
better, in our opinion, to ' have with
drawn tbe troops, and this opinion we nrged up
on you, but we amanaea nothing but such an
explanation of the events of the last twenty-four
hours as would restore our confidence In the
spirit with which tbe negotiations should be
conducted. In relation to this withdrawal of
the troops from the bsrbor, we are compelled,
however, to notice one passage of your letter.
Referring to it, you say; "This I cannot do.-
This I will not do. - Such -an Idea was never
thought of by me in any possible contingency.
no allusion to it bad ever been made in anr
communication between myself and any human
in reply to this statement we are compelled to
say that your conversation with ns left open our
mioas toe oistinct impression that you did seri
ously contemplate tbe withdrawal of the troops
from Charleston bsrbor. And In snpeort of
this impression, we would add. that we have
tho poeltve assurance of gentleman of tbe
highest possible publlo reputation and the most
uuBullied integrity men whose name and fame.
secured by long service and patriotic acheve-
ments, place their teatimony beyond cavil, that
suoh suggestions had been made to and urged no
on you by tbem, and had formed the subject of
mure iu.u uuo carum umuueeiun wunyou Ana
it.wss this knowledge that induced us to orgs up
on you a policy which had to recommend lis own
wisdom snd tbe might or such authority. As to
the second point, that tbe authorities of South
Carolina, instead of asking explanations, snd
giving you the opportunity to vindicate your
self, took possession of sthr property of the
United Stales, we would observe, 1. That even
if this were so, It does not avail yon fordelence,
for the opportunity for decision was afforded
you before thoso tacts occurred. We arrived
in Washington on Wednesday; the news from
Major. Anderson reached here early on Thurs
day, and was immediately communicated to
you. All that day men of the highest consid
erationmen who bad striven successfully to
lift you to your great office who had been
your tried and true friends through the troubles
of your Administration, sought you and en
treated you to aot to act at once. Tbev told
yon that every hour complicated vour position.
auvj vuijr Maim ;uu .v giro me assurance
that if the facts were so that it tbe com
mander had acted without and against your
orders, and in violation of your pledges that
you would restore the status vou bad pledged
your honor to maintain. You refused to
decide. Your Secretary at War, your imme
diate and proper adviser in this whole matter,
waited anxiously for your decision, until he
felt that delay was becoming dishonor. More
than twelve hours passed, and two Cabinet
meetings had adjourned, before yon knew What
the authorities of South Carolina had doae.
and . your prompt decision at any moment of
that time would have avoided the subsequent
complications. But, if joa had known the acts
of the authorities of aouth Carolina, should
that have prevented your, keeping your faith 1
What was the condition ot thines? For the
last sixty days yoa have had in Charleston har
bor not lorce enough to bold the forts against an
eauai enemv. Two of thorn war. Jtmnnn
oi ineie two me moss important in the harbor.
It could have been taken at anr time. You
. . .. i , -ir w
ought to know better than any man that It would
have been taken, bnt for the efforts of those
who put their trust in your honor. Believing that
they were threatened by Fort Sumter especially,
tbe people were with difficulty restrained from
scouring without blood the possession of this im
portant fortress. After many and reiterated as
surances, given on your behalf, which we can
not believe unauthorised, they determined to
forbear, and in good faith sent on their Commis
sioners to negotiate with yon. Thoy meant you
no barm wished you no ill.:Tbey thought of
you kindly, believed yoa true, and were, willing,
as far as was consistent with duly, to spare you
unnecessary and hostile collision. Scarcely, had
these Commissioners left tban Major Anderson
waged: war. ' Bio other words will describe his
action, . It was not a peaceful change from one
fort to another; It was bostiio aot In tbe high
est sense, and only justified In the presenoo ot
a superior enemy, and in imminent peril. He
abandoned his position, spiked bis guns, burned
his gun-carriages, made preparations for the
destruction of bis post, and withdrew under cov
er of tba night to a safer position, This was
war., woman could nave believed (without
your aasnraqce) tbat any officer could have
taken such a step, "not only without orders, but
against orders." ,Wbat the State did was In
simple self-defence; for this act, with all tho its
attending circumstances, was as much war as
tiring a volley ; and war beint tbut begun, un
til those commencing it explained their aotion
and disavowed their intention, there, wai . no
room for delay; and even at this moment while
we are writing, it Is more than probable, from
the tenor of your letter, that reinforcements
are hurrying on to the conflict, so that when
the first gun shall be fired there .will
have, been ' on ' your" part, : one con;
tiguous, consistent series of - actions,
commencing in a demonstration, essen
tially warlike, supported by regular reinforce
ments and terminating in deteat or victor v.
And all this without the slightest provocation;
for, among the many things which you have
said, there is one thing yoa cannot aav von
have waited anxiously for newt from the seat of
war, in hopes that delay would furnish soma ex
cuse for thtt precipitation. But this "tanalbie
evidence of a design to proceed to a hostile aot,
on the part oi the authorities of South Caroli
na' which is tbe only justification of Major
Anderson, yon are foroed to admit, "has not
yet been alleged." But yon bavo decided; yon
have resolved to uoia, ry loroe, what yoa have
obtained throneh our misplaced eonfldene. and
by refusing to disavow tbe aotion of Major An
derson, have converted bit violation of orders
into a legitimate act of your Executive author
ity. Be the issue what it mar, of this we are
assured that, if Fort Moultrie has been recorded
in history as a memorial of Carolina gallantry,
Fort Sumpter-wlll live opon the succeeding page
aa an imperishable testimony of Carolina faith.
Uj your course yoa. nave probably rendered
civil war Inevitable. Be it so. If you choose
to force this issue Upon ns. the Bute of South
Carolina will accept It, and reltlng noon Him
who is tbe God of Justice at well as the God of
Hosts, will endeavor to performlthe treat dutv
wbioh lies before her hopefully, bravely and
thoroughly. ' .
Uur mission bcitg one ror negotiation and
peace and jonrmote leaving nt without hope of a
withdrawal of the troops front Fort Sumo ter. or
of the restoration of tbe sfefai toe existing- at the
time ot our antral, ana intimating, at wo think
your determination to reinforce the garrison In
the harbor of Charleston, wo respectfully Inform
yon mat we purpose returning to Charleston to
morrow aiternoon. . " - i
ii . Wt have the honor to be, Sir, very reepect-
luuy your ooeoient servants.
R. H. BARNWELL.
J. H. ADAMS.
JAMES L. ORR.
To Hit Excellency the President of tht United
Btatee. ' ' ' :. '' . "
i' The following is tht endorsement upon the
document; ' "' .' -
"Exxctmrl Mansion, o'clock, Wednesdsr.
ii This paper; just presented to tht President, Is
3E3 o 1 i ciest y & !
CHEAPER THAN EVER!
TAKEN AT TBE HIGHEST HATES.
Broche and Wool.
Of Every Description.
D,R ESS GOODS,
...Beautiful, Styles. ,:
LADIES' AND GENT'S
WRAPPERS AND DRAWERS.
Hosiery and Gloves.
VELVET RIBBONS, .
3U ixx lb x o 1 ca. o x io ta ,
Fanct Woolen Goods. . ' .
KNAPP & CO.,
NO, 113 ;
' SOUTH HIGH BTREET.
' 1 - , f ,. ,. . ; . . ' .
octSJ-Bawd-skw-Cnv . . ' '.'.'; . '.t " ..
: ' - "HAYINQ ACIB0DXATi0N"i .
LARGER BY SXVXRaX THOU BAUDS
Than any other pasei la Ohio, outside, of Cincinnati
-'. i iTj'.i i '
Offers Facilities for Advertising
; v: x i Which CANNOT WLTE Wtrlng
Speedy staa Bemnneratlwe Hoturnt
Te those Whs take advantage ef
the wiuiniiXiY BTATTrefwr a w,
Distributed as UWIhihSTary Post Office In Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Whose patnwege w valuable, and wtra seMeet see the
Sally Editions' of elif Journals! and as only '
A. Limited Earn ear of Ad?srtis8miits
.' ."I , I .,. 1. J ....;, . .r j, ,
- Am InserUd lolls oluasna, eppoprlately and -j
:. run ei.Mor ruvTO--,;,, c.i.!.',i '..
ZLtt r ciot Attention
' Or . ill I. 1 I..-., .: ,;i
Advertising la the W1BS.&Y ST ATI8MAN Will n .
It advaataroos tn r .n ' at
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which te almost certain tofolloWka extensive dlssealn
i . i atloa of a gnowledp of (belt boslnea
; AMOHQ . C0U2TXRY , DEALEJtS I
j ADVIRTIBXVIINTS pntttDip ICS
Shald.bsJadedla before f rider noon,
JAS.'H, M'KIli1 WM. H. ESBTIBAUX. -
M'KEE & RESTlEAUX.
PRODUCE ; DEALERS,
Nov SI north nirtt streotV3,
- I.' - i.K ii a I AOLTJBUS, OHIO,.
AVE ON MAN t AT TTHOLESATE
and lutau. viuic.T - btatlo esw kiss.
irnn a si.T. vfea. nnvwan. anoAB. TOBACCO.
BKOABS, Et , Ito. Onr Stoek has bees purohaeed Is
Baateca OlUts during the Fenle,; , 1' "
mni oar maid endeafot' wtft be to effee fedosemeot tn
CASa M BJMM3 wbJea ae aoi axreiaa oy any , ia
. j 7
' (UIV SSUI. Vtllts lav j i K va .
" SmoKlDg cniving Tobacco. f.
Alto, tbt hsat e.nalltr of WlliT'l 'toMtantlj
j.-.-., oi kani. ' "
ITjH)on-r ataaasonta are terVkd M 4 ba"?0
ehasla elsewhere. i tt.a.dulm n;(l(-f1 tn t.
VO.i EAST THDUr STREET,,,:
u". U9:.r.H.staiia.rasAolJ .-.M Is
2S8 P11HIGH&T. 8
WM. RICHARDS '
A OA" NOTIFIES THE PEOPLE OF "
. .t a!?,fn4Tloln". that he le before then wlOt ' 1
ooeof the test etoak of .. , ,
! DR Y. GOODS
evw offered to tueirdlssrunlaaUnf gua eskcted with
treat care, and purchased at Panle Prises, he (tela JasU-.
fled In saying, ae man eaa oH.rgrutar ladueeaents to
the "ready nay" buyers. Olslleeof
Dress Goods " :
Is eomplete, nonsliting of all lbs latest etslas and Isa
bo plain tod fancy, and In great varietleai , j
Satinets, Cloths and Cassimeres, '
- . w ftOArmmt to imT nri Airr.J
Bheeltnf, Bhlrtlng, Tlokteg, TowellM. Oettea A Wool
Ilanael, Osntlemen's furnishing Oooda, Aa., dta.t at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICE31
lAtmroL onxj jpst uoxiyto ar zxrxrM
4 yarns wide adsaltUdhy all lobe the . " ..
Best, Nicest ; and . Cheapest,
In market. Don't fall to get one.
Remember the plaee and call soon at
258 South High Street,
' Hist raiiND. '
decU-lmd WILLIAM BICBAADS
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia.
For Cincinnati, Dayton A IndianspolUl,
Through to Indianapolis without Change of Cats ' '
and bnt One Change of Cart between '
', ' Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS DAILT FROM COLUM
- BUS. .. . ,,. ;. ., ;
. . ,' FIRST TRAIN. , ' 1
(Dally. If ondayeezospted.) ' " " J " '
MIGHT XXPRKSS. via Daytouv at :41 a. ..aton.
ping at London, Xanla, Dayton, Middle town and Haail-
lon.ainrtDgaiuineinnaiiaio tua. a.; iiaytoa ti
a.m.,Iadlaaopollsat 10:48 a. a.; (A. Louie at 1150
i SECOND TRAIN.
ACOOatilOD ATION, at 8:10 a. a., stooping at all SU
UonibetweanOoluaboaand Cincinnati and Daytoo, ar
riving at Cincinnati 11:0 a. a., Dayton at 8 13a. m., '
Indlanosollsaf S.Stlp. a. i -
' : THIRD TRAIN. . v ,
DAT EXPBXSS.at B:30d. a.. atoDDlns at Alton.
JaSersoa. London, Charleston, Oedarrtlte, Xanie.
spring Tailor, Carwla, ktoriew. Dearaeld, loster'e.
Lorclaod, atlllfordand Plalnvllle, arriving at Olndn-,
natt at t:80 p. m.; Bt. Lmle at It a; Dayton at 8 IS p.
m.; IndlaaopoUsat 10J p. a.
Sleeplnir Car oa all Nliat Tralat to' '
Cincinnati ana Indianapolia.
BAOCIAOB CHECKED THBOCOH.
tm rurthar la formation and Throagh Tirkfta alp v
M. L. DOHSBTiV ' WIQWirain
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Oolumboa, Ohio.
j Superintendent, Cincinnati.
BORTLE & SHEDD,
. No. 273 South High StreeV :", ;
! . . DEALERS IN ,
FINE FAntlLT OROCEBIEsVFOB-'
el and Domettto Fruits, eboloe Family flour, -Tcu,
Ac, are now in noaipt of their entire Steak pt-..
ohassd within ths past two weeks la Mew fork at Panic'
rriees. ' ' . - vTjc.
W. merely with to sir that we h.re every thing osual ,
In arsf etoss Orocry, and are determined to
eell our Goods at prices that will defy eompetlUoaw -: ( i
inTQood. DellrereA to atr portal k--tho
City f roo of. Charge. :: , . ,
WHITE WHEAT VAmiLX tXOCB.,
"Oold.n Are Brand.1' lor aale onie b BOftTL.
A BBIDD, No. I7B S.uih 0lgh streets i dW7l-dedla.
QTEWAHfl DOUBLE EXTRA COS.
KJaaytu,frea drippings of UefSugart BOJITLA t!
GEN CINE IIOLLANB IIEHHtNeSf AT''
bOETLB A bUEDD'S, 873 South High street. -7 o.
CHOICE RAISINS, PRVNEV,' Ct7B- "
rants and Firs, cheap, at B0BTLS A SHIDD'AHew .
Orooary.-: deoji deooia 11
FIRE CRACKEKS-IOO BOXES .TCtftr"'"
reoslvedby BOBTLR A SUIDD.BTS aoatk aUakv ..
street. '- .; j 1 . alnlAaMoisa
CHOICE GREEN AND BLACK TEA ,
very cheap, at BORTLB A BBKDD'S. --3
FCKE WINES AND A.1Q170HS at '
Hedioalpurpoaei, Bootch Ale aad London Porter, at.'.'sri-a
MRTLA A tfifiDD'tt.i 'j sv eJeeUraleedla k;
tWHUEFINEDIUUAH, 13 LBS. FOR".,.
J 1 1, and and all the standard BeBoed Sugars, ofaeare ' 1 '
than the oheapeit, go to DCKTLB A HDD's 97Itel k--y.
Blghetre.' n- t v weel7-deedla.,9 jj
'' -I'J Jl SS 9TS
Baltimore' Clothing Hose.;
SAWcracrvans asp Tragus tutujeU Uf i.Ijc
ii n vr a i ii
;'"!lio 808 W; iealtiiiMra
a ' '" ' ' J "I Sfit::m,U Xv
(arrwaan LmaaTl Asa.nowaaa,)'-)-! :)
A Larya assortment of Plaet aad furnlshlnf
Oeodi Oenttaatir en Baadl wn ,
LOOKING ::; GLASS "' STORE.'
,1,1. (I08HI ACOWPLAND, , " '
ttanutaatwer and Sejaar, II.. SS Sooth ffoara) St.. ....
-i.. ' between Market and Chestaut, Philadelphia. "
WHERE SIB ' OFFERS AT LOW' f
Heee. aaAximilM vartete tl Lokttm fllimi, lu L
Ollt, ilahogany and Walnut Fnuaee, Large franoh Plate
Ulrrore, Plain aad Itlohir Owaaented, aiUl aaA Fanep
weearesttavaod rtotare reaaea. ,-rl1 , r ,
Wtm 0.vm , ruiw BT , TW 80JL
r ' I . os urisss QUAjnrtt: u
Goede packed tn ' the Safest aanner, as tunn"f-:
agalnet Breakage, ..'"m.,
- JOSHUA 0WTLATD,
,M 1 . 1 ,uJ vrU 3 Soath Fourth ttreet,,
1 g30-J0a. "J.'nv rhliadelpha..l TJ
7:: . ,'siENBr EOHLEH,' "' -10
(Lais of PhaWe I.taklUomeet, W. T.,) Foprftot
the Mew leejk Fa.hla.aaee tfcwriftg, Beir Cettio. ...
, taampoooing, Cuillog and Dreaain EmIoo., Mo. 1) ,
,. Aast Bute stmt, near the Feet CfSee, Bnt Uor,U e
... when aatieaMtiaav will gtrea la .11 the nuioii ...
. hranohea. Ladies aaA Cblldre.'a Bait Drewlua done
ts the beet style.' '-I ' m.. Mi .. jyxi-dlv ) M
;)ARIS CLOAKS AND FALETOTS.ini)9oi
IX ete4ek eke neat stylish and el'"" saannej. A.,p
1 a Invoice lust opened by "" Fa lift BALN, 8 OCi
,LaAw.ll.-"' i dtai IfrelhJiliritjet.tt,Jj.,c.
,;tJi' ''.rt -.; v
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