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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, January 17, 1861, Image 1

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r VOL. VII. NO. 191 NEW SERIES. COLUMBUS. OHIO. THURSDAY EVENING. JANUARY 17. 1861,
ILX DOLLARS PZ3YEAB,
Invariably ia Adranei,
H)t Statesman
D AILY, Tfil-WEJTXLY AND WEEKLY
MANY PENNY & MILLER,
POBLISH BS AND PROPRIETORS.
O Office Mm. 86, 88 and 40, North High St.
TKRMh INVARIABLY IN ADVAN01., .
Oaily vv Pr JmT
fly iba Carrier, per week.
IS' eenti
trl-WejWlv
Weekly -
00 per year.
1 00 "
. rrma at Advertising bw the Square.
n square 1 yeai...S20 00
One " ti moLtht 18 00
On 0 months IS 00
Jne ' 3 months 10 01)
On - month 8
,1ne " 1 month. SOU
One square 3 week. .84 00
One i " Sweek.. 3 00
One " lweek...l7J
One " 3 day... 1 00
One " 8 day... 75
One " 1 Insertion SO
Displayed advertisement half more than the abov
Advertisements tended end, pieced ia the column of
irMHoHctit,"dlth ordinary rata.
.II ,iuttce required to be published by Uw, legal rate.
If ordered on tnelnsio exclusively uur iikiihiw
per ten;, more than the ihove rates; but all luch wll
tn ti. TrLWenklv without charire.
Business Cards, not exceeding live line, per year, In
I ile, $3 50 per line; ontilde
Notices of meetingi. charitable oclettei, fire companies,
ate, hair pnre. .
AUtraniiittu advtrHumsnlt ' b paid far in
lMtK The rule will not be vartod from.
Weekly, sane price at the bally, where the advertlMi
seethe Weekly alone. Where 'he Dally and Weekly
are both need, then the charge Ur the Weekly will be
i n the ratte of the Daily
No advertisement taken except for a definite period.
BUSINESS CARDS.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Spring A Water St..,
Columbus, Olilo.
W. B. FOTTS & CO.,
And Manufacturer! of Bran and Composition Catlng,
Flnlfhtd Bran Work of all Description.
Electro Plating aud Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, &C.
fsbl 'GO-dly
Ur. J, B. Beauman,
A RESIDEHT DENTIST.
ALL. THOSE REUCIHINOTHE BER
vice of a Dentinal, and farorlngDr. B. with thilr
natronage may rely on having satisfaction given The
roe will be rrqu'red on the completion of an operation.
Offloo Four Door North of the American Uotul, over
nudltlll'e Hat Store.
Columbus Jan 7 My 1
F. A. B. SIMKINS,
Attorney a,t XjA-w
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
OIBce Amb'ii Buttling, opposite Capitol Squire.
-v COLUMBUS. OHIO.
OOXjTTZUKXITTS
Machine Manufacturing Company
AMurAcnraca or
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Castings, Kill-Gearing, Machinery.
ALIO,
Railroad Worlt
or ivrir description.
COLHP1BC8, OHIO.
4JHA8. AM BOB, Bap't P- AUB08,',Treu.
deoll, IHSH tf
MILLINERY GOODS.
$20,00(TwORTH
OF
Millinery and Fancy Goods
For Sal.
RIl. WAKE WOULD IlESPEOT.
a fully Inform the Citizens of Columbus and TI
clnity that hi Block of
FALIt AND WINTER HILUNE2Y
ia now coMrLtTt,
And feeing particularly dealroua ol
reducing bit .lock intuiedl
atelf, he will Sell,
FROM THIS DATE, AT
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
Xjac3.1eia,
YOU CAN GET
Bargains! Bargains! Bargains!
" By Calling
AND
EXAMINING H1S STOCK!!
HE SELLS EVERY VARIETY OF
MILLINERY & FANCY GOODS
TOGETIIEU WITH A
Large Stock of Notions,
i io i 4o.
rrpprlcee tunas and aball bo aatls-
factofy.
KMaB
. CALIi AT
R. H. Ware's
BONNET ROOMS,
SCO. OS KAV TOWN ITBEEIi
O OXjTJ3VI33XTG ,
O&lo.
oetSldaa
M. 1M POWERS & BRO
DIALtai IN mrORTKD AMD dohistio
CIUAH8,
, TOBACCO,
AND FANOT AKTlCIiEB
No. 11 Fori State) Street, between High and
the Poit-Offlce.Columbui, Ohio. ocukuodi
GOLDETV llll li SniKTS,
, QOLDKM HILL SHIRTS,
UOI.DHN HILL SHIRTS
The pattern of these shins are new. The Bodies, Yokes,
sleeves and besoms are formed to fit the person with sas.
and comrori. Xbe mark upon (sen on designating in.
Is may b railed en aa beln g cornet, and eh shirt I
guaranteed well mad..
A full stock of all qualities
constantly lor sai at
0094.
at A In 0,
No. S9 South High street
FANOT DRESS SILKS, V
-VANCY DRS8 BILKS, - ,
FANCY DRESS SILKS.
We are bow offering our Immense nek of Fancy Dress
Rtlka at nrieee less than syeabefora 00 .red In this eltr.
the attraUoa of the ladles Of this dty and vlelnlty
SJliclUd, as oar itock n very select and complete la all
grade of goods In this line. m rMn,
ootVS. No. 89 South High street
ror Medical Pnrpossa."
'w-arrnv an sttnTiTV I wmi pnunrI.a. AND BTT
if Tmm .. fmm .'UiinrlM Warehouse "
' Wf. McDONAtB,
ot97 100 South Ulgh street.
VTALTESE &THHEAD LACE MITTS
111 of elegant .mIIUw for LadKr, also, Ml ties' Mitt
11 gmn Tariety ai . . Bin 0
aay3 'V
ANNUAL PROSPECTUS
OF
-r i
ONE DOLLAR
PREMIUMS
THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN 13 PRINTED ON (
JSl mammoth sheet,
AT THE LOW RATE OF;
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR!
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
It ie an old and reliable Democratic Journal, and, us a political paper, has
No Superior in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to ita polltioal characterit ia a first class newspaper, furnishing its readers with the
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the stirring events constantly occurring at home and abroad, ajid choice miscel
laneous selections. It also gives the latest and most reliable
From all the principal marts of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, the Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of
During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Wskklt Statu
man wilfbe furnished with a conoise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Weekly Statesman has increased very rapidly,
being now more than double what it waa twelve months ago. It is our desire to extend its cir
culation, not only in Ohio,
But in all the States and Territories West of TJs!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, ita usefulness will be inoreased; and we invite
our political and personal friends to aid us in giving to the Weiklt Statesman j
The Largest Possible Circulation
Among the people. The price of the paper is to
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing
W1 g'Ve A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, by4 the 1st dayof January. 1861, send us the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the
second largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us
the third largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
ten yearly subscribers, with the cash for the same, we will send a copy of the
Weekly Statesman One Tear without Charge!
IDT Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or solicit subscribers for the States
man, can out this Proepeotua out of the paper and attach to it a strip of writing paper, on which
to record the names of all persons who may become subscribers.
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
ruBUsnsaa onio statesman.
THE
M
FEB ANNUM!
FOR CLUBS!!
low that no Democrat need be without it
the circulation of the Weekly Statesman,
As
we
Is
'
NAMES.
STONE'SBAZAAR.
jSTo. 4 Gwynne Block.
A. P. STONE & O'MRRA.
AOENOWBECEIVnOIHEIBWIN
TEE GOODS, and Invite the public to lnepeot
them. No such itock of Oooda bu ever been brought to
this market. The South, Inconsequence of the failure
of the grain crop, baa not been able to purchase the us
ual quantity of rich goods, and this fact hu forced the
importers to sen mem at puouo wiouuu. ur u"r
(Mr. Htonel belns In New York at these large aales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell our goods
lure, at less than any one who purchased two weeks since,
paid for them In New York. Our stock Is complete In
every department of
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
OTTOMAN VELOURS,
BROCHE VALENCIAS,
PRINTED MERINOS,
PRINTED C0BURG3,
- DYED COBUGS;
BL4.CK ALPACAS,
ORLEANS,
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
POPLINS, PRINTS,
DELAINES.
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day,
At one ball the Coat of Impoitatlon.
LADIES' FURS,
In all Varieties, ol the) Celebrated
nanufataro of C. O. finn
there & Son.
HOSIERY DEPARTMENT,
lien's, ladies aud Children's Cnder Shirts snd Drawer;
Ladles, misses ana unnaren s iiosiery oi an num, ,u
Wool and Lamb's Wool; fleecy Lined and OottonQloves
of every make.
ALSO
A complete assortment of all the usual varie
ties of
LADIES' CLOTHS,
CASSlMfcllfcS,
OVERCOATINGS,
TWEED8,
FLANNEL3,
KlUbUNS.
DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladies tad Gent's Linen Camtrio Hand
-' - . . kerchieft, do,, &c.
T. it.ridn. aha call en us. we ole lire our words to
show them the largest, beet and cheapest stock of Goods
ever awn In this market, or pay tbem on. dollar per
Dour whll. looking. ...
oeel-aijutawllw. , nuins; es uanna.
GENUINE FAMILY LIQUORS.
WM. B. MOREHOUSE & CO.,
i ' Importers and Wholesale Dealers la
Brandies, Wines, Gins and Segars,
beg leave to call the attention of th eltlsens of the Uni
ted Dtate 10 UCir rur. rr inc. aau liiiu., put up hu-
der their own supervision,
. for Family and Medical as.
in uMirttd to suit customers
Clubs, Military and
oth.r public bodies, wno require w purcuaw m wrpre or
mall quantltlei, la casks or bottles, will be liberally
dealt With, fries List sent on application.
OLD MOREHOUSE BITTERS,
1 (Ucommended by the first physician as th beat rem
dv known for Dmepda, Indlgeitlon, Debility, and all
Nervous Disease. A a beverage, It I pur., wool
some, and deUclous to the taste. Bold by all Druggist
' WM.B.MOREnOUSlfcCO.,Prop,rs,
. a . 3 k J Izohasg Place,
. ' ' " Jersey City, W. J.
I P. I. Th. anhaetlheT. wish ta Snnr a fewaetir
aien, a. Local and Traveling AgenU for. their beuse,
wnom ureral ladoea.nt Will be ouerea. sor panic
alar, addr.se a. above.. - ocuu-iiaa
TAJIC LINE?!
ANn aii.K sTANS IM
X' new styles;
aRlbboa Bound, Bitenslo. and la
diaa Ian at
ay'"
e, SO Soalh High street
to
NAMES.
Fire Insurance!
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
Fire & Life Insurance Co.
37 Castle street. Liverpool. SOand 31 Poultry, London.
Oitice, rU wall and til Fine streets, New Kork.
THOMAS HOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Obio.
Paid lip Capltnl, Murplua
ana sieaervea i- una UfiilHe8ft
Invested Intbl Country over. 8(MJ, lit 0
xeariy tcevenue, over Vieuuiuuu
TTr'The Shareholders personally responsible for en
gagement of the Company. All Directors must be Sbtre
holders. Directors and Shareholders In New York :
James Brown, Esq., Chairman. Francis Cottenet, Isq.,
Deputy unairnmn.
C.U. Archibald, H.B. M. Consul Eugene Dntllh, Esq.
oseph Oalllard. Jr.tiq. . XI. Urtnnell, Biq.
Alexander Hamilton. Jr., Eq. K. F. Sanderson, Eiq.
Am. Hamilton, Jr., Esq.,
Counsel of the Boaid.
Aifrsd Pu t, Esq , Besident Secretary.
Local Board In Cincinnati:
.W.Thomas Esq. J. D. Jones, Esq. RufusKiDg, Biq.
Thompson Neave, Kiq. Bob't UuchanaD, Esq.
Th undersigned, Agent In this city, will b. happy to
receive applications for Insurance In the above Company,
AT THB CITY BANK.
Ue can recommend It with entire confidence to all desir
ous of obtaining protection against LOSS BY FInB.
No Charge for Policies.
novlMf TH08. MOODIB.
HOLIDAYS.
FANCIES.
Such artlsles at you tbWr for your HUSBAND
Such a you need for your WIFE.
Suchu are proper for your DAUOIITER.
Such as your BISTER will pralit you for.
Such asyoar BROTHER can km.
Such as you want for " Tni ONE YOU LOVE BEST.'
Such as will be good for the" BLESSED BABY."
Such as all teek for.
May be found In variety. In my new itock of
WATCHES, CHAINS, JEWELRY,
PLATED GOODS,
And general assortment of
Fancy and Useful Articles.
WM. BLYNN,
No. 10 Buckeye Block.
December, 1BG0.
FAlfllLY FLOUH.
-yHITE WHEAT, BRANDED
SNO W Fli AKB.
Prom " Barnett Milts," Springfield, 0. the best brand of
Flour brougnt to our market, aatmaction guaranteed
For sale only St WM. McDONALD'S,
novw 108 South High street.
HoJiday Presents.
rtAIilCON. UeLAINES. ITIEKIPIO!
yj CHIM1ZES. DHESS SILKS, and all
kind of fashionable
"Winter Dross Goods.
we are now offering at very low price.
rSTEK BAin,
decSl. No. SOSouih Ulgh street.
Save Tonr Money.
T All NOW RECEIVING SCBSCIMP
a. tlons for all the Maxatlne and Literary mners in
the country and out of II; among th former, the Corn.
hill. TemDla Bar. the Atlantis, li.rner. llnde P.t.Mnn.
nnickerDooaer, sciecno, macawooa, uie ontisa quarter
lies. Ate, o. Subscribers can get them EAULIKR.
OHEAPEB and free of Postare, by tending their Snb-
crtpttonsinrougn me. niuuAttuttciNnaiix,
deolt 17 mate street
Watches and Jewelry.
A FINE AS'IORITIKENT OF WATCH
Am, Clocks, Jewelry, Silverware, fcc, kept ooostant
y en nana n
B. KIREPATRIOK'S.
No. ICS, South High Street, Columbus, 0.
ICr Watches snd Jewelry repaired. -deed
d3m.
GENTLKiTIEN'lS NECK VIES,
GENTLEMEN'S NECK TIES,
GENTLEMEN'S NECK TIES.
The most denrable sttortment In the city and atuntual-
ly low prices. PETER BAIN,
novBt. No. 89 South Ulgh street
E1
LEGANT PLAIN BLACK SILKS FOR
Street Basque and Mantles: also. Rich Trlnnrn
and Teasels to match, at BAIN
asayas '
A PPLESJl APPLESI
XA. 100 bbl. Choice Apple received en eonitgnmsnt
lor sal ay v.. , ,totonsa kebtxbadx,
, 34N.BIghstrtit.
T1BHI.
Dally,' per ear.
Tri Weekly, per
Weekly, per yea
to u
a, ,.,.... 3 W
1 00 .
A from Vice President Breckinridge—
His Views on the Crisis.
WASHINGTON CITY, Jan. 6, 1861.
Mr Dcaa Sia: I thik all thoughtful men will
approve your conduct in convening the Legis
lature. Within a few weeks I have received many
letters, chiefly from Kentucky, asking my opin
ion aa to the prospect of a fair adjustment of
our political troubles, which I bare not answer
ed for reasons satisfactory to my own mind,
among which has been a lingering hope that
tome acceptable plan of settlement might be
proposed by Congtess, securing the rights aud
honor of all 1 do not feel at liberty longer to
remain eilent, and, without intending to bur
den you with an extended letter, 1 will offer a
few thoughts upon tbe condition of publio af
fairs. I am convinced tbat no thorough and satis
factory plan will be proposed to tbe States by
Coogresa. All effltris lor this purpose have
diadooed- ditteretice twa . radioiL to admit of
agreement. r
At an early boor In ttne session, on tbe mo
lion of a Senator from Keoiuekj, (Mr. Pow
ell), a committee of thirteen Senator wag ap
pointed to consider the state of the country,
and report a remedy. It was composed of rep
reaeutatire men from different puts of the
Union. After long conference, for many days,
the chairman reported to tbe Scnato tbat they
bad been wholly unable to agree, and a refer
ence to the journal of tbe committee will revea
tbe radical differences between tbe Republicans
and othera.
Propositions, conceived in a spirit of patriotic
concessions, were offered by Senator Crittenden.
I refer to them because they concede much to
the spirit of conciliation. They embrace the
following, as amendments to the Constitution:; '
Tbat Congress shall bave no power to abol
ish Blavery In tbe forts, dock yards, and other
places under Its jurisdiction, in the touthern
Stales.
Nor to prevent the transportation of alavet
from one slavebolding State to another, nor
to any Territory where slavery may exist,
whether the transportation be coastwise or in
land: Nor to abolish slavery in tbe Distriot of Co
lumbia while it exists In Maryland or Virginia,
nor without the consent of tbe inhabitants, and
compensation to the owners.
And in regard t) tbe Territories:
Tbat In all the territory now held, or hereaf
ter to be.acquired, north of lattitude 36 deg. 30
min., slavery, or involuntary servitude except
as a punishment for crime, shall be prohibited;
while in all territory now held, or hereafter to
be acquired, south of laid line of latitude, Bla
very of the African race shall be reoognized
and protected; in both cases the prohibition on
one aide of tbe line and tbe protec.ica on the
other, oovering the period of territorial exis
tence. Tbese provisions, the retolutiuns propose,
shall be made a part of the Constitution, and,
together with the features now in the Constitu
tion relative to the representation of three fifths
of the slaves, and the return of fugitive slaves
snail not De suoject to future alteration.- As
subsequently modified they contain, among
other things, a very proper declaration that
citizenship and tufferage shall not be confer
red on persons, in whole or In part of African
decent.
A glance at these resolutions will show the
Immense concession they offer for security and
peace. Leaving out of view tor a moment the
Territorial question, the other amendments are
but declaratory of the present cjDitUntiod.
Congress has no power now to abolish slavery
in the places within its jurisdiction in the south
ern States, nor to prevent tbe transportation of
alares from one slaveholding State or Terr i to
ry to another. Nor are persona of African de
scent citizens of tbe United States; and tbe ba
rn ol federal representation and the return of
fugitive slaves are stipulated for in express
terms in the preient Instrument. If it be said
that Congress may constitutionally abolish sla
very in tbia District I will not Dause to arena
the question, but only enter a protest against
the assnmption.
II agreea to, they should be unamendable
parts of the Coustitution, since the North would
soon have a sufficient number of States to
change the instrument in the manner prescribed
by itself.
it must be confessed tbat it offers but a faint
hope of security and good faith when powers
not granted to Congre?s by the Constitution
must again be expressly denied, and the pro
visions made unalterable, to guard against ap
prehensions of a sectional and growing major
ity. Upon tbese points, then, as I eunnose. there
Is concession neither upon the one side nor the
other. The free States ate only aeked to aeree
that they will never use their growing power
to deprive tho South of existing rights, which
are essential to its safety.
i come, now, to tne vast concession to tbe
North. The southern States assert, with ereat
unanimity, the right of all the citizens of all the
States to enter tbe common Territories with
their property of whatever kind. Includine
slaves, and to have it protected by the common
government. This right is sustained by a high
ly respectable class ol opinion In the northern
States, and baa been affirmed by tbe highest
jooiciat iriDuuai Known to tne uonstitution.
It does not fall within tbe scope of this letter to
re-argue the question. I treat it aa a settled
right, upon which the argument has been ex-
nanstea.
Mr. Crittenden's Territorial amendment offers.
so far aa tbe southern States and tbeir slave pro
perty are concerned, to yield this right in three
lourths of the existing territory to save it iu the
remaining fourth. The citizens of thenortbero
States and their property are to be protected in
all the territory; the citizens of the southern
States with their property in one-fourth of it
Prohibition of slate property north of 36 deg.
30 min., recognition and protection of it south of
tbat line and the rule to apply to all territory
nereaiier acquirea inis is tne prinoiple 01 tbe
proposed amendment. And the last-named
feature ia vital. If the Territorial question can
be settled at all, It should be settled for all time,
ana locked up in tbe constitution. Otherwise,
there csn be no hope of exemption from inces
sant antl slaverjagitatloD,and the country would
soon be thrown again into the midst of. political
ana unsocial convulsions, me southern States
cannot afford to be shut off from all posbility of
expansion towards tne tropica Dy tbe hostile ao
tl n ol tbe federal uovernment. -
I am sure that this plan of adjustment bas
Deen ouerea, not as tne mil measure ol our
rights, but as a patriotio concession, with the
bope or , obtaining promptly security and
peace. In view of the knowledge we bave of
tbe progress of political anti-slavery opinion,
and of tbe manner in which tbe Federal gov
ernment may be employed by hostile influences,
it falls far short of what would be required in
forming an original scheme oi government, or
even In reconstructing the old one. After tbe
experience we bave bad of the practical work
ing ot tbe system, i noa it aimouit to cherish a
well grounded bope ot permanent security, ex
cept by tbe Introduction of some element which
would give tbe south tbe power of sell proteo
tion.
1 cannot suppose that Kentucky would con
sider her rights, Interests, and honor safe under
any aottlement less thorough tban this proposed
by Mr. Crittenden. Any attempt to emasculate
It by excluding from ita scope after acquired
territority, or by falling to recognise and protect
slave property loath of the line by language as
dear and explicit aa that employed to prohibit
it north of the line, or by veiling ita provision
in amblgnous phrases, eould only result In new
agitations and convulsions. I believe that
Kentucky wants a thorough settlement or none,
and one tbat any plain and honest man can un
derstand. I have not referred to the personal liberty
bills of tbe Northern 8tatet, because they are
the subjects of State action; nor to various pro
positions concerning tae tugiuve aiavo iaw, u
oause they relate only to legislative action; nor
to tbe question concerning the right of sojourn
and transit with slave property; nor to toe aev-
eral schemes of constitutional amendment which
demand more for the South tban tbe plan of
Mr. Ciittenden. I bare said tbat, in my opin
ion, no thorough and satisfactory amendments
will be proposed to the Statea by Congress; and
I have taken tbe plan which concedes most to
Northern States, and which presents the least
that I auonose anv portion of the South would
accept. And now, sir, I tell you tbat the Repub
lloans in Congress, and 1 fear in tbe whole coun
trv. never will adont it. They will not recog
nize in any form, directly or indirectly, property
in slaves Tbey will outlaw, from tbe protec
tion of the common Government, property to
the value of four thousand millions of dollars,
and which is Interwoven with tbe very structure
of society in nearly half the States of tbe Union.
Tbey intend that tbe South shall never have
any portion in the territory of the Union. Tbeir
fixed policy ia to wield the Federal Government
for anti-slavery purposes, and to crush all op
position by arms. I am not mistaken aa to toe
purposes oi tne resolute ana controlling spirits
of their organ s ition at this capital.
At an early day in the session a number of
gentlemen, fearing that no suitable guarantee
could bo proposed by Congress, began to look to
the Statea and the people. Tho Republicans
haiog cooirolji f b (northern Scati S. pur friends
these Were, of course, unadleto move. An ear
nest effort wat made here to secure a convention
of all the southern States. Tbe plan could not
command the requisite support, and was lost In
the rapid progress of events. Next, a more
hopeful movement was set on foot, looking to
an immediate conference of the border slave
holding Statea (embracing Tennessee and North
Carolina,) with tbe view to unite tbeir coun
sels and avert tbe danger of olril war. But
here, also, the obstacles proved insurmounta
ble, and tbe time for such action has passed.
Each ol these States, therefore, must decide for
Itself the attitude it will occupy in this emer
gency. Tne immediate question now presented is.
peace or war. Whether tbe right of a State or
Statea to dissolve their connection with the
Federal system be a reserved right, or one
growing out of tbe Constitution, or the right of
revolution, tbe great fact Ilea before us that the
act has been done; and we are not permitted to
doubt that in a few weeks seven or eight State,
containing a larger population than the thirteen
oolonies at the epoch of tbe Revolution, will
bave withdrawn from the Uuiou; and declared
tbeir independence. Under whatever name,
disguised, a colli :ion of arms with them will be
war.
The dominant party here, rejecting every
thing, proposing nothing, are pursuing a policy
which, under tbe name of "enforcing tbe laws"
and "punishing traitors," threatens to plunge
the country into all tie calamities of civil war.
The Federal Uuion ctnnot be preserved by
arms. Tbe attempt would unite tbe southern
States in roMstarco, while in the North a great
multitude of tree and loyal men never would
consent to shed tbe blood of our people in the
name and under the authority of a violated
compact. A fvrlous collision upon existing is
sues would destroy whatever hope may yet re
main of preserving or restoring the Union
An attempt to hold it together by tbe bayonet
would exceed anything yet recorded In tbe an
nala of human madness and folly. It would
bring on a war of unexampled ferocity la which
every vital principle of tbe Union would die
appear forever.
If the South should succeed in maintainiog
her independence, the feuds and animosities
engendered by the contest between the sections
would be transmitted to succeeding generations,
while, if sbe should be subjugated, tbe govern
ment woull become in form and in fact consoli
dated, and would soon reach the'usual historical
termination in a military despotism. Bat her sub
jugation is impossible, without extermination
and tbat is impossible.
Aud yet the danger of civil war is imminent
unless it shall be arrested by prompt and ener
getio actloo. If, before the passions of men be
come aroused, and a series of untoward events
drift us into strife, Kentucky and the other bor
der States shall calmly and firmly present a
united front against it, I believe it may be ar
rested. Fifteen Statea are potent to prevent
war. This, too, would strengthen all the true
men In tbe northern States who resist the atro
cious policy. Upon this question let us annihi
late party. Tbe force party believe that Ken
tuckv and other southern Statea are seriously
divided on tbia subject. Unless this can be
quickly shown to be a delusion, it may become
tbe parent of a brood of woes.
The wisdom of the Legislature will doubtless
provide whatever is neadful; yet, at a time
likejthis, it becomes the duty, aa it is the right
of every man to express bis opinions; and, aa
one citizen of the Commonwealth, I give my
voice for a State convention. It it only by the
direct action of the several States in their sov
ereign capacity that anything effeotual can now
be done; and, for one, I desire that Kentucky
may have an opportunity to determine, in the
most solemn manner, ber judgement of ber
rights, and her attitude In the present condition
of affairs.
Sbe bas not been an inactive nor inglorious
member of the confederacy; she is in tbe pres
ence of great and startling events, and it is not
her nature to ait in listless apatby, borne along
by rapid curents, without tbe power to direct
her course. Let her bave the opportunity,
through ber chosen representatives, of deciding
upon the prospect of reuniting all the States in
a constitutional Union, or, if tbat shall be im
possible, let ber be in a position to determine
her own destiny.
This letter has grown longer than 1 intended,
although I have adhered pretty closely to my
original purpose, rather to present faots, and
my impressions trora tbem, from tbia standpoint,
than to enter upon elaborate discussion. I need
not tay to you, my dear sir, tbat I have uttered
nothing in an obtrusive spirit, but rather re
luctantly and sorrowfully. My suggestions In
regard to the aotion of Kentucky, are offered
In the spirit of loyalty to the State I love and
will ever obey. Tbev are clearly right, or very
wrong. If right, the pleasure will be mine to
bave said a timely word; if wrong, I will know
bow to bear without a murmur, all tbe conse
quences of an honest but terrible mistake.
Very sincerely, your friend,
JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE.
Hon. B. MAGOFFIN, Governor of Kentucky.
JAS. M. M'KEE.
WM. H. BESTIEACX.
M'KEE L RESTIEAUX,
GROCERS
AND
PRODUCE DEALERS,
No. 34 North High Street,
COLUMBUB, onio,
HAVE ON HAND AT WHOLES ATE
and Betalli FINEST 8TAPLI QHO0ERIB4,
FLOUR, SALT, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR, TOBACCO,
8KOARS, ETO , Etc. Uur stook ha been purchased in
Eastern Cltle during th Panic,
FOR CASH.
aDdonrtnaln endeavor will be to offer Inducements to
LASiJMUTSBS which are not tXMled bj any Bouse In
tbe City. dev89
Sheriff's Sale.
Elisabeth Wheeler
. ve.
Suptrlo
rlor Court.
Auirustu W, Owens
TiY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF S ALE
X) to n. directed from the Superior Court of Frank
lin county, Ohio. I will oner for tale hi front of the
Court liousa, in the citjr or Columbus, .a
Saturday the 19th day of January, A. D. 1861,
at 10 o'clock A. H. th following desorlbed property, to
wit; On. Gray Hon, attached as ih property of Augu
tu w. uwen.
jan8-10td By 0. W. HUFFMAN, gherifl?
Printing Office for Bale.
mnE CARROLL COUNTY DEITIO-
1 CHAT OFFICE is offered tor sale on very rea
sonable term. To a practical printer this Is a chance
for a bargain. Three hundred dollar down ud th.
balance in two year. Th. offlo has a good run of Job
won and advertising patronage. For particular ad
dress, GEO. W. BARLOW,
declt-tww3w. Oarrollton, Obi.
HOUSE,
Nos. 36, 38 & 40, North High St.
INCREASED FACILITIES I
AGtCHACY. CHEAF5ESS. DISPATCH
HAVING MOVED INTO MY
NEW BUILDING,
1 HAVE
MY
BOOK & JOB DEPARTMENT!
! - WHILE BOTH HAVE BEEN
REPLENISHED THROUGHOUT
WITH
New Types, Borders, Ornaments; &&
FROM TH1 OKLIBBATKD .I0DNDBT Of
C. T. WHITE ft CO.. SEW YORK.
THUS MAKING IT THB
Most Complete Establishment
IN THE CITY.
I am now prepared to Execute all Ordert for
BOOK AND JOB
PRINTINGS,
WITH DISPATCH!
And In the Host Approved Style of the Art.
PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO
MERCANTILE AND RAILROAD
phintinq.
Bill of Lading, Circulars,
asm neaaa xsisinii., ueeat,
Certificate., Itecelpta,
Dray Ticket., Kcgl.tera,
HOW CARDS & BILLS IN COLORS,
CHECKS,
CAED8,
HEADINGS,
NOTES,
ENVELOPES,
CONTRACTS,
Illustrated Show Bills,
FOR COUNTRY MERCHANTS,
Show Billa, Hand Bills, labels, Concert Fro
grammoa, School and College Schemes, Ho
tel Bills of Fare, Invitations, te.
Book Worij.
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
School and College Catalogues,
Sliscellaneoua Pamphlets,
Constitutions, Beports, Briefs, At
Printing: in Gold and Colors
r OSTER JS
Printed in Evtry Color on a
Mammoth Hoe Cylinder,
The only Press of the kind in Central Ohio.
Mr facilities for dotnt anv and all of th. above decrin-
tiona of work, are now unsurpassed, and satisfaction will
BrnaranieM in ail case.
11" All work rurnisiied prompuv by tne urn. promisea.
BIOHARD NBVINB.
r u F
WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN.
HAVINQ A CIRCULATION
LABOER BY BXYEBAL THOUSANDS
Tbaa any other paper Id Oblo, outside of Cincinnati
Offers Facilities for Advertising
Which CANNOT FAIL to brln
Speedy and Remunerative Uetnrn
To tho whs take advantage of them.
THE WEEIiLY STATESMAN';
Distributed a It It through every Post Offlce In Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Whole patronage Is valuable, and who eldom see th
Dally Edition of city Journals; and aa only
A Limited Number of Advertisements
Are Inserted In It columns, appoprlately and
HANDSOMELY DISPLAYED!
THCT camoT ran to
Attxaot Attention
0? ALL I
WHOLESALE DEALERS
Advertising lo the WEEKLY STATESMAN will fin
It advantagou In
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which 1 almost certain to follow an .ztenslvc dissemln
atloo of a knowledge of their basin
AMONG COUNTRY DEALERS !
ADVERTISEMENTS INTENDED I0B
The "Weekly Statesman
Should b handed in before fridaf noon.
HENRY TOW,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer la
Foreign & Domestic Cigats,
axe eT aamne
Smoking & Chewing Tobacco.
Alto, the bttt quality of SSTJfF'B eonttantly
oa nana. ,
ICTCountry Merchant an invited to oall before pur
chasing elsewhere.
NO. 4 EAST THIRD STREET,
Bet. Main snd Sycamore,
noTSl-wum CINCINNATI, O-
Sherifl's Sale.
Barber A Tlarrlson
v.
superior voun
Jess 8. tt
j
BY VIRTUE OF AN ORDER OF SALE
to si dlreobtd, from th Superior Court of Frank
lln county, Ohio, I will Oder for sale In th. vtllsg.of
Locbbourn In (aid county at th. Wart home aow tc
ouplcd by David Barber, on
Monday, the 2lst day e( January, A. D. 1661,
at 10 o'clock, A. M. th followine property to wit: on.
Derrick and fixtures bsloneior.trj.reto, two trn. snear.
V. I Jaak Screw and Lavar. It WUJree 4 truck
wheels. 8 Sheer., 1 Pick, l atone nook, a oucieia
shovels, 1 slugl thieve block. 1 h a, I derrick frame,
crane frame, a lot of rope, and the canal boat Logan.
0. ff. HOFFMAN. ShsrlO.
JanS-dlOt. By Ed. Davi. Pep ty.
FOR SALE,
A LARUE
nonv or LAND LYING
oa th. National Boad, Wt of Columbu. within
from two to fire miles from th. elty. tm properry win
be (Old In lot. to ult purchaser! , .od on tavorabte term.
Annie to ' ' -" ' HH W. AHDKKWB,
jaall&V ' Atea"MaO.Holloway.
. Colab nonary W, ',, . , . -, r ,
1 I ... i. ;- .
GREAT ATTRACTIONS ;
AT
WM. RICHARDS
AOAIN NOTIFIES THB PEOPLE OF
Columbus and vicinity, that he It before Ihem with
one of the best stook of
DRYGOODS
iver offered to their discriminating gac-electod with
great can, and purchased at Paul Prloes, he ftels justi
fied la saying, do man can offer greater Inducement to
the "ready pay" buyers. HI lroo ot
Dress Goods
! complete, oontlitlng of all' the latest aryles and Im
portation. """"" ar.ssssw.
both plain and fknry, and la great varwtta.
Satinets, Cloths and Cassimeres.
IN QDANTlTlEt TO tOlT TBE at ANT.
PRINTSI
PRINTS 11 PRII1TS1II
raw to nrjtraagpi too tttimoii.
EbierlDg, Shirting, Ticking, Toweling, Cotton k Wool
Flannel, Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, o., Ate., at
GREATLY REDUCED PRICE31
HOODS ! FhOODS ! ! !
BiatrriruL oNEt just aiocivED ar maiss,
BALMuRAT SKIRTS;
4 yarns wide admitted by all to be the
Best, Nicest and Cheapest,
In market. Don't fall to get on.
Remembai tbe plate and call soon at
258 South High Street,
Mi a raiiND
declMmd
WILLIAM RICHARDS.
SILKS
SIMS
SIRS
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
RAILROADS.
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft IndianapcUi.!
Through to Indianaoolis without Change of Cars
and but One Change of Cars between
Columbus and St. Louia.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
BUS. nRST TRAIN."
(Dally, Monday excepted.')
NIGHT EXPRESS, via I
boo Tta vevion. ai x:4ja. m.-atun
aj-.ttc:
ping at London, Xanla. Daytcn, Mlddletown and Hamil-
ton, arriving at Cincinnati at bWO a.
a. m., Indlanopolla at 10:48 a m,
; Dajton at 5:40
ft Louis it 11 Hi
P " SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 s. a., stoppings! all Sta
tion between Columbus and CiaclnsaU and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati 11:119 a. m., Dayton at 015 a m.
Indianapolis af 8,28 p. m.
THIRD TRAIN.
DAT EXPRESS, at 9:30 n. m.. atonnlss at A linn
Jefferson. London, Charleston. Oedarville, Xanla,
Spring valley, Corwln, Morrow, Deerfleld, Foster'.
Loveland, Mlllfordand Flainville, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7:80 p. m.; St. Louis at IS m; Dajton at 5 15 p.
m.; Indlanopollt at 10:38 p. m.
Sleeping- care on all Nisrht Tralne to
Cincinnati and Indianapolla.
BAGGAGE CHECKED THROUGH.
For further Information and Through Ticket, apply to
If f. ItAQDBVV
Ticket Agent, Union Depot. Oolumbua, Ohio.
K. w.
WOODWARD.
Superintendent, Cincinnati.
jnu. W. ilUUEBTX
Agent, Columbus,
JuU
,
BORTLE & SHEDD,
No. 273 South High Street,
DEALERS IN
FINE FAlTIILr GROCERIES, FOR
sign ud Domestic Fruits, cholc Family Flour,
Teas, io., ar. now In receipt of their entire Stock pur
chased within th. past two week in Mew York at Panic
Price.
We merely wish to sy that we have every thing usual
ly kept In ttiretclatt Grocery, and are determined to
sell our Good at price that will defy competition
ST'Gooda Delivered to any part of
tho City f toe of Charge.
decl7-deodlm
WHITE WHEAT FAMILY FLOUR,
"Golden Aire Brand. " For sale only by BORTLi
fc SHEDD, Mo. 73 South High street. dec71-deodlm
STEWART'S DOUBLE EXTRA OOC
en SvroD. from drioDlnis of Loaf Suiar t BORTLI
fcSUEDD'd. dcl7-deodlm
GENUINE HOI. LAN U MERHING, AT
BORTLE it BUKDD'8, S73 South High street.
decl7 deodlm
CHOICE RAISINS, PRUNES, CUR
rants and Fin. chean. at BORTLE At SHKDD'S New
Grocery. dec)7-deodla
FIRE CRACKEHS-IOOROXES JUST
received by BORTLE ac BHEDD. 873 Booth High
street. declS-deodlm
CHOICE GREEN AN D IILACK TEAS,
very cheap, at BORTLE A BHEDD'8.
aciT-aeodim
PURE WINES
Medical purposes, I
AND t.lUUOHS FOR
Medical purposes, Scotch Ale and London Porter, at
BORTLE It BHEDD'8.
asciv-aeoam
F,7
OH REFINEDSUGAR. IS LBS. FOR
and and all th. standard Refined Sueaia, cheaper
than the cheapest, co to BOKTLE a BUKUD'a
473 South
High street
de17-deodlm
Baltimore Clothing House.
HESS cto 33XT7ZkX,
auxpracTtiaaits arm waoiaaata Ptvosa ia
READY-MADE CLOTHING,
No. 308 W. Baltimore-street,
fsrrwmm uuarr urn owraaa.)
BALTIMORE, .Tf.
A large Assortment ol Fleet tti Furniialot;
Goods Constantly en Eaad
OctMJiy
EAGLK WHOLESALE
LOOKING GLASS STORE.
JOSHUA COW PLAN O,
&anufMturr and Dealer, Mo. 6S Booth Fourth St.,
between Market and Chestnut, Philadelphia.
WHERE HE OFFERS AT LOW
prices, an .xienslve variety of Looking 0 Lasses, in
Gilt, Mahogany and Walnut Frame, Large French Plans
Mirrors, Plain and Rk-hly Ornamented, Gilt and Fancy
Wood Portrait and Picture Framra.
IO0KDJO GUM FLATS! BY TBI SOX,
or nr it8 QVAjnnr. -
Good packed b th Elf est saanner, aad Insured
against Breakage.
JOIHTA COWFIAITJ, '
. 43 Bourn, Fourth Street,
.agSO-dSm. Philadelphia.
HENHV KfEHLEH, :
(Lat. of Phalon' Bstabllshmeat, M. T.,) Popritur.
th. New York Fashionabl. Shaving, Hair Cutt or
Shampoonlng, Curling and Pressing Saloon. Mo. 11 .
East Stat, street, near' Ih. Post Onio., Brat Boor,
wherw satisfaction will be given la all th. various
branch.. Ladle, aad Chlldna'. itaii Creasing don.
ta the beauty!. )yl-dl
PARIS CLOAKS AND PALETOTS.
Mad. In th. moat atyltih and .lerant manner. A
new In vole just opened by PETEB s)AI3f,
decll. ; ,i . "No. ?98olhlJlga street. ,

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