VOL. VII. NO. 194. NEW SERIES. COLUMBUS. OHIO. MONDAY EVENING. JANUARY 21. 1861.
BIZ DOLLARS FES TXAB!
"vibij ui AttTtaOf.
DAILY, TRI-WOTLY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PU BLISH) H8 AND PBOPRIETOB
tT OrHoo Nos. 86, 88 and 40, North High, St
TERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE
iltlly .... $6 00 per year,
" ey me carrier, per week, ri cent
rrt-Woifiy . . . 3 00 per year
Weekly 1 00
it. ii o- ytd'yertinina; by the Square
nd.U.ii: I eai. ..$?() (K)
One " U months 18 0)
Jue " li montin IS Wl
In.. " :i mouths 10 00
Hid t months e) HO
me " I month. 8 Ou
One srmare 3 weeks. . f 4
Oo " week.. 3
One " I week... I
Ou " 3 days... 1
One " Sdays...
One " I Insertion
lihtpluyed advertisement half more thao the above
Adveitisenienis leaded and placed Id the column
sr.eclhl Notico, double tin oidlnary rait.
ll notices required to be published by law, legal rate.
M ordered no the inside exclusively alter ihe nrstweek
pei cent, mure than the above ralea; but all men wll
auuear lu the Trl-Weekly without chance
Business Cards, not exceeding live tines, per year, In'
si de, n Ml per line: outside M.
Noticesof westings, charitable) ocleties.flre companies,
fcc, half price.
All trdntltnt adttrtttmmt must bt paid for to
alvittiM Tie rule will not be varied from.
, W eekly, aune price aa the Daily, where the adverttsar
sosthv Weekly alone.. .Where 'be Pally and Weekly
are both used, then the charge It r the Weekly will be
ml' the rales or tbe Dally
No advertisement taken except for a definite period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Spring V Water Sis., '
W. B. POTTS & 00.,
And Manufacturers of 11 ran and Composition Castings,
finished Brass work or an inscriptions.
Electro Plating and
STENCIL CUTTINC, &C.
l)r. .1. B. Beanman,
A RESIDENT IENTIST.
A li those heuijihinotiie nek.
il vices of a Dentins!, and favoring Dr. B. with their
patronage mity rely on having aatlslactinn given. Tbe
fee will t required on the completion of an operation.
Office Four Doors North of the American Hotel, over
nuoisins I'M more.
Oolumbus .Ian 7- illy
P. A. B. 8IMKINS,
Attorney vt HaivxTC
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office Aiub ia Building, opposite Capitol Square. 4
Mar hint- Manufacturing (-orapany
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Costing, Hill-Gearing, Bach Inert.
lErLetllxroetdL w oris.
or ivi.v DiactumoM.
t puimitus, oiiio.
0HA8. AH BOB, Sup'l P. AMBOB.'Tres.
deoll, 1H5H -tf
Millinery and Fancy Goods
Rii. wauh wwii i. ii iitNFKsrr.
fully Inform the Citizens of Columbus and VI
rlnity that his Stock or
FAIL AND WINTER MILLINERY
19 NOW COMPLETE,
And being particnlarljr desirous of
reducing blsj stork Immedi
ately, lio will Sell,
t ROM THIS DATE, AT
CREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
YOU CAN GET
Bargains! Bargains! Bargains!
By Calling ,
EXAMINING JI1S STOCK!!
HE 8ELLS EVERY VARIETY OK
MILLINERY & FANCY COODS
TOGETHER WITH A
Large Stock of Notions,
&o , Sic.
UTJTrlce ntiiel and liall be natla
(actorjr, C1I.I. AT
R. H. Ware's
NO. 08 EAST TOWN STIIUET,
M. M. POWERS & BRO
DEALERS IN tMPORTED AND DOMESTIC
TOBACCO. ' ' '
. v 4 AND FANOt ARTIOLKW
No. -1 i Fast Mat Street, between Tllgh and
the Post-Office, Columbus Ohio. ,oe'J0:dCm
GOLDEN nil.K, 8IIIKTN,
GOLDEN BILL BHIRT3,
QOLDIN HILI. BI1TRTS.
. The pattern of these shirts are new. The Ko3lei, Yokel,
sleeves and bosoms are formed to Bt the person with ease
and oomfort. The mark noon each one designating the
aire may be relied on as being correct, and each shirt Is
guaranteed well made. A fall stock of all qualities
constantly for sale at BAIN'8, .,
nov4. No. 89 gonth Tllgh itreel
FAN CIV PRESS SIXKfl,
FANCY DRESS 8ILKS,
- FANCY DREBU Blf-Kg,
We are now offering our Immense stock of Fancy Drejt
Pilke at prices less than ever before offered In this city.
The attention or the ladies of Oils city and vicinity Is
solicited, as our stock Is very select and eomnlate In all
grades of goods In this Hue.
No. W Booth High street.
Fe)r medical Purposes."
PORK BRANDMES, WINKS, CORDIALS, AND BIT
Tss, from ''Boniled Warehouse "
novCT 103 Bouth lllgh street.
MALTESE THREAD LACE MITTS
of elegant qnalltles for Ladies; also, Mines' Mitts
In great variety a -. s - ,-s BAIN'8.
snayVS - '- - . ...
weekly oiiio mil.
ONE DOLLAR PEE ANNUM !
PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS!!
THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN IS I'RINTED ON
A. MAMMOTH SHEET,
AT THE LOW RATE OF;
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR!
It is an old and reliable Democratic) Journal, and, as a political paper, lias
No Superior in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to its political character, it is a first olass newspaper, furnishing its readers with the
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the stirring events constantly occurring at home and abroad, and ehoioe misceb
taneous selections, n also gives the latest ana most reliable
From all the principal marts of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, the Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interests consultod and attended to in the columns of
THE XTHSIDISLXSr STATESMAN
During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, tho renders of the Wekkit States-
hah win db lurmsnea witn a concise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Wiikly Statesman lins increased very rapidly,
". aiwvr hiuiv lllltll UUUIiir tVllItli 111 VVIin liWflVtf III1IIIIIIH HITII. II. IH lllir nPRins I J 1 PTIi'iin 1 TV PIT
dilation, nut only in Ohio,
But in all the States and Territories West of TJs!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, its usefulness will be increased; nnd we invito
mir political ana personal mends to aid ns in giving to the W rrklt Statesman
The Largest Possible Circulation
Among the peoble. The Dries of the naner is an low that, nn Demmtmt. nmd ha witlirmt it A a
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Wekkiv Statesman, w
A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, by, the 1st day of January, 1HGI, send us the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the
second loreest Club of subscribers as aforesaid: TEN DOLLARS to the norson who senita na
the third largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
wo yeariy Bucscnoers, wnn me casn lor me same, we win send a copy, of the
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
ID Those who nre willinc to compete for the Premiums, or solinifc mihflnribeni for Mia StAtm.
man. con cut this Pronpectus out of the roper and attach to it a etrin f.f writing nnnpr. nn vhinh
n HitAnfJ Ik. r -11 1 V ' I 1 -1 . J I I
w tewm ii iq unuivB ui mi jerwjnu who lUHy occome BilDSCrlOern,
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUDLlsnEES OHIO STATESMAN.
)!N"o. 4-. Gwvnno Block.
A. P. STONE & 0'IIARRA
TER HOODS, nnd invite the publie to inspect
Ibem. No such stock of floods baa ever been brought to
this market. The South, Inconsequence of the failure
of the grain crop, liaa.not been able to purchase the us
ual quantity of rich goods, and this fact has forced the
Importers to sell them at publio auction. Our buyer
( Jlr. Btone) being In New York at these large sales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell our goods
here, at less than anyone who purchased two weeks since,
paid for them in New York. Our stock is complete In
every department of
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
KANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in Ono Day,
At one half the Coat of Iinpoitatioit.
In all Varieties, of the Celebrated
ftlannfature f C Jnn
there A- Son.
HOSIERY DEPARTMENT. '
Men's, Ladies aed Children's Under Bhlrta and Drawers;
Ladles, illetes and Children's Hosiery of all kinds, In
Wool and Lamb's Wool; Fleecy Lined and Cotton (J loves
of every make.
A complete assortment of all tho usual varie
LADIES' CLOTHS, 1
ladies and Gent's linen Cambric Hand
kerchiefs, Ac, &c.
To Denoni Who cull nn ui. w nlA.tf our worila in
show them the lirgeat, beat anil cheapest stock of Goodi
ever eenlnthle market, or ay tbem one dollar per
uuur wnn loosing!
- BTONE k O'HARRA.
GENUINE FAMILY LIQUORS.
WM. B. MOREHOUSE & CO.,
' ,' Importers and Wholesale Dealers In
Brandies, Wines, Gins and Segars,
beg leave to call the attention of the cltlrens of the Uni
ted States to their Purs WlDes and Liquors, put no un
der tbeirown supervision, for Family and Medical use,
Is eases assorted totit customers, Clnbs, Military and
other public bodies, who require to pnichase In large or
small quantities, In casks or bottles, will be liberally
dealt with. Price list sent on application.
OLD MOREHOUSE BITTERS,
Recommended by the first physicians as the best reme
dy known for Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Debility, and all
Nervona Diseases. As a beverage, It Is pure, whole
some, and delirious to the taste.. Bold by til Druggists.
WM. B. MOREnOUSB fc CO., Prop'rs,
' ' ; .1 3 fc 9 Bxehangs Flaee,
- Jersey City, N.J.
P. B. The subscriber wish to emraee a few active
men, as Local and Traveling Asents for their house, to
whom liberal Inducement will be offered. For partlo
nlart, address aa above. octiO-dSm
dlan Fans at '
AND SILK VANS IN
. vRlbhon Bound, Extension and In
No. Sotjih uigh etreal
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
Firo & Life Insurance Co.
37 Castle street. Liverpool. 20 anil 91 Poultry, London.
uuico, uu an ami 01 fine streets, New York.
THOMAS KOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio.
Paid tip Capitnl, Miirpluit
ana Reserved FumtM fl,finn,Ji85
Iuvesjted Inlltia Country ovi-r.. WOO, 0( 0
V early lieveiiue, over 2,fiOo,00O
lErThe Bhareholdcra persnnallv responsible for en
gagementsof the Company. All Directors must be Share-
Directors and Shareholders In New York :
lames Brown, Esq., Chairman. Francis Oottenet, Esq.,
K.M. Arclillld,H.B.M. Consul Kugene Dntilh, Esq.
.Insenh aalllard, Jr.. Esn. II. Urinnell. Kin.
Alexander llamillon, Jr., Esq. K. V. Banderson, Esq.
AIKX, 11 A MILTON, Jr., KSq,
Counsel of the Board.
Ar.rrtitn Put., Esq , Resident Secretary.
Local Board In Cincinnati:
N..W. Thomas Esq. J. D. Jones. Efq. Rufuj King, Kin.
Thompson Neave, itsq. Rob't Buchanan, Kiq.
The undersigned. Agent In this oitv. will be hanuv to
receive applications for Insurance In the above Company,
AT Till? CITY BANK.
He can recommend it with entire confidence to all desir
ous of obtaining protection against LOSS BY FIRE.
No Charg for Polioies.
novlH-tf TITOS. HOODIE.
Such articles as you detire for your HUSBAND
Such as you need for your WIFE.
Such as are proper for your DAUGHTER.
Such aa your SISTER will praise you for.
Such as your BROTTIER can usvt.
Such as you leant for " TnB ONE YOU LOVE BEST.
Such as will be good for the" BLESSED BABY."
Such as all $tth for,
May be found In variety. In my new stock of
WATCHES, CHAINS, JEWELRY,
And general assortment of
Fancy and Useful Articles.
No. to Buckeye lllocb.
From " Barnett Mills," Springfield, 0. the best brand of
riour orougni to our maraei. eautractlon guaranteed.
For sale only at WM. MoDONALD'S,
nov'-7 ; I OB Boqth High street.
CALICOS, UeLAINES. NKHINOff,
J I III A 1 7.I.!!, DltESM SILKS, and all
kinds or fashionable
. "Winter Dress Goods,
we are now offering at very low prices.
decQl. No. SO Souih nigh street.
Save Your Money.
T AM. NOW RECEIVING SCIISCHIP
Jl tion for all the Magacinea and Literary papers in
the country and out of it ; among t he former, the Cora
hill, Temple Bar, the Atlantic, Harper, Oodi-y, Peterson,
Knickerbocker, Eclectio, Blackwood, the British Quarter
lies, &c.,-Aco. Subscribers can get them EARLIER,
OHBAPER and free of Fostaie, by sending their Sub
scriptions through me. RICIIARD KENNEDY,
decl 17 Bute itreet.
Watches and Jewelry.
A WINK ASSORTMENT OF WATCH
es. Clock, Jewelry, Silverware, Ac., kept constant
y on hand at
- R. RIRKPATRICK'S,
165. South nigh Street, Oolumbus, 0.
1I7T Watches aud Jewelry repaired,
GENTLEMEN'S NECK TIEN,
OKNTl.KMKN'S NCK TIES,
GENTLEMEN'S NECK TIKa.
The most desirable assortment In (he city and at uousal-
ly ion prices. FETEKBAIN, .
nov24. No. 89 South High street -
IjLEUANT PLAIN HLAfJK MILKS FOR
J Street Basques and Mantles; also, Rich Trrmmia
and Taasels to match, at BAIN
1110 Mils. Choice Apple received on consignment
for sale by
34 N, High street.
Daily, per year..
Tri Weekly, per nar.,
Weekly, per yea'
. :i ou
. I uu
SPEECH OF HON. S. COX,
Delivered in the House of Representatives,
January 14, 1861.
Mr. Cox's Plea for Conciliation and Nationality
I wish that I could oontomplate secession as a
peaceful remedy. But I cannot. I fear that it
must be forcible disruption. Tbe Government
Is framed so compactly in all its parts, that to
tear away one part, you tear tbe whole fabric
asunder. It cannot bo done by consent There
Is no authority to give consent. Tbe Constitu
tion looks to no catastrophe of the kind. It is
a voluntary, violent, and tx parte proceeding.
A majority of the States, and as creat majority
of the people, are hostile to it. In this angry
warlike disruption of the compact, where shall
we find our more perfect Union, tbe establish
ment of justice, domestic tranquility, provision
for the common delense, the promotion of the
general tsellare, and tbe security of tbe blessing
of liberty to oureplves and posterity ?
In this light, the ordinance of South Caroli
na becomes an oiTeose; and in cise a sufficient
number of others followed, to the bankruptcy of
tbe remainder, or the Injury of any, it would be
worse tbau an offense. In the case of Texas
and Florida, Louisiana and California, for which
millions were paid, tbe inquiry would be made
whether it would not be a fraud so colossal that
neither language cor law can measure it.
Mr. Reagan. I would auk the gentlcmai
wnen a dollar nai neeo paid lor Texas?
Mr. (JU.. I cannot give way. Aly time
limited. Besides, tbe same question was aBked
In the benate; ana Judge Douglas answered it
ihe country knows both question and answer,
proceed. If, then, South Carolina can dispense
with an amendment of the Constitution to
bich she solemnly acceded on the 23d of
May, 1 188, can not she dispense with other por
tious of that instrument; eve, even with this
American Congress 1 The whole framewor
of our Government, by the action of separate
States, may thus be swept away. Tbis Congress
may be dissolved, if not by the military usur
pation which dissolved the Long Parliament, or
expelled the Council of Five Hundred from the
Orangery of fat. Cloud, yet by the very imptv
tecoe of its organism, as the Confederation dis
solved under Ita imperfect article, to give ptai
to this more perfect Union !
What juetiucation does south Carolina oiler
lor mis act' "filteen states," Buja her declar
ation, "have deliberately refused fur years to
fulfill their constitutional obligations." it refers
to the fourth article of the Constitution for the
specific cause of grievance. But is there not now,
since the vote In this House the other day on
the personal liberty bills, when the demands of
returning public Justice made even tbe sincere
gentleman from Illinois Mr. Love jot recedo
l. 1 . i i , l . r .
iruut ma uuramm-u rvuauuuuiu uupe ui curing
these evihT Again: is there not the Supreme
Court, as to whose fidelity no question is raised
in me bouln ( And are these peculiar wrongs
remediless in that forum 7 The Governor of
Kentucky has already arraigned tbe recreant ex
ecutive of unio lor bis delinquency under
kindred constitutional clause. Why may you not
exhaust your remedies in the Courts before you
raise the ensign of revolt? If you would have
publio opinion correct the errors of the North
us to fugitives from justice and labor, already
assurances come from all quarters that such re
medy will be given. ' Kepublican Governors and
Legislatures are beginning to recedo from thei
aggressive acts. Already Ohio has begun this
work of redress.
The fugitive slave law may be tho ostensible
reason lor secession, or ancillary to toe real
grievance. Aside from certain economic rea
sons, which have ever impelled South Carolina,
and wbicb 1 will not now consider, the real
grievance consists in the apprehension of slave
insurrections and abolition, under the auspices
ot an Executive who, tbouch not vet inauzu
rated, was elected on a prlnclplo of hostility to
tbe social syetem ot tbe bontb. Ur, to give It
tbe strongest statement, which 1 find In a pam
phlet, signed by (lie member from Arkansas
(Mr. landman), " I no Kepublican candidates
were elected upon a platform destructive cf our
rights, brandiug our institutions as infamous,
decreeing tne equality ot tbe negro witb our
selves and our children, and dooming us, in tbo
end, with murderons certainty, to ail tne nor-
rors ot insurrection and servile war." lie holds:
"that to Imprison slavery forever in the States
where it now exiBts, will, in time, overbur-
then the land with tbe predominating increase
in tbe ratio ot blacks to whites, until there
will be a conflict for supremacy of races,
and the blacks will bo exterminated; 0r
else the white man must abandon his coun
try forever to the negro." i will grant the
mil iorce 01 miscar, tuougnnoi tne sulliciency
of this or any mere fear, as a cause to justify
revolution. Tbe Union men of tbe North be
gan to warn against the dawning of this dan
gerous geographical movement in 1856. They
repeated then, and then not In vain, the fare
well words of Washincton. From evrv nrsu
and bustiog which a Democrat could command,
this evil day was prophesied. But we vera
OiSiandras. Unbelieving men derided us as
doughfaces, and sneered at ui as Union-savers.
Tbe patriotic cnoate, in one or bis weird and
wondrous prophecies, in 1855, with the nain of
anxiety and fear upon bis brow, put on record
Indeliberate and Inextinguishable opposition
to this geographical party. He regarded the
contest then as the stupendous trial and peril
of our national life. Admitting faults south
and faults north, yet turning to the battle years
of the Republic and its baptism ot fire, be
ebrank aghast at the moral treason of attempt
ing to weave and plait the two north wings of
the old national parties Into a single northern
one, and cut tbe southern wing off altogether,
as neither far-sighted nor safe, however new
and bold. Let me give his statement of the
complaint, for he stated It In advance as strong
ly as it can now be stated:
To combine these parties thus against eaoh other tea-
graphically to take the whole vast range of the free
tjtaies, lying together, sixteen out of thirty-one, seven
teen millions out of five or six and twenty millions the
most populous, the strongest, the most advanolng and
lorm tnem in uaiiation against ine lewer numbers and
slower gromth and .waning relative power on tha other
aide; to bring this sectional majority under party drill
and stimulus of pay and rations; to offer to II, aa a party
the Government of our country; Its most coveted hon
ors; Its largest salaries; all Ita sweets of patronage and
place, to penetrate and fire so mighty and so compact a
maaa with Ihe silll more delicious idea that they are
moving for human rights and the equality of man; to
call out iheir clergy from the pulpit, the library, the
bed -side of in dying, the chair of the anxious Inquirer,
tha hearth of the bereaved, to bless such acrusade; to put
requisition every species of rhetoric and sophistry to
Impress on tbe general mind the sublime and impressive
dogma that all men are born free and equal, and that
such a teonratihlcal party la a well-adapted meana to
that end does this strike you as altogether in the spirit
of Washington and Franklin, and the preamble to the
Constitution, and the Farewell Address? Does it strike
yon that it carried out it will prove to be amer .sum
mer excursion to Moscow? Will there be no blvouack
In Ihe snow, no avenging whiter hanging on retreat; no
Leipslr, no Waterloo?
Has the avenging Winter indeed come ! God
in his mercy foi bid!
That crusade railed in ito. What a risk we
ran then! It succeeded in 1860. What a peril
is now upon us! What a cruBade it was which
has produced it! I will remember that my own
Republican competitor lor mis seat was auoted
in the Blackwood Magazine, with Tory delight,
over the anti-slavery revolution which he
preaohed in this House In 1856, and which he
would have ushered In with Bunker Hills, and
other battle-fields ol freedom.
But admitting tbe source of this great peril
to lie. as it is admitted, In Republican asoen
danoy: still, I atk, is it remediless in tbe Union?
Admitting an you ciaim oi uanget toyonr
States from this sectional triumph; admitting
that yon are right In concerting for your own
Jirotection yet is It right, fair, or just to rush
orward, regardless alike of friends and foes, to
chasm where no guarantee can be aiked or of
fered! Give ui one more chance to anneal to
tke returning reason ol the North, now that it
is startled by tbe fulfillment of these prophesies
ana warnings, it you do not, what tbenT You
will give to your enemies tbe advantage whioh
Deionga to you and to us. mey are alretdy
eager tosetzo tne legiBiative as well as tne ex
ecutive departments. They talk of reforming
tne supreme oourt lor their purposes. I bey
who have taught and praotloed the breaches of
civil discipline, are becoming tbe conservators
of public order. On your retiracy.'thty will filch
trom its old guard the ensign or tbe Uonstitu
tion. Why, to break op this Government bt-
tore a full bearing'of tha grievances, is to be
worse even than Red Republicanism ! Shall it
be said that some of our friends of the South are
worse than the Red Communists of France?
So it would seem, and so I will prooeed to
Apprehension of evil! It was the argument
of despotism in France in 1851. Louis Napol
eon used it for his bad purposes; but the French
Republicans denonnced it. Let me draw the
In article forty-five of the French Constitu
lion, it was enacted:
"Le President de la Bepubllque est elu pour quatre
ans, etn'est reellgible qu'spret un Interval! de quatre
annees." Aimitair IIHori,ne, lrl, Apitndie,
In article one hundred and ten, It was further
'Lorsque, dans le derniere annee d'une Legislature
PAssemblee natlonale aura emla le vocu que la Consti
tution eoitmoJiue en touton eu partle, il sera procedea
coiio revision ue ismanvie resuivanie.
"Le voea exprime par I'Assemblee ne era cenvertl en
resolution detinilive qu'apre trol deliberations succes
sive, prises cliaoune a un moisd'iutervall et aux trols
quarts aessunragea exprlmes.
"Lenombredes volant ne pourra etremolndre de
Thus, in 1843, Louis Napoleon was elected
President for four years, tbe constitutional term.
ne was by tbe one butdred and tenth article,
ineligible to a re election except alter an inter
val of four years. Ilia term would have exnlr-
ed in may, 1859. The summer of 1851, in
France, was signalized by vague apprehensions
or a rcvou, wnen ine president should const!,
tutionallr CO out. Under this annrehenalnn the
National Legiulaturewere summoned to change
ineionBiiiuiion. it required tnree express bal
lots of tbe AB4embly,taken at a month's interval,
with three-fourths of tbe Assembly, and at least
five hundred votes te be given, before the Con
stitution could bo so changed as to continue
Napoleon in power, Hereupon arose a parlia
mentary struggle, enequaled in any fornrn. It
was before the giant intellects of France
were exiled by the perfijityof its ruler.
uero was a country like nance, witb sixty
joirs ci rouii.'ai vicissiauo, wnerdn every tra
dition and compact had been violated: and vet
even there, Ihe Constitution of the new Repub
lio was invested with such a sauctitv. that it
defied the majority of the Assembly to change
is. ine LiaiayeiteK, tne Hugos, tne Lamar-
tines, tne Airican usneraip. Lamonciere. Chan-
gamier, Cavaignac, Bedeau, l.edo, struggled
against (his change, with an eloquence radient
with French fervor, and inspired with the
genius of creat deeds. Their President had
sworn to be "faithful to tho Democratic Re
public, one and undivisible, and to f'ufil the
duties imposed by tho Constitution. " At
lencth a vote was taken. There ner
446 for the ameudment; onlv S78 against it a
majority 01 iua; um noienougn: not ine requl
ing three-fourths; The cralty President. find
ing be could cot change tbe Constitution in the
constitutional manner, began to ply the pop
ular will for his purposes. Tbe Consols Gen
era ux demanded, and two millions people peti
tioned for the change. But the Republicans,
moderate ana red, flood tneir ground. Even
Prcudbon, blood-red Communist, from bis oris
on of St. Pelagic, wrcte Girardin that universal
sufferage would not be price enough for such a
Dreacn ot tne uonstltuliou. l lie great question
was reierrea to a committee, or wbicb De Toe
queville was chairman. He, too, withstood the
pressure of power. The will of the minority,
for whose protection constitutions are made, be
came, through tbe constituted mode of amend
ment, the will of the majority: nay. of the State.
Just as nine States in this Union bold our Con
stitution in Hutu quo, against the will of tbo
remainder. These loyal Frenchmen appealed
to tbe nation, against the adherents of the Bour
bon, Orleans, and Bonaparte. "No," they said,
'we will not give up the reposo of France, at
the price of quieting apprehension of future re
volt." They thus confined tho enemies of tho
Republic to the circle of the Constitution, from
which they could not break without crime
They declared that the prolongation of the term
of Napoleon was a crime, impious and parrcidnl.
When it was said that Napoleon would override
the Constitution with force in 1852. if not be-
foro, they answered: "bucua crisis will bere
volution, arising from a violation of the funda
mental compaot In that case we declare that
enveloped in tho flag of France, we will do the
uty which the salvation of tbe Republic im-
On the other hand.it wasurtred, as it is here
urged, tnat u tnet;onatitution was not broken.
there would be dangers more fatal. By a fore
knowledge of disaster, it was urged that the
end of Napoleon's term must be a convulsion,
bich the Assembly, acting; on an apprehen
sion eugnt to Dina in advance. To lave him
from perjury, a majority of the Assembly were
iliing to commit it themselves. So now. ac
cording to my theory, south Carolina would
would break the Constitution and her oath of
realty in apprehension ol an aggression which
the President elect, even if he would, hag no
power to commit.
J lie summer oi ibji passed in trance A train
and again had the minority of tbe Assembly
rescued the Constitution from civil dethrone
ment. I bey triumphed in tbe forum of reason.
But stay ! Io a night in the midst of the de
bates cf the Assembly on that fatal Decem
ber night, tbtusurper seized tbe reins of power
and like a thief, by a nocturnal surprise, he
lenced every voice but his own. muzzled the
press, struck down tbe Assembly, transported
its leadors without judgment, made his Senate
of mock Dukes, and surrounded himself with
the bastards of his race. He illustrated the
ory of a reign based on nullification, force.
perjury, and fraud! And is this the banquet to
bich tbe Amerloan people Is invited, bv tho
among us who hate Red Republicans even worse
than black? Let the Amerioan freeman
from this example, remember this lesson: If
political compacts liko our Constitution, be
broken, the limits of authority are effaced.
Right suocombs to force. It signifies little
hetber such acta are done by Executive nsar
pa tion, military compression, congressional
action, or State secession; tbe Goverment Is
one: states woiuu win not Keep inviolate tbe
xed principles of constitutional right, repudiate
their own strength, assassinate their own life.
tarnish their own glory, and will receive and
deserve the ill-starred fate of France! In
whatever form these infractions may come, his
tory has but one answer for tbeir effect. When
law is defied successfully, division will come
armed with tenfold terror. Force will be ar
rayed against forco. Tbe brute rules and rea
son Jdies. If not resisted, there is but one
alternative; yokes of wood instead of cords of
silk, and yokes of iron instead oi yokes of wood.
Tbe red specter of revolution, or the gentler
movements of acquiescent Infraction of the or
ganie law. There ia but one step from the
Capitol to the 1 arneian rock. After centnne
of brave struggle, thus France lost the Renub
lio. What shall we say of America, with her
eventy years crowded with the tronhiea of her
success and greatness? Read the nroDhetio
warning of Judge Story (vol 2, p. 138, of his
Liie and bettors) in bis Introduction to his
Commentaries on the Constitution!
"Th Influence of the dllturMn nausea which, mora
than one In th Convention, wera on the nnint of bnuk-
Ing np the Union, have ilnoe lmmeaaurauf increased In
concentration and vigor. The very Inequalities of Gov
ernment, eoniesswly rounded on a compromise, were
then felt with a strong enslblllti; and every mm source
of discontent, whether accidental or permanent, his
since added Increased activity to the painful sense of
mese inequalities Tne North cannot bat perceiv that
it has yielded to the Sooth a superiority or representa
tives, already amounting to twenty-flve, bsyoad It du
proportion; and th South Imaglnss that, with all this
preponderant: in representation, the other parts of th
Union enjoy a more perfect protection of their Interests
than her own. Th West feels ber growing power and
weight In th Union, and th Atlantic State bgia to
lemrn roac uv acepvvr uiu.i uu oay owpart from lutm.
It, under the olrcumstances, th Union should ono b
broken up, It is IssyoMlbl that anew Constitution should
avr be formed saibraclni th whole torritorv. We ahall
b dlvldsd into several nations or confederacies, rivals in
power and Interest, too proud to brook Injury, and loo
ciom to make retaliation dlitanl or lnffatn.l. i......
inimositlsi will, like those of all other kindred nations,
become more deadly, because our lineage, laws, and Uu
gnege are the same. Let th history of tha Grecian and
Italian Republics warn us of our dangers. Th national
Constitution Is our last and our only security. L'nlted
we stand, divided we fall."
Ah! it is easier to commit than to justify
suoh a panicide ! But to justify It on an ap
prehension, is neither courageous nor safe
Let South Carolim beware! God is just, and
history inexorable In leaving tbe ensign of
lie stars and stripes, she will had no repose be
neath ber little?alm. It is from Augustus to
Angustulus. Her only renown and strength
are in the clustered States the bundeilatt. as
j "csiumm term ii not in seiiisn, upfrateroal
and hostile loneliness. Whan ah imhinrf. .,
bonds of the Constitution, she opens her peace
to the chauces of that dark future, so vivldlv
.nliMnato.! I,, ik. .il i "'""7
. r 1 " r,""ruiu iruin Arkansas.
uv uv. mi ,unt i wuuiu rute meana ann mnn
ey to repress her revolution. But am r nni. km,. a
by my oath to support the Constitution of the
United and not of the dis-united States? if I do
not do my part to carrv on thiaGovArnment.
to.enforoe lu laws have I any business here? Nil.
ther can I withhold my respect from magistrates
re uui my cnoice, rrivate oplDiOtl
must eiveolaoetonubllnaiithnrif . Tha un..
w . - i -J .Mvn.cv.ivu
" Aoraoam L.in jin, under tbe forms of the Con
stltution, however deplorable, cannot be ques
tioned wilh argument or arms. Judge Douglas
exhaus'el the argument in bis reply to the Nor
folk questions: and I have no anrh
of any portion of our people as to believe that
they will question it witb arms. South Carolina
uoneii nartioipatea in this election, giving ber
voice for ber favorite When, therefore, she
vfuuiu iifuure loir eiAnrinn. and h-aaL h
. d - w vb iuv cnbau
iiflued order tor th a and other nnlintifi.Ki.
nillnn. . U n - i. r I , , . . ' .
y.uooo, dub tune teariui risk. Her dentin
uocomes a rame. Insurrection of her slaves
niu inou oniy Decome a question or opportuni
ty. The slave trade will nnt holn
and aggravate her ills. Perhaps, in the eye of
Providence, It was ber wisest act, when she
yielded her assent to that Federal covenant
wuiuii was ana is a restraint againt herself and
ner slaves and lor berse f and her safr,t Th.,
assent and that oovenant were the highest ex
pression of the popular will; for they were the
'"' mo ni oritv. wn cn ipiirnn o.iii.,1
uo vuai principle ol Kepubllcs, and from which
vuure B no srjooai nut. tuinrnntha iui n.in
oiple ami immediate parent of despotism.
uiuro riaaing sucn cnances, cannot tbe South
await tbe returning justice of the North? Un
ites uisuniou oe determined unon nini. r
every effort at harmony, I do not see why, al
ter having so long acquiesced in the breach of
" ,uu" article or tne constitution, any State
should co out upon that ground, even though,
as Mr, Webster held, Its breach be treason
auu as ior tne worih, so long as tho Federal
laws remain unbroken, and no serious detri
ment to the public nronertv and nian ia tlie.
encd, cannot she, too, tolerate theso heated ap.
pealp, rebellious orJinances, and too careless
haudling of gunpowder at Point Morris, with
equanimity, for the channe onlv nr ih ,.k.
biiation of the seceding States? At least,
until the North rerjeal Iheir nnllinYjuim, i.
would not snch equanimity be magnanimity?
Let tho South desist from further attempts to
- "'" cuuecuon oi me reuerat reve
nues aud despoil the property of the Govern
ment; let there be no attempt to exclude the
people North and West from this Federal Dis
trict and Capitol, and no attempt to shut us
who are inland from the Gulf or sea; and then
what occasion is there likely to arise in which
the North will dare take un
bayonet southern citizens into tbe Union, which
, u"'" 'ves we may nope, oonstructlvely 1
It, aa Douglas urged, war ia disunion, cannot
we who love it so well afford to be patient for
TV . .
out wnai a danrer la her a' rinn. 1.1 t,.
fealty to this Government be broken; and who
can restrain tne excesses incident thereto? If
ucn excesses De committed, there would be
aroused a martial spirit which, in rushlneto
i" " " ul njr rtuuernon no nis men in
tort Sumter, or to avenee their death. ,M An
mw.A A II f . ' v
u uire an iu ine name oi our great Republic
Touch not a hair of hin heart I II. a m..-A ...
day. Ho embodies Ihe patriotism of milliona.
Accident has made bim the defflnrtnr r ,w
Sag which has floated from Bunker Hill to Mex
ico, nis aeatn would open a gulf In which the
people would pour, in vengeance and in vain,
their treasures and Iheir children.
Or ir a confederation South propose to control
the mouths of the Mississippi and Its banka. r!n
yoa believe it could be done without a
arms? Do yon know the bistor? of that acauifl -
linn Bn A I,- !.. . . i t ' .
,uu,iuu no iiiiiucvmiitjio me xvortnwestf I
hope you have listened to the able recital of my
friend, from Illinois (Mr. MoClerasrd), touching
these points. It would seem, from the news we
have to-day, that a system of espionage andde-
li-uviuu uy iorce uai aireaay Deen begun in
Mississippi, upon steamers from tbe North.
That,mighty nver.of two thousand.miles extent!
uuo ui Kuuse inuuvHrieg aouoies tne parent
stream in its lengtb, witb its SbU.uuO.OOO worth cf
steamers, doing tbe business of twelve States,
with an area of one million two hundred
thousaui squaro miles drained by Its waters
from the shows and timbers of tbe North to tha
sun and blooms of tbe South will ever remain
in the Union! It was the necessity for Its use
ana outlet wnicn, in part, oaiied lor tbe Constitu
tion seventy-five years aeo. Aa the veteran Ren.
eral Cass told me, the sparse population in my own
State, of which he was one, were even, then
reaay to rise in arms, in consequence of a provis
ional treaty with Spain, which did not adequate
ly provide for the coveted riparian privileges.
And now, after a nsnfruot of three quarters of
s century, not only the commerce, the honor.
and the rights of the West, but the protesting
tunica ui stature, isiiiug I rum vatiey ana Bill,
in summer rains, in gold washing stream and
smiling cultivation ; nay, progress itself, which
is the life of the West which has mtde it de
serve the poet's phrase, applied to ancient Latl
um, wArre gltba, utqut paten rmi progress,
which ia the stride of a god across the continent
all these agencies would conspire to redden
the Mississippi to float onr unequaled produoe
between its banks to the sea! It is Industry
which would thus decree : and it would execute ita
own edict. Witb us, not gold, nor oottor.but in.
DUSTer is kino! However homely its attire, it
wears the spiritual pnrple, and on its brow tbe
coronal oftearded grain, impearled with the
priceless sweat ot independence It will stretoh
its scepter from the river unto the ends nf tha
earth! Neither imposts, nor tariffs, nor ob
structions, nor foreign control, nor hazard of
foreign war, can hedge in ita empire. These
rights of transit and outlet are ours by nse, by
purchase, by possession; and onrsthey will re
main. Leaving these elements of strife unstirred.
tbe secession movement may vanish into a fool
ish dream a specter of the night, which will
depart when the dawn shall again environ ns in
the cycle oi ltsieiioities!
But, as to these vague apprehensions of ag
gression from the President eleot. Would it not
b best to swalt bia entrance Into newer? What
overt aoi naa ne yet aone, or nis party, in a t ed
erai way r it you resist now, it should be against
the States whose legislation is hostile; not
against tho General Government, wbicb baa
done yon no wrong. When that overt act ia
done which you fear, you will find tbe northern
Democraoy ready to join you In the defense ot
your rights and the vindication of jour equal
ity of privilege.
Will southern statesmen look a few facts in
the fao, col with that dumb gaze which dead
ens the will and paralyzes tbe iutelleot, but with
that large roundabout common-sense whioh dis
tinguished her early statesmen ?. Ia not Mr. Lin
coin powerless for harm? Elected by about
two million out of five million votes, he Is In a
minority of a million. That minority diminish! a
with every hour of Northern misery, want, and
bankruptcy. Ia that million third are antag
onizing elements, without power morally or po
litically, moie man nan oi mat mitiieo win
show a foiling of fraternity ,which no partisan
ship can overwhelm. They will unite with that
gallant band of Democrattind Americans In the
North, who have ever warned and woiked
against the impending catastrophe. They will
) .1. . . -. a . . .. ,1 u..- ... . V...I i.
.gainst th. further advance. oT sectionalism. In
Biy own State there are two hundred thousand
OONCLODID TO afOIIOW.
A GAIN NOTIFIES THE PEOPLE Or
.nVof?h,.0,J'.Scdkln''y' 'hM " "
ever offered to their discriminating gaze-telecud with
great care, and purchased at Panic Price, he ftels Justi '
fled In saying, no man can offer greater Inducements t.i
the "ready pay" buyer. His Hoe of
Dress (J oo ds
porSloh C0B of .11 the latest style, and ra-
both plain and fancy, and In great varletla.
Satinets, Cloths and Casaimerea.
IN Q0ANT1TIIS TO gHIT THE MANY,
PRINTS ! 1 PRINTS!!!
VARUS TO NDHKROUI TOO MENTION.
Sheeting, Bhirtlni. Ticklnor. Tnw.n.. r..,- n. nr...
Flannel, Gentlemen's Furnishing Oooda, fcc, fcc, at
UKKATLY REDUCED PRICES!
BEAUTIFUL ONES JUST RECEIVED V EXriESS.
4 yaro wide aJmltted by all to he the '
Best, Nicest and Cheapest,
In market. Don't Ml to net one.
Remember the place and call soon at
258 South Uigh Street,"
declH-lmd WILLIAM RICHARDS
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton 4 Indianapolu'
Through to lodiauanulis without Change of Cora
and but One Change of Cars between
Columbus and St. Imis.
Til REM TRAINS DAILY
. 'Dally, Mondays excepted.)
NIOIIT KXPRK88, eu Dayton, at S!:45 a. m.,stop
plug at London, Xenia, Dayton, Middletown and Ilamil.
ton. arriving at Cincinnati at 8:10 a. m.; Dayton at 5 45
a. m., Indianopollsat 10:4ei a m.;tt. Louisat Jl'io
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10a. m., .topping at all Sta
tion i between Columbua and Cincinnati and Dayton, a
Jiv ng at Cincinnati 11:02 . Dayton at : 15 a. mV,
Indianopollsaf2,28j. m. e
DAT EXPRESS, at 8:30 p. m., .topping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston. Ceoarviile, Xenia
Spring Valley, Corwln. Morrow. Deerfleld, Foster
L.Tiel,.n5o'"for'1indTPIil,rllle'rTl"'H ' Cincln
naU at 7:20 p. m.; Bt. Louia at 12 m; Dayton at S 33n
m.; Indlanopolls at 10 38p.m. " p'
Sleeping- Cars on all Nlsrht Traina in
Cincinnati and Indianapelia.
IIAGGACE CHECKED Til HOUGH.
For further information and Through Tickets apply to
a...... M. L. DOHRRTY,
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Oolumbus, Ohio.
a K. W. WOODWARD,
..- JNO. W. DOIiKRTY
JU'-' . AgtnMjolumtm,
ie. A new lot just op.nd i,y , PKTERBaiN
' N WBoulh HkhsifMl.
T II f
WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN J
HAVISa A CIRCULATION
LARGER BY SEVERAL THOUSANDS
Than any other paper In Ohlp, outside of Clndnnatr
Offers Facilities for Advertising
Which CANNOT FAIL to bring
Speedy and Hemuneratlve Ileturu
To those who take advantage of them
the: weekly statesman
Distributed aa It 1. through every Post Office In Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Whose patronage I. valuable, and who seldom irs U,e
Dally Editions of city Journals; and as only
A Limited Number of Advertisements
Are Inserted in It columns, appopriately and
Trrav cuinot ran. to
OF ALL I
Advertising In the WEEKLY STATESMAN will In
It advantagons In
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which 1. almost certain to follow an eitenslve disseisin
atlon of a knowledge of their busbies.
AMONG COUNTBY DEALERS f
ADVERTISEMENTS INT1NDED FOR - ;
Tha Weekly Statesman
Bhonld he handed In before Friday noon. .
LOOKING GLASS STORE
Manufacturer and Dealer, No. 58 South Fourth St.,
between Market and Chestnut, Philadelphia.
lirilEKE HE l EH!. AT LOW
niii sPk " ,Vl!!,lTe "rl,t o' Looking Glasses, la
am. Mahogany and Walnut Frames, Large French Plat
Mlirors, Plain and Richly Ornamented, tilltand Fancy
Wood Portrait ami Picture Framea.
LOOKING GLASS PLATES BY THE BOX
oh j.v .saw QUAirm r.
Goods packed in Ihe rlafeet Banner, aad I.svrrt
:.i South Fourth Street,
- - Philadelphia:. -
(Lata of Phalun's Establishment, N. T.,) FoprUtor'a
th New York Faehlouabl Shaving, Bali CauTn.
Bhampuonlng, Curling aod Drawing Saloon No i:
Kast State slrret, near th Po.t OtBca, first aur
her atlsfai-lloa will U alven in .n th. ."J .'
Ladle and Children's Hair Drawing don
in the best style.
PAKIM 1'I.OAKM AN Is PAI.KTO J.n7
L Mad lo the mul Biyllsh and aleirant
new Invoice Just opened by PKTKR MAIN ' 1
ler.ll. Nr. vM South High street
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