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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, January 25, 1861, Image 1

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VOL. VII. NO. 198. NEW SERIES. : COLUMBUS. OHIO. FRIDAY EVENING. JANUARY 25. 1861
BIX D0ILAB8 PX3 YEAS',
g:i)(Dl)i0 State ww
DAILY, TEI-WEEXLY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUBLISH Bfl AND PROPRIETORS,
ICT Offle Hoi. 88, 88 and 40, Korth High St.
TERMS INYARIABLT IN ADVANCE.
tutl - 18 00 per year,
' By th Carrier, per week,
Ict-WjblT ... 80
eents,
0 par year,
Weekly 1 00
ii
Advertising; by tUe Square.
uriquare ly(ai...20 00
In ' U mar. the 18 00
ajue " monthf IS 00
ne " 3 month 10 00
)ne SI month H 00
)m " I month. S 00
On nun 1 wks. .t)4 00
Oni 8wk.. 3 00
On ' " 1 Wok... 1 75
On ' " 3dyi... 1 00
On " 8 day... '5
On " 1 inwrtlon SO
Uiaplayed advertisement half mora than th above
i a.
Advertisement leaded nd placed in th column of
fecial Notice," aoutxt IM ordinary rose,
ill ,iutlce required to be publlihedby lw, legal rate.
I( ordered OD Hi Ineiiie exclualveiy alter me nrai weu
ii cen:. mora wan in nnov rami oui an us wii
appear Id the Trl-Weekly without charg
ttuilnese Card, not exceeding At liner, per year,
, In-
il A. . 50 ner line: ouUide t'i. '' '
Notice ormeetingi.ohariUbleioeletiM.areoompaiilM,
;., half prir. . ....
All trnimitni admrtUm4U mutt M void for M
. ..-n. T.. m will nt h varied from .
Weekly, muoe price a th Daily, where the adrertlwr
uOm Weekly alon. Where Pally and Weekly
a re both oied, then th eharg IM th Weekly will b
a II Uierateof tb uaily .
No adTCrtiaeoent taken except for a definite period,
BUSINESS CARDS.
EAGLE Bit AS S WO RKS,
Coraier ttpr log eV Water 8U.,
Oolumlaua, Ohio.
W. B. POTTS & 1 CO.,
MAOIIINI8TO,
And Hannfactnrer of Bran and Oompoiltlon Outing,
finiihtd Brae Work of all DeMriptton.
Electro Plating and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTINC, &C.
fbl'CiMly '
Dr, J. B. Beanman,
A RESIDENT DEFTI8T.
THOSE KF.ttf IRinOTnESEK-
ice of a Dentinal, and fayorlngDr. B. with their
patronag may reiyon naring aaiiaiaeuon giyea.' iu
fee will be required on the completion of an operation.
Offlce Four Door North or the American Ilotel, over
Rndisiir Hat Btor.
Oolnmbn JaO'7-dly -
F A. B. SIMEJNS,
Attorney at Ha.-xr
AND NOTARY PUBLIC. .
OlBc Anibil Bull.llDg, opposite Capitol Bqnare. '
' ' ' ' " ' ooltjmbpb. ohto
OOIjiXJ1M:I3XJQ
Machine Manufacturing Company
' MAhUlTAOTtntEU ok ,.,
STEAMv ENGINES &:B0ILERS,
OMtlag, JtUl-rlng, Mehlnry .' t
' - : At0,
.evilrofd.
"W oris.
or btmy nisournoN. ,
- cobfjifi bus, onio. '
OHA8. AMB08. Bap't ,., ,, , V. AMBOB,lTrai. .
deoll. 1858-tf , .
MILLINERY GOODS.
$20fOO0WORTH
, . ,. ..OF t
Millinery and Fancy, Goods.
n BI .
WAKE WDUlila
RESPECT-
XV. fully inform th Cltleemof Columbu and VI-
clnlty that liia llock of . , w v
FAIL AND WIHTEB MULINKBY . .
r.'- ji now ooMrLrrc, ,i, ; i Jj,; ;
Aiid belnf partlcnlarlf deairoua !
reducing? bl) stock Immedi
ately, be win sell, .
FROM THIS DATE, AT .
GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
Iiadles, "
YOU CAN GET '
Bargains ! Bargalis ! Bargains!
' By CaUing' , ' '
J.I r'.-i ' 'AND
EXAMINING JIS STOCK!!
HE SELLS EVERY VARIETY OF ' "
MILLINERY & FANCY COODS
TOO ETHER WITH A
Largo
Stock of .Notions, ,
Ao, to-..,.. .,
iryPrlcea mmi and aball be aatisj-
.'j' lMtt'r' .1 V'
cawTat' '-k
it'H. sWaria's ; cl
v BONNET ROOMS,
no.
Ag EAST TOWN ITHKBIi
OOXaXT9rXZ2XTl,
i!,oniOa I
ootSldSm
M. lt' POWERS & BRO
. -i i I : . . ... 1 ,
DIALERS IW IMfORTEO AND D0ME8TI0
CIOAUn
10BA00O.
...... ..and
lAMOT AKTI0LK8
Mo. it Ea.t State Street, between nigh and
uia riaMimn . tiuiuu u..i vui., -
S30LDEN Hll li SHIRTS,
tjt GOLDS N BILL SHIRTS,
- , . flOT.n.N mt.L HH1HTB. . .
Tha Mttarn of thev ihl rti are new. Th Bodies. Yokel,
leave and booma an formed to fit th person with ea
and comfort, Th mark upon each one designating the
tl a aay be relied ob aa being correct, and each shirt la
guaranteed well mad. A full stook ot all qualities
oonatantly for sale at . BAIN 'B,
norS. . - . Bo. !W gotHh High .troet.
ruin tih'S KirKM.
.... ,IAAV1 vnvtatj ntuno,
We are now offering bur immeni ateoat of Taney DresS
Bilk at price ie . . . "
Th attention of th ladle of this city and vicinity is
isllcited, aa onr stock la very e loot "'tJn "
grade ot gooui in tni ne. . - 7,7 C .
bovH4. Ha. 8 Bonth High tret,
" For Medical PnrpOMB,"
PTJRt BRANDDIES. WINI8, C0EDIAL8, AND BIT
fmmm Ihm .vRnndMl Warehouae) "
' . u.iUIVIf ft. ..
i . , 3 r win. uwn.uv, 1
novOT
108 Booth High
ign nreet
l r ILTtSI! a THREAD LACB MITT
jyi of elegant mlltil fot Ladle1, alio, Mlane' Mitts
great variety at ' BAIN'S-
A LI.
ANNUAL PROSPECTUS
ot
rf-r-
ONE DOLLAR
PREMIUMS
WEEKLY OHIO mil
; THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN 18 PRINTED ON
MAMMOTH SHEET,
. ' - AT THE LOW
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR!
. ' " ' PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
" . . , It ii an old and reliable Democratic Journal, and, as a political paper, hai
No Superior in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to iU political character, it ia a first closi newipaper, furaiBhing its reader with tho
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the itirring erenti constantly occurring at home and abroad, and choice miscel
laneous selections. It also gires the latest and most reliable
From all the principal marti of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, the Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of
TTTTn TrT3E3333SLIjTr STATESMAN.
; During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Weekly States
man will bo furnished with a concise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Wimly Statesman hag increased very rapidly,
being now more than doable what it was twelve monthl ago. It is our desire to extend its cir
culation, not only in Ohio,
But in all the States and Territories West of Us!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, its usefulness will be increased; and we invite
our political and personal friend to aid us in giving to the Weekly Statesman ,
The Largest Possible Circulation
AfJfcng the people. The price of the paper is so low that no Democrat need be without it. As
n inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Weekly Statesman, we
will eive
A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS
To the person who will, by, the 1st dayof January, 1861, send us the largest Clnb of yearly
ubscribers, with the cash for the lame; TWENTY DOLLAJtS to the person who sends us the
eeond largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us
the third largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
' ten yearly lubacribers, with the cash for the same, we will send a copy of the
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
- K7" Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or solicit subscribers for the States
man, can cut this Prospectus out of the paper and attach to it a strip of writing paper, on which
to record the names of all persona who may become subscribers,
.! . ' MANYPENNY & MILLER,
TUB
PER ANNUM!
FOR CLUBS!!
.
RATE Or,"
PUBLISH EES OHIO STATESMAN,
.
NAMES.
STONE'S BAZAAR.
yHSTo. 4z Gwvnne Block.
A. P. STONE & O'HARRA.
ARE NO W RECEIVING THEIK WIN
1KB GOODS, and invite th pnblio to inspect
them No inch atock of Qooda ha aver been brought to
this market. The Bouth, in conaeqnenca of the failure
of th grain crop, ha not been able to purchase the tn-
naiqaanmy or ricn gooas, ana im iioiBHiorau uia
Importer to eell them at pnblio auction. Oar buyer
(Mr. Stene) being In New York at the large sale, took
advantage of them, and we can and will tell onr good
here, at In than aoy on who pnrahaied two week since,
paid for them 1. New York. Our stock il complete in
every department of
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
OTTOMAN VELOURS,
BROCHE VALENCIAS,
' PRINTED MERINOS,
PRINTED COBURGS,
DYED COBUGS;
BLACK ALPACAS,
ORLEANS,
' FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
M : ALL WOOL DELAINES,
POPLINS, PRINTS,
DELAINES.
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One' Day, ..
At one balf the Cost ol Importation.
LADIES' FURS,
In all Varieties, of tbe ceieoraiea
; Itlatmfatiire of C. O. Onn
, ther V Son.
HOSIERY DEPARTMENT,
MenYLadles aad Children' Under Shirt and Drawer;
Ladle, Hliae and Children' Hoaiery of all kinds, in
Wool and Lamb' Wool; Fleeoy Lined and Cotton GIoti
of every make.
A oemplete Miortment of all the usual varie
ties of ; fit
LADIES' CLOTHS, ,
CAsaiwt;K.ts,
.. OVERCOATINGS,
, TWEEDS,
FLANNELS,
I R1BBUNS, ' " '
' . DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladies and Gent's Linen Cambric Hand-
r : kercWew, Ao., &o. ... ;
T mnn h mil on n. we Dleiiir our wordi to
how them th largeat, beat and ohcapeat atock of Good
vet seen in tola mark!, or pay uem ana wii yoi
nour While looking. ' .
deel-oiyxtawitw. . i- eruna unaD
GENUINE FAMI1Y LIQUORS.
WM. B. MOREHOUSE &, CO.,'
' (,"' Importers and Wnolesal Sealers In
Brandies, Vines, 1 Gins and ; Segars,
beg leave to call the attention ot th ettlien f th Uni
ted Slates w ineir run ttidv..uu m,
a ,t,.inm inrviilon. for Familv and Medical nae.
i. innrfHl tn anlt euatomera, Club. Military and
other pnblio bodies, who require to purchase 1. large
amall nuantltl. In eak or bottle, win on linerauy
dealt Witn. rnc umm vu ypuu.tivu. -
OLD MOREHOUSE BJTTERS
- Recommended by the fl rat physicians aa the best reme
a. m. Dnrjetnla. Indiieation, Debility, and all
Nervou Diaeaa. As a beverage, it Is pure, whole'
soma, and deUdoos to th taste, gold by all vruggtscrj
" WM. B. MOREHOUSE fc C., Prop'rs,
i ... 1;. S Exchange PUce, 1
- j ,n.i Jrtey City, N. J
P.S.-Ths subicrlberi Willi to engare a few active
men, aa Lecal and Traveling Agent for their bona,
WDota liaeml Inducemnt will be onerea. ior mnw
olara, addreaa aa abov. -. ' oct30-dJes
T7IANCT EINEIT AND 81 EK FANS IN
J? new styles; , Ribbon Bound,. Extension and Ia
dianransai . . . , ,. jsain n
may23 ' IT.rC Math High atrt
to
NAMES.
Fire Insurance!
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
Fire & Life Insurance Co.
37 Caatle street. Llrerpool. 20 and 21 Poultry, London
Office, au Wall and Ul fin atreet, new x om.
THOMAS HOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio.
Paid up Capital, Knrplu.
and ileeerved l unda SO,0(;0,ri8ri
iDTeatcrl inthlai Country over.. 800, K'0
xeanr Jtevsnu) over K,ouu,yw
TTTThe Shareholders personally responsible for en
gagements of the Company. All Director muat be Share
holder. Director and Shareholder in New York :
James Brown, Baq., Chairman. Vrancla Oottonet, Xaq,,
deputy vnairman.
J. M, Archibald, H. B. M. Consul. Kugen Dutllh, Jtaq.
Joaeph Qaillard, Jr., Esq. H. Orinnell, Eaq.
Alexander Hamilton, jr., Eiq. . r. oanaeron,Kaq.
Aim. Haxiutob, Jr., Esq.,
Counsel of the Board., ,
Aitrko FrxL, Eaq., Betident Secretary.
Local Board in Cincinnati:
N. W. Thomas, Eaq. J. D, Jone. Rfq. Rufu King, Eaq.
Xbompaon Dear, siq. hod i uucuanan, uaq.
The nndenlen!. Aceot In this city, will be happy to
receive application for Ininranoa in the above Company,
AT THE CITY BANE.
He can recommend it with entire oonfldencfl to all deilr-
oua of obtaining protection againat LOSS BY FIBE.
i No Charge for Polioiesi. .
norlg-tf . . - TU08. MOODIB.
HOLIDAYS.
FANCIES.
Such artlales aa yon ietin for your HUSBAND
Suchaayou nted foryour WIFE.
Such aa ace proper for your DAUGHTER.
Such as yur SISTER will praltt you for.
Such aa your BROTHER can vu.
Bach as yoatvon for "THE ONE YOU LOYE BEST.'
Such as will be good for the BLESSED BABY."
Such aa all $tet for.
May be found in variety. In my new atock of
WATOHBS) CHAINS, JEWELRY)
. ' PLATED GOODS,
And general aaaortment of -
Fancy and Useful Articles.
WM. BLYNN,
No. 10 Buckeye Iltock.
December, 18G0.
FA MIL V FJLOVII.
"TTHITli WHEAT, BHANDED
"8NOWFLAKE."
Prom " Barnett Mills," Springfield, 0. th best brand of
riour brongnt to our market, nattiiactton guaranieea
for aale only at wi. BicuuNALU'H,
norS7 . - - lOB South HigB atreet.
Holiday Presents.
OA Ii I C O N, I)eIjAINE8, IflUHIHOX,
CHIMTZEs. DKESM SILKS, and all
kinds of fashionable
"Winter Dreps G-oodn.
we are now offering at vwry low prices.
rsTCH oain,
decSl. No. S9Bonih High street
. Save Your Honey.
T AM NOW RECEIVING SUBSCBIP
JL lion for all th Magasine and Literary paper In
th country and out of It; among th former, th Corn
hill, Temple Bar, the Atlantis, Harper, Oodey, Peterson,
rtntckeroocker, jsciectio, uiackwooa, tn uniiso vuarte
Ilea. to., to. Bubaoribers can set them KAHL1ER.
CHEAPER and free of PoaUte, by sending their Sub
scription through me. , RICHARD K HNNEDY,
aeon -17 wtate street.
Watches and Jewelry.
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF WATCH
A ea, Olocka, Jewelry, Silverware, ac, kept constant
yon aana at .....
a : .., B. KIRKPATRICK'S.
' No. I6S, South High Street, Columbus, 0
JLr Watches and Jewelry repaired.
' Ject dSm,
GENTLBIIENM NECK. TIES,
GENTLKMEN'S NEOK TIES,
8BNTLE MEN'S NECK. TIES. '
Th moat desirable aaeorrment la the eily and atunuaal-
lyiowpricea. .. ,-. . jh.i ji.kbai.1,
nov34. Ho. S9 South High itreet
TTLKOANT PLAIN II LACK SILKsJ FOR
Hi Street Basques and Mantle;
; also, Rich Trimmin
and Tassels to match, at
' UAIM
mayS3
A FPLEMI APPLES!
XV 100 bbls. Choice Apple received on eonilrnaent
foraBleby MoSBl 1 BKBTU1AUX,,
r .v,, . . 34 N. High street.
Sljf )io Statesman
TXBHB,
bally, per ear. ...
Tri-Weekly, per 'tar.
Weekly, per yea
t 00
3 00
I (Ml
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
To tht Senate and
Houtt uf Riprcienlativtt t
At the opening or vour present session, I call
ed jour attention to the dangeri which threaten
ed the existence of the Union. I expressed my
opinions freely concerning the original causes
of these dangers, and recommended such mess-
urea as 1 believed would nave the enect ot tran
qulllzlog the country saving it from the peril
in wnicn it naa Deen needlessly ana piose uulor
tunately thrown.
These opinions and recommendations I do not
propose now to repeat. My own convictions up
on the whole subject remain unchanged. The
fact that a great calamity was impending over
the nation was, even at tbat time, acknowUdg
ed by every intelligent citizen. It had already
made itself felt throughout tho length and
Lbreadth of the land. The ne cecsarv 6&upquen-
ces of tho alarm thus produced were most de
plorable. Imports foil off withi raplditjjnever
known before, except In time ol war, in the his
tory. of our foreign commerce. The Treasury
was unexpectedly left without means, which it
had reasonably counted upon, to meet the pub
lic engagements. Trade was paralyzed, manu
factures stopped, the best public secuities sud
denly sunk in the market, every epeciei of
property depreciated more or less, and thousands
of poor men, who depended upon their daily la
bor for their daily bread, were turned out of em
ployment. I deeply regret that I am notable to give you
any information upon the state of the Union,
which is more satisfactory that what I was then
obliged to communicate. On the contrary, mat
ters are still worse at present than they then
were. When Congress mot, a strong hope per
vaded the whole pnblio mind that dome amicable
adjustment of the subject would be speedily
made by the representatives of the States,
which might restore peace between the conflict
ing sectioni of the country. Tbat hope has
been diminished by every hour of delay, and ai
the prospect of a bloodless settlement fades
away, the publio distress becomes more and
more aggravated. As au evidence of tbis it is
only necessary to say the Treasury notes auth
orized by ihe aet of the 17tb of December last,
were advertised according to law, and that no
responsible bidder offered to take any consider
able sum at par at I lower rate of interest than
twelve per cent.
From these facts it appears that, in a gov
ernment organized like ours, domestic strife,
or even a well grounded fear of civil hostili
ties, is more destructive of onr publio and pri
vate interests tban the most formidable foreign
war,
In my annual Message I expreseed the con
viction, which I have long deliberately held.and
which recent reflection has only tended to deep
en and confirm, tbat no State has the right of its
own act to secede from the Union, or throw oft'
its obligations at pleasure I also declared my
opinion to be tbat.eveo if tbat right existed, and
should be exercised by any State in the Confed
eracy, the Executive department ot this Govern
ment bad do authority under the Constitution to
recognize its validity by acknowledging the in
dependence of such Slate. This lei true no al
ternative ai the chief executive offloer under the
Constitution of the United States, but to collect
the public revenues and protect the publio prop
erty, so far as this might be practicable under
existing laws. This is still my purpose. My
piovince is to execute, not to make tho laws
It belongs to Congress exclusively to repeal,
modify, or enlarge their provision! to meet ex
igencies as they occur. I possess no dispensing
power. I certainly bad no right to make ag
gressive war on any state, ana I am perleoily
satisfied that the Constitution has wisely with
held that power even from Coneress. But the
right and duty of using her military force de
fensively against those who resist the Federal
officer! in the exercise of their legal functions,
ana against mose wno aesau me property of the
reaerai uovernment, is oiear ana undeniable.
But the dangerous and hostile attitude of the
States towards each other has already transcend
ed and cast into the shade tho ordinary execu
tive dnties already provided for by law, and has
assumed such vast and alarming propertiona as
to place the subjeot entirely above and beyond
executive control. The fact cannot be dis
guised tbat we are in the midst of a great
evolution, inereiore, 1 commend tbe ques
tion to Congress, as tbe only human tribu
nal, under Providence, possessing tbe power
meet tae existing emergency. To
them exclusively belongs the power to de
clare war, lo authorize the employment of mil
itar force In all cases contemplated by the Con
stitution, and they alone popsoas the power to
remove all tbe grieveanoei that might lead to
war, and to secure peace and union to tbis dis
tracted oountrj. On them, and on them alone,
teats the responsibility. The Union is a itored
trnst left by our Revolutionary fathers to tbeir
descendants, and never did any other people in
herit so rich a legacy. It bas rendered ns pros
perous in peace and triumphant in war. The na
tional flag has floated in glory over every sea,
and under its shadow American citizens have
found protection aud respect in all lands beneath
tbeaun. If we descend to eonsideratloni of
nnrely material interest, when, In history of all
time, bai a confederacy been hold together by
uch strong tics of mutual Interest? Each por
tion of it Is dependant upon all, and all uoon
each portion, for prosperity and domeatio secur
ity, free trade tbrougnout tbe wbole. budo let
the wanti of one section with the productions cf
another, and scat ten wealth everywhere. Tie
great planting and farming States require the
Id of tbe commercial and navagating States to
send their productions to domestio and foreign
marKets, ana mrnisn me naval power to render
tbeir transportation' secure against .ill hostile
attacks.
Should the Union perish in the mlJdt of the
present excitement, we have already had a sad
loretaste ot tne unversai sutleriug wmoh would
result from its destruction. The calamity
would be severe in every portion of tho Union,
and would be quite ai good, to soy tbe least,
In the Southern ai in tbe Northern States. .
The greatest aggravation of the evil, and
that which would place ui in the most un
favorable light, both belore the world and
posterity, is, as I am firmly convinced, that tho
secession movement baa been chiefly based
noon misapprehension at the South, of tbe
leniiments of the majority in several of tbe
Northern States. Let tbe question be car
ried from the political assemblies to the bal
lot box, ana tbe people tnemsetvee would speed
ily redress tbe serious grievances which the
South have suffered.' But, In Heaven's name,
let the trial be made before we plunge
Into an armed conflict upon the mcro assump
tion that there ia no other alternative. Time
is a great conservative power. Let us pause
at this momentous point, and afford the peo
ple, both of tbe North ana boutn, an oppor
tunity lor reflection, vvouiamat eoutn Caro
lina had been convinced of this truth belore bcr
nreciDitate action. I therclore appeal through
voutotne people oi i.e cuuutry, to ueciare in
their might, tbat the Union muat and shall be
preserved by all constitutional means. . I most
earnestly recommend that you devote yourselves
to tho question, now ton can do accompiiohea
in neace. All other questions, when compared
with this, sink into Insignificance.- Tbe present
is no time for palliatives. Prompt action Is ro
ot ired. A delay in longress to prescribe or re
commend a distinct and practical proposition
for conciliation, may drive ni to a poiut from
which it will be almost impossible to recede
A common ground on which conciliation and
harmony - may be produced ia surely not unat
tainable. Tbe proposition to compromise by let-
tins tbe Norihhave exclusive control of theter
rltnr above a certain line, and to eive Southern
institutions protection below that line, ought
receive universal approbation. Io Itself, Indeed.
it may not be entirely satisfactory, but when the
alternative is between reasonable concession
both sides and destruction of the Union, it Is
imputation on tbe patriotism of Congress to aa
sert that its members will hesitate a moment.
Even now the .danger is upon us. In several
Slates which) have not yet leceded, the forts,
arsenals end maglzines of tbe United States
bave been seized. This is by far the moat se
rious itep which bas been taken since the com
mencemeotof the troubles. This public prop
erty has long been left without garrisons and
troops far its protection, because no person
douted its security under.the flag of tbe coun
try In any Btate of the Union- Besides, our
small army bas soaroely been lufllcicnt to
guard our remote frontiers against Indian in
cursions. The seizure of this property, from
all appearances, bas been purely aggressive,
and not in resistance to any attempt ito coerce
a State or States to remain in tbe Uoion. At
the beginning of these unhappy troubles I de
termined tbat no act of mine should increase
the excitement in either section of tbe country.
If the political confliot were to end in oivll war,
it was my determined purpose not to commence
it, nor to furnish an exouse for:it, by an act of
the government. My opinion remains un
changed, that justice, as well as sound policy,
requires us still to seek a peaceful solution
of tbe questions at issue between the North
and the South. Entertaining this oonviction, I
refrained even from sending reinforcements to
Major Anderson, who commanded the forts of
Cbarlcsten harbor, until an absolute necessity
for doing so should make itself apparent, lest it
might be regarded as a menace of military
coercion, and thus furnish a provocation, or, at
least, a pretext, fur an outbreak, on the pirt of
South Carolina. No necessity for these rein
forcements seemed to exist. I was assured by
distinguished upright gentlemen, of South Car
olina, that no attack on Maj t Anderson was ia
tened; but that, on tho contrary, it was the de
sire of the State authorities, as much as it was
my own, to avoid the fatal const qnences wblcb
must eventually follow a military collision.
Here I deem it proper to submit lor your infor
mation,copies of a communication dated Decem
ber 28, 1860, addressed to me by R. W. Birn
well, J. H. Adams and James L. Orr. Commis
sioners of Sonth Carolina, with the accompany
ing documents, and copies of my answer thereto,
dated Desember 31. la further explanation of
Major Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie
to Fort Sumpter, it is preper to sta e tbat after
my answer to the South Carolina Commission
ers, tbe War department received a letter from
that gallant officer, dated December 27, 1861),
the day after bis movement, from which tbe fol
lowing is an extract :
'I wili add.aa my opiulon, that many things
convinced me that the authorities of tbe State
designed to proceed to a hostile act evdently
referring to tbe orders dated December 11, or
the late Secretary of War. j Under tbis Impres
sion I could not hesitate tbat it was my solemn
duty to move my command from a fort which
we could not prbably bave held longer than
forty-eight or sixty hours, to this one, wbere my
power of resistance is increased to a very great
degree."
It will be recollected that the concluding part
of the order was in the following words:
"The smalloees of your force, will not permit
you, perhaps, to occupy more than one of the
three forts, but an attack on, or attempt to take
possession of either one of them, will be regard
ed as an act of hostility, and you may then put
your command into either of them which jou
may deem most proper to increase its pawer of
resistance. You are also authorized to take
similar defensive steps whenever yon have tan
gible evidence ot a design to prooeed to ao hos
tile act."
It is said tbat serlons apprehensions are to
some extent estertaioed, in which I do not
share, tbat tbe peace of tbis District may be dis
turbed before tbe tUh of March next. In aoy
event it will be my daty to preserve it, and
this duty shall be performed.
In conclusion, it may be permitted me to re
mark, that IbaveoftQ wained my countrvmen
of the danger which now surround us. This
may be the last time I shall refer to tbe subject
omuiaiiy. i ieei tnat my duty bas been faith
fully, though It may be Imperfectly performed,
aud whatever the result may be, I shall carry
to my grave the consciousness, that I at least
meant well f r my
JAMES BUCHANAN.
WAREINGTON CITY, Jan. 8, 1861.
Ex. Gov. Medill Standing by the Treasury.
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Herald, writing on tho 13th, says:
Governor Medill, Comptroller of the Treas
ury, waa presented by Judge Bryan, of Ala
bama, as agent, with a warrant for sixty thou
sand doliara. This amount was claimed by
certain parties in Alabama for printing. Gov.
Medill refused to pay it, alleging tbat it waa
bogus." Mr. Clayton, First Assistant of tbe
Treasury, oalled upon Medill to know by what
authority be, the Comptroller, refused to pass
an aocount that bore the signature of Secretary
Thomas. Gov. Medill replied tbat he was the
best judge of the business of his own depart
ment. He expressed the opinion that the ac
count was a fraud, and therefore be could not
and would not sign and authorize its payment
until Mr. Dix, the new Treasurer, returns from
New-York, examines, it, and authorizes him
(Medill) to pass the warrant. Il ii said that
the warrant was so glaringly a fraud, tbat Gen.
Dix will repudiate it, as Governor Medill has
done, and in view of this fact, it ia the greater
wonder that Mr. Thomas, the retiring Secretary
of the Treasury, gave it bis signature.
Cash and Cotton Going Nosthward. The
fear of contingent troubles in our port, says the
Savannah Republican, Is already directing cot
ton in tbe interior to the inland routes for New
York. Wo copy the following paragraph from
tun ivome (ua ) txtirtisti
I he prospect of an early blockade of the ports
of Charleston and Savannah has already com
menced t effect the business relations of tbe
country. Col. Cothran has just shipped one
hundred balea ot cotton to New York, via
Knoxville, Lvnohburir. Gordonavills and Alex
andria, thus oarrying it nearly twice as far by
railroad, and about the same distance by water,
as if it were shipped to Savannah or Charles
ton, uoi. tsiyard informs us tbat all his ship
ments will hereafter be made bv this lame n ri
per roate, nntil the prospects below change. I'
this change becomes eeneral.lt wills a great
toss to tne ueorfia railroads, and tbe extra
freights will come out of the farmers in the
end.
to
on
an
TO THE PUBLIC !
In view cf mating a change In our concern, wa will
offer oar
ENTIRE STOCK OF GOODS
FOR FIFTEEN DAY 8, COMMENCINO WITH
Monday, the 14th dayof January,
AT
O O S T !
Thla Stock of Oooda is now admitted to be th Boat
desirabl In Ihe Centra of th State, and offer a rare op
portunity to Home Keeper and other for purchasing
their supplies.
The whole Stock will be sold without reserve, except
ing -- i
YANKEE NOTIONS,
ZEFrtYR W0R3TED9,
AND ALEXANDER'S KID GLOVES.
TERMS, CASH ONLY.
Columbus. January 13, IP01 P. BAIN .
HENHV KsXIlXKH
(Lata of Phalon's Establishment, N. T.,) Pjoprtetoro
th New Tork Fashionable Shaving. Flair Onttin
Bhsmnoonlng, Curling and Drewing Saloon. No.
Kaat Stat tret, near lb Poat Office, flrat floor,
wher aatlafactlo will b given in all th veriou
branchee. Ladle tad Children's Hair Dressing don
In the beat style. jyl-dly
TILAOK STRAW HONNEiS ASD1X
XJ egant ttibnont, in great variety at BAIN'S,
ocO
No. 8, High itrewtV
UiaUlUXa, UA JVAllg O JLiVU,
in a i-iiiistitutionnl ditti-ase, a corruption of the
blo.nl, liy which this fluid becomes vitiated,
wi'iik, mid mm .' Bring in the circulation, it
pirvitUi'R tlie whole body, and may burst out
in dimiiM on nny part of it. No orgnn is free
from it-t nttni'ka, nor is there one which it may
not di'vtror, Tlio serofulotm treiut is variously
cuiiM-d lr ini'iTtiriul disease, low living, dis
order. m I or imlienlthy food; impure air, filth
nnl lililiy linliitt, the depressing vices, and,
above nil, by the venereal infection. Wliat
ever bo it- origin, it is hereditary in the con
stitution, descending " from parents to children
unto the third imil fourth generation ; " indeed,
it seems to he the rod of Him who says, "I
will visit the iniquities of the fathers upon
their children."
Its effect commence by deposition from the
blood of corrupt or ulcerous mtttter, which, in
the luiis liver, mid internal organs, is termed
tubercle-i ; iu the glands, swellings; and on
tin.1 Kin face, eruptions or sores. This foul cor
ruption, which genders in tho blood, depresses
the oiicrgie of life, so that scrofulous constitu
tion' not only suffer from scrofulous com
plaint., but tlicy luivo fur less power to with
fimwl tin- uttacki of other diseases; conse
queti'ly -va-t numbers perish by -disorders
u !.i. Ii, i , 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 not scrofulous in their nature,
ni" --till rendered futnl by this taint in the
syitcin. Most of tbe consumption which de-emmtc-t
the human family has its origin directly
in 1 1 1 a -i scrofulous contamination; and many
.1 .ti iictivo ili-teiisos of the liver, kidneys, brain,
mid, indeed, of all tho organs, arise fiom or
an- iirnrntnd by the same cause.
One quarter of all our people ore scrofulous j
their persons are invaded by this lurking in
f 'i-tioii, anil tbeir health is undermined by it.
Tn clcnn-io it from the system we must renovate
the blood by an ulterative medicine, and in
vii(oiiite it by healthy food and exercise.
Such a medicine we supply in
AYER'S
(' in w ii nd Extract of Sarsaparilla,
the miit effectual remedy which the medical
skill of our times can devise for this every
where prevailing and futal malady. It is com
bined from the most active remeuials that have
been discovered for the expurgation of this foul
di-order from the blood, and the rescue of the
system from its destructive consequences,
llt-nci it should be employed fur tbe euro of
not only Scrofula, but also those other affec
tions which arise from it, such as Euuptivb
an.l .Skis Diskasf.s, St. Anthony's Finn,
llosr, or F.itvsii-r.i.Aa, Pimples, .Pustit.es,
I!i o-i en n. Hi.AiNsond jioil.sTl'.Mons.TETTcn
and Salt Kiikim, Scai.u Head, Uinowoiim,
It hi-i-m vi i-m, RvmiMTic andMEitciTtiAi. Dis
i.vr.i, Hiioi-sv, Dyspepsia, Deiiimtt, and,
ind.-eii. .vu. L'oMi i.Aixn auisino rnoM Vitia
i i ii on I.Mi'i'ui: llr.ooi). Tlio popular belief
in " ii'iiinili of the blood" is founded in truth,
fur -i-i ofiilii i a degeneration of the blood. The
:. i si nhir puipove and virtue of this Sarsapa
i i l i is to purify and regenerate tbis vital fluid,
w itboitt wliic Ii sound health is impossible in
. "in;. minuted constitutions. i
AYER'S
Ague Cure,
l olt THE SPEEDY Ct RE OF
Iiitrriiilttnit Fever, or Fever inl Atrsie,
Heiiiitlilit I-'ever, Chill Fever, Dumb
Atriic Pi-i-littll.-nl Headache, or Bilious
llrnilnrhe, ar.A liilloa Fevers, Indeed
for the whole clan ot lilicsiti original
ltH lis biliary drrangtment, rained liy
I Ito jUalurlu of IHnmtlo t ouittrle.
We are enabled here to offer the community a
remedy n liicli, w hile it cures the above complain Is
with certainty, is still perfectly harmless in any
quantity. "Such a remedy is invaluable in districts
where 'these afflicting disorders prevail. This
"Ci iik" expels the miasmatic poison of Feveu
Ann .(iun from the system, and prevents tlie de
velopment of the disease, if taken on the first ap
proach of its premonitory symptoms. It is not only
the liit.t remedy ever yet discovered for Ihis class
of complaints, but also the cheapest. The large
qti intii y we supply fur a dollar brinirs it within the
reach of every body ; and in bilious districts, where
l'i:vi'tt ash Aotfu prevails, every bodv should
h ive it anil use it freely both for cure and protec
tion. A reat superiority of this remedy over any
ntliir ever discovered for the speedy and certain
im of Intel inittenU is that it contains no Quinine
or niim-nd, consequently it produce no quinism or
other injurious clients whatever upon llic constitu
tion. Those cured by it are left as healthy as if
lliey had never had tlie disease.
l-'civr and Aeuc is not alone the consequence of
the miaiuiatic poison. A great variety of disor
ders iiiiM- finm its iirilnlion, nmonir which are
Xrtonln'i, lihetmmHmt, Gout, Ileaiarie, Hliiiil-iicss-,
'j'uo'iru tr, I'arm he, Catm rh, Asthma, i ut
pitiitioii. fain fat Affection of the Spleen, lliistir.
in. fniii i i M." lltwsels, Colic, Paralysis and Ik
ra,uicmvitt of tlir .SfuuiurA, all of which, when
or.eiiKHiii; iu tins cause, put on the intcrmitlrvt
tim, oi U'coine periodical. This " C'l'itB " expels
the piMMin from the blond, nnd consequently cures
tlwni nil alike. It is on invaluable protection to
iiniuitrinnts and persons travelling or temporarily
rciwliii!- iu tlie malarious districts. If tui.cn iin i
sion illy or d.iily while cxmscd to tlie infection,
tiiat will be excreted from the system, aud emmet
ai-ciimulutc in suflicient quantity to ripen into dis
ease, llcncc it is even more valuable for protec
tion than cure, and few will ever suff.-r time 1. tcv
miltciit.i if they fvail themselves r.f the pruiv. lion
this remedy nfloiils.
Prepared by Dr. J. C. AYER &, CO., Lowell, "a.
ROBERTS fc SAUTJEl, Columbua
Aid bv Drugglat and Dealer every where).
novu.'lyd.twatw
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
RAILROADS.
,
1!
For Cincinnati, Dayton & Indianapolis!
Through to Indianapolis withont Change of Cars
nd but One Changs of Cars between
Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS d"aILY FROM COLUM
BUS. FIRSTTRAIN.
(Dally, Mondays excepted.)
NIQI1T EXPRESS, via Dayton, at 3:45 a. m.. atop
rln i at London. Xanla. Dayton, aliddletown and Hamil
ton, arrivini at Cincinnati at 8.20 a. m . ; Dayton at 5:45
a. m.. Indlanopolii at 10:48 a. m.;tt. Loulaat 1110
P m' SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 a. m (topping at all Sta
tions between Columbu and Cinolonati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati U:W a. m., Vayton at v: tot. m
Indlanorolls at S, p. m.
THIRD TRAIN.
DAT EXPRESS, at 9:3(1 p. m., atopping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston, Cedarvill, Xenla,
Spring valley, Uorwtn, Horrow, veerfleld, rosters.
Loveland. Uillfordand Plalnvill, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7 SO p. m.t St. Lout at 18 m; Dayton at 5 35 p.
m.; Indlanopoliat 10:38 p. m.
spins; Cars on all 111 Train t
Cinciaaatl and Indlaaapalia.
BAGGAGE CHECKED. TIIKOUGII.
lor further Information and Through Ticket apply to
M. L. D0I1BUTT,
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Onlumbue, Ohio.
B. W. WOODWARD,
Superintendent, Cincinnati.
, ., JN0. W. DOUERTY
Jul3 . ,. Agent, Columl us,
HENRY TOW,
, Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
TrtTftirrn ' Xr. . lftTrtPfltln fJio-nrH.
. aim but n V
Smoking & Chewing Tobacco,
Also, the but quality of SHTJfF'S constant!
on hand. '
Bjr'Country Merchants ar Invited to call before pur
chajlng elsewher
NO. 4 EAST THIRD STREET, .
Bet. Mala and Sycamore, -
novOl-wOm
aNCINNATI, O.
a
1
j
i
s
K
u
f.
o
Ah
O
E-h
O
P-t
o
y.
o
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as
id
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H
M
se
tn
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o
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3
OS
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o
TJ7I INVITE ATTENTION to una of tba mn.t
t inordinary cure by my
PECTORAL SYRUP.
Tbey are at home, and anv Ana who baa dnukta ran In .
autre ol the pereon who have been cured by.it.
o??,KSTfER 19 '""PARED AT ANT TIME To
EXAMINE LLN09 WITHOUT CHAHOE. Cor ai.Y
TU08E WHO NEED HIS UBDI01NES.
ATTEND TO TOUR COLDS -A case of five yara
landing enred by DR. REISER'S PECTORAL 8YRLP. ';
PtTTeacaoB, Jan. 11, I960.
Da. Kivsek : My wife haa been afflicted srlth a had
cough and difficulty of brrathing, for fire or ix yaere,
wuku ,ior several yearenaca, nan gradually Increased in
violenos. 1 be oomplaint baa been heraditarr. and aha
had been treated by several pbyaiciana without any re
lief. In thla atate of her cue, I procured some of your
Pectoral Courh Syrup. I bought, th first Urn, a fiflr
cent bottle, wbloh relieved ber viy much ; I than called
and got a dollar bottle, which cured ber entirely, and
ahe ha now no trace of the former dlaeaae, except wak-
neae. x wouiu aiao aiaia mat 1 ueea tn medicine my
eelf to a cold and eough. The medicine cured me by tat -
ing on aoa i expre my entire aatWat-tlon with lb
medicine, and you an at liberty to publish thi If you
dealre to do io. WM. WILSON.
Alderman Fifth Ward.
PiTTSBcaoH, Nov. 18, 1818.
Da. Kama : Although not an advocate of Patent
Medicine, in general, it afford me pleasure Indetciiba-
ble to recommend your Pectoral Syrup. Aa a medicine
it la well worthy the attention of any percon ho may ni
any manner be affllo'd with eough. ooid and boarenaa
oi any nmo, ana for In peculiar quallDcatloo lor re
moving all that disagreeable lenntlon attending a
vera cold,
I bar been, more or leu. In my lift, affeo'cd with Uia
aevereat of cold and hoaraentaa. At time my throat
would become aoclueed aa to prevent my speaking above
a whisper, and by taking a few doaea of tbe abov Syrup
ii wouia reueve me entirely.
In recommendins tbia medicine, I muat nnbea'itatlngry
ay that it lath beat remedy I ever found, purporting to
cur the above, nor abould any family be without thi,
remedy for dleeaies o prevalent.
Your, moat respectfully,
EDWARD J. JONES,
Cashier Cilliena' Deposit Back.
ETtcBcimu, 0., March 14. lPjil
I have used Dr. Keyaer'a Cough Syrup for a bad cough
of several year a landing, and can cheerfully say It la
tbe beat medicine for the aame that I have ever taken.
J. W. PRICE
COL. PRATT AND DR. EETSER'S PECTORAL
SYRUP. Da. Knrasa Dear Sir: Excua th delay ol
my acknowledging tbeexcellence of your Pectoral Cough
Syrup aooner. I take great pleasure In saying that It la
all you aay It la. Jt knocked th noUt out 0 my cough
and tbe worst on I wa aver auricted witn: i nave not
uaed more than one-half of t h bottle, and I can and do
wish that all who are afflicted would give It aa fair a trial
aa 1 nave oone, ana tney win be proud to aay, "it u no
quack medicine." I would not auffer another uch an
attack for any consideration, or at any coat. I am con
fident I can breathe more freely tban I evr did. I shall
alwaya acknowledge a debt of gratitud for Inventing ac
excellent a remedy. You are at liberty to uae my name
in una regard, aa yon tblok proper JC. 9. ralaTT.
Aleaaenger Common Council, Pittsburgh, Pa
PltUbnrgh, May 11, 159.
N. B I am no atranicr lo my (ellow-cltliena, and
who entertain double can conmlt me personally.
Jt. . f
PiTTcnaH, April 94, 1837.
READ THE TRUTH. Da. Havre: I bare a daugh
ter wbo baa taken aenral medicine for a bad eough,
without benefit among them Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
I purchased from you a bottle of your PEOTOaAL
STRUP, and before ahe had uaed ball a bottle ah vu
relieved. The second bottle cured her entirely of her
cough. JOHN DARIN,
Robinson atreet, Allegheny.
Pirrencaon, December, 31, 1853.
A GREAT CURE BY DH, KKYdKH'o PKOTORAL
8TKUP. I lire In Peeble townahlp, Allegheny county
I had a coughing and spitting, which commenced about
Ihe 4th of February but, and continued eight month. 1
employed the beat pbyaiciana in th country, and my
eough continued unabated until early in October. Al
tbat time I wa advised to try your FBUTOKAL COUUH
STRUP, which I did, and alter I bad taken one bolt I 1
wa entirely free from the coughing and (pitting. I had
deepairedot aver getting well, nd Iibink It mould be
known tbat thi valuable lenvedy will do for other what
it haa done in my case. JOHN 0. LITTLE,
Wituess B. M. Kiaa, Peeble town hip.
ParroH Tr., April 14, IPjT.
A WONDERFUL CURE. Some tun ago, an old
neighbor of mine waa very ill! with a bad cough which,
very one auppoaed to be consumption. Hi relatives
told me tbat be had taken every remedy they heard of
withont benefit; hi brother cam to eee him die, and all
were confirmed in the belief that b could not live. 1
had about tho third of a bottle of your Pectoral Syrup,
which i gave him, and It entirely cured him, to the aaton
labment of all. What make the ease mora remarkable,
1 th extreme age of th mu,nebeingabouteihtyyear
old. I have no doubt tbe Pectoral saved hi lite.
JJHMN'flLSNIS.
DR. EETSER'S PECTORAL STRUP IN ELAIRS-
TILLE. Pleat tend tn another aupply of yoar valu
able "Pectoral Byrup." Almoat everybody around a
ha the cold and are inquiring for "Dr. K.yer'a Pectoral
nrup." We have aold sixteen bottles last week, and are
now entirely out. Mr. A. Alterand Mr. P. Mtber, both
of Blalrnlile, Pa , tail u they would not b without It
In their famiilea. in tact, all who uae it ace want It
again. Yours, respectfully,
4. b. wai i tiirun a aHllsa
January 30, 1860.
ANOTHER NEW CERTIFICATE DR. KBTSEE'E
PECTORAL STRUP. I had been troubled with aoouah
and cold tor aereral wek o bad waa it that I ould not
leep. lhad the advice and prescription from three of
the bestpnysician in in city, whom i could name, but do -
not do so. I finally procured a "bottle of your Pectoral
Byrup, which cured me entirely. Signed,
. n. B1A1UMTOM,
836 Liberty (trust, Pittsburgh, Pa , Jan. 9, 19C0. '
"STOP THATJCOUOHINa.,,--'How n I do Itf "Do
to Keyaer'a on Wood street and get a botlla of bis Oooga
Pectoial, and 11 that don't cure you, your oamutba
deaperat Indeed." Thi laaapeclmen of th colloquy
one hear almoat every day In ould catching period at
th year. And we ean, from aotual experiment, oher-
fully concur in the advlaer' admonition as abeva, for wa 1
have tried th "Pectoral," in a moat ecu boo rn eae, wilii
entire success. Near two weeks ago w went to Pittsburgh,
with on of the moat distressing, contrary, mullah, un
ubduabl eough we ever experienced aioce our advent
upon thla mundane aphare. W eouguad aseadlly and
laborloualy for on whole week, in hope of tiring U out.
but it wa no go. In fact It teemed rather to hare im
proved by practice, and to hav acquired trngth, poten
cy and dMruiibUity by th operation. In thi atageof
the tige, w ooujhed our way to Keyaer'a, 140 Wood St.
procured fifty cent bottle of the 'Pectoral;' took it -according
to directiona, and in forty-eight hour we were ;
muter of th field, the enemy having unconditionally
urrendered, after a brief but unequal conflict with ao -formidable
an adreraary a Keyaer'a famou "Cough
Pectoral. " .ProtmsrtH Clipper, Deo. 14, W59.
DR. EETSER'S PECTORAL STRC? tl prepared and
hid by Dr OEOKOkt H. KEYSER, 140 Wood street,'
PlttaburghsPa.
eold in Columbu by ROBERTS at BAMTjEL... .
rrvoOTII ACIIE KERIEDY. '
A BTJRK CTJKB3.
Prepared and sold by
Da. GEO. B. KIT8SR,
Price, 85 cents. HO Wood at., Pittsburgh, Pa.
ID Sold in Columbu by ROBERTS 4k SAMUEL .-
ocU7:9tawdtim.
JAS. M. M'KEB. WM. H RE8TIEAUX. . .,
M'KEE &, RESTIEAUX
GROOBRSi w
- .' AND."' "!
PRODUCE DEALERS,
INa. 34 iterlla Itijfb Street,
COLUMBUS, OHIO, J.
TTAVE tl!" HAND AT WHOLFIITE
! XX and Retail, FINEST STAPLE OCBRfl, "
FLOUR, SALT, TEA, COFFEE, SUGAR, TOBACCO,
! RBOARS. Etc , Etc. Our Stock haa been purchased In '
i Eastern Citlee during th Paolo, - -
i ' JPQTl. ' OAO XX,
and onr main endeavor will be to offer Inducement n.
CASH 2S UXEltS Which ar not exeelrd by aoy Ilousw In
rn uiry, ... ocivg
v'f!

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