-ifft;'lh..' f.WKairtir- ..
'tHtrr' VSYAl Sfn'f . - ,
.r-.- -'i ' . i- '. t OiA . k ' ' ' ' !...
7 Or VII. NO. 228. NEW SERIES.
COLUMBUS. ' OHIO FBI DAY EVENINp. MARCH 1. 1861.
fIZ DOLLAItf PS3TZA&
InTarUbly ia AdraaoV
J I I ' ,' ' , . 1 1 U)..1
0 JLILT, TSI-WEIKLY AND WEEKLY
' MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUBLISH) B AFP BOPBIltOBB.
CT Office Km. 88, 88 and 40, Sorth High Bt.
,; TBBM8 INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. : ,
Dally . $8 00 per year.
' By the Carrier, per week, 18)6 eents. 1
Trl-Weakly 8 00 per yew.
Weekly. 1 00 "
e mi nc Advertising by the Bejuetre.
na square 1 yfai.. .tQO 00
One " II nior.ths 18 00
3na " 0 month! 13 00
)na " 3 month! 10 00
One - month . 8 00
One sonar S wk..B on
One Swk.. St 00
On " lweak... 1 73
On ' " Sdiyl.M 1 00
One ... 7J
Ona " llnaertloB 60
3n 1 month, j 5 00
Diylay4 Mvertlnment hlf or th the eAote
ArtTertiacmanti lndeA nd ftaei it the eoluna ol
SoMinl Nott," dombU tU ordinary rtMH.
All uulloaa reqolrao to ha pnblUhedbjr Uw, ltgalnlee.
If ordered on the Inslrte exclaalTel; ttar the flntweek
tier rent, more than the nbore ratet; but ell neh wll
ipnmr I the TrlWekly without eharg. v
iButlneMOkrda.notexceedinf nya lines, perreM, in
alile, t'i SO per line; outalde llt.
Noticoa of meeting. chart Ublei oolotlu,flr ootnpemei,
kc, half prlfe. . . M
AUtranrtii adveHUmmtt mutt U JxUdor t
1 lmnce TSa role will not be farted from.
Weekly, tame price a the Daily, where to MWtMjr
aeathe Weekly alon. Whr t PallT andWekl
a r both naed, then the ahara Iwth Weekly wUl be
a. I ( the rite of the Dally .-
No adrertlsement taken axoept for a rleflnlto period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
, ,. Corner Spring: & Water 8t. J'
W. B. POTTS & 0O.
And Mannfnutnren of Braa ttS OompoaWoB Oaatlngt,
VlnUhed Braa Work of all Deaoription. t
Electro Watiog and Gilding ! !
STENCIL CUTTINC, &C.
t. A. B. SEttKIHS, ;
A , , AND NOTARY PUBLIC..; ,
Oflos Amba Bnlldlng, eppoalt Oapltol Square. '
" . OOlLeTXMIJTTO
Machine Mannfactnring Company
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
. . , , CMtlngi, KUl-aearlng, Xaeklnerj.
!; t ; ' alio, " ' ': ' r .
or itbbt DMOBirnoa. .
" OOLCITIBTJS, OHIO.
0HA8. AMB08, Bup't: - ' f. AOTOB.iTreae.
dealt. UtSB-tf .' - m
Winter Arrangement. Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia
Winter Arrangement. Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia RAILROADS.
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolii!
Through to Indianaoolis without Change of Cere
and bat One Change of Can between
Colombo nd St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
(Dally, Monday excepted .1
NIOHT KXFRBS8, via Dayton, at 8:15 a. ;,top
plni at London, Xenix, Dayton, lliddletown and Hamtl
ton,arrlTlngatClnclnnatlat:JOa. m.iDayton atftt
a. m., IndlanopolU at MM a. m.;tt. Loaiiat 1130
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 a. m.,ttopplnr at all Sta
tion, between Colombo and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
rlTlna at Cincinnati 11:03 a. m., Dayton at 0:13 a. a.,
IndlanopolU af S;2J p. . .
DAT EXPRESS, at S:30 p. m., rtoppln t Atlon,
Jefferaon, London, Charleaton, Cedanrille, Xenla,
Bprln Valley, Corwln. Morrow Deerfleld, foatar'.
loreland. Mlllfordand Plalnyllle, arriTinf at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.l Bt. Louli at 18 m; Dayton at 3-33 p.
n.; IndlanopolU at 10:38 p. m.
Sloonlnsr Car mil NlaUt Tralat t
,. i ( CtUGinnail ana lBdlaal)AI. ;
BAGGAGE CHECKED THKOUGH.
for farther Information and Through Tlokahiapplj to
M. I DOoBltTY,
' ' Ticket fot, Union Depot. Oolnmbna, Ohio,
- .i B.W.WOODWARD,. '
" ' " '' gnperlntendent, OlnolnnaU. 1
,. ,.,. i , JNO. W. DOUeWTI
Bach article a yon ietirt for your HUSBAND
SochasyoaBeaitforyonrWlFI1 J 1 . ' '
Boca areja-ejfcr for your DATJOHMB.
Bach a your BIBTEB will praf yon for.
Bach Mjrear BROTHER camua.
Bach a yoa want for ' THE ONE TOO tOTE BEST.'
Such as WiU b good for th BtlBSED BABT." , u,
fMeh-WaltMakletV' i .ft .i ' - t"
May be found la variety. In my new teok . i . a
WATCHES ;: CHA1WS JEtTELBTi
i, w .; ; PLATED . GOODSe V,w.
nnral aawrtment of .:.n ;;
,t ., , ,Faneyid TJieiul AxtUle. ,:
. ,!": :WM.;BLYWN,'Vt:!.;.':;
' 1 ' Wo. 10 Bwckow) Blook.
December, I860.' , .. - a - y
i, . ., . .1 r. Jut BeeeUMl v- .. j. . t 1
VftA tir.' CH CIHEEII andSIiACK
'lOU'TiiAS 1O0 bag prim Bio Cone, j-' .
1 60 tooket old Doteh Goyenunenl Jara CoBee. '
' baa Ceylon Coffee.' '
1 conbbl. standard Whit Sugar, eotntoHtig of Pow
. dred,Ohru.hed,Oranulated A and B Coffee.
60 qatatala 0rgj Bank Ooden.
EO bbla. aieaa and Mo, 1 Mackerel.
A to. Plok Salmon. , , . . ,
100 bx. UyerBalaln. ' u '
60 hf. box do . do .
lOOqr.boa do do 1
m uAiMH At(rMAt tiMnda ana ffrada. I
M..M. POWERS & BKO
- ' . ' i.M ..,' a, m -.
DtAMCM 111 larOkTIO AND DOklKTlO
... - TOBAOCOr'-1 '
.. - . . UWTTSW.
; 0 t 'i
No. 11 Eait Btat Jitreet, between WfAaa,
th roat-Oino.voinmpni. yum. ,
TTTniTK WIIEATf DBANDEO , :
fro "Bamett Mill," SpringflHd, O.the bt brand or
irioar brought to our maraei. Bniaion iwautiw,
Voraaleonlyat ,,. , WM. McDONAtD'B, ,
1U aouu HH411 .trw.
Ho) idav Presents.
lALino. ner-Aifrrs. TrfPRiwosi
J ClllflTF,S. AMIES SILH-I and all
kind el faahionabl , ,,, -, ' , ,
- " "Winter Dresw Qoodai.'-. 1'.
W are now offering at very low price. ' '"'r
FETEK BAMir, .
dtcfil. Ife, 90 South High street.
THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN IS PRINTED ON. :, ,
' , AT; THE LOW RATE OP; ' 1 '. "' V;1,,;
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR! ;
It ie an old and reliable Demoeratio Journal, and, ai a political paper, ha
No Snpcrlor in Ohio or any other State!
n addition to it political character, it ia a first close newspaper, furnishing it reader with the
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
Ad epitome of the starring event constantly occurring at home and abroad, and choice miscel
laneous elections. It also gives the latest and most reliable
From all the principal marts of Trade and Commerce.
The Easiness , Blan, the Mechanic, ihe Farmer and the Laborer
. Will each find their taste and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of
During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Wuklt Statu
tun will be furnished with a eonoise report of the doinge of each of those bodies.
" During the past year, the circulation of the Wiuir Statewax ha increased very rapidly,
being now more than doable what it was twelve months ago. It is our desire to extend it oir
ealauon, not only in Ohio,
But in all the States and Territories West of TJs!
In proportion as it is diffused among the people, its usefulness will be increased; and we invite
our political and personal mends to aid us in giving to the Wimlt Statesh an
The Largest o Possible Circulation
Among the people. The price of the paper is so low that no Democrat need be without it As
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Wikklt Statbvas, we
,Wdlg,T 1 A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS ,
To the person who will, by4 the. 1st dayof January, 1861, send us the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the
second largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends os
the third largest Club of subscriber as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
ten yearly ubaoribers, with the cash for the aame, we will send a copy of the
Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge!
ETThoee who are willing to compete for the Premiums, 6r solicit subscriber for the States
man, can out this Prospectus out of the paper and attach to it a strip of writing paper, on which
: to record the name of all persona who may become subscribers. -
- MANYPENNY Ac MILLER, .,
. .' . V , I ; 1 ,;: ' PTJBLIBBKB OHIO 8TATXSMAN
FOR ." CLUBS ! I:
I v i i
)N"o. 4: GKvvnne Block.
A. P. STONE & O'HARRA.
ABE NOW RECEIVlIf OXHE1H W in
TER fiOODB, and InTite the poblle to Inepect
then. No mob itoek of Good ha ever been brought to
thl market. Th Booth, In eonaeqnance of the failure
of th grain crop, ha not been able to pnrchaa the na
tal quantity of rich (tode, and this fact baa forced the
Importers to tell tnem at puouo auouon. vur Bijrr
fMr. Htnnel belne in New York at tbeaa lanre aaiea, took
idranta of them, and we can and will aell onr gooda
bare, at lea than any on who parchaeed two week ainc,
paid for them In New York. Our atock 1 complete In
Try department of - r- '" '5 '
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
PRINTED MERINOS, ;
r . PRINTED C0BURG3,
. : DYED COBUGSj
ORLEANS, ; '
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS.
. ALL WOOL DELAINES,
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Hve-Th'ausaM Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day,
At on half tit Cost of Intpoitatlon.
LADIES' FURS, ;v
la all Varletlea ! U10 ceienraiea
. nanafataro ! C. O. One
.' y there & 8n.
Men', ladles and Chlldrl, Under Shirts and Drawer;
Ladle, ktlne and Children' Hoelery of all kind, la
Wool and Lamb's rrooi; rieeinr nun uu uutwoawm
of rrery make.
A complete assortment
of all th usual varis-
IBS v ;..,:-.(,:..,:.:', ' r. ' v '
tADIES CLOTHS, ' ' .
.. v -; ' - ... . TWEEDS,
flannels,' ".1:;:: .-. ; ,.
o J b ,..,-.;:: DRESS TRIMMINGS,
i..::jT t -''t i
ladies andOent'i linen Cambric Hand.
, kerchiefs, &c, &c. . .
w. ..it na. wa nleJir oorword Is
ah them the largeet, beat and ebcapeat atock of Good
erer aeeotatnw anaiaat, or pay uiciu vu. "i r"
hour whll looking.,. . . . .,..
deel-alyxtswitw. , , btuh" hhm.
OiiBKN HII LSHIHTS,
UULDKN HILb brim I S,
- --SOLDHN niLt IHIBTB. '
fVawiiHaal thaaaahlrtaaraw. The Bodla. Yoke,
leer and boaom are formed to Bt th peraon with eaae
ana eenuon. Th mars upow eaon on aeaigDaang uw
als may bt relied on a being oorreet, and oaohehlrt is
.naranteed well mad. A full stoekolsll qualMIe
oonrtantly tor aal at v i ."ffi;
1 j Watches and Jewelry...,
. nan AaaoRTinEIVT'OF WAXOIT
Aa. Clock, jewelry, BIlTenrare, It., kept oonstant
yonbaadal B, BVIRKPATBICK'fl, '
Ho. 185, South High Street, Columbus, 0.
TTT Watches and Jewtlry rapalied.
' IAM0T R8S BILKS,
....... nnH .TT WB
. aiu luwiia atoflk of fancy Bm
illkratrrioea learUian erer before offered in thl city.
.iima nnr .tnck ta Terr saleot and eomplem in all
irade. of gooda In this Uae. - P""
;'r RloeUcal Parpoeea."
DURE ntANBMBi, WIRES, COBDlAiSjAND Bit
I mas, froaa -'flonde Waeebou
MAUSHHK 4t Hi Alt: AW LAGIS MITT
f elegant quallUe for Ladle; alio, Af Ian' Mitts
gt Yrlet BAWS.
Nos. 36, 38 & 40, North High St.
INCREASED P ACUITIES 1
HAVING MOVED INTO MY
BOOK & JOB DEPARTMENT!
WHILE BOTH HAVE BEEN
New Types, Borders, Ornaments, Sic.
IROM THE CELEBRATED FOUNDRY Of
T. WHITE , ft CO., NEW YOKE,
... thus luxnta it the
Most Complete Establishment
IN THE CITY. 1
I am now prepared to Execute all Order for
BOOK AND JOB
And la th Host Approved Bjtyla of th Art
' PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAIS TO'' '
MERCANTILE AND RAILROAD
Sllla at Lading), : ClrcnUra,
asm neaaa, asianaa, aaeeas,
lrar Ticket, ' Hcgiatera,
HOW CARDS & BILLS IN COLORS,
NOTES, - .
, ENVELOPES, '
Illustrated S h o w B i 1 Is,
FOR COtJNTJttT MERCHANTS, ;
Show Bill, Sand Bills, laotla, Coo oar t Pro
grammes, Bcnool ana Couen leaame Bo
Ul Bill of Tare, Invitation, A. .
'! "' 1 11 1 1 1 ' 1 1 . 1 .,, ' 'I
jj- -.'07 EVERY DESCRIPTION '
School and College Catalogue, ' '
i i KueaUansou rampuati, ,
, h ConUtotloM,Beporta, Briefs, ft
Printing In Gold and' Colors
. Printed In Every Color j '
Th ealr Prs f th kind it Central Ohio.
n My facmues for oWnf any and all af the above desert
Hon of work, are bow unurfed, sod satlafaoUoa
b. rntrantoedln all ceeeo. - ..... ; . uuti.ii
. I :
-.!'. ."',17 .-. . . 1 l
. 3 00
. 1 00
rrym. . ,...,.........!....
, Trl Weekly, per 'far
Weakly. pya t
HON. W. C. MOORE, OF WAYNE
SPEECH HON. W. C. MOORE, OF WAYNE COUNTY IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
FEB 26, 1861.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Feb. 26, 1861.
Hon. W. C. MOoif-Iaf ir;Toe onder.
sigued reqdeet for publieatloo py of jonr
remarks o!ierd In the Hoose to-day.
JAMES OAKBLE 6B0R1 BoCONNKIl,
bSNnT .. I.I KlY. JO-N WKStODTI. '
K. UUEOHIKtH. ; . . L wlutlAw PAUR.
; 3. a. Modi HO LIR.
O- W aX0R.Wd.
' M. a. DV iR.
, J. B. KalSl OaiR.
. J. TaYWM
WILLI Jit -nUP
J. K. untSM.
W. B WO'IU.
.o. HUiuea. . '
I. M.f KLLOWS..
A. PEaRuE. '
8. W. 8UAW
- O. F0KK8
REMAKES OF MR MOORE.
bill No 35U, b Mr. 8baw a bill to prevent
glelog aid tu fugitive slaves Mr. Moore said:
Mr , SraaB4nXM bill nuder eoneidoratlon Is
designed to aid In the execution of tbe lugitiv
lave law, and proposes to punish by Imprison
ment In the penitentiary, for a term of not more
than three years nor lata than one year, any
person who kuoaingly shall aid or assist a fugi
tive in escaping from hi master. Although
not entirely satisfied with eome of its provis
ions, yet believing, as I do, that so long as we
consent to live in a confederacy of States nnited
onder a common constitution, that it ia not only
the duty of every citiien to comply with tbe de
mands of that constitution, bat likewise to yield
obodienoe to all enactment oi tbe general gov
ernment for the purpose of carrying ont In good
faith all its provisions, I am willing to vote for
this bill. Were we living onder a different con
stitution, one not recognizing slavery nor guar
anteeing to the citizens of the aiaveholdlog
States their right of property in slave, I should
not support it, for I, in common with my Dent
ooratio brethren of tbe North, am opposed to
slavery, at is demonstrated in our framing and
supporting the free constitutions and laws under
which we live. But tbe elaveholdiog States on
ly consented to a onion under this guarantee,
and now to repudiate it would be a breach of
implied faith, no lea criminal than the holding
of slaves. It was an Institution that existed in
all tbe colonies, and at the adoption of the con
stitution in twelve of th thirteen States. It
was one for which the colonies themselves were
not entirely responsible. It had been forced
upon them by the mother country, and constitu
ted one of the griev ances complained of in the
Declaration of Independence. .
In a confederacy composed of freo and slave
States, it was obvious Ibis kind of property
would not be secure without a positive guarantee,
and the framers of tbe cooetiiutioo, to insure it
for all time, engrafted In that instrument tbe
following clause: "No person held to eervice
or labor in one State, under the laws thereof,
escaping into another, shall, in consequence of
any law or regulation therein, be discharged
Irom such service or labor', bnt shall be deliver
ed upon claim of tbe party to whom such service
or labor may be due.' This clause constituted
one ot tbe compromise of the constitution, and
without it or some similar provision, there
could have been no onion; and as the right of
property In slaves waa tboa on oi the corner
atones in tbe foundation of thl Government, It
is obvioua th whole structure must totter and
fall by Its removal. But as it required a law
the mora perfectly to carry out thla provision
and reduce the principle to practice, during
Washington' administration, in 1793, a law was
passed known as the fugitive slave law of that
date). This law, although net entirely satisfactory
to the whole people, waa nevertheless " lived up
to for over nail a century, auriog wnicn time
tbe States went en together In peace and har
mony, till it was at length ascertained that
eses were growing np under the law, and in
1850 it wa amended.
One of th principal defects in the law of
'93 consisted in the absence of a provision re
quiring tbe master to identify hi slave all
that it demanded waa to offer proof to tbe mag
istrate, either by oral testimony or affidavit,tbat
tbe person seixed owed service or labor to the
Serson claiming him, and tbe certificate of tbe
udge or magiotrat constituted a eofflalent
warrant for removing him to the State from
whence be was alleged to have Bed. ' But the
amended law of 1850 throws additional protec
tion aronnd the fugitive. ' It compels tbe mas
ter to furnish satisfactory proof of his identity.
It not only requires him to establish the fact
that be lost a slave that the slave owed him
service or labor which was due, but also to
prove that the apprehended fngitive is the iden
tical slave that escaped from him, and it is uoi
ontil this further proof 1 satisfactorily eetab
llihed that he can reclaim and take him back
Tboa, wbilo the law of 1850 throws protec
ting agi$ around the freo colored citizen,
abioh the former did not, it at tbe aame time
levies an additional burthen of proof upon th
slaveholder, jet still guaranteeing to bin bis
right under the OJnatltutlon. And new, tb
queation of to-day le, Shall w in Oaio cootiuue
to respect tnose rinutej ana mantle! tnat re
spect by voting for the present bill, or some
other of similar Import that proposes bonestii
to prottot tbemT Were we living in a diDisrent
see, or surrounded oy a oiuertnt O'aa Of citi-
tetiS, I do not know that tberd would bo auj
pressiug necessities lor tbe paeeag ot tbe pre
ent bill. Our ancestors for over half eentury
in peaoe and prosperity faithfully oarrlvd out the
require o, en a of the oid law of 'i)3, and incul
cated the docif loo that it was the duty of every
American oluzen to bow before tn majesty ol
But tb present la a different age, and while
the masses of to people sun venerate tb su
premaoy of law, there is, nevertheless, a class of
discontented spirit wno, blind to toe Deacons
that bave Jit our father onward to their path
ot lorv. and stumbline: over barriers by which
they nave been atajed, wito one foot npon tbe
iawa and th other npon the Constitution, raise
tbeir voice and proclaim a "higher law,'; under
who superior sanction all t-tUutorv enact
ments tnoonslstent with lta eybliin and oracu
lar teachings, ar trampled nuder foot; And nn
derground railroads organised for stealing and
running off deluded alavee, and when effort are
made for tbeir recapture, nave no compunctions
in at once resortioK to tne violence or a mob
It la for the eeoeclal benefit or this class of our
dtixena that I ask for the paeeega of this bill.
Mr. Speaker. It is no fanollul delusion, but
the alarming faot is before os taat there Is
class, a large and toould it respectable elas of
citiieos, not only la kour own commonwealth,
but throughout tb neignDoring mates or tne
north, who have no sympathies olasterlng around
the poor whit man, bat on the contrary, a grow
lng disrelish for all his interests, hi hopes and
bia rewards, and whose minds ar carried away
in the exeroiseof an nnnoonaed pniianthrony
towards th ner.ro Thla false philanthropy baa
its development id the anti slavery sentiment
tbe north, and its fruits bave only been evil and
that continually. It ha trampled tb lawoader
foot, and lone been earryioeon a system of free
bootlna noon the border states. i has denied
the virgin sou ot neignoorug territory wttn
blood end carnage. Jtenactea tne norrid seeoes
at Harper's t erry. it nag aiviaeaoar onurches
and la laboring at this moment to rend asunder
this masniaoent Union, around which cluster
th brightest hopes . and noblest ' aspirations
tb human heart. It na not only stole the ne
rro from bis comfortable heme and thrown him
on coolcty here, where ho awakes in tbe midst
or novertv but to Dod himself a degraded out.
naat. and his faooled freedom a delusion, bat
has alienated the hearts of onr country men, sod
mad th northern preaa to groan with ctimin
atlons and falsehoods ' agaioBt the ' south
and her cherished hmtituiiona.' With dlgnl
fled and solemn assnrance It has entered even
ih aanctnarv of the Hlcheit. and bv Its eon
Umlnatlng touch the banished robe oi Eion'l
watohmrn nave oeep oeniea, ano, . minister
turned belligerent, and commissioned to pro-
claim the sword Instead of neace and rood will
it bat denounced Washington as a .rattor,
tbe Constitution a leagoe with death od hell,
and I now invoking tbe demon of Intestine war,
and calling on tbe raven wing; of otter deaoia-
tion to envelori a country, once tbe pride of
earth, and blot our lair tern Die of freedom for-,
ever from human view. ' Were we to explore
the fountains of intellect, and trace the cause of
this fanaticiem, I believe it will be found to re
solve itself into two propositions, the loaveeand
fi-bei, and a btl ef in tbe perfect equality of
tbe negro with that ot the Aoglo-SiS ju raoc
roe more completely to settle audouiDui the
latter proposition, a uew pUi.k had to be ludoc-
triuaird into the Chicago platform. Tbe fa
natics of the North have long been struggling
in tbi direction. Abolition leotuiers bave har
angued tbe people and flooded tbe couuiry with
Cuide of document npuO this subject Cuu.ri
bUtL.us liavw beeo levied upon tb press, jtbe
pulpit and tbe stage tboee oil Uty molder of
pubdo opiuion, and each hare vied witb the
other In lavishing epon tbe negro tbeir highest
eulogies. Poetry, el. qut-uce and music nve
eioh in turn admiuis eied t bis praise, and as if
uot oooteot with the hcxinua of a eiugla uoo?
tineut, cjntributions bad to be levied oo forelen
shares, and bogland responded through Deri
highness the Duohess of Sutherland, wblle
Mr. Harriet Keecber Htowe Immortalised hie
memory, and consecrated it through all oomini
time, by aaktog-hiai her hero, wnom the di
vested ol all tbe vices and supeifluities of life.
aod endowed him with all tbe sublime virtues
that ean dignify bnmanity, and assimilate it to
its maker. Tbua baa a sickly sentimentality
been engendered in tbe mind of a poitloo of
tbe American people, with a disposition to bow
down to tbeir ebony idol of the Southern cotton
field, with tbe txolamation, Tboo art tbe God of
onr souls, blest idoaltry!
A trne knowledge ot the history of tbe Af
lican negro in his native wilds coold never war
rant snob adulations of praise j for, although
he haa lived in tbe same bountiful country for
over thirty centuries, he has not advanced be
yond the condition of that in which be probably
commenced his intellectual career. His mind,
like the land of bis nativity, has been a barren
waste, where fiends and tempests bowl. His
genius haa ever been an idle guest, and brouebt
back no trophies from the ocean, earth or tkiee-;
no tablet or bronze, nor obelisks ot granite,
record his deeds. Deetitnte alike of both priest
and temple, and ever roamiog amid those sub
lime solitudes of nature, with superstition like
an incubus brooding over bis terrified imagina
tion, we louod mm the helpless victim or tbe
elements, scorching amid the burning Bands and
desert wastes, and, a little over two centuries
ago, we took him from where be lay, an unpro
tected and timid stranger, and brought blot In
contact with civilization and refinement, thereby
assimilating him to a higher and more exalted
destiny. We gave him a Christian Sabbath, a
holy religion, yea more, we christianized and
colonized a half milliou of the race, returning
them to tbeir native lat.d. In view of all tbe
efforts of the past, who would lay that tbe Af
rican' sojourn among os ha not rather prov
ed a bleaiins than a curse to him, or that
would now willingly blot out tbia progress and
return him to his original condition? .
' Although it is notorious that the negro has
not added a single trophy to the brow of
fame, nor shed a solitary ray to light man's
dreary path, Vet my friend from Like, the giber
day, grew more than nsuatly eloquent In aarrd.
ting tbe great exploits of his African brother; and
it it is really true, aa tne gentleman avers, that
the negro built tbe city of Nineveh, raised tbe
pyramid of Egypt, and originated the art and
sciences, and handed them down successively,
first to the Greeks and afterward to the Ro
mans, these are atrlking events in the faded
volume of the past in whioh th world has long
been in darkness and in error, aad we should
indeed feel truly grateful to my friend for
baptizing oi witb a new flood of light. I do
not entertain tbe exalted opinion of the African
race ' that tbe gentleman from Lake doe.
unlike blm, 1 am unwilling to acknowledge
tbe negro my equal. I believe in diversity In
tbe humane race. I believe that the noble Anglo-Saxon
stande at tbe bead, wilb a more ex
alted genius; and a susceptibility of a greater
degree of mora) and Intellectual development,
than that of any other onder Heaven. And to
ask him to compromise these powers and come
down on a level with tbe negro, would be to
Commit a fraud against the sovereignty of In
tellect, and to cast an insult npon the dignity of
hi species. 'Twould be to defile tbe puri
ty -of our home, our hopes for posterity.
and all for whioh heroes perished and patri
ots bled; to Insult th mighty dead, and tarnish
the lustre of those glorioua names and glorious
deeds that will blaze down the hillside of ages
aa they stand recorded on the shining tablets of
enduring fame. Were a proof needed to attest
tbe enperloiity of the Anglo-Saxon race, we
bave it too plain to be mtsuudersto d in bis briei
but Impressive history upon our own continent.
Go back bat two and a balf centuries, and bo
hold a little band ol pious pilgrims, though per
svoution exiled from their nativ homo, trusting
their destinies to the tempestuous billows of tbe
main, and alter having braved the dangers ol
an unknown deep, landing In mid winter npon a
barren rock, -surrounded bv a solitary wilder
ness, unbroken exoept iby the fierce bol:ng;of
wild beasts, or the Seroer yell of a: merciless
savage, and there amid tnat eceue or eoiitode
and desolation, they planted tbe germs ol lb is
free and ooblo republic, that by oivil cuuquest
ba arisen and taken its mighty aud mjntio
maioh along tbe great hlgoways of freedom,
prosperlci aud glory. -; ' " n
8uca, Mr Speaker, wa the origin of the re
puolio that boaiuof having the no lecadietin
gui.bed pereooage tbaa init of thetaimuri.l
Washing-ion tor It aire, and of wbieo yon
aod I, aud all of us, ebuuld feel truly grateful
for tbe privilege we this day enjoy, ul being
balled among lta truly devoted, itefieeand proa
oeroua eons. i
.... ... .....
woo tnat nas watcnea mo onward career oi
thla Republio, within the lapse or two and a
balf oenturies treoalorating a solitary wilder
ness into a fruitful garden, swelling its popula
tion from one hundred and one individuals to
over thirty milliooe of free and prosperous peo-
nle. stretching it domain from tbe great cb in
of Lake on ihe North to th Oulf of Mexico
on tb South, ai.oN expanding ontil lis eaauirn
and western border are washed by two of tbe
mightiest oeeana oath global whose grana
ries are amply capacious to feed earth's famlsn
lag millions, and alter th repast turn around
and olotb them) : whose ships of eommeice
whiten, every sea. and witb agriculture and
manufactories all in the highest state of pros
neritv. that is not compelled to admit the suoe-
r onty of the Anglo Saxon raoe? Tnat the unex
ampled prosperity oi tnia repuono is not alone
attributable to tbe fertility of lta soil, the
richness and variety of Jt productions, the
aerenl y of it sky. or its situation in tbe
north temperate soue. thereby enfoying every
variety ot olimate, ie demonstrated by tbe faot
that all these spienaia attrioates or weaitn ano
nrosoerity lay unfolded to the unmeaning ease
of the aborigine for centnrlea unappreciated
and nnimproved, and who, instead ot develop.
log thee rich resouroea,went about eladlrithtir
mantle or same, ana iiko ine 'negro in tne jua
glee of Africa, carried on a 'ayeteea of preda
tory ana extermination wariare now oontena-
log with tbe wild denizens of the forests, now
fishing la tb pearly streams, and now in aim-
Die devotion bending their knee, to the setting
Sue, till the period when the inventive genius
and the Indomitable energy or tbe Auglo eaxon
were destined to develop these rich' resource,
and enfold those argosies of wealth and aeospei;
ltv for tbe benefit ot earth's teeming millions
Jo blearer demonstration, not only of the per-
nGHOB auu Duritv v& uur vitii inniiabwm, uu.
no nobler or oof of the exalted rrenlus and aupe
rior Intellectual development of the Anglo Sax
on rao oao well be presented to an .intelligent
universe, than that of tbe mighty tranaiorae
tlon. his slant band and more giant intellect
have brought oponthe face of tb is continent sine
ha first Bat his foot upon it snore. From that
Illustrious period till tbe present, bave the great
springtides of hie science and his civilization
advanoed with an irresistible euergyi Freight
ad with the moral a wall U tb nhysloal inter
cats f Our ipeci, they have even rolled O0-
' nrivii S.vii:A V'..i-'.'cc'r.'iv..5iit
ward tnooe parallel oonrse, disclosing to man
new sources of baoDines,Drolding him with new
instrument oi power, ana iniioaucins; mm into
mew ana nitnertounexpioiea neiusoiu euetraai,
mwaland physical enjoyment, till now, ia the
middle of tb nineteenth century, behold! we
travel by steam I we con vera Dy ugntniogi a
century is no longer a hundred years, but a
hundred year of former norcreee uow H crowd.
led in the lapse of teo years of time. 8a sim-
plifled are ail tbe various processes by which
human wants are supplied, that tbe task of toil
that bare boreeo heavily upon our ancestors bave
become 'tUxed, and u, instead 0' a wane of
timr, large portioua are thrown unemployed up
Ou but bands ; .,, .
Hviwhail we make use of lit 8tiall we speod
ihe lor. tut our faculties in originating Scheme
Ot universal beoovulvtive, and to grabfly n uu
natural sympathy lor the slave, uiusnu treaaoo
against buman hope, in aaonfiuitg tbeblgh
de.tinies ot ibeAuglo 8.iuu raco upon thl
cjotluini? 8natl we turn mooonumao on ae
count of slavery, and lower our.elve to an
eqmliy wuh lot-negro, and, lu cuoipany with
him, oomnifnce from that moment o measure
baik oui step to savage aod brutal life! I
' Never before lived there any .people enjoying
ooob birth-rigbta, such an unbounded boriaoo of
greatueae and fclury a-i that which uow preattoi
itelf before ibe turaptured Vision of every en
lightened American oitizen. - should tbla great
Auglo S xj. family of families tail oat by the
way f bboold this great nation of nation, tbia
hallowed and august onion ol so many s,rer
elgn and independent States, of one political
faith, of one rich and noble eeltotio lan
guage, . and of one divinely true ' and
supremely grand religion, be sacylfioed at the
oemon abriue or any sectional idol 7 Then, In
deed, would tbe measure of our disgrace be com
plete; our folly, our fall would be an eternal
shame, an everlasting reproach, tbe greatest
calamity that time could record, involving in it
details all the terrific borrora that demons can
plan, and wicked and fallen man execute Cha
os would then mount tbe car ot discord; our
ears would be saluted with the dresd clarion of
death, our eye behold tbe melancholy spectacle
of LIBERTY expiring amid the smoking
ruins of her once fair citadel, and Washington's
fair Temple of Freedom vailed forever from
buman view. It cannot be. It must not be.
Beset aa the world ia with natural and moral
evils, though virtue, patriotism and piety be
bleeding at every pore, though tbe sweet In
fluence of tbe Heavens be - turned to bit
terness.and aome of the stars of onr glori
ous oonstellatlon bo pulled down from their
high abodes, and wild fanaticism be breathing
mildew and pestilence ever tbe pale face of
tbe astonlabed nation, yet bright hopes are
entertained that in the appointed time REA
SON, true to tbe natural impulse of bar
heaven-born aud inextinguishable oature, will
at length return, bringing with her the bloom
of Eden, the exiled stars and an uorent banner
For three quarters of a century baa the mighty
fabrio erected by our patriotio aires, loomed bp
like a splendid bieoon amid the solitudes of
time, rendering: Columbia the light house of
nations, in whose citadel earth's pilgrims bave
in peace reposed, and her exile dropped tbeir
conns. lint the struotnre is not yet complete.
Let no rode hand now prematurely seek to
place the capstone on oar dome of liberty, nor
limit lis fair goddess in the freedom of her
range. The rays of living light aud lus
tre,atreaming from Columbia's banner .were des
tined to thine on, and on, ever irradiating the
executive, the judicial and the legislative mind,
ever guarding tbe poor man's heritage, and
staying the strong man's arm; ever enlighten
lag, -in tbeir transit, the Northern. freeman and
tbe southern alave; ever inspiring Columbia's
sons with a single wish, and a slngie will, and
gullding the land of a Washington's bequest,
till they Infuse a thrill oi his own cleotrle life
in every American heart.; r
Then, and not till then, let the capstone be
brought forth with shoutings, and raised high
upon tbe towering dome of freedom. Then, and
not till then, may the wild eagle be loosed from
Colombia's banner and permitted to escape to
bis native monntain, no longer to bathe his beak
in blood, and amid tboee glorious stripes and
stars, . :. :.. .i. . j. ..
Wila the tendrllaof olivet, -A
. In her parland of beauty
, Ihe dor be enshrined. '
Hallowed mblem of peace
. Forv to ware
"O'er th land ot the free
' ' And th home of the brave.'1
HOWARD & GO'S.
I AflljSJ A M B3 OVU m MM IllUlt
a or sr at rare anrara - mo ' la ra ( tm erta arw w w ante
ana euuntae our mw mat oi , .....'
manufactured by E. HOWARD a CO . Boetoa. Has.
Them Waiehe are far aapeilur to anything ertr offered
10 me paouo. nerawiorr. uaviuir ui exoiuaiT agency,
lean sell theai at prieee to auit Ihe time. Z bate oat
received a iarg tooa 01 . .. , . ,
. . AMERICAN WATCHES,
manufactured by APPLE rOH, TRACY, a CO ; alto, a
flntanortaientof ., . ,, .... ,-.
ENGLIall AND SWISS WATCHES, ,
.. : in Cold ar. A Silver Cases, at Panla prise. :
JaaJS , :i, W.J SaVAOB.
W ttnlevale and Krtall Stealer tm - j
TOBAU 0, SNUFF & CIGARS,
No. 23 Fifth Street,
PIT S BUR OH TP a. 1
Kei nnatantiy an hand all the ra-
.- v riett pnanv -.; i
Oct. w lid '- " - ' '
S. DOYLE & CO.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers n , 1
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Southeast Corner of High and Gay Ste., , '
: ' . JSVO. GO, . - k
COLTJiriBlIS,... ....... w....w.....,..OUIO.
"A larg Itoek of rbx aad Staple flood an hand."
?31-dtf . i .1 . ;.?,.! i...r" " ... ;. i.-
Irish, LiQen .Goods. ',
Linen Bblrt Bus ms P ain and Taney
- Bhlrtingand Boaom Linaua. - , , - . i V ;
Llusn dheetlng tnd Pillow Oaelng. I
- ' ; Linen Cambrics and Long Lawns..
!,-,,. .. Linen Pocket.baadk'fa, all elsss.
- Linen Towtlllng and Dlapara
i lloeo Napkin and DVyiiaa. c.
Linen Tabl Cloth and Batln Damask. ' , j
Linen Towel with colored border,' " ' M J
Linen BralrOoraring and Craah, '
V or sale at low prices. ;
t ' Ne. M South High itreet.
nam m eon.
' ladies' linen PocaUit-Haadtls.' I
J.J. kerchief, vtry w do heme.
Embroidered Linen Uandk's hU price.
Hemmed Btltched and plain do, do.
do do colored burden. : f
MonmlDg do ... .black bonier
f ' Pine Atinledo : ' ttewmiterae., . i; -:. '1
MiiiaJ Vlala and Hammed Btltrhed da all nrloea..
Oomprlslng the most select asaortraent In the city and
at loweet nrices. , r B.ttf a BjN,
lenses no. xr eouia uigu Dtrrw.i
'," -r "nijjiijB' at&riLBfs;' ' 1
(Late of Phaloa'a EstabUsboant, N. f .,) Popriftoro
, th Nw York Fashlonahis Bharlng, Hair Ontttng
' Bbampooning, Curling and Dressing aalooa, last Stale
i be wivea In all the rarioe brsnchee. Ladle and
stiewt. orer tn roat umo vnt u,.ji..
Children's Hair Dreming don In the best style. ,
: . 8
4 2 j5
I s .'5,.
" 0 ;
lTW INVlf ayt'KMllOM luMuutahai
iraoraui.ry . area by mf . ... ..rrir,
PEOrOlUL' SYRtrP. '
. V-' t j j
Tbey are at hme ao4 Any ene Who ha doubt eaa In
quire ot th peraon who hare been eered by at
. - , ( ' .' .- I ; !
ta: KBYntfl IB PTtvpAREV AT IT TTME To
EXAUINB LCNOJ wr'HoUT OBAHOB, fUK Al
THBi WHO N(D UI MW01IEa. "
ATTEND TO YOUR COLD -r eaa of fire years
tandlng ouredby DR. KZtattt'i PEuIORiX. STIiDP.
Ptrrartraea. Jan. H. IPOO.
Da. Ktvjva: My wife ha Been afflicted with a bad
emth and diffoolty of brralhlne, tut Bv or ui yeara,
which, for evral year back, had gradaally InenaMdla
violence. Ihe eonplaUit ha been heredliary, and ah
had been treated by Mvatai phyaarlaa wuheot any re
lief. In this state of her eaae, I proeared om of your
Pectoral Cough Syrup. I bought, th Brat time, a fifty
cent noiiie, wntcn relieve aer very nucn 1 1 then eaiwd
a. a got a aoitar bottle, which eered her Dtlrly, aad
ah baa now no trace of th former diaraae, except waa
nes. I would also atat that I need Uw medicine ar
elf toaeoldandecogh. The medicine eared me by tak
log on eoa I expree my en tin aatl-fa Uen with th
medicine, and yoa ar at liberqr to publish thl a yea
desire to do to. WM W1LBON.
Alderman fifth Ward
' FrrTsavaoa, Nov. 18, 1858.
Da. KarstJi: Although not an ad.oe.ra nf Pi.nl
tfedlcloaa. In general. It affords m plesur Indeaeriba
ble to reeommeod your Peotoral Byrnp. Aa a SMdlclna
it is will worthy th attention of any parson ho may ia
any aannr be afflicted with eoayba.ooLi, and boaraene -of
an, hind, and for th peculiar qualification for re
moving all that diaag neabi sensation attending a a
I bare been, mors r It, in my life. ajreo(d with Ihe
severest of colds and boaraeneaa. - At times ay threat
would beoome aocl. aed as to prevent mr SDcakina above
a whlaper. and by taking a few deae at the abov By rap
i. wo.iu niitn aie eniiiviy. -fa
recommending thla medioln. I tahst anheeltatmrl
ssy that it I th bnt remedy I erer found, purporting to
cur th above, nor should any family be without this
remedy loraieeases ao preraieot.
, lours, most respectfully,
EDWARD J. JONES.
Cashier Citizens' Deposit Bank.
Brtuaiivuja,0., March 14, IW9 '
I bave used Dr. Kevser's Conch Bvrun for a hul enn.h
of several years standing, and can cheerfully say It I
tne neat medicine ror tne same that I save ever taken .
COt. PRATT AND DR. KEYSIR'B PECTORAL
BYKUP.Dk. Karaca Dear Sir: Exouae the delav of
my acanowieagisg ineezceuenc or your rectorai Oough
gi.g uic excellence oi your rectorai uougn
(take great pleasure ta saying that It I
a. It tnocktd t noitt out 0 my eovgk
on I was erer afflicted ulih: I Eat not
eymp eooner. i
all you KT It 1.
aod the worat on :
aei mora than one-half of tha bottl. and t ao and do
wun tnat an wno ar auuetea would give lta fair a trial
a I hav done, and they will be proad to My, "It le no
quaes meoKine." i wouia not auner another auota an
attack for any consideration, or at any cost. I am con
fident I can breathe mora freely than 1 ev-r did I shall
alwaya acknowledge a debt of gratlude for inran ting ao
excellent a remedy. You are at liberty to uae my name
ia this regard, a yoa think proper 1. 1. fiUTT,
AUseenger Common Council, Pittsburgh. Pa.
PltUbBrgh,May 11, 1B5V. , . . i
N. B I am no atranger to my fellow-ctUsen, and
who entertain doubt can consult me personally.
, B. I. P. ,
Prrraacaaa, April St. 1857. '
READ TBE TRUTH. Da. Knot: I hare a daugh
ter who ba taken aevaral medklaa for a ba oough,
without benefit among them Ayer'i Cherry Psetoial.
I parehaaed from yew a bottle of your PEOIOavAL
STROP, and before ah had need half a bottle h wa
relieved. Th econd bolll curad her entirely of ber
oough. JOHN DaKUf,
Roblnaon (tract, Allegheny.
Prrraaemea, Deeembtr, 91, 1RS3.
A GREAT CURE BY DM, KEYSJCR'B tKCTORAt
8YKDP. I Urate Peeblee towaahfp, Allegheny county.
I bad a eouehini and aolttln. which HuiiMd uui
th 4th of f ebruary last, and oon tinned eight months. I
m ployed ihe beat phyaloiaa In tb oountryi, aad ay
oough continued anabatsd until early in October. At
tnat ume I wa aariaca to try your rBUTOBAL COUOH
B If RU P. which I did, and after I bad taken ona bottle I
wa entirely free from th coughing and spitting. I had
despaired of erer getting well, and I think Itahould ba
known that thla valuable remedy will do for others what
it haa done in my case. JOHN 0. LITTLE,
Wltne B. M. Kama. Peebles townblp.
Pattou Sr., April 14, 1857.
A WONDERFUL CURB. Some tun ago, aa old
neighbor of mine waa very ill with a bad eough which
every one supposed to beoonanmptlon. Hi re ia tires
told m that he had taken rry remedy they beard of
without benefit; hi brother cam to tee hm die. and all
war confirmed la the belief that beeould not Mr, r
had aboa Uw third of a bottle of year Pectoral By rup, .
whloh 1 gave bla. and it ant rely eared him. to the aaton
lihment uf alt What makes tbe eaae avr remarkable.
Is the -xtrameag of the maa.be being abuuteinkiy yean
old. I bar n doubt th Pectoral savee) bm lit
SR. KEYBES'a PECTORAL' BYRUP hf- ZtATBS-
TILLB Pleaee send m another supply of your rate
able " Pectoral eyrnf." Aimeat r.rbod mrutmi a
baa the cold and an Inquiring for-Dr Keyeerw Peetmul
,rup.". We baveeoldalxueo bottlea at week.and an
now entirely out. Ur. a. Alter and Mr. P. Haher. both
of Blalrsri le. Pa , tell us they would not be without it
Id their families. In fact, til who Bee It oooe want It
again.: Your, leepeotfully.
J. S. WAITXltrJON k BORB
Januaiy 30, 1880.
ANOTHBR NEW CE KTI s fC ATE DR. SETBa'
PEO ItlRAl, V KCf I b.d he., wsuhkrd wiia aeuueh
and oold l r Mitnl k.-wi ha wa It that 1 vaM not
Slrrp. I had ine adrio and praerltlo. Iran U.rtr of
the DvatMnveieiaupin theciiy wbi,ii, I euid name bur do
not duso. I tuaily piocured aoottleof your Pectoral
Syrup, which (and aw ilireb.. ::. eland.
. . J. W.8IM0JITON
. 83t Liberty streeu, Pittsburgh. Pa . Jn 0. IfOO.
'8T0P THATCOUOHIMi.". -'flowcanldo itV "Oo
to Keyeei'aon Wood s n-ei sudgrta b t tie of hl.OcUyh
Prctuial.Dd tf that dno'i car . your ear eus be
deapm ludeed." this la aapecimea of Ole eulluqay
one bean almost very day iaevld eatehl g. pvrkoae of
tb year. And we can. from ac ual experiment, ci.eer
tally concur in the adTlterB admunluoir-aa abre, ior we
bar tried ihe "rSoti-ral." In wmoat muiibvm.- m. with
eatire enooess Bar two waakaaga tl la Piuabargh,
wi-a oo. oi w. mo.iuiwiva.ina, o4iirar, muiiaa, ss
subduabi eouxhs w. erer exi-enei.owl since our a .rnt
up,a tnls muudaue sphere 1 We ooaaboi strndlly and
lab .rioaaly foe eoe whew week la bup ol Urine U tmt,
but tt waa an g (a faot H terser tads a bar ba
prvred by praiUo-.and to bava aoquirtd aueogth.poian
c and dUitrtfibttUy by Uwupehnl.ia In this stage of
the meg, wa oou jnd our way to Keyset's, 140 Wood Bt.
pneurada Sfty cant bottle f tb PeetoiaJl leak it
aoeordt g to dlraotloas, and la fony -eight iwurr wa war
of th field, th enemy harhig a. o odlttonally
surrendered, after a brief but unequal eobflict with
fomMebl an adrersary a BVyeer'e fsmua Coagh
PecUral." rovmilU Ciipptr, Dto. Id, 1839. u . .
.1vi.it ... . . iJt " 'I r. .-.! f .
DR. KKYSBR'B PEOTORAL BYRUP le praparad and
old hy Dr 6B0U0 H. JUtYBBB, 140
Bold In Oolnmbns by ROBERTS BAJTUIL.
rpOOTITACHE REIflEafT, '
: X. .1- '' ' J 1;- . '-'M
A 8UUK CU&K.
Prepared and soldhjt
... V -nil
'.) 1 '.ta 5ila."
i , Dt, 0E0. H. KBTBER,
Price, Ba essr).- - - - 140 Weed si., Pittsburgh, Pa,
.1 V .,1 . , ::i ;.' I, . ... J J ; ....... ..
VOT Bold In Coluabu by ROBERTS A BAMUIl
ocMStawdlim. .,, , , ., , , ...j ,
.v- . )
; JOHN HaSTEKLEY;
,..:: will attend to the J
' ' iosiiso akd LMTBraiiTnra,
BOL3 JlIT, TOrd.i "011
i S ,1. J 1' .lt.1 . rl . .'1 -
i ' Alt order kit at lb Ofllee of tha Satttmon will be
promptly ettea to.
: v ,ii i V . :,
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