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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, March 04, 1861, Image 3

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MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 4, 1861.
LOCAL MATTERS.
The Adams Expres Company places ui dally
under obligation to it forth very latest papen
from toe eastern cities.
The Ainctlcau ' Express Company hu our
thanks for Us dally favors in the shape of the
very latent eastern papers.
0"The Inaugural Address of President Lin
own will be found under our telegraphlo head;
We hare no time or space for oomment. Every
one willfcf course, read the document.
an f
Tus Duck Cacic Oil Region. A corres'
Dondunt of the Erin. Pa.. Gazette elves a des
cription of the Duck Creelc Oil Region In Noble
county, Ohio. ,Heeays:
'. Caldwell, the capital of Noble county, may at
present be considered the bead of tbe oil region,
and from thence down tho west fork or uacK
Creek 20 miles to Salem, where the west joins
the east fork of Duck Creek and makes the
main stream, oil. Is abundantly found. The
beat tented spot on the wtiole creek is about IS
miles below Caldwell, and known as tne"Kiiey
farm." : Hundreds of wells are being bored on
and In the Immediate vicinity of Mr. Riley's
farm . The three best wells yet discovered on
the whole creek are the "Duttoo well," "Mo
Kee well," and the "Smith well." The two
first wells are using' engines, and have been
very successful the , "Duttton" yielded from
30 to 140 bbls. per day; the "MoKee" from 25
to SO per day, aud the Smith well Is considered
the bast having no engine yet, and the pro
priotors having repeatedly pumped with a
wooden band pump from 40 to 60 bbls. of oil, at
the rate of a barrel In 5 or 8 minutes. For nve
miles above and one milebelow the Rllev farm,
It Is almost a village ol shanties, derrick and
oilerie. ' I would suppose that in this distance
of 6 miles there are 1000 wells in process of con
struction. Marietta, on the Ohio, 19 miles a
bove Patkereburgh, is the outlet of the Duck
Creek oil region, the same as Patkereburgh is
of the Kanawha. 1
Tax Militart Tableaux. The State Fend
bles havo, at the earnest request of many
friends, consented to exhibit their Grand Mill
tary Tableaux at their Armory, on this (Mon
day) evening, Additional novelties will be
Introduced, as will be seen by reference to the
Programme advertised In another column. By
imply looking at theae vivid representations of
. great historical scenes and ovents, the mind will
become more deeply and permanently Impressed
than it could be by the most striking oral or
written descriptions. The Fcnclblea deserve
both credit and a liberal patronage for their en
terprise la producing these fine Tableaux. ',.
. . ' m
Abbivalj at thc O. P. The following con
victs arrived at the Ohio Penitontiary, on Fri
day and " Saturday, the 1st and 21 Inst., from
the several counties named:
Lorain County Thomas Catl. for perjury, 4
years; Theodore Newton,prand larceny ,3 years;
William Young, perjury, a years; John Lyons,
perjury, 4 years.
Portage .County John Purvine, bnrnirg a
bay stack, S years. '
Champaign County James Monroe, burglary,
3 years . .. " '.'. :''.. . .
Lawrence County Win. Bell, paseine; coun
terfeit: coin, 3 years; Antbony II. Crawford,
murdtr in tbo second degree, 3 years.
'.'-
EcLtoTic Advice to Doctors. The follow
ing is the advice of ex-Mayor Tiemann of New
York, ia an address to the graduating class of
a Uonoeopathie College. It may raise a ghast
ly amiic on, the grim, visage of old fogies; but
young progressives will nail it as a sign that
new light la breaking on a benighted world:
Yon go forth ai healers of the people, and re
member, gentlemen, your office Is to cure the
sick. You need not stick alone to homoeopathy;
if that will not cure, try alopatby. If alopatny
fails.try hydropathy, and if you are not then suo-
eesefal, adopt spiritualism, or any other curalve
means t bat msy be ftp nana. . .
. focKD. Tn body of Mrs. Tri.Ee, whose
sudden and uuacoountable disappearance frcm
Fremont caused great excitement some months
sines, was'' found on Tuesday, the 26th ult., by
her hOabaEd. In the Sandusky river. . In passing
over a pieeo of Ice, he discovered a human head
adhering to the under side, by long, flowing
hair It proved to be the body of bis unfortu
nate wile. - , .
Dued. Oa Sunday night, tbe 3d lost., Sabah
A Kclkbu, aged twenty-one years, at tbe resi
dence of her father, B Glovir, one mile and a
half south of this city, at which place her fu
ueral will take place at two o'clock to-morrow
(Tuesday) afternoon. Tbe friends and acquain
tances of the deceased and of her father's family
are respectfully invited to attend.
ETThe Democratic Wnlehman, publishod at
Van Wert, bas changed hands. It hat passed
from the oontrol of E, B. Piwtv to that of C.
Robibts, who is the present Editor and propri
etor.' We with It success under tbe new regime,
and hope the Democracy of Van Wert will not
be backward is giving it a hearty and united
npport.; ' - ' v,V;; .
: InroBTAHT to Michanios- It 1 just at impor
tant that you have a bottle of Guernsey 't Balm
poo Jour work bench, or tome other conven
ient place at it it to bave an oil can, or any oth
er necosmry artiolei.' If; you get wounded, use
tfc-Ba!m. i '' ;
- Notice The regujar monthly meeting oi the
Biardof Manager fdr the Orphan's Home will
bebeldat tbe Home on Tuesday, March 6ih
at 3 P. A fall attendance is requeated.
Mat. S. A.Fiix, Seo'y
i - .
Codbt op Common Pleas. Tbe Jury in tbe
eate of Moaaitx v. Gloves and othert bave ren
dered a verdlot auttalning the will. Tbe
plaintiff hat filed a motion for a new or third
trial.. f ".
Bjvs in Chicago are telling three cent
noataza atamot at one cent each. . AH, efforts
to ferret out the matter bave at yet proved an
availing." ... n '..,'
rr 'Forty-seven marriage licenses were
liiued'tn Hamilton county 'last week. Besides
thgwj'ttere were two marriage under banns.
ETA email dally paper called "Tht Work
iagmatb'' has just been started In Cincinnati,
be published until after the' city election,
Interesting. If housekeepers really under
stood -the great difference that exists between
Different 'brands of Saleratus.at to quality,
nuzUv. and oouHeauont reliability and healthful-
nets, tbey would Dot long be without the
that la manufactured.: Da Land It Co.' Sale
ritn costs vou no more than any of the Inferior
article which are in market. He 1m using
sew Drooeas of refining Saleratot, by whiob
impurities are removed. This process ia In
at no other establishment In this country. Th
quality ot the 8aleratut produced by tblt pro
ceia ia verv aunerior. and It i fast becoming
popular with intelligent housewives. De
& Co.' Saleratua is for sale by most grocers
etarekeepert. Manufactured and for tale
tholesale, at t airport, Monroe county,
.York; .The prtnoipal grocer also wholesale
O Sea advertisement of Prof.
Kalr Inrlgorator In another column.
Miller'
tr
Norn' New Btitm of Cottwo Garments
Thli Invention, by meant of varied Uses up
on charts or outs, 1 adapted to cutting ladles
dresses, t uques, children's dresses, boys' ooats,
pant and shirts, and In faot, to all kinds of
garments. It Is to simple that even a child can
learn to use it In a few minutes, and so accurate
that any garment may be made to fit with neat'
neaa and dennatch. This la said UDOU actual
examination and trial. The charts for cutting
garment . by this system may be obtained of
Mr. and Miss Nhdlis, at the American Hotel
LOCAL MATTERS. Rail Road Time Table.
Lmxt Mum fc OcLcasni Xrau B. It.
Leaves.
Accommodation. 8.10 A. M.
No. SKI if.SOP.M.
Night Express 8.45 A.M.
Arrives,
9.15 P. M
J3UP.M
2.45 A. M
OUVILAXD, COLOMIUS fc ClUOlMMATl R. B.
Expren and Mall 3.00 P.M. v
Night Kxpru 3;25 A. M.
1.40 P. M
I: JO A. M
CbhtbalOiiio B, R.
Express Train 3.00 M
Mall train 2.40 S. M.
8 30 A. M,
It stop. u.
PrmacaeH, Coujaant fc Cixoimun B. K
IxpressTralo 3:00 A.M.
Mall Train 8.40 P. B.
9.30 P. M
S.iiO P. M
Ooumaoe fc Ikduhafolii B. B.
Columbus, I1 1 qua fc Indian R. K.J
Bxpreet Trtln 6:10 A.M.
Express Train 11:45 P.M.
11:10 A. M,
8:10P.M.
TELEGRAPHIC!
REPORTED FOR THE STATESMAN.
Special Message of President Buchanan.
Washington, March 2. The President sent
message to the House, in complisnoe with a
resolution heretofore adopted, as to the reasons
which induced him to assemble so large a num-
per or troops in wasmngton.
He submits that the force is not so lares as
the resolution pre-supposed, Its total amount
belDg 653, exclusive of the marines, who, of
course, are at the Navy Yard as their appropri
ate station.
These troops were ordered here to aot as a
pott eommitatui, in strict accordance to the
oivil authorities, for the purpose of preserving
peace ana oraer in wasmngton, tnouia misbe
come necessary, betore or at the inauguration
of the President elect.
What was tho duty of the President at the
time that the troops were ordered to the city?
Ought he to have waited, before this precau
tionary measure wa adopted, until be could
obtain proof that a secret conspiracy existed to
seize the Capital? in the language or these
lect eommittee this was in a time ot high excite
ment, consequent upon revolutionary events
transpiring ail around us. The very air was
filled with rumors, and individuals with the
most extraordinary fears and threats. Under
these elroumstanccs, which the President says
he need not detail, as they appear in the testi
mony of the select oommlttee, be was convinced
that he ought to aot for the safety of the im
mense amount of public property in this city,
and the archives of Government, in which all
the States, and especially the new States, in
which the public lands are situated, have a
deep Interest. The peace and order of the city
itaeir, ana the seourity ot the President elect,
were objects of inch vast importance to the
whole country, that I could not hesitate to adopt
precautionary and defensive measures.
At the present moment, when all is quiet, it
is difficult to realize the state of alarm which
prevailed when the troops were first ordered to
this city. This almost instantly subsided after
be arrival ot toe first company, and a feeling
of comparative peace and security bas since ex
isted, both in Washington and throughout the
country.
Had 1 refused to adopt this precautionary
measure, and evil consequences, which many
good men at that time apprehended, bad follow
ed, 1 should never nave lorgiven myself.
JAMES BUCHANAN.
From Washington.
Wabhinotom. March 3. Minister Dallas, in
communloatlng to tbe President information
relative to tbe proceedings betore tne Lord iniet
Justice, in the Anderson cue, says: The amount
of legal acumen and astuteness brought to bear
in support of the British interpretation of the
nun article or tne extradition Treaty is aaton
iahing. The matter goes to the new Adminis
tration. A new convention will probably be the
result, for mutual nnderstanding of tbe act In
question.
[Herald's Correspondence.]
to
beat
a
all
use
very
Land
and
at
Washington, Maroh 2. Intelligence receiv
ed to day from the new government, at Mont
gomery, shows that it was proceeding with great
vigor. By the 4th of March, it is believed, the
entire $15,000,0(10 loan will have been taken.
Thirty thousand volunteers are now being
drilled and under canvass, awaiting order.
Large army, provisions,and supplies ol all sorts
have been purchased in Cbioago, St. Louis
and Cincinnati, and sent to Mobile and New
Orleans, for distribution.
On tbe ath of March, the new postal ar
rangement go Into effect; the die, for the new
(tamp bave been made, and the old contractor,
continued in the Confederate States. The pres
ent tariff is merely designed to be temporary,
and as soon at possible, a new system will be
adopted.
Nobfolk, Va,, March 3, A number of tbe
member of the volunteer company were detain
ed last night for the purpose ot petroling the
city. . It appears that information reached the
Mayor or retersburg that an outbreak would
soon follow the inauguration ot Lincoln, and
I understand that a police officer arrirod in this
city yesterday a a special messenger to Mayor
Lamb, bearing the above information.
The city will doubtless be under tbe charge
of our volunteers for some time to oome, but
more 1 feared from the white abolitionist tban
the black. We are prepared, however, for any
emergency that may arise.
A (treat many discharges within tbe last lew
daya bave taken plaee in the Gosport Navy
Yard, and all wbo are Known to lavor secession
are stricken from th pay roll.
Washington, March 3d. An immense con
course of spectators is here, and especially
from tbe West; Missouri, Kentucky, Virginia
and Maryland are also largely represented.
Kumor touching the Cabinet appointee are
(till contradictory. It I understood tbey will
not be announoed till after the Inaugural.
All tbe appropriation bills are passed.
Numbers of threatening letters are tent to
Mr. Lincoln, and quietly consigned to the
flame.
A despatch from Montgomery says the tariff
reoently enacted by tbe new confederacy win
be immediately amended so as to impose an
export duty of 1 per cent, on cotton, tobacco
and rice. All breadstuff's, tea.coffee, meats and
lewelry will be admitted tree.
Tne struggle on aaiuraay evening in toe
pretence of Mr. Lincoln over the Cabinet ap
pointment wa very exoiting; the friends of
tbe various aspirants pusning ineir oiaims wim
treat vehemence nntil the President eleot laid:
Gantlemen. it ia evident some one must take
the responsibility for these appointment, and I
will do it. My Cabinet is completed. The
position are not all definitely assigned, a id will
not be until I announce them privately to the
gentlemen whom 1 bave selected to be my
constitutional adviser." - Quiet was immedi
ately restored. Mr. Lincoln then ssnt for Mr
Seward, and submitted to bim bis inaugural.
The Senator concurred heartily In tbe greater
part, but suggested a few modifications, which
were accepted, ana me document declared oom
nlete. i'i .'. i
r a w .i . .1 . . a
Tne luaryiana delegation nas cone nome in
disgust at Llnoolns' determination to put Chase
and Blair in the cabinet. , 1 ney declared, there
waa no hope of retaining their State in the
Union. "-Lincoln replied emphatically, "Gen
tlemen, the affair . is deolded; my Cabinet it
formed." , .: .
, It it rumored . to-night that a large body ot
men bad come on from ltaitimore and Virginia,
Including a detachment of Plug Ugllet.
f ears are still entertained oi Liinooin'sieieiv,
but be said to-ntghtt "I am here to take what
is mv right, and I shall take it. ' I anticipate
no trouble, bat should it come, i am prepared
meet it.'1-. - :t-
Five hundred tpeclal police have been de
tailed, including detectives from Philadelphia,
w x otk and notion. A large ooay oi w iae
Awakee are also here, laid to be thoroughly or
ganizta, nut make no publlo demonstratioa. '
new
Louisville. Mr) q tk. ....... tu.
it. Uroh, from Cincinnati ta K. n,in.. .tk
I
kivuk buuiiuib, tun uorsing at the head
the fall In tboal water.
The deck freight
, . . , ., - r .
uninjured.
,
[Telegraphed Specially for the Statesman.]
INAUGURAL ADDRESS
INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF
PRESIDENT LINCOLN.
to
:
oi
Fellow-Citizens or thc United Statu: In
oompllance with a custom at old as the Govern
ment itself. I appear before you to address you
briefly, and to take in your presence the oath
prescribed by the Constitution of the United
States, to be tsken by the President, before he
enters on the execution of bis office.
. I do not consider It neoessarv at present for
me to discuss those matters oi administration
about which there is no tpeoial anxiety or ex
citement.
Apprehension teems to exist, among the peo
Pie or the Southern States, tnat dv me acces
sion of & Republican Administration, their prop-
erty, and their peace and personal security, are
to De endangered, Dot there na never oen any
reasonable oania for such apprehension.. Indeed
the most ample evidence to the contrary has all
the while existed, and been open to their Inspec
tion. It is found in nearlv all tbe pubiisnea speeoa-
es of bim who now address you. I do bat quote
from one of those tpeeohet, when I deoiare, mat
I bave no purpose, directly or indirectly, to In
terfere with the institution of slavery In the
States where it exists. I believe I have no law
ful right to do so, and I have no inclination to
do so. Thrum who nominated and eleoted me
did so with full knowledge that I had made this
and manv similar declarations, and naa never
recanted them, and more tban this, they placed
la the platform for my acceptance, a a law to
themselves and to me, in the clear and emphatlo
resolution which I now read:
Retohed, That the maintenance Inviolate ot
the rlehta of the States, and especially the
right of each State to order and control its own
domeatio institutions, according to its own
judgment exclusively, is essential to that bal
ance of nowMr' on which the perfection and en
durance of our political fabrio depend; and we
denounce the- lawless invasion oy an armea
force, of the government of any State or Ter
ritory, no matter under what pretext, as among
the gravest of crimee."
I now reiterate these sentiments, and iq doing
to, I only press upon the public attention tbe most
conclusive evidence ot wnicn tne case is sus
ceptible, that the property, peace and security
of no section are to be in any wiso endangered,
by tbe now incoming Administration. I add,
too, that all the protection whiob, consistently
with tho Constitution ond tbe laws, can be giv
en, will be cheerfully given, to all the States,
when lawfully demanded, in whatever oase, as
cheerfully to one section as another.
At there la much controversy aooui tne oo
livery of fugitives from eerviee or labor, the
olanse I now read is as plainly written in the
Constitution, as any other of its provisions:
"No person held to service or labor in one Stat
under the laws thereof, escaping into anoth-
shall, iu consequence of any law or regula
tion therein, be discharged from such service or
labor, but shall be delivertd np on claim of tbe
party to whom tuob tervice or labor may be
due."
It it Scarcely questioned that this provision
was intended by those wbo made it lor re
leasing of what we call fugitive slaves, and the
intention or tbe law giver is tne law.
All members of Congreet twear their support i
to the whole Constitution; to this provision as
much as to any other. To the proposition tben
that elaves whose cases oome within the terms
this clause shall be delivered up, their
oatba are unanimoua. Now if tbey would make
the eflort In good temper, could they not , with
nearly equal unanimity, frame and pass a law by
means of which to keep good that unanimous
oath?
There is tome difference of opinion whether
this claim should be enforced by National or
State authority, but surely that difference I not
very material one. it the slave it to oe lur-
rendered, it can be of little consequence to bim
or to others by which authority it is done; and
should any one, in any case, be content that
hi oath shall be unkept, on a merely untubstan
tial controversy, as to how it ehall ke kept.
Again, in any law upon this subject, ought not
all the safeguard of liberty known in oivilited
and humane jurisprudence to be introduced, so
that a treeman may not in any case be surren
dered as a slave; and might it not be well.at the
same time, to provide by law lor tbe enforce
meat of that clause ia the Constitution which
guarantees that the citixens of each State shall
be entitled to all tbe privileges and immuni
ties of citizens in the several State.
I take the official oath to-day with no mental
reservation, and with no purpose to construe
tbe Constitution or laws, by any hypercritical
rules, and while I do not choose now to speci
fy n&rtlaalar acts of Congress as Droner to
be enforced, I do suggest that it will be much
safer for all, both iu official and private sta
tions, to conform to and abide by all these acts,
which stand unrepealed, than to violate any of
them, trusting to find impunity in having them
held to be unconstitutional. '. -
It ia seventy-two years since the first Inaug
uration of a President under our National Con
stitution. During that period, fifteen different
and greatly distinguished citizens have in suc
cession administered the executive branch of
the Government. They have conducted it thro'
many perils, and generally with great success.
X et, witn an tnit scope lor precedent, i now
enter upon the same task, for the brief oonslia
tional term of four years, under great and pe
culiar difficulty. Disruption of the Federal
Union, heretofore only menaced, is cow formi
dably attempted. -
1 bold that in contemplation oi universal
law, and of the Constitution, tho Union of
these Statu is perpetual. Perpetuity is im
plied, If cot expressed, in tbe fundamental law
of all national Government. ' It 1 safe to as
sert that no Government proper ever bad a pro
vision In its organic law lor its owu termina
tion. Continue to execute all tbe express pro
vision of our National Constitution, and the
Union will endure for ever; it being impossible
to destroy it, except by some aotion not provi
ded for ia tbe instrument itself.
Again, if the United State be not a govern
ment proper, but aa association of States in the
nature of contract, merely, can it as a contraot
be peaceably unmade by less tbsn all the parties
ho made it I Une party to an contract may
violate it, break it, so to speak, but does it
not require all to lawfully reaoind It?
Descending lrom tbesa general principles,
we find tbe proposition that in legal contem
plation the Union is perpetual. Confirmed by
the history of tbe Union ltself.the Union Is much
older than the Constitution. It was formed, in
fact, by the Artlolot of Association, In 1774. It
waa matured! and continued by the Declaration
of Independence, in 1776. It was further ma
tured, and the raitb or all tbe then thirteen
States expressly plighted and engaged, that it
should be perpetual by tbe Articles or Coated-1
eratlon, in 1773; and finally, in 1787, one of the
declared objects ftr ordaining and establishing
the Constitution was to lorm a more perfect
Union by all or by a part only of the State.
Is it possible tbe union is less tban beiorethe
Constitution, having lost the vital element of
perpetuity? It follows from these views that no
State upon its own mere motion can lawfully
get oat ot tbe Union; that resolves and ordi
nances to that effeot arc legally void; and that
acta ol violence within any state or states
against the authority of tbe United States are
lneurreotionary or revolutionary, according to
circumstances
I therefore consider that In view of the Con
stitution and lawt the Union it unbroken, and
to the extent of my ability shall take care, as
the Constitution Itself expressly enjoins oa me,
that tbe laws or tbe union be faithfully execu
ted mail tbe btatct. " Doing tbit 1 deem to be
only a simple duty on my part, and I shall per
form it so far as practicable, unless my rightful
masters, the American people, shall withhold
tbe required mean, or in soma authoritative
manner cirect tne contrary.
I trust this will not be regarded as a menace,
but only at the declared purpose of Union, that
Ifcv will constitutionally defend enou maintain
itself. Ia dome this there need be no bloodshed
or violence, and there ehall be none, unlesa it
be foroed upon tbe National authority ,
'i ne power coonoed to me win be need to
hold, occupy and possess the property aud places
Deionging to tne uovernment, to collect duties
and imposts, but beyond what may be ne oeseary
for these objects, there will be no Invasion, no
using or iorce,ngaiustor among tbe people any
wbere.
Where hostility to the United States in any
interior locality snau oe to great and so oniver
sal as to prevent competent resident oitixens
rrom holding federal oiiices, there wi'l be no
attempt to force obnoxious strangers among the
people that object. . w nue tbe ttriot iega ngbt
may exist in the Government to enforce th
wai I exercise of these offices, the attempt to do so
-1 would be to lit luting and to nearly Impraotlcai
I
1
ble with all, that I deem it better to forego for
tbe time the uses or tuon onioes., The malls
unlesa repelled, wil loontinue to be rurnlBhea
all points of the Union. '. ..;:
8o far as possible, the people vry where shall
nave that sense ot perreos security wnicn u
most fsvorable to oalm thoughts and reflection,
Tbe course here .Indloated will be follow
ed unless current events and experience shall
(how a modification or change to be proper.
and In every case and exigency, discretion will
be exeroued according to otrcumswnces actual
ly existing, and with a view and a hope of
a peaceful solution of the national trouble, and
tne restoration oi tne iraternai sympainiea ana
affeotlon. ' . . . r m i-. :-i .'
That there are person! In one section or an
other wbo sees to destroy tne union ai an
events, and are a-lad of any pretext to do It,
will neither affirm nor deny, but if there be
such, I need address no word to those. To
thote, however, wbo really love tbe Union, may
Inotineak. Before entering-upon so gravel
matter at the destruction of our national fabric,
with all Its benefits, itt memories and hopes
would It not be wise to ascertain previously why
we do so? Wi l voubmrd a desperate step
while there Is any possibility that any portion of
the ilia vou fir from have no real existence?
Will you, while the certain ills you fly to are
creator than all the real ones you fly from?
Will vou rik the commission of so fearful
mistake? All profess to be content In the Un
ion, If all constitutional rights can be main
talced. ..i
Ia it true, then, that any ribt, plainly written
In the Constitution, has been denied? I think
not. Happily the human mind Is so constituted
to at no party can reach to tne aaaacity oi doing
this. Tulnk, if vou can, of aslnglo instance in
wnion a plainly written provision oi tne oonsti
tution has ever been denied. If by the mere
force ot number a maiority shall deprive
minority of any olearly written Constitutional
rignt, it might in a moral point ot view lustily
a revolution. It certainly would if such aright
were a vital one, but sucii is not our case.
AH the vital rights of minorities and of Indi
vidual are so plainly assured to them by affirma
tions and negation guaranteed, and prohibitions
in the CorMtltution,that controversies never arise
concerning them; but no organic law can be
framed with a provision specifically applicable
to every question which may occur in practloal
administration. No foresight can anticipate,
nor any document of reasonable length contain,
express provisions for all possible questions.,
Shall fugitives from labor be surrendered bv
National or State authority? The Constitu
tion doee not expressly say. May Congress pro
hibit slavery in tbe Territories? The Consti
tution does not expressly say. Must Congress
protect slavery in the Territories? The Con
stitution does not expressly say. From ques
tions of this close spring all our constitutional
controversies, and we divide upon them into
majorities aud minorities. If the minority will
not acquiesce, the majority must, or tbe Gov
ernment must cesse. There is no other altern
ative for continuing the Government but acqui
escence on tne one side or the other. "
If a minority in suoh aeaae will secede, rath
er than acquiesce, they make a precedent which
in turn will divide and ruin them; for a minor
ity of their own will secede from them whenever
a maiority refuses to be controlled by such a
minority. For instance, why may not any por-
tIon of n Confederacy, a year or two benee
arbitrarily secede again, precisely as portions of
tue present union now claim to secede rrom It.
All who cherith disunion sentiment are now
being educated to the exact temper of doing
this. Is there eucb perfeot identity of interests
among the States to compose a new Uaion as
to produce harmony only, and prevent renewed
secessionr riaidiy. toe central idea or seces
sion Is the essence of anarchy.
A maiority held in restraint bv ConntUuilon.
al checks and limitations, and always changing
easily with tbo deliberate change of popular
opinion and sentiments, Is the only true sover
eignty of a free people. Whoever rejects i'!!oes
oi necessity ny to anarcny or disruption. Unan
imity lsl mposeible. Tho rule of a minority as
a permanent arrangement is wholly inadmissi
ble. So that, rejecting tbe majority principle,
anarchy and despotism In some form ia all that
leu. I do not forget the position assumed by
some, that Constitutional questions are to be
decided by the Supreme Court nor do I deny
that such decisions must bo: binding in any case
upon the parties to a suit, as to the object of that
uit, while they are also entitled to very high
respect and consideration in all parallel coses,
ny ail ouer department ot tbe Uovernment,
anu wnue 11 is ooviousiy possioie that sueh de
cision may be erroneous in any given case, still
the evil effect following it being limited to that
particular ease, witn tne chance that it may be
overruled and never become a precedent for
Other oases, can better j be borneB than
could the evils of a different praotioe. At the
tame time, the candid oitizen must confess that
if the policy of the Government upon tbe vital
question affecting the whole people it to be ir
revocably fixed by tbe decision of the Supremo
Court, the instant they are made in ordinary
litigation between parties in personal aotions,
the people will have ceased to be their own
ruler, having, to that extent, practioally re
signed their government Into the hands of that
eminent tribunal.
Nor is there in this view any aasault upon the
Court or tbe Judges. It 1 a duty from which
they mav not shrink, to decide case properly
brought before them, and it it no fault of theirs,
if others seek to turn their deoisioo to political
purposes. One section of our country believes
slavery Is right, and ought to be extended, while
the other beiiores it is wrong, and ought not to
be extended. ,
Tbls is tbe only substantial dispute; for the
fugitive slave clause of the Constitution and the
law for the suppression of the foreign slave trade
are each at well enforced perhaps as any law
oan ever be In a immunity where the moral
seneo of the people imperfectly supports the law
itself. Tbo great body of tbe people abide by
the dry legal obligation in both cases. After
tbe separation of the sections than before, the
foreign slave trade, now imperfectly suppressed,
would be ultimately revived without restriction
one seotlon; while fugitive slave, now only
partially surrendered, would not be surrendered
stall by th other. r - .
- Physically speaking,' we cannot ' separate
Wa cannot remove our respective sections from
each other, nor build aa impassable wall be
tween them. A husband and wife may be di
vorced, and go out of the pretence and beyond
tbe reach of each other; but tbe different parts
of our country cannot but remain face to face,
and an intercourse, either amicable or hostile,
must continue between them. Ia it possible then
to;make that intercourse more advantageous or
more satisfactory after separating them before?
Can aliens make treaties easier tban friends aon
make laws? Can treaties be more faithfully
enioroea neiween - aliens man - laws among
friends? Suppose you go to war, yon cannot
fight always, and when after muoh loss on both
sides, and no gain on either, you eease fighting.
tnsoia laentioai questions at to terms ot inter
course are again upon you. ...i t
Tbe oountry, witn its institutions, belongs to
those wh3 inhabit it. Whenever tbey shall
grow weary ot tbe existing Government, they
can exercise their Constitutional right of
amending it, or the revolutionary right to die
member or overthow It. I cannot be ignorant
ot tne tact tnat many worthy and patrlotio citl
ens are desirous of having tbe National Con
stitution amsnded. While I make no recom
mendations of amendments, I fully reoognlxe
the rightful authority of the people over the
whole subject, to be exercised in either of
the modes presoribtd. In tbe Instrument Itself,
and I should,' under existing - oircumttanoee,
favor rather than oppose a fair opportunity be
ing offered tha people to act upon It. I will
venture to add, that to ua the constitutional
mode teemt preferable: inasmuch' aa 11 allows
tbe amendments to originate with tho people
themselves, instead of only permitting them to
take or rrject a proposition originated by oth
ers not especially cuusen for tbe purpjse. and
which might not ba precisely suoh aslhey would
wish to either accept or refuse.
1 understand a proposed amendment to tbe
Constitution, which amendment, however. I
bave not seen, bat passed Congress, to the ef
fect that tbe federal Uovernment ehall never
interfere with the domestic institutions of tbe
States, inoinding tnat or persona bold to ser
vice. To avoid a misconstruction of what I
have laid, I depart from my purpose, not speak
or any particular amenameats, so iar as to say
that, holding such a provision to be now Implied
aa constitutional law, I have no objection to It
being made ex press and and irrevocable.
Tbe Chief Magistrate derives all hi author
ity from tbe people, and they have conferred
none upon him to fix terms for tba separation
of the States. The people themeelvea oan do
this else, If they ohoo. But the exseuuVe, as
suoh. baa nothing to do with li ,Uls duly it to
administer tb present Government a It came
.
to his hands, to transmlUt unimpaired by bim
to bis successor.
tVby should there not be a patient eonfideooe
in the ultimate justice of Ahe people l .1 there
any better equal hop in the world t In our
presentdifiereooes, Is either party without faith
Ia tbe sight of tbe Almighty Kuier or nations,
with bis eternal .train pud justice, on our side
of the North, or on yours of the South, that
truth enu4bat justice will surely prevail, by the
Judgment ot this great Iribunalr-tne Amerioan
people, by tbe frame or tne uovernment nnaer
mlUh we live.
. This tame people have wisely given their
public servants but little power lor miscnier,
and bave, wltb equal wisdom, provided for the
return of that little to their own bands at very
short Intervals. While tbe people retain this
virtue and vigilance, no administration, by any
extreme of wickedness or follv. can very seri
ously Injure the Government in the short tpace
oi lour years.
My countrymen, one and all, think calmly
and well upon tbls wbole subject. Nothing valu
able aau be lost by taking time. If there b
an object to hurry any of you in bot hatte to a
step wnicn jou would never take deliberately,
that object will be frustrated br taking time:
but no good objeet can be frustrated by it.
Such of you as are now dissatisfied still bave
tbe old Constitution unimpaired: and on the
sensitive point the laws of your own framing
under it, while the new Administration will
bave no Immediate power, If It would, to change
either. If It were admitted that vou who are
aissatisnea noia tne rrg&t side in tbe dispute,
mere (till u no single good reason for precipi-
tato action. Intelligence, patriotism, ouristiaol
ty, and a firm reliance on Him wbo bas never
yet forsaken this favored land, are still compe
tent to adjust In the best way ail our present
aiincuities.
In your bands, my dissatisfied countrymen.
and not in mine, is the momentous issue of oivil
war. The Government will not assail you
you can bavo no eonlliot without being your
selves the aggressors. You bave no oath reg
istered la beavea to destroy the Government,
while I shall have the most solemn one to pre-
serve, protect and defend it. I am loth to close.
we are not enemies, but friends. We must
not be enemies. Though passion may bave
strained, It must not break our bunds of affec
tion. The uystio chords of memory, stretching
froas every battle field and patrlotio grave to
every living beart and hearthstone all over this
broad land, will yet swell tbe chorus of the
Union, when again touched, a surely at they
ill be, by the better angelt of our nature.
CONGRESSIONAL.
SENATE.
SATURDAY, March 2.
Mr. Lane resumed speaking against tbe
propositions, and defended himself sgainst the
peecb or tbe senator horn Tennessee. (Mr.
Johnson.) He referred to tbe withdrawal of
several ot tbe states, and declared that Virgin-
would also go II nothing was dons, and loin
tba great Southern Confederacy. He also argued
at some lengtn in lavor oi secession.
Air. fierce reported from tbe Committee of
Conference on tbe Indian appropriation bill
1 be report was agreed to.
Mr. King presented a large number or peti
tlons, mostly against compromise.
Messrs. buraner, Wilkinson, and Cameron
presented petitions of a similar character.
A communication waa received rrom tbe
President, transmitting papers in relation to the
extradition cose of the negro Anderson, which
was ordered to be printed.
Mr. roote presented tbe credentials or Jacob
Collamer, re-elected as Senator from Vermont.
The special order being the Peace Conference
proposition, it was taken up.
Mr. Johnson said tbe conservative members
In the South bad been overpowered and usurpa
tion bad triumphed. The Stars and Stripes had
been changed, and Palmettos, Pelicaua and
Rattle Snakes ran np. He closed with an elo
quent appeal for the Flag of our Union, express
lag his trust that it would ever wave over the
land of tbe free, declaring that Tennessee would
ever remain in the Union. (Applause in the
galleries as he closed.)
The chair ordered the galleries to be oleared; a
few hisses followed, when tbe whole crowd rose
bursting into the most tumultuous applause,
yelling and shooting and eulminatiug la three
terrific cheers for tbe Union, creating tbe great
est excitement. The Chair ordered the Ser-
geont-at Arms to arrest any one causing the
disturbance. Ia a short time the galleries were
oleared, the doors locked and the Senate pro
ceeded witb its business '
- Mr. Crittenden moved that wben they adjourn
it be till to-morrow.
Mr. Kennedy moved that the door be locked
the residue of the session, to prevent such insults
as had ust occurred.
Mr. Wilson opposed meeting on Sunday.
Tbe Committee of Conference on the army
bill reported. Agreed to, and the bill pass
ed. i-i
Tbo Conference reports on the patent bill and
Indian bill were agreed to
Mr. Crittenden s resolution was disagreed
to
Tbe rule preventing bill and resolutions
being read and passed the same day was repeal
ed.
The Conference commlttee'a report on the
Civil appropriation bill was agreed to.
Mr. Lane continued at great length, occupy
ing three noun.
Mr. Johnson replied oy saying tnat ne leu
above the personalities which bad been heaped
upon mm by those ravonng disunion
On motion of Mr. Douglas, tba joint resold
tioo from the House was tskeo np, after a aharp
debate between bim and Mr. Mason, relative to
resolutions taking precedence over ' tbe Peaoe
propositions. Tbe vote stood xo against 11,
On motion, tbo door of tbe galleries were
. . i . it i
tnrown open ior isuias uuij. ,
Mr. rush moved to amend tne resolution by
striking out the words "authorised." A tie
vote, and the Vice President decided in the af
firmative
Mr. Datvslas appealed
Some Sbaator changed hi vote.
Mr. Crittenden moved a reconsideration
Agreed to
Mr. Johnson, of Ark . opposed tha resolu
tions, considering them delusive and calculated
to divine tbe South
Mr. Baker opposed It,
Here the door of tbe galleries were opened.
on motion of Mr. Chandler, and masses or tha
people crowded In until tbe Chair ordered the
Bergeant-at-Arms to aamit no more man coma
be seated
Mr. Fitch moved to adiourn
During tbe call of the roll, Mr. Mason aald he
should vote In tha affrmative, at it waa evident
the Senate waa under the control ot a lawless
mob.
Tht motion was lost
Mr. Baker oontinued arguing tne resolutions
Mr. Gwin again opposed It.,
Mr. Fugh's motion was lost,
Mr. Pugh then moved to amend "v substitu
ting tbe Crittenden resolution
Mr. Wilkinson wat opposed to all compro
mises, and wonld not vote for any compromise,
or the surrender of principles.
Mr. Doolittie offered en amendment to Mr,
Pnph'a resolution,
He declared that the navigation or tba Mis
tissippl would never be impeded by the seced
ing Stataa. 4. . '-.
Mr. .nice ma tne peopie oi tne norm -west
knew their rights too well to suppose that the
navigation of the great rivers would be Impeded
bv anything but ice. '
' Mr. Wigfall predioted that Mr. Lincoln would
leave tbe Cbioago piattorm and receive com
missioners from tbe Boutn, and withdraw tne
forces from tbe forts.
Mr. Crittenden eaid be would like to maka a
few remarks, but it was so late, he objected to
polne on
At nau-pest n o oiocs, toe senate avajoarneu
... . .. . . t . i 1. al. a a . r . i
till 7 o'clock Sunday evening.
SUNDAY NIGHT'S SESSION.
There waa an Immense crowd in lite galleritt
and a large orowd on the floor, like an immense
bee-bive. ' -
Mr. Bright was in tha chair. Tba Hoot wm
cleared, and there were criee In the galleriet of
stand back," witn great oontosion. . ,.
Mr. Bamner presented a memorial rrom o.uuu
oltliens of Massachusetts against compromise,
and aald mora were coming signed by d,uuu.
A taint resolution from the Home was Uken
np, when Mr. Crittenden presented the ereden-
tiaiaor Mr. DrecJtinridge, eenasor eiect irom
Kantnckv.
Mr. Crittenden proceeded to tpeaa on ua
resolutions. He said be did aot riao with any
vain ambition. So much noia hie Voioe could
niiK na naaru. - -- - - - .
Mr, Bragg moved tnat tbo galleries be cleav
ed, but withdrew ua; motion lot th present.-
?
: Mr. Crittenden. nrocMdlnv. uiit nmhinr
more lamentable than the great change In the
condition of the United State, A few month
Kf wo were a nailed, nappy people; now tbe
Union waa dismembered, and th. ..m mint
w-o uiMiug unugcrvm progress. '
The noise in tbe galleries to Inerajit that It
was imposeiDie to Hear. Th rallrl..
cieareo py order or tbe President, exoept those
Mr. Crittenden eaid the country was in darn.
ger, and measures should ba nronoeed to aav it-
but vou sit here and have dona nothlnir. n,.ni.
uk a spectacle to tne oountry as incompetent
ui uevise means lor tna nnbiia soretv. and am
knowledging to the world that waeen do nothing.
It is a Question not of nartv. bat of union anil
.1 . r -
tun country. . ... , t ,
We believe all that was necessary to settle
mis great miscnier waa to aoauire the sterile
territory of New Mexioo, and tbe state of things
nii remain as It is. II she is admitted as a
Stute, is all that is asked.' because In it resnect
to fugitives it is a difficulty that was settled by
the Constitution . He asked if it was not worth
something, even if it eould not bring back tbe
States, to preserve those not gone; nor Is It an
,r,m A ... . 1 .1 f . . . , . . . 1 ,
irfoa nm Anonym In tWm 0n.,,Htt.H L. L!-L.
has Its origin In the peculiar idea of the peo-
pis of certain sections, to bean inseparable bar-
tier to the measure
Tbe discussion continued for soma time ha.
tween Mason, Douglas, and Pugh.
air. iuorriit said, when tne Senator form III
hook bit bead at this quarter, he had a right
to object. We are etandins? at the end of a ai
yeais, terrible agitation, and all comes from this
wining administration, and ia to end la the die
ouiuuuu oi iae union, ana yet gentlemen pro-
pose practicing a new policy, began six years
ago, on tbe slavery question. ' the Southern
States united noon it. because it was democrat.
io, and seven of those States are now out of tbe
union, tie disclaimed even the belief on tba
part of any body ot men at th North that
Congress bas the right to interfere with slave
ry in tbe States! Tbe Senator from Kentucky
nays toe wnoie auuicuicv is in remrd to tba ter
ritory of New Mexioo. If that be so, it is real
ly no difficulty, but here Is a nronosltlon to a-
mend tha Constitution, by recognising slavery,
and it is that against which the Senators nro-
' The Senate adopted tbe Home resolutions
24 to 12. . , , , ,
The Crittenden resolutions were lost 19
sgainst 20, ; ,
The Senate took a recess from 7 o'oloek till
10
The Senate re-assembled at 10 o'clock, Some
unimportant business waa transacted, wben ithe
Vice President made a closins- address, and the
Senate adjourned. .
I
I
HOUSE.
The House concurred in the Senate's amend
ment, by a vote of 117 against 43. It was pre
sented thereby Senator Wilson, and annuls the
present Buttertield & Co. mall route to Califor
nia, via 1 Paso, which now costs $600,000 for
a semi-weekly letter service. But during the
remainder of their contract time three-and a-
half years gives tbem the control of tbe over
land route in Ilea of tbe other. Tbey are to
carry it daily, at $1,000,000, and deliver itat
venver and bait t,ake tri-weekly; and to ran a
pony express semi-weekly, carrying five pounds
each trip for the Government, free of charge,
and to 'reduce the cost ofs letter by said express
one dollar per half ounce. If Butterfleld & Co.
fail to aosept this before the 25th of March,
their present contract is to be absolutely an
nulled, and the Central route contract is to be
let to the lowest bidder, cot exceeding $1,000
000. The entire letter mall is to be carried
through daily, In 25 days, and the residue in 35
days, with the privilege of sending the latter
by steamer in twenty-fire days, and the con
tractors to receive two months pay for dam.
ages, for the change of servioe from the South
ern to the Central route. Bat Butterfleld Is.
Co. wore r quired, by Mr. Colfax and Mr.
Sherman' amendment, to enter into a written
agreement, to be filled by the Post-office De
partment, and to be incorporated into their con
tract, agreeing to carry 600 pounds of mail
matter per trip, which will take all the daily
papers, and alio relinquishing all claims for
damages provided for in the Senate amendment.
, The bill, after debate, was concurred in ex
actly as it came from tbe Senate. So It ia now
a law. It reducee tbe cost of tbe mail service
to California from $1,437,000 to $1,000,000, in
creases the service to dally, concentrates the
mail carrying on one line, and abrogates the
Butterfleld contract witbont incurring any claim
for damages. -t . i. . . k i
Mr. Bingham moved to take up the bill re
porter, oy oim, providing . lor tbe collection ol
ine customs on shipboard, in the event or ille
gal combinations or other obstacles to the exe
cution oi the revenue laws: and authorizing
the President, if ho deems it necessary, to em
ploy tne army ana naval loroes. . .
: Mr. rhelps objected to its consideration.
' Mr. Bingham moved the suspension of the
rules. Dibagreed to 103 to 62; not two-thirds.
'' Mr. Dawes called up the report of the select
committee, concluding with a resolution that
the Secretary of the Navy, in accenting without
delay or Inquiry the resignations ot officers of
tneJNavywno were in arms sgainst tbe Gov
ernment when tendering the same, and of those
who sought to resign that they might be reliev
ed from tbe restraint Imposed by their commis
sions upon engaging in hostility to the consti
tuted authorities of the nation, his committed a
gross error, highly prejodlccial to the discipline
of the service, and injurious to the honor and
efficiency of the Navy, for which he deserves
the censure of this House.
Mr. Dawes moved tbe previous question.
Mr. Branch moved to lay the resolutions on
the table. Diaagreed to. 1. . . - ,
Mr. Branch, aa a member of that committee,
inasmuch as the testimony had not been printed,
and at the facts proven ia the oommlttee would
not sustain tba resolutions, ha asked Mr. Dawes
to allow tbe majority and minority reports to be
read. The resolution was adopted. - -
Mr. Phelps offered a resolution that tbe
thanks of thia House arc doe and hereby pre
sented to Hon. Wm. Pennington, tbe Speaker
thereof, for the faithful and courteous manner
in which he has presided over the deliberations
of this House. r
' Tbe committee of conference on the Indian
appropriation bill reported. A long debate en
sued between Messrs. Phelps and Stevenson rel
ative to the Indian appropriatloa for tbe Choc
taws, partaking of a slightly personal nature.
Tbe report was agreed to by 9 majority.
The House took a recess until 10 o'clock on
Monday.
WASHINGTON, March 4.
The House met at 10 o'clock. The galleries
were empty, i : ' ) ; . i
: Mr. Pennington delivered a feeling farewell
address.
Much mlsacllaneous business of no particular
importance was disposed of with the usual noisy
accompaniments.
The report of the committee of conference
was msde and aotion taken upon it.
The proceedings were occasionally interrupt
ed by messages from tbe Senate and the an
nouncement by the President's private Secreta
ry, Mr. Glossbrenner, that the President had
aioned certain bills.
The report of the committee or conference on
the bill amendatory of Patent laws was
adopted. '
Almost every member bad a proposition or
bill to piss. Tbe struggle lor tee floor was in
tensely exciting. . Questions of order were now
and tben raised.
Mr. Hutching raised his voice above the din, and
taid, tbit being a deliberative body, tbey might
kaow what was going on. I A voice, "you mis
take tbls Is not a deliberative body." Cries of
"good." , ... .,.
1 A motion was made to clear the galleries.
Laughter: .As heretofore stated, the visitors'
At bait past 11 0'eMMK, a nouoa to-oujoiva
waa negaaved-ayts to, Daya aJtvi.oome un
important business was transacted, and various
trifling matters were debated. Several voieet
moved to adjourn amia contusion.
I
.
Niw-Yobby March 4. Letters from Mont
gomery, received in Washington, say that a
snocial envoy left the former place several day
ago tor tho Federal Capitol, and 1 (upposed to
be now there. - He ia instructed to preeent his
credentials immediately after the inaugnration
as embassaaor irons me somnern v;ooiederacy,
and will ask Its recognition br tbe United Sjate
He will insist npon no Immediate answer, ana
failing to get U, will retire. His failure to ob
tain a reoocmtion. it is understood, at moot-
gomery, will be followed by an attack on fort
Sumter and Pickens; and thus an Issue of farce
wilt be precipitated on the new Admtntrrratioo-.
Whether thli programme wil) b eorrried out
.. -"-v. - f'6' " r , , ' ... i,,.
depends aomevhat. nrobably, on a Character
w n.in.F -,m. nmfnmmn will H mrmnu uua.
Ollu.r-.UinOOUl B inaugural.
California Politics.
Ft. Keabnit, Maroh 8. The following ltcaa
ot new were received by the Pony Espr ye,
srday, but their traoimiaslon waa delayed L
eonseqaence of an Interruption of the wires
The resolution which suaed tha A.m
eauursiDK US Crittenden nlin. and aha n.tvn,i..
support thereof by Doagfas aad BreoklnrUj;s
Is still under eooelderatioai in the Beaate ' li
was drawn up by Den nr. anil ! ninraoii h
portion of both wings ot the Demoerocyv a a
basis for reorganising that part. ta Calitorla.
ihe proposition in the Sanata u in
the names of Douglas aad Breoklnrldrr. and then
endorse the simple Crittenden plea. - ,
The Douglas Democrats have etuAAmA a.
nominate a Senatorial oaadidate, and eexjaavc
8 joins eonvsnuon arterwarrt Aeaneu
bad been bold at SuMMiibi. hih k.. .
lots bad been takan fn it. s Bmuk. n4d
Denver received 17. Nnm in Duilnu lo-
and MoDougall 15-necesaary to a choice, W, n r
Virginia State Convention.
Richmond. March 9 'in aha
resolution was offered and referred, that as tha
I1. 1.1 L .
fVif tanlun MHM.I.IM.1.J L. . . ...
Jected by Ihe Northern eoaiederateeravery eeav
aideratloa of duty, interest, ben or and patriot-
tbe Convention and submitted to the nanni. V. '
whieh VirgiulashallreeumeaJU soweredalegatad '
to tha Federal Government, and deolara W
eonnectlon with tbe Government dissolved. A
resolution was referred suggesting that forts
rickeos and Sumter be transferred to the South
ern Confederacy, end for an equitable division
(ue puouo property. i
There waa no nroeiMct af tha RmnmfMa on
F cderal Relations agreeing on anything.
r .l i
North Carolina Convention Election.
WlLMINOTON. N. C. Maroh SAhnat I.'.-
conuties bave been beard from, each generally '
largely for secession and a convention, . Tbo
middle counties are largely for .tba Union and
no convention. There ia muoh doubt about the
result la tbe State. It depends upon tba ex
treme east and extreme west. - '
RaLbioh. March 2 Pi,i.j...n .t1t '
elect 48 Union and 27 Secession delegates. The,
maiority against the Cnnvantlnn tm .k- ann
Gov. Reld waa beaten In Rockingham. Tba
najority't attempt for a Joint convention, to'
elect a Senator, are thus fox failure. It Is ex
pected tne Liougiosites will make a nomination.'
butat a recent oaucus failed.
Nxw YoBK. March 2. .TWlWat. 11-1.-4.
States Marshals attempted to pot a fugitive
slave, named John Polbemus, said to belong to
Mr. Jameson, of Lewiubnr. V. . m h..4
steamer Yorktown, but be was rescued from
weir ousway ny a crowd. ' Tba officers had so
warrant. .
ChabUSTON. March 2. .ThaCmruw
it is doubtful if President Davis lntanrfol.lt.
InCharleston. :,.,,,,.;
Aba sam paper says that $100,000 were sub-;
scribed on Wednesday towards establlablM a '
Une of steamers direct to Liverpool, ..
1,1 i : "X. v.
St. Loois, March 3d. Lothr J. Glenn. Cr .
misaioner from Georgia, delivered a strong so-' '
cession speech before tho joint session of the
legislature last nignt.: , ' r, .
THE MARKETS.
New York Market.
[TELEGRAPHED FOR THE OHIO STATESMAN.
NEW YORK, March 4.
FLOTJB Secelcts of 7.183 Mil,, m.rkt-t rfnii .ti '
heavy; sales or 8.400 bbli at S5,005.1S for ipr
fine Bute; a3.SO5 30 for extra slat.; S5.S(KU
for common to medium extra wutera; $S.t&i.Ut for
nipping onun oxm noana uoop uhlo. Canadian Sesr
dull and trooping; aalM of 400 bbli at 5,S4,?5.
i-iAjuu aieaar at f 3,uS4,io.
WUSAT-Recelpta 10,011 train; market without In.
nortant change, and holdeia dlspoaed to nails; ! or
50,000 ash at SI SWStl 84 for Inferior to cbolco Mil
waukee Club and Amber Iowm In atnra rillr. ai it
(SSIlt dolirsnd for wistertad airo; IMS for wait
Oaoatlio. '
KYB qultat0770. ....
OOHN rtoeinta 11 &03 both ! nnikrt ataada-fu Mi
and dull and hour for new; aalea 000 boah. atttta
ii" .1.1 it.-. i ..... . .
u. 7 nnwn in wim onaoaurarM; uya
W for do at H. R. Depot delirerei.
OAT8-dll at 34X33o for Western Cooailaa and
Stale.
POB.K aalet and onehanged, solei 100 belt, at 117 SS .
for meet and 13,7313 for ptime.
, BREf dall and unchanged.
.OUT HEATS -steady.
t LARD steady; aale, lOObbli. at SifSlOXc '
BUTTER ta fair nqneatai 10le for Onto, aad It
0119 for State.
OHBB8B eteady at DiSlOXo. '
WHIBK.T itoady and la fair demand; sales 300 bbls. -at
18o. ...
COrrKB continues firm bnt not active- tea k nt
atl0.vis. .
BUttAa-steedyfalrloqdiry; 300 Midi cade at &
aJULASSEB quiet.
8TOOK.K lrrKuiar at the Board, bat sine are higher -wtthictmuchectlTlty.
Money and Exchange nothing-
new. M 8 15; do. quoted 3S; Pae H 84; Brie Wr
Har. 15X: do. pref. 3D; Beading 44; MTO III.
0 scrip 81; Gal tc Ohio 71)41 OBfc 73; Hob St.
Jo 50; Ireae' Vt't 103 ; Vote S's, of W, (ffx .
Cincinnati Market.
ILOUR our dealers are dolni but venr Utile.
The
trade baa no elactloty and the tranjactloaa are
quietly without nroduclnr any chest on the eslrlta of
S4 60 to $S 60 lemala the quotations for superfine.
The beet gradei are not saleable in lota, unices at a more
reasonable figure than heretofore qanted. . :
WHEAT is quite lnaolir and offerlnn atamrlhlna
aver S I for brat Bed receive na attention. . Oaf looaat -quotations
for White ere altogether exoeptloaa.
CORN le taken at 330134s for ear. Bhelled I but la'
moderate request at 3Se for mixed.
vats ere still quoted at 9SK. " '
BARLEY calls readily at 70c for orlae mlKeOnrta to
exceed
Cin. Commercial.
March 4.
Cleveland Market.
March, 2.
FLOUR The market remains steady at t4TSSj
for extra; S5,13)5.2S for red wheat double extra, and
yjO,W lor white wheat do. Bye Is quiet at 3,ST
WBEiT-eales at 1,OG1,07 for red. Wheat Is
worth BI.1GiA1.17. - .
ROAN lull .IU,. , 1 i j , , '
lOATS-dullatSSa.
BHsDB Clover Is la reaaaat at B4S in and Vimaix.
at 91J5S,40.
maawiNfr-steady, with sales otUo. , .
, BUTTER email tales at tha usual range. ' '
; EQQe-eelUni at 10t. f ( ; '..j,
Arrivals and Departures of Mails.
DEPARTURES.
-str
Halls for New York City, Boston, Albany, Baflilo, ,
PttUburgh, rteubenTllle way. Cleveland, ZaneafllU,
Newark, Granville. Waibington City, Ballunere, FBlkt
delphla aad Hew Orleans, tlrrt Sally (llnrilej Ssiieiil.i
ed)et7.t o'clock p. u .. .., , . ,
- A through mall for Rew York on! Cleveland tlbsei
dally (Sundays excepted) at o'clock p. m.- It 1
u. u. oc u. sv. n. way mail stoats dally gsunaaya ax- -
eepted) at l o'clock p. m. , .
Central Ohio Way Moil closes dally (Sundays exceptrdr'
at 1 o'clock p. a. . i ; . r
Cincinnati way Hall closes dally (laadays exoeptad) at
1 o'clock p. m. 1
Chicago, Dubuque, Delaware, Marion end Worttlnk-
too. Mail etoeee dally (Sundays excepted at J efoleeh .l
Be. j -, , . , , j
t Halls for Zenla, Springfield, Dayton, Toledo, Clnoie-
Oatl, Indianapolis, Louievllle, St. Leuta, and DetroitV
eloeee daily (Sundays excepted) at 7 . m-
A through mall to Xenkt, Sprlngfleld and Clnolaoatt
Cloeee daily (Suudayeexoepted)atl o'clock p. a. ' . ,j
Urbane, riqua, Ttmn aad u nion uiqr mail cloeee aily
(Bundaye aaoepted) et IK o'clock p m. . J p ,
- lianoaeter, Logan, Neboavtlle, Oiremvlltev Ghlllleotbe,
Portsmouth, Washington, C. H., Athena, Marietta aad
Bllltborouf h, mailt close ooiiy (Bunuaore excepted) at?M
C clock p-an. . ' " ( - "
cut way man ornanonai noma v xanesvuia, BUMS
Sally (sanaayt eareviao; aa n ercHeei a. aa.
aily(daadays excepted Jat I Vtlocfc
Ilarritourgu suua cioee tiauy (eunaays exeeptedi all
O'oloek p. m. ! M ' tj. . A I ;Vi O
v "ltTT" lllianlieabejir.'
Sloeec dai ly (Sundaya exoeptad) at 1 o'eleca a. m. . .
vubiinnait eioaea
ARRIVALS.
Malls from New York. Boeton. Phlladelnhtau Albaat.
Plttebargh, Cleveland, -ley tea, Toledo, Xante, Detroit.
epnngneiu, mnfinnnta, ammicotec, Be. AoeJa. and all
Southern cilice, arrirt between the hoars of 9 o'clock- p
m. andeVelooka. m-' 11 ' ' ' J' - ' '
Mailt from Indianapolis. Chicago and finmuna. arrive
at S:40a.au. ' ' - '
Mails front Wafhlncton City, Baltlmoahaellc.
Zanoevtlle, Newark, Buubeovilie, Mt. Vernon, and the
0. 0. R. ft. way 4U1I, arrive at 9 etle. mt-
Way Man) frem L'lnclaaatl, arrrt el at ix e f IMk i tsf
Laacnter Mail arritte at 3M etlock pi 1 i U U . I
Eatt Way Mall over the National Road, arrival at 11
o'clock a m ' - - f! HUV -' I .
Mt. Vernon way Mali arrives et 11. PU a.m. , , ,.
. Mall from Dublin arrives at S o'clock p. mi''
TJrbana Way ptairerrrvecM ScVleek p. aj.""'1
Btrrkbu-sh Mail anlvee at 11 e'eieek a. aa I i ; J
Offlce delivers' etra vvere day (eaeovtSeAOnv.l from
TH o'cleea a. m. U S 'a look at. aa. Open aa a !
the
JOSEPH DOWDALL. P. M.
ri 1 1.1 '.' j 1 vt.i
" dtPartncrtI:ia
OB JAMES ADUER BAIW r-ri.r In , hn.i"
a . . -
i aeet, which wilt Dm-;ir b oonducted n.1r the flrta
I., (uiajv 8m. r i..i,iui.,u.., h.
4Voiumna,seou.iti. iu4

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