aSSeSSeST SSS SaSSUS- ; : 1 . ' " 1 ' . . ,, .;. .. - .
VOL. VII. NO. 232. NEW SERIES.
COLUMBUS. OHIO. WEDNESDAY EVENING. MARCH 6. 1861;
-- wImI ik-
IanirUtly In AiT-flM.'
. ....... .. ...... ..v
i 1LV , THI-WEIKLY Aim WEEKLY
F-1ANYPENNY & MILLER,
f PBIIiJO BB AND PROPRIETORS.
' ItT omct Dm. 80, 88 an! 40, Horth High It.
TBM8 INVAKIAJILT IN ADVANCE.' 1
Daily . - . $8 00 perar,
By lbs Cantor, cor wetk, t sent.
a uu per nu.
. i 1 00
Advertising by Square.
oe square 1 yesi...M 00
On " U mobth 18 00
in ' 0 month IS 00
Jne ". 'J month! 10 00
li;e month! H 00
)n ' 1 month. ; S 08
On square 3 weeks..! 04
On " 8 fHki.. 3 00
On " 1 uk.M 1 75
On " 3 days... 100
On " 8 days ... 74
On . " 1 Insertion SO
Displayed advertlismenta ball more than th above
Advertisement leaded and placed In th column of
fecial Notice," double ths ordinary raUt.
All mittcet require, to be publiehed by law, legal reto.
tf ordered on the Inside exclusively after the ret week
per cent, more than th above rate; bat all inch Wll
appear In the Trl-Weekly without charge.
. ' teas Garda, not exceeding five line, par year. In
it . i SO per line; outeide
h (.ilces of meetings, charitable ocletlet, fir eompcnl,
. fee, half price. . .....
Alltramitnt vdvertittmenii naut 8 paid for M
afoanct lie rule will not bevarledfrem. - 1
Weekly, tame price aa the Dally, where th ed-rtlei
aeathe Weekly alone. Where foe Dally and Weekly
a re both aaed, then the charge lr the Weekly will b
mlf the raUeof the Dally.
No advertlaement taken except for a deficit, period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
"" Corner Spring & Water It.' :
Oolv--aT3,ujaf O-bt lo.
W. B. POTTS & CO.,
And Manufacturers of Braa and Composition Outings,
Flr.iab.etl Urea Work of all Deicrlptionl. -
Electro1 Plalingnd Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, &C.
. F. A. B. SIM-INS,
Attomoy at Law
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office Anions Vulldlnr;, oppoilte Capitol Square.
MacMce Mauafacturing Company
'"A Jr. - n r r r. . ., a U C t, k
Si 0 6 1 H C i.v 3SKf )): rMfif
rUfmraCTUR--- 0 ' "
STEAM ENGINES & BOIIERS,
Caitbift, HUi aearing, Kaa-bHr.
. : ALSO,
;o m.T Dfacaimoit.
. ' -i i ooLririBrs, umu. ..
' 0HA8. AMB08, Bapl ' ' ' r. AMBOi.iTrei
. delll&-Hf- - .
Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapoliil
Ttrongh to ladla-ttDolii without Change of Cart
, ., , and b it Ooe Change of Can between
' - " Colnmboa and St. Loala.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
BUS. ' v FIRST TRAIN.
"'1 " "'' "(Dally, Monday excepted.) -!
BIGHT IXPR--8, fia Dayton, at 9:45 a. aijjttop.
lilne at London, Xenla, Dayten, -llddletown and Damll-L..rrl-lTiat
Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.iDayton at:45
a. at., Indlanopolia at
10:48 a. m-itt. LonUat 11:60
- SECOND TRAIN.
AOOOMHODATION.at :10 a. ., topplnt at all Bta
' tlon between Oolumbn and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
rtftnr: at linrlnnatl 11:0. a. m., Dajtonat:15a. .,
IS DAT EXPRESS, at 8:20 p. m., itopplne; at Alton,
Jefferana, London, Charleaton, , CMarrlll, Xenla,
eprlnf Valley, Corwln, Morrow. Dearfleld, foater1.
Loreland. Ulllfordand t lalnrille, arrlTlnf at Cincin
nati at 7:40 p. m.; St. Ion la at 13 Dayton at 6: p.
aa.; Indlanopollaat 10:3Bp. m.
HleVplnpT Car) n all Night Train to
! .t ... ; Cincinnati ana ledlanapella.
OAQGAOB CHECKED THROUGH.
1 Far farther Information and Through Ticket, apply to
, . M. L. DOUBKTY,
-Tick t A rent, Union Depot. Oolnmboa, Ohio.
B. W. WOODWAED,
0 i Superintendent, Cincinnati.
1 ' JNO. W. D0U8HTY
. . i .. FANCIES.' '
But- artlslct at yon itr. for your EtJBBAND , s ' .
BachMyouwee-foryonrWIFB. ' . .. '
Bach a a re proper for your DAUQUTER.
Bach aa your BBOTUIR oan m.
Buch a 70a want for " TBI ONI T0U LOTI BEST.'
Back aa will be gold for th " BLI88ID BABY."
Bach a all t for,
May be found In TarUty, in my bew itook of
WATCHES, - CHAINS, JEWELKY,
" f 'i w ,t ; i PLATED 'GOODS t ,- r
,'f.n-nrl a-aortneator ': -' ' I ' -
': u tvuf tJMfal Artloles..; . . ,
:c? .,WM." BLYNN,
.: -j1:! ; kHi io Buckeye Bleck.
" Der-mow, lUTO.
. jnjt BeeelTedl
''lAfV On 'flRECN Ml BLACK
'IUUtKAS loObapraBlo Oon. i
S OO bbla. itandard WklU loeart, oontfaUnf of F0W-
i . ;dred,Ohr-ebd, eimnuiatM Aanauuone.
CO quintal George Bank Codflih. m . '
, , bo W)1.Mb and No. 1 Mackerel. . .. .
"' ""' ft tea. Pick Salmon. ' - ,
lOObx. Layer lln.4 , . , c : j - " :
fiOhboad . - do ... !
IdOqr.Tw do d "' '
" loo M Cltara, dlffereat brand and grade.
.t. mot1 . . . WM. MoDONALD.
.M. LL FOWER3& BRO
"t kVDA lit IVOKTW- AND SOSttBTia
CIO A It , -
iH . SOBAOOO ,,s"-i ;- in.
it'--.' l. . . .. ASB JfASOT Asnowi
Mo'. 11 EniitBtat ttt,tJttwa Hlhand
' the POWt-OJiW , COiawroe. yaw MDW:dea
. TAPIlIiT FIXCH
I rem wBarntt Mill," Bprlnglleld, O. th beet brand of
floor braaiht to our nariieu nauaiaouon aoaraawea.
for ale only at
Htm. jnoivnAui d,
108 South High trl.
SoJidav Presents. ,
nii.irni. ni.AltVE9. WEHIWOS
j Ciaitl '.r.S, JUKESil oH.H.8. and all
.aUsdi of Itiiilnmible ' " ij,
.i a . "W inter !lr Grood. i f
fit. ' 'I , : :. K S9BntaU,UsUt
WEEKLY mini mil.
PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS ! !
, ; , ';i
THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN 13 PRINTED ON -
AT THE LOW RATE OFJ . '
ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR!
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. " .'
It ia an old and reliable Dcmooratio Journal, and, as a political paper, hat
No Snpcrior in Ohio or any other State!
in addition to its political bhoraoter, it ia a first olass newapapoT, furniibing its reader with the
GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY,
An epitome of the stirring events constantly occurring at home snd abroad, and ohoice miscel
laneous elections. It also gives the latest and most reliable
From all the principal mart of Trade and Commerce.
The Business Man, the Mechanic, the Farmer and the Laborer
Will each find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of -
TUTU WjnJHT3LX5Z' sttcqiii.pj-
During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Witjxt Statu-'
mam will be furnished with a concise report of the doings of each of those bodies.
During the past year, the circulation of the Went y Statibwah has increased very rapidly,
being now more than double what it was twolve months ago. It is onr decire to extend its cir
culation, not only in Ohio,
But in all the States and Territories West of Us!
In proportion as it is difiused among the people, its usefulness will be inoreased; and we invite'
our political and personal friends to aid as in giving to the Wrkxy Statismam
The Largest Possible Circulation
Among the people. The price of the paper is so low that no Democrat need be without it 1 As
an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Wnci Stattjhak. we
A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS . ,
, ;- - r..1
To the person who will, by4 the 1st day of January, 1861, send us the largest Club of yearly
subscribers, with the cash for the same; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends ns the
second largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us
the third largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends us a Club of
ten yearly subscribers, with the cash for the same, we will send copy of the
Weekly Statesman One fear without Charge!
IT Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or solicit subscribers for the States
man, can out this Prospectus out of the paper and attaoh to it a strip of writing paper, on whioh
to record the names of all persona who may become subscribers. - ' . ' ' '
; MANTPENNY & MILLER,
. ". . ' " rcBusnMs onio tTATttaui. '
FEB ANNUM !
No. 4 Grwvnrie Block.
A. P. STONE & O'HARRA
ABE NOW RECEIVING THEIR WIN
1KB GOODS, and lnril th publlo to leaped
them. Mo nch ttock of Good haa erer been brought to
tht market. Th South, In coneeqoese of th failure
of the grain crop, hie not been able to parehae th na
nal quantity of rich ajoodt, and tbia fact haa forced th
Importer to tell turn at puono aucuon. uur Bayer
(Mr. Stone) belnic In New York at thee Urge (ale, took
ad rentage of them, and we can and will Mil oor good,
here, at lea than any on who purohaaed two week alnoe,
paid for them In New York. Oar stock 1 complete In
erery department of ,,;
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
. . ." PRINTED MERINOS,
: PRINTED C0BURQ3, '
, , DYED COBUGSj
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
, POPLINS, PRINTS,
. ' DELAINES. '
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day,
At one hall th Coat of laipoitatlon.
In all Varieties, of the Ceictraiea
nannfatare at C. O. Own- -then
Mm', Ladles sad Children i Under Bhlrto and Drawora;
Ladle. kUe and Children' Hielery of (11 kind, In
Wool and Lamb's Wool; Heeoy Lined and Cotton (Ho
of verT mak.
, . ALSO
A cemplett assorttnent of all tho Mul varle.
LADIES' CLOTHS, ' ; ',
v , TWEEDS,
.... DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladies and Gent's Linen Caat-irio Hand-
' T itmM wa 'sail ea oa.' we do Jrt our word to
how them the largeet, beat and eboapeat itock of Good
ret seen In tht market, or (a; tbem on dollar per
benr while leaking. , .-.'
wl-eifVtawuw.. , BXU.iB a umtuu.
ltOLPEN Mla.S. SHIHTS, -
IT , QOIiDKN HILL BH1BT8.
1 " . GOLDBM BILL BU1RTB.
Th pattern of th ihlrt are new. Yn Bodle, Yokes,
leevM and bosom an formed to fit th person with ea
and comfort. The mark a poa each deelrna ting th
eta mar b railed on aa belne eorreet, and eaohehlrtn
(uaranteed u maae. ran wwuoiaii qnaiiut
oonauntlyforialeet - .
, tnrM.T : . " Wo. M South High treet
Watcb.cs and Jewelry,
AFIHB AOBTniEHT OF WATCH
ea, C looka, Jerrrk, B UTerrare, ao., kept oonatanl
, on hand at , ' r.kirkPATBICK'8,
" ' Ho. 165, loath High Street, 0olambua,0.
HWatchel and Jewelry repaired. -dta.
' .'..' ' '
FANCY JBKKSS SILKS, , .
, , , I AH0I DRUBS BILRB, ,
' liNOT D-SBS STXtS.
W are now offering onr tamena stock of Taney Dms
Bllka at niVa icm tnan erat before offered In tht city.
Th attention f la ladtee of this Jty and vidnlty
(oltoited, aa onr itoek la Try sslaot and oomplet In all
radeaof oodala thlsl
Us. 1 ralTStt BAin, .
r MadlcaU Porposee."
rltJal BRANDMKS. Wlg, CORDIALS, AITD BIT
, , from oidt4 Ware ho om , , r . .
' nor? '" 10 flonth High trt.
II rALTKta 't v iDLAUH MITTS
1L of lRn e.nallUe tcr -adier.akae, k(lM' tfltta
f reet tarttW ''"' ' -.. ... ) f.AUUi'g,
Nos. 36, 38 & 40, North High St.
HAVING MOVED INTO M7
1 HAVE - i ;
.. MY ,.. . ; .
BOOK 4' JOB DEPARTMENT!
WJJS UOTH HAVE BEEN , : .
REPLENISHED THROUGHOUT ,
. with--' '.;
New Types Borders, OrnamcEts,' &c
mOM TOT CELHBBATBD lOUNDRT 01 .
C. T. WHITE ! A CO..' NEW TOfil".
' ... , TTO8 lIAKTJfa IT TBI , ;". j'
Most Complete, Establishment
IN THE C1TT.1
I am now prepartd to XxkuU til Orders for
BOOK AND JOB
AoA in the Host Approred Style of the Art. '
'- ....... ,., ,. , j
pastictjlax attintioh aid fo
MERCANTILE AND RAILROAD
I JL7L I W 0?;Z 3r G-.
Bills at Laalnfi, ; Clrealara,
,,D"i nianaai veecuu
Certificate, ' , ixecelpta,
. ; . P?mT Tickeuj ' ; , Hcgietera,
HOW CARDS & BII1S IN COLORS,
., ESVILOPES, -CONTBACTS,
Illustrated O h o w B i 1 1b,
FOR COUNTRY, MERCHANTS,
Show Bills, Hud Bills, labels, Concert Pro-
grammes, school and Dollar Schemes, Ho '
tel Bills of far, InriteTJons, A. .
. . i 1 ) ' i ii I, i i . i.i ... i
3B O 0 15L or
. OF EVERT DESCRIPTION
School sad College Catalogues,
. , iuciianeoas rampuets,
Constitutions, Beports, Briefs, fts
Printing In Gold and ' Colors !
Ef 0;IT33 3EL-ISI.
Printed In Srety Color on a ' ' : 1 1
Ilaminoth Hoo Cylinder,
''Tho only Prsa "of the kind In Central Ohio. J,'
yntautieiaroiBany anaail or ute abore deeerlp
Hon of work, are new aniarpaand, and Satlaftetloa wi
ne gnarauaaeu io au
lLT Ail work farnlibMl prtMnptly bw the dm tmmf el
r. '. t i." bv.'t;ii-t . i
Dally, per ear.v ... .....t.. f 0 00
Trl Weekly, per car. . 3 0
.Weekly, per yeai 100
THE COTTON QUESTION.
The Southern States the Only Reliable Cotton
Region in the World—The Cotton Experiment
in India and its Failure.
From a lenethr article In the New York Utt
aid on tho Future Growth and Supply of Cot--
ton" tho great ' topic oi tneasy we make too
following extracts: .
AMERICAN SOUTHERN STATES THE ONLY RELIABLE
COTTON REGION IN THE WORLD.
We possess the only, extentlre and reliable
cotton region In tho world. All thought of
rivalry or Hopes o( its supplies oeing superseded
by other regions are totally absurd, and are only
entertained by vislopary mes.er by those who
are Ignorant of Its cultivation. .
We matt understand 'tbatAibere are about
fifty varieties of the gosypium, or cotton plant,
and that out ot the whole number there aro on
ly about four cultivated for commercial purpo
ses, eaoh of which is an annual, and requires
replanting every year. The perennial cotton
trees of the tropics aro wholly useless, so far as
the quantity or quality is concerned; their pods,
or bolls, are small and comparatively few to
the tree, while the fiber of the cotton Is coarse,
harsh and brittle. We must comprehend the
fact that tho annual plants cultivated In the
United States aro only adapted to a climate
where rain and sunshine alternate, with suffi
cient heat to mature the plants and that they will
oot stand the extremes of drought and rain
common to all Intertropical latitudes, when the
only plan which can bo employed in rearlog
them consists in irrigation a method too arti
ficial and expensive ever to be employed on a
large scale; bence, when we bear that India,
Africa, Algeria, Egypt or Central America Is to
compete with the Uulted States, we know that
the thing is simply impossible.
' In tho United States the northern limits of
the cotton culture are bounded by 34 to 36 de
grees north latitude, omitting Intervening
mountainous elevations and strips of sterile
soil; and by the shores of the Atlantlo Ocean
and the Culf of Mexico (the latter being In lat
itude 28 to 30 degrees) on the south. This oot
ton region extends around ths Gulf of Mexico
through Texas to the mouth of the Rio Grande
on the Bouth-west, . and stretches In a north
easterly and south-westerly direction from about
the longitude of 76 degrees 30 minutes to 98
degrees west of Greenwich.
The main cause of the fertility of the coun
try thus described 1b attributable to the great
baain of water known as the Gulf of Mexico
and the Gulf Stream, whlob passes out paral
lel with the shores of the Southern Cotton
States. The waterof tho Mexican Gulf. heated
by the rajs of a tropical sun, causes aa Im
mense evaporation, whieh, la expanding or
drifting north, or toward the elevated lands
east ana west ot toe Mississippi, is condensed
by cold air, and produces frequent showers du
ring the warm months of spring and summer,
and whioh are the life of the cotton plants. A
similar process takes place along the Southern
Atlantlo States. The evaporation from the
Gulf Stream is condensed by the cooler air of
the Alleganiea, Thus we have an immense re
gion of cotton lands ores whioh nature, has
established the most wonderful system of irri
gation known in the world, in combination
with the proper amount of heat and richness of
son. w nen we consider tnat these neat nhu.
teal advantage have been united. w4tb .enter
prise, skill and slave institutions, managed by
Amenoan intellect, unaer tree institutions all
tending to their development, oromoted bv th
uwy jueu moor sui.aoie w me culture oi oot
ton, we shall experience no difflcnltv in comnm.
, a , , . . . . . . . .
hending why the United States enjoy a monopo
ly in Its production. c
THE COTTON EXPERIMENT IN INDIA AND ITS FAILURE.
j ORB. '.......
In 1840 the Hon. East India Company sent
an agent to tho United States, with a cart
blanch as to expenses. He engaged the servi
ces of ten experieuced American cotton growers,
taken from the beat cotton districts of the conn.
try. Several were from Mississinn i. two from
Louisiana, three from Alabama, and two or
tbree from Georgia. Ther were en raced at
good salaries, and bound to remain In India five
yean eaoh. They were supplied with large
quantities of .the best American seed, cotton-
gins, plow, noes, cotton-presses, and every pos
sible appliance calculated to Insure success.--They
passed through England, visited Manches
ter, and were made acquainted with the view
and wants of th spinners. They were sent
overland to India, and distributed in the best
cotton dlstrlota to be - found In that vast region.
They were supplied with all th laborers they
wanted, at three oenta per day each, they sub.
listing on rioe as food. '
one ot tne planters. Mr. Terrv. stated that
In Mississippi one hand could cultivate five
acres, make five bales of cotton and his own
provisions. To do the same woik in India, It
required three weakly Asiatics to the acre. An
African at the South, being well fed on pork,
beef and corn bread, with vegetables, and well
clothed, could do about as muoh real labor aa
half a dozen puny Hindoos. Mr. Terry was
sent op to the Uundlecund , District, near the1
oas eoi tne Himalaya mountains. When he
Aral reached this locality he olanted on a thou
sand sores In cotton, near the olose of the raioy
season, which came op, grew well, bloomed
and boiled favorably) but just at this stage In
it growtn uie orouiu set in, t tie beavensjseem
ed turned to bras, and not a drop of rain fell
in ninety days. His plants withered, the leaves
dried np, the blossom fell off, and the result
was that he only gathered 69 pounds of ootton
to tho acre, against abont 1,000 to 1.200 nonnda
.in Mississippi., i, , ; . , ., .
Value of an Explanation.
A certain king, it is said, sent to another
king, saying, "Send me a blue pig with a black
tail, or else ",, Th other, in nigh dudgeon
at the presumed Insult, replied, "I have not got
ono, ana H 1 naa " uu wtuob weiebtv
cans they went to was for maiiy years. After
a satiety or glories and misei.u. tbey finally be
thought them that, as their armite and resour
ces were exhausted and their kingdoms mutually
laid waste, It might be well enough to consult
about the preliminaries of peace: but before
tbia could be concluded, a diplomatic explana
tion was first needed of ths Insulting language
which had formed ths ground of th quarrel
"What oould yon mean," asked the second king
of the first, "by saying, -'send me a blue pig
with a black tall, or ele V " "Whv." said
the other, "I meant a blue pig with a black tail,
or els some other color. But," retorted he.
"what could 'yon mean by saying ! have not
got one, ana it i naa v " wny, of course,
if l baa i snonid nave sent it;" au explanation
which was entirely satisfactory, and peso was
conciuaea soooraipgiy. ( ;.v " , -..
-1 :r.: ' 'J ' " .
Tbirst, Moke Setebb than Hokqib The
disturbance . to tho general system . which is
known by the nam ot raging thirst is far more
terrible than tbat of starvation, and for this rea-
toot During the abstinence from food tho or
ganism can still live upon Its Own substance;
but during aoatinenco irom liquid the organ
ism has no suon source oi supply within itself.
Men bar been known to enuuro absolute orl'
ration of food for some weeks, but three days
or. absolute privation ot . drink: (unless In a
moist at mosphere) Is, perhaps, th limit oi en-
uuranos.v . v ;,-' ! .. i.-'i
: This Is th most atrocious torture ever In
rented. by Orlentel tyrants.. It, Is that which
most effectually tames animals. , Mr. Ashley,
whn ho had a refractory horse, always . used
thirst as th most- eutotiv power of coercion
nlvinff a Httlo water as ths reward for everv act
of obedlenoe. Tho historians , of shipwrecks
paint fearful , picture ot th v sullerlng Irom
thirst and on, of th most appalling ease
known is th oslebratsd imprisonment of 146
nen In th Black Hoi of Caicutu.
"Occasional's" Correspondence of the Press.
Enmity of presidents and Vice Presidents for
Speaking of Vice Presidents, it k a ourleus
fact that lor forty years past th Vice President
has either been at enmity with the President, or
has been lost sight of In th distribution of
patronage, except when he became Chief Mag
istrate by th death of the first ofuoer of the
government. Mr. Calhoun and General Jack
son had an early and a aevere difference. Vice
President Richard M. Johnson never wielded
much power under Mr. Van Buren's adminis
tration. Had Harrison survived, there can be
no doubt that John Tyler would have been ut
terly ignored, and the same may be said of Mr.
Fillmore, who mounted over tho coffin of Gen
eral Tailor into tho Presidential ehair. . In
1844, when Polk and Dallas were elected, the
friends of the latter in Pennsylvania exulted in
the prospect of controlling th rmtronaee ot the
Federal Government, because their justly dis
tinguished favorite occupied so olose a relation
to the President; but Mr. Buohanan, a shrewd,
cautious, schemlnc politician, located at Lan-
euter, checkmated them, and, befor th 4th of
March, 1845, had not only put himself into the
Department of State, but had nut his rival. Mr.
Dallas, under a shadow. From this day to the
expiration of the term of President Polk, Mr.
Dallas had no influence whatever. The early
death of the venerable William R. King doubt
less saved him from a similar mortification un
der the administration of President Pierce. '
In 1856, when the favorite son of Pennsylva
nia was chosen to the high position he now oc
cupied. In comoanv with tbevouns Kentuckian.
John C. Breckinridge, he had a striking exem
puncation or the raot tbat It Is almost impossi
ble for the President and tho Vic President
to agree. From the moment that James Buch -anan
entered the White House, his besetting
Infirm ity seemed to bej suspicion of all his old
menus, ana eaiousy ot tne nanasome Vice
President. Ia vain did the friends of the latter
appeal for patronage. Tbey were coldly and
haughtily excluded. The framers of the Consti
tution Intended to make the Vice President a
counsellor of the President. Ia fact, hia con
nection with the Senate, and the vote he receives
at the election, ought to put him before the
Cabinet; but the reverso has been the case, with
very rare exceptions. Now, the Vice President
generally assumes the relation to the President
tnat nas been oooupied in England, for man
years, by the heir apparent to the reigning raou-
One characteristic exception Is furnished to
this rule, and that is tho manner In which Old
Hickory trusted and confided in Vice President
Martin Van Buren. Jackson's friendships were
so tenacious, that, whether he stood by a poli
tician in petticoats or in pantaloons, he rarely
gave up one to whom he was attached. Vn Bu
ren was not only his intimate and confidential
friend, but his daily counsellor; and when the
man of iron nerve mounted the second time to
the highest office in the world, he caused it to be
understood that his successor should bo tha Vic
President, and the fiat was carried out. It re
mains to be sees whether Mr. Lrfiooln will Imi
tate Jackson, bv adhering to his Vice President.
or whether he will fl) into tho tut in which most
or his predecessors have followed. Mr. Hamlin
la a safe, experienced, and thoughtful man, an
old Democrat, who, during hia connection with
the Democratic party, exercised very gteat pow
er In New England, and was cherished as among
niu. cacctire ana trusted oi onr leaaara.
He Is still inspired with many of the ideas of
me oiu vemccracy, ana will, doubtless, do all
In bis power to liberalise th inoomiDc Admlai.
Opening of the British Parliament.
This description of the opening oi. Parlia
ment pj tauten victoria is given in the liOndon
There are uniforms of all colors the familiar
scarlet of the Hanoverian, the light bloe of the
urces, us uarx oiu oi tn treuou, th dark
green of the Austrian, the plain and unassum
ing black of too American. Over these there
aro red Ma; and blue ribbons, and amber
ribbons; a4 there 'are stars, and crosses, and
medals, and ail manner of decorations.
There are some who have none ot these bau
blesMr. Dallas the American Minister; the
Secretary, Mr. Dallas, jr., and the Assistant
Secretary, Mr. Moran. Th most picturesque
in th group is the Persian Ambassador his
black flowing beard, his toll hat and Eastern
robe, make him a prominent member of the
carp diplomatique. '
At last even the Commons are silenced, and
the Lord Chancellor has advanced to the throne,
and, kneeling, hands the royal speech to th
Queen. This her Majesty, ia a clear and dis
tinct voice, reads to the assembled Lords and
Commons. : The most perfect stillness prevails;
th foreign Ministers listen anxiously for the
Easssgea that relate to their profession, and Mr.
alias and Mr. Moran show intense Interest in
th passages relating to the threatened disrup
tion of the Union ; and when her Majesty ex
pressed "her heartfelt wish tbat their differ
ences may be susceptible of a satlefactorv ad
justment," the venerable Minister of the United
states gave someihlogllikea, "Burleigh's nod,"
which seemed to say be hoped so, too, but evi
dently bad some misgivings on the subject.
Diptheria an Old Visitor.
Th throat disease now known aa Dlntheria
is an old diseas with a new name.- The word
la from a Greek word signifying skin, and
should bo. spelled diphtheria, and not, aa it
usually hvdiptberia. This disease visited this
country as long ago as 173T, snd raged with
great violence. i we find, says the Portland
Transcript, in Parson Smith's Journal, fre
quent notioes of its ravages In 'this region
Under date of October 31, 1737; he says a fast
was oeiu on account oi to is tnroat distemper.
It was epidemio, and commencing at Kingston,
N. H., spread through New Hampshire and
Massachusetts, and was twd veara in Machine-
th Hudson River.- In Tfew Hampshire not
less than one thousand persons fell victims to
this malignant distemper, and in Boston four
thousand persona bad the disease, and one hun
dred and fourteen died.- In May, 1737. Parson
Smith mentions that seventy-five had died of
It In this town. Under date of October 13,
1737. h savsi. "The distemner Is still had at
Scarborough. Not ono has lived that has had
ft of late.'.' It was (he most fatal soourgs that
evot visited New England, and rapidly hurried
Its subjects to th grave; the throat was swelled,
became covered with ash oolored s necks, treat
debility and prostration ensued, with putrfao-
iiou.. unaer to improrea metooas or treat
ment of Ah present day, it ia less fatal, , ,
' , Irish .Linen; Goods.
WAR BAN TED FABRIC
Linen Bhtrt Be acme plain and YaneT ' '
- Bhlrrlngand Boeom Ucene- v V
. Linen Sheeting and Pillow Oaalnra,
Linen Cambric and Lone Lawn.
' : - ' Linen Pecket-bandkrfe, all alee.
.'. '"". LuI-T,wll'gaadDlapi.
' ' linen Napklne and D'Oylle. -77
, Linen Table 0 loth and Balls Damaak. v- '
Linen Towel with oolored border. '
Linen BtalrOoverintaanS Creak.
roreeleat lowprtcco. - . .i" ,;
v- ... BAIN a BOH,'
feWS ' ' He. t loath Hlahttrett.
. Ladle,' linen Pookot-Eaadk'fi.
ITEItllTIED STITCHED I, UfEPi HAND
jtA kemnieis, very wia nam.
. Embroidered Linen Uandkt all prices.
: Hsmmtd Btitchtdand plain do, do. '
" do do , oolored borders. 1 I
, KoumlDg do ','" black borders !' Vl s
do do , newatrlecrotssUtched. : ,
.' TlnaADDltdo ' ' newnatterne. - "
MUaei' Plain and Hammed Btltcbed do all prloes.
Comprising th most select assortment fn the city and
St lowest prloes. ,, , . BAIN a BON,"
um ,. . n ,,no. xvpmw jaigaeirMi
, ..... KtEHsVEEte ' . '- . . .
fLato of PhalcBi Istabllshment, IT. I.,) fjoprMcr
nte new sore: wan mannas onxrmw. ttair uuttin
Sbaatpooninf , OarUag and Dssliitttloca, Bast State
street, ever ice root umoa, woere saUaCMUoa will
he given In all. the various kraashes. Ladies and
ajoiutrea i satar niseeitg ao&a in in beat style.
HERBITVCt HEBR IRQ 1 1 30 ablt,
NoklSicUedfitrrlng In store, for sale by, .
' i "-M t :i .MoJ-EB St KSSTiUAl
SebST ca ; v .t.,--:i,i3Mij , S4. liortk allih strut.
M ct;vi t 1. t ::) ve?.;B .i ciii u ' . '""
. ,..a m 1.1 !i.,lf..-sj tvt eH'IT-f a,g
I' . . ,: ' fv: ,.!.-! ' ..J i . .
, . ;, . 1 en '' .... . , ( .
'' '' ' co : ;' 5 i.'-.JI'
... T, :.V"fi..-
p! - " --J-''' C
g ..'up-! 1 (':! g iitg. . i
w :-.0,,,,,ga,..g ; 3,
p, ! ' F J g- r.,tt) - 5 .
t . w-.- 8 --?.!' 3
". .- :, : r: : A r.
. Bi ' . '. " g ! aV : : 8.v .
lr?I INVITH ATTB VTTflW tn
t raord Inary cure by my
' f. - t "X i " T ? :1")
They are at bom, and anv ant tint,, iLvj. ... i.
quire of the person who hav been oared by It
DR. KKTSER IB PftTeTAttWTi AT lev iu.
EXAMINB LUN08 WITHODT finHflB wnu ttV
THOSE WHO NEED HI8 ittDIOINEB,
ATTEND CO YO0R COLDS -A cue of flew year'
tandlnf euredbyDR. KEYBEft'B PEOTORAL 8VRUP.
; : Prrr aatmon, Jan. 11, 18B0. '
Da. Kn.-il : M wlf. haa hMi, aAinai ii, . w.
oouch and dlfflculty of breathlnir, for flv or alx yeara.
whioh , for several year back, had gradually Inoreaeed In
vtolenc. Th complaint ha been hereditary, and abe
had been treated by aeveral phyaidan without an re
Hef. In thu atate of her oaae, I procured aom ofyonr
Peotoral Ooufh ByrupM I bought, th Bret Urn, a SRy
oant bonis, which relieved her very much ; I than celled
and got a dollar bottle, which cured fan enUrely, and
ah has now no trao of the former dlaeaae, neept weak
nee. I would also (lata that I ! th. nu,i
aelf to a cold and court. The medicine mnri a. w
loffonadoa laznreea at entire mha.hm, i.C .k.
medicine, and you are at liberty to pabllah thl tf you
dealre to do so. WU. WILSON.
' , Alderman fifth Ward.
PrrrnnteB, Nov. IB, 1858.
Da. Knant: Although not an advocat of Patent
aledlcloea, in general, It afford m pleuur Indeacrlba
ble to recommend your Pectoral Syrup, A a medicine
It I well worthy th attention of anv nenon who aui In
any manner be afflicted with eonghi, old and hoarsen
v, aur nun, anu tor in peculiar qualification for re
moving all that disagreeable aenaatlon attending a se
I hav been, mora or leas. In my lift, affeelad with th
tavcrest of oold and hoareeneao. At time my throat
would become ao cluaed aa to prevent my speaking abovt
a whiaper, and by taking a few dose of th abov Byrun
it would relieve me entl rely.
In reoonunending thl medicine, I muat anhedtaungly
ay that It Is th best remedy I aver found, purporting ti
cure th abovt, nor ehonld any family be wltnout this
remedy for illaeaeea ao prevalent. ..
Vonra, moat reapectfully.
' EDWARD 3. JONES, :
' ' Caahlcr Oltlaen1 Deposit Bank, 1
BiiuaaMvu.ii, 0., March 14, IPiB
I hav ruwd Dr. Keyaer' Cough Brup for a bad sough
of eeraral yean standing, and can cheerfully aay It I
tuv wr., tn.uie ivr we asm tnai a nave ever takes
J. V. PRICE.
COL. PRATT AND DR. KBYBIB'B PECTORAt
BTRUP. Da. Kama Dear Blr: Sbasaaa taa d.i. f
my acknowledgiag thzolinc of you Peoteral Cough
w.wi.wu.,. . M vnipicuun ia aaymg uuvi. It Si
all yon my Itl. nocWtie note oiu o wv touch
and tb worst one I was ever afflicted with: I hav cot
used more than one-half ef the bottle, and I can and do
with that all who are afflicted would aire Ituf.l.. ,h.i
aa I have done, and they will b proud to aay, "It la no
! uicuwiiio." i wcnii in annar another auchaa
attack for any consideration, or at any coat. I am con
fident I can breathe more freely than I ever did. I shall
ale-ays acknowledge a debt of gratitude for Inventing so
excellent a remedy. Ton are at liberty to uae my sunt
tn this regard, a yon think proper. 1.1. PRATT,
Messenger Common Council, Pittsburgh., pa. '
Plttaburgh, May 11, 18511. ...V
N . B I am no stranger to my ultew-eltlaaau, and
Who entertain donbta can eontn It me parsoDja.. 1
' - R.P.P.
- ' ,j '; ,i . i
' 1 Prrmrmaai. Anrll SA. fen. 1
BEAD THE TRUTH. Da. Kmau Ihavaadaogh-
wr .up nu laaen several mcnicine ror a aaa eougn,
without benefit among them Ayer'e Cherry Pectoral.
I purohaaed from yen a bottle of your PECTOsVAX
a w Ss rr n . l . . . . . .
aiaur, ana serora ue naa nsea nau a SottM ahe was
relieved, Th nwnd bottle cured her tntlraly of her
cough. JOHN DARIN, ,
' "I Robinson atreet, Allegheny.
Pr BWBow, Dfeember, 31, 1858. I
GREAT CURB BY DR, KRVBER'S rxCTOKAL
BYRDf . I Itv in Peebles township, AUsgheny county.
I had a ooughing and spitting, whioh commenced aoout
th 4th of February last, and continued tight months. 1
employed tht best physicians In th country, snd sny
sough continued unabated aatil early In October. At
that time I was advised to try your PBOTOHAL COUOB
8YRCP, which I did, and after I had taken one bottle I
was entirely free from th coughing and (pitting. -1 had
despaired of ever getting well, and I think It ahould be
known tbat thl valuable remedy will do for ether what
U haa done in my case.. , . . JOHN C. LITTLE,
Wltnes-B.M.KBa. '- " feebl townhlp. i
1 ; .... ;
'""' PATTonTr., April 14,1837.
A WOKDERPtTL CURS. gome tlmcagVaa old
neighbor of an in wa very 111, with a bad eeuh whioh
vary one eoppoeed to beoonsumptlon. Ills re la Urea
toia ma tnat ne nan taken every remedy they heard ef
without benefit; hi brother cam to ts him die and all
were confirmed In tht belief that he could not lire. I
had about th third cf a bottle of your Pectoral Byrap,
which I gavs bun, and It entirely cured hiss, t th aston
ishment of all. What mak th oass more remarkable,
it tht extreme art of tha man, he being about eUrhty years
old. I have no doubt the Pectoral saved ha Hre.
DR. KIYBKR'S PECTORAL BTRUP IN BLAIRS-
viiii... ieas eoa me another supply of your valu
able "Pectoral Syrup," Almost everybody around ut
ha the cold and are inquiring tor "Dr. Kataar'a Pmtnml
Byrap;" W ha snld aixsrea hot tie, last week, and are
now entirely out. Mr. A. Alterand Kr. P. Maher. hotk
of Blalravilla, Pa., tell u tbey would not b without It
in tneu ismiue. ra met, ail woo aa it one want K
again. lours, reapeoiraiiy, - . w .
January M, 1680. . : ,,,,;.. '
AKOTBER NEW CERTlrlCATB DR. EETSnR'a
PECTORAL SYRUP. I had been troubled with amuuk
and cold tor several weeks eo bad wa It tbat I couM sot
leep,. 1 bad tbe advkie nd preeerlptime frora-three) of
th bait physician in th city, whom 1 could bus, bat do
nos ao so. a nneiiy prooursa tome oi your Pectoral
Byrup, which cured me entirely. Blgned,
J. W. BIMONTOW, - 1
838 Liberty stnjtt, Pittsburgh, ttv, Jan. 0, i860.
1 I , . I ! -.-.' . ... . -.. ;,.,.!.'
'8TOP THATXlOUarTntO." 'How eaa I da lt una
to acyttrwon n ooaetrret ana get a bottle ed hia Cough
PtotoiaU and If that don't cure yon. your case muat ha
desperate Indeed." Ibis I a specimen of th colloquy
one near almost erery aay tn old calceupg- period of
the yea, . -And sa can, troaa actual aanmrlaatat, ch4e
fully concur tn th adviser' admonition aa ahevn, tor we
have tried the "Pectoral." In a most stubborn ease, with
en tire suocees. Near two weeks ago we went to Pittsburgh,
with one of th moot distressing, contrary, aialtab, an-
nbdaabl cengha. are ever experienced since oar advent
noon tut maDdaoe spnere. We coughed etaadllv and
laboriously lor n whoi week, In bone or Hrino U out.
but It wa no go.' In fact It teemed rather tv-hart Im
proved by prsottoeVand to have) aequlred a trantth.no tsn-
oy and OitlrfitHUiy by th oncratiea. In this atagtof
the sleg. we oonihed our way to Krrser'a. 140 Weod St.
procured a fifty cent bottle of the "Pectoral;'', took it
ocoraioa w airecuons, amaisirony-eignt near We were
muter of the field, theeoesay havtsg .assmsMMtsoaally
saorreaiaeien, utter a pnei mi unequal cenflMi wttth
formidable an adversary, as Keytar1 famous "Cosrt
,i , n rw. n .... i r. . . . .n
ravwiai. invwmrwm wyjrmrt two la, 1JJ'.', - ; i
. i .mummm,l li...i T ,..J,n-
DR. KSYJIR'S PECTORAL BTRU h
old bv Dr, OKORQR B. UTSER. 140
Pltrshareh.Pa. .' . ...
ALT Sort an. VOlumcu by &UBKKTS St BAMTJEli.
rpOOTnACHE UEinCDV. .' ,
- ' ; :" A BTJUJC CUKE!. !
Prepared and sold by ' ."!- "
-i : -: 1 - "V :' !
Price, 85 cent.., . 140Woodti.,PltUburgh,Pa.
HT ra Columbus by R0B1RT8 St BAMTJTL. '
octa7:lawdlim. i - ! i ,.
JAB. U. M'SJtB.
. WM. H. RBSIUUUX.
pnoDUOE : : DiiALEna.
Cli'i !. Wwrth Iflgh s,tr"i,g -..
, oit in i) i OOLUVBUB, pHIOti
HAVE ON HAND AT TTHWf.FWATE
and Retail, flNKgT BTAPLB CLUOOKRICS,
FLOUR, SALT, TEA, COFFSB, BUUAR, ffOBAOCO,
StSAKS, tro , tru. Our Bt has been purohastd tat
A astern Oltiet during tht Pernio,-' -' - i
-i ;,?orx,t 'dAprr;; a:
ad our main endeavor Will be to offot Indurrm-nni'to
CA&3 B UXERf wluoa art not xMlod by any iioute la
thaOltv. .. ,kv..w'..t..-ia
7".T 1 (
i : I. .".r
c M 'I
v I Ula;rf
:t, . tan
KfJAPP dS COG
I r l
1-1 I -i-s
Prom and after this data ws f hall -. Q '
.. . .. ':iij'rit:'e;y . - -
MDUCE THE PHICE
OF OUR WINTER GOODS
TWENTV. FIVE PEH; CEtTT
in osois to mss boom ros oi's
Our assortment is still good,
and it is known to every
one that ' our 7.
T O O ES1
FIRST CLASS GOODS.
WE ARE DETERMINED TO
SO DO NOT FORGET THE.
CHEAP STORE OK ' ' '
K NAP P & dOv,
SOUTH HIGH STREET, : :
S Tontot feat It era aael 60 Tan f
Uaare Waatol. ,
WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN i
HAVING A CIRCULATION ' " '
LABflEB BI imSAI TE0U1UD '
Than any other paper tn Ohio, atkVt of OlaetaaaU
Offers Facilities for Advertising
Which CANNOT PAIL to krlas .;, a
Speedy ana KenauaeraUve Uelara
' To the whe take adraatage tt them. ..
THB WKKKLY EITATBSMAN
Distributed as U It throngfa every Post Office In Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Readers
Who patronagt It valuable, and who seldom set tho
' Dally Editions ef city Journals; and at' snip '
A Limited K amber of A-vartisement-
Art Inserted la lis oslnsus, appoprlately aal ,
?:!-: ri.V oaswt tank to
Of ALII ,'. .-j" ct:
Advertiaing la the. WEEKXT BIATESMAN trill fin
' .! .v 3 -i, It (NitSBas in- ,tr-r Us.,
THE INCREASE QF TRADE
Which It almost certala to follow an xtenslr dWmut
atlon , , knowledge of their, tntlpeat
AKOKa COUOTSY , I1IL4JXS3 J
ADTERTIBEK15TS INTENDED 108, .
Tho "Weekly Statesman
ehouldb hasdsdrn ben f rMay hec4."ow
HOWARD & OO'fl.
" ''MiJUUsyi WATCI1E3.-
CM at nobs,' aovTti moii"ii.
and tatmlat ear new make ef . . j i y i' . c
f! AKZftlCAN WATCHES,'
manuractnredby B. HOWATO a CO , Boetoo, Mats.
These Watsktt art far tewerler to anything rrer offered
to the pablio, heretofore, fiarleg tha exclusive amacy.
I can sell them at prices to mall law timet, . I have J oil
reoelvcd a large stash f. u s,j ....,
Au j f 'J AMERICAN .WATCHE3,fj ,r j
mstafsorsdsy APPLBTON.TRAOT. fc CO alto, a
tottatottatattc j. tr ,r-K'5.vl'J cT-'rf") ?
, XUiOLIsn ANDBTVlslt) WATCUEt),
In floW and BUvw Caeei, at fans: price. )
vtS :. ..... t e ..-. W, J. BATA41.
JOHN K STEKLE V
-1 , -rf-- m-uA.j s -' ! ' Viit
W.'T (ii -. ; '
i AU orders Itft at lb Offlo fjh &atmi will be'
nramptlv tttteded to. V-
ii 1. i .mi i i ' - .
..im xTeTa u i luCaX jc;
Afw for ntfK!!Fe roiTnriTAL,
A'txKATTAn, Bsuoarrr. ai-d l.'we!.'.e 1 Cc.'
Ns tSK', Km... j.ire' tel Cr."v f ato Uojiiroaa
ir 1 wag Lire and On Kit, Moto Ltre,, , ..
oific), ei rstvh ,f . m,in',' n
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