.a", i rv 11 . . . .. i . ... i
ri nm-ir 11 n ii . ,
nil . Mi
VOL. VII. NO. 250. NEW SERIES,
COLUMBUS. OHIO. WEDNESDAY EVENING. :MARCH.:27. 1861. ,
flZ C0UJIS rS3IZA&
; MANYPENNY & MILLER,
ptbiishj sa s and propbirtobi.
. ,, . ' , ' .i I : -, I 7 '
CTOSM In. 86, 88 and 40, North High It.
INVARIABLY IN ADTANOH.' , ,
Bally ". - - . $6 00 per year.
- " By the Carrier, per wselty UU cents.
m-wejm I oo tiriw.
emu of Advertising by the Square.
One iquar 3 WMki. .94 00
On " 8 week., sou
One ' M lweek...l7S
One " 3 day.... 100
One " Sdayi... , 75
One " I" inoLthe IS 00
doe ' 1 0 month! IS 00
, Doe " 3 month! 10 00
One ' - 1! moutln 8 00
One " '' 1 month. 5 00
Displayed advertiiaments bait nor than (he abov
At.. ' . . . .
Advertisement leaded and placed In the oolamn of
: ncuciHi nutioe,"aotiCM u oratnary rau. . r .
All uutlcei requlreQ to be publiihedbjr law, legal rate.
It orciereii on tne lusiaeexcluiiyely alter the nrt week
per cent, more than the ahove rate; bat all aoon wll
appear In the Tri-Weekly without ohante.
. lutneM Oarda, not eioeodlng Are line, per year, Up
il de, 12 50 per Hue; outside $U. -
N otlcei of meeting, charitable! ooietlei, ftre companlei,
c, oaii price. -All
tra tuitnt advtrUtmmt muei b paid or )
s iiKinoe The rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, lame price asthe Dally, where the advertiser
eetne weekly alone. Where no Dally ana weekly
are rotn need, then the charge MTU weekly Will he
atMhTateeor-th Dally -r . . ;
no aavertuemeiH tan en except tor a aennite penoa.
U AOLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Nprlitft- dc Water St., :
W. B, POTTS & CO.,
And Manufacturer of Brass and Gam position Calling!,
a 'i riuuneu grass iron 01 ail uesonpaon. ,
Electro, Plating; and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTINC, AC.
- i f. A. tB. snims,
Attornoy txt Law
' ' AND NOTARY PUBLIC. ,
Office Aui boi uuildlng, oppodte Capitol Square.
. - O0LUMBUB, OHIO,
- - ' i i - ' i ii i i
Machine Mannfatturiig Company
Catting, XUl-Searinf, Uaehiaery.
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
- , ALSO,
, , or t viar Disciimoa. C . .
'. COLimHUS, OHIO.
OHAS. AHB08, Bnp'l ?. AMB0S,,Trs.
. Winter Arrangement
Little Miami & Colamhs & Xecia
For Cinoinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to Indianapolis without Change of Carl
nd but One Change of Cars between
. . Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS dTiLY FROM (SOLUM-
: - bus.
- FIRST TRAIN.
" "" ' ' (Dally, Uonday excepted.)
NIOnT BXPRK88, via Dayton, at I:4S a. m.,itop
pine at London, Xenia, Dayton, kiddletown and Bamil-
ton, arrlvlDj at Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.; Dayton at 5:4S
a. m., IndlanopolU at 10:48 a. m.; tt., Louiaat 11:50
P , SECOND TRAIN. : .. ,
ACCOMMODATION, at 8:10 a. m., (topping at all Sta
tion i between Oolambui and Cinoinnati and Dayton, ar
tiring at Cincinnati 11:03 a, m., Dayton at V: IS a. m.,
IndlanopolU af 8iW p. m. -
- THIRD TRAIN.
SAT IXFaX88,at 8:30 p. m., stopping at Alton,
Jefleraoo, London, Obarlaaton, OedarrTlle, Xanla,
Spring Valley, Oorwln, Morrow, Deerlleld, Foitar'a
Loreland, Klllfordaad Plalnrlll., errlrlog at Olneta
natl at 7:20 p. m.; Bt. Louie at 18 m; Dayton at tr.SA p.
m.; Indianopolltat 10:38 p, m. ... , ,
Sleeping; tiara em sail Night Train t
Cluclnnatl and Inalanapalte. .
RAOOAClE ' CHECKED TRROIIOII.
for further Information and Through Ticket, apply to
M. 1. BOBIRTT,
" Ticket Ajcnt, Union Depot. Oolumhua, Ohio.
, . . , r . W. WOODWARD,
"' Snpeiintendent, Olnctnnatt.
V.ll-? 'if I. '?v '.-' JNO. W. DOUBRTI
Jul3 . , , , . Agent, Oolumbns,
CALL AT NO. SsalOVTH niGH T.,
and examine oar new make of - "
manufactured by' l.'IIOWARD CO., Boston, Uan.
Thcae Watebee are tar aaparior to any thing area offered
tn tbe publlo, heretofore. Baring tbe exoludra aaenoy,
I ean sell thorn at price to ult tb time. . I bare Jaat
ieeslTsdanrgeatseker.4 ;,t; ...-
maanrao tared by Af PLlTOA, TBAOY, 4 00 ; also, a
Bo assortment of.. . -
ENGLISH AND SWISS) WATCHES,
tn Sold anil Silver Oases', at Panlo price. .
JanS3,V',';V',';-V i';!''r1'W.. MVAOB,'
1 - ' I . . .
:1AA nr cn qbeen dlack
JLUUTEAVS lOO bag prim Rio Cone. , - r . r
1 5(1 pMkete old Dutob OorernmeBt Java OoffeV. i; L
IS bags Ceylon Coffee. . ... r,
tOObbl. Mandard While Sugar, eoniUttng of Pow
dred.Ohruabed, Granulated A and B Coffee. "
80 quintal iore Bank OodBili. j; r, i ;.;r
SO bbl. He and Mo. 1 Mackerel.
R lea. Piok Salaraa , i.. i 2"l l 3 H'l'4
10O bx. Layer Raialns.
ftObft box 4i 'a ' t f-.'"'t'.'T !:.
lOOqr.boi do " do ' 1 " J j-o h j. , t
10O at Olgar. different brand and grade, "' :"
rteiJCl -n.-y.ui Wat. MoDONAtD.'
And' Elajik-Eools Manufantnrer, .
korih Bias irnm. coLinctiiJa, ohio
ratiWi . . ,r.r!t ' '
.It l i EARIII.V',.ari4l)Ms I
TIT nit V WHEAT, , URANJDEO '
:iflNo wyi. akiiI." 1 ,;!,r;
from " Barnett MUli," Sprlngueld, 0. th bait brand of
- P loar broatht to oar market. SattiheUonaaarantsed.
Iw a.leiTyal WAt. MoDONAIiD'B,
W.oYmt r' "' T;Ht stoiui ciig-a mwi.
All le and oeUiae.tda ;u fAWS,
'.a,i n .? ;t
I BLACK ALPACAS.
I . '
3STo. 4z Ghvnne , Block.
i. P. STONE & O'lIAMi;
ABENOW RECEITINOTHEIB Wllf
IBB GOOD8, end tnrtte the publie to tstpeot
them, no tnen etock of Ooodi hu erer been brought to
title mirket. The Booth, is ooaeeqoence of the hilar
of ib grain crop, he not been able to pnrohue the
naiqaantltr of rich goodf, and thli faothaifoned the
Importer to eell them at publie auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Btone) belnc in Mew Tork at these lane aalea. took
adraatan of thaaa. and n au and will ml nnni
bare, at leee than aoy-ODO who purchased two weokaitaoe.
paid for them In New . York. Our etock b complete, In
ererjr department of
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS, '.
Ul i UIV1AN VELOURS,
. r , PRINTED MERINOS,
; DYED COBUGSi
,,. FANCt WOVEN FABRICS;
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
. POPLINS, PRINTS,
SHAWLS AND CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
;; Bought in One Day,
A one half the Ceet ! Impaitatlon.
la all Varletlea, f the Celebrate
r inanafatare el C. O. Gin
titer k Son.
Men!, ladles and Children' Under Bhlrta and Drawen; I
Ladle, Uluei and Children' Hosiery of all kind, In I
Wool and Lamb'a Wool: f lees Lined and Cotton Olons I
. ' - 1
A complete aeuortmeDt of all the usual varle-
Ladies and Gent's Linen Camlrio Hand
kerchief., Ac, &o. .
To bereon who eall on ui. wa nladva aot wotvli tn I
lho them the largest, beat snd cheapeat stock of Ooodi I
erer aesn in una marker,, or pay uem one aoiiar per I
uuur wane loosing. .
aeci-aiywawitw. . BTUNB O'HAKBA.
LATHROP, IUDIN610N & CO.
23 4 25 P ABK PLACE,
20 ft 22 KUBBAY STB EXT,
. ,3mxj wxortn
, IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF
Foreign and Domestic
ID R Y GOO DS
FOR CASH OR APPROVED CREDIT.
W an openlni. at our amnla warrrooms. at the abora I
number, slocks of Ooodi In each of the eix demrtmenta I
our nutuess, n parlor to anything we bare he re to for
Muiouea to ine traae.
Thl hu frown io Its nreeent mamltad nnder the
thorough mananmont of a barer of lonr experisne and
acknowledged good taste. We keep exteuire lines of
nam ana enoicest .
FANOV P A QQTM s7'DT7G
iliN J 1 VJ AOOLMJIjIXJIiO
be found In th market, all (elected with th nleett
duerunlnauon. Also, all grade, color and varhu off I
I ARUKR8' and MSR0HANT8' 0A8SIH1R1B,
KBNTTJCKT J1AN8, from 9)i to 18 cent per yard
and upward; "
TWIEDS, 12 to 15 centi per yard-last year sold at
18 to SO;
PRINTED 8ATINITB, at 14 cent;
And other Ooodi torreipondiiiglj Low. .
Hancheitn D Lain,
Bamlltoa . do. ... .
Printed Lwn, " '
Paney Silk. - '
Ottoman Cloth, . .,
And tit Nti Stlttt Stylt of
FANCY SPRING GOODS.
DonD.ll" ' do.
Koglith . do. . ,
aianchetter, Ac Prints, Ao.
' , TOMKSTTO COTTONS. . j
Lawreac 0. Sheetlngv, 1 Atlantic A. Sheeting,
Stark . i . do. i . . Amoakaag - do.
Lathrop , do. '., , ' Appletoa do.
Shawmut "' . do. ". . Irerett do.
Poeemet ' do. ' ' TJUca, Ao., do.
j '. All Of dt$nd Width.
BllACniD 8HIRTIN08 AND SniirilCQg. '
VaMntte, O Dwlghl, ' ' ; Lawnnos, '
Mudalo, : flreattall, - Naamkeag,
Hill, Waltham, Boott,
. Hew Tork Mill, e., Ao.'.'- ! t : : I
i t A LAIOI AMD SKLIOT fSSOaTHINT. " .
00TT0NADI8 a great variety. -1 j
TICKIHflB-U the leading brand. ' . '
DBNIMB do. do.
BHIRTINO SIRIPf S-all the leading brands.'
NANKRBNB ..' do. Jo.
00R8BT JIAHS ' ' 1 do."" do. '
HORBBNB ; .- do. do. '
DAMABKS, PAPIR OAMBRIOBWiQoLORRD CAM-
v . (BRIOB, Ao., Ao. , . , J0 t!. ,
IAROE AND COMPLETE STOCKS OF
WHIT1000DB, . - j f.r).i
. TAIKU HOIIOS'S, .
Gentlemen s FarnisMng Goods,
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS, .
(JARPfiTS AND OIL-fjLOTHS, rN,
a great variety of Ooodi not enumeratedall or
Which we pledge oureelre to sell at the ioaoeaf maritt
prlcm" th larger portion at from 10 to SO per cent, let
UtOROP, LUDINGTON i CO,
IrisK 'linen Goods.
V. ?n.W'lrl wm Plain and Pane
t vmirnntead Vowim LLom. .
irf ' V BhetlnBd Pillow Oaalngi. ,j
. ,.'-! u,,.n,cBbrtceand Long Lawns.
Linen Pocliet.handk'f, all -Has.
' , " l.l-K.nvir''toa4I'P
Linen Table Cloth, and Satin itmmSoL.
e t,,Lla TOWJto ert MoNd reMer.';a gill."
elitf.X'l ii tt.'Mi.Sji aiw,. a.i i
..lt;ifti:ii .lJMl-initButhA atrert.'
OHIO STATESMAN STEAM
BOOK AND JOB
Hawing berated Ul already
Il fully prepuod to xeetrt In It
MOT ELABORATE MANNER,
THE LATEST STYLE,.
LITTER HB ADS,
And erery detcriptlon of
LETTER PRESS PRINTING,
Bqual to any Establishment In the State, and upon
tenni whica will compare faToraMy with the
leading Eaitera Printing Ilotue.
Having; verr Facility to aid "Da
.. 1-" '
offer our atrvica to u who may dulre tbat lM I
lit Tni moDtronow of
W hare oonneeUd wtlh our XriabUihotnt a
BLANK BOOK BINDERY,"
- From which we prodao th
AHS Tig MOST
SUPERB BAH SOAD BLAHK BOOKS.
.is admitted to be
TTI I.I . T . A TO BTTTrrp I
WE WILL FAVORABLY COMPARE
COMPOTE IN FACILITIES,
Aire nn most
PERFECT IN ORGANIZATION
' tn this City, and we may add, '.
Printing Slone la th Weet.
; " BICHARD NEVINsVg,,'
.-. . ... i '; ..
Gents linen Shirt' Collars, ' .
OP SCPEBIOH BltJALITT, IN GAH.
ROTR. Standing, Byron, Psratcnay, Renfrew and
other mwihapa. Hmmd Pocket Handkerchief. Mwk
Tl, Btooks, Street and Rvenlng 6 lores. Half Boee of
every kind, Under OarmenM and all kind of Qeat' Far
Biihing Oood In great varlty and at moderate price.
.rebW , We. S South Blick etree. .
MALI KM fcl gk THREAD LACK BUTTS
of arnl qaaUUes for Ladles; alaa. MlaW Mltkj
TUMI. t ' .
1 Dally, per year.. i.
Tri-Weekly, pt rear.
Weekly, per year
SPEECH OF HON. JOHN E. MYERS.
Hon. John E; &nu-DT Sir: We the
uoderalgned aak for the publication of your re
mark oo Mr. Hitcboock'a amendmeutto Home
B1US91. i : v.-:. '' --i :
t. W.BHAW, ( HBNtY ti DIOKET,
WM. J0NB9, JNO HADDOW, .
JAB. M. 6TOOT, ' , W. B. WOODS. , ,
M. P. BKINNER, ' OKO. 8. CONVERSE,
DAT ID ii BROWKE, B. 1. BEES.
' tK. JACOBS,!. . - ' !.
SniCH or Hon. John E. Mmo, or Clibmont,
in thi Houic or KcrtniNTATirig, MaaoH
8, 1861; .
On the proposition of Mr. Hifchcock,' of
Geauga, to sell the Pabllo Worki; offered at
an tameDdment to House Bill 391, by Mr.
woods, of LlcklDE, D610E a bin to lease the
oanali: . ,, .,.,
Ma, Sriana: The oonalderatlon of thla tub
loot carries ua back to the time when Gar. Mor
row, De Witt Cliotou, Thomas tvwiupr, and their
compeer, stood upon LiukioE summit, contem
plating witn enihuiiaam tue prodpectivebenettt
to be derired b the oeopleof the State of Ohio
from tue conatruouon of - toe raet ivitem ot in
ternal improrcmeDU which they were about to
inaugurate. - 1 be aepiotea in glowing colors
with ferrld eloauence, the slorlous lutui to re.
suit from the suoceaslul eompletioo of the tu-
Seadous enterprise they were then about to un
ertake; and no one then doubted for a moment
but that golden showers would continue to de
scend aa long as the State continued its paternal
and fostering care over ine onspring or its am
bitlon about to be ushered into existence. They
painted in their imagination, aa the rips fruits
or the sjstem or internal improvements they
were aoout to uener into oeine, a state covered
with school-houses, churches, tillages, cities,
and tne usual accompaniments ot oiviluationi
a well-filled treasury, a prosperous, happy and
uncomplaining people, freed from all the bur-
dene usually imposed by states upon their citi
sens. 1 will not, Mr. speaker, be presumptuous
enough to deny that this splendidly drawn
picture had many truthful lines, nor that the
enthnsiaatio expectations of the projectors of
this maenincent enterprise were entirely dissp
pointed; but I will freely admit that we owe
much of our wealth, commercial, manufacturing
and agricultural prosperity, and the exalted po
sition of this State among ber sister Stales of
this Confederacy, to the early development of
its resources Dy tne practical operation of the
system or internal improvements under discus
sion : V..T
But we hare now arrived at a period in tbelr
history when, Mr. Speaker, It is imperatively
necessary, from the foroe of circumstances wbloh
the most astute could not have foreseen, to de
termine upon a different line of policy in rela
tion to these works. There' are two proposi
tions now before us for our. consideration, and al
most all are agreed tbat sometblne must be
done, tome measure of relief adopted, to rid the
people of an onerous and growing burden.
friends of this bill seek this relief In the
proposition to lease the Publio Works for a
term of years, while many members rof this
House, including mjself, will . support the
amendment offered by tbe member from Geau
ga, proposing to sell them and divorce the State
entirely irom tneir oorrupting innaencee; while
there are otbera who willoimose either the nmn.
oaittonB to leaee or sell, and seek to retain them
In tbe control of the State. . c i,
It is tha duty of government to afford oro-
teoiion to Its citlnna In the exercise of their
religious and political opinions, and in tbe ao-
quiaition and enjoyment or property; and oojthe
eooadena taiia utata Aorer nfasi a aee vniv able
but willing to secure so all, tbe high and low,
tbe rlcb and poor, tne noble and ignoble, canal
rights and privileges, and Immunity from all
ODDreaslon. depends the stability and oernetultv
of a republican form of government; and when
thla feeling of security la impaired to any con
siderable extent, and no proper means or redress
he had by the eitixen, revolution, ending
in anarchy or monarchy, must be tbe Inevitable
rasuit. i ... ' j . . :
Our system of Internal imorovementa wee
commenced In lota, me act to authorize their
construction, and making appropriation! for the
same, was passed tbat year. Ihere were other
acta passed in lbiiU, in ltK3, and in 1823. au
tboriaing the survey of routes and the accep
tance ot aonauona oi laous irom tne general
government, and the appointment of seven
commissioners to fix on plans and locations,
and also appropriating $6,000 for the payment
of expemee of survey. Tbe act of February
4tb, 1835, provided for the commencement of
the Ohio and Miami and Erie canals, and for a
Canal fund to consist of appropriations made by
tbe legislature, to ne raised Dy direct taxation,
and donations of lands from the general gov.
eminent to the State, and of the proceeds of tha
sale of State bonds. This tot, also, provided
for oanai tuna commissioners, woo were author
ised to boi row money and Issue State stocks.
bearing Interest at the rate of 6 per cent, tod
payable between the years 18d0 and 1875. v In
tbe year leva, tney were requirea to issue bonds
tbe amount of $400,000, and pledge for their
redemption the proceeds of all tolls collected
thereon and all rights and privileges connected
therewith, and also souu.uuu annually thereaf
ter for a certain period, which several amounts
were to be applied to the construotion of tha
canals. This act further provided that a oer
tain amount should be . raised . annually, by di
rect taxation, sufficient to pay the accruing. in
terest on outstanding bonds up to tha year 1837.
addition, there wae to be raised by direct
taxation, in the year 18S8, 110,000; In 1839.
$90,000i In 1830, $30,000, in 1831, 140.000!
and in 1833, apd thereafter until the canals
ahall have been completed three years, $40,000
annually; after, whloh it was further provided
that $35,000 should be raised annually until tha
said surplus sums over and above tbe amount
ueocaaary ymj uib ituwss u.n va Buuicieni
redeem the principal borrowed under this act,
until the canals shall afford a nett annual
revenue of $25,000, from which time this latter
appropriation wae to be draw from the nro-
oeeds of the Publio Works. ... : h ,;
Under this and other acts, the State of Ohio
built her Publio Works, and thereby created a
debt of $15,000,000, under which, we are now
groaning, and from tbe burden of which wa are
vainly striving to relievo ourselves. ,! Here we
find, the origin of tha sinking fund, aad here
was laid the i. foundation, deep end broad, for
nearly all tha financial difficulties with wbloh
tbe State has been troubltd. It is fair to pre
sum that tbe entailment of this heavy debt,
and tbe resulting necessity for the raising and
disbursing annually of large amounts of money,
and tha faolUtlea afforded for '; deception and
fraud in th complicated working of tbe ma
chinery of State government, opened up the wsy
temptation, aud the result hae been a; detail
and mortinoatton oi ui gooaeoa nonett people
this great commonwealths. No one will im
pugn tbe motives tuai actuated such men aa
Gov. Morrow, De Witt Clinton, Thomas Worth'
ington, Thomas Ewiog and ethera, to lay the
foundation of the vast system of internal im
provements with which Ohio Is to-day checker
ed. It may have been good policy, and perhaps
was. Be tbat as it may, tbe - purposes for
whloh they were created have been subserved.
Tbe resources of the State have .been develoD-
ed, and; portions of It have been enriched by
these canals, and aha people along iba line of
tbe Fublio Works have had all the advantages
a ready market afforded them, and the yalue
their lands has been lncpossed e .an aver
age from $3,50 to $35,00 per gore, and they
have been enabled to build their aobool bouses
and churches, engage In oommeroe, and hare
acquired, under the fostering oareof tbe State,
th material elements of wealth, prosperity
and greatness. Where the ahrlliwar-w hoop of
Indian was heard few years since, Is now.
be heard tbe yet shriller whistle ol th loco
motive, as It Ales vTf th. plani Mf. where j
stood the Indian huts, are now to be seen the
habiutioni of a olvillcsd people: and where
stood the counoll house of the savags, devoted
to preparations for war, now it to be Been the
court nouse, lor the peaceful redress of trie van-
. r. "-" uuu..u, ma. nu
panther, over the plains and through the migh.
and cattle ouletlv eradnir. The hnab.ndm
baa converted a vast wilderness.' Inhabited hT
wild beasts aad tbelr yet wilder neighbors, the
. 1.1. r..41l. Il.l J. M J - .1. I
tbw, iuw iwriiiw news, ana maae me onoe
wild waste a fitting; habitation for mllllona of
V,Vr 8 , ' 'i
When many portions of the State were noor. I
a ..in... . ,.u .,. .Lf . ii
we vuuiuciim w ouniouu wivo an ia aa-1
verae oiroumsiancea inoiaent to tne opening of
m uw country, too outie, torougn oer nepre
uMMTc, ikuuuKu in im luiaQOT. ueter mmea
to leave nothing undone that promised success
in tbe developing of its resources. Canals and
turnpikes were created for tbe benefit of the
people, with the expecUtiou that tbey would
aiwajg do a source oi revenue, ana never be-
noma a hnrrtan. Rut elnnimat.niu kank.n
" , """-"B
ed, and the hopes of our fathers are Hot now
realized. Tbey have bebome an annual tax
nnon tha naonta for thalv annnn.t. .nt th. I
r , r ----- --f r - i
t on la now nart nsntlw .olroH. what .hall k.
done to relieve the State from this heavy bur- I
DHUf . . ... .. .
1 answer, Mr. Speaker, that, in mv onlnion.
selling them out to the highest responsible bid-
def seem to promise tbe only mode of obtaining
permanent relief. If they are leased, no final
All.r I. .k. In.rl . ... I . - . . III I
..11.1 i, wuuicu, ug hi ican at most win
find them again a source of vexation and tron- la
uiv iw turn oinvo. tnw wuoie outv oi toe atate
t iv... ....i... k.n.j ji .i. .v. o..!.,!-
""..sw.iuii. muiuikiviuiwu u; uigiuiuig
W orks has been fully diecbarged, and tbe time
I... . : I 1 i ( . . I
arnreu wuen eouuu ponoy ana sense
v. m, ,uwn BtviivuDiua, r.uBi,. uu u rn:i
I....O. ,U. J:-.-.- 41... .1 -1 . . mn
ucuuuiniui uiuii uujuw .uai iuej sonaia do
uivorceu iron tne oiaie. ana n scea in tne hands
of Individuals; and thereby relieve the treasury at
from the heavy drafts being made upon it so
as in the last five years for tbe aunnort
Of these works. . .- . ? fix
The original cost of construotion of the r..
nals was In round numbers $15,000,000, and on
van amount interest naa Deen paid in tbe sum
of $16,000,000, at the rate of aix per cent, sim
pie interest, sluce their completion in 1843. la
addition to Ibis, there has been paid an un
told amount of compound Interest since their
completion, of wbloh there are no data from
which a strict calculation can be made. Prior to
1843, $6,000,000 interest was paid on money bar-
rowea irem lozo io ibu. in making up s
strict account of expenditures, there should be
added at least $9,000 per vesr for legislation
Since 1843, additional work were built, which,
with an untold amount of claims for damisea.
expenses of fund commissioners, and traubfer
agent at New York, swell tbe amount of exnen-
dltures upon the Public Works, up to November
io, tsbu, to at least sl,U0U,U00. The gross
receipts for the same time have been, from all
sources, $13,800,000, which, deducted from tha
sum ot expenditures, leaves a balance against
these works of $40,000,000. : , v.
Tbe people of Ohio have ever cheerfully re
sponded to tbe demands made upon them for
means, not only to build the canals and pay the
interest and principal of the nubile debt, hut
for tbe building bp of her Institutions of charl
ty and benevolence, and are still willing to bear
any ouraen mat promises prosperity to the
The Publio Works never paid over 3k? oer
cent-net profit in any one year, and have not
netted tne state, atnee 1BJU to le&o, over two
oent , while th Stat has been paying aix
cent, on an tn canal debt irom lt7 to
1860. Sine 1865. they have failed to afford
auffloient revenue to keen them in reoalr. and
have ooat the people in direct taxes for their
support S3b7,uuu. Kor can we look forward
with a ray of hope to the future, but a cheer
less gloom bangs orer tbe prospeot. '
Tb Comptroller of th Treasury, In bis an
nual report for 1860, says: "It will be observed,
irons ine loregoing statement ot tne oanai fund,
that on the 7th day of April, 1860, tbe disburse
ment for tbe Works had exceeded tbe revenue
from that source by the sum of $135,040 60.
that this defloit in the canal fund was re-
tmbnrsed by transferring to that fund a like sum
from the general revenue." Ia another part of
earn report, a statement of receipts and ex
penditure la made aa follows; '
RECEIPTS FOR 1860.
Ohio Canal tolb...........
Miami and Erie Canal toll, a......
uocmnr uanti ton........
Wiinondlng oanai mil. . ... .
Total..,"...'." . .I..... ...1278,018
DISBURSEMENTS FOR 1860.
Ixeets of dUhunements over receipt!, Nov. 15,
and paid in 1860...
Draft! on th.Trea.urr fromBor. 15. 18M. to
15, 1800. , 3S4J84
- . , . $414,784
Dedaot receipt for ram tlm.. ....... ....... 878,815
. !-:.; . .'. , ; ": $18,749
Showing a defloit, so far as the olalms are audited,
enecee arswn ana paia ioe isou, or the
above sum of $136,749. It is claimed that the
ot gauun should be deducted from the
amount of ' expenditures for I860, H being an
unpaid balanoe standing over from 1859. But
would not be a lair snowing, ai about the
sum was oarried from 1853 to 1859. In
th aam Item Is found stated in the re
for tbe last nr years i It being found Im
practicable to balance tbe accounts bf tbe last
quarter of each year, and it thus happens that
are earned over to tnenrst quarter or tbe
fiscal year. In addition to this over-draft
from the treasury, contrary to the express
provisions of the law paeeed March 86, 1860,
(wnion proviaea mai ine revenues aertved from
canals, and an additional sum of $24,000
appropriated from th general-revenue fund,
should be tbe maximum amount expended on
ruono worxs tor ieou; mere is now before
body a bill asking" an appropriation' of
$100,333 to pay contractor and laborers for re
pair and work done during the year ending Nor.
15,1860. This sum, added t therf 136,749 aa
defloit before shown to be paid, Increases
aotual defloit for tbe year 1860 to the enor.
sum ot $'J7,uay. ' - ' -
Year after year, th Board of Publio Works
reiterate the statement tbat the next year tbe
receipts wilt be amply sufficient, without any
further appropriation, to , keep tbem In repair;
tbey win, with economy, sustain them
selves. ! But does thl prove to be true? Are
the trusting tax-payers duped and deceived,
a greater burden Impoeed upon them from
to; year! Destructive floods, extreme
drouth, the fallnr of crops, and ecmmerainl
embaraasment, are all fortuitous olroumatances,
wsion tne irienas or tne poncy or estate control
management of the Publio Works Introduce
this controversy as an apology for their fail
to aiscnarge tne people rrom any ' further
Imposition of heavy -taxes for their 'support,
to misdirect the publio mind from the facts
whloh the'real Issue is based i But when,
Speaker, did the earth '-yield1 a greater
abundance, ' and when 'Waa Providence more
lavish of His gifts to the husbandman, than In
year 18691 ' Never in the history of our
was there so great an abundance ol grain
other crop produced.'-4 Yet, notwithstand
this favorable Incident to prosperous busi
there Da been a greater deflclency In 1860
ever oeiorw mown, anatne lond hopes
In the minds of a confiding people by the
oi rubiie works nave been andden lr
dashed Io the ground,' and.. their expectations
destroyed; and confidence no longer exists in
promise and statement of those who are
determined to atlll maintain these works by the
imposition of direct taxes. ' ; . - -
New doe the prospect In the fnture'promis
.relief; but desolation and darkness hang
tbem as a pall. Inevitable abandonment and
destruction must be th final result, unlet some
tin or policy than tb present le adopted.
Stat eanuot maintain a successful oompe
with private and corporate enterprise for
carrying trade, as the experience of the last
year fully bows.1 To slower mod of
transportation of freight by- th canals.1 aa
compared 'with railroads, cahnot receive the
preference of th basinets toe ef this fast age.
is to b presumed that our system or rail
roads Is permanent and endurftg, and will con-
iuuo iu uiwuew as a competitor lor too carry-
log irado as long as commerce Is carried on, and
mumm muj tmap on U1W pari 01 Ul DHM W1W
uer eanais 10 er. ter into auoeessrul
With this vastly sncerlor maana of
tion in the bands of private enterpriao, In the
if com" e'two'n
uuu iu ine uauos oi private enterpriao, in
future, without a ray of hope of euoceas, would
rn.;.? Fl"'-?: ' " .1
' This u nnt tha
made np without aDy refe.enc. to the facta
.a ..m. "
in sue amerenl reports of the several Auditor
of State ainaa 1852. thl. im rVMranft m m Aaa ka.
X.een "k"0 uP8n ,0 attention or the several
General AixemhlUa. ami inn. ' .
m'7. r. ... r- '-""
anai oiiDoaiiion oi true vcimi ntiHt nn h.a r..
queotiy been suggested In tbe report of the I
Auditor lor lttoa, it was urged upon tbe Leeis.
latura mat soma action lookinv tn a tin,
ment of this matter should be had. Io thla ra
port, It is emphatically stated that the revenuea
bare constantly decreaied. and tha
penditurea increesed, since 1852, and al-l
tnousn "stead hon nir frnm tn tht
th . ' .1 . .1
"""'"8 nuuiu reuoTw tne eiusis ana
convert them from a bnrden mn tha tr,...
Into a source ofinv.m. ht th. ...
bim mn ..i.t.. ...... ...i i- - ..... ,1
BDoori irriuueir a oeuei I
th.t ik.. .ill .... .
mere expenses of supervision and repair." It
II 1 RO HI rm.I1 In Ih. aam. ..nn.f . I.... I
hardlv suacentible nf a dnnht. that inrllslrlnai
enterprise can manage and control the Public
Works of tbe Stato, end continue to tbe people
at large all the benefits tbey now enjoy from
Ik.!. . 1 , .In - .- I
ue use, ana peroncs sua greater advaotages
transportation of produce, at a coat of much
leas money man what it near noma th. Rt.t.
k i. i.- i., .. . . . i
uniuu ur muitipnea agents to perform the I
r.n-r... . . . '. 'f ... . I
in tooa.iney could have beca sold for $4 000.
wuu ,u icaif . il WRK npilOTPn rnpv mil ft hair.
ikfn 11 ... . . . .. - ? . . . St I .
eiuuu,uuu ana in IBD'J, ine Legislarare in the
lease Din flipd thnir . nn .is en in ram ,ki.k
aix per cent , would be an annual reutal of
$54,000. At this time, sir, the highest respon
frequently siblebid for annual rant) Jin flflfl .mm, n.,i.i
their real value at 1G7 .000: ahowino-a d-
crease in- valna oinf. lRA'l nf i wn nun
"luce 1851) of $733,000. These facts leave no
room to doubt tbat, if retained bv the State and
under the supervision of its officers, thev will
soon become valueless. The revenues derived
.u. - , i i i n- . , I
,iuiu vue vauaia liars ooeu insuinoient 10 Keep
i s ,1.. r.ii . . r -V-
HIBUl 111 rui Mtir. 1 1 V 1MB llllinvinir BlimB I .'it. Ihu I M
- -I , J - --.... Q .UM.B .V. " " V .
Thus showinc the (Otal COBt to the State, ovor
above the revenue, derived therefrom, to be
$568,031 since 1856. With these undeniable
facta before him, the Auditorjof State, lu his re-
for 1860, reluctantly coufceses, "that upon
rVoll consideration of the subject, the prospect
the revenues of the Publio Works will im
hereafter be sufficient to meet tbe cost Of keep-
them In repair, Is not very flattering." ,
It may be well enough hero to remind those
defend the policy of Stale control aud pro-
tection, that the'enormou. deficit in 1860
caused, as tbey aver, by the floods in AprU and
consequent damages to the canals; for it should
the SUte to go forward before harvest, and al-
that tbe repairs were made and tbo canals put
navigable condition long before the cropsPof
year had been got ready lor market: and it
therefore, be seen that thev were in nil
..... f..l j..., Ti .
iMwcDDiui upvra.tuu uurujg mil tue i
was any amount or property I
The State never would have inaugurated thla
system of internal improvements, unlets
in. Bnnrvuiririn rh.t m v.i. ... , I
. ..iNnHVH MUM. ...,n.U CUIVIIlil Ti B. I
Buequai to mo vast oi nuuuing np so great an
Bre in lull
o go for-
enterprise, nut, since that time, experience
shown tbat individuals have commenced
carried on to eompletioo, works of far mote
mseuitnae. ana taat inev nave alwara hum
far more susceesful in their management
bucu enterprises man me state, witn its in
numerable and many times entirely irresponsi
mr. speaker, u u be a fct tbat the Public
Works have subserved the purposes for which
were created, as has been fully shown; and
in competition witn raiiroada and under
control of tbe State, tbey have ceased to be
sustaining; and that private enterprise has
more successful in the management of
Important works; and that they have be
a neavy puraen to me tax payers of tbe
wouiu it not be sound policy to sever
from all connection with the State, and
them ever to the more efficient manage
oi private enterprise, with the bope that
change will save them from the inevita
ble ruin tbat now awaits tbem under tbe present
pursuea oy me statei
But, some gentlemen say, this is not an aus
lime to dispose ot these works; that It
be better to wait one, two, or three years,
1 . w . . , j
vuui uuiu win uevciup a more prosper
and flourishing trade upon the canals, and
treasury be relieved from the heavy drafts
msae upon it tor their support. Tbe ex.
of tbe past ten years, aud more especi'
of tbe last Ave, fully prove tbe folly of
postponing to a later day tbe proposition to
oi too mono worki. - , .. ... .
Gentlemen, how long will yoa wait before
this measure of relief 7 . Are not the peo
ple petitioning you most numerously to grant
some relief from this burden, and can von
disregard their request andjuay to tbem, wait,
Are you determined to forever make
hewers of wood and drawers of water, to
a few selfish place hunters and cor runt
seekers 7 Must the patronage of the
Worka be used forever to corrupt all
come within the sphere of their influence?
answer, no 1 : The time, Is now here when
potent instruments of fraud and corrup
tion must be left to . their own resources, tnd
. State divorced from all connection with
or an indignant and oppressed people will
rise In their majesty and hurl from their
all who refuse tbem this measure of re
lef. , .': .... .t . . ... , .
ladies' linen Pocket-Handk'fs.
HEMMED STITCHED LINEN HAND
kerchief, very wide heme. '
Embroidered Linen Handk't all price, i 's '
llemmed Btllchedand plain do, do. .
do do ; colored border. " '
Mourning do- '' black border '
do . i do ' 'U- new ityl cm atitched.
Pine Apple do newpattene. ...
Mil Mi' Plain and Hemmed Stitched do all price.
Comprialng the most (elect aj.ortm.nt In the city and
lowest price. -' - ' BAIN A B'jN,
w..i-j ".-st. He. 39goath Blgh Street. '
' JOHN H WHKELEB, '.'..i
GENT I'OHHOiriEtflONTINKNT Al.
MaanaTTan, Bsnmrrv, and iRrmaPrRs Im. Co.'
Toax; MtacHinTs' and Citt Iuu or BtaTroaa
Yoaa Lira and Oomh. Motbu, Lira. .
Office, 81 High St.f Savage U ,
' Alexandre's Kid Gloves, jr.- ...
PLAIN AND ERIBROIIrERED, M4II7S
QCKTAIRR aad regular tbana BhKk Kldaiov.
mbruidend tn white, maienta, purple. Ao. Gadrened
Kldaioreet MIsmb Kid Ulom. A eomptete aaeortment
theeeleoratedOmetalwayforlby - ,.,
win.'" BAIN A SOU, n
1 - - ' Mo. 88 Sooth Uich etreet.
HAVE THIS DAT ADMITTED MY
on JAMBB ADQKK BAIN aasnrtrmr ia my boat-
whioh will hereafter he conducted wnder the firm
sr. Bon. F. BAlrl, aouth High Bt.
HEMP AND COTTON ROPES. '
..do,'-'.( i , - !-?-A Twine, im j m:'i
Ked Oordi and Candle Wick,,
"r....i.k. i u.tkili f.innlit.
TTERN1NGI HERRING 1 1 30 bbl.
Ho. 1 rick led Herrin in (tore, for ml bf
, MtttKB A RK8TIBACX,
34, North High itrwt.
WHITE FISH t WHITE nH I
V .. .. .(.,. ;,4 .)-. , ,. ) . Hi'.' '
NRW NO. 1 WHITf f I9tl, from UU Huron, In
Halt and Quarter Bid. Pickagei, in .tor. and for
, ,. JdcRSHARKSTUACX,
at, North Ulgh slrt.
- Tm-in i-,-m-h ....i
j ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY:
' m r j i ,
tneiiri.. ' t.j. a " T t
I la'testThe LartTeit-Thti ' Bait
; U Jf6ST.
"Tfee) Heat Reliable .... -
BE8T Xmiim SIOl'IOJfART BXtAVt."
' ' ' tUrrarg Mm Xnmr.
.U?adA.2w.i ... ' .i i
Toe nndenlnuL ..u. ..... ... .
Association. Ami ..j -i . . "TT
and ,nMtT.. iVL ""w wacninf, wrtUo
wL5iIi;!.,-.orUloP1'y ana prraaneiation .r
diaii rJ.. 0.v,i,c"on,.' t ear.
thortt.nf ih. w.-n.u i- " " .. I1"1 taodardaa.
a" a. u u now written and
Jf",? "B,,ws. President Kenyoa Collets,
n. - -f
Ty'w,,S7 0JrV0,ta," neTlKBchooU,
Taos. W. Haavr. Bup't Meilon Colon tehiT.
J..I i ow,,,!,' ?up,t PabU4 hola. 8adask;-
8. K. Si-roan, Principal Cl.relu g,.
WaT, MtTrHBll.. .nr.. Dt.ll. a.l. . ... .
Crvn V.ani. P.rn.ri . . . . . .
Cincinnati. "nneaMte Bchool,
iiail . P' fo Pnloe Schools.
Z7? JS4tlPi?oclpl aleNeely Mo.mal Behaol,
i - rr01, matliematlca, Ohio Unlr.ralta.
. W. Knwaana. Hnr... T. I-Tl a.t
i" J?0"10"' ?ro'- Khetorte, Oberiia 0oli.ee.
IBM. lilU.. Praalilant A.l..k n... "
n w- ,i
w. UaTBCiBT. Prof, aiaik.
. .. . I T, .
W. Inwan, Bnn't Tro Union ah...i . JL'
Horeiae, Prlwal WttX Hlf, hool, Oreve-
8. A. NoaTOM. Aanrl.t T.t.,lui m-i. . . . '
land ai,. oiuooi, uiere-
Tnionoai Stmuko, Principal High School, Clove,
R. P. Hcmrroir, Principal Cleveland Inatltnt.
ram' A,UU. Pretident of E loo tic IotltB, HI-
tTnTr'erilt"A,lU' Prof' f 0hen",lj,J, Ohio Welyan
OhVo' hMm' " Comml.aloneror Common School,
Dton. TB,A,T' Prof' AUIhematlc., Blgh
8. C. Caowaannit D t n. . - .
Diyton. - . . . ' u,?Aln..cnooi.
B. il. Baaiaa, Bup't TJaion School, Athlaid. .. C.
More than Six I7mrt n.uu..
ofim Author, and rMwZ?Ed.
tort, Aavt mdorttd (A. abot ttttimmt.
PRESIDENTS fltr P.ni l.Vnra far ni
MaaicrrA Cni.i.n.. ..r. i- ..
n honor to the author, the pubiubert. Jad th. ZVol
"""""y'-PreiWent Andrew!. '"""Whole
l,0""' "Ti Usrr,mlT - xa artcda my expect,
cXn and Im VrE ,iLor,.h.0!!r,ph ",d P"""""
w. r. Fete O.tLro. -.CecTr.v. ed
WelMter'. orthography. At a recent mlelinj Tofur
fr''1 wf o ehange it to conform to that
SarfleidT r!' Qo,r, 1Mc""'' "-,'uni
. ' '
Ontauw Cott,oa.-. it more than u tnM..
"" I recommend it a thiiinTrd TnihoritiiB
"Ul0B "y children and my papu." preaident
!n .flZl"1 lopt ?d In teach-
Preident Bill. ' H w wiouonary.'
"In all my writin...neijitn .i'al.i.i.-
Arr,.A . " 1.7 " -.."s, naioi
IT n . -
mo TJLV,.?"8f T' ""
"nnh '8 f : S now w,7ud 2!
"n ail my writing, ipeasiug and teaching, I have en
e J4"" ,V """ to a. mie f or mv&iS -
SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO.
rrom Btv. Anton Smya, Oommtuiontr of Common.
. . v6bAoAf to (Mie,
"Th Dictionary U an toperiahablt monument to the
LMnf ri? ,DI"15'' ' aalW, Ud .u bono, to th!
ZV. t0t.7- Tb hlo.l execuUon Ufar.upe
rlorto th.t of aor other L.. in.. Tw ' r
From Bon. JT B. Barntv. La-flmm
dcHoolt tn Oklo. J
The moat reliable itandard aaDinrii. r iv. u
leading Newspaper of Ohio Say."
From, th Clmiand Berali of AtorcA S3. -
The orthography of the Woreeater Dictionary I that
nsrd by mott. If not all. author, of dlitlncUoa la thu .
eountry.nd Eneland, and conforms to Urn gentnl am '
of ordinary writer and (peakere. a"ws
Whaterer pr-judlcee may hare exlited prevloaily. a .
earefal itudy of thi. volume will Inrarteb'J be fVllowed
57 MTS? PP'TOiti0 o' " Swat merit.; and deolre
ltd a library In taelf, and will remain an Imperhha
ble record of the learning of lu compiler. Pnna
from tKt Cincinnati Commtrcial of A nra on
. "V ?Ew,r4; of bnndred thoaeand words-good,
bad and Indifferent rba ni,:r..i " J
derivatlont, togethr with their corral "iT idVro
nanciation. era m ei...t. k-. 'J7 P PT
from th CttvOani PlaimUaitr ofStptiiO. im'"
Rrtdently Woacnm'a i n... n .' . '
net only th, latt, but th, rf k o L ndlVZ t
From thTotdoBlai,of JTtySO. '
As to raoriofcciATtna-. w...... .. . .
followed by our beet Zr"?."S?"
f- il'itl? v? d ,Q It I lumelent
to aay that tToacmrrca ean b safeiy followed. ; -
IXGIlAiri dc BRlfifl.
Fnbllaliers, Boabsellere Statlwatcra,
vn ioi irrnTorn. '
... "vi.oiua B1.t VLBVaLAND, OHIO.
mi9 ' . . - - '
Vur, Cough, (Mi, Boartmm, lnjlu
throat. Rdim th, Bautoma uVa
tn Oonnumttion. ronJLM. jJi7
aaa, and Catarrh. Char endaiw .J
ttrmnth le th, void of
VVUt.lv 'FEARERS,' " ' "
Pew ar aware of the Importance of choekin. a Cna.h
Or "Common Cold" in IU Brat atage; that which la the '
herlnnlo. would yield to a mild reowdr. If , -
oon .track tb lung. "rwn't Bronchial 7ooAe '
oontainlng demulcent ingredlenta, allay Pabnonary and ' '
BBOWN'BI 4'That troabU In my Throat, f for whlei'
the ' lroeia are a aneclBel hi. in. K.
TROCHES often a mere whinperer."
n. p. wrxtis.
BBOWM'S "I recommend their an to Pontic inu.
' 1 i ' ART. B. CHAPTir. ''
"Hare nmr.il axtntm.lv mwt.u ...
REV. URNRT WART) itmnn.
"Almott in.taat relief la the dUtRsaiag '
labor of breathliif peculiar to AnwHa." .
RET. A. O. XaOLaaTOff. ' "
"Contain no Opium or anithing Inlurt A '
on." DR. A A. HAVES.
r CkemM, oMon. ' 1
"A .Imple and pleasant eemhlnatia. .
Cooone, o." "
. D. O. W. BIQRLOW, 1 V r Si
"Beneaciarin Bacwcnm.." BlMon'
.,.,.. LR, J.t.W.lANI, ' . :
I hare OTOVad than, arrvlUM u. !
uro Couou." . - ,
BIT . H.W. WARREN.
u - , ' . MnttnfU'
"BaneSrl I when eompelled to (peak, swf-.S..,
ring from Colb.'- "
., j , , RBV. B.P.J. ANDBRSOII.-il
''Rrvax-rCaL lo minif WdananeM anrff -
Irritation af thsThn-at, m oam(i wt A
9FVAKKR. na B1BOU.."
Prof. Sf ACT JOBNBOW
Tacn.r or Muaio, Southra
t '. ...ttmtlt Oolhtg,. ,,
preaching,., thay prevent Hoareeneo. rrom
iheir paet effect. I think ther will a of uu-
Ul.tl-ll- M..IIHI, M, Wl
REV. R. ROWMtT, A. M
"Great bmeB I when taken More an ftr
PrMld.nt of Atktn College, Tesn". ou l
jrj-SoM by an Drugglit at TWENTT- ,
riVB OA5NT8 A BOX. JTt "'
,'. . .ROBERTS A SAM0BI,. ' , ,'.J
I DronUta, 84 North Blah atraet. .
' I y t. R- BAMOali At OO., . . . -:
1ardeodla " BOn"' Hlfh trt 0o,""B- i i
THE BUD8CRIHKK IS DEISIROVR OF
clotlng np hi old baiinea at onse, and hope that
all peraon baring anaattlMl aowunt on hit book wiil
give them isunediateaSteaUoa. . - i
" t. RAIN.
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