( r -i- ,-nrnr '"'---l '"'.
. -mi - .,- -'i-. ..... ! . ST -i.'V"' '-4- 1,.., ,. .M.iw.,liwtM,
ttT ... . i i .. 7 -- - -jy mi ii -
;i i"" V 1 L jj vy 4 S ..... , , I l -. : T . 1 I 1 1 , , , I ' II -i- it I
COLUMBUS. OHIO; THURSDAY EVENING. APRIL 18. 1861.4
SIX DOLLARS PESTS!'
InTrtbly la Adttnet C3
VOL. VII. NO. 269. NEW SERIES;
11 A : M TM fill Ml Irii ll' H 11 All II Ii V It l S 11 V Hi II" II - '
d aily; tri-wezkly and weekly
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
fTJBLIIHJKS AND PROPRIETORS.
ST Offiot Hos. 86, 88 and 40, Forth High 8t.
. Tit KM 8 INVARIABLY IN ADVAN01.
Oaily .... $8 00 per jraar,
" By the Carrier, per week, 13 cents.
rrl-Wejkly ... 8 00 perysar,
Weekly, - 1 00 "
ertim f AdverMsjlng- by tlie Square.
nssuuarel yeai...S0 00
One " V months 18 Oil
0n " 6 months 15 00
One " U month! 10 00
3d '! months B 00
On '' I month. 5 00
Ooe iquare 3 weeki..4 00
Out " weeks.. 3 00
One " 1 week... 1 75
On " 3dy, ... I 00
On 11 2 days... 75
On 1 Insertion 50
Displayed advcrtlssraents half mora than the abov.
"Advertisement leaded and placed In the column of
Special Nulices, Ml tn oral nary rates.
AU uotices required, to be published by la, legal ratea,
It ordered on the Inside exclusively after the first week
per cent, more thf.ii the above ratei; but all aucb wll
fnn..Tln ih T i-l-Weekly without oharre.
BuaineaaCapla, not exceeding flrellnea, per year, ln
41 de, tit 50 per Hue; outside f t,
Nutioet of meelluga, charltablee ocletlea. Are oompanlei,
Ml tratultra advHUtmml mutt bt p aid for in
- Weekly, uue price aa the Dally, where the aJrerUaer
eath Wwklyulone. Wher 'he Pally and Weekly
re Iwth iW, then the charge U.rtu Weekly will be
o'M Uierateanf the Haiiy
No advertlaenient taken except for a definite period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
CorntrSpirlbir & Water 8U.,
OoHimtoiia . Olalo
W. B. POTTS & CO.,
and Uanufttcturers of Brass and Composition Oastingl,
finished liiun Work of all Description!.
Electro Plating and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTING, &C.
F. A. B. 8IMKIK3,
Attornoy art Law
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office AmlKii Cuiidlng, opposite Capitol Square.
Machine Manufacturing Company
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Csutlngi, Hill-fiearlog, Machinery.
or vir DisctirrioN.
OHAfl. AM BOS, Bnp't. P. AMBOB.'.TreM.
, deoll, 185BU
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to Indianapolis without Change of Carl
tad but One Change of Cars between
Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
(Dally, Mondays excepted.)
NIGHT JJXPKKS8, via Dayton, at S:45 a. m., stop
ples at London; Xonla, Dayton, Uiddletown and Hamil
ton, arrlvlngat Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.; Dayton at 5:45
a. b., Indianopolli at 10:41 a. m.jht. Louis at 11:50
P'"'. SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 9:10 a. m., stopping at all Bta
Hons between Oolumbui and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riTlng at Cincinnati 11:02 a. m., Dayton at 9 15 a. m.,
DAY IXPRK88,at 2:30 p. o., Hopping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston, Oedarvllle, Xenla,
Bnrlnr Valley, Corwin, Morrow, Deerfleld, roster's.
'Lowlalid, Millfordand Plainllle, arrlTing at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m. Bt. Louis at 19 m; Dayton at 5 3o p.
m-i Indlanopollsat 10:3d p. m.
Slccplnn- Car nTTl PilKht Tralne to
CinAnuail and J.iiUunapolHi.
BAOOAaE CHECKED T1IHOUGII.
lor further Information and Through Tickets apply to
M. L. DOnKRTY,
Ticket Agent, TJnloa Depot, Columbus, Ohio.
K. W. WOODWARD,
. Superintendent, Cincinnati.
JNO. W. DOlllJRTlf
jU13 Agent, Colukbus,
HOWARD 8c GO'S.
CALL AT NO. 63, SOUTH HIGH ST.,
and examine onr new make ot
AMERICAN WATCHES, .
manufactured by E.IIOWARD a CO., Boston, Mas, .
These Watches are far superior to anything ever offered
to the public, heretofore. Having the exoluslve agency,
I can sell litem at prices to suit tlw"tlmes. I have just
received a large stock of
manufactured by APPLEION, TRACY, a CO ; also, a
flue assortment of
KNGLI8H AND 8TV1S8 WATCHES,
In Gold aid Sliver Cases, at Panlo prices.
jgJ15j W. 3. BAY API.
iAA nr. CII GHEEN and II LACK
1UU THAI loO bags prime Rio Donee.
I HO pockets old Dutch Government Java Coffee.
15 bags Ceylon OoOe.
. SOUbbls, standard White Sugar,, consisting of PoW'
dred, Ohrushed, Granulated A and B Coffee,
. SO quintals George Bank Codfish.
gobble. Mess and No. 1 Mackerel.
. 5 tee. Pick Salmon. .
100 bx. Layer Ralsim.
50 hf. box do du
lOOqr.box do d , . i
- 1M)N Ourara, different brand, and grades.
, bov7 . wm. Mcdonald.
M. C. LILLEY
' ' And Blank-Book Manufanturer,
, korth thqh nsxa, coltobus, ohio
TVTH1XM WHEAT, JBKANDED
From Barnett Mill,," BpringBeld, 0. the best brand of
lor Ble only at WM. MoDONALD'B,.
BOW l"t Pont" sre.
mi .rv.Mnliva HinillJIVKS.
A All niei asA Wlvfl jwt opened at BAMS,
do.n. fl.WBUi High atrot.
STOOD THE TEST OF YEARS,
And grrowa more and more popular
And testimonial!, new, and almost without number,
might be glren from ladles and gentlemen In all grade
of society, whose united testimony none could resist,
that Prof, Wood's Hair Restorative will restore the bald
and gray, and preserve the hair of the youth to old age.
In all its youthful beauty.
Battle Creek, Mich., Deo. 81st, ,1858.
Paor. Wood: Thee wilt please accept a line to Inform
the that the hair on my head all fell off over twenty
yean ago, eauaed by a complicated chroolo disease, at
tended with an eruption on the head. A continual
eourse of suffering through life having reduced m to a
state of dependence,, I have not been able to obtain stuff
for eaps. neither have I been able to do them up, In con
sequence of which my head has suffered extremely from
cold. This Induced me topayBrlggs 4k Hodges almost
the last eent I had on earth for a two dollar bottle of thy
llalr Restorative, about ths first of August last. I have
faithfully followed the dlreotloc,Dd the bald spot Ii now
covered with hair thick and black, though short, It Is
also coming In all over my head. Feeling oonfldent
that another large bottle would restore it entirely
and permanently, I feel anxious to perseverve In Its use,
and being destitute of mesne to purchase any more, I
would aik thee li mee wouiusc not no wuung to hdu b
in order on thin esents for a bottle, and receive to thy
self ithe scripture declaration "the reward Is to those
that are kind to tne wioow ana me muteness.
Thy friend, BUBANNAH KIRBT.
Llnnnler. Noble County, Indiana, Feb. 5th, 1850.
Prof. 0. J. Wood: Dear Sir: In the latter part of
the year 1853, while attending the Btats and national
Law Sohool of the State ot New York, my bair. from a
oause unknown to me, commenced railing off very rap
idly, so that In the short space of six months, the whole
upper part cf my scalp was almost entirely bereft of Its
ooverlng, and much of the remaining portion upon the
side and naok pan or my neaa sooriiy auer Became gray,
so that vou will not be surprised when I tell you that up
on my return to the State of Indiana, my more casual
acquaintances were not so much at a loss to discover the
cause or tne cnange in my appearance, as my mora low
mate acquaintances were to recognise me at all.
I at once made application to the moat skillful phyil'
clam In the country, but, reoelvlng no assurance from
them that my hslr wonld aga'.n be restored, I wis forced
to become reconciled to my fate, until, fortunately, In
the latter part of the year lt7, your Bestorative was re
commended to me bv a druggist, as being the most relia
ble Ualr Restorative In use. I tried one bottle, and
fonnd to my great satisfaction that it was producing the
desired effect. Blnoe that time, I have used seven dol
lars' worth of your Restorative, and as a result, havs a
rich coat of very soft black hair, wnicn no money can
As a mark of my gratitude for your labor and skill In
the production ot so wonderful an article, I have recom
mended Its use to many of my friends and acoualnlances,
who, I am happy to Inform you, are using It with like
effect. Very respectfully, yours,
A m. IJAJ.XA,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
Depot, 444 Broadway, and sold by all dealers through
out the world.
The Restorative Is put up In bottles of three sites, vis:
Urge, medium, and small: the small holds H a pint, and
retails for one dollar per bottle; the medium holds at
least twentvner cent, more In proportion than the small.
and retail! for two dollar! a bottle; the large holds a
quart, 40 per eent. more in proportion, and retails for 13
0. J. WOOD st. CO., Proprietors, 444 Broadway, New
York, and 114 Market Rtreet, St Louis, Mo.
And sold by ROBERTS a 8AMUBL. Columbus, Ohio,
and by all good Druggists and fancy Goods Dealers.
No. 4 Gwynno Block.
A. P. STONE & O'lIARRA
ABE NOW RECEIVING THEIH WIN
Tica GOODS, and invite the public to Inspect
them. No such stock of Goods has ever been brought to
this market. The South, In oonsequenee of the failure
of the train crop, ha not been able to purchase the us
ual quantity of rich goods, and this fact has forced the
Importer, to Mil them at publle auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Btone) being In New York at these large sales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell our good.
here, at leas than any one wno purcnasea two weess since,
paid for them In New York. Our stock 1 complete In
every department of
ELEGANT DRESS BILKS,
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
SHAWLS AND CL0AKS1
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day, , ,
At one naif tne Coat of Impoitatlon.
In all Varieties, of the Celebrated
Rannfatare of C. O. Gnn
then dc Hon.
Men's, Ladle, and Children's Under Shirts and Drawer,;
Ladles, Misses and Children's Hosiery of all kinds, in
Wool and Lamb', Wool; fleecy Lined and Cotton Glove,
of every make.
A complete assortment of all the usual varie
Ladies and Gent's Linen Cambric Hand
kerchiefs, Ac, &o.
Ta nenons who eall on us. we pledge our word, to
show them the largest, best and cheapest stock of Goods
ever seen In this market, or pay them on, dollar per
hour while looking. ',. ...''
decl-dlyvtawltw. ptuwh a umam.
: Sheriff's Sale. , . :
Cornelius Jacob, )
vs. i Common Fleas.
TF. P. Miller etal. )
T Y VinTDK OF A Wll IT OF II, FA.
XJ to me directed, from the Court of Common Pleu
of Franklin County, Ohio, I will oner rorsaie, on tne
farm occupied by W. 1'. J. B, Miller, In Jackson
Monday, the 15th day of April, A. D. 18GI,
at a o'cloclc.lP. U.. the following property, to-wit: One
bay mare, on sorrel none, one mar coii, on ouii,
one two hors wagon, three sets double harness, seven
bead of hogs, and the undivided one-half Interest In a
reaping maonme, leviea on as tne property ot rr . r. s
j. li. Sillier. '
G. W. HUFFMAN, BheruT,
aprll 2-10td. liy Kd. Dam, Deputy,
Printer's fee,, 5.50 ....
Watches! Diamonds!! Silver Ware!!!
A CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF GOLD
and Bllver Watches, In great variety. v.
I an Agent for the Annus. Watch Co., and ran
sell these excellent Watches at manufacturers' prices,
either Wholesale or itetaii. . .
Coma and choose from my beautiful airplay or Dia
monds end othsr rich Jewelrv. Btyles new prices low.
A, to Bllver War or sterling quality, l can snow lew
patterns, very handsome.
Bllver Plated Ware, Tea "eltt.TJrna. Walters, Caston,
nukets. Pitcher. Goblets. Knives. Forks, Spoons, ao.
Then I have a supply of fine Table Cutlery, Pocket
Knives, Bason, ao., and many Fancy Goods suoh as
are desired for presents at such prices as are an Induce
ment to the purchaser, nm. suirni,
' No, 10 Buckeye Block,
marSl 1 North slue State House square
Irish linen Goods.
W A si II AN TED FABRIC
Linen Bhlrt Bosom, Plain and Fancy J '
' - Bhirtlng and Bosom Linens.
- Linen Sheetings and Pillow Casings.
i Linen Cambrics and Long Lawns.
-, , , Linen Pocket-bandk'fs, all alsea.
' ' '.' ' ' Linen Towellings and Dlapera
Linen Table Clothe and Balls Damask,,
Linen Towels with colored bordors. '
Linen Stair Coverings and Crash. ' '
For nle at low ariose. A -
. 'BAIN a SON,
febW ' Wo.Wgoath High street.
MINK MUIFSi ' VlOTORlNfel andCUUS are
aow aelllng at very low prloee, aleo aU other kind.
usmonabia lurs. r ax saaa,
A compound remedy, designed to be the most
effectual Alttrativ that can be made. It is
concentrated extract of Para Sarsaparilla,
to combined with other substances of still
greater alterative power as to afford on effec
tive antidote for the disease! Sarsaparilla is
reputed to cure. It i believed that such a
remedy is wanted by those who suffer from
Strumous complaints, and that one which will
accomplish, their cure must prove of immense
seryjee to this large class of our afflicted fillow
citizens. How completely this compound will
do it has been proven by experiment on many
of the worst cases to be found of thu following
ScnoroLA akd Scrofulous Comitaints,
EituPTioNs and Eruptive Diseahk-i, Ur,ci:m,
Piuflbs, Blotches, Tumors, Salt Hhkum,
. Scald IIiad, Syphilis and Syphilitic Af
fections, Mercurial Dibeash, Ditoi-nv, Nul'
baloia or Tio Douloureux, Deiiility, Dy3.
pspsia and Indigestion, Erysipelas, Kose
on St. Anthony's Fire, and indeed tin whole
class of complaints arising from Impurity op
This compound will be found n great pro
moter of health, when taken in thu npring, to
expel the foul humors which fj-ttor in the
blood at that season of the year. By the time
ly expulsion of them many ranklim; disorders
are nipped in the bud. Multitudes can, by
the aid of this remedy, spare themselves t orn
ths endurance of foul eruptions and ulccrou?
sores, through which the system will strivo to
rid itself of corruptions, if not n:i.hited to do
this through the natural channels of ths body
by an alterative medicine. Cleanse out the
vitiated blood whenever you And its impurities
bursting through the skin in pimples, eruption?,
or sores; cleanse it when you iind it is ob
structed and sluggish in the veins ; clcnnse it
whenever it is foul, and your feelings will tell
you when. Even where no particular disorder
is felt, people enjoy better health, and livo
longer, for cleansing the blood. Keep the
blood healthy, and all is well ; but with this
pabulum of life disordered, thcro can bo r.o
lasting health. Sooner or later something
must go wrong, and the great maihincry of
life is disordered or overthrown.
Sarsaparilla has, and deserves much, the
reputation of accomplishing thbse ends. But
the world has been egregiously deceived by
preparations of it, partly because the drug
alone has not all the virtue that is claimed
for it, but more because many preparations,
pretending to be concentrated extracts of it,
contain but little of the virtue of Sauapaillla,
or any thing else.
During late years the public have been mid
led by large bottles, pretending to give a quart
of Extract of Sarsaparilla for one dollar. Most
of these have been frauds upon the sick, for
they not only contain little, if any, Sarsapa
rilla, but often no curative properties whatev
er. Hence, bitter and painful disappointment
has followed the use of the various extracts of
Sarsaparilla Which flood the market, until tha
name itself is justly despised, and has become
synonymous with imposition and cheat. Still
we call tliis compound Sarsaparilla, and intend
to supply such a remedy as shall rescue the
name from the load of obloquy which rests
upon it. And wo tliink we havo ground for
believing it has virtues which are irresistible
bv the ordinary run of the diseases it is intend
ed to cure. In order to secure their completo
eradication from the system.'the remedy should
bo judiciously taken according to directions on
prepared li y
DR. J. C. AYEli it CO.
Price, t)l per Dottle Six llottlcs for $5.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
has won for itself such n renown fur tho cure of
every variety of Throat mul Lung Complaint, that
it is entirely unnecessary for ns to recount the
evidence of its virtues, whe-rover it has been em
ployed. As it has rung been in constant uso
throughout this section, wo need not do moro than
assure the people its quality is kept up to tho best
it ever has been, and that it inny he rclicl on to
do for their relief all it has ever been found to do.
Ayer's Cathartic Pills,
ros tee cun2 o?
Coslioene$), Jaundice, Dyspepsia, Indigestion,
Dytentery, Foul Stomach, Erysipelas, Headache,
Piles, Rheumatism, Eruptions and S.';in Diseases,
Liver Complaint, Dropsy, Tetter, Tumors and
Salt Rheum, Worms, Gout, Keuralnia, as a
Dinner Pill, and for Puriyinj the Blood.
They are sugar-coated, so Hint the most ecnu.
tive can take them pleasantly, mid they arc tho
best aperient in the world for all the purposes of a
Price 25 cents per Sox ; Fivo bexes for 1.00,
Great numbers of Clercvmon. Phvaicinns. Sides
men, and eminent pcrsornic.es, hnve lent their
names to certify the unparalleled usefulness of these
remedies, but our spuco here will not permit tho
insertion of them. The Agents below nnmcil fur
nish ftratis our American Almanac in which thev
are given ; with also full descriptions of t lie nliove
complaints, and the treatment that should lv fol
lowed for their cure.
Do not be pot off by unprincipled dealers with
other preparations they make moro profit on.
Demand Ayer's, and take no others. The sick
want the best aid there is for them, and they should
All our remedies are for sale by
BOBBRT8 BAMtTKL. Columbus.
And by Druggists and Dealers everywhere.
TO BUSINESS MEN.
AN EXCELLENT CHANCE EOtt
reliable business men to secure a profitable manu
facturing business, requiring but a small capital In Its
establishment and proiecutton.
The manufacture consist. In the application of a pe
culiar composition or enamel to common red bricks, and
a variety or other building material, ornamental archi
tectural finishings, ceilings, tiles for floors and for
This enamel may be tinted ol any color, from the
purest white to ths deepest black, with all the colon
and shades between. It Imparts to the articles to which
Ills applied a hardness and durability almost Incredible,
and a beauty surpassing that of the rarest and most costly
of the variegated marbles, and, nnlike them, is Impervi
ous to moisture, and will never fade, stain, or deterior
ate, costing but a fractional part of the price ol ordinary
It la also valuable for table and stand tops, mantle-
pieces, monuments, and an endless variety o: other arti
cles of slap! us. The process of applying the enamel
is simple, wmi ine articles enameled win oorsmsna a
ready sale, affording large prod Is. Bespon'lble parties
may procure licenses for manufacturing under the pat
ent for any elty or prominent town In the Unltod Btates.
by applying to the subscriber A small tariff on the ar
ticles manoractureq win be required ror the use of tne
Invention. Circulars giving full particular, will be for
warded to all applicants.
The superior merit and beauty of this enameled build
ing material to anything in use has the unqualified In
dorsement of many of the most eminent architects and
sclentlHo men of this and other cities.
For particular, address
JO EH 8 OK PB ALL,
uaavHi S15VUM avvsr AUBavoivH ouiiuiug uaiurisiii
sliAaaa . .LA Wll Jl T.a..l..
tpOdSin MNASBAU ST., NEW YORK.
T HAVE HOLD TO DIR. HENRY WIL
A BON my DRUG BTOBB, which is removed from the
orner of High and 07 streets to tho Southwest corner
or Broad and High street,, uolumbus, Uhlo.
With many thanks to my former patron, and custom
ers, I respectfully request ths continuance of their fa
vors to my suooeseor. ucihi M. null.
Columbus, April 1, lew.
TTAVINO PURCHASED THE DRUG
XX BT0R1 of Mr. Ham M. Niil. I have onened
anew en the Southwest oornerof Broad and High streets,
Columbus, unio oeing in out on reltaole stand for
mat ewewOTS or many years.
I have a fresh and well selected stock of Pure Mtdl
of nee, and Pure CAtmicalt, together with Paints, Oil;
yarnun, on., nsuauy aspt in sncn an tstaniisnment.
Jjj paascaimom eareiuiiy and promptly compound
ed. Store open at all hours of the day and night.
I respectfully solicit the yatronsge of the public . ,
HCNKY WILSON. .
Columbus, April 1, 1901 aprfl:dlm
BLR A CITED SHEETINGS AND
SHIRTINGS, ell width,, of moat celebrated makes,
aow enerea in gnatesi vaneiy " very low prices.
BAIN a SON,
aprllS He. W South High street.
Dally, per year... I'M
Tri-Weekly, per eear. J
Weekly, per feat 1 w
Speech Hon. B. Eason, of Wayne County, in
the Senate, April 17, 1861, upon Senate Bill
No. 211—To Punish Treason.
Ma. PaistDiNT 1 I desire to say a few words,
giving my reasons to tne Senate why I shall op
pose this bill.
The bill provides for the punishment of trea
son when committed against tne United states,
by a person residing la this State.
: Treason! the highest crime that can be com
mitted against the Government, is clearly de
fined la the Constitution :
'.'Art.' III. Sea 3. Treason against the
United States shall oonsist only in levying war
against them, or In adhering to their enemies,
giving them aid and oomfort."
Treason, then, against the United States, ac
cording to this high authority, Is a breach of
allegiance on the part of a person owing it to
the Government, and may be committed in va
rious ways. For Instance 1
Where a large publlo riotous assembly of cltl
sens of the United States, with premeditation,
band themselves together, and prevent, by force
and violence, the execution of a law of the
United States, or by force deprive any class of
citizens of the protection afforded by law, such
persons are guilty of treason in levying war
against the United States.
And where a person owing alleglanoe to the
Government delivers up prisoners and deserters,
or either, in time of war, to the enemies of the
country, he gives aid to the enemy, and in the
act Is guilty of treason.
. And where a person owing allegiance to the
Government furnishes provisions to an enemy,
in time of war, the act Is giving aid and com
fort, and Is treason against the United States.
Alio, where an officer, civil or military, hav
ing charge of United States property, surrenders
and delivers the same over to notorious enemies
of the country, in time of war, without a Justi
fiable reason, such officer is guilty of treason.
This is the highest crime known in the Uni
The framers of the Constitution were care
ful to define it in that instrument, and make
the criminal guilty of its commission punish
able under the laws of Congress alone. The
first clause or Sea. 3, Art. III., of the Constltu
"The Judicial power shall extend to all cases'
in law and equity, arising under this Constltu
tion. The laws of the United States, snd treat
ies made, or which shall be made, nnder their
The latter clause of the 31 Seo. of the same
'The Cotgreas shall have power to declare
the punishment of treason, but no attainder of
treason shall work corruption of blood, or for
feiture, except during the life of the person at
Undor this constitutional authority, no State
nas a ngni 10 cry a case 01 treason. Tigainss tne
United States, that being a orime arising nn
der a law of the United States, and Congress
having full power to declare its punishment.
High judicial authorities In the United States
seem clearly to confirm the dootrine that no
State court can take cognizance of the crime
of treason against the United States. By ref
erence to page 442, vol. 1 , Kent, it will be
"Every criminal prosecution must charge the
offence to have been committed against the sov
ereign whose courts sit In judgment upon the
offender, and whose executive may pardon."
Also, on the same page, see note 1
"If the same crime amounted to treason
against the United States, the exclusive cogni
zance of the crime belonged to the courts of
the United States."
And further : i
"But levying war against One State is a levy
ing of war against all In their Federal oapaoity,
and is a crime belonging exclusively to the Fed
eral Government." "- '
This was the doctrine Of the Supreme Court
of the State of New York, in the case of" The
People vs. Lynch," 11 Johnson; 649, to which
the author of the bill referred In bis report to
the Senate, when this bill was taken from the
On retcrence to the last named authority, the
Court say, that one of the grounds relied upon
for the disoharge of the prisoners is, " that the
State Courts have no Jurisdiction of treason
against the United States." And, In delivering
tboir opinion in the case, sayi . '
" We would barely observe, however, that we
think the jurisdiction of the State Courts does
not extend to the offenoa of treason against the
United States." , j..;.
And the Court, in closing the opinion, sayt
" The aot establishing the Judicial Courts of
the United States gives to the Clroult Courts
(of the U. S ) cognisance, szoluslve of the courts
of the several States, Of all crimes and offenoes
cognizable under the authority of the United
States, exoept where the laws of the United
States shall otherwise direct. ' '
' In whatever point of view, therefore, the
caBe is considered, we are satisfied that the
present indiotment cannot be supported. The
prisoners must, accordingly, be discharged. "
Also, Chief Justice Story, vol. 3', page 173,
Seo, 1298, says:
"The power of punishing the orime of treason
against the United States is exclusive in Con
gress; and the trial of the offence belongs ex
clusively to the tribunal appointed by them. A
State cannot take cognizance, or punish the of
fence; whatever it may do in relation to the of
fence of treason, committed exclusively against
Itself, if indeed any case on, under the Consti
tution, exist, which ki not at tha same tlmetrea
eon against the United States." :
During tbo Administration of President
Washington, Congress passed a crimes act,
wbich-wat approved and plaoed upon the stat
ute books of the United States, April 80, 1790.
The first section of this statute provid
that l . , -"," . ''
"If any person, or persons, owing allegiance
to the United States ot America, shall levy war
against them, or shall adhere to their enemies
giving them aid and comfort, within the United
States or elsewhere, and shall be thereof convict
ed, on confession in open eourt, or on the testi
mony of two witnesses to the same overt aot of
treason, whereof be or they (hall stand Indlot-
ed, suoh person or persons shall be adjudged
guilty of treason against th United States, and
shall suffer death." ; '. "
This act of Congress has never been modified
or changed in any way by amendment, from the
beginning of the Government down to the pres
Its provisions are clear, efficient, and well
defined. It points out the requisite testimony
to convict, and prescribes a death penalty for the
The criminal indicted under this statute must
be tried in the Supreme Court of the United
Statee, or one of the Circuit Courts; a State
Court having no jurisdiction under a law of
Congress to try a case of treason against the
United States, unless the law of Congress so
directs, and gives the State Court such Juris
diction, which this law fails to do.
Under this Congressional act, Aaron Burr was
tried for treason, at Richmond, Virginia, in
1807, in the Circuit Court of the United
States, before John Marshall, Chief Jus
tice of the Supreme Court. The ac
cused In this ease was no less a personage
than an ex-Vice President of the United States.
The oase called out the most eminent le
gal talent of the country; and, although the
defendant was discharged, this law was, per
baps, more severely tested on tbls occasion than
any other criminal statute upon the books of the
This law was enacted by the first Congress as
sembled nnder the Constitution, to carry cut an
express provision of that instrument tha re
quirements of which it has fully met, and has
stood the test of time for more than eighty
The bill now under consideration, and lor
which Senators are asked to record their votes,
seeks to change very materially this order 01
proceeding, modo of punishment, and long set
tled praoiice in the prosecotion of persons who
may be guilty of the crime of treason against
tha United States.
In the first seotion of the bill it is provided,
"That any person or persons, residing in this
State, who shall levy war against this State, or
the United States of America, or shall know
ingly adhere to the enemies of this State, or
the United States, giving them aid and comfort,
shall be guilty of treason, and, on conviction,
shall be imprisoned in the Penitentiary, at hard
labor during life."
It is here sought, by legislative enactment, to
give jurisdiction to the courts of this State to
punish treason against the United States: which,
ll myjndgment.is a clearjviolatloool'tte provis
ions of the Constitution and the high judicial au
thority I have just read.
Let me say to the Senate, I am no friend to
a traitor to his country, and would by no means
throw anything in the way of punishing, to the
extent of the law, the person who would wil
fully commit treason against the United States.
But, I am opposed to tortnrlngor mlsconstru
ing the Constitution iu any way, or to bringing
the jurisdiction of the State and United States
courts into collision. I do believe tbe passage
of this bill would tend in that direction, if not
oertalnly accomplish the end.
If I am tight, all civilized countries, as well
as our own, inflict the death penalty for the
commission of treason ; yet, this bill departs
from the nsual punishment inflicted by the whole
civilised world opon tbe traitor to his country,
and, perhaps opon tbe score of a morbid philan
thropy, seeks to punish the criminal by impris
onment in the Penitentiary during; life.
Wby the friends of this bill wish to change
the penalty, or where they find constitutional
power to pass a law, by act offiuis Legislature,
to take the place of a law of Congress now in
force, and long slnoe adjudged to be constitu
tional, and thereby attempt to oust the Supreme
Court of the United States of its jurisdiction of
the highest crime that can be committed against
tbe Government, I am at a loss to know.
I cannot see, or even imagine, a singlo neces
sity for the passage of this bill. Every Sena
tor on this floor most know that the United
States now have the most amplo power, nnder
Congressional law, to punish all traitors to the
country, in such way and manner that they nev
er will require second prosecutions.
I am aware that the anthor of this bill (Mr.
Garfield) is learned In the law an eminent
scholar, and a reputed peaceable citizen but
why be should introduce this bill and seriously
press Its passage, I have no reason to give.
In the event of its passage, I apprehend It
could do no possible good in any way. It might
do much harm by being used as another step in
the path of dissolution, and made a pretext, for
the time being, to bring the State and Federal
Governments Into oollision.
For these reasons, I shall record my voto
against the bill.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIEE INSURANCE COMPANY,
CToT7C"axlx., KT. T.
Dividend January 1, 1 80 1 , 43 Per Cbttt.
A88EI8 J,812,5Je SO.
Statement January 1, 1801 ,
Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, 18(10 13,400,58 J 39
Received for Premiums dur
ing the year 10 $7o3,0J3 55 -
Beeolved for Interest during
the year lew xn.uu w ,
Total recelD's for I860.. ..1977.067 74
Paid Claims by Death,a07,O5O 00
Paid Policies surren
Paid Salaries, Pott
age, Taxes, ex
change, etc 11,050 54
Paid Commission, to
Agent 51,333 30
Paid Physicians' fee,. S.VOS 75
Paid Annuities 1,317 00
Paid Dividends dur
ing the year 160,300 73 303,091 03 411,076 14
Net Balance January 1st, 1861.
Cash on hand 0,63S4 18
Bonds and Mortgage on Real
state, worth double the
amount loaned 8,337,841 68
Premium Notes, on Policies
In force, only drawing S per
eent. Interest. 1,979.804 17
Seal Kits' 90 Hid 97
Loans onSerlp 5,93144
Premiums, Notes and Csih, In
court of transmission.... 45,313 73
.... 83.819,356 SO
7.576 Policies In force, Insuring.. ..-iSl49a538
1,433 new Policies have been Issued during the year.
After a careful calculation ot the present va'n of the
ootatanutng roncies 01 me company, and having tbe
SMOeeeary amount In reserve therefor, the Directors
havo declared a Diviom of 43 pair cent. n the Premi
ums paid at tha table rates, to all policies for III In fore,
Issued prior to January 1, 1B60, payable according to the
nreeent lule of tbe Company.
Bates for all kinds ol Life Contingencies, Pit specU
uss, S tatmrants, and Applications, will be furnished
without cruaaa, at ins uuice or Agencies of the Com
pany. ROBT. Ti- PATTIRBON, President.'
L. 0. SR0V18), Vice President.
BCNJ.O.MILLKR, Secretary. ;
lie H UbESONs JLgtnt, '
, " " , No. 4 Johnson Block.
March SS, 1801. ' Oolumba
ITsB BANTLB BARAOES
Whit and Black, last received at
Apportionment of the State f Ohio
fur members of tbe General AasiPtu
bly for the Second Decennial Pe
In conformity to the provisions of the Constitution of
tne state oruiiio, we, nibiiiAH ur.nniatir', itover-
nor, KOBKHT W. TAX bKtl. Auditor, and ADD I SUN
P. HUodEliL, Secretary of State, have ascertained and
determined the ratio of lopreseulatlon In IheUeneMl As
sembly aecordlug to the ilecenrrUl censui, the number of
Representatives and Seoators each county or district
shall be entitled to elect, and lor wtiai years within lue
next ensulcg ten years, and do declare the aeme to be a
The total population ot the sevsral onuntle, of the
State by the feJeral census 01 i"ou, as certlueu by John
C. 0. Kennedy, Superintendent of the Census Bureau
of the Department of tte Interior of tbe United rtatcs,
Is two millions three hundred and thirty-nine thoutand
five hundred and ninety nine - TLe ratio of representa
tion for Hepreienutive is twenty-lhree thousand three
bunarea ana ninety-six, aru tor a at naior sixty-six iu ju
sand eluht hundred and foity-fle.
The apportionmtntfor the House of Representatives
during the second decennial period under uie uocsuta
tion shall be as follows :
The counties ot Adiuns, Allen, Anhland, Athens, Au
glaiie, Carroll, Champaign, Clarke. Ullotoa, Ooslioctua
Crawford, 1 arke, Delanare, Erie, s'ajette, Fulton, Ual
lla, Uvauga, Ureene, Uuerutey, llancock, Ilardln, Har
rison, Highland, llocklog, ilolmes, Jacluon, jeuerson,
Knox, Lake, Liwrei.ce, Logan, Lucas Madlsou, Ua
houlng, Marion, Medina, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Mor
row, noble, ferry, Pickaway, Pike, Portage, Preble,
Saodusky, Bnoto, ehelby, eummit, Union, Viuton, War
ren and Wyandot shall, severally, be entitled to one
Kepresentatlve In cash session ot the decennial period.
lue counties of franklin, Muskingum and Btnrk shall
each be entitled to two Representatives in each session
of the decennial period.
The counties of Ashtabula, Brown, Falrfl ld. Huron,
Lorain, Miami, Klchland, Bene;a, Trumbull, Tuscara
was and H'avne shall, severally, be entitled to oi.e Ken
rtBiDtatlve In each session, aid one additional Uepre
leniative In the link session of the decennial perl d.
The counties or Belmont, butler, uiennont, uoiumbi
ana. Licking, itoss.aod Wsshlogton. shall, severally, be
entitled to one Representative iu each ses.lou, and two
additional Representatives, on in tbe thlrd ana one la
the fourth session el the decennial period.
The county of Montgomery shall be eotttiea to trt
Representative, In each session, aud ooe addiJoual
Representative in the fifth session of tha Uecer.nl
lue county 01 iuyanoga suau do eniuieu iu ujrec
Reoretentatives In each seision, and one aJUUIon-.-l
Representative In the fifth session of the decennial
The county ol Hamilton snail do entuiea in nine nep
resentailves In each session, and ote additional Repre
sentative in the fifth session of thedecenulsl period
The folio tins counties, until they shall have itcquired
a sutuclentpopulatlon to entitle them te elect, sepaiate-
ly, under the lourtn section or me eieventn article 01 tne
CoDSiltution, shall form districts In msnnsr following,
to wit: The counties of Drnscoe, rautulog and ttil
Ihuns. ot. district: the counties of Henry and Putnsni,
one district; the counties of Mercer and Van Wert, one
district; and the counties of Ottawa anl Wood, one dis
trict; each of which districts shall be entitled to one Rep
resentative In every session of the decennial peiiod: aud
the district composed of the counties of Keuance, Paul
ding and Williams, to two additional Representatives,
one In the third and one In the fourth seision of the de
iiy the Constitution, uie state is aivuiea into thirty
three senatorial districts, as follows: thecuunty ot Ham.
Ilton constl'ules the first senatorial district; the counties
of Butler and Warren, the second: Montgomery ard
l'reble, the third; Clermont and Urtwn, the louriL;
Ureene, Clinton and Fayette, the urib; Ros una High
land, the slxtb; Adsms, Pike, Scioto and Jajksou, ike
seventh; Lawrei.ce, Gallia, Meigs and Vinton, the
eighih; Athens, Uocklngsnd Fairfield, the ninth; frank
lio and Pickaway, the tenth; Clarke, C'liainpiijci and
Medlson, the eleventh; Miami, Darke and tbelby, the
twelfth; Lot an. Union, Marlon and Hardin, the thir
teenth; Washington and Morgan, tbe fourtetnih; Slus
kiDgum and Perry, the fifteenth; Delaware and Licking,
the sixteenth; Knox and Morrow, the seventeenth; Co
shocton and Tuscarawas, tbe eighteenth; Oaernaty and
Monroe, the nineteenth; Bolmunt and Uariiion, the
twentieth; Canolland Stark, the twenty-first; JeOrion
and Columbiana, the twenty aecond; Trumbull nod Ma
honing, the twenty-third ; Ashtabula, Lake and Oeaugo,
the twenty fourth; Cuyahoga, the twenty-fl'th; l'ortc
atd Summit, the twenty-sixth; Medina and Lor.ln, tne
twenty-seventh; Wayne and Holmes, the twenty eibth;
Ashland end Richland, tbe twenty-ninth; Huron, Erie,
Sandusky and OtUwa, the thirtieth; Seneca, Urarrloid
and Wyandot, tbe thirty-first; Mercer. Auglaize, Allen,
Van Wert. Paulding, Defiance and Williams, the thirty-
second; and Hancock. Wood, Lucas, lulton, Henry and
Futnam, tbe thirty-third.
Vor the second decennial period, eacboi said districts.
except the first, eighth, seventeenth, twenty-eightn, thir
tieth, tnirty-sccona ana inirty-tniru, sui.i t etu.i.eu to
The eighth and thirtieth districts shall each he entitled
to one Senator lor the decennial period, and one addition
al tenetnr In the fifth session of the d'cennlal period.
The thlny-seeond aud thirty-third districts shall each
be entitled to one Senator for the decennial Kriod.ni d
two additional Senators, one In the third and one iu the
fourth session ol tbe decennial period-
The first distrlot shall be entitle! to thrt e Senators for
the decennial period, and one additional Senator la the
fifth session of the decennial period.
The seventeenth untnct, composed or the counties or
Knox and Morrow, having less than three-fourths of a
senatorial ratio of population, is, as required by tli- Con
stitution, attached to tne adjoining district b-vie it the
least number ol inhabitants, which la the tweu'.y eighth
district, composed of the counties of Wayoe and lloluit s.
The twenty-eighth district, wi'.h the tetentteotb ili.trict
so attached as aforssald, shall be entitled to or e Senator
for the decennial period, and two additional Senators.one
in tbe third and one In the fourth session of the decenni
The lourtcenta district, composed of the counties of
Washiniton and Morgan, and part of the county of No
ble, an 1 the nineteenth district, composed of the coun
ties of Guernsey and Monroe, and part of the county of
Noble, remain as during the first decennial period, the
Constitution notadmlttlng of any alteration ot the terri
torial I milt of said senatorial district.
In testimony whereof, we have he-eunt.i set
eur names, and caused the Great Seal of the
Bute of Ohio to be affixed, at Columbus, tho
second dsy ol April, In the year of our Lord I
one thousand eight hundred and slxfv-ono. and
of the Independence of the United States of
America the eighty-fifth. I
R. W. TaYLKII,
Api3-41t-w4t. A. P. RUBSKLL.
Our CbtiflA, Cold, Hoarsen, lnfla.
ertea, any IritaHon or Sorm nf M
JhroaL ttM(A Haunting Uovgh
in Consumption, Eronhtitli, Antha
ma, and Catarrh, Clear ar.d oit
etrtnatk to th vote of
Few are aware of th Importance of checking a Couth
nr-nnromon Gold" in lis nrst stare: inat whicu in ih.
beginning would yield to a mild remedy. If neglected,
soon attacks the lunge. "Brown's Bronchial Troche,
containing demulcent ingreaienu, aiiay ruunonary and
BROWN'S I "That trouble In my Throat, (for which
Ithe ' iroeDt are a specinc) bavins made me
TROCHES.often a mere whisperer."
n . r. W1LLI3.
"I recommend their uie to Fcauc tfriAi
REV. E. CIIAPIN.
"nave proved extremely eervice&ul lor
REV. HBMHY WARD StKUUFR.
TR00HE31 "Almost Instant relief In th distressing
labor of breathing peculiar to asthxs."
BROWN'S RKV. A. 0. NGGLaSfON,
"Contain no uolnm or anvtbing loiurl
TROCHES nns." DR. A. A. UAYE3,
BROWN'S "A simple and pleasant combination for
TR0CEK3 DR. 0. F. BIOELOW,
BROWN'S 'Beneficial In BnoiicmTia."
UK. i. S. tt .l.ANK.
I "I have proved them excel lent for t noor-
BROWN'S ia Cocoa."
REV. H. W. WARREN,
"Beneficial when compelled to rponk, suf-
BROWN'S foilug from Coin."
RKV. 8. P. J. ANDERPDN.
TROCUES M lout.
"BrrscrrML la removing Hoarseness and
BROWN'S .Irritation of ths Throat, so oomjion with
Sruczlt, and Binosks."
TROOHES Prof. 8IA0T JOHNSON
4 urattge, Oj.,
BROWN'S Teacher of Music, Southern
-ureal penent wnen tasen oetore ana niter
BROWN'S 'pmching, as they prevent Hoarseness. From
their past etiect, i lutnx tney win be er por-
KHV. E. K9WLET, A.M. '
BROWN'S President of Athens College, V
TROCHES irpSold by all Druggists at TW
I sua vaaio a sua.1
ROBERTS a BAMOEL.
Druggists, 04 Korth 0'
g.B. BAMtTKL a CO..
84 South Illch street '-'
OOUDS, . '
Novelties In Neck Ties' -"
Paris KU 01o,
Golden Hill '
Boys' OoT .
I i .
' ' 1 PAstlaw
AND CHEAPER THAN EVER?
: ' : r - r 7, '
OVa SPUING STOCK IS UfflTSCaL
ly large and well assorted. Th very latest patterns
from AMERICAN, LNGLIS1I and PRE SOU Factories.
GOLD PAPERS AND BORDEitS;
Gold 'and Velvet Borders,
SPLENDID y DECORATIONS,
AND. . .,-..)
FIRE BOARD PAPERS,
Gold a.nd. Paoted Shades,
BUFF, BLUE, ;
WI3.D0WFIXTUBES, all kinds,
CORD AND TASSELS,
RANDALL & ASTON,
N. B. Landlords and persons wishing quantities of
Paper will make money by buying ot us. Country
Merchssts and persons from abroad will do well to call
and see us. aprll l d-'meod B.aA.
LATHROP, LUDINGTON & CO.
20 & 22 MURRAY SlXEllV;
ism; w 'oxtxc,
IMPORTERS AND JOIUJriB.V6F
Foreign and Domestic
FOR CASH OR APPROVED CREDIT.
We ire opening, at ouramnle wareroeme. at the abbva
numbers, stock, of Ooods in each of the-iX'4Mruaetita
of our business, superior to anything we bare heretofor
exhILHed to the trade. . r ,.ti'.:.
This hat grown to its present marnttetdt ik
thorough management of a Liner of long exsenen aj
acknowledged good taste. We keep eatenaiv Un .
uie n nest and choicest - ; f
AND ' Le3
To he found In the market, all selected- with the olosat
discrimination. Also, ail grtdes, colsrt and varieties ofj
FARMERS' and MEROnANTS'fjASSIXXBIS,
KENTUCKY JEA.N3, from Stf to Bjf cent par yard
snd upwards; J A vl
TWEEDS, 12 to 15 osuts per yard last (tea- Jots' t
18 to 20; .(p. v,
PRISIED SATINETS, at U oentgj, j p(,
And other Good eorrttpondinolf ff.,,;!,
Manchester De Lalnet,
Paciflo " do.
And the Ne Select Stylt of '
FANCY SPRING GOODS.
Mcrrtmac Print,, - Richmond's Prints, . . ,
Cocheco do. American do.
Pacific do. ' . Dunoon's do.: ;
Bprague's do. English do-
Manchester, Ac. Prints. Ao. "" '. -
DOMK9TIO COTTONS.' '
Lawrence 0. Sheetings,
Atlantic A. Bh'
Aif Oradit and Wl
Wansutta, . Dwfgh'
, 1 . A LASOf
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