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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, April 18, 1861, Image 2

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"VotltTMBTTS. OHIO.
tM iM handtd by TWl VS O'VLOtA
o M day jnkkwxu"".. '
THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 18, 1861.
Meeting of the Democratic State Central Committee.
. t .. . rattle. .
Tb Btmonll t Central Ooe.ltU. Uhmb
aotiOl la ' Colombo. .n Friday. U to,UBl'
for Ik pn 1?. l'"1" ,ta-
XilnewU trs.1 that all th Btmbrn of th. Oomlt
advise and adopt inch t !ln of
.7u a th.y uf ot th. pp.uMy of our
policy M wr w. MOUNT.
Obelnaa ol th. Bo-ocittlo But. C.atral CoomltUo of
Obio. -CoBuminrmt,
Hamilton County, April IB.
i . W Tb. hill ooroprlattog a million of money
la ,14 of the proclamation of the Preeldenl
paased the House of Reoresentatlv thi morn-
lng unanimously, ana ia
Speech of Senator Eason.
n. AMAeh of Hon. Bi njajim Easok, dell
i th S.nate. on the 17 A of April, on Mr
wil ta nonlah treason, to be foned
.i..h.r ta our columns, will be read with In
Wrest. Mr- Eason le a dear headed man, ol
umnil Indtment and dear perception, and bis
MnmMit as-slnei the constitutionality of the
bill will ettraot the attention and command the
reepect of all who read It.
CTTbe romor It that the Government will
.Mn make another call for troops. This rumor
wiU no doubt prov trae, sine It Is not probable
that 75 000 men added to the regular tore oi
tk.TTnir States ermt will be sufficient for
the emergeooy that Is before the country. In
the present state ol feeling In Ohio, we suppose
that 50,000 Tolnnteers could be raised in this
Stat In two weeks time, and hence It will fal
low that In any farther eell that the Govern
ment may make, a large body of men will still
be lelt at home, who stand ready and willing
to respond to the call oi the Government.
D" The unanimity of the Union sentiment in
Ohio (outside of the Western Reserve) is so
' overpowering as to compel such disunion sheets
u tho Cincinnati CemiiwreieJ and OAi SMe
Jmtmtl to rails the flag and shout for the Un
ion! Even the "Irrepressibles" In our legiela
ture, who bnt a short time ago were ready, will
ins and anxioni to let the Union elide, are now
falling into line and becoming the moet ardent
friends oi the Union. It will not surprise ss If
in a few days to come the Ashtabula Sentintl
.knnM Mint ont for the National flag- The
ntrit of the neode is up, end dlsuntonists
air m cannot resist the torrent of Union sent!
..ant that eomea with a voice like that of
many waters. It is exceedingly gratifying to see
this wholesome change of sentiment among the
. "higher law" men of our State, who, by their
disloyal course and disunion sentiment In times
past, have done their part to bring the country
to tta present deplorable condition. . We hope
hereafter, in all time to oome, we may have no
lughtr Uie men among us, but that all will recognize
the authority of the powers that be, and
when the cretent troubles shall be ended, th
c plrit of strife and dlicord will no more be beard
$a, tht.lanlvi .
Mr. Cox's Position Well Known.
' Attbrmieting last night, Mr. Cox wasoall-
ad for vociferously, but he bad leit th ball
Shortly after, a resolution wa sent up to in
'chair,' as' to which som misapprehension was
retted. . Some supposed it was a reflection on
Aft. VOX. W0UW "U8. .
in a friend ol Mr. Cox, and is aow befor
yIl acorobated his put course, and express.
d th h9pf that at th extra session he wonld
still continue bis efforts to maintain the govern
ment; and requested bim to fix a day
, to address the people. Judge Waania read
.a much of 'the resolution as showed that
it related -to.' Mr. . Cox; and as no on
seriously doubted Mr,. Cox's fidelity to
th government, of which be is a part, it wa
not pnt to the meeting. Thee is not a man in
this District bat knows the expressed and publtsbed
views of the member , for this District,
j II could not, by any speech last nlgbt, bav
added to their forre, as expressed In tb last
Congras with a view to this present emergea
ey. HI vote sustained Abdmsok, tb fieg,
th Government, and, from first to last, were in
disapproval of every movement which strength
ened or aided the Teoellioa and "treason of th
Gnlf States. W know bis future course will
continue as it bas been in th put.
The Duty of a Citizen.
The Cincinnati Eiirr responds to tb In
quiry of a friend who is opposed to coercion
ask lie advice as to bis duty at th present
Mm. Tb rule laid down by tb Enfrirtr
-t which must govern the citizens of Ohio and
ber States of tb Union. Th Constitfr
xecntlv of th Union bas, by virtu
and discretion vested In bim, called
-Uoce of th volunteer militia
id in th maintenance of th
'ndioete th national authority.
Nded to the call, and tb
t only to paaaiv obedi
support, even though
' to tb policy of th
sue being one to
demands that
Is end tb unl
Difference measures
led,
The Extra Session of the XXXVIIth Congress.
The President baa. issued his proclamation for
au extraordinary leisionof the neworXXXVIIth
Congress on th fourth of July next. Seven
States have seceded from the Union, leaving
twenty-seven, if no more secede befor the
fourth of July, to be represented at tbl extra
session. Of these twenty-seven S tatee, twenty
have elected their Representatives in Coogroe.
Th seven State which have their represent
tire vet to elect are the following:
Virginia, which elects thirteen members, on
tb fourth Thursday of May; North Carolina,
eight members, on the first Thursday in August;
Tennessee, ten members, on the same day;
Kentucky, ten members, on the first Monday in
August; California, two members, on the 1 ues
day after th first Monday in September; Mary
land, six members, on . the first Wednesday
la November, and Kansas, one member, at a
data of which we are not informed, if one has
been fixed by law.
It will be seen from the foregoing Hat, that if
th seven States in which elections for Repre
sentatives in Congrees have not yet taken
place, two, California and Kansas, are free, and
seven are slave States. Ia Virginia, the elec
tlon is to take place in season for the extra ses
sion. In other State where Congressional
lections have not taken place, it will be neees
Bary, If they wculd be represented at the extra
session, to hold special elections for the purpose
of choosing their Representatives to the
XXXVIIth Congress. This can be done, as on
former similar occasions, by the Governor of
each State oonvenlng the Legislature in speolal
session for the purpose of providing for these
special elections.
It may be proper to remark that of the seven
seceded States, South Carolina and Hor
Ida. befor their seoession, bad eleoted
their Reprntilve to the XXXVIIth Con
tress of the United States. Were the
whole thirty-four States to be represented In that
Congrees, the number of members In the House
of Representatives would be two hundred and
thirty-eight. The Constitution provides that a
majority of each House oi Congress shall con
stitute a quorum to do business. One hundred and
twenty members will constitute a majority of
the next House of Representatives. One hun
dred and fifty-five have already been eleoted,
wbloh makes thereby five more than are neo
essary to constitute a bare quorum. There
are, however, two vacancies to be filled in the
delegation from Ohio, and one In that from
Pennsylvania.
The list of United States Senators, with the
exception of those from the seceded States, and
who, of course, are not expected to take their
eats, is complete. Unless under extraordinary
circumstances, which are not impossible to oc
cur in theee revolutionary times, It can hardly
happen that a majority of the sixty-eight Sena
tors, which wodd compose a full United States
Senate, will not be ready to take their seats at the
extra lewlon of Congress in July.
The Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road.
The following correspondence will contradict
and put at rest tb false reports about the Bal
timor and Ohio Rail Road having relused to
transport government troops, tc. There are no
men more loyal to the Union and the Govern'
ment than the officers of the Baltimore and
Obio Rail Road:
ZANESVILLE, April 17.
D. S. Gut: The followine dispatoh was re
W. C. LONG.
BALTIMORE, April 16.
H. J. Jtwttt,Prtidtnt C.O.R.R: You are
authorized to contradlot the statement. Oar
Company is transporting Government troops to
Washington, Uar entire line is free from ex
citement or difficulty, and all descriptions of
business ar being transacted witn toe nsnal
regularity and dispatch. Anticipating the mis
representation of rival lines, I forwarded to yon
yesterday a correspondence on this subject,
which I hope yon have received. Yon are fur
ther authorized to give to all shippers the guar
antee of this Company lor any damage In trans
porting noon It road which may arise from
political or military action.
BALTIMORE, April 16. JNO. W. GARRETT, President.
Tb correspondence alluded to in the above
dispatch Is as follows. S. J. Sharpe is the agent
of Drakely and Fenton, extensive produce and
provision dealers of Baltimore :
LAFAYETTE, April 15, 1861.
John W. Gamut, President :
Parties afraid to ship on account of war news.
Confer with Fenton. Answer fully.
S. J. SHARPE.
BALTIMORE, April 16, 1861.
S. J. Shaitc, Lafayette, Indiana t
There le no occasion for such fears. Business
ia proceeding on onr road and in this city, with
nsnal regularity and reliability. Som troop
ordered by tb Government nave proceeded to
wasmngton wiinoui interference, inis com
pany continues to guarantee all shipments
against aangers in transportation upon our road,
ari.iug irvm puuucai ur military oansee. xou
ar aware of th abundant financial ability and
safety of this oompany. The demand for pro
visions, Draadstuns, sc., is aotlve, and in con
ferrloc with our merchant generally. I find
they feel ooofid.nl that no lnterferenc with
business wilt occur in Baltimore. In produce,
specially, they contemplate the contlnuanoe of
atari
large and active trad.
JOHN W. GARRETT,
President.
ia
Of
of
be
it
ET Th Austrians, according to late account,
are making formidable warlike preparation in
Italy. Th fortifications of Pesohiera are be
ing greatly strengthened, about three thousand
men being constantly employed on th works
Th Quadrilateral I to be garrisoned with
Croats, whose arrival in Italy was formerly
looked apon as a lure sign of approaching war
Th Austrian offloers speak publicly of soon en
terlng tb Duoblea and Lombardy. At a re
view of fifty thousand men held on the S2d nit ,
at Vicenza, by Marshal Bzkzokx, in th pres
ence of tbe Archdukes Alizst and William,
tb Marshal mad us of very warlike lan
guage.
[SPECIAL ORDER, NO. 50.]
GENERAL HEAD QUARTERS.
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Columbus, April 18, 1861.
Th two regiment of Infantry this day r
sorting at General Head Quarter, will go into
mp at Qoodale Park at 3 o'clock, P. M.
'enteaant Colonel H. L. Mill, Second Re-
of th Lin, I detailed for tbe command
Issue of marching orders; and he will
teneral Head Quarters for order of
on will be a permanent rendez
'rom central and aontbern Ohio;
Tjpied, the com mending officer
1 and make such arrange
der and discipline.
Mug liquors within the
s and lot adjacent
'-all such territory
ther orders.
1TON, i
General.
nlzed
he
OHIO LEGISLATURE.
ADJOURNED SESSION.
IN SENATE.
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 1861.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
Mr. FERGUSON'S resolution a per morn
in I renort was adopted naanlmoiial. i .. r
' . . : .
1 ne Benai agrees, to House amendments to
H. B.42.- -
Mr. MOORE, from the committee on Corpo
rations other than Municipal, reported
o. d. ouu Autnoriimg me construction oi a
look connecting th Ohio Caual and Scloio
River.
8. B. 301 SuDplementarv to the corporation
act oi loox.
TREASON.
Mr. HARRISON, from th Judlciarv com
mute, recommended the passage of o. a. xu
To punish Treason, with the amendment of
fered yesterday by Mr. Harrison, and Mr. f ar
guson's amendments. Agreed to. -
Mr. KASON objected to tbe bill, because he
thought the United States laws sufficient for all
purposes, and prooeeded to examine tbe federal
law unen th subieot, and held that br the Con
stltution no 8tate has a right to try a case of
treason against tbe United States eucn of
fences being entirely within the .jurisdiction of
Congreet . Tbe supreme Uourt bad so dMUea
in sundry cases. The pending bill seek.
to change tbe order of proceeding prescribed by
federal law and the court., tbe mode of punish
ment and established practice in tb proaeou
lion of persons who may be fobarged with the
crime of treason agaiosi the United States.
It it sought bv this legislation to give
jurisdiction to the court ot this State to puuisn
treason asainst the United States, wbicb. in bis
judgments a dear violation of tb provisions of
the Constitution, and bleb ludioiai autnor
itv. Mr. Eason was no friend to traitors
and would bv no means obstruct tneir
punishment to the extent of the law
He was orroied to torturing or mis
construlogjthe Constitution in any way, or bring'
Ing ibe state and f ederal Courts Into collision
He believed tbe oassage of this bill would do
this. He believed that all civilized countries
inflict tbe death penalty for treason, vet this
bill departs from the nsnal punUbment, and
seeks to punish the crime by Imprisonment in
tbe penitentiary durlg Hie. ue was at a loss
to know why the State should attempt to take
power to itself which belongs exclusively to
Congrees. He saw no necessity whatever for
tbe pissageoftbe bill; it can do no possible
good, and might do much barm by being nted
as another eteo in the path of dissolution, and
mad a pretext to bring the Federal and State
government into collision. For I these and
other reasons he wonld vote against tbe bill.
Messrs. GARFIELD snd COX both deolared
emphatically, tbat by the express terms ot the
bill it wa designed to punish treason against
the Stat of Ohio, and it declares what shall
constitute treuon sgainst Obio. Various States
had naased nrecltel similar laws
Mr. KEY moved to recommit the bill with
Instructions to report the power of the General
Assembly to pass such a law.
Mr. GARFIELD said Mr. Eason bad doubt
less been misled bv a tvooeraobical error which
omitted the words "treason against the State of
Ohio."
Mr. KEY said he was anxious tb bill sbould
pass, if tbe Legislature has power to pasa It, and
he wanted that question examined. No doubt
ful constitutional power should be exercised, but
this being a case ot emergency, ce wouia wiin-
draw bis motion.
After further debate bv Messrs. HARRISON
and EASON, the bill passed yeas 27, nays 6.
X fc AS Messrs, Breck, Brewer, Booar, ux,
Collins, Cummins, Ferguson, Fisher, Foster,
Garfield. Glass. Harsh, Holmes, Jones, Juxev,
McCall. Monroe. Morse, Newman, rarlsb.
Potts, Potwio, Ready, Schleich, Smith, Spragne
and Stanley 27.
a A its Messra.cuppy, bason, moore, new
man, Orr, Perrill and White 6.
Absent Harrison and K.?y.
Mr. SPRAGUE, from a select committee, re
ported back H. B. 136, recommending its pas
ssge, being a bill to erect Maskingum township
in Washington county, engrossed lor mira
reading to-morrow.
PUBLIC WORKS.
Mr. J0NE3 presented a memorial from John
L. Martin, President of the Board of Publie
Works, relative to the management of the Mi
ami and brie Canal, and concerning ootstaoaip
check for repair of the Public Work. Lali
on the table to be Printed.
A motion by Mr. CUMMINS to take from
the table tbe motion to reconsider th fieneca
County Bank bill wu lost. . . ,
PUBLIC WORKS BILL.
On motion of Mr. GARFIELD,' th bill to
leas tbe Public. Works wa taken from the
table.
moved to amend Mr.
insert tbe bid of Med-
,100 per annum, by in-
okover & uo., at sw,uuu
Mr. CUMMI
Schleich' substitui
berv A Co-, for
sertiog the bid ot
narannnm.
Mr. CUMMINS said this bid bad been made
in perfectly good faith, by those who are anxious
to leu the canals. v
Mr. SCHLEICH product a letter from
stranger, stating thatConovtrat Co.' bid was not
In good faith, but to defeat th leu. He was
ai ii authorized to say, thai this oompany offered
to stIl out tor lo.lXR), and ware refused. 1 bey
then offered to take $3,000. and their proffer wu
spurned.
Mr. mtALti said a memner oi mi oom.
panv bad assured bim tbat this bid was made
good ratio.
Substitute and amendment ruiea out oi or
der.
Amendment of the committee of tbe Whole
were agreed to.
TL aa m .
The Senate adjourned, and senator proceed
ed to slog tb star spangled Banner.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. WEDNESDAY, April 17, 1861.
AFTERNOON SESSION.
Mr. GAMBLE, from the committee on Pub-
lie Worke, reported H. B. 438 -To regulate
construction of flat boats navigating th waters
of tb State where steamboats ar used, wben
Mr. FELLOWS explained tbat thi was
measure lor tbe protection of live and prop
erty, u well as to prevent suit for damages;
that it required the sides of flat boats to be made
tale against tb swell-wave of eteamboata.
Th bill was than pawed tea. 60. navt 11
Mr. STUBB3 presented the petition of Luclan
Vanaufdall and 46 others, for full and liberal
appropriations for war purposes.
Mr. BALDWIN, from the select committee
to whom was referred II. B. 454 -T amend
th law relating to th aoheatmeot of land
reported th same back, and recotimended
it naesage.
Mr. BALDWIN explained th obeot of
bill, tbat It was to provide tbat tbe.eatate oran
intestate desoend to the heir of 'a deceased
wife.
Mr. KRUM (aid that this bill did not quit
suit bis ease, and be would therefor move
amend by providing tbat the estate descend
tbe nearest neighbors or tbe intestate
Mr CARLISLE moved to further ameud
lesertlog tbe word smim before neighbor.
Both these amendment wer dleagreed to.
Mr. KRUM moved to amend by auiklng
th second seotlon, which relates to case now
unsettled, which wu disagreed to.
The bill then passed yeas 65, nay 17.
On motion of Mr. HITCHCOCK, tb Hons
resolved itself into committee of the Whole,
the Senate appropriation bill. After come time
spent in consideration of th time.'the commu
te rose, reported progress, snd asked leave
sit again. . "
Mr. FLAGG moved that the House take
Senate Bill 297 The War Bill which was
thought to be quit in order, wben
Mr. WOODS moved that tb vote wheroby
th Hons refused to suspend tbe rplts be re
considered. Mr. SCOTT, of Warren, moved tbat '
House adjourn, whioh was disagreed to.
Mr- HUGHES hoped that the motion to re
consider would not be pressed. II and others
had telegraphed to their constituent; and
to-morrow be believed all would be ready
put tbeir vote unanimously for tbe bill.- ,
Mr. DEVORE concurred In these remarks
with Mr. Hoghes.
Mr. HUTCHESON saidi
V. SriAKtai It Is well known to members
House that I have contributed what
this floor to effect a peaceful solution
' -cities. I bav steadily voted
every meuur to prevent the
A . against every measure oal
t disunion and civil war.'
now flnd.sir, in th rapid suoaaaalrm of event
in this great trials, that it has oom to b al-
most a question of seir-preservation. It la now
apparent that it 1 th determination of th
Confederate States, backed by a powerful army,
and led on by a daring and sagacious military
chieftain, to seise tb Federal Cacital and da.
pose in existing government or wbloh w ar a
part. v
sir, whatever may bav been th oauses of
our troubles, or whoever may d to blam for a
aiiure to oomnrom a and admit than naanaah.
ly, we oannot permit th Confederate armylnow
hi uiohii terms or peae. i balornr ta to
great North: on her bosom repose tbe bone of
ut uoeators, ana witn tnir ashet 1 expect to
mingle mine. Her ar my relatives, my asso
ciations and my Interests. If th controversy,
as i neueve, 1 now praotloallv on between
tb two sections, I oannot hesitate whioh to
choose and where my fidelity sbould be pledged.
i ooiiev in Border oatte will ell leave, and
firm Union, perhaps for aggreaalv psrposee,
will b formed between all th slaveholdlng
State. ,
Jefferaoa Davis will soon fix his haed-auart-
ers at Richmond, and I very much fear, air, that
wiu not stop there. 1 believe it 1 bis lnten
tion to establish a line or military poets through
th North to cut off the Eaat and Wait, and oar
hap th soil of Ohio hu been (eleoted for thi
purpose. If to. I can out v sav. that ther I not
a son of Ohio who would not rush in defense of
tbe Interests of our soli and wlp out th track
of th iovadere In their own blood. Truly, sir,
the queatloo has occuloned a serious aspect.
I can not force the oonsequenoee, but surely it
is our duty to stand firmly on onr soil, to pro
tect th Government which exists, and If pr
mauent dissolution must occur, it will be under
oiroumstenoe In which w oan have somsthlng
to y of tb term of eeparatioo, and atand
strong ana ereot befor tb world.
Mr. CARLISLE said:
Ma. SrcAKiai My course has, in relation to
this important subject, been dictated by th
purest motive. I have oonoaed th suspension
of the constitutional rule, requiring bills to be
reau on toe separate daya, not because I would
detain the pasaage of the measure one moment
improperly, but because several member with
whom I usually act, earnestly desire to hear
from their constituents in answer to diepatehes
already sent out by them. The answers, a I
bav been assured, are necessary to determine
the oourse of those who have propounded them.
I have desired and still desire it shall take the
course pointed out by the Constitution. I shall,
therefore, vote to take final aetlon on to morrow
morning, believing that then th measure will
pass without a dissenting voice; while, if tb
rota i laien now, there 1 no doubt that very
many gentiemB;wiu oppose it.
Mr. MoCLUNG said tbat ha hailed with
pleasure the manifestation of a patrlotio devotion
to tbe country from the side of th House where
it w now manifested, and that thi feeling may
be reciprocated in th spirit it is tendered, be
moved that th Hons do now adjourn; which
was agreed to.
IN SENATE.
THURSDAY, April 18, 1861.
Prayer by Rev. .
THIRD READING.
H. B. No. 431 To erect th townthio of
Muskingum In Washington county. Tb bill
passed.
FIRST READINGS.
H. B. No. 484 Supplementary to the act of
March 14th, 1853, relating to descent and dis
tribution of decedent's estate.
H. B. 493 To diminish tb number of Com.
mon Pleas Judge. Read second time, and re
ferred to Judiciary committee.
H J. R. No 132-Relativ to th claim of
Jacob Kurop, wa referred to th Finance com
mittee.
H. B. No. 485 For surveys of mines. Read
a second l time, and referred to Judiciary
Committee.
H. B.No. 438 Regulating construction of
coal boats and flat boats on slack water navlga
tion.
REPORTS OF COMMITTEES.
a
in
Mr. HARRISON, from the Judiciary com
mlttee, recommended the pauage of H. B. 475
For the protection of camp meeting'. Passed.
And on recommendation irom tb earn com
mittee, H. B. No. 176 waa Indefinitely postpon
ed.
On recommendation of Mr. MOORE from
tbe committee on Corporations other than Mu
nidpal S.'B. No. 1291 waa indefinitely postponed
Mr. HAKttlbUrt, from the Jadloiarv com
mittee, reported back S. B. No. S06:!Ameoding
lb act for th compensation of ownere of pri
vate property appropriated for corporation use.
without reoommendation. Tho bill passed;
yea Sl,navs 13.
lur. ribwiuAri saia ne rose to discharge
solemn duty. He desired the privilege of tbe
Senate to change bis vote on a. a. No. 297
(th army bill.) He believed then, u now, tbat
hie vote wu right upon tb general principles.
tie protested against a portion or th frealdent'
proclamation, and asked tbat he might, wben
his reuons 'ar reduced to writing, record
them on the Journal.
Ublectlona were raised to the record being
made until tbe protest Is drafted, that th Sen
ate may understand th question upon which
vote, v
Leave wu granted unanimously to th Sen
ator from Scioto to chang hi vote, and
votea no.
Mr. MOORE had leav to move to take tb
bill to locate a new Penitentiary from the com
mittee ot the Whole. Agreed to.
Mr. MOORE then moved that th bill be in
definitely postponed. Pending which tbe Senate
took a recess.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
THURSDAY, April 18, 1861.
the
a
and
tbe
to
to
by
out
on
to
np
cot
the
by
to
I
for
Mr. BROWNE, of Miami, presented th me
morial of John L. Martin, President of tbe
Board of Public Works, for aerteln legislation
relating to tb settlement of out-standing
claims.
Mr. MUSSON offered tb following resolu
tion, which was laid upon tb table, under the
rule, for diiouseioni
WaiazASt Tb present xtraordiaary condi
tion of our pnbllo affair impoaee upon ns th
necessity of retrenching 8 tat expenditure
very way not absolutely necessary;
Tktrtfort, bt it resefesa bf th Ontrrtl Aitem
blytfth SimUof Okit, Tnat th Governor
hereby authorized to pardon, from tim to time,
such persons now in the Obio Penitentiary a
in hi discretion may seem beet, to tb and
that we may not be under tb neeesaity of mak
ing an appropriation for building a new peni
tentiary. Mr VORI3 said that, a a test question,
the subjeot of building a new penltentlarv, and
to take th sense oi th House on th subject,
be moved that th committee on the Peniten
tiary be discharged from further consideration
of the bill for locating th new penitentiary.
Pending thi,
Mr. PLANTS moved tbat tb ml b sus
pended, and the resolution of Mr. Mnssoa
adopted. .
Mr. PLANTS said h waa in favor of tb
resolution. H referred to the restriction of the
pardoning power, and tb responsibility of the
Governor. H spoke of th many good effect
to be wrought upon all the better portion of the
oonviot by their pardon under proper circum
stance. Mr. NIGH thought tbl resolution might bav
a salutary effect.
By Mr. GAMBLE From Samuel Elliott and
86othera, of Coshocton county, agalist the fur
ther immigration of colored people.
Mr MoCUNE opposed th resolution, a b
thought It would bav an unfavorable effect up
on publio moral at thi time; and he further
objected to the principle of interposing a resolu
tion in th execution of tb law.
Mr. ROBINSON deemed tbe resolution
not ot urgent necessity, and moved tbat it b re
ferred to the eommlttee on4b Penitentiary.
Senate Bill 297 To provide for th dafeno
of the State, and th support of th General
Sovernment against rebellion wu read .
third time.
Mr. WOODS saidi From tbe'moment when
tbl bill wu first read in thi Hons, I bav
been ready to vote In favor ol it passag. But
as I Intimated would be th fact when the bill
wu first read, I believ tbat the ebort delay
which baa Intervened hat consolidated tb sen
timent ol this House, and tbat the bill will now
pasa by a unanimous rot. I rejolc lo tbl feet,
for lo tb momentous crisis of tblsbour, II I
th first Importance tbat we, tb representatives
of tbe sovereignty ol Ohio should present an
broken front. 1 believe mere is no naas upvu
tbl floor who bu not aU tb tim been anxious
to do his dnty by tb country, and it will b for
tunate if w can concur unanlmousl, a I b.
i - i V t ! -f i J
a
it
in
is
be
aa
a
of
lieve we shall in th passag of this measure, r
This is no lime for crimination or recrimina
tion. It 1b useless now to discuss the causes,
whioh have brought tbe country to its present
onndltlnn. I haw m heart for such an under
taking. We stand noon tho dread threabhold
of civil war. and wa must act. ' The
President has oalied out tbe militia of
tb States, declaring . In- hit proclama
tion that tbe laws are opposed and the execu
tion thereof ia obstruoteu by oomblnations too
powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course
of judicial proceeding. Threats have been
made against the Federal Capital, and fears are
entertained oi a noatuo invasion .ot tne terri
tory of tbe Northern States. .-- -- '
Tbe Government whose seat is at Wuhlng
ton, is our Government. ' Tbe States that are
loyal thereto are our country. Br that Govern
ment and mat couutry, in sunshine or storm, in
peace or (war, right or wrong, we will stand
The honored ensign whioh floats over this cap!
tol, the emblom of our past prosperity and
Union, is tbe flag of our hearts. It is hallow
ed by every memory that can make such an
emblem dear, we will maintain 11 to the last.
The soil of our State, and our sister States
which are loyal to that flag, must not bo dese
crated bv the loot'tepa ot the invader. '
Ibe federal Capital must not be assailed.
In tbe defence ot those we will spend our last
farming ot treasure and our last drop ot biooa.
A I f III J . , , LI.IJ.
nruuuu our unpenned country we iock snieius,
and by her we will stand or fall. '
Mr. tL-Abur said: Mr. erxAKiB. 1 am one
of those who have from the first steadily moved
nd voted to suspend the rule, that tbls bill
might Dit'inilanter. I did eo. because I Jlnew
Jefferson Davis and his army of traitors, in alt
their rapid operations, moved under a -suspension
of all rules, without waiting to hear from
tneir constituents. .....
The times are pressing, and,' letting ' those
who sbould boar the blame of provoking this
war, be it our duty to meet tbe crisis as becomes
ns, and do our duty in defending what may yet
be defended, and saving what may vet be saved.
It is our fate: we cannot resist our fate. It is
onr duty: we must do our dutv. War is here!
not its shadow or spectre, - but war In person
real as steel and living as fire.
I, for one, would accept tbe issue, and meet
war with war, strong, quick and hot If I oan,
her to-day, give my voice for it, none should
hold back. The first call i for a march on
Charleston. Sir, that city waa my early borne
There and thereabout were born lather, broth
er, sister, and there still dwell the larger num
ber of my kindred nearest of blood. I bare
loved It more than any other spot of tbe earth.
Less than one year ago, l waa tbere. 1 re-vis
ited tbe old and well loved scenes of my happi
est dava. I stood on the border of it bay.
where, as a boy, I had played and bathed In the
waters that washed It. I looked out at old Castle
Piokney, Fort Johnson and , Fort Moultrie,
and on the ocean bojond still the same, un
changed. Time bad written " no wrinkle
on Ite azure brow." Looking at renowned old
Moultrie, 1 remembered now, thirty years be.
tore, 1 bad strolled along its parapets and clam
bered up tbe gun carriages to look curiously in
to the mourns ot tbe great black cannon, and
wondered ii actual war, such as I had read, of,
wonld ever come ngnln, and against tcAom it
wonld be waged, and what flig would wave over
the foe against whom those pyramids of ball
would next be burled, little dreaming the flag
that was next to quiver to tbeir detonation would
be a strange, traitorous sheet, unknown among
nations, or that those balls would fall around the
true banner of the Union.
I turned and visited tbe old, crambling.mos
grown church where I received mv earliest re
llglous teaching, and through the iron railing
looked upon tbe graves of mv plavmatea and
relatives looked my last loak. Slok at
heart for I foresaw what was coming I
walked into the forest wbere I once gathered
yellow jassamine flowers, whose perfume no
northern vine can equal, and from tbe grey,
crape-like, funereal moss, drooping from the sad
ancient oazs, i DiucKed a branch to bear away
aa a memento of my latest, last visit there for
ever. 1 shook tbe dust from mv feet, and left
tbe Stato, never to return. 0, gentlemen, it
ean give voice to devote tbat city to siege and
assault, who ehould vote no 7
It has been said: "Your country, may she al
ways be right; but your country, right . or
wrong " The motto does not express mv heart
Our Government may be In the right, or maybe
in tbe wrong; but our country la alteayt right
can ntttr be wrong. ''
If I have long and steadily striven for, and
counseled peace, it Oits been beoause 1 believed
peace would give us Union. If I now say, war.
It is war for tbe Union peace for the Union-
war for Union concessions for Union-
force for the Uoion treasure for it blood for
it death for It svxbtthino for tne Union!
Mr. PARR followed t
Mb. SrsAKiR, tbe present moment should be
one of solemn reflection and deep thought. The
crisis that is now upon us was plainly loreahad
owed by Washington, the father of bis country,
and banded down to us In bis farewell address.
How much better it would bavo been for tbe
American people, as a body, to have faithfully
carried out bis advice thus given them.
I can, lor one, truly thank God, and say that
his farewell address has been my political chart
tbns lar through life. I can lay ray hand noon
my breast and eay before my God and this As
sembly, tbat tbe troubles now noon us nave been
brought about by other band than mine. If
peace should not be restored before I come to
lay this mortal body of mine down for tbe last
time, I can say of a truth to my wife and my
children, that your husband and your father's
skirts are clear of the blood tbat bas been or
may be shed In this unnatural war, brought upon
the Amerioan people by traitors to th Union,
both North and South.
But, Mr. Speaker, 1 shall rote for the billfnow
under consideration, ior tne reason tbe f resident,
noder the decision of tbe Supreme Court ot the
United State in th Dorr case, Is the sole Judge
ol the necessity of calling for troops. The refu
sal of a Siato to comply with tbe requirement
of tbe President, is a declaration that they do
not mean to comply with tho requirement of th
Constitution, and is a decided intimation that
they intend to leave. Tbe refusal is a violation
of the Constitution, and a denial of a binding
moral obligation.
Mr. Speaker, lot ns all of one accord Implore
Almighty God, to present some patrlotio Ameri
can statesman, who shall successfully prevent
tbe further shedding of blood, and fiually settle
all our troubles eo as mere may be a re-nmoa
of all the stte.
Air. AiNUJtvra earn: inree days ago,
when the bill was introduced into thi branch
of th General Assombly, I announced that my
vote would be recorded In its favor. I could not
do otherwise, because, In the second week of tbe
present session nearly three months ago res
olutions looking toward an' emergency ol this
kind, and pledging the whole strength or the
State, received my approval, I have opposed
the suspension of constitutional rules, that re
quire alt bills to be read three several days be
fore the final vote, not because I have hesitated
a moment as to the propriety, nneer the oiroum
stances that exist, in making this unprecedented
appropriation, but because it is. an application
of money to the tupport of troops, and not a
meuure for mustering forces into service, for
which it has been mistaken; and-because no
urgency whatever, not allowed by tbe consti
tutional rule, has exUted- . , . , . - i
This rule of tho Constitution was wisely In
serted, in my judgment, for the purpose, among
others, of preventing hasty and in considerate
legislation In times of excitementlike tbe present
Tbe first troops arrived bere a few hour sinoe
not a moment has bete, lost or thd least Incon
venience experienced by the three days delay of
this bill. Now, that it is at the proper time
befor ns, I shall cordially vote for it, not be
causa of tbe pressure of the wild excitement
tbat reigns bere, or the impertinent attacks of
correspondents and letter wmera mat we nave
privileged on ibis floor, but beoause tbe meas
ure has th deliberate approval of my own
judgment. .
TbUI urged to a oecieiuu, tin rcmiuueu mat
every citizen owes allegiance to the legally con
tituted government under which be lives. As
muoh as I of poed tbe election of Abrahiim Lin
coln, and a mistaken, as I believe, aa hu been
his policy since his Inauguration; I am forced to
know that be le legally and rightfully the Chlof
Magistrate of tbe Uoion, elevated to that posi
tion strictly in accordance with the Constitution
and laws. As such Chief Magistrate, he hu
made his proclamation to the people of tbe whole
Confederacy, assert lug that in some portions of
the country hostile combinations exist,' "too
powerful to be suppressed by tb ordinary
oourse," and calls on Ohio for troop to aid in
suppressing them. This proclamation is mad
nnder authority of the second section of th act
of Congress passed Feb. 88, A. D. 1795 and
contains nearly literally tbe language ' of tht
not. . If tbl requisition 1 legally and prdperly
'
W
mad upon our Bute, w have no oourse but to
Mmnl. with tt. 1
1 shall do my part in tnia, aa uau wm .d-
nere with whom 1 bav aoteo, not aione uwuw
ar technically 'bound o to do. but because
our deliberate approval 1 obtained by existing
State or affair, uur course is more ueiarmm-
ed, because, in tb long controversy oetween me
WAi-th and Honin. wa nave enueavoreu witu an
our strength to maintain the constitutional
tight of tb South; we have ptaoed ourselves
hataraan the souwern people ana a wuu uu uu-
governable fanaticism, and with an unbending
nnrnnaa witnaiooa ite huumuk hcd, buu
hav anffared deieat after defeat, yet , believing
and knowing we were light, oontlnued In their
defense, wben, at the most oruicai mumem, "j-j
treaoberously forsook ns, turning over every ue-
partmentot the f ederal uoveromeui to toe ui
nnuitlnn wa ai atretohed our Sense of iustici
ana propriety to to utmost tensiuu, uu jicau.
for ooncessions and compromise, to all ol' which
they returned Insulting answers, and nnauy nave
commenced actual war uoon the Federal Gov
ernment, because its administration Is in bands
to wbloh tbey hay turned it oven for mysen,
I now cay, by tbl aot or commencing this un
holy, unchristian and uncivilized war, whatever
may hay been th part of others In bringing
it about, th lut link of the chain that bas hith
erto o securely bound n together is- sundered
foreverl In this, tbey have oommitted treason
sgainst tbe whole Union against the Demo
crat of th North; they oommitacrtme for
wbicb tbe English language, in its poverty, fur
nishes no definition. And now, sir, in conclu
sion, I say to Representatives and tbe anxious
visitors tbat nil these lobbies and galleries, that
the minority on this floor will be found acting
with the same oool, yet determined purpose if
need be, In aotual conflict In this war thai hae
direoted them to action on this measure; and if
tbey lower beneath tb polltioal horizon, they
request that their epitaph may be writtou from
that Inscribed to the little Bptrtan band that fell
before th Eistern hordes "Tbey died In oba
dienoe to the low." . '
Mr. STOUT then (aid:
Mr. SriaKra: No man In Ohio regret more
deeply than I do the existing state ot offiirs in
our eountry. No man ha tried harder to pre
vent the shedding of blood than I have in my
hnmble spher. For many year tbe dark cloud
that now "lower o'er our bouse" has been
gathering, and threatening to buret In . mighty
torrenta npon our heads. Uur people have been
faithfully warned of the approaching tempest.
Washington, Jefferson, Madison,' Monroe and
Jackson, all warned tb people against tbe dire
ful oonsequenoee of the agitation of tb slavery
question, but tbe entreaties of those ever mem
orable sages and patriots have been spurned
and disregarded, Now the dia of battle and tbe
clash of arms is heard in our mldct, now is tbe
"winter of our discontent," now one section of
our country i in hostile array against tbe other.
Now martial musio is heard in the streets of
every town and olty in tbe land, and tbe sword
is unsheathed, glittering in th sunbeams of
heaven, in tbe hand of brother pauting for the
blood oi brother.
It la no time now, Mr. Speaker, for crimina
tion and recrimination; we should not now stop
to quarrel about the causes tbat have brought
about th war that is npon us. Suffloient is it,
forns to know that we ar in tb midst of a blood
y revolution, to prompt ns to immediate and effl.
dent action Ictbe premises. Sir, I have hoped,
and alnoerely hoped, for a peaceful settlement
ot the dimoultiei tbat bav existed in our
Union, until hop is lost in the dreadful realities
of civil war. Sir, while I deprecate and protest
against the oauses that have conspired to bring
about this state of things, I vote for the bill un
der consideration. I vote for it, sir, because
am aworn to support tbe Constitution and
laws of the United States, I vote for
for it, sir, because that flag which, to-day, floats
in majestio grandeur over tbls Hall, that nig
that waa handed down to ns through the toil,
tbe treasure and tho blood of our forefathers,
has been usailed, and ruthlessly torn from
ite proper place, - and some other flag
thrown to the breete in its stead. And,
sir, when stripes, the stars and tbo
eagle, wbloh have been and still are tbe pride
and glory of every lover of his country,
are thus assailed, and the men who bear them
shot down like wild beast of the forest. I, for
one, cry "Havyo and let slip the dogs of war."
Sir. I vote for tha bill under the hone that it
will aid in perpetuating our blessed Union, and
sincerely nope that "tbe star spangled banner
ever shall wave over tbe land ot the free and
tb bom of the brave
Mr. JONAS said:
M. Sfiaiib, wishing to dace mv motives
and reasons before thi House and my country,
I beg to state from tbe first moment I beard of
tbe stat of affairs at Charleston, mv mind was
deolded to support the Union and to obey the
mandates of the Executive of my country, Being
desirous to show an undivided front of my Demo
cratic colleagues, we were willing to wait until
several bad beard from their oonstitucuts. Sir,
I have been a Democrat throughout mv political
life, but partyism is now at an end. Tbe trait
ors have committed the overt act, rebellion
upon ns openly, and as a united band of patriots,
we will go against tbe rebels band in band, and
under the glorious banner of sur beloved couu
try, teach tbem their duty, and endeavor, if pos
sible, to reclaim tbem to tbe Union. It is well
known to you gentlemen, that I have endeavor
ed on, this floor, to bring about peaceable and
compromising meaaures with my Infatuated
brethren ot tbe South, ueotlemen, 1 have
son, a daughter, brother, sister, and lelatives
the sunny South; we know no relatives now; the
eceder have broken tbe last link; you may well
suppose my feelings. With all my heart aud soul
I go for this bill. Sir, the city, my glorious city,
which I represents bu come out as a glorious
band of patriots. Although on the border ol the
this State, they bare unanimously agreed
to support the Union, and are arming accordtug
Iv.
In conclusion, Mr. Speiker, let me address
that being we all adore to bless us in our under
takings, to assist ns in defending our country,
our home and our irienas.
Mr. RBOW N E, of Miami, said :
Ma. SriAEia, I bad the honor, a few days
since, to assert In my plaoe tbat wben tbe una
vote was taken on this bill, It would be unani
mous. The result will satisfy tbe prediction
Foi tbil I thank God. It is all Important tbat
we should present Ubio united for the Uuion
In tbe early part of tbls session, I was for con
cession and compromise, but at all times ready
to prepare for the peril in wbioh we now find the
country. Bu now, eir, I do not put my trust
Congressional compromises snd oonoetsion, but
in tbe God of battle and in tbe patriotism and
courage ol my countrymen. Sir, in the name
of tb good people of thi State, I thank those
young men who now crowd our ball and tbeir
associates in arms, wnoreauuyyieia tnemsoives
to tbe necessities of tbe country. Sir, 1 have
been at all times ready to vcte for this measure
I am ready to vote for it now. Thousands
traitors, with arm m their hands, are threaten
ing onr Capital and our Government. If
would preserve them and perpetuate our blessed
institutions, we may not do to by concession
Congress or out of Congress, but by the strong
arm of force. In this day of peril, let Obio
ber legislative halls, and outside these halls,
stand aa on man in defense of our country. Let
the moral force of a united vote go forth as tbe
vole of Ohio, our beloved State, that our broth
ren who ar about to leave ber border iu defense
of her institution may take with them the
God-speed of those who remain behind.
Mr. PARROTT laid: Speech making seems
to be contagious this morning, but I now resist
tbe attack of the dieeaie, and aay only a word
with the purpose of dosing this debate,if it may
be called so, and getting a vote upon tnis oiu
I congratulate mvself tbat I have no new posi
tion to take upon thi Important measure.
bav been for it from the first, and for suspend
ing th rule to give it instant passag Gen
tlemen talked of waiting to hear from their
conailtutents. Thank God, I know the Unlon lov
ing people of Montgomery too well to suppose
that they woniu neatiaie to oner tneir treasure
or their blood In support of that flag from whioh
blessings have dropped npon them as the gentle
dew of heaven npon tn paroneo eartn oeueatn.
But, sir, it is evident from the tone of remark
that gentlemen have heard from tbeir constl-
tutant. I listened witn priue to tne patrlotio
sentiments uttered just now upon the Demo
cratic side of this House; they are upborne by
the ourrent tbat la running at high tide over the
publio mind. Sir, if there be one icntlmeut at
this tim mors deeply graven than another npon
the public heart, it Is this: may our country al
ways be right, bnt right, or wrong our couutry
first, last, and always. - ;
I will not detain aotlon longer, as it Is ap
parent that gentlemen biv heard from their
constituent. I bop w may now be allowed to
rote for this bill.
Mr. MYERS saidi Ohio it th place of mv na
tlvlty. My bop and affections er bar. I
I
is
a
in
In
of
we
lo
iu
I
1
am bound to It by tooial reUtioaa and tb tlos
of consanguinity. My kindred friends are oltl
sens of this proud State.
I rnnreaAnfc a Mn.1. . . a i .
- --"- - """-..j, mr, opeaaer, toe
southern boundary of whioh is the Ohio river.
many imiintue relations exist botween tbe peo
ple of Ohio and their neighbor of Kentucky,
friendships have sprungup, aud the social tie ia
strong oetween us and our lriomls on the other
side ot tne unio, sir, 1 love Kentucky for her
devotion to our interests when a savago foe
desolated our frontiers.' Aud la it come to this.
that I must consent to give ber back the hal
lowed ashes of her pitriotio sons who sacrificed
their lives to rescue our people from the so alp
leg knife of the savage? I bopo I may be par
doued ior Saying I hope for better things, bat
iear tne worst. 1 have been willing, Mr.
Speaker, to sacrifice much for tho preservation
of the Union of tbe States.
I have endeavored, on all questions touching
natloual policy, to give no cause of offence to
the most seutltlve by my votes. It bas been
my constant effort at all limes to prevent civil
war and lis results, destruction of life, property,
and ail tne peaceful relations of society. But,
mr, poaueiui lujrn i0 prevent these dreadlul
disasters have not been sncoesslul. The dread
alternative of war is foiocd upon us, and from
this there is no retre.it. It now becomes a
qneslion of national existence with us, and we
must dtoide whether we will support th Gov
eminent at Washington, headed by Mr. Lincoln,
or th it of the Confederate States, whose chief
is Jefferson Davis. As it is a vital question of
existence with tho Government, there can be
no neutral position, and I, air, will aid thi Gov
eminent, at ail nmirds, to maintain the laws
and the Constitution, holding it responsible
hereaiter for any violation of the principles of
that Instrument. Nor can It be expeoted tbat
we will forget the causes that kd to the present
strife, but reserve to ourselves the right to
adopt or condemn any past, present or future
policy of the government. I, sir, voted agalntt
the auspenaion of the rule, not beoause I am op
posed to maintaining the integrity of the State
or national government,
Tho bill could not bavcv receicd a unanimous
support on the day of Its first reading. TMs
delay of twenty-four hours, I think, will result
In a unanimous support of tho bill, and thus the
policy of this delay is fully vindicated, If the
moral efloot of a unanimous vote is worth any-
thing.
May God turn aside the wrath of tho nation,
but it war must came, I take my position by
tbe star spangled banner, tho flag of my conn
rty. '
Mr. DEVORE said, if the vote had been ta
ken at noon yesterday, he should bave fell con
strained to vote against it; be had etili hoped
for peace, bnt now tho oase ia changed. He had
been brought up ou the border, and had manv
.1... r. ; .1 - I .. r i , rr . -
uiai iiicuuo iu WIU IVCIHIICKV. wniFA tha anil
covers the bones of his ancestors, and tha land
of his birth. He had been for concession, and
compromise, or any peaceful settlement of our
difficulties. But be must stand br hia helnro,!
Ohio when an emergency comes. Thera la iw
no course leit but to take side with one aide or
incomer. Ail big conceptions of duty centre
in the idea of an undivided and hearty support
of the common cause ol hia country, and e.oe-
ntall. rh. anil kl.Ut... II- ...... ,K
......j ... v,,. ... unui.it, no buu Bopeo ior
a peaceful settlement of this strife. He still
hoped to see tbe stars and stripes sustained and
rcstoreu even to tne eeoeaed States; and tbat
we may yet be a people ot one heart and on
blood. He said the Democratic party wa a
brave party a party not only of words but of
deeds, and he called upon tbe Republican party
now, in this time of peril, not to be a party of
brave words only, but of brave deeds.
Mr. A1UJNAHAN Said: Mr. SriAEii.Ihare
not arisen in my place ior tho purpose of mak
ing a speech, but, sir, I cannot supprtts my
heart felt congratulations in response to the
noble and patrlotio sentiments I have heard
uttered bere to-day, by men of parties. We ar
a uuiv. air, 1 iei mis tojoe tne most solemn
hour of my life and to-day we are oalied to act
upon a question moro grave, more solemn, and
more responsible thau bas ever been acted nn.
on by any LpgiBlativo body convened in tbia
great commonwealth. Uut, ag groat as is tbe
responsibility resting upon us thank God, we are
ready to meet it, to meet it la a devoted
spirit of patriotism and love of country.
I am a young man, and I believe full of pat
riotism, and from sentiments which bay been
dropped upon this floor, I had beon led to be
Iicve tbat there were traitors among ns. To
day I am happy to take it all back. 1 sea nr, man
here tbat Is not a patriot. I ignore all other
Issues; my country, first, last, and all the time;
my country, right or wrong. I hone tha mtnkiM
of thi House will suppress long speeches, ana
ujaao .ma bu experience meeting only, that
we may come to a speedy vote upon this mo-.
men tons question.
Mr. KEISINQER said that be did think the.
was not a man on tbls floor that would Wa n.
joiced more In the late election to have beard
of the defeat of Mr. Lincoln. But he is bow th
chief magistrate of the country and be bo
oalied for help. He said I have no choice
now. I am for my country, snd onl fn- m
CDuntry. I know no party iu my love of it; and
all my efforts must bo with and for her and her
alone.
Mr. HAMILTON Bald: I, Mr. Speaker, an
In favor of ibis bill. When the liberties of my
country are in peril; when we are oallod on to
decide for ourselves, ard ior future generations,
whether we shall sustain a government which
is a model for the world, an Institution of olvll
liberty wbioh hat been unequalled in th histo
ry of the human race; I say, when I am called
upon for means for its support, and indeed, for
its existence and perpetuity, I, wlthoal hesita
tion and without reserve, au ready to vote mil
lions for Its defence, and, if need be, billions for
its perpetuity. Mt. Speaker, this Institution of
oivil government, established on tbls Western
continent, is a boon tbat we oannot too highly
prize It wu purchased by blood and treature,
and shall we, to whom bas been transmitted thi
rich inheritance, suffer it to be (tabbed to
the heart in Its iiiiacy er It ha at
tained the ago of bloomlug youth T Never
no, never shall it be said tbat wo permitted
this infant prodigy oi civil government to be
strangled in its childhood a poliov wbicb forty
centuries bave been maturing. We are in th
midst of war. The Rubicon has been crossed;
Sumter has been demolished by tbe act of trai
tors; ano our struggle is one of life or death.
What shall we, then, say 7 "Give me liberty or
give me death."
The flag of ' my oountry has boen strioken
down and trampled under foot by the Very men
which it has nourished and protected. Caroli
na, the ungrateful child, has stabbed her Alma
Mater, and would fain dethrone the goods in ber
maduosa. Tbe world with horror beholds tbe
suicidal act, and civilization stands aghast at
its consequences. Tbe teeraiug masses of Ear lb
witness, this day, our net, wben we pledge onr
lives, oer fortunes aud our sacred honor iu free
dom's holy cause.
I say, the oppressed masses of the e&rth bear
witness to our aot to-day, wben we declare "lb
Union must and shall-be preserved," an asylum
still ior th down-trodduu of all land. Ohio is a
uuit for tbe Union of the States. She has no
iograte sons that desire to sever theee bonds of
brotherhood. Though we may differ, and hon
estly, too, its to the proper policy tbat we should
adopt to attain the desired end, yet we are ail
Demuorata, we are all Republicans. We are
bound by a mystio tie of a common brotherhood
in one family, and a member ita tbe great fami
ly of States, In which a few, in a fit of frenzy,
bave turned truant. I gay, then, that we are a
one man for the Union. The administrator of
the laws of our country asks our succor and sup.
part. Ohlo will respond to tho call, and main
tain her loyalty. '
Mr.STIERSsaid: . r
Mr. SriABia, I rear to say much, lost I might
say something to break the foree of the eloquent
and patrlotio remarks already made. I endorse
tbem most heartily, I hire always tried to
love my country, and now, in the midst of its
perils, I love it still more, and shall rally round
its support; the Union, the entire Union must
bavo a place in my affections. Il hag been the
pride of my boyish days, and the bop of my
more mature years. In God, I trust thi bop
may not dio. I have been, and still seek to bo,
her dutiful son. ,
Though I entertain my own views in regard
to the oauses which have brought us uoon tha
thresbhold of a terrible oivil war, and it mayjb
to an iuhuman despotism.
Our present troubles could and ought to bavo
been arreetod, but the crisis is upon ns, and w
must meet it with decision and firmness. - Our
only hope is in tbe patriotism of our people, end
in the God of battles. Though som feature
of the bill are to me objectionable, yet I oannot
hesitate in times like these to come to my coun
try's rercoe. ,'.,., '
. Mr. JEdSL'Psaid: Mr. Snun, I bar bo
written sentiment to offer upon this occasion,
except those written npon my heart. How in-
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