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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, May 07, 1861, Image 1

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VOL. VII. NO. 285.;NE::SERIES;: i: .. COLUMBUS. OHIO. TUESDAY EVENING. MAY 7. 1861.
BEX S0LLAB8 PIS YZAB,
Invariably la Adranet
DAILY. TEI-WEEXLY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
fBBlISHJXS AID PBOPBIXIOBS.
ST 6ffle Km. 86, 88 and 40, Horth High St
' i'ERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVANOB.
Oaliy " $6 00 par year,
" By iha Carrier, per week, eanta.
Irl-WaWly ....... . 8 00 per year.
Weokly, . . . 1 00
ci'iu Advertising by the Squares
ns square 1 yeai . . . (20 00
One square 3 week!.. $4 00
One " 8 week!.. 3 00
Onr
0 months 18 00
'Jne
One
One'
One
0 month! IS 00
3 month! 10 00
t! month! B 00
1 month. 5 00
One " 1 week... 175
One " 3dyi ... 1 00
One " 8 days... 75
One ' 1 Insertion M
Displayed advertisements half more than the abort
rntL'9.
Advertisements leaded and placed In the column of
Boeciul Noticei," aouoie (AO ordinary tout.
All uutloea requires to be published by law, legal raUtl.
If ordered on the inside exclusively al ter the first week
per cent, more than the above rates! bat all each wil
amiear in the Trl-Weekly without oharee.
Business Cords, notexceedlng five lines, per year, In
do, XX 50 per line; outside i, . ,
Notices of meetings, ohari tables ocietles, Are eompanlet,
Ac, half price.
AUlran.rintt lulvertitemmte mutt be paid of in
a.lvanoe TSe rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, same price ai the Dally, where the advertiser
sesthe Weekly alone. Where 'be Daily and Weekly
are both used, then the charge for the Weekly will be
Dim the Mtesof the Dally
No advert Uement taken except for a definite period.
BUSINESS CARDS.
F. A. B. 8IMKIN3,
Attornoy cut Law
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office Atubr.s Building, opposite Capitol Square.
COLUMBUS, OHIO;
COXjiTJ2VI:33XJJ3
Machine Mannfactnring Company
MANurAnTrntiaa or
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Coatlngi, WUl-Oearlng, Kaebinery.
'. ALSO,
or iviit DiacaimoM.
, conifnnus, omu.
ORAS. AMHOB, Bup't. P. AMBOB.bTreai.
dcoll, 185K-H ,
t. -
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
RAILROADS.
For Cincinnati, Dayton & Indianapolis!
Through to lndiananoliB without Change of Cars
and but One Chauge of Cars between
Columbus and St. Louis.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
. BUS.
' FIRST TRAIN.
(Dally, Mondavi excepted.)
ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, Mtddietown and Hamil
ton, arrivingat Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.; Dayton at &M
a.m., IndisnopolU at 10:48 a. m.idt. Louis at 11:50
P '"' ' SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 8:10 a. m., stepping at all Bta
tlon i between Columbus and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati 11:02 a. m., Dayton at 9:15 r.. m.,
Indiaoopolli at 3;1M p. m.
THIRD TRAIN.
DAT KXPBEB8, at 8:30 p. m., itopplng at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleiton, Uedarvilla, Xenia,
Onring Valley, Corwln, Morrow, Deerfleld, Foster's.
Loveland, Millfordand Flainville, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.; St. Louis at 13 m; Dayton at 5 35 p.
m.i Indianopolisat 10:38 p. m.
Hleeninsr Can on nil Nlsrht Trnlna t
Cincinnati and Inliauapoli.
BAGGAGE CUGCKED TIIUOCGI1.
for farther icfomation and Throngh Ticket!, apply to
M. L. DOHBRTY,
' Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Oolumlwi, Ohio.
B. W. WOODWAHD,
Baperintendent, Cincinnati. .
JNO. W. D011BHTV .
j13 r . Agent, Oolumbna.
SOMETHING NEW
HOWARD & OO'S.
AMERICAN AVATCHES,
CALL AT NO. 83, SOCTn HIGH ST.,
and examine onr new make of
AMERICAN WATCHES,
manufactured by B. HOWARD it CO.. Boston, Han.
These Watches are far superior to anything ever offered
to the public heretofore. Having the exclusive agency,
I can sell them at prices to luit tho times. I have Just
revuivcu ie w
AMERICAN WATCHES,' '
u j:
manufactured by APPLETON, TRACY, ec CO i alio, a
flns assortment of :
ENGLISH ANP SWISS WATCHES,
' . In Oold and Silver Cases, at Panic prices. '
jnl3 W. J. SAVAOl.
7tut Beeelredl
1AA nF. CII GUEEN and D1VAOK
1UU TtAS lOO bags prime Rio Conee.
ISO pockets old Dutch Government Java Coffee. ',
16 bags Ceylon Coffee. -
gOObbls. standard White Sugars, consisting of Pow
. dred, Chrushed, Granulated A and B Coffee,
50 quintal! George Bank Codfish.
gObbls. Mess and No. 1 Maokerol. ,
A tea. Plok Salmon. it",. ,
tOO bx. Layer Raisins. , ,
HOW. box do do
lOO qr. box do de
100 U Cigars, different brands and grades. -nV.27
WM. MoDONALB.
M. C. LILL'EY .
BIN J3.li.lirt
And Blank-Book Mamifantarerr
VOBTH HiaH STBZET, COLTKBVS. OHIO
aarls-dly .
- 11
FARIILV FLOUH.
yiUITK WHEAT, BUANDED
,jt sNown.AKa.. .
Prom "Barnett Mills," Springfield, 0 the best brand of
V lour Brongni w our msriei. Battiraotlon ruaranteed.
Por sale only at . ' WM. MoUONALD'8, .
now . iuu Boum uiga street,
Al.EXANDHF.81 KID GLOVES. ,
All slsesand colors Just opened at BAINS, 1
'deo.Il. ic . ; f-n ? ,m" No. H Boat) High street.-
; .: the MUTUAli IilFH . j ., y :
F. 8. Winston, President. Isaac Abbatt, Secretary.
Net Caak Aeaeta, Febrnarf It 1801s
TCIOOOOQ0Oa74ie
B1CBSST COJUrAXX J.y TBS VMTKD STATSSl
lT AM the Profit are divided among the Insured QI
AppUoatons and Pamphlets can be had by applying to
4 FRED'K J. FAY', Aoint,
Carpenter's Building, lit South' Eigb Street.
apt flint
WOEOEBTER'S
ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY.
Tbe Latest The largest The Best,
: The Cheapest Because tho Best.
'The ffloat KellaW" standard Au.
, tborlty of tne Englisb Language."
? ! SiaPumlrtiSmintntMvcatortof Ohio,
THB BEBT KNQLISn DIOTIONAEY KIT ANT."
LUerary Men Evtrywhtrt.
"Beta are upwards of a Hundred Thonsaad Words,
whose multifarious meanings and derivations! together
with theli correct spelling, and pronunciation are clearly
sal before the eve.'1
' Cincinnati Omtntrotal.
Btai tht Dtqition of the ilanbtrt of tht OUo Stat
The anderslned. tnemhers of the Ohle State Teachara1
Association, adopt and aim to nse In teaching, writing
and speaking, the orthography and pronunciation of
worries let's novel vuerto Dictionary, ana we most cor
dially recommend It as the most reliable standard au
thority of the English language, as It la now written and
spoken. u
loam Andrews, President Kenyon College. ' ' '
M. D. Ltoorrr, Buperintendent Zanesville Bohools.
Tros. W. lUavrr, Bup't Mass! Ion Union Schools.
M. t. Oowoiav, Sup't Publle Bohools, Bandusky
Josm Lthoh, Bup't Public Bohools, Oircleville. -8.
N. Bakford, Principal Cleveland female Bemlna-
Wa. MrroBTiL, Sup't Pnbno Schools, Mt. Union.
Joan Oomx, Principal Blate Normal Bchool, Minne
sota. Circs Ninon, Principal Fourth Intermediate School,
uincinnau. '
H. B. Martih, Bup't Canton Union Bohools.
Edwin Heoil, Principal McNeely Normal School.
Eli T. Tan-AN, Prof. Mathematics, Ohio University.
W. W. Edwards, Bup't Troy Union School.'
A. 0. Hor-Kim, Principal West High Bohool, Cleve
land. B. A. Norton, Associate Principal High School, Cleve
land. Tmonoaa Stirling, Principal High School) Cleve
land.
R. P. HnmrroN, Principal Cleveland Imtltuts.
J. A. Oarfisxd, President of Electlc Institute, Hi
ram. W. L. nARRu,Prof. of Chemistry, Ohio Wesleyan
University.
H. H. Barney, Ez-Cemmlssloner of Common Schools,
unio.
James Monroe, Prof. Rhetoric, Oherlln College
Tbob. Hiu,, President Antloch College.
O. W. 11. Catuoart, Prof. , Mathematics, High
ecnooi.uayton.
8. 0. Crumbaoob, Prof. Language, High School,
Dayton.
B. M. Barber, Bup't Union Schools, Ashland. .
Mort than Bta Hundred other Prettdtntt of ColU
gti, Proftttort, Author and DMinguithtd Educa
tor, hatt mdorttd tht about ttnUment.
PRESIDENTS OF COLLEGES IN OHIO.
Marietta Oollisb "It la truly a magnlBeent work.
an honor to the author, the publishers, and the whole
ouniry. r resident Anarews.
Onio Wesletan UmvERsrTT.-' It exceeds my expecU'
Hons. It will be my guide In orthography and oronuo'
elation, and will often be consulted by me for lis neat
ana accurate definitions." president Thompson.
W. B. Ecurcno ComtoE. "Heretofore we have used
Webster's orthography. At a recent meeting of our
Faculty, It was decided to change It to conform to that
of Worcester's Boyal Quarto Dictionary." President
Garfield.
Western Reserve Coilios. "I find It worthv of
cordial approbation. "President Hitchcock, .
Oberlin CoLLies. "It more than meets my expecta
tions. I recommend It as the standard authority in
orthoepy to my children and my pupils." President
Morgan. -
Antiocb Collesb. "I adopt and aim to use In teach
ing, writing and speaking, the orthography and pronun
ciation of Worcester'! Moral Quarto Dictionary."
r resident urn.
In all my writing, speak Idi, and teaching. I have en
deavored to conform to the rules for orthography and
pronunciation as contained in w oroester s Dictionary."
Horace Mann, late President.
Ksmtoh Oolleob, Oisise-'I most cordially Room-
mond Has the meat reliable standard authority of the
Bngnsn language as II la now written ana spoken."
President Andrews. i ,
SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO.
From Rtt. Anton SmytM, OommUtiontr f Common
0CMXH4 vnio.
"The Dictionary la an Imperishable monument to the
learning and Industry of Its author, and an honor to the
world of letters. The mechanical execution la far supe
rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac
quainted."
Frcm Bon. II. B.' Barney. Sa-CommUHontr oj
ecaoou in vmo.
"The most reliable standard authority of the lan
guage."
WHAT THE
Xieading Newspapers of Ohio Say.
. FromtKt Cleveland Herald of March S8.'
The orthoaraohy of the Worcester Dictionary la that
Used bv most. If not all, authors of distinction in this
country and England, and conforms to the general usage
of ordinary writers and speakers.
Whatever prejudices may have existed previously, a
careful study of this volume will Invariably be followed
by a warm appreciation of Its great merits, and a desire
to add It to the well seleoted library, be It large or small,
It Is a library In Itself, and will remain an imperisha
ble record of the learning of Its compiler.
from tht Cincinnati Commercial of April SO.
Here are upward! of a hundred thousand words good.
bad and Indifferent whose multifarious meanings and
derivations, together with their correct spelling and pro
nunciation, are set clearly before the eye. The work Is
unquestionably the greatest Thesaurus of English Words
ever published.
Iron tht Cleveland rialndtaler of Sept. 30, 1800.
Evidently Woaccma'a Botal Quarto Dictionary it
not only the last, but the best wort of tht kind ever it
mud ,and oa by no possibility sufler by comparison or
controversy. .'- !:..
; From the Toledo Blade ef Way 29.
As to pronunciation, Worcester is tbr Standard
followed by our best authors; In definitions he leaves
nothing to be desired, and in Orthography it is sufficient
to say that Worcester can Do saieiy loiiowea.
INGHAM Sc BBAGG, ,. .,'
r nbliauera, Booksellora Sc Statloncre,
NO. 191 SUPERIOR BT., CLEVELAND, OHIO. ...
mai9 ', . -0 .' " ;:. ' :
THE MUTUAL : BENEFIT , ,;
tIEE INSURANCE COMPANY,
, ', , -s'.i! ", ..v. :
DlTldendJannary U 188 1 1 45 Per Cent.
AB8ETB. ...... .V. 13,812,550 SO.
Statement Jannarr It 1801s
Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, I860.. . 13,406,581 39
Received for Premiums dug- - . j
Ing the year 1W0..........761053 55 . ,.
Received for Interest during f . . . ,
the year 1800 814,014 ID . v. , ....
Total reoelDla for 1P60.... 977.007 74 ,". . ' ,
PaldOlalmsbyDeath,907,050tM .
Paid Polloles aurren- -
dered 41,111 29 . .
Paid Salaries, Post . ,
age, Taxes, mx- '
change, els....... 11,020 54
Paid Commissions to . -i .. . - ,
Agents ........... 61,325 30 , ; . i , . .., , .
PaidPhyslclana'feea. fi.IKO IS:.-. . : . . . , ,
Paid Annuities...... : 1,517 00 i ,;!,.,. t; ,
Paid Dividends dur- ".-.i. , ,n -.i . :,
ingthe year ..i.. .100,500 75 505,091 63 j 411,970 14
Net Balance January 1st. 1861.. .j. . . ,..13,812,558 50
, , , , A83IIS. .
Cash on hand'. - C,6284 19
Bonds and Mortgagee on Real, ,:.T,lJ(, ,,;
;r ,:
, JCitate, worth douota uie .
amount loaned 2.327,841 63; ':.
Premrum Notes, on Pollcle
In force, only drawing 6 per
eent. Interest.. 1.S79.PC4 17 ..
Real KlUI 1 90,893 S7
Loan! on Bcrlp 5,931 44, '
yremlums.notesanauaan, in " -course
of transmission. ..T'." 45,30 75
Toul Assets.
13,813,556, 60
TS7B Policies in force, Insuring.... ..(t9,420iS38
, 1,435 new Polities ha Ye been Issued during the year
After a careful calculation of the present value of the
outstanding Policies of the Company. Bad having the
Moeeeory cwiosml In reserve therefor,, the Directors
nave declared a Dividbkd of 4a per ceat. on the Premi
ums Mid at th UhU r,IM. b all nallclaa far HI In fnn.
Issued prior to January 1, lHOO, payable according te the
pres.nl rule ot the Company. ',.-,,-
Rates for an kin.i. . Ut i.m- .-.u. '
'nni ent' "4 AppHcalions, will be turnUhed
" " - ."""7 ymoe or Agencies ot tne worn'
t ?0W.;-J AtTkBBOir, President.
I 1 1 I" t H V B
B
BHIRT1M08, all widths, of tnn.t i.k 1 "
DOW offered in ereateat variety and at nr.
' . BAItf at Boiiu
epriU i Ifo. WSoamuighiimt.
I1BKI.
. Dally, per year... ......
Triweekly, per year...
Weekly, per year .....
(6 00
9 UU
1 00
Our Country.
BY GEORGE LUNT.
, Our Country, right or wrong!
1 ' What manly heart can doubt
That thus should swell the patriot's song, . 4
' Thus ring the patriot's ihoutl ,
Be but the foe arrayed,
And war's wild trumpet blown,
Oold wen his heart who has not made
Bis Country's cause his ownl
' Though faotton rule the halls.
Where nobler thoughts haveiwsyed,
One stored voioe forever calls
The patriot's heart and blade;
' lie, at hie oovntry't name,
i ' 1 Peels every pulse beat high,
. Wreathes round her glory all bis fame,
And loves for her todiel
Where'er her flag unrolled
Wool the saluting breeie,
Pllngs o'et the plain Its starry fold,
Or floats on stormy seas,
All dearest things are there,
All that makes life divine
Home, faith, the brave, the true, the fair,
Cling to the flaming slgnl
Oh! Is this thought a dream?
, Mol by the gal lent dead
- Whoaleepby hill,andplaln,anditream,
Or deep in ocean's bed;
, By every sacred name,
By every glorious song,
By all we know and love of fame.
Our Country, right or wrong.
Revival of the True Doctrine.
We behold a very sudden and gratifying
growth in the North of the doctrine thai the
firet and highest allegiance of the oitizen ia to
the federal constitution and laws, rather than
to the constitution and laws of anv separate
State. In the South it has been the policy of
the disumomsta. for many years past, to under
mine this doctrine, and to set up in its stead the
doctrine of the higher allegiance due to the
State, and we see how well they haresucoeeded.
In the North a class of politicians has also been
Industriously at work undermining the true doo
trine. It is that class that has passed tke per
sonal liberty bills and other statutes through
State Legislatures nullifying the Federal con
stitution and laws, and that has sought to pro
cure from State courts decisions overrating the
decisions or tne supreme Uourt or tne United
States. Between these parties the disunionists
ot tne Booth and the nullifying politicians or
the North the true doctrine of allegiance has
been so far prostrated that a war had become
necessary to re-establish it.
It is fur the re-establishment of this doctrine
that the northern democracy have entered with
so much vigor into the war. They are battling
as well against nullification in the North as
secession in the South. With them it is no
sectional war. Their present active operations
are against secession, because that is, in degree,
the ereater evil. Nullification leads to seces
sion, but it has not yet lead to it in the North.
When it shall lead to It w ben any Northern
States shall attempt secession, or shall carry
nullification to tne point or organized loroibie
resistance to the laws the northern democra
cy will rally to put down euoa rebellion as
promptly and vigorously as they have rallied to
put down rebellion in the South.
nut, as we nave said, tne true doctrine oi al
legiance baa wonderfully revived in the North
during the past few weeks. ' It prevails to
day. It is seen that upon its maintenance de
pends the existence cl the federal Uovernment
and of social order, and, as Senator Douglas
said the other day, of tne peace ol communities.
It is seen that it must be maintained at every
hazard and at any coat. It is seen that if we
would not have secession in the South we must
not have nullification in the North. Nullifica
cation has been swept from the North at the be
ginning of the war, as seoeesion will be swept
from the South at the end of the war.
It is a fact we will not say a curious fact,
for it is a natural one that nearly every where
a large majority of the volunteers for the war
are democrats. Even the Massachusetts regi
ments, when addressed by Senator Sumner In a
characteristic harangue, manifested their disap
probation, i nese democrats are animated by
no hatred towards the southern people, what
ever may be their disposition towards the eeces
sion leaders. They go not upon an anti-slavery
crusade. They go upon a crusade against reb
ela. They go to do or die for the Constitution
and the Union and the Flag, with the purpose
that when these shall be re-establiahed in every
State tbey shall protect the same rights which
they bave always protected. This la tne cD&r
acter of the war. When it shall assume any
other character when it shall cease to be a
war in behalf of the Constitution democrats
will cease to be soldiers in it.
But it will assume do other character. The
very few who would give i another character
are not the men who go to the war or give the
monev to carry it on. ine vast ms ontv or
those who go to tRe war are democrats and other
conservatives, and the great bulk ef the money
comes from sources distinguished for conserva
tism. As it is a war for the Constitution and
the Union against secession and nullification,
so it ia a war of conservatism against fanaticism
Detroit Free Prti.
Fancy War.
We do not intend to give any more money for
flag-raisings, or salute firinys.or any other ope
rations of fancy war therefore, nobody need ap
ply; and we advise our tellow-citizens to come to
a similar resolution. There are reasons for this,
aside of the admonitions agaioBt squandering
wbicn are mrnianea by tne want ot tbe common
necessaries of life experienced by so many of
the poorer olasses or tne people, la proportion
as the fancy war spirit li cultivated, the real is
lost sight of. We get a false appreciation of
the faots of onr case, and learn to look upon the
thing as done, while we have hardly entered
upon the beginning.
t anoy war is rawer an enieriaming occupa
tion. To raise a trim and shapely pole, elevate
thereon a splendid edition of the stars and
stripes, call Idlers together with a band of mu
sic, sing "The Star Spangled Banner," deliver
a flourishing patriotio speech, interrupted, every
moment, by tnunoeri oi applause, and close tbe
proceedings with a national salute roared from
the mouth of a piece of ordnance, baa a fine
look abont it. and, under the enthusiasm of the
oocaslon, we are ready to affirm that we are In
vincible that our enemies are already in par
oxysms of fright at our martial aepeot, and that
we have nothing to do but look a loe in the face,
to oauae him to melt Incontinently from our
presence.
... . j i t t it .a j
we snail una mat tney wno uo tne tancy, are
not the ones who will be relied npon to do the
real war. War Is a serious thing. It Is busi
ness and work. Enthusiasm is not needed to
Parry it on, but conviction and determination.
In proportion as we cultivate tne imagination
we negleot the stronger and more substantial of
our faculties. The true war spirit is stern and
practical. The truly great commander la the
most practical ot an styles oi character! and
the more entirely tbe soldier is left to a cool
consideration of his duties, the better he will be
nreoaredto nerform them. . '
All the soldiers tnat are required at present
F.. .. I .. ... ...
are enlisted and in camp. The first dutv ia to
see them provided for and made comfortable,
This Is n thing that has been shamelally neg
lected. . wnue eur ciiueus nave been wioniuc
victories with brave words and windy offerings,
tbe soldiers upon wnom tne lighting is to de
voire have been undergoing exposures more in.
imical to life and health than battles. . Camp
Harrison, u mings are net mended, win do an
Aceldama Let as, at least, postpone the fancy
business until the necessities of tbe soldiers are
aunnlled. : '
- And then let every body who is not going to
the war stay at borne, attend to his business and
aara his money. The expense of these move
ments will have to be paid; for; whatever may
be the case at tbe South, the wars of the North
must neither be carried on by robbery nor follow,
ed by repudiation. To do this will be hard
enough without the exhibition of any prema
ture iiDeraiiiy.Mii. trrat,
Merit in the Army and Navy.
The Navy department bas published the
findlnir of the court martial in the ease of Capt
Armstrong, who delivered np the Navy Yard at
Peoeacola to tbe rebels, l The court find him
guilty of a "neglect of doty," end of "dlsobe-
dience or orders, and eonauos uuuewmiog an
officar." and sentences him to suspension from
duty for five years, with the loss of pay for the
first bair ot said term, ana w oe reprimand ea
by the Secretary ot the Navy In general orders.
At the same time, the SeereUry of the Navy
publishes an honorable testimonial, to w.iiiam
Cnnwav. an aorad aeaman. doing duty as Quarter
master In the Warrington Navy Yard, and who
at tbe time or Its surrender, woea oraereaoy
Lieut. F. B Renshaw to banldown the national
flag, promptly and indignantly refused to obey
the order. The Secretary says :
"The love and reverence thus impulsively
exhibited for bis country's flag, in the hour ol
its peril, are not tbe lesa worthyof being called
noble and cbivalrio because displayed by one in
an humble station. It is the more deserving
of commemoration, for subordinates in the ser
vice are not usually expected to set examples oi
patriotism and fidelity In their trusts, but to
lollow them."
Tbe Question may be well asked why "eubor
dinates" in the service are not expected to set
examples of patriotism, and why officers, who
are expected to set such examples, have so la
mentably failed in that duty? The answer is
plain. Merit la subordinates Is not regarded in
either army or navy as entitling the subordinate
to promotion, so that no exhibition ot fitness, or
devoted duty in the ranks, can ever raise a com
mon sailor or soldier above that rtatlon. A
miserable system of favoritism and nepotism
has filled our army and navy with officers who,
feeling that they owe their situations to extra
neous causes, and not to examples of superior
merit or devotion to their country's interests,
have no attachment at all to their government,
but all their loyalty Is expended upon tbe par
ticular seotlon of country wbicn tbey are sup
posed to represent. Hitherto the army and navy
have been filled with tbe sons, and nephews,
and cousins, of Influential politicians at Wash.
Ington. The places of distinction in them have
been retarded as rewards for political service,
and have been proportioned as nearly as possible
to the political influence tbe different States
have been supposed to exercise in the election of
a President, ut course sucn a system as tnis
relieves tho inonmbent of any paramount at
tacbment to his government, because he owes
his place not to the approval by that government
of his conduct, or its appreciation of bis merits,
but to tbe Influenoe of the politicians of the
State to which be belongs. So soon as that
State, therefore, demands hla service against
tbe general government, tbe paramount duty to
his State, impressed upon the officer by bis grati
tude for a place which his merits could not pro
cure for him, obliges him to desert the flag
of his country and the service ot a govern
ment from which be can hope for no further fa
vors.
If a different system prevailed, and men were
promoted by merit only, a very different feeling
oi duty would be established in the heart oi
every officer in the army and navy. As he
would owe bis distinction to bis government,
and not to the influence of his State, or his
political family relations, bis affection and bis
fealty would be to his government, against
every feeling of sectional attachment or local
State pride. He would feel that his service
was eminently due where it bad been properly
recognized and rewarded, and his attachment
would be all to bis country, for to bis country
be would owe all the rank and fortune he pos
sessed. Tbe merit that had been once recog
nized in him, would be a guarantee that it
would lead to higher honors when exhibited in
higher spheres, or found equal to more
sitile position. railaaeipiua Litager.
PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT.
By President of the United States.
A PROCLAMATION.
Whereas, the existing exigencies demand im
mediate and adequate measures for the protec
tion of tbe National Constitution, and the pres
ervation of tbe National Union, by the suppres
sion of the Insurrectionary combinations now
exiatlng in several States for opposing the laws
of the Union and obstructing the exeoution
thereof, to which end a military force, in addi
tion to that called forth by my proclamation of
the 15th day of April in tbe present year, ap
pears to be indispensably necessary.
aow.merfjore, i, Abraham .Lincoln, President
of tbe United States, and Commander in-Chief
of the army and navy thereof, and of the mili
tia of tbe several states when called into aotual
service, do hereby call into the service of the
United btates rorty two thousand and thirty four
volunteers, to serve for tbe period of three
years, nnless sooner discharged, and to be mus
tered into service as infantry and cavalry, Tbe
proportions of each arm, and the details of en
rollment and organization, will be made known
through the Department of War. .
And I also direct that the regular artnv of the
United States be increased by the addition of
eight regiments oi inlantry, one regiment of ca
valry, and one regiment oi artillery, making al
together a maximum aggregate Increase of
twenty-two . thousand stveo hundred and four
teen officers, and enlisted men; tbe details of
which increase will also be made known throuch
the Department of War. , ,
And I further direct the enlistment, for not
less than one or more than tbree years, of eish
teen thousand aeamen,tn addition to the present
torce, tor tue navai servioe ot tne united states.
The details of the enlistment and organization
will be made known throngh the Department of
tne wavy. , , ,
'1 be call for volunteers hereby maae, and tbe
dlreotlon for the Increase of the regular army
and for the enlistment of seamen hereby given,
with the plan of organization adopted lor the
volunteer and for the regular forces hereby au
thorized, will be submitted to Congress as soon
as that body assembles.
In tbe meantime, 1 earnestly invoke the co
operation of all good citizens in the measures
hereby adopted for the effectual suppression of
unlawful violence, for the Impartial enforce
ment or constitutional laws, and lor the speedi
est possible restoration of peace and order, and
with these, or happiness and prosperity through
out our country. .
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set mv
hand and caused the seal of the United States
to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this 3d day
of May, in the year or our Lord one thou
sand eight hundred and sixty-one, and of the
Independence or tbe United States tne eighty,
ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
the President.
WM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.
Nature and Art.
OBHwSBBJSk
Upon examining the edge of a very keen ra
zor with a microscope, It will appear like the
back of a thick knife, rough, uneven, full of
notches ana furrows. An exoeedingiv small
needle resembles a rough Iron bar. - But tbe
sting of a bee, seen through tbe same instru
ment, exniDits everywnere a ponsn most amaz
ingly beautiful, withont the least flaw, blemish
or inequality, and it ends with a point too line
to be discerned, a smau piece oi exceedingly
fino lawn appears, through the mloroeoope, like
a hurdle or lattice, and the threads seem coarser
than a yarn with whloh ropes are made for an
chors! . But a silkworm's wen appears perfectly
smooth and shining, and everywhere equal.
The smallest dot that can be made with a pen
appears, when viewed by the microscope, an
Irreelar spot, rough, fagged, and nneven Bat
the little specks on the wlnga or bodies of in
sects are round to De most accurately olrouiar.
So great Is the contrast between the works of
God and man.
REPEIXANT' Ott TTATERtROOr
CLOAK CLOTHS, Also, ether makes ef Spring
Cloak Cloths, In all OesiraoM aauiaree Hindlora, las
sals and Buttons to matcn. at sun BUW, -
aprlli Ho. SS South Blah stmt.
STONE'SBAZAAR.
No. 4 Ghvynno Block.
A. P. STONE & O'HARRA.
ABE NOW RECEIVING THEIR WIN
TBR GOODS, and Invite the publle to lnspeot
them. No such stock of Goods has ever been brought to
this market. The South. In oonseauenco of the failure
of the grain crop, has not been able to purchase the us
ual quantity of rich goods, and this facthasforced the
Importers to sell them at publlo auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Btone) being In New Xork at these large sales, took
advantage of them, and we can and will sell our goods
here, at leu than any one who purchased two weeks since,
paid for them In New York. Our stock Is complete In
every department of
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS,
OTTOMAN VELOURS,
BROCHE VALENCIAS,
PRINTED MEEINOS,
PRINTED COBURGS,
DYED COBUGS;
BLACK ALPACAS,
UKLEANS,
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
POPLINS, PRINTS,
DELAINES.
SHAWLS AND CL0AKS1
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought ia One Day,
At one ball tbe Coat ol Impoitatlon.
LADIES' FURS,
In all Varieties, of the Celebrated
Manafatnre of C. C Gnn
there Sc Son.
HOSIERY DEPARTMENT.
Men's, Ladles and Children's Under Shirts and Drawers;
Ladles. Mlstee and Children's Hosiery of sll kinds. In
Wool and Lamb's Wool; fleecy Lined and OottonOloves
of every make.
ALSO
A complete assortment of all tbe usual varie
ties of
LADIES' CLOTHS,
CASSI MERES,
OVERCOATINGS,
TWEEDS,
FLANNELS.
RIBBON3,
DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladies and Gent's Linen Cambric Hand
kerohiefj, Ac, &o.
To persons who call on us, we pledge our words to
show them the largest, best and cheapest stock of Ooods
ever seen in mis market, or pay wem one aoiiar per
nonr wnue looting.
oeci-tiijiftawitw. davaia at vijauba
Cure Couah. Cold. Boarteneei. lnHu-
enea, any Iritation or Sorenee of the
Unroot, Jieiieve tne uaictMig vovgn
in Ooneumptlon, BronheiUt, Attha
ma, and Catarrh, Clear and give
ttrength to Uie voice or
PUtsLIU MPEAKERS,
and SINUEKS.
v.w ... ... nt the IrdDortance of checking a Cough
or "Common Cold" in its first stage; that which In the
beginning would yield to a mild remedy, if neglected.
soon aitacn we lungs ,vww.v.-.
containing demulcent Ingredients, allay Pulmonary and
uroncniai irritation.
BBOWN'S I 'That trouble In my Throat, (for which
the 'Irochet are a specine; naving maae me
TBOOBES often a mere whisperer."
BROWN'S "I recommend their use to Puuc BeaK
EES." .
TKA0HS8 REV. E. CHAPIN.
I "Have Droved extremely servtceaDio lor
BROWn'B uoaasawsas."
REV. HENRI WUV BiSUUBtt.
TROCHES! "Almost Instant relief in the distressing
labor of breathing peculiar to asthma."
BROWtrS BE V. A. 0. EQQLISTON.
I "Contain no Opium or annnmg injur!
TBOCHISons." B. A- A. HAYES,
Ohemiet, Boeton.
BROWN'S "A simple and pleasant combination for
Coughs, etc."
TR0CHE8I SR. 0. I. BIGELOW,
Iaoewn,
"Beneficial in BaoncntTis."
DR. i. F.W.LA.B.
TROCHES Boeton.
I have nroved tbem excellent for V) noor-
SROWN'S ieoOocobj."
RET. B. W. WAKKEN,
TRO0BI8 Boeton.
"Beneficial when compelled to speak, aut-
BROWN'8 feting from Cold."
REV. B. P. J. ANDERSON,
TROCHES St- Louie-
"IrracTOAL In removing Hoarseness and
BROWN'S Irritation of the Throat, so common With
SrEAKERs and BiKoaas."
TROOHBol Prof. SIAOT JOHNSON.
j.a uranae, ua..
BROWN'S Teacher of Music, Southern
female college.
TROCHES
"O rent benefl t when taken before and alter
BROWN'S preaching, as they prevent Hoarseness. From
their past effect, l turn a tney win be or per-
TROOHIB manent advantage to me,"
REV. c kowljgy, a. at..
BROWN'S President of Athens College, Tenn.
TROCHES JJjSold by all Druggists at TWENTY-
I rival uiflia A cua.
ROBERTS SAMOEh.
Druggists, 84 North High street.
8.X- SAMUEL As CO..
85 South High street, Columbus, 0.
mar7-deodlm .
TO BUSINESS MEN.
AN EXCELLENT CHANCE EOK
1 Y reliable business men to secure a profitable manu
facturing business, requiring but a small capital In Its
establishment ana prosecution.
The manufacture consists In the application of a pe
culiar composition or enamel to common red bricks, and
a variety ef other building material, ornamental archi
tectural finishings, oeiiings, tiles lor noors ana lor
roofing.
This enamel may be tinted of any eolor, from the
nnreit white to the deepest black, with all the colors
and ahades between. It Imparts to the articles to which
It Is BDDlled a hardness and durability almost Incredible,
and a beauty surpassing that of the rarest and most ooatly
of the variegated marbles, and, unlike them, is Impervi
ous to moisture, and will never fade, stain, or deterior
ate, costing but a fractional part of the price of ordinary
marble.
It is also valuable ror table ana siana tops, mantie-
pleces, monuments, and an endless variety ot other arti
cles of staple use. The prooessof applying the enamel
la simple, while the articles enameled will eommand a
ready sale, affording large profits. Responsible parties
may procure licenses for manufacturing under the pat
ent for any city or prominent town In the United States,
by applying to the subscriber, a email tana on tne ar
ticles manufactured will be required for the use of the
invention. Circulars giving full particulars will be for
warded to all applicants.
Tbe superior merit and beauty of this enameled bulld
Inr material to anything In use has the unqualified in
dorsement of many of the moat eminent architects and
scientific men of this and other cities.
lor parUculara address
JOHHB05 ? BALI,
General agents for Enameled Building Xatei lat,
apt d3m. 25 NASSAU ST., NEW TORE.
FIRST
OPENING OF THE SEASON
01
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS
AT P; ROSE'S.
T AGAIN OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
X'an entire new stock of Ooods In my line, Inst parch.
ased In New Tork'at the cheapest panto rates,all of which
I shall sell at the smallest profits, for Uaan. Hy custom
mm and frltnds are nsDooifully Invited to ealland exam.
Ina mv Goods and Pilces, as I am determined to sell aa
cheap or cheaper than any other house in the elty; and
as I do my own uuuins, ana superintend my own Busi
ness, I feel asenred, from my long experience lnbuil
naas. to sire cenerai satisiacuoB. ids nnear, or won
man are emnloted, and all work dene strictly to time and
on short notloe, and warranted to At. Strangers visiting
cor city wonld consult their Interest hy giving me a oa
before parchaalng elsewhere. s. Bonn, - ,
, t . monmeDi xauor,
marohifl-dly Cor. High and Town sts.
FHIIfO CLOAKS AND BA8QINESI
Naw HTTr.EAHa.iai tt Hob. No. lift south
H ih atraea. have Juat opened new styles of Olotw Oia
cruras. BASojDUita and lUcatias, made In the neweet and
moat atv ih manner, also, enysre nam
Hlack HilHex very aeavy, aesignea expnseiy tor
ManUllasand Basqumee. ispriu
BTiartl CHITTENDEN. . . , HENSV T. OHITTENOIII
8. t H.T.CHITTENDEN,
A 11 ' - ATTORNEYS AT LAW. - '
itTOfnees, 89 William Street, Hew Tork City, and
Paesoks' itmniiw, Columlms, Ohio, 1
, HyCarsrel attention pW Collections. - '
aprUftiOa " " " " ' 1 ' "
Ayer's Sarsaparilla
A compound remedy, designed to be the most
effectual Alterative that can be made. It ia
a concentrated extract of Para Sarsaparilla,
so combined with other substances of still
greater alterative power as to afford an ctTec
tive antidote fur the diseases Sarsaparilla is
reputed to cure. It is believed that such a
remedy is wanted by those who suffer from
Strumous complaints, and that one wliich will
accomplish their cure must prove of immense
servjee to this large class of our afflicted fellow
citizens. Uow completely this compound will
do it has been proven by experiment on many
of the worst cases to be found of the following
complaints :
' Scrofula and Scrofdious Complaints,
Eruptions and Ebuptive Diseases, Ulceus,
Pimples, Blotches, Tumoiis, Salt Kiieum,
Scald Head, Syphilis and Syphilitic Af
fections, Mercurial Disease, Dropsy, Neu
ralgia on Tic Douloureux, Debility, Dys
fepsia'And Indigestion, Erysipelas, Kose
or St. Anthony's Fibe, and indeed the whole
class of complaints arising from Impurity of
the Blood.
This compound will be found a great pro
moter of health, when taken in the spring, to
expel tho foul humors which fester in the
blood at thnt season of the year. By the time
ly expulsion of them many rankling disorders
are nipped in the bud. Multitudes can, by
the aid of this remedy, spare themselves from
the endurance of foul eruptions and ulcerous
sores, through which the system will strive to
rid itself of corruptions, if not assisted to do
this through tho natural channels of the body
by an alterative medicine. Cleanse out the
vitiated blood whenever you find its impurities
bursting through the skin in pimples, eruptions,
or sores; cleanse it when yo, find it is ob
structed and sluggish in tho veins ; cleanse it
whenever it is foul, and your feelings will tell
you when. Even where no particular disorder
u felt, people enjoy better health, and live
longer, for cleansing the blood. Keep the
blood healthy, and nil is well ; but with this
pabulum of life disordered, there can be no
lasting health. Sooner or later something
must go wrong, and tho great machinery of
lifo is disordered or overthrown.
Sarsaparilla has, and deserves much, the
reputation of accomplishing these ends. But
the world has been egregiously deceived by
preparations of it, partly because the drug
alone has not all the virtue that is claimed
for it, but more because many preparations,
pretending to be concentrated extracts of it,
contain but little of the virtue of Sarsaparilla,
or any thing else.
During lato years the public have been mis
led by large bottles, pretending to give a quart
of Extract of Sarsaparilla for one dollar. Most
of these have been frauds npon tho sick, for
they not only contain little, if any, Sarsapa
rilla, but often no curative properties whatev
er. Hence, bitter and painful disappointment
has followed the use of the various extracts of
Sarsaparilla which flood tho market, until the
name itself is justly despised, and has become
synonymous with imposition and cheat. Still
wc call tiiis compound Sarsaparilla, and intend
to supply sucli a remedy as shall rescue the
name from the load of obloquy which rests
upon it. And wo think we have ground for
believing it lias virtues which are irresistible
by the ordinary run of Uie diseases it is intend
ed to cure. In order to securo their complcto
eradication from the system, the remedy should
be judiciously taken according to directions on
the bottle.
FREFARED bt
DR. J. C. AYE It & CO.
LOWELL, MASS.
Price, fjl per Bottle Six Bottles for $3.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
has won for itself such a renown for the cure of
every variety of Throat and Lung Complaint, that
it is entirely unnecessary for us to recount the
evidence of its virtue, wherever it ha been em
ployed. As it bos long been in constant use
throughout this section, we need uot do more than
assure the people its quality is kept up to tho best
it ever has been, and that it may be relied on to
do for their relief all it has ever been found to do.
Ayer's Cathartic Pills,
FOR TOT! CURB 07
Costiveness, Jaundice, Dytpeptia, Indigestion,
Dysentery, Foul Slomaci, Erysipelas, Headache,
Met; Rheumatism, Eruptions and Skin Diseases,
Liver Complaint, Dropsy, Tetter, Tumor and
Salt Ilhenm, lf'orms, Gout, Neuralgia, as a
Dinner Pill, and for Purifying the Blood.
a They are sugnr-coatcd, so that the most sen!
tive can take them pleasantly, and they arc the
best aperient in the world for all the purposes of a
family physic.
Price 25 cents per Box ; Fivo boxes for $1 00.
Great numbers of Clergymen, Physicians, States
men,, and eminent personages, have lent their
names to certify tive unparalleled usefulness of these
remedies, but our space here will not permit the
insertion of them. The Agents below named fur
nish gratis our American Almanac in which they
arc given; with also full descriptions of tlic abnrc
complaints, and the treatment that should be fol
lowed for their cure.
Do not be put off by unprincipled dealers with
other . preparations they make more profit on.
Demand Ayer's, and take no others. The sick
want the best aid there is fur them, and they should
have it.
All our remedies ore for sale by
ROBERTS Sc 8AMUSL. Colnmbni.
Anil hy Drayirtits and Dealers everywhere.
novv:iya,iwKW
REMOVAL.
&m Doyle cto Oo-
HAVE REMOVED THEIR OFFICE
to the goath-weet corner ot High and Friend
streets.
"UP STAIRS,"
And will continue to keep-on hands a large stock of
BOOTS AND SHOES.
The attention of Merchants and Dealers Is resDSCtful-
ly Invited to onr stock. 8. DOYLK at Co.
marcni:atiiiaiyji.
yt NEW HOOP SKIRT.
No. 9, south man strut.
Have Just received a new make ef HOOP SKIRTS
finished in a manner far superior to any yet introduced
for
DURABILITY AND GRACEFULNESS.
mhS3. , . .
TRAVELLERS!
Wxaah jut n wn cw i or , uriTTj uirroi 10 uiu
SITllTU80IiIAN HOUSE,
BROADWAY, OORNEB 01 HOUSTON 8TKET
Conductsdon the
EUROPEAN PLAN,
flood Fare, flood Rooms, Prompt Atteudanoe. and Mod
erate Ohargea. ....
BINOLB BOOHS 50 CTS. 73 0T8. and II PK H HAY '
DOUBLB ROOMS and PABL0B3 (.60 te S3.
Heals as ordered. This Hotel has all the annolntmenta
of the best hotels, a most oentral Inratlon, and ia heated
taroognout ny steam. . BAUUKb . all AD,
BurcbVuJaa , Proprietor,
. UENKV KtEIII.EH,
(Lata of Pnalon's Istabltshment, H. Y..) P orris tor a
tha New York faanionabie Bbavtng, Hair Outtine
Shampoonlng, Curling and Dressing Saloon, Bast Hate
street, over the poet utnoe, where satltfacooa will
be given In all the varla kranebee. Lwtiee and
ontldmn a Li air Dressing aone In the best style.
Jyl-dly
T li A I rl AND FIGURED BLACK
X DRBsS SILKS, of every grade. Tbe most select
assortment In the elty, and at most reasonable rates. ,
CAIN A BON,
aprllS . , Ko. South II lab street
PLEOANT PLAIN BLACK klLKSVOB
Xt Btreel basques ana Buoiiee, aiso. men inmmm
andTaaeeUtomawh,at BA1II
auy33 ....- t. v. .'.
BEAUTIFUL,
AND CHEAPER TITAN EVER!
OCR SPUING STOCK 19 UNCaUAL
ly large and well aswrted. The very latest patterns
from AtliaiOAN, INQLI8H and MKNOU factories.
GOLD PAPERS AND BORDERS.
Gold and Velvet Borders,
SPLENDID DECORATIONS,
STX)ELIGHT
AND
FIRE BOARD PAPERS,
Gold and Painted Shades,
GOLD
WINDOW CORNICES,
BUFF, BLUE,
AND
GREEIJ HOLLANDS,
WINDOW FETCHES, all kinds,
CORD AND TASSELS,
BEAUTIFUL PICTURES
AND FRAMES.
RANDALL & ASTON,
lOQSoutia mgnst.
COLUMBUS, O.
N. fl. Landlords and persons wishing quantities ol
Paper will make money by buying ot us. Country
Merchants anJ persons from abroad will do well to call
and see us. aprtl I dSmeodl R . at A .
MUST BE SOLD!
ALL THE GOODS
AT STORE
Town Street,
jsjjc phioes
TO SUIT THE TIMES!
WAR! WAR!! WAR!!!
OWING TO THE WAR BETWEEN
the Union and tbe Bonny South, I have concluded
to sell out
ALL MY GOODS,
IVI1V
33H!T1bO"W COST.
The stock consists of the largest lot of
WHITE GOODS,
in the city ot Columbus:
JACONETS,
CAMBRICS,
BBILLIAKTS,
ESBEBALDAS,
HULLS,
PLAIDS.
SOU rniSH CAMBRICS,
CULLASS, EDQINUB, EKLRT BRAID,
EOSIERT, PINS. BUTTONS.
SUSPENDERS, BOOKS AND EYES,
and all kinds of
NOTIONS AND SMALL WARES;
the best HOOP SKIRTS In Columbus, and at the
Uncut price.
Wholesale ana Retail.
Then, ladles, all, both great and small,
Come, give me a oall,
And then you'll tad A. H. E. SToaara
In all his Glory.
A. M. K. 8TORRIE, agent,
Remember the War I Mo. 64 Town street,
aprll:dSm Columbus, Ohio.
NEW ARRIVALS
OF
Spriflg & Summer Millinery.
The Stock HeiplenlBhed
DAILY
FROM LATEST IMPORTATIONS OF
NEW YORK.
MY STOCK OP
Spring & Snmmer Millinery
Is now complete, comprising every variety of hi mis
ery; also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery
and Motions, fco., and la quantities and prices that can
not fall to suit all who may favor us with a call, fin
goods have been bought at Panic prices, and will be sold
at a small advanoe on cost. .
KXLLIBEBY.
Mieg M. E. YOUNG, late of New York Clt, '
will snperlntend the Millinery Department. Ifer long,
experience la the most Pashlonalils establishment In
Broadway will alone be a warranty that she will be able
to give entire satisfaction In matters of taste to all who
may favor ber with thstr orders.
The Ladles ef Oolnmbasand Vicinity will pleaae ac
cept my sincere thanks mt their liberal patronage, and
I would respectfully solicit a oantlnuanee of the same.
XL H. WARE,
fig Eaei Twvjwb St., Colunsbua, O.
pr11-d3m-od .' ,' , -; .:. , !
Irish Linen Goods.
WARRANTED FABRIC
Linen Bhn-4 Bueome Plain and Paney
Ahirtiae: and Boaoaa Linens. " -i
Linen HheetiDgs end Pillow Casing. . '
1 . Linen Cambrics and Loos Lawos.
. Linen pocket-nandar'a, all sises.
1 Linen TnwelHngaend Diaper.
!- '. . Linen Napkin and D'Oyllcs.
, "' Linen Table Clotheand Mafia Damask. .
... Linen Towels with colored bonier. v
,t Linen Stair Covering and Oiaah. "
Por oele at lew price.- ;
s , BaIN ti BOW. ,
febSS
Re. 9 Soaia Utah aueet .

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