VOL. TIL NO. 294. NEW SERIES;
COLUMBUS. OHIO FRIDAY MORNING. MAY 17, 1861.
BIZ DOLLAR! PXB YXABrt
' ' InTariablj in Advance
L)t (Dljifl Statesman
DAILY, TEI-WEEKIY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
fTJBLISB. B AHD PEOPEIETOBS.
OCT Office Mm. 86, 88 and 40, North High St.
TJURMB INVARIABLY IM ADVANOB.
Oaily - - $8 00 per year,
" ay me tamer, per week, 12 sent.
Trl-Weaklr .. 8 00 per year
Weekly, , . . . 1 00 "
criise at Advertising- ly the Squares
ne square I yoai...$20 (10
One square 3 weeks..! 00
One " 9 weeks.. 3 00
One " 1 week.., 1 75
One " 3 days ... 1 00
One " 9 days... 75
One " 1 Insertion 50
'.i mr.i.tha 1H 00
0 months 15 (HI
3 months in 00
U montha 8 00
1 month. S 00
Displayed advertisements bait more than the Abort
Advertisements leaded and placed In the columu of
enseial Notices," auuou iie ordinary rates.
All notices required to be published by law, legal ratea.
u oruereu on tne instae exclusively alter the lirstweek
per rent, mure than the above rates; but all such wll
appear In tho Trt-Weekly without charge.
. Business Cards, not exceeding flvelluea, per year, ln
up, ajv ;iu per line, omeiiie w'i.
Notice or meetings, chari tablet ocletlei, fire oompanlee,
' to., half price.
AUtranaiant advertisements mutt be paid for tn
advance Tie rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, tnuie price u the Daily, where the advertiser
settns weekly alone. Where 'he Dally and Weekly
a ro both used, then the charite tor the Weekly will be
o in mc reus oi tne uany
No advertisement taken except for a definite period.
F. A. B. SIMKLXS,
Attorney nt Xjcixt
AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office Ambus Building, opposite Capitol Square).
Machine Manufacturing Company
v (9.3JI u a one c m i 0s.o . t 1"
rv I, : t,y V"" f.
STEAM ENGINES k BOILERS,
Castings, Kill Gearing, Machinery.
or ETiar DKecaMrrion.
OHAS. AMB08, gup't. P. AMDOfl, Tree,
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to InJian&Dolis without ChaDge of Cara
' ; . and bat One Change of Cars between
i- Columbuij and St. Louia.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM
BUS. FIRST TRAIN
. '; (Dally, Mondays excelled.) 7
NI0I1T EXPRKH8, via Dayton, at 2:45 a. m.,atop-
ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, Uiddletown and liamll-
ton. arriving at Cincinnati at o:.-u a. m-;uayion auio
a. m., Indianopollaat 10.48 a. m
;H. Louia at
ACCOM MODATION, at 6:10 a. m., stopping at all Sta
tion, between Colombo! and Cincinnati aud Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati ll:Oii a. m., Dayton at 0:15 a. m.,
Indianopollaat S;2H p. m.
DAT EXPRESS, at 8:30 p. m., stopping at Alton,
Jederaon, London, Charleston, Cedarville, Xenia,
Spring Valley, Corwln, Morrow, Deerfleld, Foster's,
Lore land, Millfordand Plalnville, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.t St. Louis at 18 m; Dayton at 5:35 p,
Indianojiolis at 10:38 p. m.
slleenlnr Cora on sail Night Trnlna to
Cluclnnatl and Indiunapolia,
nAOOAGE CIIECKKU TIIUOUOH.
lor further Information and Through Tickets, apply to
M. L. DOUKKTV,
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Columbna, Ohio.
E. W. WOODWARD,
JNO. W. DOUKUTY
Jul3 Agent, Columbus,
HOWARD & CO'S.
CALL, AT NO. 83, SOUTH HIGH KTM
and examine our new make of
manufactured by K. HOWARD Ac CO., Boston, Maaa.
These Watches are far superior to anything ever offered
to the publlo, heretofore. Having the exclusive agency,
I can tell them at prices to suit the times. I have just
received a large stock of
' . i '
manufactured by APPLETON, TRACY, it CO j alao, a
fine assortment of
ENGLISH AND SWISS WATCHES, ,
In Gold and Bllrer Cases, at Panic prices.
JanS3 . ' W. J. BAVAG1.
inn nr. cic keen and black
1UU TEAS 100 baga prime Bio Conee.
1 SO pockets old Dutch Government Java Coffee.
t 5 bags Ceylon Coffee.
SOObbls. standard White Bngart, consisting of Pow
dred, Chruahed, Granulated A and B Coffee.
50 quintals Oeorge Bank Codfish.
' gObble. Mess and No. 1 Mackerel.
A tea. Pick Salmon.
100 bx. Layer Kalsina. - ' '
AOhf. box do do ' -
tOOqr. boa do de ' ' '
' 100 It Cigars, different brand! and gradef .
nor7 WU. MoDONALD.
M. C. LILL1EY
" And Blank-Book Manufanturer, I
' KOBTH HIGH ITBJCET, COLUMBUS, OHIO
'' saarll-dly .
" ' FARIILY FI.OCU. : I
yynITIJ WHEAT, BRANDED
" " 1 "SNOWI,IiAKE." '
t ran "Bamett Mills," Bprlngfleld, 0. the bestbrand of
iour uronRui w uur maraei. Batistsetlon guaranteed
lor sale only at WAt. MoDONALD'S,
novx7 106 South High street.
ALEXANDRES KID GI.OVEM.
All alaea and oolors Just opened at BATNB,
dec. 11. o. IW South High street.
Irish Linen Goods.
Linen Shirt Bosoms Plain and Fane ,
, . , . Bhirtlng and Bosom Linens. , ' '
Linen Sheetings and Pillow Casings.
Linen Cambrics and Long Lawns.
. Linen Pocket-handk ft, all sites.
t i- Linen Towelling! and Dlaperi
-J " ' tlnenlfaptlnsandD'Oylles.
' . linen Table Cloths iiS.;iu Damasks.
. ; Linen Towels with colored borders. ' 11
' Linen Stair Ooverlngsand Crash.
,", -T. . 'i Porsaleatlowprtoes. - --
BAIN at SOU,' -.
feb3 . .' " Ko. W South Hih street. -
TIONNBTH, HIBUONS TABS, AND
BAIN St BON,
eprilS Ke. 99 South High street
ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY.
The Latest The Largest The Beit,
' The Cheapest Because the Best,
"The Moat Hollab 6tandard An
tuorlty of the EnKllah LangnaKO."
Six Hundred Eminent Educator) of OMo,
"inB BEST ENGLISH DICTIONARY EXTANT."
t . literary Men Eetrywher
"Iloie are upwarda of a Hundred Thousand Words,
whose multifarious meeninga and derlvatlona, tofrether
with theti correct apelllog, and pronunciation are olearly
sei nerore ine eye.''
Head theDtclttoni of tho ifembert of the OMo State
The undersigned, membera of the Ohio State Teachers'
Association, adont and aim tonsetn teaching, writing:
and speaklnir, the orthography and pronunciation of
Worcester's Boyal Quarto Dictionary, and we most cor
dlally recommend It as the most reliable standard an.
tborlty of the English language, aa It la now written and
Loam Audsiws, President Eenyon College.
M. D. Lionrrr, Superintendent Zaneaville Schools.
Thos. W. lUavit, Bnp't Uasal Ion Union .Schools.
M. F. Oowniav, Sup't Publlo Schools, Sandusky.
John Ltbch, Sup't Publlo Schools, Cirolevllle.
8. N. SixrosD, Principal Cleveland female Bemlna
Wh. Mitchill, Sup't Publlo Schools, Mt. Union.
Jour Oodsh, Principal Stat Normal School, Mlnne,
Orana Naaoit, Principal Fourth Intermediate School,
II. B. JliRnn, Sup't Canton Union Schools.
Eowir HtoiL, Principal McNeely Normal School.
Kli T. TarraN, Prof. Ualhematlcs, Ohio Univeralty.
W, W. Kowaana, Sup't Troy Union School.
A. 0. Horxua, Principal Weat High School, Cleve
B. A. NoToH. Aasoclate Principal niihSchool, Cleve
Tbiodorb Btikliku, Principal High School, Cleve
R. P. noHirroK, Principal Cleveland Inatitule.
J. A. OiariiLD, President of Elecllc Inatitule, EI
W. L. Harris. Prof, of Ohemlatrv. Ohio Wealevan
II. H. Barnit, En-Commissioner of Common Ecboola,
jamcb Monitor, Prof. Ithetorto, Obertln College,
Toon. UiiL, President Antloeh Oollere.
0. W. H. Oatbcart, Prof. Mathematics, High
8. C. Crumbacoh. Prof. Lansniaee. niih School.
B. M. Barbbr, Sup't Union Schools, Ashlacd.
Hare than Sim Hundred other Prettdents of Cone-
gee, Profeteore, Author and DltllnQuUhtd Educa
tors, hate endorsed, the aooxe eentlmtnt.
PRESIDENTS OF COLLEGES IN OHIO.
Mariitta Coixroa "It la truly a matnlflcent work.
an honor to the author, the publishers, and the whole
country.- i-reswent Andrews.
Onto WsaiiYAH UmvrasiTV ..." It exceeds mv exnecta-
tiona. ii will be my auide in ortnoa-raDby and pronun
ciation, and will often he consulted by me (or Its neat
and accurate definitions. "President Thompson.
W. R. Eclbotio Coluob. "Heretofore we havenaed
Webster's orthography. At a recent meeting of our
Faculty, It was decided to change it to conform to that
or Worcester'! Boyal Quarto Dictionary." President
Win-rut Rbhrvc CoiLror. "I find It worthy of
cordial approbation." President Hitchcock.
OantLra Coixtos. "It more than meets my expecta
tions. I recommend It as the standard authority in
orthoepy to my children and my pupils." President
AxnocH OoLLxai. "I adont and aim to use In teach-
ins, writing and apeaklng. the orthoaraohy and pronun
ciation of Worcester's noyal Quarto Dictionary."
"In all my writing, sneaking, and teaching'. I have en
deavored to conform to the rules for orthography and
pronunciation aa contained in Worceater'a Dictionary."
Horace Uann, late President.
Kurrox Coluob, Omnia. "I moat cordially reoora-
mond It as the moat reliable standard authority of the
Kna-llah lanauaae as It la now written and anoken."
President Andrews, i
SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO,
From Jtev. Anson Smyth, Commissioner of Common
aoMois it wixo.
The Dictionary Is an Imperishable monument to the
learning and Industry of Ita author, and an honor to the
world of letters. The mechanical execution is far supe
rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac
From Bon. U. O. Barney. Miy Commissioner of
Schools in Ohio.
"The most reliable standard authority of the lan
WHAT TUB !
Leading ISTewepapers of OMo Say.
From the Cleveland Herald of llarch 38.
The orthography of the Worcester Dictionary It that
used by most. If not all, authors of distinction In this
country and England, and conforms to the general usage
or ordinary writers ana speakers.
Whatever nreludlces may have existed previously, a
careful study of tills volume will invariably be followed
by a warm appreciation or lis great merits, and a desire
to add It to the wall selected library, be It large or small,
It la a library tn itself, and will remain an Imperisha
ble record of the learning of Its compiler.
from the Oincinnaii Commercial of April SO.
Ilero are upwards of a hundred thousand words good,
had and indifferent whose multifarious meanings and
derivations, together with their correct spelling and pro-
nunclatlon, are sec oiesriy oerore tne eye. xne work is
unquestionably the greatest Thesaurus of English Worda
From the Cleveland Plaindealer of Sept. SO, I860.'
Evidently Worcestbi's Rotal Qoarto Dictiomart is
not only the last, but the m work of the kind ever is
sued, and can by no possibility suffer by comparison or
eontroveriy. , . ,
From the Toledo Blade of May SO. 1
A) to nOKDHCIATIOK, WORCTSTIR IB TBS STAITOARn
followed by our best authors; In definitions he leaves
nothing to he desired, and In Orthoorafrv It la aufllclent
to say that wobccstrr oan be aateiy followed. .
INGIIAtri & BKAGG,
Publisher!, Booksellers dc Stationers,
NO. 101 SUPERIOR ST., CLEVELAND, 0UI0.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIEE INSURANCE COMPANY,
DlTidend Jannary l , 186 1 1 4S Per Cent.
ASSETS..... 1.1,81230 CO,
Statement Januarr It 1801,
Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, 1880 13,400,58) 39
Beoelved for Premiums dur- 1 '
Inir the year 10 t03.0S3 53
Received for Interest during . ,
tne year ino xie.oit iu
Total receipts for ieC0;...8l)77.OG7 74
Paid Claims by Death,S0",050 00 .
PaldPollotet sunen-- 1 ,
dered 41.111 SO ,. .. .
Paid Salaries, Pott- . .. . , . ,.,
age, Taxes, isx- , - - -change,
elo 3I.0S0 54
Paid Commissions to
Aients.... .. 51,355 30
Paid Physicians' fees. 6,110(1 75 L , , , ... 1 ..
Paid Annuities..-.. 1.517 00 ' .
Paid Dividends dur- .
ins; the year 1CO.S0O 75 505,001 63 411,976 14
Net Balance January 1st. 1801
.. . .ASSETS.' '
Cash on hand $0,6384 19
Bonds and Mortgages on Real
Kstate, wortn double tne
amount loaned 1.327.841 68
Premium Notes, on Policies,.
In force, only drawing o per
cent, interest 1,979,864 17
Real Estate 00.893 97
Loans on Scrip 5,03144
Premiums, Notes and Cash, In '
count of transmission.. . 45,343 75
Total Asaets.......... 13,812,559 50
TiSTS Policies in force, insuring; 830,426,538
1,435 new Policies have been Issued during the year
After a cart ful calculation of the present value of the
outstanding tfoltcleeof the Company, Bad having the
necessary amount in reserve therefor, the Dlreotore
nave declared a Dmntnn ot o per cent, on tne yreml
urns paid at the table rates, to all policies for Ufe In force.
Issued prior to January 1, 1800, payable according to the
present rule of tb (Inwininv. .. , i,,:,... ' .
Bates for sll kinds of Lite Contingencies, Prospect
uses, 8 ta laments, aid Applications, will be furnished
without ohasojb, at the OOioe or Agencies ot the Ocm-
' ."' HOBT. L. PATTERSON, President.
nVM "p "fT-T fC. CIROVEB, Vice Presidents -BIN
J. 0. MILLER, Benretsiry. - ,
, , 11. U. U iiiESON, Agent,' , '
M..ofl ifwi Mo, 4 Jghnson Block.
..yatchg8,1861.. Columbus, 0.
BliEACHED - "IIEETINGR AND
HWTWaB, all widths, of most "ebrftrt
now offered In sreatest varlelv and t
K. 99 South High street.
., 3 00
.. 1 00
Trl- Weekly, per vear. ..... .
rreeaiy, per year
Red, White and Blue.
Oh. Columbia, the gem of the ocean.
The home of the brave and the free,
The shrine of each patriot's devotion,
A world offers homage to thee1
Thy mandate makes heroes assemble,
When Liberty's form stands in view;
. Thy banners make tyranny tremble,
When borne by the red, white and bluel
When borne by the red, white and bluel
When borne by the red, white and bluel
Thy banners make tyranny tremble,
When borne by the red, white and bluel
When war raged In wide desolation,
And threatened our land lo deform,
The ark then of freedom's foundation,
- Columbia rode safe through the storm.
With her garland of victory o'er her,
When so proudly she bore her brave crew,
With her flig floating proudly before hor,
The boaatof the red, white and blue.
The wine cup, the wine cup, bring hltbor,
And fill it up to the brim,
May the wreath they have won never wither,
Nor the star of their glory grow dim;
May Ihe service united ne'er sever.
But hold to their colors so true
Ihe army and navy forever I
Three cheers for the red, wh'te andblue!
Interesting Suggestions and Recommendations
The following article, on "Soldiers' Health,"
la irom Hall's New York Journal of Health.
It contains mnch valuable information for both
soldiers and civilians:
1. In an ordinary campaign sickness disables
or destroys three times as many as tne swora
2. On a inarch, from April to November, the
entire clothing should be a colored flannel shirt,
with a loosely-buttoned collar, cotton drawers
woolen pantaloons, shoes and Blockings, and a
lieht-colored felt bat, with broad brim to pro
tect the eyes and face from the glare of the sun
and from the rain, and a substantial bnt not
heavy coat when off duty.
3. Bun stroke is moat tneciuauy prevented oy
wearing a silk handkerchief in tne crown ol the
4, Colored blankets are best, and if lined with
brown drilling the warmth and durability are
doubled, while the protection against dampness
from lyine on the ground la almost complete.
o. Never lie or lit down on the crass or Dire
earth for a moment: rather n?e your bat a
handkerchief, even, is a great protection. The
warmer you are the greater need tor this pro
tection, as a damp vapor is immediately gene
rated, to be absorbed by the clothing, and to
cool yon off too rapiaiy.
b. While marching, or on otuer active amy,
the more thirsty you are, the more essential Is it
to safety of life itself, to rinse out the mouth
two or three times, and then take a swollow of
water at a time, with short intervals. A brave
French general, on a lorced march, leu dead on
the inBtant, by drinking largely ot cold water,
when snow was on tne ground.
7. Abundant sleep is essential to ooaity cm-
ciency, and to that alertness of mind which is
all-important in an engagement; and few things
more certainly and more effectually prevent
sound sleep than eating heartily after sun
down, especially alter a heavy mtrcrt or acne-
8. Nothing is more certain to secure endu
ranee and capability of long-continued effort,
than the avoidance ot ever; thing as a urinlt ex
cept cold water, not excluding cofTeo at break
fast, l'rius as little aa pajsimo, ot even oia
9. After any sort of exhausting effort, a cup
of coffee, bot or cold, is an admirable sustatner
of the strength, until nature begins to recover
10. Never eat heartily fast before a great un
dertaking, because the nervous power is Irre
sistibly drawn to the stomach lo manage the
lood eaten, thus drawing oil mat supply wnica
the brain and muscles so much need.
11. If persons will drink brandy, It is incom
parably safer to do so after an effort than before;
lor it can give only a transient strengtn, lasting
but a few minutes; but as it can never be known
how long any given effort ia to be kept in con
tinuance, and if longer than a few minutes,
the body becomes more feeble than it would
have been without the stimulus, it is clear that
its use before an effort is always hazardous, and
is always unwise.
12, Never go to sleep, especially after a great
effort, even in hot weather, without some cov
ering over yon.
13. Under all circumstances, ratner tnan no
down on the bare ground, lie in the hollow of
two logs placed together, or across several
smaller pieces of wood, laid fide by side; or
sit on your hat, leaning against a tree. A nap
of ten or fifteen minutes in that position will
refresh you more than an hour on tne bare
earth, with the additional advantage ot perfect
14. A cut ia lees oangerou3 man a nuuet
wound, and heals more rapidly.
15. It from any wound the blood spirts out
in jets, instead of a steady stream, yon will
die in a few minutes, unless it is remedied;
because an artery has been divided, and that
takes the blood direct from the fountain of life.
To stop this !nstantly,tie a handkerchief or oth
er cloth very loosely bitwikn the wound and
the heart; put a stick, bayonet, or ramrod be
taetn the skin and the hankerchief; and twist it
around uutil the bleeding ceases, and keep it
thus until the surgeon arrives.
16. If tbe blood flows in a Blow, regular
stream, a vein has been pierced, and the hand
kerchief must be on tbe other side ot the wound
from the heart; that is, below the wound.
17. A bulletthrough the abdomen (belly or
stomach is more certainly fatal than if aimed
at the head or heart; for in tbe latter cases the
ball is often glanced off by the bone, or follows
round it under the akin; but when it enters the
stomach or bowels, from any direction, death
is Inevitable under all conceivable circum
stances, but is scarcely ever instantaneous-
Generally tne person lives a aay or two witn
perfect clearness of intellect, often not suffer
ing greatly. The practical bearing of this
statement in reference to the great future is
18. Let the whole beard grow, but not longer
than some three Inches. This Btrengthcus and
thickens its growth, and thus makes a more
perfect protection for tbe lungs against dust,
and for the throat against winds and cold in
winter, while In tbe summer a greater perspi
ration of the skin is induced, with an increase
of evaporation; bence, greater cooluess of the
parts on tne outside, wntie mo inroat ia less
feverish, thirsty and dry.
19. Avoid lats and Ut meats in summer aud
in all warm days.
20. Whenever possible, take a plunge into
any. lake or running stream every morning as
soon aa yon get op; it none at nana, enoeavorto
wash the body ail over as soon as you leave
your bed, for personal cleanliness eats like a
cnarm against an diseases, always eitnerwara
ing them on altogether or greatly mitigating
their seventy ana snortening tnetr duration.
XI. Keep tbe hair ot the bead closely cut
say within an inch and a half of the scalp in
very part, repeated on tne nrst ot eacb moutD
and wash tbe whole scalp plentifully in cold wa
ter every morning. ,
2!!. Wear woolen stockings and moderately
loose shoes, keeping the toe and finger-uails
always cnt close.
Xi. it ia more important to wash the feet
well every night than to wash the faoe and
handa of mornings, because it aids in keeping
the skin and nails soft, and to prevent cha&nga,
blisters and corns, an or which greatly interfere
with a soldiers outy. .
24. The most universally safe position after
all stunniogs, hurts and wounds, Is that of be
ing placed on tbe back, the head being elevated
three or lour incnes oniy, aiding more tnan
any one thing eise oan oo, to equalize and re
store tbe proper circulation of the blood. .
25. s The more weary yon are after a march
or other work, the more easily will yon take
told, If you remain stui alter it is over, nn
less, the moment you cease motion, you throw
a coat or blanket over your shoulders. This
precaution should be taken in tbe warmest
weather, especially if there la even a slight air
26. The greatest physical kindness you can
show a severely wounded comrado is first to
place bim on bis back, and then run with all
your might lor some water w anna ; not a see
ond ought to be lost. If no vessel ia at band
take vnnr hat: if no hat. off with your shirt,
wring it out once, tie the arms tn a knot, as also
the lower end, thus making a bag, open at tbe
neck only. A fleet perBon can convey a bucket
ful half a mile iu this way. I've seen a dying
man clutch at a single drop of water from the
fingers' end, wiln tbe voraciousness of a fam
27. If wot to tbe skin by rain or by swim
miug rivers, keep in motion uutil the clothes
are dried, and no barm will result.
28. Whenever it is possible, do, by all means,
when you have to use water for cooking or
drinking from ponda or sluggish streams, boil
it well, and when cool, shake it, or stir it, so
that the oxygen ol the air snail get to it, which
greatly improves it for drinking. This boiling
arrests the process of fermentation which arises
irom tbe presence or organio ana inorganic im
purities, thus tending to prevent cholera and
all bowel diseases. If there is no time for boll
ing, at least strain it through a cloth, even if
you have to use a shirt or trowser-lcg.
2'J. Twelve men are hit in battle dressed in
red where there are only five dressed in a blu
ish gray a difference of more than two to one;
green, seven; brown, six.
30, Water can be made almost ice cool in tbe
hottest wentlicr by closely enveloping a filled
canteen, or other vessel, with a woolen cloth,
kept plentifully wetted and exposed.
31. Wbilo on a march, lie down tho moment
you halt for a rest. Every minute spent in that
position refreshes more than five minutes stand'
ing or loitering about.
32. A daily evacuation of the bowels Is in,
dispensable to bodily health, vigor and endu
rance; this is promoted in many cases by stir
ring a tablespoonful of corn (Indian) meal in a
glass of water, and drinking it on rising in tbe
33. Loose bowels, namely, acting more than
once a day, with a leeltng ot debility after
wards, is tbo first step towards cholera. Tbe
best remedy ia instant and perfect quietude of
body, eating nothing but boiled rice, with or
without boiled milk; in more decided cases
woolen fl tnnel, with two thicknesses iu front.
should bo bound tightly around tbe abdomen,
especially if marching is a necessity,
34. To "have been to the wars" ia a life
long honor, increasing with advancing years,
whilo to have died in defense of your country
will be the boast and the glory ol your child
The invention of gunpowder is claimed bv the
r i. .l . .. .
uermuiia mr ineir countryman, uertnoidui
Schwartz; but it ia well known to have been in
use among tho Chinese sinco A. D. 65.
Some of the be.tt qualities are composed an
Tho Ingredients are firft reduced to an Im
palpable powder in cylinder mills workod by
water power, or between metallio rollers. It is
next weighed, then properly mixed in a mixing;
trough with a wooden roller for three hours,
and at some mills it ia merely stirred abont in a
large tuo lor a snort time; but when this ia tbe
caee, moro time ia allowed for iucorporatlnr'.
which is the next process The cylinders of
moit incorporating milla aro two in number, and
made of a very tough description of stone; they
each weigh about three tuns. The bed of the
mill on which they revolve ia of the aims ma.
terial; but cylinders and beds of iron are also
much used. The objection to iron beds is that
they generally wear hollow In the middle, and
it would be out of the question to have stone
cylinders and iron beds. The charge which is
placed in the mill at a time is 42 lbs., and it Is
moistened with 2 pints of water, which is placed
in the mill with tbe charge; but this is varied
according to the stato of tho atmosphere. At
the end of three hours, the charge ia withdrawn
from tho mill to be pressed either in a hydraulic
or a powerful screw press; it is separated at
equal distances by plates ofoopper, so that a uni
form pressure may be applied to tbe whole,
which is about 600 tuns. When taken from the
press it is in thin solid cakes or layers, called
"pre?s cake." 1 bis is broken in nieces of about
a quarter of an ounce In weight, and removed to
the coruing bouse, where it is granulated by
placing it in sieves having a rotary shaking
motion, given to them by machinery, with two
blocks ol lignumvilst wood, which crush the pow
der between them and the sides of the sieve;
two other sieves of different degrees of fiueness
are placed under the first, wbicb catch the oow-
uur uu eruaraiu it luiu une ana coarse grain,
(for artillery and muskets) and tbe duet, or
meal powder, falls iuto a box placed beneath.
The powder is now glazed by beinir nlaced In a
cask, which revolves on an axle through the
centre about thirty times in a minute, which
takes eff all the corners of the grains and gives
tbem a polish.
Tbe last process is drying, which Is perform
ed by steam, radiation from hot irons, or solar
heat; it is sometimes again sifted before bar
reling, to clean it aud prevent it from caking
together. The pressing and glazing process,
although they lessen the effective force of the
powder, are absolutely necessary; first, to give
the powder density, to prevent ita breaking bv
carriage; second, to prevent its absorbing moift
ure from the atmosphere, which it ia liable to
do from the alkali whioh la in the charcoal:
third, to prevent the powder losine ita nower
when kept for any length of timo. The quality
of the powder produced depends more on the
care taken in its manufacture than on the exact
proportions ot tbe ingredients.
How the World is Governed.
There are about one hundred senaratal nr.
ganized governments in the world at the ores-
eu. viuiu. Awnny one nan are monarchies in
Europe; and of these a large proportion are pet
ty prinoipalities and dukedom's, containing alto
gether about six millions of inhabitants. Of the
governments of Europe, Great Britain is a
limited monarchy; France is nominally consti
tutional, dui, in reauty, an absolute monarchy;
Russia and Austria are absolute: Prussia. Snain
and Sardinia are limited, with two chambers of
deputies. There are only four republici In Eu
ropeSwitzerland, San Marino, Montenegro,
auu Anuurre. i uo turee latter contain an ag
gregate population of not over 120,000 people.
Switzerland, secure In her mountain fastness, is
now, by common consent, left unmolested.
The governments of Asia are all absolute
despotisms. Thibet has the name of being a
, , , . 3 n. "
nierarcoy, out uiuers in no practical sense Irom
In Africa, the Barbary States, and all the va
rious negro tribes, of whatever name, are ruled
despotically, exoept Liberia, which is republi
can, end may be an opening wsdee of olvllin-
tion on that continent. This experiment, with
that of the Island of Ilayti, would seem to in
dioate the capacity ot tbe negro race for self-
The great islands in toe southern and Pacific
Oceans are mostly Independent and dcsnotle
such as Japan, with a population of twenty n.!I-
tionB, ana niaaagascar, containing about nve
million!. Tbe Sandwich and Society Islands
are limited monarchies, and the other Islands
in tbe Southern and Paoifio Oceans belong
mostly to the different European cowers, and
are ruled according to their respective forms of
government. - ;
On the American continent, there Is bat one
monarchical government that of Basil which
is, however, liberally constitutional. , In the
three great geographical divisions of Amerloa,
there are now eighteen separate republics.
TITAN T E D. A GENTS TO SKLL
Y V packages of STATIONERY and JIWKLRY, at
prices one-third leas than can be purchased elsewhere
Call on or address (sump enclosed) t, L. BAILB Y, Ne
lot uourt at., noaion, aiaes, marcn xe.iiim
Dr. J. H. McLEAN'S
Strengthening Cordial and Blood
Tbe Greatest Heiuedy In Tbe world.
EVER TAKEN. V
IT IN STRICT
ly a tclenllflo and
procured by die distil
lation of Boots. Ilerlis
and Barks, Yellow
Dock, Blood Boot,
Cherry Hark and Dan- se
oeuon enters into its
oompQaiiioa, ineen-.,, m f ,
Rcfore Taking," i1t remeduiAitcr laRliig.
principle ot each Ingredient is thoroughly extracted by
my new method of distilling. produclngi,a deliclrns, es
hlleratlng spirit, and tbe most INFALLIBLE remedy for
renovatins the diseased system, and restoring the sick,
suffering and debilitated INVALID to llKALTH and
fflcLEAN'Sl STRICNttTlIl'MIrVU COCO
Will effectually cure
COMPLAINT, DT8PRP8IA, JAUNDiOS
Chronic or Nervous Debility, Diseases of the KUnoyi:
and all diseases arising irom a disordered Liver or Htnm
acn, uyipemia. Heartburn, inward rues. Acuiitv or Hick-
neis of the Stomach, Fullness of Blood to the Ilea I, Dull
am or swimming In tbe bead. FalL nation or tbe Ucart
'ullnessor Weiiiht In the Stomach. Sour BiuclatUini
Choking or suffocating feeling when lying down, Drvnesi
or leiiowneaoor tneekinana Kjes, mgui Bweats, ia
ward levers. Pain in the amall of the back, ehest or slda.
Sudden Flushes of Beat, Depression of Spirits, frightful
Dreams, Lanuuor. Desnondency or any Nervous Disease
Sores or Blotches on tho rikin, and lever and Ague (ot
nm. - a v
Over a million of ifottlae
flare been sold during the last alx montha. and In no In-
stance has it failed in giving entire satisfaction. Who,
men, win sunerirom weakoess or Debility when MC
LEAN'S STRENGTHENING CORDIAL will cuie you?
No languaire can convey an adeuuata Idea of the Imme
diate and almost miraculous change produced by taking
this Cordial In the diseased, debilitated and shattered
nervous system, whether broken down by excess, weak by
nature, or Impaired by sickness, the relaxed and unstrung
uigauiuiuuu ia ivsturcu iq iu pristine neaunanu vigor.
Or others conscious of Inability, from whatever i-ausr,
will find McLean t Strengthening Cordial a thorough
regenerator of the system ; and all who may have Injured
uiemseives oy improper indulgences, will nml In the Dor-
dial a certain and speedy remeily.
To tbe Lad Ion.
McLean's Strengthening Cordial
Is a aoverelgn and speedy cure for
INCIPIENT CON SUMPTION, WHITES
Obstructed or Difficult Menstruation, Incontinence ot
Urine or Involuntary Discharge thereof. Palling of the
womb, uidUlneaa, raiotmg and all Diseases lucldne t
There is no Mistake Abont it.
Buffer no longer. Take It according to Directions. It
will stimulate, slrengthen and invigorate you and cause
me oioom oi neaun to mount your cneek again.
very bottle la warranted to give satisfaction .
If your children are sickly, nunv. or afflicted. UcLnnV
Cordial will make them healthy, fat and robust. Delai
n' t a moment, try tt, and yon will be convinced.
IT IS DELICIOUS TO TAKE,
Caption-. Beware of Drupelets or Dealers who m
try to palm upon you some Hitter nrSarsaparllla train,
which they can buy cheap, by sayin, It Is Just aa good.
Avoid such men. Aekfor McLean's BtrenitLenlniOrir.
dial, and take nothing else. It la the only remedy that
will purify the blood thoroughly and at the same time
strengthen the system.
uue taniespoontui taken every mornlnc fast nr. Is a
certain preventive of Cholera, Chills and Fevar, Yellow
sever, or any prevalent diseases, it Is put up In larie
Price only 11 per bottle, or S bottles for S5,
Bole Proprietor of this Cordial,
Also McLean's Volcanic Oil Liniment,
Principal Depot on the corner of Third and Pine streels,
St. Louis. 11a.
McLean's Volcanio Oil Liniment.
The best Liniment in the World. The only safe and
certain cure for Cancers, Piles, Swellings and Bron
chitis, or Goitre, Paralysis, Neuralgia, Weakness or the
Muscles, Cnronle or Inflammatory Rheumatism, Still
ness of the Joints, contracted Muscles or Ligaments
Karache or Toothache, Brunei, Sprains. Wounds. Fresh
Outs, Ulcers, Fever Bores, Caked Breasts Sore Nipples,
Burns, Scalds, Bore Thoat, or any Inflammation or Pain,
no difference how severe, or ho long the disease miy
have existed. McLean's Celebrated Liniment Is a eer
Thousands or numan brines have been aaved a life of
decrepitudo and misery by the use of this invaluable med-
McLEAN'S VOLCANIO OIL
Will relieve pain almost Instantaneously, and It wll
eleanse, purify and heal Ihe foulest sores in an ineredl
ly anon time.
for Horse and Other Animals.
McLean s celebrated Liniment la the only safe and re
liable remedy for the care of Spavin, Bing Bone, Wind
galls, Splints, Unnatural Bumps, Nodes or Swelllnga. II
will never fail to cure Big llead, Poll Evil, Fistula, Old
running Bores or Sweeny, If properly applied. For
Sprains, Bruises, Scratches, Sores or Wounds, Oncksd
Heels, Chafes, Saddle or Collar Galls it Is an Infallible
remedy. Apply it aa directed, and a cure is certain in
Then trine no longer wlln tne many worthless Lini
ments offered to you. Obtain a supnly of Dr. McLean's
celebrated Liniment. It will cure you.
J. II. fflcl.tCA X , Sole Proprietor,
Corner of Third and Pine Streets, Bt. Louis, Me,
For sale by all druggiata.
Foraaleby BOBKKTS At BAMDSL,
eugltt-dAtwly Columbus. Ohio,
T. G. MiCORMICK. HENRY 8IIAEKET.
COAL MINIM CO.
Quality of Coal Unexcelled!
THESE miNEft ARE SITUATED
North of Zaneaville, 0., aud OltDKtta for this justly
Respectfully solicited, and filled wilh PROMPTNESS
MCCORMICK ic SHARKEY,
Dr. W. E. IHE, Asrt.,
Columbus, O. mar7lf
Baltimore Clothing Honsc.
aUHnrACTraiM and wnouciALS dialoiS is
No. 308 V, Baltimore-street, .
(BeTwnra irasftTT ako mnwARD,)
A Largs Assortment of Pise and Tarnishing
Ooods Constantly on Hand
OelSSdly i -' '
mrilllaxxi. .ZL. CS-ill
coLtiinnim, oiiio. '
Aiid Seed Store,"
DIAUt IN . . -! j::
NAILS, (ILASS, BASn, PUTTY, COBDAQB,
anna, IMstole, Wood Willow Ware,
atherand lUbber Belting, laws leather, Boss and
king, . eoi-uiy
Ladies' Linen Pocket-HandJt'fi.
kerchiefs, very wide hems.
Embroidered Linen llandk's all prices.
Hemmed Btllched and plain do, do. - I .
do do i colored borders. : , ,
- Mourning do , : black borders .
do do ...... new ttyle cross stitched,, y
Pine Apple do ' " new patterns. '
" Mi ue,' Plain and Hemmed Stitched de all rrftsM.-'V
Oomprlatng the most select assortment In the oiiy And
al lowest prices. nmn nun,
J,b2 Ho. loath High Street.
"-jr -tii- trf
Ayer's Sarsaparil la
A compound remedy, designed to be the most
effectual Alterative that can be made. - It is
a concentrated extract of Pnvn Sarsnpnrilla,
so combined with other substances of still
greater alterative power as to afford nn effec
tive antidote for the diseases Sareaparilla is
reputed to euro. It is believed that such a
remedy is wanted by those who suffer from
Strumous complaints, ond that one which will
accomplish their cure must prove of immense
service to this large class of our nfllicted fellow
citizens. How completely this compound will
do it has been proven by experiment on many
of the worst cases to be found of tho following
Scrofula and Scrofulous Complaints,
Euuptionb and Eruptive Diseases, Ulceus,
Pimples, Blotches, Tusiors, Salt IIheum,
Scald Head, Syphilis and Syphilitic Af
fections, Merciiri.vl Disease, Dropsy, Neu
raloia on Tia Douloureux, Debility, Dys
pepsia and Indioestiox, Erysipelar, Kosb
on, St. Anthony's Fire, and indeed tho whale
class of complaints arising from Impurity or
This compound will be found a great pro
moter of health, when taken in the tipring, to
expel tho foul humors which fester in tho
blood at that season of tho year. By the time
ly expulsion of them many rankling disorders
are ninned in tho hud. Multitudes r-nn. hv
tho aid of this remedy, spnre themselves from
tho endurance of foul eruptions and ulcerous
sores, through which the system will strive to
rid itself of corruptions, if not assisted to do
this through the natural channels of the body
by an alterative medicine. Cleanse out tho
vitiated blood whenever you find its impurities
bursting through the skin in pimples, eruptions,
or sores; cleanse it when you find it is ol
structcd and sluggish in tho veins ; clcansif it
whenever it is foul, and your feelings will tell
you when. Even where no particular disorder
is felt, people enjoy better health, mid live
longer, for cleansing tho blood. Keep the
blood healthy, and all is well ; but with this
pabulum of life disordered, thero can be no
lasting health. Sooner or later something
must go wrong, and tho great machinery of
life is disordered or overthrown.
Sarsnparilln has, and deserves much, the
reputation of accomplishing these ends. Hut
the world lias been egregiously deceived by
preparations of it, portly because the drug
nlono has not all the virtue tlmt is claimed
for it, but moro because many preparations,
pretending to bo concentrated extracts of it,
contain but little of the virtuo of Sarsaparilra,
or nny thing else.
During late years the public have been mis
led by lurge bottles, pretending to give a quart
of Extract of Sarsnparilla for one dollar. Most
of these have been frauds upon tho sick, for
they not only contain little, if any, Saraapa
rilla, but often no curative properties whatev
er. Hence, bitter and painful disappointment
has followed the use of the various extracts of
Sarsnparilla which flood tho market, until tho
namo itself is justly despised, and lias become
synonymous with imposition and cheat. Still
wc call litis compound Sarsaparilla, and intend
to supply such a remedy as shall rescue the
namo from tho load of obloquy which rests
upon it. And wo think wo havo ground for
believing it has virtues which are irresistiblo
by the ordinary run of tho diseases it is intend
eu to cure. In order to securo their complete
eradication fr om the system, the remedy should
be judiciously taken according to directions on
DIt, J. O. A YE IE V CO.
Price, $1 per Bottle i Six Bottles for $3.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
has won for itself such a renorm for tho cure of
every varicly of Throat and Long Comprint, tlint
it is entirely unnecessary for us to recount tho
evidence of its virtues, wherever it has been em
ployed. As it has long been in constant use
throughout this section, we need not do more than1
assure the people its quality is kept up to tho host
it ever hns been, and tlint it may tc relied on to
do for their relief all it lias ever been found to do.
Ayer's Cathartic Pills,
TOR TEE CUED OS
Costiteness, Jaundice, Dyspepsia, Indigestion,
Dysentery, Foul Stomach, Ei-ystjtetat, Headache,
Files, Rheumatism, Eruptions and Skin Diseases,
Liver Complaint, Dropsy, Teller, Tumors and
Sail Rheum, Worms, Gout, Keuralyia, as a
Dinner rill, and for Purifying the Blood.
They arc sognr-coated, so that the most sensi
tive can take tliem pleasantly, and they are the
best aperient in the world for all the purposes of a
Price 25 cents per Eox ; Fivo boxos for $1.09.
Great nnmhers of Clergymen, riivsicians.SUites
men, and eminent personages, huvo lent their
names to certify the unparalleled usefulness of these
remedies, but our space hero will not permit the
insertion of them. The Agents bclnw named fur
nish gratis our American Almanac in which they
are Riven ; with also full descriptions of the above
complaints, and tbo treatment that should bo fol
lowed for their cure.
Do not be put off by unprincipled dealers with
other -preparations they make more profit on.
Demand Ayer's, and take no others. The sick
wnnt the best aid there ia for them, and they should
All our remedies are for sale by -
ROBERTS at SAMUEL. Columbus. I
And by Druggliu and Dealers everywhere. I
DO YOU WANT WHISKERS?
DO YOU WANT WHISKERS7
DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE!
DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE?
For the Whiskers and Hair
The subscribers take pleasure In announcing olhe
Oltiaens of the United States, that they have obtained the
Agency for, and are now enabled tn offer to the American
publlo, the above justly celebrated and world-renowned
artlole. The . . . , i
STIMULATING ONGUENT !
prepared by Da. 0. P. BELLINOUAM, an eminent
pnysiciao ot London, ana is warranted to nruig out a
inica set ot . i
Whiskers or a'Mnstachc j
from three to six weeka. Thla article It the only One
the kind used by the Preach, sod in London end Paris
Is In universal use.
It Is a beautiful, economical, soothing, yet stimulating
compound, eoling as If by migle upon the roots, causing
abeautitui growin oi luxuriant nair. ji applied w int
scalp, It wllleure auntie, and cause to spring op in
place ottbe bald spots a fine growth ef new hair. Ap
ulied aooordlnr to direotiona, it will turn Bio or Tewr
hair babx, and restore gray bairto Ita original Color,
leaving It soft, smooth, and flexible. The Oiraumrr''. ia
an Indlanenaahle article in every gentleman's toilet, and
after one weel'g use they would not for any oootMeratloo
be without IU
The subscribers are the only Agents for the article tn
the United States, to whom all orders mast be addressed.
Price One Dollar a box ror sale by all Druggists and
Dealers; or a box of tbe "Onguen t" (warranted to hare
the deatred effect) will be tent to any who desire It, by
mall (direct), aecurely packed, on receipt ef pries ad
postage, aji.io. sippiy to or aoairss .
'- ' -: HORAOB L. TJiaiMAN St. CO,,,
d William Street, New-York
HENRY KCEIII.EK, ' j
(Late of Phalon's Xatabllehment, N. T.,) Proprietor
, the New Xork Fashionable Shaving, Balr Cutting
Bhampoonlng, Curling and Dressing Saloon, Bast State
- street, ver the Post OSoo, wbsu. aaOttactloa (will
be given In all lbs various branches.! Ladies and
Ohlldren'l Hair Pratalnf Son In the best style.
AND CHEAPER THAN EVER!?
OCR SPRING STOCK 18 CNCMJAL
ly large and well snorted. The very latest patterns
from AMERICAN, BNQLISU and f RKN'CH litoriea."
GOLD PAPERS AND BORDERS;
Gold and Velvet Borders, ',
" AND '
FIRE BOARD PAPERS,
Gold and Painted Shades,
' ' AND
WINDOW FETCHES, all kinds,
CORD AND TASSELS,
RANDALL & ASTON,
N. B. Landlords and persona wlihlnv nn.r.mu. r
Paper will make money bvbuilnir t ... n......
Merchants and persona from abroad will do well to call
andaeeua. april 1-dSmeodl R.fcA.
Spring & Summer Millinery.
The Stock Replenished
FHOOT I.ATI58T IMPORT ATI UN8 OF
MT STOCK Of
Spring & Summer Millinery
la now compute, comprising every variety of Millin
ery; also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery
aud Notions, Ate., and In quantities and prices that can!
not fall to suit all who may favor ut with a call. The
goous nave seen bought at Paolo prices, and will be sold
at a small advance nn mat.
Miss M. E. YOUNG, late of New York City.
will superintend the Millinery Department. Her lorg
experience In the most Fashionable Establishment in
d run u way win aione ne a warranty that she will he able
to give entire talltfsction In matien r
- wn who
may favor her with their orders.
The Ladlet of Columbnt and vb.nii .mi
... iiigu, ac
cept my sincere thanks for their liberal patronage, and
-v-.u icuuiiyioiicua continuance or the same.
R. H. WARE,
08 Eaet Town ht Coluiubns, O.
Wholesale and Retail Depot for
No. 10G South High Street
FINE & STAPLE GROCERIES,
IN ALL 'HEIR VARIETIES.
Dally rrlval of Oasda
For the Full and Winter Trade
Of .1860-61 ,
irpRETflRNING SINCERE Til Aiwirai
TO THIi PUBLICI fnr ..t r. ..j ...
- - I--- 'wiai euu ell run
age, and being DETERMINED to III EH IT
noonuuuanus 01 same ny strict attention to
trade, and prompt deliver- of Goods,
I would call the notice or the public to the fact that
having .aLarare and well Melee ted fil attfJaP.lt Ati
hand, andbelug In'dally receipt of goods from the differ
ent mameu, l natter myself that I can offer to tbe eltt
tent of Columbus, or to anv who mav dailra tt .nxk.u
an assortment of article! appertaining to the 011001 RT
iraae, uneitu-afecu by any house Id the city.
The price and quality of the goods offered, I guar,
antee to stive satisfaction. '
Good Delivered Free of Charge.
" WM. MoDONALD.
ITU III MA,
Figs ' ' ' U '
o Seedle Halslns
Peotch Oat Meal
Ireth Cano 'S Frails ef every description;-
Jellies of all kinds; .. .
' Flavoring Bxtreetsof all kbi.
' flam Drone; Mixed Dandles; ' - '1 rt . ' '
Almonds, Filberts, Peoos Nuts, . . , .
' -! - Kngliah Walnuts, Braall Nuts.efo; ' ' '
eoW v.. . ,,. v ., ... WM. UeOOsUlS.
CITY BANK OF COLUMBUS
THE FOLLOWING CHANGER WERE
made in the the officers of thla Bank, January SUth,
IHdlt to Witt Wat, A. Putt, President, end Titosus
Mooaaa, Cashier, resigned their ofucee. Davis Tavlob,
Bsq., was then elided President and W. A. Platt ap
pointed Cashier. "I- V
- Byerrtere the Board ef IHrsetore. '
; febS, WUl-.tr. v . W. A. PL ATT, Cashier.
MINK MCFFSi VICTOBINIS andCTJPFS ws are
now selling at very low prices, alio all other kinds
fashionable fan. PSTH BANS,
dertl. No- 9 South Ulgh at.
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