OKU. W. MAWVEflWYt KdUMt-e
FRIDAY MOftMNQ. MAY 84, 1861.
Secession on Paper and Rebellion in Fact.
North Caroline, mek.ee the eleventh State In
.Mnh aa ordinance of eeoeesloa hubecopee
mi. ' Whether suchl farce will be enacted In
i.h.f Mr'fliua..KeBtack or Missouri, re-
nilus to e eeea. At present, the hopes of tbe
uAM.ianl.u In reetrd to those Sutes esnnot
In r aanzuloe. . ",' 'T ' . .". .
Bat ' wht does Ln ordinance of accession
.rnnnnt ta.1 . Before the Federal Constitution,
It amounts to nothing, and 1 utterly fold. The
neoDle ofnStete or portion of them may
nssuee .tbemseUes with declarations on psper
- that the ere ont of the Ualoo; but suob eoia
..ilm,.. entitled to no more respeot then
tesolves by the Inmates of our Lunatic Asylum
that ther ere out of the Bute 01 uam. ,
The United Sutes Constitution does not pre)
htMi an nortion of the people of Any Bute
whether assembled In a legislative or any other
capacity, from letting off ny eurplus excitement
thevmev be troubled witn, oy reeoivwa;
eelves out of the Union, or doing sny other
,.it. tmMA end inconelstant thing. Ail this
ma be leeitlcaate amusement, end psrt tnd per.
eel of thst "Urge liberty" whloh to guaranteed
to all Amerioen elt'iens. Suoh aots may seem
to imply that the Federal Government bti not
noted in rood faith toward the complaining par
ties but the Government does not prosecute for
either written or verbal slander of Itself. Iu
eta are snbmitted to the final j udgment of the
whole Amerksan people, and from their decision
there is no appeal, ,
..But however innocent and harmless an ordl
nsnoeof secession may be err s, and as revo
lution on paper merely, yet when citizens, acting
under the delusive notion that it has the force
and validity of paramount law, seize tbe publio
nronertv of tbe United Sutes and resist tbe exe
eution of the Federal laws, they become rebels
nd traitors to the Government to which their
primsry allegiance is due, and must be dealt
with accordingly. They bave tnen vioiaiea mat
whioh to established and acknowledged by the
sovereign people ol this country as the supreme
law of the land. They may attempt to Justify
their rebellion by gasconading about vindicating
the right of self-government; but they alma
deadly, though Impotent, blow at that right,
when they refuse obedience to the Constitution
which tbe American people have esUbllshed
upon tbe basis of their sovereign will, for the
protection of every individual, corporate and
It baa been said that tbe loyal citizens of tbe
United States are contending for an idea that
la, against tbe theory that a State has the right
to secede. This, we take It, Is, as to tbe mass
ol the people, a mistake. Tbey cue little what
theories politicians or political philosophers may
entertain about the right or wrong of secession,
provided alweyr, that there Is no overt act of
rebellion or treason against the United States,
the Constitution and tbe laws. It is such acts,
and such only, that have roused in the people
the determination to maintain the Constitution
and preserve the Union, at any price and at ail
haiirds. s v.
, .' Tbe census of 1800, compared with that ef
. 1859, shows some curious facts in regard to the
ejomnaratlve number of fugitive slaves. It so
pears that, although the slave population In i860
eras 749,196 greater than in 185U, tbe number
of fugitives from service was one-fifth lee.
The extot number of fugitives lo 1850, as given
In tbe returns, was 1,011, or one in every 3,165;
In 1860, 803, or one in every 4.918. '
Tae fct is also ahown that tbe Border Slave
Sutes, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Ken
tucky and Missouri, lost but 452 slaves in 1860,
against 541 in 1850. In but seven or the fif
teen alare Sutes was there any loo-ease In the
number of fugitive, and to most of these that
Increase was trifling. . . ' ,
TTT Tn Damocreov of TJnlotf eoantv bald tbtlr
primary elrctlons on tbt 8th da of Jane. Tola I the
flret movement In the flfcte preparatory M tha tall amo
tion. Tha Democracy of Holmes an a nobla gat of Baa.
aai ai crat aa ami; ther will (It a goad account o!
themeelrco next ftll. StaUiman.
From the above artiele, copied from tbe Ohio
Statttmtn.il aeems tbe Demooraoy of Ohio are
oommeooiDg to martial their boeu for tbe pot it
ioal empigotbUfll. Ae theeleotlon will be
an Important one, there beiog Bute officers,
members of the Legislature, to , lo elect, and
as the 8utewlll be Districted for tbe election
of Coneresamen by tbe next Legislature, It Is
imoorunt that tbe ReDubl.oms of Oblo be on
the alert to meet tbe opposition ' and malnUln
the sopremacf of Republioao principles In tbe
a m. f . . i i i n .it i . 1 1
Stale UBio IS inoroogniy , nepuuuoau, euu au
that le necessary la a complete organisation,
aooeptable candidates and' a full a'tendanoe
at the polls to ensure success. Cdm Rtpublkan.
The Republic it very ready for an excuse to
abandon Its hypocritical professions of "no par
ty." The movement in Holmes county ! suf
ficient in Its view to put the Republicans of Ohio
on the alert "to meet tbe opposition and main
tain the supremacy of Republican principles In
the StaU." In reply to the Cadis organ, we
would say that the conventions recently held in
the 7th and 13th Districts', by the Republicans,
show that the managers of the party need do ad
monitions from It on the subject. Aa to that
party malnUinlng the supremacy In Ohio, that
is an Impossibility.
What "Occasional" Thinks.
Tbe Washington correspondent of Forney's
Prt$$, In his letter of May 31 ,' says: . ' , ;
I think It will appear that the British Gov
ernment will take advantage of ever opportu
nity to throw obstacles in tbe way of our Gov
ernment, in order to belp the Southern Dis-
nnionists. Lord John Russell eeeme to bave
adopted cotton for hie rule of action instead of
conscience, ana, to pieaee tae commercial ana
manafaoturing interesu of tbe British realm,
will, I fear, proceed to any lengths to compel a
diehooorable settlement of our Internal trouble.
or to throw the preetige of bis position in favor
of tbe Southern rebels. He, and those In whose
name be epeake, will undoubtedly be presently
dvieed, ae I have frequently predicted in tbie
correspondence, fiat waster e eirevmttancrt trill
(A Oourmment of ikt Unitrd Suits treat with ajr
mea fewer Mai lolermtt. veeena, r pal
(tre toil. tfficially er wsjffJieiaUi, Ik hawl
mmd drgraded mtn wet in arms eeSMt tA fitf
seejr fwieis. i
-On this point the Administration and the loy
al men are an enthueiastio noitj and If Lord
John Russell and Lord Plmeveton should be
enabled even to enlist Louis Napoleon la any
attempt to dishonor this Government, tbey will
find euoh an uprUtog on our shores as will be
responded to by tbe whole of liberal Europe,
nd tbe effect will be to deprive tbem not only
oftheeoium ol the South, but to expei tbem
frca the high placee- tbey have occupied so
long. - ' -'' .
FirtsmxKTS m Locumotivb . TiLtosArmae.
Our ciiiaene were cur priaed,. sbout 8 o'clock-,
laat tijiht, to bear an almoft oootlnoous blow
ing o' Iceomo'tre wblstlee at the South Carolina
Suid Ccr?t,. Railroad depoU.,' Upon Inquiry,
I found thai some of the young men ooooeet-
d wltb the telegraphic oiDee were experiment-
kh telreraDblo aieoals bv the locomotive
arctics. TheexDOfiatenu were entirely satis-1
tMityvnmimmmfh t,wsj . -w
Sam. Houston All Right—A Patriotic Speech
, . I w r-
Tbe charge that General Rouitou made a se-
aaaalon eneeeh at Galveeton ta all false He
poke there, however, In deflsnoe of threats,
and an eye witness says: ;
About an hour before the time appointed For
bis address hs appeared, rldlnr through tbe
principal streeU of the city. When he nau
aiignua irom nis oarriage oe ir
momenu, learlessly before the oroed, to con
verse with tome friends. 1 lonoeeu Dim, wuu
other gentlemen, into an adjoining onioe. i oero
were present about twenty, muany pruiuiunu
SaeeaeioolsU, bus frienJe of tho General. All
.!u In anlraaUA him BOt IO DSrSlSl 10 SDCaK-
log when i would IneviUbly be at ibe peril of
blsllie. ineorave did, bikitw, uu u"
anaweri 'l have lived in vain, gentlemen, If I
can not now speak what 1 think. II it has oome
to that bare, 1 may as well die now as at any
Ume." - '
a nmmln.nl SaAaaatnnlat. hnM name IS COtt
spicuoue among tbe rebels ot Tsxas, General
Nichols, during ibta conversation, pu
naeetlona to Honeton tonohini his present poil-
tion. and relauve to oertain remarae o
Dorted to have made He eaked Houston if be
ever had said that Jsfferson Davis was a per-
arilnna traltn. a.nl aa almlDV at QlCUWriai
powers. Turning to him with a look of with
erinc contempt, the old General replied i "I did
. n. and in the oreaeuoe of Uod 1 tblDK so,
and I will say what I think, though the thunders
blast me here." As we startea to go up w
nits hera Houston had appointed to speak, I
beard a man In tbe crowd ask this same Gene
ral Nichols, "Well, what did you get out of the
old meal" To whioh ne replied that "ell be
got from Jhlm wee, tbat be. was going to say
hat ha d A nlaaaad." i
General Houston walked almost unattended
to the hall where be was to speak, bis friends
amldlnv him from fear of lnlurv from the ex
nlted orowd. On arriving there be waa told
that it had been oloeed easiest him by the own
ere, who feared, ite destruction by tbe mob.
Houston replied that be would speak in tbe open
air, then and walking fearlessly through the
orowd to an elevated balcony, oommenoea Die
addrees without tho leaal trace of agitation or
alarm visible noon bie oountenanoe. Alter al
luding briefly to tha events whioh bad transpired
aioce he was laat at Galveston, he boldly vindi
MtMl hli own character from tbe calumnies
which had been heaped upon him by some of
the lying journals in Texas. He tben charac
terized tbe secession of Texas aa Iniquitous and
prejudicial In every way to her beet lotereaU.
He said that disunion migui oe m tu hwu'
ant nn. hot ihara aj a terrible reaoiion ti
come, which would be beard, and that he stood
in waiting attitude for toat time to oome
A writer in the New York Entning Pest.hav
fne- awarded to Gov. Dinnison the credit of
'our Improved militia system," a correspondent
of the New York Wtrld, writing from this city
on tbe 17th May, thua refers to tbe subject:
Glorv. like responsibility, ebould be placed
here it belongs! and I am oorry that I cannot
remember tbe Latin sentiment neariy so me
earns eueet. ACjuunt wenerat warnngiou i
the author of tbe eyetem, which givee Ublo an
available arm v of half a million, by dividing
the able bodied white citlxeoe into a corps of
lmmedlau operation, and a reserve oorpe i be
army of active service Includee the thirteen
regtmenu mneterod into toe general eervice,
and eome nine regimenu of Bute troops now in
eamn. and undergoing discipline. - Tbe reserve
militia can be organized at once, by responsible
citizens, who choose 10 enlist companies of one
hundred men, and return tbe rolls of enlistment
to the adjutant general. The eomoaniee form
ed In this way will be tbe Aral received into aot
rial eervice, on a future requisition, and I bave
understood from tbe department that some three
hundred companies are already organized. I
ay, with a good deal of satisfaction, tbat tho ad
jaunt-general baa discharged with promptness
hli tunotioos, ana dm snown nimeoii cqoai io
aadden exieeoev. He to a man of military eru
dition, and is aa enthusiast in the eauie of tbe
militia. He has framed his sysum upon ,uro
pean modele, and realtytr strikes me e ad
mirably efficient tad tboroogh.
The Effect of War.
If the following etatement of tbe effect of
war npon the interesu of the people of Great
BriUln, during a period is which ahe was In
volved In a very serious war, be correct, the
people Of the United States need have no special
conoern about their material Interests during
the existence of the present war. We copy from
Alison's History of Europe: '
NotwttbsUndlng the unexampled difficulties
which had beaet the British Empire in tbe years
1799 and 1800, from the extreme severity of
the scarcity during that period, and tbe vast
expenditure wblcu tbe campaigns ol these two
tears bad oooaeioned, tbe condition of the
Empire In 1801 was, to an unprecedented de
grre, wealthy and prosperous- Tbe great loan of
iweoty-nre miutooe oi mat year was oorrowea
at a rate of Interest under six per cent., al
though loans to the amount of above two bun
dred millions had been contracted In the eight
preceding yean; the exports, as compared
with what tbey were at tbe commencement of
tbe war, bad tripled, and the ImporU more
than tripled, in addition to tbe vast sums of mo
ney which the nation reqaired for lu loans to
foreign Powers, and pay menu on account of Its
own lorcee in loreign pans, nearly a lourtn
bad been added to the tonnage of the chipping
and tbe seamen employed lo it during tbe same
perlodi while tbe national expenditure bad risen
to above sixty-eight millions, of which nearly
forty millions were provided from permanent or
war taxes. Contrary to all former precedent,
tbe country bad eminently prospered during tbie
long and ardueua struggle. Notwithstanding
tbe weight of lu taxation, and tbe Immense
sums which had been squandered In foreign
loans or cervices , and, of course, lost to tbs
productive powers of Great Briuln, the industry
or tne nation, in au its orancnes, naa prouigi
ouslv Increased, and capital was to be had io
abundanoe for all the innumerable undertakings,
both nubile and private, which were going for
ward. Agriculture bad advanced in a etill great
er degree than population j the dependence of
the nation on foreign supplies wea rapidly di.
minlebed; and yet the United JUngdom, which
bad added nearly a sixth to lu inbabiunts
since 1791, numbered about fifteen millions of
souls In the British lules, 'Tbe divlsiono and
dieaffectlons which prevailed during the earlier
years of tbe war Bad aiotoetentireiy oissppear
ed; tbe atrocities of tbe French Revolution had
weaned all bnt a few inveterate Democrats from
Jscobinlcal principiee; the Imminence of tbe
publio danger had united the great body of the
people in a strong attachment to tbe national
color) tbe young and active party of the popu
lation had risen into msnhood since the com
mencement of tbe contest, and Imbibed wltb
their mother's milk tbe entbueiastlo feelings it
wee calculated to awaken: while tbe Incessant
progress and alarming eonqueeu of France bed
generally diffused the belief that no security for
the national independence waa to be found but
in steady reeiaunce to IU ambition. A nation
animated with euch feelings, and poseeesed of
such resources, waa not aareaeonablv confident
in Itself when it bade defiance to Europe in
arms," - ''.'.-
j .i tr sBi ' i i "'
Caor inn Fiott Pawners. We. have nude
luauirv of farmers from different puts of the
county, from which we learn that tbe prospect.
ie fair lor a good crop or woeal, aitoougn not a
large crop.. The bottom lands and river and
creek bills will do well, but on the npland flats
tbe wheat U poor. We believe the usual
breadth of land will be planted in corn, although
a good deal leyet ttopiantej, on account of toe
much rain, inere nee been too much wet
weather also for oats. .The pro-peot for grass
la first rater the spring having been favorable
for it aa also for potatoes. Although in places
tbe fruit waa injured, yet, uke the county over,
tbe prospect excellent lor a bounteous yield.
CUrment (0u) (Wtrr, Slst. ; , ,
tswao.;i t; -. ,-. s'.m v vi
' Mamiaoi or rni Trooon Tbe Tycoon of
Jspna waa married on tbe ih of Mar oh to tbe
besutlfol, coompllsbed and only daughter of
tbe Mikado, the Spiritual Emperor of tbe Em
pire , Tbe Tycoon is feur months tbe senior of
the criae, toe lormor oeiug aigaisfn years old
laat November.,, Has-bi-me Is the family name
of tboTiooon.. Be le entitled to eleven more
, Be le entitled to eleven more,
wivea, ot moaemae, according to the laws of the
A Loyal Officer in Texas.
INTERESTING LETTER FROM MAJOR SPRAGUE.
The Albany Argui publishes the following
latter, received ov a trentleman in tbat city from
Major Bprague, who was recently taaen prisoner
tbe traitorous I exann
SAN ANTONIO, Texas,
Wednesday, April 24, 1861.
Dtaa Siai Slnoe my last letter events bavs
culminated here so rapidly it Is Impossible for
me to narrate tbem in oeuu. lomyieir, tne
most Important event la my arrest aa apriaooer
oi war. Tbe deolded measures adopted in
Washington towards the Confederate ptetes
alarmed tbe authorities in nionrgomery, wnen
orders were transmitted to arrest and disarm
tbs Uulted States troops n rsufs out or Texas
nnder the agreement made by Geo. Twiggs,
aud to arrsat tbe Uuitea outee cmoers on auty
In San Autooio. "as prisoners of war." Ibe
Stored engagement made by Texas, tbat the en
tire oommand serving in that State ebould pass
out unmolested, bas been disregarded, ana
Texas, through ber recently acknowledged gov
ernment, hae participated in tbla most graoeless
act. 11 wen ouicere nave oeen arreetea auu
marched through the streets of San Antonio,
surrounded by a guard of Texas volunteers -
Most of these oinoers nave served irom nre io
ten yean protecting the frontier. When com
ing Into the eeoeoed states, in renruary last, on
my way to New Mexico, I bad serious appre
hensions of the present result, and endeavored,
bytimelj application to the proper authorities.
to avoid it, but was uosuccesaiui. ana nere i am,
"a nrlsoner of war." If Uken In conflict, or
In any honorable mode of warfare, I would not
grumble; but to be crushed in this manner, a
victim to tbe treachery of olhera, la more than
man oan bear. I have served lor twenty-two
years under our flag, snd seen it go up and
down with the rising and setting sun, snd bave
witnessed Us blesaiugs, ltn a proud nearc, in
all parU of our country. To tbla Union I am
devoted, and though lor a time my sword may
rest in Its scabbard, yet my tongue, heart, Intel
lect and pen, shall be devoted to en eternal war
fare againet those who, with vlndlotlvs spleen,
and pretended wrongs, would destroy this Gov
ernment, nnder which we bave lived and pros
pered so mtny years.
Political parties and questions are now at an
end, the negro has gone under, neck and heels,
and It becomes every man who cberishee bis
home to etand by tbe Union. We bave parolee
offered, obligating us not to bear arms during
what tbey, tbe enemy, call the war, unless ex
changed, or to remain close prisoners of war
All communication with the Sutes by mall or
otherwise Is cut off, and the entire country Is
uoder tbe control of ranging volunteers The
officers and men, though removed Irom all con
nection wltb tbe Government, and entreated by
tbe agents of the Confederate States to join
their cause, with the prospect of increased rack
and pay, have remained true to their colors, in
tbs firm eonvlotion In tbe ability and patriotism
of tbe people te redress our wrongs. Shall we
remain here ae prisoners, or take a parole and
trust to luck! Tbat u tbe question. I give
yoa a few of tbe heavy Items received by the
last mail from New Orleans, which are certain
ly not encouraging to prisonere of war In a for
eign land, viz : President Lincoln has fled from
Washington; General Scott resigned and olued
tbe Confederate Staiet; Tennessee, Maryland
and Virginia out of the Union; tho Seventh
New Yoik Regimeut cut up en routs through
Baltimore for Washington; fifty thousand men
Irom the South surrounding Wasblogton, and
tha women and cnlldren notified to leave; Gos
port Navy Yard uken by Virginia alter a sharp
conflict forty Union men killed How true tbe
foregoing le we are yet to learn; doubtful if we
ever know the (ruin, 11 depending upon the news
papsrs received here. It Is tbus tbe citizens of
this section are taught to believe tbat tbe uov-
ernment of the United Sutee ie at an end ' I
send this by a friend, who will put it iu tbe first
reliable posuomce probably St. Louis
' Another Item has just come to band through
tbe euge way bill from Iodianoia, ou the coast
one hundred and fifty miles dUunt. Tbe Star
etAs West, awaiting tbe arrival of tbe United
Sutes troops to embark to New York, bas been
stolen by tbe Secessionists, and tbe troops on
der Major Sibley, while on board lighters off
tbe bar, have been surrounded by two armed
steamers from New Orleans, eonulnlng six
hundred men, with artillery, and made prison
ers of war, Tbe offieere aud men, it Ie said,
have taken paroles. Here egain tha attempt
was made to seduce them from their olorc by
rank end pay, but without euoceee. It le tbus
eveoU accumulate around nt, sad and disastrous
Indeed, but our faith Is firm. We may be die
couraged, treated with indignity, our Govern
ment derided, even our allegiance, nnder these
disasters, ridiculed, still thsre is an unwavering
ndellty to our Union, among tbe omcers and
soldiers of tbe Army In this quarter, which
cannot be questioned nor aurpaesed It looks
rather dark at present, but daylight Is brsaklog,
even in tbie remote and foreign lard I never
thought tbe time would eome when I would be a
stranger among my own oountrymeo. I fear
there is a worm planted witbla our bosoms that
will never die. As
J. T. SPRAGUE.
GENERAL ORDER—No. 20.
HEAD QUARTERS OHIO MILITIA AND VOL.
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
COLUMBUS, O., May 22, 1861.
The uniform of the Militia of tbe Reserve
will be as follows:
For officers Press aionn: . Ohio StaU
Regulation uniform. Sereics uniftrmt The
same as Company, adding tbe appropriate un
drees badges ol rank- Offieere may exeroise their
option of purchasing only the sereiee uniform, at
For privates Cae: fatigue; color, grey; visor,
straight; black welt or cord in seam or crown
and upper edge ol band. .
-Cms Zjuive Jtckel; color, grey; sUnding
collar, regulation cut.
The jacket will fall four Inches below the
belt, being; cnt away from tbe lower button,
having summed spring to fit tbe hips and back
snugly, leaving full freedom of action to tbe
. Cuff, caller and jacket to be trimmed with
hall inch black braid, set baok half an inob
from the edge. Army buttons, medium eize,
three on each cuff, and five in front, buttoning
irom me top down t) tbe belt.
TVetwera Same material as coat, with black
welt or cord in outer seam.
Shirt Grey, with two bands of hslf-inoh
blaok braid running down the front, two inohee
SergeanU and Corporals will wear the nsual
badge of office, made of same braid as the trim
mings of the jacket.
This uniform can be procured at a price rang
ing from eeren to ten dollars, according to Quali
ty of material. ' A sample uniform will be de
posited at the office of tbe Quarur Master Gen
eral, and cut of tbe same will be given in tbe
second edition of tbe Book of Sute Regula
H. B. CARRINGTON,
By order of Commander-in-Chief
GENERAL ORDER—No. 21.
HEAD QUARTERS OHIO MILITIA AND VOL. MILITIA,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
COLUMBUS, May 22, 1861.
AU comntniesof tbe Militia of the Reserve.
all companies of Volunteer Militia, and all pri-
vau military organizations in tbe Sute, having
arms, or oontracu for tbe purchase of arms,
are urged to report to tbie Department forthwith
lull particulars respecting euch arms, or oon
tracu lor arms, lo order that full and early In
formation may be bad as to tbe available force
whioh can be depended npon, for lojal or gene
order of the Commander-ln Chief, i
H. B. CARRINGTON,
GENERAL ORDER—NO. 22.
HEAD OHIO MILITIA AND VOL. MILITIA,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE,
COLUMBUS, May 22, 1861.
All applications for the United Sutee three
years' eervios must be made oy companies, and
the oompiete roll must be filed with ibis Depart
ment, by Monday noon, the 98th InsUnt, A
general order will be Issued ae soon ss prac
ticable thereafter, announcing too. companies
assignea to Mat service. i... - .. t.
order of tbe Commander-in-
H. B. CARRINGTON,
'Mr', ilarfie. American Miulator to Jansn.
has had an audience of tbe Tycoon in hie new
palace, tbe flret tourvlcw accorded by that po-
The War from a Commercial Point of View.
[From the London Times Article.]
The favorable tendency of the eommorolal
symptoms continuee to be checked by each pew
arrival irom Amerloa, and as one ot tbe latest
telegrams received on Saturday announoee that
inertia ot exchange bad reoeded lQ,llb,
that stocks were etill falling, and that commu
nication wag qui off .and business entirely
suspended, many persons will be disposed to ap:
preoeaa another heavy dram ot gold irom this
side, tnd further serious Injury to all depart
ments of trade. Tbese alarms, however, will
subside with a little e xamiuatbn. Tbe power
of America to draw gold from us is to bs meas
ured precisely by ber ability to send us some
thing tbat Is the full equivalent of void Now,
the greater part of tbe cottou shipments oi tbe
season have been already effected, while, as re
gards grain, everything will depend on tbe pros-
oscu or our own burvest, ana we snau not uxe
Irom Amerloa a single bushel more tban we re
quire, whether she is at peace or war The only
difference that war can make in mat respect win
be tbat our shipowners will get tbe preference for
carrying, and therefore tbat, ae far as freight Is
Involvedi the amount of our remltunces In pay
ment will be proportionally lessened. If it be
eald tbat tbe panlo throughout the country will
Induce nil possessors of produce to hurry it for
ward as fast as possible for realization, the an
ewer ie that, uuder the Influence of our bigb
prices, tbe resources for transport by railway and
cabal were previously taxed to tbe utmost, and
that tbe effect ol domestio anarchy must be rath
er to lessen than to extend the ordinary facili
ties. Again, if it be urged tbat tbe existence
of war will totally preveut the Amerloana from
taking any of our goods, and tbat consequently
our prospeois will now bs worse than tbey bad
been made even by the Morrill Tariff, the answer
is equally consolatory. Tbe assumption that tbe
Americana will import no Eutopcan goods, and
Uke nothing but gold for all tbe produce they
may eend to ue, would simply Involve a reversal
of all tbe common experiences of war, domestio
or foreign. ' The usual consequeneee of war are
the Impoverishment of a cjuutry, irom its ex
penses being greater tban tbe iucome from iu
productions: but if, on the contrary, we are
now to see It attended by a steady augmen
t.uion iu metallic .wealth, and a eonse
qucLt plethora in tbe money market, the
anomaly will be presented ol a State In
creasing in financial solidity lu tbe midst of de
vastation. Already the rite of discount in
New York bas fillea below any former prece
dent, and If this Is to go on from a further flood
of gold arrivals, tbe only inconvenience felt by
the mercantile community will be tbat of an
overabundance of resources, especially as tbey
will be enabled to liquidate any old engagements
on tbie eide at a moat convenient and promanie
rate of exchange. Of course, such a condition
of affairs may prevail temporarily, but tbe ul
timate notion must be entirely tbe other way.
Tbe employment of British In place of Ameri
can vessels Is an Instantaneous indication of
this; and other evidences will soon follow. Tbe
waste of material from modern warfare bss
recently been too well ascertained; and all this
waste In America must be supplied by impor.
tations, unless it is to be Inferred that at tbe
hour when a large portion of tbe valuable 1
bor ot the country is transferred to military
dutle, the labor available for manufacturing
and productive objects will be greater than ever
la tbe South, a 3 UUU.UUU loan bas already
been raited for the purpose of paying for the re
quisite supplies, and tbe tariff in tbat eection
will present no difficulty to their admission
In tbe XV oitn, where tbe expenditure will be still
greater, the Morrill tariff, which seems to bave
been Iramed for tbe promotion of smuggling,
must become a dead letter; elnce an efficient
watch on all tbe coasts and poru must, la tbe
existing confusion, be out of tbe question. In
every way, therefore, the conclusion is forced
upon us tbat so lar Irom tbe present rush ot
evenu being calculated to draw away our means
and btiog embarrassment on tbe London Money
Market, it Is likely to bave a directly opposite
result, w bile there was a possibility of bostili
ties being avoided, and tbe people were still at
tending to tbeir ordinary labors, and practising
unwonted economy Irom tbe dread or contin
gencies, it was easy to tee that the pecuniary
balance would for m certain time be heavily
against ni. Tbe transmission of American ee-
curitiee to our market lor baaty realization
may even now for a short period aggravate tbat
tendency. To those, however, who look beyond
tbe moment, it must be plain that everything In
tbe late advioee lends, so far aa tbe bullion
question Is concerned, not sgalnst, but in favor
or our prospects; but these accounts are not for
tbat reason the lese deplorable.
A Curious Correspondence—How Ex-Senator
Benjamin Failed to Seduce a Maine Sea
Tbe Portland (Me-) Argus publishes tbe fol
lowing eorreepondence: ".,,
Dean Biai I am requested by Secretary Mai
lory to indite you a few lines eolioillog vour ac
ceptance of a commission, commanding in tbe
Confederate Navyjuf America your pay to go
ou from the dae of secession of your native
auu (a. u ; . x our high capabilities and quail
fioitlons as a seaman and navigator, and kuowl
edge lo angles, etc., etc., and associations of
your honorable lamily, proclaim you to be a
man Of honor; consequently adhering to the
great fundamental law of nature home first.
the cause of your own hearth-side before that
or strangers. But worse tban all, these Strang
era bave waged war sgalnst us, and you are
abiding wltb them tbus endorsing tbeir acts;
oan you wantonly aoanaon your country Dy
forminir an alliance with a Northern lad,? a
a Here you are offered rank, honor,
station and everlasting employ; whilst tbe cold
hearted Northerners will even refuse you (em
ploy). Answer io haste, and if vou need funds to ai
most any amount, fall not to let me know. I
still bave you supplied by Southern friends at
In haste, yours truly
J. P. BENJAMIN, Att'y Gen'l. C. S. A.
To Capt C. Lee Moses, Saco, Me.
Montgomery, 9th, April 1861.
"OLD ORCHARD HOUSE."
SACO, Me., April 17, 1861.
Ma. J P. BttiMtw Sir: Tour letter of the
9th bas been received, aod I wish vou and Mr.
Mallory to distinctly understand tbat I hold no
conterenoe wltb traitors. ' Tbe banner etamped
npon this ilip of paner Is bit adoration, it has
real beauty, God bless it now and forever, and
eurses ftps aim icAo trample upon il in tht 06
seece of mmlinctt to jroiret .' ' I era and have
been elnce last October' tbe husband of a Saoo
lady. e I was born in South Caro
lina, but, thank God, left It In my childhood daj
wltb all my family. I will take employ here
before the mast, In preference to your highest
- As a gentleman; I was in dnty bound to reply
to your letter, ear tes it o your msi te me, -
Ths American flag, long toay aha ware
1 O'er the land of tbe fretand the traitor's grsvs..
C. LEE MOSES,
A Northern made Sailor and Unionist.
1 Tbe Areas states that Captain Moses is a
relative oi senator cecjamtu. .-:
- - ii i i ....
The Position of Kentucky Beginning to be Understood.
-.- ; .-. dsrstesd. ' t
The Louisville (Ey ) Democrat observes,;
Tbe position of Kentuolty seems to be now
better understood, and ber patriotism maro
completely ecprecuted. oome of tbe Dress,
that, like wiseaores of an hour, discussed and
denounced her, are gradually awakening to tbe
conclusion tbat perhaps ibe State was wiser than
they gave her credit for. It is found that she
bas taken a true, conservative position, and, oc
eupying it, will form a nuoieue around whioh
tbe friends of constitutional liberty oan rally.
Ae a belligerent, she eould do nothing; but as a
neutral, sue can defend effectually ibe rlgbte of
the South. Virginia, while she stood firm, held
the Government on the esetern borders in check.
Tbe Southern fire eaters abused ber, but did
not attempt to tread on ber. . Tbe North was
divided, a majority being opposed to coercion,
and especially careful noi to offend the border
Sutee Professions of good will and esteem.
together with subatantlal proofs of it, were given.
Virginia eeeeaeo, ana a lew daye afterward the
United States troops passed through to Wash
ington, and the Government- bas' elnce bm
drawing a network of lines about Harper's Per
ry. Tbe western portion of the State repels the
idea of dieuuloo. . Life, liberty, end happiness,
beve given way to misery, debauchery, aod tbe
marching of trooosj-- - V,Ki
r"i.,Wben 1 em .man!", is "iht poeiry:
childhood. "Wben t was t child I'M. thd
Goatrr or Old are. wi ..:.. j;i
m w , i '
Letter Marque Debate in the House of
In the House of lords on the 10th of May,
the Earl of Derby eald that he understood that
her Majesty's government had Com to the) con
clusion that toe Southern States of America
were to be considered us a belligerent power,
and bad rei erred certain pointa to tbe consider
ation of the law officers of the Crown. Tbe
Southern Confederacy had sent out lettere of
marque lor the purpose of covering tne sea
with privateers, but the Northern Sutee had
declared an Intention Of treating privateers as
pirates. He wished to oall tbe attention of tbe
government . to the position In' whloh British
sailors might be placed, for if there wan one
thing that bad attractions for Itbem, it waa pri
vateering, it waa also desirable that tbe British
merchants should know in what position they
stood as neutrals, and also that some declara
tion ebould be made with respeot to Brltitb
subjects becoming privateers. He believed tbat
tbe latter wee a criminal onence, out tne possi
bility of this country beiog involved in tbe dls-
puu between tbe two sections ol the American
States was so serious tbat he sincerely concur
red in tbe prayer or tbe noble lord (JUordJ.
Rua-elDtbat we m'gbt keen out of it. H
hoped. lAsreere, tAet it would o tfistiaeilif deelsr
td thai il any Btitith ubjeei entered upon prfve-
ttilri0,AwiMt wet loe te Ate gotntnmtnl er re
dress er protection, Out lAat hi blood will es en
Ais eiee htad. He hoped that the proclamation
would give a most dtsiiuct and emphauo warn
lug to British sailors, and especially those in
her Maleatt'a aflpvlna . i ..
barl Uranville . said that be oulte agreed in
the appreciation which the noble Earl . ahowed
or the serious oonsequences of this country be
coming Involved in this unfortunate dispute
Tbe noble Earl had correctly understood tbe
answer given In another place, that tht cavern-
ment would issue oroeiemation of toarnieo to
Btiliih oubjteu, but it teas 'aVitreifo that tht
warning of tho proclamation thould be eattfully
eontiderrd, . .. . .
Tbe Earl of Derby said that he wished to
know tr it would bs distinctly declared tbat any
Urttiah subjeot Joining in privateering must not
iook to bis government to save bim irom nis
own criminal acta. - '
Earl Granville apprehended that this would
lot tow naturally irom tne proclamation. ,
Liord Brougham severely aenouneea tneprsa
tioe of privateering, and expressed in a few
brief but eloquent sentences his sincere regret
tbat by mutual concessions tbe horrors oi
oivil war were not likely (o be averted In
America ' ' ''
Lord Colchester reminded their lordships tbat
the right to send out privateers was reeogbized
by international law, and It was only natural
tbat tbs weaker state should resort to this mesne
of annoying a more powerful enemy. ' '
ibesubjeot tben dropped. -i '
Additional Ships of War for the North American
The state of affairs in tbe United States has
compelled Ministers to strengthen the equadrob
under tbe command of Sir . Alexander Mtioe;
tod the Cbl enger a powe lit lorew oorvete
mounting xi guns; tbe Kinaldo, a screw sloop
mounting u guns; and tne iriver, a paddie
wheel eceam sloop, mounting six suns, were
commissioned, audio all probability will be die
patched as soon as ready to tbe JNottn, America
and west ludla station, - in tbe meantime, otn
er vessele now ready for sea will be ordered off
at onus to protect British interests. With ref
erence to these movements, the London Obittv
er says: r
"It is pleasant to bear the very earnest and
deolded piayer of Lord John Russell, tbat we
may bs able to keep out of these eomplications
But it will require all our good will, and not a
little good steering. Tbe questions ot blockade.
efficient or non efficient, ot letters ol marque, ol
free goods of belligerent righu, of rebellion and
revolution, of governmenU at jut and at facto,
of trade and navigation, of nags true and false
of enemies and neutrals, and many more, wilt
certainly arise, and have to be treated with
more than nsual care and consideration. In tbe
meantime, a very considerable increase is about
to bs made to tbe British squadron on the West
Indian and Worth American station, nnder
oool and steady commander, and with Instruc
tions of more than usual caution and forbearance.
becoming our undoubted etrengtb, to be used In
tbe natural duty of protecting tbe ehlpe and
trade oi ureal Britain."
Our dates from Mexico city are to the S6ib
nit By a decree of President Juarez, tbe
President's salary, which has been $36,000 a
year, ts reduced to $30,000. The Minister of
Finance has directed the Custom Honse offi
cials to prevent the exportation of gold and
silver bullion, no matter nnder what pretext.
Tbat gentleman bas eiuce resigned, and been
succeeded temporarily by Senor Mate, (April
23) wboso first measure, according to tbe
tieraldo of tbe S4ih, was tosospend all Govern
ment psymenu. The tax imposed on the osp
ltal for etreet cleaning and paving is complain
ed of as very onerous. The Monitor mibiishes
a letur from tbe town ol Paso del Norte, in
Chihuahua, euticg that a band of filibusUrsjare
collected on tbe banks of tbe Rio Breve, threat
ening an invasion of the frootler States, for
tbe purpose, it Is supposed, of annexing those
States to the Southern Confederacy. Congress
was expeoted to be In session the flret week of
the preeent month. Tbe Heraldo speaks of the
daring moremenU of cerUin reactionists, even
in tbe neighborhood of tbe capital. Of course,
tbe Impoverished and par el j zed Government
gets abused soundly for permitting to exist
what It bss not tbe means to ornsb. Dates
from Vera Cms are to the 81 ioataot. No ad
"Fashionable" Pi aohers. In an exohange
paper, a New York lady le made to write to ber
eon at school: "Dr. Mtundy Is giving us A series
of sermons on tbe different kinds ot wood used
In building: 8olomon'e Temple. Tbev are verv
Interesting and be has sucb a flow of beautiful
words, and euch wavy geatures, aod he looks so
gentlemanly, tbat I bave no doubt ho does a
great deal of sood. Tha church la ilnn full."
' At tbe residence of the bride's father, on tilth Avenue
in Nee York City, oaths 18th lnt.,J. O. KaaxsT, Eiq,,
of this city, and Uisi Alios Haydix, daughter of Psna
SaTBsa,Btq. ' f . ri ft
' Ws congratulate cur friend SiaKiV and bis fair
partner upon this fulfillment of their fondest anticipa
tions, and trust there Is In store for them an inexbauitl
hie fund of connubial bllis to be drawn upon daring
the remainder of their joint lives. They hare our
warmest wishes for their future welfare and happiness.
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS.
OEALED PROPOSALS WILL. BERK.
O oernd at the Offica of the Oommlsaarr tieoerai of
uaio until diTUBUAi. nv in loo I, at o'clock P.
M., fpr Ue following Subsistence Stores to be dellrered
at Hanetta. unio, tii:
IH) barrels Olrar Hen Pork, or
(83 barrels Ue.s Pork. (Vrlce of each )
.1000 pounds Hard Bread, i , i1 i
7J bMhO'S Wblts Bfans. ' ' ' -' i '
1800 pounds Klo Coffee.
3X00 pounds Prime N. O. Sufrar in Barrels.
' SliOgallons PureOMerTlneiiar. . --
' eso vonnda Preiead Tallow Candles. ' ''
I UuO pounds Hard Boan. ' . .
' Staples required of Bread, Coffee, Sugar, Candles, and
Soap. . .! ,
Irery article to baput up la sound pvkae of suffl-
cieni iiraniia loriransporisuon wiinout Injurr, and to
om oi uaunt uaiiiy.- no allowance made ror Pack
Ths supplies to be d'llrered at Marietta to the Assirt
Unl OoesiDlawryoy Vrlday, the Slst day of May, 180 .
. aidsenwiiistetewhaiber their btds oorwr tbe whole
list or articles, or ntthrreaoh articles as nay bs ae-
ioica wn: aiarnuan oy ueas ; ai toe prioe named,
er at any other mice. . . j , ,.,
' Bidders sauet be prepared ts enter Into contract st
von, on ui aocapiaooe or insir Diae, ana glee sttlsftc,
tory teearliy forth (ulOHmont of theooolraot, "
Columbus, Oblo, May Si, 1861.' - -- it,l
qcott's) tnv 'aji fnr. tactic-, i
iHo04H' J44fl.n4 3t,,gM '"trylaotlcs, I Vols.,
tSSj toyenet'Iaeretaes, hy Oen! Moblellan,
j Dulled Slates Mliltsry Tactics, (by authority) II 83,
Tolnoteer's Manual No. I aod 8, 85 aeolseasb. -
Handy nook for tbe (J. B Bxldler, ti osots.
': UTlhe trade euppUed on favorable terms.
1. IL MUT.
OolussVas, May 83,18tl.td3t. it
t A '-.1 i In a),
. and at Tar
O SDAVTLSll. la all desirable colors
ta..' 'j nj
Ip-TBl AHBBI0AN WaTQH OOMPAKT, et Walt'
bun, Haas., bp to call the attsatloa ef the publio
following smphatle rseostmsiidatloa t Wallham
Wutchet, by the leading practical Watohaakrsan4 Jew
slsia throughout the United. States. . The eutlrs list of
slgnatmss to it It quite toe long for publication In one
adrsrUsemeuti bat tbs names prsienUd will bs reoog-
nltsd by those acquainted with tbt Trade as being la tb e
klihsst degree reapsetabls and and Influential. At tbelt
sstabllahmsnUluar alwa ss found ths genuine ytch.
of the Company's manufaetare, lu treat varltty.
. , - - i i . t
Signatures from many cities and towns not fully
resented la this list will appear In a future adver ,
TO THK PUBLIC.
. i - -
The uadersi joed, practical Watchmakers sod dealers in
Watches, having bought and sold American Watohes tt r
number of years past, and having dealt la all kinds o f
foreign Wstobes for a much loager period of time, btj to
state that they have never dealt In Watches which, ss s
olast, erla lodlvldaal laitaaets, have been mora sails
factory to themselves or eustomsrs, whether In respeot s
durability, beauty of Anita, mathematically correct prr
portions, accurals sonpsnsatlon and adjustment, or of
In Hmt Jtttping rttultt, than those uanufaetmed by
the Wallham Company. , ," ,
It. I. CRTTTINDJN, - Olereland,-1 Ohio.
WJ. BlIKST, 'Columbus,-
JAMES J R088, ' ' Zaneevllle, -
H. JENKINS CO., Cincinnati, "
BEQ08 SMITH, " "
WU WIL90N MeORE W, " . . .- i " I
DCHMI S 00., " . i
0 OSOAMP. . ,. , - " ,. . " '
0 PLATT. Delaware, v'..
KINCl fc BROTHER.; Warreo, - '
J. T. St I. U. EDWARDS, : Chicago, . , ,,'U
P. J. ALKXANDeR, U Salle, "
JOHN H. MORBE, Peoria, " '
A. HEPPLER. '
W. H. RIOHUONO, " . " ..f
H. D. EATS, Blooming ton, . " i
A. B. GILLCTT, " '
8. V. ULLISTON, -. . . Decatur, . t .."
J. B ODRRAN, spring field, t r ' I
J. W. BKOWN, . 4ulnoy, ,,.f . : "
B. B. TOBIN. - i - ..- .! "
BA8SB H0LMAN, " , I '
A. P. BOYNTON, flalena, "
WIS. M. KAYO, . Jacksonville,
B. NORTH BY, Cherry drove
A. W. FORD, Preeport, . : '
WH.SOHKRZEB, Pu, "
J. M. VOX, Canton . ,
WILLARD ScTJAWLlY, . Syracuse, . M.' Tl
N. HAIQHT, lies-burgh,''''"
H. es I. ROSENBERG, . Rochester, ,
0. A. BURR St 00. ' . "
B. 8. ETTBNIlEtMEIfc CO. " ' ' '
WM. B. TAYLOR, TTHoa,
W. W. HNNAU,
H. R- At H. 0. CARPENTER,
BAIOHT st LaAOH,
JAMES nYoe, . .
JOHN H IVES,
Troy, - "
J. N. BBNNBT,
A. 8. STORMS.
WM. 8. MORGAN,
J.A.CLARK, . .
BLOOD At PCTUAM.
JOHN J. JENKINS,
W. H. WILLIAMS, '
L. 0. UUNNINO.
CBA8. H WILLARD,
W V BINUBaM St CO., .
OBAS. 0. VftKMOfl.
0. A. DIOKEITPEW,
0. D. BASOOMck CO.,
J. M. STaNSH
THE J. P. PICKERINa,
M. 8 SMITH
A. B. VAN COTT, - '
JOHN KLEINS, ,
W. A. GILES,
REINEMAN St ME7RA!T, ,
BaM'L BROWN, Jr.,
W. T. KOPLIN.
GEO. W. STEIN,
GEO. Sf BIN,
bam'l gaum an, , -
Joseph ladomos, .
GEO. W. MoOALtk,
PRAN0I8 0. POLACK,.
O. M. ZAHN,
Cataklll, . .
Radne, u .
Prairie du Ohlan,
.. - x '
Allentown, ' -Waotobeeter,'
B. AUGUINBAtJOn, '
8 T. HOP MaN.
J. 0. BANNA,
O. T. ROBERTS, .
J. 0. Solon.
OBAS. L. PISBES,
r. s. et. OLAl-l,
R. ScA. PSTERBOY,
W. T. RAB,
NOOH P. BILLS,
HBftRY H. JAMES,
T. 8. LITTLE
0 ARSON St B if ANSON, . ,
A. W.PILH. " '
SIMPS' N At PRIOE,
V. W.SKIPP. .
j. at a Gardner . ,
J T. SOOTTStCO..
T. B. HUMPHREYS,
B. A. VOQLEK,
f. W.LEINBEOK, . ; .
J. W. MONrGOMERY,
BENJ E. COOK, '
8 OIIILDS, - i
DEXTER st HA.8KIN8,
B D. USD ALB, i .
A BERT PITTS, i '
. Wheeling. '
' Northamoton, Mass
Mew Radford, '
ELLIS GIFtORO. . .
t. W. MAOOMBER,
J.J BURNS, . . , .
T. M LAMB,
B. N. STOUT, - c
0. W. POOO. v .
W. M. ROOT. -.-.
JOHN B. SCOTT,- ' :
N.MOODY. . ,
WM. KUKBAH, Jr., r
THOMAS STEELE Ac CO.,
HBMINQWaY At BrkVENS,
WM. ROOBRe st SON, . . .. .
B. BENJAMIN, ' T
J. B. KIRBY,
GBOaeB BROWN, - ,
B.I. BUN riNGrON k CO.,
SJ. A. WOODPORD,
II. D. BALL.
John l. smith,
john gordon, . . v
J. 0. BLaCKMAN,
JA8.R. AYRE8, ' , I
Ii. R.H ANDERSON, ..
N. 0. OARR, '' "
GEO. W. DREW At CO.,
B. J. MELLI8H,
W. 0. 0. WOODBURY,
WM. B MORRILL, : '.
OHAS. B. BAOOH,
f. M. BARD180N,
TWOMBLY At SMITH,
HOSES M. SWAN,
- . . .
. New Haven, , "
Ban born ton,
Kzaler, . .
- ' . -
Dover, ' i
! Be. Berwick,.
Baoo, ! ,. ,
Augasla; ,. , .
- Rockland, ....
' Portsmouth, ,
Auburn, . v,
. A B1BHK1LL , ,,
SIMEON BLOOD, ,
ROBERT N. BOD9E,
J.T. HOWLAftD, -TOMPKINS
at MORRIS, "
0. 0. WILLIAMS, -
0. 8. At 0 L. ROGERS, ,
D. B. LU0,
bbinsmaid at bildretb,
0. h. harding, .,
t. c. puinnei, ..
A. A. llMAD,
J. 0. HATES, v
J H. MURDOCH, '' r
0. 0. OHILDS. ' :
-I T '
w North eld( i.. -.
Woodstook. vij.j Hr
-St, Jobtabury, '
81. Albans, - '
" Cbeleea, : :
Bellows rails, "
Mew Orleaaa, 'la"
O. H. HUNTINGTON,
W K. WaLL AOS, r :.s
LE ANDES AMADONy
O. S JCNNINGS,
Nstehes;' r ' fas-.
MtlfarA, J2f 1
Toronto, 0. W1t
CAOTtMAa ear Watch Is aew eateasiveiy eoonttr
felled byforelgB ssaoutectarere, we have te inform the
public that ne watch b of eur prodncUoa which Is uso
eompanled by a eertlfuate of gvottlneseas, bearing the
number of the watch, aad sljued, by cur Treasurer, ti
1. Bobbins, or by oar prsdseessors, Applston, Tracy Is
As these . .1 Sals by Jewelers generally-
throushoat the Ualon, the Amertoaa v7aeht Company
4o set solicit orders for stag Is watches. .L. 11
1 1 r A -.if.l ft 1WBBINS APPLETON
ie f-'w v '-i v, n- . . I : Hi;s
i Aranta, Be, 19 ireaawa ,- r
apM 'i'C et eT.'ei "it et it ty.
BOW I08T, HOW BE8I0RSD.
JTJfiT PUBLISHED. ON TtlH NATOEB. TREA
MKNT AND RAOIOAL CURE Ot BHERMATORUUB A
Beinloal Waakoeaa, Sexual Debility, Norrouinejt.Iu
Yoluotary Smlislona aod Impotenor, mulling Irom
Balf-abae, fco. By Robt. J. Oulrerotll, It. D. Beat
noSer seal, in a plala envelop, to any addrees.post
aia. oo receipt or two stamps, oy vt uuaa. J.J .
LLINH. 197 Bowery, New York. Post Offloe Bos, Ha
,Wd. . . ' marSl:3nulste
iriOI'FAT'9 liirE FUXii.
In all eases of oottlveneas, dyspepsia, bullous ans Uvsr '
affections, piles, rheumatism, fevers snd sgnes, obstl
nets head aches, and all general derangemeDts of health
tbess Pills have Invariably prored a oertain and speedy
remedy. A single trial will place ths LIU Pills beyond
ths reach ofoompetltton In tha estimation of every pa
tient. - ! '
Dr. Moffat's Phoenix Bitters will bs found squally sf
noaotous In all oases of nervous debility, dyspepsia, bead
acbe, the sickness Incident to females Indelicate health,
snd every kind of weakness of ths dlgestlre organs.
for sale by Dr. W. B. MOVfAT, 333, Broadway, N.I.
and by all Druggists. may39-dkwly
The following is an extract from a
letter written by the Rev. J. 8. Holme, paster ol the
Plerrepolnt-Street Baptist Church, Brooklyn, N. Y.,to
the "Journal and Messenger," Cincinnati, 0., and speaks
volumes In faror of that world-renowned medicine, Mas.
Wmsuw's Sootiiihs Sritnr roa OBiinam Tarrauaai
"We see an adTertlsment In your columns of Mas
WursLow's Soothins 8tRor. Now we nerer eald a word
In faror of a patent medicine before In our life, but we
feel compelled to say to your readers mat uusis ns au
bUgWS BAVS TBIID IT, AMD HlOW IT TO SS AU IT
cuius. It Is probably one or tne most surcesanii mrai
dues of the day. because tt Is one of the best. And those
of your readers who hare babies can't do better than
lay m a supply. " oc uyuasw
Ihs Advertiser, having been restored to health la a few
weeks by a very simple remedy, after having offered set
era! years with a severs lung affection, and that dread
disease, Consumption ts anxious to make known to his
fellow-sufferers the means of cure.
Toall who desire it, he will send a copy of the preterit -
Hon ased (free of charge), with ths directions for prepar
ing and using ths same, which they win find a suae Ota
for ComcamoK, ArTHM, BaoKCBins, Ate.' The enly
object of the advertiser In sending the Prescription Is to
benefit tha afflloted, and spread information whloh heoon
oelves to be Invaluable, and he hopes every sufferer will
try bis remedy,' as tt will cost them nothing, and Bay
prove a blessing-
ranies Wlining tne pnicnpnon win pinun anaraas
Rsv. EDWARD A. WILSON,
... i . . WIHlamstrargh,
' . - Rings County, New York.
. FBICX8 BEDUCBD
Prom the New orkObsorver.
As all parties manufacturtrg Bewlnr Machines are ob
liged io p.y Mr. Howe a license on each machine sold,
aod are a so compelled to make returns to him, under
oath, as to the number sold, his books give aeorreotstatsv
llneot. Prom this reliable source we bave obtained the
following eiathtlcs. Of the machines made In the year
lfttt, there were sold,
By Wheeler St Wilson 81.305 , ... '
I. M. Singer Co 10.053
" Grorer et Baker 10.280 .
Showing the sales of Wheeler At Wilson to be ioutto
those of any other Company." -Awarded
the highest premiums at the
United States Pairs of 1858, leV and 1B60;: ,
also at tbe ' ; '.
Ohio Slate Pairs of 1859 and IBM;
and at nearly all ths County Pairs In the State. '
Our prices, at the late reduction, art a Un a anf
lock ttich machine now wld. and hut a trifle higher than
the interior (too thread chain McA machinf, aow
forced unon tho market.
Ths WHKBLBH st WILSON HAOBINB makes the
Loca Ptioh the only o ne whloh cannot be raveled. It
It Auss oa Boir Kionof the goods, leaving no rag er
chatnemth undtr tid.
AU mackltut uar'anUd 3 ftart, and inotrucUon
given la their ase, free of onaMO.
II. CRAB Y, 81 High St., Columbus, 0.
WM. SUMNER St CO.,
dec3-2awd3mt6m Pike's Opera Uooss. Cincinnati. .
The Celebrated Horse, Cruiser, t
171 POUTED THIS YEAR FKOBI'
Nngland, by JOHN S. II A RE Y, will stand th'ssea-;
San at tne farm of Ww. H. Rarcy, Groveport, Ohio. 1
Cruiser Is of tbe celebrated Venlion Slock ef England,
and was sired bv old Venison, tbe winner of the Derby
race in 1813. Venison proved himself the stoutest horse .
of bis day, having traveled an foot In one year, when .
only thne years old, nine hundred mikes, and run four-.
teeo raoes, and one twelve.
Cruiser was bred by Lord Dsrchester In 1852; sired by
Venison by Partisan, by Walton, out of Parasol ty Pota
toes, sob of Eclipse. - Cruiser's dam was Bed Rover, by
Tramp, out of jntexloa, sister to Syntax, sirs of Bees-t
wing, the dam of New Mlneter, the mostvalaaHeatallloaJ
now In England, and stands at fifty guineas (8250). a
Thoroughbred mares, One Hundred Dollars. A liber-
al arrangement will be mado with farmers of the neigh- .
borhond wishing to put common bred mares.
O Msree from a distance will be taken ears of.
. may 4 dJtw3t
OPENING OF THE SEASON
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS'
AT P. HOSE'S.
I AGAIN OFFEK TO TBE PCBLIGf
'an satire new stock of Goods In my line. Just porch- '
esed In New York at the cheapest panic rates ,ali of which
I shall s;ll at the smallest profits, for Cub. My ctutoat
srs and friends are respectfully Invited tocaliund exam
ine my Goods aod Pile, aa I am determined te sell ss,
cheap or cheaper than any other house In lheelty;and,
sa I do my own Cutting, and superintend my owabaal
aess, I leal assured, from my long experience mbutl
cesi, to give general satisfaction. The finest of work
men ere employed, and all work dons strictly to time eo4 i
oa ehort notlee, and warranted to St. Btrangers vialtloa
ear city woald consult their Interest by giving me a sail
before purchasing elsewhere. if. RuB, f
1 Merchant Tailor, -i
; marchSO dly Cor. Blah and Zowa sis.
Watctei! Diamondil! Silver Ware lit;
A CHOICE A'SORTBIENT OF GOLD
and Bilver Watches, In great variety.
I am Agent for the Aatoaioaa Watch Oo , and can
sell tbese excellent Watches at manufacturers' prices,
either Wholesale or Retail. -
Oome and choose from my beautiful display et Dia
monds aod other rich Jewelry. 8 ty Its new prices low.. -As
to Silver Ware of sterling quality, I can show aew
patterns, very handsome
silver Plated Ware, Tea Setts, Urns, Walters, Castors,
Biskots, Pltcheie. Goblets, Knives, Porks, Spoons, Ate.
Tben I bave a supply of fine Table Cutlery, Pocket
Knives, Rasors, Ac, and many Pancy Goods suoh as
srs desired for presents at such prices as are an Induce-
mini w we psrcuaaeri wu. dlxmei,
North aids State Bouse S4uars.
THE UNION FOREVER !
UMIOie ErVVFXOPES-A BAM1TI Ok?"
designs, at $4,00 per 1,000. '
' - TJKIOS LEITXB ART) HOTS FAPM?
at hall the price charged by small dealers, I. ... 4
ITTHEAD QUARTERS No. IS South High street.
' Columbus, MayS, loDl. . J.U.BILKI.
GOODS. -,... ; i ,.i'r
1 Novelties la Neck Ties and Scarfs.
I '. "Broa and Gsrrote Collars.'."
I I " 1 " Embroidered Pocket BwdkerchietW. f
I Paris Kid Gloves sup. nor make. , .,.. ... , -
J " Golden Hill Shirts, various styles. 1." :.(. ,
Boys' Golden Bill Shirts, do
' Driving and street U lores, do
Hemmtd Pocket Ilandkerchlefs. various slIaf. - ,
1 Ilalf Iloaa and TTn,l n.rnonla. w ' " .
BAIN BON. '
No. S9 South High street.
MAPS OF THE WAR I
TBE demand hae been great for a reliable map, or maps '
of Our Oounuy, giving all ,-. . , , ,
THE rOttTS, CA8TI.ES, SIILlTABaT
CARIPBs STATIONS, MILITARY
'AND POST BO APS r
and defences of our a ray and those ef ths rebels. These
are aoourate, and everybody should have one.
PBIOE-M ent, Bent by snail OB' receipt ef tha
. A I 1 . 11
smb., . , ... v tit
A liberal dlieounf toPealsrs.
Tbey are Jest the aiad ef document, and most rntetf T
ertiag these times. '"' .' RABPAII. AITOW.
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