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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, June 02, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84028645/1861-06-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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?0L. VII. NO. 308. .NEf, SERIES.
COLUMBUS. OHIO. SUNDAY MORNING. JUNE 12. 1861.
SIX DOLLARS TT2L TX1B,
InttrUblj la 4drjit .
! ; i i-
DAILY. IBI-WEEXLT AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUBLISH ES AND PBOPBIETOBS,
ILT Office Koi. 88, 88 nd 40, Borta High St.
TERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
flail; $6 00 per year.
ny we timer, per ween, is cents.
frl-Weakly - . . . I 00 per year,
weexiy, . . i go
erma o Advertising by the Square.
ne ciu re 1 yeai . , . $20 no
One " 9 li-.oi.ttis 1H 00
One " 1 ri month. 15 00
One - 3 month. 10 00
One " t! months 8 00
One ' 1 month. ' S 110
One tquart 3 weeki. . $4 00
One ." Sweekt.. 3 00
One r lweek... 1 75
On 3 days ... 1 00
One 11 8 days... 73
One ' 1 insertion SO
Displayed alvertlMmsnts bait more than the above
rate..
Adveitlsementi leaded and placed In the column of
BDSciai notices," aouote IM ordinary rate.
All uotices roriutrec to be published by law, legal rates.
If ordered on the inilite exclusively after the ant week
per cent, more than the above ratoa; bat all such wll
appear in the Tri-vveeltly without charne.
Business Cards, not exceeding five line., per year, in
ae, i. uu per line; outsiue m&. .
Notices or meetings, chart tables ooletiee, tire companies,
lie, half price.
All tranaltnt advertUemmt mutt t paid for in
J'lmnct THe rale will not be varied from.
Wookly, saine price as the Sally, where the advertiser
sesthe Weekly alone. W here 'he Dally and Weekly
era both used, then the charge lev the Weekly will be
01 ' tne rates oi trie uany
No advertisement taken except (or a definite period
BUSINESS CARDS.
F. A. B. SIHXIN8,
Attorney at XjCictc
AND NOTARY PUBLIC. .
Office Ambis Building, opposite Capitol Square.
COLUMBUS, ohio;
OOLUMiJ U S
Machine Manufacturing tympany
'
I
III 'fChs24C?.
o Wilis uvil e.e.o.saH .
I
MAKDrAOTDRERI 0
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Castings, Kill-Gearing, Moehlnery.
AL80,
xi.fxilroa.ca. Worlt
or imr DiaoRimoN.
(!OLUinBi;8, OHIO.
CHAR. A MHOS, Bap't. V. AMBOB, Treat,
deoll. IbM-ti
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
RAILROADS.
For Cincinnati, Dayton & Indianapolis!
Through to Indian&Dolis without Change of Care
and but One Change of Cars between
Columbua and St. Louie.
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM-
BUS.
FIRSTTRAIN. '
(Dally. Mondays excepted.) "
NIOHT EXPUK88. via Dayton, at S:4S a. m., stop
ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, Middletown and Hamil
ton, arriving at Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.; Dayton atS:45
a. m., IndianopolU at 10:48 a. m.; At. Louis at 11:50
P B' SECOND TRAIN.
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 a. m., stopping at all B ra
tion between Colombn. and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati 11:0V a. m., Dayton at 9:15 a. m.,
IndianopolU at 2;28 p. m.
THIRD TRAIN.
DAT EXPRESS, at 8:30 p. m., stopping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston, Cedarville, Xenia,
Spring Valley, Corwin, Morrow. Deerfleld, Foster's,
Loveland, Millford and Plalnville, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7:80 p. m.t Bt. Lonia at 18 m; Dayton at 9:33 p.
Idlanopoliiatl0:3ap. m.
leoplnv f'nra on all Nl(rht Train to
Cincinnati and Indianapolle.
DACOACE ' CHECKED TIIUOCGH.
for further Icformation and Through Tickets, apply to
U. L. DOHKail, .
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Columbus, Ohio.
. W. WOODWARD,
Superintendent, Cincinnati.
JNO.W. DOUBRTi .
ju!3 Agent, Oolnmbna,''
pf
:
by
to
It
I
bad
not
- 1 Ju.it BeeelTedl, ; . --ts-.'.-r, '
1AA klF. CI1 CKEEH and BXAC&
1UU XfcAS 100 bags prime Bio Oonee.
1 AO pockeu old Du tch Government Java Coffee. .
75 bgs Ceylon Coffee.
SOObbls. sundard White Sugars, consisting of Pow
dred.Chru.hed, Granulated A and B Coffee.
60 Quintals Qeorge Bank Codflih. '
- aObbls. Me.s and No. 1 Maokerel. - .' -
li tee. Plok Salmon. -.a i. . i
100 bx. Layer Raisins. ?
60 bt. box do do "
100 o.r. box do -' de '' ' ' '
100 M Cigars, different brands and gradee.
novw wm. Mcdonald.
M . C. LILLE Y;
And Blank-Book Manofanturer,
I0BTH BICH ITBXB1, COLOMBirS, OHIO
rll-dly
. Rei3, White and Blue !
DEL AMES, , r , ..
rr
iaiuisu.9,
aiijiis
NECK 11E8.
Justopinedby
' i i i .... .i
-. ... i . (V t:-i 'IV.-
'"'-BAIITetBOir,-'--'
Ke.SVjontbHighftreet'
A NEW HOOP BKIKT,
7.'., )
t ij.- 1
1. 1 1,
13 AIX cs
No. 89i SOUTH HIQH SIBSBt.,
l i U
Have Just received a new make of HOOP SKIftTt
finialwd in a manner far superior to any jet introduced
for " '
. pfiRABUtTYAOT. oiuoara,
mh 83. ' "
FAIfllLV 1XOI1K. '. - -TyilIK
TTHEAT, BBANDED
From "BaniettMilla,"8prtn(rfleld.O. the best brsjUol
'"ut onugus so vai xeetrketM Satt.faetlon aaaranUMd.
- ' - - , - --
w
Ailnen Shirt Busema Pieln and run. a-"
cbirtlngand Bosom Linens,
. Linen Sheetings and Pillow Oasloill;
r, ... -Linen Cambrics and Long Lawns.''
'-"' !-- - Linen Poottet-bemlalfs, all staes.
Linen TowelllngsanflPiapeni
liinen napxinsana DUyltee. -' ii
Linen Table Cloths and Batln Damssln.-' :U ' L
Linen Towers -with colored border; i- J
Linen Btalr Ooverings and Uraahi ' J
Forsaleatlowprtocs.1'' '
febW -Va -
UAin ax nun,
No. 89 Booth High street.
Bo it Nets, iiidbons tabs, and
.BUOnES, new Styles, just opensd by , ,
... ' T l i'-". H i'i BAUf ex SON,",
No. 99 gauth High street.''
A LEXANDttEM KID OLOVEH
i T
f. V All sues and colors Jnst opened at
BAIrtll. c
decll.
No. 89 South High street,
to
Be
k
I
WORCESTER'S
ROYAL QTTABTO DICTIONARY.
r, I sjaaasm
The Lateit The Largest Tlie Beit,
The Cheapest Beoause the Best,
"The Moat Heilabi standard An-
tbority of the Engllab Eangaae;e.''
. . . , Sl Sundmt Sminmt Sducatori of Ohio,
"THE BEST INOLIBB DICTIONARY XXTANT.
Library Jim Evmvhtrt.
"Heie are upwards of a Hundred Thousand Wonls,
whose multifarious sneanlDgs and derivations, together
with the) oorrect spelling, and pronunciation are clearly
sat before lha eve.'
; -v.-; i - f -.!,:: '.t iHntinnaii Ommirolal.
Bead tht JDtcUUm of tha ifembtri of th Ohio 8ta1
2acaf$ Auoot iHon. v
The nnderstrned, members of the Ohio Bute Teaehert
issoclatlon. adont and aim to nsa in teaching, writing
and speaking, the orthography aod pronunciation of
Worcester's Roval Quarto Dictionary and we most cor
dially recommend It as the moat reliable standard au
thority of the English language, as it if pow written and
spoxen. ... '
Lorik AitDRtwa, President Kenyon College. " ' .
M. D Lioorrr, Superintendent Zsnesville Schools.
Taos. W. UtXVIT. Hup't Masailon Union SchrolS. -M.
t. OoWDiav. Bap't Publlo Schools, Sandusky.'
Jonx Lynch, Hup't Puhlio Schools, Ciroteville.
B. N. BAxroao, Principal Cleveland Vemal Bemlna-
W. MrrcBiit, Bap't Publle Schools, Mt. Union.
Joan Oooaif, Prlnoipal State Normal School, Minne
sota. Craos Nasow, Prlnoipal fourth Intermediate School,
Cincinnati. r -
H. 8. MaaTm, Snp't Canton Union Schools. '
- Idwk HsaaL, Principal KnNeely Normal School...,
: Kli T. Tamif, Prof. Mathematics, Ohio University.
Wm. W. KnwAkDS, Sop't Tro? Union School.
A. 0. DorxiKs. Principal West High School. Cleve
land.
8. A. Norton. Associate Principal nigh School, Cleve
land , ;
THtoDORi Btirlixo,, Principal High School, oieve
land.
B. F. BOMisTOK, Principal Cleveland Institute. i
J. A. Oaarixin, President of Eleotlo Instltate, Hi
ram.
W L Harris. Prof, of Chemistry. Ohio Wtslevan
University. .
n. H. Barnit, Ex-Commlislonerof Oommoa Schools,
Ohio. ' -ii . . .
Jakes Homoi, Prof. Rhetorlo, Oberlln College rt .
Tbos. Hiu. President Antioch Oollege...'
0. W. H. Cathcait. Prof. IjlAthemttlre. II Iff h
School, Dayton.
8. 0. UROstSAtiBsi. Prof. Laniuaie. Hlih BchooL
Dayton.
B. u. bakier, Bup't Union Schools, Ashland. '
Uort than 81m Eundrtd othtr Prttidtntt of Colh-
gel, rroftuori. Author) and vuunguithta duoa
tort, hav tndorud ih about ttntiment.
PRESIDENTS OF COLLEGES IN OHIO.
Marixtta CoLtssa "It Is truly a magnificent work.
an honor to the author, the publishers, and the whole
eountry." President Andrews.
Ohio Wxslxt ax UsrtvxxsiTT .-"It exceada mv emecta-
tlons. It will be my luldo In orthography and pronun
ciation, end will often be consulted by me for its neat
and accurate definitions." President Thompson. .
W. R, RcMOTTO Collioi. "Heretofore we have used
webster s orthography. At a recent meeting of oar
Faculty, it was decided to change it to conform to that
Worcester's Royal Quarto Dictionary." President
uaraeia. i : ; .
Wxstkrr Ritttvx OoiLroi. "I find It worth of
ooraiAi approbation. " rresiaent uitcococxt ,
Obkrur OoLtvax. "It more than meets my exneola-
Hons. I recommend it as the standard authority In
orthoepy to my children and my pupils." President
Morgan. ,', ;
Aim oca CoLLisa. "I adont and aim to nse In teaeh-
writing and speaking, the orthography and pronun
ciation of Worcester's Moyal Quarto Dictionary.."
President Hill. . I ' , . . , .
"In all my writing, speaking, and teaching, I have en
deavored to conform to the rules for orthography and
pronunciation as contained In Worcester's Dictionary ."
Horace Mann, late President.
Eurrox Coluox, QaMbisx. 'I most cordially reoom-
mond it as the most reliable standard authority of the
English language u It la now written and spoken."
President Andrews.,. , . . , ,, ',
BCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO.
From Jttt. Anton Smyth, OommitHontr of Common
0sawnn vatc, : r
The Dictionary la an Imperishable monument to the
learning and industry of Its author, and an honor to the
World of letters. The mechanical execution Is far supe
rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac
quainted." .: . J ' ,
From Bon. tt, O. Barney. Ea-OomnUtiontr of
tohoolt in Vhio. ;, . r ,
"The most reliable standard authority of the lan-
WHAT TBI
Xeadlns lewsrpapera of Ohio Say.
Irom th Clttuland Herald of March 88. . '
The orthography of the Worcester Dictionary I that
heed b moat, if not all authors ol distinction In this
eonntry and Bngiand, and conforms to the (anerai Usage
ordinary writers ana speexers.
Whatever orelndloea may bare (listed previously, a
careful i tudy of this volume will ovarian be followed
a warm appreciation of lis groat soerits. and A desire
add It to the well eeleoied library, be It Urge or small,
is a library Inltself, and will remain, an. Imperiaba
ble reeordof the learning of its eompiler., -i -,-.,y .
tromth PinetnnaM 0tntntrotal of Jprtt SO. 'J
Here are upwards of a hundred thousand words rood,
and indifferent whose mnltlfarioaa meanings and
derivations, together with their eorreot spelling and pro
nunciation, aie set clearly before the eye. The work Is
unquestionably the greatest Thesaurus of English Words
ever published '
Iron th Oltvtkmi Plaindealtr ofStpt. 80, 1SOO.. ..
vldentlv Woxcxrrxa's Royal Quarto Dicttoitart it
only th lati, but th shtot of ih kinirtrit
smo! .andean by no possibility suffer by pomparlKaer
controversy. ' "-r .;. .
- Irom O TtHtdo Blai of May 89. - ,
As to moxoaWiAtiox. Woroistx ts Tea ItAwhARIt
followed by our best authors! in definitions he leaves
nothing to be oeslred, ana in urtbcwrapht ii h swnewni
eay that Woacavrxa can be safe y followed,, .
PnlillaUere, Beakeellere t tatlonef e,
NO. 191 SUPERIOH ST., OLETlLAJfD, OHICT. 1
mi - ' - ' Y vi'.r-'-
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIEE INSURANCE ;
... OF
, l.iU.Ui.'i" ,
No-vcrearls., TSS Ti'.': :.
Dlrldend Janxtary l186l,45PerCent.
ASoBTS..i.iwvi.'.. ;.'..'.,..s)3l8i9)K8M,
Statemeut January l, i8Sts,V ; u
Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, 1880, V.,3,40,58J 30
eel fed for Preoltuns dor- '
ing the tear 1U. 70J.W3 J -
Beoelved for interest during .- .'.
the year 1800 814 OH 19 ' -
- - .'. i WM-MMMMM''-' U 1'.
Total reoeto'e for 1800....i9T7.08T'74;-' '
PaldClalmabfDeath.a67.0S0 00 -
F.l'l
Paid Policies sorien- .
i i'(.n",i .a .
VJ'U ..i u;
, ..-.,c.T..:i .t,: v
, 's a Vjir''.!"'!
. f i
.MIS.-Hif A .I
J :. i c.TVsi.
. v..i,lii c 'Jul:
m .1 .11 Vi' ;ul
.; ,11 M 'i -.K-I 'K
dered 11,111
Paid Salaries, Po
age, xaxes, ax'
chanie. eio..... 81,020 M
Paid Commissions to 1
Aients
Paid PhyslolaiM fee. . 3,UC 75
Paid Annuities...'... 1,417 00
Paid Dividends dur-
Ing the j ear ......186,300 75 565,091 63
li,v79 U
' r 1-
Het Balance January 1st. 18Cl..A..3,l,ii8 to
ABQWTfl ' i-'Jt r,J.J
Ouhon hand....a.i...... 16,6281 1,. :. J ' .J n
Bonds and Mortgageeea Beat ,Jnil .t.-.Li
estate, worvn ooonie we 1 : i:r uii.ii -j.i.i
amount loaned...... 8.3S7.841 68 .'III : u
Premium Notes, en Policies I . i .1
tn foroe, only drawing 0 per ,ui.,'.lt .A .A
eent. Interest...... ...... 1,279 PCI lTs.i::. i . j ,1.
Beat KsUe..k.u.. S0 8931Tiia.i Jii ,u (
LosrJSon Scrip. .... 5,031 M'lillii'J ." .'J
Premiums. ptaaaim uaan, m i tn ii .n "
oounaof tranaaniasvon.... 45,313 7a-.:ui M h;i i
Total AsseUw.u. 3.BU,IM 50
.s , 'iri.'r tfii 'il ii i 1 1 iii'
TsSTS Policies In foroe, insuring lorS85M
1,435 new Policies have been leaned during the year.
After a careful calculation of the present va'ue of the
outstanding Policies of the Company, and having the
irsoassnrw amount ., tn teacrvw , therefor, the Direoters
have declared a Divinxxo of 45 per cent, on the Premi
ums eald at the table rales, to all polletes for life la force,
Issued prior to January 1, 1860, pasablo according to the
i"--, i.i.ni aim uwDmi ...
. Bates tor ail ilndsoi Li's Contlageocles, Prospect
uses, S tatemonts, and Applications, will be furnished
wrriwvi otuitaa. at the Offioa ar Aienaiaa erf th Oam
1 ' .'- i xna. v. siimiiiAV d.ias
n -.tT-u.HOVlB,Tioe President.
B1NJ. 0. MILLFJR, Seeretary. 1
;'',ri !,, U, UtcspN, Jgtnt, , a
. no. d Johnson Bloek.
snvsrafiii i am isuvii f x svtimuts
awenxo, loox, ..y.m ,Miu; ,tuxanni,0.1i
.uiiisavnisn SilEETIllOI AHD
ID BHIEtmOS.aH Widths, of mo?t7.!Ls zZH
now effsred In TstMt ,.rl.i mt,A - . , .
Pr! , . ', . MSanth Hi, h trajt
l-'iivrnt
rs
K
'
Scrofula, or.King's Evil,
is a constitutional disease, a corruption of the
blood, by which this fluid becomes vitiated.
week, and poor. Being in the circulation, it
pervades the whole body, and may burst out
In disease on eny part of it. No organ is free
from its attacks, nor is there one which it may
not destroy. The scrofulous taint is variously
caused by mercurial disease,, low living, dis
ordered or unhealthy food, impure air, filth
ana liitiiy bamts, the depressing vices, and,
above all, by the venereal infection. What
ever be its origin, it is hereditary in tho con
stitution, descending " from parents to children
uato the third and fourth generation ; " indeed,
it seems to be the rod of Him who soys, "I
will . visit the iniquities of the futhcrs upon
tneir cimaren.
Its ellecta commence by deposition from the
blood of corrupt or ulcerous matter, which, in
the lungs, liver, and internal organs, is termed
tubercles; in the glands, swellings; and on
tho surface, eruptions or soros. This foul cor
ruption, which genders in the blood, depre- "
the energies of life, so tlint scrofulous constitu
tions not only stuTcr from scrofulous com
plaints, but they have fur less power to with
stand the attacks of other diseases conse
quently 'vast numbers perish by ; disorders
which, although not scrofulous in their nature,
are still rendered fatal by this taint in the
system. Most of the consumption which de
cimates the human fumily has its origin directly
in this scrofulous contamination j and many
destructive diseases of tho liver, kidneys, brain,
and, indeed, of all the organs, arise from or
aro aggravated by the same cause.
One quarter of all our people are scrofulous ;
their persons ore invaded by this lurking in
fection, and their health is undermined by it.
To clonnse it from tho system we must renovate
the Wood by an alterative medicine, and in
vigorate it by healthy fond and exercise.
Such a medicine wo supply in
'Jr'"-': .". AYE ITS
Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla,
tho most effectual remedy which the medical
skin or our times can devise for this every,
where vrevailincrand fatal maladv. It is com.
bined from the most active remedials that have
been discovered for the expurgation of this foul
disorder from the blood, and the rescue of tho
system from its destructive conseaucn'ces.
Hence it should be employed for the cure of
not only Scrofula, but also those other affec
tions which arise from it. such as Eruptivb
and Skiiv Diseasbs, St. Anthonv's Fire,
Rose, or Erysipelas, Pimpi.es, Pustules,
Blotches, Blains and Boils, Tumors, Tetteb
and Salt KimuM, Scald Head, Kino worm,
Rheumatism, Syphilitic and Mercurial Dis
f.ahem,' Dropsy, Dyspepsia, Deiiility, and,
indued, all Complaints ahisino from Vitia
ted on Impure JJi.oon. The popular belief
in " tmpiirtly of tho blooa Is lotmucu in truth,
for scrofula is a degeneration of the blood. The
particular purpose and virtue of this Sarsapa
rilla is to purify and regenerate this vital fluid,
without which sound health is impossible in
contaminated constitutions. .
ATER'S
Agne Cure,
' ' - ron tub speedy cure or
Intermittent Fever, or Fever and Agne,
Remittent ' Fever, Chill Fever, Dumb
Ague, Periodical Headache, or Dillons
llnariache, and Iltllons Fcvera, Indeed
for the tvliole class of discuses orlefliint
Iiit In 1,11 lory derangement, canstil 1y
the Malaria of Miasmatic) Conntries.
Wo ore enabled here to oiTor thn community a
remedy which, while it cures the above complaints
with certainty, is still perfectly harmless in any I
ijii. unity, em-ii r ri-incuy is inuiuauie in aismcis
where these afflieting disorders prevail. This
"Cuius " expels the miasmatic poison of Fever
and Aoue from the system, and prevents the do
volnpment of the disease, if taken on the first ap
proach of its premonitory symptoms. It is not only
the best remedy ever yet discovered fur this class
of complaints, but also the cheapest. The large
quantity we supply for a dollar brings it within the
reach of every body j and in bilious districts, where
and Aouu prevails, every body should
have it and use it freely to th for cure and protec
tion. A great superiority of this remedy over any
other' ever discovered, for the speedy and certain
cure Of Intcrmittents is that it contains no Quinine
or mineral, consequently it produces no quinism or
other lniunons eitccts whatever upon tue constitu
tion. ' 'lhose cared by it ere left as healthy as if
they had never had the disease.
lever and-AftHe is not alone the consequence of
the miasmalioV poison. ' A great variety of disor
ders arise rfrom its irritation, among which are
r...Mr,.. - r? i. ....... ... rr nr. r
nm. Toelhaclte.' Earache. Catarrh, Asthma. Pal-
jjitation. Painful Affection of tht Spleen, Hyster;
tcs, Pain in the Bowels, C'oUc, Paralysis and De
rangement of th btomach, all of which, when
originating in Unas cause, put on the intermittent
type, or become periodical.. . This " Cuke " expels
the poison from tlib blood, and consequently cures
them all alike.'' It is an invaluable protection to
immigrants and persons travelling or temporarily
residing in the malarious districts. If taken occa
sionally or daily while exposed to the infection,
that will be excreted from the system, and cannot
accumulate in sufficient quantity to ripen into dis
ease. Hence it la even more valuable for protec
tion than cure, and few-will ever suffer from Inter
mittents if they avail themselves of the protection
this remedy affords. '
Prepared by Dr. X. a AYEE & CO., Lowell, Mais.
. KOBltRTS A BiMTJSU Columbus.
And by Druggists and Sealers everywhere.
novKiya.twaw ,
DO YOUAWANT "WHISKERS?
DO YOU WANT WHISKERS?
DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE?
. DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE?
BELLIHGHAM'S
i C1LIBRATID
. i. u
StimnlatiDgOBgaeiit,
For the WMskeri'ftiid Hair ,.
The subscribers take pleasure tn announcing othe
Oltlaens ol the Dolled States, that they bavo obtained the
Agency for, and are now ensbled to offer to the Asterloao
publlo, the above Justly oelcbratsd, and worM-ienowned
article, xnt ' J. '
STIMULATING OliGUENT
prepared by Sa. 0. P. BELLINQHAH, an eminent
physician of London, and Is warranted to bring out S
uuckiccoi ,-, .,
Whiskers or a Mustache
in from three to tlx weeks. This article Is the only one
ol the kind used by the If ranch, and In London and Paris
Is in universal use.
It is a beautiful, eoonoxsleal, toothing, yet stimulating
compound, aoilng as if by mSglo upon the roots, causing
aneauiitui growm oi ;snnsui nair. - it appnea a uie
sralo. ll will cure SaLoxsm, and oause to spring up In
place of the bald spots a Ana growth of new hair. Ap
plied according to directions, U will turn a to or towt
hair nasi, and restore grty hair to Its oiUlnal color,
leaving It sort, smootn, ana nexioie. ins -uxanairr is
aa lodlspsDsablf article In every gentleman's toilet, and
after one week's use they would not for any consideration
hwltKnnfttt.-r--J ' - ' '
The eubserlDsrs ar the only Agents- for the artlole In
the United States, to whom all orders must be addressed.
Priee One Dollar a box lorsaie oyau Druggists aoa
Dealer; or a box of the "inguent" twarranted to have
the desired effect) will be sent to any who desire It, by
mall (direct), esoarely paeked, on receipt ef price and
postage, fl. ie. ippiymorauureso
TIOBACB l.tieoemah st (JO.,
tl'flT. ' i i nvuaim, e.,' -feb80Uk6m
. 4 YfUlUm BJreet. Neir-Tork
T.t. nf VKslon'a ataMlahmeui. Hi T. j Ponrietero
tha Mew York laahlonaM thavinsr, Bais Cutting
thampeonlng. OurUagaad Dressing saloen. Bast State
rn.ll mi tha Poal.OSteK where satisfaction will
be (Ivan In all ah . earieos branchsa. Ladles and
Chikir'BttPrviUioMlattiel)ei4rle,
tyvWUBj'ai'iii . "
NEW,
BEAUTIFUL,
AND CHEAPER THAN EVER!
-vru gpniiio STOCK IS UNUSUAL
J ly large and well aawrted. The very Utest patterns
Irom AMJ1U(JAK, S9UUinsgaiiu.iua iseionei
GOLD PAPERS AND BORDERS.
Gold and Velvet Borders,
SPLENDID DECORATIONS
AND
FIRE BOARD PAPERS,
Gold and Painted Shades,
GOLD
WINDOW CORNICES;
BUFF, BLUE,
AND
GREEN HOLLANDS,
WINDOW FIXTOBES, all kinds,
CORD AND TASSELS,
BEAUTIFUL PICTURES
AND FRAMES.
RANDALL & ASTON,
lOO SouLtlx HisH St.
COLUMBUS, O.
N. B. Landlords and persons wiihlng quantities of
Paper will make money by buying ot us. Country
Merchants and persons from abroad will do well to call
and see us. sprll 1-dSmeodl R.JcA.
NEW ARRIVALS
OTP
Spring & Summer. Millinery.
The Stock neplenlsbed
DAILY
FKOiTI 1ATEST IITIPOBTAIIONS OF
NEW YORK.
iir stock or
Spring & Summer Millinery
Is now complete, comprising every variety of Millin
ery; also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery
and Notions, Jco., and In quantities and prices that can,
not fall to suit all who may favor ns with a call. The
goods have been bought at Panic prices, and will be sold
at a small advance en eost.
MILLINERY.
Miss M. E. YOUNG, late of New York City,
will superintend the Millinery Department. Her long
experience la the most fashionable Establishment In
Broadway will alone be warranty that she will be able
to give entire satisfaction In matters of taste to all who
may favor her with their orders.
The Ladles ef Columbus and vicinity will please ac
cept my slnceie thanks for their liberal patronage, and
I would respectfully solicit a eentinnance of the same.
R. H. WARE,
68 East Town St., Columbns, o.
aprll-d3m-eod
Wholesale and Retail Depot for
FAMILY WCEMESa
No. 106 South High Street
wm. Mcdonald,
DEALER IN
TEAS,
FINE & STAPLE GROCERIES,
US Abb Dlilft VArAlEillCiS. .
Dally rrlratl of Goods
For the Full and Winter Tiade
Of 1860-61
HHETI'MNINGSlftCEHE THANKS
TO THIS Pt)BI10 for past favors and patron
age, and being DETERMINED to RILHir
aoootlnnano of tame by atrlel aattosstlots te
(rskaej, ana prerasspe usinsry wa hidsii
I would eall the BOtlco of the publle to the fatt that
having aLeusre and well Selected Mlock en
hand, and bring In dally receipt of goods frost the differ
ent market. I flatter myself that I can offer to the eiti-
sens of Columbus, or to any who may desire to purchase.
an assortment of artlole. appertaining to theQHOCE&X
trade, UN EilUAliED by any house In the city
The price aod quality of the goods offered, I (oar.
ante)) to (ivo satisfaction.
Goods Delivered Free of Charge.
nor7 . . WM. MoDONALD
W'llllAXZi GUI
. tJOLUnBUS, OHIO
AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE
Arid Seed Store,
' DtALIB m
GENERAL HARDWARE,
NAILS, OLA88, SA8H, PUTTY, 00RDA0B,
Qima, Plaiol, Wood Willow Ware
athsrand ftabber Belting, lace Leather, Bote and
king.-, - eol-dly
Notice.
Notice. CITY BANK OF COLUMBUS,
milE FOLLOWING CHANGES WERE
1 made In the the officers of this Bank. Januarv 89th.
1H1, to wit: WM. A. fun, president, and TaoMaa
Hoonia, Oashitr, resigned their offiose. Davio Tatlou,
Bsq., waa then else ted president and Wm. a. Piatt ap
pointed uainier.
By order of the Board ot Dlreotors. "
febi, UOl-dlf. - W. A. PLATT, OaahUr.
M1
INK HTJPfSi I0T0BIN andODYIS We an
aow tailing at very low pnoet, also all other kinds
bshlonabW rare. . ..-,,i , rain babm,
K,iaoBmmrt it.
TKBMI.
Dally, per year ...ft 00
Trl-Weekly,per;rar....'. 3 00
Weekly, per yeai 1 00
Insects Injurious to the Grape Vine.
Trc Btiil-Blds Flca-Bsitlc Ortploder
chalybta, This inseot has beeo knowo sluce
1807, at which time it was desorlbed by Illlger
Id the Maeaxin fur IoBectenkunde; and agaloby
Dr. Harris, la ''Ioseota Injurious to vegetation,"
1841; new edltltion, 1653 Ic is sn American
insect, and its natural food is the wild vinea so
abundant in our forests, sod is not found in
an; couoTjr of the old world) (be "vine beetle"
of K illur being In no way related to it; bat an
kli el eptcies ILUtica eleraees wse, in 1837,
very Injurious to tbe vine st Montpeller,
France in this oaee, tbe insect was In tbe per.
feet auto, and It doeenotappear that tbe vine
constitutes its usual food In Eogland it feeds
nu tbe seed leaves ot various plants, and is also
found, during the summer, on tbr, bate), which
It doea not appear to Itjure much, as Loodjn
does not delude it among the Insects injurious
to i bit plaut.
Tbe steel-blue or grape vine flea-beetle be
longs to tbe family of Cbrjsomelians, to the
old genus AKiej or Haltica, and to the sub
genus Orapiodtra. All tbe members of tbe
genus Haltica are of small size, and are pos
sessed ol great leaping powers, the bind legs
being largely developed for thai purpose. Many
are of bright colore. Tbelr food consists of tbe
leaves oi vegetable, wbils in tbe larval and
perfect states. lo April, the grape vine flea
beetles issue from tbe ground, where tbey have
passed tbe winter, and aeoend tbe stems snd
branches of our cultivated and wild grapes, and
eat into tbe buds that have just began to ex
pand, leaving lbs outer woolly covering untouch
ed, exoept at tbe point of entry, but devouring
the whole of tbe embryo leaves snd blosaoia
buds; tbus destroying all bope of s crop et fruit
that season, and permanently Injuring tbe vines
in many sates. When numerous, tbe entire
crop of s vineyard is often destroyed by this
means. In May, wben tbe vine leaves are ex
panded, the lemale beetle deposits her eggs on
tbem, and the youog speedily batch. Tbey eat
both leaves and blossoms, but are usually iound
feeding on tbe upper snrlaee of the leaves, eat
ing the parenchma In blotches, and leaving but
tbe skeleton frame-work of nerves be
neath. Its color is a light brown with
eight rows of dorsal and lateral black
spots; those of tbe dorsal being eon
fluent; on each spot there is a single bair, the
breathing aperture or trachea) have two; head
and feet black ; ententes, very abort legs, six tho-
raoio and anal tubercle; length, four and a half
lines. In walking, It often moves Its body In
the manner of tbe caterpillar of a geometer
moth, brineing tbe tin of its abdomen op with t
jerk, but it also crawls without moving its body
in that manner; the nndcr tide of tbe abdomi
nal segments are swollen, presenting tbe appear,
ance of minute prolegs. About tbe beginning
ol J une the larve descends and enters the ground
fur a snort distance, and speedily undergoes its
transformation to a pupa, changing into a per
fect beetle, issuing from the ground in about six
teen days from the time of entering; there are
several broods in the season, and all feed on
the vine; tbe last in tbe fall remains in the ground
until spring. Tbe perfect insect is usually of a
uniform steel-blue color, but many are greenish
or purplish, and of s brilliant metal lie appear
ance; antennn, eleven joiotea, or moderate
length; thorsx and elytra impunetate; length,
from two to two and a half lines; width, one
and a half. It is sn active Inseot; when ap
proached, it will leap or fall to the ground and
there remain witnout motion, in warm sun
shine it Hies readily; wben the wheather is cold
snd chilly is tbe beat time to collect the beetles.
aod they are easily seen in consequence of the
brilliancy or their colors; destroy Dy ore or
crushing. I he eggs are not easily detected from
tbelr minuteness; the larves should be carefully
looked for and removed. ' We know of no spe
ciflo by which they may be driven from the vine;
dusting with lime or ashes when tbe dew is on
tbe leaves, has notproveasucceeaiui; lime-water
not white-wash or whale oil soap, diluted
wlb water, may, if applied to tbe leaves, make
tbem distasteful to tbe larve, and tbns save the
vines. From analogy, we may consider that tbe
best course to adopt for stopping tbe increase cf
this insect, will nearly resemble that which is
most successful with Its ally, the turnip flea bee
tle; therefore, eyringlog tbe vinea with b'ioesuf
fioiently strong to kill tbe larve without Injuring
tbe foliage, may prove of benefit; ao may sprin
kling wilh soot, generally obtaioable in ciiies.
At tbe Insest lives equally on tbe wild vines with
tbe cultivated varieties, all such vines in the
vicinity of the vineyard should be destroyed, so
that tbey cannot be used as a nu retry by tbe
beetle, and as unceasing war should be waged
upon the Insect at all timet, and experiments
carefully instituted to discover the beat methods
ot destruction. "
Tbis Is the most injurious Infect to the vine
in tbe wine growing dislriots of i Amerloa, snd
with tbe increase of vineyards Is evidently in
creasing In numbers; many persons in this vi
cinity nave auaerea vera severely irom u us
present season. Pais Farmer. - ,
Tobacco and Patriotism.
Tbe Louisville Journal makes a practical ap
peal to the people of Kentucky to stand by tbe
Union, snd clinches its arguments in tne follow
ing stylet . . , (.
Much apprehension seems to exist hi tbe to
bacco growing portions of Kentucky that slave
labor will be exterminated, and our great
staple ruined, If tbe State remains in tbe Union,
nor' continues loyal to the Federal Government.
Within tbe past lew weeks we Dave noticed, in
nearly all our local newspapers, especially those
in tbe eecession Interest, urgent advice (o our
farmers to abandon tbe tobacco crop this ysar,
and devote all their soil to raising breadstnfls
and meats. Now, tbe want of wisdom In this
counsel may be seeu by a consideration of tbe
following fsctst ; ' j .
Tbe tobeeoo planters ot Aemucsy will Dave
no competition thin year or next from tbeir moat
formidable rival, Virginia, one is eneotualiy
driven from tbe field Convulsed with sn In
testine war, whloh will most probably divide tbe
State, and overrun by the armies of the United
Statea and the Uoof edorate states, it will be ut
terly Impossible for ber planters to raise any
thing except provisions end breadstuff's. - The
immense consumption of provisions attending
the presence oi vast bodies ef non-prodacer
will make tne raising oi any proouct, save those
which are absolutely necessary, wholly impossi
ble. But even If tobacco were raised lo Vir
ginia, It eould not be exported under tbe rigorous
aod vigilant blockade which is now shutting her
ports, in common wita wose oi eu omer con
federate States. ' -
Tbe tobaoco trade of Virginia Is annihilated
for two veers, at all events, snd the entire on
ainess of tuDDlvlo.? the immense bene snd for
elgn demand, becomes tbe laevaiie mtwetelt; ef
Atmueky ' next iocs at ine grana avenue oi
trade which opens to us. ' Marvland erniinuea,
and will eontiuue loyal to tbe Federal Govern
ment, and of course there will be no restriction
thrown around tbe commerce of Baltimore, as
now oluiches with a death grip the porta of VU
elula and of New Orleans. We will exchange
New Orleans for Baltimore and New Yoik
There must of necessity follow en enormous
advance In the price of tobacco, and we see on
rea-on to doubt that It will ereh to $IS sod $29
per hundred- One condition only Is necessatj nmt
os to realise the Immense benefit of the trade,
and that is, that we comtnne true to the Unlou,
tendering adeaf ear to the entreat ies,and If need
be, armed resistance to threats of those who
would lead us over the thorny and rugged road
of Secession, civil war and abaroby, to lnsvlta
ble perdition a perdition without excuse and
without redemption; Let the Louisville, and
Nashville Railroad, with branohes whioh can
readily aod speedily be built, even as military
neoeMitiee, De nenoeiorwara ine route ot ooutn
ern Kentucky to ber tobacco markets.
...... i. j ... :
VA Scotch Jott, Tha most v two precious
things bow enclosed la hoops are girls and kegs
or whiiiy. " " " ',U
,.v
Tobacco and Patriotism. Late and Interesting from Pensacola
—Jefferson Davis' Visit There and
its Object—A New Impregnable Fortress
Devised—The Government
Force at Fort Pickens.
i -. i ii -. r,
A correspondent of tbe New York Ttnttw
writes from Peisacols, oo board the frigate
Fowbattan, on tbe 13th Inst-, as followr,.
But President Davit' visit was an Important
one. lie came here, understand, to oanvass
the practicability of erecting, nearer the navy
yard than Fort Birrancaa. a new impregna
ble Iron fortress, said to be tbe Invention of
some Air. Hall, an enterprising Englishman,
wbo sendtjourneymen around the world to build
"iodestruetible torts for tbe best bidder." I be
Here that three of tbts gentleman's assistants
are, while I write, in the city of Montgomery,
oevlsluK means by which tbe new Invention
may bs made available in r lor id a. As tbe
blockade will doubtless interfere with tbe im
poitation of the affilr it certainly could not be
manutaciured in provinces, where oannon can
not be rifled without destroying four to ten
ths eonclava may not amount to a great deaL
A somewhat peculiar way ot ferreting out se
crets has enabled me to discover tbe primary
cause of Jeff.'s visit, although there are others,
and hardly less portentous ones, that led to it, of
wblcb mure bye-and -bye.
As to tbe fortress my courier not being; so
fr advanced in lietratore aa to be able to put
one Intelligible word on paper I have failed to
obtain a very clear idea or it. AS near as I can
judge, it, in Us external view, partakes ot tbe
parabolio form, being circular at the base,
and two hundred and forty feet high, growing
narrower gradually, monumental fashion, as it
reaches the top Tbe thing must rest on t
rock, but queerly impregnable things are aaid
to have been constructed on rocks, you know.
It is to mount eighty euo.twenty of tbem being
so arranged as to bear on one object at a lime.
r rom an boor's conversation on tnis subject, this
is all tbe description I can give you ot tbebril
liant fortress that is to make Barrancas a Pick
ens, snd Pickens a "silent, lone and melancholy
square."
I bere was a grana military uoera or investi
gallon beld at tbe camp headquarters during
fie stay ol the polite and dignified Jrff Col
onel Chambers was tent for; Colonel Clayton
was sent for; Major Bradford was sent for; and
everybody wbo la any body In Warrington
and that is nobody but of epaulettes was sent
for to talk over tbe "situation " . My "Friday"
ootid not get s glimpse of tbe meeting, nor s
hint ss to us mode ot prosecuting business
However. Pickens was not so much a matter of
dtbate with the Generals ss Rosas Island. If
there is one eye-sore in Florida for tbe South,
It is Rosas Island Wben tbe morning fl.g goes
op, tbe banner oi the Stars and Stripes Is hoist
ed at Rosas Island, and floata there la a most
provoking manner; when night comes on, the
"chivalrous enemy" cannot shut out from bis
mental eaxe tbe Federal came on Rosea Island
tha whole Island, "from tbe centre all round to
the sea," where tbe United states is tbe only
authority. Every day we see more and more
what Incalculable advantage Rosas Island is to
OS.
The "President" reviewed tbe troops and
made a speech. He said that "tbe Montgom
ery Government looked sacredly to ibe interests
of tbe brave men In Pensacola, and would take
care that no unnecessary sacrifice of human
life would ensue." Directly after bis departure
rumors were rife that it was decided not to at
tack Piokens or tbe Island. 1 bese rumors are
very busy in tbe fleet. They mesa nothing.
Even the iron fortress snair may oe ouiy a
blind. Tbe Washington authorities should bear
wall in memory that not day passes without
tbe reinforcement, in some measure, of Bragg's
command, and that tbe only cbange made In
our forces must necessarily be reduction
The PAiIadeMia- takes some men from us to-
dav. and tbev need rest and furlough. Tbe
current siok list averages nearly one hundred
men. and there can not be leas than two hun
dred and forty other non combatants in the fleet
and companies.
Our available righting material, then, Is less
thsn one thousand men, It 1 even include the
portion of tbe abipe' crews that could be safely
tranaterrea, lor a lime, to ine snore, uni it is
questionable whether it would be advisable to
remove the sailors sod marines stall from their
vessels. In the ward-room of one of tbem there
was a spirited debate on this matter a few days
si ace, which resulted In the decision, that tbe
practice of drafting , sailors and marines from
men-of-war was only resorted to in casea where
there was no prospect of a maritime engage
ment. Thia it not to with ns. This shlD. the
Brtoklyn. and tbe Saoine, will endeavor to en
gage tbe land Daiteriea ine moment Hostilities
oommeaeed, and I am one of those who oppose
detachment from lbs vessels of any of their reg
ular crews- fc'en now, mere are some or our
hsndsontbe island, and we mi is thtm.
The Fashions.
[Correspondence of the N. Y. Evening Post.]
PARIS, May 3
Would your readers, who may moralise for
themselves on the foible In question, . eare,
meantime, for a word or two on tbe "particu
lar vanity" moat in vogue here at tbis moment?
If so. let them learn .that the era ot plain tie
sues sppears to b patting, and that of patterns
to be coming In. Silks, for instance, are now
covered with small ornaments or. bunch ra of
flowers, Imitating embroidery so faithfully that
yoa can hardly, believe them not . to be done
with the needle. TerlateneS, Cbambery gauses
and tbe other delicate tissues, showing them
selves in antioipatien of the dogdaya. are em
broidered in the same manner, but in smaller
patterns. The queation of crinoline, for a
short time threatened with the ban of the mode),
baa now been settled In an affirmative sense.
Tbs tyrant has, in fact, established itself more
firmly than ever, and bids fair to maintain Its
supremacy for a long time to come. Bat In
stead of being turned into a bell, the aim of a
modern beauty la . to expand outward aod down
ward from the waiat in tbe fashion of a fan;
not a flat fan, of course, dear lady readers, but
a pyramid that shall seem fan-like, from whioh
ever side it is contemplated by Its admirers. So
much has been said by the gentlemen sgaloat
tbs rigidity of the steel dslenoes now so popular
with their wearers, mat tne new ertnoitne is
excessively elastic! tbe oeeea being composed
of forty, fifty or seventy hoops, each very email
and elattto, ana making up, ny taeir numoer,
for their extremely yielding disposition. -. ,-, ,
i Crinoline having taken a new lease of exist
ence, flounces have come back Into favor. . One
deep floonoe, edged with two or three tiny ones,
tbs latter edged with a piping of tbe color most
conspicuous in tbe embroidered pattern, la much
lo vogue; or tbe drees maybe flounced half-way
up with flowers of about three inches In width,
or to tha waiat. It oreferrsd. 2c-"ma a dress
of a plain color a gray ttffetea, for Instance
' . . .. r . . . . ,.
bas a Dana, tnree or lour tncaee dtom, oi rtco
moire, of some broadly contrasting eolor, say
green, violet or marine, tbe band being edged
with a double raest, or smau puaea nounoes, an
loch deep, of tbe same ellk tbe dress, but
edged with the color of the band. The eon ft
at aueh a dress, whioh I saw tbo otber day, was
open , something like a Zmave, but fitting tbe
flaure. and trimmed with tbe same band and
nuffs as were the sleeves. A full white under-
waist or Clear musiin, trimmed wim racers, ana
. .. . 1 , . I , g
sleeves to match, completed tbe dress.
Tha bottom of tbe skirt is generally a good
deal trimmed. For ball dresses the skirt, if of
silk. Is often covered with little ornaments of,
ersrje called, frrwtt, ot tbe same, colon or wltb
fan shaped fulliogsof orape, about a band length;
In height, surmounted with bows of riband.-
Flowtrs are largely introduoed Into ball dress
Mm i. . .1 ',. '.. .i -, I I l! I "ii t I
For the street, short pelisses of silk, or light
cloth, are still the rage, especially for young1
people I Mantles, very Urge and ample, are:
much la fashion, trimmed with broad flounce
of ensure, aod a halt-handkerchief of the aam
one the ahonldera. i.i .. , -..-i.. . - 'I
For bonnets, white and bleok. (nils, trimmea
with brlghtoolored velvet end bunches ol fljw
ers on the ton of the front, are greatly in vogue.
Tha tea orn decldodlt larger. SO SS to come
well over the top of tbs bead. White horse bair
wlm blwk pipings between me lwald. and ytille'.
ttsrts, wltn a mass oi powsis suwvw us.igi
.('"sr-tn
head, are also among tbe favorite styles. Gold
ornaments, are not worn In tbe bonnets ef well
dresaed people; but ribands embroidered with .
and small plumes of feathers tipped and
sprinkled with specks of straw, are maoh worn, :
and very pretty. This belngasffml-s.issa,an ,
tbe air atlll cold, the novelties of the toilet are -not
yet fully displayed. In the ecrarte of anoth-4 k
er month tbe fashions for the oomlng summer
will be better refined. - . i
[From the Cincinnati Press.]
The Law of Treason in the
States.
The Constitution orovides that
against the United States shall eonsttt only in
levying war against them, .or In adhering to .
their enemies, giving tbem aid and comfort." "
Tne first olause pf tbe defiultloo.it Is evident,
from tbe phraseology, was Intended by the fre:,
mere to apply to cases of domestic Insnrreettont
tbe latter to cases of foreign Invasion. If we
are oorrect In tbe foregoing proposition, treason,
in case of intestine disturbance, em be commit
ted Only by lUch a lew war ae-slnst tha rTnl.Ail
8tates. :. , ,: ....
Iareepeet to the limitation of the win. f .
treason to the act of levying war, the United
States differs from all other countries Th. "
reason for this difference Is to be found !n th. i
ciiodtnstanresof tbe time when tbe rale waa ae-
wuurnea. i ne united states bad Joel emerged -ro3
tbe Revolution. Daring the whole of the '
revolutionary period, the. people had been ao- 0
ooonted traitors to a government whose rules In
respect to treason were so loose and contradlo- j
tory that wbat did or did not constitute the
crime was practically a mere matter of Judicial
discretion. Tbey bad learned bv
that judges oould ne swayed by feelings of party
excitement or by tbe suggestions of ths Gov
ernment nnaer wmca they beld cilice, and thai
either uf these influences was inimical to Justice
opening the way to reigns of terror, and lha '.
commission of high crimes sgalnst humanity. ,
joe tranters oi tne uonstitutlon, tbefelore, ,
made tbe rule which we have quoted, and
which, whether or not te wisest that could hava "
beeo devised, is snd must continue to bs. the'
law of Indicia! proceedings In casea of treaaoa.
until li aball be annulled.
Tbe decision of Chief Justioa Marahetl. In
tbe case of Tk United Slate as Aarea Burr, la
understood to bs tbe leading authority, In tbe
matter of insurrectionary treason; and, In oan
tormitv with Its rulings, so far as tbey are ap
plicable, all subsequent questions have been de
cided. According to thia decision, the species
of treason under consideration consists In levy-
og war againei e uovernment. 1 here must
be sn aotoal levying of war. and tha nartv
charged must be connected by testimony with
some oi tne waruso operations, in order to
levy war, there must be something more than,
plots and conspiracies. A com piracy to over
throw the Government, however artfully con
trived and extensively spread, is not a levy eg
of war. There must be an aseemblara of
people, a oolleotion of materials soma evert
act wbicb evinces s hostile design, and auch in
character as naturally precedes a hostile act.
"io constitute says Justice Marshall, bor
rowing the langnage which had beeo need in the
previous caae of Bollman and Swartwout that
specifio crime for which tbe prisoners now before
the Court bave been committed, war must be
actually levied against the United States. How
ever flagitious may bs the crime ef conspiring
to subvert by foroe tbe government of our coun
try, such conspiracy is not treason. To conspire
to levy war, and actually to levy war, art dis
tinct offenses. The first must be brought Into
operation by the assemblage of men for a pur
pose treasonable in itself; or tbe aot of levy
ing war can not Dave been committed."
Although the faot that war baa been levied
la necessary to constitute tbe crime ot treason,
it doea not follow that none but those who bave
actually appeared In arma can be convicted.'
On tbe contrary, if war be actually levied, that
It to say, if a body of men be actually stssembled
for the purpose of effecting by force a treason
able object, all those wbo perform any part,
however minute, or however remote from the
tcene of action, and wbo are actually leagaed
in Ibe general conspiracy, are traitors.
"If, for example said tbe Chief Juatlea an
army should be actually raised for tbe avowed
purpose ot carrying on open war against tbe
United States sod subverting tbeir government
tbe point mast bs weighed very deliberately be
fore a Judge would venture to dcolde that an
overt act of levying war had not been commit
ted by a commissary of purchases, who never
saw the army, but who, koowing Its object, and
leagueing himself with tbe rebels, supplied that
army with provisions, or by a recruiting officer
holding a commission in tbe rebel service, who,
though never In camp, executed the nartlaular
duy assigned to him " . .; J
War being levied, therefore, all eontnlratora.
emissaries, spies aod agitators In co-operation
with those In arms, aod seeking by their
sots to promote the common end, become trai
tors and liable to be dealt with accordingly.
- Auower oiause or too lOostltuttoo provides
that: "No person shall be convicted ot trsaaod
unless on tbe testimony ot two witnesses to
tbe same overt aot, or on confession la edsa
Court." - - ... .
Tbia bss relerence to tho trial of nersons
charged with tbe crime ot treason, and ran
ders necessary, under tbe coos'ruoiiott put upon
it by the Court, first: thai tbe indictment set
forth some specifio act of levying; war. and
acme act of tho prisoner connecting him with,
the aame; and second ihst these facta be prov
ed as tbey are laid In tbe Indiotmsnt the guilt
of toe prisoner by two witnesses to . the same
overt act.
"The place in which a crime waa eommlUsd
is essential to an iodiotmeot, were It only tf
show the jurisdiction of the Court. It is also
essential for the purpose of enabling the prison
er to mske bis defense. e , a a A- do
ecrlptton of. tbe partionlar manner la whloh the
war a as levied seems also' essential to enable,
theaccilfd to make his defeats. Thelawdoei
not expect a man io Bs prepared to defend eve: 7
action of bis life, which may be saddealy, and
without notice, alleged against blm. In com
mon justice, tht particular aot with which he
it ohaiged ought to be elated, and atated In nek
a manner as to sfford a reasonable -oertaiaty est
the nature of the accusation, and the : cireauvs
Utaneee whioh will be adduced agalnat blm
it la not to ne aouDiea mat a man may De In
dicted and convicted for being eonneeted Wita if
treasonable attack upon Fort Samtar.altaongfa
he waa no nearer the scene ot aotioa than the
city of .Cincinnati; but lu order to such convic
tion, It will be necessary to allege and prove,
fiist, a treaton. ble attack upon that partiotrtsst
fort; and secondly, some connection ol meprte
eaer with tbe partita by whom the attack, waa
maat in me way ei enooursgsment or assigtanca
to I's operatlona. ... ' ' ' -
Tbe only other provuion of tho Coot U tat ion
applicable to eases of treason, Is in Article SlaiB
of the Amendments! .- - - , .,... ,.,-.... u
"la all criminal prosecutions, tho encased
shall eujoy tbe right to a apeedy and publlo triaf,
by an impartial jury of tho 8tata and eiietriat
wherein the crime ehall bave been oommUtco,
which district ahall bave been previously ascer
tained by law; and to be Informed of tne nature
of the accusation; to be confronted with the wit
nesses sgalnst him; to have osmpulsory proeesa
for obtaining witnesses in hit favor j and te have
tbe assistance of counsel for his defense." .
Bxvxaa Wiatbis in Ecnow. -Accounts from
Europe report thai the weather siooe Maroh has
extraordinarily cold, with drought and a harp
frosts, which bave checked, sad perhaps In assay
eases Injured, vegetation.. From the South of
France H la stated that irreparable damage has
bsen inflicted on tho aloes by the frost. , .
i i i ' i
ss
A follow out West" being asked whether
the liquor he was drinking ui good artlole',
replied; "Wal, I don't know, I goeaaeo. There
Is only ooe qoeer thing about It, whenever' I
wipe my mouth, I burn a hole la my shirt." J
' - - - . ' .-. ,
Tbe Ionian Islands are almost In state
of Insurrection In consequence of the popa-
lar wish to be nnlted to the kingdom of
,;"vw
"'ti.-iy-j

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