-it AT. . i i.-l.'.r J'- v - 1
'majiv! fedLTTMBtyA. OHIO;
TUESDAY MORN1MQ, JDKB , 186U
A National Bereavement—The Death
A National Bereavement—The Death of Stephen A. Douglas.
T rt. i . 1 ... .: ... ...Ja
' n.eB On yesterday morhlcgVel ! minutes after
. , . aln o'clock SwhenAjPouolai breathe hb(
.'l last, and his spirit it ftitW.to Wta(
r . ' u .. Thia aed nu eltaeogh - looked lor
some d.je allj ftA,4 kffcoted uil' thal i we
lot feel able to.w'rite about fa Weed, Ilj
" "', HA. iiAM ta Bothlnt that re.-eeaW ntter
,. reletioa to lodge Dooote,:4bt
- the lend , wherever the iaq Dews
,; " ' ku not already enWpslod US W ewraug.
i remaraaDiw v
DiAmen ; .
prv i0 P" ?
J'w. hepe Ui"ntoet remarkable
1 torn lo tbe present centpr,
7m i vaars. oui montUand U. d.,.ilU
. . L 1.11 OT if Hie hlatorvB
nie. hlablru oeiDH -"i -----
of the people W aU the countt) o moy
in the Republic south ot 03m-..-m vi u
& r,..rit alth a laree bodv Of tbe people
this country, ., 7 y , t. . .
nim; nis power,
. ability ana pwiumi wiv-
' by his opponenu; he, at ail time,ocopled a
I" high poaltiou among nu eouuiryni,
', period did be occupy so universal aim "
at the time ol hif deatb Tb
Ing a position as
ten.,hlM of our ooeutry, and the prompt and en
ergtlio stand taken by hire for the defence ol
" tbe Union,' tho Constitution, and the enforce
njeot oi the laws, at oace dissipaUd all former
,; prejudices, and Dooolai stood forth as worthy
ii of the homage of all tbe loyal citiaensof th
Republic and that homage was cheerfully be
, atoved. ..; . .-. r i . -; . i
. All eyee were turned to him as one uo hpoi
t people relied io this hour of nat ional nl.i.
' aid when it wa annoneced that he aae pionai.
W'"h diataae, mi'lioua uf heaiui sent p tht-i
V fervent pny.re w Gjd to epar the preoiuo
1 lileof D.tJOL.a . But be has go-e hence aid U
that bouru Irom. wbeL.ce tu) Uaveler relume.- A
great man has fl len, aud the oatU n mourns
Oo tbe reception ol tbe telegraphic dtspatcb
anuouueiug tbe sad luteili'gtnce of the deail
of Senator Dooolab, tbe flag on the Stat Houst
- was. under tbe dirtot'wo of Governor Dirmiwh
lowered at half-mast,' and gons will be fired at
' Camp Jackson, every '.'half bour to-day, from
' sunrise until sunsett; Tbe various flags id th
, diy were yesterday lbwered at half-mast, and
' on many buildings were draped In moutsing.
, hftiben borne,l
Construction and Interpretation of
It was common with .thoso. who, thirty yean
ago, advocated the nullification doctrine, as ii
is now with those wbo maintald the seeessloi
dogma, to refer to tbe journals and debates i
the Convention which framed the federal Con
stitution, in support of their favorite theories
But the difficulty with this "Historical Evi
dence," as It Is called, is that it may be used ot
. both sides of tbe question raised, aud tend,
'' rather to unsettle than to settle the eontroversj
The true way of construing and Interpret
log the Constitution, as well as aoy other writ
ten instrument, is by attending to its letter and
esirlt. Tha first Question is, what have tht
makers of tbe injtrument said; and tbe next is,
what wis their latentbn in the hogusge njed,
as gathered from the context and the subject
matter. Io canetruing a written Contract be
twecu man and man, proof of what the partie
aid while making the contract and before ii
was formally reduced to writing and signed,
oionot- be legally admitted in evidence to ex
plain, vary or change the instrument. The wilt
ten contract, as it ttinds, must speak for itself.
It is well known that tbe framers of the red
eral CoOTtitmioorrrtoT-to as well as during their
session in Convention, entertained diverse opin-
I Kt as to what provisions should be incorpora-
. ted Into that Instrument, 'and that several ol
them, before the draft of the Constitution was
signed by them, modified pr abaooonea opin
ions which they had previously entertained and
' defended. The fact, therefore,' that a particu
lar proposition wi 'sustained, or defeated by
each and such arguments, or by tbe votes of eer
tain mesabers, proves nothing as to the mean
ing and Intention of what wai formally Incbrpo-
' rated into the Constitution, or ss to the reasoD
why certain proposition were rejeoted and left;
oat of the instrument altogether. -' "
The Constitution Is to be regarded, not mere
ly as tbe work of men who met M Convent! od
to draft and submit it to the people, but a tbe.
work of the peoi? themselves, who, In Conveo
tions, In the several States, finally ratified and
, adopted it. , Prior to such ratification and adop
tion.it bad no foroe or validity whatever. Thir
ratification of the people was the fast solemn
act which made the Constitution a . perpetual
bond of union and of government between, the
people of the States so ratifying tbe same, and
all that should thereafter unite with them, un
, der tbe terms and condition of the same bond
It was equivalent to the sealing and delivery o.
a deed by the contracting partlerv But it wee
of a higher nature than any mere '.Contract be
tween Individuals eould possibly be, . Inasmuch
as it was tbe establishment of a perpetual union
and a constitutional KSvernment,"not tv
to a bond or contract, but bv' tie' whole Peoble
, whose voice and intention to adopt the Const!
.' tutloa aa It then read, and as It now read, wet
- manifested Io Conventions in tbe several States
We shall be at sea without chart or compare,
; If we undertake to determine .;Ab- meaning ol
v tbe Constitution by tbe debates tn tb Conven-
tloo whioh framed the Instrumeof, or in the1
State Conventions w'jich finally adopted it, and
. put upon it the seal of the people's assent. Aej
T between the two, we might wlih even more pro
priety look to the latter, a these Btate' Con
ventiont were the bodies ahose action alone
gave tbe Constitution Its force tid validity
.. Jut Id these Conventions, there, 'wWa
Body knows, great diversity f upiniou, and
members In each, belui-e the Dual vuie of ia I
, fioillun wae taken, eh mged or retraet! ttinr
former views. Thetay'i,g end votes iutbe-
Cooveo'ion ean, thertfure, determine noi.hu g
' Ss to the meaning aud" tu'enof particular pro
visions In tbe Cuoetiiu.ioa. .o,,
Io reference 10 reeeMtog 10 external ootempo
: raoeous history, for the putpote bf eldcldating
and interpreting a constitution of a law, w may
here quote the words of Judge Story, who ob
t ' " ..'.'..'t.' ' ....
.serves mat "sucn a course would Qenver o(
court over to interminable doubts and diffioul-
. ties, and we should be compelled to goeeawhat
was tbe law from loose commsntatie and de
bates, instead of the precise enactment of the
- etatut." ' Tbls observation, it' wilt be seen
' applies with equal, If not greater' foTce, td tbe
Interpretation of the Federal Constitution, than1
It does to tbat of a legislative sot. ,.
' Ii Is generally admitted thaJ, Jo tbe construe
tion of the Constitution, as of any other legal
Instrument, the spirit and Intention should
tb spirit and Intention mutt be!
gathered fremiti instrument ilaelf. "The Con
strnment which pdrports to dele
power, effecting the Uree, liberty
nd nrnnartw of Itin whole nMrnla aa Individuals.
ri- Ti..' .i.uil. ...Aat
. .1 .i. j . j i i. i. k-i,,.'
SlTUlugtQO uooumeui.vBUCOTuiuB eu
tntantlnn anil enlrlt. aa k-etheted from (be laB-L
of tbe Constitution iUelf.
53" W Pilot in another ooluma of thle paper,
lander tbe hud r "State Coercion," 1 eemniu-
nlcttlon frotn e 'diatlrigolihed cUlieo of Ohio
We ehall'.eodeaTOr toi profit by hie valuable and
tinelj euggeetione. ai
[For the Ohio Statesman]
[For the Ohio Statesman] State Coercion.
B M ,he- inrorreca0n Of ;rHM, however no-h1-AmerlcaiiSta!eemaB(y
oi erooa. ibey may be. i f(t ,!. ' i' "
. Tbw iiegtUon against this oon.Utu.
",,,, journals say that the Federal Constitution
lci0tbee the government with oo such authority;
oiMthut it was sougnt lq to convention uu lorm
.BprovWon into that Instrument, but it met wltb
oiToa 0io Statwmav rTh eipoeltion giv-
fen In your peper of 25th My, under the heed of.
Coefeion'Ms Very clear aod sasfaetory-B8U
fthaj the floret Government bee noibiog to dojU
A SJalM ta Uieir true cepacity oftb
eoeroisg SlU In tbeir true e-ptrttt
rfsuil eovernmente.bht fhatlt hu power io sup
Stele Rbternments.bnt mailt nu power to sup-i,.
7 ZX' "'7. w" hotlo
- Mnh T knu nn sill ainoaa mora fnllr. an! ra.B'b
peat the ezpoeure, until its fallaoy .is geoerally
- "' r- j --r -. . j'
ih: Conatitutlon, to incorporate euch i
a decided negative' ' Certainly It would meet
with a negative,- . Alexin Hamilton and Jamee
Hadtson both spoke against it, as would every
man wbo was striving to have a government of
tbe people, instead ol a league f b tales. 1 net
keDt that object steadily in view, and admitted
no provision wbleh would reduce tbe govern
ment to being tb mere oouaoti ot a general
leaf.... . -. -. ;t -. ;... '
I hop that you wlU also protest against rbls
mode of expoundi bk Cnstitutioae by looking into
journals of eouveuuone.. Lonaututlon ere to be
exDOuoded by tb language ased In the instru
ment as adr.p: w, auu not ny u rejected propv-4
1 - Yuuta Re-pe'iullt, ,'i 1
May 18 1861 LAW AND UNION.
Movements and Doings of Federal
Troops in Western Virginia.
Tbeeorreepoodentof 'the Wbeellnj InttlUm
qri.efr of Touraday s opplUs the lollontng addl
tional loielllijt nce of the movement of the Uul
cd Sutee force from the Ohio river toward
Grafton. ' ' ' . '' - ' ; ;' .-
At Mannlseton we learned that Stephen Rob
erts, the leader or the secessionists at uiover'e
Sap, seven miles west of Manningtoo, wae sboi
md Instantly killed by siquador Uapt. llayee'
men, who have possession of that post. It ap
pears tbat tbe squad were icoutiog on Tuesday
momine, and Oam aeron Roberta and two oth
er men, all armed. - Tbe lieutenant iu commend
of the squad called upon tb eeesslonieta to
bait, bad instead of doing SO, they wheeled
tbout and fired upon the soldiery. Tb fire Wat-!
returned and Robert was killed, but tb other?
took t tbeir heels and made their escape. The
Mini ball passed entirely tbrooeh hie body
Caps, Hayes baa succeeded in arresting eeveral
eseionists eoout tne uap wno are suspeeteei oi
having a baud In the burning of tb railroad
bridges. Tb captain has them confined in an
old barn, which is well guarded. ' ,
After breakfast we movea aown w to ourat
twidircfl this side of Farmington, where we found
ola. Kellv asd Irvine bnsilr engsEed in matur
ing Uieir plan and airecims; me movemeuia on
tbe camp, i ney nave unv" h BHiprrj uew
if brush and logs covered wun grass, in wntcn
h. m nanaca to sleep comlortably in
...ik.. r.nl. Kdllevhas rietred no a boolean
in . nmmlamt tnot on the Krounds. in
. h.. .tmhlinhed a teleeraoh office, and ia
nnmmnnieaunn wun an nroDer oiucersii
n.rfiMof ITninn'men were constantly arriy-
fn. fmit and on horseback, and assuring the.
. ... , l- - ... Af ,t,-l.
jn h am mil uur wero in me wvun i vi.mjvji
lriends,and had a common cans with them.
Ooe party cam into camp and reported to Col.
(Celley that they had just been fired upon by a
o,.n named Heas.inaaeceesion neighborhood
,nm. milaa distant. beoaue tbey cheered for the
Union. About this time a orotoer oi tne nese
.tinriwt tn wae discovered in tne camp oy someo
the Union men, who reported mm to toe uoio
.l aa nna of tha brldee burners, and be was lm
m.riiat.1v arrested and connaeu in a rauroaa car
a-ith the other prisoners. While we were there
the wife and daughter of Matthews, confined
for burning tb bridges, came lose bim. Tbe;
wept profusely at wnat tney consiuereo uis uau
.nn, nn.hlon. bui he reassured tbem by say
mg tbat be had been well treated, and had no
possible doubt but be would be able to establish
bis Innooenee. Tb town of Farmington ie
nmnlfjtlv deserted, not a msn or woman,
obick or child remaining ia tb place. In factj
tb secessionist generally bay fled, and are
supposed to be ranging the niu ana niaiog.
Tha llnioa aantlmeui ana so secession eenn
altoffether by Deicbborboods. : In
iomt precinct there sre no secessionists at all,
md in nthfra tnara are no vaiua uieu. . ,
. On Tnaada afternoon the Henry Clay Guard;
. n.je o.l Ifl . II
and Rough and tCeady nines, oi toe w oeenng
Regiments, and two companies of tb Ohio Six
leeotb, left tha camp sod marobed np to the
town of J air mount, a aistanc oi so muee.
Thy succeeded in taking poseeseloa of the
town ceaoeaDiy. ana at iaei kciihuh .wwt
nardinv the bridces In lb vicinity. The burnt
- . -. - . , i i
bridge are oemg speeauy repaireu 117 rge
volunteer lore irom mis cuy.
.Aivi teased Cameron, Virginia, upon our re
turn, w fonad tb Union men bringing in tbe
leoeesieaisi froas toe country to maae inem
lak lb oath of allegiance and swear to support
tha Conatitatioa of tbe United States.. .1
Jnat aa we 'wee leaving: tb oamn at the
burnt bridge, yesterday, about 600U of the Ohio
160t were ordered to asaroa. iney wer eoon
read and under way. They started In the dl
reotion of Falrmount, and if nothing happened
to them, they reached that place yesterday af
ternoon. '-,!:' - - ; ,
pSrtieeSnealed orders, oaused torn surprise, and a curl
Wurst thxt Went. Tbe recent detachment
of tbe Niagara and the Minnesota from thej
blockade service on tb Atlanti coast thel
former at Charleston and tbe latter at Norfolk
and their dispateh 00 other
service ' under!
Boeity to learn their destlnatloo. It now appeals
jthat they were ordered on speolal service to the
'mouih of the Mississippi forth double purpose
iof blockade and to Intercept certain vessel
from Earope with arms for tbe rebels on board,
full descriptions or which are in possession 01
!the Federal commanders..
. si e e . ' '
Tmb Bsitish Rioiwist T-e Montreal
eertiur say Cotonel Austin, of the much talked
of British regiment of New York, bas returned,
to Canada, a poorer, and do djnbt a wiser man.
It armears from Ms statement mat were never
was any Brltlxh regiment; tbe whole thing was
a monstrou- e and fraud, not eign'y men "v
ing off'ert 'I it It'.' Nor waa there WW' f 'fh
omi.l.'B. ad'l the . C iliir.el. a"er pimeedii g to
iV.hing on ai d inl i-otiol'Citirg the au'horl
ie for h a ' xpltt, excluded to secede from
Tason pr Tiaco Ussas.r- Rev Mr. Trtfk
I Fiiclibu.c,' batter kuo aa ami tubicoo
Tik, hae brought forth hie let aud 'r ngt
ignmrot againt the 0e ol the "ed " He
-ays tbat, nearly all our . tobacco c- ming from
tb Snuth, whoever nsee it eoninbutee so muob
10 the aid, and . comfort ef tb enemy. , flow
ooo shall w bear - of people beng mobbed for.
"taking a ohaw" or asking a friend to 'blow a
ClOUd.".,! ,.,.,,,! . . .... ., , .,.,.!
,-( r-i.. . - . .-lt1
Commtmiohs to UAT0SALtn Cmxcws fie
roaio W understand tbat eommleelon will
not be issued to the oeptata and 3d Lieutenant
of lb Adopted Cititeno' Volunteer Company.
Fall River, Has ,oe the ground tbat tbe parties)
aoDlvine' for snob commisstoaa are not natural
lised dtlsen. A new election will oonsequeutly
have 4o b ordered . .. ,t : v4 . ?. en.
A Bollit w his Limos. Mr. Calvin .Wood,
of Batavia, . wbo was shot, by burglars, a lew
nigbu since,-! oat of danger and jyul recover,'
bnt bis doctors Duiietin announce mat Air.
Wood will carry the ballet in bis lungs ss long
as bs lives. 11 nas tea-en up it loagtngt mere.
and cannot b extracted.
Gen, Houston's Position.
,prs s,-. .
dnlvader. reach the retirement to which I shall go
wblcblenemiea or tb charms of my own fireside; bui
- The Hooiton Telegraph puUlehee tbe iollow -
log txtraot from a late speeoh of Gen. HouttonJpUce
, ine ume oen coma w -
- . . h. rnlnaJ All
. ' I
South. When I see the land for whose defences
my blood has been spilt, and tbe people wnoee
fortunes have bee mln through mere than a
quarter of a oeatury of toll, tbreatetied-with ln-
Tuion. I can but oast my lot with their and
U tha tuna. r z -
I rot yeara I have been denounoed on account
of my efforts to save the South from the oonse-
nnenoea f the uobappy measures which have
brought destruotion upon the whole country.
When. In the faoe of almost m entire section,
and a powerful Northern etrehgtb, I opposed tbe
Kansas and JNebrasta out. ine oiuerofas ouan
"82 was sibauBted to docry and vilify me.-
Whan I niotured the cooeeoueooetof that mea
sure, and ioretold te effects, I was unheeded.
ow, when very wortDernssan woesnpporieu
. t J tL. ank iiaalitn
Bina aoDLDi uur dvuuib u-iu w tmifw usuuitoai
,V ,.tt th.m In innnortlnir It. DevotedIB
'.. V ... ,n n..n. .rl tr, tha Union. I Kava atrnir
led -eaiuet the realliattod itven'of my own
VDroDbeoiee. " Every result I foresaw has already
- Wfid.. ' -. t?W
Sonth.- It baa brouebt war, 'and spread
freesoll almoetto the northern border Of Texas.
All we ean d now Is to stand firmly by what we
hava. and be more wise In the future. - , ' ,
I The trouble is eeoa bs, and no matter how It
!osme or who brought it on, w have to meet it
whether w save opposed inn secession move
meat or favored It, We must alike meet tbe con-
aneaeee.; Ieooeht calm and prudent autton
I dS red a united ana preparea oouto, wemut
leave tbe U lion. Entire co-operattou may notl
. .. . ... Ma . i i r . .
now be ooceible, but we have ample Strength for
tha struggle, if we husband It aright. ' We mui-t
flsbt now. wbether'we are prepared or not. - My
position was taken' months' since. 'Though I
opposed secession far the reetofli mentloued, I
saw that tne policy oi coercion oooia not oe per
mitted, i .me attempt to sugmeuze ana crusn
out tus revolution, comprehending States ; and
millions of people, ss a rebellion, would show
that the administration as Washington did not
aomcrehend the vast issues Involved, or refused
( liaun to the dtotatee ot reason, justice ana
hamaoitv A stubbora resort to force, when
moderation was necessary would destroy every
nope n peso and tbe reconstruction or tbe Uo
ion. N ttMi nut onl) ouvroiiib, but a Vlndjet
ive wari, b4ittobinuiiur.teil( I rUud rew y
lo Mflum mi pltdge to tpe people, vv urine.
the cotiveuiioii avicd right or wruug, Is but now
th q its ion ' wneiber l was treated juitiy or
nr.t ,-th. is not now to b'e considered. I cut all
tha. under my feet; and there It shall stay. , Lit.
those who have stood by me oo tne same, ana
let us Sll show that at a time when peril environs
nsau snow tnat at a urn, i ,uen peru ""'""ffl.
ourbelovea lana, we snow now io do pbu-iokh,
Let us have do ptst, except the glorious past
hose heroic deeds shall stimulate us to resist-
mce to oppression and wrong, and buryiug io
the crave of oblivion all our past difficulties,
. . m tii a . :,.J .L.
let US go I or war a ueiermioeu not, mi jiciu iur
position wbloh the people have assumed, until
our independence is acknowledged, or, If hoi
cknowledged, wrung from our enemies by the
force of our valor, it Is no lime to turn oacit
oowj the people have put tbeir hands to tbe
plow they must go forward To recede, would
ne worse than' Ignominy. Belter meet war in
ita daadl lent shane. than crinee before an enemi
whose wrath we nave lnvoxea. , i maxe no
pretensions as to myself; I have yielded up
office, and sought retirement to preserve peaces,
Ae eiannla Mat rVtftl TiPrnRnOl. Lff
among our people. My services perbsps, are
not Important euongh to be desired; others are,
perhaps, more competent to lead the people
through this revolution. I have been with
them through the fiery ordeal once, and I know
tbat with prudence and discipline tbeir courage
will surmount all obstacles. Should thetooiic
of war, calling forth tb people to resist the In
will heed neither the denunciations of my
icfflwill loin the ranks of my countrymen to defend
i exaa onoe aaaiu. uiuiwium wue wuu
have nnrsued me with malignity, and who have
denounced me as a traitor to Texas and the
South, to prove themselves Jmor true, when
the battle shock shall oome. (Jid and worn at
I am, I shall not be .laggard. Though others
mav lead. I shall not scorn to follow, and
though I may end my life in the ranks, where
I commenced it, I eball leel tbat the post Oi
duty ia the post of honor. . -,i -
I bay ever been conservative, was oonaerva
tiv as long as the Union lasted, am a conserve
tlve eUixen of the Southern Confederacy, and,
giving to the constituted authorities of tbe
country, civil and military, and tha Govern
ment which a majority of tbe people have ap
proved and acquiesced in, n honest obedience,
I feel that I shall do less tban my duty, did
ool press apon others tbe importance of regard
ing this the first duty of a good citisen. ' , ,
News from the South.
AccordkE to tb New Orleans DtUa. tbe
State of Louislsnalhad in the field, 00 tbe 25 tb
alt.. 7.350 men, beaides 4,0UU in camp, awaiting
orders, and 5,000 armed and equipped for home
protection. ' 1
Uol. Van iwrn nas oy tetter informed a com
mittee of tbe citisene of Corpus Christ! that at
an early day be will p-aoe troops . on the Rio
Grande frontier for ita ample protection.- -'
Four steamers passed Vlcksburg on tb 3d,
ith Confederate troopl from New Orleans for
Fort Smith, Arkansas, to be commanded by
Brigadier-General Ben McCulloch. , ; ,
The eonvieu In the Virginia renltentiary sre
now employed in making gun carriage, wagons,
axes, Dicks, nannei enirte, oiotn ior uniforms,
army shoes, tents, wheelbarrows, and litters lot
the wounded. 1 - - 1 -.
Col. Gaines, of Braxona, offers to be one of
twenty to raise $aU UUU in land, to be given to
the soldiers from Mat county wbo may be en
gaged in any battleior tbe Confederate States
It is stated tbat a Teasel (tb Eliia B rasall)
has safely arrived at Savannah, from 'Europe,
with rined cannon. . - . ; 1 0 ;
Tb Mobil Trtoaa Is informed tbat an agent
of tbe French . goverament la now tn that city
for tbe purpoee or obtaining fact relative to the
condition of the South. . m ' '
The same paper announces tbe arrival lo
Montgomery 00 the ith ol three peace com mis
loner front Maryland. ':-.. -1 i--c
Tb goveromenl olerks at Montgomery rs
iceived orders to pre par to remove to Richmond
by Wednesday or Thursday of this week.
DON'T ATTACK FORT PICKENS.
Tbe Charleston Mereurt opposes an attack on
Fort Piokens. It says: '
."The batteries are a mile and a third distant
too far to breaoa with certainty. Tbe bar
racks oannotb burned out, aa In the ease 01
Sumter. A storming party would have to ad
vance under the fire ot tbe fleet, and if 'tbey
-tuoceeded io passing through tb breach, would
have to tak a largo battery protected by sand
begs within the tort, ji ne whole undertaking
appears desperate and uncertain in the result
whll tb loss of llfeoaonot fail to be great
These are reasons t deter from the-attempt.
What eood reasons are there for making itt An
Mexpeosive and much needed fleet of 'b United
o met is empioyeo, ana s a eronr. expeqse fort
Pickeos Is proverbially a very sickly place, sub
Ijci to yellow lever. Santa Roea Island ia lull
of fresh water ponds eLd pestilent or bilioue le
vers.' JNo citv u' surcil luterest of, tb Con
fide' ate eta lequlrea rl et, aud. ttbe Cmip
beic.i au at'uiir.bir ploe lor dulling ,iroOi
In the face ol tbe enemy, all are on tbtir good
bebaviuUf. . . . ., m r
The, Boston Pert eays: What It known
among as as tbe eolumbiad Is lo reality a modid
cation of tb Paixhao gun, There" are two
site, carrying balls 8 and 10 inches lo diameter,!
either hollow or solid. This gun, therefore,
combines tbe essential qualities of tbe ordinary
cannon, the bowitser ana tbe mortar. 11 die-
chsrgee shot or shell wltb greater precision tban
mortar, and is terrlDly destrooiiv. 1 la east
log oolumbiede, it baa bees found almost Imno
eible to make them slrong enough to withstand
tbe .proper number of dischargee. . it la a re
markable faot tbat tba leorta of tlm that a
plee has been cast bas much Influence 00 J is
power ol eaduranc. - Oa trial of thro 8iflch
eolumbiad east In tb east aaoqlil and at the
earn time, on of tbem, Jew days eJter.oest
iar, burst st tbe.vSJ reuod.s! Of tbbar terto.
alter lying six yeara. ooe buret after SOU rounds,!
tbe other sustained a.oaa ore, without yielding.
It is ooDSidered that all Iron gun, after 1,300
rounds, ar no longer sais.
in Virginia occapted by .Government ,ta
nlMtl.CUUI WlkUUUI IU tCff UUUVU IUIUUKU tuo wveivis
H c i mm
. Tk.v.n.Vf 1 1 .!. Vl.n;. Khlnh 111
henoefortfl btTfl . hi(0rioal lotereet as tbe first
tight bank of the Potomto, seven milH, be-,
a'a waimogton. It la . port or eniryna
and affords commodious harbor" foe-ships of
tbs largest tuonago. It is also a place wnere;
ship building is carried 00 to some extent. The
city is regularly laid out, gas-lighted, and con-
tains . eoarl-house, twelve, churches, three
i nn nlana la ImnorUnl to V irgiQie as a OOU'
venient point for tbe export of corn, tobsooo
and 00a U The trade of Alexandria bas been
materially Increased of lately the opening or
the taqa) t Georgetown, IntefBeetlng the Chee
oeax ana Uhto canal, ana a rauroaa nmetv
innoB lone, vxienuingvo vinui,iuitf,uu,iic
vtrrinla Central Ka road. This oonneoitou is
a most important one $8 tbe. South, as tbe line
-1 - ' . 1 . I . .! .1 I. Ik. J
Mobile, and obn
..... e ? . '
Jf'w Mnoh iiuet jo aimos efery pium
ooumern CUV anu pora.
Tb railroad runnier into, Alexandria are
too urange and Alexandria . rbaa, wnicn eon
neots with Richmond. Ltnohburg, and so on
throughout tha .cntira Baulhi the Mannassas.
Gan road: the Afexandria, Loudon and Hamp-H
ahice road, sod the Washington roe, rMsnai-
s Gad la the Ibnotlon of tbe railroads to Har
per s rerry, Acquis Creek and Klcbmona. l oe
following ,Uble snows the dirtanoes Irom Alex
andria to some of the principal statlonst r ,
3prlDnfllJ OranseOoartIIouis..M 80
Utnaaiai Oap ....7
warrlniton Junotlon 4
Rappabao nock, .,.,.. ..Si
Naw Olutow I..15J
Oulreoper Court iloui..tl'
Amhtrtt Oourt IIoom. 15H
Moire r, 164
Business in Massachusetts.
iever blow W tb towo, but Asbbornham i
h CJn he)r snppty.-Tbere le
! . r ' J.
A corresoojident from Worcester, Man
writes tbat tbe military spirit in that city ts still
on the inorease, and that tbe second quota of
six regiments from the State is fast getting into
proper trim in relerence to tbe busipess be
writes as rolidwsi I T c ,i
- While our merchants are doing considerable
buru,ieu hi lemuserative prices, la other placet
trade Is entirely prostrated. - In the north part
of this county there is no business, Tbe great
pair and cbair mtr1ota are almott desolated.
The large pail manufactory of tbe Murdocks In
Wlncbeudon is phut upt tb proprietors failed,
and tbe workmen out or employment, 1 bit ie
ta . ... honditlon.'. ' vi .. i
One little village in Tempteton, ol four bon
dred inhabitants, has lost within three week?
over J'.OO.OOU, completely ruining the place for
the , time being. This sad state or affairs in tbe
Northern part of the country is but a sample of
the state of our industrial loterestaevery where
TbO Brookflelds are the great boot and shoe
towns nt the county, and there business is down
T. & . Batcbjelder have failed, and their work
were tbe largest in tbe town. Those shops
wbere aoy wotk ts done are doing but eery lit
tle, and tbe profit are found oo tbe wrong side
or tb. ledger. .,. , ., .,.,-,, -The
straw shops in Upton have also, nearly
stopped work, but as their season Is nearly over,
tbey will not De seriously snected tbls summer
one class ol people who are destined to be bene
tilled rjy tne war. . farmers are going to coin
money ss last as tuey can get tbeir orops out ol
tbe ground. Farms In this section are held
high prices, and are being taken up rapidly by
many wbo, long ago, left tbe plough for tbe
oounUrand the deck, but who are new glad
to return to their first love to gain a subsist
The Garibaldi Legion.
The Philadelphia Press thus describes tbie
New York Regiment, as it passed throngh that
city lor wasnington:
The Garibaldi Legion are eleven hundred
strong. Tbe men are not remarkable for any
great height, but tbey make up every deficiency
in tbat line, if any deficiency exists, by tbe fact
that tbey are an stout-Duut, rugged men. Tbeir
uniform consists or a blue jacket witb red cuffs,
and oorded with red; blue pants, with cord down
tbe seam; gaiter leggings, laced above the an
kle. - Tbe officers' uniform appeared to have
oonsiderable quantities of gold tassel ou the
breast ot their coats. Tbe regiment have
ovatahaped felt hat, with stiff rim, about five
inches broad, surmounted witb a black feather
Tbey marched into the cars in good order, ting
ing tbe "Marseillaise." A number of vivan-
ilieres accompany the regiment.-; The men are
also provided witb a light suit for the warm
weather.' ' They catried no arms with them, bui
expect to be equipped with the Mini rifle, wltb
sabr bayonet. A handsome case ol fifty re
volvers was presented to the' Legion, on Tues
day, in JM ew X ork.. . ' . m n-- -.
Tbe Legion is composed of msn of almost
nations; many of the officers have been edooat
ed in Europe, and served in the various ertniee
on the Continent. Some are political and mili
ary refugees from the land ol tbeir birth, and
ibere are officers whs figured extensively witb
tien. waixer. ,.. --, n-t
Tbe nativity of the companies is ss follows
German 5, French 1, Hungarian l.Soanishl
Seits 1, Italian 1. The oolonel Is a Hungari
an, tbe lleut. colonel an Italian, and tbe two
majors aa American and an Italian;
How they do Banking Business in the
East without Capital.
Tha Greeks understand bogus banking to per
faction. A banking bouse le establishsd In Con
stantinople, another in Londoo, another In Paris,
and another in Italy. ' Tbe Greek tame used In
Constantinople Is translated into Italian, Eng
lish, or rrencb.tfs tbe case may require, aid
tbe bouse bere sells bills on tbs bonss of Black
bridge & Co., in London; Negropont & Co., io
Leghorn, and perhaps fontnoir at Co., in rsrls,
wbo, in turn, draw on Constantinople and on
each other to meet tbese bills, and so tbs mar
ket Is Hooded with tbe dralta and acceptances ol
these four banking houses, wbloh inj realty
are only one, and that one without capital
enough to hire aa effloo lu either plaoe, exoepi
on credit. - -
Strang to say,' the great bankers I bave men
(.loped are delighted to speculate on paper of
ibis sort, trusting to tbe discounting facilities of
London ana rant for tbe result. - - 1 ,
While tbe sun theoe alt went well, and these
tragus honses flourished.' .Their paper flooded
the markets of Constantinople, Paris and Lon
don. , But a cloudy day earn 1 one link in the
chain .was suddenly broken, and witb it went all
tbe rest, lo a day these bankere disappeared
from our course, and now, in spite or all
sacrinces iney nave made, the great bouses
used their capital to protect and patronize tbem
The Rebel Major General.
Robert Edmund Lee. tbe present M.ilar tsn.
eral ana ivommanoer 01 tne Virginia lorces, I
tbe son ol Harry Lee, of tbe Revolution. He
entered the Military Academy at West Point.
Rfrom Virginia, in loUa. Graduating with die-
'inr'ion at tb bead of bit olass In 1829, he was
rr veiled a second Lieutenant in the corps ol
ei giueers, Irom which time to the present be
bae maintained bis ascendency in tbe service
Among the publio duties assigned to bim io his
career, ia an 01. wBicn.be exhibited talents and
character of tbp highest .order, ar th follow
ing: ' : " ' ' ' '
Ia 1835 b was the astronomer for lit log tbe
boundary between Obio and Michigan i a First
lieutenant in September, ItMb; Uaptain In July,
1838; Chief Engineer In General Wool's armv
in the Mexicau war, 1846 Brevet Major for the
battle of Cerro Gordo, April 1847; Brevet Lieu
tenant Colonel for tb battle of Cbapultanee.
io whioh be was severely .wounded, September,1
10; pupenuieudent or tb United State Mill.
tary Aoademy at West Poiat, 1852; Lieutenant
(Jelonel of Cavalry, lS05.--JVi y. Htfld.
Thi Asmv Wosm This destrncttv worm
lis ravaging whols fields In portions of Kentucky
and Musourt.- It Is itsd suted that It bas ap
peared In Soufbero Indian. In tkd vicinity of
Jeffersonville. Tbs worms appear iajMnaaense
armlea, march in a straight direction, -deetroy-
ipg tn oereai crops in tnair pain. Tney sweep
a wheat field as clean as a reaper. It Is to b
hoped that tbeir ravage may b stopped before
uey reacu a serious extent,
The Rebel Major General. Habeas Corpus of a United States
The Rebel Major General. Habeas Corpus of a United States Soldier.
Sosa tlm sine Samuel fi. Delano, a young
man under eishteeu jears of aie.enmtea ,iu
iUepU Maj'e oempany from iLalamasoo, Deloog
to the Second Reclment.
On to apniioation of tbe father or Delano,
Recorder Morrow issued a writ of habnu eereut
on Thursday, to Captain Charles B.May, to in
B. Delano. The Caotain mad his return ves
terdsy to the effect that Delano bad enlisted. in
tha Unltad States service. Tha father wae ex
amined, and testified tbat the ion was not yet
eighteen yean of age, and bad enlisted without
the consent or his parent, wno are cur lawiui
rnardlaua. ' ' " '"'':.
I The Recorder ordered the discbarge of the
prisoner, holding that bis enlistment was void,
as tb aol or uongress aoes not autnoriss tne
enlistment of any one under eighteen yeara oi
sge.-IMrotf tret trtti.
yj'f ; I. i- ' i ' Ii
Oraelev and Bennett aaree no better now.
when both r on the sera siae or tne lence.
than thav used to when they were political!)
opposed to- wach other. Greeley thinks ,tbatfl
Bennett's wondrous teat lor tnts war is not a
together genuine, and it dlotated by adeslr on
benoett's part for the saiety oi nis ssiaDiisnmeoi
and himself, and the success of tbe Htruli as a
journal. I, Bennett thinks, on the contrary, that
tireeley ought to. be bung, and win be when
that goldeo epoch arrlvee when the right will
oome uopermoet, and iustio will be don. When
indulging In this agroeaoi anticipation, n oe
oomee very pointed In his remarks. In- a late
issue of tbe Herild be (ayai "But when Justice
gets her dues when tbe chief offenders: In the
work of bringing upon tbe country this civil war
shall be punished suoh Abolition and disunion
agitator or tbe last twenty years as ureeiey,
Gsrrisen and Giddlngs, will be among tb list Of
traitors buns uo like herrings to dry in to sua
Greeley, particularly, bas been a great sinner,1
and withal a very dirty on. Let aim be wash
ed, or let him retire.".. ;.,
The Rksii. Caiinct A Secessionists writ
ing Worth, thus speaks of the chief traitor and
hisCabloeti . " : ; '' ? ?
Tbe Executive and Cabinet Ministers occupy
a euaoiout pile. Inclosing a hollow square with
glass covered roof. . A gallery runs around the
eeoond story, and tbe door ot eaob ueparimen
may be recognised by a large printed placard
Tbie convenient contiguity of all to members
of the Provisional Government Is as good as a
oeroetual Cabinet Council. Most or these gen
ilemen appear to have been physically overtask
ed, and the Secretary of State hae lost his am
plitude of outline io a degree which stamps bis
office as havioe been no sinecure. Mr. Davis It
an exception to this law of depletion.; Care end
work seem to have agreed with bim, as ne lookt
more robust tban we remember nim at any time
during tbe past three years.
Tbe great hall Is quite full ol ant cosmoer
Gw. MoDowxu. Brigadier General Mo-
Dowell, who bas been detailed for the command
of tbe new military department lost laid out bj
the War Department, la a comparatively young
officer, having originally entered the service in
July, 1833. He is a native oi umo, ana gradu
ate or tb Aoademy. His nrst commission wae
filled for a Brevet Lieutenancy In tbe Second
Artillery, and bears date the 31st of March.
I Sob. His new command, geographically, will
embrace that portion of Virginia lying east of
tbe Allegbanles and north or James Kiver, ex
cept Fort Monro and vicinity. There are now
eleven departments of tbe army.
O Three young mechanics, of Cincinnati
have invented a sew piece of artillery, called
the breech cannon, which Col, Anderson and
other military engineers have examined and
pronounced a decidedly valuable Invention. The
powder and ball are plaoed in a socket, where
the vent-bole usually is. I be socket thus load
ed is turned by a crank one-fourth of the cylin
der distance even with the bore ; and tb pieoeH
is loaded ready for firing. A rifle cap la then
entered at the butt end, and by a tap 01 a nam-i
mer the gun is nred. 1 ne inventors are naving
a slx-ponnder made for Government trial.
Gxn' MoClxlun's Cohmano. Gen. McClel
lan's available command the portion of it so
far mobilized is at least 15,000 strong, and In
week 6.UUU more troops, being prepared for the
service la Ubio and Western Virginia and renn
aylvanla, will be ready to loin bim. Oor im
pression is tbat bis destination Is Harper's fer
ry, and tbat he will arrive before that point
just when Gen. Patterson's command arrive
before It on the Maryland side, and General
McDowell's command bas closed down and cut
off the retreat of the disunlonlsts at Harper's
rerry to Kicbmond by rail.
Moving im one Stats to Anothir with
Boots and Family .A strange epectaole was
witnessed on the Illinois river a few days ago
In tow of tbe Resolute, going north, was a
bsrge,on which repoeed a two-story frame boose
Tbie bouse Is the property of a man who
lived In It In Su Louis. Beooming alarmed at the
late commotion, be bad his bouse moved, as
stated, and taken to another State. His family
went along with bim. Wbile going up tbe river,
tbe man'e dog sat in the door, tb eat reclined
tasiiy at tbs window, and tbe good wire carried
00 the honsebcld work as osual.
Thi Wat thit 8ooxa " at thi South. A
gentlem'n, who travelled witb Colonel Maxej
Gregg'e South Carolina Regiment a part of tbe
way irom Kicbmond to Manassas Junction, says
tbat tbey wer accompanied by two hondred
egroea.who carried their masters' knap
sacks, and in many cases an extra hat.
guns were strapped on to tbe baokiof tbs ne-l-rrhu
groee. A peculiar feature was a full
oand, which played Dixi elegantly. '
Mountid Zocavis. A oomptnv of ''Horse
Zouaves" are forming In Wisconsin. Tbe dree?
is to be gray pants, red shirts with low poller,
gray mantle, , to come to tbs saddle when
mounted. Tbe arms of the company to be a
Minie rifle, two revolvers and a sabre. Horse
to be bay or brown. Those wbo will enlist fot
tbe entire war be it long or short wbo can
follow tbe style of Marion'smeu who can live,
if need be, on one meat and three fights a day,
or more fight and less eat are expeoted to send
m their names without delay. --
The Fooitive Ascissoh. The Missouri
slave, who killed bis msster while esoaning
from servitude, and was not surrendered by
the Canadian authorities, has sailed for Eos-
land from Quebec. He will prrobsbly be
uouixea eomewoai wniie anient. ,-,
0Colonel Anderson, on Saturday, received
hie appointment to a aew military department
in n.emucay, extenainA one nundred miles Into
Kentucky, and running tbe entire lenrrth of the
tbelUblo river. Tbe headonartara are to ha at
m. . . u
unio river, me neadausrters
Pendleton, an uncondit lonal Union man. In'
eleoted to Congress from the Harper's
ni...u l... n t , . r, . , , . , . . . J
liomiui, iia'.e cuicier bj.. ne win taxe DIS place
tiotwiibe tending lb Virginia convention annul
led the Congressional eleotion. .
A Youko Tbavellib A little Trish eirl.
only nine yesn old, arrived in Syracuse on Fri
day last, in search of ber mother. She had trev-
eucu an tus way irom Ireland aiear. . , l
The State Of Virsinia hat ,ln almn.it
iKimn 1 ,. . V, 9. .
' ww" mejuriiy lor toe oecesaiou Urdtoeoce.
- .-. u- - -. FIRST -- "'"," ;
OPENING OF THE $BA$0
Of .ji;-,--'i v
SPRING AND SMMER.GOODS
JLT. P. ROSE'B. V
I.lGAIN OrrEB TO THE PTJDLIC
si, entire new itock of Ooodl In ne Una. In.l nanh.
aaed In New York al tbe cheapeit pule ratetli ol wbloh
I hall idl at tbe amalletl nrufltt, for Oath. My euitoav
ert and frknda are reaoeatfnllv invitaA.tA&ii nA am.
Ins my Good, and Pilcca, at I aa determined to tell te
cheap or cheaper than eay other houce In the eity tend
ai I do my own Cutting, aid superintend my own boil-1
nei, I feel enured, from my long experience labul-
, to give general tatMactlcn. tha tnret of work-i
era emplored, and all work done itrlctlr to time and
oa thort aetlea, and warrantee1 to St.' Strangers vlaltlng
onreiiy woM eoneaU their u tenet by firing ml a oatl
etior nrehMins tuwwbm. " : ' . aoK
before pnrchaelDg tleewbert.
' t- iiiii '
'i Merchant Tailor!
marohSD-dly Oor. BlgheodTosw tt.
lfALTEBB at TIIHR1 ft LlflR IdlTTS
1V1 ef elegant (ullUec lor Ledlet; site, Mleeee' Mlttt
a grea vaneuj iiiii.
Theffljeivei to be invaluable, snd hs hopet every tnfferer will
remedy f at It will cost them nothing, and
negroljpn" sbtoeeing. - ; -
kl . 1.1 ... 1 . 1
1NEW ADVI-R EnEf4T3ef
... - -; "
ft TBAXN" Bt33ST; 0 ft
i.00 yarai JravUlatf CraHaU HahfUkods st
1 l'Oeentt aralas 80 etnts par yard. xX-'
3,00p. jrardr , WWU ,ftrpaayir MJI f -
WSR,WP.WTflwif J dT
3,0C0 yarai Iln and Domaitle 01nhams f ra,tlg fa
LARQ& AND -MWtytE LOT OF
aavMiaaLOWSWAB a(-",,"H 'ur
"' SreUSS'BAXIOXS, UYXIlll.
UWJia, eauuvaa,-'' iruii,n
AND ALU OTHER
! tm t
v.n, on A TTai trw-a.-hl T)rMuS
In tha most4sleblesVleea at vary loears prteas.
. mmmw. a.wrtnWTTl'l
oif all auterlale,'saadela UM Saoat styik asnpsr1 after.
tM'latett Juli faiWons-thr' f ost, slepnl, ityUs In
lbs City. ' '"''-' ' ' ,r,ti(,.i sti
n- i?K l.-ul'tri"! .vBAII ION,
may SO 'S Hls.ahldlsbrts. ,
3umlncr TJndeif Garments.
T AD1E9 lilaXE UHPEIsV TESTS. ,T
" ,. Mu.W . mmmttmyr -. W T , V ,
Utnts Bin Li rawer, ana aoiru.
dents India eeuse .Drawors SU aairtta t ,
Cotton " jv-'O
, " Oaase Mtrtae Vnder SU s. ' .1 .11
', .White sad BrMo BrHIU..JJram,M
, Whlta Llora Dr ie rAT,,-r .r n
itra lr,eDKlef Sblrt.,i .-j u
. " . Superior kuslUb Half Hoea, -i i, ,
" Loos sun-king.. t U
fancy Ootlaa Half Bote., rrr.' A
' Btupendert. (.,.
" OoldenHUlSWrta.,-..-rP i-"-' mi
For sals la great tarlely and at awdtratc
- v .mv"n ' ., lewth.iisJtstrsU'.
maySO. .T';r.,J I
Ohi l W Jiitc j Sulplmtj '.Springs,
DELAWARE CO.. OHIOJ
iThis Favorub Resort ma, serpen
.i vi -i ton -VI81T0R3.',, -: ;.
Juno lo. icoi.
rAMitutt Biatais aoASBise seals TnatauoR, Cam at
. . . I . ACC0Bata04T AT tlbDCaS UaTM.' ,'
. FOR ROOMS OR DirORMiTIOx?, '
ABOHESSt'"1 1-"-'"-"" !
tw. t : :I i-iot J. . IWATMII. ,!
i " ttvii Centtr;0'.,'Shwars Co., Oklo.
siay SS;dlmo. . .ft
iWry manhood;' l
iOs2li HOW LOR.' BOW. BMtOIED.
1 JtTfit MTBtlSHltD, bN tfl 'ifAVtrrfsi' TBEA
MBNT AMD RADICAL CUBE Of BPISRM ATOUttUBA
or Seminal Weakness. Bexoal Debility, Nerroiuneal.In
voluntary XmUalont and Impoteocy, rainUlog from
Self-aboie, ato. By Robt. J-. Cnlveren, M. D. Sent
antler teal, tn a plain eaverope, te any andretijpoK
oa receipt or tw siainpe, oy vr. unas- .
KI.INI. 187 Bowery,
new lora. roMumoe box, no
1 . . . 1 .'Ut merai!3indk
,4,48.. -,. ,., . -,. v.
la all eatet of ooa tires eat, dy rpcpela, bUllona and Uvw
affeoUoaa, pllat, rheasMtlaa, te van tad agues, obeli
aatt heal aches, and all gentral Jo ranf cat irate af health
thees PUIt hart uvarlably proved S eertalo and tpeed)
remedy. A tingle trial will place tbe i-tfe Pillt beyon)
the reach ofoompeUtlon u the ettimatloB of every pa
Sr.ltoffat'tPhomht Bitters will be fonnd equally ef
(otdoas hi alleatst ef nervous deWllty, dytpeptla, bead
ehe.tht tlckntti toeldent te (amales lndelkaU health
and every kind aj wsaknats of the digaaUve organs
for tali by Dr. W. B. MOf AT, S3S, Broadway, V.J.
tndbyallDrnrgtats. - , " maySS-dfcwly
The following ii an extract from a
letter written by the Bev. J. I. Holme, patter ol the
Flerrtpslat-ltreat Baptist Ohn rah,' Brooklyn, It. T.,tt
the "Journal and Mannger," Cincinnati, 0., and tptaka
rolnmei In favor of that worll-raoowBad meJiotM, Mm .
(Vuislow's Beonaae Ivan ni Oasuasw Tatiaiaul
"We set an advertlement u yon oolnmne of Hat
Wtniow't Sooranr Bracr. ' Mowwt never ealda wore
(a favor of a patent medicine before hV oar life, but wt
'eel compelled te eay to roar readeri that tbli It no hum
bog wt aava vans rr, a iwb to ii au. rt
iuia-s. I tit probably one of the molt taroenral medl
4 net of the aey, becauet It It one of tht beet. ' And those
f your reader, who have babies oast do better than
lay lne tupply." ... .-.,' tji'.'j t eoSTUydfcw
To CisurjptlTes !
. lbs Advertiser, baring been roster! to health ia a few
eeeki by a very itaple remedy, after hating ntfertd it
sral years with a severs long affection, and that dread
lleeaee, Cocrumption (1 anxioas lo make knows tohb
relloweotrerrrt the meant of eure.; ', ..
', To all who desire It, he will send a copy of Lhenreaorli
kn uted (fret of charge), with the directions far prepar
ing and atlag tbe same, which tbey will And a seas Or a
'or ComoMrnoa, Arnuu, Banaoarna, c- Tas onl)
fajeet of (he advartlier la undine the Preeortptto Is (c
m1" the afflicted, and spread Information which htoon
raftiet euuoi ine pieeunpnea win pivav aoama
Bsv. XDWAKD A. WILSON,
Klags Connty.jNev Xoik.
1 1 1 1.1 L
af AVT I 1 J e wt
1 ...iJil-'nt r"
- 11 1, 1 pi ,laer firliT
Irom the New I ork Obtervr.V ;'
Aiallpartlei manafactarttg Bewtns Machine, are r
llredloo.v Mr. Howe a Ucenee ea eaoh auahlB eld.
and art a to compelled to make re In roe to bim, ander
oath, is to Uitnamber told, blebookt gireaearreetitate
ment. Iron thta reliable eoorce wt have ebtaiaed the
following ttatlitioe. Of the chlnei maae in tn year
1859, there wer told, i -. 1 ! I -'l
By Wheeler At Wlhwn.... !. !' '-''
" I.M. Sineer a Co...i.. ro.10.1 "
-. Srever a Baker.,... aMMUV-
fhowtef the Hire of tthnler Wilton to bs dot
Awarded tbt hliheet - remtame at the
United lutes fcirt of 1848, 1&B tad iBSOf-J J
also at aw-'-ii ei.,'3
Ohio lute lair et IBM ens WJWi.ni
and at nearly aU tae Ooua ty faun kt tbe IteVS,
Onr nHees. St tht 1st redaction', or o lift hi mv
UK Hka maoblos now eoM. an ni a tune nigner man
. L. . 1 I. -I . J 1 J . t ...'.a J
rarfwd anan (tie naraat. " " " ' 1 ' '. I
Tbt WHBBLBB At WILflOH MAOSUri maiet lbs
Lock Sricn tbt only one which cannot be rare ltd. It
ie Aliii o Bora Sttneof the goods, leaving no rMJtM r,
cAafnoatAi weMter.efde. . . - '
All euMAMee ot4& yaarl, and MevrweK),
grnnu merr net, rree or onane. . ,..,-,
o .i - - u. oavajti.ei Higu st..rjoiambet, v,;
,. ,-. s . .1 WM. SUMNBB St 0O ;
AecS-SawdirOBl. flke't Opera Hoeea. Cinl'd-
Watctei! Liamonds !t eUTer'Wsro!!!
... . . . 1. "V . I . - - - - ,
AcCaOlOB 4'ISttTriENT OfllSLD
bA ailns filial h. i,wmmm urietV.
1 am Agent for the Uew., Wa-rea 09 I And ean
ell Uwea omental Waubes as sMoafectaiwrt' pilots,
eltner Wkoleeate er Betel l. a i- "-1-'"'
Coeae aed ibin, (rem my MawtlfM Sitpmy Ol Fia
monde and other rich Jewelry. Stylet atw priest low.
As So Stiver War If sterling Sulliy, I can show ne?
pattern, very aandMOC '. i . J J , , . I
ellrer Plated Ware, Tea Nttt,TJea WalmrS. Oettors,
BHketaj Piubera. Oobleia. Kaieavi Porks, Bnooni, etc
- Tban I have a rapply of toe Table Cutlery, Pocket
Salves, Sera a. At., and mane taoo Soedr eoob at
aiaoeelreAtof pnmeale at taeh yiluei et eve an Hwlace-
SOPKirtO CIS) A KB AND BASQINBS !
llO MSW STYLES ! ek BeB, No. SSoat4
iHlth etreel. have Jot I opened aew tries or Curra Cia-
oniAU. BABQnurae and SACqcn, made la the aewett tnd
moat otyllih aaaaaer. alao. lattra flail m
Hlack alike, very heavy, dedtned enreeelv for
t manuiies ana aanamee. lapriu
B aav. auwAitii a. wiL,un.
.: .- ,- r a;
ecu wii 1 . r i u
I . , 1 ,.T" I " " 'I1'' I'
m u 1 17 j -1 r i 0&&z a.
JJ7tHI AUIBIOAH WATCH COMPART, of Walt-
hjralJ.jbity tocaUlbs atUntloa tba pabllete
wiki followlof mphitla reooBmend
followlof amphatle "reoommandatlon ef Waltham
tchaukanand Jaw .
The entire list ef
Ignatttiaa te It l qalts fa 1mi( for pablloausa la one
alrartlMmanV; but the names praianUd will be reoof
nj4 by. Utore acnualntsi with the Trade as betas la tb e
blbst degree re ( table ant and Inflnentlal. At tbeir
eihailahasnts atey always bs found the leoulae Watch
es of the Ooapaav's aunafaetur, la (Teat variety.
many titles and towns not rally
resetted & thiijlrt will appear ia a fdtart edrsr
t.,.w ,n n.ih I'C '' ":..'
neanat ret Toed,)) raoUeal Watcbeaakeri and dealers ia
ffaichea havlsi bought and told Amsrleaa Watches fr
a number or years put, and having dtalt ia all klndso f
fcAlgrf Watohei for i tsaeh longer period ef tune, be j to
(ate 'st thty have aever' dealt la Watohes which, ss a
elasf, brio Indlvtdaat' Isitasou, hare bean more satis-
factory to themttlveier euitosaers, wbethtr la tttpect t
(JurablJ)ty, beauty of fiulih, suthematieallyeoneetprt
portions, seen rats eompeniatlon and adjoitment, or o
tnllinUiping nniU, than those manufactuied by
tha, Waltbam Company. , . .'j
N. CaiTTSNDKM, ,
JAMKS J ROBS. ' '
H. iKhKINt fcCO.,
BBOtfS at SMITH. -
WM WILSON McOBIW.
duhui a oo., ..
0. OSOAalf, '
KINU BROTHBR '
it T.AtB. M. KDWAKDB,
JOUN H, MOatB,
W. U. RinilMOSi), ' ' .
11. D. EAiS,
H. . Mt.LBsTON.
J. B: OURRN,
J. w; BhO7(l,;w . j
m. a. TUBIN.
US8B fc HOLMAlf, '
A. P. BOVNTON,.
WM. I. MAYO,
A. W. rORD,
J. M. FOX,
WILbaRD KllAWLaT, .
0. A. BURR CO.
K. I. JEITBMIKIHIB; at CO.
WM. 8. TAYLOR,
H. R. at U. 0. OARPINTBK,
nOBKtNB Jt BTAN8,
UAIOHT At LSACH.
JOHN H. IVE8,
J. N. BKNMBT,
WM. 8. MORGAN,
J. A. CLARK,
Am, tardus, "
. Baratoga, "
Oataklll, . . "
' M M
Terra Haute. , '
Racine, . , "
1 Beloit, ':;..? "
Prairie da Cbna, 41
luton, . . "
t. ' ' M
. Wtllkuupoit, "
Las cuter "
1 Ohambenburg, "
Bbenebnrg, ' '
Maaoh Chunk, "
Athland, , .' "
Patenon, N. J.
Ntwark. . "
. Trenton, 4
Bprlngfleld, ' "
Bt. Louis Mo.
BLOOD As PUTMAN. 1
JKNN1NOS BHO'8 1
JOHN J. JENKINS,
W, H. WILLIAMS,
L. 0. DUNNIN9.
OHA8. B. W1LLABD,
P. BIBQHAM k. 00..
0HA8. 0. PBJINCn.
0. A. DICKBN8EN. .
Q. H.BASOOMAt CO.,
J. M. STANBII.
THB3. r. PIOKERINO,
0 BO. DOTY. . .
M. B. BMITH ' '
A. B. VAN OOTT, -JOHN
IL N. BBBRMAtf, .
8. 0. SPADLD1N0.
BsAM'fc BROWN, Jr.,
OBO.B. TITOS, "
(IKCKMAN At YOIIE.
H. J. LABCKLLB,
J. J. BLAIB.
GEO. W. MoOAlLA.
K. ADOHINBACQH, 1
i. T. IIIIIiMiV
Bj. 0. banna.
0. T. BOBBBTB,
J O. DOLON.
OHAS.L. VISITER,' '
B. M. St. OLAIH,
R. At A. PETERSON, .
SNOOni. BILtS. , .
0 ARSON At BRANSON,
SIMFBON At PBIOB,
J. Av A OaRDNIB
MAURIOB dl BllNBY
J T. SCOTT At CO..- -
T. B. HUMPHREYS, ...
J. W. MONTGOMERY,
BENJ B. COOK,
OEXtBR tt IIABKIN8,
I 11. THDALB,
r. W. MACOMBER,
Newberry, S. 0.
Now Bedford, '
Fall River, "
T.M.LAMB, , 7
8. N. STORY,
LEVI JOHNSON, '
0. W. FOOO.
' I ,1
8w. m. root. '
JOHN BARTON, '
JOHN B. SCOTT,
WM. KlaKHAel, Jr..
L. D. ANTUONT At CO.,
THOMAS STESLB As 00.,
HBMINOWaY At Bl'BVKNS,
WM. ROGERS at SON,
I. J. MUrlSON, .,
I . GreeowleV '
ii - tt
J. B. KIRBY. ' -OEOaOE
8. S. HUNlINOTONSt CO.,
S. A. WOODVOJU), ,
II. D. HALL
San born ton,
JOHN L. SMITH,
ULaCKMANr ' ,
ANDBBSUN, .. .
a. KNIGHT. . t' "
N. O. OABR," '
OBO. W. DKBWfcCO.,
" -tr -.
EW. O. 0. WOODBURY,
WM. H MOBlllLL, ,
n. ir,tlviVAnU '
OHAS. E. BACON,
IP. M. BARDUON. -TWOMBLY
MOSES M. SWAN. . ,.
J. A MERRILL -jAMRi
BMEBY, i, ...
IMEtlN BLOOD.. . .,
HENRY H.HAM, "" '
. So. Berwick.
t, Bncksport, -,
, Rockland, .
KOBEHT N H'lUtfK.
HEN BY McKXNNlY.'
? t rT,f i
J. T. HOWLAaD,
TOMPKINS at MORRIS,
Oi 0. WILLIAMS,
0. 8. It 0 L. ROGERS,
D. I. LUOkt '
0. H. IIARDINQ, . , , ,
1 . 0. PHINNBY,.":
A. A. MEAD.. "
J. O. BATES, '
0, O OHILD8,
Bradford, - ,
. , Monlnslier, ' . ,
- St. JohDtbury,
' Bt. Albans,
, Newbury, 1
., Bellewa Falls,:
; Hew Orleans,
Ma. H.HUNTINQTONi- ,'
W S. WALLACE, - r
LIANDBS AMADOU. 4 .
O. S JSNNINOS, , - ,
QBraOKACO., . ,
A. N. BALL, ,, . . .
ROBEKX WlLilB, I- . . i
OAtrTioiii'eur rTska Is swtBsrrJoonter-
felted cr rorstgii manufactursri, W Uve to mforsi Ihe
publie that so watch Ii of oor production wbloh Is anse.
namberet ie watch, aal slgaed by ear rrtaestwr,'.
1. Bobbins, or try our reoessors, Applltou, f racy It
Oe-ji ,.li itie .v-
B these "waishis aref IsaU by Jewelers Fewe11
wrdn;hutths,TJpion, th Amerfcaa Watch rjompany
do'not solicit ordtrs for single watches.
BOBBINS Jt APPLETOI
WhoUsslt Agents, No. 189 Bros Iw
apot. f.e,W' . , ,
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