. If I I f -A -II IT lit AA II A A M 1 1 I l II Jl. . l t .-" H . 11 . .1 " w ' '
a ii iivi fci . m vyat nxivs a ii ti ujsrr f .af -at. - . aa a. .
VV-i VII r ii it , r -Pi II II t II II II II II V II II IJ II II ; " PTa II if II il ' Ir II II II 11 II II
VOL. VIII. NO; 43. NEW SERIES.
COLUMBUS. OHIO, TUESDAY MORNING. JULY. 30, 1861
SIX D0LLAE3 FES YEAB,
JUTariably In Adranor.
O ML7, TEI-WEI3XY AND WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUBLISH) K8 AND PROPRIETORS,
' XT Office Hoi. 88, 88 and 40, North High 8t
TERMS INVARIABLY IN ADVAN01.
Daily ' - - -" . $3 00 per yoar.
" By the Carrier, per week, 13g cents.
M-Weakly . . . 8 00 per year.
Weekly - l 00 "
eriim of Advertising by the Squares
neaqaarel yu.,.20 00
One " moi.th! 18 l
Dne " 0 monlhi 15 00
One " 3 uionlhs 10 00
One' timonthi 8 OU
One ' 1 month. S 00
One square 3 week.. 84 00
One " 2wecki.,3O0
One " 1 week... 175
One 3dayi... 1 00
One " 3 day... 75
One ' 1 Insertion 50
Displayed advertisement half mure than the above
rites. . ,.,
A Ivertliementi leaded end placed In the column ot
8o?clal Notlcei," double Me ordinary rate.
All notice, required to be published by law, legal rate.
If ordered on the Inside exclusively after the first week
per stM, mora than the above rate.; but all inch wll
ipne.ir in the Tri-Weekly without charge.
B jsuiesOards, not exceeding fire linea, per year, In
al l, 1 '! 511 er line; outalde i.
No ticca of meeting!, charitable! ocletlei, fire companies,
ate, half price.
All transient advertieementi mutt be paid or in
a tmiiice 111 a rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, same price aa the Daily, where the adrertlaei
idjtho Weekly alone. Where 'be Sally and Weekly
rs both uaed, then Uie charge lor the Weekly will be
a!f thernteaof the Darty . . w .
No advertlaement taken except for a definite period.
v. a. b. smzms,
23Lttorn.oy at Xiet-w
. '.AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Offloe Amboa Building, oppoilte Oapltol Square.
Attorney & Counsellor at Law,
Machine Mannfactaring Company
' atnTJFACTOtRe 0
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
Caitiog, MUl-tfeulng, Machinery.
3EI irvllroad 1
or cviar DH",ciurrio.
' vtioi,rinrBC8, omo.
OH AS. AM BOS, Bnp't. P. AMDOS, Treu.
deoll, lH5H tr
GREAT NORTHERN AND EASTERN ROUTE
CLEVELAND, COLUMBUS, & CINCIN'I
Connecting at Oreatllne with Ihe PITTSBURGH, FT
WAYNB CDIOAQO RAILROAD
Far PUUburgh, Philadelphia and BaUlmort. Alto
for Tort Waynt and Chicago.
Connecting at Cleveland with the LAKB SHORE RAIL
ROAD For Itunklrk, Ilnffalo, Albany, Boa
Ion, and New York.
THREE TRAINS DAILY,
From Columbua, in eonnectlon with Trainaon the
L1TTI.R IfllAini ANII COLIJIftlHJS
AND XtflllA It AlLiRUAllS.
NIOUT EXPRESS, Ltavei Columbua at 3.40 A , M J
will leave paaaengera at all atatione aonth of Gallon,
atop at Delaware, Aahley, Cardington and Gllrad, and
at all atatione north of Oalion, arriving at Cleveland
at0:0uA. Id., Dunkirk 3:00 P. M., Buflalo 4:55 P. M.
Albany B.W A. M., New York 8:35 A. M., Boaton 8:30
P. M., Plttaburgh via Oreatline 3 S0 P. M , Philadel
phia 5:10 A. U. Chicago vU Oreatline at 7'll0 P. M.
NEW YORK EXPREBS Leave. Columbua at 11:10
a. m. Will atop atLewia Oentre, (ror White Bulphur
Springa), Delaware, Cardington, Oalion, Oreatline, Shel
by, New London, Wellingtoa and Grafton, arrive at
Cleveland at 3:35 p. m.; Dunkirk, 8:50 p. m.f Bnf--falo,
10M p. m.; Alliany, t):45a. m.; New Yoik, 1:45
p. n.; Boaton, 4:40 p. m. Thla Train oonnecteet Shel
by for Sanduaky, and at OJafton for Toledo, arriving at
Toledo at 8:40 p. m.
' : j I TIII8D TRAIN. ;
HAIL AND ACCOMMODATION Leavea Columbua
at S.30 p. m. Will atop at all atatlona South of
Shelby, and at New London, Wellington, Grafton,
and Berea; arriving at Cleveland at f:30 p. m.; Dun
kirk, 9:00a. m.j Buffalo, 3:20a. m.i Albany, 9 -V0 p.m.;
NewYork, 7:20 p. m.; Boaton, 11:45 p. m. Plttaburgb,
via Oreatline, at 11:55 p. m.; Philadelphia, 1:00 p. m.,
Chicago, via Oreatline, 0:45 a. m. Thil Train ronnecta
at chelby for Sandusky and Toledo, arriving at Toledo
at 8:55 p.m.
Patent Sleeping Cars are ran on all
Night Trains to Chicago, Hew
York and Boston. J
Baggage Cheeked Through to Mno Tori and Boeton
via Cleveland; alto, to J'hUadelphiaand
Jeto l'orkvia Oreetiine. ,
Night Expreaa arrive! atColumbua at.. .11:15 P. M.
Clnolnnatl Kzpreea arrlvea at Columbua at 10:50 A.M.
Accommodation Xxpreia arrlvea at Columbua at 7:50
.. Fare aa Low aa by any other Kotitc.
Atk far TichUtia Creitlineor Cleveland.
r t -
. . 8. FLINT,
' ' 1,1 Superintendent, Cleveland, Ohio.
JAMES PATTERSON, Agent,
! t Columbua, Ohio.
Columlui, June 17, 1861.! (
i Art nr. cn onEHN and- black
1UVTKA8 100 bags prime Rio Cone.
ISO pocket old Dutch Government Java Coffee.
7 5 bag Ceylon Coffee.
9 00 bale, atandard White tagart, consisting of Pow
dred, Obruahed, Granulated A and B Colled.
80 quintal George Bank Cedflah.
80 boll. Ilea and No. 1 Mackerel. I
S tea. Pick Salmon.
lOObx. Layer Ralslrti. '
HO tit. box do do
lOOqr.bo do - dV , ,
10O M Olgara, different brrnda and grade.
noVJ7 WM. McDONALD.
M. C. LILLEY
at , aar . m ' I
ua asanx-isoox ntnnjanniror,
worth maa, iteexi, colukbub, omo
' to White and Bine'
, i CALICOES,
' i isisiuvnn,
Juat opened by "
.. , BAIN A BON, ,
No. SO South Illjh alreet.
A NEW HOOPSKIKT.
'" No."s9,80UTn,nian BTAIETi' j
H.v Inst naelred a new make of HOOP SKIRTS
finished In a manner far inperlor te any yst Introduced
URABlilTY AND GRACEFULNESS
.1 J T A MM ;! M
ROYAL QUARTO DICTION AKY.
Tho latest The Largest Tha Best,
Aao tneapest Becauie tie uert,
Tlio moat Rellat) Standard Au.
tborlty of the Eng-llah I.augaage."
' Si Hundred Eminmt Edutatort of Ohio,
TUK ERST INOLISn BICTTONAET IXTANT."
. Literary Men Evtrywkert.
"lie i areupwardaof a Hundred Thouaand Worda,
whoae multlfarloBBBieanlnn and derivation, together
with theii correct apelling, and prdnunalalion are clearly
aet before the eye. "
Bead the Deelstont of tho Mtmberi of the Ohio State
r ,, ) uiKAtre Auocuaton. .
The anderalrned, membera of the Ohio State Teaohara'
Aaaoclatlon. adnnt and aim to uae In teaching, wrltlni
and apeak log, the orthography and pronunciation of
Worceater'a Boval Quarto Dictionary, and we moat cor
dially recommend It aa the moat reliable atandard au
thority of the Knglleh language, aa It ii now written and
Loam Airoarwa, Prealdent Kenyon College.
M. D IHoarrr, Superintendent Zaneaville School!.
Tho. W. lUavrr, Sup't Uaaallon Union School!.
M. V. CoWDiar, Bup't Pabllo Bohoola, Banduaky.
John Lmcn, Sup't publlo Bchoola, Olrclevllle.
B. N. Baaroao, Principal Cleveland female Bcmlna-
War. Mitcbill, Sdp't Publlo School!, Mt. Union.
Joum Ouoin, Principal State Normal School, Uinne
Ornoe Naeox, Principal foarth Intermediate School,
II. B. Maana, Sup't Canton Union School!.
Kdwih tnu, Principal UcNeely Normal School,
kt.t T. TirviH, Prof. Uathematict, Ohio Univeralty.
Wit. W. KnwARM, Sup't Troy Union School.
A. d. HorKuu, Prlnolpal Weat lllgh School, Clave
B. A. NoatoN, Anoclate Principal nigh School, Cleve
land THiononi SnauFo, Principal High School, Cleve
R. F. ITcniaToa, Principal Cleveland Inalltnte.
J. A. Gaaruui, Prealdent of Eleotie Inatltnte, Hi
ram. W. L. Hiaaia, Prof, of Chemlatry, Ohio Weileyan
II. H. BiRnit, Ex-Cemmlaaloner of Common Schoola,
Jmta Horrant, Prof. Rhetoric, Oberlln College.
Tnoa. Uill. Prealdent Antloch Ooilen.
0. W. 11. OiTuciRT, Prof. Mathematlce, High
8. 0. CaDnaAUan, Prof. Language, High School
B. U. Baaiia, Bup't Union Schoola, AahUnd.
More than Blm Bundred other Prteidtntt of Colle
ge e, frofettori. Author and DMlngvithed Educa
tor, have endorted the above tenltment.
PRESIDENTS OF COLLEGES IN OHIO.
Miiibtta Couxoa "It la truly a magnificent work.
an honor to the author, the publlihera, and the whole
country." rreaident Anorewa.
Onto WratiTiX UmviaatTT .-"It exceeda my expecta
tion a. it will be my guide In orthography and pronun
oiation.and will often be eonaulted by me for It neat
and accurate deBnltlona." Prealdent Inompaon.
W . R. Kclictio OoLLioa. "Heretofore we have need
Webater'a orthoiranhv. At a recent m acting of our
Faculty.lt waa decided to change it to conform to that
of Worceater'a Royal Quarto Dictionary." Prealdent
' Waarturr Rnnivi CotLtai. I And It worthy of
cordial approbation.'' Prealdent Hitchcock.
Oiamim Couiot. "It more than meeti my expecta
tion!. I recommend it aa the atandard authority in
orthoepy to my children and my pnpila." Prealdent
Armooa Comae. I adopt and aim to aae In teach
ing, writing and apeaking, the orthography ana pronun
ciation or woroeaier a noyai uario vicuonary."
Prealdent Hill. ,
"In all mv writing, apeaking, and teaching, I have en
dearored to conform to the rule for orthography and
pronunciation aa contained in Worceater'a Dictionary.
Horace Alann, late prealdent.
Kksttom OoLLBoa. GaHam. ! moat cordially reoom
mond it aa theme! reliable atandard authority of the
Engllah language a It la now written and apoken."
Prealdent Andrewa. -..
SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO.
From Rev. Anion Smyth, Commiteioner of Common
C0OM t UMO.
"The Dictionary la an Imperlabable rnonnment to the
learning and Industry of lta author, and an honor to the
world of letter. The mechanical execution la far aupe-
; . . ii.. .l T I .1 1 V. mV.1.1. f .M . t
From Bon. u. u. Barney. Jw- Uom mutloner oj
DCMXH4 lit UHtO.'
"The moat reliable atandard authority of the lan
Xeadlnx XewepapT of Ohio Bay
From the Cleveland Herald of March 28.
The orthography of the Worcester Dictionary la that
used bv most, if not all. author ol dratinction In thla
country and Ingland, and conform to the general usage
of ordinary writer ana apeaxer.
Whatever nrelndicea mar bave exlated previously
careful study of thla volume will Invariably be followed
bv a warm apprtciatKn oi ire great menu, ana a aeam
to add it to the well selected library, be it large or email,
It la a library In Itself, and will remain an imperlaha'
ol record or toe teaming or m compiler.
From the Cincinnati Commercial of April 80.
Tier, ars nn wards of a hundred thouaand word good.
had and indifferent who, multifariou meaning and
derivation, together with their correot spelling and pro-
nnM ation. are aet eieariT neinr. uie eve. xne wora im
onaueationably the greatest Thasauru of Engllah Worda
From the Cleveland Plaindtaltr ofSept.K, 18C0.
EvidantI Woacxam's RoVit OouiTO DlonoXiT t
io4 only the laet, but the st teor ofthektnd over t
tued.andcan ly no poeeibiltty euffer by comparison or
From the Toledo Blade of May SO.
Aa to moxtixcuTioir. Woacranm la tub STAKnaao
followed by our beat author; In definition he leave
nothing to be desired, and In uTHOoRnrr ii is sumcicni
to ay that Woacurrxa can be aately followed.
INGIIAin eV BltAGO,
Pnbllahere, Bookecllera Sc Stationers,
NO. 1D1 8UPEDI0R ST., CLEVELAND, OHIO.
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIEE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Dividend January I 188 1 48 Per Cent.
ASSETS 111258 SO,
Statement Jannarr 1 1801
Balance, par statement Jan. 1st, 16S0 13,406,581
Received for Premium dur
ing Ihe year WO 8703,053 55
Becelvad for Interest during
the year 10 B 14, 014
Tutal reeelnts for lH0fl....tl77.ll67 74
Paid Clalma by Dealh,907,0.')0 00
Paid Pollcle surren
dered 41,111 8!)
paid Balarlca, Pok- - ,
age, Taxes, ex
change, ele 31.030 51
Paid Commlaaiona to
Agent 51,373 311 '
Paid Physicist' fees. 5.1X10 75 ;
Paid Annultie I17 00 ,
fald Dividend dur- '
Ing the year 100,300 73 505,001 li.l 411,970
Net Balance January lit. lSfll..
Caahonhand $6,0234 IB
Bonds and Mortgages on Real
, jcatate, worm double the
1 amount loaned 8.397.841 68
Premium Notes, on Pollcle
in force, only drawing per
cent. Interest.. , 1,879,864 17,
Real Estaie W0.WI3 S7
Loans on Bcrlp 5,u31 44
fremlums.NotesandCash.la " '
; course of tranjm union.... . 45,343 75
TtSTS Policial In tone, Insuring.-. ...85,4efl638
1,435 new Policies have been Issued during the year.
I After a careful calculation of the present valae of
outstanding Pollcle of the Company, and having
fiecMtory amount la naerve tberefoi, the Director
have declared a DivtDSXB of 4 per cent, on the Premi
um nald at the table rate, to all pollcle for IK hi force.
teeutd prior to January 1, 1800, payable according to
present rule of the Company,
; Rata for all kind ol Lit Oontlngenetet, Prospect
uses, 8 la lemente, and Applications, will be furnished
withoot cnaaoa, at tu uuioe et Agencieeoi wo vom
pany. i. '
i K0BT. L. PATTERSON, President.
L. 0. 0R0VER, Vice President.
, BBNJ. 0. MILLUK, Secretary.
II. 11. HKESOlt, Agent,
i ' . i' i r No. 4 Johnson Block,
; March 58, 1801. , , . , Oolumbus, 0.
TlIiAIN AND riGTHEn BLACK
JL DKBSS SILKS, of (vert grade. Ihe meet eelect
aaeortmsnt la th oily, and at Boat reasonable rate..
- . BAIN BON,
! gprtlB ' t ; : ; Vt. 8) Seat High etreet.
,'-,',:n 4-. . - i... ' ..
ScroMa, or King's Evil,
is a constitutional disease, a corruption of the
blood, by which this fluid becomes vitiated,
weak, and poor. Being in the circulation, it
pervades the whole body, and may burst out
in disease on any part ol it. jno organ is tree
from its attacks, nor is there one which it may
not destroy. The scrofulous taint is variously
caused by mercurial disease, low living, dis
ordered or unhealthy food, impure air, tilth
and filthy habits, the depressing vices, and,
above all, by the venereal infection. What
ever be its origin, it is hereditary in the con
stitution, descending " from parents to children
unto the third and fourth generation ; " indeed,
it seems to be the rod of Him who says, " I
will visit the iniquities of the fathers upon
Its effects commence by deposition from tho
blood of corrupt or ulcerous matter, which, in
the lungs, liver, and internal organs, is termed
tubercles; in the glands, swellings; and on
the surface, eruptions or sores. This foul cor
ruption, which genders in the blood, depresses
tho energies of lifo, so that scrofulous constitu
tions not only sutler from scrolulous com
plaints, but they hove far less power to with
stand the attacks or other diseases; conse
quently vast numbers perish by disorders
which, although not scrofulous in their nature,
are still rendered fatal by this taint in the
ystcm. Slost of the consumption winch de
cimates the human family has its origin directly
in this scrofulous contamination; and many
destructive diseases of the liver, kidneys, brain,
and, indeed, of all tho organs, arise from or
ore aggravated by the same cause.
One quarter of all our people arc scrofulous ;
their persons are Invaded by this lurking in
fection, and their health is undermined by It.
To cleanse it from the system we must renovate
the blood by an alterative medicine, and in
vigorate it by healthy food and exercise.
Such a medicine wo supply in
Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla,
the most effectual remedy which tho medical
kill of our tunes can devise fur this every
where prevailing: and fatal malady. It is com
bined from the most active remedials that have
been discovered for the expurgation of this foul
disorder from the blood, and the rescue of the
system from its destructive consequences
Hence it should be employed for the cure of
not only scrofula, but also those other uflcc
tions which arise from it, such as Euuptivb
and Skih Diseases, St. Anthony's Finn,
Uosrj, or F.RYSirnLAS, Timples, Fi'stules,
Bi.otciii'.s, IlLAiNsandJioiT.s, ItiMons, Iettkr
and Salt Riiruk, Scald Heap, Hinowoiim,
Hiiv.i'matihm. Syphilitic andMF.ncunuLDis-
F.AMKM, DllOI'SY, llYSPErSIA, DeIIILITY, Olid,
indeed, all Complaints arisino ritoM V itia
Tr.ii on iMPvnB lli.oon. Tho popular belief
in ' impurity of the blood " is founded in truth,
for scrofula is a degeneration of the blood. The
particular purpose and virtue of this Sarsapa
rilla is to purity and regenerate this vital fluid,
without which sound health is impossible in
FOR THE SPEEDY CURE Of
Intermittent Fever, or Fever and Ague,
Itcmiltnit Fever, Chill Fever, Dumb
A pur, Periodical Headache, or Bilious
Ili aduclic, and Bilious Fever., Indeed
for the whole claae of dlcaaeorltrlnat
liie; Ira biliary derangement, caused bjr
the Ulalurl of MiaamaUc Countries.
We arc enabled hero to olTcr the community a
remedy which, while it cures the above complaints
with certainty, is still perfectly harmless in any
quantity. Such n remedy is invaluable in districts
where these aillicting disorders prevail. This
"Ci'iti'." expels tho miasmatic poison of Fever
and Aotm from the system, and prevents tho de
velopment of the disease, if taken on tho first ap
proach of it premonitory symptom. It is not only
tho best remedy ever yet discovered for this class
of complaints, but also tho cheapest." The large
quantity we supply for a dollar brings it within the
reach of every body ; and In bilious districts, where
Fcvim and Aqub prevails, every body should
havo it and use it freely both for cure and protec
tion. A great superiority of this remedy over any
other ever discovered for the speedy and certain
cure of Intermittent is that it contains no Quinine
or mineral, consequently it produces no quinism or
other injurious effects whatever upon the constitu
tion. 1 hose cured by it are left as healthy as
they had never had the disease.
l ever and Ague is not alone the consequence of
the miasmatic, poison. A great variety of disor
der ariso from its irritation, amonct which are
icj. J'm'ii in the Bowels. Colic. 1'aralvsis and De-
rangement of tho Stomach, all of which, when
originating in this cause, put on the intermittent
tupt, or become periodical. This " Cuke " expels
the poison from the blood, and consequently cures
them all alike. It is an invaluable protection to
immigrants and persons travelling or temporarily
residing in the malarious districts. If taken occa
sionally or daily while exposed to the infection,
that mil be excreted from the system, and cannot
accumulate in sufficient quantity to ripen into dis
ease. Hence it is even mora valuable for protec
tion than cure, and fen will ever suffer from Inter
mittent if they avail themselves of the protection
this remedy affords. '
Prepared by Dr. J. 0. ATB & CO., Lowell, Mass.
ROB1RTS t BAMUIL, Columbua,
And by Drnggf.t. and Deelera everywhere.
G ABASIAS ft UNITED STATES MAIL
TO AND I'KOJTa -22
Liverpool, Montreal, Quebeo,
Th. Montreal Ocean BtearaahlD Company' flrat -class
full-powered Olyde-bnllt Bteamer aail every hat.
nrdav from PORTLAND, carrying the Canadian
United Btate mail ana paaaengera.
N0RW1N1IAN. NORTH AMERICAN,
NORTH BRITON, HIBERNIAN,
Shortest, Cheapest andQnlckcat Cou
AKSBICA TO MX FASTI OF EUROPK
Rates ot T?aawaK to Europe,
93Q, JQO $80.
Will nil from LIVERPOOL every Wednesday
and from QUEBEO every Saturday ealllng
LONDONDERRY, to receive on board and land Alalia
Paaaeneer. to and from Ireland and Scotland. -
Trr-TbeM Bteaner are built of Iron, in water-tight
compartments, carry each an experienced Sargeen,
very attention as pate to tn. eomiort ana acoommo.a-
llon or niuinnri. Jl tnevpruceeu Direct w uvn won1
DKRT, th great risk and delay of ceiling at St. Julio's
Glaagow passenger ar furnished with ran passage
ticket to ana rrom inaonaerry.
Return tlokete granted at reduced rate.
(leriiflpate. leaned for earrvlne to and bringing out
lenger from all th prlnolpal town of Great Britain
Ireland, at reduced rate, by thla line of steamers,
byth WASHINGTON LIN) 08 8AILINQ PACKETS
leaving Liverpool (very weeje.
Might Draft for xi and upward pay
aulas In a.liH iuiiu, .rvimsasst auua
laud or Wales.
Porpauage, apply at the Office. 83
ork. and 1 W ATK It S h'.
8A8EL IEAR1E, Oeneral if enu,
Or to- J. R. ARMSTRONG,
' nolO-lydAw Peit Offlce, Columbua, Ohio.
I HAVE THIS DAV ADItllVTED
on JAMES ADGJR BAIN aa partner In my
aeea, which will hef after be conducted under the
Of Bain a Bon. P. BAIN, 110 SoulU lllgh St.
Columbua, reb 13, 1801. fcbltt
(Late of Phalon' Establishment, N. T..1 Proprietor
the New York Fashionable Bhavlnr. Hair Outtlng
Bhampeentng, Curling and Drasalng Saloon, last
street, over the Poet Offloe, where eatlafactton
be given In all the varioae branch. Ladle
Chlldr.nl Halt A'renlng done la the beat style.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to Indianapolis without Change of Cars
and bnt One Change of Can between
Columbns and St. Louis.
Four Trains Daily from Columbus.
ACCOMMODATION at S a. m.. atonnlne at all sta
tions between Columbus and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati at 10 05 a. m.. and at Davton at
8 10a. m.. conneetice: at Dayton for Indianapolis aid
No. 1 EXPRESS al II tTla.m.. atonnlna-at Jefferann.
London, Charleston, Cedarvllle, Xenla, Bprlng Valley,
Oorwin, Vreenort. Vort Ancient. Morrow Be. Lebanon.
rostsr'a, Loveland and Minora, arriving at Cincinnati
ata jun. m.. Davton at 8 45 o. m.. connecting with the
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad for Louiavllle, Ky., Tin
cennea. Cairo, St. Lout. New Orleans, etc.: at Dayton
lor lndianapoll, Lafayette, Xerre Hauto, Chicago and
all Western points. . .
MAIL at 9.10 p. m .atoppingat all atatlona between
Columbua and Xenla, and at Spring Valley, Corwin,
morrow ana liOveiasa, arriving at Uiucinnatl at n a. m
NIGHT EXPRESS, via Dayton, at 13 00 midnight,
atopplng at London, Xenla, Dayton, Middletown and
Hamilton, arriving at Cincinnati at 5. 95 a. m.i at Day
ton at Si. 15 a. m.i connecting at Cincinnati with tbt
Ohio and Mississippi Railroad lor Louiavllle, Evanavllle,
Vlncennes, Cairo, St. Louis, Memphis. New Orleans,
and all polnta South and South-west; also, at Dayton
lor Indianapolis, Lirayelte, xerre liaute, Chicago, etc
fCJ For further information and Through Ticket!,
apply to M. L. DOUEKTV, TicketAgent, Union Depot,
P. W. 8TRADER,
Oeneral Ticket Agent, Clnolnnatl.
JNO. W. DOHfiRTT,
K. W. WOODWARD,
Columbus, July 11, 16G1
AND Steubenville Short Line.
CONNECTINO AT BELLAIR15 WITH THE
BALTIMORE & OHIO
AND AT PITTSBURG!! WITH THE
FORM 1 NO THE
Shortest, Quickest & Most Reliable
Route to all Eastern Cities !
Trains Leave Columbus as follows :
Leaves Columbus 3.30 A. M. from Union Depot, via
Bellaire or Bteobenviilei arrive at Bellalre, IO.XO A
Stenbenv le. 13.80 P. M.: Plttaburgh. 3 40 p. M
Harrlahunr. 1.10 A. H.: via AUentovm. arrive at New
York 8.00 A. M.; via Philadelphia, arrive at Phila
delphia, 8.10 A. M.; New York, 10.30 A. M. Oonnecui
also at Harrlaburg for Baltimore, arriving at 7.45 A. M
Sleeping Cart attached to this Train
Proln Oolumbus, run directly through to Bellalre or
Pittsburgh without change; and Passengers via Alien.
town arrive in New York at o A. At.,
lmwo nouns in advance op northern
This Train also connects at Bellaire with the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Leavea Columbua 11 25 A M , from Union Depot,
Steubenv le: arrive at Newark, it. so p. Bi.: uoanoc
Ion, 2. IS P. M.; Steubenvllle, 8P.il.; Pittsburg, U.40
M. II rib la la theonlv route by which fasaenge
can leave Cincinnati at 7 A. M., go through to Pi It'
burgh in daylight, without change oi cars or aeiay.
Leave Oolumbu S.15 P. M., from Union Depot, via
Bellaire: arrive at Newark, 3.83 P. M.f Zaneaville,
33 P. M ; Bellalre.7 .55 P. M.; Plttaburgh, 11.85
; Harrlaburg, 0.00 A. M.; via AUentovm, arrive
New York, 4 P. M.; via Philadelphia, arrive
Philadelphia, 1.10 P. M.; New York, B P. M, Thl
Train alao connect at Harrlaburg for Baltimore, ar
riving atl P.M.
Tbi Train run through to Bellalre or rittthurgwitn-
out change of Cars; and from Pittsburg there is
change of Oar to Philadelphia, or via A lien town
New xork tnu ouenng
The only Route from Columbua to Baltimore,
Philadelphia, or New York, with only
one change of Cars.
Bv thl Train Passengers arrive in New York
hours in advance of the Northern linea.
This Train also connect at Bellalre with the Baltimore
and Ohio R. R.
(LTThis Route Is 30 miles shorter to Pittsburg,
and more than luu miles shorter to
New York, than Northern Lines.
Baggage Cheeked Through to all im
, port ant roints sait.
ASK FOR TICKETS VIA
BELLAIRE OR STEUBENVILLE.
Ticket Oood aver eltber Route.
JNO. W. BROWN.
Gen. Ticket Agent Central Ohio R. R.
I. A. HUTCHINBON,
Gen. Ticket Agent Steubenvllle Short Line.
-Ajltl Seed Storo.
NAILS, GLASS, BASH, PUTTY, CORDAGE,
Unna, Pistol. wood.KWiiiow ware.
thrand Bubber Belting, lace Leather, Hoie
n F. NTLEIIIEN'S fcknishinu
Novelties In Neck Ties and Beam.
" Byron and Gar-rote Collars.
si Embroidered Pocket Handkerchief
Paris Eld Glove, mperior snake.
Golden Bill Shirts, various alylea.
lluyt' Golden Hill Shirts, do
Driving and Street Gloves, do
Hemmed Pocket Handkerchief, various atylea.
Half Hoae and Under Garments "
BAIN at BON.
iprll.t No. C9 South High street.
HOWARD & CO'
CALL AT NO. 83, sowrii HIGH
and examine our new make of
manufactured by B. HOWARD fc CO . Boaton.
Tbe Watches ar far uperlor to anything ever
to the publlo, beretorore. iiavuiw ua nciuaiv
can .ell them at price to rait the time. I have
- o- . ,
manufactured by APPLETON, TRACY,
it CO ;
On assortment of
AND SWISS WATCHES.
la Gold and Silver Case, at Panic price.
JanM. ' , ' w.J. SAVAGE.
(tl)t (Dlfoo Statesman
Dally, per year. - 0 00
Tri- Weekly, per .-ar 3 00
Weekly, per yea: 100
General Wool to the Union Defense
HEADQUARTERS, TROY, N. Y., July 24, 1861.
To the Union Defenie Committee, New York:
lion. . Drapes, vice (Jbalrman 1 herewith
present you with statement of the doings of
your Committee, and the part I performed in
connection, which led to my being placed in my
present position. 1 nope that you will stive it
an attentive perusal.
I bo causes maybe found in the following
condensed history of the servioes I rendered
la the exeoution of important and responsible
duties, assumed on my part at a moment of
great peril to the country, and when the Fed
eral Capital wag in Imminent danger of being
aicen possession ot by rebels lrom Vlre niaana
Yon will recollect the attack upon a Massa
chusetts regiment passing through Baltimore,
wnicn resulted in aestroyiop; several longDrioces
between Baltimore and Philadelphia, of divers
railroad tracks, and cuttinc the telegraph
wires leading from Washington to the North,
preventing for six days any communication with
the latter city and the Northern States, It was
under these circumstances I visited Governor
Morgan, I found him, in a state of alarm for
the safety of the capital, which be was appre
(tensive would be taken possession of by the se
cessionists. While with him be received a tel
egrapbio dispatch to hurry troops with all possi
ble haste to Washington. He also received a
dispatch tendering the servioes of Colonel tils
worth's Regiment, with a request to accept of
It, which he complied with at my earnest recom
mendation, when 1 gave orders to Col. Tomkpins,
United States Quartermaster at New York, to
furnish transportation, and Major Eaton, Com
missary or Buusiatence, thirty days' rations to
each soldier, for as many regiments as might be
oraerea oy tue uovernor to Washington. 1
ordered that number of rations because the
troops could only reach Washington by either
tne rotomao or cnesaoeane tfav.
uov morgan lett the same evening. Saturday,
April an, lor Jew York. 1 informed him
ouid lollow on Monday. On the next day
tne uovernor transmitted by telegraph the tol
NEW YORK. April 21, 1861.
New York: I am
to learn that you will proceed to New York to-morrow
to superintend the forwarding of troops from thla and
other Htates, mustered Into the service of the Oeneral
Government. It la eminently proper that a high oflicer
E. D. MORGAN.
On tho same dav I received the following let
ter by telegraph lrom Inurlow Weed:
NEW YORK, April 21, 1861.
General Jona E. Wool, Troy, New York: Under
landing you are to be here, I deem It advisable, from Id.
traction 1 have from the Secretary or War, General
agency, i people 01 tne w esc I ana toe uovernor oi
juat nolg telegraphed me that he had received
By Mr. Weed's letter you will perceive that
I was expected to be with him at the Astor
House, which I could not assent to from the cir
cumetance that I had already eugaged quarters
at tne at Nicnoias Hotel, to which place 1 bad
directed all letters, dispatches, etc , intended for
me, to be sent.
On Monday, 22J April, I proceeded to Ne
York and took quarters at the St. Nicholas
soon alter my arrival Air. weed called on me
and urged me to take quarters at. the Astor
H0U30, previous to which 1 bad been earnestly
requested to do so by Air. Stetson, to which
declined, and from the fact that it would prodnce
confusion, as telegraphic dispatches were con
stantly being received from the Governors of
States and other persons
On the 23d the Union Defense Committee
called on me, among whom were General Dix
Chairman; Mr. Draper, Vice Chairman; Er-Gov
ernor Fish, Messrs. Evarts, Wetmore, Dehon
Grinnel, Blatchford, Marshall, Sloan and others,
They desired to know what I was prepared to do
in this hour of great peril to the country the
capital being in imminent danger of being
taken by the rebels? I replied, anything that
would save the capital, for the preservation of
the Union depended on its safety. A program
was soon arranged, which I approved of in be
half of the Uuited States, and immediately set
about carrying it into effect. In this place
may be proper to say that I reminded the com
mlttee that I had assumed a fearful reaponsibil
ity, and that probably I would be the only via
tlm. bnt under the circumstances I was preoar
ed to make the sacrifice, if by it the capital could
It must not be forgotten that at this time the
citizens of the wholo North, East and West
were in the highest state of excitement, from
apprehension that the capital of the Union would
tall into possession ot tne rebels or the South;
and In the city of New York they were ready to
denounce the Administration, and evea threat
ened to overturn the government and elect
Diotator, beoause of toe loss of Norfolk, with
the navy dopot which had cost many millions
and Harper's Ferry, where we had an armory
lor the manufacture ot arms, and the federal
capital in danger of a similar fate; and all,
was asserted, from the gross neglect of the Ad
ministration to provide the necessary means for
It was under such circumstances, with all com
monicatlons closed between Washington and the
North, that 1 entered, in coniunctlon with the
Union Defense Committee, upon the important
duties which the emergency seemed to demand.
No time was to be lost, as it appeared to every
one with whom 1 held conversation, in forward
ing troops for the defense and protection of
capital. The whole country was organizing
and arming with a determination to march
On my arrival at New York I fonnd requisl
tions from the Governors of nine States for arms
and ammunition, all of whom, bv my orders.
were lurniehed with a greater or less number
arms, and as many rounds ot ammunition
could be spared. Prompt and energetie meas
ures were adopted oy myseit, as wen as
committee, to secure the capital. Ships were
ohartered, supplies furnished and troops for
warded with the utmost dispatoh to Washing
ton via the Potomac River and Chesapeake
to Annapolis. Steamers were sent to protect
ih h'PA'rMt"b, t;,! X:
troops and supplies were either armed or con-
veyed to their place of destination in all which
we were supported and greatly aided by uotn
modore Breese. The steamship Quaker City,
after landing hor troops at Annapolis, was
dered to report to Colonel Dlmmlck, command
ine Fortress Monroe, to prevent the transporta
tion of cannon, eto.,from Norfolk to Old Point
Comfort to besiege that fortress, and also to
out for privateers and to proteot our vessels
ing up tbe rotomao and unesapeaxo mi
On the requisition ot uoi. uimmicK, i order
ed provisions, carriages, ammunitions and imple
meut to Portress Monroe.
Being informed that tbe troops at Washington
were short of provisions, I ordered Major Eaton,
until otherwise direoted, to send by Perryvillo
to Aanapolis thirty thousand rations daily.
which was promptly, efficiently, successfully.
and, without any acoidont whatever, executed
and, as was reported, saved tbe metropolis
the ravages of war and capture by the rebels
Virginia aud Maryland
lustead of ordering arms to tbe Uovernor
Illinois, as applied tor, 1 requested blm to
possession of tbe Arsenal at St. Louis. I
telegraphed Ex-Governor Banks to assist
Governor in taklnir the Arsenal i and for
.ame purpose I sent a special messenger to
t, R, . ... . onM. .h.. na
.assist in securing the Arsenal. Witbtbereturn
,"""7" "i I k.7 .nlf-.t.1 In
Blair for the interest I had manifested In
i ti. Arsenal tw.ntv nneinousanuaianuoi
and one hundred and ten thousand rounds
a I ammunition, two sn-poonaer guns ana ammu
nition fnr tha aame. 1 also, unon tne appiioa
,!nn a f .v, a iinunA,. nerlAPoH thlHw.lwn nonnd
Alleghany Arsenal for Cairo. , . ,
I authorized the Governor of New Hammhire
to place the Navy depot and harbor of Ports
mouth in a state of defense, without incurring
any nnnecessary exponse.
1 also gave uovernor Andrew permission to
occupy the forts in Boston harbor for the pur
pose or arming ana disciplining volunteers in
tended for Washington.
I gave authority to the Major and Common
Council of New Bedford to erect defenses on
Clark's Point fur the protection and defense of
tne city and baibor at the cost or the city, but
to be eurrcudered up to the Uuited States when
ever required by proper authority. I approved
of placing into Fort Adams volunteers for the
protection of the harbor and town of NewDort
by Gov. Spraguo, of Rhode Island.
In order to ascertain if my services in con
nection with the Union Defense Committee met
the approbation of the General-in-Chief as well
as the Secro'ary of War, I reported to Lieuten
ant General Scott on the 23d and 25th of April,
what I had done and was doiog On the 25 tb I
also wrote to the Secretary of War, when I In
formed him that I had transmitted to Lieuten
ant-General Scott several dispatches of what I
was doiog, without receiving any reply, and I
concloded my letter by saying: MI am exceed
ingly anxious to Know tne views or the Admin
istration and what it desires; I am running
without rudder or compass." By this expres
sion, I intended to be jnderstood that I was
executing high and important functions without
orders, but which the emergency required the
capital of the Union being in imminent peril of
being captured by Southern rebels.
Keceiving do acknowledgment, and anxious
to know how my conduct was viewed by the au
thorities in Washington, I sent a special mes
senger, Col. Schuyler, volunteer aid-de-camp,
to call upon Lieutenant-General Scott, the Seo
retary ot War and the President, and inform
each and all of the part I was performing, and
to obtain tbeir replies. He was unsuccessful,
and returned, after much trouble and delay on
the road, on me morning of the 1st ol May,
and reported to me that he bad been unable to
obtain any Information on the subject of bis
To all which it may not be inappropriate to
add that whilst receiving, by request, a passing
review oi coi. iviswortu's regiment ot Zouaves,
on the route to embark for Washington, Major
Goner al Sandford, with one of his staff, in a hur
ried and excited manner, presented me with an
order from Gov. Morgan, forbidding the em
barkation of the regiment unless reduced to
the number prescribed seventy-seven to a com
pany and nrged me to order the whole to em
bark, as no part of tbe regiment would go un
less all were included. I be order ot the Gov
ernor produced Intense excitement. I replied
to the General that 1 would not be the first to
check the noble and patriotio enthusiasm of the
citizens of New York. Tbe regiment as it was
should embark. This announcement caused the
most enthusiastic cheering of the regiment, the
firemen and tho tens of thousands ol spectators,
which continued long alter tne imposing epscta
cle bad passed in review.
I bave thus detailed the most essential part
ot the services wnicu 1 pertormed in conjunct
ion with tbe Union Defense Committee from
tbe 23d oi April to the 1st of May, inclusive,
when, late lu tbe evening ot tbe latter day, I
received a communication from Lieutenant
General Scott, through bis Assistant Adjutant
General, L,. u, l ownsend, in which be recom
mended that I should "return to Troy to con
duct tbe ordinary routine duties of my depart
meut and lor tbe recovery or my health, known
to be feeble," when at the time my health was
perfect, as it has been ever since. No sick or
leeble person could have performed tbe servi
ces demanded by the universal uprising of the
people oi the free States north of tbe border
States, in consequence of the threatened danger
of the federal capital by rebels from Virginia
Tbe loss ot the capital would have led to tbe
breaking np permanently of the Union and to
the immediato and willing recognition ot the
Southern Confederacy by every European Pow
er. It was this that caused an excitement that
could not be restrained. The people rose in
their majesty, determined, no matter what
might be tbe sacrifice, to save tbe capital and
with it the Union. .Believing, what every per
son believed, that tbe capital was in danger.
and without being able to communicate with
the authorities at Washington, I assumed the
responsibility of carrying out, not only the
views and wishes of tbe Union Defense Com
mittee, but those of tbe whole people of tbe
North, which embraced no lees the federal cap!
tal than tbe whole Union.
On the 7th of May, after I had left New
York for my headquarters, as required by
Lieutenant-General Soott, I received from the
Secretary of War, the following letter not,
bowever, In reply to any letter lrom myself :
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, May 6, 1861.
To Major-Geriral Johm E. Wool, Troy, N. Y:
My Dkar Sir Appreciating, al I do, your long, able
and faithful aervtcea and loyalty to the cause of the
country, I write merely to request that no requisition
for troops or order ror their removal oe nerearter issued
without first communicating wun iniaaeparuneni.
You will, mv tear sir. not consider thia aa any reflso-
tlon on anything you may have heretofore done, but
merely to avoid any conflict of order, or confusion
arrangements, and that the department may at all time
know the number of troop called out, and how they may
be made available at the ahorteat notice, without inter
fering with any ore vloua ordera.
With sentiment of the bigheat peraonal regard and
the strongest appreciauon or jour valor ana patriot'
I have tbe honor to be
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.
This letter I acknowledged in thefollowing
HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE EAST
TROY, N. Y., May 9, 1861.
Mt Deab Sir Be pleaaed to accept my grateful
knowledgment for your communication or the tun mat
It ia especially gratifying to learn that my conduot hith
ertc. in relation to the affair of th Union meet your
Although I am aware that with the press of business
you have little time to read letteri, yet, as my conduct
in connection with the Union Defense Committee of th
oitliena of New York may not be perfectly understood
appreciated by all in authority at Washington, I avail
myseir or tni occasion to present you wun a connenaeo
history of th part I pert .rmed in th forwarding
troopa and euppliea for the protection and defense
waahington, wnicn at ine lime waa leporieu to oc in
To which I added a history of my action
with the Union Defense Committee, as repre
tented in this communication, with the omission
of ordering Col. Ellsworth's regiment to em
bark, and a few others of no Importance,
concluded my letter as follows, viz:
It Is renortedln New York that I waa engaged In mak.
Ing contracta for supplies of various kinds to further
ohjeot of the union weienae uommittee, ana mat
report neve reacneu . a.
HT 1 11 tab A uaua i Vf wuvieni va auj aiuu wiiatvioi
the Committee, or In behalf of the Government. At
reoueat of th Committee, however, 1 algntd two charter
partlea for th ahip. i understood the Committee
u. ... .
To this letter 1 received lrom tne secretary
of War the following replys
WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, June 7, 1861.
I. . . i u tT- . T M V .
cef ?ou7.et7ol I." 8 .IT . d I beou to
1 ... . . . . . . . . , r. . 1
lleve that nothing out aaeair to give u uiai carviui
alderatlon, which I found myself unable to do at an
Iter moment, ha delayed my acknowledgment or us
.You atate that it I reported In New York that yon
to further the object of the Union Defense Oomm
and that the report nave ""-"-X';ri.
r.i... -mi,,. i rei.nl to the contract.
I lieg to issure you, was unnecessary on your part.
"'Z..'-;Z?r.r. You- ..
lion un iv ur.uiu ,v j . . .
.r,i -hinder, as well as your patriotic devotiou
the country, and long tried service In It defense,
a sufficient shield to proteot you againet all report,
mi.r.te.1 hutor. nf th.r,art Tea
farm-d in the forwarding ot trooniand supplies for
protection and defense of Washington, and vihlch, a
n.r.i a-nu. without ohtainine- anvreuiv.
that you remained ignorant of Ihe wiakea ot th author!
tie uniu you receiveu a coiuiuuuicaium .. '
al lnchlet directing you io repair io neauqu.riei.
Troy. You exprea an auxlerjr to learn whether
part you performed met t)i approbation of th. general-
In-chief or the War Department; and thouth you do
oipmsiiy ay ma. .,"" ,.:,
llT. mf.Tno.7d I thV
say that thl department ha no disposition to nod
with ar m.lr. eomDlsln t of youroonduat In th emergon
. I that yoa did nothing but what yoa, at the time, were
ly persuaded waa nenesaary, and, under th elronmaten. '
cea, proper. The order of the geoeral-ln-ehief could. .
therefore, not have been Intended to reflect upon your
conduct while acting in conjunction with th Union De
fense Committee in the elty of New York, though a self-'-constituted
but patriotio body.
In anaweriog you thus frankly, in order to put your
mind at rest a to th view of thla department, it la
due to It, a well aa to you, that I should add, In th '
same spirit, that you were ordered to return to your
headquarter at Troy because the Issuing of order by
yon, on th application of th various Governor, for
arm, ammunition, etc, without consultation, a detail
ed account of which you gave in your letter, seriously
embarrassed the prompt and proper administration of
thl department, and could not be permitted to be con
tinued without a disregard of law, as wall aa the disar
rangement of It operation. Thia alone waa sufficient
to order your return lo headquarters, although the War '
Department had no disposition to find fault with yoar
motives, nnauthoruted aa wr your acta, feeling asaund
that it waa the result of patriotic motirea. It waa liaclf ,
in it ordinary eourae of official business, attending to
the aame matter through Its properly euihorlzed officer,
and yoa, General, ao experleoeed an officer as yoa are,
must admit, on rafUetlon, that It could not permit a con
tinuance of operation so conflicting with it own. how
ever pur and patriotio might be Ihe motive which in
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.
The concluding paragraph of this letter, I
must confess, enrprieej me Indeed, I find my
self unable to reconcile what is there said with
the letter of the oib of May. In that letter
Secretary Cameron declares he appreciates my
zeal, long, able, faithful, and loyal services to
tbe country, with the assurance that in saying
what he. did he Intended no reflection on any
thing lhat I bad heretofore done. In tbe letter
of tbe 7ih of June, the Secretary (ays that I was
ordered to return to my headquarters at Troy,
because tbe issuing of orders by me, on the ap
plication of tho various Governors for arm,
ammunition, etc., without consultation a de
tailed account of which I gave In my letter
seriously embarrassed tbe prompt and proper
administration of hia department, and could not
be permitted to be oontinued without adiareirard
of law, as well as the disarrangement of its
operations. "This alone was sufficient to order
your return to headquarters." He, however,
believes 1 was prompted by patriotic motives,
and that I did nothing but what I, at tbe time,
was fully pursuaded was necessary, and, under
tbe circumstances, proper. . The Secretary!
whilst penning the causes which sent me to
my headquarters, must bave overlooked the
fact that, at the time I was issuing orders
to supply the various uovernors with arms
and ammunition, no communication could bo
bad with tho authorities at Washington, and
therefore be could not be consulted. Nev
ertheless, I made efforts to consult him, by re
porting what I was doing to Lleutenant-Genetal
Scott, at tbe same time writing to blm,anxiou
to know the wishes and desire of tbe Adminis
tration.. I sent a special messenger to Wash
ington, who returned without obtaining any iu
formation on tne euDject. nut tne secretary
save I seriously embarrassed the prompt and
proper administration ol its operations, and
mat it was iipeu, in us oruiuarj course oi uun
ness, attending to the came matters, through
its properly authorized officers. How could this
be, when all communications between Washing
ton and tho Northern states were prevented by
tho rebels in Biltimore? If, however, ar
rangements were mado in relation to the move
ments ot troop", or of arming the militia, with
referenco to future operations in the field, or
tbe protection of Washington, as indicated by
the Secretary, l, as commander ol tne eastern
Department, next in rank to Lieutenant-Genorat
Scott, ought to havo been notified of the fact,
This would have been no less in accor lance
with the general practice than It was due to tbe
high character so Irankly awarded to me in
the several communications of tbe Secretary.
Again, my experience in organizing end pre
paring volunteers for the field would of itself
bave been sufficient to have designated me for
tbe services which the perilous state of tbe
capital seemed to demand. I, however, re
ceived no orders in the ciae. "To hurry troop
to Washington" was not sent to me, but, as it
would appear, to the Union Defense Committee
of New York, and tbe Governors of States.
The emergency demanded prompt action. It
was called for by the free Stale of tbe North,
irom apprehension that, not only the Federal
capital, but the Union, was In danger of totai
dissolution. The services which 1 performed
were in accordance with the wishes and desires
of the people of the States North of the border
States, and approved and urged by Vice Presi
dent Hamlin, Governor Morgan, Senator Sher
man, of Ohio; Senator Chandler, of Michigan;
Senator Foot, ol Vermont; Senator Biker, of
Oregon; to which I might add all the Govern
ors ot the Northern free States The requisi
tions on me of tbe various Governors were iu
consequence of not being able to communicate
with the authorities at Washington. K I had
failed or hesitated to perform what the whole
country required, I would have been denounced
for wanting in zeal and lirmness, it not as ao
enemy of the country.
I received no instructions lrom tne secretary
of War, and heard of none, except in the ilia
patch of Tburlow weed, dated the 31st ol
April, and what will be found in the following
WAR DEPARTMENT, April 21, 1861.
Alexamoer CtMSifiaj Esq.: This Department needs
at thla moment an intelligent, experienced and energetic
man, in whom it can rely to assist In pushing forward
troops, munitions and euppliea. You are acquainted
with the internal arrangements and connection of the
railroads in Pennsylvania over which for toe present,
they will have to come; and while 1 am aware that your
private affair may demand your time, I am sure your
patriotism will induce you to aid me even at some loss to
Wltn thl view, x will uiana you, in consultation wuu
the officer of the army and navy, to asstat In getting
vessels, arranging with the railroad companies for the
accommodation oi tne troopa aa last a tney are reaay to
march to their destination, and aiao to asaiat tnem la
making purchase or ether arrangement, and to com
muiiicate at the earlieat moment any Information of ser
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.
afford 00duct Whilst in connection With the Unloa
and Def en,e Committee, and In relation to the or
T!?.tnm,iV. ser- ders of Lieuttuant-Geoeral Soott and Seoreta-
r.., .).-ld or anv militarv nnaltlnn
th Whether tor tneneiu or any military pos tlon.
Bat I think I have jast cause to complain of
nt being placed In th position I find myself, and
The above letter was Indorsed by me as
Alexander Gumming will confer with Colonel Tomp
kins and Major Eaton, who will give aurh Instructions
as will enable blm to oarry out me intention oi ins
Secretary of War. He will alao oonfer with th Unloa
Defenae Committee, who will employ him in the capaci
ty and in the discharge of the duties Indicated In the tu
atruoUon of the Store tary ot War.
Bv examination of Secretary Cameron's let
ter to Alexander Cummiogs, Esq., it will bo
perceived that a civilian was charged with the
execution of duties that properly belonged to
the staff officer stationed in the city ot New
York, viz: Col. D. D. Tompkins, Assistant
yuartermaster-uenerai; niijor baton, uommis-
sary of Subsistence, and Major Thornton, of
I Ordnance; all capable, emcieut and prompt in
the disoharge Ot every duty required 01 me 01,
the I nd under my orders pertormed tbedullesas-
tne fljf,ned to Mr. Cummiogs. The railroads to
Washington could not be used for the transpor-
ii l w , , , , - .
the tttion 01 troops or supplies, owing to the de-
I .trnclion of brideea. 010 . Df rcoeia from XSalll
e iience tue were Beut by the way of the
pi,.mr .nil fhn t.neflanpak. day. I nrflpre.l
la wwui.v - 1 J
rvi Tmni,in. to .end twovMaet tn ni h.
tween perrvville and Annapolis for the purpose
nf tmnsDorting troops and suoolles to the latter
I ----- r "
oaceassoouas it oouid oe done wttb satcty
u Arrangements accordingly were made with the
. I ! I - 1 ham. n I a .1 11 An L.. . . fe
- 1 rauruisu uviuwiuicd, nuu ucu. i abturavu bcu
ear tro0r,. t0 PerrjVllie to guard that plaoe. There
re - M u appcar8 t0 6, I In nowise infcrfercd
with any arrangements made by becretary
I Cimeron With Mr. Lummincs. Ua the con
tte, t, j tniuk an ,ha, he Mpeotea 0f foe latter
gentleman wag more tlun anticipated by tbe
measures adopted under my orders. Wby
No I abould Mr. CummitigS be employed when Wd
hi.h of him T
" i . . , , ,
to in uius preaeuuuir, my views in regard to my
the rv Cameron. 1 would not be understood to corn-
you 4m ( Deju-, tmi j0 mj headquarters at Troy,
not beiiig ordered into the Held to batt.o
and against the traitors oi tne union, ine tresi-
- 1 gent having the power, has of course tbe right
i udge of the fitness oi oin cers lor command,
for no other reaaoo tnan i male euorts aud lur
t fdeTa. Capital la
fault I ordering arms and ammunition to be issued lu
- 1 war-Inn Governor I did nn mnr. anrl f.ir tl,
fa. I It wm naceaeit j demanded by the whole poo-
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