.. . . - .
-- v fffi - lrf - ' '
f I ii. - f - M- . - ' M J 1 " . , t . ' 1 . i . ll u. -1...
'..::: .1 ' 1 '-i 1. t - . .1 ' . ' I , , .... - 1 1 1
m DouaAEa mtjAir;,
DAILY. TRI-WEIKLY A3B WEEKLJ
MANYPENNY ft MILLER11'
st'Offio Mm. 80,' 81 aha 40, North Big. Bt
(BUB INVARIABLY IN ADVANOB.
ay v ah v a
00 par yea,
0UJ . . t
Weekly, . . .
.i,T ' Arittffif' W ine Square.
Ma aa.ea.-at I kaa AAA . A4 h ,. ' I
,f ""Mm VII
0PjlMk... I IK
" 3 month to 00
" month, 8 00
I month. 8 Ml
On " Sdays... 1 00
un -a Say
UB IniuHni Ul
DUplayod advefUKmmU H th.W'Ira Xhr abovt
-AdTOtUieni6aU Uld and lea! l.ttirM.M .1
If ordered on thelnalde aio1u.It.1v attar th. Lt
jMld xolulvely tr the flnt week
ri , " " " wimouiohr.
. MoUflM ftrmMUogt. oharltablfli ode t lei, Art oomvulM
rfftone- thnH.wlllnobTrle4froin. 7
Mo tdTtrtUemmt tWkotpt lor Vkjftnkt rtoi.: '
NEW YORkh' 4
Hon. Jsmet Moncrlef, N. T. Superior Court.
D0T8-O01 p li
V.) U.o-A Villi
T. ' WYLIBI.
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
(Yfia- !75I(LH T1Wfi0Dr!0N'BUll,I-
H.f!2J,iS,Jitber mV,e.r' Pfo'ntUr ittanied to.
Mmnm f hmirhen required.
I '(Ltt('f Phtlon'i Zitkbliihnwnt, N. Y.,) '
Piv?!FFOU WHE NEW YOBK
Sotith, Hih Bt., 6rsr Bain's Store,
bjh7lWk,U" ta lTen ln lk nrlooi
Udi' ud Children' Hair Dreiila( don la th belt
pl3dlr(I , Tn T)rr r r i-rr.
' III I1! 4
, Ko. 178 Nor$ High .Street,
THIS HOTEL 18 HUT ONE AND A
- , WAR8 fromth.D?pot"MdpfrJon".7
ptog Slo! Hont decidedly conreni.nt itnp-
ofh,trSn7Wtk,'1 BP ' " beUr, of th'n,nt for "J
Term moderiU.ToTuU thMiMri -v .-f fi f
HEAR, UNION DBP0T, .'; ' ; :i
0NB DOLLAR PER DAY.
v''. p. a. b. smxnss, , -Attorney
nt Xjo. w
AND, NOTARY PUBLICT,
Omoe-Ami)oBnlldin(ttppoit Capitol Bqaare.'
' "'. 'JOk.T OOLUMBU8, OniO,
Attorney, Cloujsellor rt lnw,
And Blank-Book Mann&nturer, ,
I0BTH HIGB iTBirr. fMT.niniTri nma
...ivii. ' ' :
Corner Spriaiir ik TfQasta.,
W. POTTS J & COO.,
and Hanuractnrer of Bran and Composition Oaiting
Oftakfhed Br Work oi; all DeiorlpUona.. ,.
Electro PlatinTTnd Gilding !
STENClL CUTTiNC, AC."
Colnmbns Wholesale Liqaor Stpri
ir.it H I ALBOi
I it wi: I v
OLD RYEj MONONGAHELA & BOURBON
""aty a" eirv.
WARIH0UBB AND OFFI0B, 824 BOOTH HN3H ST.,
t.TMT in' i ii
Vf.1. II. RESTIEAUX.
(8U0OE88OB XO UU& fc BE8TIBAnzi-"!l
,f. i U. ti.it:. ') fit.'
Foreiga jind iDomestio Fruits,
r l oroftitplajy c.
. u; ""t :.rn'! -;) n. t "i.u "uni Mint
.IvTryi'" I) wti.y .
Ja5!'tTha iMfert-Tha Beit,
v 1 t 'f v 3if
;. thorny ( tb EDg-lUb L,n;naKe.M
. Sto llundrtfjhninmiSiwxitoritf Ohio,
. rory Mm Bmynhtn.
''Hei rBpwtrdiof I Hnndred Thootuid "Writ,
. 5Bl"" nlngl ud drtfttoni, tixwUier
oi thtPtqUUm of the Mmltn of Iht OMo Stalt
th BBdear,.tdnallefoitbObb BUto Teacher'
AMooliUon, adopt ud tun to ns In teaching, writing
w?!??,lnf' ; prononoUMor of
Woreegtor' otI OntoI Di.tloB.rj and w ot ooi?
MMf StvnxntioL It a th wk Nllabl ttanaard an'
uiorlty of th XnglUh lantug, a It I now written and
Poltn'. .. ,,,, r e-'Ji A .
J.61H Aimaiw, Praildent Kenyon Oolleg.
f i"". .8opuitBl9ot tueTillc Ochuoli.
JPo. W. iua, Hnp'talkMilonllnioa BcheoUf.
. V. Oownat, Bup't Publlo School, Bandaiky.
mJ tT"en' u.'' rs' Bcbool, Olrolrrill.
. BwoD, Trlndpal Olmland femal Bemina-
JOB! OflDnr. Uj-Itinlnnf ilkl. Mah.iI Vhiw.l. llhiiL
Ota. H.TmV"""." Mn.uwwV-uw
Qlnoiaaatl. r.i a
H. B. alABTOt, Bup't Canton Union School,
nw Baaaa, Prlnetpal McMealy Normal Bchdotr J
Trri, ProtVUaUitmatlo, Ohio Caimattj.
Wm. W. KnwAJtn, Bup't Troy Union Bohool.
A. 0. BoniKL Prtivilml Wut Hluh flnhnnk AIM.
Und.' -J i r' " rr' '. ' '
A. NoaTM. lavHih PHtudnl Wln tehnnl. DIM.
, Imoaoaa Btoujw; Principal High BehMl. Olert
land. 1 1 l.i r. I! Vii J .jfi ,i;,,iii
' B. I J HoMirroM, Principal Olereland Initltnt. ' '
i. A. GiarnxD, Preildent of Blectio Initltule. Ul-
ram. . -.. -I . ci .... i
W. t. Hajuiui, Prof, of Chemtatry, Ohio Weileyan
UnlTeraitgr. ,,-r-.'- ,-
H. XL bAiaaY, lz-0mmllionr of Common School,
1 Jam Mono, Prof. Bhetoris, Oberlln College.
' Tao. Hill, prnidant Antiooh College.
0. W. H. IliTWflilT. Prnf U.l)..n..lln. flli.1.
Bchool, Dayton. ' 8
B Oa CaUIUriAna. Vnrif. T.anrmaera TTIoh UmYwiaI
B. M. BAtaalHSBpH UDlon Bchool, AahlAud.
Mar than Sttt Bundrtd attat Prttl&mt a? CM)jL
at; Jhroftttort, Author, and PUtitutUhtd Sduea
tort, hav mdort4d th about MnUmtnt, . ii j.,-, j ;
PRESIDENT'S OF COLLEGES IN OHIO.
UxmirTTA OoLLna "It I tral a mumlliwnt work.
an boner to the: author, th pnbllaher, and th whole
country.'; Pnddent Andrew.
1 Obio WltaR tnmrBtnrr It czoeed my expecta
tion. , It will b my guide la orthography and pronun
ciation, and will of tea b eonmlted by m for Ita nt
and accurate definition.'' Preaident Thompton. . , .
W. X. IctLatrMo Oollio. "If eretof ore we bWuwd
Wbter' orthography. At a recent meeting of- onr
Faenlty.U wa decided to ehang it to conform to that
of Worcester', Boyal Ouarto Dictionary.'' Preldnt
Oarfleld. ,. . ' , , .
OoLLtqi. "I find' It worthy of
cordial approbation." Pre
'PreaiBeat Hitchcock. ',
r 0RLt Ooiuo. "It more than meet my expect
Uona. i I resommend It a th tandrd authority Id
orthoepy to my ohlldrea and my puplla." Preaident
torgan......,,,i ..:;. -,:.,;
Autiocb Ootxaaa. "I adopt and aim to ne In leaoh-
tag, writing and (peaking, the orthography and pronun.
oauon oi noroeaier a Jioyai
PrealdantBill.il , i-tn,,
I "In all my writing, apeaklng.and Uaehlng, I hay en
deavored to ' conform to the rule for orthography and
pronunciation a contained in Worceater' Dictionary."
Hone Atann, lata Preaident.
KiktokOoub,Oah. "I moat cordially recom
mend It a the moat reliable ttandard authority of the
Bngll(h language u It U now written and ipoken.''
Preaident Andrew. ". i'fir-w " i.ri it-- i-
SCHOOL. COMMISSIONERS OP OHIO.
From Boo. Anton Smyth, OommUttontr of Common
- Sohoolt in Ohio. - '
''The Dictionary I an Impcrlahabl monument to th
learning and induatryot It author, and an honor to the
world of letterr. The mechanical execution la far aune-
rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac
quainted." f ti . ' rv o -.i h . .
from Eon. 11. B. Barney. He Vommittionor of
i 'SohooU r Ohio.. .. , .
"The moat reliable tandard -authority of th lan-
gnaga.?'; -, .-. . -; r
WHAT Tti. l .
Iieedina Newspapers of Obio Bay.
from th Clmtlani Merali of March 38.
Th orthoKTOphy of th Worcester Dictionary la that
naed by moat. If not ail. author of dlitlnotlon la thil
country and Bngiand, and eonforml to th general naage
or ordinary wnura ana ipeuer.
WhateTer sreiadice ma have exiited oreTiouily, a
careful atudv of thi yolume will lnyariably be followed
by a warm appreciation of it great merit, and a deelrt
to add it to th wen aeiectea norary, no ii targe or amau,
It i a library Initaelf, and will remain an iraperiaha
ble record of the learning of It compiler. ;
Irom iht OtnoinnaH OommtroUa of April SO.
Here an onward of a hundred thoaeand word good,
bad and indifferent who mnlttfariou meaning ind
derivation, together with their correct ipelllng and pro
nunciation, are act clearly before the eye. The work I
unqueetionablT th greateit Thmauruaof Engliah Word
yr pnblUhtd. j
tram iht OUvtlani PtoAndtaltr ofStpt. 20, 1880
iTidently Woicxrrn' Rotal Qoakto DicnoiuaT it
not onlv th lath out tut aarr wor or uit tuna tvtr u
iMd,andcan by n poaibillty anfftrby eomparlfonor
Irom th Tbltdo Blad of May 99
to nnmMciATioK. WoaarflTO. ii tbi BTAmuaa
followed by oar' beat author! in definition be leaye
nothing to be deiired, ana in uaTHOORAraT ii u lumcieui
to ay that Woacarna can be aafcly followed.
INGHARI & BBAGO) r -. A n
PnbllaUera, Bookaellera & Stationori,
NO. 101 8UPERI0R BT., OLITBLAKD, OHIO,
: . '-. rK,
THE MUTUAL BENEFIT
LIEE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Newark, 1ST. T.
DlTidena January It 186145 Pr Cent.
Balance, per alatement Jan. lat, 1860
Baoalyed ror rremlum oar
ing th year itu vua,uoa x
the year 1W0.
Total receipt tor 1860. ...1977,067 74
f 2 i
Paid Polioie turren-
dered 41,111 W
Paid Balarie. Poit- -. , i ; .
age. Tax, kx-' '
Chang, eto 31,630 54
raid UommlMton to
Agent. 5I,2 30 ..
Paid Phyatetau' fed. 6,968 TS'-l
raid Annuiiiit..i'4 117 (HI
Paid Dividend dur
ing the year 166,500 75 565,091 63
'-Net Balanc January lrt. ,1801 J.
Ouhoahand 6,6284 19
Bond and Mortgage on Beat
Batata, worth double the' v
- amount loanedr...W..' 2,38741 68 -
? rami urn Note, on Policle
In tone, only drawing 6 per
cent. lntreatt'tH.... 1,879,864 17 1
Real BlUle M,il3 97
Premium, Note and Oaah, in "
eoan of traniminion. . . . 45,341 75
?'f l 'ij fil ia..r;i"T us. "
T, 876 Politic In force, Inuring......H5,426, 838
1,435 new Pollcie have been liroed daring the year..
After aarefnfJaltloB of th pieatnt Tarn of the
ontatanding I'ollcieiof th Company, and having the
Moauary awow4 fa reierv therefor, the Director
har declared a Dividek of 43 per cent, on the Premi
um said at the table rate, to all pollcie for life in fore.
turned prior to January I, lbflO, pajabl aocording to th
preent ml of th Company.
Rata for all kind of Life Oontlngenciea, Propect
uee, Statement, and Application, will be fnmiabtd
wiTBfrjT cHAaa, at th
can j a i- r
i vino or Agencies oi ue uom-
I I i MBf 1. ATTBR80N, Prridnt. U
nr L. O. 0KUVa.Jfc, Vloe rretident.
.BBHJ. 0. MILLER, Secretary. . .
i 1. K. BKESON, Agent,
i L ,ohnon BlocaV
PiiAin and figured black
DRE8B 8 TLB 8, at (Terr grade. Th moat Mlect
asaortment in th City, and at moat munnobl rate
ni J" a l-.il. m j,..'.: "
GREAT NORTHERN AND EASTERN ROUTE.
CLEVELAND, COLUMBUS AND
A n F"! Vw' ' 1 1 '"', II '""""""TJ
donneotlnl at Cftatlln frith to PITTBBCRQfl, IT,
WAYNE OLUOAQO EAILROAD
ibr Fitttburgh, fhUadelphta and Baltimort. Alto
J fer-Ibri Whynt and Chiaago. '
donnectlng at Clerelind with the LAKE SHORE RAIL-
j, ROAD y , ; V
for Itnnklrk, Bnffalo. Albany. Uoa-
ion anANewe Xorit.
TWO TRAINS DAILY, '
Prom Oolumbua, in connection with Train on, the
Little niAini and coltjbibus
I, AWP XfeflllA RAILROADS.
nmrh uTPnpan i nik... n . . u .
will leave paenger at all tution, top atDelawr
Oardington, ailwd, Gallon, and at all lUtlon North of
Gallon, and atall other atatioa open Mgnal, arriving at
Cleveland at 9:S0 A. M., Dunkirk 4:0 P. at.. BntTaie
M p. At, Albany (: A. M.fBew York III k.,Boatoa
' SECOND TRAIN.
NIW YORK BXPRERR LHnl Onlnrnhnut .1:1.1 P.
U.: will leave nunnn at all nation, nmsnwinh.
Bocheater, Columbia and Olmated being Hag nation,
thi train will not atop for paaaengtr axoupt upon lg
nal . Arrive at Cleveland 8;30 P. M., Dunkirk 3A.M.,
Buffalo 4:35 A. M., Albany 4;1S P. M., New York J;50
P.M., Bolton 1S;30 A.M.
At Oreatllna with Plttihnrah.wt. w. miini,u.f,
Railroad for Pltuburgh, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
Alao for Chicago.
At nne my, with Banduiky, Mantneld and Newark Rail
road, for all point on that road. AIo for Toledo.
At Grafton, with flUs.l.rwi Toijui. a atlaviait tnr
Toledo and Chicago.
At Cleveland, with Lai Shore Railroad for Kile.
Dunkirk, Buffalo, New York and Boiton.
Patent Sleeping Can are run on all
Mgnt Trains to Onioago, Sew
' York and Boston.
Baggayt ditched Through to New Tort and Botton
vmm Limtiana: auo, to fMlcuitipMaana
, eto York via OruUin.
' ' " RETURNING.
Night ExprearrlTeaatOolumbaaat... 1:30 A. H.
Cincinnati Bxprea arrive at Oolumbulat 1:30 P. M.
I 1 -MV-MHWMBMM
Fare an Low aa by any other Houte.
; Atk for Tickettvia Ctetllineor Cleveland.
HuperlnUndtnt, OUvtland, Ohio
I JAIJE8 PATTERSON, Agent,
) Oolumbui, Ohio.
Oolnmbu, Not 16, 1861.
CANADIAN ft USITED STATES UAH
Liverpool, .Montreal, Quebec,
Th Montreal Ocean BteamahiD tiomoany'e Brat-elaa
full-powered Olyde-bnllt Bteamera nil every 8at
nrday from PORTLAND, carrying th Canadian and
United State Hall and paitenger.
NORWEGIAN, . NORTH AHRRI0AN,
NORTH BRITON, HIBBRNIAN,
CANADIAN, . MOT A B00IIAM.
Sborteut Claeapeat and Qtilckcat Oon
AKXaiCA TO ALL PASTS OF EUB0PI.
i I later! ot JPaaw&ae to 3Curoxe,
$30, see. sao. ,
Will nil from LIVERPOOL every Wednesday.
and from QUEBEC every Saturday, calling at
LONDONDERRY, to receive on beard and land Mail and
Panenger, to and from Ireland and Scotland.
ii rineae Bteamera are bum of Iron, in wator-tleht
compartment, oarry each an experienced Surgeon, and
very attention i paid to th comfort and accommoda
tion or panenger. A tcey proceed direct to LONDON
DERY, thjreat rlik and delay of calling at St. John'
Glagow paatenrera are fumlihed with rata paang
tloketa to and from Londonderry. -v ve :
Return ticket granted at reduced rata. '
OertiScate fawued for earrying to and bringing out pa-
enger from all the principal town of (treat Britain and
Ireland, at reduced rate, by thi line of (teamen, and
by the WASHINGTON LINE Of BAILING PACKETS,
leaving Liverpool vry week. , -
Sight Drafts for 1 and npwarde pay
able In England, Ireland scot-
ana or waies.
For paaaaga, apply at th Offlce. 83 BROAD'
WAY, New York, and in WATER ST..
Liverpeel, - -
J, I " BABEL k BEABLE, CNnaral AgenU,
Otto- J. R. ARMSTRONG. .
nolO-lydaw " ' Poit Offlce, Oolnmbu. Ohio.
niirhriAruA nn r T
REMOVES AND PREVENTS IN
i llammarW and Bain, and heal the wont burn.
tcald, bralte,eut or f roh wound of any kind, prevent,
welling and petti from bee (tinge, moeqaito bite, and
poiaonou pianu, rjetuaigia, rnerunanam, ague in toe
breaat, aalt rheum, etc.- When taken internally, It will
poaiuveiy car croup incmiaren, ana give lnunadiat
relief In the wont cue of thi. terrible complaint alao.
remoTe. hoanenee. and aore throat. Price, SS eeatr
bottle. Bhonld be In eve iibotu. For tale by Drug
glat and Storekeeper!. IRVIN STONE,
sole rropnaior, n cpruceat .new lore
No teal Juatlce can bt don the above preparation
but by procuring and reading deecriptive pmphllA '
be found with all dealer, o will be tent by Proprietor
on demand. Formula ud Trial Bottle tent to Phvai
ciant, who will find development. In both worthy thjli
acceptance and approval.
Correapondence toltcited from all who neceoltle or
curioaity prompt to a trial or th above reliable Bern
die, wi t x. t ' ' - ...
For aale by th aaual wbolenle and retail dealer
JOHN Li niTNNEtTELL, Proprleto
CHEMIST AND PHARMACEUTIST, . . , .
Ho. 9 Commercial Wharf, Boston, Haas. v
Robert k Bamuel, N. B. Harple, J. R. Cook. J. M
Denlg, G. Denlg It Bon, A 1- Bchaeller Bon, AgenU
lor Oolumbua, v$io.x.. ,.? j ..j mji-dl
! Baltimore F Clotlibg Honse.
HESS - ct3 - TXXjTTSO.
' j MA9rCTtiKlim WBOLatAU ftALIIJ m 1 1
. No. 308 Wltimore-street,1
(arrvrna uaotTi am bowaas,)
4 Largs ojaoitment ot Fleoe and Furnlghlnp
i Ooodj Coottantly OB Hand -' i'A
ladles' linen' Pocket-Eandk'fj. -
rTEiniriED STITCHED LINEN HAND
AX aerehier, Tory wide hem. . v
Embroidered Linen Handk'l aUprloe.
Hemmed Btitcbedaad plain do, do. .. . . - ry
jdoudi-A colored border. 11
Mourning do bleokbordar
do do nwrylcroltUtchd.
Pin Apple do - new patten.
Minei' Plain and Hemmed atltahad da all Brleaa.
- Comprising the meet (elaot eatortaeat in the otty and
ai ioww pnee. . . BAIN BOM,
I'etAl R. 89 Bonn, Blgh Street.
BONNETS, RIBBONS TARS AN
BUqHBS, pewica,jut opened by T ,
BAlaT a. ami
r.:iD y: a
Ra. t Beats fitgk atteaif
Hf: :S 6-.
Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia
For ClnoinnatJ,'17iytoa & apolis!
I i'!J..r,X ot; r .
Tbrough to IndUtmrX'tTd without C of Cajv,
il bat One.Cbaogi of CStua
1 V , ColumbfiB mni St: Lou t . -'I )
1 .? liw. I 11
On aTitl Aftor Moridky.'eiTibor
11, 1801. ' VT '"!
Four : Trains Daily from CVhuibua.
s 4 i - i FIRST TRAIN. .r.
NIGHT IXPREB8. via Dayton, at a it' (topping
at London, Xcnia, Dayton, Mlddletowa 16,1 Hamilton,
arriving at OlneinaaU at 7i48 a. m.) tad Dayton at
5:05a. m.j oonneoUng at Olnclanatl for trill, Yin.
otnnea, Bt. Loala, and all point Bon On i'; arriving
at Bt. Leal at 11:80 p. m.j connecting M Liyton for
Indlanapolla, Lafayette, Terra Hate, OI V -jo, ad all
polnta Waat; arriving at IndtanapoU al W a. . . .
A000MM0DATIONat5r0a. a.. atoiDt i.UaUiM
8:32 a. m ; eonnactiiig at Cincinnati -Vh Mail LincTT
Btnmboat for Loubrviil, aod at Dayu.n 'for Iodlain-jy.
oil and th Wet.
mira r. . a iu ""2 r'fiS
BXPREBS at I:sv, wi-. ftopernr aT Jefarfon. lin-
don, Oharleaton, Xenia, Oorwln, Marrow, Be. Lebanon,
roanr-, lvland and Murom, arriving at Cincinnati
at 6:45 p. m., at Dayton at 5 p. m. ; connecting a Oln
with th Ohio and Uitalppl Train for Loulavlll, Tin.
cennea,, Bt. Loni, eto etc., arriving at Bt. Loul at
10:45 a. m.: connecting at Daytoa for Indlananolii, La-
fayttto, Tarrt Uautc, Chicago and all point Weat.
HAIL at 4 D. m., (topping at all alatlona between
Colambn ind Cincinnati; arriving at Cincinnati at 9 95
IJ7 For further Information and Through Ticket,
apply to M. L. DOHERTY, TirketAgent, Union Depot,
P. W. BTRADBB,
General Ticket Agent, Cincinnati.
JN0. W. DOHERTY,
E. W. WOODWARD,
Columbut, Nor. 10, 1861. ,.
STEUBENVILLE SHORT LINE
CONNECTING AT PITTSBURGH WITH THE
Pennsylvania Central Railroad
Sborteat, Qalckeat and moat Delra
bio Ho Die to all Kaatern Cities,
Train. Leave Colombo, ai follow.:
. TU rroiorriLU.
. 3:80.P. H.
19 35 P.M.
4:00 A. M.
4:00 A. M:
AAKlTC AT lILLAntB
10:18 A. U.
4:10 P. U.
3:10 A. M.
Aaaivx at PiTTaaoaoR
4:10 P.M. 10 00 P.M.
Aaarvt at BAaanatraa
3.10 A M. 3:15 A.M.
ARklVI AT BAIVTItCOAB
6:20 A.M. 1:40 P.M.
AR.IV AT rSfLA OKLraiA .
7:40 A.M. 18:50 P.M.
atw toik via Aimroww
11:00A.M. 5 00P.M.
8:90 A. M.
. 1:45 P.M.
1:45 P. M.
Puingr by thi line reach New York in advance of
any Northern route.
13:35 P. M. train la the only on fram flnlnmhn. (
thi hour, and th only train by which pataeoger can
reach Baltimore or Washington th following Oay, and
arrive In Philadelphia or New York before dark.
Uj-aieeping car on ail night train. . ,
The Only Route from Celnmbn to
Baltimore, Pnlladelphla or
WITH ONLY ONE CHANGE OF CARS.
Ihl. train alio connect at Bellalre with th Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad.
ITPThla rout I 30 MILKS SHORTER to Plttaburirh
and more than 100 MILES BHORTER to New York,
than Northern line. . ' .
ETBaKeatre Checked Through to all im
portant point East.
ST Aak for Ticket, via Bellalre or Stea-
ST Tickets Good oyer either Route.
JOHN W. BROWN,
i General Ticket Agent Central Ohio B B.
IRA A. HUTCHINSON,
General Ticket AgentBteubenvllle Short Lin.
Oolumbu., Not. 13, 1S61. ,
WltUAM H RESTIEAUX,
1 . DEALER IN
; 3 ; Produce, ;V; h k
Foreign and Domestic Liquors,
- Fruits, etc. etc., , ;
HAS REMOVED BIB STORE FROM , ., -
NO. 34, NORTH HIGH TREET,,
'. 1 ..? T i l
No. 106, SoutK High Street,
Th olditand recently ocenpiad kyWM. MoDNALD
HU in dally receipt of ' ''
NEW AND FRESH COODS,
- ' Which he wiu eu
Cheap lor Caah or Country Prodnce
JJj' Oood. delivered to Otty trad free of charg.cQ
Ve7-illin,ra. JS.. C3-111
f And Seed Store,
I - " !CAU w 11''.':
.. . a-
E AILS, pUSB, SASH, PUTTY, CORDAGE, j m
Qaati Pistols, Wood At Willow ware
.Uitrand RBlrBltlng, laea fteatkar. Boa and
'": king. ..... '.i v- 1 '
.(i '1 U. a. il
f flXI in :k i i'i! i..
Mlf, year..W...u.'.,..w; ...'.; ..lag 0 '
?.rt-Weekly,pTycar..auv.ai...'...4.,,.,, n ut
Weakly. . ..,., ) axi
The Position of the Government
the Slavery Question.
! 'Tn,'fo1lowlng docnmentij'wHl $it)w 'iui pol,
(lou of .CoDgreai n tba goreromeot on tb
tUBtloD ol aUrery la ftlatlon to tba war: '
the Slavery Question. RESOLUTION OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
; Oa tho 11th of February, 18M, Mr. Sherman,
of Olio,' offered tie following rolutIo4J
I RfioroThat neither Congjreis, uor tb pio
plr or govefnmenl of, the non ilaveboldlog
Btfttel, hart a constitutional right to legislate
opoo or Interfere with bImwi, lu ayi.ivtholil
lag State of the V.lqo, , ,,, ' ,f, s
j Upon ibU the yea tad aaye wore takan, aod
th revalt wag It rjuanlmoot gdoptlon there
.belogeAi 18! j no) baji.';'' V.VJ .,,
ACT OF CONGRESS.
And bo ii further eoaoted, That whenever
Dereaftar, darfof the preeoDt ioourref lion agnlcflt
the goTernmenl of the United State, any por
bob olalmed to bn held to labor or ierrlce uudr
tba law of an Ht:a- ahall ha
b.y the towhom .aob labor or ear-
7" l"m'1'nM aa, Or byhe lawful agent
tn'h person, to take ap arm against the
IJri'iifT o;atei oriatiall be rqnirf(l ii; ' perai'
S'?. ,h P""" tJ-wnom luon labor or ierrioe
il claimed to be doe. or hie lawfnl aarcnt. to
work tr to bt employed in r upon any fort, navy
yard, dock, armory, thip, intrenchmnt, or in any
military tr naval ttrviee whattotwr. ooaintt the
government and lawful authority f iht United
Istttet, then, and in every tuck eate, the ptrten to
whom tuck labor er err it claimed to be due
thill forfeit hit claim to tuck labor, anu law af
the Statt or of the United Statu to the contrary
ntthunthttanding And whenever thereafter the
person claiming inch labor or serrlco ahall eeek
to eoforoe bi. claim. It ahall be a foil and suffi
cient an.wer to such claim that the person whose
aervic or laoor is claimed baa been employed
la hostile Fcrvlce against the government of the
United State, contrary to the provisions of this
This act was reluctantly approved and sign
ed by President Lincoln on the 7th day of Aug
ust. Another aot was passed, confiscating the
property of rebels, bat not Including slaves.
UNITED STATES ATTORNEY
borne time since Marshal McDowell, United
States Marshal for Kansas, addressed a letter
to the United 8utes Attorney General, stating
that he did not deem It bis duly to return fugi
tives to Missonrl until she became more loyal,
and aeking for advice on tba subject. The fol
lowing was the reply:
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE,
July 23, 1831.
J. L. McDototll, U. S. Mar thai, Kantai:
Your letter of the 11th of July, received 19ih
(under rank of Senator Lane, of Kansas), asks
advioe whether you should give your services
In the ezecntlon of the Fugitive Slave law.
It is tbe President's constituted duty to "take
care that the laws be faithfully executed."
That means all the laws. U baa no right to
discriminate no right to execute tba lawa be
likes, and leave unexecuted those he dislikes.
And of course von and I. his snbordinatea. can
have no wider, latitude of discretion than be
has. Missouri is a State In the Union. Tbe
Insurrectionary disorders in Missouri are but in
dividual crimes, and do not change tbe legal
.(arm of the State, nor change its rights and
ODiigaiions as a memoer ot tne union.
.. A refusal, by a ministerial offloer, to execute
auy law which properly belongs to bis office, ie
an official misdemeanor, ot which I do not
doubt the President would take notice. ...
' . Very respectfully,
SECRETARY CAMERON'S ORDER AS TO FUGITIVE
A large number of fugitive slaves having
made their way to Fortress Monroe, and a ques
tion arising as to what disposition should be
made of them, the Secretary of war made the
following order on the subject: ,
SLAVES. WASHINGTON, August —, 1861.
General The Important question of tbe
proper disposition to be made of fugitives from
service In the States in insurrection against the
federal uoveroment, to which you nave again
directed my atteution in you letter of July SO,
nas receivea mv most attentive consideration.
It it the detirt of tht Pretident that all ezittino
right in all tht Stttet be fully respected and
maintained. Tbe war now prosecuted on the
part of the Federal Government is a war for the
Union, for tbe preservation of all the Constitu
tionai rights oi tbe btates, ana tbe clUxens of
the States in tba Union. Hence no question
osn arise as to fugitives from service within the
States and Territories in which tbe anthority of
tbe Union is fully acknowledged. . The ordinary
form of judicial proceedings must be respected
by military and civil authorities alike for tbe
enforcement of legal forms. ; Bat in the States
wholly or in part under Insurrectionary control,
where tbe laws of the United States are so far
opposed and resisted that they cannot be effect
ually enforced, it is obvious that tbe rights de
pendent upon the execution of those laws must
temporarily fail, and It Is equally obvious that
the rights dependent on the laws of the State
within which military operations are conducted,
must be neoessarily subordinate to the military
exigencies created by the Insurrection, If not
wholly forfeited by the treasonable conduct of
parties claiming them.' To this general rule
the right to servioes forms no exception. The
act oi Congress, approved Augnst 6, 1861, de
clares that If persons held to service shall be
employed In hostility to the United States, the
right to their servioes shall be forfeited, and
such persons shall be discharged therefrom. It
lollowa, of necessity, that no claim can be reo
ognlzed by the military authority of the Union
lor tbe services or sucn persons when fugi
tives. 4' ' ' . ... .
A more difficult question is presented In re
spect to persons escaping from the service of
loyal masters, it is quite apparent that the
laws of the State, under which only the service
of suoh fugitives can be claimed, must needs be
wholly, or almost wholly, snspended. As to the
remedies of tbe insurrection and the military
measures necessitated by it, it is equally appar
tut that the substitution of military for judicial
measures tor. tne enforcement ot snch claims
must be attended with great inoonvenienoes,
embarrassments and inquiries. Under these
circumstances it Mem quit clear that tht tub'
ttantial right of loyal matter er ttill bttt pro
tected by receiving tuck fugitive, a iseU am fuqi-
txvtt jrom ttttoyai matter, into tne urate of th
UnUed Slott, and tmplowna them under tuch or
ganisation and at tuck eccn art tn at circumttan-
ct may tuggett er reautre. Ul oovrse a record
should be kept, showing the name and descrip
tion of tne lugiuve; tne name ana tbe char
acter, as loyal or disloyal, of the- master, and
suoh tacts as may be necessary to a oorreot on
derstandinr of tbe circumstanoes of each cae,
after tranquility shall have been restored. ' Up
on tne return oi peace congress win aoootiess
properly provide for all the persona it has re
ceived into the service of the Union, and for a
just 1 compensation to loyal masters. In this
way only, It would seem, can the duty and safe
ty or tne government ana the just rights or an
be fully reconciled andbarmoniied-- ,,''
i 'Sou will therefore oonslder yourself Instruct
ed to govern your future aotloo In respect to
fugitives irom aervic by the premises herein
stated, and will report from time to time, and
at least twice In esoh month, your notion In the
eternises to this department. You will, howev
er, neither authorize nor permit any interference by
tht troM under vour command wu the. tenanti
e; peaceful ttiusen in s houtepr fltut . ftor tmu
yw in any way tncmragt tuch tenant t leant
' .M'ls.'J l . t'" '-S '
.Tica oi mrtr matter i not will
htjate, ggaert fie public gooi may t u
k, pTcrenr tnt wuntaru return of aa
fwtUh, to tht irrtlet from tthtck ht anay Asm ...
aM. 1 am, very renpeetfollr, Toor'obedloi.1
Secretary of War.
lorasior-rjeneral Butler, Commanding Do-
llrimMil , 171 l ( .
r...u.uu.VI irgima, rortress Monroe.
SPEECH OF SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.
;;The Hon. Caleb & Smith, Secretary of lbs
auierwr, souressea a public meeting in Provl
ueuce, n. i,, on tbe itith of August. He said,
In reference to the slavery question:
' li Is tbs question of domestlo servitude that
f .u "UD,otr temple of liberty. What
is there in this question of slavery that should
oiyiue me people? Why, my friends, when
this government was formed, when we marched
from, the battle fields of tbe Revolution, every
State of the Union, with a single exception,
tauuwieugea me institution ot slavery.. It
v i a """uoea ,n w England, la New
York and Pennsylvania, and out States of the
West have grown to their present stature of
pvpuiaMui) anu mtgDiuoonce as free States.
But for the last tea years an angry controversy
; a. existea upon tbls question of slavery. Tbe
yuu. , ,ue yeopio or tbe South have bceo
deceived by the artful representations of dema
gogues, who have assured them that tbe people
01, tbe North were determini k.i. !L.
pownr of this government to bear upon them
for tbe purpose of cmahinv ,. ti,i.
- , - - " n IU..IHIHWI
i 'vwy. t sis you, is tbere any truth in the
cnnrKcr uae the government of th United
act, ikterfind with the inttitutitn of tlie South?
Ao, not one, Tht theory of thi government it,
mat tne oiau. are tovereign wuhtn their proper
tphere. The government of the United Statet hat
no mort right to interfere with th fnefu-ulioa ail
aiawry m oomn Carolina than u hat to interfere
-I .- ......1 s, . ... .
uiun me peculiar xntiuuiion oj Khoae Island,
ahott benefiti I have enjoyed to day. But, my
fiiondd, duriug the last summer, when tbe
great political contest was raging throughout
tbe land, then it was that designing and dishon
est men, for the purpose of accomplishing their
own selfish schemes, appealed to tbe prejudioes
of tbo Southern people, denouncing those who
supported Mr. Lincoln as abolitionists as men
who would disregard the constitutional rights
of tbo South and transcend the powers of the
government. Excited by means of tbeee ini
quitous appeals, they were ready to tike arms
to prevent the inauguration of that President
whom a msjority of tbe people had deolared to
be the man of their choice.
My friends, I have known tbe Prealdent'loog
and well. It has been my fortune to be select
ed as one of his constitutional advisers. I have
had the honor or being connected with this Ad
ministration since Its commencement, and frit
you to-night that you cannot find in South Caroli
na a man mort anxiout, rchgioutly and tcrupu
loutly, to obtervt all tht feature of the Conetuu
ft'oa relating t tlavery than Abraham Litcoln
Had the people of tbe South been willing to
wail and see whether he would regard that oath
which, in the presence of the assembled nation,
be had taken, they would have found that no
Administration ever orgsnixed In this country
would have more conscientiously regarded and
protected the rights ol tbe South than this Ad
ministration would have done. If
Air. Linooln bad not pursued the course wbloh
he has, would he not have been unworthy of
the confidence tbat has been so renernnstt
placed in himl He has adopted this course,
and be has appealed to yoo, tbe people of tbe
States, to rally round the standard of our conn
try, aud to teach the world that reoublioanism
Still lives upon this continent. My friendt, tee
makt no war aeon Southern inttxtutiont. We
recognize the right of South Carolina and Geor
gia t hold tlavet if they detirt them.
PROCLAMATION OF MAJOR-GENERAL FREMONT.
HEADQUARTERS WESTERN DEP'T,
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 30, 1861.
Circumstances, In my udgment of sufficient
urgency, render it necessary tbat tbe command
ing General of this department should assume
the administrative powers of the State.
In ordef, therefore, to suppress disorders, to
maintain, as far as now practicable, tbe public
peace, ana to give seourity ana protection to
the persons and property of loyal citizens, do
hereby extend and declare ettablithed martial law
throughout the Slate of Mittouri . Tbe lines of
the army of occupation in this State are for tbe
present declared to extend from Leavenworth,
by way of tbe posts of Jefferson City, Rollaand
Ironlon, to Cape Girardeau, on the Mississippi
All pertoti who thaU bi taken with arm in
their hand within thett lines, hall bt tried by
court martial, and if found guilty, will be shot.
The property, real and personal, of all persons
la the Sttte of Missouri who shall take up
arms against the United States, or who shall be
directly proven to have taken active part with
thoir enemies in Iho field, id declared to be
confiscated to the puolio use, and their tlavet,
if any they have, are htreby declared freemen.
. " ' ,
J. C. FREMONT.
LETTER FROM PRESIDENT LINCOLN TO GENERAL
WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. 11, 1861.
Major-Oentral John C. Fremont:
Sir Tours of the 8th, in answer to mine ol
the 3d Inst., was just received. Assured that
you upon the ground could better judge of tbe
necessities of your position than I could at this
distance, on seeing your proclamation of Au
gust 3U, I perceived no general objection to It:
tbe particular clause, however, in relation to
tbe confiscation of property and the liberation
of slaves, appeared to me to be oBjeotionable
In its non conformity to tbe act ot Congress,
pasted the 6th of last August, upon tbe same
suDjects, ana nenoe i wrote yon expressing my
wish that that clause should be modified ao
cordiogly. Your answer just received expresses
the prelerence on your part tbat I should make
an open order tor tne moamcation, which 1 very
cheerfully do. It is therefore ordered that the
said clause of said prociamattuu be.oiuvaifled,
held and construed as to conform with, and not
to transcend, the provisions on the same sub
ject contained In the act of Congress entitled,
"An act to connscate property usea lor insur
rectionary purposes," approved August 6, 1861,
and that said act be published at length with
this order. Your obedient servant,
MR. CAMERON'S INSTRUCTIONS TO GEN. SHERMAN.
Oct. 14, 1861.
Sir: In conducting military operations within
States declared by tbe proclamation of the Pres
ident to be in a state ot insurrection, you will
govern yourself, so far as persons held to ser
vice under tne laws oi sucn states are concern
ed, by tbe principles of the letters addressed by
me to Major-General Bntler, on the 30 tb of
May and tbe H.b or August, copies ol wblcn
are herewith lurmshed to you. as special ai
Notions, adapted to special olrcnmstaoces, can
not be given, muoh mast be referred to your
own discretion as commanding General ot the
expedition You will, however, m general
avail voursell ot anv persons, wneiner lueiuves
from! labor or not, who may offer themselves to
the national Government: von will employ sucn
neraona in suoh services as they may be fitted
for, either as ordinary employees, or, if special
circumstanoes seem to require it, in any other
capacity, with suoh organitttlon, in squads,
comDaniel, or otherwise, aa yon may deem
most beaefioial to tbe service. Tbls, however,
not to mean a general arming of them for mil
itary service.-' Yon will assnre all loyal masters
that Gongrees will provide just compensation
to them for tbe lots or tbe services ot tbe per
sons so employed." It is believed that tbe
course thus indicated will best secure tbe sub
stantial tights of leval- masters, and tbe bene
fits to th United Stated af the services of all
disposed to support the Government, while It
avoids all interference with the social systems
of local institutions of every State, beyond that
which insurrection : makes ' unavoidable, and
which a restoration of peaceful relations to the
Innrlably la iiTanefi.;
ir.i. . ". r-
ZL" JSSo., will Immediately
"" . aeauMjouni t. ,.ii
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.
BrlgadierG.,., T. W.
lug expedltloa to the Southern coast "
GEN. SHERMAN'S PROCLAMATION TO THE PEOPLE OF
dl J"'1? ' B0Vn CABOLIlfA-IS 0tJ
nufl,lt,,,!r,0f tt- Prtddeat of the.
United States Of Amarlna. I l-J.i.-VT
Jum." du ""oMnder these ctr
cumstanoes, Towe to great soverergo State
nd to proud and hospitable people, uMng
whom I bare passed some of the pleaaanteax .
daVS Of mv Ilia. Iirnmnt ma An ut-.I.I .L-.'lTTi
, - . r-- r - ' r wmiin iu, we
have come among yoo with no feelings or per
tooal eaimoeity n ietirt t harm yet um, .
utttroy your vrovmtu. at ImUrftr asuA
your lawful right or your tocial and local inttitu. ,
tint, beyond what tkt eaute herein briefly allud-
mil In .. j .. .. . . . ' - .
i Citinna of South CaroUo-The tdviKsed '
world stands aooalled at th inru ... ...
pursuingappjit(i at tbs crime you are corn.,, '
milling against your own mother, the best, tbe
most enlightened and heretofore the most pros "
serous of nations. Yoo are la a state of active
rebellion against tba laws of you. oountrw.i-
Yon have iawleaal aetzad nrnn tha tnriM.
uals and other property belonging to onr com
mon country, and within your borders, With tbls '
property, yon are la arras and waging a ruthles i
war against your constitutional goveresaetit.i
and thus threatening the exiateuca of a woven.
raent which 70a are bound by th ,. "
a wwaupact to live under and feithfnlly
support. In doing this yoa srs not only under
mining aud preparing the way lor totally ignor- ,,
log your own political and tocial existence, but
you are threatening tbe oivilired world with tba ";
odious sentiment that sslf government is Impoe- :
slble with civillitd raaa. . . j ,....t ;. i
rellow Citizens 1 lmolora you to nauaa and
reflect upon tbe tenor and eucaequeoces of yonr
acts, of the awful sacrifices made by the devas- "
Ittion of oar property. If tbe shedding of fra- -lernal
blood in battle, tbe mourning and wail 4
log of widows and orphans throughout our land
are Insufficient to deter you from further pursu
ing this unholy war, then ponder, I beseech
you, noon tbe ultimate, bat not leas certain re
suit which its further progress must neoessarily .
ana naturally entail npon your once happy and
prosperous State. Indeed, can vou pursue this ''
fratricidal war, and continue 10 Imbrne yonr -'
bauds in tbe loyal blood of your oountrymea.
your friends, your kinsmen, for no other object ,
than to unlawfully disrupt the confederacy of a ,
great people a confederacy established by your
own bands in order to get, weie It possible,
an independent government, ander whiob yon
eau never live in pence, proaperiiy or quietness. .
Carolinians: we have come amonswyou as
loyal men, fully Impressed with our Constitu-'
tionai obligations to the citizens of your State.
Those obligations shall be performed as far aa
lo our power. But be not deceived. Tbe obli
gation of suppressing armed combinations
agaiost the Constitutional authorities is para : '
mount to all others. If, in the performance of
this duty, other minor but Important obliga-!
lions should be iu any way neglected, it miut be
attributed to the necessities of the care, because
rights dependent on tbe laws of tbe State must
be neoessarily subordinate to the military ex
igencies created by insurrection aud rebellion.
T. W. SHERMAN,
Headquarters G. C., Port Royal, S. C., November
PROCLAMATION OF GENERAL DIX.
BALTIMORE, Nov. 17, 1861.
To the People of Accomac and Northampton Comn-
Tbe millitary forces of the United stalea are
about to enter your counties as a part of the
Union. They will go among you as friends and
ilh tba earnest hope that they may not by tour-
own acts be orced to beoomeyoreoemies. They
will invade no rights or person of property. Uo
the contrary your laws, your institutions and your
usages will be scrupulously respected. Tbere -need
be no fear that the qulutude of any fireside
will be disturbed, unless the disturbance is caus
ed by yoorselves. Special directions have been
given not ti interfere with tbe condition of any '
persons held to domeatio service, and lo order
that tbere may be no erouud for mistake or pro
text for miarepnsentailon, commanders of reg I in
cuts and corps have been instructed not lo perm It
any such persons to come within their lines.
The command of tbe expeditioo is entrusted ,
to Brigadier-General Henry II. Lockwood, oi,
Delaware 1 Slate identical in some of the
distinctive features of its sooial orgauisUion-'
with your own.' Portions of his force come
from counties In Maryland bordering on one of
yours. From him and from them you may be
assured ot the sympathy of near neighbors, as " "
well as luenda, If you do not repel It by hostile ' 1
resistance or attack.. . . ;
Tbelr mission is to assert tbe authority of
the United States, to reopea your intercourse
with the loyal States, and especially with Ma- '
ryland, which hat just proclaimed her devotion 5
to the Union by tbe most .triumphant vote in : , ;
ber political annals; to restore to commerce its ,
accustomed guides, by re-establishing lights on
your coast; to afford yoo a tree export for the
products of your labor, and a free ingress for
tbe necessaries and comforts of life wbich yoa
require In exchange; and, in a word, to put an -
end to the embarrassments and restrictions '
brought npon yon by a caueeless and nnjusiifU - -'
Me rebellion. .. n . ,-. .;i : ...
If the calamities of Intestine war, which are ,
desolating other districts of Virginia, and have ,
already crimsoned ber fields with fraternal blood, ,, ,
fall npon yoa, It will not be the fault of the
government. It asks only . that its authority
may be recognized. It sends among you a force ',',.c"
too strong to be successfully opposed a force f j
which cannot be resisted in auy otber spirit
than that of wantonness and maliguity. If .
tbere are any among you who, rejecting all over- . . ,
tares of friendship, thus provoke retaliation
and draw down upon themselves tbe conse
quences which the government is most anxious ,
to avoid, to their account must ds taia w, SlJ ,
blood which may be shed, and the desolation . , c,
arhiflh may ha hrnnght npon peaceful homes. 1 .-t- ,
On all who are thus reckless of tbe obligations . ', .
of humanity and duty, and on all who are found,
in arms, the severest punishment warranted by ., t,
the laws of war will be visited. '.. L,
To those who remain la tbe eulet pursuit of ,
their domestic occupations, the publlo authoci- , it,,
ties assure all they can have peace, freedom 4K
from annoyance, protection from foreign and
internal enemies, a guarantee of all conatita- ..
tionai and legal rights and the blessings of a
just and paternal - J
JOHN A. DIX.
V. ir. Si i.io.i
'S,iif. fci is.i JilO
The Beat Artificial
Tela to tbe
Human alfbt ever Invented..
-,'; JOSEPH 8. PEEXET,; ' '
PRACTICAL ft SCIENTIFIC pPTIClANJ,,
KEEPS TUB LAHOEST ASIOBTir,l
men t of th moat Improved kinds ol Bpoctaole,ij;ll,
AM hi Okanea, whether for near or far-alghtad, are , J
ground la -eoneavo eaovea form with the great care, '
0 a to salt th Ere of all ease, earing Waara. M S
Dltaiaeaa er Intamnmtioa of tha Bye, aA ImperUnsM f,
Itrngth tnr long reading or fin tewing. , , .
OSlce. 19 Bart Bate trt, at Seiner Jc Wrtter' ,
MaaloBtor.- m: v. A - '" . "- "--K
aagS-dly 11 ..-. M.'l"i: ' fc-v-v vl Ji'wm
Gents' Linen Shirt Collars,
F SFJFERtOIt QflALITV, IN DAR.' J;
BMOdin, ttyroa. raiwigaay, aenrrew aaa "
ipea. . Uanuwtd Pocktl Haadkerehiem. Kok) O.nv.1
Street and Bvealng Olovaa, Hlf Hoe et t.d
InderOannenta and all kind of Uonte' Far... .
ether new ahap
every kind, Ui
1 whins wood great variety ana at modmt prtoat. ' ' '
1i-.,f BAIN At BOM, b
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