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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, December 04, 1861, Image 2

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convenient slse, and I respectfully recommend
to Congest to consider tbs-eubjeot, and U mj
suggestion beirprorcd, to devil such ptu
' m 10 tbeir wisdom shall seem most proper lor
the attainment ot (be end proposed. '
One of tbe unfavorable consequenota' of the
breeent Insurrection, li tbe entire euppreeeion
In many places of ell ordlnery meani o. sd-
ministering civil Justice by the offlcers, 'and la
. the fornie of existing Thli U tbe one, in
Whole or in pert. In U ihe Insurgent Slates,
wid ei our armie adrance upon and take pos
aaasion of part of tbeie Slates, tbe practical
evil beoomne more apparent. There mo no
"' courts or officers to whom tbe oitiiene of other
x Btates may apply for the enforcement ot their
lawful oUlmi against citizen of tbe insurgent
States, end tbere li a vast emouat of debt con-
'' " stltating inch claims. Som hre estimated it
ei high il $31)0,000,000, due in a Urge prt
" boo insurgents in open reneiuon, to loyal cit
v Izens, who ire even now making crt saori-
' flees In the dischargs oi their pairlotio duty to
' support tos government. under these ciroumsisn
" see, I hv been ntgently solicited to eetiblieh
' by militiry power oourti to administer eumma-
ry Justice id each cuee. I hiv thui far declined
'to do It, not because 1 bad any doubt that tha
' - end proposed (tho collection of debts) was juit
and vlght In Itself, but beoiui I have
- been unwilling to go beyond the preesure of
uecelsity In the unlvenal ezerciie of pow
er; but the power of Congress, I mppoie,
ere equal 'to the anomalous occasion, ind
'-' therefore I refer tbe whole matter to Coo-
greie, with tbe hope that plan may be devlied
for tbe administration ot juitlee in all mob
part of tbe Insurgent Statee and territories at
- may be under control of thil Government,
whether by a voluntary return to allegiance
And orderf or by the power of our armi. Tbli,
' however,! not to be a permanent lnatitntioo.bnt
' a temporary substitute, and to ceaie a coon ai
tho ordinary court can be . re-ei tabliahed in
peaoo.
It Is imoartant that some more oonvenlent
means should be provided, if .possible, for the
adjustment of olaiml against th Government,
- especially in view of tbeir Inoreased number by
reatou of tbe war. It I a much the duty
ot the Government to render prompt juitioe
ecalmt Itself in favor of citizens, a it U to
admlciiter tbe same between private Individ
oala. Tbe inrestlgatloa and adjudication of
' all tlaims, In their nature, belong to the
Judicial Department, beside it i apparent
thai the atteotioa ot Coorrecs will be more
than usually engaged for some tims to come,
with great national question. It wa Intended
bv the organization of tbe Court of Claims
mainlv to remove this branch of buiineas from
tbe ball of Congrese ; but while th court ha
proved an effectivs and valuable moan of In
vestigation, it in a great degree fail to effect
the object of It creation, for want ot power to
make it judgment final. Fully aware of the
delicacy, not to lay danger, or tbe subject, 1
commend to your careful consideration whether
tbi power of making judgment final may not
properly be given to tbe court, with such other
provisions as eiperienee may have shown to be
neceeiary. "
I ask attention to lbs report of tbe Poetmas-er-General,
the following being a summary
statement of the condition of the Department:
Tbe revenue from all source during th fiscal
- year ending on tbe 3Utb of June, lobi, includ
ing tha annual permanent appropriation ol
$7,010,000 for the transportation ol free mall
matter, wa $9,049,296.40, being about two per
Osir. less than the reeeoueof I860; thejexpeodi
tore were $13,606,709.11, chowlog a decrease
of more than eight per cent, as compared
with those of the previous year, and leav
log an excess of expenditures over tbe reve
nue for the last Asml veer of over $557,462.71.
Theerou revenue for the year ending June
30, 1663, id estimated at an iucrease of tour per
cent on that of. IbGl, making $8,683,000, to
which should be added the earnings of tbe De
partment for carrying free matter, vi.t $700,000,
making $9,382,000. Tbe total expenditure for
1863 are estimated at $12,528,000, leaving an
estimated deficiency of $3,345,000 to be sup
plied from tbe Treasury, in addition to tbe per
manent appropriation.
The present insurrection shows, I tblnk, that
the extension ot this District across tbe Poto
' mac river at the time of establishing theap
tial here, was eminently wise, and consequent
ly tbe relecqulbbment of that portion of it wblcb
lies in the State of Virginia was unwieo and
dangerous. I submit for your consideration the
xoedieocv of .reeainiue that part of the Die
- bint, init rh raatora'tlon of the orteihal hound-
arie thereof, through negotiation with the State
Ol Virginia. - -
Tha renort ol tbe Secretary of tbe Interior,
With the accompanying documents, exhibit the'
eondltition of tbe several branches or trie pur
lic business pertaining to that department.
Tbe depressing inlluencea of the insurrection
have been especially icis in me operation! oi
the patent and general land offices. The cash
receipts from the sales of public lands during
the last year have exceeded tbe expenses of our
land system only aoout i-flw.uuu. i ne sue
have been entirely impended in "the Southern
States, while the interruptions to tbe business
of tbe country and the diversion ol large num
ber of men from labor to militiry service,
hare obstructed settlements in the new States
. and territories of the Northwest. The receipts
of the Patent office have declined in nine
months about $100,000, rendering a large re
duciion of th force employed necessary to
make it self sustaining. -
Tbe demands upon the Pension office will be
lareelv increased by the insurrection. Numer
ous applications for pensions, based upon th
casualties of t be existing war, nave already
been made. : There is every reason to be
lieve that many who are now upon the pen'
sion roll and in receipt of the bounty of
th Government, are In the ranks of tha in-
enrcent army, or riving them aid and comfort,
The Secretary of the Interior has directed the
suspension of payment of the pensions of such
persons, upon proof of their disloyalty. I rec
ommend that Congress authorize that officer to
cause th name of such persons to be stricken
from the pension roll. ' . 1
Th relations of tbe Government with the In
dian tribes have been lately disturbed by the In
anrr!tinn. and eaceclallv in the southern inner
intendency and in tost of New Mexico The
Indian country south of Kansas is in possession
of insurgents' from Texas ana Ananias.
Tha agent ot th United States appointed since
the 4th of March, for this superintendenoy,
hay been unable to reach their postx, while the
most of those who were In offioe before that
time have espoused th Insurrectionary caase,
and assumed to exercise'the power of agent
by virtue of commissions from th insurrection
1st. " It ha been stated in - th public press
that a portion of thee Indians have been
' organized as a military force, and ar attached
. to tha army of tbe insurgents. - Although the
Govern meet ha no official Information upon
th subject, letter have been written to the
Commissioner of Indian Affair by several
prominent Chiefs, giving assurance of tbeir
loyalty to th United States, and expressing
the wish for the presence ot the Federal troops,
tnnrotectthem. - It i believed that on th re
possession of tho country by tbe Federal troops
th Indians will readily cease sll hostile dem
onstrations and resnmo their former relations
aa tha Government. '
. Agriculture, confessedly the largest interest
of the nation, has not a department or a bu
reau, but a clerkship only, assigned to It in the
Government.' Wbtl it is fortunate mat ton
great Interest is so independent In Its nature as
not to nave oemanaea ana extortea more irom
$h Government, I respectfully ask Congress to
insider whether something more oannot be glv
91 Tolnntarily with general advantage Annn
I report exhibiting the condition of our Agri
cultural commerce and manufacture would pro
sent a fund I information of great praotlcal
vain to th country. While 1 make no sug
gestion a to details, I ventore th opinion
that an Agricultural and Statistical Bureau
mtftht profitably be organized. " '.
The execution of the law for tha suppres
sion of th African slav trad ha been con
fined t th department of th Interior. ' It Is a
subject of congratulation that th efforts which
have been made for the suppression of this in
' human traffic, hav recently been attended
with uuniual success? Five vessel being fitted
out for th slave trad hav been seized and
condemned. Two matter engaged In the trade,
and ou pr0tt eqaiping th vessel as a slaver,
have bees oonvtouid and subjected to th penalty
offioe and imprisonment, and on captain,
taking a erga of Africans an board bis vessel
has been eonvioted ol the highest grad of of
fem under - our law, the 'punishment of
which Is death. " ""
' Tbe Territories of Colorado, Dakotab, and
Nevada, ereated by th last Congress, have
been organized,' and civil administration bas
been Inaugurated therein tinder auspice espe
cially gratifying, When It Is considered that tho
leaven of treason was found existing in some of
those new countries when th federal omcers
arrived there. The abundant natural resources
of these Territories, with lb security ol pro
tection afforded by an organized government,
will doubtless iuvit to them a large Immigra
tion when peace hall restore ths business of th
country to its accustomed channel - .
I niltm It h aanlntl,u nf th LeffisletUrt
of Colorado, which evince th patriotic splilt of
the people of tbe Territory, i So far the author
ity of the United States baa been upheld In all
tha TrllArlA. it la honed it will be In th
iutur. I commend their interests aud doleua
to th enlightened and gnrou care oi yon.
I re'oonimend to the favorable consideration
at CnnirraM the latere: ol th District of Co-
lnmhla. The insurrection has bsen the cause
nr mnoh anffarine and sacrifice to the Inhabl
toots, and as tbey have no representative In
Congress, that body should not overlook their
just claims upon tne uovernmeut-
At vonr lata session a oint reioiutiun w
adontad authorizing the President to tak
maaauraa far fecllitatinr a nrotier representa
tion of the Industrial Interests oi the United
States at tha exhibition of tb industry of all
nations, to ba held at London In tbe year leo
I regret to have been unable to give personal
attention to th subject, a subject at one so
interestiniT In Itself and so extensively and in
timately connected with the material prosperity
of the world.
Through the Secretaries of the State and
Interior a plan or svstem haa been devised and
partly matured which will be laid befor yon.
Under and by virtue ol u act oi oougren
entitled "an act to confiscate property ued for
insurrectionary purposes" approved August bth,
18C1, legal olaimsof certain persons to the
labor and seivice of certain other person have
become forfeited, and number of th latter
tho liberated ar already dependant on tbe
United States, and must be provided lor in
som way. Beddes this , it is not impossiois
that some of tbe State will nass similar enact
menta for tcir own benefit, respectively, ana
by the operation ol which persons of tb sams
class will be thrown upon them for disposal.
In such case I recommend that Congress provide
for accenting such persons from sucb States ao
cordiug to some mode of valuation in lien fro
rear ol direct taxes, or upon some omer pan
to be sgreed on with such Statee respectively;
that lucb persons- on sucb acceptance by Ihe
ueneral Government ne at once aeemea tree;
and that In any event steps be taken for colo
nising both classes, or the one first mentioned,
if the other shall not be brought into existence,
at tome place or place in a climate congenial
to them. It might be well to consider, too,
whether the free colored people already In the
United State could not. so far as individuals
may desire, be Included In uch colonisation
To carry out the plan ol colonization may
involve the acquiring ol territory, and also ths
appropriation of money beyond that expended
in the territorial acquisition. Having practiced
the acquisition ot territory for nearly 60 years,
tbe Question of constitutional power to do so Is
no longer an open one with ns. The power was
first questioned by Mr. Jtnersoo.wno, nowever,
in the purchase of Louisiana, yielded nis ecru
plea, on tbe plea of great expediency. If, it be
said that tbe only legitimate object or acquir
ing territory is to furnish homes for while
men, this measure effects that object, for the
emigration of colored men leaves additional
room for white men remaining: or coming here.
Mr. Jaffaraon. however, nlaccd the impor
tance or procuring Louisiana more on political
and commercial grounds than on providing room
for population. Un this wnole proposition, in
cluding tb appropriation of money, with the
acquisition ol territory, does not tbe expediency
amount to absolute necessity, without which
the Government cannot be perpetual T '
In considering toe policy to D adopted tor
suppressing the insurrection,! have been anxious
ind careful that tbe inevitable conflict for toil
purpose shall not degenerate into a violent and
remorseless revolutionary struggle. I have,
therefore, in every ease thought It proper to
keep the Integrity of tbe Union prominent as
the primary object of the contest on our part,
leaving all questions which are not of vital
military Importance to tbe more Jeliberat ao
tton of tho legislature.
In tbe exercise of my best discretion I nave
adhered to the blockade of the ports held by the
insurgents, instead of putting in force, by proa
limation, tbe law of Congress enacted at tb
late session lor closing loose ports, also obey
ing the dictates of prudence ae well aa th ob
ligation of law; Instead of transcending, I
hav adhered to tbe act of Congress to coufls-
eate property used lor insurrectionary purposes,
If a new law upon .the same subject shall be
proposed. It propriety will be duly considered.
The Union must be preserved, and hence all
dispensable means must be employed.
We should not be In haste to determine what
radical and extreme measures, which may reach
tbe loyal as well is the disloyal, arc indispensable.-
"
Tbe inaugural address at tbe beginning of
the Adminfstrtiaon, and the message to Con
gress at tbe late special session, were botb
mainly devoted to the domestic controversy out
or which tbe insurrection and consequent war
have sprung. Nothing now occurs to add to or
substract from tbe principles or general pur
posee stated and explained In those documents.
Tbe last ray or bope lor preserving tne union
peaceably expired at tne assault upon t ort Bum
ter, and a general review or wbat nas occurred
since may be profitable. What waa. painfully
uncertain tnen, is mncn oeuer oennea ana
more distinct now, and the progress of events
is plainly in the right direction. The Insurgents
confidently claimed a strong support Irom north
ol Mason and Dixon' line, and the friend of
the Union were not fie from apprehension on
this point. This, however, wss toon settled
definitely, and on tbe right side. ' South of tbe
line, noble little Delaware led off right from
the first. Maryland was mad to seem
againat the Union. Our soldiers ware assaul
ted, bridges were burned and railroads torn np
within her limits, and we were many days at
one time without tbe ability to bring a single
regiment over ber soil to tne Capitol, now ber
bridges and railroads are repaired and opened
to tbe Government, She already give seven
regiments to th cans of th Union, and con
to tb enemy; and net people at a regular eiec
lion have sustained th Union by a large major
ity and-a larger aggregate vote than tbey ever
beiore gave to any candidate or any Question
Kentucky, too. lor some time in doom, is
now decidedly, and, I tbink.nncbangably rang
ed on the side of the Union. Missouri is com
parat'.veiy qoiet, and, I believe, cannot again
be overrun by tbe insurgents. .These three
8tate of Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri,
neither ol which wonld promise a single sol
dier at first, have now an aggregate of not less
than forty thousand in tne neia lor tne union
wniie or tneir citizens not more man a tuiro in
number are among the insurgents, and they oi
doubtful whereabout and existence.
After a somewhat bloody struggle of months,
winter closes on tbe Union people of Western
Virginia, leaving them masters of their own
country. An insurgent force or about fifteen
hundred for months dominating the narrow
peninaular region constituting tbe counties ol
Accomae and Northampton, and known-as Ihe
Eastern Shore of Virginia, together with some
contiguous part of Maryland, hav laid down
tneir arms, and nie people mere nave renewed
their allegiance to and accepted the protection
of tbe old flag. Tbi leave no armed iniur
rection north oi the Potomae or east of tbe
Chesapeake.
Also we have obtained a rooting at each of
the isolated points on the Southern coast ol
Hatteras. Port Royal, Tybee Island near Sa
vannah, and Ship Island, and we likewise bave
tome general accounts of popular movements
n behalf of tbe union in norm varouna ana
Tenneesee. These things demonstrate that the
cause of the Union i advancing steadily south
' Since vour last adjournment, Lieutenant uen
eral Scott nas retired irom toe neaa oi tue ar
nr. During his lone life the nation has not
been unmindful of hi mrit, yet en calling to
mind how faithful v. ably and brilliantly be ba
served tb country Irom a time tar oaca in our
hiirtorv. when few of tbe now living bad been
born, and thence forward continually.I cannot
but tblnk that we are still his debtor. I submit,
therefore, for your considestion what farther
mark of recognition is an to mm ana our
selves as a grateful people. ' -"
With tbe retirement of Gen. Scott came the
executive duty of appointing in his stead it Gen-eral-lu
Chief of ths army. It Is a fortunate
circumstance that neither in council nor couutry
was tbere. so far a I know, any difference of
opinion ae to tbe proper person to be selected.
The retiring Chief repeatedly expressed bis
iudement in favor of Gen. McLleilan tor tbe po
sition, and in thil the nation seemed to give an
unanimous concurrence. The designation of
General MoClcllan , Is therefor In a
considerable degree the sUootlon of the
country as well as of the Eicoutlve, and henoe
tbere is better reason to bope there will be giv
en blm the ooufldeno and cordial support thus
by fair Implication promised, - and without
which h cannot with so much .eCttolenoy serve
tbe country.. Il ha been said that on bad
General 1 better than two good one, and th
eying U true,. If taken to mean no more
than, that an , army ." ia . better ' directed
bv stasia mind, thiugh it b Inferior,
than by two superior one at variance and oroes
purposes, and tha same ia true in an joint op
rations wherein those engaged can! bave none
but a common and In view, and can differ only
as to the choice of means. In a storm at sea
no one on board can wish Ihe ship to sink , and
yet not nnfrequently all go down together, be
cause too many will direct, and no slngl mind
oan b allowed to control. It continue to de
velope that the insurrection is largely, if not
.exclusive!?. war noon the first principle of
popular Government, the rights of tb people
Conclusive evidence or tuts is louna in in
most grsv and maturely considered publlo
document as. well as In the general tone
of tha insurgents. In tbeae document w
find the abridgment of the-existing right of
unrag, and tb denial to tb people or an to
participate la ihe eeleolloa of pubito omcers,
excent th leelslativ bodv. advocated with la
bored argument to prov that larg control of
tb Government la tb people is tne source oi
all polltioal evil. Monarchy lueir is some
times hinted at aa a possible refuge from the
power of tbe people.
. In my present position I oould scarcely be
justified were I to omit raising a warning voice
against wis appro acn or returning uespouim.
It ia not needed nor fitting here that a general
argument should be made In favor of popular
Insiitutloos.-bot there is one point with its con
nections not to hackneyed as other, to which
I ask a brisf attention. It 1 th effort to place
capital on an equal footing with, if not above
labor. In tbe structure of tbe Government. It
U aaanmad that labor is available onl? in con
nection with os pita! j that nobody labors unless
somebody else, owner or capital somcnow, vj
tha nsa af it induce him (to labor- This as
sumed, it is nsxt considered whether it Is best
that capital shall hire laborer, and tnu muuoe
them to woik by their own consent, or buy
tbem and drive them to it without their con
sent.
Having proceeded so far. it Is naturally coo
eluded that all laborers are either hired laborers
or wbat we call slave; and further, It Is assum
ed that whoever Is once a hired laborer, is
fixed in that condition for life. Now, there Is
no such relation between capital and
labor as assumed, nor is there any
such thing as a freeman being fixed
for Ufa in the condition of a hired laborer. Both
of these assumptions are false, and all infer
encea from them are groundless.' Labor Is
Kior to independent capital. Capital is on
the' fruit of labor, -and never could
have existed if labor bad not first existed.
Labor is Ihe superior of capital and deserve
much th higher consideration. Capital
ha its rights, which are as worthy of pro
tection as any other rights. Nor Is It deem
ed that there is and probably always will
be a relation between labor and capital pro
ducing mutual benefit. Th error 1 in assum
ing that tb whole labor of community exist
within that relation.- AJfew men own capital
and that lew avoid labor, and with tbeir capital
hlr or buy a few to labor for tbem A large
majority belong to neuner ciasi neiioer won
lor others nor bave other working for tbem.
Ia most of tbe Sonteern States a majority of
tbe whole peoale of all colors are neither slaves
nor masters, while in tbe Northern a larg ma
jority ar neither hirers nor hired men, with
tfieir families, wives, eons ana aaugoters, won
lor themselves on tbeir farms, in tbeir houses
and in their shops, taking the whole product to
themselves and asking no lavors oi cipitai on
tbe one band nor of hired laborers or slaves on
the other.
It .il not forgotten that a considerable number
of persons mingling their own labor with capi-1
tal, that is, they labor with their own hands and
also buy tr hlr other to labor lor tnem, out
this is only a mixed and not a distinct class.
No principle stated is disturbed by the existence
of this mixed class.
Again, as ba alreadv been said, tbere is not
of necessity any inch thing aa tbe free hired
laborer, being fixed tor mat conainon tor nie.
Many independent men every w tier e 10 tnese
States, a few years back In their lives, were
bircd. laborer. -Tbe prudent, penniless beg
gar In the world, labors for wages a while, and
saves a surplus wiin wmcn to ouy toon or una
lor himself j then labors on bis own accceunt,
and at length hires another new beginner to help
him. This is the just and generous and prosper
ous system, which opens the way to all, gives
hope to all, and consequent energy, progress and
improvementof the condition to all. No men
living are more worthy to be trusted than those
who toll up or on . from poverty, none
less inclined to take or touch ought
which tbey have not honestly earned. Let
them beware of surrendering a political power
which thev already possess, and which, if sur
rendered, will snrely be used to close the door
of advancement against such-ae they and
to fix new disabilities and burdw upon them
till all of liberty shall be lost. .From tbe first
taking oi our national census to tne last
ar seventy Vears, and we find our population
at tb end of thi period eight time aa great
as it was at the beginning. ' The inorease ol
those other things which men deem desirable
has been even greater. We bave at one view
wbat the popular principle applied to Govern
ment tbrougn the machinery of the State
and the Union haa produced In a given
time, and also what If firmly maintain
ed It promises for tbe coming - future.
.There ar already among us those who, If the
Union be preserved, will live to see it contain
250,000,000. The struggle of to-day 1 not al
together for to-day, it i for a vast future also.
With a firm reliance on Providence, all th
more firm and earnest, let ns proceed in the
great task which events have devolved upon
ABRAHAM LINCOLN,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3, 1861.
Gbmsal Flotd'i RrraiaT. The Wheel ing
(Va.) Jntclligtneer tell tbe story Of Floyd re
treatt-' -l - ' '
General Floyd, in hi recent retreat from the
vlcinty of Gauley, destroyed everything porta,
ble about Fairfax Court House, fie burned
over three hundred tents, and picks, spades and
axes by the hundreds were found charred and
destroyed. At another point ten wagon loads
of ammunition were captured, and along the
road for many miles, blankets, broken down
wagons, tents, and other article of camp equip
aee. Including arma. were found cast aside by
tbe rebels in their harry to get out of tbe way
of Benbam's men. - The viotory wa complete,
and although Floyd wa not bagged.be was
driven Ingloriousiy from western Virginia.
Floyd's fore consisted of six Virginia regi
ments, two Mississippi' regiments, and ons
Georgia regiment, la all about five thousand
five hundred men. General Benham bad the
Tenth, Twelfth, Thirteenth, and five hundred
men from each of the Thirty-seventh and Forty-fourth
Ohio regiments, in all three thousand
two hundred men, ; .
The Austrian Emperor has at last thrown
aside all pretensions of governing Hungary con
stitutionally, having delegated tbe administra
tion of that State to a Governor whose authori
ty will be only-subordinate to tbe Aullo Chan
cery. Tbe county assemblies, which were re
organised last spring after a long suspension,
have been dissolved by an order from Vienna.
Tbe Obergespanes (county lieutenants) ar alio
to b superceded by agent from tbe Austrian
capital. Franois Joseph thus returns at once
to the old system of governing, according to
tbe "despotic practice which prevailed from
1840 to the early part oi lPol a state of things
that cannot last very mwch loorerr Count
Palff bas been appointed military Governor of
Hungary. . . ; . .
Comkbxamb Gar. A letter from the Gap to
tbe Nashville darter, dated the 17th of No
vember, ssyi th rebel are busily employed In
fortifying it and In building but lor winter
quarter. Tbe writer boast that with th
force there and close at band they can whip Jen
thousand Llnoolnlte with ease.
- - -1, , .
ST A "religion" novel is announced in
England, with tbe odd title, The World, tbe
Flesh and th Peril." :' 'v " ; " -
ST Col. Sim. Tike, lata of the Portsmouth
Patriot, ks purchased the Hillsborough Oat-
eft.
duo. xr,nxnr Bditot .
.WEDNE3DAY MORNING. DEC. 4, 1861
The President's Message.
w u- tit. nionslv expected document
VT ! (
L.r. .a... this morning. We bave
miurv vur i v - .
..(th .Maa nor time for much comment
'The message, both In language and matter,
bears ttrlnilc vldarct tb,wnaieyerinuu.
i.. n..t. received from others, it li
substantially the workmanship of AinaM
r.. - a.m. from tha puerilities of lan-
gnag and icntlment with which it abounds,
there Is Utile la It that will strike tb minds of
the people at of any great practical Importance
9 a m fT. tat
at this critical juncture oi our nauou
. The-Presidont takes a wld range and Intro?
. nui rarletv of subjects without say
ing muoh of special interest upon any one of
them. Som of hi Kggewion may oe.rv
gaided as matter of cours, and others may be
set down as of doubtful policy or as impraon
cable. ...
Ha enters noon the discussion of th per
plexlng question ol what is to be done with tbe
slaves forfeited under tb confiscation act of
Congress, and raise another as to th lave that
msy t emancipated by any of lb State. Tbe
latter question he might, with propriety, bave
omitted till one or more of the State bad pas
ed acts ot emancipation.' till notion of tbe
Government's accepting stave ' luu or ft
rat for direct taxes, would rather tend to di
miniah than Increase tbe amount in its ex
chequer. Bis scheme of acquiring territory for
tbe colonization ot tbe blacks liberated by con
fiscation or emancipated by States, lacks one
important Item to give it even a praotlcal air,
and that is, that he falls to point out where tbe
territory Is to be acquired.
The lecture which the President readi to
ward tke close ol the messsgs npon tbe rel'
tions between capital and labor would seem bet
ter suited to an essay upon a political economy
Iban to a President's message.
We reserve further remark! upon tbe aei
ige for future occasions.
ST EiCBiin Gairrit, who has served ao
eeptably as Post Master at Frszysburgh for tho
pitt twenty-three years bas been removed.
The cause we suppose to bs that Mr. G. Is a
sound constitutional Democrat.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
Sheriff's Sale. .
f rancls M. Story, by his next friend, 1 ' - - '
alary Btory, paliliooer, , - teopenor noun.
. vs. I franklin csnDtr.
Joseph BtoryJt others, 'respondsnla. J .
BV VIKTtIK OF Aft OHDEB OF SALE
to n dlroetad from tba Boparior Court of franklin
county, Ohio, 1 will offer for aals at the door of tlw
Court Boom, In tha city of Columbui, en ..,
Saturday, the 4th day of January.; A". D.' 18G2,
at odo 0 clock, P. tha following described real ea
tate, situate la Pleasant losinii, Franklin oonoly
Ohio, to wit: . r -
Part of surrey Ne. 3609. af tha Virginia Military Sur
rey. beglDnlnf at a siaka In th southwest corner of ths
trict of land, containing on hundred acre, conveyed to
Joeiah Barans by Jotepn Story by deed bearing dat May
7, 1830; the do sontb. b"X pole to a stak and foor small
hickories and n elm, thence east 12 pole to a stak In a
pralrte; thence north 67X Poles to a stak on the weal
id of an elm marked aa corner In the line of th Kloos
lot; tbe ne weal 124 poles to th beginning, containing
fifty-two and a half acres, more or lea; subject to a
dower eetat heretofore set off and aaalgned to Uary
Story, widow of aatd Marmaduk Story ta said pramleea,
dneribed aa follows: Beginning at a stak from which a
black walnut 13 lnenes in aiameter oears n. 1j deg.
K. U links; thnca . I deg. W. SI poles and SO link
la a stak; tbos a. w deg. n 1'H poles to a stak ta
th weat Un of i Oman's land; tha do M. S3 poles and
20 tnka to a aUka la th weal alJe of an eln Barked a a
corner; tbenc M. bo deg. weat m pole to Ui begin-
nine.
laaas or Bali. un intra in sana, one in. to in one
year, and on third la two yean, with Interest from the
day el aaie.secarea oy mortgage.
Ippralsedat 115 OOperacre. -
0. W. HUIFMAH. Sheriff.
By I. Davis, Deputy.
Printer's fees 5 00.
BOVi-aitexwtd ...... . .
Sheriff's Sale.
i. H. McCun )
vs. Common Pica.
Oharlea Say fc Bro. et al.)
n Y V1BTTJE OF A WHIT OF ri FA
13 to ne directed from the Oourt of Common Plea of
f ranklla ooanty, O., I will offer for sal at the Cooper
Shop of Michael KotmocMr, on Kirst Alley, in to city
of Columbus, u., on
Monday, the 16th day of December, A. D.
, . 10U1,
at one a'olock, P, M ths following described property
tn wit:
SOOO Whiskey-barrel staves, 900 Hogshead I Urea, 1000
Beer-keg stave, and a lot oi mmoer.
Levied en ae th property of Miohael Zahnocker. .
Prinler'sfeeeieoe fl.iW. HUrrMAN, Bherlff,
daet-dtd By Id. Davis, Deputy.
To Oontrnotora.
TiIDS WILL Bl'BBOirVED TJSTIL THI 10th
D lr Dee. 1861 at 1 'clock IT1.,
for anDDlrlnc the United Bute troop at Cam d Cbaae.
Ohio, with complete rations. Th ratio, to consist of
threa-fourths of a pound of pork or bacon, or on and
a fourth pounds of freah or salt beef; twenty-tiro ounces
or oreaa or sour, or one pouna oi nera orau, or en aoa
a fourth pound of corn meal) and at the rat to every
on hundred rations of eleht quarts of beans or peaa, or ten
sounds of tic or hominy: ten pounds of green coffee, or
airht pounds of routed or ground coffee, or on and a
hair pounds or teat tmeen pounds n sugar; rour quarts
of vlnemr: on DounU of anerm candles, or on and a
fourth pound of adamantine candles, or one and a half
pound or tallow candle; rour poonas or soap; two
quart of salt; and tbrlc par week potatoes at th rat
or on pouna per man.
All of which are to be of a good quality, and to be de
livered at the commlnary department at Camp Chase,
at such time aa may b required.
Thla contract to oommanoe on th 15th day of Decem
ber, IWil, and ending on th 15th day of June, ItJGS, or
at such earlier day, as th Commitsary-weiMrml stay
direct.
Th bids must be for lomoeh per ration, and addressed
tome, Indorsed "Proposal," box 429, Colombo, Ohio.
-' Oapt. B.P. WALKBft,O.B.,
nov96: - ' - - - U. 8. Army.
Domestic Cotton Goods.
BAIN & SON
OrFEK tb most Extensive Assorta
MOt Of ,
' Browa and Bleached Cotton flannels)
Muslins;
Bamsley Coltoa Boastings; . , .,
Select Styles of Calico' and Delaines;
Tickings, Shirtings, Qlnghams,
And Cotton Battings. -Also,
Blanket, flannels,
Caeatmere, C loak O loth, h, etc.
Much b.wreg.l prtco.. fc
octig. "i t ' g South High Street.
FARCY DRESS SILKS,
f ANOT DKB88 BILKJ, .
f AM0X DBJoB ttlXt,
Wa aia now (marina our immens stook of fancy Dress
Bilks at price lea than vr before effared la thli city.
Th attention of th ladles of this sity and vloiulty Is
solicited, as ear stock m vary select and complete la all
gradeeoV goods la this tin. PBTBB BAIN,
lOTVIs r nO- 99 lUHW U11U t)kWU
Iices and Embroideries,
VALRHOIENCS, MALTESE ck POINT
LaM-OollanaodBetta. f rench, Pmherand ThraaA
Lao Veile (new patterns,) Talencienes, Thread and
Point Laces, embroidered Collars, Setts, Trimmings and
Skirt, Laes Barb and Ootffan. Plata Line Collars,
'-ttaaad Cufia, mbroidared Collars and Onffe In Satan,
BAIH fc BON,
,. , South Hlfhltnet
GENTLEMEN'S FTJIIN ISIIIilG
MOODS.
.Hovel ties la Mack Tie and Scarf. - ' ' , r
.' . "Byron and Oarrot Collar.
' at ' ' Bmbrotdered Pookct Handkerchiefs.
Paris Kid Gloves, superior mak.' .. .., i .
Ooktaa Hill Shirts, various atylet. '
Boys' Ooldm Bill Bhlrte, do
' Drfrlngand Street Glove, do
Hemmed Pocket Handkerchief, various Styles. "'
. Unit ilea and Coder Oanneala, , -
' BAIN h SON,
aprllt " ' ' No. M BouUi High street
ALEXANDRES KID GLOVE. .
AU Haw and colors Jutt opened at BAINS,
OOe.ll. 1. OVUUl ll,HUW, j
i f , - - ';' v' ,;
ii. I
O ALL tat
i.?CSLL i& SOW'S
NORTH PIOH STREET,
. AND 8B THI LaRQCSZ BTO0X,
THE OBEATEBX; VARIETY,
i ' , ' r '.";! i "
4 "' t Ana- ' '
THI MOST BBAU-TIIUL PaTTIKNB
STOVES
Brr offered to th ollUen of Columbus.
. THII DAT1
COOKING STOVES FOR COAL,
COOKING STOVES FOR WOOD,
' ' AND
COOKING 8TOVE9,,
for either Wood or Coal.
C0 0KIHG 8T0VE8
For Large famlUe or Small families, and varying la
, Frtop from
Three Dollars to One Hundred and
. Twenty-Five.
PARLOR STOVES,
Of svery Prlos, Bias and Variety, for Coal er Wood .
DINING-ROOM STOVES, ' '
- I
' HALL STOVES,
Of many Patterns.
- SITTING-ROOM STOVES.
STORE-ROOM STOVES. '
OFFICE STOVES.
Army Otovcs,
Both Cooking and Beating.
The Lightest and most Portable Tent Btov ever
onerva 10 uiv
Officers- of ' our Great Army.
FURNACES,
lor Heating Deelllnis. Churches, Store-roans, or ether
larg Buiiumga.
LAUNDRY STOVES,
- tor family Pie or Udell.
MOTT BOILERS, '
. AGRICULTURAL BOILERS,
SUGAR. EVAPORATORS,
. SUGAR KETTLES,
HOLLOW WARE, ' '
- DOGG IRONS,' i
. , - ; ,SAD IRONS,: .
r.- T JAILORS GEESE,
.
And many ether articles "or any ether man."
- .,.'' ' - ' i -
''.'. 'a. ' "''
117 0ALL AND 8EB. JJl
. No. 92 Norti High Street,
- COLUMBUS, OHIO. 1
J. L Gill & Son
BOVSS-lf
AKIN & EMERY,
169 SOUTH. HIGH SVAEET,
Bare a full and Gomplet Assortment of'
HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS,
TIN AXD C0PPKK WAiE, ' '
JAPANT) GOODS
Of almost every klnd,
Elegant Chamber Sets,
SPICE AND PEED BOXE9, -I .
Tin Toys, and Articles in that Line,
' -for Little People. '
Knives and Forks, Bpoona, TuIm,
Buolcets, Bhovola ttnd TonffS,
Coal Uocbs, eton
I',. for the Larger Ones.
Ws Wonld call your farther attention to Ue tact that we
are SOLI AQINT8 tor the sale ot th
STEWAftT COOK STOVE,
. . . ... ...... .
Which ts. In all respects, clearly the "AUTOCRAT Of
THB KITCHIN." having no qual In the completeness
of It perform anee and economy of fuel. The clearest
tcatlmony f It superiority is th fact that manufac
turers and dealer ar oonetantly imitating It, coming as
nearitas poeaiDi in na-iaunaii Arraaaanuje.
Oal 1 and examine cor stock. It Is so trouble to show
cur goods.
. octJS-dim
AKIN & EMERY
AUCTION; AND COMMISSION
rrtHB SUBSCRIBER HATING TAKEN
X a leas on th Btor sweoa
3STo. 11 East Btate'St.
has opened Hasan . .
Auction & Commission Room.
H Is now prepared to receive on Commission svery
description of property, such as Dry Oooda, Ornoerlee,
Llquon, furniture. Carriages, Hortss, ic. lie also
Intend to derate bU attention to sales of Heal Batat
and Personal Property, at any polntrwltbia twenty Biles
mi aue city.
Auction Sale's Every Evening.
Consignments napeclfallysollolted
. - W. B. &;
KINT, Auctioneer.
eelW
'Shooting Gallery,
TIB Bnderrlgned beg leave to Inform fats friend
that he has fitted up a
B200TI3.Q OALLEEY
- - . ' ".- .AT TBI; ,. " ,t ? ft
" VERANDAH, ON STATE STREET. ' '
Good Guns, Air CIrdi, Pistols and Befreahmcnt. ,
SinmcacaU, "
U9Tl3 dtf C0RBAP BICHASPB,
H, ...) , .? "08 BM
MISTATBSCIM.
i
IT0V7 13 THE TIIIE TO SOTSCSUE !
PtTBLISIIKD
Of
CITY 0371 OOIsUlUXIXIO, OHIO
The DAILY, t
Tbe TRI-WEEKLY, at
The WEEKLY, at -the low rate of
Subscriptions to lie Datit and Tw-Wnrui Statbiux wiU bereoeived
FOB THREE QR SIX MONTHS
At the above rates; and the Daili will be furnished
TO CARRIERS IN ANY PART OF THE STATE,
. At the wtial rates. As ta established sod reliable organ of ths Democratic; party, '
THE STATESMAN IS WELL KIIQWN.
In ths future, as in the paet, it will uphold and defend the
PRINCIPLES OF THAT GRAND OLD PARTY
Which has been so fruitful of good to ths PEOPLE OF THS UNITED STATES; and wil
faithfully urge the re-establishment and supremacy of the
DEMOCRATIC CREED AND ! POLICY IN ALL THE STATES.
As essential to the complete and perfect re-oonitruetion of the
On the basis on which that
Ths Statishah will support the Administration of tha. General Government in all legal and
constitutional efforts to put down rebellion ; and sternly resist ths efforts mads In some quarters
to convert the present unhappy war into an Abolition orusade. . V
It will constantly orgs economy in the public expenditures, and the most rigid accountability
of all public ofBoen.
As medium of general news, the Statesman will endeavor to make itself acceptable to its
numerous readers, and at all times supply them with
. Tlxo Xjasatesst and xxxosnt TlollMisle H&joortm
Of this home and Ibreign markets. In its columns - '
THE BUSINESS MAN, THE FARMER, MECHANIC AND LABORER
Will find their interests consulted and attendeS to, and no effort will bs spared to make it first
olass newspaper.
' During the approaching session of -Congress we will have s talented and aocomplishsd corres
pondent at Washington, through whom our readers will be furnished with, much valuable) and
reliable information. . . ,
- Tbe doings of our own State Legislature will bs fully reported, and the local news of tho
State and our own immediate vicinity, will haw a due share of attention. ... , ,..'. j
We urge npon our friends in all parts of Ohio, and the North -Western States, to aid in extend
ing the circulation of the Statbmca!', since by so doing, they will assist in ths promulgation of
Bound political doctrines and reliable general intelligence. .
IHE
ERLT
OHIO
' .- .; , ; ; ; , r : : A s
To any person raising a Club of Ten Subscribers to ths Wixklt Ohio SransaTAir, and
sending us the money ten dollars for the same, we will send one copy gratis.
All orders will be promptly attended to. ,
-Address, " i - MANTPENNT fc MILLER,
, .... . 1 ' Publishers of the Ohio Statesman,
NoTcmber 1, 1861. - - - cy Coluitbcs, Ohio.
-t-r-
THB
v i i
Six Dollars per Annum;
Three Dollars per Annum
One Dollar per Annum.
: XT 33" X O 3NT ,
Union wss originally formsd,
STATESMAN
CLUBS
SUBSCRIBERS' NAMES.
HEADLEY, V
EBERLY & j
RICHARDS'S
N E TV: S T 0 B E,;
f ... s v ' '
l. . ' I
QCO txrx3.
SOUTH HIGH STREET, j
' . . ' ;
Are bow opening a large lot 'of
Ladies', Misses' and Children's ,
FURS,- :
TorliAtt). niAVt. , Pla-inlrn
i 1
. BALMORAL SKIRTS
Shephard's Plaid Shawls,
Ladies' Merino Vests & Drawers,
Boys' Merino Shirts & Drawers,
ZEPHVn Wpn$TEt$,
Embroidered Ropps,
TatxtiLlof' Nubloa,
OPERA Hooos;;
Opera Flannels,!
-WfiQW BLANKETS,"
" 1 ' ' J .-V "f'i')
OLOAK OLOTH8;
MISSES SUPERIOR LONG SHAWLS,
;. . :. ' ... . .4 " t'
. . . f ( ?-;
This firm, hiring adopted tbe Cash spUm tn the pur
chase and alof floods, ar enabled to sell from 15 to 80
per sent, less thaa ether ho Die under the credit system.
HEADLEY, EEE2LY & EICHAEES,
.250 AND 252 SOUTH mGH STREET,
;v."colUmbus; D?
I i a" ( a a V '-
Ovsters I Oysters!!
" "' i ' ' J. . J 'i 4
o. vx. "WJXGr-Njnri
HAS jrT HEVEITED, AN0 .W1I1
M In dally reoelpt, bf Kxpreas, of
41 PSE3H CAM ft KE3 0YSTE23,' j
Froa Baltimore and fair Haren.
OaU at w sgnsr'i OjaUr and fruit Depot, He. SI SMt
lata atreti.
aufuu
I
POST OFHOES.
J. Tal. & V. ICCERrJER.
.Corner of Broad & Front Streets,
COLUMBUS,
DEALIB8 IN
CROCERIES, PRODUCE AND
" PROVISIONS.
FOREIGN St. DOMESTIC FRUITS',
FI0UE, SALT, LIQTJ0ES, ETC.
OIBTIE8 BT THI OAN IR THIIK 8IA80N.
ecl25-dly ' . -
Flannel Shirtings.
PLAIN, PLAID, 8TRIPED&T WILL.
SO. the most ezteaslre stook la th city .
. Army Woolen Soeis. .
Bhaker Bibbed Books. ' - ' , '
Coder ShlrU aad Oiawers.
Cottoo and Merino Bocks '
Golden Hill Shirts.
Gent's Kid O lores. ::
. Gent's Llau Collars, Hack Ties. -
; . - BAIN fc SON,
ectlS . . Ho. 89 South High Street.
SPECIAL NOTICES.
TO MARRIED MEN,
Or Tbs) Camtempiauinf; raarriag-e.
TBI anderstgneel will gtr Information on a very to
trting mi important raid act, which will t rata
d mors thaa a thoasand times Its oust ky emy married
oool of any as or eondlllon In life. . Th Information
will ba sent by mall Is any address oa the receipt of S3
osnr fsfieer) and en red stamp. V '
All letter ahovld bs addressed to
H. B. M0BBI8, K. B.
oet31-ly3Uwdfcw Boston, Ham.
FETEBS, FEVEB AND AGCE.-BI1-Uoai
Affeetlons, Gold, BJwnmatlsms, OosUrsM, Oon
strmpUons, Affetlons of th Spleen, af the tlw, of
th Heart, T amor, and alMlssasss whlsh destroy Ilfs
hare always UhlblUd, npon daaectloa of thebsdy.a
nnmbsr of hard er coo erst points, either ta some of th
organ named er In ths Mood Teasels, sosMttmas eren
ramifying In th flesh, and again depoel ted upon th side
efa ken.' Now thna llttl hard substances would
asraa iota If Brandnth's Pills war astd; they would
be purged but ot th system, and jeara of sappy lira
would be the suffer r' Ivt Instead of aa early grar.
Always part bat mtt sum In skkaeas. '
T. T. Carpenter, .Isq., of Gorraar, St. Laurence
sounty,. New York, M years of ag, aays as has usd
Brandnth's Fills for M years, admlnistcnd them first to
his eoaohmaa, who had fem aad agueiar sight the
day after tbe ehtUi chills and fsrer lee svrsr; gar
tight more th naxt day, and so rry ether day until
the chill and rarer did not return, which was about slab
day from th Ant attack. B then far four arery
other day for another week, when th man war Dtirely
reatored to his usual good health.
B was himself attacked; took them in th same way,
and waa cared In less Urns. Has nd ao other audi-
die for. 34 years; found them always rsUabl for himself
and family when sick; has recommended thent tb thou,
sands with th beat results, ind feeli confident that ere-
ry family would bare a larger ertrag of health If the
Pills wer ustd la the place ef mlomal and ether hurtful
resasdles. , ,VK , , -
SoU by Jobs K.. 'Ooo, Dratght, Columbus, sod by
111 raepeetabl dealers In medicine. .
Br83-dlm -. r , ...JnQ
MANHOOD. .
La' SOW LOST, E0W BZ8I0SXD.
Just Pabllahed In u Sealed Inrelope; PrtoeSeta.t
A tBOTUBl ON TBI NATURS. TBKATMSNT AND
ADICAIi CORK Of SPKaUATORHUHA Or Seminal
Weakness, lnrolunlary Kmiations, Sexnal Debility, and
ImDedimenta to klarrlaae aeoeralllr. Nerrouao. Con.
umptton, Bpllepay and Pits, kienlal aad Phatoa In
oapaoltr, reiultlug from Self-abuae, Ao. By Robert J,
Oulrenrell, at. fi., author ef the tinea Book, at ,
A Boon ( Vbonaantta af sutiefUn,
Seat under Seal, In a plain anralopa, to any address
r paid, an reoelpt of twa staaaps, by lit. bUA$,
0. KUMJt, Vtl Way Mtw Xeik, Past OOloelios
Ms sAbs.

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