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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, January 22, 1869, Image 1

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,4;spOLUJdBU!S,1OIpFRt)AMORNi(GK
JANUARY ,22,' 1869.
i - - - i ' u . t - . , ,
' nTno l:.: J f.!; j vnMi'.ttnai n r !.;!!
-NUMBER 121.
uli'nJnl si- sliid .srsFivi cl
rnUsT.!! AHlTTOitlii&iil HI
n ii f a? i n " JEJ-vSr i s .
t.. fa. KtHMSUil F4ltr.
X.U MllUfe. CHUm
. JAN. 88.
The Beginning of the End.
Mr. Bouiwu.u of MMcbu8tt, hi rc-
ported from tbe House Jalkiry commit
tceaconut tutiool amendment providing
tbttiierItbtof in; citizen of the Unite!
-States to vote cbll not be Geuttd or
abridfted io any way except for crime, and
extending the privileges ot the ballo
box to all persons, reardli-BS ot color. Ii
the bill were titled in' plain Eiijtllsb' it
would read thus: "An set to lorce upon
each and all Of the 'soverlgh States In the
FvderalUulon thesrste-tuoi netio suffrage,
regardiet of the wishes of the people there-
I'.Mr. BocTWEtt announces that he will
all np bis biit again some time next week,
when, we presume, it will be brli ny de
bated and driven through the House umlt r
(be party lash. The Senate concurring
therein, it will then be ready to ee tor-
warded to the severs! Legislatures of the
States, and by them be adopted or ejected
If two-third of the States adopt it, tbe
amendment bteomes a portion of the or
ganic law of the land under which we shall
live hereatbr. '
f Every State, with one or two Insignifi
cant exceDtions. where -the question has
bteo Islily submitted to the peopb-, has re
padiated. this, doctrine by overwhelming
Biijurities but this bat seemingly only bad
the effect t6 sQmalate tbe fanatics and fool?
engaged tn the Alricsn cause, and urge
(hens to renewed efforts and fiercer zeal.
Abandoning li hopes otgaining their end
through the popular voice, tbey have now
luixeJ Sambo uori tbe fl or of Congress,
aud. there tbey IntemJ ,to keep him until
bleached intocitizdnsbip and tbe lasfrlght"
bestowed on our sable brother.' 1 White
men,' with all the vast interests com
mitted to them,' with all their needs aud
tbeuh imperative demands, ojust s'and In
cse sacKgrouna wane hub ociwwuio bum-
ness Is guing on. Entreaty, expostulation,
argument, are alike wasted upon the part)
whose stock lu trade is the negro, and who
are naturally desirous1 to increase the price
and desirability of thtlr '!(. If there is
do other method to escape, 'from tbe dark
dilemma, let Congress eatch the people by
tbe throat, and itb'lhe assistance; of ob-
seqoibus State' I-egi Ittures. : niaCe tht;m
ewaUewetbfr duse In. spue, of ; Uielr ,re
beltioes etemachsJ Wo nebdoubt 4hat
tblsls'- i glorlpui d ' free country
adr hat.wesevllvlnjr j' ind'er. : ;1Ve
best' QoTeracnenti la,; be-; world,?, . bus
S' Bsdksl Senators s and ' Eepresen-
tathres claim tor themselves monopoly of
wlfdom and of poer, wty slfpuld.f trUt:
lag ineonslstencj block the wheel ol "pro-
gress," when over tnosewiwrels, la a trium-i
pTial ita, the negro rides on to a crowning
gress," when overtoosw wheels, la a trtam
lory"? While Africa Is redeemed, cannot
4mric.owSrd it be inealtt-d I Ih 8Dt
Qod and humanity require urCertaluly;
erhy''tnea! hesitate" t& reach ! on' stVorig
arm-and grasp he coveted blessiugt i.e
tog )fo JtoeTwau aa4 hi -colaborers in
the work, W-fefBO I dare not watt Bpon
rwboid bat nash en the advanclnir col
tuaja, aai IfBossible, overtake, the son! of
taolateJoHa Baowm, and press it lnto4
toe same service; Betnfdrced by that inbtive
power, ill obsubjes must yaoisb' into 'tiie
cninnesc oi una air. a. nngie nint lor.sue
benefit of the gonUsesen named: Tbire
may Man bbstinate,liegtsiaeure''bere ami
therein the, KorrfjJ which, will "refuse io
ratify tbe proposed Constitutional Amend-
ment. VTaste no words with them or their
eOSltnentsv'Trnierir prectons, and the
nertb snore-'erecioas thai time. Do-with
these recusant States as you are - about to
do with? GeoTglsvbeeause' she declined to
reeetvel btadt legislators p Bed dee tbem
ttf4a",,tejrri6briar ' Wudltlon - "Siiitll
iodr? Ji period -i' as' ? tbey-'-manifest
a proper spirit "of repentance
and reform. Georgia Is as much In the
Union as Ohio or .Indiana, fend if she can
bejp disciplined Into obedience, what is to
prevent similar treatment in site- ease oi
tbe others? "We ace toothiiig. ' Let iheu
the tyranny; Which grows so beautifulry
South of tie, OUio and tbe Potomac be
planted here n oqr mld anLnuderncaih
It bad and beneficent -braecbesiet'the
negro repose his weary, limbs and allow his
friends unfortunately. borji white to bares
chance.
i ' I t r
I
A Radical Short on Ex-Governor
Dennison.
Tk.H....U.J T A I 1. .
sne i&aaicai tnoe, in speaking oi tne uaot
net offices to'be filled by general Gbasi.
has the following :
r-the PoatofficeTPepattmeBt aseveral4
aspirants, uur pour, aeaa ex-uovemor,
Mr. Denolsoo, fancies ibhnself alive; and
would be willing to acoept the place."
fOaribor.dead ex-Governor, Mr. Dkn
niao,r rliej); O'eiUnasur -Geiier!, made
one ef the best, il not tbe very best Cabinet
officer since ' the advent of the preseirl
PJiZJtolowEEsJOhi:dmlnUtrajttou.if
tbe Portoffice Department, be made hU
mark, broad and deep, In tbe reforms he it
tinted: li w'a dirdugh linifH&ii,
VW$DiW!Hi F1 fee'lit'.i
laud, of mouey orders, in small amounts,
was adopted assart. ot tke- postal service,
which of the good heT pefoxined, woulo
of itself aJohetntitle'Lim it tbe'tbauks ol
thepeople 4rJ. , -f ff,t,,..
iwspue nis pontics, In office and 'out oi
office, exGeverabr Dkaiseir to a gentle
isanWtuMiestand fcr theeffieet has showii
bittsapblei'i;"big;atae lie,
leader i. baa:'bown''i'ai Jnallgnant spite.
wirthjr. alaneT,df a wjiifflc wbo,:at a late
distance, barker and' shews Its teeth at a
fuagrowo ao2.rMjM . ;is $..i ,!, ;,
We have Bff rfgbt o klthpaicute or re
eosnmeud ; arCablnet. .efflaer. to-eoervi
Oovemer Dzjmrjox U to be the Post ra as
ter General We .bare onfldeoee. that the
best selection possible from the tetdlc. 1
raiTks WHT bsmsdei Although a warn,
partlseer'-lirt attewerorioIincai;TBr"
Datf whn U ifSa, lay s forget
bis 5'; rV ancor, in his tiTorts to beneMi
tbe wtioleeoiintry..:;;-; i f .
Wbea Postmaster e'nefiV nnaWpresi
dentjf oaysos. Gov. Diy spM reAtm"""-1
ed axhaoge M toejueveland- postofnee
Thls change oosted the-'prbprfetor ol tin
Leaderj and gtrt tbe ofBet;.to the proprie
tor of the Berald. This Uct accounU tor
thaeoittemptSWe attack, of tUeLeader.,,. J
as
It,
-the
or
or
Eumos on . VtdnesJay surted the In
redlble report at Washington, that fieneta)
Grant bad tendVfced Tloo. John Sherman
tbe position ot Secretory of the Treasury.
TTtWMi InnnlV " lt eraa fnnnrl t hl t f ha MaabI
ftJBfwu usuii a vvasai iumum suas avaw a vrvi
uoy noaxnaa of umux io rest nponv .
1 rAL.j
4,
of
COLUMBUS.
Its History
Houses and Future.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF COLUMBUS.
Columbus is situated in Jatitude 39 dfgs
56 mini north, -and longitude 6 degs. west
from Washlngtori city,' is 106 miles' softh-'
erly'.from' Sandusky city,' J39 southwest,
from Cleveland, 148 south westwardly from
Steubenville, 184 In the same direction'
from Pittsburgh, Pa., 126 miles ;wes't from.
Wheeling, Vn about 1 00, north west from
Marietta, 105 northwest from Galllpolls, 45
north from Chillicothe, 90 In tbe same di
rection from Porterai'Utn, at the mouth of
the Scioto river, 118.northwardly 'from
Maysville, Ky, 110 northeast Irom Cincin
nati, 68 eastwarttly from Day ton, 104 south
wardly Irom Lower Sandusky, and 75 due(
south irom Detroit, Michigan. It is situ
ated exactly on the same, parallel of iatl
tu' v with''ZstiesvilleKnd " Philadelphia,
from which latter place it is 4501168 dis
tant; and on the same meridian with De
troit, Michigan; and Milledgevllle, Georgia.
The '-Legislature during its session In
1810-11, btld In Zinesville, in order to es
tablish a more central and permanent seat
of government, received proposals from
various places offering inducements for the
location of the seat f government at he
points designated In the proposals. Among
the number were the proposals of Lyne
Starling, James ' Johnston Alexander
M'Laughlln and John Kerr, the after pro
prietors of Columbus, for establishing it on
the ''High Bank of the Scioto river oppo
site Frankliuton." which site was then
revered with its native growth ef timber
- The proposals of Starling and Company
were .accepted by an act of the Legislature,
p issed Feb. 14, 1812, and the proprietors,
L ne Starling, James Johnston,. Alexander
McLaughlin and John Kerr, laid out the
town in .the spring following. The Jots
are 62 by 187)4 feet- The streets cross
each other at rignt angles, varying 13 de
grees to the right of the cardinal points.
Hih street, running north 13 degrees east.
crossing Broad gtieet at , the north-west
euruer of the Public . Square, is 100 feet
Ide, and extends from the northern to the
southern, limits of tbe ity. Broad street,
wbtch runs east and wet 12 degrees south,
U 120 feet wid, and extends from the
bridge on the National Road to the eastern
limits of the city, passing the north side of
the Public Square. - All the other streets
were laid out 88i feet wlde.i The alleys
are" 33 feet la width. f . ;
: On the 18; h of June, 1812, tbe first pub
lic sale of lots at auction was commenced.
It don tinned three days. ..The only cleared
place at this time within the limits ot the
town pla', was a small spot on Front street,
a little north ol State, and a smalf spot
with a cabin on it near: where pr. Ide now
resides.. .Immediately after the sale of lots
improvements commenced rapidly, by the
erection of .log and frame buildings, for,
"u8'j uu". ""wra. . i
UFoVsome, years., but little attention was,
dwellings, shops and. stores. . : i o
paid, to improving tbe streets or alleys-
Qradnailyi-bowevaevtkey- were- cleared 'by,
the inhsbHant'or firewood and btfll ding-'
marials T a 1818 a sub4ciripti9n, 'of 1 20Q
was raised among tbe icltixens and appro
prlated for the removal or the remaining
obstructions ont of High street.' Our readj
ers wilt remember that some of tbe ohstruc-j
tions, in shape of huge slumps, were found
in tiie street a year since, when tbe Klcol-
son pavement was laid on that street. ; -
'Among; the first bouses" erected- was a'
building with a brick front on. the west'
side,Qt High street, next lot south of State.
This -was built Id 1812 by John Collet.
Tbe next spring )t was opened by a Mr. ,
Payne as a tavern. In, 1S14 Mr,, Collet
took possession of it, and kept a very good s
tavern for ' a new; place, 'until about tbo '
year 1818, when be sold out 'to Sobert Bus-..
sell, who continued to keep It as a tavern
antil 1847, when tbe building was fitted
up for store rooms.: Other ' taverns were
opened about the same time as Mr. Collet's
one by Daniel Kooser, on tbe west side
of" Front street, In a log building. One by
Mr.McCullough.on the northwest corner of r
Front and Broad streets, called the '-Black
Bear." Another at the northeast corner
High and Eich streets, "was kept by
Wm. Day .( wbo bad been a boatman), call
ed a "Grocery," it was the common re
sort of all boatmen engaged in boating
stone, apd those who camAnp the Scioio
(at which time a large amount of the heavy
articles, such as salt, Iron, &c, for the sup- :
ply of the town and surrounding country
were brought up tbejrivcr in boats.') and
frequent were-the broils between the
citizens, sad ;. boatmen, and the boatmen
themselves, that the bouse was called "The
War cfBce.- On some .occasions as many
ten' or fifteen' men; might be seen at a
time, io front jot the bouse, stripped of all
clothing but pants and. a girt around .the
waist, preparatory for a regular fight' A f- '
tir the excitement and ' passions Of the
prowd had ' cooled dpwp,'l tbe .constables
rould venture to hunt ip the combat-
at and : i take Uiem before- Esquire
Shields to receive Justice according to law
'sometimes against the loudly expressed :
disapprobation ofthe delinquent receiving ,
J'he SqUire boweverjLneve? .snffered
equanimity, oi bis, temper , to be dis
turbed by abusive worts, out . disposed of
h business before him In a sort ofdouble
quick" style peenliarly "bis own; .The
principal part of the business of Justice of
tbe Peace for the township, was taken to'
his office. There are marry stories told of
him and his two eons ablest - "The wits ol
that day called the three, " Pontius Pilate
and his two bult dogs."1 Mr. Shields was .
apative of lrelandvand was a progressive
Democrat in politics," He wonld lay brick,
do a job of surveying and platting oi
week days, and usuajy, preached in town
country on Sundaj-Sn His sermons were;
always gratis.- He was else aaortot poet'
and frequently wrote bis own hymns.
Among the settlers of Columbus n J313,'
were George McCormlck. George B! (Iar
ey, John.5.1Uelds,Michael4rjd Alexaider
PsttonWns..rAltman John Collet, Wm
Mi Etvalp, Daniel Kooser, Peter Putnam, .
Jacob flares Christian Heyl, 'Jarvis and
Bei jamln Pike, Wm. Long, a;: Meneley, '
aiid Dr. John Edmlston. Drv Edmlston
was the first pbyMcian tolocate n Colum
liswo ort three years afterwards Dr.r
Pa sops moved over (rom Frackllnton.
lTe first stores pened in Columbus,
were. ne belonging to the Worth Ington
Manufacturing ' Company,1 kept , by , Joel '
Battles, in a small brick , building n tbe
west " nd of the " lot ' now ' covered
by '-the, ;".roadway '.1 jExebag bulld-
InjCsMd Wonio "' atcLean ,
Greeny kept In a eabtn on tbe south side
Eloii street; Jnst east of where the Me
chanics' Hsll tow ' stands.'. Aboul where ,
the-jHecbanicst: D11 tid, , in two or
three cabins connected together, Christian
I ic: u vi via 'i -. .
,
:
Heyl kept a! bakery ' and" house of enter
tainment, where he continued until about
the year 1816, when he. erected the front
part of his uvern ! building; 'l now the
Franklin House," where he continued p to
keep a public hotel, until the spring , of
1841. I,i,.rn, n;,h I 2;r.'. -1
Vf n tbe spring of 1815, tbe census of tbe
town was taken by James Marshall, Esq4
and simounfed to something "ove 700.'By
this- time there were some half dozen, or
more stoies, of which are recollected those
of Alexander Morrison, Joel Buttles,
Henry: Brown, Delano & Cutler, and J. &
R. W. McCoy, and a printing office, issu
ing a weekly paper called the " Western
Intelligencer,? owned and . conducted by
P. H. Olmsted and Joel Buttles.
KTho first building erected in Columbus
for public worship, was a 'cabin, by the
Presbyterians,' on Spring street, In 1814
but It was not used long for that purpose,
the meetings being removed to the Frank
linton meeting bouse, where they continued
to be held Dn til 1813, when the First Pres
byterian Church was organized in Colum
bus, and a frame building was erected oh the
west side of Front street, on the. second lot
from Town street, where Dr. Hoge admin
istered to the congregation until tbe pres
ent brick building, called, '-The First Pres
byterian Church," was erected at the cor
ner of Third and State streets fronting the
public square. In 1314 the Methodist
Church of Columbus was organized, and
the same year tbey" built a small hewed
log-house on 'Town street, between High
and Third streets, where the Town Street
M. E. Church now stands, whicb was lor
some time used for a school bouse as well
as a meeting house, when a 'frame was
added to the log, and the house -fitted up
wjen permanent seats. nj
f ioe lioiumuua i ua.vun wsscsiaiiiiiiea
ln"1813. Matthew Matthews was the first
postmaster. . In 1838 it became a distrib
uting post office. . .
.'The first attempt to carry a mail other
wise than on horseback, was by Philip
Zinn, about 1816, once a week, between
Cjiillicothe and Columbus, which in a short
time was increased to twice a week. About
the year 1819 Mr. Zinn extended bis con
tract to carry the mail in coaches to Dela
ware. In 1820-21 an attempt was made to
carry the mail in stages from Z tnesville by
Newark and Granville to Columbus,, by a
Mr. Harrington, but proved unprofitable,
and the coach-was run very irregularly.
In 1822, Wm. Neil & C6 took a mall con
tract between Columbus and Cliilllcothe,
to be carried in coaches, three times a
week. Mr. ; Neil & Co., about the same
time, obtained a contract to carry the mails
In coaches from Zanesville to Columbus
the line ot coaches was soon after extended
to Springfield, Day ton, and Cincinnati. '
In 1814, the first Market House was built
by contributions of citizens in tbe vicinity
of the location. It was 50 feet in length,
situated io the middle of High street, iui-J
mAHIatatv DAiith At T?tnh , J
fS-The first bridgeover tbe Scioto river was
erected by Lucas Sullivant, of Franklin ton,
about the year 1818, under a charter from
the Legislature crossing the' river at the
west end of Broad street, on the road to
Frauklioton. -,.- : i' ,u - j : . -,-.
- In 1824, the county seat was removed
from Franklinton to Columbus. The court
then. was. composed of .Gustavus Swan,
President, and Edward Livingston, Samuel
C Flennlgan and Aurora Buttles, Assoei
atefA. I. McDowell, Clerk, and 'Robert
Brotherton, Sheriff. ' ,
In 1840, the Common Pleas and Supreme:
Courts, commenced holding their sessions
in the "New Court-House."' The two lots
upon which the building stands having".
been bought by contributions of the citl
censot the south end -ot the town, were
donated to the county. ' The County Com
missfoners afterwards purchased the third
lot. AO aa to have the whnln hlnU.-'.'
yflbt first newspaper printed In ColumbusN
was The Western Intelligencer and Co
lumbus Gazette,? removed from Worthing'
ton. and published by P: H. Olmsted and
Joel Buttles, as early as 1814 or .'15, and it
has continued ever since, under different
proprietors, with the name of "Ohio State
Journal."' '" - ...-.
The second newspaper, "The Ohio Mon
itor," was commenced by David Smith and
Ezra Griswold, In 1816. Smith soon pur
chased the Interest of Griswold, and con
tinued to publish the paper until the sum
merof 1836, when he sold out to Jacob
Medary, and tbe Monitor was discontinued,
or merged into the Hemisphere.
The "Western .Statesman" was com
menced in 182, by Zcbariah Mills and
Martin Lewis. In 1826 it was passed into
the bands of Lewis & Glover; afterwards
to Freedom Sever and Elijah Glover. In
the spring of. 1833, they sold out, and it
merged in the Journal office. - ' ' 1
In 1829, tbe Ohio State Bulletin was com
menced, by John A. Bryan and John A
Lsz-lle; at the end ot about a year, Bryan
sold Out his interest to Lazell, though be
( Bryap) continued to edit it, under tbe title
of tbe Columbus Sentinel, and it was sub
sequently soia oy jL,az"ii, ana pag.a over
to George Kesling and John H Wood. ; In
1835 it was transferred to Scott & Wright.
who merged it in the Ohio State Journal.
Io 1832 the publication of the Western
Hemisphere was commenced by Gilbert &
Melcher. Afterwards Melcher sold his
Interest to Bussell C. Bryan: ' Gilbert &
Bryan sold to Gov . Medary and Cof. Many
penny.- Then it passed into the. bands of
Sacket Reynolds. He sold It again to Gov.
Medary. When Medary was ; first elected
State Printer the title was changed, and it
.was called the Ohio Statesmabt. ' e
So much for tbeearly history of Columtu.
Fifty years ago the native forest trees stood
where now tbe busy hammers of industry
ring out tbe triumphal march of progress.
The strides made by the city, in the mem
ory of tnany of our citizens, is something
wonderful. But little attention, was paid
to manufacturing until about 1845. About
that year the people seemed to wake np
to the importance of their position, and
the necessity of. doing something more
than to depend upon the eleemosynary In
stitutions of the State to make this a great
city, '3The' openiug of the Columbus and
Xenhv railroad, on .the 2 2d of February,
1850, of the Cleveland, Columbus and Cin
cinnati railroad In the same year, of the
Central Ohio in 1852, and of the Columbu--,
Piqua & Indlanapolla railroad (now Co
lumbus, Chicago-& Indiana Central) in
1353, gave an;impetns to trade, and started
the city forward on the race for the posi
tion she must sooner or later occupy that
of the second city of the State. She al
ready ranks as the third. ' '' ;'
Trade of every kind, thrives here as fn no
interior city of the West. There is hardly
a business followed by' civilized man that
is not represented here.' Our business bouses
oan compete with those ol Cincinnati or
Cleveland, and onr wholesale trade exceeds
either of those cities, in proportion to bur
population. ,', ," ;; - , ; ' ', ; '
The progress of Columbus lias been con
stant. Having an existence of but little
bvef fifty years, and' without the aid of
iakebr tlve ' naytgatlorfi ' her "pbpulatlonr
Iri.l815,b,ui?0Q, iu 1850 batlt,882,ln;i8C0 only,
13.554, will to-day reach 33,000. And she has
not yet passed beyond the youth ot exist
ence. Her system of railroads, which are
designed to make her the' KailrOad City of
the United Statesvis bu just being devel
oped. Twenty , trains otj ears are now
leaving ;her, .depot daily, eonv,eying.i her
manufactures and. her wares, North, South,
East and West."" The enterprise Of her bus
iness men is making her known through
out the West aud South, and. we , venture
the prediction, that in the next ten 'years
she will have more. than doubled in popu
lation, resources' and busIhess.T Is' this
vain boasting t. Look at the improvements'
of the past year, and say so. Fine and
costly dwellings have. .been removed to
give place to business , palaces, and from
one end oi the city to the other shrewd
business men, by the erection of magnifl
cent stores, show' their faith In the glori
ous future of Columbus. 'Look at the new
block being built by Peter Hayden, on
Broad street; the Sessions' Blocks corner
of Long and High streets; :the Deshler
building, Lazell's building, and the two
hundred and" "Vjlrty-flve others erect
ed during the ' past year," -Jiud tell us,
If you dare, that we overdraw the pic
ture of Columbus' future greatness.
And this is not a spasmodic action, to last
but lor one season. .Already are more
store under contract to be erected during
tbe next summer than were built the past
year. Tbe erection of the new Btone de
pot, to be commenced the coming spring,
will completely change tbe character of
the buildings at the north end of High
street, and, within two years, that locality
will be covered with business houses. The
needs of business and of population have
compelled addition after addition to the
boundaries of the city, until there have
been one hundred and ten additions to the
city, and it covers twelve square miles of
territory. ...
Another reason of Columbus' prosper
ity Is, that her municipal affaire are man-:
aged in a manner that most challenge ad
miration for economy and thoroughness.
Her total rate of taxation, for all purposes,
in the year 1863, was 22.4 mills, while
Dayton levied 26, and Toledo 363 mills,
and this while we are carrying out a most
extensive system of sewerage,and are taxed
for additional fair grouuds, and for a bridge
over the Scioto. Our rate of levy for lo
cal purposes is but IS 9 mills, Dayton's
22 5, and Toledo's 32.8 mills. Tbe follow
ing table will shOw the' value of property
in the cities named. By it the reader will
see 'demonstrated the fact we assert
above, that our municipal affairs are well
managed, and that" the life is not taxed
out of our people because of official cor
ruption. ... ,. , . ,
TaLofical VArfchat
estate. tat prop'r-
Co'nmbas....a.o".fi89 , ST.41S.550
I too 5O9.U70 7.461.1.4J
Toledo.......... 3.80U,7iO . i.850.70
Total t&1
of prop's
!S,40.S8t
13,WU.11V
S.Sll.SdO
-Here, then, 'is' an additional element of
future prosperity. Men will invest in busi
ness where taxes are lowest, and by their
business aid in developing the city that af
fords them a cheap, safe and efficient rau
nicipal government. They can afford to
sell their goods lower than merchants who
must pay four or five per cent. of. their
profits In taxes. , . . '" .'
., To the retail trade of Central and South
ern Ohio, Columbus offers inducements that
no other city in the State can offer. ; With'
in twenty-four hours of New 'York, with
business nun fully posted as to the needs of
trade, with capital sufficient; to purchase
all the goods they do not manufacture,
small dealers can supply themselves with
all tbey may require for local trade without
being compelled to overbuy. .
Wholesale Houses.
It seems almost wonderful, considering
the short time that has elapsed since Co
lumbus has bad an existence-and a place
among tbe business cities of tbe State, that
sbeehonld have secured to herself such au
immense trade' that some 'of ' the largest
wholesale bouses of the State are located
within her border8.' , ' .! - ;
MILLERS GREEN & JOYCE.
' On the corner-of High and I)ng streets
stands a four-story brick' bouse, occupied
by Millers, Green & Joyce, as a wholesale
dry goods and notion house. The' firm has
been in trade bat two years, yet the last
year's business shows sales amounting to
over $700,000.' The dry goods department
embraces two rooms, each 40' feet wide
by 187 in depth; these with the floors
above, make It the largest and most capa
cious dry goods and jobbing house west of
New York. .The business of tbe house is
constantly j and. permanently; increasing,
and the area of country in which tbey sell
goods constantly widening, influenced by
an excellent and" unbroken assortment of
goods and the very reasonable terms and low
prices at which sales are . made.., At the
prices prevailing three or tour years ago,
the goods sold the, past year would have
shown a total, of at least a million and
a half of dollars. Each partner in this firm
is a worker each an operator, and each
has his own sphere ot rafJorrOne of them
resides in New York City.'arid buys 'the
goods for, this market. Ample meaus, at
tention to the wants of customers and in
dustry, are the props and stays ot this firm
and on which they rely for -success. Tbe
stock consists of every sort of fabric man
ufactured Inj' America, as well as every
thing safe or seasonable In foreign . goods.
In fancy goods and Yankee notions the as-1
sortment is unusually large and extensive,
There is no house In America that exer
cises more care or applies more labor In
the purchase of goods .than this. Tbe
goods, therefore, are owned cheaply and
are sold cheaply, and if merchants and
traders, in a retail way, will consult their
interests earnestly, they will make the ac
quaintance of this firm, buy goods of them,
and save freights, delays and other vexa
tions, and avoid the necessity ot over-buy
ing, which would be incident to purchases
in eastern markets, and which is often so
fatal to western traders. . It is said that it is
only necessary for the 'merchants of the
country to know', that they can buy goods
as cheap near home as in JNew xork and
they wilt do lt:TTs' pZedV to the trade of the
country that thit can be done, and in Chit city.
and that it there be any difference at all it is
only in freight. " ' , ' ' ' " ' ' :
In addition, this bouse is Interested in
the great' manufacturing and , wholesale
ready-made clothing establishment of Eng
lish, Millers & Cdn where a great stock of
ready-made garments can always be found,
and at prices rivaling Eastern manufac
tures. 'The store next tbe firm of Millers,
Green & Joyce Is .'devoted to the sale ol
clothing, and the four rooms above to Its
manufacture. ''. This promises to ' be' the
largest wholesale clothing bouse 'In' tbe
West .Retail dealers are particularly in-
vited to examine this establishment. It L-
but a few: years agq that every article' of
ready-made clothing was brought Irom
New York. It was "slop made" and un
reliable"' Now we have our own manu-!
factory, m extensive as any in New York,'
i
'
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'
'
j
1
-
.
9
;)
.
..
finishing goods made of the best material,
and put together-la--manner rivaling
custom work. .
HARRIS, CARPENTER & CO.
On-the south side of Town street, be-
jtween Third and Fourth, stands the largest
.notion house In Ohio, and the second lar
gest in the United States. The proprietors,
'Harris, Carpenter & Company, by indus
try,' careful management and strict busi
ness integrity, have built up,' front a Very
modest beginning, and within five years,
:a trade linequaled in the history of notion
'and fancy goods houses.1 Tbe building
jthey.jccupy was,' formerly sufficient lor,
i their own business the firm then, being
Harris fc Sigler and . -for the wholesale
! grocery bouse qt Carpenter & Company,
, but their trade so increasing tbey' entered
into a partnership with Messrs. Carpenter
i nankins & Co., their neighbors, gentlemen
'cf well established . business reputations,
forming the new house of Harris, Car
penter fc Co. 1 By this consolidation their
business and capital have been largely ln
. creased and their stock not excelled by any
in the West. Tbey occupy the entire block,
. the premises of both the old firms, and the
; whole aspect of the house is business. . . .
: Mr. Harris, as buyer, visited Europe last
! year, making tbe first and probably the
, only direct purchase In person ever made
by a firm in our city. He made many
: valuable acquaintances and gained, much
useful Information in regard to a large
; class of goods, which they sell of foreign
manufacture. Their trade extends over
most of tbe central counties of the State,
nearly approaching Cleveland on the north
and Cincinnati on the south, and with our
new Hocking Valley road they expect to
push their trade through the bills of the
Hocking to the Ohio river.
In this stock can be found' everything
the buyer can need in the way of fancy
goods, notions, white goods, hoop skirts,
corsets, gloves and hosiery. To the retail
trader It is an omnium gatherum, where every
thing, from a German flute to a pent y
. whistle, can be found and at prices but lit
tle if any higher thau the same class of
goods can be bought for in New York.
The high favor in which this house is
held by retailers is evidenced by the fact
that their sales for the month of December
reached neSrly $2), 000, and, for tbe year
ending January 1st, 1869, to about $300 000.
Such a trade in staple goods would count
up to a million, or, at the prices prevailing
four year ago, to two and a half or three
millions. - :
- They invite the close inspection of mer
chants from all parts of the State, guaran
teeing low prices, prompt shipments, and
a stock always lull and desirable to select
from. '
REED, JONES & CO.
north side ot Town street, next
. door to the corner of Third, is the most ex.
; tensive boot and shoe bouse in Central
Ohio, If not iu the State." It Is a perfect
hive of industry, and one almost wonders
where and how a market can be fonnd for
the work turned out. The main sales-room
is on the first floor, and here '.men's ".and
boy's wear can be found by the'thousands
of pairs. ; The second story! is for ladies
and misses boots and shoes, and four rooms
above are devoted to the manufacture of
all these kinds of goods. Each oi these
rooms Is 105 feet In length. The articles
of foot wear turned, put by this , firm are
made of the' best material, are manufac
tured by , workmen of superior, skill, an
bave given tbe house a reputation as ex
tensive as their tfade.' There Is but one
voice among those who purchase of Reed,
Jones uo ana tnat is, that tney sell Det
ter goods than any eastern hduseyand at
the same price as New York wholesales.
The sales' tor the year 1363, reach nearly
325,000' 1 . ; - ,'
It is a sigh t to see, tbi3 manufactory. For
ty-five busy workmen make tbe air musical
with the rap-rap-rap of their., hammers-,
the crouching of the knife; through tbe
leather, or. the chirp, of the well-waxed
thread as it firmly joins the sole and tbe
upper together, drawn by strong arms'. F.
Herpick is In charge.ot this department.
His reputation as a cutter is very high.
Tbe retail shoe dealers of this region bave
.long ago learned that they can do better at
this house than In sending to New York
for their stock. - They can do better both
In prices, in quality of work, and material.
and extent ot stock to select from.
: Two of the firm are in the East, purc,has
ing material to manufacture into boots and
shoes, ready to take advantage of tbe
fluctuations ot the market, and willing to
extend the advantages tbey .may gain to
meir customers. . - - .
A branch . ot this house will be estab
lished in a few weeks in Mansfield, and
will be under charge of H. M. Weaver,
well known In our business circles as
most reliable business man.. ..;;
To the shoe dealers of Southern and
Southwestern Ohio," we can cordially rec
ommend the wholesale house and manu
factory ot Reed,: Jones & Co. With an
abundance ot .capital, undoubted integ
rity, and a desire to establish the fact that
Ohio-can successfully compete with Mas
sachusetts in a branch of business that the
latter State has made peculiarly her own,
this house offers inducements to buyers
that cannot be found elsewhere. '" J J i"
SIMMONS' MILLINERY HEADQUARTERS
Is located in the central store of the Opera
Block; on High Btreet, is 23 feet wide by
150 deep, with high ceilings, and a very
handsome front, the large windows being
of a single sheet of French plate glass, and
the doors of tbe same. 1 The Interior is
handsomely fitted np for tbe business, with
show cases, counters and tables, filled with
flowers, feathers, hats, bonnets, : ribbons,
laces, jewelry and fancy goods, and it is
'undoubtedly the ' handsomest and largest
millinery store room West of the moun
: tains. In the front part, extending to the
depth of 60 feet,' is the retail department,
divided from the wholesale stock by a low
railing.
Tbe stock of goods kept by Mr. Simmons
is always full and fresh, selected by him
self in the Eastern markets, for which his
long - experience and acquaintance in the
business, now just 25. years, fully qualifies
mm to tase tne nrst ranic.
The specialities of this bouse embrace
the finest , and most fashionable goods, and
a determination to be the first to Introduce
the latest novelties in millinery. ' . ' -
The' business done by Mr, Simmons Is
undoubtedly the largest, la his line In the
CltV. 1:1-' ' ' '' . f
To our lady friends milliners as well as
others we emphatically say, here yob' can
find the largest stock in the city, at very
reasonable prices, and with an assnraaee of
rthe most courteous attention from tbe pro
prietor1, and his clerks, loth male and
emale
Retail Houses.
Having thai briefly tailed attention to
a few of our principal wholesale houses, We
present the pames of some of our best re
tailers. Arriong these we find ' " '
GILCHRIST, GRAY & CO.
On High street, opposite the State House
and one door north ol the ' Neil' House,' If
the retail dry goods house of the Arm, whose
name head's this artiele.sTbIs. house -was
established sq long ago that the memory ol
man runneth, not to the contrary. Certain is
it that Peter Balo, Esq.; to whom this firm
are the successors, was doing business In If
twenty-five years ago.,From .Its com?
mencemeht to this day it has held a high
place in 'the estimation of our citizens.
The partners In the firm are young men of
great energy, unaouDtea prob)ty, ,and hav
ing a complete business education, and s
knowledge of the - wants bt the ' trade.
During the year 18GS their Sales amouoited
to $I91,742. Of this amount $19,894 was
sold in the month' of. December. On the
shelves of this store can be' found all the
latest styles :of dress, goods of foreign and
domestic- manufacture; a line of white
goods unequalled in quality and extent It
the State, 3aces, ribbons, hose,, shawls; in
taor,everytbing usually kept in a first class I
retail drv coods house. ' -' iJI
retail dry goods house. .
J. D. OSBORN & CO.
This well known firm, whose place of
business,. 142 South High street, Is a per
feet beehive ot industry, has, for years',
been tho principal depot for damask and
lace curtain's, carpets, oil cloths and wlnr
dow shades, of Central Ohio. In addition
to this , specialty In- trade, their shelves
groan under the weight of a magnificent
stock of staple and fancy dry goods, of tbe
latest styles and of the best quality. Their
trade extends far beyond the usual limits
of a retail house, and at their counters ean
be found buyers from . all the adjoining
counties. During the year 1863 their sales
footed up a total of $270,450. A desire to
please their patrons, both in regard to
quality of goods and In reasonableness of
prices, added to Indomitable energy, ex
tensive business acquaintance, and suf
ficient capital tor all tbe purposes of trade,
is the secret of the great success of this
house. Reaching out, as we are, for a new
trade in Southern Ohio, those who wish to
purchase goods will find it to their interest
to call upon J. D. Osborn & Co., especially
for carpetings,. oil' cloths," curtain goods,
and the like. A more extensive stock can
not be found outside ot Cincinnati. .. . . .
J. D. OSBORN & CO. A. C. HEADLEY & CO.
This firm, one of the best in the city,
has one cf the largest retail stores in Ohio,
at No. 250 and 252 South Hih street.: Tbe
salesroom is 47 feet front by. 100 in deptb
with two entrances on High street, has au
area of 6,000 square feet, and is as airy and
convenient as any similar establishment In
the West. A, C. Headley, the senior part
ner in the firm, commenced business with
Eelton, Bancroft & Co., in 1345, add con
tinued with them until 1851, when he went
Into business at Groveport. In 1854 he re
turned to this city, where he has remained
ever since tbe firm name having changed
Irom Headley & liberty, to Eberly & Rich
ards, and to A. C. Headley &Co. Mr. Head
ley is our present County Treasurer, and
is the oldest business man in Columbus, at
this time, though not far advanced in years.
J. D. Osborn has been in business-next
longest. Mr. Headley is a native of this
county, and is known to nearlyfevery 'man
in is.
- John . G. Thompson came here in 1854,
and went into business with A.' P. Stone
He continued with Mr. Stone; until 1859
when he ..was elected County t Treasurer,
which position be held for tour years. Jas.
M. Zlgler,n Geo". "TV Freemen and Frank
Staley, the junior members of the firm, are
young men who.have received their busl
ne&s education under Mr Headley, and
bave business qualifications' of a high
order,..; ,. .....
As we have already remarked this is one
of our best retail houses. Their stock of
staple and fancy dry goods, foreign and do
mestic, is not excelled in tbe West. ..The
specialty of this;firm Is their ladies cloak
cutting and making, to which a large room
in the' second story, where; a number of
workmen are employed, js devoted. . The
sales of this firm during 1868 amounted to
about $214,000. In' December ' tbe sales
reached about $20,000; - 1 ! r
"There is no drones in this hive. . Every
man. has -his department, and he labors
faithfully in it. Each individual member
of the house is. well known to tbe people
of this portion of tbe State, and none hold
higher places in the good opinion of the
people. . ' ' :P
HUSTON & GARDNER.
This Arm has one of the finest estab
lisbments for the sale of drugs, .medicines
and .he like, in Ohio. It is located one door
north of the Postofflce. They are the sole
agents for Colgate's celebrated soaps. Ev
ery thing about the establishment is as neat
as wax work. . Thlr stock is large, and of
tne oest quality, and comprises everything
usually kept in a first class drug store.
With tbe long experience they have had
In the business, the great care they exer
cise In filling orders or prescriptions, cus
tomers may rely upon getting the best and
freshest drugs and medicines, and bave no
fear of mistakes being made. To the trade
they offer superior inducements, being
able, by their eastern business connections,
to supply retail druggists with everything
tney may require.
Id addition to the bouses specially men
tioned above, Columbus has many others
whlpbdo a business of from $75000;to $200,'
000 per annum . Tbe extent and variety ot
our business will be understood when we
state that there are over two hundred dif
ferent occupations pursued in yils city.. We
bave. 127 retail -grocers; 13 druggist; 22
strictly dry goods houses; 11 banks and
bankers; 7 auction and commission merch
ants; 27 barber shops; 25 blacksmith shops;
10 booksellers and stationers, 5 wholesale
commission merchants; 6 carriage manu
factories; 14 bakeries; 29 clothing dealerstf
8 book and job printing offices;, 10 news
papers 2 dailyy two tri-weekly one semi
weekly, and five weekly; 3. monthly magr
azines;ll cigarand tobacco dealers; 45.
noot ana snoe nouses; 20 confectioner?: 10
dealers In hardware and cutlery; 5 dealers
in house furnishing goods; 7 iron found-
erioE; 7 planing and flooring mills; 9 bar
ncss makers; 20 merchant tailors; 5 tan
nertes; 'l woolen mill ; 1 paper mill: 8
machine shops; 3 plow manufactories; 12
stove stores; 15 wagon makers; 10 dealers
in watches, clocks -and jewelry; 20 car
penter shops; 6 cabinet .manufactories; 7
breweries; 39 boarding houses; 20 hotel; 13
housa and sign painters; 5 pump makers; 7
cooper shops; 1 saw manufactory; 1 estab
lishment -for the manufacture of tools: 1
jailing mm. v.., -r.od -.Ci,
Besides these, we manufacture jn, Co
lumbus bent work and wagon materials.
addle, harness and coach hard ware, phll?;
dren's carriages ana rocking horses,! and
brush and wire work enough -to supply the
adjacent States, lo.a
' Our hotels are , good;, and .plenty, the
principal pnea being the, Nell, Goodale,
United States, Exchange, National and
Franklin. They are kept In the bestTityle,
and theft charges are taoderate. "'', .' ...
We hava.thus endeavored to present
without exaggeration, the business' facili
ties and advantages of our city as tbey ex
ist- to-day. ' Il we live1 to write aa. article
.
.
,
i
s
.
jon this subject one year hence, we; are sat-
ne aoie to show an Increase W
business and facilities unequalled Itf'ou?
history! "Surrounded: by the Hn iffr '
I cultural country In the orfd,': with xht'
mines or tbe Hockrng--Valley ready to
empty thefr treasures Into her lap,1 with,
the immense lumber trade of4 the north
west seeking an outlet by her doors; with
the'1 Chesapeake and Oblo'Eallroad from
Richmond; Va,' to Point Pleasant Offering
her a seaboard 100' muW nearer than to
j Baltimoreind with West Virginia asking
rorner wares, Columbus must progress Id
wealth, trade and Impbrtabce--Colpmbui
must become one of the1 greatest Of Inland
cities of the United States.10 J X-'1"
CLARK & FARMER.
In a very handsome storei' Ndl'rB Serf
i House Block, is the largest wholesaleand
i retail Hat, Cap1 arid Far House" In' the cltyj
j of M8r8i c,ark' .Farmer.1 -Here li
... Liiiil. . n'l: ; -: : .- .if
constantly keptj.an' Immense 'stock! of fash
ionable silk hats; Of thefr own' mrioTactun
wool, beaver and fef t hits', feaps' of afl stfyW,
kinds and varities,rur gloves for Iadles'knl
gentlemen,'' fiiif Ind plush robesi umbrellas,
and the most e6stfVnt dniquej 'aa'welf as
a less expensivelfne, of ladies fuw. This '
t house, as we have said, Ik the chief fur de
pot of our cityi Ladles wllf herein ev- '
ery thing In the'fur Huethcy 'may win
from tbe finest seal skinorastrachan jacket
to' the more ordinary collars and mufls.
The members of the firm are both young
men, who bring to their business qualifica
tions of the first order, and whose easteri
connections and advantages warrant them
. In offering to the retail trade opportunities
to purchase goods in their line. t tbe lowest
rates. They are always' supplied with the
latest styles and with the best furs ottered1
in the market. It is a wonder to see the1
extent and variety of their stock, and know
the extensive trade the have secured 1n il
comparatively brief space of Hme." The
have secured this large'trade by'lndusfirj1
and honesty. " Whatever 'theieeaidhenH
an article to be, that fjhe 'buyer maybe as1
sureditls." ' ""-'' ",:,! t-M ' ,'
. i t ' ' '.-:.w yjtx
News and Otherwise.
The city of St Louis has beenefrauded
or $136,412 by ex-officlals.',
Sherman's financial bill Is 'not'looke?
upon with lavor at Washington, Ji ""'" ,
, Ths leading , Conservative YirglnIn
now in Washington are pie sed with Grapt
Niiw Zralanders at Poverty -Bay have
been- guilty of a frightful s masscreTof
whites. -7 ; , :;-. I t. j:.v3 , d.irlj
Thseb children were burned to death off
Thurdsay morning in a-flrein "Brddkiyn?
iNew fork. lo ":: ,,j' u-ni ina no;is
; '' Read the communication bfGfl & innfs?
Esq'on Agjlca'.ture and Protection, oa
The ShleTdlinct" lianner' publishes Hon.
FW.TE'ojrnoUrj .eulogyJup'on aaiiis
drew Gerhart, deceasedV "
! Tflit Honse has; psedj j bin to abolish
the fac-simlle frank stamps, of members
names. Eight'., Itwua' great abuse ;T
It is expected "that on Monday- the onej
thousandth mile post-will be reached In the
track laying of the Union 'Pacific rall-
Coaatfvr .-. iit :i l'.'l!!WU .-iK
I 'A'MANln.Des koines,' Iowwhlo!,frteeij?
years ago sold a Ipt for flve1,huiid,f-di jjol
lars, has just. bought it back. ;foi; twenty
seven thousand dollars.. , v. j g
, r-yncKN new divorce cases came ap bee
fore the Circuit Court of Sti TJodis fester-
day.d Does St. Louie propose io becqtue rh
rival of Chicago la thU matiter.tHo Cnk
i r So sure as the Lfeglslatuw Votes to nf-1
build the Central LupatlcjAsylun)' pi anj
other than its present site, so suee,Vlt task
It will not be rebuilt, in FxankUoiCounty.
i W bad the pleasure of meetidg Sou? S
S.. Bloom, one , of RIcblOTQ"'mst'enteT
prising men,iand as 'goo4iWlnr:jd.iJ
there, is In the .Statei IWho; Js sow, ati(ttie
1: ; j !.'. i- sjiiuii aj i. lias
; Gmr; Grant Is again reported ft aforVl
vigorous retrenchment In theti'xpbitu tea
of the Government, sad aa opposedte aajc
more subsidies to. the PselliaraUroad at
present. ... ; U;,; ; i?.rvf .a A
; ; Ax effort is being made in the Tennesse if
Legitlature.tompeacl Judge: Vtiii ql $jL
- seventeenth" Judicial District of TeneeMeev
for drunkenness, bad conduet, and Infldtl
ity. .He is a Radical just think Of-tbaW
Taa National Womens1 RlkhriJ CoriveiU
tion, that has just been in session In Wash
ington, has resolved sv demandv thatr women
ana coiorea men 8hail be eligible taeeata'
in Congress. . Why do (My put' themsel vi at
on an equality with NegVoeSf 'l'
i The delay in ordering the recontrqctloa
of the Central Lunatic Asylum Is attract-
ing considerable' attention outstde of 0( A'
lumbus. The .Dayton ', pallyeder' 'ifef
yesterday, '(Thursday in." referring Wtbet
discussion that has Uken up time '4a' thr
House about Its rebuilding', has this to say V
u Nobody disputes thtit.'ithe, immediate e,
huilding of of .intitu'on, ioRpf one elsM
where) is imperatively demanded bjr-yerf'
consideration of humanity.- The adjorirned
session of the Leglalatjire it wiH be' reco-t,
lected, convened on the 23d oi; Novembers
last, only a few days after the dreadful con51
fiagratfon, which laid fn ashes'tbe Asylilm,
burned up several of .Its. nnfortunate lu-
mates,' and turned the remainder ont of I
house and home.. A committee, appointed
by the General Assembly, brought In i'rej-
port sometime ago,, the majprijtj Veeomrfj
mending as stated by our oorrespoadeattta
The i plan f the majority: was 1 a Targe
one, and in flush times certaihli ; jwelj
worthy the1 warm hearts and expansive Uhh
tellects of the members .of the committee.
The plan of the majority Is to sell the -e!S
Blind Asylum, which is Insnfflcienfor th'
present and prospective emergencies,' rf-Qj
build upon the ruins.of the Luaatie. Asy-'tf
lum an institution far the blind, arid thefti
purchase 200 acres of land away from Cb-
lumbus and erect thereon splendid build
ings for the -Insane. , This would, probably q,
In volve ' aa , outlay of one. millioo or tme-lJ
million and a half dollars, ' a - 'propbsl-1
tion, in the present ove-taxedAaod'-fla,;,
clally straightened,; oircumtanoe rpf; 4ht'
people, hot to be thought oi anless tmper-(f
ative necessity calls fbrlt.t I g efrttm1fte((
that' the' bid .asjlnifi ma be Rebuilt
$50,000 It is.ao unlikely 'that a dW,,
would coetiless. thau; $1,000,000 Hertf
ois a i'd1ffereno- at ronceidf '$730,006
alj 'this" time; or1 Indeed at fid a
.largsura, wuicQBiiouii. Hposwoieaesavea
to the tax-payers. We earnestly desire tie '"
'Legislature should lofliktoto this matter at
iaoricei" "Weare:nof the,aojploha''oti'ji'r'.(
theory,, much less any, parcuUrCiatfcajl
Kief f AAanADiT. tWheaa,.bns1nMtn-fiftiii;i
largely: la debt,tlei8hoal(I-rtehciJiti4l0
jstrictest economy. So with (be .Stte jl' '
Pur Democratic Legislature shall KO pat).1
'itep rurthsrthan h lmpeafjifr'ftT;4
"edjby considerations ofu8ticjs.and homaa-:
Jty1, or erudi.ohe,1doJ(,t&e, people"
money beyond actuaiaeeBesi ties, or remftli"0
- ...I v. 1 1 l. .1 - . i-
'Kami vitl la lniit.lv censurabla h u-v
atituents."

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