Newspaper Page Text
Z. EAGAS, Editor.
THURSDAY, JANUARY 18, 1855.
Should there be a Modification of the
Present Naturalization laws!
This question is' one which, during the
lost few years, has attracted the serious at
tention vt many citizens of the United
States ; men, too, who are not easily fright
fned, when the stability of our Govern
ment is concerned, but view the threatened
danger with all the coolness the exigency
of the case requires. Yet the immense
. flood of foreigners that for years has been
pouring upon our shores, has awakened
them to a sense of the perils that may as
sail our Republic from this prolific source.
.Hundreds of thousands are every year
(warming from these Eastern hives, and
populating our States with a mass of hu
man beings, the majority of whom are to
: tally unfit, either to control themselves, or
aid in promoting the welfare of their adopt
ed land. Reared in ignorance, and trod
den down by the oppression of their mas
ters, the worst passions to which mankind
is heir, are the most fully developed.
Destitute alike of education, and a proper
. understanding of the rights and duties of
freeinen, they are fit tools for' the use of
those corrupt and unprinoipled politicians
whose god is their own sordid smbition.
Every year, thousands of these foreigners
are admitted as citizens, and are permitted
to have a voice in the councils of the na
tion. Of this number, few have been here
longer than the five years required by law.
Totally unacquainted withthe principles
upon which our Government isc5rtstrjict
ed, or the laws that regulate the use of the
elective franchise, self-interest, and not
principle, is the motive from which they
act. Were the political parties of this
country in a condition different from what
they have been for years, the call for re
formation in this respect would not be so
imperative. But, holding the balance of
power, as they have heretofore done, be
tween the two great parties of the day, gave
them the ability to make their own condi
tions, and place their own men in power,
by joining with one of these parties. We
cannot see any injustice in depriving every
foreigner of tho right of voting for a lon
ger time than that required by the present
law. True, he pays his proportion of tases
for the support of Government, if he has
property; yet,' in return for thin, ho is
protected in the enjoyment of whatever he
may acquire. No distinction is made be
tween his property and that of a native.
The same "strong arm of the law" shields
the person and possessions of both, and tho
amo courts administer to them justice,
. without distinction, and executes their ex
. pressed intention in regard to their hoard
ed wealth, when they have passed beyond
the "pale of mortality."
"Taxation without representation," nn
argument often used against the justice of
a law, requiring a rcsidenco of a stated
length of time, as a necessary qualifica
tion before the right of suffrage is granted,
is one that will bear equally hard against
another of our laws; one, too, which we
presume no man would wish to seo altered.
We have reference to the law requiring
every voter to be of the age of twenty-one
years. Tho property of a minor is tared
the same as that of any other, yet he has
no more rights than ho who has just set
foot upon our shore.. And who would say,
that because a native, who is under the
required age, possessed of wealth, and who
contributes largely to tho support of Gov
ernment, should be permitted to vote, or
be freed from the burden of taxation?
We believe that the present law, by re
quiring a residence of bo short a time, opens
a door to many frauds at the ballot box,
. which might be remedied by its extension.
If a voter is challenged, it docs not abso
lutely require tho production of his natu
ralization papers, nor yet the proof of their
having been obtained, otherwise than by
hia own oath; thus opening still wider the
; door for tho practice of fraud and corrup
, .Many look upon the fears that are en
tertained by some upon this subject, as
chimerical, and the offspring of a diseased
imagination. Rut their sneers do not make
. it less startling truth, that our welfare as
a nation, and tho preservation of the purity
-.. of the ballot box, loudly demands that laws
, of a more stringent character than those
... now in existence, shall be enacted for the
purpose of admitting aliens to the rights of
miffrage. We do not wish to see our hap
py land burdened with the'paupers of Eu
rope, when their last piece has iScen ex
s torted, to fill the insatiate coffers of aristo
' cratio nobles, who roll in wealth and boast
of their sounding titles. Neither do we
, desire it to be a den of thieves, to which
all the world has a right to ship their nu
merous convicts, in order to be forever
freed from them. But we would extend a
welcome handle all honest and upright
men, wno may wisn to try their fortune
amongst us, granting them protection, but
forbidding hem to sway the sceptre with
, their unpractised hands.
Convict and Pauper Emigration.
That " America is the asylum of the
oppressed of all nations and tongues," is
repeated so often, that it has become a
kind of apothegm among us. So have we
been told over and over again, in stereo
typed Fourth of July orations, hitherto a
common commodity in the trade of patri
otism. Political hucksters have so oftau
declared it iu their deumgoguing resolves
that it passes current on our political
'Change. We hear it every day proclaimed
publiean-likc, at the street corners, and
whispered by the Hon. Daily Croaker,
in the ears of Schmidt and O'Flannagan,
who have just served out their five years
probation, or, it may be a little less; and
are now, by force of law, American citi
zens, "attached to the principles of the
Constitution of the United States."
And not only is it true to this extent ;
but we may go farther. The United
States 'has become an asylum, we speak
literally, an asylum for the infirm and in
valids; a tremendous alms-house for the
paupers, and a place of refuge for the con
victs "of all nations and tongues." We
have good reason to believe that the exo
dus of tho inhabitant of the old world,
and especially of Great Britain, and their
emigration thitherward, is not, in all cases
a voluntary movement of their own sug
gestion. With that country, whose poor
houses are frequent and filled to their ut
most capacity with her poor and helpless,
and whose poor rates are raised to a degree
ausing loud murmurs among tax and rate
fcyTTho present is nn ago of reform.
Tho nineteenth century seems to have been
selected in order of events, as the period
in which the genuine spirit of reform should
more fully exercise its powers, than in any
previous age. True, in every age has the
genius of reform been at work but it has
been left to the present time, as that in
which his labors should bo so widely ex
tended. He is now at work in good earnest.
His hand, is upon every thing, "reshaping
the deformed, demolishing the false, and
moulding all the rudeness in harmony and
symmetry." No element is exempt from
his touch; no department of thought is be
yond bis reach.
He is busy in Church, in State, in the
departments of medicine and law. Noth
ing important to man escapes his criticism.
He is dealing with our bodies, our minds,
our manners and our customs.
He suggests important improvements in
our food, our clothing, our system of schools
and our manner of imparting instruction
in every department of education from the
primary school, to the university.
His voice is heard in "the midst of the
din of work-shops, the ceaseless roar in the
streets of commerce, in operations of tele
graphs, in the perpetual activity of the
babbling press, in the thunder of cars and
steamboats," like the mysterious commands
of the fatal wanderer, crying, onward ! on
ward! onward !
Yes, onward and upward forever, is his
course. He pauses not, nor casts one long
inir look behind, but presses on to certain
payers, it is a matter of policy, wise victory, issuing his proclamation, coimuancl
economical, upon her part, to encourage ; njj ,uen to l,ear;en to his voice
the emigration of such of her pcople.-
All real reforms are founded in the nc-
Wo have seen it somewhere stated, that cessitics 0f man's nature. They seek his
even government connives at the escape of! jmr,rovcnicut physical, moral, and intol-
criiuinab of certain classes, when assured
that their destination will be this great,
bountiful and talismanic country of refuge;
the air of which, once inhaled in the lungs,
purifies the foreign convict of crime, and
regenerates his former corrupt cud incorri
In our Atlantic cities, whither this em
igration tends, and from whence radiate
westward these free-offerincs of the old
world, crime and beggary are rife, and go
hand in hand. Old age and infancy there
join in the cry for alms, and male and fe
male practice diligently their old trades of
larceny, robbery and burglary. The
American alms house and house of refuge
have lost their identity, and have become,
lectual improvement. They desire to ad
vance him in the scale of being. They
arc "concentric unity all claiming sup
port for precisely the same reason, viz :
that they are for the good of humanity
For the Tjue American.
Oath of Beerecy devised by the Soman Clergy,
as it remained on reoord, in Paris, among
the Society of Jeiui.
I. A. B., now in the presence of Al
mighty God, tho blessed Virgin Mary, the
blessed Michael, the archangel, the blessed
St. John, Baptist, the holy apostles, St.
Peter and St. Paul, and tho saints and sa
cred hosts of heaven, and to you my
ghostly Father, do declare from my heart,
without mental reservation, that his holi
ness, Pope Urban is Christ's vicar gener
al, and is tho true and only head of the
Catholic or universal church throughout
the earth ; and that by virtue of tho keys
of binding and loosening, given to his
holiness by my Saviour Jesus Christ, he
hath power to depose heretical kings, prin
ces, States, commonwealths and govern
ments, all being illegal without his sacred
conformation, and they may safely he des
troyed. Therefore, to", the utmost of my
power, I shall and will defend this doctrine,
and his holinesscs' rights and customs
against nil usurpers of the heretical (or
Protestant) authority; especially against
the now pretended authority and Church
of England, and all adherents iu regard
that they and she be usurpal and heretical,
opposing the sacred mother church of
I do renounce and disown any allegiance
as due to any heretical king, prince, or
state, named Protestants, or obedience to
any of their inferior magistrates or officers.
I do further declare the doctrine of the
Church of England, of tho Calvinists,
Iluii uenots, and of other of tho named
Protestants, to be damnable, and they
themselves are damned, and to be damned
that will not forsake the same. I do far
ther declare that I will help, assist, and
advise all or any of his holinesscs' agents
in any place, wherever I shall be, in Ire
land, England or Scotland, or iu any other
territory or kingdom. I shall come to,
and do my utmost to extirpate the hereti
cal Protestants doctrine, and to destroy all
from internal appearances, exotic institu
tions, transplanted a:nong us, surely by :io
friendly hand. This evil of unlimited and
unrestricted emigration may not be presen
ted to all iu its true and glaring colors.
We have, however, only to look abroad
and inquire of our neighbors. In the
large cities of our errantry, whore this vag
abond and pauper population accumulates,
we have daily and nightly exhibitions of
the evil which call imperiously for a rem
edy, before the burden already saddled
upon us becomos too great. The care is
within our reach, so far as the future can
increase and aggravate the evil. Let Con
gress pass immigration laws, providing
ngainat the immigration of these classes of
foreigners. Measures to accomplish that
end may certaiuly be devised. And now
while the whole country is awakened to its
actual condition, and party animosities
have been laid aside by good citizens, the
better to guard and promote true Amer
ican interests, we should heed the remon
strances of those who have for years been
protesting afainst this creat evil. No rule
of national morality requires that this
country should be made such an asylum
and place of refuge. We are willing,
that under the branches of the tree of
liberty which has taken root in this soil,
foreigners outside of this category, should
take shelter and enjoy the blessings of
American rule. But that philanthrophy
which would make our government and
people the nurses of the inmates of foreign
poor-houses and hospitals, and them, pen
sioners upon the bounty of this govern
ment, we repudiate.
for, if they more particularly concern a few, their pretended powers, regal and othcr-
by reason of the oneness of the real inter
ests of all mankind, they concern the
world." Hence, all genuine reforms arc
harmonious in their operations. The gen
uine spint of reform is impartial iu its la
bors. Wherever there is an abuse in the
practice of man, it seeks to remedy it.
Here the reformer may learn a lesson.
Many there are whose sou's are so engaged
in some particular reform, that they can
contemplate nothing else. Like Mr. Fan
torn, their minds are so engrossed with '.he
wrongs of the Poles and South Americans,
as to leave them no time to attend to the
wise. J. no inrtner promise aim ucci.uu,
that notwithstanding I am dispensed with
to assume any religion heretical for the
propagation of the mother Church's in
terest, to keep secret and private sill her
agents' counsels from time to time, as they
instruct mo, and not to divulge directly or
indirectly, by word, writing, or circum
stance, whatsoever, but to execute all that
shall be proposed, given in charge, or" dis
covered unto me by you, my ghostly father,
or any of this sacred convent. All which
I. A. B., do swear by the blessed Trinity,
and the blessed sacrament, which I am
For tho True American.
Mr. Editor: Please insert the follow
ing, from ne of the "Northern Barbari
ans," for the perusal of those who sympa
thise with the Allies the pure, half-civilized,
and lately generous-hearted Turks,
and those exemplars of Liberty, England
and France-1 the protectors ot Hungary,
Poland and Italy, in their rights among
the nations. Positive Philosophy.
ODE TO THE DEITY.
BT Bir.ZIIAVIN EVSaiAK POKT.
0 Thou eternal One 1 whose presence bright
All space doth occupy, all motion guide;
Unchanged through time's all-devastating
Thou only God 1 There is no God beside!
Being above all beings ! Mighty One !
Whom none can comprehend and none
Who fill'st existence with Thyself alone;
Embracing all supporting ruling o'er
Being whom we call God, and know no more!
In its sublime research, philosophy
May measure out the ocean deep; may count
The sands or the sun's rays but God ! for
There is no weight nor measure: none can
Up to Thy mysteries; Reason's brightest
Tho' kindled by Thy light, in vain would
To trace Thy councils, infinite and dark :
And thought is kst, ere thought can soar
Even like past moments in eternity.
Thou from primeval nothingness didst call
First chaos, then existence; Lord, on Thee
Eternity had its foundation all
Sprung forth from Thee of light, joy,
Solo origin all life,, all beauty Thine.
Thy word created all, and doth create ;
Thy splendor fills all space with rays divine.
Thou art, and Avert, and shalt be ! Glorious!
Light-giving, lifc-sustaing Potentate !
Thy chains the unmeasured universe sur
Upheld by Thee, by Thee inspired with
Thou the beginning with the end hast hound
And beautifully mingled life with death !
As sparks mount upwards from the fiery
So suns are born, so suns spring forth from
And as the spangles in the sunny rays
Shine round tho silver snow, the pageantry
Of heaven's bright army glitters in Thy
God! thus alone my lowly thoughts can
Thus seek Thy presence Being wise and
And when tho tongue is eloquent no luore
The soul shall speak in tears of gratitude.
The Crisis Over.
The following article we copy from the
Methodist Protestant, Bidtimore:
Tho crisis of the commercial difficulty
it is generally believed, is reached, if not
over. Tho New York journals speak hope
fully of tho future, and, whether they be
endowed with the spirit of true prophecy
or not, are laudably endeavoring to inspire
petty Borrows of poor houses and appren-inow to receive, to perform, and on my part
keep inviolably ; do call all tho heavenly
and glorious hosts of heaven to witness
these my real intentions, to keep this my
- tvovixoTo.v Municipal Emktion.
'"Cincinnati, Jan. 8. The entire Know
Nothing ticket was elected at thefmunici
pal election in Covington, Ky., on Satur
day larr, by a large majority.
AST Although we have been but two
weeks recognized as one of the "editorial
corps," we have already upon our table
some of tho best exchanges in the nation;
and from some of them have received flat
tering notices. There are, however, some
few exceptions, necessary, no doubt, to
check our vanity. For instance, one class
es us an "eccentric preacher;" another
says, "the True American is edited by one
Ragan, a preacher, or more properly speak
ing, one Pagan." Gcutlemeu, these are
great issues, grasped, no doubt, by your
expanding minds, but which wc most res
pectfully decline to controvert.
,We have rooeived tho first number
of the first volume of the American Pho
netic Journal, edited end published by R.
P. Pkosker, A. B., Cincinnati, 0. It is
a monthly of 48 pages, published princi
pally in the phonetic type. A prime fea
ture of the work is a defence of the Pho
netic, and an espousal of the Romanic or
thography. It is intended also to be a re
pository of Art, Scicnco and Agriculture.
Tho present number has a handsome en
graving of the Notch House, White Moun
tain. Price $2 in advance; single copies,
tiocs. rmch evidence the tact that they
are one-idea reformers, men who do not
act from comprehensive principles and a
love that embrnees all mankind.
This is not tho spirit of the genuine re
former. He acts from a world wide love
in the field of reform. He chooses a cer
tain field of labor as the oue in which he
believes he can do the most good. In shat
field he works. Justice to himself and the
cause he advocates, requires that his time
should be principally devoted to his par
ticular sphere. But his heart is too full
of love to his fellows, to his country, to
permit him to confine himself to oue thing.
He looks abroad over the whole field of
reform. He examines each oue carefully,
hoping to find some good in it, and should
he fail to discover its genuineness, he feels
it his duty to oppose it. True, he maybe
mistaken, may unluckily cast his influence
into tho wrong scale, but-, "to err ia hu
man." On tho other hand, after careful
investigation, should he find it genuine, it
matters not whether it merely proposes the
rectification of some flight error in the
practice of man, or raise its voiCG against
some flagrant abuse of the laws or customs
of society, which threatens to destroy its
very foundation he yields it his unquali
fied approbation, and gives it, on every
fitting occasion, his hearty support.
Hence he is found laboring not only in
those reforms which attract a large share
of public attention; but also in those which
for the most part go unnoticed by the pub
lic at large. Certainly, he who acts oth
erwise is deficient of a noble, manly and
true reformative spirit.
BgguWe are indebted to tho Hon. John
Ferguson, of tho Pennsylvania Senate,
for a copy of Gov. Biglcr's message.
StKUHENVILLE AND INDIANA RAIL
ROAD. The locomotive, with train attach
ed, will come whistling into our town in
two weeks ! Trains run now to Joel Wil
liams', within two miles of town. There
is nothing to do but put down tho rails.
This will make four roads finished, run
ning into Newark the fifth, the Hocking
Valley, an important road to us, will be
finished during the summer and then we
shall have railway communication with tho
"whole boundless continent" east, west,
north and south. There is assuredly "a
good time coming." Newark Timet.
onth. In testimony whereof, I take this
most holy and blessed sacrament of the
cuchaiist ; and witness the same with my
hand and seal, in the faco of this holy
convent, this day of An.
The late outrage upon the orphan chil
dren, at Albany, N. Y., and the ideal
monstrosity " the immaculate conception
of the Virgin Mary" recently declared at
Rome, has suggested this communication.
Read the oath again, and reflect upon the
premises. The Roman Church is the same
to-day that it was in the seventeenth cen
tury, claiming infallibility and immutabil
ity. As Jesus Christ is the head over all
things in Heaven, so his Vicar at Rome is
t . 1 1 TT T
jure aivmo on carta, iicnco ropery can
not be the subject of any government ; it
must, of necessity, be tho Dictator, making
all things minister to it the. ghostly
father's will body, soul and estate.
Look at the proposition, you sympathi
sers that are nourishing this serpent of
despotism in the very heart of our Repub
lic the Halls of Congress ! Say, will it
not sting when its fangs are grown? Read
tho oath again! Arc they safe? Ba
laam's intellectual ass would say, and
common sense would hold you up to ridi
cule if you did not say amen I I speak
not of individual Catholics. I speak of
tho system the great Pappa and his
crozicred agents, who pull the wires and
mako tho puppets 'dance. May not the
following propositions be deduced from the
assunipsions of the Church, and be recei
ved as true, without argument. That Po
pery is a despotic organization, anti
democratic, anti-republican. The ratio of
the increase of popery, is the exact ratio of
the decrease of civil liberty. The domi
nance of popery iu any country is- tho cer
tain destruction of free institutions. This
church is the more dangerous sinco it is
under the control of a foreign sovereign,
and from tho nature of its organization,
can concentrate its whole forco upon us,
in a thousand ways. Philosophize.
Give us positive philosophy on this subject.
I am no bigot no sectarian, Mr. Editor,
I merely hate the ugly "two-horned beast"
that stands in our midst, sent from the
great Pappa who keeps tho keys of its in
ner court abroad. P. P.
A million torches, lighted by Thy hand,
Wonder unwearied thro' the blue abyss:
They own thy power, accomplish thy com
All gay with life, all eloquent with bliss.
What shall wo call them? Piles of crystal
A glorious company of golden streams
Lamps of celestial aether burning bright
Suns lighting systems with their joyous
But Thou to these art as the noon to niirht.
Yes ! as a drop of water in the sea,
All this magnificence in Thee is lost:
What aro ten thousand worlds compared
to Thee ? ber'd host,
And what am I then? Heaven's unnum
Tho' multiplied by myraids, and arrayed
In all tho glory of sublimcst thought,
Is but an atom in the balanco weighed,
A gainst Thy greatness is a cypher bronghht
Against infinity! What am I then? nought!
Pl iu.ic La xi) Entries. The late gra
duation law of ('engross, seems to have
stimulated the business of land entries to
a fever heat. Over one hundred thousand
acres of the public domain iu Missouri,
were entered at the Land Office in St. Louis
Legal Decision. The Supreme Court ! during the month of December last.
of Cincinnati have decided the tax cases
against those who applied for Q injunc
tion to try the validity of, the law taxing
money and credits. Thi, we suppose, ends
B?.The Tribune says that New York
now contains 700,000 inhabitants, and in
creasing at the rate of from 8 to 10 per
cent, per annum.
An Assignment Made. Gen. Lari
mer, of Pittsburgh, has made an assign
ment of all his property, real and personal,
to Thomas Davidson, of East Liberty, and
Thomas Mellon, of Pittsburgh, in trust for
all his creditors, without preference for
any. The liabilities arc estimated at about
8300,000. Tho heaviest items arc those
of th Pittsburgh and Connelsville Rail
road Company, which claims $120,000 or
more, and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Rnil-
' road ( 'ompnny about ?2000.
Nought ! But the effluence of Thy light
divine, too ;
Prevading worlds, hath reached my bosom
Yes ! in my spirit doth Thy spirit shine
As shines the sun-beam in a drop of dew.
Nought ! but I live and on hope's pinions fly
Eager towards Thy presence; for in Thee
I live, and breathe, and dwell; aspiring high
Even to the throne of Thy divinity.
I am, O God ! and surely Thou must bo
Thou art ! directing, guiding all, Thou art
Direct my understanding, then, to Thee;
Control my spirit, guide my wand'ring heart
Though but an atom amidst immensity,
Still I am something fashion'dby Thy hand!
I hold a middlo rank 'twixt heaven and
On the last verge of mortal being stand,
Close to tho realms where angels have their
Just on tho boundaries of the spirit land
Tho chain of being is complete in me ;
In me is matter's last gradation lost,
And the next step is spirit Deity !
I can command the lightning, and am dust!
A monarch and a slave; a worm, a God !
Whence camo I hero, and how? so mar
Constructed and conceived? unknown ! this
Lives surely through somo higher energy;
For from itself it could not be !
Creator ! yes ! Thy wisdom and thy word
Created me! Thou source of life and good
Thru spirit of my spirit, and my Lord !
Thy light, thy love, in heir bright plenti
Fill'd me with an immortal soul, to spring
Over the abyss of death, and bade it wear
Tho garments of eternal day, and wing
Its heavenly flight beyond this little sphere,
Even to its source to Thee its Author
O thoughts Ineffable ! O visions blest,
Though our conceptions all to Thee,
Yet shall Thy shadow'd image fill our breast
And waft its homage to Thy Deity.
courage under tho pressure that yet bears
heavily upon the people. Tho year 1854
was really a historic year. Its mark will
be lasting. Its memory will not soon fad&
away among tho annals of the past. It
will be a landmark to the future. Bright
and promising in its commencement, it had
not advanced far in the march of the sea
sons, until clouds gathered storms burst
hurricanes swept by furiously and gen
eral disaster and calamity fell crushingly
and almost hopelessly upon the heart of
Tho whole country was living too fast.
New York, where tho blast has been most
furious and the desolation is most marked,
had become a city of godless corruption
and most extravagant dissipation. God
has rebuked this folly most signally.
Other cities shared her guilt and extrava
gance, and they too have shared in the
fear and trcmblim: that has seized her in
habitants. The past eighteen months
seem like a dream. So rapid has been the
transition from pomp and pride, magnifi
cence and plenty, to humility and degra
dation, exposure and beggary, that wc can
hardly believe the like could have been ac
complished in so short a period.
Wc are glad to see in the press the dis
position to lift men up and stimulate them
to hopeful endurance and energetic action.
The country is not ruined. "Heart within
and God o'erhead;" this passing rebuke
to folly and mad speculation may be the
instrument of saving us from still greater
evils as a people. We begin the year
with very different ideas of the worth of
money, of the certainty of calculations,
upon stocks and rentals, from what we had
this time twelve months ago. Retrench
ment will bo the order of the day. There
will be, for a while at any rate, less credit,
less speculation and stock-gambling less
livin? on results vet to be worked out. It
is as true of masses as of individuals,
that they may easily live beyond their
means ; pay day will come, and that too
at the most inconvenient time imaginable.
And it is just as true, that by retrench
ment and careful economy, communities
may recover the consequences of rapid and
extravagant living, as that individuals may
do it. The continuation of war in Europe
may retard tho wonted case and prosperity
of things in America, but cannot possibly
prevent resuscitation if our countrymen be
hopeful and frugal. With the blessing of
God, better days are before us, and now is
the time for energy, honesty and rational
living. America has been intoxicated
with prosperity. California turned her
head, or filled it with images of exhaust
less supplies of cold. She has lived to
find out that all is not gold that glitters ;
and as adversity, not prosperity, is the
time to dcvclope character, may wc not
hope that the lessons of tho past year will
bo worth all tho apprehension they have
excited, and the disappointments they
tgk.TIro advancement of civilization is
marked by two features, vizthe cultiva
tion of art and tho development of moral
principle. Where either of these is want
ing, there cau be no perfect civilization.
Art is needed to redeem physical nature,
so far as practicable, from the curse to
compensate man for hi' loss of jurisdiction
over this lower creation, by giving him
command of the elements to beautify his
home, and smooth liis path to the tomb.
Moral principle is also requisite. It sur
taius the same .relation to spirit, that art
docs to matter' The stability of society
depends upon it; the perfection of govern-
... i j i ' i rrv.
iiio mure iu-
mcnt is identified with it.
stitution of law can perpetuate no political
constitution.' There is a sphere, full of
importance to man, in which it cannot op
crate; tjhere are harmonies of thought and
fecling.that it cannot secure; there is an
ambition, noblo in its spirit and noblo in
its pursuit, that it cannot devclope; there ,.
is a sociaf grandeur that it cannot attain.
It is hcje that moral principle finds its
range of activity. Above all intellectual
cxercises'TTabove all sentimental emotions
above almercantilo interests above all
political concerns, it has its sublime course
of exertion. Jt forms the only safeguards
of art. If they be separated, knowledge,
science and art)' will be of no advantage to
the world. f'r
California Trees. One tree made
13,000 fce of lumber. The butt, 2G feet
long, mado 4,000 feet of clear stuff. There
arc trees growing that would make 100,000
feet enough to furnish all tho materials
for two houses 50 feet square, twO stories
Acquitted. Miss Einalino Keating,,
the young lady who has been on trial in
I Pittsburgh, for the larceny of $15,000, has
been acquitted. The Jury were out about
an hour. The verdict has given general
satisfaction in that city.
Hogs. The Cincinnati Commercial, of
Thursday, says : In the pork market, a
continued depression; still . provails, and
dealers seem more unwilling to. operate,
even at the concessions made by owners.
Thr large receipts and the continued strin
gency of money affairs, aro shaking tho
confidence of tho most hopeful dealers;
and, at present, it would seem that much
lower prices will have to bo accepted, be
foro the large amount of hogs now in tho
market can be disposed of. iTho advices
from the North-west show, that there will
be a large increase in the number of hogs
this season over last, and tho animals aro
generally in better condition.
JCSSTho population of tho United States
in I860, will bo 30,080,851, at tho ratio
of increase that has prevailed from the or
ganization of the government.
Free Banks op Indiana. At a con
vention of thirty of tho specie paying freo
Banks of Indiana, hold at Indianopolis,
lately, the following resolution, among oth
ers, was adopted:
Resolved, That wo will receive and pay
out tho notes of tho banks represented in
this Convention, as specie paying banks in
all business transactions, and that wo will
in no case treat as par funds tho issues of
any suspended bank whatever.
Tho Indianopolis Journal gives a list of
tho following shaving shops which have
no placo of doing business, no owners that
any body can find, and which do not re
deem their paper in coin, currency or ex
Bank of Amorica, Morocco; Bank of
Connorsville, Conncrsville; Drover's Bank,
Rome; Elkhart Co. Bank, Goshen; Mer
chant's Bank, Lafayette; Orango Bank,
Poseyville; Merchants' Bank, Springfield ;
Northern Indiana Bank, Logansport; Ply
mouth; State Stock Bank, Logansport;
State Stock Bank, Peru; Traders' Bank,
TriE Most Unhappy. The King of
Persia, conversing with two philosophers
and his vizier, asked, "What situation of
man is the most to bo deplored ?" Ono
of tho philosophers replied that it was old
ago accompanied by poverty ; the other,
that it was to have tho body oppressed by
infirmities, tho mind worn out, and the
heart broken by a series of misfortunes.
Tho vizier, however, replied that he knew
a condition far more to be pitied. "It is
that," said he, "of hiin who has passed
through life without doing good, and who,
unexpectedly surprised by death, is sent
to appear before the bar of tho Sovereign
Judge of all."
EARLY COPIES SECURED.
LEONARD SCOTT & CO., New York,
continue to re-publishtho following Bri
tish Periodicals, viz : ('
1. The Liiiuhn Quarterly (Conscrv.)
2. The Kdinhnrgh Rcvino (Whig.)
3. The North liritixh Review (F. C.)
4. The WcslminiterJieview (Liberal.)
5. Blackwood's Ed. Magazine (Tory.)
The present critical state' of European
affairs will render these publications unu
sually interesting during the forthcoming
year. They will occupy a middle ground
between the, hastily written news-item?,
crude speculations, and flying rumors of
the daily Journal, and the ponderous Tome
of the future historian, written after the
iving interest and excitement of the great
political events of tho time shall have pas
sed away. It is to theso Periodicals that
readers must look for tho only really in
telligible and reliiiblo history of current
events, and as-such, in addition to their
well-established literary, scientific, and
theological character, we urgo them upon
tho consideration of the reading public.
Arrangements aro now permanently
mado for tho receipt of Early Sheets
from the British Publishers, by which wo
aro enabled to place all our Reprints in
tho bands of subscribers, about as soon as
they ' can bo furnished with the foreign
copies. ' Although this involves a very
large outlay on our part, we shall continuo
to furnish the Periodicals at the sarao low
rates aa heretofore, viz :
y . , , cr ann-
For any (of tho four Reviews ...... $3 00
For any two of tho four Rcvies.... 5 00
For any three of the four Rev 7 00
For all four of the Reviews 8 00
For Blackwood's .Magazine 3 00
For Blackwood and three Reviews... 9 00
For Blackwcid and four Reviews 10 "00""
Payments bo made in all cases in ad-
vanco.' Money current in the State
where issued will bo received at par.
Clubbing. -A discount of twenty-five
per cent, from the above prices will be al.
lowed tt6 Clubs ordering four or'moro cop
ics of any ono or more of the above works.
Thus i Four copies of Blackwood, or of
ono Review, will be sent to ono address for
$!) ; four copies of the four Reviews and
Blackwood for $30 ; and so on.
Postage. In all tho principal Cities
and Towns, these works will be delivered
through Agents, Freo of Posta. Wl,J
sent by jtnail, tho Postago to any "part of
tho United States will bo but Twentt
four Cents a year for "Blackwood," and
but Fourteen Cents a year for each of
SaTTho Bank of Kentucky, tho North
ern Bank of Kentucky, and tho Farmers'
Bank of Kentucky, have each declared n
scmi-aununl dividend of 5 per cent. '
Remittances and communinntlnna 1,m,'ij
always bo addressed, post-paid, to the Pub
lishers, LEONARD SCOTT & CO.,
54 Gold Street, New York.
N. B. L. S. & Co., havo recently pub
lished, and havo nofr for sale, tho "Far
mer's Guide," by Henry Stephens, of
Edinburgh, and tho late Prof. Norton, of
Yalo College, New Haven, comploto in 2
volumes, royal octavo, containing 1600
pages, 14 steel and 000v wood cngravinw
Price, in muslin binding; $0. . , '
This work is not tho old("Book of tho
Farm lately resuscitated and thrown
upon the market. v