Newspaper Page Text
Z. XAGAJT, Editor.
0133 UJUE J3"TIT TT3.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1855
Washington's birth day feb
RTTARY 22d 1732.
One hundred and twenty-three years
have glided almost imperceptibly into the
"dark ocean of the past," since the birth
f "the Father of his country." Since
then," kingdoms have been subverted, and
the sanies of their founders lost amid the
rains of their structures, or preserved only
in the musty tones of the antiquarian, who
" has gathered them, from the wrecks of
time, j No ' bard chants their deeds in
"strains of soul stirring music," or hands
down theirmemory to a grateful posterity;
but with their works, they will soon be
Juried in utter forgetfuluess. They lived,
'hut for the gratification of their passions,
and when they had passed beyond the
"pale of mortality," their names were not
aheriahed in the hearts of a peoplojfchaviug
itwple cause to curse thein as the authors
f innumerable woes. No nation will ever
wreathe their tombs with flowers, or erect
.monument to perpetuate their fame, but
the funeral cypress will ever wave its som
bre boughs, and drop its baneful dews
upon their lowly resting place ; or cooped
up in some dreary vault their bodies moul
der into dust, and no pilgrim ever wends
his way to their graves to shed a tear over
them, or pronounce a tingle blessing upon
their memories. How different is the fate
f Washington. No eulogy can ever add
to his fame, and no calumny in sufficiently
dork to tarnish its brightness.
. lie sits, firmly enthroned, in the hearts
f inillious of his eouutrymen, each of
whom is a bard, ever ready to transmit
from generation to generation, the story of
their country s wrongs, coupled with his
immortal name. Firm and unwavering he
stood, amid the darkest clouds that over
shadowed the hopes of a nation struggling
for liberty, regardless alike of the threats
and bribes of his country's deadliest foe ;
and when Heaven smiled upon his efforts,
.and the dark tempest of war was rolled
from his native land, he calmly resigned
the sword which had won her independ
ence. But his labors were not yet ended'
Although no longer threatened by a for
eign power, the strongest band that held
the Colonies together (that of common
danger) was severed, and the confederacy
bid fair to fall to pieces from its own iuhe
rent weakness. Ihis danger was avoided
by framing a constitution, which bound
them more closely together. It then be
ame necessary to choose one to preside
ver the destiny of the infant republic.
Called by the unanimous voice of a peo
ple, whom he had thus far led safely
through all their trials ; Washington ac
cepted the Executive chair offered him by
a grateful country, and for years guided
their energy with the wisdom that had
achieved their freedom. He then retired
from public life, followed by the blessings
vt a nation of freemen, and happy in the
consciousness, that no orphans cry ever
rang through the blue vault of heaven
ailing down vengeance upon his head
' that no widow ever cursed him as tho des
troyer of her hopes, and that his hand was
sever stained with the blood of innocence.
WW-'S'-1 as:".:.-.., .i
For the True Ammcnn.
The Residence and Tomb of Washington
Rtandi on the bank of the Potomac, at Mount
Vernon, about filfcen. miles from the city that
bears the name of the illustrious "Father of his
country." The rooms of the'house are spa
cious, with somewhat of elegance in their ar-
rangement ; and yet the whole is marked by
simplicity. Great regard seems to have been
shown to the sacredness of these public relics.
and all thinjjs lave been kept very nearly as
Washington left them. At a short distance
from the house, in a retired spot, stands the
new family tomb, a plain structure of brick
with a barred iron gate, through which are
seen two sarcophagi of white marble, contain
ing the remains of Washington and his wife.
Every American should visit this place; and
at the tomb of Washington resolve to cherish
the hallowed spirit of him whopj ishes rest
withiiit. k ' '
When stem oppression with her iron wand,
Drove Liberty in exile from the land ;
Hated by the vile, derided by the best
Nor found a lodgment in a single breast,
Borne by the ship in whicn the Pilgrims rode,
Sh sought our shore aid made this her abode
And here an Era id the world began,
With her lov'd child, our glorious Washington,
Tis a hallowed spot here lived and died
Our country's founder and our country's pride
And here, life's dangers and its trials past,
He finds repose from all his toils at last.
0, sacred shades, here Freedom's altar stood
Here, hearts were linked in common brother'
Here, when the night of dark oppression came,
To all the world flashed out the beacon flumt
Here proud men stood, their right arm raised on
Swore they would conquer, or that they would
Oh may this spot like the Athenian's grave,
Guide our ship of State o'er the troubled wave
When w iuds of passion in their might arise,
And dash the waters to tha vaulted skies ;
When clouds portentous gather 'round its way
And fill the soul with terror and dismay ;
When lurid lightnings from the heavens flash
And the lod thunders peal on peal doth crash
0 let us thither turn our wandering eyes,
And mark the spot where the great hero lies,
And as we view his consecrated grave
Strive for the country which he strove to save.
Gen. George Washington not a secta
lian, but a liberal minded Christian.
Temperance Leagne; .
Tort "Homer, 0., Feb. 5, '65.
Pursuant to public notice, those citizens
in tho vicinity of Port Homer, desirous to
ffectually suppress intemperance, met in
10 Public School House, to devise ways
d means for the prohibition of the sale
of intoxicating liquors.
Tho meeting was organized by calling
oiix Ctjlp, Esq., to the Chair, and ap
pointing Alex. Clark, Secretary.
The objects of the meeting were stated
y Rev. J. F. Nessly, I. N. Desellem and
J. W. Raean.
After a free and common interchange of
iews, the followiug actions wero adopted,
Resolved, That in the sense of this
meeting, it is expedient for the citizens of
this place to form a League for the sup
iression of the sale of intoxicating liquors
in their midst. .
Resolved, That a committee of three be
appointed to draft a plan of the League,
and that said committee report on Friday
evening, Feb, Oth.
On motion, Alex. Clark, J. F. Nessly,
and A. 6. Desellem, were constituted the
Adjourned to meet in the School House.
Johu Culp, Chairman, Alex. Clark, Secre
Esq. ,Culp, as a Justice of the Peace,
and in consistency with the requirements
of his office, not wishing to instigate di
reetly or indirectly in any litigations or
contentions, refused to connect himself
with the League.
Have we not Hutchinsons among ns
of the members of the League. After the
adoption of the Constitution, the League
proceeded to elect officers. The result was
as .follows : " ' .' '
President. J. W. Ragan.
Vice President. Wm. R, Boyd.
Secretary. Alex. Clark.
Treasurer. I. N. Desellem.
On motion it was
Resolved, That tho Secretary request the
publication of the preliminary proceedings,
together with the Constitution of the
League, in the True American and Amer
ican Union. , J. W. RAG AN, Ch'n.
Alex. Clark, Seo'y.
"While the American army, under the
oinmand of Gen. Washington, lay cn
eamped in the neighborhood of Morris
town, New Jersey, it occurred that the
service of the communion then observed
semi-annually only was to be administer
ed in the Presbyterian Church in that vil
' lage. On a morning of the previous week,
the General, after his accustomed inspec
tion of the camp, visited the residence of
the Rev. Dr. Jones, then pastor of the
ehurch, and after the usual preliminaries,
thus addressed him: "Doctor I am in
formed that tho Lord's supper is to be
eelebrated in your Church next Sunday.
I desire to be informed, if it accords with
the canons of your Church, to admit com
municants of another denomination to
participate with you? most certainly re
plied the Doctor. Ours is not the Presby
terian table, General, but the Tulle of the
Lord, and we here give tho Lord's invita
tion to all his followers, without distinction
of name. The General replied, I am glad
to hear it, that is as it should be, but as I
was not quite sure of the fact, I thought
I would ascertain it from yourself, as I
proposo to join with you on that occasion.
Though a member of tho Church of Eug
land, I have no -exclusive partialities.
The Doctor re-assured him of a cordial
welcome, and tho General was found seated
with the communicants the next Sabbath.
It is much to bo regretted that many
professors of the christian religion would
be glad to circumscribe the doctrino ot di
vine grace within a narrow circle of their
own drawing. Such is the character of
all bigoted proscriptionista, whether in
Catholic or Protestant churches; but such
is not the character of the christian system
nor was such tho spirit of tho illustri
IThis issuo concludes tho speech of
Hon. WJ R. Smith, of Alabama, in answer
' to Mr. Chandler of Philadelphia. We are
inclined to the opinion that Mr. Chandler
will hardly try it ajain.
The virtuous indignation of a legion of
political hucksters, who have become old
and notoriously corrupt in caucus service j
who have spent '''midnight" hours in pul
ling political wires which lead, no man
knows where, but they and their confreses
in secrecy have been very suddenly arou
sed at what they are pleased to term, in
certainly very choice language, the "infa
mous doings" of tho "terrible monster" of
Know Nothingism, because of its secrecy.
These latter-day-converts to political mo
rality and virtue, who, still contaminated
with the stench of former and present
political corruption, would fain make us
believe that the Know Nothing Lodges are
composed of the various classes of commu
nity, which disturb its peace and well-being
and "disgrace the name of American citi
zens," and that Know Nothingism itself is
a perfect "bloody-bones."
In 1774, while the elements of our pres
ent political liberty and natioual greatness
were fermenting, but teuding to no com
mon end, the "true-hearted" Samuel Ad
ams, proposed, as his darling scheme of
union, the organization of "committees of
correspondence" throughout tho colonies.
Boston took with it, and led off, and the
organization spread like wild-lire. The
Boston Committee, at its organization, by
uuaniinous vote, "gave each to the other,
the pledge of honor not to divulge any
part of the conversation of their meetings
to any person whatsoever, excepting what
the committee itself should make known,"
licld secret sessions that is, incurred the
censure of "ilark-lantern proceedings."
The hypocritical and corrupt Hutchinson
described tho jniston touimittee as "in
part composed of 'deacons' and 'atheists,'
and black-hearted fellows whom one eoul
not choose to meet in tho dark."
8 Absence from homo last week, pre
vented an editorial reference to several ar
ticles which appeared iu our last issue.
We are running no risk of reputation
for intelligence, by saying, that in our opin
ion, the letter of J. T. U., in reply to Hon
Henry A. Wise, of Va., is a complete
demolition of every proposition assumed
by that gentleman, and an effectual expose
of all his sophistry. Much anxiety has
been manifested to know who tho author
is and where he resides. Tho Virginians
seem to tnink that no must, as a matter
of course reside east of the Ohio River.
This much we will venture to tell our rea-
dors, that the author was born in Ohio
and is a citizen of Jefferson county.
BQy Wc tako great pleasuro in publish'
ing in to-day's paper, the proceedings of the
citizens of Saline, Tp., in view of tho sup
pression of the vice of intemperance. From
the character of the members taken into the
composition of tho League, wo take it for
granted thaUhcy will put the rum-sellers
through. The object of tho organization
is a benevolent and most praiseworthy one,
j and we wish it triumphant stieccs.
February Oth, 1855.
Pursuant to adjournment, the frjcnds.of
Temperance met in the School House.
J. W. Ramui in the Chair.
The committee appointed to draft a plan
of the League, reported a Preamble and
Constitution, which, after some slight al
terations, was adopted, as follows :
Whereas, We believe the evils result
ing from the traffic in intoxicating liquors,
to be aggravated and aggrcssivo ; and as
we have a law in the State of Ohio, that
may suppress the traffic in its more objee
tionable features, we feel it our duty as
citizens and as friends of humanity, to as
sociate ourselves together, for the enforce
ment of said law, and to bring to justice
all offenders thereof, whenever sufficient
proof can be procured, to establish their
guilt; and that we may understand to
what extent we are allied to each other,
and the nature of the responsibilities we
assume, we subscribe to tne loiiowiug:
Article 1. This association shall be
known as the Saline township Temperance
Art. 2. Its objects shall be to protect
alike, the rights of society as an aggregate
and the rights of the individual citizen, by
zealously interfering against the sale of iu
Art. 3. Its offieers shall be a Presi
dent, Vice President, Secretary and Treas-
urer, who shall bo elected aunually, and
serve until their successors are elected.
Their duties shall be such as usually de
volvo on such officers.
Art. 4. Every member shall sign his
name to this Constitution, and annex
thercuuto, the amount he, or she will con
tribute to execute the design of this League,
which amount shall constitute the capital
stock of the League, whieh shall be collec
ted per centum, as needed.
Art. 5. There shall be a committee
of three, whose duty it shall be to institute
al investigation against all violators of
he law, when so directed by the League.
rt. 6. The aforesaid committee shal
make known what amount of funds is ne
cessary to dischargo their duties, and the
reasurer shall collect and pay over the
same, for which the chairman of the com
mittee shall receipt, and report to the
League what use has been made of such
funds, and if used according to the inten
tion of the League, it shall bo so acknowl
edged in the journal, and signed by the
csident and Secretary.
Art. 7. No money shall be drawn
from the Treasury, only for the purposes
for which this Lcaguo has been instituted,
uuless a majority of a regular meeting de
termine to make some extra effort, and so
Art. 8. Each member shall feel him
self obligated to report every case of tres
pass of tho law of which he may become
cognizant, and no fear of odium shall pre
ent his making faithful reports of such
Art. 9. That we may be euablcd more
effectually to operate in our organization,
we deem it prudent to prohibit all persons
who are not members of the League, from
meeting with us, except such as may, by
vote, be invited to tarry, and who shal
plcdgo their honor not to divulge the pro
ceediugs of the meeting.
Art. 10. Any person, by signing this
Constitution, and supporting the same with
funds, (as before meutioncd,) may become
Art. 11. Persons who aro not mem'
bcrs, nor inteud to become such, may be
solicited to irive means for prosccutinj: the
objects of the League.
Art. 1-. If any vacancy occurs amon
the offices, by removal or o.therwiso, before
the expiration of tho year, such vacancy
shall be filled by choice of tho Lcaguo at
t For the True American.
Mr. Editor I fully concur with a wri
ter in the American Union, upon the im
portance of harmony and a unity of action,
in support of our railroad, as being all-im
portant to ita completion, and to our own
prosperity as a community. But we are
not to rest upon it alone to give impulse to
trade and general enterprise. An encour
agement of the Arts is all-important to se
cure a pre-eminent prosperity. Coramer.
cial operations may serve for tho purpose
of fetching and carrying ; but in them the
out-goes may be said to be fully equal to
the incomes, and do not generally produce
wealth. It is the operative part of com
munity that creates capital. The example
of the tfis illustrative ; Bhe gathers from
nature's laboratory, builds her cells, and
stores them for her future support. So in
mechanism ; the operator looks abroad up
on nature, collects his materials, and pro
duces something to add to the support,
comfort and convenience of man, The
farmer and the mechanic being the produ
cers the balance of community being but
fetchcrs and carriers, ojjice drones and con
With this digre ssion, I come to the im
portaut matter of consideration, which is
that the citizens of Steubenvillo must rely
mainly upon mechanism, and the' encour
agement of the arts, as the sure means of
giving life and prosperity to this conimu
nity. Our own operatives should be en
couraged by every possible means ; and a
preference given to their productions over
that of foreign import, equal to cost, car
riage and exchange. New beginners should
be encouraged and aided, whether of our
selves, or strangers who desire to take up
their abode with us. The Rollinc M
now in course of construction, will give
employment to many hands, and will be
tho means of circulating a considerable
amount of money and should, therefore
have the public approval and support. But
there are still other pursuits and callings
that should be reared and fostered not yet
in operation, amongst which, might be men
tioned that of the manufacture of window-
glass, as being of importance.
To give aid to mechanics and manufac
turers, it is all-important to have an in
creased banking capital, and that upon a
basis that will not be fluctuating. For
this purpose, a Bank for loans, without tho
power to issue paper, is preferable, for the
reason that mechanics and manufacturers
require the use of money, on longer time,
with a more gradual reduction, than hanks
of issue can give ; for the reason that such
banks, issuing two dollars for one of capi
tal, there is in times of panic, a recurrence
ihat takes often the greater part of the cap
ital to redeem, uuless their loans are made
at short periods ; whereas, a bank that
loans upon her capital, without the power
to issue paper, can never he affected by a
pressure in the times, uuless it is in the
withdrawing of deposits. In making of
these remarks, it is from no feeling of op
position to banks of issue, for I regard
them, in a commercial point of view, as all
important to the public, as furnishing the
means of purchasing up and carrying off
the produce of the country, and the reduc
ing and regulating of exchange at distant
points ; as well as being important agents
for the collecting of debts.
To creato an increased capital for the
aid of mechanics, the Savings Fund system
should be kept up; and all who from week
to week have a part of their earnings to
spare, should deposit them, for the double
purpose of aiding mechanics and manufac
turers, as well as having a fund to fall back
upon in old age, or in time of calamity.
The laboring portion of the operatives are
deeply interested in cheating this fund, as
being tho means of a moro steady employ
ment. The swelling capital and well known
usefulness of the present Mechanics' Sav
ings Fund, is an evidence of what can be
done by steadily putting our mites together.
But in the fund now created, as well as
that yet to be accumulated, the application
of the funds for the benefit of mechanics,
will bo looked to more than the swelling
interests of stockholders. A.
' For the True American.
Written langnage "So. 2.
The last step in the progress of writing
was the introduction of alphabetical char
acters. . As difference of opinion exists
among men as to the origin of theso char-1
actors, and as it would take up too muoh
spaoe to present even an epitome of the
arguments on both sides of the question,
and as the decision of the question does not
affect the issue I ' desire to make bv this
reference to the subject, I will waive the
The first account (say thoee who have
investigated the matter,) of any arrange
ment of symbols or letters, is that which
made its appearance about sixteen hundred j
years before Christ. The universal tradi
tion of tho ancients is, that they wore
introduced into Greece by Cadmus. This
alphabet, it is said, was imperfect, consist
ing of but sixteen letters. Cadmus, dis
covering eight sounds unrepresented, in
vented eight appropriate .letters. Each
etter of this alphabet, then, uniformly
represented the same element of speech.
Ience, on seeing a written word there was
no difficulty in pronouncing it, and on
liearing a word pronounced, the letters re
quired to represent those sounds were
known cortainly in every case; Thus we
find this alphabet a perfect one ; having a
symbol for every sound, and eafli symbol
to represent o?ic sound and none other.
This alphabet, slightly modified, was
subsequently borrowed by the Latins, the
Germans, the Gauls, and in course of time
by all the European nations,
The effect of th's arrangement was, that
the same letter was now required to rcpre
sent a great many different sounds ; be
Standing Firm to their Principles. The Fugitive Aot
. m I Mr. S. M. Booth, the editor of a taper
The Catholics stood firm to their politi- . ' ,,
cal principles and voted fer Gen. Pierce. I . ' . 6
Carlisle Vol . ... .
Of course they did Catholics always
vote in accordance with their political as
well as religious principles. And having
done eo in 1852, they compelled Gen.
Pierce to "stand firm to the bargain and
sale entered into a few months, prior to the
Presidential election, and give tho Catho
lics a representation in the Cabinet, and
the control of the most important depart
ment of the government. . It was tho con
summation of that bargain and sale to se-
as8isting in tho escape of fugitive tlavei,
and has been fined the sum of $1,000.
The jury who brought in the verdict of
"guilty" passed the following: v . .
Resolved, That while we feel ourselves
bound by a solemn oath to perform a
most painful duty, in declaring (he defen
dant guilty of the' above charge, and thus
make him liable to the penalties of a cruel
and odious law, yet at the same time, in so
doing we declare that be performed a most
noble, benevolent and humane act, and we
... I tVina rnnnrd nnr nnnilomnntinn nf thn Pnon.
cure tne ltoman Latnolic vote, that placed e
a Jesuit at the head of the Post Office de- Slave Law, and earnestly commend
partment, and filled the principal Tost to the clemency of the Court.
Offices iu the country with Jesuit spies to TLe "dependent makes the following
obtain possession of the secrets of the gov- SnggCstl0n; , .
ernmeut and report them to their Royal " ""wuUuu u BJm
Master at Rome. In voting for General! U1 U3
Pierce, it is well understood that the Cath- ireeuoni UDU "uraani7 Bna mose wuo,
o4,i a ..j euncrin luat cause, snouiu at once lie
at the same time advanced the interests of
I made in connection with this case. Let
. J.1 3 .1.11 J
the "Holy Mother Church," giving the lUBUUUU1 UUB "uu U01iarH imP0B
Popepreminencc and power in this coun- P0I Mr. Booth, be raised in subscription,
try which he is now using for the over- ofone dollar- We havG thirly
throw of our republican institutions. The dollars voluntred for tWs PurP08e in one
elevation of James flamnhidl to r.hn W f dolIar fubscriptions, We appeal to the
I I t J. Jl 1- t A.!.'i.j!
irit'uus in uumuiuiy, w ueur meir testimo
ny to "a most noble, benevolent and hu
mano act." We appeal to Christians to
sharo the burdens of one called to suffer
for such au act. Let our sympathy for
the Post Office Department, to the Cath
olics the most important branch of the gov
ernment, caused all Rome to shout for
joy, and was celebrated everywhere by the
minions of the Pope, as the greatest vie-
torv ever achieved in this countrv. To tne slavo and our destination ot oppression,
secure this position, and place the cntiro find tin6tont utterance through this chan-
government under Jcstit surveillance, the ne'
Catholics sold their votes to the Demo- Rettdcr when rcnd tLis paragraph,
cratic party; and yet we are told that te,e mediately one dollar from your
they have no political designs in thus pocket, and mail to the Independant, with
cause, as the languages contained sounds banding together and controlling our elec- a ,int bylu 1 01 -1U n00lu lTom '
or, wuivu ia ucuci, gu umuug juur uuigu-
bors and raise five, ten, twenty, dollars, and
forward the same to us with their names.
or elements entirely different, and ss the tions.
letter which by one nation was made to The Volunteer editor who holds a posi
rcpresent a certain clement, was by anoth- tion under the Josuit, dynasty, pretends
er nation required to represent an entirely that his sympathies are U in favor of Prot-
diffirent one, the number of sounds at cstantism- but his professions aro insin-
length represented by each letter and es- cere and hypocritical tor while he bitterly
nppiallv the vntrfils became almost, as creat orrooscs and denounces the American move-
thnmimberoflanmiaMs bv which the Lent, and slanders Anerican Protestant case of Mr- 3Jooth and 119 How-prisoner,
alphabet was used. But here was still ministers, he advocate? the cause of his Mr Ryeoraft, and they had been taken to
another difficulty, as they were required to Jesuit master with a servility and zeal un- tbc caP,tal of t,lC Stute to hav0 heanD
learn the language of their neighbors, and becoming an American citizen ; and to re- beforo that Court' Whcn tLo P"80"
as this must be done chiefly by means of tain his place, cringed like a slave at the ie" wauw, mey were uccompau.eu u,
To which we heartily respond. Tbt
case is a hard one.
The Supremo Court of Wisconsin hare
allowed a writ of Habeas Corpus in the
their writings, the mistake of the student foot of the Papal throni. In one sentence
in guessing at their values gradually be- he denies that tho Raman Catholics arc
came incorporated and recognized as the actuated by political motives, and with
proper element. the very next dash of his pen proclaims
We now find this self-same alphabet, that in voting for Gen. Pierce, they were
with a few additions and subtractions, styl- only carrying out their "political princi-
cd the English Alphabet. pies." It was tho political intrigues of
Addendum. The above was prepared the Catholic priests Tiith the Democratic
for the last issue; but, hearing that some leaders in 1852 resulting as they did in
exceptions had been taken to No. 1, and the elevation of Catholics to important po-
not knowing tho nature of those exceptions, sitions in the government that first open-
withheld it. cd the eyes of the Arrerican people to the
In refereuce to the criticisms of "P. P." real dangers that meraccd them from the
have but little to say. The sentences he insidious wiles of foreign Jesuit influence,
motes, and themenning of which he strains and gave rise to tho American movement
to prevaricate, I see no reason for taking which tho Volunteer denounces .with so
them back, or defending them for they much bitterness. That Roman Catholi
defend themselves. I retract them not. cisni is more of a political than a religious
he thoughts, as well as the words by which institution, the Volunteer editor knows as
they are expressed, I am prepared to de- well as we do but then he holds a petty
fend if necessary. "P. P.'s" quibbles be- office under the Jesuit Postmaster General,
ing on tho language used, a controversy and muBt advocate hisvuaster s cause bad
with him would be on words and notnn- though it be in order to retain his place.
ciples a controversy of all controversies In the language of Shakspoare's "Richard
the least interesting to the general reader, the Third," theso political Jesuits
And, in declining any further notice of his .,jiaTe among them many a purchased slave,
article than this, for the abovo reason, I Which, like their asses, and their dogs, and
think I have with the majority of the readers mules,
l ney uso in aujcci ana in BiUtiwi pan
a procession of about two thousand citiieni
and a band of music. Cin. Gat.
anv regular meeting.
Art. 13. This constitution may be a!
tcrcd or amended by a vote of the minority
of the True American. If I thought such
controversy would be of interest to
general readers, I am ready and willing for
but decniins as I do. I hes leave to
be permitted to pursue my own course,
and present tho subject I have in contem
plation, and which I chose to introduce in
this manner. I shall not suffer myself to
bo led off the track by a controversy on
Because they bought them." Har. Tel
Barntjm's First Operation. A few
years ago, a small drovo of Buffaloes were
driven cast for exhibition but the specu
lation proving a failure, they wero sold in
Utica, N. Y., to pay expense. Tho Clove
land Plaindealer says: "Barnum hear
ing of this, lost no time in buying said buf
faloes, getting them cheap. He took them
to Hoboken, where he hired them to keep,
saying nothing to nobody. He next went
to all the ferry -men en the river and asked
about what their daily receipts were. As
certaiuing that, he proposed to charter their
services for a single day, paying a slight in
crease above ordinary receipts. To this
they assented, and he bound the bargains
by advancing a portion of the pay. Next
appeared barn-door bills in flaming charac
ters, posted all over New York, that on
such a day thero would be a grand buffalo
chase at Hoboken. Eighteen live buffa
loes, fresh from the prairies, and wild In
dians mounted on native chargers to chase
them, &o., &c, all to be seen free gratis
and for nothing! New York turned out
as it never had dono beforo. The forry-
boats ran from early light till 2 o'clock tha
Distance, of the Sun.
Imagine a railway from here to the sun.
Had Gen. Scott been elected to the next morning. The nett proceeds of th'
Chief Magistracy of the nation, tho result wholo operation amounted to $5000, and
would have beon the same. Ncvor did this was the beginning of Barnum'a success
any candidate try harder to sell himself and his subsequent fortune."
and bis party to the Catholics, than did
Gen. Winfield Scott. Ed. True Ameri- A Short Sermon. Let' your homes
can. be provided with such comforts and neces
saries as piety, pickles, potatoes, pots and
Minister to Spain. It appears that kettles, brushes, brooms, benevolonce,
Mr. Brcckcnridgo's nomination as Minister bread, charity, ehcosc, crackers, faith, flour,
to Spain was made without his knowledge affection, cider, sincerity, onions, integrity,
or application, and that he has declined it. vinegar, wine, and wisdom, nave all these
How many miles is the sun from uh? Why, The honorable gentleman did not explain 0n hand, and happiness will be with yoo.
if we were to send a baby iu an express his reasons for this unexpected course. Don't drink anvthim? intoxicating eat
train, traveling incessantly a hundred miles Tll0 tuwrapn annnounecs that Hon. A. modoratelv. eo about business after break.
an hour, without making any stoppages, q Dod . nt rescnt yj, g. Senator from fsf bun a little aftor dinner, chat after
the baby would grow to be a boy, the boy lom haa j,, norainatcd to tho post do- tea, and kiss after quarreling; and all tha
would grow to be a man, tno man wouia clined by Mr B j anj has been confirmed
grow old and dio without seeing tne sun; t10 genatCi
for it is distant more than a hundred years
from us. But what is this compared to
Neptune's distance? Had Adam and Eve
started by rail road, to go from Neptune to
the sun, at the rate of fifty miles an hour,
they would not huve got there yet; for Nep
Liberty to Think but not to SrEAK.
Louis Napoleon, Emperor of Franco, in
answer to a memorial of the Protestants of
that country, praying for permission to ex-
crciso the rights of conscienco in matters
joy, the peace and the bliss the earth can
afford shall be yours, till the grave closes
over you, and your spirits are borne to a
brighter and happier world. Dow Ja.
J" The Washington papers announce
the death of Samuel Pleasonton, the wide
ly known and universally respected Fifth
Auditor of the Treasury, an office which
he held for upwards of f fly years -having
received tho appointment in 1804. Tho
caBe of a person holding a high and respon
sible position under the successive admin
istrations of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe,
Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison,
Tyler, Polk, Taylor, Fillmore, and Pierce,
is without a parallel in tho history of our
Swiss Exports Nine hundred barrels
of Bnails wero exported from Switzerland
for foreign consumption in October and
November last. What arc they wanted
Great Robbxrt oi Gold Dust. The
New York papers report that on Thursday
the 15th inst. it was discovered on open
ing the boxes of gold received at th8 Bank
of America on account of Page, Bacon &
tune is more than six thousand years from K lg, replied through his Minister
h nontrfl nf m,r avatfim. . I WOrsmp, "Uia J iwuguuw .,gU
vnw w w - j i , . , y , ,1 Ul 1 IUU1 lull UU UUlUUUt Ul J. KC Jawi V
By reading the above you can form some ot .Deny oi conscience ou uj c . u & rf
fJ, ofnoc:a nf tha vnrlil in noi UOeriV Ul wihbuiu. iuuoi. ....... ...
which wo livej and which God made.
The sun, tho moon, and all tho stars that
shine so beautifully abovo us, by day Qr
substituted for a portion of the gold, whieh
evidentlv had been abstracted. The loss
Senator from Illinois. We learn, is stated ot about 845,000, and will have
i. ( L 'fli .1. . . t 1.
says tne w asnington oiar, inai a icie- to ne maae gooa py me camera, woo, iu
by night, are all the workmanship of God, Lpo despatch was received this morn, -this instanco, are tho Nicaragua Transit
who requires us all, both young ana old, jng y a mcmber of Congress, stating that Company. The policy of insurance only
to love Him. Why do you love your fath- Tjyman Turnbull, has been elected by the covers losses by firo, or flood, or acciden
er? You answer: "because He is good to Lctrislature of Illinois, to tho United States tal damaeo, not losses from carelessness.
me." Why do you love your raotnerr senate) b tho place of Gen. Shields. .
"because sho loves and takes care of me," "
must be your answer. Why do you love B&-A resolution censuring the course of
vour friends? "because thev are kind to Senators Douglass and Shields, in relation
me," is the reason you give. to the Nebraska bill, has passed tho Illinois
Little children shquld think of the kind- nouso of Representatives, bya vote of 37
ness and greatness of their Heavenly Fath- to 27.
er, that they may in early life learn to obey M thJ roCjnt Munioipal eiection ia
and love Him.. He who learns it in early Lanca8ter city jaoob Albright, the K.
life will not be apt to forget it in old ngo. N candidatofor Mayor waa elected by a
And he who truly serves and loves God, majority of 260 votes over Christian Kci-
is tho happiest man in the world. Such a fer Indopcndent.
man is not onlv blest by his God, but . .
he is loved, honored and respected by hid fflrThe Big Snow Drift in Illinois, is
fellow-men. e'ijVteen mile! long and eight feet high.
PiTTsmJROH, Feb. 21. noon-River
0 feet Rnd fallling. Weather clear and
mild. ' ''
jCjrThe Pittsburgh American says that
over 100,000 bushels of Wheat have been
brought to that market and sold within the
1 ill .a. ntrtn r laA1
last inree weeKs, ai jwhjwb ijiug iu
$1,75 to $1,90 per bushel.
IlARMSBtnton, Feb. 19. The Monon
gahola County bill has passed the second
reading in the Senate. The Red 8tone
County bill passed finally in the Ilouse.