Newspaper Page Text
1" " n -
Z. MOUT, inter.
. - --II. i r i- 1
TUESDAY, APIUL, 24, 1855.'. ,
v THE TMJE A3CEEICAN
TL True. Amkbwa 1 iMHhed very
;Ylmr-tdny. in SKtihrnvitUf, Jfff. t-.on- county,
Ohio, by P. B. C'os.f, nod edited by Z. Rmws,
o tli following tf nin; -
On yf. invariably in il?np, $2 09 ,
... . , -TERMS OK ; ADVERTISING.
One iqunre 13 line or le. 3'Wwks or U-sa $1 .00
Ifury ubQuout insertion, .. , . . ' 25
One qimr throe month', J , . , ' 2.50
Onquar8ix months, '" ,.' 500
Om nqunm one year '; ' fs . ; " ; 8.00
-tint fourth column per year, ... 15,00
One third column per year, . .... . '20,00
One half column per year, ' ..'.' -" ' 30,00
One c6lutn per year, "' ' ' . 50.00
fp.fotBluiml and butiiwMcardi per year, 6,00
When there is no contract made, and the num
ber of insertion is not marked on the card or
udvertiaeiiienl at the time they are handed in
(or publication, they will be con inneoT in nniil
' J ft J art ordered out, ami cnargeu oy tue square,
. AMERICAJT PLATF0EM.
but Americans to rule America
The Union must be preserved.
No foreign interference in American af-
Inviolability of national treaties.
No union of Church and State.
Personal morality indispensable to office.
An open Bible m all public schools.
Thorough reform of the naturalization
jaws. " : '
A- capitation tax to exclude foreign
No appointment of foreigners on diplo
matic posts. ,; ' . '
'A just tariff on imported luxuries.
In nil necessities free trade. ,
, Strict economy in the government.
r 1- . . From the N. T Saturday Courier.
How much this Country Owes.
; It is a favorite boast of Americans, that
their government is almost the only one
in the civilized world, which is not deeply
plunged in debt. So far as this boast re
lates to the. United States, in its federal ca
pacity, it is well founded. But so fur as
it relates to the one and thirty Common
wealths, of which the nation is composed,
it is an absolute absurdity, since the majori
tj of these are deeply, if not inextricably,
in debt. We hear this bit of braggndocia
. so frequently, that it is worth while to de
ote a few moments to showing its folly.;
In England, France, Austria, and all
other consolidated nations, there in but one
. exchequer to meet every want of govern
ment. There is, consequently, but one
national debt. "When we say that Great
Britain owes nearly eight hundred millions
of pounds, or four thousand millions of
dollars, the whole story is told. But if we
ahould assert that the entire debt of the
United States was le&s than sixty million
we should be apt to mislead the reader.
For the federal government, which is what
is technically meant by the term United
States, having only circumscribed powers,
is not, and never can be, made liable for
tho principal ; share of tho expenses of
maintaining order and dispensing law among
the people at large, and most of this bur
' ilea falling on the separate members of the
confederacy. To give a correct idea of the
real indebtedness of the nation, therefore
we must include the debts of the several
2Jow the total indebtedness of the vari
ous commonwealths is about two hnndred
and twenty one millions of dollars divided
among twenty-seven states, four being so
fortunate as to owe nothing, viz: New
Hampshire, Vermont, Delaware and Flo
rida. Of these twenty-seven, the debts of
seven are under a mijlion each. Mary
land, Texas, Illinois, Ohio, Virginia, New
. York and Pennsylvania are among the
states most deeply in debt. The largest
absolute debt is that of our own state,
which is over forty millions ; the smallest
, . is that of New Jersey, which is but seven
ty ono thousand.
The heaviest debt in proportion to the
population, is the debt of Maryland, which
exceeds fifteen millions, in a population of
five hundred and eighty two thousand, bond
.and free. The debt of Virginia, though
hot little greater numerically than that of
New York -the one being twenty-six mil
lions and the other twenty four is more
than twice as heavy relatively, the popu
" lalion beinglcss than nalfpfhlle" lfie gehe
' ral resources of the state are greatly infe
rior. The entire debt of the nation, esti
mating the federal debt as well as that of
tho states, exceeds two hundred and seven
. ty millions of dollars. '-;"'
. But this still fails , to'givo an accurate
idea of tho total indebtedness of ourcoun
, .try. In Europe, if we except England,
most publio works are . constructed by the
' government, so that the national debt in
, eludes the cost of the principal roil roads,
' ; 'Canals and turnpikes. , But iu the United
States, the exception of. the Pennsylvania
: , State Works and those of a few other
, Commonwealths, all such improvements
i ,, arc owned by private corporations. Now
I t,tbo aggregate cost of the principal of these
- . works 'is computed to be one thousand
millions of dollars, of which, six hundred
i' millions alono are invented in rail roads.
, Consequently,, if we wpuld arrive at tho
trtie Indebtedness of these United States,
'.wo must add tho amount of this desorip
' ttotr of pccoritics t) the amount of the
"state" and federal - ones. Twelve1 hun-
;t dscd millions of the state and federal ones
r Twelve hundred million? of dollars arc,
thercrore, abouj what we owe a very re
pootable sum, it must be ackuvwiedged,
("sptftiiilly for a nation but eighty yean
To give an entirety just idea of the sub
jeo'. howvvir, W(i must ivmiml the reador
that a chief part jf t!in del.t is attrbut
we in me laeituat. ae n w e uil v
three fouvt'is of tu so unlli . as ai ).-t
spent Jivileyc'-'ping our resources. ..
" Cottsidfring tho vast mincra' imd iiuri-
cnltunil wealth of Aict'ric i. o !;iileri!iL'
;;lso.'1h( tndnttie:ibW t;i .v of..ur
coh."-!U-ri!i.i ibe f.'1' ;f'.i.!.''pii'i''i'MV o".-u
py fof'! wndnctih..' .. ?wm 'wi y-' -'h'
VPfWi this Jolt, 'tii.iMv.fu.- a..i' scons, v.
comparatively IrTtHj, or w.ull b-, it.vn
were nin-vs nn totujc-;: rra lurmv e we
arocnterpriainjf.' ' ' ' '
. The debts of the vaious countries of
Em ope may be thus olaBMed in round mil
lions : . tVv. ''' ' ' ' f"
. ' 110,000,000
Spain; V" "
Austria, j ,
, . 28,000,00.0
' ' 26.000,000
Debts not enumerated,
, A Skillful Arrest at New Orleans.
James A. Hall, the colored barber, who
it was charged, robbed a nwn named Fidd,
of $1,400, at Dunkirk, N. Y., a few weeks
ago, by administering chloroform while
shaving him, was arrested at New Orleans
on the 5th inst., under the following curi
ous circumstances. The Chief of Police.
while sittinsr in a room where a number of
suspicious characters were temporarily con
fined, observed a good looking colored
man wearing spectacles. He entered into
conversation with him, and he believing
the Chief to be i prisoner, soon asked him
if he had any "bogus" money. The Pica
"The Chief; at once twigged the kind of
customer he had to deal with, and answer
ed that he hild none ut present, havi'ig
shaved" all be had. The stranger then
wished to know -' ho could n-t ge mite,
tu he wanted:.' it badly iV.' to tin. bws
with. To thiv.ii - ChW re: !.;
lid n.t kn-jw, ii :jjjV. ..rin to lijt.y
shy. asked tho other if lie was "on the
cross," meaning a thief. The latter re
lied that he was in the same line of busi
ness, and equally -'dead," confidence was
at once established, and the conversation
proceeded quite confidently.
"The stranger observed that he had been
here but a short time, and was not on any
particular "law," but was ready for any
thing. The chief skillfully led. him on.
pattering thieves' slang with nearly as
much skill as the mulatto himself. The
latter stated that he knew of an operation
in this town by which fifteen thousand "ca
ses (dollars; could be obtained, but he
was afraid it would be necessary to "croak"
(kill) the object first. He particularly
cautioned the Chief to be aware of the
Chief of Police. .
"The conversation was then carried on
until the fellow confidentially gave his
name as James A. Hall, that he had kept
a barber's shop iu Dunkirk, and had ad
ministered chloroform to Mr. Fidd, the
gentleman above mentioned, and had made
his escape to New Orleans. The Chief
then called in several policemen, and an
nounced who he was. . The astonishment
of the fellow was beyond expression. He
offered a splendid gold watch and chain to
be let off, but without avail, as he Was im
mediately locked up to await an examina.
tion." - ....
.' Look .Here. The Chief of the Police,
says the BostopBeej reports for the month
onia'rcVthe" total arrests to be 1 1,826
' Americans;' " 395 '
Foreigners, 1,431. ! '
- Amount of property taken from the
prisoners, $4,707,51. Amount reported
stoleu or lost, 85,601,71. ;
Tho same paper says, Mr. Chas. Robbins,
tho master of the, Boston House of Cor
rection, reports : for the ' quarter ending
March 81st,; the "number of prisoners to
be 684. American parentage," 06 j for
eigners do 488!. '. -." ' ' , 4 "
' New IMode of Robbery The Cleve
land Plaindealer gays a singular robbery
was perpetrated on .Saturday night upon a
passenger on the train from , Columbus.
Mr. S. C. Mooi'e, of New York) was of
fered sonio Iwengns which he ate. Soon
after he became very drowsy and slept
soundly until aroa-ted by the conductor.-r-Feolifig
very sick nnd attributing his som
nolency to the lozenges, he Was advized to
examine his pockets. ' He found , thciu
picked of his pocket book,' iu'wbich was
?275. . "'.;.,-.
t-The nail cutters of Pittsburgh struck
for higher wages on Monday last.; : The
employers refused to comply, and nail ma
king it suspended. The workmen have
funds to maintain themselves for iwmetimt.
We, find io tho Washington papers the
instructions - issued bv4 the Postmaster
tjeneral to J'lwtinosturs in reference to tho
new Law. The following provisions are of
g. n. tu! !:itcr. t KUtl should be understood.
The new ijw. makes, no provision fw
unpaid letters, but the Postmaster Qeur-
iv 1 dirm ts that a list of them shall be put
iu jvery pust-uirice, with a notiee thattlicy
fro (let-bind t.r lK'Stage, ' I'n'ess pesto'e
l )'aii.aX il.'e epa of e mnth they will he
-cot eutbe lNstto L.iler. Uiliao..-': '
Letters part li.piJ will be sent, and the
rest of the pout-mo collected. when doliver
e;l, if. tbe partial payment was accidental;
but if the Postmaster thiuks it was inten
tional he may trout thciii the same as let
ters wholly ntipnid.- .
Ou.drop letters, pro-payment is optional.
' Letters to foreign countries, as they
cannot be prepaid, do not come under the
Pamphlets are defined to be printed and
unbound publications relating only to sub
jects of local, ephemeral, or temporal in
terest. Hence (except those containing
less than sixteen pages,) no publication
even if unbound, that does not come with?
in the above definition, will be permitted
to pass as ft "pamphlet,? but will be treat
ed and chargod as a "book." Pamphlets
in packages are charged one half cent per
ounce; books and single pamphlets one
cent per ounce. A traction over the ounce
is counted as an additional ounce.
3T An exchange paper from Alton, Illi
nois, says that in that part of Illinois, and
many of the neighboring counties of Mis
souri, there are not potatoes enough left
for seed, for this year's planting: nor have
the farmers the means to buy potatoes for
seed, at the high price they bear. A great
ly reduced potato crop throughout a large
p rtion of the West is predicted as a con
sequence, inis should induce tanners
who have seed, or can purchase it, to plant
wide potato fields.
.Americanism. A Locofoco paper
hereabouts, claims that the sham Democ
racy of the day is the American party.
This is the richest joke of the season.
Claiming an American character for the
party that expresses more solicitude fur
uba, Central America and the Sandwich
stands; than for his own country, ami
which labors to promote the interests of
foreign manufacturers at the expense of
our own. Beautiful Amoricanism? that
is! 4 Courier.
jsirA. letter from Warren, Trumbull
ty, -dated April 12fLr.myS: "The
present timas are the worst we have ever
).umvn in this county. Cows and cattle
are dying by the hundred ; six hundred
head have died within the three adjoining
counties this winter, for want of food."
J66rThe Portland "State of Maine" says
that Moses Robinson, an old man 70 years
of age, was burnt to death in his own house
in Mount Veruon, on Thursday. The house
was all in flames when discovered, at 4 o'
clock, A. M., the inmates, with the ex
ception of Mr. Robinson, barely escaping
with their lives.
B,Some villain has, recently poisoned
fourteen horses belonging to Messrs. Morse
& Mitchell, proprietors of the Waterville
and Belfast, (Me.) stages. Nine of these
horses have died, and the others will also
probably die. It is sud posed they were
poisoned in the town of Freedom. ,
. tSTThere is a tri-weekly paper in Geor
gia with three editors, each differing ma
terially in opinion with the other two.?
The three have made an arrangement by
which one of 'them edits the paper on Tues
day, another on Thursday, and the third
Burned to Death. A daughter of
Jacob Thomas, residing-ncar Woodsfield,
Ohio, aged about 12 years, was on Wed
nesday, at the sugar camp of her father,
alone, when by some means her clothes
took fire, and were all burned off rcept
her stocking!. . . She. died 'the same even-
- ' S
5?&,An Irishman was drowned at Bel
Air on the evening of the 17th.' He
backed his water cart too far into the river
when the horse fell, upset the cart, and
the whole concern flouted off and sunk iu
deep water. '
Burnt. A new house, unfinished, the
property of George Adams, near Dresden
Muskingum county, was burnt on the 5tl
instant. : Loss $12,000. Twelve hundred
dollars worth of carpenter's tools were con
suraed with the building.
xrThe Suspension Bridge over the
.Mississippi at the Falls of St. Anthony
has blown down. It was finished last fall,
and much bragged over.' It is thought it
van be put in its former position for about
0,000. . ' ' - ;.
j ftSrTho Hebrew population of Chicago
seems to be quito uuiucrou", , During tli
recent celebration of tho Feust of the Fans
over v there, about six thousand pounds of
unleaven bread were sold to them.' '
ItaTlIon. Rufufl Choate is seriously indis
posed. He has not been well since his ao
eident at Dfdhara, Maw.
; " The Xansa8Electxon.;; ;
"I The news from the election id this ter
.ifory whi.h ..has been laid open to tin
slave-holding South by the iuliinous prj.
cecdiugs of Douglas & Co., is a fair illus
uation of the b autil effoots of "popu
lar sovereignty',"! about which so many
pecchos have been made by those in
itiio.se corruption jthe. infamous Nebraska
rill wus brought forth. Tho entire Leg.
I.ilaiure is pro syery; and the means by
.viiii U ibis result h.s been brought 'iboul.
is in keeping wiiii the whole scheme from
its conception. Although there is no
doubt, but tht the majority of the actual
settlers in the territory, are from tho tree
States, yet the lavehoklers ' have 'elected
their candidates ',by overwhelming majori
ties. e take the IuIIowiul' iruiu the
New York 'Tribune whiclT shows clearly
now this has been accomplished : .
Sr. Lopis, Tuesday" April 10.
'.'Tho Kansas Election has resulted iu
lavor of Slavcrj. 1 he voters weV6 citi
ieus of Missoty v -They marched witl
Cannon from Nmt in Missouri, tu tht
town of Lawreuc.; These men were load-
ed with small arms, they took violent pos
session of the polls, which they held in
military array until they felt assured that,
their ticket would succeed anil then they
returned to Missouri. ' The election was
held on 'Friday, the 3Jth March. Thurs
day, at noou, the day before, an armed
cavalcade which claimed to be 6000 stroug,
preceded by two cannon mounted, aud by
a Wagou loaded with whiskey this whole
military array, armed with deadly weapons
aud led by a Col. loung, let't Westport,
in Missouri, for the avowed purposo of
coutrolliug the elections in Kansas. They
had about forty miles to travel to reach
Lawrence, but the roads were dry, and
they procce.ded to Waukaiusa'Creek, sev
en miles Iroiii Lawreuce, before they camp
ed. About DUO weut to Lawrence, and
marched up to the polls, armed, and took
possession of the. ground. Ihey 6Wore
they were citizens of the Territory, and
that it was Cijna fide their inteution to re
maiu there. This oath each" issouriau
toon beiore ha voted, and then they all
started back to their , homes in Missouri
that same evening. 1 he legal voters, see
ing that the -election was wholly managed
by foreign interlopers, did not, many of
them, vote at all. 'Ihere are very few
slaves or slave-owners iu the' lcrritory.
ihe' owners dare not yet take slaves there.
Their newspapers, aVd the Slavery men,
talk much of. the thousands who are crowd
ing into the Territory; but it is all false.
Ihey have only been there loug enough to
v, ana there is no danger of their going
there to take their, hives. The conduct
ot these MUs-ians greatly retards the
nettlenicut of the Territory, but it duco
not advance the slave interest in the least.
On the other hand, it is opening the eyes
of thousands to the true character of Sla
very, which, but for some manifestation,
would remain closed forever.
irThe New York Tribune has been
guilty of : publishing the following tele
graphic dispatch :
"Lancaster, Pa., April 5. The State
Grand Council of Know Nothings, which
has been in session in this city since Tues
day last, broke up this afternoon in coufu-
sion. The cause of the difficulty is un
deratood to be an opposition to the pro
posed open organization. The public sen
timent here' runs counter to secrecy and
oath-bound political societies. Gen. Cam
eron, Ex-Governor Johnsou, and Gen.
irvin were among those who left the coun
cil this morning in disgust at the procced-
We are charitable enough to believe that
the Tribune would not have published it,
had it known what the writer of it did -that
ho knew uothing about it, but was
only desirous of making his communica
tion interesting. We are justified, in the
broadest sense, to say, that there is not
one word of truth in it not the first syl
'able. , Uu the contrary to what is here
said wo are reliably assured, thtit the pro
ceedings of no conveutiou or council could
have, been more harmonious, cordial and
eoatMjiv-.J3ifferences of'opiufon on
some points tnervoubrcsswere.'We
have never known a Council hardly possi
ble a Roman Catholic one, where these di
versities of mind were not But the
"Leaving in ! disgust" was . a gratuitous
contribution of the .Tribune, without
shadow of trutn to justify it. We have
it further in evidence that no one membc
of tho council was received with more
honor and distinction than Gov. Johnston
or'left it with a greater Bhare of its respect
and cOnlidenco.-i-ii., Yoyng Atnericun
An Inqenioub InUktion. Aninveu
tivo genius, desirous of promoting the (0
mestic rearing of hens, has invented a con
trivance to keep" them from, scratching up
the garden. It is a sniaH iustrumcu)
st un n hat resembling a very long spur, at
tucln d to the hind part of a h n' leg. '. The
nistruuKut is so arranged that when tin
Leu is hbout toVrakh the earth lb spur
catches iu the ground before her fopt 'h
tairly riecciidd, and obliges ucr to bring
her foot down quietly and harmlessly u lit-
ile in front of the pi hoc alic hod uiiucd at
The ben thereupon tries the other, foot,
with a like result. , She keeps on trying,
and before she is awaro ol it, the ui'acbtno
has walked her . right cut of the garden
This will be just the thing when the "hen
fiver" rttunw. ,
The United States and Cuba. '
Deeided action at' last 1 The steamer
San Jacinto, bearing the flag of Commo
dore McCauley, li;u been despatched to th
Gulf. The Presideut, with the advice of a
majority of his Cabinet, has assumed ' the
responsibility ; aud, instead of awaiting the
result of tardy negotiations at Madrid, has
resolved on obtaining a ' prompter settle
ment of our outstanding difficulties wttb
the. Spanish authorities. Whether merely
a warning agulnst further outrtigcs is to be
eonvt yedin summary term to Che Captain
G iieral, or whotber ibo' Spanish cruisers
that hiive committed; the indignities com;
plained of by ourcommeroial marine are to
e enptured and destroyed, we are not in
formed. Yet we have suffieient couhdeuee
? v. ' . . i v ' '.i '." ...'. I-
iu our uovemmeut io uencve loat. vmiu n
will studiously avoid aught that can ,be
construed into a violation of the law of na
tions, it Will take the present opportunity
ot stoppuig torevcrtue many .uoprovoxea
itijuries we iiave lately received from the
petty malice of Spanish officials. ' '
Tho character of our" worthy Commo
dore's instructions' has not transpired ; yet
from the general stir'tbat prevadesour na
val service, we cauuot help thinking that
something serious is iutended. Orders have
been transmitted to a number of officers
now enjoying furlough in this city to hold
themselves in readiness for immediate ser
vice, and thore are rumors that Vher ves
sels are to follow the an Jacinto 'with as
little delay as possible. This looks as if
the d gs of war are to be let loose in ear
liest; and, if they are, no one can blame
Uncle Sum in the premises. We have
borne injury and insult for the past five
years with tho meekness of Moses and the
patience of Job; it is high time to play a
different tune. Let Commodore Mo Caul-
ey once have reached his station, and we
pity the infatuated Don that presumes to
search an American vessel. We imagine
it will nut be long before he is eating the
bread and wearing the sack-cloth of repeu
tcuce in Pensacola or some other conveni
ent American pori.
. The principle involved in this recent dif
ficulty with Cuba is precisely the sarao that
ed to she war of 1812 the right of search.
What, we denied to one of the great pow
ers of Europe at an expense of treasure and
blood forty years ago, we certainly shall
not think of .conceding to a petty despot
who has long been barking like a cur at
our heels. The peculiar circumstances in
which the Cuban authorities find them
selves placed require an unusual degree of
vigilance at their hands. Tbey are admit
ted to be masters of the sea for a distance
of three murine miles from the island, aud
within th it speH have an unquestionable
right to take such precautionary measures
is i hey deem essential to their safety. But
to claim tho riirht ot searching our ships
m tho high seas, to tire at our stars aud
tripes, to compel our. captains to sh w
their papers, these are outrages which we
would.be cravens to endure, which it will
be our Commodore's business to punish,
and which will justify the most summary
proceedings in President Fierce, evcu to
the levelling of Moro Castle, or revolution
izing the island with an army of filibusters.
N. Y. Outunlay Couiitr.
A Sad Story.
We have rarely met with a more mel
ancholy story than tho following, as de
tailed by the New York Courier: "On
the first of January, 1854, a geutlemail
doing business iu this city was worth with
what he had invested in business, a huu
urcd and ten thousand dollars. At the
same time he was blessed with a lovely
and intelligent wife, beautiful aud proui-
isciug childreu. He was surrounded by
friends who esteemed and respected him.
iiis business was lucrative and promised
to continue so. indeed, his position as
well us his prospects were seemingly,' all
that he could desire, to render his happi
uesti perfect, llow complete the wreck
which the year closed upon ! Tho first
misiortune wus the trunsier of nierchuu
duo to the amount ol eighteen thousand
dollars to a California dealer, for which
uot one ceut was ever received. The next
were two suecessivo robberies, by means
of which tweuty-tive thousand dollars were
KsT Soou alter this,'the unfortunate muu
made an investment iu real estate to a
large amount. The next and crowning
misfortune was a trip with his family to
Europe. They embarked, on their'return,
with thirty -eight thousand dollars worth of
goods, on board the steamer Arctic, and
all shared her luckless fato I .' i
. in settling up his affairs his real es
tate was sold under the hammer, at a sac
rifice Of forty thousaud dollars, making
the aggregate loss to his "property during
the year, oue hundred aud teighteeu thous
and dollars, eighteen thousand dollars more
than his assets. v iiis lrieuds were obliged
to make good his deficiency 1 Was ever
destruction more eompletoi" Father, moth
er, children, and fortune,- all gone swopt
trout the faoo of the oarlh nothing le'lt
to show that they ever existed 1 We doubt
whether, among the many wrecks which
the past year has witucsae'd, "'there has
been among them one more melancholy
tnau tuw." ' . ' i ...v., , . .. .,.
KiAt a late towu meeting in Cbico-
pee, J . Fru.'tly; hou and sign painter, iu
troduced a resolution ; reeoiumeuding the
seleoimcu to use their iufluouce in having
.1. I' T ' '..'.. I Vl. ' ' 1 L- I '
uii nouses painica auu papercu, wnicn, ta
king tho voter in good htiuior, wui unaui
moualy pfifted, , '
Collision with United . States Troops.
Advices from Great. Salt .Lake City to
tl.e 7th of February have been received.
The news of the appointment of Col. Step
toc.'iU'.. Governor .of he' Tcrritoiy,"viee
Brighuui YouiigA Harris, .Secretary,(vice
A. ,W Babbit, ud some other changes,
took tbo Mormons by surprise, but it is not
j , f . .-r J
thought any serious opposition will be
to them. ? J. v i ; .
On New Year's day; quite a serious col
lision took place between the United States
soldiers and tbeoUizensatadrinkingshop.
Fire uriiiis wore'freefy used, and seven or
eight persons, were .Bitot, but" fortunately
none of. them .were ; killed.' Two of the
idiurs Vcre ocverely wounded) and . for
a time it was thought they would not recov
er. The Moruions ordered out the LegioDi
thrcatnmg to uastroy the whole battalion1
of Uuited States troops in the city under
Col. Steptoe. The three companies of
United States troops wer' quick under
arms they strengthened their position,
and waited for the assault of the "Legion,"
which was every moment expected. This
state of quasi warfare lasted for three days
when caimej counsels prevailed and hosti-1
ties ceased.- As the affair, grew out of
drunken fit, an order was issued by tho
civil autuorities forbidding the further sale
of ardent spirits in tho city. .
The Territorial Legislature of Utah! at
their lato sessi m, passed an act called the
"Gift Law' by which the faithful are to
vest all tneir real uud ' personal estate of
every kind in Brigham Young! It re
mains to be seen whether Congress will tol
erate such outrageous laws iu oue .of tho
On the 1st of Jauuary tho wall of the
city of Mauti was completed to the height
of eight feet, aud is three fuet thick at the
bottom, aud will form quite a barrier to In-
depredatious. It surrounds an area , of
of 100 rods square, the Temple Block be
ing in the ccnt.tr, uud in addition to the
dwellings, &c., encloses tho grist and saw
Tue Prospect in Europe. A Paris
correspondent of the New York Tribune
affirms that the mUsiou of Lord John Russ
ell is not a peace mission, and no peace will
grow out of the Conference of Vienna!
England, at this moment desires the des-
struction of Sebastapol, more than a peace.
This is the real sentiment of the aristo
cratic men of England of those men
who completely failed in conducting tho aff
airs of State, and who know that England is
a great nation, -when properly aroused.
1 hey know that il the war ceases now, Eng
laud will have sunk to a most degraded po
sition in the eyes of the world aud Ihey
prefer an opportunity to display . her old
traditional power, and thus redeem the rep
utat.on they have lost for themselves and'
.heir coun'iy. In this new contest, the
aristocracy and the people will be alike
xealous for the war; 'since for the first it
is struggle to maiutain the power which has
beeu hereditary in their hands, and which
they feel gliding away from them, and for
i he second, an honest patriotie effort to
washout the stain which the war has
brought upon tho country's reputation. ; It
is even broadly asserted in diplomutio cir
cles in Palis, that Lofd John Russell ' has
gone to Berlin and Vienna to prevent peace,
aud the Allies wish to lAake Russia blow
up her owu fort at Sebastapol, and the
remarks made by Lord Palmersiou about
the speedy return of Lord John to assume
his post in the Cabinet,' all confirm this as
sertion. Suffering as England may . be,
she does not desire peace at this moment,
and there will be no peaoe-r-reuly on it.
AH agree that the instructions given, both
to the English and French Commissioners
to tho Congress of Vienna are briof and
abrupt; uud that they have direction to cut
the negotiations hbort the minute their
propositions are refused, or any prevarica
tiou is attempted; aud since new laws and
regulations in regard to the Black Sea and
Sebastapol arc a part of their terms, it is
impossible that any peace can grow out of
it. : -'
A Nkw Don ik to gkt Liquor on Sun
DAY. Since the police have undertaken to
close all tho . liquor shops on Sunday, and
exareHie aeeflrafrhip over the hotel, a new
dodge bus been resorted to by the thirsty
Ihey take a earput bag or value in . band
on Suuday, and start for a public house and
call for something to drink. The bar teu
der informs them' that the tavern keepers
are prohibited by the statute from' selling
to others than travellers on the Sabbath,
They affirm that they are travelers, Vand
poiut .io lue carpei oug as an eviueuce. .. in
this wittf thirnt ix nunnelhnd ond ftio nmu!.
sions of the,tatute strictly adhered to, p
fur as the sellers understand it - The Sun
day Police tiay" . they never, saw so xuuoh
travelling as there is now a-dayi.'; 'Carpet
bags .and ..valises are moving in all direo
tions.,' Occasionally they meet an old 'brui
ser,' with valise in hand, who has wrestled
here in Rochester for a quarter of a centu
ry with "old aloohol"i and hail him famil
iarly by his narao. ; Nd answer is recoivod
--ho is a total stranger in town don't
know tbfl police, and don't want to know
them. Such travelers, however, very often
towards evening ou Sunday, become more
fumilPrwith the polioe nd fr! losiug
tlieir baggage, sleep iu the watch house.
fiofJuter. Uu fan, April '10 th, ;
' The' last' Ohio Ctiltivator sayslhp Peach
crop 'promfseV ad Wu'dahtl yield' "Cm
fral Ohio. Other 'fruits aret'uiiinj'ured
ia the tama section of the country.
. . .. . . " .
ded more than 1,000 miles immediately uri
dertha equator, and all its tributary streams '
for many thousand -miles, and constantly
ppunng their hot water into his mighty
reservoir of water. As these' waters are
gathered under the sou of tho' cquatSr, ' ;
thev are cxtremel warm; iarmor? so thaa
the waters of.the Atlantic'uniicr'ihe eqna-
torj The great body of heated watcfhoow
miles, in thn facd'of tbo eternal' trade "
winds. v.j,'.' .
The Amazon is sixty miles wide, after ,
. . .... . . .' .1 : ' t
being bedded tn us irresistible course,;
'cirvCs off to the leftanci tsends off " before
the Strong trade " winds .till , out. of thoir.v
reach., ; Driven along witn great foroe7 11
takes its course rouu'd the great bay form
ed between the two continents of North '
aud South America. Dashing along the '.'
northorn coast of South jnierica,',.aud
passing to the leeward of the. Vest India
Islands, it leaves the shore of Cuba and' '
proceeds along tho shores of FJoriJa tfie
capes of Virgiuld, and the South coustof
iSorth America,. "and passing along - the
shores of Newfoundland, ends its mission ;
among the icebergs which flout out of the
uorthern ocean. Cut off the GulfStrcam,
and itwouldnot. be many years before
the North-Atlantic would ;be filled with
icebrgs, and tho port of New York would
cease to bo the center of American Com
merce. Before, tho. course, of tlio;.Gulf
Stream was known ships from. Europe to
New x ork in winter, used to ail firt to
Charleston, S. C", then coast it; down' to
the Hudson. The voyage used to occu
py them' from six to eight iuontlis. ,' Tho '
Nantucket fishermen were the first to dis
cover the course' of the Gulf Stream,1 and
while English captains were taking six'
mouths to rcaeh !New York, they used to
make the run sometimes in one' 1 month.
Vessels running north of this stream, in
winter get their sails and rigging frocen so
that it is scarcely possible to , make any
headway. .' By running iuto the stream
they thaw out, for the water is always
warm and is known by this, and its intense
deep bluo color. It is provided as a res,
cr voir of heat by the Great .Governor of
Worlds, to accomplish his grand purposes. '
It is the influence of this Stream which
renders tho climate of Britain so genial.
Were it diverted to break upon tho' coast
of Spain only, the Island of Britian would
soon bocome a bleak, cold, and inhosrii-
. . , .... , ....... f
table region, with a climate as cold, and
a winter us long a.Ibrodorpintl Erin
would ceaso to be named the Emerald Isle,
for her fields, would be covered with nn
during eight months in .the year, instead of
green herbage. " It appears from gcologi.
oal evideuccs, that the Gulf Stream, at one
period, did not break upon the shores of
Britain, and it was thou as cold as Ireland.
Upon such harmonies of nature's operations,
directed by an All-Wiso Creator, do" men
and.nutious depend. Scten. Amer. Vs .
Jealousy among Ministers.-We
have read Sunny-Side and ' Shady-Side,
and have sometimes1 thought"1 we could
write an Under-Side that might contain
revelations not brought to light iu either
of these volumes. Ministers have trouble
enough, it is true, but those troubles do
not all come from restless churches, and
meddlesome deacons. : They often eome
from each other. ;With sorrow we. con
fess it, there is among ministers, as in
every other professional class, an unworthy
jealousy of the reputationand success of
those who aro more popular. "In conver-.
sation about brethren, wo sometimes mark
with, pain a disposition to criticise and dis
parage rather than approve, and rejoice in
their success. We know sincero and good
men, w ho are yet so extremely sensitive to
their owu ' reputations, ', that they cannot
bear- to bear n,ny. body. 'praised buk
themselves as if whatever was added to.'
another's fame was so much taken from
their own; r.They seeuii unwilling to con
cede the talents of superior men. t If a
distinguished preacher is named, they
throw in abatcmeiits to ,ai?Ufj-&ftieneral
praise ; These criticisms may be just, but
they seem to be made in an unbrotherly
spirit: " Not that this jealousy is peculiar
to one , profession. : On ; the contrary, we
think ministers have far less of it than
cither lawyers or doctors, for they do not
so often come into close1 contact as irani.
diate rivals. But it is a -prtiori of humaa
infirmity whioh oleaves even to good meti,
and which stains the whiteness of their
,. Washington,, , April 19.-The Cabinet
ia .entirely f harmonious, upon .tho Cuba
quwtion.. McCuley'g;. instructions' are
not. such . , as to,, create a .! .
will resort tojore, : only,, if a case( should
uriso in which international law il! fU
justiFy it. AThe administration w strong-.
iy in lavor of pacific relations with Spain;
aud Spam is fully advised thereo?. ' Jler
CuUn indiscretion, and the outrages ag,
ainstour commerce, are . thought to arise
from deep seated conspirapes among the
Islanders, , which, irritate and confuse Con
cha. , But ho kuows his assaults upon our
commerce,; and the ' administiatlou think
thVshall stop thcni' without the least dan,
ger tif a war with Spain.; ; ' ! " ;: '
" T ...'... '.'. .;(.,,.
" 1 , ....,: 'i'
J 8Ci.Why is a dead duck like a dead dos
tor Because they nave both itopod uaek,,
; . the gulp streah. , ,
It is believed by many that the waters .
oftheOulf Stream are nothing more or
less "than the waters of "the- river lAa-' -
'" . mi ::1 1 .i . .. . - i.i