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ytnm thoXewTorX Sun,
AUTICLE 03 LABOR.
CARLOS P, STtAUT,'' ' ', ' '
,v. 3 i ; - ' ' ' ' -V
sLttiorlM Wiiats,-literal ami Dutm.
! f- -'"" ',' ' . : : v;:;' -
-Liuest,' iutelligcr$ libouai been nolle
ui ennobling' incethor world -bcin.-
Ini'poM ! )Vino injunction mi h
T-Tosn necessity,- it las been consecrated by
y fiVniaa r Practised by tue savage, aiid
toils! through tha barbarie forms' anil sol-
' fil task tn the ti;hetkdoVohpenicnt of
7liinaa sgrtcuttare, architecture,
art mechanic, manufacturers, commcrco,
' ni Utcrature, it Win its freest range, the
'.'bcautifut visible flower of mail's ripened
mind and kuI. Jjibor bas supplied almost
''.cvVrwaiit of manlkind, necessary prlosu
rions. .It has fed, Slothed and sheltered
uuf race providing for it, from the rudest
oiuforts to the most refined elegancies.
From tub but to'tho palace ; from the low
liest alter to tho grandest temple j from
the simplest hcad-etono that mark tho
humblest peasant's 'grave, to the marble
m.niWm. or iho treat pyramid that
erownS tKe dust of conquerors and kings,
U lias been the ereation of labor. Tho
worker has been tho' great conqueror, the
'real achiever, lie las built and manned
the fleets, munitioned and filled the ranks
rf tie arrtticsi hewed down .the' forests,
planted the wilderness, reaped tho harvct-t
.fields, reared tho hamlet3 and cities, and,
in artiiaa ahops, founderics, factories, an
tcry where, mado the world vocal with the
' musks of labor ! V , , ' ,..,
To-day tho worker can look abroad over
the earth andeay, "All these tilings are
mj trophy 1" ) Yc, all are labor's trophy,
Without its' stout sinews and swarth hands;
this Vnst, beautiful sccno of ever wideuing
Civilization Lad not been. No wealth, no
'capital, could lave called t into, being
XJntil labor created it, there was no "capi
taf," no wealth. Labor dug the ore
tamped the coin, and mado the 'currency
wf tie world. 'And,' without the worker,
,U was then ouly . a worthless, shining lau
lIo. Labor is the Duly real capitalpro.
, irfuctive. and creative skill the only real
wealth ofj the, world. Let tlo honest, in
telligent, "virtuous laborer stand forth, then,
no ongof abashed in tho presence of what
ever 'eMt-and-crooJ men, but pnudly, p
tho equal of tie noblest aud lest of man
kind. The day of his true dominion is
'dawning.1 Tlo time hastens when the
world shall acknowledge lim lord of the
earth the sceptre of which las been too
long withheld from his graspas he Ins
teen the creator of civilization and the buil
4e of empire' lie Bhall soon pluck for
lis own taste from the vino and fig-tree of
lis own planting, and sit in the palace, and
be leant in tlo temple, arid lave lis nniiic
jrravun ou tlo memorial pillcrg lo has rcar-
, TUB WANTS 01 iABOa.
The wants of labor are few. It wants
Tight direction in the luboror, right distri
Wtion in the work market, and permanent
remunerative employnienL Perfected in-!
tclfigence ouly can give universal right (
direction; by properly applying every work
ers talent. Numberless workers,' of every
class, labor under a misdirection of talent
'fcr capacity, doing thereby injustice to' their
tasks, and suffering relatively tlercfor in
abridged "rewards. Intelligence sufficient
to grasp the simplest philosophy, with wis
dom, enough to carry out its lessen, will
giv right distribution. Witl , labor, as
with'eveiy thing elso, demand regulates tie
nupply, and no law nor contrivance can give
proper employment to two, tlrec, or four
persons, will one person's work. That is
a plyiical and moral impossibility. And
where prices of labor are not kept up by
violent and intimidating means, associaiton-
!ator otlcr, they 'will fall under tie pres
sure of an over-stock of labor, just like oth
er marketable articles. This is a perpetu
al fact. Permanent employment will in
cvitablv result from ariirht direction, and
i . ,
distribution of lubor and not only perma
nent; bttt as remunerative as tho worker
inay reasonably chooso. Kmploynicnt and
!price' will" be' at lis ',bption. 1 TLis is to
ilia wlio woils for another, The earth is
wide enough td givo every man a field to
i llrnself ; and suppose all men were self oc
cupied, providing for themselves an inde
" pendent snbs'istencei could they bo; ensla
ved," and famished as now, when Inariy pairs
of lands rush to do the work of one pair ?
-X' Tlie''eonditiong" of labor for. others
wouid Ic at their "own will. The degreoin
wliel thfs optional power may , be exercis
ed b the worker depends on the distribu
' tton of labor. Jlt must nowlere overstock"
itbtf marketbut rather keep tlo supply
'loft, and it can treat with "capital" as an
equal, and. fairly share tho profits. . For
Instance, there Is" always a certain demand
for labor in this city, aud the doer of that
labor ii entitled to an equitable share of the
' profit, -ilf not thwarted bjf competition, bo
' taii got it." 1 But competition,- the result tf
'Overplus, place's l.m at tlo mercy of "cap
tI.'" This ' is generally the coudi don of
, !iabor,'particulary in citics.'Once in a while
ijvt jetittlly" ''enterprising or upecnlativc
! times, caultnl competes with iteclf, and gives
i'labor an' advanajej 'but it is only an ei-
rfbeption t ' the rulo. Labor is down ten
wise and threw! as capital. That seeks
new maikeu when old oues are full shift,
about, distributes itself and takes advan
tage of labor prices and nil other prices'.
While thousands of walkers aro sutToiirg
from' forced idleness here, or elsewhere,"
here is. h alllheland. abumlaneo of work
for all. If tho Mm tottl of libor ma so
distributed a to meet tho demand of tho
whole market, every worker would be prof
itably employed. .,'J'ho noblcut organiza
tion labor ' could form weuld bo one to in
telligently, distribute itself, or. its surplus,'
by counsel or pecuniary aid, from the over
stocked to. tie undevstocked market, -and
thus command its owu terms. '.; ..;.,
i TUB INTERESTS OF LAKoR. , . i .
Tho interests of labor way, be consider
ed as many and complicated, or as few and
simple. The fewer and simpler the. batter
for their clear .understanding. Labor is
the creative power, tho eldest; and noblest
capital. ... It is tho worker's interest to re
gard and respect it as suoh, and to s' forti
fy it by intelligent applications ns to make
it tho marketiiblp or commercial eqaivl of
money capital. It is its interest to bo in
iftrmony with money -capital, audit can be
without humiliation or subjection, with
great advantage to itself ; for money-capi
tal is labor's exchange' agent, as -well as
aid-creative. Keep lubor rightly distribu
ted, and money-capital will meet it half
way. It is not tho interest of the worker
to have labor protected as to hours arid pvi
ces save, perhaps, for apprentices and mi
nora hv legislation or lntnnidatmz -".sso-
ciations. This is a false basis, seldom
bringing prosent,' and never securing per
manent good. It only gives money cnpital
an excuse for legislating and bandiug in
turn ; arid the latter, being moro a unit
and more shrewd, will always ontl gislatc
labor! Trades unions, such as have devel
oped here, aro' not laborer's best friend.
They lave kept multitudes from work by
dictating arbitrary prices, in defiance of tho J
natural law of demand supply, and permit
ting none of their over-stocked, competing
craftsmen to work for less prices when la
bor and livelihood were thereby to he had.
They have also raised a fcdso and mis-
clicvous prcjudico against money-capital,
and dotiri the greatest injury to the work
ing classes by creating tho impression that
tho prostrations of labor aro owing to the
rich, when they aro generally, and il tie
main, owing to the iil-directed and ill dio
tributiim of labor. ' Workers have thus
been blinded to their real iutercsts and to
tie truth. Itightly distributed, Libor can
define its lours as well as'dietato its pri
ces and do it on a sure basis. Let labor
abjure legislation for itself, and it can witl
tiiumplmnt force, as well as justice, demand
tho abolition of all sucl statutes and ordi
nances as define what a cartnmn shall re
ceive for hauling a load of brick or flour,
but leave tlo ouildcr, baker, or landlord to
charge what they please for their labor. .
It is! the interest ot labor to have done
with all this sort of legislation, and then,
intelligent and well distributed) it can vic
toriously battle its own independent way.'
The public will always bo secured from
over tax under this absence of law, by
healthy competition.' It is tho interest of
labor to have intellectual, social and bo-
nevolcnt organizations to compass some
partof all of its market product consump
tion a tfirst prices though lalor would suffer
very little in this direction it it was right
ly employed. Tim crowning interest of
labor is, by tho combination of all its
movements, to enable itself to stand alono,
"dependent on no extraneous aid, its own j
governor and master of its own fortune. ,
THE nCTIKS OP IA1I0U.
The duties of labor' relate, mostly to itself.
Why has the worker been, forever and
everywhere, a comparative bondsman;
a "suppliant aftho "great man's" gate and
crumb-cater at the "rich . man a table:
Largely becariso lie las not comprelended
and vindicated lis own worth nud unpor
tance. Iy ages of labit and education,
and often by a seeming madness of subser
viency," lo has held limsclf reverent,
witl hut oil nndlcad bowed, of tho "great"
tho "rich,' and tho "titled," whoso great
ness, wealth and titles wero born of his
srtcat, and blood,. Ho las fancied; per
dance,, that every man whose lands aro
wlitei or wlow garmcuta wero cornier or
of better stuffs than lis own; or wlo mado
noisier pretentions, was really greater aud
better than himself. He did not pause to
reflect that whito hands may bulong to
.... r. . . 1 I 1
villian, nno garments toamorai u-pur, ami
pretension to a knave, a fool, or a shame.
Ha forgot or never .knew that priests
have desecrated loly , altars; , that judges
have taken bribes, and that kings have mur
derously ( bathed . in 'human. Hood. In
slort, le was unconcious of tlat great,
lo'pcful, and ensiling truth, becom'.ng
more and more potent every day, that in
telligence, virtue arid industry are tic great
elements of the model man the man
who is leginning to rulo tlo caril.
Tlo w oike is slowly ridding himcelf of
his old twyerenco for, , and slavish defer
ence to, white-handed, finely dicrccd men
Ho roust bo rid of tjjosc fetters altogether.
It is his duty to. educate li tutelf tmd , lis
children to comprehend that "uiitifrlyheart
... . ..i
may t eat Under a peasant's vesjt, that the I
ffemlciiian and true man tire not the crea
tion of tailors, or the result of complexion,
that lords and kings fast disappearing
are but fruits of feudal craft and accident
and that tho worker -in this frco land,
wlero every man is a,' sovereign, uiiy le a
mMiiWian. thoucl toiling and swartl-
;ia the highest by right, and aspire to what,
ever good is possibb to man. ( It is the
duty of labor to edueato nud adapt ft serf;
to be 'virtuous, temperate, and fruga'j't
stolid not only prumount in its own pe
culiar field, but prove itself equal ff what
ever calling V profession in the givat so
cial and intellectual CcU. ;'"Thero arc nsany
lesser duties that might bo named, but
their discovery and fulfilment' will follow
that of the few greater ones, without tho
fulfilment' of 'which' all otheri Wi "'compar
atively as nothing. - ' ' '. r .
,-'' Vet, there' l is ono duty moro. pot to bo
overlooked a practical, easy, and noblo
duty" arid.that is tho duty of tho labor
of every nation to stand by itself, and pat
romzo" its own products in prifenuca to
these of other lands and ioreign labor.
This is a duty urged by solf respect and pa
triotism, no less by rccutiirtry policy. Our
workers have every year consumed tlo pro
ducts of millions of days and weeks' of fir-
iicn labor, when they could and ought'to
have produced it themselves.' Thi " slmuld
no longer bo. American free labor wants
no tariffs but individual ones to arm it
ngainst all tho batteries of free trade, pro
vided tlo labor bo intelligent; well directed
lignny Uistnouceu, ana een-paauuiiiu.,
Tho frco trade Ls tho belter for tho well
employed laborer. Indeed, lis highest
welfare demand that labor and trade isliall
both bo unproppod aud unshackled by lo'
gal enactments. ... , ; .
Finally, tho labor question is a very
simplo one, and. in the presenco of greater
'intelligence aud reflection, and less law and
domagoguoisur all its difficulties would bo
soon sceu and soU ed by worker i themselves.
There is no panacea, for tlo euro of , wido
spread forced idleness. Tho evil ,may be
momentarily patched over with charitable
and philanthropic remedies, tut wlilo the
lalor surplus exists the. evil remains ready
to break forth when tho patch-work; is to
moved. Neither Federal governments nor
municipal, nor free-laud bills, can do more
than lend a partial, temporary aidv The
evil and tho remedy lio deeper thau legis
lative skill, in the very heart of labor it
self iu its disposition, direction, and dis
tributiou. llight these, and idleness can
never bo forced, and happy, independent
labor, wiil learnjto look on Government as
what it h a tax rather than a pccutiiary
helper. Schemes may ho devised to alio
yiate present industrial distress, lut its per
maueut abolition must depend on fixed
principles carried into CMuest practice
Labor must suffer moro or less until it is
freed from ignorance, improvidence, and
O ' ,
false distribution. The remedies bcie pro
posed may seem too distant and genera
for the present case; possibly they are
the prcseut be born as it best can be, but
by beginning thft application of these reme
dies uow and they will apply universally
they will very soon bo all-potent. . A
petty, individual, local view of the subject
will suggest no near or prospective help
tlo larger view discovers tho principles
and laws that govern labor, for good or ill
and which, if followed for the good, will
emancipate the individual by niaucipating
JE ww ,
" : t Genius and Talent. ;
True genius is modest and unassuming;
but, it is difficult, oftentimes, to distinguish
the. true, from tho false ;taud herein lcs
the great secret of pro1uuniicntieism..o
ooner noes a man feel, or .fancy it, u
ust tlo' same that ho possesses tlosliglt-
st claim to bo tlou-ut orig'md in lis ideas,
than lo iiiiiuediattly takes pisms to r,j pear
diilereut frem the vest ot thq wovljj no
sooner does lo feel tho cam flics fcrihttuh't
than lo'iuust need:: neglect all th6 small
ainciuties oflifo ; and, puling on an uir
of great abstraction, strive to make- liii-
self l'idicu'ous in th.e eyes of lis fellows.
jusiness henceforth must have no place
in lis recollection, and the payment of
tradosiucn'8 bills becomes a lhingvf.no
importance. . Tlis is tho very affectation
of genius, and serves only to anako , its
wearer look absurd and foolish a clown
in a royal garment. Eut talent never falls
nto this error. True jrcuius may, and
does sometimes, assume tho motley, but it
is only worn as a permanent garment ty
the ignorant pretender. Genius and tal
ent arc, as we said, twin brothers; but
they havo a sort of cousiri-gorman called
tact, wlo assumes the dress, and partakes
of the characteristics of lotl, occasionally;
and, of tho two is, perhaps',' tho most clev
er certainly tho most husiness-like. For
wlile genius is devising, aud talent striv
ing to comprehend, tact, witl a skill pe
culiarly lis own, contrives to make practi
cal. Genius conceived the railroad," talent
constructed the tunnels aad viaducts, but
tact formed the company and managed to
get the lill shuffled through tho house-
not forgetting to make limsclf clairman
of tlo directors or clief engineer of tlo
line. If genius writes a book, talent and
tact contrive to pocket the profits of its
publication, If genius discovers a new
law of nature, or invents an original ma
clino,' talent and tact apply them to the
ordinary affairs of life, and get the credit
of both. Genius is life personified, talent
is life in reality ; the first represents lie
mind, the last tie Ireeclcs' pocket, and
tlo world is ever ready to render lonor to
tlat wlicl is nearest its comprehension ;
we are more apt to admire tie beauty of . a
painted pictuvo tlan to comprehend the
glory of tho living landscape whence the
artist drew lis inspiration.. And it is
ever so ; the unreal las moro attraction
rlian tho real; nd, though truth is Strang
er tlan fiction, wo admiro the last rather
tlan the first, because we have the talent
to appreciate in greater proportion 'than
tlo genius to discover. Genius ii a wed
ding garment; talent an every-day suit.
t is given to nwn sometimes, to 'wear
tlem botl ; and b:?3t is lie who wears them
worthily '. Gi-.onoE F. P.mido.v.
NEW. G0CD3 1 HEW GOODS 1 1 ,
TlSHFlt & M'FEKLY have just re
coived, and are now opening n prime 1' of
B"ot ami blioc i.f evry varu-ty, lo w
AUTHORS, .ATTEST I OKI;
, '.- ,.rMAGNlWCKN'J,'.i'W2:K5j
TfQ cnouiago tie, litiirury.tali'lit, of
Comitrv, wen ft iimrcure me w mm
they irtyile'.lui tlmun of h-ir irmiuU ami H,)t, m,lftoj f(lf HlHr Teiwi,c,,(,;,l(,,rtli,r
Ihf public in grnclal. Bftving pnrcl.e.t 1r of ,- y,, Sa?Vnl'.CMr,l.i Wr
chmi, we win i.o ruauuMi io unci mu.r
nii-iilit thuri pver.
ward. Tri.i.liR, Cini'i t I.iij;, .-if .. f i !i-w l'
c.- Cull Him us nil Y.
toir. 2, iti5. Oh Mikrtt twfc.w I bird." 'A
lusting G iitm from 1.25 cviitvnp
. rblUlreii' Slioeii, fiolll.3 feiri
i tt 1 1 (I to hmi'U a .ri?c in unt! iiuiiiimj u i
larsfir the bM. Hint Fifi v DnltRrn tor triM 're-
... -- Xandrstl's Garden Seeds.,
A"- SUITLY - of . Laiidrcth'H . Garden
Sfcd, iiicliidiog VoKoUible, flower and
Imrh n oil of Ititt choicest kiudt,for.nlt at the
Uook Store of - r. J..K. SUiCK & CO. C
March 29. 1855." . ' ." ' - ,.-'..
"TEaabcrs and. Fancy Eair Tressers..
rjHK subscribers would aunouiice to
tha cititen ot Stubcnvill aud vicinity,
ihaV Ihoy linye, entered into Co partm-rsliin in
Hie above buiiiHei'R, nud nrerendy tii wnii'
eiMtumcrxat llieirfsrabliijlimeiit, wbere pmmpl
attention" wiljbe giveu to those who favor tlieiji
'Witlv'B call..'- ' '-' '. 1 ". ,. .' ', ' '''',
Shop on the North-east pumernf Tbirdand
Market utreels,. under. Shf More. 'f. lleasrs
DougliprtVi Ste.uhonvilte. Oliio.'f"":' i' -Mar,
23, l&ti3, , LEETCII & IIOrKlXS. '
'"Closing' up and, SeUingr Oiit. : -,j
. 'Great Jknjaiui Ixforc ytiimj Eat.
T ALLKN announces to the Ladies and
Gentlemen of tho city nnd vicinity; that he
has commenced Felting oft the bnlanra of a
large and beanliful slook of Dry Goi d reni
nanta.nlcft 30 remnants wpetH.. Ssdu locon-
tinua for .2 week.. AU vlio are anxious to get
good bargains Will call at the store of .1. Allen,
corner 3d street, near market, StcubcnyiUe... '.
March 23, 1?55.
HAUPEli'S TJNIVEESAL . GAZLTIE.
nAlU'EIVS Statistical (lazetto of the
World, Particularly describing the United
States, Canada, Ke Unintwiek and Non Sco
tia, illustrnted by severu) ninpa.-1 vol. Iloynl
octavo, 1950 pages, full sheep. Received and
fornle by - M'DoWEi.t feco.
Hooksellers and Stationers bteuueiiviue onio.
Jfarch29 1?55. " ' "; " '" " ' ' ' - '
ond lest tale thnt i "forwmdld po-l-riuid) .'o
iheir ofHee oil or before 1 1 , v lt i'f M'V "'St -Said
lorieanmv Iw.m nV tvle,niav') Ivva.
itid.iu any c.oniit.iyor rvlate t any perjud ;
Il,i')' iiiksi make nui inn iiiiiu yi.s riuiiinns ni
the Col'iutn.'; Jiach iiuhI be'-art'oinpaiiied l y
the inline (( its mill, or. in a feaUd.tnvelnpe,
All titles linudtd in ar to ot-coinc ilia' properly
l the paper, and will bo .used in its columns il
lU'i iiif iluoi ihy ol piibliratmii. J lie award will
be niado without vef-rrvaiioii.'by a cotninittee
of irfiitKiiiin, hone hith literary Manding will
bt' a gnnrantee Of the ainrviity and fairnesa. of
thin iinitMxai j neirnanir arctM'iiyn uubck
;nbo, iorim ily Edilor of the. N.- Y., Literary
American, , Lliaiiun-y . U. linrr, i.iliior of Hie
Y. Watinnal ilemocrat,' 'and the Edilor of flit
VvY.SiuidaY ,Co.uriej. Knowing IhnL tele
writers who cmi plete for newpHpur pnea nr
often diNippoinleU by the i chicanery or diation.
fsiy uf tl.f! taititti ci'i.ctrmd. tlie .nuilertiuiicd
would add their personal aurnnce that l lie'
.alriptest; impartiality will beolservud theem
velopeH containing I lie author' names will not
be opened till nfler the judges hare decided;
and the award vili be a fair one if it is in I lie
power ofliunitin efToit to make itn, .... ,.
Send in your manuscript ou or before the 1st
ufMsy. . ;. '''"'1 -'r.'"
(CrCountry Editors may secure a ,rrgtlar x
change by infertiny iho above, toyullier wiih
uu ciau-r.jfl , . - -- ,
F. J. V1SSCHER fe Co., Proprietors,
'-.' '' ' ' "' 346 liioadwny, Ktw York.
iOHM A. BIVOHAM. "' "-v. W. '. LlUV.
:, BISGHiM;& UOYD, .
A TTORiNEYS AT LAW. . Office at the
corner of Third and Minkct streets, nppo-
iic mo Lou 1 1 tiouse, sieuueuviuo, umo
..'January J, .,,
JOHN KM AXE. . .-r ' '
' JAMES M.
Advico to Husbands.
There arc evidently Fymptoros that the
periodical distemper of house-cleaning ji ill
ore long break forth aud spread through
every city, town, and hamlet iu New Eng
laud. The only sure way, to avoid difli
culty, is to prepare for tho event, which
is ready to burst upon you in all its rcali
1 03, involving you in numberless trials and
incouveniencics, which will not be altO'
gcther so disagreeable if you aro prepared
for tlem. Before leaving bonie in the nior
nine to nurauo vour daily avocation. Ic
careful to fecuro valuable uianuscriptSj by
aying them in a dash or drawer, and tur
ning the key upon them; that is the ouly
safe way, and by it mucl 'confusion and
much perplexity will be . avoided. iSotcs
receipts, Le., would look rather out of place,
peering from among tie rubbisl in tie lack
yard, tosaynotling of tho consequences,
Try to dissuade your vi ife from usurping
dominion until the season is father advan
ced; still if sho persists from the impress
ion that she knows best, do uot contend,
and quietly submit as a necessary evil that
will soon have an end. If she, some bright
morning, should chance to rise early en
ough to don some of ycur garments, do
not complain; let ler wear tlcm,slo will
Boon Cud tlem lurdomoino aud gladly lay
them aside. . '
Provide for ler an extra quantity of fuel
aud other essentials; 'then let her revolu
tionize to ler lean's content. Boston 0
Branch. , .
CSrraul Ocddes, of Lcwisburg, 'Pa.,
wlo disappeared some 15 years ago, with
87,000 belonging to tlo Hank of iSoytl'
uuibcrland, lately turacd up rich in Cali
fornia; returned to New lork, sent for
Mr. Priestly, end paid lim about $13,b00,
being tho 87,000 with interest."; lie. then
visited lis wife at Mill Hill, and las re
turued to California to close up IU busi
ness there, and return to Lewis'jurg with
ample wealth to live at case.
BCiT A writer has compared worldly
fr'ondslip to our shadows,' and a' better
comparison was nover made, for wlilo we
walk in tlo sunshine, it Bticlis to us, but
tie moment we enter tic slado it deserts
us. v ... . .
Our Wood Lot.
Our Wood lot! ves, wo havo arrived at f
the dignity of owning a wood lot, and for
us simple folks there is something inviio-
iiting iu the thought. To own even a small
epot even of our old mother earth hath in
it a relish of soHiethinar stimulating to hu
man nature. . To own a meadow, with ail
its thousand fold fringes of grasses, its
Iroidcry of monthly flowers, and its outsi
ders of bird, and bees, and gold winged
insects, this hi something that goes to one's
heart ! To own ft clover patch or buck
wheat field is like possessing a self-moving
manufactory for perfumes and sweetuoFS ;
Administrator's Sale. .
rhN Saturday tiio 21st day of April 1855,
at 3 o'clock, -p. m., at the front door of the
Clourt Iloufn, in tho city of Steubcnyillo,; will
bo Fold tollie lniiliesl bidder, the lollow nijr
premises, as the property of Duvid Fouler, dee'd.
to wit, t Being part of lut No. 220, in the oily of
Steubenville, in Jefferson comity, Ohio, begin-
ing at tho north-past corner of gam lot, and run
ning thence southerly along the west lino.of
Fourth street twenty feet, and extending bock
westerly twenty feel In vidih, lo the went boun
dary line, as eonveyrd by Joseph 0. Davidson
to Justin Q. Morris, subject, to the annual pay
ment t the widow of suid David Foster, fts and
for her dower therein, thesumof $25. Apprais
ed at 733 dollars. ' '
Tunis of Sals.i One third ensh and the rei-
due in deferred payments of ono and two years.
to Do Securcu ly mortgage on uieprenns-es.
.... LOUIS ANDERSON. -. '
Adm'r af David Foster, deo'd,
5Inrch22.lS55.4t. ' " ' " '
Quardians' sale of Real Estate.
BY virtuo of an order of the Probate
Court wiihin and for Jefferson County 0,
I will exrioe at public snlc on Saturday the 314
dav of March A. D. 1855,, ot the front dcorof
tha Court houo iu SteJilicnvillo tho following
described lot of lnr.it and premises situate in eaid
. ... t . . . . , .
count V described a follows; nemg a lot o.i
ground adjoining lliotowu of L Cringe in said
niuntv. buiti!.' on ihe. north side of Rons Street,
beginning for the the same in a 1 lie with the
ciikI side of lligh Street on the north side of Roes
Street, thence with the North line of Iloss Street
S. 7() E. 141) fiirf thence N. 20 E. 60 feet thence
N. 70 W. HOthencoS. 20 W. CO feet to thebe-
ginning with the appurtcnancos, subject to the
payment of eight dollars and thirty three cents
annually to awry iiuauornnii. mere is h iiiin
fortabte frame house in the flb we described lot
Ternia One third in hand, bulnnee in two
pQiinl annual instiilments with interest from
."l - . T. I l!id
oiiy t'f nie. rosspsmon given immeununy
Giiai'il'an for the heirs of James Long, aic U'
"March 11 " '!
.; j. & jrir. SHANE. ",'
. A TTOllNEY'S and: Counsellors at Law;
- will promptly attend to all bosniemen
trusted to them. Office, Kilgore buildings,
MarKei street, Bteuoenviiie unio.u ",-',
January 1, lb.5. - . . ,' ' , .
t ' the ytnr- tnr cnn"Wfrir W lttt viff.
'. v,,Kh,'i'!li Ultf-foMt.'iwitplUfto of
i he hiic;un Kn-iiu-. I'liinj: n I'l.vicul, and
I'oHinrl likt.,iy of lis' CitveTnnicliw'ai it pro
vinces, pri.dui- iiri!-i-cnirrce, ..in:periii gov
eriiini ui... 4-diiuiM-ice, li)ei aluie. " udncatiimal
li'juilie eiej rrm the lati,i and mot u
lhriillc "sonree-'.. tiiibtfllihed will, .iibout 2(1U
wgravuipi fain! irftr of Europtun and Aintio
Hunsia. 'l'liobole"oiiipletei) on . large oc
iJivo.voliiine of about 500 pages, eli gantly jjud
hubilnutiidlr bound. :BeUnl price, 3.rv:
Thih work haa been M;vcrai year in prepara
tion; and will, H-is believed, meet in thoTullckt
ccepiati'uik-uf tha word, tho iVaHt, '.nhiver
siilly ft-l,f(ir reliable inforuiatmu on thbislory
and interiiid rusowrces of a country 'pecupying
lio In i ye a portion of the Eastern Hemisphere,
and Holding ao formiuaule a position t th
Ii res cut time to Ihcr ret;of Europe and Aiia
mt of which, fnr less it known thuu ( any
other Europeait nation. ,.., ..V k
'lAlsn, a ilcei'ty interesting voTum, entitled
"The r mnrkablo adventure of ct-U-brattd per
Miug" embracing the- romantic incident and
adventures in Uin, J.ives.: of sovereigns, Matr
nieo, gemrals, prince, wairiura, traveller, td
venluiers, vm ngeiR, Ac,', eminent in the history
uf Europe and America, including ketche of .
tver filly celebrated- heroic, rliaracters, Beau
tifully illustrated with numerous fngravinpi,
Ou vol. 400 pages, royal 13 ma. 'elolh. gilt,
-, I lie KUlcilber publi she number, of mort
viilneble Picloiltil L'ooks, very popular, nd s of
a moral aud religions character, that while good
men mny safety engage in their citcuhu Ion,
I hey will Confer a public bent-fit, and rcceivt
fair compensation lor their labor, ; -
I o men of enirrpi in and tact, this twines
offers an opportuniiy for profiuble tiuplujmeul
seldom to be met with. . " . , . ;
Person wishiiijr to' encage' In their aali, ill
receive promptly by muil. a Circular, containing
full particulars, with "Direction to Person
disposed to act as Agents," together with term
on, villi h they will be furuibbed, by ddrel8iiig
too aubscribcr, post tiaul. ..'
'.""v -'ROBERT SEAR3, PublliW, VI
, .,, -.J.. ,lfcl William St., New York,
J. R. SLACK & CO.,
BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS aud
PAPER DEALERS. Market street, above
Fourth, south side, Steubenville, Ohio, keep
ennsiunt v oa hand ana lor fcale. a larce ana
well selected stock of Misctllhneous and School
HOOKS; Plain and fancy STATIONEBY ;
Writing and Wrapping PAPEKS, BLANK
HOOKS, etc . etcii nil of which thev will eell
on the most favorable tgruis, at wholesale or
retail, .- .'-,''.'.
Country merchant and other dealer will be
8Uiolicd at very-low wholusnlo prices,
J. ti. 8. s uo. are prepRreu to iiirnisn uie
best American JUagaeines, a early a they can
be received by mail. ; They also keep on hand
a rhoiee supply of t-HU.T fsic. tlan. 1. aa,
.';.'",v ATJEOEA, .'.vJi.-i,
A NEW COOKINU STOVE, new in
XA deign and principle, (or burning Coal, has.
an extra large oven, a good draft, and easily
cleaned; construction such a to meet, the expec
t aliens of all, and guaranteed to gUt (atiafae
lion to the purchaser. Will vouch 11 and ic ilt
t v jos. 3 end 4 Extra Coa.1 Cook 8toe; tf
1 " 2 Hartley ;. .V do.
. . ; " 3 ' "4 Air Tight Wood' do. ,
,2 ".4 Premium,.-; do. ' 4ov.
,; . " ; 1 2 Cook Or Bachelor Stove.
Egg. Parlor and Chamber Stove of beautiful
design, Fancy Grates, Feu (turn, etc., etc., all'-at
reduced prices, at the Ohio Foundry Wareroom,
Market street. ( i SHARP CRAIG.
Steubeuville, Jan; 1, 1855, .ty ',-' '
Sevastopol Sot Taken t
"CUEIST, Warket street, has in store' nn
- excellent assortment of CONFECTIONE
RIES, io.. purchased expressly for this maiket:
Ruisin by the pound or boat; Crackers, choice
brands; Currants.; Candies; Dute;Prunen; Lem
ons; Figs; Citron; Gum Drops; Know Nothings;
Jenny Lind Drops; Cakes of all kinds; Nuts of
all kinds; Huns; t ire L.rncKers, i orpeuoea, oto.
Parties furnished with Pound, Fruit, Lady Cake
and Ice Ureatn, . - - -
- Great, inducement offered tn Counlry merch
ant anil others, who wish to purchase by the
quantity. For bargains iu Coufeelioneries.cull
at V. , ... ..FEIS -T'.S,.
Jan. I, a5. - Market st., Steubenville. -
" : -- ' J; ALLEN,-
lEAf ER IN lky goods, snoEs,-
-'and CAKPETS, Third tnct; adjoiin'ii
Court House, 8teiibcnvillo, v Jaii. 1, '55
v New Boot and 6hoe Store.
A. TOiNNEi; has on land the larg
est and beat asaortionit of Boots. Bhocs.
Hats and Caps that havo ever been offered in
this part ef the country. As he is doing exclu
sively a cash business, lie capand will sell
wholesale and retail cheaper than any other es
tablishment in the city.' All who whb to pur
chase, wui please can at i lie new uoot ana bho
Store of , . - E. A. TONNER,
. Jlnrkel street, between Fifth and Sixth.
Sieubenvllle, Jan. 1, 1855..... ,. ' t . .
Executor's Notice. . '
TTOTICH i herebv Jiven that the tit)
.1,.rui,rnal lino hl'fn lllll V fliialified llS Ex"
ecntoi'of the last will and testament ofSamud
J'. Miller, lute of Jefferson County Ohio deceas
ed , . Persons having claims against said estate,
are. requested to present them duly, authentic,
ted for settlement; and those indebted are re
quested lo maku payment without debiy.
J AMES WATSON Exect'r.
March 1 1855-31 : i
A S it is the intention of the undersigns
"to leave Steubenville the 1st of April, .all
but a wood lot ! rustling with dignified
old trees ; it makes a man rise in his own
esteem; ho might take off bis hat to him
self at the moment of acquisition 1 .(
"Ve do not marvel that the land acquir
ing passion becomes a mania among our
farmers, nnd particularly we do not wonder
at a passion for wood land. That wide
deep chasm of conscious self-poverty and
emptiness which lies at tho bottom of every
human heart, making men crave proper
ty as something to add to one's own bare
ness, and to ballast one's specific levity is
sooner filled by land than anythiug else.
Your hoary New England fanner walks
over hi acres with a prim satisfaction.'
Ho scU bis foot down with a hard stamp;
here is reality ! no moonshine bank Ktock 1
no swindling railroads ! Hero is his baukj
and there is no defaulter here ! All is
true, solid; and satisfactory; bo seems an
chored to this life by it. ' So Tope, with
fine tact, makes tho old miser, making his
will on hiH death bed, after parting with
everything, die, clinging to the possession
of his land, lie disposes with many a
groan of this and that house, and tins aud
that stock and security, but at last the ma
nor is proposed to liiiu.
"Thc manor 1' hold he cried,
'Not that; I cannot part with that!' and died!"
Mrs. 11. i. Stowe,
would respectfully call tho attention of those in
debted to her and reqheat. of them immediate
w.nr r. If UTYOIT
payment mna. c m. iu on.
Grist Mill and Grocery Store.
T IT AVE in operation at tho "TJni.m
x Mill" westend niniket street a run of stone
for grinding corn, ryp, barley, Ac. I am pre
pared to sell corn meal, nt wholesale or retail
ut the mill, and at my store, where I keep on
hand family groceriea and produce at low pri
ce for cah or conutry produce ,
Steubenville March 15 Tonu M'Fir
EZHA ERTJGH. M. D. ' '
fFFTCE in the Ding Store of tJrugh, k
J McCtttcheon, Market st., Steubenville, C,
ltesidence on 4lh, betweeu Logan and Clinton
streete. March 8, 1B55.
Try Goods at Rduced. Prices. '
ALEXANDER CONN invites the at
tenion of hi numerous customer ndthe
public generally, to the fact, that he is now dis
dtsing of the balance of his large and attrac
tive stock of Winter Dry Goods at great rrdnc
ionfroin former rices. The assortment com-
Drises in part, French MerinocS different shades
and qnclities, Coburgs, Purameltas, Thibet Me
rinoes. Persian Twills, Wool Delaines, fiirured
and plain Cahmrres, Bombniines, black Dress
Silks, plain, barred and figured fancy, plaid ond
fignred d., Ginghams, Prints, etc., etc. Also,
lull and cnmpleie assortment of Embroideries,
White Goods, Ribbous, Gloves and Hosiery.
Trimininirs. Notions, etc.. SHAWLS, in great
variety and at very low prices,' consisting of
fine Broche, Thibet, Cashmere and the Bay State
Long JIihwK Also, our usuaj excellent stocK
of JIou5kepitig Goods, comprising nearly eve
. ti,(,,,r hi the Drv Goods line, needed in fam-
v i .. . , , , . I ..
ilies. Cull aiW eanuiiue Deiorepuniiunun,re-
wherej ' ' r '
South west corner Fourth anu JUaruet t8.
Sleubenville, Jan. 1, 1855. . '
Saddle, Harness and Trunk Maaufac-
tory, wnoiesaie ana neian.
TVO. 1H7, Market strcet. opposito Wash
int'ton Hall. The inderii.'ned would re
poet fully announce to their customers and the
public generiilly, that they have now In store a
large and splendid assortment of Saddlery,
compriMiig the following nrticles-plain and
fancy Saddles, Hi idles, Marlingnls, Harness,
Trunks, Collars, Whips, Lashes, die , Ac, man
ufnetured of the best material, by the most ex
perienced workmen. Also, Mattresses of vari
oils kinds, made to order on the shortest notice
Denlcrs in the above articles are respectfully
invited to call and examine our stock before
purchasing, satisfied tbatvwe can accommodate
on Hie niOSl reaspnnme xerms ior cash.
: -4 WM. M'LAUOHLIN & SON.
J Stenbenvillo, Jan; 1, 1B55. 6m
PROPOSALS will be received until the
third Saturday in April next, for the build
ing of a substantial bourd fence, around the
Exhibition Grounds of the jefivrsnn county Ag
ricu tural Society. For description, enquire at
J. R. Slack t co., Steubenville Ohio. 'k
By order of the Bnard. ' ' ' 1
GEO. M'CULLOUGH Pres t.:
T?y IS aro now receiving one of the lat
test and best selected Stock of
, AND . , - i
- - .. WASTED. . . '.
A 'NUMBER of enterprising AGENTS,
tn ll vilberbv subscription or at sk'lit
Ci.tcm's U. S. Gaiatkk,m a hiirhly taluable
and popular wok ; which has given general
sntiKlnrtinn wner?ver circuiaieu. anu is an in
dispensable appendage to overy man' Library.
Men ot experience lit una uusuiean, winy unit
profitable employment, as liberal commis-
Sion WUI DO anowea. roriuriner imiuuuiuro
address W. F. McMASTEUS, Local Ag't. ,
Jan. 18, 1P55. Steubenville-Olno.
aTrucii. - .'nEjMM:.
. MILIEU & SHER1ARD,
A TTOUNEl'8 AND COUNSELLORS
AT LAW. Office, Market street, opposite
Washington Hall, Steuben villa, Ohio. Prompt
attention to collecting aid securing cliiims.
Airents for obtaining . Tensions aim nouniy
Lands. J-ana w arrani uougoi, uu
January 1, loaa. ' .
where it ijMip: onio.".' It is not' so handed, and may bold' his Lead . as high
' t3wA young lady being nskfcd whether
she would wear tt wig when her hair tttrned
pray, repned with the greatest earnestness,
"Oh! no, I'll dye first." . . '
. A Word to Wives. . .
While you are raising tha dust very
considerably, remember that you aiq hi
curriti2 a creator espenso by bo doing than
in time past. Not only m corn meal Hold
in nidi estimation but corn-nrooms.' vo
not in your zeal for cleanliness, subject
your husband to heavy losses, thereby ren
dering uiin a bankrupt, ii in uis nasie
to attend to the calls oi otnors, ne niau
vcrtcntly leaves his papers, scattered about
in' .the library and his desk open, carefully
"iriither uo the fragments that nothing bo
Kmt" and place them out of the rench of
children and-illiterate servants, wholnow
nothing of their vnluo..... 'After tho sleeping
rooms have uuilcrsrono tho necessary ablu
tions, see to it, that they nre thoroughly
dried ventilated that Iho beds and cloth-
im aro sufficiently aired to prevent children
and adults, from contracting cold by tfcep
irtrin them.' ManT Revere: attacks fif in
fluenza, fevers, croup &c may bo -preven-bad
bv neeessarv rirceautions. which every
wife and mother should take, who has at
honrt iho interests of her family. Botton
0. Branch. ' ... , - t
ever before offered. Our Stock is all new this
Spring, and comprises the latest and best styles
It consists hi part of "
of new and beautiful designs, j 4 , ' '
PAULOR DHAVING ROOIfJ,
. ' .', AND , ,
, iChttmber Papers, ''
iu every variety of stvle and quality."
. - ' Asn " '''''
COMMON BOItDERSr.OF KEW STYLES
Transparent .Window Shades, Figured
and Plain,, with Pntuans latent t w
tares; Plain, ' Green; and Blue, and
FIGURED WINDOW BLINDS
and Fireboard Screens, lii great variety of pat
terns.: , .;' ; ''.' -, ...i
With .an extensive assortment to select from
and - - .:.:. 1
vo eiprtt to please those who mar1 glT "
all .. V . M'DOWELL Co .
BooWllnrs, Stationers and Paper Dealers,
Market Street. Steubenville, Ohio. !' - ' !
-; March, 1 1855, i v,f ...,.'.-,.., i, ':!' 'il-
B?..Hr.v. IL Stockton., a, - j,
THIS, highly, juterosting book pontuins
420 .pngex, 'neatly .executed", with' Small
Pic type! on fine paper, 12mn.; Price-4-in cldth
1 ; in sheep, (1 .iii ;,. in.half niorticco. $1 ,60. .
A liberal discount given to agents and book-f-llers.'bf
J A. Hi ENGLISH A CO
Jan. lsltBSS. No. 78 Wood t.ittavPa,,
TlK. R 'B.nTTTAPV'PH .
njFFtCK South Fourth St.. near Conu'a
v Dry Good Store. Steubenville, I
, O. -Jan. 1.
llUODEY & ELLIOlTfHV
ATTORNEYS' AT LAW, Steubenville
ni.; ir i. . , t.. i
v. vuiw vt.iuci vi iuniKebiinu roiinii
streets, second story.
Jan. 1, If 55,
T 1. T I.
nYSTKH ANU CONFJiCTIONEllY
SALOON, Wm. pATrkasi)!, Proprietor, od-
posite Cilisens' Bank, Third street, SU'iibenville,
Ohio. Oysters whulesalo and retail. Also,
Toysand Noiion. ' - ; Jan. 1, 1855.
JAMFV QNEAL '', v'OEOR01 O'NEAL.
; J. & G. O'KEAL, i f
(Eccceesori to Alexander -Doyle,)
FOHWAKDINO - & COM.
MISSION MEBCHANT8 A Steamboat Acen
Warehouse comer of Market and Water street
Wharf boat at Market trtct Landing. v . .
" Jannarr 1. 1855. '' :'
Boots! Bootsll Coots!!!
J AM KS AL U X A N D E R?
TTAS on hand, and b manufacturing,
Gent' French Calf Stitched and .PeBird
Kip and coarse Boots and Shoes. Also, Lndie
Misses and Children Gi iters, Kid, Morocco
and Calf Boots, Buskins and Slippers j and
keeps in store a lnrge stork of Eastern work of
ihe latest style, all of which lie will sell low
for Csi-h, at his fa.hionuble Boot and Shoe ctoro
Market Street, Steubenville, Ohio, i-,'
Feb. 1, lK5-3mon. , ?x
. .... , BAHUEL STOOL?,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, SteubenvilU.
Ohioi . Otncc under Kilgore Hall, Markt
street.- :- ' Jan. 1.1S55.
: UNITED STATES HOUSE, .
T ' Vi EAUL, Proprietor, eorner ;,Mar
ket and High Btreet,uer tho Eiver.Steu
bc'nrillo, Ohio. . . Jan. 1, '55.
STANTOX. . ' S. W. k COOK.
. BTAHTOH M'C00K,:.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Stenbenville,
Ohio. OffieV on Third atreet, ; betwwi
Market and Washington; 'Jan. 1, '55;
O. Hf THATCHER. - , . . s 1. MtBlt.
- Thatcher & Kerlin,-r';
1ERCHANT , TAILOKS, ,Tbir4 Stf
second door below Market, StenbeaviU-,
Ohio, keep constnntly for lain and tnako to
order, Cloths, Cassimeres, and Veilings. . Als
Suspenders, Ulpvos, bhirts,' Oravats, Hosiery,
and Fnrnihhing Good generally. BTOrder
respectfully solicited. r" . ; , .' Jan. lf '55.
JUST PUBLISH KD.
milR American Monthly Mairnzine for
Mnrch. Devoted to Literature, 'Biography,
StirtM.. Siohhh. Travels. Adventures, Arts,
. ... i. . w , i, ....
Sciences, Ueneral inreiugence, . - nigi-niei
will. variety of editorials; corresponoenre, mm
cllany, tho whola waking., when bound hi a
v,,i,i.,n inrim a coi ecuon n iroou ri-uumi:
mntU-r a can lis lolllia in any wngnaine 111 inr
country. - Th present, numiier,coniBins a inw
. . V. I O If ......l.a
liito Dorl.raiioi oeneiui ciuui uuunwii luuii.ut.
with a Biographical sketch. Tkbms$3 per year
in, advancBk Single copie aa. ceuw..A iioer'
al ilivcoiuit made to airents. ..
AGENTS. Good, iuarr, industnou agenu
wanted in every town an4 city i the United
Smies Office o"f the Mngatine, 5 aiid6Siollay's
Building, Tremont Row, ' '-''... - ,
.. ,. JAMES SHUTTLE i co. ,
Send in your order aa soon as )oible.
. GENERAL AGENTS. 1
I Boston J.Federheu ik co., .Futridge k co.,
and Wm. V. Spencer.
Nw yorkKns & Jone. i.''' t' , i, v
Philadelphia J. A. Roberts Aco. ,'
liiiltlmore w ii. s. vrowiy. co. ..
Wesley Starr & Sou, ,
TOBACCO AND GENERAL 'COM.
JL Mimv mFRr'iTtiiiTs i T.ii,f r.
Wharf, . Balthnoru, attend , to th sales of To
bacco and all kind VVetera produce, rro
viun, ., Ao :,V r ' ' lan. 1, '65.'
.'' A.-,W nnTTUTrfAW fir r.n..
POHWARDING k CommiBsson Mer
chant, for the sale of Fbur, Grain, Bcon,
Lard. Butter. Wool. Si eds. Dried Fruit. Salt.
IS ails, Window Glass, Merchandise and Produc
in general, Sicubeuville, Ohio. . ,
M. . t'
: , Frnzier & Drennen, StubnVilU5, Q, -v '
, 11.11. Collins; Pitthhurgh.ftinn;
v, yim. Uoln o A Cov-. ..-do. - -v ; V..
" TJoea A Frailer, Cincinnati, jap, 11, '55 t
, " Marble Establisnment, . ,
G0UTU FOURTH ST., 8TEUBEN-
P TILLE. Ohio. All JcindV of Marblo Work
don t older-1 On hand at all tiroes, Water
Lime, Platter Paris, aad (ho best quality of
Grind Stones.' ! ' ,' L. BORLAMj).
.. SiiiulienvUle, Jan. 1, 1855, !v Uviio. ty.
."' WJiolemla Drug House.' . .
Tpnto Bubscribed bavo on hand a larc
and well selected tock of Drngs. Chami.
calf, Paints. Dye Klufs.OiU, Varnishf, Brush
es, Patent Medicinos, Perfiimeiy,' Surgical In-Rtrumrnts,I)giirreotypstock,(ilassv,Br,eir4
M hirK iln'V otft-r verv low either wholet-alo
' " ! ... J . . . . ',
or retail, Venter will nud II to llieir interest
to exuniiiO our stock and priresi ns we sne de-
terniiued to sejl ns low as any houe In the
West. Orders prnniptly executed, kud perohl
attemlon paid to sbippinir. . v !'
1) HU U KM PO HI t' M , M arket t reel two door
below th Jefferson Branch Bank.;' v ' " ':'
?.r .! ,".,- mmm melvisv
8tcubcnTille;Jn,,lJ ie55. ;. ,.., 4,vt.
' J. 0, M'CIEARY,' ,J . ' ''.
ATTORNEY AT LAWand NOTARY
PUBLIC. WsrrentAn Ohio, will Mrsfullr
attonJ lo nil business entruxted to him la tho
0 wntiesof J.Terson, Harrlsoo and Belmont, U
the State of Ohio' and Brook no owo ooun-
lies, V. Uflice opposlt tno r sirB uuwv
! Janwy 1, 1855.T v?
j. c: cable; ii. d. :
OFFICE at his residence, W Tourtlii "be
IWeen Market Wwhlhetoa trijt.
lie obenvill. ; Ja..'M.
- : rs. iouis eells,:
OFFICK IIardt Street, between Third
suit Fourth streru, Steubenville, Ohio.
'January 11, 1855. (.-' ' '
' . IHoiiVoH EAJtKA 4 lOSS,"'
" Paper Kaautaotama, lUubiaTUlo, Ohl.
Jauuary 1, 1HS5. ,