Newspaper Page Text
BAQATT, Editor. ;
WEDNESDAY, MAY 23. 1855..
. -.THE TRUE AMERICAN-
Tim Tac A" in puMUhut- wffj
Thnrvlav. iii Siiuilx'iivilU', JfUVniim county,
(Mini, hy V. H. aiutwlitoil ny a. hm,
tui tliM nilUnriiitiTiiit: ,. ;
0i vt, iiisnrUMv in ixtvan.-, $2,(13
"TERMS OF 'ADVERTISING. ;
On itqimra 13 lineurUi.3:wek or lew $1,00
On Mjimrw itirvo mniunr
Oim 4iiar nix months
Ou Mimr nli y'r
On fourth' column per jenr,
On ihint oiunin per your,
On hut column pw yr,
0m coliuiMt per f mr, - 1
rhfu4i,iiiKt ami limine eards pr yrnr.
When Lliero is im contract mnile, and hn num
ber uf iiiserliom i nut murketl on tlicnU or
Wrl.ii'nitiiln at lliu time ihi'T arp linmleJ in
fir pnSlica'ion, ihey will he coittinuiil in unL.il
i Uiiy am ordeivil out, nn'l charged by tlw square
' AMERICA PLATF0KJL
Nonj but Aoierk-a is to ru'.a Americ a
a he U:iou uuist bo preserved.
No forcigu interference in. American af
fairs. Inviolability of national treaties.
- No union of Church and State,
Pjrs nul morality indispensable to office.
An open' Bible iu U public sehools.
Thorough reform, of tho naturalization
A capitation tax -to exclude foreign
' NjippoiaUneiit of foreigners on diplo
A just tariff oa imported luxuries.
To all necessities free trude.
Strict economy in the government.
Important 1'ioclomatiun fresh from (he
iSeat of Government Mahry's ijrave
wid momcntious decision !
'If these desperado Know Nothings
must have blood, let them have it from
reins of their own countrymen wo meau
of birth ; for we are all one people uuder
Clod's rule and observance.
The Know Nothings have got to dis
claim these things wash their skirts of
the crimes, and give pledges of future good
conduct, abandon their hellish organization
or they must be met by couuter aud
equally determined organizations to protect
t!ie furcign-boru in the peaceful possossion
uf rights that our own constitutions and
laws have guaranteed to them oa the con
dition of settling amongst us, and taking
th oath of, allegiance to our eoun'ry. By
every Siing' that is saoied by tho high
pledge of our official acts as a people by
every priuoiplu of honor by that noble
spirit of freedom of which jvo have boast
ed before the world, and in the name of
that Cud by wham we have sworn to de
fend it, we are bound to tee to this matter,
u 10 prui.ro iu riS.u-. .uuut-cu.auu ,
the persecuted, t is oily to multiply j
1 .... ...4 .1... 1 1
words With such baibansma stalking in ;
open day all around us." Statesman..
Thus it is that the decree has goue forth
from the Capital of the State of Ohio,
with the Medary seal, in the name of the
God of the armies of battles, aud we sup-1
pose there is no revokin it. Matters have
nt last arrived at a
most bloody crisis ! ;
What cau be done to avert the awful storm
which is just ready to burst upon the heads
of these devoted Know Nothings ? Sain,
your condition i most perilous, you have
been engaged in the unlawful business of
upturning the calculations of the dear pa
triots of tho nation, who huvo for many
long years bceu bearing the burden of all
the offices of trust and profit iu this re
public. Little did you imngine when you
commenced your eccentric freaks, that your
day woul 1 bo thus shorty but whiL-t you
have been passing round, from city to city,
mid from county to county, and perform
ing exploits al most super-human, the watch
ful eye of Sam of the Statesman, has been
apou you, and you arc at length detected,
and arrested in your mad career. Again
and again, you have been warned of your j
d inger, but Gulieio like, you have heed
lessly marched on, seemingly regardless of
the dreadful cousequeuces, uutil forbear
ance has sunk back in the pure bosom of
him who sitteth enthroned upon the top
of tho Stutesmau, and unminglcd and mer
ited vengeance is about to be executed, and
that vengeance will bo dreadfully, and
fc-irfully augmented by the forbearance,
which has preceded its execution. But
pause, we see in th! proclamation, one
gle im of hope. "Abandon your hellish
oigauization, and gi.'e pledges of future
got-d couduct." . ' We. would exhort you
then, as you lovo your'life, to repair forth
with to the Capitol of the State of Ohio,
fall down before the man of tho States
man, and thus prostrate in the dust, beg
for mercy. "
But we would suggest that you had bet
ter wait until after the next election, to
ce how that will 0,' then you will per
haps be better prepared to determine what
will be tha right course to pursue in the
preiuisea.1 . . ; ' . '
. '- - 1 '
Memkek of, iub .Board of Pcbuc
WoiiKs, Looking about for some suitable
person to, represent this portion of tho
State upon the State Reform Ticket, at the
election in October uext, our eyes fell up
ou no one whom we can more cordially
recommend than our fellow townsman Ab
ner li. Fnsicr, Esq.. His experience up
on public works, his qualifications as a
Civil Kngineer, and bis wKghtcticd views
upon all the financial affairs of the State,
eminently qualify Urn for 4 member of
tho Board 0 PubUoWorki..
It has been a long t time since this part
f the "Silt his 'participated ih the man
iigi'tuei.t of those improvements which our
money has been so freely contributed to
wrect. " .
Bulicving that the spirit of the times
require tho election to office men who arc
competent, honest and faithful, we recom
mend Mr. t as possessing those qualifica
We know' that" on all "questions of re
form and advance Mr. F. is up to the for-
AVe therefore rceuuunnd .him to
the favorable consideration of the people
of Ohio os u Bcform, Auti-Slavfery, and
Temperance Candidate, for member of tho
Board of Fulxlift Works.
W& publish in this paper an article
from tho. peu of Dr. Caldwell of Well,
burg, This we do both with pleasure imd
with regret. With pleasure for tho Veasoii
that we believe iu the entire corrjetuess of
the Doctor's statemcut, so far as it relates
to the facts, iu the case. With regret on
account of tho necessity of repelling with
iioh severity, a vih slandor. Such slan
derous statement?, us those with which the
Uuiou has teamed for months past, are
not calculated to do much if any
harm Va the immediate locality where
they originate, for uobody believes them
hut trey afe transmitted fjoui one locality
to another through the medium of the old
line orgaus, until the source whence they
come is unknown, and they becomo char
ges of confident assertion and of serious
.Disappointed ambition is ono of the
principal causes of such recklessness on
the part of unprincipled aspirants, a secret
malignity is at tho foundation of such a
course of conduct, but the hiden rancour
is easily detected.
For the True American.
Mr. Editor: There is ouc Andrew
Stuart, who, I believe, served one term iu
Cougress which so thoroughly satisfied
his constituants of his inability and igno
rance that they generally agreed that he
should stay at home, and occupy a sphere
move congenial to his qualifications and
antecedents, that of vilifying, slandering
aud falsifying his suporiors, which class
includes every gentleman. Indeed, it
seems that, in every district some 0:10 must
do this dirty work, and I know no one so
competent as this man Stuart. Longsince
would he have rotted in his own slimy
pool were it not that he gets rid pro km-
poie of a portion of his Glihy secretions at
every issue of his Roman American Union.
I have only to say that every word he has
wr tten concerning myself, iu the article,
"Polkics iu Brooke and Hancock tactics
of Sam," in the issue of the 10th inst., is
n nusiti.-i :ilspl:nnl. anrl nil tli.-ifc rnrt of
r ' r
anJ trcatmcnt tQ he mQ
he was defeated as a candidate iu the Or
der, is the longest yarn of modern times.
The whole thing is a low, cowardly, vulgar,
pnnt.inint:ihli f:ihn("itinn the liruduet ot
. ..ft ho,. nn,l . ,.,rn,r,r l.oart. And
. . t ain rcm-mhi of the
, . . . . r 1 miin .
nnit. n (Ipscrintifiii or lust suc h a man :
cec inn uruuu iiiujeaav; tai,
He is born the yoke to wear,
All his fellows he surpluses,
He's the very lord of absea.
0. W. CALDWELL.
Wc'.Isburg, Va., May 19th.
A Sign or Pboorkss. In the Legisla
ture of North Carolina, a memorial has
been presented, asking important changes
iu tho Slave laws a3 they now exist
changes, which the petitioners say, are "de
manded alike by our common Christianity,
by the public morality, and by the com
tmn weal of the whole South." They
1. Tho marriage institution established
among the slaves, with all its legal obliga
tions and guarantees.
2. That masters shall in no manner
whatever be allowed to disregard these
natural and sacred ties among their' slaves.
3. That the parental relation Lc acknowl
edged and protected by law, and that sep
aration of parents from their children, say
of twelve years and under, be forbiddeu by
heavy pains and penalties.
4. That the laws which prohibit the in
struction of shivi s be repealed.
It is said that such chance" would meet
the favor of a large portion of the citizens,
and certainly, thoy are such as commend
themselves to every right-minded trtsou.
Were the proposed changes adopted and
carried out, they would gradually, but very
surely, undermine the trhole foundation of
American Victokiks. The American
ticket wai elected in Providence, Rhode
Islaud, on the 9th, by a majority of S21,
the whole seveu aldermen, and 20 out of
the 28 councilmcn were chosen.
. Iu Mobile, Alabama, John A. Hitch
cock, the American candidate for Probate
Judge, was chosen oil the 7th over his
Democratio competitor, by eleven hundred
Crawfordsviixe Election. The
election in Crawfordsvillc, la., on Monday
last, resulted in favor of the candidates on
tho American ticket to a man. Tho ma
jority was about two to one. The old
liners stood no chnnco whatever.
Ci- WM. Windon Esq., of Mt. Ver
non Knox county, has been favorably spo
ken of by many persons, in whose judge
ment we have great confidente, ns a tcry
suitable person to serve the state of Ohio
- , as Atlorny GeuersJ. .t
The Oath of a Romas Catholic Bishop.
Tha newly . ejected Bishop of Portland
was recently consecrated in New York,
with ceremonies imposing and impressive.
The following was the oath taken aud su b
scribed to by the Bishop elect :
"I, N., elect of the Church of IT., shall
from this hour henceforward, oe obedient
to tho blessed Peter, the Apostle, and to
Holy Roman Church, and to the most
blessed father, Pope Pius IX, and to his
successors canoaiaully chosen. I shall as
sist them to retain aud defend against any
man whatever the Roman Pontificate, with
out prejudice to my rank. I shall seek
to pveservc, defend and promote the rights
Lonors, privileges ond authority of the
Uoly Roman Church, of the Pope and of
his successors, as aforesaid. With my
whole strength I shall observe, and cause
to be observed by others, the rules of the
holy fathers, the decrees, ordinances, or
d: pensations and mandates of tho Apostol
ic See. When called to a Synod, I shall
come, unless I bo prevented by 0 canon
ical impediment. I shall personally visit
the Apostolio Seo once every ten years,
and render an account to our most blessed
father (the Pope) and his successors, as
aforesaid, of my whole pastorial office, and
of every thing in any way appertaining to
the state of my Church, to tho discipline
of the clergy and people, and to the sal
vation of souls committed to my care ; and
I ishnll humbly receive, in return, the apos
tulic mandates, and diligently execute
them. But if I bo prevented by a lawful
impediment, I shall perform all things
aforesaid by a certain messenger especially
authorized for this purpose, a priest of the
diocese, or by some other secular or regu
lar priest of tried virtue and piety, well
instructed 011 all subjecis. I shall not sell,
nor give away, nor mortgage, enfeoff anew,
nor in any way alienate the possessions be
longing to my table, without the leave of
the Roman Pontiff. And should I pro
ceed to any alienation of them, I nm will
ing to contract, by tho very act, the pen
alties specified iu the Constitution publish
ed on this subject."
Of course, it is impossible for our read
ers to understand the full force and mean
ing of this oath, for when the Bishop says
he will "preserve, defend and promote the
rights, honors, privileges and authority of
the Holy Rouau Church, of the Pope and
his successors," we must first know what
privileges and authority are claimed by
the Pope. There is one clause, however,
which all may understand, and wo direct
attentiou to its connection with an article
penned by us a few days since, headed,
"Property in the hands of Bishops." The
Bishop elect swears as follows :
'I shall not sell, nor give away, nor
mortgage, enfeaff auew, nor in any way!
alienate the possessions belonging to my
table, without the leave of the Romau
In onr article referred to we showed that
tllG Vry which had been deeded in
trust by Bishop Rappc, could not be dis
posed of in any manner without the con
sent of that Bishop, and now by this oath
it appears that American Bishops cannot
in any manner dispose of it, or even en
cumber their church property, without
leave from tho Pope. It is high time that
our Legislatures say to tho Popo "hands
off!" The property in this country thus
virtually under the control of a foreign
potentate ii told by its millions in value,
and year after year but adds to the enor
mous wcilth of the Roman Catholic
Church. The popa retains his seat by tho
aid and support of French bayonets; and
thu3 Churoh property in this country is
indirectly subj :ct even to t'aa E-nperor of
France, for of course tho Popo muit do
tho will of those who hold hiin upoi his
throne. Thcru is something humiliating
in thus co:Hcn,ing to boll property subject
t) tha bidding of a fjrcijjn monarch ; and
jf such U permittel, ths renouncing of
'all allegiance to every foreign Priest,
Potentate and Power," as by the oath of
allegiance every naturalized citizen swears
to dj, is a mire uujkury, aud hat no bind
iug force. Cleveland llerald.
jfSTRosotta Armstead, the Slave girl.
who formerly belonged to tho Rev. Mr.
Deuisou, started on a journey, last week,
to tho far of green hills of New' England.
At tho time she was taken away from the
house of Dr. Coulter, by the U. S. Marshal,
a wealthy lady of New England, who hap
pened to be in Columbus, became interes
ted in her welfare, and, upon her being dc
clarcd free by tho laws of Ohio, agreed,
with the consent of the girl's friends, to
take her honi;), and havo her educated at
her own expense, in ono of the best semi
naries in the land. Rosctta is a smart in
telligont girl; and appears to eppreciate
fully the blessings of freedom. By tho
way, wo learn the expenses attending her
arrest and imprisonment in Cincinnati wil
amount to a sum not much 'short of one
thousand dollars, all of which will have to
be paid hy the Rev. Mr. Donison.
Destructive Fire. On Saturday
morning, the 12th inst., tho extousive
foundry of Aultman & Co., in Canton
was discovered to le on fire, mid the whole
establishment, together with a large amount
of agricultural implements, was destroyed,
Tho loss m estimated nt $35,000, upon
which an insurance had bceu effected of
87,000. The fire was supposed to have
boon tho work of an incendiary.
Bi.An imlian at Great Rapids, M., ran
thrco quarters of a milo in three minutes
tf n weon If.
"New and Important Decision.
Judge Metculf mado a decision at Belle
fontinc, a short time since, which will at
tract much attention. A man was indict
ed for uttering and forgiug a note fqr two
dollars on the State Bank of Connecticut
at Hartford. Messrs. Lawrence andfitau
tn procured a writ of Habeas Corpus and
after full argument and consideration the
prisoner was disckirgtd. Tho court held
that : ' ' .
"Tho act under which tho prisoner is
prosecuted makes it crimiual to utter and
publish as true and jenuine, any false, al
tered, forged, or counterfeited bank bill or
note, &o., for tho payment of money.
Tho prisoner has douo this, unless tho
legislation of this State has rnado bank
bills of a less denomination than teu dol
lars, that aro noli issued by, or made paya
ble at ono of tho banks of this State, uU
terly void and of no validity.
Tho act of 1840 simply prohibited the
circulvtion of such banks of less denomi
nation than five dollars; and under this
act it was properly held that forgery and
criminal uttering of forged bank bills,
might bo committed of such papei: the
proper iutent being averred.
xThe act of May, 1854, not only Ibrbids
the circulation, passing, or transfer of
such bills- of foreign l$nks, of a less 'de
nomination than ten dollars, but in iti sec
ond section declares, "all such unlawful
papcrshall be held in this State to be worth
Ices, and all contracts in relation thereto,
null nud void, and nny disbursements, or
payments, or exchange or other property
of value, made, or attempted to be made
therewith, of no effect whatever."
Under this enactment of the Legisla
ture, it is aliko unlawful to put off and to
receive such hills, whether true or false,
they are alike worthless, and incapable of
being the subject of lawful contract in
this State. The true and the false arc
equally void; he who takes either, takes
uothing, and there is nothing "true or
genuine" pertaining to either, except that
under the provision of tho first section,
the genuine may be bona fide transferred
or received for the purpose of "being sent
directly out of this State for redemption."
It is not pretended that the charge
against the relator is any such transfer,
and the charge itself is, that he did pass
and put off, as true and genuine, &c.
The act charged is no crime within the
statute of forgery, becauso no harm or ad
vantage to any one results, whether the
bill be true or false. .The genuine is de
clared by the statue, worthless and void ;
is has no legal existancc in this State, and
uanuot be tho subject of forgery, for there
can bo no counterfeit without a real thins.
Tho prisoner is therefore discharged."
A Marriage and a Protest.
Luey Stone was lately married to Hen
ry R. Blackwcll, a merchant in Cincinnati.
Perhaps wo should rather say they formed
a life partnership. At the time of the
ceremony the following protest was read by
the officiating clergyman, and signed by
While we acknowledge our mutual affec
tion by publictly assuming the'sacred rela
tionship of husband aud wife, yet in justice
to ourselves ami a great principle, we deem
it a duty to declare that this act on our
part implies no sanction of, nor promise of
mutuary ooeuieuco to such or the present
aws of marriage, as refuse to rccoguise the
wife as an independent, rational being,
while they confer upon the husband an iu-
junous aud unnatural superiority, invest
ing him with legal powers which no hon
orable man would exercise, and w hich no
man should possess.
Wo protest especially ngainst the laws
which give to the husband
1. The custody of his wife s person.
2. The exclusive control aud guardian
ship of their children.
3. The sole ownership of her personal.
and use of her real estate, unless previous
ly settled upon her, or placed in the hands
of trustees, as in the case fcf minors, luna
tics and idiots.
4. The absolute right to the product of
5. Also against laws which civo to the
widower so much larger and more perma
nent an interest in the property of his de
ceased wite, than they give to the -widow
111 that of her deceased husband.
Fiually,.agaiust the whole system by
which "the legal existence of tho wife is
suspended during marriage," so that in
most btates she neither has leinil part in
tho choice of her residence, nor cau she
make a will, uor sue or bo sued, in her own
name, nor innent property.
We believe that personal independence
and equal human rights can never be for-
leiteii except tor crime; that 'mama
should be an equal and permanent partner
ship, unu so recognized by law : tnat until
it is so recognized, married partners should
provide against the radical injustice of
present laws, hy every means in their pow
er. We believe that, where domestic difficul
ties arise, 110 appeal should bo lnado to le
gal tribunals uuder existing laws, but that
an aimcuities should Ho submitted to the
equitable adjustment of arbitrators mutu
Thus reverencing law, wo enter ourearn-
C8t.protest against rules and customs which
aro unworthy ot tho name, since they vio
late justice, the csenco of Law.
Signed HENRY ll LACK WELL,
Twenty persons wero executed by Lynch
law in California during tho month of
January, 10 say nothing of tho legitimate
hanging of moro than as many more. They
may be divided as follows: ono-cighth probr
ably guilty of no crime; ono eighth killed
or maiming in self defence, one eigth fur piur
dor in tho firot degree, and, fiye-eightbs for
,0pc9 Organization, .
There nro thousands who fully endorse
the principles of the American party, who
refuse to unite iiw tho movement, because
they object to ils secrecy. An open organ
ization., we therefore regard us tho true pol
icy uuder pn-sent circumstances. " This,
aud this alcne, will securo the hearty, co
operation of all, who are American in,scn
timcut. : The propriety of an open, party,
all admit ; the only mooted point seems to
bo the proper time to organize openly.
We have examined this subject impartial
ly, and weighed all the reasons for,.. and
agaiust tho adoption of open measures, and
the result has been a firm conviction that
now, is tho time; and we believe that tho
majority will sanction our judgement.
The fears entertained by some that an. or
ganization of this character, would fall back
to the limited numbor of tho old Nativo
party, Is certainly without foundation from
the fact that tho people aro now American
ized, aud aro enthusiastic iu effecting local
organizations in various parts of tho State.
The mission of secrecy in their view is ac
complished, that of tearing down the old
parties, and preparing the material to bo
re-constructed into on open American par
ty. Secret political action has novel been
tho choice of the great moss of thoso who
are enlisted in tho cause, it has only been
tolerated for tho time, as being essential
to the success of the first step in tho great
movement, and to be abandoned as soon as
the iufant giant could stand alone.
We are in favor of Secret Associations
ps long as the best interests of the party
demand their existence, while we are free
to admit that except, in great emergencies,
there is something repugnant to the honest
American heart, in Secret political move
ments, and in covert or hidden action the
independent mind will be impressed with
a tense of humiliation a position that
will be endured only while stern necessity
demands the sacrifice. The ruinous policy
pursued by the old parties, and the threat
ning aspect of foreign and anti-rcpublicau
elements in our midst, justly awakeued
tho fears of the American citizen, and com
pelled him for a time to lay aside his boast
ed independence, and assumo the garb of
secrecy to thwart a secret foe. And how
ever uncongenial to the American charac
ter, aud tho bold free spirit of her honest
yeomanry, yet circumstances justified and
demanded the sacrifice. But now having
gained strength, vitality and power as the
basis of a distinct American Nationality,
he naturally seeks the first opportunity to
throw off the mask assume his individu
al responsibility, and stand revealed an
avowed American in principle and in ac
tion. Tho great mass of the party aro now
ready to join in an open declaration of prin
ciples ready to fling their pnul banner
on the outer walls, and rejoice to see the
mid-day sun gleam on the jewelled stan
dard of tho "stars and stripes," as they
march on in the open light of day to future
triumphs in tho accomplishment of their
great mission. Young American.
Speech of Gov. Reeder, of Easton Pa.
Governor Reeder, of Kansas, now on a
visit to his home in Easton. Pa., was re
ceived in an enthusiastic manner by his
friends. Ho was called out in a speech,
in course of which he referred to tho dar
ing outrages of Missourians upon tho elec
tive franchise in Kansas. Governor Reed,
er said his opinions on the subject of pop
ular sovereignty had undergone no change,
but that the conduct of tho people of the
border counties of tha north of Missouri
bad astonished and amazed him by their
reckless disregard of all laws, compacts and
constitutions; thatthe Territory of Kansas,
in her late election, had been invaded by a
regular organized army, aimed to tho
teeth, who took possession of their ballot
boxes and made a Legislature to suit the
urposo of tho proslaviry party. Kansas
vas subdued, subjugated and conquered by
tu rned men from Missouri, but her citizens
were resolved never to give up tho fight for
their freedom and tho independence of
their toil from fdrcign control or interfer
ence The Stato of Missouri would be call
ed upon to disavow ".11 sympathy with these
border rufliaus. If she refused, the South
will be called on to discountenance her.
If the South refuse, the solemn duty will
devolve upon the North to take up the
matter so that the rights of her sons who
had t-eitlcd in Kansas, in tho faith of solemn
compacts, shall be vindicated and sustained,
Ho declared that the accounts of the fierce
outrage and wild violences perpetrate at the
election' published in the Northern pa
pers, were iu nowise exaggerated. He
concluded by saying thai Kansas wa3 now
a conquered couutry conquered by force
01 arms but that her citizens were res
olved never to yield their rights, and re
lied upon the North to aidjthem by demon
strations of public sentiment and all other
legal means, until they shall be fully and
triumphantly vindicated. During the speech
Governor Reeder was frequently aud en
thusiastically cheered by the large audience
prosent, tin. Enq.
Pennsylvania an Kanba?. The
Legislature of Pennsylvania adjourned tim
die 014 the morning of the 8th inst. The
Houso passed unanimously a resolution
thanking Gov. Reeder, of Kausas, for his
faithful adhorance to the old landmarks of
tho republican liberty and for defending
the purity of the ballot box against &' law
less mob; and bidding him a cordial 'wel
come home to hi fapiily friends. '; -
Arrival of tho Steamer Baltic:
. - ' ' New Yean, May 18.
The Baltic has arrived with 1GO passen
gers. Raglan admits that tho bombard
ment had not produced the looked-for re
sults. Tho list of casualties of the allies
is uot heavy. Tho general impression in
England is. that the siego will bo abindon
ed for tho present, and the whole of the
works and position entrusted to a few corps,
while the main army will endeavor to pen
etrate tho interior, cut off the supplies of
ScbaStopol, and then completely invest the
town. Reinforcements wero constantly
reaching tho allies. The Fronch reserve
of 80,000 men, near Constantinople, were
cxpectiog to bo sent toBalaklava.
Dates to the 5th repriesfjot the allies as
gaining ground. All the Russian outworks
had been taken, after many sanguinary en
counters, together with a large number of
Russian mortars and many prisoners.
Napoleon narrowly escaped aosassination
on the evening of the 28th. An Italian
fired two pistols at him while riding on
horseback; personal revcugo was the ob
ject. ( Nothing in tho siego to warrant a satis
factory result. The bombardment not
producing tho nntieipated effect, the fire
was slackened on tho 28th, to prevent the
exhaustion of ammunition. Tho position
of tho allies is regarded as critical. An
immense Russian force, said to bo 100,000
strong is reported as concentrating near
Sebastopol. The telegraphic communica
tions from tho Crimea are cautiously divul
ged by tho Government. Russell had
reached London from Vienna. The Brit
ish budget was passed iu both houses.
Tho King of Prussia was ill of fever.
Cotton active; sales of the week 107,
000 bales at J advance; flour advanced,
la2s higher; lard active. Cotton : Or
leans fair 0J, middling 5 1-I5a5-16.
London money easy; Bank reduced its
rates to 4 per cent, causing speculation in
cotton aud breadstuff's. Liverpool, Friday
Cotton closing active ; breadstuff's open
ed active and closing steady. Flour : Phil
adelphia, Baltimore and New York, 41a
12s, Ohio 44a45s; white wheatl2sal2 8d,
red 10 0 d all 9d ; white corn 47s Gda48.
Weather dry and uirsoasouably cold; beef,
advancing tendency; pork depressed ; ba
con improving with prospects of an uctivo
demand ; lard firm,a49a50.
Russiau official accounts to the 14th rep
resent tho damage sustaiued us of little ac
couut, and quickly repaired, while in the
skirmishes they were generally successful.
The loss sustained by tho garrison from
the 11th to tho 15'th was 7 sub il'erns and
4313 men killed, 0 superior and 34 subal
tern officers aud 189'J men wounded. The
English captured the first Russian pit on
tho night of the 17th, after a desperate en
counter. Col. U rah a m hgerum, the lielu
officer in command, was killed. Ou the
20th an attack was made on tho second
rifle pit, when it was almost immediately
According to the statement of two Pol
ish deserters, 100,000 Russians wero in
the vicinity of Sebastopil, 00,000 of whom
had arrived from Simferopol. The forts
on the north side of the harbor hud taken
part in tho cannonade, pitching their shot
clear into the lines of the allies.
The Telegraph between London aud the
Crimea was perfect, except a small portion
across tho Danube. Despatches reach the
British Government iu a few hours ; but
are not generally communicated to tho pub
lic, although questions aro nightly asked
Tho ministers declare they will exercise
due discretion in publishing the news.
Lord John Russell had reappeared in his
scat in Parliament. Druoyn Do L'lluys
had returned to Paris. Russell Mated
the snbstanco of tho negotiations, and in
timated that the protocols would be sub
mitted to Parliament.
The latest dispatch states that a sharp
engagement took place on tho night of the
1st of May. A front and left attack was
niado on tho Russian rifle pits, they were
carried, aud eight mortars and two hundred
prisoners taken : iho whole affair was bril
liant for the uliies.
Constantinople, May 2. Stratford
do Rcdc'.iffo had returned to Constantino
ple. Mehcmet Ali has been recalled from
exile. Conrobert speaks to his troops of
immediate operations : orders had been re
ceived to prepare transports.
Sebastopol, May 4. On Wednesday
night the French under Gen. Felis&ujr at
attacked tho advanced works of the quar
antino lastion and carried them at the point
of the bayonet, taking twelve mortars and
establishing themselves in the position.
On tho following nlglit tho Russians made
a sortie, regained the position nnd after a
sanguinary encounter was driven back.
Tho Br t sh Bultio tlcct lett Kiel. I no
French fleet was about to sail from Cher
bourg. ' '
An insurrection iu Ukraine,, Russia, ex
tended to three other governments. Twen
ty land proprietors with their wives and
families wero distroyed.
- St. Petersburg. Every article of con
sumption is at famine prices.
: Great Britain. The 16,001,000 loan
lull was passed on tbo 1st, by the Com
mons and the same night was onWed to be
committed to the Loidi.
Tho monthly returns of the board of
trade were fivo days short as compared with
the same month of last year, showing a
falling off of about 1,000,000!. Th met
als experienced the greatest decline, owiag
to ihe diminished demand for iron in the
United State.. -'
Sir John Burgoyno washefore the Roe
luck committeo pnd gav important evi
dence in relation to tho war in the Cri,
i A budget has virtually passed both hous
es with but little opposition; or modification,
A strong foelinj against the"! ministery is
manifested, and indignation1 meetings re
garding tho conduct of the war havo fccen
held iu various places.
Cinc.yio, May , 18. George S.,Park,
Into of tho Parkvillo Luminary, publishes
a long letter in the St.'Louis Democrat, tt
which he says that Stringfellown'nd Atch
ison have organized a secret association tbff
members of which are Bworn to turn out
aud fight when called on. All nreto share
the damages accruing to any one member,
even at tho prica of disunion.! Xfa; areto
act secretly to destroy the business and
character of aft norhre'nienT""All ''tlio
Benton and whig presses are to be destroy
ed. Tho destruction of thai hold irr' Kan
sas and tho press in Lawrence has been de
creed cannon is being taken to demolish
them at a distance,' and they are not to'
stop till every frecsoilcr is driven out of
Missouri and Kansas. Park says he tele
graphed to Governor Price and President
Pierce for protection, but no answewag
given. He traces to Atchison the dtstruc.
tion of the Luminary establishment, ami
promises more developemcnts.
New York, May ID. The. Jury in tho
case of the Williamsburg rioters, brought
in a verdict of guilty against four of tho
sixteen, who were iudicatod. . t -
A church property tcuuro bill, similar
to that recently enacted in this State, ha
boeu introduced in the Connecticut Ltgislu.
turo. , ,.v ;
The Steamer United Stales, which was
to havo sailed, to day, with tho Kinney ex
pedition is still here. . : .
The Herman sailed for Bremen, with
250 passengers and $1000 specie. . ,
Tho steamer Ariel, of tho new Havrolinc,
also sailed with 123 passengers, $120,000
in spocie, and a California bugget valued at
Boston, .May 19. Tho new Liquor
Law goes into effect to morrow. Yestcr
day and tp-day an unusual activity prevail
ed among wholesale and ictail dealers
de.-patchr.ig demijohns and mys'.erous pack
ages lo all parts of the city and suburbs.
The liquor dealers are to hold a meeting
ou Monday, at Faneuil Hall.
The Governor has not yet signed th..
Personal Liberty Bill .
St- Louis, May 19. Gen. Gratiot,.dicd!
Accounts from tho Upper Missouri,. rep
resent the Sioux, as being very hostile
and as assembling to make war
on i tim
The Missouri is very low at tho mouth of
ho Platte. , ; .
New York, May 21.--Noon.-Cotton
Crm. Flour, stiffer; good Ohio &,90
10,18 Southern $11,3111,50; Wheat
white Michigan $20; Pork old moss $16;.
G210,75; Ohio Whisky hexvy at 39;;
Money abundant; Stocks better.
Cincinnati, May 2l.-Non. Flonrdull'
at 8W09.50i Oats dull at 48()50
Com 75(780; Provisions unchanged; Ba
cm, shoulders 7$, packel; sides 8J, Mess
Pork $15,50; Butter declined to 15al8;.
no change in groceries; small sales of." llhr
seed oils at $1,05.
Pttsburgh, May 21. Noon River sic
feet nine inches and falliur.
Triumph of the American'' Demo
cratic Party in PniLAnELrniA Tbo
Union and other administration journals,,
like Chapman of old, havo been crowing
lu?tily, for tho last three days, over what "
they declar d n Democratic victory in Phil-
adolphia. Tho Philadelphia Ledger of yes- '
terday, a journal of decided Democratio "
affinities, gives a plump denial to all their '
imaginary gains, by announcing "the fact "
tnat tiic Americans nave eicctcu meir ire
Burer tind Commissioner by from 200 to,'
300 majority over the combined vote ofj
the Whigs and Democrats. And, moreover,
that tho Democrats have elected but 49.
members of the Council, while tile AmcrU
cans have elected 53. "' ' '
At the last charter election in Phlladel "
phia, although the Americans' were' tuceein'
fill, there-was a majority of niuc-'thnusand ."i
votes iigrainsfc them, taking thq ,nggregat v,
vote of both tho Democratic and W.big par
ties ppposcd to them. Now, they havo
triumphed over both the old parties com-t
biucd! - . ' i ' - ' ' ' ' i
So far, therefore, from the Americana, i ,
having fallen off in their' strength, they ,- .
have actually done better, by several thous
and votes', than tlicy did at tho last cliur
tor pWtnn." ' ' " "' '' ' ' 1 " 1l,:"r
Thero is another featuro in tho ipliila""
olphia election, which is worthy of remark,;
and that is the fact that. tbe.;,o,'nativ
American leaders refused to net wiiljtpe(i)j(
Amerioan party, because they cou'ldf ' not ,
control It, and therefore niiit'ed with'the o'rj'-1; f
position. Still, the truo Ameiicauii nobly
addressed themselves totho work, and swopt
the city in triumph. , . , ..: i ... . (, ,, :, .
"Sam" is perfectly patisfiod and contciiy .'
ted with the result.' ' tie had a liarder bat-'Mf
tio to fight than iifual hnd s3venluindrcJ '
fraudulent votes to contend against among
other upeipfcted oostqQles, yet bo oonauer-i , '
ed thfm all,