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True American. (Steubenville, [Ohio]) 1855-1861, June 20, 1855, Image 2

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Jlmcrican.
2. KA0A5, Editor.
S3 Xd CT3EI J" eXLiXiH.
I , J-'
THE" 'AHEttlCAH-
Tin Tmn ttc.tf' U piiUlislutd every
Wodi.aolay. in 1i J.-A r-n county.
Otii. liv P. B.'jOo.vs nd eJiiedtiy. Kaon,
Jirwi nr AnVERTrSIXO.
iiua. Ttr.li ir les 11 .0
Krert .iljPO'i't insertion, i j
O ift U'V! months- J Vv f"
Ou qtiire up lOdlh. - 4 )"
One qaWMiilJsr fc wj feS JJ!
One fourth column per yer, Ijji J"
Orm third column per year, ."".
Oh half ei.liinan p-r y.-4r,
. 1 ... "IMJiW
IVr4siniial nnl limine card per year.-a.w r-i
l : . .... m i.t ami the mull
1 IIITII irieiv l V.mh.. - -
I.Tof iutrtioti- it oot marked on the enrd or
nlverliiioitWHtrfietiine they are handed ill
f.ir putt licaiiou. Uwy will, be n " . ,lnul
ihffv are .irdetd 01 Hnetuwgnd ly tlw quiv
required. The party that is true to Amer
ica and freedom, has nothing to fear ; for
though Truth may bo crushed to earth, it
will rise again. We contend :i true Amer
ican principles, which are therefore nation
al. 1 CwrpfoVraVer opponents, will ever!
coyunuc neir lus lurumcc, iu uctuuipuau
wlich, they would curse oar free, fond
fttn silvery,
Til IS AUW.UC AN PARTY OF OHIO
At the Annual Session of the Sute Coun
tl, held in Cleveland, June 5th, 1855, the
fallowing ! Platform' pf Principle as ex
preVivc ohh'e sentiment f the' Order in
Uta StaUvf W.adopted ad. ordered to,. be,
published to the world over the signatures
uf its Officers. i. ; i.i - ' "' :
tn the world the following:
PRINCIPLES OF THE AMERICAN ; ttnd
K- Yniau iiinnlinir nf tlwR AVhitTS Qi
St. Mary county, Marylandvras hold nt
Lconardtowo on Wednesday of last weak,
at which trongresolutioiis were passed,
denouncing! he Knbw-Nothinj; party, its
principles, lit ion Vid organization. The
old Whiff majority htcMarylaiid, it will be
ivuicuirjereu, was muuu oj ui w vjwwis
facts, will it stilfbe'tgeahat the 'Amer
ican organization is Whiggery in disguise?
Thciirnth is that whenever the "wool and
cotton" Whigs have it in their power to
tiiuinlUiii their identity they arc jut us
violcut .iu their . denunciations -of the
American party 'ns;nri the Dcntoc'ratrf in
the old organization. As a party they
huve labored quite as faithfully tu secure
duthulic and foreign support. Wneii
a cnnJiditto for the l'lcsideucy ever try.
hafder to' "tror "Kinftelf ifttolhb fawf
of catholics and foreigners' than' did Geu.
Wiufield Sco t 'I. Tha only difference be
tweeu the two old parties was in the result
not in the means employed. .The
PARTY OF OHIO
I. The. unlimited freedom of lleligiou
Demoorats by labored deeds of hard earn
ed disgrace triumphed over their political
their defeat and rum
Wc are speaking
of parties and of their official actiou, and
not of private men. ; There arc many still
remaining in the old parties who honestly
sympathize with the great American polit
ical reform, and stand ready to give unmis
takable proof of their preference by their
votes. To such wo say whether Demo
cratsor Whigs throw off the shavkles and
avow your principles, and your preferences
in the light of the sun. The new organ
iaation is the only true Democratic Amer
ican party in the nation and it is the par
ty which will triumph, for political as well
as moral truth is "mighty and it must pre
vail"
discoiuicctcd .with politics-Hostility to opponents. . and their victory has proved
ecclesiastical influences upon the affairs of
Government Equality of rights to all nat
uralixcd KmigranW who are thoroughly
Americanized, and owe no temporal allcgi
anee, by reason of .their religion; higher
than that to the Constitution.
TT. i iuterforence with the rights of
oitizenship already acquired by Foreigners,
and the protection of law to all who honest
ly emigrato from.love of liberty; but the
exclusion of foreignpaupcrs and fohw, nd
rjf usal to extend the right of suffrage to
all whe come hereafter until they shall
have resided 21 years in the United
States andjcomplied with the Naturalization
Laws.
III. Opposition to all political organiza
tions composed "exclusively of Foreigners,
and to Foreign Military Compauics,and to
all attempts to exclude the Bible from
Schools supported by the Government."
IV. Slavery is local not national: we
.pp-.)6C its extension in any of our territor
ies and the increase of its political power
by the admission into the Union of any
Slave State or otherwise; and wc demand
f the General Government an immediate
redress of the great wrongs which have
been inflicted npon the cause of Freedom
and the American character by the repeal
uf the Missouri Compromise, and the in.
traduction of Slavery into Kansas in vio
ntion of law, by the force of arms, and
the destruction of the elective franchise.
V. In humble imitation of the wisdom
of Washington, wc oppose all intervention
in the affairs of Foreign States ; yet on al
proper occasion, we will not withhold our
sympathy from any people aspiring to be
fre.
VI. We support American Industry
and genius against the adverse policy of
Foreign nations and facilities to internal
and external commerce by the improve
ment of Rivers and Harbors and the con
struetion of National Roads uniting tha
various sections of the Union.
VII. The Union of these States should
be made perpetual by a faithful allegiance
U the Constitution.
VIII. In State policy wc zealously ad
vocate Retrenchincntaud Reform a mod
ification of the present opressivo system
f Taxation and a liberal system of Public
Schools.
TIIOS. SPOONKR, President.
JOHN E. REES, Secretary.
Janus Tactics.
The pro-slaveryites have two favorite
ways of attacking the American Democrat
ic party, which they use according to lati
tude. In the Southern States they call the
new movement an abolition scheme. In
the Northern States in order to escape
detection, imitating the thief who has
turned a corner, cries "stop tli.-fj" so
they, contrary to all evidence, positive and
circuiUKtuntiul, of precept and example,
wnuld charge us iu the North with favor
ing slavery extension. And, as if piling
cm the last straw to break the back of
Young America, they would frighten the
timid by saying, we cannot have a nation
al party, with discordant elements North
and South.
Very well to accommodate our good
neighbors, who must have something to
.talk about, and for the want of better ar
guments, mast belie thoso horriblo 'Know
Nothings,' we will allow them the gatifi-
cutionof their formidable bngaboo. What
then ? Jost reverse the argument a mo
ment, thus : -The Know Nothings cannot
form a national party, because in the North
t hey oppose SJavery, and in the South they
support it. The conservative Democ
racy form the national party, because
they, bowing tlie kuco to Raul, support
slavery South and North. They are the
Kutivnat S'ave Democracy ! Bo it so.
If to form national party it is required
that the principles of Washington and
Jefferson, the true American principles for
which our revolutionary fathers fought,
bled and diod, arc now to be crushed out
by tho despotic hoel of Slavery, then, we
!, have mi citch pnrty.'- But thi. i not
1'Ex-Gov. and Senator "Jones, of
Tennessee, has written a long letter against
Know Nothincrism. Una distinguisncd
Whig talks as though he had retired for
ever from political contests. Lutcn.
We should suppose that any man of or
dinarv sazacitv before writing letters
against the American party, would as a
matter of courso make up his mind to re
tire from public life, iu this country. We
have in the above another proof of Whig
sympathy for the American Democratic
party.
To the Republican Party of Jefferson
County.
Fellow Citizens : Pursuant to the
arrangement of tho last 13th of July Con
vention, tho Republican Stte Central
Committee have issued nn address convo
king a Republican State Convention, to be
composed of delegates chosen by the in
dependent anti-Nebraska voters of Ohio,
who participated in the glorious triumph of
last year, and such others as may sympa
thize with them, to meet in the city of
Colunibu?, on Friday, July loth, 1855,
for the purpose of nominating candidates
for various State offices to be filled at the
October election.
According to the usual ratio of represen
tation, Jefferson county is entitled to five
delegates.
It is important that the friends of free
dom in Jefferson county, be fully and
ably represented in that Convention. The
National and State administrations and
their supporters lieing the avowed and uni
versally acknowledged pro-slavery party of
the country, the time has arrived when the
friends of Frte Government should per
manently organize themselves into a party
of freedom. Wc would therefore urgent
ly invite all the friends of freedom in old
Jefferson to meet in convention at the
Court House in Steubenvillc, on Saturday,
Juno 30th, at 2 o'clock, P. M., for the
purpose of appointing delegates to the
State Republican Convention, and, for or
ganizing the party in our own county for
the fall election, ,
By order of Republican Central Com.
For the True American
Bloomtield, Juue 17, 1855.
Mb. Editor : At a regular meeting
of Bloomfield Council, No. 968, held Sat
urday June 2nd, the following resolutions
were unanimously adopted : '
Resolved, That wo as members of the
American Party, hold in high estimation
the True American, published by Rev. Z.
RaganJ ns a good moral and family paper,
and in a political point f view advocating
principles highly important to the perpet
uity and interests of the American Union,
and that we recommend it to the favorable
notice and support of every true Ameri
can.
Resolved, That the foregoing resolu
tion be signed by the officers and a copy
forwarded to Mr. Rngan.
JNO. II. FORESTER, Prcst.
C. B. Templeton, Scc'y.
How to begin tho New Year. Open
the door with the silver key of Hope, that
it may close on the golden hinge of Prosperity.
If you caunot inspire o woman with love
of you, fill her above the brim with love of
Lcrsclf nil that .runs over will be yours
For tha True Amorican. 1
The Shame and Glorj of the"
Medical Profession..
No. 2.
.Mr. Editor: It is undoubtedly true
that the medical profession are guilty of a
vast "variety of faults' and criminal defects.
Those which I de-liga )o,exhibit, may be
divided inb several classes and in each I
must be brief. V ' ' 1 "-'-.
Tho first that cjaim attention, are those
grewing out,xf defective education. ' It
is vain to attempt concealment jf this fart
There are those in the ftledicsl profession,
especially In our own 'country - who are
astonishingly and disgracefully deficient in
every department ofJearning. Foripcrly
great numbers and at tho present day not
a few commence tliij study of Medicine
without having acouirca a knowledge of
the fundamental branches taught in com
mon schools. They come from the plane
the work-shop from various avocations
and some from no uvqcathju at all, en-
tirely -unlettered uni unprepared for ) the
office nf the physician and commence their
studies actuated by various and contradic
tory motives, i Efouie come froman! aver
sion to manual labor, others are attracted
by- tta houorablo position, of - ihe .medical p!f
profession, others are supposed by their
jriends to be endowed with uncommou ge
nius a few are seventh sons and thoreforc
must be physicians. While not a few--must
it be said not a few are persuaded
absolutely by physicians mainly for their
own convenience thus unprepared to aspire
to enter immediately into tho ranks of a
learned profession.. .
Another class of young men, and per
haps the larger of the two, have received
the elements of a common education, but
are entirely ignorant of the higher branches
of English while the classics, and tho
dead languages, are to them dead- in-
dead.
A portion of this class impelled by a
generous ambition and lofty asperations for
usefulness and distinction by availing them
selves of every opportunity and by coiv
stant toil against every discouraging cir
cumstance make themselves really useful
and attain a creditable standing in the
profession. While others devoid of almost
every necessary acquisition are content to
grovel in ignorance of tho fundamental
principles of medical science, resorting to
low tricks and every species of chicanery
in order to maintain a physical existence
How could it bo otherwise than that
such brethern should hang as n millstone
around the neck of the medical profession
and draw down upon it iufuiny and the
contempt of all honorable men.
Another feature of our position which
is deeply to be regretted is a want of bar
mony among the members of the profess
i.m. Indued it hoa long oinoo g.A6nod into
a proverb the Doctors disagree. Yet
while we confess the truth of the proverb
to a cortain extent and acknowledge with
shame, that there is perhaps more jealousy
and discord among physicians than is usu
ally among other classes, following similar
pursuits; we do not ncquieoe in the com
mon opinion that tho cause of such disa
greement is attributable to themselves,
but very much at least to circumstances by
which they are surrounded. Nothing is
more common, and at the same time few
things are more unjust than to denounce a
physician for faults and misfortunes which
to a great extent arc beyond his control.
For instance a man under the care of a
ccrtidn physician, finally recovers from a
severe illness; the grateful patient, sec
onded by his friends, unite in trumpeting
the extraordinary skill of the physician
and attributo his recovery to little less
than hiiraculous power. Another man is
attacked with a violent disease, mid em
ploys another physician who exerts the
same assiduity and skill ; but the patient
sinks and dies; great dissatisfaction pre
vails, tho friends do not hesitate to de
nounce the medical attendant, and call the
patient's death little less than murder in
tho first degree. Neither of these physi
cians arc treated justly. Ono is ns unde
serving of his laurels, as the other of his
curses. Yet the former triumphs and per
haps exults over the latter.
Is it astonishing that there should be
heart-burnings between theso equally skill
ful men. Is it unojtural that the fires of
jealousy should burn in the hearts of these
physicians, whose interests bo severely
clash, particularly if kindled and furnish
ed with fuel by a capricious and impass
ioned community whose slanderous tongues
are full of venomed spile against the hum
ble yet faithful physician.
Not unfrequcntly these heroes of Mad
am Gossip nro members of the Christian
church, and us they pass from house to
houso visiting the sick, apd trying to in
fluence all to employ their physician, they
remind one of the song of the fish-pond:
There's surely room for each'fish
Life's pleasure to enjoy.
But forsooth, llieirobjrct'wenis
( Each other to destroy.
You see t'lem ou the run sir,
Engngrd in mortal utrifo,
The largo for food and fun sir,
The miinll ones for their life.
Thus exhibiting a beautiful comment upon
thoir so-called religion.
: Again there is no earthly employment
which demands tho controling influence of
higher moral principles, than tho profession
of medicine.
It is well known that tho physician is
constantly assuming tho care of cases,
whose issuos depond npon Lis skill and
attention, nnd which from Ms i;rnorneC)
carelessness or neglect might terminate fa
tally, without any human beinj ever sus
pcoting the causo. How dare any but tho
most conscientious, upright, moral man
ever assunio so fearful responsibility. ' Yet
it is true, the iguorant, reckless empirie is
doing daily." i ' " x;. . !
The history of quackery shows how yell
they endcrstarid ; the remark' of an j old
writer, "the. lucky cases arc trumpeted
to the four winds, whilst the earthburies
their numerous failures beneath a heavy
weight of fearful responsibility. u
Pro Bono Publico. v
V ".1
Steed June 13th, 1855.
CLIPPINGS.
The cholera is prevailing in Jefferson
city Missouri.
American agricultural implements rank
high at the Worlds Fair. v .' ' 1 , "
Cholera hasbroktyi out with great vio
lence fn the Red River.. '';
Tho ccwW- returns . show 'the annual
Atlan
2d.
Sea o
" .'Abducting an American Chill..- ,
,;A letter writer at Home, gives iie foV
lowiug instance of child stealing. TUe
New York Observer's correspondent states
the tacts as follows s -
"A day of two since, a lad, tho son of
an American artist the well known illus
trator of Harper's, illustrated Bible was
nijsshtg;-X The oujestic ta4 most devoiit J
Catholic, protested her lunoeence oi ins
whereabouts. The lad's little brother was
called, and, in his innof ence, remarked that
ho guessed he wad nf tlie convent. J nra
was the first intimation the parents had
thaTiheVcliildren had ever visited a con
vent. . .
They then sent for Hon. Mr, Cass, who
took the boy with him, and went in, in his
ordinary dress, to the convent. The man
ner in which the inmates gathered around
and -welcomed tho boy, convinced Mr. Cass
that the boy had often been there, and led
hinii to believe that the brother would he
'. . . . i . i ...
found there, lie niquircu ior , mm, uuv
the Superior stoutly affirmed. that he was
not jn the convent. Mr. Cass requsteu to
bo shown through the establishment.. His
request was granted but no boy was lound.
Mr. C. then noticed a passage lending to
another building, or another part, of the
buildin". He insisted on being conducted
thither, noaring a noise, in a room as he
passed along, he opened a door and found
a priest or two at a tanle, ana a scat jum
vacated. He insisted that it .was thcat
f fi,a Wf W. Tho Driest denied . it.
VI kuu .-(- ,t ,.
Mr. Cass then madj himself known as the
reDrescntativo of the United States, and
pretty distinctly intimated that: some of
Jouathau sounder would ue put ui requi
sition if the boy was not forthcoming .im
mediately. .The boy was then brought
forth from an adjoining room, and restored
by Mr. Cass to his anxious parents."
. The woman's excuse was that if she
could save the souls of the childreu, all her
sins would be pardoned. Probably the ly
ing Superior ami priests had similar' views
of the proceeding.
product of bogs in Indiana to be 2,314,-
r fl. large nutnbef of deer arc; nowWifg'
brought into New Xrkv ..
Two gangs of boys indulged itta tstonciernay
ught in naitiniore on aunaay ,
: Trinoe Albert is a subscriber, io tbcApiejr;
Mil uuv v ".v.."
Tho. LnudW Illustrated Ticws is now 0x4
eluded from l'rancc, ' :
.ptimnterfci;
.-t
1 '. iy-- s -v: .. x
ARRIVAL OF THF"ATr3lNTIC--
r r7
NEjr-loaKj June ,13. The steamer
io arrived with Liverpool
The allies have captured Kertsch on the
Azoffjai
besid
bastapol, '
aJhenews is tli most imp"
also a Russian camp;Tach-
rious ehccessM before So-
dates to the.
From the Syracuse Orj-au.
Lockport, June 1855.
Mr. Editor: Dear Sir: It may, not
be uninteresting for your American readers
to be made acquainted with the arguments
uaed by tho opponents of the American
party,at-the Tetojrtclecmr-TTT-BnfMo,
Tdbat wadJ truwtfce of ttojuccfss
of tl cuciiirt'S of oarlibrtiesu4ha ofcn-
test.l The test taeans, the bestinruiMLti
jar)um
"'""" rtliat 1 can ulo, is tej'jhring'ihia tmitter plain
cesses beturo oo-j
J A J
ortaj,inathat
of .the Batthfof theAlmajt compiisci
.Three distinct succeJS Tur thft alhcj IstV
The Arrison Cise-Its Singular
Position. A motion for a tu 1 has
been granted to this person convicted i-f
murder in the first degree, by having caus
cd the death of two persons by the aid of
an ".infernal machine." Several objec
tions were raised by the prisoner's counsel,
all of which excepting one, were overruled.
It was on the ninth piint, that Judge Flinn
had erred in his charge to the jury ; the
Court found sufficient ground for a new
trial. Judge Flinn had stated to the ju
ry,' "If you find the defendant guilty you
must find him guilty of murder "in the first
degrccc."
. It was not said that they might convict
of manslaughter, and no discretion was left
thorn in regard to auy other grade of crime
The jury were therefore instructed to find
a verdict in a form which the law did not
authorize. The case was therefore reman
ded to the Court of Common Pleas for a
new trial Thereupon tho Cincinnati Ga
zette remarks as follows :
This case as it now stands, is an anomal
ous one. In consequence of this order re
manding it to the Court pf Common Pleas,
it cannot go back to the Criminal Court,
even ehould that be decidca still in being.
The Act of tho Legislature transferring
the business of the Criminal Court to the
Court of Common Picas, is so defective
that it may bo declared null and void, and
if so. Arrison cannot be tried by that court.
So the caso may come to be entirely out of
the jurisdiction of any tribunal.
A question may arise as to whether the
District Court can recall the order mado
yesterday moruing, and remand tho case
to another court ; but before tho legal ex
istence of the Criminal Court is decided
upon, the District Court will probably have
adjourned, and will not moot again until
September. ; .-
Should, in the meantime, the act trans
ferring the business of the Criminal Court
be declared void, and Arrison then be bro't
forth on a writ of Uuhcat Corpus, we do
not see how any court could refuse to grant
his discharge.
So between defective enactments of the
Legislature, and erroneous charges of the
Judges of the Criminal Court, all laws may
become inoperative, and tho gravest of all
charges seems likely to escape not only
punishment, but even trial. ,
Late . accounts from the plains state
that tne Indians had assembled at a place
called Ash Hollow in formidable numbers,
eager for a fight. They regard small de
tachmcnts of soldiers with utter contempt,
and tho trarrisou a Forto Laramie and
Kearney were in a state of the keenest ap
prehension and suspense, fearing that the
savages may attack thorn before reinforce
mcnts arrive.
culated in the -western cities
Beaver hunting promises to be profitable
on tho llio Grande.
,t Jhe Hungarian flag is a.tri-coloof redJ
whlto aud green. -J t v v '
A supeificial knowledge is more danger
ous than ignorance.
Tlie,mue polished society is, the less for
mality there is in it.
- Men-' fen ethw4.hrough-ignarncet,a8
children fear the daik.' ' ! i
Ono thing accomplished, is bettor than
two things' half finished.' : r . i..
Gratitude is "tho music of the' heart,!
when its cords are swept by I tho brcezo of
kindness. '' ''' " " '
' He is doubly great, who, pissessing all
perfections, has not a tongue to speak, of
thorn.:- . i ' .
Our hope for self is strongest and least
selfish whan it is blended with our hope for
the worlds ' " '-' 1 ' ' "
. JohnT. Flournoy meuviralizes tho Leg
islature of Georgia to pass a law legalizing
polygamy. ;' r 1 !,,:-"'-
Between France and Spain an intorna-
tional copy-right treaty is in course pf no"
gotiation. ' ' '
Lauchlin Philips was accidentally killed
near New Carthage, Ln. recently.
'A young girl has been arrested at St
Louis; charged with horse stealing. '
If thou wouldst livq long, live well, for
folly and wickedness shorten life. ' '
How many persons have rathor Wanted
friendship than friends.
It is proposed to commence the publica
tion of a now daily paper at Charleston, to
advocate the interests of the American par
ty
They are beginning to construct garden
walls, in England, entirely of glass and iron
like those of the Crystal Palace.
There were 21 ,437 convicts in Van Die
man's Land at the beginning of 1851, sup
ported at an expense of 119,343.
It has been discovered that nutmegs
grow in abtlmianco in ibo Interior of Ciili
fornia.
, Counterfeit silver' dollars ard half dol
lars of the United States stamp, nrc incir
culatiou in Cincinnati.
A company has bejn lately organized
in Fail River with a capital of. $500,000,
for the purpose of manufacturing linen.
Fifty shoemakers of Haverhill, Mass.,
in consequence of the depressed state of bu
siness are about to emigrate to California.
The average assessed value of land per
acre in the State of Wisconsin, for the
year 1850, was $3,25.
Reports from the Salt Lake represent
the Mormons in a prosperous state; this
people now number 18,000.
' There has been an almost total failure of
the peach crop in Southern Ohio, by rea
son of the late frosts.
Win. Loran was bitten by a rattlenake
in Philadelphia, on the 2d inst,, and died
the next morning.
The work of sending back foreign pau
pers has commenced at Fall River, . Mass.
May it go steadily on, say we. . ;
M. L. Merrill, 25 years of age, and a
native of Maine, died in an apoplectic fit,
in Savannah. .
' A call for a Wool Growers' Convention
for the United States, is published in the
Chicago journals.' ' '
Efforts are making" to reduce tho Mar
shal's police in' Philadelphia, at least one
1 before tin peopU-'iu tlnir
A'hrt tim s previous toth
101 lowing c
of eify C
cticuiar was pitpea lmiue uanaa
latholio voter ii
owi languaga
tat (Section the
mi 1 .- V. H. .
1 ue r rcBcn m salMmamfT'conniotB JastMirr
the whole of the nights of the 22nd nnd
23d, took and rctainod an important $f il3
tion of defence or Place D'Armcs before
Sebastapol. - Not fewer than 80D0 men
were kdled or woUndeiftosJtj by biyenet.
2nd. The allies aW niaeU'rapid adrnhices,
and have seized and retained the Russian
lines on the Tehcrnaya without much loss.
The Russians retreated to the bjl&!;4$'
The allies' secret expedition has obtained
eMy'poeeossion of Kertsch wnd thoiri-
niand of the sett of ;Azoff in which are now
li allied .'steamers.''' Tlie Russian's ohMic
approach pf the allies'' blew up (the'j. forts' j
and ournod, four. steaniers, :4P; transports,,
and half a million of sacks, of Breadstuff.
trance and Eugland decline further con
fie.ices at Vienna,, , ...
. , 'i'ho French have established a camp . ,at
Tcliourgouu. ! It is said that Belgium will,
furnish 20,000 men.1 1 -' ' -
By tho ladt' arrival wo had a brief nn
nouueement that the French had driven
the Russiaus from a strong position pf de
fense or Plaoo D'Armcs before Sebasta-
pol The battle occurred during the nights
of the 22hd and i23d, and was a most san-
guiuary affair. iThe phiQO. was defended
by nearly the whole garrison. The total
loss on both sides in killed and wounded is
set down' at 8000 mcn.''PcRssetf' says' ; the1
Russian loss is enormous, that of. his own
troops considerable,- though.,,. less , The
Freuch retained their positiou
Pelissier telegraphs on the 25 as follows,
On tho twenty fifth at 10, P. M,' to (lay,
wo have occupied the, line of Tohornaya;
the enemy tut
littlj resistance
the hills. We have definitely established
ourselves in the works which have .been
carried by us. , ....
Large convoys have entered Sebastapol
from the North side.
The Russians are working vigorously on
tho North side, erecting earth work cYs-
Two deserters from Sebastapol have re
ported the garrison as numerically very
strong.
ttfv ('iitiiolin voter ii'that cuv. Ainer-
5feaiJM oud teMjJ11' .auJ
see if you can reconcile its teachings
Ulrthat' libortyvyou so dearly cherish :
Cf HOLtC ELECTORS OF BUFFA
LO.
tM4&il Vo4S!Be'lcmtJr.
selves like men 11 - Your-deares-in4rttte- -
are at stake. This is but the beginning
ot the end. The first battlo in a campaign,
the result ot which is to determine wheth
er we are to bo permitted tomauago and
codicf onrspirital Jijid Tyfe&p!d),a,l J11
in accordance with tho immemorial' usages
anduotutouiftof ou kily aad,bel6W&(jJuux
or tamely submit.to heretic dotat'nn, Roi
stered, up nh( sanctioned jbyj( Scurrunpind
pros'chplive' -logwlt tiou v v'l
,To the polls, then, and vote for Joseph
G. Mastciii he is -ouf 'friend, his success
will give'eharaoteir ti? thelll le67ions, at
which,' with' tho laid of liberal-inihded Prot
estantSj 0, hvpe.to.boablc.to, rlecj, T men
to the Jjegislaturo whp wiltepeal thesis
graceful and odius Church Property bill,
and blot it from the, sWuto books. If we .
are successful at thiSj Clpotioo, this can. be
accomplished.:-. ' n-'i).i it. t.r-i;
'i' y'u' '!!.'.; "' TnOSK -Vfao kxoW!.'."!
Yes:' well" do! they 1 know' what inroad-'
their connection with, us, has made ,uppn,
the original f-ui'ity of tho : American lohaut
actor. ; Well do they know that U 19 1' but
tljc begrrining of the end, and that end 'isj
the establishment of their Church as tho
.itf. . t i.'-.i . '','''"'' ' 1 ti-- ... 1
temporal aud spiritual power of this coun
try, or having its ; power forever broken
upon this C3ntinerit.' M WeU do they know
that' the raif has fairly heguo. between Re1
pubiicatiisin andRomau Cathoiicism.'.Welj
do they ;know,the- power of their, symbols
being in force offered but I ovcr tho. u,in(1? an(1 uclio9 of, thfir P0
3, and retreated rapidly into weak,' ignorant follower..1"'-Docs ,;any one
uduui. in jjiiiuiuiu uii iickci. aiuji fa
ciei thing which none bu iffco:ncn shouli
be pcruiitted,to look upon. ' Hero1 you
have it, with its two oroses; ' each printed
in red, indicating that the blood .of Atnerfc
cans jnust bp spilled if necessary for its
SUCCOSS; .- , ,. . . ,;
AbnerL FrazrB ad of Public Works.
One of the. most important cuVj.es to be
filled at our October election is undoubted
ly that of a mombcr.of the Board of Pub
lic Works. The people of Ohio do not
surely need to be reminded of the uccesii
ty. for reform in the management of their
great avenues of trade, in which they have
invested so much capital,, and in the prop
er .management of which, their interests
are so deeply involved. If the powerful
appeals for this reform, which have recent
ly been made h) them, tLrpugli the medi
um of their pockets does not avail, it would
be useless to multiply words. Relieving
that thopeople are alive to the importance
of these matters, and that they intend to
continue the good work, so well commen
ced last fall, it is with pleasure that I see
announced the name of Abncr L. Frazcrf
of Stcubenville, as a candidate for the
nomination to. this office at the Republican
Convention to be held in July, .knowing
that, his election would secure to the State,
the services of un active, competent officer,
The high character Mr F. bears as a Civ.
il Engineer, his intimate acquaintance with
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For Judge of 3uperi6ECouvfj1",'
JOSEFILG. MASTENi" ':'
' 1 . ' ''
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Is not this sufficient evidcuco ' to 'the
mind of any- intelligent, American thatf.
that symbol, when aecomjittuicd by a de
mand, is imperative? Does not the" rosnlt
of that election prove it? Do upt the false-.
hoods daily being issued from ;thc public
press prove the complete control oycr thotii?
Do not their strenuous efforts : to., cent
ttalize power and wealth, prove their- dei
termination am.'' preparation for future ' '
tion? Are they not . secretly" 'iilliod' with,
those largo monicd aristporacie. and;inOT
nopoiics. which even now control our legist
latioii?' If any one doubts it t stand pre-
pared, to prove it, Dvcrj day's expendricp
proves to me, Mr. Editor, 'that tliciscstVri
ling faots must .be cr, and soone the
better. The great secrot of the powett of.
he Amcrioaii party is,'11 that its principles
find alodgemcnt in the ''A iiicrie tirt.' Ijic-hrt'.
The great cause of, its 'weakness,, j.i tliaj
some t)i its member are not sufficiemtly )m
pressed with its ii'uportuncej'and "others tab
1 if ' . ' 11.' I ' 1 . w . . 1.
anxious ior political success., YVitn mo,
ii..i.i: vtr..i, if I.-., : 1
, . f, I and not with mo alone, but with the great
ty and fidelity are ample guaranty that he , , ..... , -,n ''
,, a i- . mass of thoso pcrsous who compose'its io-
would prove an effective ca-auiutor with 1 . . . 1 . ' . '
the able member, so triumphantly elected ... . T ... " .
: Eight femnlo physicians have taken
their degrees in Philadelphia, i i "
half.
The adulteration pf California gold is ns
much a matter of complaint in California
as here. ...
A bill to protect the rights, of married
women has been introduced into the Geor
gia Legislature.
St. Louis has, by a public vote, authori
zed a loan of $100,000 for the purpose of
improving its harbor. , :
One hundred students arc attending a
course of lectures in the ' Homoeopathic
College at Cleveland, Ohio.
Last year, 20,000 tierces of beef , were
packed in Cleveland. This year the num
ber did not exceed 8,000. '
Travellers who nrrivo at. Warsaw with
beards aro shorn by military barbers, by
prder of the Russian government.
There aro C007 contributing members
attachod to the Grand Division of Mary
land Sons of Temperance. . . . ,
. A man was sentenced to tho penitent
tiary for two years in mississippi, for steal
ing thirty cents. worth of woodi ,. ? .
Did you kuow that they bang Jew
and jackasses up together in Portland ?
said a cunnning Yankee to an Isrealito.
"Indeed 1 then it is well that you srd I are
not there," returned tho Jew
last fall, in a faithful, efficient and econo
mical administration of tho affairs of tho
Board, . . Reform..;
Member of the Board of Public
Works. Among other candidates for this
very responsible office,' we see in the True
American of Steuben v'dle, tho name of Ab
ncr L. Frazcr, of Jefferson county, highly
spoken of and recommended for this'oflice.
For tho past fifteen years Mr. Frazcr, has
been engaged on our most important can
als aud railroads, and has thereby acquired
a fund of practical knowledge, possessed by
but few, aud with this kuowledgo is .com
bined a liberal and impartial spirt of pub
lic improvement. II is high character for
unflinching, uncomprising honesty and in
tegrity, joined to his other qualifications,
eminently fit him for a member of the
Board of Public Works; and his wide spread
popularity and great strength" to tho Re-
publican ticket, should ho ree'eivo "tho
nomination of that party. Cincinnati Ga
zette.
life time. Its principles nrtf right," and
never can change! Ve Are freemen'; 'shall,
piir children lejqicli?. It rests Villi us. SliaU
we fight the battle, or lct.it go by., default
aud leave our children and posperity, to burse
our memory, as slaves- and "worse thau,
slaves?' : -."! '''
wit.
'BSyA. poor Irishman who applied "for
license to sell ardent spirits; being' ques
tioned by the board of Excise as to his
moraf fitness for tho trust, replied "Ah,
sure", it is not much character a man need,
to Bell tho Barao.' :( '
' Tom Thumb, tho celebrated little great
man, was married at Webster on tho 24th
of May, to a Miss Yiuton, of Bridgeport,
Conn.''' ' " '' " T- ': - ('
The Popular VERDicT.-p-tn the recent
contest totween Senator Brooks' and Arch
bishop Hughes, the unanimous verdict of
the press appears to bo that the Archbish
op got worsted. The' Philadelphia 1 Sdn
sums up thO matter thus: '.'It will be te
membered that Mr, Brooks "charged that
the Archbishop held large amouuts of prop
erty', to which the evasive a nawcr was-given
by the latter that he only owned his li
brary and tho bed on which ho slept ; Mr.
Brooks copied from the Court records to
I show ono hundred and ono d'efida of lots
deded to him This vast accumulation
of property in the bauds of a Romish Bish
op was rogardod as dangerous, thcreforo
Mr. Brooks' sought to cxposo itjUnd tho
prelate enly answered by billingegatc, bra
vado, and disgraceful evasions. The .Sen
ator jn every essential particular lm prov
ed his assertions nnd maintained his ground,
while the Archbishop endeavors to escape
by ploadiug that he holds the property only
for tho Catholic. Church and this,1 it ftp
pears to uh, is the very charge ,kst advan
ced by the Senator, for ho was exposing
the dangerous aggression- Of- vroalth and
church property in the hands of coclcsins
tios. - 'The defenos of Archbishop Hughes
Is virtually a plea, of gOitty,:hut he' throws
in technicalities to mitigate the severity' itf
the Rentiinec. J We liar iiever Secnra dis-
I'comfiture mOfo Coniplered Respite' all rjfta
eions and fide mw arid ppranl pletv)ing-'.
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