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Z. EAQA5, Editor
in f - i i --
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 12, 1855.
THE TUTTE AMESICAIT'
The Talis AmssicaS i published every
Wdiielnr, in Stuuhmiville, Jeffiirson county.
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THE AMERICAN PASTY- 02? OHIO.
At the Annual Session. of the State Council,
arid in Cleveland, June 5ih, 155, the follow
ing Platform of Principles as expressive of the
aoiitimentof the Order in thin State, was adopt
U nd ordered to be published to the word,
vcr the signatures of Its officers : . -
... YTe proclaim to the world the following, . .
t'ttLNCIPLES OP THE AMERICAN
' PARTY OF OHIO.
I. ,. The unlimited freedom of Religion dis
connected with politics hostility to ecclesias
tical influence upon the affairs of government
equality of rights o nil naturalized Emi
grants who are thoroughly Amciicnnized, and
ou no temporal allegiance, by reason of their
religion . higher than that to the Constitution.
II. No interference with the right of citi
sen ship alendy acquired by Foreigners, and
the pr; wc! i-Hi of law to all who lioiitHilv enii
grate Irom love ot lineny ; Duitlio exclusion of
foroitjn paupers and tVlm,
and a refusal to
extend the right of suffrage to all lio come
Iiereaiier until uiey hiiau nave resided 21 years
..r.i in,' , , .
in th United ista!e9 and complied with the
111. Opposition to all political organizations
romposd "exclusively of Foreigners, and to
Puliln Military Companies, and to all attempts
to exclude the IJii.-lc from Schoul supported by
, IV. Slavery U local not nationul : we op
pe its extension in any of our territories, nml
the increae of its political power by the ad
iuision into the Union of any Slave Slate or
otherwi; e ; ami we demand of the General Gov
ernment an iinmediiite redress of the great
wrongs which have been, inilicted upon the
ciue of Fie.'ihim and the American character
by tho repeal uf the Missouri Compromise, and
the iiitrnduction of Slavery into Kansas in vio
lation of la, by the force of arms, aud the de
struction of the elective franchise.
V. lit h'linUc imitation of the wisdom of
Washington, we oppose all intervention in the
affairs of Kurcisrn Suites : yet on all proper oc
casion, we will not withhold our sympathy
from any people :ipirinj to V free.
VI. We support American Industry and re
nins againM, ilm adverse policy of Foreign na
tions and facilities In internal and external
commerce by tho im;irov(-ineut of rivers and
harbors and the construction of national roads
writing llu various sections of the Union
VII. . Tho Union of those States should be
made perpetual by a faithful allegiance to the
VIII. - In Slate policy we sealonslv advocate
Retrunchment and Reform a modification of
the present opressivn system of Taxation and
liberal system of Public Schools.
TIIOS. SPOOLER, President,
Jon E. Rues, Secretary.
Tacts for the Tax-Jay ere of Moaroe
The following .'communication is from
the Monroe Journal, and is worthy of a care-
fal.reading. While writers upon political j
economy are speculating on the subject of j
high taxes, and urging the necessity of a j
reduction in the salary of the officers of
government, they seem to have lost sight of
the fact, tl.at it cos's loth our State and tho
Natirn, or.e half es much money to support ,
"Ktio AtcoiioT." as it docs to support our
f ntVra National and State Governments.
The article is in many respects as applica
ble to Jefferson, as it is to Monroe Connty.
"Mr. Editor. It is sel.iom that I at
tempt to write anything for the public, es
pecially toch as the caption of this article
would suggest; as I am not now nor never
was a politician. But we daily bear clam
ors againh our high taxes, end indeed, not
without jubt cause. Cur taxes at the pres
ent time are truly enormous, and we daily
hear curse and anathemas pronounced
against the public officers, the administra
tions,' ice. And I shall not attempt to say
whether our present system of Government
could bs carried on with lets expenditure,
or not, bat shall leave that to older and wi
ser he&ds than mins to deter mino, cud shall
pass to notice one of the principal drains
upon our public treaBury. The denouncers
and f,he advocates of the present tyteniof
taxation, in enumerating the various pur
poses for which we aro at present taxed,
by turns curse and bless our public officers,
our public works, our present school law,
ice. But there is another source which
we scarcely ever hear mentioned, and it is
of this that I Intend particularly to speak.
We htte in our midst, and ruling over us
with, a "Rod of Iron," 0 tyrant who exacts
mors Uses from us than tbs whole system
of our government besides, I mean the ty
rant, "Kwa Alcohol"
Whilst listening tot temperance lecture
the other evening, I heard something like
the .following words, fall from the lips' of
th -speaker: "Tiia usa of ardent spirits
f rently increases our taxes;" and having
nothing to do to-day, I thought I would in
tijale and sae for myself, how far this was
'true, and to what extent it does Increase
thsnu, And although the result of my in-
testigations may not prove new or Interest
ing to most of your readers, 1 am tempted
to'glvc it, hoping that soma may ba led ' to
think more upon the anbject.
"It is wcllknown to evory observer, that
a vety groat proportion of those enormous
taxes.bf which wo so much complain, is
appropriated tfi Unbuilding of jails, peni
tentiarjas, alms-house asylums, &c, and
to the prosecution of orimititila, the main
tenance of paupers, &o Admitting Hup,
wrr fntiet also admit thnS whatever tends to
arvui'c,rear(jf crime; pr insanity or pan
jieMuJUiUt iect'iiarjly; -towl to an in
rreispfll: ouriucg, aud J Jiardly ;darasup
pr4( thot'in iisnjiglitcne .day, .anyone
ivill have the hardihood to say that intern
poranco Ifcmnot this effecti -yr.i lu'J -rj"
tfTlie litistjcs if jsvery country,! of ev-
tij StPt to own coiuUjy,iid fvcrJars.
county in our own State, show this to be
"But fur fearsome may not "be disposed
to look for facts, we subjoin a few taken from
reliable authority, Of 7C0 convicts now
in the Ohio Penitentiary, over 4C0 came to
their present condition, directly or indirect
ly through the influence of ardent" spirits
Of 2,000 paupers In different alms-houses
in the United States, over 1.700 were made
such by spirituous liquors. v Of 1,764 crim
inals in different prisons, over 1,500 were,
either Intemperate men, or under the influ
ence of intemperance at tho time of the
commission of the crimes for which they
were imprisoned,, '.-
"Judge Rush in a charge to a jury some
years ago said, "I do not recollect an in
stance, since my being concerned in the ad
ministration of justice, of a person being
put on trial, for manslaughter, which did
not originate in drunkenness; and but few
instances of trial for murder, in any degree
where tho crimes did not originate from the
"The city attorney of New York city, in
one of his reportssnys, 'that of 22 cases
of murder which it has been my duty to ex
amine, every one has been committed in
consequence of the use of ardent spirits."
"And the reports of tho various prisons
in tho United Slates make known the as
tounding fact, that of every 1U0 individuals
committed to prison, more than 60 are in
intemperate persons. And the statistics of
Englandi'Franco, and indeed almost every
country contain the same astounding truths.
Then, I would say, has this nothing to do
with our high taxes! It certainly has. It
is estimated, as before stated, that intem
perance costs the tax-payers of the U S.
more than five times the amount, that
would our system of national government.
were there no such thins. But to brin?
this matter home to every candid man, look
at the inunlcrs that have been committed in
our own county, at the fights and brawls
that have been perpetrated, and auk your
s.lf the cause, and you must answer, ii
ten.p?rance. And look atthe amount it has
cost tho tax-payers of Monroe to prosecute
these criminals. Four murders have been
committed in Monroe all by intemperate
men, and whilst under the influence of!
strong drink which have cost the county
not short of os $0,5CO. And who dare say
that these would have been had it not been
for inteniperanccl And if we further take
into considers lion the enormous waste of
property, occasioned by this demon, we are
lost in wonder at tho extent of his domin
ion over us.
Il is estimated that 50,CC0,CC0 gallons
of arJentspirits aro minufactured yearly in
tho United States, which at a cost of 50
cents per gallon, would amount to the neat
sum of $23,CC0,CC0. "A sum, which if
spread out in dollar bonk notes, would reach
across the continent of America,"or which j
would be enough to delray the expenses of;
our national government.
"These facts look startling, but when we'
take into consideration the amount of suf
fering and death, by this destroyer, the
mind becomes utterly appalled.
Suppose that one person in every hun
dred in our land, is a common drunkard,
(which all will say is a small proportion,)
and that the population of our country is
25,CC0,CC0, then there ore in the United
States 250,000 common drunkards, whose
lives are spent in rendering those around
4t.Mm ..mi - 3 ....1 ...1 1
mini nici(.-ucu,anu wnose loss WCUId DO a
blessing to the communities in which
they live. And suppose the arerage length j
ot t.ieir lives to be yars 10,fC0 ofj
tl.cm die everv vcar rr.d are hurried into a i
. . ' "
drunkard's grave and into a drunkard's hell.;
".aim nil tuil sacrifice of mony, time
tnd happiness, must this relentless tyrant
demand of us. ;25.COO,C00 must bi annu
ally appropricted to the m an u ."ct tire c"i
criminals and paupers, who must then be a
burden npon the honest lax-payer.
fellow citizens, how long shall this be
so! II ow long shall we rnbmittotlie sway
ot tins despot! When shall we say to this
monster, "thy kingdom is at an end! 4No
more shall thy cars be greatod with tho wid
ow's wail and the worse than obpiun's
Shall it be when he shall have ruined our
families and friends!
When he shall have;
so lar brggared cur citizens that he can;
, ., , . ... , , I
exact no more tribute from He r hands
"?lmll u' k -I . e - . 1
Olinll It DC Wl Cn mnnv nf nnr nrnmlc n '
young men people our prisons and alms
houses! Or shall it be now! We have
the means. Our lesiidators have ffiven us
a law, by which, if we cannot entirely sub-
cue, we can at least curtail the power of
the monster. Then let it be now ! Let
moral suasion be coupled with the strong
arm of tho law 1 Let every lovor of truth,
virtue and religion rush to the rascuo, and
this mighty king must yield to the superior
power of justice. W.
Woodsfield, Dcc.l, 1855.
The Prospect is Kansas. The last
advices from Tnpcka says : Tho Kan
sas Constitutional Convention passed s
schedule on the 10th itist,, declaring the
Constitution to be submitted to the people
on the 15 ill of Drceuiler. If the Consti
It) lion is'ratified, il provides for the elec
tion of Governor, Lieutenant Governor,
Secretary ef State, Auditor, Judje of Su
preme Court Attorney General, Members
to the General Assembly, on the 3d Tues
day in January jalso, the General Assem
bly shall shall secure eufoi cement to the
bill of ri'its before the fourth of July
next. 1 1
Frozen OvmMilwaukle river is fro
zen across wilh ice an inch thick Tin?
is said in ba tho first lime in fifteen- years
that the river has been skimmed with ice
thin early. ,: "'
The Secretaiy of the Russian Le
gation, whocatue passnger in the simmer
Washington, Was robbed at New York,
on :Sundpy it five- hundred Holland
ducats, vshted si about on thousand tloL-
l r 1
The Beauties of. Petty Tyranny.
The removal of the Virginia Tobacoo
Inspectors by Governor Johnson on Ac
count of their political opinions, was bad
enough, but what was it compared (0 the
petty proscription practiced daily by the
Forney administration at Washington.
American mechanics are removed from
their situations 1 on Government work,
not because of any incompetency, but be
cause they dare think for themselves and
express the opinion that foreign influence
is dangerous to (he welfare of the coun
try. And to whom, pray, is the small
pittance with which they endeavored to
support respectably their American born
children and American wives, transferred?
Why, in the majority of cases to foreign
workmen, whose only virtue and recom
mendation is, that they vote the Locofo
co ticket and give their aid and support
to that tyrannical concern, the present ad
ministration. What if these mechanics
are over zealous in their efforts to main
tain the institutions of their country in
their original puiity, and are over jealous
of 'the insidious wiles of foreign influ
ence.' They al least are on virtue's side,
and though Pierce and Forney may differ
with them, it Is petty tyranny of the most
contemptible cast, to take the brend out
of their mouths on (hat account. Could
you have convinced the patriots who lived
in days gone by, that the occupant of the
chair once filled by a Washington, a Jeff
erson and a Jackson, would sloop (0
means so despicable, to sustain its sink
ing fortunes,3i:d perpetuate a dynasty cor
rupt beyond precedent. But wo mistake
the American people if they can be thus
whipped into his support. The American
mechanic, proud because of his indepen
dence, will resent at the ballot box this
effort to muzzle his brethren, and super
cede them by men of foreign importation.
They have never yet, like the whipped
spaniel, licked the feet of him who held
tl.e lash, and when they do, we will
blush for our fellow countrymen. Where
is (he matter to stop, if the people of
this free republic allow such palpable
usurpations to go unrebuked, and sacri
fice merely fur the shadow, the very es
sence and spirit ol real democracy ? For
Democracy in its legitimate sense, con
templates an unlrammeltd expression ol
opinion on the pail of the people, with
out regard to the dictum of a party dic
tator, be he Governor, President, or what
not. Its basis principle is that the exec
utive is the servant of the peojle and not
their master and yet we sec all this re
versed by the present administration, and
its acts approved and endorsed by men
professing lo be Democrats. In view of
all this, have not the Americans cause to
mourn over the degeneracy uf the times,
and is thereinot a pressing necessity for
them to inaugurate a system of ihingson
a purer and more republican basis T But
the prescriptive tyranny does not confine
itseif to a crusade against American me
chanics. In the eyes of the Jesuit mem-
ber of the firm, it is a crime of the worst
grade, for a cleik ia his department to
have on his desk an American paper, and
a!icii'y threatened 01. e wiih the
guillotine, in case litis offence is repeated
,; wollM ,,:ive muiu nn Mfc,, if the
.- 1 . 111 . 1
nnnpr rn f-rreil In. had heen nrinted in
1 r - 1
Gorman and had advocttcd Free love,
or Free diinkinj. but it proclaims the tin-
welcome truth, that Americans oncht to
ruI,? Aineric;!. aml 011 t!'" account was
not reaidcd in its proper place, when
futld in ins uVpar'.ment over which a
Jesuit presides. Perhaps, after all, there
is a little consistency in lis is, and its edi
tor should regard in the light of a com
pliment ijjan otherwise. W. Gazetlt.
Lost Child. Tho Greenbrier Era
states ihut a little sou of Thos. Maddox,
sotne 10 montli3 old, wandered from
l ,i, ..r, ,.r a t..- iV,o
r 1 , 1 , . 1 1
I7ih, and gni lost in the woods. Aldark,
! ' , , .
isavs i .e J'nii, me aiarm wasgneuio
V . ' o
(be neighbors, and some fifircn men were !
in search for llie child the entire night, I
first by the light of the moon, then by
torch light. Their search was in vain.
The night grew cold, and the wind blew
hard. The child was thinly clad and ils
feet bare. The search was continued on
Sunday morning. About eight o'clock
it was found by the father. . As the shout
passed from one to another, thai (he 'lost
was found,' a thrill of joy was awaken
ed in the mother's heart that may be con
ceived, but not expressed. The child
was alive, but chilled and insensible. It
had wandered in the woods half a mile,
and tumbling over a steep bank, had
caught on a little sapling. Turning its
head up the hill, and spreading out its
little arms, it lay tliero upon its face, un
til discovered by the father. At the last
accounts il was doing well.
Floir roit ths Crimea. Within tbe
past two or three weeks some 2(1,000 bar--
rels of flour have been purchased by
firm in this city by the Uritish Govern
ment. Its destination is (he
This flour has been paid for at $7,75 per
barrel, which amount to the round sum
of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars
Detroit Mvcr. Jfov. D.' '
JC7A special election : was
Kanawha county, Vn on the l5tlj for
a delegate 10 supply the place : of Dr.
Thompson, - dee'd,' It resulted in the
elect' 11 pf Uuffuef, American, Over Drown,
Democrat,; by H hlajoriiy of 670, only
101? votes beifljf polled, ; ,
- - Love the Poet, Pretty One. .
Love the Poet, pretty ono ! : .
y lie unfoldeth knowledge fair; ;
' Lessons of tho earth and sun,
' And of azure air. "
.-'ITS can teach thee how to reap
f Music from tho golden lyre;
"' 11a can show thee how to steep
-All thy thoughts in fire.
Heed not, though at times ho seem ...
Dark and still, and cold as clay;
He is shadowed by his dream I -But
'twill pass away. .,
Thenbright fancies will he weave,
Caught from air and Heaven above 1
Some will teach thee how lo grieve;
. Others how to love.
How from sweet to sweet to rovo;
How all evil thing's to shun;
, . Should 1 not then whisper "love
- Love the poet, pretty one1t'
The Credulity of Infidelity.
In a sermon by Rev. G. F. Wiswell,
in the last number of the National Preach
er, il is conclusively shown, thru 'infidel
ity is far more credulous than Christiani
ty that the man who rejects revealed re
ligion tanust believe far more than the
Christian (hat the difficulties of infidel
ity are far more difficult, and thVfables
of infidelity far more fabulous, than any
thing within the compass of christian doc
trine.' The following extract is worthy of a
place here. W, M. Protestant.
'We claim that God not only could
make, but has made a revelation of hi$
will, and that here in the Book we have
it. And I affirm that next lo the difficul
ty of explaining away the evidences of
God himself, finm the surface and the
mysterious deeps of the universe next
10 this difficulty is that of accounting for
the origin and preservation from age to
age of this wonderful book, on the sup
position that il is not divine and authori
tative from heaven. And yet this is the
difficulty of infidelity. Ho who rejects
the divine origin of this book is as much
bound to account for its existence as I
am. Il will not answer to ignore il alto
gether. It is here as really a standing
fact, a3 it has been for centuries, as the
sun shines in mid-heaven, or the waters
that belt the world. It is operative among
men and it comes knocking ut the clior of
infidelity. And it will not do to say, !
will none of yon ; 1 had nothing (0 do in
your oriain, and feel no responsibility for
your existence' This will never do.
The Bible, true or false, will not he shuf
fled ciffin this unceremonious manner.
11 must be accounted for in some reason
able and satisfactory way, or the minds
of men will not be at rest respecting it.
The believer receives it as God's word
and rests theie. The infidel says it is not
God's wrd. Will he tell m whence it
is? He must believe that this immense
volume, containing, as even he must ack
nowledge, such an amount and variety ol
knowledge and wisdom, applicable lo all
human conditions in all times, is (he re-
suit of chance or the most astonishing co-
incidence, fortuitously brought about.
jje must believe that numerous writers,
iiourjint, at different periods of the
world, and of different menial capacities
and training, by a mere chance concur
rence of circumstances, wrote with refer
ence to one and the same great end the
revelation of man's way nf recovery thro'
Jesu3 Chris, from sin and death. He
must believe that the preservation of the
Scriptures, unchanged from age to age,
through so long a period, in iho midst of
circumstances the most unfavorable, 1ms
beenameie Occident. lie must believe
that the literal fulfilment of prophecies ut
tered centuries of years before, was also
the result of chance. He must believe
thai all the influence which ihis book lias
exerted over the minds of men for 1800
years, and the firm and tenacious hold
that it still has upon the very heart-strings
oflumaniiy, all this is the lesultof unfor
seen circumstances. This last would bf
the master-piece of credulity, for if the
Eible be not the word of God, that it pro
fesses to be, it is surely the most consu-
mate and awful falsehood thai the world
could ever imagine, it is either divine or
it is the worst book in existence. But is
il possible that such a bundle of preten
sions, such a mighty conglomeration of
iea, emild have bean pi.lmed off upon rea
soning and intelligent beings ? And much
more is it su pposnble that instead of los
ing, il should strengthen 11 hold upon hu
man conscience and belief with the lapse
of centuries. All this, infidelity must ac
count for and make consonant with rea
son ami the common sense of mankind.
No other book has ever been written so
adapted lo man. in all the stages of his be-
ing and the history ot Ins race, u'.ner
books, ihe products of the most mnjefctic
intellects grow obsoiate in , wnoie, or in
part, anil their philosophy ana system
vanish ewav. The works of ancient
philosopher's, like Aristotle and Plato,
are most wholly supeiseueu ny produc
tions of more modem date. Large por
tions of the writings of Lord Bacon are
now obsolete. But not so with this book.
Il lives on and seems to gather fresh mean
ing and power with the steady flow of
ages anu generations ; onu in iwunuisiur
bed depths lie embosomed truths and prin
ciples lhai will doubtless have their full
realization in that eternal future that opens
to the, eye of death. Now the credulity
that can prnnonnce such a production u
fable or the fruit of chance, is immense.
But this is Ihe credulity r Infidelity.
And my hearers, are you not leady lo
confess with me that 40 :believd nil that
one musi who reiects the word of God, is
n more difficult mailer than to accept the
ihe creed of christianily, without ntodifi
cation or abatement,'. s 9 y, rM -.;,,.,-,
.- RETALIATION. :
. They have an aet on the legislative an
vil in Georgia, which we read over ruth'
cr carefully when it was first reported,
and resolved to say nothing about it un
til It should pass; but our cotemporaries
have commenced ventiliating it, and will
doubtless in lime discover ' its (rue drift
and necessary consequence ; so we have
no adequate motive for. further forbear
ance. It is subHtantially as follows.
A Georgian goes before a proper - tri
bunal and swears that one of bin negro
slaves has run away or a, dozen of his
slaves, as, the case may be that said
slave or slaves has made his way to a
Free Slate say New-York and that he
cannot recover him ; whereupon the trib
unal gives him legal authority to sieze or
attach any property belonging, or debt duo
in Georgia, to any citizen of said Free
State wherein said fugitive is sworn to
have found refuge, and pay himself the
sworn value of said fugitive slave or slaves ,
out of said property or debt. There are
a good many clauses and much ver
biage 5 but tbe gist of the bill is here giv
en. This bill had not passed when we last
heard from Millegeville, but was deemed
likely to become a law. We sincerely
hope il may, for these reasons :
I. It will strike a damaging blow at
our inflated system of Mercantile Credit.
A Southern retailer of dry goods rarely or
never pays for them when he buys them.
He obtains them on credit of the jobbers
of New York or Philadelphia, expecting
lo pay for them out of the proceeds of
their sales, unless he can find some more
advantagoiis investment for the money.
Should the crop of his section fail, or the
pi ice of cotton rule low, or the river fail
to rise so that it cun be floated to market,
he won't pay ; if he has invested his cur
rent receipts in Government funds, or a
new house, or a plantation, he probably
won't. It is a gambling business, this
supplying the South with goods on credit,
in good part extended to men who have
neither the property nor the established
character which could alone cntiilo them
to such credit. It multiplies retail mer
hams enormously, mid floods the plant-
ing Stales wilh uoodj which are neither
wanted nor paid for. We believe this
Mercantile Credit is a curse both to the
North and South, and hail the advent of
anything calculated lo brc.ili it up. This
foolish and unjust Georgia bill will lend
to do il ; so we hope it will pas.
II. Our 'merchant princes," who job
goods on credit lo Southern retailors, are
nearly all Union ravers, who think slavery
either a good thing in itself, or a necessa
ry evil with which the JNonli has nothing
10 do. When one of them shall have
been called upon to pay, under this Geor
gia law, for ten or fifteen slaves whom ho
never saw nor heard of till ho found them
in his little bill, it may possibly crawl
through his hair that we have sointthing
to do with slavery. It may even occur to
him that it is not exactly the riht thing
for a man to sell his half broiticr into ihe
most cruel and brutal bondage in the cane
field or ricewauips, merely because that
brother has one eighth African blood in
HI. This act will tend rapidly to di
minish the hiave population of the Slates
adopting it, aud so weaken the impedi
ments to emancipation. Every slave
holder who has :i particularly vicioiw, in
tradable, unprofitable negro, whom he
cannot sell, and does not wish to keep,
will contrive to have him run away, ta
king care only that ha runs into some
Free State. Thence lie may go to Cana
da, or where ever else he may choose i
the master will only track him to ionie
Free St tto trading with and trusting the
South, and ihen proceed to levy on ihe
property debts of citizens of said State for
his liberally estimated value. So long as
there shall be any property liable to at
tachment under this law, so long, we
may be sine, will the slaves keep running
away. - ; '
IV. Our neighbors who sell goods to
the South on credit, sometimes get rich
very fast, coun ing their 'bills payable' as
securities' or realized profits, and lake
to building each his palace on Fifth A veil
uc, or 'thereabouts, on the strength ofj
such good fortune. Dy and by the South
ern promises fall due, aud are not paid
'not then nor ever' and the half built
palace has (0 be sold, aud the mechanics
are sometimes losero. Let this Georgia
bill pass, and our merchant will estimate
their profits and build their palaces on the
basis of their payments received rather
than their goods sold, which we believe
ihe more excellent way.
Ishort, the passage of the Georgia
bill will burst some pernicious bubbles,
and do much moru good than its authors
intend, while we do not perceive that it
s more unjust and oppressive than other
measures which ihe maintenance of Slav
ery tenders necessary. Let us have i
enacted. N. I": Tribunt '
JC7The Indiana University, which
lost its whole library by fire some lime
ago, has recently V'Ceived'thoiib'eral do
nation bfhaoksto ihe value of $G0O front
Mr. II. W. 'Derby of Cincinnati. '
lOKate tlaye's, it Is ''said, lias realized
a'foi tuno by ' her' singing, of $2OD,000.
She has visited California, Australia, Chi-
na and.Uindoilan. , , . , , ..
Washington, Dec. The 30ih bal
lot resulted;' Richardson 73 Hanks S3,
Fuller 28. Pennington 4, Zi.llicoffer 6,
and 12 caiU'ring-112 necessary ,10 choice.
Thiity '-.First Ballot. Richardson 72,
Hanks 100, Fuller 33, Zollicoffer 5, Pen
ninginn 2, scattering 12. j v- -
'Thirty Second Ballot. Riohardsoti 1 73,
Banks 100. Fuller 30, Zoljicoffer 3, Pen
nington 2, scattering 14 adjourned.
Mr. Cumbacli announced a meeting 'of
anti-Nebraska men, to night,' at 7 o'clock,
in this hall. Cries nf 'what kind of a
rbeeting' is thnt l' Yon think you will
fix things i" (Laughter.')
New York, Dec. 8. The Central
Democratic Union Club, met at Tamma
ny Hall last evening, when John Coch
ran tendered his resignation of the Presi
dency of ihe Club, which was accepted.
An address and resolutions, expressive
of the principles of the organization were
read and adopted. . . -
The Ninth Ward American Club, of
this city, had a grand banquet at Niblo's
last evening, in consequence of the recent
victory in' the State. Hon. Geo. Briggs
presided ; and about 500 persons were
present. Tho principal speakers were,
the Chairman, Daniel Ulinnn, and John
M. Butts, of Virginia, The, proceedings
were very inteicsiing..
Kiciimond, Vn., Dec, 8. The Legis
lature of Virginia, re elected today,..ihe
Hon. Jas. M. Mason, to be U. S. Sena
tor for 6 years, over his competitor Sum
mer, K. N., by 58 majority on joint vote.
Pittsburoh, Die (0. Noon Kiver
Ofectj weather cold and windy, with
appearance of snow.
Ciscinvati, Dec. 10. Noon Flour
dull ; the only sale was 30 bbls at $7.75;
nothing done in grain or provisions ; hog
firm and but little doing; sillers afk $G,
C3aG,70 ', buyers are mil disposed to op
erate ; sales 030 head at 80,5 J; Molas
ses very firm at 40.
Tim. Sotj.nd Du:s. The Hamburgh
(Nov. 3.) correspondence of the Xondon
Times, wiites : 'There is reason 10 be
lieve that, af.er nil, Russia has accepted
ihe office nf Mediator between Deiitmnk
and ihe Un'm d States, ami proposes as
nn adjustment or the difficulties, that Don
mark shairmht her Maud of St. Thorn
as 10 the United Stales, for the nun of
five millions of dollars, and total exemp
tion of American ships and caro Inn 11
ihe future pnymnnt uf the Sound Due.
Although ihe colony is of.no value lo
Denmark in a pecuniary point of view,
rather causing an expense than bringing
in a surplus, yet Denmark is said to have
declined the proposal, out of conStdora
tion 10' the Western powers, to 'whom
such an arquicition en tho p:nl of tho
Americans, so close lo their West India
possessions cannot he duMrahlu.
According to a loner from Btilin of the
1st inst., in the Post Ainpt. Gazette of
Frankfort, the Danish Government per
ceive that its pinjecl for abolishing ihe
Sound Dues on payment of nn indemni
ty canal lo their value, will encounter
insurmountable obstacles ; and it propo
ses lo render them less onerous, by al
lowing Commercial ships lo pay 1 hem to
the Danish Consols in the British ports
from which they may have lo sail, in
stead of having to stop 111 the Sound.
Ex-CoLLKCTi'it Collier. It will be a
source of gratification to the many friends
of Col. Collier, the former collector of
this port, lo learn that the matters in liti
gation between him and the Government,
have been brought to 11 termination, alike
honorable and satisfactory lo himself.
No one who knew Col. Collier ever doubl
ed fur a moment his entire ability to ren
der, at any lime, a correct and satisfacto
ry account of his financial affairs as Col
lector of ihis port. The malice of a high
official in the Treasury Depaitment, un
der Mr. Fillmore, instigated ihe circula
tion of the report of his being a defaulter
lo the amount of $750,000, it ml the sub
sequent prosecution against him. F01
years the old Colonel has urged the mat
ter to settlement, either by ihe Depart
ment or by the decree of a court, and we
are now glad to chronicle the fact of 0
decree which will reduce the claim of
Government, if any (hinj;, to a mere nom
in til sum. .Ma Californian.
C7We clip the following from (he
iteubenville Hurald, of Nov. 17h :
'The First Ci't.' Colonel Collier.
of our city, received on yesterday, per
mail, and from,merchantsof San Francis
co, out of regard for him, a beautiful pnd
finely wrought silk vest patu rn . The nov
elty of the present is, (hat il i tho "firslV
piece of goods, imported upon the 'firtt'
Japanes vessel, 'lhat has imiolied our
shores, or entered an American port, la
dened with the products of ihe far off J.1
panose Islands, for traffic and ih maim
fac'iured articles 'of that odd,''' ingenious
mid heretofore exclusive (unfile. '
On the 2lst ult. the splendid hi i
warehouse of "Mr. Walker, on 'TJiver
Street, Chicago, "was discovered to be on
fire, and such was- the 'rapidity 'f Mte
(lames thulihe whole building, including
largo amounts of grain. vool(,fcc. stored
therein, was .entirely consumed. Low
A Scene In the Irish Convention.
The following scene took place in the
convention of Irishmen who met lately at
ihe Asior House to devise a plan by which
they should secure the emancipation of
Ireland. It evident that -these enlight
ened Irishmen hvo lather a shillpliih"
idea of liberty. . j
;The rejportsays ": I - ) w
...l-Quiieja scene took pUre at the open
ing or the Conyentiorijon Tuesday. Col.
Michael Doheiioy claimed a "eat in the
Convention. He appeared there, he said,
Hj'the representative of 3,03(1. armed men.
lie ihoughtjhat Mjf. M'CleiHlian, Editor
ot 'ihe Citizen, should 'Te'eTpelled Irom
ihe body because in loss than two hours
lime he would be closeted with the Brit
ish Consul. Besides, he continued, Mc
Clenahan was ;a- nrean inan, rand f he
was permitted (o , remain, -nil the New
York delegates would leave.
Mr. McClenahaii repelled the charges
in si rung language, and during the turmoil
the lie was given, and a threat made to
wring some one's nose, when the Con
veuiion inljomned.r j f ',) J .
A dJegaie hoped that ruffians would
not be permitted to disturb the liarihony'
of the proceedings, j (
Mrv Joljil i O'AIahorjcjf called 'he dele
gate to order, mid demanded of him to
whom he applied the epithet of ruffians,
' Another delegate sa'ul such squabbling
was charticterisiicj' He supposed that
when the army was ready to march, there
woiild be fighting' as 10 who should 'be
ihe General'. For his part, he was will.
ingto serve in iho. ranks. . ,
Another gentleman said he had fought
in Mexico, and wanted to fight in Ireland
for Ireland. He hoped ihey had enough
of lalk. He ilow wanted action. 'H
To the American Party of Ohio. ,-
Offickof Pres. Statu Cou.V of Ohio.
: ... Cincinnati, Dec. 6, 1855.
Fiom a conviction that the present
condition of ihe Order in tRis State, and
ihe relation it holds to ' tho National 6t
giinizatioii, as well as ihose of otir s'lsler
Slates, demands an earl V ' meeting of our
Stute Council, for llie purpose of consiJ-
. , , ' . ' i ' - . 1
ering the great qiiesiious now at issue
before llie A merit an people, and .adopting
such me; Mires as may best, subserve
true Aineiicaii interests; and believing
that a frank aud manly expression of the
soiitiuiftits of the American party in this
State will greatly conduce In tho haimO
uious action of its wise, judicious and oon
sisienl friends throughout the Union I,
therefore, by virtue of ihe ' power vested
in me by ihe Consiiiuiioii, do hereby' or
der a special meeting of iho State Coun
cil of Ohio, to be convened iu.ihe cify of
Ci.luu.biis, on Thursday, il.q 3d , day, of
January next, at 3 o'clock P. M. . .,.
Delegates whose credential wore fi'ed
and accepted at the annual meeting 'ju
Cleveland, will be cntiiled to seats in llie
extra session. Delegates Tmiii councils
r.ol represented ,.l llie niin'ui.l kosmoii, will
be required to 'present regular auiheini-'
rated credentials to entttJe iliom lo seals'
at this session. It is veiy important thai
a lull attendance lie hud, and il is hoped
iliai every working Council in the State
wilt hit repn -eciiicd. , .
By ihe Piost, , , TIIOS. SPOONEIi, ,
John E- lh.i;s, S. c'y, . ,, , ,
Appointing Power of th9 Governor,"
7o ( EMtor of ttit Ohio Columbian.
h is geuer.illy supposed '.that the .8p.(
pointing power of ihe Governor . is much.,
more limited than n is., Jf the places -of
either of the U, S Senators become vai
cam, the Governor appoints tintil the
meeting of the next, Legislature, If ' va
cancies occur of Supreme Judges, District
Judges; Probate Judges, Auditor of Staled
Secretary'' r State. ' Treasurer of Stale '
Attorney General, School Coininissiiiner,''
1111U members of the ' Board of.Publin.
Works, the Goyernc.r Tiils the vacancy uri
11 me next annual election. 15 v .mil wiili.
ie advice and consent.of the Senate, ther
Governor .appoints the Stale . Librarian,-
he Quarter Master General, and other'
Staff Officers, the Directors of the' Penl-!
leniury, iho Trustees -of the various bfri';
evolcut institutions, arid (he State House
Commissioners. By an act of the last'
gislature,l!iifl power of appointing Canal'
Collectors, Inspectors and WeighinasWri
is laken from the Board of Public Works,,
and given to the Governor, who appoints.
with.tliR advice and ponsunt of .ihe Sen
ate. .This livv .provided thai' those thert
holding these offices, by renewing! their
bonds, cnuJil hold their offices until the
Governor and Semite made appointme'his.
All the rrcseiii ociiupants renewed', 'their
bond', and iv new1 snnoininicnis' we'ra
made by Governor Medill. Their places"
will therefore 'become vacant as. soon., at,
the Governor anil Sonata inake, appoint
inruts. , .1 here are Ca:;a Collector,'
and a number of .Inspectors .and Weigh
musters 10 he appointed. n'At ihe present
occupants of these offices-havr opposed'.
the Kepubhcair movement Gov.' Chart'
Will be expected lo fill their !Plaeea WitrV
competent mcn whoare'ehiilife llepoblU
1 , VllHI
iVtRoiNiANs.Fog Kansas Wnie.Fon
tier News siaios thni Dn 8niert nf ir,
gioi'.i. was on i,is .v'ay, i.O,".SVilt,
several 1 H 1 1 e rt go i 1 1 i T ji'.'. '1' Ivf5 .alt.';a1 ff .
iii'onis 'fo'r'jho location of oijetlumsaiitl
reVOiiyli''ifi,p''Hii'' V n it a rr 1 i i i 1 a , : ( h i t fi e r
1'fi.itT KWV.i! Vtrniir-ihWralrtvVITalisa'-ilies
bolng frrtitl' 'Hinhmniid;'' tfitwy ' fmrrf'
Si'dniiwtnT'firtyott'on' fiOirt UrVpaJnW
dockland the: reriiin'er,4ronr nh taiii1
neighborhood. It is also annmiftrud thaij
h h.riio :emiuraiiuin is AXpeofyd'rui ,Ym,
Urn Yirginl, MpMH'tvtbnrl