Newspaper Page Text
J, Casfeejj Editor and Proprietor.
Office-Washington Street, Third Door South of Jackson.
Terms :-0ne Dollar and Fitly Cents in Advance.
MILLERSBUEG, IIOLMES COUNTY, OniO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1856.
FROM THE GERMAN.
. Bleep, gentle spirit, I woold win
Mj way unto the aUeiit placa
Wbeze thou hast ruk,
. And look upon thj vrilrd bee.
Around tbe portbes of thy throne
' Tb hostel spectral shadows stand
With folded wings,
Awaiting what toon, ahalt command.
Btnunje thane and eonntleat aa the Man !
Some meek-eyed yoang and angel bright,
Some pale and wan,
Some darker than the dreary night.
Fair hand, uphold a wreath of flower,
Cold hand, entwine the weed and thorn,
Bright Thdone smile
And lonely phantom, erer monm.
These, as they will ov pillow haunts.
The fairer cheat u with their grace,
The darker forms
- The paths oi life retrace.
I fain wonld dose the ebon door
By which these risions outward fly ;
Discern the with the inward eye.
Tt will they throng, nntil the Tea
I. lifted by thy parting breath.
And silent Sleep
Giro place unto her sinter Death.
Political Matter. An-Editor's Record--What the
Editor of the Plain Dealer
Thought in 1848.
The subjoined extracts are from an edi
torial' article which appeared in the Cleve
land Plain Dealer of November 23d, 1 848.
The article itself, of which these are but
"bricks from the building," was one of the
most elaborate, careful, and serious that ev
er appeared in the columns of that paper;
expressing so tar as one might judge, the
sincere opinions or uie -eaitor, it no ever
uttered anything in sincerity.
The Presidential election had then just
closed in the triumphant success of Gen.
Taylor. Throughout that campaign the
Plain Dealer had been the. foremost ad
vocate of Gen. Cass in this part of Ohio;
Lad been as unscrupulous, or nearly so, as
it is now; had been as ready to put for
ward or to suppress; to affirm or deny ; to
praise ft party friend ia- superlatives, or
stigmatize an opponent with opprobious
terms, as any other newspaper.
But the election was over, and the edi
tor, released from the obligation to do
whatever the party emergency required,
breathed freer. No post office or public
rinting flitted before his vision ; and he
could afford, therefore, for once in his life,
to indulge in rare luxury of free and truth
ful utterance. His readers, it is true, were
astonished at finding that their oracle was
after all an abolitionist in disguise, and an
ultra one at that; staking the Union itself
upon his fixed ultimatum of "no extenhon
of slavery one inch beyond its present lim
its? Most clearly did he see the design of
tbe bouth at that time, and none so bold
as he to expose, or so resolute to resist
them. He talked of the Union being rent
asunder, with as much nonchalance as he
would have felt in chronicling the mishap
of a morning in the street, under the head
of "Locol Items."
Some of us, who had long seen" the
need of watching and resisting the
encroachments of the slave power, were
rather starUe4 at the bold rhapsodies of
t the flam Dealer agaiust slavery. We
Lad not been accustomed to treat the Un
ion with so much flippant levity; nor to
state, even m our own mind, the contin
gencies in which it ought to be dissolved.
No such scruples troubled the outspoken
eoiter or tne I'Lain Dealer. He was de
termined to call a spade, a spade, let what
would come of it. His bitterness towards
the South was as unmitigated as Garrison's.
He was almost ready to pronounce the
Constitution "a covenant with death and a
league with helL"
But to the extracts the entire article is
too long for onr limits.
1. The. editor having had "tar and
feathers'' intimated to him by some persons
writing from Georgia, waxes wrathy, and
appeals to the people of the North:
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer, Nor. 23, 1848.
"There you have it, Democrats of the
North l Yon who work for your living,
and who favor free soil, free speech and free
labor as essential safeguards to your rights.
You who refuse to surrender that vast new
territory to the selfish nabobs of the South,
where they can pJantslavery to thedestruc
tion of yonr own white labor; presume not
to show .yourselves in the Democratic State
of Georgia, lest like ourhuinble self, you too,
are helped to a coal of tar and feallwrs.
If you people of the North suppose that
slavery is not going to curse every land
purchased by the money, or conquered by
the arms of the republic, 'you reckon with
out your Host: 'ibis is the language
or me oouin, without distinction of party.
What say you, free laborers of the North !
Are you m our present and future acqui
sitions of territory, going to let the nabobs
of the South monopolize the soil with their
large plantations, and compel you not only
to compete with their wealth, but degrade
yourselves to the level of their slaves, by
competing with slave labor f As men you
are already excluded from the Southern
States. You cannot labor there and main
tain your dignity as men. Labor ir dis
graceful there, and the Southen aristocracy
are determined to make it so everywhere.
Give them the power and they will do- it
Give them more territory devoted to sla
very, and they will do it. Acknowledge
that under the constitution and laws of na
tions, they have right to take their pro
perty (slaves) into a free territory, and they
will soon have New Mexico and California
cut up into slave States, and we, the free'
States of die North, will be mere appen
dages to an aristocratic slave government.
IL He charges the defeat of Cass upon
a prayer which he made while a minister
thereupon he threatens disunion calls
the patriotic institution damnable, and
curses all compromises:
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer of sane date.
It was no doubt the prayer of Gen. Cass
written while minister to France, and "long
before he was talked of for the Presidency,
and which had been a standing charge
againsi mm m tne south Uioughout this
campaign, which has defeated him. Here
it is, as it is copied from Southern papers :
3Tul AM NO SL A VEHOLDE K I
NEVER HAVE BEEN I NEVER
SHALL BE. I deprecate its existence in
principle, and pray lor its abolition every
where, where this can be effected peaceably
ana easily ior ooin parties.
It was no doubt this treasonable sen
timent, so offensive to the self-respect" of
the south which has defeated him. So
mote it be ! If the converse of this sen
timent be the ultimatum of the South,
about which there can be "no compromise,"
aoa be praised 1 in a case so clear, m
cause so just, we love to fight, and rather
than see slavery extend one inch beyond
its present limits, we would rather see this
Union rent asunder, dearly as we do now
and ever have cherished it. If the politi
cal union of these states is only to be pre-
serveu oy ourying our consciences and
i ,i i . . Vi . .1 . .. .
yieiuing assent to the aoctnne mat "slave
ry is no evil" and after submitting to such
moral degradation, to be told that the gov
ernment, in order to be safely administer
ed on such a principle, must constantly be
kept in Southern hands; if under our own
constitution we have got to give slavery
and slave labor the same footin.fr on free
soil with freedom and free labor, and run a
tilt over the w orld or wherever our territo
rial acquisitions may be, with this damna
ble institution; then better that the tie of
the confederation be broken than submit
to such dishonorable terms. No. Dear
as this Union is to us, and fervently as we
desire that time, wliile it crumbles the false
foundations of other governments, may
add stability and glory to ours; yet rather,
far rather, would we see it resolve into its
original elements to-morrow, than that its
duration should by maintained on princi
ples so fatal to public virtue and political
freedom. We warn the South against this
mad scheme of extending slavery into ter
ritory now free. The North will not sub
mit to it. The bounds of slave territory
in this Republic are fixed! Justice and hu
manity have-demanded it, and the popular
will has decreed it. As says Senator Da
vis, so say we; lot there be "no compro
mise" on this subject.
Consistency quotha ! Our neighbor is
consistent ; who dares affirm the contrary f
Conristrncr slffl is a part of his plan,
He is trw to OKI party, and that is himself,"
But what are we to think of his savage
attacks upon those who dare think now as he
thought eight years ago, and to express
such opinions with something like moder
ation ? "Myers," "he says, "had the rots
for years. (Query, since '48.) Nothing but
office has kept him in the line, and when !
that run out his Democracy run out, too."
A marvelous thing is office in its operation.
Our neighbor says, that the Democracy
runs right out of a man the instant you
pull the spigot of office out of him. But
judging from his own case, replace the
spigot and you may pour barrels of that
same Democracy into him, he will hold it
all, and thirsty souls can get the article of
lum by the small measure.
"Dissolving the Union."
The Plain Dealer has a column of flap
doodle, opening a series of absolute and
unconditional falsehoods about Fremonters
lietitiomng for a "Dissolution of the Union,"
&c and concluding with the threat that
the Union shall be dissolved, if Fremont
is elected, and prophesying in such an
event the farther calamity of "20,000 ne
groes let loose in Ohio !" Mirabile dictu!
If the majority of the people, shall, in
pursuance of their constitutional right, elect
John C r remont .and William L. Dayton
to the ofhees for which tliev are in nomi
nation, then threatens tho Plain Dealer:
"As a choice of evils, the Southern Gov
ernors will convene their Legislatures in
'Extra Session and appoint delegates to
"frame a Constitution for a Southern Re
And yet, before the ink of this threat is
dry, this Union-loving editor goes on to
charge the Republicans as "Disunionixts!"
I his J. W. Gray, m one of his old aboli
tion editorials, when berating the South for
their constant efforts. at extending slavery,
exclaimed after this fashion: These men
need not think of intimidating us with their
threats of a dissolution of the Union ! Let
theni press their slavery propagandist! a
little farther, and they will find that the
people bear in their liosoms a love stronger
than their love for the Union ! Stronger
than their love for tire Constitution even !
A love for Liberty ! Not exactly Gray's
words, but the sentiment, and the exact
words we will give as soon as we can find
time to turn to his files.
The ltepublicnn party arc the Union
party. Ihey are for the Union as-our fa
thers established it to be administered
for the purposes to which they ordained it.
It is alone in nurturing the principles of
Freedom, that this Union will hud health
and pennanancy and length of years.
Uutsido of a cab-load of men in the
neighborhood of Boston, all the earnest
disunion sentiment is found south and
too in the ranks of the most active advo
cates of Mr. Buchanan s election. And
yet, there is inpudenee and falsehood so
brazen as to charge the r reiuouters as be
ing Disunion men !
John C. Breckinridge, the candidate for
Vice President, has been making speeches
his own favor in several places. At
Tippecanoe, Indiana, he took the ground
that if the majority decided against any"
section of the country in the choice of a
President, that section ought not to sub
mit in other words, that the majority
ought not to govern. The same idea
that we have quoted above from Gray.
Hear Mr. Brcckenridsre:
"If the Eastern States were to unite in
solid phalanx against the West, or tho
Southern against the Northern, they hap
pening to have a majority, would you sub
mit toil! I AM SURE YOU WOULD NOT, for
know yon to bo men. And, should they
further, accompany every act of their tri
umph with every expression of contumely
and contempt, would tou not believe
revolution a solemn duty? You need
not respond,! know your manly sentiment."
Here we have the Democratic candidate
for Vice President recommending revolu
tion and disunion if the majority is against
his party. What does this mean, but
"elect ME as Vice President, or OUR par
ty will dissolve the Uiu'on f Nevertheless
this Kentucky Slaveholder is howling
through the land that the Republicans are
In the House, April 7, KEITT of South
"Sir, the next contest will be a momen
tous one. xl win turn uu tni me uuesuuu
of Slavery, and the constitutional rights of
the South. The south should establish in
the platform, the principle, that the right
of a southern man to his slave is equal, in
length and breadth to the right of a North
em man to his horses. She should make
the recognition of the right FULL, COM
PLETE, and INDISPUTABLE.
Let the north refuse admission to a State
because of-slavery in hor Constitution, and
fhe HISTORY OF THIS UNION IS
CLOSED. If it the f,0vcrn
ment becomes the puppet of Abolitionism,
if it becomes, in our very midst, to us, a
foreign Government, the South shall
TEAK IT DVW N from turret to founda
tion. Abolish the anti-State slave trade,
and we will TRAMPLE your usurpations
UJNDEit JbOUT. Kepeal the lurritive
slave law, and the South will MEET YOU
WITH GAUNTLETS ON. In the next
presidential election the North will decide
the probable fate of the Union. If the
banner of Black Republicanism is lifted to
victory, the South will raise aloft her sym
bol ol sovereignty, and interpose her own
shield for the safety of her citizens. LET
THE CONSERVATIVES OF THE
In the House, April 9, Hon. E. S.
SHORTER, of Alabama, said:
"Do not believe that the South, less
patriotic now than in the days of tho Rev
olution, will quietly submit to the sacrafice
of her rights, and STILL CLING TO
UNION I If such is public opinion at
the North, let it be at once undeceived.
We undestand gentlemen, what our rights
are under the Constitution, and with the
blessing of God we mean to maintain them,
we ask for nothing more will be content
with nothing less.
livrv nnrl TiWir I rrut f lint ttitt crwi rf
uie union nm ue.er ngsuu, 111 aueunour,
ue incunea w-wmi oi.use iui me omi
Vaat t .1 ' t I l C I I
i ueiieve in tne rigni 01 a sovereign estate 1
1 yj m 1
10 seceue irom uw umou ue.uner sue ue-
termincs that the Federal Constitution has
oeen vioiatea oy congress; ana tnat wis
vrovernmeui lias 110 cousuiuuoiiai power 10
m f, . I
mi t T j "111
xue extraordinary exertions maue oy
icoodiiic.)ila OTil t li Hiojtb- Ki lii dinnn I
party of the North, to rob the South of
Wr filial virrlito m lw, T-.m-t i,nci.o-i
I think South Carolina mistook her
remedy secession and not nullification
ought to have been her watch-word.
one effect. You have thoroughly aroused
the Southern States to a sense of their dan
ger. ' You have caused them COOLLY
TO ESTIMATE THE VALUE OF THE
UNION ; and we are determined to main
tain our EQUALITY IN n OR 1NDE
PEN DEN UE OUT OF IT.
The south has planted itself where it in
tends to stand or fall, UMOxN OR NO
UNION, and that is, upon the platform
laid down by the Georgia convention.
We tell you plainly that we take issue
with you ; and whenever you repeal the
fugitive slave law, OR refuse to admit a
Stale on account of slavery in her consti
tution, OR our equality in the Territories
is sacrificed by an act of Congress, then
the star of this Union will go down to
RISE NO MORE.
Should we bo forced to DISSOLVE
THE UNION in order to preserve South
ern institutions and Southern civilization,
we will do it in peace, if we can: IN
WAR IF WE MUST; and let the GOD
OF BATTLES decide between us.
The shadows, sir, of tho COMING
STORM already darken our pathway. It
will soon be upon us WITH ALL
The Richmond Enquirer, the leading or-
gan of the Buchaniers, ill its issue of Au-
gust 29, says:
"Let her, the South if possible, de
tach .Pennsylvania and Southern Ohio,
Southern Indiana and Southern Illinois,
from the North, and make tho highlands
between the Ohio and the Lakes the divi
ding line. Lot "the South treat with Cal
ifornia, and, if necessary, idly herself willi
Russia, with Cuba, and Brazil."
The Charleston Mercury, the head and
front of the Buchanan party in South Car-
olina. makes the following startlinrr
"THERE IS NOT A SINGLE TUB-
T.Tf! MAW TW TTVR T.TfTT3 f!mi(l.
Carolina, NOT ONE OF HER PRES
ENT REPRESENTATIVES OR SEN
ATORS IN CONGRESS, WHO IS
NOT PLEDGED TO THE LIPS IN
FAVOR OF DISUNION."
Mr. Gray will please put these choice
extracts from leading Buchanan men, into
. , ,'. I 1 I
Ins pipe, and smoke them, before ho makes
another attempt to fasten disunion seuti-
menu u.K.n the Republican party.
The Republicans go for Union and Lib-
ertyl They follow that old Flag that
Daiuel Webster told Ilavue about, on
whoso fiforgeous folds is inscribed the true
American sentiment: LIBERTY AND
UNION, NOW AND FOREVER. ONE
AND 1NSEPERABLE! And if tho
peoplo shall elect JOHN C. FREMONT
their Executive, then Buchanan dis-
nr,;, ...Ill C.,,1 l... TT 1 .
unionists will find that both
LiBERTy are to bo maintained. Leader.
,.t. ,.f 1 .i 1.' . Ii
.,.. support r reiuoui one i.e
Jjuchannn, and one uivloil Ted. 1
JtlT In Clay township, Hamilton conn
Indiana, there are one hundred nnd
eighty-one voters. One hundred nnd sev-
"Dissolving the Union." Translated from "La Cronica" of July 2.
A Letter Relating to Col. Fremont's
Cattle Contracts in California.
Senor Cells has addressed us a letter,
which we publish below, in reference to a
contract made between him and Col. Fre
mont, in 1847. In this communication
Sonor Celis proposes to desf roy certain ca-
lus 'l'"3 "h ftht,sPirit f
I J ... . . . . .
I TT .x , 0l . ... i c 1
n', ow? VZ . ' T
bv the under officers in California. Al
though we arc foreign to questions of the
interior politics of this country, we fulfill
the request of our friend publishing his
letter, wishing to gratify friendly feelings
and subserve his interest.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 2, 1856.
My Esteemed Friesd: I have seen
published in the newspapers of this city,
since my return to California, several state
ments relating to a subject which jiarticu
larly concerns myself ; and wishing to aid
in setti'iia; public opinion right on the
matter, which I am going to speak of with
all possible brevity, I have to request that
you will publish these lines in your jour
For about eight years articles Lave ap
peared with more or less frequency in some
newspapers in the Union, in which a contract
for a number of cattle has been spoken of,
made in 1847, in the City of Los Angeles,
bctweeu Col.- Fremont and mvself. -The
evident want-of truth in the published ver
sions of that business and simple nature of
the contract made m this country un
der the circumstances then existing, seem
ed to me sufficient reasons for not taking
the trouble to refute unfounded calumnies.
I do not now propose to give an extensive
statement of events, or to mase Kiwnn
the want of resources under which Califor
nia was conquered, because all those things
are perfectly well known. Hie cluets had
no choice but to recur to their own per
sonal credit to feed their soldiers. The
cattle which CoL Fremont contracted for
for that purpose Don A. Pico was appoint
ed ; but when he arrived with the cattle
CoL Fremont had lost his command. As
1 . '
T i,u tn . ,i, !.- f T
A , whenj T no rasture.,and nn(1
therefore Mr. Fremont, who was bound bv
1 ' V tVUll CIV., UO U1U 11V. II .UJl. IS
, . M4tifnj T,:m.
VU W HWIIW uyslVf vttJAV- 1UUUVS us ass
, to Jn d ;t
M A- of A , sent
to , - rmlcho.of S Tfa,,!
y, , ,, w 4i,nt r,l
l-J llVfU IIUV 4J S-JUO 1V. li OUlU 111V SVAa
r romont frave a r-ieemt botore nxvivnif-'
thfi nrrvnertv. lhe contrnH. ira.? sicn.pt. mi
tlie3d of March, 1847, and tlie receipt or
document which proves that I performed
my part is dated April 20, the same year,
!... 41. rt, Into H.il.i- r.n1 lin nnn, a
" " luu V'Kkl. UVUfl t I1UU LHlTIi IlUiUa
w l.Mf..M ,f,t tW 1.
de Uf calumnious weapon against Col,
f remont are very far from the truth. And
j, m mm . I
were ior mai ooiecu xt was necessary to
transiwrt them from San Luis. Obispo, and
i . jl. . 'jil. 1
count, oi tne came, nor ior me expenses
damages, or for money delivered in
taxi Tl. .,1.i: i : l. I
nit iruuuv, uriBuiy, mirauii, 1KB
come off gamer; for the import duties on
the cattle were - collected in the custom-
house ot ban Diego, where t hey were trans-1
ported irom the valley ot ban Kataei to
rery tar trom the truth. And
it ought to be kept in mind, as a certain
and indubitable fact, that Col. f remont, in
making provisions for the future, rendered
a real service to the United States, while
I suffered a severe injury, as, to the pres
ent day, not a dollar has been paid by the
Government of the United states on se
the territory of Los Angeles, whence thev
had been bought.
T.liis is the true history of that transac
tion; and tho documents which prove it
will be published in due time, if necessary
tor tne object ot my claim.
1 mend and humble
E. DE CELIS.
The above letter relates to the "six hun
dred cows," out of which Col. Fremont has
been accused, in some of the baser Buch-
aneer journals, of swindling, or trying to
swindle, the Government, by buying them
on its credit and converting them to his
own use ! We have already stated the fact
that the Government never paid one cent
for them, but we did not then know that it
nwi actually made money on them, by sub-
jectmg them to duty at San Diego. M. de
Celis' statement is evidently truthful, and
he speaks of what ho knows.iV. Y. Tri-
"Ten Cent Jimmy."
The reports of the Fremont mass meet,
ings of tho people in the Western States,
show that there is a popular appreciation of
uie justice aii.i i.r..rri.-iy of the name "Ten
Cext Jimmy," applied by the mechanics of
Pennsylvania to Mr. Buchanan. Inserip-
llo,ls containing tins soubriquet, and alia
sions to Mr. B's. low wages speech in the
I L. ... .1 .' T t- I
X - -'". prtnetuaiininumua.
" " m ""-""'" hs masses uiiriersinna
him lobe the gentleman who wished to
bring tho wages of American labor down
to ten cents a day. Are thev in error in
thi impression ? "
The old federalist Senator represented a
manutaetiinixr Slate noliet- K.vinllv In.
represented the ImkIv of wealthy Pcnnsvl-
V!lhl!l mt.l.-.K. ITn,..n....l Al..'1.11 n 1 M
'HI 'H'lllO. W 1111 Mil 1 i:iliiUie3?l illl'I I "-
r;..l, i. i,.i .I,1(i.: :.i. i i.
inir,ne, who were separated from Ivm in
p,-,,, mi(, f j- fa t, jiL,,.tul
The proprietors ofmincs. aud of 'furnaces.
forges ami rolling mills were most of them
his conumnions mid friend. TTn -n n.-if-
uralK- ili.mr..! t.. m',1 rln.n 1!..;,,., , I
ically bound to oppose protection ofAmer- He
ienn inniiiifiietiifi.4 liA eouli nrnfif tilt inru I
iUtlisls only by reducing laborers' wages,
On the 22.1 of.T.mu.irr. 18.10. Mr. lli'ii li-
.man accordingly addressed an argument to
.. .... " ' ..... "
th0 u. a. senate, ot winch ho was a mem- net
her, in which among other things he said:
"In Germany, where the currency is 1
purelu metalic, the cost of everything is
KEEUChD TO A HARD MOJSE1 W
STANDARD, n piece of hsondeloth can into
t. , i j. 1 ... , fi ,i I mi
manuiaciurca tor jijuj aoiiurs, ine man- i
cincture of whirh in our country, from the I.
I evnnnsion of paper currency, would cost
one hundred dollars. I would
to heaven that I could arouse the attention
of every manufacturer of the nation to this
What is the reason that with all thoso
advantages and with tne protective uunes
which our lawsanord to the domestic man-
facture of cotton, we cannot obtain exclu-
sive possession ot tne nome ir.ai kci, anu
successfully contend for the markets of the
world? It is simply because we manu-
facture at the nominal prices of our own m-
fiated currency, and are compelled to sell
at the real prices of other nations. RE-
DUCE OUR 0MI2. ALIO 111E KE AL
STANDARD PRICES THROUGHOUT
THE WORLD, AND YOU COVER
OUR COUNTRY WITH BLESSINGS
The comparative LOW PRICES of
France and Germany have ottered such
a stimulus to their manufactures that they
are now rapidly extending themselves, and
would obtain possession, in no small de-1
gree, even of the English home market,
if it were not for their protecting duties."
T.mo fl r-lnVf l.mrr. ..f rW. i'ti
r..r.r.iif:i.t.irmr frni.i thfi nintino- nf wnrpli-
to locomotives. The price of
springs up to locomotives.
raw nieterial is of small comparative con
The next day Mr. Merrick, ot juaryinuu,
made a searehiiiii exhibit of the ruinous
influence upon die working men of the
TT,.;fo.l Stiites of the adoption of the pol-
icv which Mr. Buchanan had so strongly
J . . - , , v I
nr"cd. lu the course ot ins speech Mr.
Merrick said :
"Mr. President, as it has been argued in
support of this bill that one of the good
effects will bo TO REDUCE THE WA-
GES OF LABOR IN THIS COUNTRY
mechanical, manufacturing, agricultural,
all others, of course I have consider-
ed it material and important to raiuire to
what extent this reduction was to take
place. These wages, we are told, must
rvio ,Lim in ilia en' orv.ii7.r w7 miii n-o
VV1I J V- VI' r II U VJ tlUVy "Vlll. OlHIlUWf 11 WtaiKSTUl
,,,. ,n rmj ft.n,, ,l tti
, ' , . Eurowan countries, as ex-
amples of Jiard money currencies, and the
cheapening effects of such currencies upon
In France, yearly wages for an able-bo-
died man ranm. from 48 to 250 shilling
and day laborers get in that country from
4i to 1 5 pence per day, and whenever thev
get as much at 5 pence, they have to hnd
themselves. In Germany wages are still
lower, and range "by the year between 50
"and lOO.shillings, and day laborers receive
from 4 to 7 pence per day, and hnd them
selves in food. In South Holland, farm
hands get by the year from 200 to 250
shillings, and day laborers from 3 to 4
pence per day, and are found. And so on,
sir. Whoever will take the trouble to ex
amine, will see that, in all these countries,
which are held up to us such bright exam
ples of hard money countries France,
Germany, Netherlands, Italy wages by
the year for able-bodied, sound, healthy
men, nowhere exceed 2o0 shillings; and,
in many instances, fall as low as 40, 50,.
and 60 shilling: and the daily wases
range from 3 to 9 and 12 pence rising
in one place, and one, to 20 pence, and
the laborer finding himself ! uhat a com
mentary upon the hard money policy!
W hat hone is there for a man rxirn the son
0f jKX)r parents ever to better his condi
and t;,n? Wlmi'mv of lmnn itlir tnstim.
n n Ull!l W eXCT Mil! JNone.nOIieI lie
who is there bora a peasant dies a peasant.
Those born at the plow die at the plow-tail,
nndaU that the longest life of laborious
toil can procure for them is course and
Henry Clay look part in the debate,
and denounced the scheme which Mr.
Buchanan advocated as "AN AVOWED
POLICY TO REDUCE THE WAGES
OF LABOR." Ho was succeeded by
"honest John Davis," of Massachusetts,
who cited a mass of statistics, to show that
the average of "tho real prices of labor
throughout the world," which Mr. Buch
anan wanted the worth of American indus-
try reduced to, was less thau TEN CENTS
Cent Jwxrt.Albanw Journal.
And the mechanics of his own State of
Pennsylvania, as a token of their resent
ment, forthwith fastened upon Mr. Buch
anan t lie stigma and nickname ot Ien
3TAt the Buchanan Tippecanoe rally,
there was a delegation from Toledo, Ohio,
near a hundred strong, with a cannon and
music, which was so shabbily treated that
they left the held in disgust. Ihey mquir-
ed when it would bo nroner to fire salutes.
ami were informed by John Pettit, D. D
that ho did not care anything about them,
says the Lafayette Journal
II I IJ
and wished the cannon in the river. When
uUciu(.-iI t. rir; a salute, Pettit sent
word to them to stop their damn liriiu;,
nnd called them "druuken rowdies." Then
Hon. James B. Stedman, Ex-M. C,
mounted the cannon and addressed tire
Toledo delegation, anil a couple of hundred
other listeners. He-came down hot and
heavy on the "old brass piece," and that
Benton had told the truth when he iliarac-
terized Pettit as a "dirty dog." Dodd,
the Old Lino candidate for Auditor ot
State, and Lew Wallace. tried to smooth
ia tkiifr.ii AWf l.iit. rltv lin t SIHVCtHIetl.
...... j - r
ml il. T.,1,.,1., l,.i.vmti..n strn.-k their tents
and left the ground, rather dispirited with
JW A Mr. M. Williamson, of Musking-
11m ("!o.. n. delermto to the Fillmore Con-
i;.,m mlUI im vesterdnv afternoon
informed us that lie came here the day
linfon ft KillnlorC man. but ho WA4 so ills.
gusted with the efforts of tho Buchanan
iii.,n fc nso him as a cat's-n.iw in null rmt
Buchanan chestnuts, that he will no kuver
..... ' . . . t".
with the party, tie savs n so. that lie
. j j
knows a number of others, who will not
used by trading politicians to accom-
plish their purposes. . Ho is an Old Line
lug, opposed to the extension of slavery
free territory mi, I ill y..i. for Fremont
. J . . ..I
no work goes on bravely. Uurrah tor
Fremont and Freedom ! I
The Buchanan Democracy Hate
The Richmond Examiner, a leading
Democratic pner in Virginia, and one of
the most ardent supporters ot cucuanan,
holds the following language:
"Until receutlv, the defence of Slavery
labored under great dinicullies, Decausc us
aixlog:sts, (for they were mere apologist. 1
took half-way grounds. They confined the
ueteiiee ot slavery to mere negro slavery ;
thereby giving up tho slavery principle,
and admitting other forms of slavery to be
wrong. I lie line of defence, however, is
now changed. The South now maintains
that Slavery is right, naturally and nec-
essary, and does not depend upon differ-
ences of complexion. The laws of the
Slave States justify the holding of white
men in bondage."
The Charleston Standard, a leading Bu
chanan paper in South Caroliua, savs
"blavury is the natural and normal con
dition of the laboring man whether white
or black. The great evil of Northern free
societies, is, that it is burdened with a ser-
vile class of mechanics and laborers, unfit
for self-government, and vet clothed with
the attributes aud powers of citizens.
Masters and Slaves is a relation in society
as necessary ns tliat oi naruiib uu uuiu,
h1 JNortnern piain win June yc w
introduce it. Their theory of free govern
ment is a delusion.
The Richmond, Va Enquirer, Buchan
an's confidential organ, sjicaks as follows:
"Kepoatediy have we asked the North,
'Has not the experiment of universal liberty
failed? Are not the evils of free society
jr 77-3 i .1 x . xi.r..i.:
eruuie s siki uoes noi mirsi. luuiMiur.
men among you )nose to subvert and re-
construct itr Still no answer, lhe
gloomy silence is another conclusive proof,
added to many other conclusive evidences
we have furnished, that free society in the
long run is an impracticable form of socie
and ty ; it is everywhere starving, demoralized,
and insurrectionary. We repeat, then,
that policy and hnmanity alike forbid the
extension of the evils of free society to new
TeoTlo and cominfr freneralioiis. Two on-
j x - - -
nnsite and confl of nr fnrm: of soe ptv ran-
not, among eivilized iiien, coexist and en
dure. The one must give way and cease to
exist the other become universal. It free
society bo unnatural, immoral, unchristian.
it must fall and give way to a slave socle
ty a system old as Uie world, universal
The Muscogee, Ala., Herald, another
Buchanan organ, says :
"Free society ! we sicken at the name.
What is it but a conglomeration of greasy
mechanics, filthy opperatives, small fisted
farmers, and moon-struck tieonstsf All
the Northern and especially the New Eng
land States, are devoid of society fitted for
well bred gentlemen, lhe prevailing class
one meets is that of mechanics striigglm
to be genteel, and small farmers who do
their own drudgery; and yet who are
hardly fit for association with a Southern
gentleman s body-servant this is your
free society which tne Northern hordes are
endeavoring to extend into Kansas.
The South Side Democrat of Virginia,
whose editor was supported bv the Demo
crats for C lerk of the House of Representa-
tivcs of the present Congress, pitches into
everything Free, after the following style:
"We have got to hating every thing
with the prenx tree, trom tree negroes
down and up through the whole catalogue
tree farms, free laljor, free society, free
will, tree thinking, free children, and free
schools and belonging to the same brood
of damnable isms. But the worst of all
these abominations is the modem system
of free schools, lhe New England system
of free schools has been the cause and pro
line source of the infidelities and treason
that have turned her cities into Sodoms
and Gomormhs, and her land into the
connon nestling-places of howling Bedlam-
ities. We abominate the system because
the schools are free"
The Alabama Mail, in speaking of the
shooting of the Irish waiter by that distin
guished Democrat, P. T. Herliert, says:
"It is getting tune that waiters at the
North were convinced that they are serv-
ants and not 'gentlemen' in disguise,
hope this Herbert affair will teach
lhe Washington Union, the national
organ ot iinchnnan, says that the tree
white lnliorers of Kansas
"Are a miserable blear-eyed rabble who
nave been transierrea HKe so many cattle
to that country.'
Senator Butler of South Carolina, uncle
of the gallant nephew who assnulted Chas.
"That men have no right to vote unless
they are possessed of property as required
bv tho Constitution of South Corolina.
Thero no man can vote unless he owns ten
nogroes, or real estate to the value of ten
It is tin; tMinst of tho Statesman that
theirs is a "national" pariv that it-s prin
ciples are the same both North and South.
e may therefore satolv conclude that the
above extracts express its opinions, and that
the Southern Buchanan organs faithtully
represent its "national principles. Dem
ocrats of Ohio, are you willing to indorse
vour votes the atrocious sentiments of
these sectional nullifiers!
Another Monster Meeting.
mont. nnd Sandusky, then add tho lar-rest
Sli..t.. v..;. 1...1.1 ;.. oi.;.. i.l . l.o, ..
some approximation to the numbers. We
M.eak the words of truth ami soberness.
The Pittsburg papers brings ns stirrin
accounts of the Great Fremont Mectim' in
that c:! y on W"dnos lav. It seems to liave
itself far ahead of all tho many previ
larg meetings ot thisstimngcatniwign,
The Gazette says the procession was three
hours in passing a given point.moving at the
of throe miles an hour. The Iferald had
of its editors on the ground, and from
spirited account of the affair, in last
evening's pajHT, we extract a paragraph or
two: Leader, 19th.
"V e have attended many mass gather
ings since tho memorable Columbus Con
vention of 1840, but the one in Pittsburgh
yesterday is without its parallel. Roll in
one the mass-meetings in Dayton, r re
The streets everywhere were gay with
flags, streamers and stretchers, and the
pavement packed with people. Every de
vice of human ingenuity to give expression
to public sentiment was exhibited in the
procession. The river men, led by a beau
tiful velvet banner inscribed in letters of
gold, "Fremont Mariners of the La Bello
Riviere," made a magnificent display.
They had in their fleet the full rigged ship
Constitution, port holes open and a row of
guns out for her enemies four steamboats,
some of them with engines in operation
and wheels revolving followed by tho
"Salt River Packet, Old Buck, Captain,"
dressed in a coat of mail glittering with tin
ten cent pieces, "Fare ten cents." Tho
steamer "Pathfinder" was loaded to the
guards with the family of Young America,
a host of little girls m white, with blue
sashes, and the "Washington City Packet,
J. C. Fremont," was beautifully decorated,
and bearing right on for the "White House
Packet," just ahead. The "Eclipse Bargo
Club" made a fine display with their bon
ny boat nnd motto "We pull altogether
for Fremont," "Harbor and River Improve-.
ments," "No Vetoes," met the eye fre-'
quenlly in this section of the pegeant,".
which was greeted all along the march with
The great and small manufactories and
work shops of Pittsburg and vicinity were
fully represented in the procession, the free
artizans working at their trades a they
moved on. The ring of the "anvil was
heard, the clatter of the nail machine, the
shuttle of the weavers, and click of the
printers. ' The printers had their car and
banners the Novelty Works their big
scale" weighing Fremont and Buck, tho
latter kicking the beam the Variety Works '
their car, mottoes, and "Fremont, O. "K,'' '
wrought in the specimens of the establish
ment the various Iron Works their mon
strous teams hauling cars filled with ban
ners and swart Ii, stalwort workmen tho .
Bellfounders, with car and massive Bell in
scribed "Proclaim Liberty to all the Land
and the Inhabitants thereof "id ringing
out its clear tones during the march the
stone and marble-workers, with a monu
ment "To the Memory of the Martyrs in
Kansas Dow, Barber, Phillips, Hoppe,
etc" the "Kansas Emigrant Family,"
with all the "mover's truck," including
children and dogs the Border Ruffians on
their track, frightful and ferocious the
veritable "Woolly Horse en route for
Washington, Time lmirx. 40sec" eto, etc.
"Resolved, That the Administration of
Franklin Pierce has been true to Demo
We proclaim our unqualified admiration
of HIS MEASURES & POLICY."-Reso-lution
of the National Democratic Con
"I congratulate you that your choice
has fallen on a man who stands on the
IDENTICAL PLATFORM THAT I
OCCUPY; and that he will take tho
SAME, with the standard lowered never
an inch. franklin fierce s Katihcauon
Speech at Washington.
"Buchauan and myself have, for several
years back, ever since I came into public
life, HELD THE. SAME POSITION on
the slavery question from beginning to
end." Senator Douglas Speech at tho
New York Ratification Meeting.
"The fact is, both PLATFORM and
CANDIDATE are perfectly satisfactory
to the most scrupulous stickler for South
ern rights." Richmond Enquirer.
I have been placed on a platform which
most heartily approve, and Mat can
speak for me. Being the Representative
of the great Democratic party, and not
simply Jambs Buchanan, must square
my conduct according to THAT PLAT
FORM, and insert no new plank, nor
take one from it." James Buchanan's
Speech before the Keystone Club.
"The champion of the admission of Ar
kansas the champion of the annexation
of Texas the champion of the acquisition'
of Cuba where is the TAINT OF FREE
DOM in all this? Whatever Mr. Buchan
an s prejudices against slavery, his votes
and his acts are with us." Charleston (S.
C.) Mercury, for Buchanan.
"And we farther hold, that slavery ex
tension, so called, is absolutely essential to
the peace, progress and safety of American
civilization, and indeed to the very "xist-'
enco of the Republic" New York Day-
Book, for Buchanan.
"Our ships were laid up to rot, as mel
ancholy monuments of the weakness and
wickedness of our Government" (then un
der Madison.) James Buchanan's -4th of
July Speech, 1815.
"Time will not allow mo to enumerate
all the other wild and wicked projects of
the Democratic 'Madison's Administra
tion. We cannot avoid believing that Bo-
nnpnrte was tho source of this policy. It
might perhaps be unwarrantable to assert
that our Administration Jefferson's were
corrupted by France, but that their poli
tics were biased by a warm and improper
paniaiuy ior mar. country, none can doubt.
James Buchanan's Lancaster Speech.
"Thanks be to Heaven that we obtain
ed pence, bad and disgraceful as it is, oth
erwise the beautiful structure of our Fed
eral Government supported by the samo
feeble hands' Jefferson's and Madison's
might have sunk, like the capital, to ruins.
From Buchanan's Lancaster Speech.
"This the whisky tax shows how to
tally destitute are our present rulers Mad
ison of wisdom and foresight." -From
Buchanan's Lancaster Speech.
This is the kind of a man that Jeffer
son and Madison Democrats are called up
to vote for. Will they do it f
A Bio CorNTT. Hamilton county is
much more extensive than has generally
been supposed. It size is very strikingly
shown by the following statement: The
Hon. T. C. Day gets mileage an 6G3 miles,
Hon. J. Scott Harrison on 020 Mr.
rrot 2(5. and Mr. Harrison 368. .
former "lives on Walnut street, the lat-
id North Lend. O. Gas.