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Caskej Editor-wid Proprfcsr. sJi
Ofice-Washington Street, Third Door South f Jackson.
Terms -.-One Dollar, and Fifly, Cents in Advance.
. i: i ..
I - I. ... i ' - . I . , - I - I I I I I I II I I I ' - . - . ,,. ,
;v millersburg, holmes
county, oma Thursday, October 9, issg.. ,
!VP A "hi v,.i. . i in -i
. pn. dim ; - .
J-i:- rS A ire jot them ttroegh. ?
-u vi tit mirtinim rnimiiiii J i ' .fx eg
Yim'i botttj, tfc ny, i r .1 ni iiitcl
, fw.tlMtao b Wnw4 ontlit.ma,' , -.t
X" 'Aid It bound to wia the day. ' " "
Tba yw Furm lyn, -'1
Tfmit for the vagoiv
mre dron along by Bally Brooke .
: V-' ABd'tma tam'U knak thetrwcki; '
For Bally Brooia, ba dan sot dilir r .
-(; , UwiiaiaNorthanroota it y,'y,
For foar aome oooatable1 ao bold
."-"-'iraiMtAUatrtte'aaart. :"'! ' 1 "
10J fit V roiHi--. .: 1.! ,-f-Tc .!' K
-ucl ,tkfifotrl ttaa'a tarfioaWwy .; .;
U w''WiaaiWaieala;-i:! .
Mad CTf plank ot Boatbera pna, j .. .. ..
. " M ' ' By Bordar-Romanavwaa. Vr'
- The paaamgcn that tbey haw got '' ! "'";
Are gttting monlj trio ' ' .T .i . t I
Andterathayll takaaiida, ,
Friend KnawHoB, lie baa jumped aboard, 1
1 -and ao has Hamlia, to ;
Ant Uwaaanda mora that a eaold aaaia,
; That are both (oodaadtrba. .' ,.
80 you'd better bare yoor SeutJur cart,
t' And jump Bp by our side,
For here yon'fi and good company ' '..'
Aa4 take a peasant rids. - '
jr.-. 1 o.'-: ! Walt for the wagon, tc ' '
To'H take a ride from East to Weati
We'll pick ap oery State ; , , ,
We will not leare a single one,
Lettthe ejneJlor great. :
WeHl take in every Southern man,
1 Tbaf got a manly heart; '
0 jump into the wagon,
r I .-AndleeTeyoureiteaoart. .
. A . wagon, ax.
: ' Wall rideyboat Kanmber, ' -
j Into tlie taa allies aqoare, :' -: i
.. . And bring up at the 014 White House, ,
And rout the rascals there ; . , ,
And then put In our Fremont,
' ' And Jeaaieby hia side.' ' . ' ' .
: So jump Jnto the wagon '': '
And we-U aU take a ride. ' ;-.
..... ..Watt for the wagoa,a.X
' "So nwre than Slarery'i triumph ".'."'"
; Be wafted on each gale;- - ', f,1 "
- ! ol Freedom's song shall echo - :'' :i
a Cererery hill and dale. r.:lT ;'. ')
-tfH -I;' nalUcowaru'iudgel; , u;jj".;
. ' a Senate chambers be ; -, .
;t1''r' Free Speeeh ahaU be aeeaRd, c'"' ' J ""
V ilJTIT And Kamut auu ran t -' '''
BENTON On the Cincinnati Convention--
A Speech, Delivered at St.
Louis on Saturday, June 21,
15 appearance upon the stand excited, Lad
.subsided, CoL Benton saia! " : r,,"c "
Citizens r I appear teforo jou in aann-
the Govrnorehip'of the State of t Missouri.
'It' was a place which 1 had not sought, but
which I feel bound to accept in the- present
"tsondilion of the eountry-ta peace greafly
endangered both at home and abroad, and
the services of all good citizens required to
aid in preventing ' the double calamity of
civil and foreign, war. :" The nomination for
President made at' Cincinnati ; encouraged
'kne in the hope ef seeing these calamities
averted, and has chiefly contributed to my
:jresent course I went to Cincinnati to be
near -that Convention the first one I ever
approached. ', I went to - see how thihgs
"'were-done, and to assist a little- t a ''sale
domination. - -I found a garrison of oflSoe-:
holders inside of tbe-Cenventien, and a be
'bieglag army f the same gentry ' on '-the
outside of it,;-' Packed delegates were there,
:sent to Iretray' .the 'people.' Straw dele
gates were there, coming from the ' States
'which could give' no Democratic; vote.
' Members of Congress were there,' although
'forbid, by their duties from being at such
a place.'--':A -ohort of ofli ce-holders from
'Waineton-CitT were there, political ! eu-
'Buchs in the federal system, 'incapable ;of
Voting for the smallest federal othce, yet
wnt there by the Administration to impose
a President upon the people. It ' was
-miKLalous .collection, excluded by the Con
..stitntkm from being even electors -of !the
1 President, and yet sent bexe to voft for the
Administration and to vote upon the prin
ciple of the ox that knoweth his master's
'crib opon 'i the principle of ihe ass that
knoweth tha hand that feedeth him. - Bul
lies were there from the Custom House aud
the Five Points in - New York all with
the approbation of the Administration'; for
ther omce-holders .would not be ithers ab
ent trom their duties, and drawing their
pay) without the consent of their .employ-
era,. It was a scandalous collection. The
members of Congress were in the double,
'breach of their duties. They were neglect
ing their legislative duties, and doing what
"they had been interdicted from doing.
Thirty years' ago, the nomination of Presi
detrtial candidates were taken, frotp' Con
gress on account of the corruption which it
'engendered, and given to delegates, : inten
ded to be fresh from the people and to obey
their will; and the ""nomination removed
from Washington to Baltimore, to get out
of the reach of Presiaent-making members.
But these members followed to Baltimore,
'getting proxies from some delegates when
they could get no appointment from the
people and to get nd of them to get
entirely beyond their reach the Conyen
'tion itself was removed from Baltimore to
Cincinnati. Vain effort to escape them.
TSey TaH6wed "dnT to CincmnatiTTTiey
broke np Congraes to get to this forbidden
lace.' Surely the new President will he
very hard-hearted if he does not remember
them whan he comes to the distributing of
office. From Washington City came a
new sorps,1 never before put upon such ser-
vioeuie omca-noicwre in me en.y-T'p
in the departments heads of bureaus-
men who have no rote in any federal elec
tion political hybrids," unable, to act a
man's part m any election, bat sent to
Cincinnati, as life-guard to support the
Administration.:. 'Such was the composi
tion of nearly one-Lalfof the whole Coo
ention Custom-House officers, postmas
ters, salaried clerks, packed delegates, straw
delegates, politkarl -nmichs, members of
Congress; flisCnct attorneys, reoerai marr
shal8.;J The place in which they tnet, and
which had been provided by a packed Ad
ministration Committee, was' aorthy ofthe
meeting. It Wat a sort of den,' approach
ed by a Jong, narrow passage, barricaded
by three doors, each door guarded by arm-'
ed bullies, with orders to knock down any
person that approached without ' a ticket
from the Committee, and a special .order
to be prepared with arms to repulse " the
Missouri delegation which came to vote for
Buchanan a repulse which they attemp
ted, and got themselves knocked down and
trampled underfoot. This den had no
windows by which people could look in or
see, or the light of the sun enter only a
row of glass like a steamboat skvlight,
thirty-five feet : above the floor, ft was
the nearest representation of the "black
hole" in Calcutta, and like' that hole had
well nigh become notorious for a similar
catastrophe.- The little panes of glass above
were hung on pivots, and turned flat to let
in air. A rain came on drove into the
den and to exclude it the panes were
turned up.' ' Smothering ! Smothering ! was
the cry in the den ; and the glass had to be
turned up again.'1 Over this place was a
small box for the admission of spectators,
its approach barricaded and guarded, and
entrance only obtained upon tickets from
the same packed Committee; aud to whom
lhey'gave.tickets was seen when the ' first
votes were given for Buchanan and when
each State that voted for him was hissed
even Virginia! and the hissing only stop
ped by a threat to clear the galleries.
Such is the pass to which the nomination
of Presidentjis now brought. But this is
a view of only one side, of the Convention
the Administration side of it There
was another side a ' majority-on the
coutempintion of which it was pleasant to
dwell ; substantial men, real delegates, fresh
from the people, and anxious to do ' their
will, and the best Tor the" country. . They
were the majority, but paralyzed by the
Wo-thirds roll, and cheated and ' out-maneuvered
iu the preliminary steps on which
the insult may often be made "' to' ' "depend,
by the old intriguers who had everything
"cut and dry" for the occasion 'Commit
tees packed, officers fixed, ' rules .prepared,
platforms drawn up; It was not until it
came to the dead, vote, that they stood - for
anything, lhen they gave their votes tor
Buchanan; but 'the minority1 held a veto
npon that nomination in ' the nullification
two-thirds rule, which was invented to. en
able the minority to govern the majority ;
and that game, so successfully played be
fore, was intended to Jbe ; played again.
That was the inside 'of the Convention ;
the putside presented a different spectacle,
and one to gladden the patriotic . heart
Tens upon tens of thousands of the yeo
manry of the country (Kentucky1, Ohio,
Indiana and , other States) . were -there
farmers, mechanics, merchants! profession
al men patriotic in their spirit, intent upon
the public good and came to prevent pack
ed delegates from betraying the people.
Fifteen hundred, ' as they told me,: came
from one district in Ohio to attend one of
these scrapes, smuggled ih by the adminis
tratiau officials; and. they ,did. govern him
made him toe Ihe mark, . and . vote the
will of fhe district; and so of many others.
Seventy thousand was the estimate of the
number of those patriotic: citizens; their
weight of character was still greater . than
their numbers. They . were for peace-f-peace.at.home
and abroad and for Bu
chananas the best choice for ' saving .thjs
peace. ; They expected the nomination to
have been made on "the second day; it was
delayed until the fifth, by the management
of the ' minority, who had the working" of
the machinery, and slaved off the business ;
but the farmers would .not be tired out.
They would not quit the ground, expensive
as it was to remain at their own cost, and
to the neglect of their private business,
while officeholders were all on public ' pay,
and neglecting, not their own, but the pub
lic businees. From the first, Buchanan
had the majority on each ballot, ballot,
fourteen times successively. An adjourn
ment was had, and the utmost anxiety pre
vailsd on the subject of what the night
might bring forth. The most sinister
rumors prevailed; it was clear that the old
game was to-be played the majority baf- .
fled, worried, tired out; and then some pel,
held in reserve by the old intriguers, " sud
denly, produced as the compromise candi
dote. The majority' in' the Convention,
and Rtill more, the many ten thousands of
good citizens on the outside of it, were de
termined that that ' game should not be
played ;' and the resolution was' taken to
defeat it by a lecidd step. '.It was resolv
ed that if the minority persevered - in this
game the next day, a resolution should be
offered declainng that, Mr. Buchanan hav
ing received the majority of the votes, was
only nominated according to the democrat-1
ic principle that the majority was to gov
ern; and to proclaim him accordingly.
This was the determination and the ballot,
ing opened on Friday morning in a way to:
bring that determination to a test, Mr.
Piarce was-withdrawn, and his vote of si-x
ty, which would hare nominated Mr.; Bu
chanan, was given; not to the majority, but
to the minority: ; It was evident then that
the old game was to be played out that
Pierce and Douglas were in . concert, and
that the majority were to bo defeated.
The excitemeut becomes immense. Sev
eral ballotings were had, when the inside
commotion and the outside pressureJbecame
irresistible. Douglas was withdrawn,, as
Pierce had been, and Buchanan was nomi
nated in a hurrah." It was a complete take
in to the office-holders (especially those
from Missouri,) who intended, if they could
not kill off Buchanan, to elect him to rote
for him at least, when voting against him
would no loncrerkeen him down crossing;
over like the Saxon army at the battle of
uerpsic; aeaarag the fete of the day, and
claiming for reward their own continuance
in office. ' The sudden explosive nomina
tion frustrated their plan put an end to the
attempts to kill off Buchanan and left the
trimmers without the merit of saving him.
But they could not give up the chance for
the spoils, and shouted loudest, and were
the first- to run into the streets aud pro
claim his nomination; and will be . among
the first to demand reward. The defeat
of the Administration has been complete
and overwhelming, and of the most morti
fying kind.' It is a defeat by his own par
ly, a repudiation by his own friends.. No
Presideat, seeking a second election, ' has
ever been so repudiated before. . Several,
so seeking, have been defeated by their ad
versaries, but no one has been defeated by
his own party. ' The elder Mr. Adams was
defeated by the ; Democrrtic party, then
called Republican ; "the younger Mr. Adams
was defeated by the same party; Mr. Van
Buren was defeated by the Whigs. But
each, of these gentlemen had the consolation
of having preserved the respect and confi
dence of his own parly. Not so with Mr.
Pierce. ' He is repudiated by those who
had exalted him.' After" four years' trial,
he is condemned and thrown away the
victim of his advisers. . lt is the most hu
miliating terms nation of a public career that
ever was witnessed. His whole vote was
some sixty only five dozen out of nearly
three hundred ; and jf from these are de
ducted the intrusive votes which ought not
to be counted those of the office-holders,
the packed delegates, the straw delegates,
the members of Congress, and the compli
mentary votes which- were begged for him
to lessen the shame of the miserable defeat
if all these were deducted, as they ought
to be, he would be . left without a single
vote left to go out as he came in ; with
the unanimous consent of his parly. What
a fate for a man who came into office upon
twenty-seven ' States, with two-thirds of
each House of Congress, and the united
Democracy of the whole Union. After all,
the result was due to the place where the
Convention was held. . If it had been in
Baltimore, where the outstanding pressure
would have been on the other side, the office-holders
would have carried the day.
Let it not be forgotten that the place gov
erned the nomination the place convenient
to the solid men of the country; but that
cannot be relied npon to save future nomi
nations. ' The old intrigures :the perma
nent professional President-makers will
not be caught in such a place again. They
will go where the farmers cannot come ; and
there is no safety except in the amendment
of the Constitution, and giving to the peo
ple a direct vote for President; Already it
is reported that they : go next time to
Charleston, S. C, where no western farmers
can get at them. If yon ask how can this
be known now ! "I : answer, : very : well.
Each Convention now appoints a commit
tee of its own body, thirty-one in number,
to sit from four years to four years, and man
age everything. ' These committees do the
cheating in the recess of the conventions.
Such a fall announces the most deplorable
administration which our country has ever
seen; and such is the fact." ' At home and
abroad in all rte acts and policy, both for
eign ' and domestic- flagrant rnisconducd
has been the order of the day.' 1 The Celt
Of its bad acts is too large to admit of 'a
full survey on an occasion like' the present:
I can Only size and present the most prom
inent, taking those which concern our home
affairs first the foreign" afterwards; but,
first, I must show who I mean by the ad
minsstration, for -it by no means consists of
all whose names compose k. " In the first
place, then, I do not mean Mr. Pierce. I
leave him out entirely. : He is a kind man,
tender-iearted, and will cry for anybody's
sorrows ; but he has neither head nor nerve,
and is as helpless in the hands of his mana
gers as a babe in the arms of its nurse. I
have to give a single instance of this help
lessness, which concerns yourselves as well
as myself, and which admits of no question,
because I was party to it and know what I
say. i-' Mr. Pierce sent for me soon after his
inauguration, desiring me to call upon him
the next evening at 8 o'clock. " I went accor
ding to request. ' He told me he wished to
speak to me about the Missouri appoint
ments, and know if they could not bo put off
for a while. I answered yes that they
were all four years appointments, and to be
out of themselves in the course of the Spring
and Summer that I despised-the business
of removing men who were doing their bus
iness well, and whose terms would soon ex
pire, and had rather wait for the vacancy to
come of itself.' -He replied that these were
exactly his own sentiments ; and it was read
ily agreed that the "appointments should
stand over until my return from Missouri,
which. "would be in six- weeks. : On this
agreement, thus volunteered by himself, I
left the city, and in two weeks was followed
by a list of the appointments and yon
know what kind of Appointments they were
all made from my enemies, and to work in:
the election, against me- a thing which
they have faithfully done and are still doing.
Even th Post Office briny own town was
so filled as to render it impossible for me to
use it, and drove me to the resource of send
ing my correspondence through Adams &
Co. - This is what happened between the
President and myself, and is one of innum
erable instances to prove his nullito in his
own administration. I did not get angry
with him for it. I knew he was sincere at
the time he spoke with me, and pitied his
inability to keep his own word, voluntarily
f'ven. I expressed no resentment because
knew they would not let him do. as he
wished ; but self-respect required me - to
avoid his house, and I have not been there
since. Still we meet handsomely when
accident brings us together sometimes
meeting in evening rides, when the res
pective hats immediately raised high in
the air sometimes on foot, in an evening
walk, when we rushed to the salution, and
so pressingly that an observer might sup
pose it was a pair of old bosom friends
Damon and Pythias just getting together
again after a long and cruel separation. ' In
the next place, I do not mean Mr. Marcy.
He' leaves himself out by permitting others
to dominate in his department, and by
publicly agreeing to "what he privately
condemns. I leave out also the Secreta
ries of the Treasury, of the Interior, of the
Navy, and the Post Master General, and
only condemn "them for remaining in a
cabinet in which they are without influence,
and sharing the odium of measures of which
they have ,oo part in the paternity... This
brings me to the Secretary of War, and
the Attorney General, who, with an out
side force of determined nellifiers, are the
whole administration. Of these, but little
need be said of theJSecretary at War. f ' He
is a martinet, puffed up with West Point
science, dogmatical, and pragmatical, with
in his circle;' but that circle is a narrow
one, and he moves Uncontrolled within it
He is an avowed secessionist. ' Of the out
side force of nullifiers still lessjremains to be
said. They govern when they please, and
always in the same style by presenting a
menacing front, Of all these the - Attorney-General
is the master-spirit He is a
man of talent, of learning, of industry
unscrupulous, double-sexed, doubled-gen-dered,
and hermaphroditic in politics
with a hinge in his knee, which he often
crooks, "that thrift may follow fewning.''
He governs by subserviency; and to him is
deferred the master's place in Mr. Pierce's
Cabinet When I heard that he was to
come into the: Cabinet I set down Mr.
Pierce as a doomed man, and foresaw the
swift and full destruction which was to fall
upon him. I had known Mr. Cushing as
an Abolitionist, voting against Kansas be
cause she was a Slave State, and backing
Slade of Vermont in the attempt to abol
ish Slavery in the District of Columbia.
I had known him as a Whig, attacking the
Democracy and all their measures; and as
a Tylerite, auctioneering offlres for Tyler
as long as he had an othce to go to the
hammer. ; I could have no faith in au Ad
ministration so led. and foretold its calam
itous fate from the moment it was seen
who was to be in it
The Mariposa Claims.
So much has been said about CoL Fre
mont's Mariposa lands, and so many con
tradictory stories have been put afloat in the
public prints as to their extent and value
and the nature of his title to them, that as
a matter of curiosity for our readers we
copy from a recent publication the annexed
extract of a letter from CoL Fremont him
self; authentically giving the particulars.
"Mariposa claim is a tract of land ten
leagues in extent, lying npon a creek of the
same name in the San Joaquin valley. It
was purchased for me by Mr. JLarkin in the
beginning of 1847, and during my absence
with the battalion in the South, trom I)
Juan B. Alvarado, to whom it had been
erranted in consideration of his public serv
ices, i Mr, . Larkin paid for it $3,000. I
had never seen the place and knew nothing
of its character or value. - 1 he purchase
was made before California was ceded to
the United Stales and long before any gold
was discovered. I -had always intended to
make my home in the country if possible,
and for this purpose desired a foothold in
it. On my return to the country in the
present year I visited the place in company
with Dr. Corrie, Mr. Reed, and several other
gentlemen, and for the first time saw the
land. . Two-thirds only are : adapted - to
farming; on the other third gold was dis
covered, and we went to work to digit out
So soon as it was known that we were there,
hundreds soon becoming thousands-crow
ded to the same place, and to this day from
two to three thousand persons have been re
gularly employed. They have worked them
freelv; no one has offered them the slightest
impediment, nor have I myself ever express
ed to any one or entertained an intention
of interferine: with the free working of the
mines at that place. - I regard the claim to
the Mariposa in the same light as any other
vested right It was a purchase fairly made,
and I have always supposed at some future
time the validity of the claim would be set
tled by the proper courts. --1 am satisfied to
await decision, whether it be favorable' or
otherwise, and in the meantime to leave
the gold, as it is now, free to all who have
the industry to collect it" - r
Fremont a Mahomedan.
The Boston Gazette has important infor
mation in relation to CoL Fremont's relig
ion, which is no more nor less than unde
niable proof , that the Pathfinder is a Ma
nors edaiv Read: " - - - , r ' r ' ; ' -We
learn, on undoubted testimony, that
Mr. Fremont, the Republican candidate "for
the Presidency fa a Mnhoraedan. 45 We
bring this charge at a time when he is un
questionably proved to be a Catholic and
a - Protestant - 'The foundation for the
charge is as follows, substantiated by Chris
topher Carson, Esq., of Texas: Upon ar
riving at the shores of the Pacific, Mr.
Fremont got off from his horse, and taking
off his boots and stockings, and rolling up
the legs of his pants, said he would wade.
The beach, however, wn covered with
muscles, whose sharp edges was rather
prominent; and Mr. F turning to Carson,
said he wouldn't trample on them. The
inference rose " instantly in Mr.' Carson's
mind that Mr. Fremont was a mnscleman,
for the sympathy evinced for those bivalves ;
and on being asked if such was not the
fact, as he saught another place in which
to wade, he winked his left eye, as much
as ..to say "yes." ' This fact we think is
enough to induce all thinking people to
vote for Mr. Fremont, or not, just as they
please, which we would earnestly advise.
. Mr. Fremont is here charged with being
a Mahomedan. Now if he is not a Ma
homedan, let him come out over his own
signature and deny it
3TThe N. Y Express, (so thinks the
Times) is making magnificent progress in
its crusade against Fremont It has prov
ed already to its own satisfaction: ,
! That Fremont is a duelist
That he is a coward. ,: r .
That he is a theif.
' That he is a bastard. " -
That he is" a Catholic. .
: All this has been accomplished in less
than two months. As it is nearly three
months yet to the election, the catalogue
of his enormities wiH without doubt be
indefinitely extended. The Express has
high notions of the proper way to conduct,
a political canvass.; ' 1 ' '' " ""'" ,
SCENES FROM THE TRAGEDY OF
"WE WILL SUBDUE YOU,"
NOW BEING ENACTED IN KANSAS.
"On our way down we saw a little girl lying dead; her brains had been dashed out!
She was not cold. It seemed to us that the savages must have taken her by the heels
and perpetrated the horrid deed, and then fled." "
"On the night of Wednesday August 20, a young widow lady who had emigrated to
Kansas with Mr. Henry Hyatt and his family, from Milton Wayne Co., Irid., happening
to step outside of the house, was suddenly seized by four masked ruffians, and before
she could scream, her tongue was choked out of her mouth and tied with a string behind
her head and around her neck. They threatened to shoot her if she made the least
noise, one of them hold a revolver at her head while they tied her. hands behind her
back. They then dragged her a few hundred yards from the house, and each in turn
committed a hellish outrase upon her person. They then kicked her in the side and
nkHnrrmn und lft. her. as thev sunnosed. to
insensibility she does not know, but on recovering her consciousness she succeeded in stag
geririgto the house. '.. She could not open the door, her hands being tied behind her back,
she was so weak and her tongue so dreadfully swollen that she could not shout- In
the effort to do' so, she feinted, and in falling overturned an empty churn which stood
near the doorl The noise awoke Mr; Hyatt and family, who found her in the condi
tion described. ' She is attended by Dr. Avery, who came with the Richmond Company
to Kansas. She has .had several attacks of conyultions and her case is nearly hopeless.
Her friends thought last night that she would not live till morning. , ' : " '
. "On Monday last one of Atchison's men, by the name of Fugert, made a bet ,of a
pair of boots with one of his ruffian comrades that he would bring in a free soil scalp
before night' Accordingly he started out on the road leading from Leavenworth to
Lawrence. He had proceeded but a short distance when he met Mr. Wm. C, Hopps,
a perfect stranger to him, in a buggy, unarmed. ;- He stopped him and deliberately shot
him through the head, and then, Indian-like, took out his knife and scalped his victim,
and then left him. This fiendish act was witnessed by Mrs. Wallace and her daughter,
who live near by, and .a teamster in the service of the United States drove np and saw
the body before the pulse had ceased to beat Mr. Hopps' was from Illinois, a quiet,
worthy and inoffensive man, and had just arrived in the Territory with his wife, who is
in bad health, and who is left heart-broken and utterly destitute. He is a brothcr-in-law
of Rev. Mr. Nute, the Unitarian minister. '"' ' " ' 1
Fugert returned to the camp, obtained his pair of boots, and then placing the scalp of
his victim on the end of a pole, paraded the streets with it, boasting of the deed. He
now carries it in his pocket, wrapped in a piece of the Missouri Republican, and exhiltits
it to his friends. A German named Bimber- who expressed himself rather freely in
regard to this horrible barbarity, was shot dead On the spot, and another man saved his
life only by precipitate flight, with pistol balls flying about his head. ? '.
All this nearly within hail of Fort Leavenworth,' where Gen. Persifer Smith is sta
tioned with the United States forces.
being arrested or punished m Kansas ? j.,
Fourdays after, one of Buford's men came
bowie-knifo a human, heart "Boys," said
Abolitionist ; he told me he was an Abohonist and I np with m v rifle and dropped him ;
I cut his heart out, and it ain't cold yet ; now I'll cut it open an J see how it looks inside ;
then I'll fry it see.how the damned thing tastes.
Not to ona Rbabers. The above representations, as all our readers well know, are
no fancy sketches, but life scones from the terrible tragedies recently enacted in Kansas.
The statements are taken verbatim from the accounts received from unquestionable
sources, and are only single and isolated instances of the numerous horrid butcheries that
have crimsoned the plains of that fair territory with the blood of innocent and unoffend
ing men, women, and children ; deeds that would have disgraced a nation of barbarians ;
and yet all this is done in a Christian country, whose highest boost is liberty of thought,
speech and conscience, "npon free-born American citizens ! It is aided and abetted by an
Administration professing to do tustice and to' be governed bv the Constitution ! It is
done in the name of Democracy and justified and upheld bv a Party and Press profess
ing to be Democratic, and the soverign people of this great Republic are asked to sancton
and perpetuate it by electing a President aud Vice President who "cordially approve of,"
endorse, and have pledged themselves to carry out this infernal policy ! All this, we
repeat it, is done in a Christ ian age, before the eyes of an enlightend and Christian people,
in a land consecrated by the blood of our Revoulkmary sires to civil and religious liberty,
and all for the sols purpose of extending the area of Human. Slavery.
die. ' How lonff she remained in a state of
But who ever heard ot a rro-aiavery man
. ... . . , -. t , . ... ,r. :. :. . , .
into the camp, holding npon the pointof a
he "see here; here is the heart a damned
From the Cleveland Herald.
From the Cleveland Herald. The Three Fifths Rule in Representation--
From the Cleveland Herald. The Three Fifths Rule in Representation--How it Works.
The North does not cpmp1if ofTtha
constitutional provisions which giv es X the
South an extra number of Representatives
for its slaves. . "It is so nominated in the
bond," and they, acquiesce. ; What they
do object to is the holding out of this per
pectual premium for the spread .at their
expense of an institution which they de
test ' One-half the territorial areaf the
United States is yet in the condition. 6f
territory its States of freedom or slavery
yet to be determined. : -' ' -. T.VI--IS
A friend who is' fond of statistic. .lias
compiled the following, predicated! upon
census of 1850 : .,. " t 1 ,
. 1. The ratio of representation as fixed
by the present law of Congress in con
formity with the , three-fifths rule of the
constitution is one representative to 93,420
representative population. But the oper
ation of that rule is clearly exhibited by
taking the white population alone, " and
comparing an equal representative appor
tionment with- that resulting from tha
rule. .',''"' . ''
Whole No. of free whites by the .
census of 1850 ; 19,556,063
Whole Nc. of Representaties .. r 2i3
Average ratio, one representa- -.
tivo to free white male per- .. .
Whole number of free whites ... .
in free States. .;. ;i. 13,330,650
Whole No. of free whites in- -
slave States.... ...... i.. 6,222,418
Representatives from free States' 144
Represen'tives from slave States ' " 99
Ratio in free States; one Re-". :I' 1
presentative to ....... 92,575
Ratio in slave States; one Re-..
presntativeto-1 '. - 69,138
No. Reps, free States would -
have on the basis of free
white population . ... 100
No. Reps, slave States on same .
basis i.j. ,i. r ; 14
2. '- Operation in the rule in the dixision
of the electoral votes is shown in the samsv
manner. ' ' ' " " f ' ' ' ' ' ' ' " '"
Whole No of Presidential Elec-- 7? "
.tor;Llii.i-i.;:.-i i-ii i"J. r, 29
One Elector to free whites 1.66,057
Electors chosen-by free States..-.- 1V6
'. u- ' u ' ."slave . )i2r
Ratio in free States, one tp . 1 - .75,746
: slave .. .-...V.'r-.:M,582.
No. of Electors free States would ,
have npon an equal principle. . 202'
No. of Electors slave States would! ' 'i
' have on the basis of white pop-. . r,
ulation .'. . ; 94
: It thus appears that in the Congression
al Representation the Slave holding States
have SIXTEEN MORE, and the non
slaveholding States SIXTEEN LESS that,
they should be -entitled to upon a basis of
free white population equally represented.
And in the election of President, the slave
holding States have TWENTY-SIX more
and the non-slaveholding States TWENTY-SIX
less- Electoral .votes-than they
would have upon an equal basis." "
The advantage to the South is equal to
thirty-two Representatives and fifty-six
Electoral "votes. '
3. '; Let us try a comparison""? single
States. - Ohio has 21. Representatives and
23 Electoral votes. Virginia has 13 Re
presentatives and 15 Electoral votes. The
former has one Representative to 93,130
whites, and the latter one to every 68,830.
On. the basis stated in former paragraphs
Ohio would have 23 Representatives, rand
Virginia lack a fraction of being entitled
to ll. . ' - ' , ..r
. Or to state it in another shape, upon the
ratio of Ohioj Virginia would have but 10;
while on the ratio of Virginia, Ohio would
have 28 Representatives. , T ,,rr
. South Carolina has a free white popula
tion of 274,563 and 6 Representatives, or
one to 45,760. . .. New Hampshire has a
white 'population of 317,456 and 3 Re
presentative, or one' to 105,818. 1
Upon an average ratio , above stated,
South Carolina would have three Repre
sentatives and a fraction over, and ' New
Hampshire the same number with a' still
larger fraction. .,,,.. t .
' Giving South Carolina the ratio which
New Hampshire .has,' she would have but
two .Representatives and. a large traction
' Giving New Hampshire the.ratic which
South Carolina has, and she would be -entitled
to seven Representatives instead of
three. - : '
All these calculations, it is to be borne
in mind, are predicated upon tha basis free
white population. ' "-
In his manifesto published in the last
Democrat, Gen. Burns asserts that Dunns
Bill, for which many Republicans voted,
legislates Slavery into Kansas. SUCH IS
NOT THE FACT, and a gentleman who
complacently tells us he has "filled varum
public stations? ought to know it, and if
fie does know it, he ought not to make
such an assertion. Dunn's bill sxstobm
the Missouri Compromise that Compro
mise PROHIBITS Slavery in Kansas
Territory. The proviso in Dunn's Bill
says that Slaves 'LAWFULLY" held ia
said Territory may be removed at any
time previous to isots . After the Missou
ri Compromise was restored, could there
be a Slave lawfuut held fur one mo
ment in the Territory f No. Had that
bill passed, the niggor-drivers would have
scampered from the Territory with their
Slaves, like robbers with their plunder.
C oshocton Age. -
fjTWhat are the prospects in the coua-
trv f said a citv politician to a farmer. "Va
ry poor as regards the crops in our neigh
borhood." "I mean in reference to the
prospects of Buchanan and Breckenridge.'
Oh, their prospects are considerably-wore
than the crops. . . . .,
SrorTiwcAST. At the late session of th
Northern Ohio Conference or too M. E.
Church, at which there were one hundred
and twenty ministers present, we) are in
formed there was hot one Buchanan man ;
and he was tried for immoral conduct, and
expelled. Coshocton. Age.