Newspaper Page Text
J. CASKET, Editor.
THURSDAY, ::: ECXMBER 1 1, 1 856.
Enow. They have bad a snowstorm in toatlt-
era Michigan which delayed the taaila.
jyTbe disasters to steamers this year, on
the lakes, rivers and pecans, show aJoaaef life
of 438 persons. ; .... . -.:- -: ..
la Louisville, on Wednesday, Howesville oa
was selling at twenty-fire cents and Canal at
tTWrn. Brewer, sarivr"S CSonieetieo
but recently a telegraphic operator at Colum
bus, Gahas been forced to leave that city ia
eoBseqnesce of his abolition proclivities. ' ;
1 1 n 1 " r---"."'
The Catholic ladies of Sew Turk held a Air
ia the Crystal Palace last week for the benefit
of "Saint Vincent's Hospital." the Bet proceeds
of which was $34,000. :.
The Nashville Banner commends the de
sire of Got. Geary, to bring to punishment the
pro-slavery maa Hayes, who committed mnrder
b that territory, bat thinka the means resorted
to were extra-jndicaL ,'.'.. .
yrhe roport of the Massachusetts State
Kansas Aid Committee says that that body has
sent to the .Kansas sufferers 19 JOS articles of
clothing and bedding, besides other articles, all
of which it is believed have arrived sale. ;
Moil Mormons. The American packet ship
Colombia belonging to Messrs. Earing Brothers
4 Co., is advertised ia the Liverpool papers for
Kew Tort. Her list of passengers it is stated
includes some two hundred Mormons, on their
waytoSaltLake City in Utah.
. ' " We publish oa the fourth page of to
day's paper, the List of Lands and Town Lots
returned Delinquent. We get no pay for thia,
other than the satisfaction it is tons, to furnish,
as far as we can, our patrons au information of
interest to them.
tyrhe Nashville Republican Banner, refer
ring to to the message of Governor Adams, of
South Carolina, in which he recommends the
revival of the alave trade, Bays "the people of
the South could not affect a revival of the trade
if they would; and would not and ought not if
QgThe whole number of deaths, in 2?ew
York city last week, was 410, being an increase
of fifteen over the previous week. The mortal
ity from scarlet fever was unusually large, thirty-seven
having died of that disease. Fifty -six
died of consumption, and fifteen from violent
causes. - . i . '"
Pbeadf6l AocnrotT. We regret to learn that
Mr.' Jons Taovxr, of Mechanic township in
this country, was instantly killed on Wednes
day of last week, by the felling of a limb.
which struck him on the back part of the head.
killing him instantlv, He leaves a wife and
t&There is scarcely a week that we do not
receive one or more communications, with the
request to correct the errors, and publish. " We
should be glad to accommodate or friends in
this respect, had we the leisure to devote to it,
but as we have not, we are compelled to decline
the publication of all articles, not "finished,"
before they are sent in.' - -
- Dattok airo Coicmbcs. Thosa two flourish
ing inland cities of Ohio, keep neck and neck
ia the rise of property. Columbus beats Day
ton slightly when the sensus ia taken, and Day
ton beats Columbus .at the polls. ' Dayton at
the last Presidential election election polled
2904 votes, and Columbus 3620.
Akotszk Caxfaigx While we are congrat
ulating ourselves as being over the turmoil of
Election, they are making preparations in ft ew
Hampshire to go all through the process again.
Their eleetion comes off in March, and their
papers are just beginning to issue proposals for
"campaign editions. .
Attention is called to the Prospectus for this
valuable Agricultural paper, in another column.
Though no agriculturist practically, there is no
paper received at this office, that we read with
more pleasure. We do not know the extent of
its circulation' in our county, but know that it
should be large, if merit has anything to do with
the circulation of a paper.
TIME. Messrs. Smith & Fet are just in re'
ceiptof the largest and best finished lot of Clocks
ever before brought to the place. They have
them at all prices and styles of finish, so that any
one wanting the article, can surely please him
self. Their stock of Watches, Jewelry, Ac., has
also just been recruited, and is worth going "to
look Steven though you do not want to purchase
imrfiediaielv. - ": ' "
Clothiag.a-Judging from the quantity
received from time to time, we should think that
Bxiu. Conn, supplied "all creation," with Ready
Made Clothing, It ia but a few weeks since he
received what he bought for a "Winter Stock,"
but before, winter came he found his shelves emp
ty, and himself on the way East for a second edi
tion, which he is now opening. He has certain
ly a very large and very fine stock of goods. Go
and see them. . . , . -.
SasATOs Douglas a Caibolio. The locofoco
press undertook to show that Fremont must be
a Catholic, because he had been married by a
Catholic priest. Senator Douglas waa married,
ia Washington City, on Thanksgiving Day, to
Miss Ada Cutts, by Father Fyrne, the George
town Roman Catholic Priest. Douglas, there
fore, according to the logic and authority of De
mocratic editors, politicians and allies, is a Ro
man Catholic The logic is theirs, not ours,
and we put it on the record for future reference.
The time may come when they may not relish
the legitimate application of their own reason
ing. ' -
PosTMASTKB Gonu'i Report. The annual
report of the Post Master General, is too lengthy
for our paper. It ia curt, brief and to the point
containing few reflections on the past, and
fewer still of predictions as to the future. - The
condition of the department is evidently not
very satisfactory to its head, and we presume,
will be less so, to the country at large. '" -
The number of Post Offies is 25465, and the
mails are transported over 239,642 miles of routes.
In four years the transportation of mails by rail
road has increased from 10,146 to 20,343 miles.
The great regrets, the constant troubles of the
Post Master General, seem to be that the mail
service costs money, and the only recommenda
tion of general interest is that for abolishing
franking, and ia this, be simply echoes the
voice of the country. The total expense of the
Department for the last fiscal year was 10,405,
280, The entire revenue was $7,620,821, show
ing s deficit of $2,787,040, which considerably
meeds ths average of the preceding three
The President's Message.
Was published in an "Extra," and aent out
with our regular edition, last Thursday. - -
The document in point of atyle, will not get
for its author, as much notoriety ia literary cir
cles, a his betrayal of the trust eonfided to him,
has, as a traitor to principle, among the people.
The President terminates his official career, as
be began it as poor Frank Pierce. His Inaug
ural was famous for its flourishes, imaging him
self, so doubt, s second Jackson. He is rhetoric
still, but with it is mingled sa unusual amount of
special pleading. He seems to be on the defen
sive, sad to be angrily engaged in warding off
the blows of some unseen adversary. "
Nearly one-half of the Message is devoted to
a special plea- mf the Kan'questionV-T'he
general idea held out is, that.the Verthern men
are an unprincipled act of rascals, who give the
Government no end of trouble, and would have
blown the Union to the four winds, but for the
foresight, the wisdom and the energy of poor
Pierce. Of course, to establish thia, he needs to
adopt all the old locofoco tricks, and lis pretty
extensively which he does when he asserts that
the supporters of Fremont were "inflamed with
a desire to change the domestic institutions of
existing States," to assure the supporters of Fre
mont that "their course has no other possible out
let than disunion and civil war;" to state that the
opponents of military despotism in Kansas,
want new lawa of restriction to force free insti
tutions upon the Territories; and generally, to
misrepresent the whole course of events during
the past two years. After all, when the whole
of this special plea has been completed, he is
forced to admit ia the first place, that the Gov
ernment of Kansas has been overturned "inter
rupted," is the word he uses without hindrance
from the General Government; and secondly,
that there are on the Statute books of Kansas,
"laws violative of the Constitution," which, nev
ertheless, this same Franklin Pierce, employed
the forces of the General Government to enforce.
He endeavors to excuse himself by laying the
blame on the people of the Korth and South.
Thisisrediculocs. Franklin Pierce took open
and decided ground with the Slavery Exten
sionists, in the contest between Slavery 4 Free
dom, and brought to his aid in this interference,
the army of the TJ. States. So miss-statements
about it, wilL however, tend to sink Mr. Pierce
any lower in the estimation of the American peo
ple. He struck the bottom some time ago.
Woxra'a Right's Coxvkxtioh. A number of
moral reformers, male, female and hyprid, as
sembled in New York on the 25th ult., in what
they called a Woman's Right's Convention, the
sessions of which were continued several days.
One of the most distinguished of the feminine
leaders of the movement took the chair, and the
audience included more -outre specimens of the
human race than could be found in any other '
place in the world. There were all shades and
grades of insanity represented, from the mild lu
nacy of a lady who thought that she ought to be
President in place of Mr. Pierce, (she could'nt
do worse than he has done,) to the raving mad
ness of a maniac just' from the Assjlum. The
penorutd cf the reformers, as described by the
Herald, was curious. There were persons sup
posed to be women, with all the surroundings of
masculinity; there were their husbands, mild,
broken in spirit, and with all the effeminacy
generally supposed to be the most effective pan
oply of the opposite sex. . The order cf things
was entirely changed. The men were women
the women, men. These latter were d eased in
men's clothes, and generally wore long shaggy
beards, as if. to say, "we are men, although it
would take too heavy a draft upon your credul
ity to believe it, did we not advertise the feet ia
this hirsute manner." One lady sported bow
sers, and the dress of all was unique in some
particular or other. . . ' .
The speeches and resolutions were still more
absurd than the dress and manner of the orators
and the audience. Marriage was pronounced a
curse, and women generally were in a more sla
vish condition than that of the fat negroes in the
South, that Gov. Wise is so fond of. It was re
solved "that the monopoly of the elective fran
chise, and thereby all the powers of legislative
government by maa, solely on the ground of sex
is a usurpation condemned alike by reason and
commca sense, subversive of all the principles
of justice, oppressive and demoralizing in its op
eration, and insulsing to the dignity of human
. Report or Secretary or ths Interior.
This report 'contains much valuable matter
and many valuable suggestions. The Secretary
complains of flie immense amount of work he
has to do, and objects to any further burdens
being imposed upon him.
The surveys of public lands have progressed
with rappidity; but of the seventeen .millions
nearly or quite ready for market, a large portion
has been withdrawn from sale in consequence of
the recent railroad grants, and cannot be restor
ed for nine months or more. - '
The actual settlement clause in the graduation
act seems to be almost universally neglected,
and the Secretary appears .to be of the opinion
that jt might be dispensed with altogether.
There has been also a good deal of cheating in
locating the State swamp lands; but the Secre
tary thinks that the shortest and easiest way
will be to overlook all departures from law, and
confirm without question the selection made by
the States interested.
The sale of land for cash the last fiscal year
have been 9,227,878 acre for $9,821,414. - There
have been located on military land warrants,
8,382,4S0 acres.. There have been selected un
der railroad donations about 16,680,000 and con
firmed to the State under the swamp land grant
6,036,000 acres. The public domain has thus
been diminished to the extent of 29,228,000
acre., the sales for cash during the second
and third quarters of the current calendar year
were 2,000,066 acres for $1,906,682. '" '
The total sales for the four years past have
been 30,935475 acres for 27,940,151; while, in
cluding, military bounties, swamp lands, and
railroad grants, the total alienations amount to
about 94,000,000 acres. .'
t)n trie 30th of June last there were 13,932
pensioners, at a cost of 1,360,694. In this de
partment, too, many frauds are pertrated, and
the Secretary calls tor additional power to strike
from the lists the names of those who have ceas
ed to be enlisted as invalid pensioners.
The ; number of patents issued during the
year is about 200.
2fovn . Paopoarnox a Krw Stats too
Missouri. The American Banner, published
at Yazoo City, Mississippi, is intensely disgust
ed with the result of Presidential contest in
that State. It thinks that Americans ought by
all means to rule America, and perceiving that
they do not, nnder the present order of things,
suggests that the several American counties, m
eluding Yazoo .Hinds, Warren, Tippah, Coahoma
Madison and Panola, "shall forthwith secede
rom the rest of the State and form separate
American State to be ruled by Araerimans.1
It further suggests that as Mr. Fillmore, has
been so shamefully treated ia his own State he
shall be unanimously elected Governor." The
Banner is enthusiastic in the project, and pro
poses calling Convention to carry it out.'
Think of that" Governor Fillmore of Kae Mis
SHERIFF'S SALES. Sheriff Rockwell Ad
vertises that he will offer for sale on the 15th of
this month, he following property, to wit:
In-lotsllOand 111, with the tenements there
on, situate in the town of Millersburg. Taken
as the property of Alfred Wolgamot.
The south-west quarter of the south-east quar
ter of section 18, tow m&ip 8 and range 8. Taken
as the property of William Baker and another.
Out -lots number 1 2, (except one rood off of
the south side of said tot number 2,) and 4 roods
and 12 linksoff of the west end of Out Lot number
3, situate oa the south-west part of the south west
quarter of section 12. township 9, range 7, con-tainiag567-100acres.
Taken as the property of
William McClure. '-' ' 1 --
For the benefit of such of oar subscribers as do
not see the Farnur, we intend hereafter to pub
lish in full or give a synopsis of, all the official ad
vertisements published in this county.
The result of the late Presidential elec
tion is viewed differently by members of the
same party. Mr. Prcxoc in his message thinks
it a proclamation oa the part of the people of
devoted and unalterable attachment to the Un
ion. Mr. Maso, of Va, speaking in behalf of
the Slaveholding States, in a recent debate in
the Senate, expressly declared, that they regard
ed, the "local and sectional interest" of the leg
islative "extention of slavery as paramount,
both to the Constitution and the Union; and
that the election of Fntpiosrr regarded as a stum
bling block in the way of that "legislative ex
tention." would have led to an "immediate and
final dissollution of the Tnion." We cannot
perceive how the election of Mr. Bcchaxas is to
save the Union, as the fire-eaters of the South,
persist in declaring that it must come to pass.
Wo presume, however, that they will consent
to remain in the Union as long as dirt-caters
enough can be found in the north to give them
the vote of enough northern States to enable
them to carry their men and their measures.
Anvxansrao. Speaking of the advantages
of advertising, the. Chicago Journal says:
"We have known men who have in this city,
made large sums of money, during the past
year, by advertising, where, without the aid of
the press, nothing could have been done. Some
seem contented that they are established and
have their regular custom, that to advertise
would be useless. This is a great mistake; for
from the moment that a house ceases to adver
tise, no matter how large its trade, how high its
reputation or standing, from that moment it be
gins iO decline. The changes in this country
are so rapid, and the public mind so constantly
filled with new applicants for favors, that to be
out of the newspapers, where everybody seeks
for information, is to be forgotten. The press
is daily becoming more and more a necessity,
and its usefulness as an advertising medium is
eonstanly increasing. ,
Retbtbutios. In 1854 Cassius M. Clay visi
ted Sprinfield, Illinois and an effort was made
to get him the State House to speak in; but
Job i Moore, the pro-slavery State Treasurer,
and a tool of Douglas, closed the building in
the foce of Mr. Clay anil bis friends, and acted
towards them in regular Border Ruffian style.
This John' Moore was the Buchanan-Douglas
candidate State Treasurer at the late election
and the following is the verdict of the people
upon him: Moore, 107,048; Miller, 128,430;
majority tsgainst Moore, 21,483! A significant,
crushing rebuke to a low-minded demagogue.
The people have turned him out of the State
House as emphatically as if he had been a money-changer
who profaned the temple by his
The Tbcasi-bcb's Repobt. The Report of
the Secretary of the Treasury is long but ably
written. : We wish as much could be said of
President Piebce's Message. The Federal Gov
ernment, according to it, is now costing the peo
ple about sixty millions, besides the payment
on account of public debt is about ten millions.
The public debt, about thirty-one millions.
The receipts for the current fiscal year are esti
mated At sixty-six millions from custome, six
millions from lands, and one million from all
other . sources in all seventy-three millions.
Our Imports for the fiscal year, ending in June,
are valued at $327,000,000, and or Exports at
$315,000,000 The Military sen ice for the past
year has cost nearly seventeen, and the Naval
over fourteen millions together more than thirty-one
millions of dollars, at a time when wc
are at peace with all mankind. .
The MEssacE. The Washington correspon
dent of the X". T. Timet, says the President has
certainly crested a sensation by means of his
Message, although not one of the most agreea
ble character. It continues to be denounced in
the boldest language by men who stand high
as leaden of the Democratic party, and even
some members of Pierce's own Cabinet shrug
their. shoulders ominously when the subject is
- The frinds of Mr. Buchanan, who had hoped
that the sectional excitement of the last few
months would die away before the fourth of
March next, are tirm in tne conviction tbat fierce
had the deliberate purpose of kicking up a row
for the annoyance of his successor.
1 Postmaster Campbell had assured his Penn
sylvania friends that the message would be very
soothing in regard to Kansas and Slavery, and
calculated, to smooth the way for the new Ad
ministration. This he honestly supposed; but
Jefferson Davis got the President's ear, and put
the brimstone into bis ink wnen Uampoell ana
Marcy were away."
fyLittle need be expected from Congress
this winter. Whitfield, the Border Ruffian Del
egate from Kansas is likely to get his seat. As
might have been expected, the' Fillmore mem
bers have pretty generally gone over to the Ad
ministration. , It will be remembered that Con
gress once refused Whitfield his seat and de
clared the laws nnder which he was elected,
null and void. Last fall, the lliaiiourians went
over to Kansas and went through the farce of
another flection, the Free State men of the Ter
ritory not voting.
U. S. SraAToasraoii Ikdiaha. .Gov. Wright
Dr. Fitch and several other gentlemen are al
ready named as Democratic candidates for the
two Indiana vacancies in the U. S. Senate, to
be filled this winter. It is said that Messrs.
Pettit and Bright are also candidates for re
election. Should the Republican State-Senate
decline to go into an election, the calculations
of the Democracy will be somewhat interfered
The Vote of Iowa.
A gentleman of this city received on
Saturday the following letter from the
Secretary of State of Iowa :
SECRETARY OF STATE'S OFFICE.
Iowa City, Nov. 25. 1856.
: The official vote for the electors of
rresiaent and Vice President of the Uni
ted States is as follows:
Fremont... 45,796 '
Buchanan.... ... ...... 87)663
llImor8 . 9,669 '
Scattering. ; 221
. Very respectful v,
GEORGE W. McCHARY.
Secretary of State.
majority over Buchanan
will be seen, is 8,223.
The Re-Opening of the Slave
For the last two yean nave the Repub
lican papers foretold the attempt on the
part of the Southern Democracy to re-open
the infamous foreign trade in slaves. At
the same time the Northern Democratic
papers have not only kept silence upon this
matter, but have studiously concealed from
their readers the evidence as' furnished
by extracts from Southern papers of this
last damnable plot, of modern Democracy,
against the cause of Freedom.' ' Even now,
no Northern Democratic paper dare go far
ther than merely to ridicule tbe idea of
such revival of the slave-trade, pronouncing
it en exaggeration of the Republican par
pers, hard pressed for political ammuni
tion. . ,
This matter, however, can no longer be
blinked nor laughed at by the pliable Nor
thern tools of the Cftlhoun Democrats, who
now shape the measures of the Democratic
party. Gov. Adams, of ooutn Carolina,
has, in his annual message to the Legisla
ture of that State, distinctly recommended
action with regard to this matter, and as
that stripe of the Democratic party to which
South Carolina Calhounism belongs, gives
color to the party which elected Mr. Pierce
and bis successor, Mr. Buchanan, it is per
fectly fair to charge the measure as a party
one, at least so long as Northern politicians
and Northern party papers dare not take
grounds hostile to the movement.
Gov. Adams enters into a long discus
sion upon Slavery, and recommends its dif
fusion as a means for giving it strength.
In order that the poorest white may be in
terested in its perpetuity, he recommends
that at least one slave be exempt from sei
zure under an execution.
' Gov. Adams anticipates a strong cotton
growing rival in the East Indies, and a
final end of the present monopoly enjoyed
by Southern States, and shows by figures,
that upon soil under English ' rule, more
cotton is now grown yearly, than in 1820
was grown in the whole United States,
and that when England and the Continent
can procure their supply elsewhere than
from the Southern States, the doom of the
South is sealed. . The value ofslave-labor
will then be destroyed, and emancipation
which Gov. A. considers a calamity would
follow. - The remedy Gov. A. would ap
ply, is, to make slav --labor cheap, and em
ploy it in every department where labor is
required; and to do this he lecommends
the re-opening of the African slave-trade.
Upon the "humanity" contained in this
proposition, the Governor argues thus:
"Until Providence interposes and chan
ges his organism, the African must contin
ue to be a 'hewer of wood and a drawer of
water.' It is a diseased sentimentality
which starts back at the idea of legalizing
the slave-trade, and at the same time con
without emotion the cruel servi
tudes which capital exacts of labor, all the
world over. There was a time when canting
philanthropists had instilled into us a
belief that Slavery was wrong. . Investiga
tion las entirely changed the once com
mon sentiment on this point. The South
now believes that a mysterious Providence
has brought the two races together on this
Continent for wise purposes, and that the
existing relation Las been mutually benefi
cial. Southern Slavery has, elevated the:
African to a degree of civilization which
the black race Las uovor attained in any
other ago or country. We see it now in
its true light, and regard it as the most
safe arid stable basis for free institutions in
As to what the relative position of. the
North and South would now be,. had. the
trade never been abandoned, Gov. Adams
"Had the slave-trade never been closed,
the equilibrium between the North and the
South would not have been destroyed.
The North has Lad the Old World from
which to draw her supply of labor, and
hence the rapid settlement of the North
west. Since 1808, the South has supplied
her own labor, and has necessarily made
slower progress in settling up the South
west. If the trade were open now, I am
persuaded that the South would not con
sent to close it; and this is, perhaps, the
best answer to the argument derived from
the mere sentiment that is arrayed against
the proposition." '
Another beneficial () effect which would
result from the slave-trade would be the
driving out of free-labor from the South. -This
view of the case is particularly flatter
ing to those of the laboring classes who
work for the Democratic party. Gov. A.
"It is apprehended that the opening of
this trade will lessen tne value of slaves,
and ultimately destroy the institution. It
is a sufficient answer to point to the fact
that unrestricted immigration has not di
minished the value of labor in the North
western section jof the Confederacy. The
cry there, is, want of labor; notwithstand
ing capital has the pauperism of the Old
World to press into its grinding service.
If we cannot supply the demand for slave
labor, then we must expect to he supplied
with a species of labor we do not want,
and which is, from the very nature of
tilings, antagonistic to our institutions. It
is much better that our drays should be
driven by slaves that our factories should
be worked by slaves that onr hotels should
be served by slaves that our locomotives
should be manned by slaves, than that we
should bd exposed to the introduction,
from any qrisTtWof a "population alien to
us by birth, training, and education, and
which in the process of time must lead to
that conflict between capital and labor,
'which makes it so difficult to maintain free
institutions in all wealthy and highly civi
lized nations where such institutions as ours
do not exist.' In all slaveholding States,
true policy dictates that the superior race
should direct, and the inferior perform all
menial service. Competition between the
white and black man for this service, may
not disturb Northern sensibility, but it
docs not exactly suit onr latitude."
But the closing argument upon the sub
ject is that of self-respect, and Christianity,
both demanding that the stealing of hu
man beings, and the horrors of the "mid
dle passage" shall be sanctioned and pro
tected by the American Government.
This Democratic Governor says :
'Irrespective, however, of interest, the
act of Congress declaring the slave-trade
piracy, is a brand upon us, which I think
it important to remove. If the trade be
piracy, the slave must be plunder; and no
ingenuity can avoid the logical necessity
of such conclusion. My hopes and fortunes
are indissolubly associated with this form
of society. I fool that I would bo want
ing in duty, if I did not urge you to with
draw your assent frorn an act which is itself
a direct condemnation ot your institutions.
But we have interests to enforce a course
of self-respect. I believe, as I have al
ready Blated, that more slaves are neces
sarv to a continuance of our monopoly in
plantation products. ' I believe that they
necessary to the fall development of
. whole round of agricultural and me
chanical resources; that they are necessary
the restoration of the South, to an equal
ity of power in the Vrenera Government,
perhaps to the very integrity of slave soci
ety, disturbed as it has been by the causes
which have induced an undue proportion
the ruling race. To us have been com
mitted the fortunes of this peculiar form of
society, resulting from the nmon of une
qual races. It has vindicated its claim
the approbation of an enlightened hu
manity. ; It has civilized and christianized
African. It' has exalted the white
race itself to higher hopes and" purposes,
it k perhaps of the irost saered obli
gation that we should give it the means of
expansion, and that we should press it for
ward to a perpetuity of progress." -
Upon the reception of this message a
debate sprang up in the Legislature as to
appropriate reference; whether to a
Special Committee, the Committee on
Federal Relations, the Committee on Col
ored Population, or the Committe of the
Whole. In this debate which was partici
pated in by a large number, only one
member, Mr.. Yeadora. raised his voice
against the measure. It was referred to a
Special Committee. . .
The Charleston Standard hails the re
commendation of the Governor as the
"dawn of an era of emancipation in South
Carolina," and adds:
"At last a voice has come up from the
Capitol of South Carolina, which will be
reverberated louder and louder along the
land, while there are hills in the Southern
States to catch the echo.'' .
It concludes its pauegyric thus:
"It is a step which will never be receded
from. The South has already shown the
purpose and the ability to reward her
champions; one Representative from South
Carolina has already found that in that
way dory lies; others will make the same
discovery; and we believe that the tide of
events will now roll on with accumulated
volume, until the South shall be redeemed
Federal servitude or become the sover
eign arbitress of her own destiny."
The Charleston Mercury is jubilant
over the message, and says:
"One objection has been urged strongly
against it, privately ; that if the trade were
tne JNew iingianders would mo
nopolize the profit. This would doubtless
the case, but we consider it, by no
means, a decisive objection. Thev would.
undoubtedly, absorb the trade, and they
would realize the immediate profits of it;
the South wonld reap after-advanta
in tne increase of her population and
industrial resources. We might be satisfi
ed with onr share in the adventure."
Trans. Facts and Figures--Power of
are States, which,
combined, cast 35 electoral votes, just the
number to which tne Slate of JNew i ork
entitled. These States are Alabama,
Louisiana, North Carolina and Georgia.
have now the ofiicial votes from ail of
these States; and we append them for the
purpose of showing the peculicr power of
south m this confederacy. . Thus :
Louisiana 20,376 -''
Alabama . ....46,637
North Carolina 46,764
170,194 126,086 35
Baebama. . Fillmore. . Fremont. E. vote.
York 105,314 124,206 275,440 35
lotal vote lour Southern States. . 296,280
. K New York 594,960
It will thus be seen that New York,
polling 594,960 votes, is only entitled to
electoral votes m tne choice of a Presi
dent; whils four Southern States, number
but 296,280 votes, or less than one for
two, are entitled to an equal number of
electoral votes, liius 296,280 men in the
South, have as much power in deciding a
rresiaenuai election as 694, y 00 men in
North; in other words, one Southern
voter wields double the power of a North
em voter. This is what is called "equali-
Dy siavenoiaers ana aougniaces.
But let not the comparison stop here.-
Buchanan, in these four Southern States,
gets 170,194 votes from the people, which
entitles him to 35 electoral votes; while
Fremont gets in New York 275,440 votes,
more than 100,000 majority over the
vote given to his competitor in the State
named, and yet gets but 35 electoral votes.
With the advantage of over 100?000 ma
jority of the popular vote he has no ad
vantage whatever in the electoral vote. ,
The facts go to show the injustice and
inequality of our electoral system. While
South is clamoring for an equal right
wiiii uie xnonu 10 lane uer propenjr 10
new territories, let us demand an equal
ity of electoral power. Let us have
equality all round, if that is the cranio.-
She now possesses double the electoral
power that is accorded to us. Her fifties
equivalent to our hundreds at the bat
bho ought to be content with
this advantage, and leave the territories to
but as she is not, let us inscribe on
banners the abolition of the electoral
colleges and the choice of the President by
direct vote of the people.- It is time for
Southern chevaliers to come down off
their high horses and foot it along with us.
There must be no favored class in this Re
public. Oho man's vote ought to be as
powerful as anotbers at the polls.
We have chosen New York as a point
compnnson, becanso she is the largest
State. The comparison grows more glar
when applied to Pennsylvania. Geor
gia, North Carolina and Louisiana, with
electors, polls 221,091 votes; Pennsyl
vania, with 27 electors, polls 460,248 votes
mor than two to one.
Thero is something humiliating and be
littling in contemplating such fitcts as these.
The Louisiana slaveholder thinks it is hard
that the Government should shut his slaves
of the National Territories ; are they
' "property" f he asks. But the posses
sion of this "property" makes his vote at
Presidential election equal to thnt ,of
any two men in the JNorth. Is not that
enough for him! If not, let him beware
ho lose it, and with it his much-noised
claim to take his "property" where he lista.
CoNvicrEn. In the U. S. District
Court, vesterdav the arcrumeut for the
prosecution in the case of the Government
against the two young men, Walson
Wilson, for robbing the Post Office at
lam O wa 1,-Mitul In, .TiiI.m. m?.-...
and !. .l - . ! "r m.
jurjf remiucu a furuji'i, ol gulltyj
both the nrisoners. Tho rmmuil tt
prosecution were, Lee of Cincinnati,
Bliss, of this city; for the defence, Messrs
Uphnm, Carter and Crowell. Ltadtr,
the South. The Assembled Wisdom of the
tin Raise of RemrettHtatiwt 'at
WotJungtomi: Tme, 12 ut noon, in
mediately after jray en. TAeSpmter
inthe.Ckair. f -3 - "
Twenty Buchanetrt mi one Mr. S-p
Speaker The gentleman from Virginia
Gentleman from Virginia I move this
House do now adjourn.
Speaker The gentleman from Virginia
moves that the House do now adjourn.
J)oien Voice Mr. Speaker!
JSpeaiet the gentleman from .South
Gentleman from South ' Carolina On
motion I call for a division, and '
Voice from Member tilting around
for an excused from voting."' "
f Rap-rap-rap from the Speaker's ham
' '' '- '
Gentleman from bouta uarouna retu
rning And on that motion, I ask that the
gentleman from Texas be excused from vo
ting. - -. . '-. .
Buchaneer from Pennsylvania acrott
hail Call for Ayes and Noes.
Gentleman from SovthCarolina And
that motion I call for the Ayes and
Noes. " - ;
Speaker ( rap-rap ) The Ayes and
Noes are called for. Gentlemen, as many
yon as are in favor of taking the vote on
question by jvyes ana i oes, win piease
Half a dozen Buchaneer and a mem
ber of the firm of Fillmore, Hall it Ha
ven ttand p.
Southern Buehanier standing vp, to a
Northern Doughface tilling down Get
G d d n yon, and second the call !
Doughfacet obey with alacrity.
Speaker A sufficient number up.
Clerk will call the roll.
f Clerk proceeds to call tlie Roll, which
contains 234 names, and consumes precise
a half hour and four minutes, by the
clock. , Honorable Buchaneert and K A .
meanwhile walk about, ttand round, whis
laugh loud, rattle papers,' spit, swear,
talk, and pound on their desks for utile boy
come and carry pub. docs, to the Post
Office. Gentlemen who called for the
Ayes and Noes, goes out with a friend to
drink, and is missing when his name is
called, thereby evincing the great inter
est he takes in the vole.' - Clerk at
Ayes 96; Noes 102. '
Speaker The motion to excuse is lost.
Twenty Buchaneert at once Mister
-Sp SPE AKER eaker er r !
Speaker The gentleman from Virginia.
Gentleman from Virginia I move that
House do now adjourn.
Gentleman from Pennsylvania. On
motion I call for a division. " '
K. N. from Xeu For. And I call
the Ayes and Noes.
They then go through all the operation
again, d)c, d'C c ' '
Such is the dignified spectacle presented
after day by our Country's Legisla
tors at Washinfjton. And this frivolous
of words against time, is solely to pre
vent the House from coming to a vote up
the question whether the Ruffians of
Missouri have a right to throw W hitneld
into the House as the Representatives of
Settlers of Kansas. Albany Journal.
How They Did It.
The Kansas correspondent of the Cin
cinnati Gazette gives the following as the
way in which the i ree Estate prisoners
caped from their jail, the basement of the
new Court House, at Tecumseh, where they
were under guard of united states Infantry
Nearly all the furniture they were al
lowed was an old bayonet m each room,
used for a candlestick. The point of this
they used to stick in the mioMIe of the
floor and placing a candle in the socket
(designed to fit the gun-barrel) gathered
around it evenings... With the point of
this old bayonet they picket the mortar out
from between the bricks, until they loosen
ed three thicknesses of brick making a hole
about fourteen by eighteen inches. The
outside, thickness they left untouched for
fear of discovery, and having carefully re
placed the loose bricks inside and the mor
tar, (which they took out in as large pieces
possible), - they hung their coats and
blankets over the place. Thus prepared,
they waited for a good dark night, and
night proved, dark enough to answer
their purpose. At a given signal, the
singing of "sound the banjo," the prisoners
both rooms commenced taking out the
thickness of brick, and when the song
ceased they crept through the hole. They
stood there for a moment, keeping perfect
silence, and listening for the footfall of the
sentinel, for it was so dark that they could
see him, when they heard his footsteps
near the end of his "beat," and just before
wheeled to return, they crossed his
path in a body. They heard him wheel
pace back, evidently unconcious that
prisoners were on the wrong side of his
path. As they came around the eorner of
building they saw through a window
officers of the company within playing
cards. - ; ..- -
The Cincinnati Commercial says there
seven first class and twenty-two second
class Lager Beer breweries in that city.
he firs: class establishments will average
$150,000 each, and will each make this
year. 4,000 barrels of Lager. The vaults
two establishments are from 300 to 400
feet in length by 16 in width, and some of
them are 33 feet under ground, lhese
tablishments employ 250 brewers, and as
many more common bands. ; A good fore
man gets a salary of 1 1,000 per year and
house ; other brewers get $30 per month.
They work from four o'clock in the morn
until 10 o'clock and then rase a rewaa.
Most of the breweries brew every day, and
thnm make nine brewings a week.
The brewers are generally very healthy and
regard the free use of Lager Beer as a pre
ventative for Cholera and a cure for Con
sumption. One hearty old fellow drinks,
cuist siitv classes of Lager Beer every
day. and many of the hands drink thirty or
forty glasses Wliuuuk luwuveuroirco. iuo
Lager Beer manufactured in Cincinnati
to be made much stronger than in the
Northern part of the State, as otherwise
climate would spoil it
n, xranv fJoAt A comnanv of sen-
- - , 0
imnn fmm Mavsville. Kentuckv. are erect
a factory on the Cannel Coal farm of
A. Stockton, in Fayette Virginia, to
produce oil from coal. " Recent experiments
show tbat one ton of Cannel coal will pro
duce 40 gallons of oil at the cost of ten
cents per gallon. Besides the oil, the coal
yields a valuable wax, fro u which candle
Lager Beer. News by the Latest Malls.
Syracuse Wrnicle. thev n,
covery from defn. of Hem(n p rf .
that city, 83 W who UdSea
deaf upwards of twentj yara.
The .' Yalbash; ptW Sentinel 't
that there is, at present, a larg amsTm
tion among the ciUens of that country to
to Arkansas and Texas, than was ever'ij-.
fore known. " r " " '
The N, y: Daily; TinKs :iay tbatXt
Kossuth realized 3000 sterling by his se
ries of lectures in Scotland last season; and.
that he has received eighty mv&ationafof
winter lectures in Great Britain.
t!a"that!)ougbw wishes Cot Rich-"
ardson, of Illinois,; who., resigned his seat
in the House to run for Govenor, and was
defeated, should have the Poet Office De-
partmenf. ' um'
Shockino Acctdest. A freight tram
on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. on
Monday evening last was .Vown off the
track at the Seventeen Mile Station.- The
engine was completely capsized, and, sad
to relate, Thomas Lowe, the firman, was
caughf beneath and burned to death. Co
lumbus fact. - - r 1 - r .'
Ignorance. In Lennox there - were
thirty votes cast for Buchanan ; it baa been
ascertained that fifteen of those voters
could not read or write, and further. that
there is not a Republican in Lennox
not able to read and write. No wonder
that half of the men who are born Demo
crats always remain such. Ashtabula Sen
tinel. V -..- :
The Presbyterian (O. S.) says: "There
is one fact to which we desire to call the at
tention of all our readers who. love our
Church, and pray for its enlargement-r-4e-tween
one fourth and one fifth of all our
Churches are reported vacant.
It is stated, on the authority of -the
Baptist Almanac, that last year the Baptists
in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont,
Buffered a total decrease of 726 members,
while the net increase in all the New Eng
land States was only 88. "
News from Kansas.
The St. Louis Republican .of Wednes
day says: " ' ?--:?--- ""
We Jearn by a gentleman just from, Kan
sas that twenty two of the prisoners at Iie-
compton, who had been convicted, escaped
irom prison uy . uigging out umier ui
foundation.' This confirms the .news 'pre
viously received. ' Our informant,' however,
throws doubt upon the rumor mentioned
by our St. Joseph correspondent in the pa--,
per of this morning, by his statement that"
the prisoners wore not rescued by "a ' mob
composed of Free'State men,'' "W e are glad
to know it. All parties in Kansas must
obey the laws, , until changed in a legiti- '
mate way," or parties are fully prepared to,
sustain a reolutionary movement' and .haz
ard the consequences. It is legitimate Re
publicanism to obey the laws, to submit to
government, good or bad, until changed by '
those authorized to make the change, ox
nullified and abrogated by revolutton.
We learn also, through our in formant, ;
that Gov. Geary has not been, as alleged,
arrested for contempt of Court vL ordering
the re-arrest of Hays, the indicted murder- :
er of Rufium, the cripple from Salem, Mass.
As we had already learned, Hays has again.,
been released on bail, being brought up -on
habeas corpus before Judge Lecompte.
The land sales were adjourned on Wed- ,
nesday morning to Friday, in consequence -..
of the occurrence of a slight misunderstand- .
ing as to the terms on ' which lands could
be bought. It seems that some man bid
off a claim as a squatter, at valuation price, -who
turned out afterwards to be a citizen 1
of Missouri. The comissioncr decided that
a man who claims the privileges' of a
squatter, must be an actual occupant" and -
resident on the land. N - ' -' -
3T The S(. Louis Intelligencer in an
article on the Southern Commercial Con
vention which meets to-day in Savannah
These "Southern Commercial Conven
tions" are of no practical benefit under the
sun, except to the hotel keepetn and liquor
sellers of the cities where they may hap
pen to be held. Every year for the past -eleven,
one of this description of convoca- -tions
has met, deliberated, and adjourned ; . -end
no man has seen or felt wherein they
have been in the least degree promotive of -the
material interests of the South, or of ;
any one Southern State or eily. r Their ...
memory will exist only in the musty, look- -cd-up,
uncared-for records of long. winded .
speeches made, and absurd, impracticable,
meaningless resolutions adopted. . . .. ,
Doubtless it will be characterized by the) -
tone which pervades the. political, social,
and ,'coinmercial" views of Rhett, Adams,
Brooks, Toombs and other nullifiers, with ;
the view of laying down aa ultimatum for -
Mr. Buchanan. How much disuniouism '
will , be spouted, we leave the reader to
judge. -. -j f ; ':
We, in bu .Louis and Missouri, care very
little what these fire-eaters may say or do; -but
we congratulate ourselves that our City ..
and State will not be represented, at least -bv
authority. . . ,; ... -;
' A Skjl Monstbb. A shark was recent
ly captured at New Orleans, measuring- .
seventeen feet eleven inches in length, ana.-;
nine feet in circumference.' He. had aev
en rows of teeth, three of the rows being, .
being almost hidden in the upper gums.,
His liver exactly filled up a beef barrel. -In
his paunch was found the body of a -man
iu a half decomposed state. So far .
as could be judged, tiie corps, was that of a
well-dessed man of medium size shirt
whits with pearl buttons, coarse silk under-.:
shirt, cotton socks, and shoes nearly new,
of the Congess gaiter kind. . .
Effect of Low Water. According
to the MorAntown, (Va.) Union, there ia
$60,000 worth of lumber ready for market.
on the luinks or tne Aiononganeia and
West Fork, between that place and Clarka.
burg: besides a vast quantity on the Val
ley River. The same is true or the Ka- .
nawhas and all other streams usually navi
gable at this season of the year.
DaowNEn. The bodies of two men
named McDoweL residents of this county,
were taken out of the lock on the Walhond-
ing canal, near Roscoe, last Friday. It .
supposed that they were on their way
home, and the night being extremely dark. 1
had walked off the towing path into the
look and were drowned. Coshocton. Age, ;
Providing ron tbb Prw-iti Tri fv.
of Chicago has provided for the purchase
and delivery of 3.000 cords of vrrw.l
cost, for the use of the poor, the ensuing
The different lines of RailrnaAt anmuwl
this philanthropic object, by bringing tbe .
wood into the city free. "