Newspaper Page Text
Li I . . ' y ZJII
if 4 JJJ J!y , Jj
mi in in
J. Caskey, Editor and Proprietor.
Office-Washington Street, Third Boor South of Jackson.
Terms j-One Dollar and Filly Cents in Adrance.
MILLERSBURG, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 1857.
"LINES ON WOMAN."
The following -"lines ob Womam" are to be
read alternately, the first and second lines, or
first and third, aa it may suit the taste or senti
ment of tie reader: . .. ,. -'
The bliss of him so one can tell, '
' Who in a woman doth confide;
Who with a woman scorns to dwell.
Unnumbered erfla will betide.
, They fill each pleasurable day
With joy and innocent delight,
With cheerless gloom and misery
? Are none possessed while ia their sight.
They male the dreamy path of life
A pleasant jonrney strewn with flowers;
A dreamy scene of peaceful strife,
They quickly cbaage with matchless power.
Domestic joy will fast decay,'
Where female influence is not knows;
Where'er woman holds her sway, V
A man is in perfection sbown-
fibe's never failing to display
Truth in its native lovliuess;
. . A heart inclined to butchery,
A woman never did possess.
. That man true dignity will find,
. Who tries the matrimonial state;
Who pour contempt on womankind,
Will moiurn his folly when too late.
"LINES ON WOMAN." Miscellaneous.
An Irishman in the Bedroom of a
Correspondent of the Louisville Journal,
writing from tbe Sandwich Islands, under
date of January 2 bin, mentions the follow
Some few nights since, his most gracious
Majesty, King Kamehameha IV. of the
Sandwich Islands, was pleased to let it be
know that be would hold an evening recep
tion at the royal palace. - Accordingly a
large number of the lords and ladies of the
kingdom, and private ladies and gentlemen
who were familiar at court, were in atten
dance. Among those who figured largely
itt receiving the guests of the crown was the
Princess Royal Victoria, sister to the King
and Premier of the kingdom; also, Pince
Lott Kamehameha (brother to the King
and to the Princess Royal) commander-in-chief
of the army of the kingdom and heir
apparent to the throne. Those two distin
guished personages were the principal ac
tors in this grand entertainment.
Among the invited guests and privileged
characters that surrounded the throne, was
one M. C. Manserrat, an Irishman of auc
tioneer distinctions in these Islands, and
military aid to Prince Lott, of gallant and
noble bearing, fine person, and lofty pretensions.-
Well, after the evening had
somewhat- advanced, her Highness, the
Princess Victoria, excused herself to her
eav companions and retired to ' her own
apartment. Shortly afterward, our gallant
auctioneer also took leave oftbe royal pres
ence of the King and Queen. The circum
stances seemed a little singular, and Prince
Lott, the brother of the Princess Victoria,
seeing something that awakened Lis sus
picions, took with , him the King's Lord
Chamberlain (a man named Neilson, of
New York memory,) and the two repaired
to the door of the bed-chamber of the Prin
cess Royal; and finding their suspicions
still further excited, burst the door open,
and there were, the guilty pair, the - Prin
cess and Monserrat, sure enough. . . .
Tbe crash of the door brought the King
and his royal consort -to the scene. The
King proposed the instant death of Mon
serrat by shooting. The - .son of the Em
erald Isle unfolded his bosom, and admit
ting his guilt, told them -to execute their
threat. Thereupon a parley ensued, the
Princes defending her paramour warmly,
and threatened the royal pair, as well as
her distinguished brother, with her power
as Premier of the Kingdom if they injured
one hair of his head. Finally a duel was
talked of, and at last banishment from the
Kingdom agreed upon by all parties; where
upon our gallant M. C. Monserrat took h's
departure on board the Fanny Major for
I saw tbe Princess to-day in her carrage
before one of our fashionable dry goods
stores with one of her female companions
by her side, as unconcerned as if nothing
had happened. This startling intelligence
first became known on Saturday, the 24th
of January, and the next day after the de
parture of our gallant for San Francisco.
The day following was Sunday, and, at the
meeting of the congregations of .the differ
ent churches of these Evangelized Islands,
the nods, winks, and smiles among the fair
ones can be better conceived than described.
The old matrons , drew deep and heavy
sighs. " ' ' '
The Princess is a young woman, about
18 or Id years of age, of middling stature,
hanesome form, and somewhat graceful in
her manners, but no beauty. She is quite
dark, heavy eyes and eye brows, resembles
a dark mulatto. She is the daughter of
tbe present Governor of this Island, Oahu,
by his first wife, who was the reigning
queen of this kingdom the minority of
Kamehameha 111. one is the richest per
son in the kingdom. It was probably her
wealth and her power as Premier of the
kingdoiu that enabled her to hold at bay
her two royal lathers, when they had de
termined on the destruction of her para-
n.n,ir ferahfltnld tliAm the midst of
the scene, standing in her dishabiJJe w'tn
a firmness worthy, of a better cause, ti'8'
if they laid violent hands upon Monserrat,
she would shake the throne to its centre,
(and dash the royal diadem from the brow
of her noble brother. To banishment she
consented. The Princess is all-powerful
among the natives. Her father, the Gov
ernor, and ber two brothers, the King and
Prince, are the finest looking natives on
tbe Islands. They all, as well as the Prin
cess, have an English education, and speak
the language well,
remain, gentlemen, respectfully yours.
"The squirrel jumps from branch to
branch, the flirt from beau to beau, -
The Blacksmith of Ragenbach.
A TRUE INCIDENT.
In the principality of Hohenlohe, now a
part of the kingdom of Wirtemberg, in a
village called Ragenbacli, where, about
twenty years ago, the following event took
One afternoon in tho early autumn, in
the tavern room of Ragenbacli, several men
and women having assembled from the
village, sat at their ease. ' The smith form
ed one of the merry company a strongj
rigorous man, with resolute countenance
and daring mien, but also with such a good
natured smile on his lips that every one
who saw him admired him. His arms
were like bars of iron and his fists like forge
hammers, so that few could exual him in
strength of body.
The smith sat near the door chatting with
one of his neighbors, when all at once the
door opened, and a dog came staggering
into the room, a great powerful beast, with
a ferocious, frightful aspect; his head was
hanging down, and his eyes bloodshot, his
lead colored tongue hanging half way out
of his mouth, and his tail dropped between
bis legs. Thus the ferocious beast entered
the room, of which there was no escape but
by one door. Scarcely had the smith's
neighbor, who was bath keeper of the place,
seen tbe animal, when he became deadly
pale, sprang np and exclaimed, with a hor
'Good heavens 1 the dog is mad P
There rose an outcry. The room was
full of men and women, and the foaming
beast stood before the only entrance ; no
one could leave without passing him. He
snapped savagely right and left; no one
could pass him without being bitten. This
increased the horrible confusion. All
sprang up and shrunk from the dog with
agonizing countenances. Who should de
liver them from him I The smith also
stood among them, and as he saw the an
guisn of the people it flashed across his
mind how many of his happy and contented
neighbors would be made miserable by a
mad dog, and he formed a resolution, the
like of which is scarcely to be found in the
history of the human race for high minded
ness and nobleness. Certainly his brown
cheek paled a little, but his eyes sparkled,
and an elevated resolution shone from the
sinoth brow of the sim vie minded man.
"Back all!" thundered he with his deep
strong voice. "Let no one stir, for none
can vanquish the beast but I ! One victim
must fall in order to save all, and I will be
that victim; I will hold tho brute, and
whilst I do so, make your escape."
The smith had scarcely spoken these
words when the dog started toward the
shrieking people. But he went not far.
"With God's help !" cried the smith, and
he rushed upon the foaming beast, seized
him with an iron grasp, and dashed him to
the floor. A terrible struggle followed.-
The dog bit furiously upon every side in a
frightful manner. His long teeth tore the
arms and thigs of the heroic smith, but he
would not let him loose. Regardless alike
of the excessive pain and the horrible death
which must ensue, he held down, with an
iron grasp, the snapping, howling brute till
all had escaped ! till all were rescued and
in safety. He then flung the half strangl
ed beast from him against the wall, and
dripping with blood and venomous foam,
he left the room, locking the door after him.
Some persons then shot the dog through
Weeping and lamenting, the people sur
rounded him who had saved their lives, at
the expense of his own, "Be quiet, do not
weep for me," he 6aid, "one must die in
order to save the others. Do not thank
me I have only performed my duty.
When I am dead think of me with love,
and now pray for me, that God will not let
me suffer long nor too much. I will take
care that no further mischief shall occur
through me, "for I must certainly become
mad." He went straight to his workshop
and selected a strong chain, the heaviest
firmest from his whole stock. He then,
with his own hands, welded it upon his
own limbs, and around the anvil firmly.
"There," said he, " it's done," after having
silently and solemnly completed the work.
"Now you are secured, and Pam inoffensive.
So long as I live bring me my food. ' The
rest I leave to God ; into his hands I com
mend my spirit.
Noth ng could save the brave smith,
neither tears, lamentations nor prayers.
Madness seized him, and after nine days
he died. .He died, but his memory will
live from generation to generation, and
will be venerated to the end of time.
Search history through, and you will find
no action more glorious and sublime than
the deed of this simple-minded man, the
smith of Ragenbach.
The Disaster at Hamilton.
A correspondent of the Buffalo Jtspub
ie writes as follows:
HAMILTON, March 20, 1857.
It is not generally, known, ' but such is
nevertheless the awful fact, that many of
the passengers on the "Death Train," fell
victims to the excitement and ill-judged
efforts in their behalf by their well-meaning
but excited friends. In the frenxy of ex
citement, several leaped upon the partially
submerged car, and began chopping and
slashing at the ruins, as if their very exist
ence depended upon vigor and quickness
of their blows. Imagine, for a moment, a
multitude of heads in close proximity to a
thin patition, the victims strugling in the
agonies of death, and on this partition a
dozen men with axes and crow-bars chop
ping, splitting, and prying, and you have
a faint idea of the horrors of the scene.
One instance only will I mention (and
that with extreme reluctance.) A lady
passenger spoke through a hole and said
"I am alive, and not much hurt, except my
foot " At that instant some dying person
ought hold of ber head directly under the
bit of her would-be-deliverer's axe. It
fell and she never spoke mora. This I had
from the most authentic source, being none
other than the person that stood next to
the unfortunate axeman. Many of the
corpses were sadly disfigured about tbe
head, but whether it was occasioned by the
shock or the exertions of their friends, can
never be known. -
The Office Beggars in Washington—
Mr. Buchanan's Appointments.
The hotels of Washington, with the ex
ception of the ill-fated "National," are
swarming with that "unnumerable caravan"
of hungry politicians who every four years
make their pilgrimage to the lute House.
Every grade and stripe of social condition
are here represented, from the plethoric office-holder
of many years standing, seeking
to arrest the operation of that terrible rule
of rotation, which now threatens to cut
him off from the refreshing sluices of au
overflowing treasury, to the swaggering
leader of the bullies and sbort-bovs of the
great cities, claiming inordinate recom
pense for the rough work he has done at
the polk. On the whole, however, if we
may judge from the appearance of our vis
itors, it is pretty safe to conclude that of
fice seeking is not the most reputable call
ing at present pursued by American citi
zens, nor that office seekers represent the
average moral and and intellectual culture
of the American people If the principle
were adopted, that the office should seek
the man, and not the man the office, not
many of these gentlemen temporarily re-
residing in our city would realize their as
But it is not the personal, so much as
the political character of the applicants,
which most deserve attention. The ap
pointments already made are few, but they
arc enough to warrant a significant conclu
sion as to the subserviency of a new ad
ministration to slaveholding dictation.
Mr. Buchanan came to ; Washington with
the announcement of one "irreversable and
universal" rule, viz: Rotation in office.
This the South was not accustomed to,
and they refused to allow its operation.
"Very well," said Mr. Buchanan, "just as
you please, gentlemen; let the Southern
remain ; let the rule be confined to Aorta-
em appointments; we will have one rule
for the North and another for the South."
Accordingly Gen. Cass' friend, the Post
master of Detroit, is removed, while the
friends of the Tennessee member of the
Cabinet are re-appointed.
The South, however, 13 not contented
with this. One further concession is de
manded. Eminent services to slavery by
Northern men must be rewarded, or rather
the services of those whose course hereto
fore is a guarranty for obsequiousness in fu
ture, and who therefore have a claim not
only on gratitude for past favors, but on
that typeofgiatitude so peculinrto south
ern politicians which consists of a lively
sense of benefits to come. Again the new
President yields, and Watson Freeman,
the Boston official who was most efficient
in consigning Anthony-Burns to the Sla
very from which lie had lied, is again load
ed with the honors of U. S. Marshal.
Suc'i is the prjlude of ths new Admin
istration hardly a variation of the Pierce
dynasty of weakness, vacillation, and un
conditional acquiescence in the demands of
the Oligarchy. .
It is impossible to augur a favorable re
sult from a commencement so ominous.
The dissatisfaction and party divisions
necessarily attendant on the most fair and
just distribution of the Federal offices will
be immensely augmented by . the policy
thus insurnted by Mr. Buchanan a policy
which conjoined with the embarrassments
to which the resignation of Gov. Geary has
given rise, importends a complete demor
alization of the party now enjoying tho du
bious privilege of quarrelling over the spoils
of a Presidential victory. The adherents
of Mr. Buchanan may yet find that their
it . , . . - .
success is, aiier au, ine worst son 01 ueieai
and that they are banqueting on the ap
ples of bodom. Aational ,ra.
A Good Joke. A correspondent of the
Lambertville (N. J.) Beacon says, that a
short time since, while staying at the
borough of E , he overheard the follow
ing which he thinks too good to be lost :
A number of politicians, all of whom
were seeking offices under the Government,
were seated on the tavern poarcb, talking,
when an old toper, named Jake D , a
person who is very loquacious when 'corn
ed," but exactly opposite, when sober, said,
that if tbe company had no objections, be
would tell them a story. 1 bey told him
to "fire away," whereupon he spoke as fol
lows: "A certain king don't recollect his
name had a philosoher upon whose judg
ment be always depended. Now, it so
happened that, one day, the king took it
into his head to go hunting, and, after sum
moning his nobles, and making all the
necessary preparations, be summoned tbe
peilosopher, and asked him if it would rain,
The philosopher told him it would not, and
he and his nobles departed. While journey
ing along, they met a countryman mounted
upon a jackass; he advised them to return,
'for,' said he, 'it certainly will rain.' They
smiled contemptuously upon him, and pas
sed on. Before they had gone many miles,
however, they had reason to regret not hav
ing taken the rnstic's advice, as a heavy
shower coming up, they were drenched to
the skin. When they had returned to the
palace, the king reprimanded the philoso
pher severely for telling him it would be
clear when it was not 'I met a country
man,' said he, 'and he knows a great deal
more than you, for he told me it would
rain, whereas, you told me it would not.'
The king then ga.e him his walking pa
pers, ana sent for the countryman, who
soon made his appearance. 'Tell me,' said
the king, 'how you knew it would rain.'
I didn't know,' said the rustic, 'my jack
ass tnM ttia A rwl V,,.. .1 ' i. . ,1
. iivb, 'iuy, uiu lie U3U
you r the king asked, iu great astonishment
'By picking up his ears, your Mnjesty.'
The king -now sent the country mau away,
and, procuring the jackass of him, he plac
ed him (the jackass) in the office of the
philosopher had filled. And here," observ
ed Jake, looking very wise, "here is where
the king made a great mistake."
"How so?" inquired his auditors.
"Why, ever since that time," said Jake,
with a grin on his phiz, "every jackass
wants an office f
3T An Emernlder says, "I ran away
early from my father, bekase, be jabbers, I
diBkivered be was only my uncle, sure."
Elopement with a Wife and two
Daughters—A Husband in
Search of his Family.
A man named John Cooper, residing in
Sootsville, Monroe Co., New York, arrived
in this city yestciday, in search of his fara
ilyf consisting of a wife and two daughters.
of the respective ages of twelve and four
teen years. The substince of the tale was,
that they bad eloped with a man named
William Story of the same place, who left
behind him a wife and three children of
his own. The party had brought with
them their trunks and baggage, and were
well provided with all the necessaries in
the way of clothing, &c The elopement
had been carried into execution on Sunday,
the 8th' of March, under a plea of going to
church, the trunks having been privately
taken out of the house the day before with
out his knowledge. It was some distance
distance to church, and the suspicions of the
husband were not aroused by the absence
of the parties over night, as he thought
they might have remained at a neighbor's
house. Their protracted absence aroused
his suspicions, however, and he started in
pursuit, leaving an older daughter at home.
The woman is about fifty years of age. '
Upon his arrival here the affair was put
jnto the hands of officer A. W. Sprague,
who, with his usual alacrity and vigilance,
immediately set about ferreting out the
matter. He soon found that the parlies
had arrived in this city sometime since, and
after some trouble and inquiry, a satisfacto
ry traca of them was found in one of the
trunks, left in Murrin's hotel as security for
a board bill of $15. Thence they were
traced to the Larned House, where they
owed 112,50, and from there to Johnson's
Hotel. They remained there some days,
and then took their departure for tbe coun
try, tho man and woman passing as hus
band and wife, and the girls as their daugh
ters. Officer Sprsrue followed their trail,
and found the partj at Hall's . brickyard,
three miles from the city, minus the man,
who, after decoying the three ft.'iiales away
from home, and probably robbing them of
their money, basely deserted them Jast
Wednesday, and left them penniless and
among strangers, housed in a miserable
shanty, and almost destitute of the neces
saries of life. The woman is an intelligent
person, far advanced in life, and the daugh
ters very interesting and attractive girls, of
good education and pleasing personal exte
rior. What motive could have induced a
woman to ruin not only herself, but her
children, by so lllad vised and reckless a step,
we cannot imagine. Trusting to the prom
ise of a man who could desert his own wife
and children, waj certainly a fragile hope,
and one that too soon saw its fulfillment in
the destruction of all her prospects of peace
or comtort torever, as the sequel will show.
the injured husband, with a heart scarce
ly less bard than that of the man who had
wronged him, took bis daughters with him,
and repudiating the wife who had shared
his bed for twenty years, left her, desolate
and alone, in poverty and destitution, to
wear away the remaining few years that
are allotted her 111 her old age among
strangers, and thousands of miles from any
friend. Who can tell the anguish that
wrings that heart bowed down by the
weight of fifty years, the desertion of the
man for whom she sacrificed everythr
and the separation of her ouly hope her
children. The shanty that covers her con
tains her clothing that the stony-hearted
husband look from the trunks, and threw
to her, and nothing else. Even the neces
saries for the support of life are wanting.-!
A terrible retribution has overtaken her,
and a more terrible one awaits the man
who was the cause of it, if there is any jus
tice to be dealt with in time to come.
The trunks were found to contain every
thing necessary in the shape of clothing,
together with books in abundance, and
many other things, showing that the wo
man had been accustomed to a comfortable
style of living, and could not have left
their home on the plea of poverty or mad
equate support. 1 hat their home was a
happy one, is a deduction that the conduct
of the father and husband does not seem
to imply. He took the trunks and their
contents, with the exception of his wife's
thing, home with him. Heaven send
that dire dreams may haunt his pillow till
he relents from his hard hearted decision,
and acts more in accordance with the dic
tates of humanity toward his erring, but
iThe trial of the Rev. Mr. Kalloch
has commenced at Cambridge, Mass., on
the charge of adultery. Our readers re
member, that the Rev. Erentlemnn was
charged by the keeper of a Hotel at Cam-
- . .i - . .
unugc, lust wiuier, wim gross impropriety
at his house before and after the delivery
of a literary lecture. Kev. Mr. Kalloch
was at that time accompanied by a female
triend, a married woman of respectability,
we believe a resident of Brattleborough, Vt
The defendent sets np a conspiracy against
him, and avers that the hotel at which he
put up is a disreputable house. So far as tes
timony has been given against the defend
ant, it is from the lips of spies, the wife of
the landlord testifying that she peeped
through tbe crevice to watch tho parties
charged, and the landlord swearing that,
while the parties were at the lecture, he
had the door of their room fixed so that
he could more readily detect what was
going on within, ouch witnesses certain
ly are not entitled to credit and their testi
mony should go for naught unless corro
borated. Persons mean enongh to act as
eaves droppers will open sealed letters, or
swear to a lie.
Drawing a Pension. "WelL my lad
where . are you traveling, this weather,
alone !" asked an inquisite landlord ia the
North of Vermont, during the last war, of
a small lad, whose father was engaged in
smuggling, and had sent him, young as he
was, with an important message, in advance
of the party.
"Going to draw my pension," was tho
"Pension r echoed the astonished iana-
lord, "what does so small a boy as you
draw a pension for!"
"Minding my own business, ana leumg
that of others alone."
The landlord sloped.
Wild Man Caught, and Escaped.
A letter in tho St Louis Republican
dated St Joseph, Mo., March loth, gives
the following account of the capture and
escape of a wild man :
"The wild man, of whom you saw som
accounts in the papers, was caught last
week and brought to town. He was sure
rounded in a sort of lair beneath a dense
cluster of undergrowth like the habitation
of a wild beast, and filled with the bones
and skins of cats, which seemed to have
constituted his princlpnl article of food.
For this strange diet he had a peculiar pen
chant, and eschewed almost every other.
He hunted cats with an avidity, prompted
by an extereme voracity, and it was in the
pursuit and slaughter of these animals that
he was first discovered. . Frequent attempts
were made to capture him, but his agility
and speed were such that he appeared to
run upon the tops of the bushes, and fences
offered no impediment to his headlong
course. At length a great number sur
rounded and secured him. He attempted
battle, but was overcome. When brought
to the Court house, he presented the stran
gest appearance conceivable. His height
was about five and a half feet; his hair
was long, reddish brown and matted; his
eyes large, gray, and restless; his finger
nails as long as the claws of the tiger;
his deportment crouching half timid, half
threatening and his garments consisted
of a thousand tatters of cloths, barks, cat
skins, fec, bound together by cat-guts.
He said he was from the State of New
York, and had been in the woods thirty
six years. While he was being examined,
and was permitted to stand unbound, he
made a sudden spring over the heads of
those who surrounded him, and darted
away with the speed of the reindeer. The
crowd pursued him, but in vain. Over the
hills he fairly flew, before both footmen
and horsemen, until he was fairly lost to
them. Nothing has since been heard of
him. tie is certainly a strange being, and
is literally a wild man. His age can hardly
exceed forty, and yet he has uved so much
away from the society of man, that be has
nearly forgotten his language, and has the
most vgue recollection of thingj. He re-
membered ew York, but did not know
where he was, nor the form of government
under which we lived- Dr. Knode was
examining him when be escaped, and it is
to be regretted that the doctor could net
have had opportunity of ascertaining the
character of his mama. ithout being an
expert in those things, I should venture to
pronounce it a cat alepsr, from his pecu
liar fondness for that animal; though phy
siologists have applied that terra to another
widely dinerent malady.
ihe 1'ree White Colonization of
Virginia. Hon. Eli Thayer, of Worces
ter, Mass, publishes a letter in tbe New
York Herald, with regard to the plans and
purposes of the "North American Home
stead Company." Ha says the company
is' to be a strictly business operation, per
fectly law-abiding, and Constitutional, and
that the proposed plan of operation is
First, to purchase in Old Virginia propei
large tracts of her waste lands at Slave
Slate prices. Secondly, To give away to
actual settlers about one-fourth of such
purchases in small farms. Thirdly, To
sell another fourth at cost; and fcurthly,
to sell the remainder to suit purchasers, at
Free State prices the company thus
probably doubling their money upon the
whole amount ot each distinct operation.
It is slated that lands enn be bought in
several of the eastern counties for from f -3
to $5 per acre, and many of the people of
V lrgin a invite the immigration of free
The science of Photography is taught at
iiing s College .London.
Fresh tomatoes were selling last week at
twenty-five cents in Cincinnati.
The shoe manufacturers of Philadelphia,
owing to the price of leather, are consider
ing the propriety of striking for higher pri-
There will be three tickets in Pennsyl
vania, at the approaching election Amer
ican, Republican and Democratic
Thirty-six feet of building ground was
sold last week in Chicago at the rate of
975 per foot .
trenernl r acker and David Wilmot, ri
val candidates for Governor of Pennsylva
nia, are said to be the two handsomest
men in the State.
Julius Bukev, near Washington, Ky.,
shot bis daughter and then himself. The
cause of the tragedy is attributed to atten
tion given the daughter by a young man
Since the first of September, some 41,-
000 chests of tea have been imported into
Boston, against 9,000 in the same time
The Savannah Republican describes an
orange grown in that city perfectly formed,
containing another orange equally perfect
Hume, the fmiritTramer. who passes in
Paris for an American, has stupified the
Emperor and Empress with his perforraan-
ens at ihn Tnilleries. He has been called
to the house of many of the nobility, and
has made quite an excitement in Paris.
Chester Read, of Berlin. Illinois, was
out hunting lately, and having fired one
barrel of his gun (double-barrelled one) he
proceeded to reload it While doing so,
.. - i ...11.. .1 1 11
he other acciuenutiiy uisuuargeu, anu suoi
the young man through the head.
The statement that General Scott had
removed to Washington to reside perma
nently, is incorrect Headquarters are
still to be retained at New York, though
Gen. Scott will visit Washington once a
month, to confer with the Secretary of
At a collection in aid of Kansas, recent
ly taken up in Episcopal church, in Brook
lyo, Mass. an individual name not given,
put into thebox a roll of notes amount
ing to 112,656.
Woman and Her Earnings.
A recent British essayist on the laws af
fecting the Rights of Woman, says:
"I was in Paris in 184-, on a visit to Dr.
and Mrs. B , who took me to a milli
ner, Madame M , in the Rue Caatig-
lione. She was au American, from one of
the Carolines, and, being very clever, and
engaging in her manners, she was a great
favorite with English visitors. Her hus
band was a great proflgate, and lived sep
arate from her; but he was encouraged to
come to her tea table on a Sunday evening,
when she paid him a weekly sum for his
expenses. Some English Indies of rank
promised Madame M good patronage
if. she settled in London, and in an evil
hour for her prospects she determined to
do so. She was very successful, and very
careful; but her husband found out her
above, and, to her sorrow and surprise, col
lected all her moneys due, seized every
thing she possessed, and, turned adrift in
the world, she returned to just and equita
ble France. "Oh ! Madame R ," she
exclaimed to me before she went, "how can
you live in such a country as this V
"A respectable woman named ,
having been many years in seivice, had
.saved a considerable sum of money, when
she was sought iu marriage by a man of
suitable age and plausible manners, and
their wedding shortly took place. She
had given her 'bank book' to her husband,
but on the very day of the wedding he said
to her: "I have not such good health as I
used to 1 ave, and do not feel equal to sup
porting a wife; therefore, I think you had
better go back to service." The woman,
as might be supposed, in a state of indig
nation, replied : "Very well, I will go back
to service immediately; but give me back
my 'bank book.' " "Why," replied he, "as
I don't feel able to work just now, I re
quire the money; but you can go as soon
as you like. feo she turned away, too
heart-broken to speak, left the vagabond,
who had gone through the marriage cere
mony as the only legal means of obtaining
her money, and, returning to service, has
never seen him since. I had all this from
her own hps.
"A lady whose husband had bee unsuc
cessful in business, established herself as a
milliner in Manchester. After some years
of toil she realized sufficient for the family
10 live upon comfortably; the husband
having done nothing meanwhile. They
lived for some time in easy circumstances,
after she gave up business, and then the
husband died, bequeathing all his wife's
earnings to his own illegitimate children.
At the age of sixty-two she was compelled
in order to gain her bread, to return to bus
iness.'' Can't Swallow Dred Scott. The
Kalamazoo Gazette, the most able and in
fluential of all the interior Democratic pa
pers of Michigan, has bolted its party. It
can t stand the Dred Scott decision. It
has not flinched at the violation of the
Missouri Compromise, nor protested
aj.a:nst the border -ruffian usurpation in
Kansas; but now that its party have plant
ed themselves upon the Dred" Scott decis
iondenied the citizenship, and the usual
rights of protection by the civil power, to
over half a million of free colored people,
and agreed that slavery shall be a national
institution, overruling State laws and con
stitutions, and claiming the protection of
the American flag on the high seas hav
ing reached such a depth of debasement, it
can no longer follow them. Chicago Tribune.
and as you have noticed the decay of the
old rails, and looked away to tbe little
wood-lot which is almost stripped of its
valuable timber, you have asked yourself
wnere the supply 01 rails for the next fen
ces was to come from; a very important
question this, and one which has puzzled
some good heads. The true answer to the
difficulty thus suggested, is manifold.
Some of the points embraced in it, are the
1. Fewer Fences Must be Used. Bv
a careful study of the barns, and a judi
cious arrangement of the fields, and by
building very good fences, when good fences
are needed, the amount of fencing may be
verv greatly diminished.
2. iVo Animals Should be Free Com
moners. In a new country, this is hardly
practicable but in an old country, this is
the only right course. Our laws do
not require this now, but they will in time.
Were all animals kept within enclusures,
all the rest of the land might be left unen
closed, as is the case in a part of Europe.
Ihis sounds strange toan American, but it
would be a great economy, were it gener
ally practised, it only twine were shut up,
it would dimmish the expense of fences
from one-tbird to one-half, at once. Farm
ers need not wait for a law to render this
plan effective. General consent in a neigh
borhood or township, would save a great
aeai 01 money.
Ihese, however, are only nartial holrw ;
r " 1 r-'
.uviciuro we any.
3. That board fences mav orofitablv
tako the place of the old worm fences, as
timber becomes scarce. The samo timber
will go five or six times as far in boards, as
rails. I he shortening of the fence saves
something in material, and in the ground
occupies. Besides, it is neater; it will
last as long, too, when well cared for.
4. But the best of alL is a living fence.
one that will provide for itself. In our lat
itude, and south of us, the Osage Orange
10 De tne givat reliance, or perhaps some
variety of the thorn. But our Doonle
slow in taking hold of the thing.
Some failures, too resulting from misjudg
ment or carelessness, have discouraged
them. We wish, however, to see the ex
periment tried North, with greater care;
and we have no doubt that it w.ll be suc
cessful In Illinois, hedges are a fiixed
and growing fact
e refer to this matter now, because the
spring is the season for attending to it;
and your ground should be in good condi
tion, and your plants secured pretty soon,
you wonld do anything this rar.
Cooking Dried Apples.
To the Editor of American Agriculturist.
were kind enough to compliment my
apple sauce and apple pies, and request ma
to send a note of the process of making
them. The sause was made by simply
boiling tho dried apples soft, and rubbing
them through a common colander, which
gives a nice pulpy mass, and generates all
remnants of cores, skins, aud "hard spots."
The sauce is then seasoned to suit the '
taste. A little cider boiled .down half or
more, in Autumn when new and sweet,
adds to the good flavor of any kind of
dried applesauce. - - ' ' -
The pies were made of the same sifted
sauce, seasoned and put into raised crust
A very good crust, and one which is far
more digestible and nutritious than that
literally full of fat (shortening,) is made as
follows: Disolve half a teaspoonful of so
da in a tea-cup full of sweet milk. Take
enough flour to thicken the milk to a
stiff dough, mix well with it a tea-spoonful
of cream of tartar, and a table-spoonful
of butter or lard. Knead the whole
well together, roll thin, put in the sauce
and imediately bake in a quick oven. If
you think the above particulars will be new
to any of your lady readers, you are of
course at liberty to print them.
Tns Best Sweet Potatoes. The va
riety among sweet potatoes, is perhaps as
great as among Irish potatoes; and one
sweet potato is not as good as another,
any more than one Irish potatoe is as good
as another. Those who are about to pro
cure for sprouting sets, or those intending
purchase sets, sh:uld therefore be careful
to know what kind of a sweet potatoe or
plant they are purchasing. Our own ex
perience is, that the variety having a vine
or top, with dark green, not reddish foliage
and producing an oblong ebovate or ovate
pyriform tuber, that is of a rich pale yel
low, both outside and in, is the best varie
ty. Some say the vine and tuber of the
red sweet potato, will endure more frost
But this we think a mistake. We should
like to hear from some of our Southern
growers of the sweet potatoe, on this sub
ject Ohio Farmer.
Grass Seed Per Acre.
The following table will give the amount
per acre, of grass seed used by many farm
ers: One bushel of clover seed will sow 6 acres
Do. of timothy will sow 4"
Do. of orchard grass seed (14 lbs.) I "
Do. of Ky. blue grass seed f 14 lbs I "
Do. of Eng. blue grass seed (24 lbs) 2 "
Do. of millet seed .1 M
Three pecks buckwheat " . 1 u
Two bushels barley . 1
One bushel flaxseed 1
The elements of the" same vegetables,
are the sama in all countries. -
Sand, or silica, is made soluble
application of potash to the soiL
Soils too poor to grow clover, maybe re
stored by gypsian or plaster.
No plant can grow without phosphoric
acid, and very few without magnesia.
2240 lbs. of peas, and 2989 lbs. of pea
straw, contain only 5-. lbs. silica; beans
contain still less.
In an acre of potatoes, 193 Rs of pot
ash are consumed; 32 fits; is all that is
consumed by an acre of wheat ' .
Pea straw contains a large amount of
lime and considerable potash. . Lime and
potash are good manures for that crop.
Poor lands iu England, are made to
produce thirty-five bushels to the acre, by
the application of straw, peas, and turnips.
If glass be ground fine, and boiled in a
concentrated solution of potash, it will dis
solve, the silica combining with the alkali.
Clay land, entirely too poor to grow
wheat, and destitute of organic mat
ter, may be restored by plaster, and peas
plowed under, when in green pod. ...
Unless the farmer knows the ingredients
in the soil that make it when prisent, fer
ule, and when absent, sterile, he is poorly
fited to properly manure bis land. '
When wheat is a bushel, a pound
of ammonia is worth six cents, to make
which, a pound of bone earth, one cent and
a half, and a pound of potash, six cents.
In the ashes of wheat there sre forty-six
parts of phosphoric acid, eleven of magne
sia thirty-two of potash, and two and a
fourth of sand. The sand is confined to
'the bran. . .
A judicious rotation of crops favors the
accumulation of soluble silica in the soiL
This is done by returning the silica, in
corn-stalks, straw, and other vegetables to
Twenty bushels of wheat require 12 fits.
of phosphoric acid for grain, and 5 fits, for
the straw; while an acre Of good potatoes
requires 13 fbs. the tubers, and 33 fits, for
the tops;' so that one crop of potatoes ex
haust as much phosphoric acid as two
crops of wheat
One hundred pounds of soluble flint, or
silica, arerequired to form an acre of wheat
A ton and a half of dry clover gives 234
lbs. of ashes, containing 1 8 ft, of phospho
ric acid, 7 ftis. sulphuric acid, 7 chlorine,
70 lime, 18 magnesia, 77 potash and soda,
15 silica, and ' 1 oxvde of iron. ' Clover
benefits land by sending down its roots to
great depth, and bringing np the phos
phates, sulphates, and chlorides of lime,
potash, and magnesia. The roots some
times run down thirty inches, and stir the
Phosphoric acid is compos! of one
atom of phosphorus, wiih five of oxygen..
ordmay soils, most 01 m mu com
bined with iron and alumina.. In thll
combination, it is insoluble, and nselesa '
for plants. Lime will draw it from the iron
and alumina, and by combination with it, -form
phosphate of lime, or bone earth. .
which is essential to wheat and animals.
there is no phosphorio acid in the sod,
application of lime will net form bona
earth ; boos dust must then be applied.