Newspaper Page Text
JfrCaWey, Elitor ai Freprietor.
Olee-WaskiBgton Street, Third Boor South of Jackson.
Terms:-Ono Dollar aad Fifty Cents in AdiaBec.
MILLERSBTJKGr, HOLMES COUNTY, OHIO, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1858.
I ' -
From the National Era.
From the National Era. LINES
Written for the Amesbury and Salisbury Preternatural
Exhibition, 28th tenth Mo., 1858.
""Hris day two hundred years ago,
f ''The -irildpp on tbe river's Bide,
A.od the tasteless ground nut, trailing low;
The table of tie wood supplied.
fiUatoown the apple's red and gold,
-- The. blaahlatiBtof peach and pear,
.The mirror of. the Powwow told.
, . 'Ho tale of orchards ripe aad rare.
"Wild as 'the fruits He scorned to telL,
. These yales ,the';dle hunter trod
Nw.kaew.the glad, creative skill.
Tbejoyofhim who tola with God.
Ohl Painter of the fruits aad flowers! '
'We' thank Thee for Thy wise design,
Whereby these human hands of ours
in Nature's garden work'with Thine!
t And thanks, that from our daily need
The joy of simple faith is born;
That he who smites the summer weed
' May trust Thee lor the autumn corn.
Qive fools their gold, and knaves their power,
. . Let lortune's bubbles rise and fall;
( Who sows a field, or trains afiower,
. ,. Or plants a.tree, is more than all.
For he who blesses .most is blest,
And God and man shall own his worth'
Who toil to leave as his bequest ,
, ! .Aa added, beauty to the earth.
' -And, soon or late, to all that sow.
The time of harvest shall be given;
The flowers shall bloom, the fruit shall grow,
-If not on earth, at least'ia heaven!
J. G. W.
THE STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM.
BY J. G. WHITTER.
Just' God! and shall we calmly rest,
'The Christian's scorn, the Heathen's mirth
Content to'live the lingering jest
Andliy-word of a mocking eartht
Shall our own glorious land retain
The curse "which Europe scorns'to bear?
Shall our own brethren drag the chain
Wbicjmof e'en Russia's menials wear?
Up sow for Freedom! sot in strife
Like that our sterner lathers saw
Thai awful waste, of human life
The glory and. the guilt of war;
Butiireak the chain the yoke remove,
And sniite'to earth' oppression's rod:
With thosemild arms of"trui'h and love, .
Made mighty through'the living God!
Down let the shrine of "Moloch sink,
And leave, no traces where it stood,
Nor longer le t its idol drink
llfs'daily cup of human blood;
But rear another altertherc,
,To truth and Jove and mercy given,
And Freedom's gift, and Freedom's prayer
Shall "fM ti nnarpr' ilmrn fmm heaven.
Miscellaneous. THE TWO HOMES.
Two men. on their way home, met at a
streetcrpssing, and then walked on togeth
er. They were neighbors and friends.
This has been a very hard day," said
Mr; Freeman, in a gloomy voice. And as
tley "walked homeward they discouraged
each other, and made darker the clouds
that .obscured' their horizon.
MJood evening," was at last said hurried
ly; and two men passed inld their homes.
Mr. Walcott entered the room where his
wife and children were gathered, and with
out speaking to any one, seated himself in
a chair, and leaning his head back, closed
his eyes, -His countenance wore a- snd,
weary, exhausted look. He had been seat
ed thus for onlyajfeminuUswheu his
vfjfe Miid in a fearful voice:
"What is the matter now!" nsksd Mr.
Walcott, almost starting,, .
.f 'John has peeo sent nome from school.
tf'What?"" Mr. Walcott partly-rose from
hiajhair... a, .
He has" ben- suspended for bad con
duct." ."" A
Ob, .dear!"' groaned Mr. Walcott,
"where is he P
-'Up in bis room;! sent him there as
soonias he came. home. You'll'- have to
dor something,-with; him. He'll bo ruined
if hekroes on in this Way. I'm out of all
heart with him."
.Mr. WalcotU excited as much by the
manner in which his wife conveyed the un
pleasant information, by the information
jtsehVtarted up, under the blind impulse
ofctbejmpi.ent, and. going tp the ' room
where Jhnjiad. beensent on coming home
fnim school, punished the. boy severely,
aud this Without Jistenmg to the explana
tions which the poor child .tried to make
"Father," said the boy, with forced calm
ness, after the cruel stripes had ceased,
"I wasn't to blame, and if you will go with
inr to the .teacher, I can prove myself inno-
cenu . . -
MK Wolcott had never known his son
to tell-an.ontrutb, and the words fell with
a rebuke upon his heart.
"Very well, wo' will-see about that." he
answered with forced sternness, and leaving
the room hVwent down stairs, feeling much
more uncomfortable than when he went
up.- - Again he seated himself itrhis large
chair,- nnd'again leaned back his weary
head and closed his heavey'eyehds.- Had
der was "his face than before. As ho sat
thus, bis Jcldest.daughtcfiln her sixfeenlh
var,'catneand stood bv him. 'Sho held
a paper'in.ber hand.
"Father;" he opened- his eyes, "here's
my quarter's bill. Can't I have the mo
ney to take to school with main the morn
"Ijjim afraid not"answered Mr, Wal
cott 'half in despair.
"Herly all the girls will bring in their
money1 to i morrow", and it mortifies me to
cott waved her aside with his hand, and
she went off muttering and pouting.
"It-is mortifying, said Mrs. Walcott, a
little sharply; "and I don't wonder that
Helen feels annoyed afoul it. ine out
has to be paid, and I don't see why it may
not be done as well first as last.
To ibis Mr. Walcott made, no answer.
The words but added another pressure to
the heavy burden under whici he was al
ready staggering. After a silence of some
moments, Mrs. Walcott said:
"The coals are all gone."
"Impossible I" Mr. Walcott raised his
head and looked incredulous. "I laid in
"I can't help it, if there were sixty tons
instead of sixteen, they are nil gone. The
girls had hard work to-day to scrape up
enough to keep the fire in."
"There's been a shameful waste some
where," said, Mr. Walcott, with strong
'emphasis, starting np and moving about
the room with a very disturbed manner.
"So you always say when anything runs
out." answered Mrs. Walcott, rather tartly.
"The barrel of flour is gone also; but I
suppose you have done your part, with the
rest in using it up."
Mr Walcott returned to his chair, and
again seating himself, leaned back his head
and closed his eyes us at first. How snd,
and weary and hopeless be ieltl The bur
dens of the day had seemed almost too
heavy for him ; but he bad borne up brave
ly. To gather strength for a renewed
struggle with adverse circumstances, he
had code home. Alas! that the process
of exhaustion should still go' on that
where only strength could be looked for on
earth, no strength was given.
When the lea bell was rung, Mr. Wal
cotl'made no movement to obey the sum
mons.. "Come to supper," said his wife, coolly.
"Butlhe did, not stir."
"Are you not coming to supper J" she
called to him, as she was leaving the room.
"I don't wish foranytlung this evening.
My head: aches' verjr much, he answered.
"In the dumps again," muttered Mrs.
Walcott to herself. "It's as mueh as one's
life is worth to ask" for money, 'or lo say
anythiug is wnnted." And she kept on
her way to the dining-room. When she
returned tier husband was still silling wuero
she. had left him.
"Shnll 1 bring you a cup of tea ?" she
No, I don't wish anything."
"What's the matter, Mr. Walcott.
What do you look so troubled about, as if
ott hadn't a friend in the world! What
ave I done to you i"
There was no answer, for there was not
a shade of real sympathy in the voice that
made tbe-mieriw, but ratlier of querelous
dissatisfaction. A few moments Mrs. Wal
cott stood behind her husband, .but as he
did not seem inclined lo answer questions,
she turned away from iiim, und resumed
the employment which had been interrupt
ed by the ringing ot the tea bell.
The whole evenm;; passed without the
occurrence of a single incident that gave a
healthful pulsation to'thesick heart of Mr.
Walcott. No thonghtfull kindness was
manifested by any member of-the family;
but on the contrary a nn'rrow "regard for
self, and a looking to him only that he,
might supply the menus of self gratifica
No wonder, from the presure which was
on him, that Mr. Walcott felt utterly dis
couraged! He retired early, and sought
to lind that leJiet from mental disquietude
in sleep which he had vainly hoped for in
the bosom of his family. But the whole
night 'passed in broken slumber and dis
turbingdreains. From ihe cheerless morn
ing meal, at which he was reminded of the
quarter's bill that must be paid, of the
coals and flour that were out; and of the
necessity of supplying Mrs: Walcott empty
purse, he went forth to meet the difficul
ties of another day, faint at heart, almost
hopeless of success. A confident spirit,
sustained by home affections, would have
carried him through ; but unsupported as
he" wasi'the 'burden was;t'6o heavy for him,
and he sank under it. The day that open
ed so unpropitiously closed upon him a
ruined man !
Let us look in for a'few moments upon
Mr. Freeman, a friend and neighbor of Mr.
Wolcott. He, also, had come home weary,
dispirited and almost sick. The trials of
the day had been unusually severe, and
when -he looked anxiously forward to scan
the future, not even a gleam of light was
seen along the black horizon.
As he, stepped across the threshold of
his.dwelhng, a pang shot through his heart,
for ihe thought came: "How slight the
present hold upon all these comforts."
Not for himself, but tor bis wile and child
ren, was the pain.
"Jb alner s come ! cried a glad little voice
on the stairs, the moment bis footfall sound
ed in the passage; then quick, paltering
feet were heard and then a tiny form was
springing into his arms. Before reaching
the silting room aoove, Alice, tue eldest
daughter, was by his side, her arm
drawn fondly within his, and her loving
eves lifted to his face.
"Are you not late, dear!" It was the
irentle voice of Mrs. Freeman.
Mr. rreeman coma not. trust uimseu tu
answer. Ho was too deeply troubled in
snirit to assume at the moment a cheerful
lone, and ha had no wish to. sadden the
hearts that loved him, by letting the de
pression from which he was suffering be
came too clearly apparent. But the eyes
of Mrs Freeman saw auicklv below the
"Are you not well, Robert!" she inquir
ed tenoeny, as she drew his largo arm
chair toward the center of, the room.
"A little .headache," ho answered, with
a slight evasion.
Scarcely was Mr. Freeman seated ere a
pair of hands was busy with each foot; re
moving gaiter 'and shoes, and supplying
tneir place wun a on supper, mere was
not one in (ho household who did not feel
baonier for hi8:;return, nor one who did
not seek to" rendor'him soma, kind, office,
It was impossible, under such a buret of
nere eunsmne, tor ine spiniot Mr. rroe-
man long to remain shrouded. Almost
imperceptibly to himself gloomy thoughts
gave place to more cheerful ones, and by
the lime tea was ready, he bad half for
gotten the fenrs trhich had so haunted him
through the day.
But tbey could not be held back alto
gether, and their existence was marked
during the evening by an unsunl silence
and abstraction of mind. This was observ
ed by M s. Freeman, who, .more than half
suspecting tue cause, kept back trom tier
husband the knowledge of certain matters
about which she had intended to speak to
him, for she feared they would add to his
mental eisquietude. .During the evening
she gleaned from something he said the
real cause of his changed aspect. At once
her thoughts commenced running in a new
channel. By a few leading remarks she
drew her husband into conversation on the
subject of home expenses and the propriety
of restriction in various points. Many
things were mutually pronounced super
fluous and easily to be dispensed with, and
before sleep fall soothingly on the heavy
eyelids of Mr. Freeman that night an en
tire change-in their style ef living had been
determined upon a change that would
reduce their expenses at least one-half.
"I seelight ahead," were the hopeful
words of Mr. Freeman, as he resigned him
self to slumben
With renewed strength of mind and
body and a confident spirit he went forth
the next day a day that he had looked
forward to with fear and trembling. And
it was only through this renewed strength
and confident spirit that he was able to
overcome the difficulties that loomed up,
mountain high, before him. Weak des
pondency would have ruined all. Home
had proved his tower of strength his
walled city. Strengthened for the conflict,
he had gone forth again into the world
and conquered in the struggle.
"1 a 'C light ahead, gave place to "The
Morning breakelh!" Orange Blossoms.
Miscellaneous. THE TWO HOMES. Life In Kansas--How People
"Get On" Out There.
A correspondent of the Missouri Repub
lican, gives the following racy account of
Kansas life as he saw aud experienced it:
I went into a sort of tavern in Kansas,
where there were stout, big, fat men lay
ing upon sorter beds, slinking with the
ague, while in an adjoining room team
sters were hugging and.kissing their sweet
hearts, who sat on their laps, and the ox
en' lying down by the door sill, resting.
The dogs, cats, bogs and fowls all seemed
in partnership, enjoying "squatter sover
eignty." I lighted my pipe and took a
stroll among the bipeds, quadrupeds and
family group. In one place sat a once
good looking lady, with a little child in
her arms dying; in the yard was an old
mattress, quilt and blanket airing, and the
varmints running off them to hide from
the- sun; in an old wooden bucket, close
by, was some mouldy, half cooked bis
cuii, and lots and slivers of dirt piled up
here and there, in the corners' of the room;
the sun was' hot the thermometer stood
at 90 in the shade everytbingsought the
shade and was glad dust and sand was
flying fn clouds, and the musquiioes, real
gallinippers, came down in swnrins., I
looked outside, inside, upward and down
ward, all about me, saw nothing pleasing
except the girl sitting on the fellow's lap,
who, whenever ho squeezed her right smart
ly, would cry out, " Oh! dorCt odd-rot-rot'you,
man'! I reckon as how you never
had a fellow feeliny of you.'"
Old goggle eyes caino ,up with his new'
boots on, "right straight," all the way
from Cincinnati. He wa3 on a visit to
see his son. Next came that fellow from
Milwaukee; he wanted to get away from
"them pesky railroads that were ruinin'
our country;" them internal improvements,
going on in Wisconsin was breaking up
"squatter sovereignty" "a right smart
chance," who, were emigrating lo Kansas,
working in a tavern but be had eaten a
green watermelon back on tbo road, that
gin bim lb e cramp colic, and he wanted
some whisky J' powerful bad."
A pretty good;6ort of an Irish girl, who
had been out to Kansas, came along in the
stage, to get back to Illinois; she was tired
of Kansas bad seen enough of it had
shook wilh the fever aud ague until little
was left of her. Dinner was announced,
and such another mess (dinner) never
mind shut your eyes una go it blind, flies
and all it is fresh meat anyhow. One
fellow hauled out his bottle of bald-face
to keep the stuff dnon, another paid fifty
cents to be let off. Everybody comes
when the hell rings the d take the
hindmost, and such another pulling and
hauling, the grease fles in every direction
the old dame hands round her muddy
coffee brings m the frying pan from off
the fire outside,' crying out, "help your
selves, gentlemen, to the truck" It had
no name, and as for colors, was as vari
ous as the rainbow. One half of the stage
passengers hnve not got out of the house
or tavern, before the driver is off, while
those behind halloo at the top of their
voice, "slop, I am a passenger, don't leave
me here." These little huckle-berry tav
erns, are Strang all along every road, and
" entertainment for man and horse," chalk
ed on a board, meets the eye. Some of
Adam's old hens are here cooked up, call
ed " chickens," but they are so tough a
knife will not cut thein, nor one's teeth
'penetrate them. I saw many of them,
grown grev wiln age, tnnt some people.
not acquainted, call "grouse" they are
some Adam left, and tound very thick
along the road.
Titttcrativ Intelligence Extraordi-
nary! Mr. John Glancey Jones, whose
fellow citizens esteem mm so iiigtny mat
they have kindly allowed, him to pass into
rutlrpment. has loo active a mind not to
impruyo.his .leisure. On dit that he, will
devote his time and to the production of a
New Cookery Book, with select receipts
from the kitchen of the. WJiiio House. It.
will be curiously illustrated wih cuts.among
ni.:.t. .:n : ii A.,
nuiuii.mil pruiiiiiieuti V UUUiOUWbUWICU)
given lo him oo.Tuesday (at toe polls), by
Berks county. Forney's Press
The "Little Giant" and Mr.
Senator Douglas and the Hon. Abram
Lincoln have debated the political topics
of the day before -the People of Illinois in
most of the Congressional Districts of the
Sta!e. Multitudes have gathered to hear
these champions in debate, and tbo excite
ment has h.:b T?ith the masses, though
everything has been done decently and in
The first few debale3 the "Little Giant"
was a full match for his sledge-hammer
competitor, but in the later encounters
"Old Abe" appears to be driving the
"Giant" lo the wall. He has got Douglas
on the defensive evidently, and his well di
rected blows tell better than when he first
commenced striking out.
Mr. Douglas gets excited, starts off un
der full head and seems to lack wind and
muscle for ihe closing rounds, while Mr.
Lincoln commences calm aud cool, and as
he warms up the "head in chancery" gels
The sixth great debate between. Lincoln
and Douglas took place at Quincy on the
13th. Some 12,000 persons were present,
and among the listeners were a boat load
from Iowa and another from Missouri. Mr.
Lincoln opened the debate, was followed by
Douglas, aud Lincoln concluded in a half
hour rejoiuder. In their opening speeches
both conjured the people to maintain si
lence and wilhold all applause. We quote
several extracts, indicating llie spirit and
power of the debate, from
mr. Lincoln's rejoinder.
On taking the stand, Mr. Lincoln was
recived with a tremendous cheer. He
My Friends: Since Judge Douglas
has said to you in his conclusion that he
had not time in an hour and a half lo an
swer all I had said in an hour, it follows of
course that I .will not, be able to answer
in half an hour all that he has said in an
hour and a half. Cheers and laughter.
I wish to return to Judge Dou;las mv
profound thanks for his public annuncia
tion litre to-day, to put on record, that his
system of policy in regard to ihe institu
tion of slavery contemplates that it shall last
forever. Great cheers, and cries of "Hit
him agnin.J We are getting a little nearer
the true issue of this controversy, aud I
am profoundly grateful for this one sen
tence. Judge Douglas asks "why cannot
"the institution of slavery, or rather, why
"cannot the nation, part slave and part
"free, continue as our tather made it or-
"ever.1" In the fii-sl place, I insist that our
fathers did not make this nation halt slave
and half free, or part slave and part free.
Applanse, and "That's so." I insist that
they found the institution ot slavery exist
ing here. They did not make it so, but
they left it so because tbey knew of no
way to get' rid ofitai that lime. "Good,"
"Good," "That's true.-' When Judge
Douglas undertakes lo say that as a mailer
of choice the fathers of the government
made this nation part slave and part free,
he assumes what is historically a false
hood. TLong continued applause.! More
than that; when the fathers of the govern
ment cut off the source of slavery by tho
abolition of the slave trade, and adopted. a
system of restricting it from tho new Terri
tories where it had not existed, I maintain
that they placed where they" understood,
and all sensible' men understood, it was in
the course of ultimate cxlinciiori p'thal's
so"; and when Judge Douglas asks ihe
why it cannot continue as our fathers made
it, I ask him why he. and his friends .could
not let it remain as -our fathers made it?
It is precisely all I ask of him in relation
to the .institution of slavery, thft it shall
bu placed upon the basis that our fathers
placed it upon. Mr. Brooks, of South Car
olina, once said, and truly said, that when
ibis government was established, no one
expected the' institution of slavery to last
until this day ; and that the men whe form
ed this government were wiser and better
men than' the men of these days; but the
men of these days had experience which
the fathers had not, and that experience
had taught them the invention of the cot
ion gin, and this bad made the perpetuation
of ihe institution of slavery a necessity iu
this country, judge Douglas could not
let it stand upon the basis upon which our
fathers placed it, but removed it and put it
upon the cotton gin basis. Roar of laugh
ter and enthusiastic applause. It is n
question, therefore, for him and his friends
to answer why they could uot let it re
main where the fathers of ihe Government
originally placed it. Cheers, and cries
of "Hurrah for .Lincoln!" "Good J"
I hope nobody has understood me as try
ing to sustain the doctrine, that we have a
right lo quarrel wilh Kentucky, or Vir
ginia, or any of the slave Stales, about the
institution of slavery thus giving the
Judge an operlunity to make himself elo
quent and .valiant ngniiist us iu fighting for
their rights. I expressly declared in my
opening speech, that I had neither the
inclination to exercise, nor the belief in the
existanco of the right to interfere with the
States of Kentucky or Virginia in doing as
they pleased with slavery or any other ex
isting institution. Loud applause. Then
what becomes of all bis eloquence in behalf
of the rights of States, which are assailed
by no living man? Applause. "He
knows it's all humbuggery.'j
But I have to hurry on, for I have but a
half hour. Tho Judge has informed me,
or informed thisaudience, that the Wash
ington Union is laboring for my election
to the United Stales Senate. Cheers and
laughter. That is news to me not very
ungrateful news either. Turning to Mr.
W. H. Carlin, who was on the stand I
hope that Carlin will be elected to ihe
Suite Senate and will vole for me. Mr.
Carlin shook his head. Carliu don't fall
in, I perceive, and I suppose he will not
do sr much for me laughter, but I am
glad of all the support I can get anywhere,
if I can get it without practicing any de
ception, to obtain, it. In, regard to this
large portion of Judge Douglas' speech, in
which he tries to show that, in the contro
versy between himself, and tie Administra
tion party he is in the right, I do not feel,
myself at all competent or inclined to an
swer mm. 1 say tp turn, "liive it to them
laughter give it to them just all you
can" renewed laughter and cheers and,
on the other hand, X say to Uariin, and
Jake Davis, and to this man Wogley up
hire in Hancock, "Give it lo Douglas roars
of laughter! -just pour it into him. -
Cheers and laughter, "Good for you,"
"Hurrah tor .Lincoln ! J
Now in regard to this matter of the
Dred Scott decision, I wish to say a word
or two. After all, the Judge will not say
whether if a decision is made holding that
tho people of the States cannot exclude
slavery he will support it or not. He ob
stinately refuses to say what he will do in
that case. The Judges of the Supreme
Court as obstinately refused to say what
they would do on this subject. Before
this I reminded him that at Galesb:irg he
had said the Judges had expressly declared
the contrary; and you remember that in
my opening speech I told him I had the
book containing that decision here, and I
would thank him to lay his finger on the
placo where any such think was said. He
has occupied his hour and a half, and he
has not ventuied to try to sustain the as
sertion. Loud cheers. He never will.
Renewed cheers. But ho is desirous of
knowing how we are going to reverse the
Dred Scott decision. Judge Douglas
ought to know how. Did not he and his
political friends find a way lo reverse the
decision of that same Court in favor of tho
constitutionality of the National Bank ?
Cheers and laughter. Didn't they find a
way to do it so effectually that they, have
reversed it as completely as. any decision
ever was reversed it as completely as any
decision ever was reversed so far as its
practical operation is concerned ? Cheers
and cries of "good," "good." And let me
ask you, didn't Judge Douglas find n way
to reverse- the decision of our Supreme
Court, when it decided that Carlin's father
old Governor Carlin had not tho con
stitutional power to remove a Secretnry of
Stale, i I Ureat cheering and laughter. Did
he not appeal to the "mobs," as he calls
them? Did he not make speeches m the
lobby to show how villianous that decision
was, and .how it ought to ha overthrown ?
Did he not succeed too, in getting an act
passed by ihe Legislature lo have it over
thrown ? And didn't ho h'imself sit down
on that bench as one of tho five added
judges, who were to overslaugh the four
old ones getting his name of "Judge" in
that way and no other? Thundering
cheers and laughter. If there is a villiany
in using disrespect or making opposition to
Supreme Court decisions, I commend it to
Judge Douglas' earnest consideration.
Cheers aud laughter. I know of no man
in the State of Illinois 'who ought to know
so well about how much villiany it takes
to oppose a decision of the Supreme Court,
as our honorable friend Stephsn A. Doug
las. Long continued applause
Judge Douglas also makes the declara
tion that I say the Democrats are bound
by the Dred Scott decision while the Re
publicans are not. In the sense in which
ho argues, never used it; but I will tell
you what I have said and what I do not
hesitate to repeal to day. I have said that
as Democrats believe that decision lo be
correct and that the extension of slavery is
affirmed in the National Constitution, they
are bomd to support it as such ; and I will
tell yoti here that Genaral Jackson once
said each man was bound to support the
Constitution ''as he understood iu" Now,
Judge Douglas understands the Constitu
tion according to the Dred Scott decision,
and he is bound to support it as he under
stands it. Chee.rs. I understand anoth
er way, and therefore I am bound lo sup
port it in ihe way in which I understand
it. 'Prolonged applause. And as Judge
Douglas believes that decision to be cor
rect, I will ro-make that argument if I
havo time to do so. Let me talk lo some
gentleman down there among you who
looks me in the face. We will say you are
a member down there among you who
looks me in the face. We will say you are
a member of the Territorial Legislature,
and like Judge Douglas, you believe that
the light to take and hold slaves there is a
constitutional right. The. first thing you
do is to swear you will support the Con
stitution aud all rights guaranteed therein;
that you will, whenever your neighbor
needs your legislation to support his con
stitutional rights, not withhold that legis
lation. If you withhold that necessrry
legislation for the support, of the Constitu
tion and constitutirnal rights, do you not
commit perjury ?' Cries of "Yes" I ask
every sensible man, if that is not so i "Yes,
yes" "That's n fact." That is undoubted
ly just so, say what you please. Now that
is precisely what Judge Douglas says, that
this is a constitutional right. Does the
Judge meau to say that the Territorial
.Legislature in legislating mny, by with
holding necessary lows, or by passing un
friendly laws, nullify that Constitutional
right? Dues he mean to say that? Does
he mean to ignore the proposition so long
long known and well known and well estab
lished in the law, that wt at you cannot do
directly, you cannot indirectly ? Does he
mean that? Tho truth about the matter is
this: Judge Douglas has sung paeans to
his "Popular Sovereignty" doctrine until
his Supreme Court co-operating with him
has squatted his Squatter Sovereignty out.
Uproarious laughter and applause. But
ho will keep up this species of hurabuggery
aboue Squatter Sovereignly. He has at
last invented this sort of do-nothing sover
eignty renewed laughter that- the peo
ple may exclude slavery by a sort of "Sov
ereignly" that is exercised bv doing noth
ing at all. Continued laughter. Is not
that running his Popular Sovereignly
down ns thin as the homopnthic soup that
was made by boiling the shadow of a pi
geon lhat had starved to death t Roars
of laughter and cheering. But nt last,
when it is brought to the test of close rea
soning, thero is not oven that thin decoc
tion of it left. It is a presumption impos
sible in the dominion of thought. It is
precisely no other iluin the putting of lhat
most unpliilosopliical proposition, lhat two
bodies may occupy tho samo time. The
Dred Scott decision covers the. whole
ground, and while it occupies it, there is no
room even for the shadow of a starved pi
gion to occupy the same ground. Great
cheering and laughter.
A voice, on the platform "Your time
is almost ouuV- Loud cries of '-'Go on, go
on" "We'll listen all day."
After discussing several personal mat
ters between himself and Mr. Douglas, Mr.
Lincoln then concluded :
Then ho wants to know why I won't
withdraw the charge in' regard to a con
spiracy to make slavery national, as he has
withdrawn the one he has made., May it
please 'his worship, I will withdraw it
when it is proven on me as that was pro
ven on him. Shouts of applause and
laughter. I -will add a little more than
that, I will withdraw it whenever a
reasonable man shall be brought to believe
that the charge is not true. Renewed ap
plause. I have asked Judge Douglas' at
tention to certain" matters of fact tending
to prove the charge of a conspiracy to na
tionalize slavery, nnd he says he convinces
me that this was all untrue- because
Buchanan was not in the country at that
time, and because tho Dred Scott case had
not then gotiuto the "Supreme Court;. aud
he says that J say, ,ihe Democratic oyvners
of Dred Scott got up ihe case. I never
did say that. Applause. I defy Judge
Douglas to show that Teversaid so Jor I
never tittered it. One of Mr. Douglas' re-
Eorters gesticulated affirmatively at Mr.
lincolnj, I don'.ti care if your hireling
does sav I did, I tell .you myself that I
never said the "Democratic" owners of
Dred Scott got up the case. Tremendous
enthusiasm. I have never pretended to
know whether Dred Scott's owners were
Democrats, or Abolitionists, or Free Soilers,
or Bonier Ruffians. I have said that there
is evidence-about the case tending to show
that it was'a made up case, for the purpose
of getting that decision. I have said lhat
evidence was very strong in the fact that
when Dred Scott was declared to be a slave
the owner of him made him free, show
ing that he had had the case tried and the
question settled for as much use as could be
made of that decision ; he cared nothing'
aliout the property thus declared to be' hut
by that decision. Enthusiastic applause.
But my time is.out.and I can say no more.
As Mr. Lincoln-retired, a deafening cheer
went up thit was continued with unabated
enthusiasm for some minutes.
The New Fashions.
The new fashions for the coming season
do not" certainly indicate any diminution
either in the extravagance of the expense
or in volume. The gignritic petticicoat
grows in despite of the animadversions of
journalists, and the sarcasms of satirists.
The ebullition of ill humor against hoops,
is as applicable lo the women of the nine
teenth century as to those of the eigh
teeuth, whether they bo cased in hoops of
crinolino or in hoops of steel. .A short
lime since, in Holland,., a lady was fined
as a public nuisance for,taking up too much
of the sidewalk, and obstructing the pas
sage for pedestrians.
The dress bonnets for the autumn are
generally fashioned of a mixture of stripes
of light colored velvet, with velvet blonde,
feathers and lace. The sloping crowns
may bo formed of tulle, either block or
white, and the front edged with a broad
band of blue, white, pink, or lilac velvet;
the ornaments are two white feathers, tip
ped wilh the same color as the velvet, and
they are placetl rather far back on the
side. The tulle curtain is edged with a
narrow roll of velvet, and is trimmed wilh
a trellis blonde, nnd the bondeau in front is
formed by a double bow of blue velvet.
Pretty bonnets of gray silk have a puff
ed nnd pointed crown, blue curtains
and strings, gray and blue bows outside,
and a double bow of the same kind inside.
All dresses are now mado without basques;
the corsage a point, and double skirts are
rarely seen. Flounces continue in favor
for both thin and thick materials, and are
worn in the-streets'as well as at evening
The burnous will bo the most fashiona
bio style of autumn and winter outer gar
ment. Casaques, of the same material as
the robes are also worn, and form a very
suituable and becoming walking costume.
Ihey are light to ihe hgure and without
any trimming. Dark plain silks are much
in vogae for this slyle of costume; and
the skirt, under the caaque, is perfectly
plain, without any ornament, excepting a
row of large buttons down the front) match
ing' those on the' corsage ot the casaque.
The very warm weather has prevented any
display as yet, of nutumn and winter modes ;
in the course of a lortnight we will be able
to initiate your fair readers more fully in
to the mysteries of the shapes, materials,
and styles of growns, mantles, bonnets
A Brood of Banks in Minnesota.
is about to become the mo
ther of a litter of Banks, which we trust
will not provo to bo of the genus "Wild
Cat," though the region is wild and prolif
ic. Under the Bank Laws passed bv the
Democratic Letrlslatiire of thn rnnnir Stnio
some eighteen applications have been filed
with the Auditor, and according to the St.
faul limes His probable thntiin the courso
of a counle of months most nf tha
plated banks will be in operation, at least
so far as the issues of promises lo pay are
concerned. The Auditor countersigued the
bills f the State Bank. Tho stocks to be
deposited will chiefly consist of the railroad
bond of thn Rtnto. and the balance prob
ably of tho original bonds given to secure
.1 Btn e nnn !
U1B $20U,UUV lOHU,
Mr Wife. When I married, my wifo
creeled a family altar. I could not pray;
but she could, f did not lovo to pray ; but
she did for ten years sha led in prayer,,
nnd blessed be God, sho has prayed us all
into the kingdom of GoJ me, my two
apprentices, and 1 expect all threo of the
children," said a rough man, now subdued
into Christian meekness andsobrioly. "1
thank God for a wife that has had courago
lo pray before'arYungodlylhusband.?! .
An Interesting Epistle.
The Toronto Leader publishes the fol
lowing as a genuine letter from the gentle
man who was the. bearer of the petition to
the Queen of England, to attend the open
ing of the great Canadian Exibition, and
the inauguration of the Canadian Crystal
Fallace. It is valuable as showing that
"edecation" is not confined to "Foley's
An Interesting Epistle. An Elegant Epistle from Mr. Embassador
to the Mayor and Corporation of Toronto
Fryday Sept. 10 1868.
Mr. Mayor & Gentleman I think it
but write to inferm you that the petition
Intrusted to my care asking the prince of
wales to open our exibition is now in the
hands of hirnajestys government receiving
there mPst anxious 'consideration.
I apprehend that from the laitness of the
season it would be unreasonable lo expect
any of the royal familey out to cannada
this year but if the exibition could have
been postponed until next year It; could
have been made one of the grandest things
for Canada thaf ever occured.
Mr. Mayor I wish you to recollect that
this is no idle poast, but a reality '& my
reasen for something to"'that conclusion is
the magnificent manner in which 1'Kave
been received by all classes of Society,
Lords Merchant in fact all partys & tho
only objection was a pity It could, not be
put' off until next year and make a grand
national Exhibition of it I would Send
out most willingly a case of goods for.can
ada deserves it from us well then tnera is
the press all honour, to-them the thundre
lng times Morning Post and all the gbveln
ment papers Including ihe small fry aro
crowding with articles on cannada. and ad
vocating the nesesily of a visit from Majes
Mr. Maori have had Several Interview
with membeis of the government by. ail'-of
which I havo been received most warmly
as to lord Carnarvm he should have; been
a Canadian lie as a Dear fellow & I hopelo
be one of those who will give him a-hearty
cheer when we accompany hir'majesty netfc
year to Canada of course I speak1 of the
government in there private capacity:
I am to have an Interveau this Day with
one of the government but it would be late
for this post so i cant'tell you the result.
Mr. Mayor In my opinion you have one
duty to perform and it is his no .matter
how I hnve worked; you. must consider I
cant accomplish this grand object without
some assistance from the cilizens they shold
calll meetings in all parts of Canada, jind
above all things the papers on whom I de
pend to, help me out, should rake the mat
ter up and send the resolutions pass by
those meetings to the press here So as to
strengthen my position perticulerly; the
press which is a-gover: ment paper and baa
dun good service to Canada In fact all the .
papers in London deserve well at your
hands I trust yorrwill hand this note to
tho press in Toronto whom I am' sure will
send forth the news thrueeout the provi-?
Mr. Mayor the moment! receive my an
swer I will start for Canada but it shall be
but to return to london stronger than ever
in the cause.
Having taken this matter in hand Mr.
Mayor rest assured I am not the man. to
be-prevented from accomplishing my pur
pose by the coldness or apathy of some of
the almost unpresedeuted obstacles lhat
have stood in my way Since, I took" it up
all of which have' crumbled away.
P SI beg ;to enclose a specimen of my
success from the Literary Gazett a paper
strictly aristocratic-by grace special those
slips have been sent down to enclose to
you as the paper will not be printed until
Iam Mr Mayor
J G NORRIS
Telegraphic from America.
The following humorous hits are from
the London Punch:
Owing to the variation of clocks, and
the smartness of the citizens of the United
States, it is now the middle of next week
in New York. The banquet in honor of
the Atlantic Cable has taken place, and
we are enabled, by submarine telegraph, lo
furnish a list of some of the toasts and
"To the United States citizens who
planned, made, and laid the Atlantic Ca
ble, and to the British capitalists who sub
scribed a trifle towards it!"
"To tho memory of the immortal Frank
lin, as discovered tho lightning, aud to-Ci-rus
Field, as greased it."
"Christopher Columbus, whose discoT
ery rendered possible the two great facts
of the day Shakspeare and the United
"The immortal Shakspeare, raised io
the Oid Country, but appreciated only in
the New, and who, had he lived in the i
present day, would certainly have been a
free aud enlightened American citizen."
"Success to the Almighty dollar, and its
kindred rights of free expectoration, annex
ion, nnd whoopping your own- nigger." .
"Hail to the American Eagle! May he
poise himself above the broad" Atlantic,
with a wing apiece-on England nnd Col
umbia, and his beak aud tail pointing to'
States of the Union yet to be."
"Success to the British Lion, as long as
he is couchani; but, if ever he becomes
ramphanu may be sconraged by the star
spangled banner, till he puts his tail be-
tween his legs nnd howls with anguish."
j3J George Coleman, getting out of an
hackney coach one night, gave the driver'
a shilling. "This is a bad shilling,'' said
Jarvo.y. "Then, it's all right,'' said Georsre .
with his iuimitablo chucklu; "yours is a
bad coach'.' '
flowers,, the-murmur jog brooklets and tha
prame ot cnuureD, aro all parts of tue great
anthom of Nature, whose sweetest sym-
puomes' sound' during the bright sunsuin