Newspaper Page Text
'C Willi I TIiiii-
J. CASKEY, - - - - Editor.
MiUerslrarg, OMb. .
THURSDAY, ....... - jUgll7?18Q-.t.
TO THE PUBLIC.
With this number of the paper oar conncc
lion as its Editor and Proprietor, ceascs-bav-
ins sold the-establiahraent to G. T. Geitktu, 1
' -Eeq.t of Cincinnati, by whom it will hereafter
published. Mr. G. is a Practical Printer, I
of some experience in "running" a newspaper,"
a fine scholar and-a gentleman every way wor-
thvtbe confidence and support of onr citizens. J
"V7 hope the latter will be accorded to him aI
little mora liberally than it was to us, in order
to make his business remunerative. Anewsna- I
per is generally made as good as its support
will warrant, and in order to enable oursncess- I
or to improve the Republican, we.ask that every
subscriber of that political faith, now taking it,
not only continue to do so, but that-he .goto
work-to get for it one or more new-subscribers.
If men would take half the interest in getting
in getting up clubs for large Eastern papers,
they would have better county papers.
It is a custom of long standing to offer, on
occasions of this kind, many regrets, that con
nections such as tro have just severed with our
readers, should be broken. We prefer, howev
er, on this occasion to honor this custom in tbe
breach of it, believing that more sensible than
a lengthy "whangdoodle" Valedictory. -'Tis
(rue, the position of Editor, is to us not an un
pleasant one, and we deprive onrselfpJthU fa
cility of holding converse with the public, -with
regret, bnt "circumstances," that awful arbiter
of'the destinies of nations, made it necessary.
For our political friends, we have done what
wa'believed the besfto promoto the success of
the'party (or whescinterest each labored, and to
liave made n (mistakes not to have occasion
ally erred in judgment, whilst pursuing this ob
ject, we, should have been more than human.
Toward our political opponents we have al
ways endeavored to pursue an honorable course,
treating them as men having the same rights
that we claimed for ourselves, avoiding pcrson
slities, or anything calculated to make them,
not only political, but personal enemies.
ii men womo laxe nau uie interest in getting
subscribers for their home papers that they do
To those who have given os their support,
-wc tender our thanks, and ask them tocive.our
successor a fair trial. ,. '. j
Those yho have prepaid ob; wilLhe credited
tLe amount on, the books of-ounccessoranfirolBJioJiive-led
mm suu in arrears arc rcqucsiea to settle as I
JSf"ITow is the lime for tho go-ahead quali
fy of our Generals to develope itself. Time is
inestimably precious, not only from the enor
mous expenses of the Government, but the com
ing on of the hot and sickly season in tbo ex
treme South. e have no doubt Gen. Pope
and Commodore Foote will very speedily as
certain whether the rebels are prepared further
to dispute their pissnge to Memphis. The reb
els may have heavy batteries at Fort Pillow,
but the chances are that they had conveyed
most of .their guns first lo Columbus and thence
to Island'Ko. 10, where thoy were "possessed"
by onr forces. This presumption is strength
ened by the fact that large numbers of excellent
gnns were found at the Island and. along shore,
which had not been moot. led. It is hoped that
Gen. Halleck will at once find himself in con
ditition to make a rapid advance from Pitts
burg Landing. Very much depends upon ce
lerity of operations in that quarter. General
Mitchell is probably far advanced by this time
toward "some pointof the Memphis and Charles
ton Hailroad, if, indeed, he has not already ta
cn it. Gen. Fremont, there is reason to think,
will go, forward with a rush. A special dis
patch, announces that Gen. Milroy has taken
Monterey,. which is pretty near the geographi
cal center of Virginia. Geo. Banks will not
tarry long this side of Staunton. Gen. Mc
Dowell with a splendid army is in full career
for Richcjond, on the Manasscs route from
Washington. Gen. MjClellan .is face to face
with Gen. Joe. Johnson on tho York pininsu'la.
ana can hardly be detained, much longer in
front of Yorktown. Gen. Hunter will see that
the operations in his department are character
ized by -vigor and decision. "We look for a
speedy conccntration.of hhs troops, and the do--
livcry.of blows worlhv nf Hi. r, t,,. v.. :
department promised us some time, ago, a
spceay- and ovcrwhclmiDcr attack nnon Now in
Orleans. -It -onght to have been commenced
before this time. In Kew Mexico at latest ac-
counls the Union forces were in motion, takins? O'
the ottentive. Jn southern Kansas we have a
considerable force, burning with impatience for
.. Tl . . , , &. -
acUon. It is incredible that ther rfioold ho
kept long in idleness,. If it is true that Aran
army has been transfcrea frora-arkau-
sas to Mississippi, Geo. Curtis must be doing
something. If he cannot, owing to a want of
forage, goforward, ho will come back and re
inforce with his glorious armysome of the great
forward expeditions. Now is the time to close
in and nish the rebellion. It it a, year Vat
ttnorning tinct the rebelt eommenccd the tear, by
the. bombardment of Fort Sumter. ttn.Comdpril
A Day to be Remembered.
Friday, the 11th day of April. 1862, will be
marked in the history of tho world, with a
stpne. On' that day the Houseof Representa
tives passed the bill which had come from
the Senate for abolishing slavery in the .Dis
trict of Columbia, and all .that, no wis needed is
inn tMranrnM ni tha t't-n. i
- D --. - ,uv iwuuita
rni,j. t ...
The divorce of the government from Slavery I 0f
has bow been effected.
And it is a-complelel o-nnnt
divorce vincule matrimonii. From-year to I
iJ:Z7"7V:? J .., "'"on- 01
iBciuace unma man
... .ti uiw, nurnu uum iicK- i
spittle, could have no influence; no eoc'ial'posi-
uon ana no peace.
This rebellion has struck a blow at its own
breast; it has reached tho heart, and from this
on the life blood of slavery will tncUe down
extreme! ipn nnfiii '-t tral
voluntary servitude'shaU faint. and staler nn.l in
fall. The world will ritWWKw r.-,
crand innnent !mJrmj;r.. ..n- it.
its own hand."
it during the war. Garnctt was killed at C,r.
rick's Ford; Burtor and Bes were killed at Ma
.nasses; Zollicoffcr was killed at Fishing Creek;
McCulloch, Mclntoth and Slack were killed at
Tea Ridge; A. Sidney J6hnson was killodt
tittsburg Landing; P. St George Coolf killed
.ui.cii niTvicnraona; liglhman w- . tptufed
enry; uucKner was cap' Port
V I),OBoe''son? Bushrod Johnson was cftcil with
iiJJnckrlor, ana." violatinn- J,fs VMvl&ti?n.
The Rebel Generals have had a hurd-timc of so
FifackaU, Gantfantf Wfllker-r.' t.,1..'..'
q. iu; j-ioya, and PiHow.nre KI,.nnnj;A V. ul
c.'fbrrrinnfnn. ;,v,if;---r...rIri. ,! S
Akii i 'i' -.,w nji. -r, uo
rSTbenator iJsob bill lu abolish slavery
I ja uic isuiiiui. 111 i muiiiin ij AM"1 " ue imu-
alt of forfeiture of the claim.
the Court shall issue' certificates of manumission
to the persons liberated. One hundred thod
- sandMIarsis -appropriated iatherbill to'aidin
the volantaryteinigration of the slavcs.Iibcratcd
by the bill, and .other persons of color in the
Dis'rict of Columbia, to Hayti. Liberia and oth-
er cour tries for the colonization of the blacks.
- . . i
-a-ciainraai. maiung a peuiion; lor payroenyor
hUslaTcslr obliged to tataoith that be .
not oorneturos in, or giren aid land comfort to
thelKpn, andsueh oalhk paky-tf.
petition is not considered evidence or the facts
therein stated. The owners of slaves shall put
urjon.filc.lhcBatnc and description of the per
son liberaiedtby the bill within twenty days
mivi iiMivib uium lur jaj laeut unucr lue pen
The clerk of
-r, . , ... . . I
The amendments made do coteffct tlienrinei- I
P-e a5. plans of crranripatien embodied in
Rebel Generals. No More Recruits Wanted.
niCTiand more are in aims forthesnpport oftho
There is something startling in the siroplo
announcement that no more recruits are wanted
for the grand army of tho Union. The fact
";.b'-" ., . . " 7, "
tuat lhe army 15 fu J1! "at " hundred thoutand
government; that. the patriotism and self-deni
al of onr people has volunteered the whole of this
enormous farce, is enough to startle one who
less than one year ago. heard the ccboes of the
guns that thundered againstand frum Sumter's
walls. When, on the ICth of April, the Presi
dent issued his call for 75,000 men, the South
laughed it to scorn and called it, a "game of I
brag." What do they think now, when eight
tim es 75,000 men are marshaled around the re
bellion, stretching their Briarean arms from the
Sabine to the Totomac, and from the Atlantc to
the plains of New Mexico. The army is full
and already on the march.
captured by- the rebels, together with a field
piece, on Wilmington Island Savannah river.
fcg ruiccn oi me -loin a. X: ltegimcnl were
, .. . . . . . . . I
E5F"The rew York TcraWconLaiansarumor
that the rebel Cabinet has decided to burn
Richmond on the approach of tbe Federal army.
It must be gratifying news to property holders I
In that afflicted city. Memphis, too, is to be
given up to the flames in case it is likely to fall
into our hands. Quantities of tar and rosin are
Is3"! to be'already preparednby the rebels for
tBat '"'"g0"' P1""0036. The people of Mem
phis had better add feathers to; the tar and. ghe
la tluck,, coating to .the bodies 'of;the chief con
tbera into this trouble,
' .in-KKvjj.ik.iu -rusiu
the. Beau." (regard) the first time ho makes his
ly qualified for the position she holds in the
tg-Aiteution is invited to tbe change in the
ot.the- btauton inglish nnd
,Miss Kxigui is excellent- I
- 5Bcad the Advertiscmcnt'of Mr: C. Wei-
mcii, in to-day's paper. Such an establish
ment has long been hccrled here."
OT-xt.. r r n. T5i.i.- i: l.
rc.- n - r - t. -r..- t. I
or fighting Germans from ;tbe Potomac to the
muuuuiu truiuiiuciiL, uiuaas (justness unuev i
J J. Brooks, sq., a prominct lawyer.
banker, and one'of the weathicst men in Salem,
Columbiana county, died on the 2Gth ult.'agcd
"Thc Rev. Gkq. Goedox. has received an
unconditional pardon at the hands of President
Lixcoix,.and.is now at liberty.
The Rebel General Killed.
GEN. ALBERT SIDNEY JOHNSTON.
Gen. Johnston, the bogus report- of
whose capture at Fort Donelson cave'liim
a biographical Tame two months ago, is
now certainly desposcd of at last', -as-bis -linois
dpnrl bnrfltr ia in rtnr linn t H n.,-".r,.
nf i n ftvl ronol ur.,,.!." ,i, , i. e . .
of the hve rebel Generals the other four t
uciiis--tii.-uuicu.iiu, uce, vju KT, HIIUUOQ
Johnston, Ho was for half a year com- I
raander of the rebel Department of Ken-
tnl-n l.t- l,non..n.i , r)i' '
tucky, with hi headuaiters at-Bowling
Urecn, which famous Stronghold he evac-
uated six weeks ago, He is C(i years of I
a-p. a nativn nf Kpntnekr nnrl o-mrlinir
at West Point in 1 ROft H w-w pnrrnn-0H
.i. tjir. xr...i. 1" .C .... 7T "
ma umta iiaiik n.ir, hi iuo xexns war
of.Independer.ce, in the Mexican war, and
in the war arrninst tho Mnrmmw. -Hb ns
Brigade -Gen era! in command of the Mill
O' this rebellion was in command of the
iJeparlment ot tne A'acitlC Sliortty after ot
lbe rebellion got under way, his loyalty
,- j j r o'.
out to suprecede him. Before Gen .Sum
Dorn's ner reaChed California, Johnston bad left
to join tbe robelcwForlear of beTn.o- caurrht
ho took the .pyerlaud' route, with" "three or
four companions, -,on. mules, .and passed
tbrouffh Arizona and Texas, and thenco to
Trl J . . T . . .
rebmn Z SoS?bTo
, .- - - - . -- x I
oq lue great; importance or tne Yestern
tnent being seen by. Jen Davis, he
ZffirGrn rT F
tJowlinff ureen. kit did evervth ner, to
. - -
I.lnhnctnn wnc n 1 . 1 1 1 n- .. r. 1. : 1
y ,,UB ufi sia icei. umu. i
a lar2e, bonv. sinewy frame, with o-rav at
strengthen that position: and brincr as
jarge a force as could be got for Its" de-
fence. Bat. on beinff out flanked bv onr
Zlnl V 3 i ? -7-i "r
advanco.on iht .Cumberland he mconlin-
ently deserted his stronghold, fled to Nash-
who. irom iiiencs to uecuture, trom tnence
Corinth, .and nowbas fallen a traitor
bis native State and to bis country.
' - - - i
nnrl it,A;l,ifl v... .
suminfT.mnnncrafAr;n JtVii1 . .'iusL .
. ' - ' - - eu
ey '"Posing appearance, He was -cable
considered ,Dy military men the ablest cen-
enii, ior cuiuinanu, m tne rebel service
and bis loss will be a severe blow to the'
' " "
A MeaNiMak Getb 1118 deseiits. Ed-
"nd.J.iliexlensiyely known in Cen
the tral Ohio "as lbe.meanest living white man
thA conDAr" -WAS recently tried in Mis-
soun b7 a Military U6mmission, and son-
,He, published several articles Jn his t'10
paporfdWfiriEr aid. comfort and information
toefcls. Hrfs, just thetuffto make
nttsaatr. . Snid Kiii. , Mr.,rni
tencea "to oe placed and Kept outside the
lines of tboj5tate-of Missouri during, the cvcr
and that his types,
fr luo use ln0 United
prcss-fec 01 thoi
I - , , i
Estates. It was
appears that lillis was publishinc tho
Rnnnn Hminln R,JrtlJ , ' . Nino
nlml,;, u ;.,.: ..'.-.,." ;7
TV- ' .l 0 ,u not-being
not his mean nature, was seceskion-
tho Mt. Vernon Banner. Nov.-1
(, and other's. He so mtffP "v
Lngdithe, different paperEoliSa.
l"'t -H1''JVraiCi party .wore CI.1U 10 7"
"d ov '-he was lo . mean ovon to
MiWltr editor iu Elyna.
THE BATTLE OF PITTSBURG
. , .' , fc;
IMMEXSR NFwUIftBTER.lfHi' SfflES.
' -- r. . .
AUittk Kepc of tlip Enemy
THE FIRST DAY'S FIGHT.
Over "100:000 TrOOlDS "En-
gagea.- '-- - I
BATTLE OF THE CAMPAIGN.
PITTSBURG, April 6th—Midnight.
- In mylast'lettejIastatedothat-I did not be-j
Jieve that any battle would take place for tnc
next ten days between our forces and the rebel
troops which were concentrated at Corinth. 1
was led to this belief- by the, opinion current
among our officers, that she enemy would en-
. i. .t i . ' i - ..-.
iieiiuu luemseives ami awaib au auacx au luen i
.v.. -.t.- i i t , i -i j -
as thejunction of the Mobile it Ohio and Mem-,
phis J: Charleston railways. This bein" tho I
policv heretofore adopted bv tbe rebel forces. !
it was supposed it would be adhered to iu the I
present case, i ne Kcquel snows mat tney Have
changed theirs tactics, and prefer an offensive
than a defensive mode of warfare. This
arose, in rart. from the fact that thev knew of
conquer the force already iathefield beforelheirlfetato
Jxhe approach of the divisions from Gen.JBnell's
coiUII f rom ,t0jr dreigiv to destroy or
arrival. - I
Under these circumstances matters have cone
on rather loosely for a few" davs past on "our r
side, our commanders feeling confident that I
even Secession audacity would never dare'to as-I
scrt an opposition in the open field. How of- I
ten thev may have been warned as to these I
facts I cannot say. Yet no longer than yester- I
, j ii.- . - i . .1 - i . i I
any a "oecesu. prisoner; wuo uun vn lue i
steamer Hiawatha assured them with I113 latest I
breath that to-dav the battle .would take place.
Yet no extra measures were adopted to guard
against a surprise, or' allow the troops fo prepare
themselves for defense in case such nn attack
should be made. Thus -matters rested until an
early hour this morning.
POSITION OF THE FORCES.
The battle ground chosen for the struggle ol
to-day occuiiied a semi-circle of about tbree
and a nail miles irom.Uie towaof ifittsbnrg,
r l . . . - 1 .1 r T
our forces being stationed in the form.of a semi
circle, tbe right resting on a point north of
Crump"s 'Landinc, our1 centre being directly in
front of the main 'road' to Corinth, and our left
extending to the river, in the direction of Ham
burg a small place four miles north of Pitts
It has been .known for some days past, that
proper attention had not been paid to the pla
cing of pickets a snihcient distance from our
front lines to insure -against .surprise, and iu
some cases, it had even been neglected altogeth
tr. Ivd pickets, it is said, havc.evcr been placed
in front of Gen. Prentiss' Division, although it
was known that the secesh spies and scouting
parties were continually hovering even near to
the outside row of the tents of his mrimenls.
They were to be met by every scouting party
which icftour camps, and the rencounters of
the last few-days have proveu SO disastrous tO
them'thatjhey determined to repay them with
THE FIRST ATTACK.
At two ociock his morning, uol. reahMy,
- h, d; teh b f f - h
dred men beyond -the camp, for the purpose, of
looking after anv force which might belurking
in that direction. Tho .step was wisely taken"
fjriihalf mile's advance snowed a heavy force
approaching, who fired "upon them with great
slaughter. Those who escaped, fell back to the
TwentyrFifth Missouri RcKimcnt, sw'iltly pur
sued by the enemy. The contest had "been of
but short duration, and 'the advance of Ihe Se-
cessionists reached the Dntraae oi vol. rearjodv
jn6t as the long roll was sounded and the men I
werc !alyui int0 inp Tllcir rcsist;lnce taten
so unawares, was oi uui snort duraiion, and
they retreated in as good "order as Tras' possible
under a galling fire, until they reached the lines
of the Second Division.
At six o clock the attack had become general
along the entire front of our line. The enemy
in large force hnd driven in the pickets of Gen.
Shernian's divisiorj, and fallen with vengeance
on the 48th Regiment, O. V. M., Col. Sullivan,
the lUlh, Uol. UocKerell, and the i-u, uoJ.
Buckland. Tho troops here had never been in
action, and being so unexpectedly attacked, ere
they coald fully understand their positioa, or
get into file, they made as able'a rcsistance,.is
waspossible, but, were, in common with the for-
ces ot General Prentiss, forced to seck support
on the troops immediately ,in their rear. The-
Fifth Ohio Cavalry, formerly belonging to this
division, .had been" removed to Gen. Hurlbut's
command the day before yesterday, and their
placosupplicd and camp occupied by the 2d Ilr I
i hese latter Knew uothine ot
the annroaGh of the enemy until thev were in
theirmidst, firing into their tents and. applying I
lurll M f. -11
't he k anchter. nn Ih a first nnsI.nirrM nf tim
enemy was very severe, scores falling at'every
dischargo.uf the enemy s gtiasj and all making
their best effort to escape, or repel the. foe. It,
Wever SOon b. came evident that the' Seces-
sion force was overpowering, and" nothin" was
left for- thoadvance line butreltcat. This was
doDein corsidqiable disorder, both officers and
i0"l. crc.Ty I" 01 tiiejr baggage, it ol
coarso lau,n5 "e enemy s hands.
THE PROSPECT AT THAT HOUR.
Af half past ci-'ht o'clock tbe fight" had bo-
come nuite ireneral. thosecond lino of dlvis ons
having received tbe. ad yancejn.gootl order, and
As your correspondent reached the 'third line
our lorccs.lie met several tuousanus ot strag-
&eTa many of ' them from the hospitals, "but
many more who had never witnessed the service
tho .battle field, and whoso'far'h'adnotfound
much to'tbeir1 liking. Their faces were""iurn
cd lo tho river; and neither, persuasion .nor
threat&puld induce tbem to change theirconrse.
ranst nv. that Jit this lnnrtni-f. rnnr inrrnc
VT. r' . -.J -i.r .. - : - .
livijului. t rv ujoni-iv rfminupn nr mo ffwnri..".
panic atiBnll's Run, forappearanecs indicated Jana
that tho same scenes were likely to bejecnact-lulw"t..by'
liiKnn lliio iM-nctnTi 'M., ,1 I POI
limping, sioggering along, in -some cases sup-j"1.;
ported upon the arms of comrades or others,
but all fhavmg the same destination,, aml hent f-nowieage
lb .und o? h wSg
u.ti. -i d:--1 j.is.--.iL 6 I nut.
r- ... - . '
lines unaer penalty ot a stronger admonition
tho hands Vuhe'established Lo of sentries
The timely arrival of Gen. Grant .'whn nhri
hastened rip lrom Savannahcled; tQ.the adop-
? sucn.roeasurcs. as put a termination. to
thiitmcalledfpr flight from, lhe battle-field -
str6n gnhrd'wasposted acrbss-lhb "thorough-
fires,, with tirde'rs to halt every soldier whose
,iacewas larnea.xiverwaru.-, .boipQ Jew ot. the
wounded. wwealWd to proceed, but theelf-
iiivitiu vr i csLtiui.1 im:ii: iiiuuk hi vi'fii'
the wagons and other vehicles of trans-
hportation, on' their way to tho camps were 'lufn-
uacn, aim me roau given asiar as was practi-
to thttse of-th T ambulancemen. were
nowigetting to be.very plenty,
means oi escape, were maae to Kecp'within the
Thev wera not.
" : - -.1 . . "
'T, 1 .?0CCar
sionthere being m many cases but two to each
make upithe deficiency. Theio rattled
aiong.overmejaggcu roaus.tiirougu the mncl, kcn
roots and stones, filled to tbo ton with the -v...-.
rr.t.i ,,i .,i, r ir,.:.i. ..: ii.t. .
, . i : . , , uuauic
At ten o'clock the entire line on. both sides
cngagcd. in one of tho.mpst terrible battles
Vnnwn in ttna pnnntrV Tl, rnnr llin 'n
fallen back orfShermKh's position into thenext the
linoof .tryqps, A desperate 'charge had just rings.
hands of the enemy. Anotherevero fight
c"Mr possession ot tiie nth uuio oat-
lVT" ST 80M
.jts ' ai .1
known in this country:
u niLuuui(iuicriiu&aiuij i &ueii
ium iuu luau ccinre iu a puinfc -(cnuiag unii i
J ' ' - - - - " - ' t) - H ' '" '- "bo - I " ' b
more upon thecnthercd forces which had I
bnJiriade.upon the'Hth Ohio battery,, and it I
sufficiently sustained by aforce of in- who
fantry. it was allast relinquisbed:aud fell into these
i "N.t.Tiegimcnts31ail faljcr?, and in some Li.tj,
single BlIJ ofTicerrervnnetl; yet
UUV 11 IIJIU llU.4I.HIIVOIUtBCl WJilCU
vr hat the cofircston'bolh'ViJes
aw. victors. Tlin nlmnef ilonfnh..
-i- -lillery, nnd thumttlo of tho'mlis-
kotrv; .lthnt could bo heard ns the men
Rtoodjnnir..milly Slivcreil their fire, evidently
bcDt.cn tho worj of clrstruction with a error
know no bounds. "Foot hy foot the
cround was ronlrsteih .iKinirln ir!n nf
r" Juuu umuiug me ujipuncnis. .uioixiaviEg
bad time, in their -hisjy.deprturo, from ihcir
wuip, m uimSiidm.uiii iiaouisin
necessary forthe easy transportation of the
wounded, such TavailablamcaBS as wcreat band
were adVpted.W the soldier's 6nt-stretched
7 3,ir -r T r:Hf'7.vr v .TVr
ieu kick yiuiouuiicJp, wiuie others stuiJuuclit
in iub raaKs-LBiu mcy were actually lorced
back iiv Ihnir mmnnnv nffiora
A STRUGGLE ON THE LEFT WING.
tcr 0f -our c61umnVp.r twelve o'clock 'the cneraV
blackened their fire-upon it, and made a most
vigorous effort on our left winj, endeavoring to
outflank it by .driving it 'to the riycrBauk-ata
point abotil one and a'half mile's above Pitls-
borg Landing.- This wing was undercom
manu oi oenenu nuritmt. and wav compiscd
of the 1-lth, 32d, -Hth and 57th Indiana, the 8th
2lst and 18th Illinois. Frontingitsentirelhie,
however, was ;a brigade under Gen- .Sherman,
composed of tlie 54th, 5th and ith Ohio.
T.i.i..-.'-iii. rvi.-: r- 1 n i
iaiiviooiuwiiiuwi.tn triuoiu in uencrai
zi.:.,:. -i.... tl : z
tureof the arms withwbichtbey were providel
they were not able to do one half tho execu-
tion the men.desired
"Willi the first demonstration of the enemy
upon tne ieu wing it was to De seen That all tue
fury waabeing poured out upon it 'with the de
ralher termination that it should give way. For near
ly two hours a sheet of fire blazed from both
columns, anu l couju liKen tud explosion of the
small arms to nothinir save a cane'brake in a
of conflagration. The.MississippL rifle-
men, a large and well organized body of good
marKsmen and desperate men loucht with a
valor that was only equaled "by those who re
ceived thcir.unerriBg tire, and returned it with
an energy which assured them that many of
those who had endured the fire of Couelson,
were in the.ranks before them.
In this quarter it seemed, for the period of
: i :i : - . i i . i . - ,," i
iieyriv nil uur,-inai me enemy woum succecu
in driving in onr. forces- Three different times
they drove our men slowly .before thorn, until
they came in sight of the river, and were plain
ly visible to those even on the main landing
THE GUNBOAT TAKES A HAND.
"While tbe conflict raged the hottest in the
quarter we are; writing of, the gunboat.Tylor
passcu siuwiy up uie river 10 a point airccuy
opposite tho forcc'of the 'enemy; 'and poured in
abroadsido from her immense guns. The shell
went tearing and. crashing through tbc'woods,
felling trees in. their course and spreading hav
oc wherever they fell. The explosions were
tremendous, 'and the shell falling far inland,
most probably from their direction in the very
heat of the Secession .force, must have told witb
a startling effect. At any rate. I attribute the
failure of theibe o carry the left wing, in a
great measure to the" wen-directed shots of the
Tylor; The land force might have been' able
to hayc.successfully kept, back the immense
weight ol the enemy, but trom my observation,
of the matter, I think tbey Vere greatly aided
by the well-directed shots from the gunboat.
ANOTHER CHANGE IN THE BATTLE.
TJn to three o'clock, it will be remembered.
the battle had raped with a'furv which defies
description. At every point the rebels had
found overv nltemnt in liTp.i'k'nnrtinoKVn.irail-
in?. -TllPT liml Blrrlnn tn .lrivoin nnrmnin
mr. "They had strvien to drive in our mam
colnmn, and finding that impossible, bad turn
ed all theirstrength uponourlcft wing. .Foiled
in that quarter, they now made another'attack
cemre, an i ioug.it iikc tigers, l hey
pectation of their coming: every man at his
post, and all willing to. bring tho contest to a
Inihonrly expectation of'the "arrival of the-
Itrces under uenerais Nelson and Thomas who
were at.Savannah.and to i whom-messages had
becn.sent, a fact as well known to the Seces
sionists as ourselves. thcy made every' effort to
route our lorccs beiore these reinlorcemcnts
should have come forward.- They'were, how-
ever, usruunir against a wmi oi sicci ano nre,
manned by as brave, hearts asvcr smcllcd the
essence of gunpowder. Volley ons'wered to
iwncjimiu iui a ume uieuiimuut mo uroruinir
was re-enacted ovcr.the. same ground arid 'with
the same vigor on -both sides.
FINAL STRUGGLE OF THE DAY.
At five.o'clock there, was a .short cessation in
the firingof the enemy, tbcir-lines fallihghack
oft the center for thodistnnce, perhaps, of near
ly half ai mile. They thcn: suddenly wheeled
and threw their entire force upon the left wing,
determined to make tbe final struggle of the
day in that quarfon.' The 'gunboat Lexington,
in the meantime, hnd arrived, from Savannah,
and after tending a messengcrto General Grant
to ascertain the direction;in. which the enemy
lay from the river, the two boats tookaposi-
tion about half a rnile above the landfng and
poured theirsheH up a deep ravine reaching to
the ricr on their. right. The, shots were thick
and fast andlold with thrilling effect.
In the meantime, General Wallacc had taken
a circuitous ronfo- 'from' Crump's Landing and
appcareq suuueniy on tne right wing ot the en
cmy. In-' face of this combination of circum
stances, the rebels fclt'thaf their enterprise was
for ,i,e day a failure, and" as night was abontat
hand thev s nwlv fi- li.iek.. fiw i inir rt fhnr
went until they .reached an advantageous posi-
lion, somewhat m. the rear, and yet occupying
the main roa'cTto Corinih The gunboats con-
tinned to send their shell affer ihem until they
had fenlirelV irot .beyond their reach. Tims
j.cnds;an outline f, lhe, battle of tbe first day..
There is no time or.opportunity at this hour
io ootain a list,, or even any accurate knowledge
m me loss uy r.inea,wounnea or missing.-
ijotne.oi ouruhio regiments have snttered sc
ry merely, although th nunbef 'pf. those severely
ouiraca is coraparauvciy small, uunshots in
the'arms-nn'd 'legs are very plentiful, it seem
mgly having been the object or. tbe enemy to
wound rather than kill outricht. beiD in ad
hcrence to the policy that it requires four men
liinucare-ui une woonoca, wuue.none are re
quired to look after the dead.
ARRIVAL OF GEN. BUELL'S FORCES.
nnd lhn -n,lr
afld the Gth'Ohio .being. the first to .cross,
the main portion of 'Gciiwal' Ifcl-
" . i"5ion. - -x uoy wcrasucceded bv' Urn:
a. wearied watching of severalJiours of
uiejuosLiniense anxiety, tue aavance regiments
General Buelldivisioa'nppeared on'the op
posite bank of Ube river at; five o'clock this af
ternoon. Stearnfis were immediately sent over
ferriago.beganthe 3Cth Indi
S dlVlSlOn. -Thnv wnr-oiiirll V,-. I....
" miw. wiiKCMtHivr cueer-
5recten lae. nrriT?l A, tne, reinforcements,,
ot, incir importance in me cnsis'be-
n mnmnntv ,iir.,. .nw:.i
marched-to the advanee. whcre they rested on
their, arris for'tho night." They' "had'eoma at a
"e field, had sustained .an .unflinching' fight
forLfiaeen hours, und fhj were glad, torelieve
,nen;r 3n" affor'1 them ,a few hours1 rest'.
THE SCENE AT MIDNIGHT.
jUj sit writing inU nnUH. ii.
end'wouVJcd ire-alfarodndme. The
tnifn of tl, Rnrn-mn L ni .,i,
pntatcjd legsvaadiUirms liets'catiered in every
ui(eci;uii, 1,1 ne., cries i me;sunering victims,
the groans of those who, patiently await for
medical attendance, arcThost distrcssingo'any
U-day'long,lhey haTe heeri'CQming in, and
i are placed upo,avthe.dccksad within the
cab'fls of the steamers,1and wherever else they
they can find 'a restrne'r.lace. Thbne'-mv .,
an,npm. ..- ,,,. 11
i.i.i IJ lirlT?; .
"luu'u"!i unu uuc iioor wreicn x
found whose eyes had been shot entire laiTi
Klnus 0 conceuaoio-wounus nra td7SHm-Bi
.,11 r tl. l..l .. -.i r-
lm.i u ui iuu.uuu,,,uuu iiTjiir.iii ,Tnnfnp
' - '
It' is midnicht. aHd besides tho. rrioa nf-iti..
tress( all is'silentrsave'ih'd'.hourly' disch'ar"e of
l,rm,teA7H,n,-ll.. klu..l. '--..ii! u 1..,
e ram is
6Mr-wonrided''whnF. nre exhoacH tn itn.1t.
(Every! partlcje 'of.sheltered,;spaca is.oc-
miu, ,iuo vicinity ,oi enemy b
suouiti jutigq;iucy are iiavipgrather
' ' uur,.M VIIVIIIU91UUI.I-I1. All
berinninc'td "fll ItenTilv
cupicd by tlieraamtyet .there iro hundreds
havo no protection, from the storiii. TTot
are the circnmst.Tfnccs'infculchtarto this
THE SCENE AT MIDNIGHT. THE RIGHT DAY.
...fe!" J.of.edof.adeavorins. to deny that
."",a ,.u..uai,"B lU0 erci rpueuion. no
t... nr,n : ,n i,.ti..
has evertnkdn plnco in this of'nny-other
Kuuuiry. vpoiuicrs sioou ni incir guns ami ieu
themiwith cartridges, hour nfter liovr, from ear
ly dawn until sunset. Oflicers.ba.ve been pres
rnt whenever their presence c'tihl nfTor(i'?h-co'hTnceraCnno,lieir'-m'cH;
and -privates, havo.
InuRlilaIIl, hand, hungryrihiriity.'ahd woTnJ
with nli.enrrjryud perseverance whlpU J
ail tiysorlption. J cannot particularize,
aiming so mauy, 1 fear I should dobu'iac Jn-
iustice bv omitting to mention them, while
thev richly deserre" ail that could be said
. t , T I . 1
uieir oravery anu cooiucsa m me nour oi aan
AN INCIDENT OF THE DAY.
It might not perhaps,nnder ordin.iry circum
stmccs, be proper to men tjorr'any-case of appa
rent cowardice which conld occnr in such
contest. YcF I think justice. demands that
be -made totheT conduct of a new regi
ment (I sparo the name in consideration
of tbo bravo sons of tho State) who
larHreii at this poinf tbe day -previous"
Ibe battle. They marched to tho top
the bill after the battle bad begun to
hot, but soon returned, 'and conld not
induced to go forward, at any timo after
ward. Their ofScers, at alatoTiour in
afternoon, fodo" amono; thQm'andnffeatLegnEed-norneretto
ed that thev should fall into line.
told them that their brothers in. arms
Born the burnt of the battle all lha
long, and now needed; their help.
they refused to stir.
The sound of the cannon and-musket-
ry, the whizzing ot ttie uaiis over tnetr
heads,- and the sight of the wounded
carried past them, was to much,
and they refused to stir an inch from
the hill, where they had landed.
The bfficcrs tbeh denounced them as cow
ards, and warned them that a six: pounder
should be hred in their icmst. Just,
that time the steamer Planet rung b
bell, and a general stampede was road
led oflfby the. said regiment, for the poses
sion of the boats.- . Tho captain of
steamers having all been at", their posts
durtngthe day, immediately withdraw. he
fastenings and put out into -the stream
The War -Eagle, rather slowjin-the move
merits of its crew, was overrun by the cow
ards, who refused to return to the Iandin
until they was satisfied.there;was no inten
tion on the part of the steamars to
awav and leave them in the land ot "be
How different was lhe action of this reg
iment from -that of a score of others
micht mention who stood manfully iu th
fightamid a shower of bullets such as sel
dom fall in any battle of modern times,
especially on this side of the Atlantic,
It mustnot be forgotten, tuat in tnis ngnt
there were encased troops who had
tasted a mouthful of, food since the previ
ous- night, and who in the trying peculiar
ities ot tne occasion, knew; nothing, save
the great 'work in-, which thev -were engag
At tho same lime I would say .that if
were a connoissuer in tue art ot war, ana
felt no interest in the .result, X could
pay too high n complement to tbe bravery
and pcrsevereance of tho rebel troops.
seemed that they had staked their entire
prospects aud hones of succcess upon lb
issue of to-day aud they could not make
up'thsir minds io retire.
Ueneral Beauregard had promised them
that they KljouldjlrjPJb lo-uight, of the wa
ters of tbo lennosseo river. Having un
limited confidence . in the, great hero
.Bull Hun, they bsloived him and felt that
ltmusl beverihed. Ibey disputed every
foot. of -ground in the face of our soldiers
and charged time aud time .on our lines'
only lo meet witb rep'ulse nfter" repulse
every enorf. -,ipe hrstdny,s trial was un
satisfactory, and they, retired a few miles
in the rear to await the coming day for
It useless to attempt to chronicle all the
various incidents of the- dny, as tboy are
told in every circle. AIL agree that it was
not only tho hottest work they had exper
ienced, hut also that 'at several, limes, the
Ldanger was most threatening in .regard to
driving m ot our fines, iuose.wlio were
present at tho difFetent onslaughts made
on our left wing, declare that .they could
notbut fear, at every .instant, that it, would
give way before ,lho pressure.
Nothing bnt the strongest deUrmination
on the partot both pfheers and privates,
and the good service of tue gunboats, pre
vented the worst fears on. our part (rom
1 do not think it proper at this time to
record tbo statements made as to lbe dam
ago done our troops. Such' and such' a
regiment was said, to.le badly cut up, and
to a certain extent, thoc commands which
were in the first, attack surprised by" the
,!nemy, did suffer considerable loss yet not
so heavy as was first supposed. Regi
ments able to muster, on the previous eve
ning, at dress parade, some six hundred
men, when an effort 'was made to collect
them to night,, dfd not count one third
that nurabSL Xafer'in tlfo evening, Kow
evcr, they Cmt in. singly .or in squads un
til theirnumber was considerably augment
ed. Certain officers were stated to have
been killed who were afterwards found to
be slightly wounded, the shock having
been sufficient to thiow them from their
horses, and these returning to" camp bad
given foundation lo tho stories of xheir'ri
It is' known that Gen. Prentiss was la-
ion prisoner in the, early part of the dny
Col. Peabody,. Acting "Brigadier in the
Sixth" "Division," was .killed soon' after tho
fight began, - Major Powell of. tbe"r25th
Missouri falirng'm'orlally wounded near to
him. 1 merely refer to these at this place
because they occur to me a'sl 'write1.
Many of the regiments who Jiavo' sus
tained the bruhf of tbe" entire davV iSgh't
nave not tasted,, one mouthful of food smco
last night, nor can I see aovi' they aro to
supplied witb imv to nirbt. Thev' are
beyqhd their camps',' dnd can'ndt, in' tho
darkness", bo' reached by wagons" ladened
with stores. ,qf .which .there is' an "almost
endless quantity here. Even If such stores
were in their possession, they' 'have no
means to cook with their kettles eft be-
hmdl and the beating rain being" sufficient
extinguisfi any hro, which thoy .might
kindle. No order bad been given 'to keep
1,I1 .i: i iv j
wiusw luuuua uu uuuu iit:viuua iu iuu
ngot, because it was but little- expected
toat any would be needed in so. short a
The Second Day's Fignt.
PITTSBURG. April 7th, 1862.
During the all horrors of the niglit',- tho
steamers lying at this point-, which wero
too heavily Iridcn with felofes-'or loo
i. nii.j ...... i.
iijutii iiucu mm luo, uuuucu.-were .eu-
gaged 'in ferrying tho troops' belonging to
Kelson's division from tbe opposite shoro,
JiVery loaq. was greeted with cheers from
on shoro, and relrirned lustily by
those. who hnd so opportunely, arrived to
jfeTtm tho bnttl.o of to-day. Ai tho
.boatSjcached tbo shoro tho troops iroino
diately left nnd without music, took Ibeir
16 tiro advancec-on thkft' wing of out
forces. Thoy lm'drceiTOjMitrching or
ders nt a Into hourtlicaTteTrToon,. and
come on n "doftle quick" from Sa
vannah,' Thoy gSffinayat, but little
ovitlonco o'f exhausltf?d evinced rvstol-
do'tofmirintion tharlliey 'had nbt come
a childs recreation. Among tbo troops
lb&- lari'dfng they 'word 'rogarded as
sometbrng ITko veterans in lfad cause, and
the greatest confidence began to grow up
. L P I . ? 1
to me Euccessiui terniinnnon.01 tne Datue,
whose. result bad been doublfal'irtorQ than
onca dufiDKthe strnstrle of yesterday.'
;yitbthe first hours of daylight it was
eridenfhowever, thatihe'cnemy Had also
been strongljreinforced.jfor,-. notwith
standlnSvthey'mnst'have known.df the ar
rival of the" new Union troops, they were
the first to open the battle, whieh they
did-abont 7 o'clockj-and-with considerable
alacrity. The attack then began from
main Uoriclh road, a point to which they
seemed strongly atta:hed and which at
time did they leave-at all unprotected.
It mattered not where the main forco was
TheyJ-fiercest,;thcra .was stilL.at .all--tiincsi r?i-
had denco that tnd sa'fe'security'orthat tliro'-
fare was continuallr-cafed for,
Gen. Nelson, on taking his position
tho left wing last night, had dispatched
a messenger to Lieut. Gwvnne, of the
gunboat Taylor, with his compliments; re:
"questing the loan of a box of cigars and
bottlool wine, and extending an invitation
lo th.o gunboat officers that they should
visit him at his headquarters, under an oak
tree near the river's bank'. He also'assu'red
ihetn that "they should see some man-of-
war lighting to-day."
At tbe conclusion of yesterday's fight
ing, Lren. Urant had assured the soldiers
tbaflbey should be' in Corinth to-night,"
and thoso who had beard of bis "predic
tion in regard to the taking of Fort Don
elson, made' three days' previous to that
time, looked sbmewhat'cheerfully to such
a result, although they felt confident that
it would tate some more hard lighting
get there. -
ALL THE LINE AGAIN ENGAGED.
Within half an hour from the first fi
ring of the" morning; the contest bad' again
spread in cither' direction, and 'both the
main centre and left wing were actively
engaged. The Rebels were, however, not
so anxious to fight their1 way lo-the river's
bank as on the previous day, having" had
slight experience of what they might again
expect it brought again under tne power
ful guns ofthe Taylor "nhd Lexington,
whose black hulls steamed slowly along
the stream, keeping a careful watchfulness
tor any sigus tney might be able -.to gath
er as io the exact location ot lhe enemy
in the dense forest which stretched away
lo tlieir ngbu
ELEVEN O'CLOCK A. M.
.Notwithstanding the cbn'tinued rebufiTof
the rebels wherever they had made their
assaults, up to 12 o clock they bad given
no evidence of retiring from the held.
Their firing had been as rapid and vigor
ous" at times as" during tbe 'most terrible
hours of the previous day, yet not so well
directed, nor so long confined to one point
Still further reinforcements now began
lo arrive. The steamers Crescent City,
Hiawatha, Louisville, John Wryner, and
others, baving leTt Savannah, loaded to lhe
guards with troops "belohgjng to General
Buell's command. These immediately
mounted lue bill and toot possession upon
the right of the main centre, under Gen.
So far the fight of tbo morning had been
waged somo one and a half inites;'-within
our former lines, and but a short distance
from the river's bank, in a "duo westerly di
At half past 11 o'clock tho 'roar of tho
battle almost shook the earth Ih this vi
cinity, for the Union guns were being fired
with all the energy that the prospect of
the enemy's defeat could inspiro. The firo
from the rebels was not, however, so vig
orous, pnthey hegan .to evinee a desire to
withdraw. They fough as they slowly
moved back, keeping up their fire from
uieir artillery .and musKets along their
whole column, and apparently disdaining
any mouve wuicn coma ne considered ns
proximating to a retreat. As'lhey retreat
ed they went in excellent order, batt'leing
at every dangerous point, and delivering
their fife with considerable effect.
Tt was nnw a m.ittpr Rp.ltled fmrnml rlTa.
puto, that the enemy-was retreating. Tbey
makiog but lilllo fire, and ltadinH
their entire Column for Corinih," by both
leading in that direction. From all
divisions of our lines they were closely
galling fire being kept upon
their "rear, which they still returned at in
Urials, but with little or no effect;
CHARGE OF THE CAVALRY.
T hnVA npirlf-rf t.A hornfnfnrn In nanl?An
that, from Sunday," noon until night, "and
from Monday morning no to the tinie I
have now reached, in this outline descrin-
tion "of the oaltle, npt less tbAn three thou-
. i . .
sond cavalry, bad remained sealed in their
saddles on the hill-top overlooking the riv-
t.f.-ii' . 'i . i ,' . - .,-
er, ratfently and earnestly awaiting the ar
rival of tthe tune' when' an order 'should
come' lo tbem to pursue the hying enemy.
That time 'had now arrived, and a courier
from Gen. Grant had scarcely dolivored his
message, before the entire body was in mo
Tb'ose who ,liave never, witnessed a
charge of so large a force of Norsemen,
should; have been there to havo seen the
wiidTn'mult of the ' eagor riders' and' ap
parently equally excited steeds The'ene-'
my had, been driven "beyond our former
lines, and 'aro in full retreat in iBef direc-
fiori of Corihlli. '
CHARGE OF THE CAVALRY. DEATH OF LIEUT. COL. CANFIELD AND CAPT.
As r writb tb V just learn oftbe dcatis
Cflnt. RMtrnm!,'nFll. Kifri Onin J
Capt. rarner, ofthe38th'Ob'io. The c"ase
nf thnrAm, n,n.,i nfr5-., ; -.-,Jm
arreting. His amiable lady hnftTeachUi,gar"soa
here in company with her -young sqir, in
time to iearnmat ner nusoanornas uoen
'sent Id SavannnK severely wnimrlprl ? hn i
' .1.-4 ' -".i Cri L-jjf t j I
iuv uunu. hiiii ill-, iiiiiiv niw. rH-wn nmmi I
nn hnnril llln-.T V -PnlCnffnr Mnni-lnl'?nn
to Padncha. Cant. Bertram'sbodv 'will
be" scril forward to Cinciittd-h40rrow'..!wV''rV
BERTRAM. THE FORCE ENGAGED, AND THE KILLED AND
As near iw'T wtfrnntn fnn'KnliVn
forco engaged in the conflict.-1 havo set iH
down at lhBfeWri'W ohhrt r,.4ttlnt K.
I Q -
. an..l ? A 1 1 1 t 1 - 1
ing about sixty thousand, on tho .rebel side,
with' 'fl BnmftwTTnfomolnjV iinmtio? enn ni-, I
fifty thousand, on ours. This morning
witnessed 'ah addition 'to'lvbr troops of
abbut twclvo' thousand men, whil6' from
tho testimbny of rebel prisoncrs'a'tbtf lb-
day, lhe reinforcements to the enomy '.were
about eight' thousand "wen, moro lhau
halpjlom baaVbectf left in Cppoth
whhn llliwtMrss'iTlfryrifl 'frmn (hnt nnint nn
AueTintncato Knowieogo possessed by
tho eneiriy of "overv1 foot of 'tno contested"
soil on which the battle was foughtgaVQ
tuera a greater advantage than was award
ed us by tbo "Iridlng fncreaso hi numbers,
buf'ph 'either sidVthb baltlo ws fo'uaht
with a desperation w Hich Tcould riot hayo
believed to oxist iu tho" mids.t of tiieDj Tin
less in cases'bf, slrongxpersonaL grievance.
Tbe determination appeared, even under
the-most galling, Jfiro to bo victory or
death'. TheMissi3sip'p)ans on the side of
the enemy weref'lEeuling spirits, and they
well deserve 'tobe sfttjdownas amoDg the
best fighting-.men pfilie day.
Asrfdr ournrooplI shall not refer lo
but few especially. The Illinoians, already
famous at Donelson, fought like devils to
sustain their well earned reputation. Tbo
.same, may.bejsaid of. Missouri,-Ohio, lndt
n'a'rscdnsmnnd'i&me of'!th?e'Towa reg
iments. An old Surgeon, who has beenlpng 7in
tbe service, and who has just relurne'd from
thefieldfortb-first timei:sjnce.tho5 Latlle
befian.isaidVto' mo as bo sat.down ioiuight
.onjfienyran'kV ,!ljiaye Jieen'pjesent
it'.botK03ulIJlun and EortiDopefsop.ibut
they were skirmishes to what ,Lhavo seen
since yestcrrlay morning." Suet, it seems,
is tho testimcny of all with whom I havo
convorscd in relation to this great contest.
Matters at Richmond
A. Richrriond corrcspondenl'of tbe New
Orleans Crescent makes.the folio wing sTg
nifica'nt !slaemeliit tocm'ng'tfiJdg, iu
rebebarmo substitutes in the 5ecsh capi-
ta,: - .
"Our. chief artidp:bf cqmmerco -nowjo-
days is a commodity known in tho market
as "substitutes." -Tfie 'arttcla' has risen
from $100 "to $200,. again to 500, and
from that to $1,000 to $1,500. The cheap-
estylcjnd .now. offering commands $500
read P. v. A' wretch named Hill has been
t . - , ,
maKing enormous sums," as-rnucu as irom
$3,000 -to $5,000 a day, by plundering
substitutes, soma of whom nre tfis'very
scum of tne earth, while others are poverty
stricken, Mary landers ' of' high, 'social josi
tions at home, and men of real moral
worth. The Tact is7'tlis tbing'"6f,buying
aud selling substitutes is abominable all
around. The men.who, came hero from
the country to buy thetn-are run. mad un
til iheyfget them : 4hey are. absolutely cra
zy with iear Jest th'eyJsliQuldJaiL'to. obtain
tbem, and seem willing to spend their last
dollar in the effort."
The blusteriagand fire-eatingpress of
that city. in a subdued tone. Th-eJlfcaflim-er
has been the" most rampant abeitl'.dy-
ing in the last ditch," but it" now"s.idly
It is certain the North regarded the de
monstration tngajDstr Rich.rriond as lhcu.
gvnd f oup of the war,-and we need not
conceal from'1 onrselvei that the danger is
serious and formidable. ,
It is believed that, while heavy bodies of
troops will attempt -to cross the country
from different points on. the Potomac, in
conjunction' with an army rnarching up the
Yaj.Iey frpmjtyjnchester, Ihabeaviest col
nransof their forchesMviirbo':larioedCrom
our river eituaries and a march attempted
along our eastern peninsulas.
'The aesrferale condition of affairs in
Richmond and tlfo bogus .Confederacy; ia
iuny snown in tne laci tnat ieii. yais.
lhe 31st untimo, transmitted to Iherel
congress a message recemmenamg univejj
sal conscription the, enroIlrueSQ&naH
wliite jiialelcilizinssoftbe' Cvonfedernto
Stales betwcenlhe ages of' 18 a!nd 35 for
military service,JtQ. be called outafgnce;
and thoio' over -35 to be:regarded asji re
serve, to be called out hereafter!
The Richmond Whig gives-ilkreluclant
adhesion to the measura as 'dictated by tho
overruling necessity of saving the Repub
lic. The grand aud avig, effect anticipa
ted by tbe conscription is thlipreservnlion
of the rebel army in its p res2 n torSnTzar- -tt,
lion, and "in the presence of lhe invading
The rebellion is evidently nearly in Tis
last grasp, judging - from the Richmond
gimenis t wen drilled and capaoie ne
wcre Sroe? nave been formed in different parts
,' ma &uln since tne warbegan, and al
roads thoug" skves h.aro ,beln W l1
Pctice ot armsgamst llieir mU add tin
p'hrsued,a JerAajmWiSa letron'.ofcfletepn-de-
ewt.nj , i, 0,,1,11,0 iu ouu.i no uj,u. iiiiiib,
ufferedj the. fact .that they have been so
employed" shows that they can "bo, used, as
It is said that the Seceretary of War 's ;
considering a,prpposition4o garrison lhe
re-caplured Southern forts, with negro reg
imenis during the sickly season. Tho reb
els havo set an example in this rcspect.-
. 9"? rWglX n.cSroef
Smh J1 beerrernancipated by7
tup lottone ot war trom the control o
'their masters nre fitted -to'becoroeJusefur-i
I npvi lm noe t rt- wit ftrr7MiiHftAns I
II & . coming summer, suotua tue
"be prolonged until tire-sickly -season -
in; 'thcyare acclimated, to the ao
andean endure the miasms that would 1
prove, fatqlitgihq-solders pCitbe-Norlb
!fTbeytar,e-stropg;and many .of than, aro
lLL'.Cli?ii!'riL;'n-L ' t-. ' '
lmemgeiu. Aiiey may oa more saieiy
trusted "jvila'armsIthablKiB: whisly-drink-.
mg and quarrelsome rebel forces
eaarerto Drove-tbeir gratitude; for-1
efits whicfefreedomi- brought ,to thee
dor the shadow of our flag, has given ii
casp.pt lhe.circumstance;of thesi
pojgu..i.uruugu, iu iuiiij-jueuts ui,juiy
A'ufrtisC a few regimenls'bf ' able bo
colored njp, carefuliy d'illed by ouiS
officers, ntid commanded bv white -'i
could .bold ajfibe forts and towns (bat
forces have re"capthred from 'thaenem j
m.-.t .l .i-X ':?r! r .- l J
Mir-bofB Wof fcecdom,, h
Sieving our so di.from
From the Southern
. understand that Jelt
ved Hi the Cltv yestarrlnaa
j - ---j-m
W relatlOO jo.lbe .StBtaiO
its Indians on Ih'eTioulKcrnl
LStn.Wlddy WOMf rahCl.ng, !?
laCKing ine loyal (CWttaiia
la. S6atLeratfcuBtieif; j
"lied a cpurl ofjha
From the Southern [...]