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Terms of Advertising.
fUW l.UU 1K.UU
4.00! &oo 11.001
T.501 tii- A.U0
'XJM lAOU 15 00 10 00;
.oolia.00 nM .oo jojarssJOi
too tiooiiiaoijKLO ssioo 40.00 sow;
10JJU ttjUU.lajAI aUO aUr4.UU1Mr
I ill t
Deaths and Marriages gratis.
Local notices, nrst insertion, 19 cents 1
Itae: ,ubciin-- insertion 6 cent per liae.
Special notices and Foreign Advertisement
a perccm. mn.
Bottom Cards, not exceeding 5 lines, 14
Administrators' and Executors' Xotiees
Pleat Jdat - William Reed.
Fnbau jMdut. - -. Thomas aemob.
ft umtima AUDI asg. - L. R. HOAOLAXD.
Vmmtm CUrt, - - - - Jobm S. Oaa.
eiurif, - - - - J AMIS S. Melons.
iliur,l -. - - JottEPB H. JiEWTOB.
, AB' WOBEMAK.
HEKBT 8Iif il
r . ru-um Moaa H. bmTH.
County Officials. Church Directory.
M. E. CHURCH,
v . .ru.ii owvzr'V rvwnv
Sabbath at M2 o'clock, A. M., awl 1 o'clock,
f, m.. jr r j ci "
EVANG. LUTHERAN CHURCH.
.niell i WERT OTHER SABBATH. AT
10K e'alack A. M. Prayer Meeting every
Tiiada-erauii. Key. iL r. rogelsong.
U. P. CHURCH.
BBV. W. it. GIBSON, PASTOR. HOCTtS FOE
Service at 11 o-eioca, a. m. ""J"-
at 10X; o-moca, a. m. """'-e
oy evenings t7) o'clock.
. . . vwwvo Vti t a. (arV IT lfORV.
inr' at U o'clock. Sabbath school
is5 o'clock. Evening service X o'clock-
Prayer aHietiag every omwuj cn-iB
GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH.
SERVICES EVERT SABBATH AT W O'
clock, A. M. Sunday School at . i.O.Sun
KILtBUCK LODGE I. O. O. . .
. Meets every T oesday
levenina;. in tbeirhall
' commercial aiock.
. A. G. KPRASKLE, X. G. ,
r.M'SsBAUM, V. ti.
G. Gron, See'.
Sparta Lodge, No. 126, F. t A. Masons.
Stated Commaaieations J one atn. July stn,
August 8th, beptember&th, OctoberSd, October
... . T. JPIEKCS, W. M.
Millersburg Chapter, No. 86, R. A. M.
EegularConvocations Jnne 18th, July 11th,
August 15th, September litb, October 10th, No-
member 1th, Deoemberitk. -
J. A.ESTTLL, It. P.
Railway Time Tables.
Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne & Chicago R.
JUNE 29th, 1873.
. ... No. I, No. 5. 1 No. 1, Na.4.
Fast Ex Mail. PacEl N'gtEx
Pittsburg, 1.45a.m 6.U0a.m V.10a.m lJkipm
Rochester, t60 " I10.SS - S.3B
AUiaaea,- A.H - Mk4 lllUOpaH JM -
Orrville, 4.M " l.Wpm 3.01 - 7.06 "
Mansfield, tU " 8.18 - 5.09 " 11.11 "
CrestUae,ar U.1U 4.00 " 5.40 - 11.40 "
Crastlkasvlv 40" , a.55a.m . 1 DAD
Tores t I1.0S f.35" 1M 11.16
Lima, I 12.06pm 8.00 " 9.15 14 li.Ua.rn
Ft. Wayae, z.l 11.35 " HJ0 t t
Plymoalti, 4.46 X.S5pm .S5a.m 6.0D -Chicago,
t .7.6B 6.30 6J0 8.)
No. 4, NO.X, No. 4, No. 8,
N'gtEx FastEx 1'ae.Ex Mail.
Chicago. il.aipin Ukm 6.30pm 6.15a.m
Plymouth, 1.10a.m lilttpm 86 " 9.15
FL Wayne, 4.00" x.00 11.15" 12.10 pm
Lima, , , 6.40 " 4.07 " 1.18a.m S.45
Forest, ! 8.10 " 6.08 " r.a7 " 4.00 "
Crestlincar 10.10 6J0 " 4.05 " "
Crestline.lv 10.30a.rn 6.50 '. 4.16 " oua.m
Mansfleld, 11.00 " 7.19 " 4.4.1 " 6.40
Orrrille, 1.00pm 9.S0 " 6.37 " H is "
Alliance, S. " 1056 " 8.06 " ll.u
Rocbester, 4.53 " 10. to " lm
PltUburg, 6.00 " 1 40am 11.45" 4M -
No. J, Dailf axcept Monday ; is. X, 4. a, 7,
and 8 Aaily xoept Sunday; Sosi S anti 6,
F. R. MYERS, Gen Ticket & Pas. Agent.
Atlantic & Great Western
Great Broad-Gauge Route
East and the West.
BTATXOJiS. f ; II Ka. x. 1 So. IX.
Hornellsville . .
(Westward.) j r ? j t 1 1
STATioxa, - 1 yo. 1. 1 so. a. ' J
Mansfleld 9.40am 10.37pm
Gallon lO.atvV-111.15 "
Urhana 1.05pm! 1.55am
layton .-. i.40 - 8.45 "
Arrive ... , . . n
Cincinnati 4.55" 6.00"
Louisville 11.00 " 12.00 m .;
St. Louis 7.401M 80pm
Kansas City 57pm;11Ham
Mansfleld passengers bound east by trains
Xos.8 and lx have ao change of cars to New
Tors. Connections at Ravenna with the Cleve
land and Pittsburg road; at Mtudville, Union
and Corry or the Oil kepions: at Corning for
Rochester: and at Bingbampton for Albanv,
Springfield, Worchester, Boston and all points
la new coriaaa.
Westward bound nissnMTs hv Train n.
have ao change to Cineiasati.and by Train No
S have choice of sleeping coach, making con
nections with the Louisville Short Line Rail
road or Mail Steamers for points in the South
and Southwest, Also with the Ohio A Missis
aiDDi or Indianannlis A fit.TAni lins for iwiinta
in Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas and. the
xsr it ess. .
For further information as to time, fare and
connections, applv to the local ageot, asking
lur Mckcu TIH.II1V AlJjAAIi A 1 UKXtAA
WESTERN BROAD GAUGF ROUTE.
No "stop-over" allowed upon local tickets.
Local passengers mast purchase tickets to
their first stopping place, and may then repur-
I, WU. jn'iut MP urtiuauoQ.
W. B. SHATTUC.
Gen'l Passenger and Ticket Ag't,
Dbs. POMEBENE & WISE,
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEON'S, M1LLKRS
burg.Ohio. office Hours Wednesdays,
from 1 to 5 o'clock p. m., and on Satuclavs
irom v odocB a. m. to 3 o'clock P. 1U- WU
W. C. STOUT, M. D.
tic Pbysician nd Surgeon. Oxfor'i, Hol'meft-!
County, Oliio. Special 'uttentiun give
rree. omce nours irom a. . w a p. m.,
Tuesdays and Saturdays. Staua1
PHTSIClAJi: AND SURGEON, B EEL IN
physician AfD Burgeon, millers
burr, Ohio. Office First door West ti Cor
ner lormerlr ocruoied bv Jiulvane. Resi
dence, second door south of T. B. RajtTs
corner. OOioe day Wednesday and bat-r-
oay unxmavn. - -At
DB. S. WILSON,
PHYSICIAN AND BURGEON, OFFICE AND
Residence, West Liberty street, wooster,
All accounts considered due as soon as servi
ces are rendered. , . .
' j. fe. 'BIGHAM, M. D,
PHT8ICIAN A SURGEON. MILLERSBUEG.
Ohio. OOtce and Residence, at South part
anmrton Btreec, t iw
G. W. EVEBETT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, MJLLERSBCRG,
fak A VP Ifcrs E- 1 AS J. " . niHLblunU (l,
OAoe Seoond floor in SlcUo well's building
A aHiAtawV A rav T A HT un T enrsa-rwm
wen oi uw toun iiotue. iu
JOWS W. VORHES,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, MILLERSBURO,
OSes over the Book Store. ltf
. i r. -
A Political and Family Journal, Devoted to the Interests of Holmes County, and Local and General Intelligence.
ssstaa. Vol. XXX.
MlLLERSBTJRG, HOLMES COUNTY, 0., THURSDAY, SEPT. 4, 1873.
, Vol. IV, No. 3.
A. 1. BELL,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. COLLECTION'S
liTuiupii- maue- obis AMv"eA4jag,Mrowa
A Co. rtaus. ill
J. & 3. HUSTOX,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, MILLERSBt'RG. O.
Collections promptlv attended to. Offlice op
posite the First National Bank.
C. J. DCER.
D. F. EWIXO.
DUEB & EWIXG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, AND NOTARIES
xuuiic. uibct. zu sury oi farmer uuiiuinK,
aiiiiersoorg, unio. wvl
' COURTNEY A APPLETON,
Corner Main ft Depot Streets, '
Wimeraburg, - " " - Ohio." '
W. E. POMEKOY, -
MECHANICAL OPERATIVE DEXTISXVf
Omrc in Negelspach's Building, over Max
well's Uothiug store. 85-8
T. L. PIEECE,
DENTIST,. Commercial Block, over Shonp's
Tin Shop. " iu
ORCVII.I.E. rJORTHOt' R. R. tJEPOT.
b. KbUHA, prop'r. trains xvins uonn
in the morning stop thirty minutes for
bnpakfast. The Hurd Hoim' is fitted up
in nrt-class style, and one oL JJie best
nouses on tne f r . w.sus. is. vonntry
aeople will And it to .their interest to slop at
J. HAMPSON. PropHetor. Passengers
conveyed to and from the Cars, freeof charge.
Qr-tieuerai atage uuicc . . -
' BUTLEB HOUSE,
WEST END MAIN STREET, M1LU.BS-
hnrr. Mrie, jodeph utlib, rropn
This House is in good
will be well cared for.
order, and its guests
' -Wrectly apposite Pesseager Depot.' i
At the inaction of the P., F. W. ICR. E. and
n.in.ulritMl nn In the most apiirorrd
style. Is mw open to the public, and will he
ready, aa the arrival of trains, either day or
aitr R. DO SC ASTER, rropnetor
C. O. BEEGLE,
Plain . Ornamental
ecutoi. Orders ube leflst
lit'. .. t ! I ' I I
Shreve Tailor Shop.
sj- .t; ttf.?
. W.O. HOT,!
Has removed East of Depot, vrfcera he w(J5
CUT GARMENTS ON SHORT NOTICE.
Every article warranted to lit aad gtveen-
tbreaatisfaction , i i.
W- O-FTi 1 N-KT,
VaylOlgtL'- Wavne Co"."Olio "
Robibt C Maxwill
John T. Maxwell.
a a, t ft
- WWW iiHUh MM'-1
''Jut Itov I.:tas' Ti. .1'.
Qonto' 'TJimiiQliiiiiT" finnilQ I
UUiiLd ruijuuiiiiig,. uuuuu
' .:. V ), ilii.M: ' - !
. ., .... J, l.l.:.
MAIN S TEE El ,
' 1 it . i 1
nXlllexras tourcs ; OlUo.
Before von buy, ro and sec what a nice stock
COU RTSEY APPLETON haw of
Frames, s;: !,';
And be convKeeed tha upia, c.- do better to
liny of ttieul. "
I would resneetmnv- amionnre that I keep
cousiaauy on naua a gomi sujipo
.-.! . ti
Fresh Groceries mid Pro
atlowBgures." TRlfelf MEATS 'ef all kinds
can be had dally.
AT ALL HOURS.
Main Street, opposite the Book Store.
VOU W1L H. GA&D
, .. . AND ... .
TTAVIXG 1TRCHASKD THE GROCERY
aad Provision Store of C. F. Leetr. Main
street, taaad liavtuaf refitted the rooms in food
style, and aiul largely to toe tiock, and Is
mhi' propBraii h Hirnisn an wao Bl" a tot
nim wiiu uietr nxmt viuiweQ tmsgui
uuc ui iraui. iuvi u - . . .
Mi, i i ; ' ? ; !
Sugar, ' Syrups,
Oranges, , , Lemons,
Canned Fruits,. Figs,
All of which will be sold at the
Xbwestvf 3Iarket ; Price!
He also keeps the rerj best brands of
Wines and Liquors,
Suitable for medicinal purposes, which he will
net se li'oy the drink
Give him a call when you want anything in
- 'At the old "Herzer Corner."
Millenburg. O Aug. 1, 1871. Wit
Has Durchaaed the. KiUersbnnr Mi Us and is
now in readiness to accommodate all who may
favor him with
The Mill is one of the rerv best, and no ef
fort will be spared to pleate customers.
FI5UK, ' FEED,-
Kept eoiuUnilf -anfian)!. Hrijbest market
jince paiu jor
All Kinds of Grain.
MUlersbarg, O. - 44 tf
UHlersturg ; Lime Sin!
1 MILE EAST OF TOWN,
ON THE MAXWELL FARM.
THE nsAersigned" would respectfully an
nounce to the public that they have con
stantly on hsu,!, at their kiln, a superior qual
And are prepared to fill all orders promptly.
I lm " MECKER A BURNET.
A. S. L0AVTIIEK,
FASHIONABLE TAILOR !
Jackson St, MiHersburg, O.
Above ' XaxwtlVi Clothing Store.
A hl work entrusted in his hands, will be
made up in the latest style, mortt durable
manner, ami fruarantcod to frive entire satis
faction in every case. Give him a trial.
We are also agent for the Howe Sewing Ma
chine, and keep on hand Keedles, Fixtures and
nmungs ; un ty me Donie or gross.
I . A. O. LIU vf A XT AvIV.
H7 iiiiitMs,naa.MAi11' irtit l4Rt.ivrtinnnf
I we ffave a full supply ofpla"nts on liand.
Tnoe winning to purchase piauw wiuoo wen
to pive us a call. W.e abo Juruish plants and
For the term of three rears, warrantinr them
to trrow. and warrantiux a good stand for the
In thrcftanrtuai majiamuts. VWt fbank thearo-
ple of Holme Hnd Tuscarawas couutit lor
their large patronage, and those wi&luntMo
GOOD HEDGE FENCE !
Will do well to srfve ns the job, as we are ex-
oerienced in the business of Hedge Growing,
and can make a fence iu four jears cnttcient
to turn any stock, and on any soil. Parties get
1 000 Rods or Over 20 per
We hart removed from Walnut creek to
Shanesville, Tuscarawas Co., where we will be
bappy to attena to an oruers.
E. M. TROYER,
Agents wanted ev-
ervwliere. Particulars free.
A. 11. BLA1U A CO., St. Louis. Mo. SI? I
4 Kfi9( iwrday! Agents wanted! Allelas
tj tV Xfse of work i as- DeOole.ol either sex.
Toungfor old, aiake more moncv at work for as
u tliHir .uiiM'.U. or all the time, than at
anything else. Particulars free. Address G.
Stinsoa & Co- rortlaad, Me. . 5yl
!'' j e
NSTANf ANEOUS Relief and Sound tte-
. freshiug Sleep Guaranteed by using my
Instant Relief for Asthma
ft arts inctantlv. rplieTtnr the naroXTSm im
tnHliMti'li'-miiil enahliniFtlie natient to lie down
and sleep. 1 suffered roui this disease .twelve
years, but suffer ho more, and work and sleep
as wen as any one. urranieu u rencie iu
tin M-trst Kent bv mail on receiut ol
trice. One dollar per box. A your nruggist
i d II A a I IIIIUT
S7yi " Rochester, Beaver Co., Pa.
f LQOK OXJTv!
For theifewest'-and Latest Gootts
in the Market.
Grand Rush at Faint Valley.
JTlnvin. Imiiirht out J. B. Phillips, we will
aave the exclusive trade of this place, and to
show the people of this anu surrounding vicin-
wearaseRfmraurxnoirtaway down at tha low
tv Ln.1. wp are in rinm aii'i uicu misiucn.
est iioasiut iirwg piv..r.' . . r
It . i - - -
Hats and Cajts,.
Boots and Shoes,
Heady - Made Clothing,
Prints 10 cts. per yard. ,
1'uluines I ctr.jM5r yunl.
Iresr GomU at Bottom Prices.
Fine sr.ortme!it of V hite Goods.
Bleaoiietl &Iulin lUcU. eryard.
i slen'sCotton Hose, 6 cts. per pair.
Women's Ribbed Uose, 13 ct. er pair.
Plow Poiuts keotconslanllv on hand.
Highest mniket pricpaid for country pro;
JOHN SPENCER & SOU,
Paint Valley, Ohio.
OPENING SPEECH OF
OPENING SPEECH OF Gov. E. F. Noyes,
Delivered at Athens, Ohio,
August 23rd. 1873.
My Fellow Citizens : We inaugur
ate in Ohio to-day the political cam-
paign of 1ST 3, foe. which the State con
ventions have prepared the way, by the
nomination of candidates and the pro
mulgation of platforms. Last year, in
the President!: contest, botl candidates
were selected from the Bepublican par
ty, and both subscribed to declarations
of principles substantially identical.
This year the Democrats have two Gub
ernatorial candidates of their own, and
two platforms npon which to place
them. The old-school Democracy, af
ter several departures and much vacila-
tion, has determined at last to rely npon
its own strength ; to define iu own po
sition ; to pnt upon Its ticket only the
names of recognized members of its
own organization, and to regard all in
terference or dictation on the part of
recent allies as undesirable and imper
tinent. This decision has only been
reached, however, after persistent co
quetting in various quarters, and a se
rious family disturbance in consequence.
The. Liberal Republicans as they are
called remembering the treatment
which their leaders received at the
hands oi Senator Thurman and other
Bourbon magnates, in the Democratic-
Liberal Convention, which assembled
at Columbus after the Presidential elec
tion last fall, were suspicions of new
propositions, and reluctant to enter into
an alliance again with a party wbos
name had so long been associated in
their minds with disloyalty and cor
ruption. They declined to meet the De
mocracy in State Convention, and is
sued a call for themselves, which was
and is denounced as presumptuous and
nsulting. ' "Two hundred and fifty
thousand Democrats are not ready to
sell ont to an Insignificant squad of dis
appointed office - seekers," says the ally
last year. "Your organization is a
stench in the uostrils of all honest
men," reply the Liberal Republicans:
powerless tor good, and doomed to
death, unless you abandon your ancient
name and faith, adapt yourselves to the
living.issues of to-day, and forgetting
the past consent to march forward to
victory, with new leaders, and under
banners which your old men have never
seen."; An impassable ffnlf is therefore
fixed between the two, and each must
now pursue its own way and seek its
fortune as best it can.
But misfortunes rarely come singly
and alone. The alienation of trusted
allies was bad' enough, but the Democ
racy was destined to be yet more sorely
tried. Treason developed itself in their
own camp. Many of the old leaders,
heretofore honored and confided in, re
garded as wise in council and brave in
the field, whose clarion voices had "ral
lied the boys" in many a bard-fought
battle, whose presence was inspiration,
and whose names were a tower of
strength, disgusted with long continued
and unvarying defeat, dissatisfied with
the plan of campaign, conscious of
many and oft repeated mistakes, asham
ed of the past and hopeless for the fu
ture under the old name and manage
ment, marched out of the Democratic
camp, keeping step to the unaccustomed
music, with their eyes fixed on banners
bearing new and strange devices. They
have bivouacked by themselves, and
are inviting recruits from the old army,
and deserters from the Republican
ranks. How powerful this organiza
tion may hereafter prove to be, it is
Impossible now to tell. There are many
reasous why Democrats should join it ;
there are Boiie-st all, why Republicans
should give it countenance. They are
satisfied with their own organization,
and propose to remain with it.
If the time shall ever come when the
Republican party shall be "powerless
for good," as Pugb, Cunningham and
Caldwell, Collins and Ewing say the
LDcmocracy now is, or so far advanced
toward, decay a4. to be, "spoiled," as
Groesbeck says the Democratic party
is, then we may be ready to join some
new departure. But the Republican
party of Ohio stands to-day upon the
history of its achievements for the last
seventeen years, upon its unchanged
position, 4i pon the honesty of its pur
pose and the justice of its cause. It is
united, well organized, and hopeful,
conscious of its strength and carrying
with it the prestige of continued and
almost uninterrupted victory. Practi
cally the fight this fall is between this
powerful organization and its old en
emy, the Democracy, long disheartened
by defeat, despondent on account of
promises broken and hope deferred, di
vided in sentiment as to the best means
of securing future success, and weak
ened by the departure of the young and
progressive Democracy, who, conscious
of" the unpardonable mistakes which
were committed by the leaders of the
party during the war, and which have
been repeated since, would gladly
cape from the memory and odium of
the past, to seek their fortunes under a
new name, and surrounded by new as
sociations. The 30th of July and 6th
of August Conventions should be re
garded as representing the two wings
of the Democratic party in.Ohia; for
although a few influential and reputa
ble' Republicans lor whom I entertain
high respect, took part in the 30th of
July Convention, yet it was controlled
by the Democratic element, and the
name or a lile-lon Democrat was
placed at the head of the ticket. The
great body of the Liberal Republican
party will vote the Republican ticket
no doubt, for the reason that it will be
evident as the campaien progresses,
that the choice is between that party
and the reactionary and unregenerate
Democracy. If the new party shall
succeed iu teaching the old Democracy
that its only remaining mission Is to
die and be buried -out of sight, it will
merit the gratitude of mankind. If
there be such a thing as maintaining
self-respect for steadfastness of purpose
and consistency in wrong doing, our
chief opponents are this year getting
back to a comfortable condition of mind.
For several years they have occupied
most uncertain, and as it seems, unsat
isfactory position. It is hard for any
party to admit, in a formal platform,
that it was wrong and only wrong,
while its opponents were continually
right, aud through an eventful and im
portant crisis in the (country's history.
Yet this the Democracy undertook to
do very ungracefully, to be sure in
the Vallandigham departure after the
war. Last year it went further, and
not only adopted the platform of its
enemies, bnt accepted as its nominee
for the highest office in the gift of the
people, its most relentless and bitterest
re viler, a man who never in his long
and eventful life - uttered one word of
sympathy with any of the distinctive
doctrines of the Democratic party, un
less in advocating the right of secession,
This year they have, at all events, re
turned to their first love, and have
nominated a ticket the Democracy of
which no man will question. In their
Convention not a messenger, a clerk or
candidate was tolerated who had ever
been tinctured with Republicanism,
The ticket is true blue I desire to say
of both Democratic candidates for Gov-
ernor that they are men of undoubted
personal character and ability. Judge
Collins I have known for. many years,
and I respect him very highly. Mr.
Allen I have never seen, but twenty-five
or thirty years ago was a power in Ohio
and in the Nation once an aspirant
for the Presidency. I have no doubt be
now a clcar-headtjfl and worthy uiau.
Of his political opinions and Influence
shall have more to say hereafter. He
the representative of the worst ele
ment of the Democratic party, and still
adheres to its heresies. That party, by
its ticket and its platform, publishes to
the world that it steadfastly holds on to
the dead past, gloats over the misdeeds
of other years, hugs the delusion Which
have led to unilorm disaster, and clings
the old name, for better, for worse,
sickness and in health, until death
shall part them. Nothing but over
whelming defeat, couspicuous of crush
ing, will ever educate this wing of the
party up to an appreciation of the liv
ing questions, the vital issues of the
RAILROADS AND THE FARMERS.
There is a widespread feeling existing
throughout the West and Northwest
among the producing masses that rail
road corporations, by the consolidation
capital, by combinations of manage
ment and the centralization of authori
ty, are exercising for their own advan
tage an undue and pernicious influence
upon the business interests of the coun
try. This feeling is less prominent in
Ohio than in the great grain growing
States farther west, for the reason that
we are rajJBly becoming a manufac
turing State, that we are nearer the
great markets, and that we have sever
al competing lines of railroad leading
the East. But there is dissatisfac
tion among the people of Ohio.
From H. V. Poor's "Railroad Manual
for T873-4, 1 gather the following sum
mary of statistics, detailed statements
four hundred and twenty-five roads
being given in that work. In the Uni
ted States there are :
Miles of railway. 57,323
Cost .- .$3,159,723,057
Cost per mile. . . .-. : 55,110
Gross receipts 473,241,055
Operating expenses 307,486,682
Net earnings- 106,754,373
Dividends paid.. 64,718451
"Total number of miles in operation,
67,104, of which C,427 were built last
year. Some made no returns, others
refuse information. The total earnings
are $11,000,000 more than the receipts
the United States Treasury, and the
net earnings $48,000,000 more than the
Government interest account. The to
tal cost is $900,000,000 more than the
National debt. Thirty-three thousand
nine hundred and thirty-four miles have
been built since 1863."
This statement is. startling, and indi
cates the power which by united effort
could be exerted in our State and na
tion. It is well known that certain
great railroad combinations have for
years controlled the legislation of sev
eral States, in all matters affecting rail
road property and the profits thereof.
It is feared that this influence is be
coming more and more extended, and
more potent; and that, unless speedily
checked, it will endanger the perma
nent welfare and prosperity of our
whole population. I confess I do not
share in the apprehension entertained
by some, that railroads and their offi
cers, or any other aggregations or
wealth and talent, are likely to subvert,
or materially endaneer the liberties of
our people. Injustice and exaction will
be tolerated until they reach a certain
point, and then the evil will be swept
away with a relentless purpose and a
strong hand. In a country and under
government like ours, the people are
patient of extortion and wrong, only
until it presses hard npon them ; when
once aroused they throw off their bur
dens with determination and vigor.
Railroads and the other corporations,
are the creatures of legislation,deriving
their privileges from the peopleind re
sponsible to the people that the rights
so acquired shall be nsed for the accom
modation and benefit of the public. The
contract implied in a grant to an accept
ance of a charter by a railroad corpora
tion is, that in return for special privi
leges it shall so use its authority as to
promote the comfort, convenience aud
material prosperity of the power that
grants the charter, namely, the people.
It the railroad compauy seeks to violate
this agreement, it would be strange, in
deed, if there were no authority, any
where, to restrict and control it. That
such power exists I have no manner of
doubt. Our trouble has been, and is
likely to be, not so much with local
roads, having their termini within the
limits of a single State, as with the
through trunk lines,extending far across
the country, and holding charters irom
a number of State Legislatures.
What is everybody's business is no
body's. As no one State can control
the whole line, no one attempts to con
trol any part ; and so the railroads do as
they please, without let or hinderance.
In the first place, I have no doubt that
Congress, under the authority to regu
late commerce between the States, has
full and ample power to fix rates of
transportation, and to make such other
regulations as the courts of justice
would pronounce fair and equitable.un
der the contract iinpled by the charter.
In my judgment, therefore,the simplest
and probably the most satisfactory way
to remedy the evils complained of.would
be to have the whole matter disposed of
by Comrressional enactment. Mr.Shel-
labarger, of this State, introduced such
a measure into the last Congress, and
when the Ohio Legislature was asked
to strengthen his hands by resolutions
favoring the bill, the Democratic mem
put themselves solidly against
But it might happen that Congress
would tail in this duty under influences
such as have been known heretofore
sometimes to affect Congressmen, what
then ? In such eases undoubtedly the
State Legislatures which granted the
charters, would have power to provide
a remedy. It is certainly a matter
within the providence of the people to
elect such members of the State Legis
lature and of Congress, as can be trust
ed to do their whole duty, and with in
telligence enough to know what that
duty is. If the peosle themselves are
careless or indifferent as to the charac
ter of those they elect to represent them
they have no right to complain.
One cause of dissatisfaction has been
the lack of uniformity in the rates of
transportation. Many railroads are ac
customed to transport passengers and
fricght for long distances, between their
termini, at a much less rate per mile
than is charged for intermediate points-
The reason is obvious. Between the
distant points there is generally in
such cases competition, and.corjsequent
cutting of rates to secure business. The
rivalry is often so great as to leave no
margin for profits, over and above run
ning expenses. In order therefore to
secure dividends for the stockholders,
the loss is to be made up by exclusive
charges for shorter distances, and be
tween points where there are no com
peting lines. This evil ought to be
But in my judgement there is a great
er wrong than this. I mean the little
Credit Mobilier organizationsnside the
railroad corporations, composed whol
ly or for the most part of the officers of
the company, who, under the name of
Fast Freight lines, or other designation
contract with themselves,realize enorm
ous profits, and enrich themselves at
the expense of the stock-holders or the
public, or both. Such organizations
ought, if possible, to be prohibited by
law, and the officers of railroad compan
ies should be prevented from speculat
ing out of the trust positions they oc
cupy at the expenses of the people who
are at their mercy.
Among the ways proposed to secure
cheap transportation, is the opening up
of the great national highways the riv
ers and lakes. These being improved
and connected, where necessary, by
canals. The improvement of the Ohio
and its tributaries is certainly worthy of
our efforts. Whether a grand canal, or
system of water communication, reach
ing to the ocean,would bring us.n Ohio
a return equal to the cost, has yet to be
There should be no indiscriminate
and wild crusade against railroads. They
should be encouraged, and allowed fair
compensation for the capital invested
and the risks encountered. They have
been, and will continue to be, of incal
culable benefit to our people. They
should simply not be permitted to
abuse their privileges,or to oppose those
they were intended to assist. What
would the great State of Ohio have been
to-day without the introduction of rail
roads? We want more, and must have
them. We are anxiously waiting for
the completion of that grand enterprise,
theCincinnati-Southern Railroad, which
Is to open up for our farmers,mechanics
and merchants the ready markets of the j
South, now completely cut off from us.
The produts of our coal fields aud iron
mountains must be brought nearer to
purchasers anxious to buy. Our rapid
ly increasing and swift growing towns
and cities must be put in easy commu
nication with the trade centers. The
farmers in the agricultural districts
must be able to reach with their pro
duce the mechanics in the towns. As
the cities grow the country thrives.
The most reliable of all markets is the
home market, and it will not be long
before the Ohio farmer can sell all he
raises, at fair and remunerative prices,
within the limit of his own State. We
already import wheat from home con
snmption. Soon we shall want corn
and other articles of food. Not many
hence, the question with us will be, not
where shall the farmers find a
market, and how be shall get there at
cheap rates of transportation, but how
shall wencrease production to supply
the local demand ? The science of agri
euttur: will be studied and practiced
until the earth shall yield her bounties
fourfold to the thrifty, intelligent,pros
perous and happy laborers in the fields.
There is no war between the farmer and
mechanic ; there ought to be no conflict
between capital and labor. Each should
help the other,that all might prosper to
Politicians have looked with more or
less concern upon the organization of
farmers' clubs in the Western States,
lest by some possibility they may here
after be used for or against some aspir
ing statesman. I am free to say I can
no reason why such associations
should not be formed. We have legal
aud medical, ministerial and trade as
sociations, and why not farmers' as
well? I have confidence that the agri
culturists are as sensible as other peo
ple, and I do not believe they can be
used by designing men for personal
ends, or for any purpose other than for
their own and thepublicgood. Worthy
and reputable public men need not fear
their influence. If only bad men are
retired by their action, no harm will
be done. By well organized and pro
per associations, intelligent farmers
can impart valuable information to
their neighbors. When any important
interest requires an advocate, the ablest
representative can be selected to present
the case. There is no reason why such
organizations should degenerate Into
political machines, any more than in
the case of lawyers, doctors and clergy
men. The farmers and mechanics of
Ohio will soon have their own college,
open and free to all, where their sons
can be educated for lives of usefulness
either for the occupations of their fath
ers, or for any other honorable avoca
cation in life. As the means of know!
dege mutiply, we hope and believe the
standard of intelligence will be elevat
ed, and that prosperity and happiness
will abound In proportion to the privi
It is gratifying to know that the value
of farming lauds in Ohio has increased
more than two hundred per cent, in the
last ten years. The value of farm pro
ducts amounts to $200,000,000 annually,
I see it estimated that at present one-
half the amount raised is exported
bringing a return to the farmer of about
seven per cent, on tils investment, ex
clusive of rent and subsistence. This,
to be sureyloes not.equal the exception
profits in some other kinds of business,
but on the other hand, it is not subject
to the risks wich always attend ppon
employments of capital when great re
turns are sometimes realized. I believe
the farmers of Ohio are contented and
happy. I trust the future has in store
for them increased rewards for their la
bor, abundant returns for their invest
ments, multiplyed comforts and unex
VALUE OF THE FARMING INTEREST.
The present cash value of Ohio is set
down at $1,05417626; the value of
farming implements at $25,692,787; the
wages paidncluding the value of board
amounts to $16,480,768 ;the annual value
of all farming productions is $198,256,-
907; orchard products, $5,843,679; pro
duce of market gardens, $1,289,272; the
number of acres improved is 14,469433 ;
woodland, 6,883,575 acres : unimproved,
other than woodland, only 259,712
It will be seen that almost our entire
State, except the necessary woodland, Is
now nnder cultivation. As I before re
marked, it will, ere many years, be nec
essary woodland, is now under cultiva
tion. As I before remarked, it will, ere
many years, be necessary to largely in
crease production, in order to supply
the home demand. The prospect for
our farmers is hopeful and cheering.
Of the Credit Mobilier matter, it is
only necessary to say that it was an un
mitigated swindle of the Government,
without excuse or palliation. The
whole thing was corrupt in its incep
tion and scandalous in its outcome.
Some good men, who probably meant
no evil and intended no wrong, were
inveighled into it by designing rascals,
and some bad men engaged in it for per
sonal gain, no doubt, knowiug its char
acter fully. It is to be hoped that the
blasted and ruined reputations which
have been the result of the Credit Mo
bilier investigation and exposure-will
be a warning for the future, so that
Congressmen will hereafter be slow to
engage in speculations, regarding mat
ters upon which they may be called to
legislate, whatever be their character.
It is certainly a healthful sign of the
times that official misconduct, meets
with such general condemnation among
all classes and conditions of men. It is
the pride of the Republican party
that, without fear or favor, it was
the first to move investigation and
the most persistent in pressing in quiry
to the bitter end. It attempted no con
cealments and covered no man's crimes,
but permitted the guilty to suffer, and
itself applied the lash. Its ability and
willingness to do this is the surest in
dication that the party is still pure, pat
riotic and worthy of the confidence that
it has so long enjoyed. It came into
existence to right the wrongs of mill
ions. It lives to vindicate truth and
justice, to maintain the good cause, to
expose and punish corruption and evil
wherever it finds them. There is no
man so loved and trusted among its
leaders but he will be thrust aside the
moment be proves recreant to his duty.
There is no name so high aud honored
that it will not be blotted out whenever
it is disgraced. So long as the party
thus maintains iu purity and Independ
ence, it will continue in power and will
increase in usefulness.
Some of our Democratic brethren
especially the Cincinnati Enqui:
seem to be very much exercised and
troubled, because the Republican con
vention of Ohio did not Incorporate in
its platform a resolution relating to the
tariff. I cannot on this occasion
take the time necessary to consider the
length, but I desire to say very frankly
the Republicans are not altogether
agreed about it. I doubt if It can ever
again be made a party question in this
country. Men's opinions regarding it
depend largely upon the localities where
they live, aud the employments in
which they are engaged. There are
counties in this State where the Dem
ocrats are all for a protective tariff.
There are other counties where the Re
publicans are in favor of a revenue tar
iff purely, with out reference to protec
tion. It is interesting, however, to no
tice the consistency and harmony of
the Democracy . regarding it. The 6th
of August convention says of the Dem
ocratic thirty :
"It iusists that our tariff laws should
be framed with a view to revenue, aud
not to tax the community for the bene
fit of particular industries."
Now if this means anything, it means
that the idea of protection should not
be entertained at all, for the reason that
its operation is oppressive and wrong.
And yet the Democratic National Con
vention of 1S6S, which certainly was
supposed to speak for the party, de
That we are in favor of a tariff for
revenue upon foreign imports,and such
equal taxation under the law at will
afford incidental protection to domestic
manufactures, and as will, without im
pairing the revenue, impose the least
burden, and best promote and encour
age the great industrial interests of the
And the National Conventions at
Cincinnati and Baltimore last year,
agreed to leave the whole matter to the
several Congressional Districts.
Now, my friends, what is Democracy ?
The fact is, that the tariff planks in the
platforms of all parties are usually
mere dodges, so framed as to mean any
thing or nothing, as one of another
may choose to have it. The Republi
can Convention this year acted wisely
in not repeating this folly. The tariff
necessary for the revenue, aud which
will be required for many years to come,
is sufficient for all purposes. It should
be so distributed as to do the greatest
good to the greatest number; not to
enrich the few at the expense of the
many, but so as to give employment
aud good wages to labor, as well as fair
returns for capital invested. How this
distribution shall be made will vary
with circumstances, and always de
mands careful consideration and ex
tensive knowledge of facts. It is pos
sible that present laws could be im
proved, but even under these we are
prospering very well.
There are many other topics which I
should be glad to discuss did time per
mit, but they must be postponed for
some other occasion during the cam
I had the honor to express my views
upon the subject of National Banks and
the Indian policy of the administration
last year and two years ago, in speeches
which were published. I have seen no
reason to change the opinions then held
and do not care to repeat them here.
In conclusion, permit me to say, the
fight this fall is no boys' play. The
Democrats will all vote at the next elec
tion ; and their hope is that by oar lo
cal differences here and there and our
over-confidence, they may profit to the
extent of being able to secure the next
Legislature. They do not expect to
carry the State ticket, and care but very
little about it- Their candidate for
Governor was nominated because he
was the friend of Allen G. Thurman,
not because they wanted or expected
him to be Governor. If all who de
sire the success of the Republican cause
will work and vote, our State ticket
will have a handsome majority on the
2nd Tuesday of October, and the Legis
lature will be ours. To secure success
we must have organization and labor;
carelessness and apathy would be fatal.
Tbanklnjf the Republicans of Ohio
for the support heretofore given to me,
look forward with confidence to the
result of this campaign.
[From the Danbury News.]
How a Danbury Man Caught
Mr. Gobleigh, of Nelson St, bought
three hens, Saturday night, and put
them under a box until he could build
coop. Sunday morning he saw one
them in the street, and bestowing a
brief curse on the somebody who bad
overturned the box and jeopardized his
property, he started out after it, to drive
back into the yard. It took fifteen
minutes to convince him that that ben
could not be driven into that yard, and
then be attempted to catch it. Three
times he rose up with his bauds full of
feathers, and his chin full of sand, but
still that hen eluded him. Once he got
cornered, and thought sure be had it
but it flew straight up over his head,and
flapped its wings in his face, and filled
his eyes with dust. O, how mad Mr.
Gobleigh was. It was Sunday morning.
The bells were ringing, people were
starting to church, aud there he was in
the street, with no coat, or hat on, and
with nothing but slippers on his feet,
and every once in a while one of them
would come off and fly through the air,
and his naked foot would come in con
tact with the cruel gravel, before he
could stop himself. Then he would
have to hop back on one foot after that
slipper, while the hen stood on the walk
and elocuted and the little Sunday
schoolchildren stopped and laughed,
and their parents approved them and
laughed, too. Finally the hen got
away from him and started down street
a wonderful speed for a hen, and he
started after her, his face redder than
ever, and every time he cleared arod.he
would stop and hop back after one of
those slippers. When he reached the
corner of Essex street, he jumped outof
both slippers at once, but instead of
stopping to go back, he picked up a stick
of wood and kept on. Then as the hen
dodged into a gateway he hurled the
stick, and broke the leg of a strange dog
which added its piercing "klyi," to the
entertainment. But Cobleigh didn't
stop. Ho tore into the yard after his
property, in his bare feet, and chased
his ben into a wood-pile aud eaugbt it,
just as the owner of the premises came
out and wanted to know what Cobleigh
was going to do with his hen, and what
he meant, anyway, getting drunk: and
kicking up such a hullabaloo in a peace
ful neighborhood. Cobleigh first
thought he would knock the man down
with an ax, and what he could not eat
of him bury him under the barn, but
the new-comer succeeded in proving
to Cobl--igh that the hen was his, and
then the miserable man burst into
tears, and limped back home, where he
found the three hens under the box.
To Know Just What to Do.
It is a good thing to know just what
to do when a man faints away and falls
down on the street. A pedestrian fell
down on Monroe avenue yesterday, be
ing just oft a sick bed, and it was won
derful how many men iu the crowd
knew exactly what was the best thing
to do. One called for brandy, another
waved the crowd back, another shouted
"police" and "Coroner," a fourth
brought a bucket of water from a sa
loon, and all the others crowded in as
closely as possible, and began wonder
ing if the man had his life insured
Some wanted to throw water on the
victim, and others thought that his
boots ought to be removed, and "the
man with the slop-pail fell down in it,
and jumped up and kicked tX a lame
boy. Two boys were sent for a doctor,
but didu't go, and a market-woman
crowded in and told them to raise the
man's head. Some one put a brick un
der bis neck, and another general call
was made for whisky, camphor, gin,
soda, pop, root beer, ginger ale, vinegar,
water, and lager. Nothing was brought
and after a few minutes the man open
ed bis eyes, gave his name, and asked to
be taken home. After he had departed
a doctor ari ived, a Coroner came puffing
along, and the crowd came near having
a fight as to who was entitled to the
honor of saving the man's life. Dttroil
A Good Retort.
The following story, it is said, was
told by Hook, of a gentleman driving
his Irish servant in a cab, and saying
to him jocularly, half in anger:
'Now, if the gallows had its due, you
rascal, where would you be now ?"
"Faith, then, your Honor, it's riding
in the cab I'd be, all alone by myself,
There is a livery-stable keeper who
won't let his horses to anybody without
exacting a promise that "he will drive
slow." One day a youth, who wanted
to go to a funeral, applied to the livery
maa for a horse. "My friend, you can
have oue if you will agree to drive
slow." "Well, see here, I'm going to
a funeral, and I'm bound to keep up
with the procession if it kills the
.A merchant who has a class iu Sun
day school asked, "What is solitude?"
aud was visibly disturbed when a mis
erable boy answered: . "The store that
Scene in Court: Judge "Have you
anything to offer to the Court before
sentence is oassed on ton!" Prisoner
"No, Judge; I had ten dollars, out
my lawyers took that."
Holmes Co. Republican,
nvtiaajl . tka - - - - al ' -at, ,..
Party, to Holme County, and to local aad reav
WHITE & CUNNINGHAM.
EDITORS AND PBOrBIXTOBa.
OFFICE Commercial Block, over Mill
Term of Subscription:
One year (la advance) -
T ob Px-ija.ti.xxaV.
amHwu rfoD jrnnnag mnew am
Itau? furnished country offices ia th
The surest way to get on in life ia
to grow old. .
When is a bow not s bow? When
it is a bow-knot.
What none of us ever drank from
the tap of a drum.
A man is obliged to keep his word
when nobody will take it.
If you are not in a driving storm,
don't attempt to hold the rains.
When is a clock on the stairs
dacgeroas? When it runs down.
When is water most liable to es-
cape? w nen it is oniy nau-uue.
A younz lady in Elyria is learning ,
the carpenter's trade.
Five women have applied for seats
in the Graphic balloon.
Professor Wise is counting his
days on earth.
Darwin is a member of the Church
Shakespeare has had a sewing
machine named after him.
. At Favette, Mo., four deaths hare
taken place from cholera.
The soldier's monument at Erie
A Western editor says that no
man who has paid regularly for his
paper was rer bitten by a mad dog.
The Atwater Coal Company has
reduced its capital from $200,000 to
The bov with the big watch said
the time hung heavy in his hands.
There are various stations in life;
but the least desirable is a police
When is a lady like a show win
dow? When she takes great pains
with her sash.
A genius is popularly supposed to
be one who can do anything except
make a lmng.
Love matches are often formed by
people who pay for a month of hon
ey with a life of vinegar. .
Why are your eyes like friends :
separated by distant climes? They
correspond but never meet.
We are told that nothing is made
in vain dui now aooub a prewar
girl? Isn't she maiden vain.
It is said that there never was an
honest red-breast; is always a rob-,
A girl at Anoka, Minn-, disposed
otherself lately by drinking kero
sene instead of lighting the fire with
"What is yonr secret?" asked a
lady of Turner, the distinguished
Dainter. He replied, "I have no se
cret, madam, but hard work.
To ring all the possible changes
on twelve bells at the rate of two
strokes a second, will take ninety- '
one years, while those possible on
twenty-four would require 117,000
billions of years. -
Liverpool has the most complete
sewerage system of all the large cit
ies in Great Britain, and yet the
death rate is proportionally higher
than that of any other municipality
in the kingdom.
Owing to the bad sanitary condi
tion of the miners' home in Eng
land, the average length of life
among them is between twenty-one
and twenty two years.
Near Fort Negley, Tennessee,may
be seen a fcnce,the pailings of which
are made entirely of tail boards of
deceased government wagons which
figured during the late unpleasantness.
The colony of 30,000 Mennonites,
or Kussian "Baptists with Quaker
customs, which is to settle in ' Kan
sas, will not by any means be the first
representatives of these people which
have emigrated to this country. As .
far back as 1CS3 and 1708 communi
ties of Mennonites were established
in various parts of Pennsylvaniai
notably in Philadelphia and German
town. They have, since widely
spread, and are now to be found in
New York, Ohio, Maryland, and
Canada, numbering altogether, per
haps, 150,000 souls. The origin of
the sect dates back to the beginning
of the seventeenth, century, when a
certain Menno Simants, from whose
first name it derives its appellation,
founded it in Holland. Successive
colonizations and emigrations else
where established the Mennonites
in the course of time in almost every
country in Europe. They are an or
derly and industrious peopie,ana al
though possessed of some peculiar
beliefs and convictions, mace excel
lent citizens. Among their opinions
it mar be mentioned that they are
opposed, like the Quakers, to oaths
ana to war, ana also to capital pun
ishment, and discourage, as also
do the Quakers, the marriage of
their members to persons who are
WHAT BECOMES OF THE FRUIT.
Those inauisitive people who
want to know what becomes of all
the fruits and vegetables that are
grown, gathered but not consumed,
are answered by the Journal of Ap
plied Chemistry, which paper, after
mncb careful laouiauug, states mas
in 1S72 12,000,000 cans of peaches
were packed, 18,000,000 cans of
tomatoes put up, and 8,000,000 cans
of corn preserved for table use in
the fall and winter months. So pop
ular and profitable has this preserv
ed canning or, vegetables and fruit
become, that the amount of crops of
this kind preserved this year will
exceed 1872. In addition to this
summer business of preparing can
ned delicacies are to be added the
preserved lobsters of Maine and the
many millions or oysters wnico ine
State of Maryland prepares for mar
ket every winter. In the important
trade of the luxuries which serve
our tables so acceptably all the year
round, there has not been any rree
trade suggestion of inipoiting at a
lower figure than nouie proaucing
now costs us. Indeed, many cans
of vegetables and fruits are annually
exported, and this trade,too, is be
"Why do you set your cup of coffee
on the chair, Mr. Jones i" said a worthy
landlady one morning, at breakfast.
"It is so very weak, ma'am, 1 thought
I would let it rest." - - '