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ESTABLISHED A. D. 32(5.
MILLEHSmJUU, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, A1AHCH 1), m)s
NEW SERIES-VOL. 22-NO. 4.
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Ei' w ,i mir wi
LET US ALL HELP ONE ANOTHER.
Let us H help one another,
AnJ a heart of kindness chow,
As dou time's flowing river
In tba boat of lire we rowi
For, though rough may be the weather,
And the sky be overcast,
If we only pull toother,
We ran brave the storm at laat.
t,ct us till help one another,
In misfortune's wintry day,
And be kinder still as ever,
Earth's best gift are matched away.
When bright fortune gilds the morrow,
Hollow hearts will fawn and cling;
But when comes the night and sorrow,
Only true hearts coinlort biing.
Let us all help one another,
And do good where'er we can
Who witholds the hand of kindness
Scarce deserves the name of loan;
For the one great law of natnro,
Which wax meant mankind to bless,
Did? us help a follow creature,
When we find him in distress.
A GOOD DAY'S WORK.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
"I've done One Rood day's work, if
never do another," said Mi-. Barlow, rub
bing his hands together, wisely, and with i
tho air ot a man who lull very mueu
pleased with himself.
"And so have I." Sirs. Barlow's voice
was in a lower tone, and less exultant,
yet indicative of a spirit at peace with it
self. "Let us compare notes," snid Mr. Bar
in the confident manner of one who
knows that triumph will be on his side,
"and see which has done tho best days
"You, of course," returned the gentle
"We shall see. Let tho history of
your day's doings precede mine."
"No,"' said Mrs, Barlow, "you shall
give the first experience."
"Very well." And full of Lis subject,
Mr. Barlow began:
"You remember the debt of Warfield
abont which I spoke a few days ago?"
"I considered it desperate would have
old out my entire interest at thirty cents
on the dollar when I left home this morn
ing. Now the wholo claim is secure. I
had to scheme a little. It was a sharp
practice. But the thins is done. I don't
believe that another creditor of Warfield's
will get a third of his claim."
"The next, operation," continued Mr,
Barlow, "1 cousider quite as good. About
ayeai ago I took fifty acres of land in
Erie county, for debt, at a valuation of
five dollars an acre. I sold it to day for
ten. I don't think tho man knew r?t
what he was buvintr. He called to see
me about it, and I nuked ton dollars an
acre at a ventuie, when ho promptly
laid down one hundred dollars to bind
the bargain. If I should never see him
again, 1 am all right. That is transac
tion number two. .Number three is as
ideasaut to remember. I sold a lot of
iroods, almost a year out of date, to
vounir country merchant, for cash, lie
thinks he has a bargain; and perhaps he
has; but I would have let tlieni go at any
time during the past sis months at a loss
of thirty per cent., and thought the sale a
"Now, there is my good day's work,
Jenny, and it is ono to bo proud of.
take some credit to myself for being, upon
the wholo, a pretty bright sort of a man,
and bound to ko through. Let us have
your 6tory uow."
Tho face of Mrs. Barlow flushed slight
ly. Her husband waited lor a lew mo-
merits, and then said:
'Lot us hear of tho yards of stitching,
aud tho piles of arood things made
"No nothing of that," answered Mrs,
Barlow, with a slight veil ot feeling cov
eririK her pleasant voice, "I had another
meaning when I spoke of having accom
jlishod a good day's work. And now, as
ruy doings will bear no comparison with
yours, 1 tljiak of declining their rehear
"A bargain is a bargain, Jenny," said
Mr. Barlow "Word-keeping is a car
dinal virtue. So let your story be told.
xoti nave done a good day a work in
yonr own estimation, for you said to.
Go on. I am all attention."
Mrs. Barlow still hesitated. But, after
a little more urgiug, sho began her story
of a good day s work. Her voice was
little subdued, and there was an evident
shrinking from the subject about which
alio felt constrained to speak.
"I resolved last night," said bIio, "af
ter passing some hours of self-exam
ination and self-upbraidings, that I would
for one day, try to possess my soul in pa
tience. And this day has been the trial
dav. Shall I go on?"
Mrs. Barlow looked up with a timid,
bait-bashful air at horhusband. She did
not meet bis eyes, for he had turned part
"Yes, dear Jenny, go on." Tho hus
band's buoyancy of toue was gone. In
its place was something teudor and pen
"Little Eddy was unusually fretful this
morning, as you will remember. He
seemed perverse, I thought cross, as we
call it. 1 was tempted to speak harshly
two or three times; but, remembering my
good resolution I put on the armor of
patience, and never let hira hear a tone,
Dear, little follow! When I went to
wash him, after breakfast, 1 found just be
land one ot his ear, a small inflamed
boil. It has made him slightly feverish
and worrysome all day. Oh, wa-m t
glad that patience had ruled my spirit)
"Alter you went away to the store,
Mary got into one of her cross perverse
humors, blieduln t want to go to school
to begin with; then she couldn't find her
elate; and then her shoo pinched her,
felt very much annoyed; but recalling my
pool resolution, I met herinitatiou with
calmness, her willfulness with patiout ad
pji nitiwu, her stublom temper with gen-J
tlo rebuke; and so 1 conquered. She
kissed me, and started for school with
cheerful countenance, her slate in her
satchel, and thn pinching shoe unheeded.
And so I had my reward.
lint tny trials were not over, borne
extra washing was neoded. So I called
Ellen, and told bcr that Mary would re
quire a frock and two pairs of drawers
to be washed out, the baby some slips,
aud you some pocket-handkerchiols. A
saucy refusal leaped from tho girl's quick
tongue, and indignant words to mine.
Patience! patience! whispered a small still
voice. I stifled, with an effort, my feel
ings, restrained my speech, and controll
ed my countenance. Very calmly, as to
all exterior signs, did 1 look into fit leu s
face until she dropped her eyes to the
floor in confusion.
"You muat Lav forgotten yourself,'
said I, with some dignity cf manner, yet
without a sign of irritation. She was
humbled at once; confessed the wrong,
and begged my pardon. I forgave her,
after reproof, and she went back to tho
kitchen, somothyc wiser, I think, than
when I stimmoiiy her. The washing I
required has been done, and well done;
anil tho girl has seemed all day as if she
were endeavoring to atone, by kindness
and service, for that hasty spoech. If I
mistake not, we wore both improved by
the discipline through which wo passed.
"Other trials I have had through the
day. Somo of them quite as severe as tho
few I have mentioned; but the armor ol
patience was wholo when the sun went
down. I was able to possess my sonl in
peace, and tho conquest f self has made
me happier. This is my day's work. It
may not seem much in your eyes."
Mr. Barlow did not look up nor speak
as tho voico of his wife crew silent. She
waited almost a minute for his response
Then he bent forward, suddenly, and
kissed her, saying, as ho did so
"Mine was work, yours a battle mine
success, yours conquest mine easy toil,
yours heroism! Jenny, dear, since you
have been talking, 1 have thought thus:
My Rood work has soiled my garments,
while yours are without a stain, and white
as angel robes, moving monitor! may
your lesson of to-night make me a better
man. lour good day s worn gives a
Glad to get Home.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati
Times lately alluded to a number of ne
gro fugitives who were voluntarily return
ing to their masters. A second letter
horn the steamer on winch they were,
dated at Napoleon, Arkansas, tnado this
further mention ot them :
"The negroes returning into slavery,
mentioned in my last loiter, disembarked
at this point. So desirous were they to
get on shore, that they could hardly be
restrained from ltiinpint! lrom tho boat
before Bhe had landed. Their eyes spar
kled, and tbey grinned from one ear to
the other at tho prospect of once more
rcturniuK to their old homes. Une ol tho
women exclaimed :
" 'Brcss God ! l'se home now, and no
one'll eber catch dis child gwino 'way
aguin; l'se gwine to stay homo, I is !' and
she fairly dancod in the exuberance of
hor feelings. On the wharl-bout they
were met by one whom I look to be their
owner, who received them cordially, and
was evidently delighted to see them, lie
examined them quite critically, and
heard him say to ono :
" 'Why, Jane, you don't look so hear
ty as you did you ain't sick, are you ?
" 'No, Massa, 1 ain't sick as I knows
on, but I'h mighty tired and worried,
anil dis child wants to get home.'
"They were evidently well known in
Napoleon, for many came up and shook
hands with them whilo they remained on
the wharf boat. One of tho passengers
informed ino that yesterday he was stand-
lug by ono of the colored wuinen, who
was busily ironing. All at onco sho
stopped, and throwing up her arms, ex
" 'Oh golly, isn't I glad I's near home!'
"So much for the returned slaves, who
tasted the 'sweets of liberty,' but, in
comprehonsible to rabid Abolitionists
preferred tho bitters of slavery."
A Rich Scesb in Conuresb. "Ion,
Washington correspondent of tho Du
buque Times, gives the following account
ot a rich scene in the House during tho
last ballot for Speaker, which we have
not seen published before:
"During the progress of the ballot.
many ludicrous scenes transpired. One,
in particular, I will mention, which ex
cited a great deal of mirth. As Barks
dale was urging all the Opposition ele
ments to unite on McCleruand, a lady in
one of the front seats in the gallery was
observed to become very much excited.
She coughed, made sigus, and by other
moans attempted to attract the attention
of a member below. Not succeeding,
she leaned far over the balcony, and in
an audiblo whisper exclaimed, 'David !
David 1 1 change your vote, you booby!'
Tho honorable member looked up, rec
ognized his bettor half, colored, hesitated
stammered, and then' instantly changed
his seat. A small, delicate fist was
shaken at hiiu lrom tho gallery,
amid the suppressed mirth of the spectators."
A Pbupest Dauohter. One of our
citizens who has taken some pride for
several years in cultivating a full crop of
hair on his face, was called away from
homo on business somo time sinco.
While absent an inexperienced barber
spoiled his whiskers in trimming them,
which so chagrined him that he directed
the bather to make a clean job of it by
shaving whiskors and moustache both off.
The barber obeyed, aud our friends face
was as smooth and delicate as when ho
was in his teens. Ho returned home iu
the night. Next morniug his little girl
did not recognize him on waking up.
Looking over hor mother, and seeing, as
bhe upposed, a stranger in the bod, she
romarkod in her childish simplicity, "Mis
ter, get out or here ; i n tell pa on yon
when she comes homo." Cunnersville
( Ay. ) Times.
A Disconsolate Widow.
After nine miles of the most lonesome,
dreary and hilly road that ever mortal
traveled, 1 came in sight of what I
supposed to bo the widow's house. It
a low cabin at the foot of the lull,
a tremendous oak in front of it. I
somebody sitting under the tree, and,
I approached nearer, I discovered that
was a woman, with her face buried in
hands, and weeping violently. As
as I reached the spot, I addressed
somewhat in the following manner:
"I do not wish to be impertinent, mad
am, but I feel some concern to know what
t" matter with you?"
Oh! boo-hoo-ec! Itoo-oo-boo-hool"
"My doar madam, what is the matter?
demanded, becoming really concerned
the manuer in which she was acting.
kept up her agony of distress, wbilo
gronp of six or seven children began to
eome from tho neighboring bushes and
gathor closely around her.
"Madam," I cried, "in tho name of
that's good, tell me what ails you!"
Oh, stranger, she exclaimed, rais
her eyes, bloodshot with weeping,
my boo-hoo-hus-boo-band ls-boo-hoo
I" and sho again relapsed into her
ot weeping. I was truly allcclcd by
poor woman's distress, and, though
poor sinner myself, I could not re
frain from offering her some consolation
My dear madam, do not givo up m
distress. Heaven has promised to be a
husband to tho widow and a father to the
fatherless. Cheer up, my good woman;
clond may be dark, but the enn will
cveutually dissipato it. You may have
labor hard for your children, but
Heaven will aid you."
"I hat arn t nothing, stranger, ex
claimed the woman, "as fur the children,
havn't cot but seventeen, an' I make
support for thim easy enough. Heaven
mount be my husband, an' I has no
doubt he'd make a mighty good husband
but I want a sure mil husband, a real
live one like my poor John was afore he
diod. Poor John poor John! Oh, me!
When I had listened to this speech,
there was something so absolutely and
purely original in itsrediculous ideas tint
could not help laughing at the mourner.
As soon as possiblo I recovered myself
changed my tactics.
" ell, madam, " 1 said, "if that's all.
for Heaven's sake dou'tgive yourself any
moro trouble. There are plenty of mon
tho world; surely you cun get another
'I mount got another husband, stran
ger, but, oh! I couldn't find nary 'nother
like John poor Johu! poor John! oh,
What was there remarkablo about
him, ma'am? If ho was uncommouly
likely, there are plenty of handsome men
left in the world. If ho was an extraor
dinary strong man, I know of some gi
ants in strength. Was ho good, kind
aud gentlo, there are such still loft upon
earth? Was he a man of extraordinary
intellect, wisdom or genius, depend upon
there are others equal to him. Depend
upon it, that no matter what extra gift
may have possessed, with patience and
lull ire n ce you mav find another to smooth
the rough way of life for you, and fill the
vacancy which distresses you so."
"Oli, stranger, returned the woman,
"I know it's your kind heartedness what
makes you speak so, but 'taint worth
while; John wasn t nothin extraor nary
none o them tilings as you speak ot.
But still I never, no never! I know I can
nover find tho likes 'o John again on
yurth. Oh, John! poor Johu! boo-
"Well, madam, I have guessed till I'm
tired. What was thero about Johu so
"Markbull?" she exclaimed; "why,
stranger, John was the best tiddler on
yurth. How he would lay back behind
his fiddle, anil roll his beautiful head
about from side to side, as he playod
"Sugar in do Gourd,' 'IMg in de Tatur
Patch,' 'Old Dan Tucker,' and all them
tunes! Just to think! It ha'nt been a
month since he sit right here under this
tree and played for me while I got up
and danced just this way to that good
'0h, she wouldn't and she couldn't, aud she
wo jldn'i conic at nil !
Te urn turn didle dum doodle addey duy!"
And hero the woman jumped up and cut
two or three difficult steps half way be
tween the pigeon wing and the old Vir
ginia back step whilo she sang the above
tune? thou falling, she screamed iu ag
ony of distress
And now he's gone! dtad! Oh,
I gazed at the woman for ono moment,
and then I told her I knew some very
good fiddlers. Sho immediately became
ralm, and looking up into my face with
an inquiring glanco, she said
"Stranger, maybe you is a good fid
dler; I'll go and get John's Fiddle! '
And off she started for the house. As
soon as she was out cf sight, I struck
spurs to my horse.
row understand the depth of such feel
ing as that.
Loup Bacon frequently told the fallow
lowing: A proud, lazy young follow once came
to an old man who sold brooms, aud
asked for a broom ou credit; to whom
tho old man said,
"Friend, hast thou no money?"
"No," replied tho other.
"Then thee better borrow of thy back,
borrow of thy belly they'll never ask
thee again; I bhall be dunning thee every
Laws of Leap Ykar. A Scotish
statute of 1228, reads as follows : "It is '
statue and orduint that during the reiue of
her uiaist blissit Magcstio, ilk forth year,
known as leap year, ilk maiden laydo of
baith high andlowestait, shall have liber
ty to bespeak ye man she likes ; albyit,
if be refuses to tuke her to be his wife, he
shall be muclted in ye sura of one pound
(1) or less as bi uttait moi be, except
and an is if be can make it appear that he
is betrothed to ane woman, that ha then
shall be free."
A "Keerful Shepherd."
Mormonism is still in practical opera-1
amongst us. A few days since a:
tall, raw-boned Saint, with a complexion .
very strongly resembling that of boiled '
tripe, arrived here from Pittsburgh with j
couple of wives, but deeming his Hock I
small to start nail L.aKewarri with, j
held forth as follows to an admiring au
dience, at a house over the canal, with a
view to the completion of his domestic
felicity. His text was;
"Men is skeerce, and Woemen is Plen
ty." "Brother and SiBtorn peiticeler tho
bistern: I want to say a few words to
you about Mormonism not for my own
sake, but foryourn, for wen it tkeercs and
weemtn is plenty. .
"Mormonism is Inili on that high, old i
principlo which sez that ft ain't good for ;
man to be alone, and a mighty sight
worse for a woman. Therefore, if a man
luuis goon wiiii a iiitio company, a goou
deal of nought to mako Lira feci on aw- ,
tui sight better.
" i lie iirst principlo ot lUormonism is,
at woman air a good thing, aud mo
second principlo is jnat you can i nave (
100 lnucn oi a goon ining. v ouiaii is
tenderer than man, and is necessary to
smooth down th roughness of his char-
acter, und as man has a good many rough
points in his natiir, he oughtn't to give
one woman too much to do, but set each'
ono to wort: smoothing some particuiur
Don't think I'm anxious for yu to
jine us lor I ain't. I'm not speakin' for
tny good, nut lor youin: ior men it.
skeerce and weemen is 2'lenty.
"I said woman was tenderer than man,
but vou needn't feel stuck lip about it,
lor men it
fni an fclm mi(r!,f t n Im uliA wan niflda fin a
.v.. .jw v .q w " ,
purpose. But how wos she made so?
V hero did she get it lrom? v hy, she
was created out of the side bone bf a man
and tho side bone of a man is like the side
bono of a turkey the tenderest part of
him. Therefore, as a woman has three;
side bones, and a man only ono, of cours
she is three times as tender as man is, and
is in duty nounrt to repay mat tenderness
which she robbed him. And how did
she rob him of his side bone? Why, ex-1
actly as she robs his pockets now-a-days
P1.: 1 -1 . 1... .. .1
u. u .uu uB . too. ..u..b
of hi m when be was asleep.
"But as woman is more tender than
inan, so is man more forgivener limn
woman, thereloro 1 won't bay anything
more about tho bidu bono, or the small
change, but invite you nil to jine my
train, tor 1 m a oig shephord out our way
and faresumptously every day on purple
and lino linen.
" When J first landed on the shores of;
Great SaIt Lako I wasn't rich in wee-
tuen, I bad but ono poor old yoe, but f
is keerce and weenien is plenty, and like
a keerful shepherd I begau to increase
my flock. Weemen heard of us and of
our loviii ways, aud they kept a pourin
in. They come from tho North, and they
come from the 8outh, they como from
the East, and they come from the West,
they come from Europe, they como from
Aishey, and a few of 'em from Afrikey,
and from being tho miserable owner of
one old yoe, 1 becomo tho joyful shep
herd of a mighty flock, with a right
smart sprinkling of lambs, friskier and
fatter than anybody else's, aud l'vo got
room for a few more.
"As I said before, I'm not talkin' per
tickelcr for my benefit, but for yourn
for if is sheerce and weenien is plenty.
Still, I'd a leetlo rutlier you'd go
with 1110 than not, perticklcr yon fat 01101
with the caliker suiibonnet. Don't lies
itate; but luko the chance whilo you can
get it, and I'll make you the bell-yoo of
tho flock. I'll lead you through green
pastures and the high grass; show you
where you may caper in the sunshine, and
lay down in pleasant places, and, as you
are ill pretty good condition already, 111
course of timo you shall be the fattest in
the Hock. Jine in, jine in ; jine in my
train; jiue it now; for wtn is skeerce and
weemen is plenty."
The appeal was irrcsistable. At the
last accouut "tho tat woman with the
caliker simboiinet" had "jined in," and
two or three were on the fcuce, with a do
cided leaning toward the "Keerful Shep
herd." Cincinnati Enquirer.
CoMMKND.uir.E Economv. Our friend
W. issued a liceuso for the marriage of
John Murphy and Mary Manning, both
natives of the eraerale Isle, for which he
received from John the legal fee, $1.
But the intended bride "rued." Six
weeks and two days afterward John made
his second appearance in the Clerks of
fice, "Misther W ," said ho "in Feb
ruary last I got a license from you to mat
rv Mary Mauuing, an' I deed'nt marry
her an' now, plane yor honor, wud yer be
so good as to althor it so it wud fit Uou-
ora Monamtv .'
Jim informed him that this could'nt
be done, and that ho must get a new li
cense to "lit" Honora.
"And pay for it ?" said John.
"And pay for it," said Jim W.
"Och, indado ! thin I'm mined intire
ly, intirely !" exclaimed John, "lor I
jlst coorted Honora to save tht dollar 1"
Number One. Ono hour lost in tho
morning, by lying in bed, will put back
all the business ot the day.
One hour gainod by rising early, is
worth ono month in the year.
One unruly animal will teach all othors
in L-omnanv bad tricks; and the Bible
savs. "ono sinner destroyeth much good.
One drunkard will keep a family poor
and mako them miserable.
Onn wife who is always telling how
lincly her neighbor dresses, and how little
she can get. wil' look pleasanter it she;
talks about somothintr else
One husband that is penurious or lazy,
and deprives his family of comforts, uch
as their neighbors enjoy, is not the sort
of a husband ho ought to be.
One good newspaper is one good thing
ig a family, and
One who don't take bis county paper
and pay lot it. dirregirde bis
A Visit to the Oil Springs of
A (.orreHpoll(ient 0f lba Cleveland Ier
tion , , ....... , .,
M JecU.a his pilgrimage to the oil
springs of Mecca, as follows:
Driving ten miles N. N. K. by half N.
j blubbers had all disappeared, leaving one
of i third of the vial empty and the remainder
,vas a, follows : The upper third a dark,
c)oar molasses-colored oil, the second
! . . , - r 1 L '
i point avcruges about !J'2 00 per foot.
j The land on which this well stands, te-
l,,ng to a Mr. JetTreya, but. Messrs. Bun
the nel ,6 Jordan have loased the oil priv-
we arrived at "Bower's Corners" in the
town of Mecca a wide-awake settlement
consisting of a church, two dwelling'
1, .,,,1 . l,l,.l,a,;il, l,nl, 1. !.;..,!
iuun;i as II ' uisivnniiiitx nmftr tviiniu
the latter of which we found the much
talked of "oil well." The men were
buisly employed in boring, and were san
guine of "striking" a big fountain of oil
shortly. Ibcy had already proceeded to
the Avuth of 01 feet. with, as thev renoit.
the following result : Twenty years ago
a well was dug here for family use to the
depth 0f eleven feet, when a stream of oil
caruo pouring into the well of nearly the
M f a man's wrist. Tbo oil waa up
posed to be useless, and the hole was
plugged up, and the well afterwards nsed
occasionally, although the water was nev-
er considered palatable. That "plug"
not yet been found I
ret been found ! But the speculators
nat this depth-eleven feet - bored!
met through sand f.tone and here
:k quite a vein of oil. They next
Ktrut:k qluto a vein ot oil. they next
bored twenty lect through siate, and two
fi;et of hard, blue clay, and again entered
the sand stone in which they have been
eV(!r Rjnce. At the depth of about seven-:
ty feet they struck another vein of oil,
nearly or unite as plentiful as tho fiint
but they claim that a strong current
- - . . . - . .
As the hole is only three inches in diam-
j eterj ,ve jt 110 go' down to see if this was
correct, but we took it tur granted, we'
dvl, however, let down a two gallon tin!
,U(;kpt to the pottom of the well, and drew
; n Kll,l with "alf and alf" waterand'
'. n:l Y.. ,r.1.1 l.n, tliin nun V.a t-oncit-
i viii, BIQ vv,i hunt, titiiau u, i ' j , ,
ed about every three hours. The oil is
(la, anJ dirty, looks like the thick scum
on boiled molasses at sugaring off time,
anj i,, filled with a fuagus-like textnrel
resembling cobwebs and thin paint skins.
We filled a two ounce vial with this col J,
dirty, frothy clotted nil, and placed it in
; fln jnsido vest pocket. In six hours tho
unra a dirty compound oi weuoy ring
Und bits of thin parchment-like slc.is; and
tho last and lower third, pure, clear wa-
ter. Tho oil smells and tastes just like
the Harlem or British oil, and wo find,
ou experimenting, that it will burn "bet-
tor. far better, than any lamp oil in the
I market. The expense ot holing at this
ileges, and are expecting to secure a for
tune shortly. Thero are somo eight
ten more oil springs in Mecca, and
number of very valuable ones have lately
been discovered seven "miles south in the
town of Rowland, aud also in Liverpool,
and eat up our grindstone !" The
0ld woman was ready; and hardly wait
Ay old woman who was in the habit
of declaring after tho occurrence of any
unusual event, that she had predicted it,
was oue day very cleverly "sold" by her
wnrthv stinnso. who. like many others
we are wot of, had got tired of her eternal
"1 told you so." Kushing mto the house,
breathless with excitement, he dropped
into a chair, elevated his hands, and ex
claimed "Oh, wife ! what what do
vou think ? The old brindlo cow has
ing to hear the Iat word, sho screamed
out at the tep of her lungs: 'll told you
so, you old fool I I told you so ! You
uhvays would let it stand out of doors."
A Itoi.A.sD ton a.v Oliver. A wag
a fellow, by the name of Thornton, one
day got up during service and walked out
ot church, making rather a promuient
display of a gold headed cane. The
preacher a well known eccentric character,
with a wooden leg the result of his love
for fox hunting immediately pounced
upon him in this wiso. "run mat. cane
from under your arm, my young friend,
ntiH tin-rue it nwnv. Thara is no eroldeu
headed canes iu huaven !" Whereupon,
Thornton turning round, replied, "l'ull
that stick of wood out of your pants, my
old friend and throw it away there are
no wooden legs ia heaveu !"
3TA black fiend, says the Lockport
Advertiser, who had been employed
Philip Harmony, four it iles east of this
village, committed, last Friday, an atro
cious outrage 011 Miss M.ry Harmony,
white maiden lady, about forty years
ago. While sho was in the house, engaged
iu ironiug, ho stepped behind hoi',
and with a rope which he had iu his hands,
fastened her arms behind her, aud with
other ropes completely secured her from
dnfeuce. Hie was thus completely at tii
.n. .,1 . . 1 - t.
issued for his arrest.
Pat was summoned to court to pay
"Judge "Why do you refuse to pay?"
Pat "What for should 1 pay Vsure
did he give me anythiug but emotics, and
divil a one could 1 kape on mo stomach
Witv are young ladies at the breaking
up of a party like arrows ?" Because they
can't go olf without a beaux, and are
a quiver till they get ono.
Mrs. Partington says that nothing des-
; pises her so much as to see people who
pro ess to expect saivauou B u
w.thounueir purses ueu . ""-j
is to be taken up.
There is man in Connecticut who
such a hatred lor everytnitig appenaiu-
ing to monarchy that he won't wear
crown to his hat.
"Vailam. vonr shawl is dragging
1 tut mud
"Well, irfcat if it J. ain't
( in the fsshion.
mercy, i ho villain mane ins eeie muii
house, and the unfortunate la ly was
releaved by her brother, who came iu
afterwards. A warrant has been
Democratic National Conventions
for a Series of Terms.
Tho two-thirds rule was adopted iu
1844, by the following vote, (by States.)
CONVENTION OF 1844.
For the A against
For the Aagalnst
Ocorffia . . 10
7 Alabama . 9
ft Mimiwippi 6
3 liOiiiKiana. 6
3 Tennessee. 1 3
35 Kentucky. 13
Rhode I.iUrol .
New York. . .
New Jenwy . .
Maryland . . .
11 IlI'llKJl . .
2 Illinois. ..
0 Aliwonrl .
The ballotings for President in the '
Democratic Convention in 1844, were as
lit. 2d. 3d. 4'th. 5th. 6th. 7ih. tth. i
9 11 17 26 23 22
Van uurvn 149 137 121 111 1"3 Ml j9 Mi
- f g
Strw,rt , j 0 Wi o 0 0 0
Vw,urv. 2 0 0 2 0 0 u 01
0 0 44'
SJ6 2Gj 206 2G6 WUi 5CG 2C(i "li-l
I'he ninth ballot was unanimous for;
James K. 1'olk, of Tennessee, a new
' fa ...1 1. 1 ,.,. liil'uti n it t f tin I Di'OTt , n lir.nr
CONVENTION OF 1848.
Iu this Convention, the two-thirds rule
j was adopted by the following vote
M.iine. . .
Arkan as . .
Rhode Inland .
Connecticut. . .
New Jersey. . .
Indiana . ,
Illinois . . ,
MiHsouri . .
(X'leware. . .
Virginia. , . .
; j.ori!ja '"
The Convention proceeded to ballot for
. PrebWcnt wilh the following result
, ,.u. , ,,
It will ba teen that Mr. Cass bad a ma
jority on the fourth ballot, und he was
accordingly nominated by acclamation.
CONVENTION OF 1852.
There were forty-nine ballotings in this
Convention, all of which it is unnecessary
to give. A few will be sufficient to in
dicate the leanings of the Convention to
wards particular candidates. Mr. Doug
Its first appears as a Presidential candi
date in this Convention.
41 a it-v 07
Mr Douglas received his highrat num
ber of votes on this ballot, and fell off
gradually to the last.
In this Convention the rules of the
former wer? adopted unanimously, no
specific vote on any ono being taken.
Mr. Pierce was declared unanimously
nominated ou the 43th ballot.
CONVENTION OF 1856.
In this the rules of the former Con
ventions were adopted without a vote on
any particular one.
The following 'are the ballots of this
Convention from first to last :
Buchanan. I'ier-e. Duuplas. Ciss.
.. 135' YiiK 2.1 6
.. 139 119'"-; 3l. 6
Sixth . .
Eleventh. . .
Fifteenth. . .
Ou the Seventeenth ballot Mr. Buchan
an was unanimously nominated.
Historical Facts--The Division
j jgain, 111 i?ou, ai me 1 reMU'-iuiBi uice
tho ; (jou the same candidates in the held
an the Federalist Adams received tho unani
hour j mous electoral vote of New England.
In 1796, at tho Presidential election be
tween the Dumo'Tay, who supported
Tlmiin-. J ,":-on. mid the Federalists,
v io,,i',l fur John Adams, the latter
got every eleetoral vote in New Euglaud.
I . it..... . I . f M
The whole .North voted lor Adams on
both occasions, save part of Pennsylvania
an.l New Yoik. The South waa nearly
of quite unanimously for Jefferson.
In 10S and 1M2, when James Madi
sou wa rimiiing for Prenidcnt on the
Democratic ticket, every New England
State voted against hiin, save Vermont.
All the Southern States voted for him
In lf28 all Now England went for
John Q. Adams, except one electoral
vote iu Maine. General Andrew Jack
son was beaten in every Eastern State.
The South went almost unanimously for
The New Endand State's are now
, the days of Jefferson
nil j,uk,ouoppMa(i to the Democratic
party. Aftor all tho imitations of politics
0f tj,ne the.divisions of parties are,
(forvraplii.'Bllv, aoout as they
1733 Mj J800-C. Enqr,
- . ,..
, When sorrow has lo,t
, of tie "bar -
- wl,t r3 tecctue of tte te:
Setting out Trees.
Autumn and Spring have each their
peculiar advantages for setting out frnit
trees. The advantages of Autumn trans
planting are the soil becomes well set
tied around the roots, and the trees are
prepared to make an early start in the
spring. The disadvantages are that trees
are always made more tender by removal
for the endurance of the first winter; and
tho soil hardens on the top in a crust, and
the tree will not then grow as well as
when the soil has been lately stirred on
setting ont, as in the spring. Hence ten
der trees in a severe climate should not be
transplanted in the fall, unless thcr can
be protected by a shelter from the winds
or by a screen of evergreens, and unless
the ground is dry and well drained, natu-
rally or artificially, so as to avoid the in-
jurioas results ol Jreezing aoout the roots.
Hence, also, the numerous class of culti
vators who nover cultivate their young
trees at all should always sot out in the
pring for in doing so tho trees will be
more ant to have a mellow soil about them
tJu"nJ t'' ear'y l'alt f tne season, than
it the soil hod becomo hardened by set
I'flirirrfillnMntf.r 1 'nlnca ll.A tnAatiln a.
; pose them too much to the cold, wintry
winds, and to late full rains, which cannot
drain off, we prefer setting so hardy a tree
as an apple iu autumn intending of course
to keep tho soil mellow by culivation tba
following summer. For more depends
on good after culture , than on any time
or mode of setting oot. Ten times as ma
ny trees die of subsequent neglect, as from
any want of care and skill in transplant
ing. As the best crops to plant among
your trees we should prefer to leave the
earth entirely bare, and keep always mel
low, for a distance from each tree as far
on each side as the bight of the tree; bnt
those who cannot be" persuaded to do this
should plant only low, hoed crops, such
as potatoes, beets, turnips, kc, and avoid
everything that is sown, whether grain or
grass. Country Gentlemam.
Setting out Trees. Profits of Sugar Cane Culture.
Josiah Savers, a farmer in Tazewell
county writes aa follows to the Pekin
"The producer of the caue need not calculate
upon aveiaging over one hundred
and forty gallons of syrup to the acre, in
stead of two hundred and fifty ami upward,
frequently stated. If ho doe3 he will
surely 1 e disappointed, either in quantity
or quality. I uever made but a little a
bove the rate of 1G0 gallons to the acre.
In regard to the profits of this crop com
pared with other field crops, I will state
as briefly as possible the cost of produc
tion and then persons can draw their con
clusions: To raise an acre of cane, inclu
ding the rrit ar;l delivery at the mill,
ready for pressing, will cost $15; allow
then, the acre to make 1'40 gallous of syrup
which at 30c per gallon, will amount to
$12. The cane can be taken by the man
ufacturer and worked up at the halves
feach findinK his own casks,) with about
equal profit; thehalf of 847 will be $23,50;
alter deducting the $15 for raising tho
cane, leaves the producer 5 1 ,50 as his pro
fits of this crop to the acre. Now this will
be meterially aiiected by the yield and the
price of the article. The cost ot produc
tion will remain about the same, but the
yield may be considerably increased, and
the price would most certainly be reduced,
should farmers go into its cultivation ex
tensively. With me it is a paying busin
ess; it enables me to make an almost indis
peiuible every day article in my family at
less cost than 1 can by raising and filling
corn to procure means for purchasing it.
A coi respondent inquires whether it is
advantageous to change seed corn. Before
the question con be auswered it is neces
sary to know the object. What qualities
it is wished to obtain that the coin now
cultivated does not possess? We would
regard the same rule iu regard to change
of need that Bakewell did in regaro to cros-
' sing his animals.
Show me," said he,
better stock than my own, and I will
cross with it." So we would advice our
correspondent to change his seed corn
when he can find a kind that i better for
his purpose than he now has. The idea,
of changing seed for thesae of changing
has no reason in it. But it is said varieties
degenerate when confined to tho samj soil.
No doubt they do, if tho soil degcneiates,
or if proper judgment is not used iu selec
ting the seed. But we cannot see why a
variety of corn that is best for a particular
locality to-day, may not always he just
as gooil if due attention is given to all the
conditions requited to perfect it. We
hae repeatedly known arietiea of com
improved both as to eiuliness and pio
ductiveuess, when grown on the samo
farm for many years. Jiu.-tnu Cultivittur.
BiT.NS. Six ounces of butter, tl.iee
qnni ters of a pound of ii:gar, one poend
of flour, four eggs, half up ol new milk,
a teaspooliftilt soda, nun of cream-tartar,
a small nutmeg. Work ihe butter I o a
cieam add the milk m xi, putting in the
llour and soda last.
SouaCake. One pound flour, llin'e
ouuees biitte;, eight ouures suar, a quar
ter of a piut of milk, three eggs,, a haif
pint cun ants, one tcaspooiifull carbonate
ol soda. Hake one hour and a had.
Sc.iTt h Cakr. One egi;, on" and a
half tabtespooiifiills butter, one cup cnihh
ed mgur, one cup swoei milk, one t-a-spooiiful!
boda, two cream of tartar, oini
Fuemh Cakk. One pound cf mtg ir,
three-quaiteis of a pound of butter, s'.e
while of ono egg; donh made i-ti'Vto roll,
put the yolk and Miga." on the top.
A clergyman observing a poor man in
th roal bleaking loiie ilh pickax.
I and kneeling to pet id hi woik beiiei.
1 . 1 ... 1 1 ..1 .. t - :. 1. T
male theieinaiK, whim. 1
cou.'d break the btonv heart, of n.y l?ir-
, 1 1.: -i.
t 01s as euaiJ. -
' tt-mef " Tre nan lep'iel, "Prhapi.,
inat'ff yu do nut wl w ycur k'ttt."