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title: 'Holmes County farmer. (Millersburg, Ohio) 1857-1926, August 18, 1864, Image 1',
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lie gotow (County Javmcv.
1'UIII.tSIir.P I;VI'.UY TIIUIISPAY
HV 13H'.IM lli Ac NJ3M"J.'ON.
OFFICE-SECOND STOIIY OF FIKE'B DUILDINO
TERMS OF SUBSOIIUTION.
One year, (In advance,) 82,00
If not paid within tho year. 2,80
try No pnpor will lio discontinued until nil
rirrenrnir.es nru paid, except lit tho option of tho
OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 18, 18(54.
v Y W
Ir. .T. It. Woods
ntYStCTAK AND HUUOHON, Mlllcrsbure, O.
Otllco In Crltchltcld'R liloclt, up stairs, ttl-l
Dr. A. A. Crump,
GF.TIMAN AND KNOMHII IlflTANIO 1'IIYftt
CIAN. Mlllerslmra, Ohio. Ollleo on the l;.ast
end of Mnln street, four doors nbovo the rub
lie Bqunro. il2"-
J. I'omoreiie, HI. I.
PHYSICIAN AND HUItOEON, Mlllersburp. O.
nm.il Mnln street. I doorH enst nf till!
Hunk. Residence formerly occupied liV pr,
Ir. T. . V. Itoliiip,
rilYSICIAN AND SURGUON, MIllnrRhurc, O.
onico on Mnln street, In tho room former!
occupied liy Dr. Irvine.
Dr. Chnrlcs limit,
rilYSICIAN AND WtrtOUON, Nashville, .Ohio.
Successor to Dr. LlRRCtt. --27
W. II. I'lltt, HI. D.,
ritYSICIAN .t SUItOEON, Itowvlllo, Ohlo.
26.10 to -7'a''
J. I. MASWM.I. p. p. IIKLX.KU
Maxwell & Heller,
attotineys and roi'Nsr.r.T.ona at t.aw,
Mlllersburt'.Olilo. Otllce, In the Court House,
up stftlrs. "P'0-
L. B. CIHTCttFJELD. PAN1EI. 8. ChL.
Criteliflclcl & I'ltl,
ATTOTtNF.YS At T.AW. Mlllersbunr, Ohio.
Ofllco in Crllclillcld's bulldlm:, up stnlrs. 10
V0H11ES. 1 , t w "EI:n-
ATTORNEYS. AT LAW, Mlllcrsburg, Ohio.
omce-four doors Enst of the Hank. M-l
- " " T ' ! .
Tlioiiia A. 'ray i or.
vnTMIV rmiTJC. Holmesvllle, OHIO, will ue
rdTvr.vs reV.H- t'o n'tteml toraoeurtiiK bnelt ray,
bounty and pensions for. disabled ami dlseiinr-
. . . t rti TT.,,..,r.e..llo n1llf
p?d HiiWlerS.' rind collection of claims for the
friends or tnoseoeci-uni ii.
Andrew .T. Hell,
thin State: nlso, Protest Notes,
County Recorder somee.
COUNTY RECORDER AND NOTARY I't'RI.IC.
Mlilersburf!, O. Wilt till up nnd nekiiowledsc
Ml l-lnds of Deeds, ,ve nnd record tho Mime,
?iLrSi,iJ.,w i,,.l,.. used In liny Courts n
J i:. FLEMING, Proprietor, Mnln
I W. KOnnS 1'inprletor west end of Mnln
street, Mlllcrsimrg, unio.
A. 11. FREY. J
A. 11. Pry &
WATCH MAKERS AND .TEWKI.KItS.Mnliist.,
threo doors west of Weirlcli's Hardware More,
MlllerbuiK, Ohio. A-Jl
IV. V. HIcCorniicU,
Mr.n..ir , vti firnrl.' it liri'.lt. nnedoorenst
"? witrhih-s H ,idnre bt.,,e. 'Mnln St.. Mill-
S. It. WEIKICII,
H A. Tt. 3D W -A. 0L E
Iron, Xails, Cntlcry,
Agricultural Implements, &c, &c,
MILLER SBUUG, 0.
tours MAYints. 1 vnt, .m. i.owtiii;ii
MAYEKS & LOWT11EK,
Nails, Cutlery, &c,
Main stkri:t, oi'i-osu'i: run court uobkb,
MILLERSl! till (I, OHIO.
Kf All ICmtts c Agricultural Implements far Sale.
Forwarding & Commission
and nrAi.r.i;s in
Salt, Fisli, Plaster, White & Water Lime,
Flour, Wheat, Rye, Corn and Oats,
GLOVER. AND TIMOTHY SEED,
BUTTER, EGGS, LAUD, TALLOW,
CSW,, AndiiUUlndsofDHediFrn..s.no o
UESKV Iir.nZEU. I A1JAM 1T.TIIY.
IIEK'EK & PKTHY,
(Succcisorj to E. Stelnbaclier A- Co.)
Produce and Commission merchants,
FLOUU, GltAIN, MILL STUFFS,
84LT, FISH WHITE J- U1TER LIME, jo. 4c
and ruitciiAsnn op
Wheat, Kyc, Corn, Oats, Wool,
SEEDS, DRIED FR WIT,
BUTTER. EGGS. &c.
CASKEV & 1JVGI.ES,
Yankee Notions, &c., &e.,
healiui In 1'AMILY
Groceries and Provisions,
Oysters, Cigars, V., Ac,
MILLER SBUUG, 0.
GEO. WEIMKK. 1. STEINnACHEn. (KAY IIOTV.
Illillcrshur Distillery !
WEIMER, STEINBACHEU & CO.,
Hie liigliesl cash price paid for Corn b Rye.
January 1, 1601.
W. It. POMEROYj
(Sueerteor to w. P, Albnn.)
ME0HANI0AL AND OVEBATIVE
Is prepared to furnish all tho lntest
i n i i
i styles of Artlllelal Teeth, and to
trncior nu leein in inn mom biuiiiui
manner nnd on tho most reasonnblo terms;
also Introduced bonio very linportnnt lmprovo
mentsin tlionrt which, It Ik to tho Interest
thepubllatoknow. I will ulso put up teeth
chenper thnn they can bo got up in I'lttsburgh
All Work Warranlctl.
Ol'TIC'E One door west of Wclilch's Hard
wnro Store; Un stnlrs.
ALL tlioso Indebted to' the undersigned
. notified to call nnd fccttlo up without delay.
Those who neglect this call may expect to And
their accounts In the hands of officers for col
lection, July T.-wJ FARVER DAVIRQN.
MISCELLANEOUS. Select Poetry.
Thorn Is no dentht Tho dust wo trend
Khnll chiuiBO benenth the KUinmer shower,
To golden ttrnlu or mellow fruit,
Or riiliibowtlntcd (lowers.
Tho Krnnlto rocks dlsorgnnlr.e,
To lecd the htinery moss they bcnrl
The trust leitves dully llfo
From out thu lewless nlr.
Theio Is no dentht Tho leaves mny fall,
The llowors mny fnde nnd puss nu ny
They only wnlt tlirouith winter' hours,
The coming of tho Mny.
There Is no denlh I An nngel form
Wnlks o'er tho enrtli with silent trend;
Ho beius our loved things nwny.
And then we enll them "dciul."
Ho leaves our hearts nil desolnto
Ho jducks our fairest, sweetest flowers,
Transplanted Into bliss, the' now
Adorn linniortnl bowers.
Tho bird-like volco whose Joyous tones
Mnlcu ghid these scenes of woo and btrlfc,
Sings now In everlasting song
Ainld the tree of life!
And where Ho sees n smile too bright,
Or hearts too pure for tnlnt or vice,
He bears It to that world of light
To dwell In Paradise.
Horn In that undying life.
They leave us tint to come ngnln I
With Joy o welcome them the same,
Except In sin and pain.
And over near , though unseen.
The denr, Immortal spirits trend,
O'er nil tho boundless universe
1k llle There Is no dead I
uwiju iimmii i aim b
NO DEATH. THE MILITARY ORURAGES IN
NO DEATH. THE MILITARY ORURAGES IN WHEELING!
Reign of Terror in West Virginia.
The Brutalities, Outrages and Crimes of
Hunter—The Sway of an American Tyrant
—The Black Hale of Calcutta Outdone
—The Black Hale of Calcutta Outdone —Sufferings of Political Prisoners—
the Case of Messes. Baker and Long, of
the Wheeling Register—Hunter Using
his Power to Personal Ends—Offences
against his Dignity Punished by Imprisonment
and Death—The Tools he Uses.
and Death—The Tools he Uses. [Correspondence of the Ohio Statesman.]
WHEELING, W. V., August 4, 1864.
EDirOflS OHIO STA 77Xir.LV:
Wc of West Virginia, and especially of
Wliccliiifr, hive become liiureil to every
spccieot lictty uesDotf-ni, cMiionace, out
rage, abuse ami oinite.Vion: but it was left
to .Major General David Hunter to inflict
the full measure of tyrannical oiiprcsMon
uiion us. IIe lias exceeded all precedent in
tlm inliitrni'V iniiistiri'. wickedness, cruultv
and criminality of his acts, and ho has iiiir-
lv earned tlie inexorable liatteil anil undy
ing contempt which is univer.-ally felt lor
turn, in mis an panics ami iaciions agree.
All have sultercu lrom his cruelty, rapacity
and brutality, and there is no dissenting
voice in the execration which will follow
him from this Department to hi? unhnnorod
i;rave. When I recall the main character
istic's of the man nnd his career, it teems in
credible that llutcr is an American, and 1
sometimes fancv it is only a dream Krowini!
out of the perusal of tho history of some
Unman despot or Flench mm culotte, or
Italian cut-throat. Hut unfortunately the
truth is too palpable and manifest; there is
no lancv or dream about it
I have had tho very best opportunities o
carninc a the tacts in relation to attairs
this Department, which if published to the
world would brine a blush to the cheek of
every honest American, and in ordinary
times would create an universal cry for the
summary execntion of the chief actor and
his pimps in thotc outrages. For the pres
ent, however. I will content myself by re
lating the facts of a single case which came
under my own observation, and in which 1
know you to be interested. I allude to the
tyrannicle . suppression of Tho Wheeling
Register and tho arrest and imprisonment
of its editors, Mcssers. Lewis IJaker and O.
S. Lonjr These gentlemen have been for
more than a month buried alive in the
"Atheneum," the filthiest dungeon in Vir
ginia; no ono has been able to communicate
with them; no ono, not oven their wives,
have been allowed to seothem; and we have
only the authority of another person recent
ly released for asserting that they are alive.
The facts in tho plain, unvarnished state
ment I am about to cive. wero fathered
from the released man and my own knowl
edge of tho transaction.
On tho afternoon of tho 9th of July, The
Daily Jiegister newspaper ollico ol tins city
was entered by two militaty officers, Captain
Ewall Over, commandant of tho post, and
Lieut. Henry Knapp, I'rovost Jlarshal, ac
companied by a squad of soldiers bearing
muskets with hxed bayonets. Accosting
ono of the editors of tho paper, Capt. Over
said he had an order for his arrest and the
suDiiresMon of the paper. The other editor
entering soon after, tho same statement was
made to mm. Lieut, ivnajip then read the
order which seemed to bo ii telegram ad
dressed to Capt. Over, and signed by Hrig.
Gen. 15. F. Kellv. bv order of Mai. Gen.
Hunter, commanding tho Department of
West Virginia, ilio order was in tlicc
"You will immediately arrest Messcrs.
Baker and long. Editors and Proprietors of
The Wheeling Daily Register, nnd confine
them in tho military prison until further or
ders. You are also ordered to suppress the
further publication of The. Daily Register;'
place a guard ovc tho office and keep the
same safely until further orders.
"By command of
Tim two editors wero then escorted to the
"Atheneum" prison by Lieut. Knapp and
the guard, and there confined. Unconscious
nf baviue committed and crime known
..WW in civil or military law. tho amaze
inent. of theso ccntlcmen may bo imagined
nt this summary nroeecding. The officers
I of tho prison refused to inform them of tho
cause ot their arrest or tno resuicsougni.
bo obtained by their imprisonment nnu to
flila rlnv they have received no official noti-
ficcation of tho charges, if any there be,
against them. I learn that tlioy liavo writ
flnn. Hunter nnd onco to Gen
fimilnr the supposition that he had
superseded Hunter), to learn what charges
ho had against them. Up to this time
ronlv has been vouchsafed to them, ihe
only intimation thev or anv liavo had
nf the causo of tho nrrost. is cleaned from
Tho Wheeling Intelligencer, tho Republican
paper of this city, which, in recounting tho
circumstatces of tho case, attributed tho
arrest to tho sarcasm with which The Reg
ister had commented upon tho steal
ing of the statuo of Washington from the
town of Lexington, Va., by General Hun
ter during lus recent raid. Another
circumstances which tended to throw
ray of light upon tho o)itit(of tho arrest,
was tho suppression of Tho Parkcrsburg
Gazette and tho imprisonment ot its editor,
Mr. Wharton. 'Ihe Gazette is a Republican
paper of tho darkest hue ; but on tno ro
turn of Hunter's troops to Parkersburg,
published an editorial commenting uppn
tho condition of tho troops, and upon the
statements of officers of tho army, charging
1 1 inner wmi incompetency aim cruelty.
Whartan was arrested and treated with
brutual severity and threatened with death.
The IlcrisUr had also, very snarinKly, how
ever referred to tho condition of tho troops
upon their return, and to thoundoubtcd fact
that many of the Union soldiers foil by tho
wayside during tho rotrcat and died from
sheer starvation. Theso comments and the
arrest and tho suppression! The Gazette,
wero the circumstances which indicated that
tho arrest was caused by tho twenty lines
nf cnmmniit upon Hunter. It was u matter
personalia him alone, and not involvingany
disloyalty to the uovcrnment, or mo iur
..! ...i. .....i :..p. !,.,. ,
mailing oi any vuiniiiuatiu iiiiuuuauuii iu
ror this ollcnso. winch is neither an ot
fenso against civil or military law or com
mon decency, thcsoi two men arc confined
in the same room with the contcucrate pris
oners of war, and during most of tho time
they liavo been there, two hundred men
have crowded the small room whieh.is illy
outdated, and produced imminent danger
of pestilence and suffocation. They are de
nied all access to lnenus atiu an communi
cation by writing to relatives, business agents
or attorneys, except what may bo written
on a single page ot letter paper, subject to
the inspection of an officer and its stoppage
by him if it in any respect fails to comply
with the rules of the dungeon or his politi
cal prejudices. The same censorship is ex
ercised over all communications addressed
to them, and the reception ol aii cmptj en
velope, addicsscd perhaps, iu a familiar
handwriting, is tho only intimation that a
friend has written or the contents of his
letter. The prison faro is what is known as
i (iiuirtor ration, consi'-titii; ol about two
ounces of sour bread and half an ounce of
salt pork per day, with an occasional varia
tion ill the shape of something miscalled
bean soup. T he prison, officers act upon
t ho inhuman idea ol ceciinm nroncrs upon
a low diet to promote their docility, and for
tho luithcr purpose ol makine; money tor
themselves. liatcver supplies ot ooltce,
tea. bitcar, or other eatables the prisoners
desire, must be purchased at exorbitant
rates linm tho sutler ot the prison, who
shares the profits of his trade with Captain
Kwald Over, the commandant oft ho. post,
and one of tho meanest and most infamous
pimps on God's footstool. All knives, and
forks, penknives and razors are prohibited.
The pusoncrs are denied the privilege ofi
taking nccdlul exercise in the open air m
the yaid, even though surrounded by a high
picket fence and armed guards. The pris
on is infested with billions of vermin of ev
ery kind, and u was oniy alter rcpeatcu so
licitations that permission to scrub tho floor
was granted. J he treatment of the inmates
is characterized by greater lufrshncss, and
cruelty than is manifested to any convicted
felon in a penitentiary, and they arc denied
privileges which arc freely accorded, men
under sentence of death for the commission
of the highest crime known to the laws.
And all this lor what t bimply lor con
demuimr. in mild terms an act of atrocious
vandalism o-h the part of Gen. Hunter, or
for speaking ol the, sultci-nigs Ins troops
wore compelled by his imbecility to under
go. In addition to the penalties and out-
races inflicted ipon their person", their
business is completely ruined, and financial
disaster lollows their personal sulleriugs.
Their lironcrtv is in possession ol an armed
guard, and its condition may be imagined
by those familiar with the printing business,
and who know what incalculable injury an
ignorant man may inflict, even unconscious
ly, unon presses and material, ine ueais
ter subscription books, with a large number
ot unsettled accounts, were in mu omen,
and the business agent of the establishment
is limited access to them, notwithstanthn
application has been made to Headquarters
for that purpose.
This .statement is a simplu detail of facts
pertaining to the case of Messrs. Baker and
Long, to the truth of which twenty men in
Wheeling arc prepared, to testily under
oath. It presents an instance of , tyranny
and outrage hitherto unknown in this coun
try and rare iu any other. A petty milita
ry officer, assigned by the insane Federal
Administration to thu rank of a, Major
Gencral on account of his negro-loving pro
clivities, distinguished only by his blunders
iu the field and'his cruelty to his own troops
has assumed a prerogative which no King
dare exercise. To gratify his own personal
and pitiful spite, he has outraged every
right that is dear to the citizen, and every
hnnorablQ sentiment of the soldier. In Cap
tain Ewald Over, a Hessian, as base and
cowardly as anv that over lived off of the
gains of prostitutes, Hunter has found
fitting tool, and tho execution of the infa
mous behests of the one gives pleasure to
thu brutal instincts ot the other. Jle, too,
piniti and paltroon as he is, aflects to play
the tyrant, and a few days subsequent to
tho arrest of Messrs. Baker and Long, up
on his own order, and to gratify his own
personal revenge, arrested Mr. win. ii
Oxtohv. tho Local Editor of the Rrnister,
and committed him also to prison. With
refinement of cruelty worthy of his master,
Hunter, he placed him in a different dun
geon from that in which his employers were
confinement, and forbade all intercourse be
tween them. Ilo admits that ho has no
charge against Ox toby, but avows his de
termination to keep him iu solitary, confine
ment as long as Hunter sees fit to imprison
Baker and Long. In short, tlio prison in
this citv seems to bclonil to Hunter and
Over, and is used by them almost solely for
tlio punishment ot the victims ot their per
soual displeasure. An old man. Col. Mc
jtoi a u. a rccu ar prisoner m win, eiiiuieu
.-. .,1 . ' ..I' .!.1.l
equally with others to tho privilege of ex
change, is detained in the, Atheneum, in
irons, to gratity tho demoniac revenge oi
Gen. Hunter or Col. Strother, Hunter's
aide and relative, one or the other of whom
fancied himself insulted by tho old man.
There arc fifty cases equally aggravated and
outrageous that might bo mentioned, , where
persons has been held for months without
trial and without knowing why thoy wero
arrested or held. All these unhappy peo
ple nro subjected to tho brutality and ra
pacity of Over. If this scoundrel was not
us contemptiblo and disgusting as tho ver
min of his prison, I would record soma in
stances that 1 know of in his infamous ca
reer,, which would bo sufficient to damn him
fnrnvnr. nnd mnko his own mother disown
him; but in view of tho greater, because
. . ' m i c. i .n:ni.rt.i...f..
moro rcsponsiuio luiniuy aim wiviswuiium ui
Hunter, tho crimes of Over may bo left un
noticed. I liavo already mado this communication
too long probably for your columns, but
cannot dismiss tho subject without beseech
ing you to uso your influence to rid this op
pressed community of tho tyrant Hunter,
Murat, a sans culotte, a disgraco to tho ar
my and to humanity, of whom it may
said with truthtas tho Queen said of the
hunch back Richard : ,
Illoody thou nrt nnd bloody will bo thine end,
Sihnmeserves thy life and doth thy death nttend.
Tnr. first article of tho Mahomedan creed
is "thero is but ono God and Mahomet
his Prophet," Tho lirst articlo ot tlio Jjin
rrerul is. "Thoro is no law but military
necessity, and of that necessity ha is the olo
What's in a Kiss?
There's n formal kiss Of fashion,
And a bnrnlmj ltls.it of passion,
A father's kiss,
A mother's kits,
And a sister's kiss to movcj
There's n traitor's kiss for gold,
Like u serpent's clammy fold,
A first kiss, i
A stolen kiss,
And tho thrilling kits of lovo;
A meeting kiss,
A maiden kiss,
And ii kiss when fond hearts sever ;
Hut the saddest kiss
On earth Is this
To kisi to l'.vur roneven.
A Happy Land.
"Oh Is thero not u happy land
A lnnd beyond the seas
V'here pot-pie smokes In boundless lakes
And dumplings grow on trees?
Where ginger brend U found in stacks,
And 'smenrenso' by the ton;
And when you don Job of work,
You get tho 'ready-John.'
Where Katur's lessons may be read
In every babbling brook 1
Where bumble-bees don't sting a chap,
And muly cows don't hook
Ben. Wade and H. Winter Davis
Protest Against the Usurpations
Protest Against the Usurpations of Abe Lincoln--His Tyranny
and Treachery Denounced
and Treachery Denounced--Scathing Review of Abe's
Position by Abolition Leaders.
TO SUPPORTERS OF THE
Wo have read with surprise, but not with
out indignation, the Proclamation of the
1'ii'siilnnt. on thu 8th of July. 1
The supporters ol the Administration arc
responsible to the country for its conduct:
and it is their right and duty, to check the
encroachments of the Executive on the an
tliority of Congress and to require it to
confine itself to its proper sphere.
t. ! :i t.. ,. : ii.,rt i.!..
11. IS lllipiliuiu iu pu in iMicntu nun
Proclamation without neglecting that duty ;
and, having taken as much responsibility'
ns any others in supporting ino wimimira-(
tion, we are not disposed to fail in the other
duty of asserting the rights of Congress,
The President did not sign the bill "to
guarantee to certain States, whose govern-'
incuts have boon usurped, a renumican lorm
of ifovorninont" passed by tlio supporters
n . . . ....... . ir
ot liH auinimstraiion in noin iiuusuh ui
Congress after mature deliberation.
Tho bill did not therefore become a late:
and it is therefore nothing.
The Proclamation is neither an approval
nor a vctoot tno bin; it is inorciorc a uocu-
incut unknown to the laws and Constitution
tho United States,.
So far as it contains an apology for noti
signing the bill, it is a political manifesto
against the lricmis oi tile government..
So far as it proposes to execute tho bilj
which is not a law, it is a grave Executive
It is fitting that the facts nccqsary,to cn
ablo the friends of the administration, to
appreciate tho apology and the usurpation
be spread before them.
The Proclamation says :
"And whereas the said bill was presented
to the President of the United htates for
his approval less than one hour before the
una die aujourninoiu. oi sum scssiun, .mu
was not signed by him "
If that bo accurate, still this bill was pre
sented with other bills which were signed.
Within that hour, tho time for the sine
die adjournment was three times postponed
by the votes of both Houses; and the least
inf iimition nf a desiru for more time by the
President to consider this bill would have'
secured n further postponement. ,
l ot tlio committee sent to ascertain n tuc
President had any further communication
for the House of Representatives reported
that he had none; and tho friends of the bill
who has anxiously waited on him to as
certain its fate, had already been informed
that the President had resolved not to sign
The time of presentation, therefore, had
nothing to do with his failure to approve
Tim bill bad boon discussed and consider
ed for more than u month in the House
Representatives, which it passed on tlie-Hh
of Mar, it was reported to the Senate on
the U"ih of Mny without material amend
ment, and passed the Senate absolutely
it came from tho House on the 2d of July.
Ignorance of its contents is out of the
Indeed, at his request, a draft of a bill
substantially tho samo in all material points
and iudontical in the points objected to
the Proclamation, had been laid before him
for his consideration in tho winter of 1SG2
There is, therefore, no reason to suppose
tho provisions of tho bill took the president
On the contrary, wo have reason to be
lieve them to have been so well known that
this method of preventing tho bill from bc
onmiiiL'a law without thu constitutional re
sponsibility of a veto, had been resolved on
long before tho bill passed tho Senate.
We nro informed by a gentleman entitled
In entire, cnnfiilonoo. that before the 22d
S of GciuS Bank? staff; i" the
;.L ,.p .,. .ronilon,..,, iii nfficial noi-
ew Urloans it was staled uy
tion. that senator moo imo hum mhuch
i?..n ,U T 1. p-irtmcnt that the
0iMlK ' , nrde'
1 .,.,,1 .i',.,t Mr Lincoln w.mld ,n.
tain the bill, if necessary, and thereby de
feat it. ...
Tho experience of Senator ado, m Ins
various efforts to got the bill considered ,
tho Senate, was quite in accordance with
that plan; and tho fate of tho bill, was accu
rately predicted by letters received from
New Orleans before it had passed the Son-
Had the Proclamation Ftoppod there,
would have been only ono other defeat of the
will of tho pcoplo by an Executive perver
sion of the Constitution. .
But it goes further. The President says:
"And whereas tho said bill contains,
among other things, a plan for restoring the
States in rebellion to their, proper practical
relation in tho Union, which plan expresses
the soiiso of Congress upon that sulncct,
and which plan it is now thought fit to lay
before the peoplo lor tneir cuiisiuciiiuuu
By what authority of tho Constitution
In what forms ? The result to be declared
by, whom? With what effect when ascer
Is it to bo a law by the approval of the
pcoplo without tho approval ot Congress
Will tho President, on his opinion
tho popular approval, execute itasamw i
Or is this merely a device to avoid the so
rious responsibility of defeating a law on
which so many loyal hearts reposed for se
cording to any law, estate or iutionai, aim
7,000 ballots represent the State of Louisi
of j aim.
Such in thn Frco Constitution and Go v-
a .1 i , , .i
House:"."''"'.' on cirry othr department of
Hut tho reasons now assigned for not art
r.... .1.. t ill c.-ll . r ! ....
declare and make known, that, while I am
(as 1 was in December last, when by pro-1
clamation I propounded a plan for reitor-i
ation) unprepared, by a. formal approval ofi
this bill, to bo inflexibly committed to any
single plan of restoration "
That is to uiy, tho President ii resolved
that tho iieoti e sha not bi law tnko anv
, .v.:". .
securities froin the rebel States against a re-1
proving mo on. ami un ui onuuous Ngum-
" ... ,
The President proceeds;
"Ispw, therefore,, 1 Abraham Lincoln,
President of tho Lnticd States, do nroc aim.
newal ot tho rebellion, beloic restoring their
to, govern ii.
His wisdom and prudence are to bo our
sufficient guarantees !
He further says :
"And, while 1 am also unprepared to dc-l
that the rec-State Coiistitiihoni and
already adopted and installed
Arkansas and Louisiana shall be sot aside
and held for naught, thereby repelling and
liscnuracitiK tlio loyal citizens who have set',
nr. the s-inin n Io further cflnrt "
That is to say, the President persists in1
recognizing those shadows of Governments
Arkansas and Louisiana, which Congress,"?
mid not bo recognized1
rn .1 , .i.!,:.-!!!
Thov cannot live a dav without his support.
I il u ill u Ljijaiuii.. ui ma ...i.t).
MM i: : i t.
itnrtitfn In inilifjirv nnlnrs iindor tin; form ol
t,L.L.t;0I1 at which generals, provoi-t Mar-
slial", soldiers and camp-lollowcrs were the
cliicf actors, aistcd by a handful of resi
dent citizens, and urged on the premature
action by private letters lrom the Presi
dent. In neither Louisiana nor Arkansas, before
Banks' defeat, did the I'tnted States con
trol half tho territory or half the popula
tion. In Louisiana, Gen. Banks' proclam
ation candidly declared : "'I hr fundamen
tal lav: of the State is marshal lau:"
(in that Inundation ol irecdoni, lie erec
ted what the President calls "the free Con-;
.jiii, iiu i-ivi.-
stitution and Governnientof Louisiana."
But of this State, whose fundamental
law, only, sixteen parishes out of forty
eight parishes wete held by the United
States; and in live of the sixteen wc held
lil-.. lll.IV Jvll t'J vaiu Uiiv'
nnlv our ennii
The eleven parishes wo substantially neiu
had 33:'., 183 inhabitants; tho residue of the
State not held by us, 373.017.
At the farco called an election, the officers
of Gen. Bunks returned that 11,3-13 ballots
were cast, but whether any or by whom the
people of the United States have no legal
.issiii ance: but it is probable that 1.000 were
' cast by soldiers or emyloyeos of the United
States" millitaiy or municipal, but none ac-
erntnent of Louisiana; and like it, is that
Arkansas. Aothiug but the lailure ot
j , the "swamps of
u deprived us of u like one
Honda; and belore the
lllllllilllV UVll.lll ill
r. n.. .i,.,.i..i i
whoso Jicprcscntativcs and senators were
repelled by formal votes of both Houses of!
it was declared formally
should have no electoral vote for President
- . . ... .
Presidential election, like ones may bo or-
-V.-i. i -v... s:.... ...l . l.
ganized in every rebel State where tho Uni
ted states have a camp. ,
Tho President, by preventing this bill
from becoming a. law, holds the electoral
votes of the rebel States at the dictation
his personal ambition.
If those votes turned the balance iu
favor, is it to be supposed that his compet
itor, defeated by such mean?, will acqui
If the rebel maioritvacrt their suprem
acy in those States, and send votes which
elect an enemy ot the Government, will
wo not repel his claims ?
And is that not chTnWar for the Presi
dency, inaugurated by'thc votes of rebel
Seiiously impressed with these, dangers,
Congress, "the proper constitutional au
thority," formally declared that there are
no State governments in the rebel States,
and provided for their erection at the prop
er time; and both the Senate and House
Representatives rejected the Senators, and
Representatives chosen under authority
what tho President "Aills tho Free Constitu
tion and Government of Kansas.
The President's Proclamation liholds for
naunht" this iiidgcnient, and discards the
authority of tho Supreme Court, and strides
headlong toward the anarchy his Pioclaniation
of the 8th of December inaugurated.
If electors for President be allowed to
chosen in either of those States, a sinister
light will be cast on the motives which in
duced the President to "hold for naught'
the will of Congress rather than his Government
in Louis'iona and Arkansas.
That judgement of Congress which
President defies was the exercise of an au
thority exclu-ively vested in Congress
the Constitution to determine what is
established Government iu a State, and
its own untitle and by tho highest judicial
authority binding on all other departments
of tho Government.
Tho Supreme Court has formally declared
that under the-ith section of tho lVth arti
cle of the Constitution, requiring the Uni
ted States to guarantee to every t-tatc
republican lorm oi government, 'iii
u-ith Connress, to decide uhat Government
is the established one in a State;" and "ichen
Saiators and Reimssntativcs of a State arc
... n . p . it..
admitttd into tho councils of the Union
tho authority ot the Uovornrocnt under
. .. . , i
hM tin, are s,d, as.woll as its re
publican character, is recognized by the eoii
I ,.,7, ,,',,,,; ,,,,Wtw. (did its itecinon
that the contest iii this casedid not last long
enough to qruig tlio uiattcr to this issue;
and, usno Senators or Representatives were
elected under tho authority of tho Govern
ment of which .Mr. Dorr was tho head, Cou
gross was not called upon to decide the eon-
troverey Yet tho right to decide is placed
ii. ' ii.- t.... :j...! tj1.... r
I'lVUIl U1U J icaiui'ui. o 1 luuuiiiiumu ui
fttb nf llppniiilinr. fnrnui He declares that
"Whether members sent to Congress from
anv State shall ba admitted to scats, constl-
tutionally rests exclusively with tho respee-
tive Houses, and not to any extent with
'Aiid that is not tho less true because
wholly inconsistent with the President's
Kiiniptinii n that proclamation of a right
institute and recognize State Governments
in the, rebel States, nor becauso the Presi
dent is unable to perceive that his recogni
tion is a nullity if it bo not conclusive
Under tho Constitution, tho right
Senators and Representatives is inseparable
from a State Government. .
If there ben State Government tho right
is obsolete. ,
If there bo no State Government, thero
can be no Senators or Representatives cho
sen. The two Houses of Congress aro express
ly declared to bo tho solojndgos of their
When, theroforo, Senators,, and Repre
sentatives aro ndmitted, tho State govern
ment, under whoso authority thoy wore oho-
arp rejected, its existence is as conclus vely
, reiccted ami denied; and to this judgement
! tho resident i, bound to siibmitf E
i -I he I resident proceeds to cxprcw Ins un-
, willingness "to declare a constitutional mm.
, wci in .-3uiies;,it is not conceived possible
j that ho entertained any scruples, touching
that provision ol the bill respecting which
he is silent. . I
I Ho had already himself assumed a right 1
by proclamation to free much tho larger
, ''""'her of slaves in the rebel States, tinder
. the antliority given him by Conaress to use
II ""intelligible from the fact that
except in reject to a small part of Virgin
in and Louisiana, tho bill covered only what
""V". i J"'"V"' 1"""; v
t0 V10 "'"pu'ed title under the proclamation
, a,n,J perfected tlio work of the President pro-1
' c'aniatiorinnd periectcnl the work tho Pros-
! 'M?nt professed to be so anxious to accom-
frr.kbmnn I III (1 flllll t.lrll.inl .nmr.,l.r. I... 1,...
and tho people thercul shall have sufficient'
IT..:.!,.. .1 -.ir r-
. Wn. is COnclu.ivelv established! wl.nn
' . . . i. . 1 "v... . ... j. i
potency in Congress to abolish slavery in
'ltat.e? as another reason for not signing
But the bill nowhere proposes to abolish
&htvery in Stales.
1 ho bill did provide that all slaves in the
rebel States should be manumitted.
Iut as tho President had nlrrark .IrmJ
ii,. . . i f"-"
three bil U inaninnitting several clashes ofi
niihtary power to suppress the rebellion;
and it is (piitc inconceivable that tho Prcsi-
dent should think Congresi
resi could vest in
lllltl a dlCrCtlOIl It'COtllil hrtt ne.rels(. lUMf
lllu prwia uauoii covcrcu auuca a uon-
?'acry ns an institution can be abolislicd
r.i ...... .
only by a change of the Constitution of the
United States or of the lawof the State; and
this is the principle of the bill.
It required the new Constitution of the
State to provide for that prohibition; and
the President, in the face of his own proc
lamation, does not venture to object to in
sisting on that condition. Nor will the
country tolerate its abandonment yethede-
leated the only provision nnpo.-mg it : 1
But when he describes himself, in suite
of this great blow atemancipotion, as 'Vin-
corcly hoping and expecting that a constitu
tional amendment nbolishins slavery
throughout the nation may bo adopted," we
. , ; j , -
curiously enquire on what Ins expectation
rC6tp- 0I.lcr 1110 y'c ot "us J.iouse otJien
rescntatiyes at the recent session, and in the
face of the poiitical completion of more
than enough of tho States to prevent tho
I ... . . ...
possibility o! its adoption within any rca-
sincere hopes with so largo an installment
jMiuaiJiu uuiu, ue ji iiuuiu lioi. luuuiu Ills
of the blessing as his approval of the bill
would have secured.
After this assignment of his reason3 for
preventing the bill from becoming a Jaw.
the President proceeds to declare his pur
pose to execute it as a law by his plenary
He says :
"Nevertheless, 1 am fully satisfied with
the system for restoration contained in the
biil as one very proper plan for the loyal
mid that T.nn. and .it nil times shall be. pre-
people ot any fctate choosing to adopt it;
pared to give the Executive aid and assist
. . . . .
ance to any such people so soon as the mili
tary resistance to the United States shall
have been suppressed in any such State.
ly, returned to their obedience to the Con
stitution and the laws of the United States',
in which coses Military Governors will be
appointed, with directions to proceed accor-
ding to the bill."
A more studdied outrage on tho Iegisla-
tive authority of the people has never been
Congress passed a bill; tho President re
iused to approve it, and then by proclama-
tion puts as much of it m force as he sees
fit, and proposes to execute those parts by
officers unknown to the laws of tho United
States and not subject to tho confirmation
of the Senate !
, The bill directed the appointment of Pro
visional Goqernors by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate.
The President,, after defeating the law,
proposes to, appoint without law. and with
outthe advice and consent of the scnote.
Military Governors for the rebel States ?,
lie has already exercised this dictorial
usurpation in Louisiana, and ho defeated
the bill to prevent its lipiitation.
Henceforth wemiust regard the following
precedent as the Precedential law of the
Rebel States :
"WASHINGTON, March 15, 1864.
"His Excellency Michael Halen,
Governor of Louisana:
"Until further orders, you are hereby in
vested with the powers exercised, hitherto
by the Military Governor of Louisiana.
This Michael Hahn is no officer of the
United States; the President, without law,
without the advice and consent ot the sen
ate, by a private note not even countersigned
by the Secretary of State, makes him Die-
tator oi Louisiana I
.iiiu uni proviueu lur uie civn auimmsira-
tion of the laws of tho State till it should
be in a fit temper to govern itself repealing
all laws recognizing Slavery, and making all
men equal befme the law..
These beneficent provisions the President
Imc nnmi in I'm.iili. inn .11.. nnu ni'irrv
' r .',"""',
and transfer property, and buy and sell; and
to these acts of civil llfo courts and officers
of tho law are necessary. Congress Iesisla-
tod lor thoscnooosarytliings,and ttioi'resi
i j i. i : . ii...... r ii.
dent deprives them of the protection of
Tho President's purpose to instruct his
Military Governors "to proceed according
to the bill" a makeshift to calm the disap
pointment its defeat has occasioned is not
merely a grave usurpation but a transpar
Ho cannot proceed accordtngto the bill
' alter pi eventing it lrom becoming a, law.
1 Whatever is done will be at his will and
! pleashure, by persons responsible to no law.
and more luterc-ted to secure the interests
and execute the will of tho President than
of the people; and the will of Congress
tnlm ''lulil for nnunht." "miles thn lnval
i t""' i : i
people ot the rebel States choose to adopt
f "icy snpuiu graciously preier mo eu u-
gont bill to the, easy proclamation, still the
registration will bo mado under no legal
sanction ; it will give no assurance that a ma-
jority of the people of the States havetaken
the oath; if administered, it will bo without
leeai autuoriiy, anu voiti ,
will lie for false swearing
at tho election,
for admitting bad or rejecting good votes;
will bo tho larce ot, 1niisiana and, Arkan
sas acted over again, under tho forms
this bill, but not by authority of ?u
Hut when wo come to tno guarantees
future peace which Congress meant to enact,
tlio forms, as well as the substance of tho
bill, must yield to the President's will that
none should bo imposed.
It was tho solemn rosolvo of Cougress
protect tho loyal men of tho nation ngainst
three great dangors, (1) the return to pow
er of tlio guilty leaders of tho rebellion, (2)
tho continuanco of slavery, uud (3) the bur
den ot tlio rebel dedt,
Conirrcss remtircd assent to thoso provis-
ions by tho Convention to the State ; nnd
refused, it was to bo dissolvod,
gate t SMmtirfitg.
One nqiiarc, three wcf-kii,,. .... oo
Kuch luhiltlonnl liurrtlon,. ........... so
One Mtinro, tlirco month,...". ,-..(,,.,, S 00
Ono lupiui-i', ulx month,. ......... Ol.r.,,,, 4 r
Oneft'iiinre, twelve inontlii 7 0O
0110 fourth column, one year,.. 20 00
One half column, one vi'iir....... ...... ...... NA (ju
Onocoluuiti, onu )(,,,., (io VQ
Of every deicrlptlon executed In tho bent nlvta
and on reammnfilo tcrnn.
'I ho 1-AitMrii him n larger clrrnlnlldti thnnnnv
other paper in tii nectlon of tho Mate, it (a
now, mid him bf en for thlrty-acven coiisrcutlv
yearn the olllcial imper of the county.
rcsolvoof Congress, becau0 ho is unwillinif
"to bo K
ted States bo
f't. 1 l.l.-l 1. i . t .ll
i i nu x jeiucuu nuiiis inr nnuiriiL runt
are not to to protect
ii,n.c,.K.,. ,mU .i,:- ..,:. '
proclamation another; the bill ascertains vo
power ters by registering; tho proclamation' 'by
guess; tho bill exacts adherence to existing
territorial limits, tho proclamation admitt
of others; tho bill governs the rebel States
hyhtw, equalizing all before it, the procla
clare mations commits them Us thu lawless dis
governmcnts ernf im. nt' milit.irv (1,.,, ,,,..1 ivnvn.t.
oeuion win aouoie our resources to bear or
pay the national debt, free the masses from-Congre-s-which
the old domination of the rebel leaders, and
"eradicate tlio cause of the war; the procla
nnd mation secures neither of these Guarantees.
Tho order to nrnenp.fl nrennllntr in flin lilll
is therefore merely at tho will of tho robel
States; and they liavo tho notion to reject it,
accept the proclamation of tho 8th of De
cember, and demand the President's ricog
Mark the contrast 1 The bill requires a
majority, tho proclamation is satisfied with
m.ijuiiij , tiiu iiiociuiiiaiiiiu is faiisiicu wiin
one - tenth! the bill reouires one oath, tho
Marshals, the bill forbids electors for Prc'si
dent, tho proclamation and defeat of tho
bill threaten us with civil war for tho ad-
million or 6xcHision of such votes; the bill
exacted exclusion of dangerous enemies from
power and the relief of the nation from the
rebel debt, and tho prohibition of Slavery
l'. . . 1 . . . 1 . - o . -r
luruvur, wi uiuu iiiu suiipres-'ion Ol wie ive-
It is silent rer)ectin? the rebel debt and
the political exclusion of rebel leaders; leav
ing Slavery exactly where it was by law at
the outbreak of tho rebellion, and add.4
no guaranty oven of the freedom of tho
slaves he undertook to manumit.
It is summed up in an illegal oath, with
out a sanetich, and therefore void.
The catch is to support all proclamations
of the President during tho rebellion hay
ing reference to slaves.
Any Government is to be accepted at tho
hands ol one-tenth ot the people not con-
travening that oath
Now that oath neither secures the abolit
ion of slavery, nor adds any security to tho
freedom of the slaves the President declared
It docs not secure the abolition of slavery;
I for the proclamation of freedom merely pro
tess-cd. to t ree certain slaves while it recog
nized the institution.
Every Constitution of the rebel States at
the outbreak of the rebellion may beabopt
cd without tho change of a letter; for none
of them contravene that proclamation; none
of them establish slavery.
It adds no security to tho freedom of tho
I or their title is the Proclamation of
If it be unconstitutional, an oath, to sup
port it is void. Whether constitutional or
not. tho oath is without authority of lawv
and therefore void.
If it bo valid and observed, it exacts no
enactment by the State, cither in law or
Constitution, to add a State guaranty to the
, ... I.,-..; . r . i
proclamation line; anu me ngiii ui a siiivu
to freedom is an open question before the
state courts on the rotative anthonty ot tno
State law and tho Proclamation.
If the oath binds the one-tenth, who take
it, is not exacted of the other nine-tenths
who succeed to the control of the State Gov
ernment; so that it Is annulled instantly by
the act ot recognition.
What the State courts would say of the
Proclamation, who can doubt ?
But the master would not go into court
he would seize his slave.
' What the Supreme Court would say, who
ican tell .'
When and how is the nuestion to cct
No habeas corpus lies for him in a United
States Court; and the President defeated
with this bill its extension of that writ to
Such are the fruits of this rash and fatal
act nf the President a blow at tho friends
of his Administration, at the rights of hu
manity and at the principles of republican
The President has greatly presumed ori
tho forbcaranae which the supporters of his
Administration have so long practicedj in
view of tho arduous conflict in which wo
are engaged, and tho reckless ferocity of our
! political opponents,
But he must understand that our sun-
port is of a cause and not, of a man; that
the authority of Congress is paramount and
must be respected: that tho whole body of
the Union men of Congress will not. submit
to be impeached by him of rash and uncon
stitutional legislation: and if he wishes our
support, he must confine himself to his
executive duties, to obey and execute, not
make the laws to suppress by arms armed
I Rebellion, and leave political reorganiza-
1 tion to (. ongecs;.
' If the supporters of the Government fail
to insist on this they become responsible for
i the usurpations which they fail to rebuke,
, and are justly liable to the indignation of
the peoplo whoso rights and security, com-
nutted to their keeping, thev saennce.
Lot them consider the remedy for these
usurpations, and, haviug found it, fearless
...Vl....v. . U.7 uutVW UMlilillUa UUIL'U III IL.
B. F. WADE, Chairman Senate Committee.
H. WINTER DAVIS, Chairman Committee
Houso of Representatives) on
the Rebellious States.
Sayings of Josh Billings.
That John Brown hcz a days
That most men had rather sav a smart
thing than tuw du a good one. , That bak
sliding iz a big thing cspesily on ice.
That there iz 2 things in this life for
which we are never fully prepared and that
-uiat yu uamjuugo - . a lu ,
onnyniore.tl.au vu kan , u fee. m shirt bi
the sizo ov the eol araud risbands.
That the "Devil iz alwazs prepared tu
see Koppurhcd Gurls who hav their hair
cut short with their ears not cut haff off.
Tlmt it ix trentincr a man like a dorir tew
1 ..;-.-- p., . ..Vii...,
, cut him oph short in his uarative. nats
whats tho matter ov the purp.
That "ienoranse iz bliss
sawing wood, tur instance.
That menny will fail tow bo saved, simply
bakauze they haint got ennything tew saive.
That tho virtues ov wimmcn aro awl her
own bnt her frailties hcv bin taught her.
That dry pastors aro the best for flocks:
flocks ov bheep, I mean.
That men ov genius aro hko eagles, tha
liv on what tha kill; while men of talents
aro like crows tlia liv ovjvhat hez bin killed
That some peoplo are fond ov bragging
about thair ancestors, and thair grate des
cent, when in fackthair grate cte 12 Jlst
what's tho matter ov them.
That a woman kant keep a sekret nor let
enny body else keep one.-
That "a littlo laming iz a dangerous
thing;" this iz us tru as it is common.
That it iz better to fail in a noble enter-
pnsp than to suctsceu m w --
1 x That a great menny ioi- -. -
I td oph'from thair fret.