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title: 'Holmes County farmer. (Millersburg, Ohio) 1857-1926, June 22, 1865, Image 1',
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hcgolmcui CflJfluntjj gurnet,
Unvoted to tlm nil votary of thn principle of tliu
Doiuocratlo party, mitl to Kciicralniid local news.
I'UllMHIIKl) KVIlllY TIIUIUIIlAY
IY EHTXLTj As NEWTON.
UFFICE-SECOND STOUT OF FIKE'S BUILMNO
Terms or .Siiliscrlptloii :
Onu year, (In advance,) $2,00
Oil montht 1,00
RATES OF ADVERTISING :
Ohm snuarn, three weeks 3 1 M
Hitch additional insertion JW
Onoiquare, thrco months 3 m)
One square, nix mouths (I no
Onn square, twclvo months in no
one fourth column, ono year .10 00
Ono half column, onn yenr SO on
Olio column, olio yrnr W 00
Of ovory description executed In the best style
ninl on rcaKonalilo terms.
The Farm Kit ban a lawr circulation tlinnnny
other paper In thin Becthm of tlio Htato. II In
now, ancilms boon for thirty-right consecutive
yearn tho oftlclnl paper of tho county.
Jambh A. Kstim, Probate Judge.
.Toiin T. Max wri.t. rtoteentlng Attorney,
IlKNIlY D. McDoWBLt, County Clerk.
John H. Nei-son Sheriff.
John Whitman Auditor.
CuAUi.ua H. Vokwehk .Treasurer.
Deoiuik r,. Cook -Recorder.
Henry V. Pounds, )
.tosGi'll KiMKKEit, y Commlstloners.
Jesse A. HAiiitis, J
Hamuei. Keiui Coroner.
J ames I,. KimtEsoN Nurveyor.
Or. K. G. Saunders,
rilYKICIAN A SUIIOEON, has permanently
located himself In Oxford, Holmes Co. O. The
Dr. has licen associated with Dr. .1, 11. Woods,
of this placo, during the past yenr in the prac
tice of Medicine, and now otTers his profess
ional services to the pooplo of Oxford and
Ir. J. It. Woods,
PHYSICIAN AND SUTtOHON. Mlllershurf?, O.
Office On Clay Street, south of tho Court
Dr. A. A. Crump,
GERMAN AND ENGLISH I10TANIC PHYSI
CIAN, MIllersburR, Ohio. Otllce on tho East
ond of Main street, four doors above the Pub
lic Hauarn. 21-20.
J. Pomcroiiu, 1H. I.
I'HYHIUIAN AND SUIIOEON, Mlllcrsburg O.
Olflce On Main street, 4 doors east of the
Hank. Residence formerly occupied by Dr.
Dr. Win. Itlolioson,
THYSICIAN AND SUHOEON, Mlllershuri?, O.
Officii on Main street, 111 tho room formerly
occupied by Dr. UoIIuk. 27-7
Dr. Charles Hunt,
THYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Nashville, Ohio.
Succossor to Dr. I.lKRCtt. 2.V27
xv. ii. Putt, m. d.,
PHYSICIAN SURGEON, Rowvllle, Ohlo.
20.10 to Z.2L
J. T. H1XWKLI. P. O. 1IKLLEH
maxwell & Heller,
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
MlUersburg.Ohlo. OfBce, In the Court Houso,
up stairs. no40.
:.. a. oiUTcnnsi.n. panikl 8. dhl.
Crltclifield A: Mil,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Mlllersburi?, Ohio.
Ofneo in Crltchlleld's building, up stairs. 10
c. r. voiiHBs. 1
Vorlies Ac Reed,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Mlllcrsburg, Ohlo.
Olllce four doors East of the Hank. 28-1
Thomas A. Taylor,
NOTARY PURLIC, Holmesvtlle, Ohio, will be
alwavs ready to attend to procuring back pay,
bounty and pensions for disabled and dischar
ged soldiers, and collection of claims for tlio
menus or moso ueceasea.
Andrew J. Hell,
Notary Public, Land Conveyancer, and
Offlco In County Recorder's Offlee.
Henry P. Pounds,
Address Mt. Hope
Holmes couniy, uiuo.
J. E. FLEMING, Proprietor, Main Street,
Mlllorsburg, Ohio. General Siago Odlee.
K. W. FORRS Proprietor west end of Main
Btrect, Mlllcrsburg, Ohio. 25-9
HOTELS. JEWELRY, &c.
A. R. FRY,
WATCH MAKER AND JEWELER. Malliht.,
three doors west of Wclrlch's Hardware store,
Mlllcrsburg, Ohio. 21-20
n. p. niccoruiicu,
WATCH AND CLOCK MAKER, one door east
of Welrlch's Hardware Htorc, -Main Hr.,aiiii
orsburg, Ohio. iB-35
S. R. WEIRICII,
3HE -A. 2R. ID W -A. !R. 33.,
Iron, IVallN, Cutlery,
Agricultural Implements, &c, &c,
MILLERSB URG, 0.
Nails, Cutlery, &c,
Main btkkkt, opposite the court house,
f- All Kind of Agricultural Implement for Sale,
WIIOLF Ac CARY,
Forwarding & Commission
AN1 DKAI.EUS IN
Salt, Fish, Plaster, White & Water Lime,
Flour, Wheat, Rye, Corn and Oats,
OLOVKR AND TIMOTHY SEED,
IJUTTER, EGGS, LARD, TALLOW,
And all kinds of Dried Fruits.
(25-31) MILLERHI1UKG, O.
11ENHY HEKZKIt. AUiSl t'ETKV,
IIERZER A PETRY,
(6'ucceiori to X. StebibacJtcr it Ot.)
Produce and Conslssiou Dlercbaits,
FLOUR, GRAIN, MILL STUFFS,
SALT, FISH WHITE WATER LIMB, t. o.
AND FURCIIAHER Or
Wheat, Rye, Corn, Outs, Wool,
SEEDS, DRIED FRUIT,
HOTTER, GUGH, Ac
Yankee IVotionn, ftc, &c,
W. It. POIWEROY,
MECHANICAL AND OPERATIVE
OITICE-Un hUrb Hbovn Or Ho.
MILLERSI3URG, OHIO, THURSDAY,
JUNE 22, 18G5.
MISCELLANEOUS. Select Poetry.
A "BIG THING."
You may talk of California
And Its yellow fjoldcn stores,
And the uewHtato or Naviulu ;
Ot her mines of silver and oiu ;
Hut the Hlato or Pennsylvania
or her boastliiK none can siioll .
With her wondrous wealth that's Mowing
From Its mighty beds of oil,
Cliouui Then It's workaway and dig nway,
A drilling through the soil,
Where you go both high and low
Arc tulltlng of tlio oil.
And to this great discovery
A larmer one gavo birth
He lihiutcd homo potatoes
Pretty deeply In the earth ;
Ono day ho pulled up a basket full
And put tlieiu down to boll,
Anil when he went to tako them up,
Tho pot was full of oil.
An oil barrel once I fell across;
My arm I did sprain ;
I went to see n doctor to get It set again ;
1 found him digging ot a well:
Said ho, "rub it with Petroleum j
Then take a doseof oil."
The Tailor leaves his lap-board,
And tliu Carpenter his piano ;
The Harbor, Colder, every ono
lias oil upon tho bruin.
A wife unto her husband said,
As ho goes out to toil,
"What sliull we huvo for dinner, lovej"
Ho only answered, "oil. 1"
A lover sits a courting,
And his thoughts ho does divide;
Ono hull upon Petroleum;
Hull on his Intended bridu;
llu suddenly her waistdoes seize,
And she ills wish to loll,
I.a, John! she said, "what do you wunt?"
uld he, "u little oil."
[From the Columbus Statesman.]
Rev. SAMUEL R. WILSON, D.
On the "Loyalty Resolution:"
Delivered in Pittsburg before
May 26th, 1865.
The following speech was delivered by
llcv. Samuel 11. Wilson, of Louisville, be
fore tliu Old School Presbyterian General
Assembly, in Pittsburg, on tho 26th day of
'lay, lPbo, which we noticed in our letter
liom that city the same day. it was electri
fying iu its effect upon the Assembly and the
immense audience that heard it, and will be
perused with intenso interest by all our
Tho following resolution being under con
sideration, viz :
"Resolved, That no missionaries bo np
cd by tho Hoard, cxeepl those giving satlslacto
ry cvldeneo of loyalty to the National (lovern
incut, and of cordial sympathy with the Pres
byterian Chinch in her testimony on Doctrine,
I.oyfl.lt) and Freedom."
Mr. Wilson said :
Mu. Monr.itATOii: It is with great diffi
culty lean so recollect myself as to realize I
am sitting in a court, of tho Lord Jesus
Christ, and not in a political convention, or
in the hull of a State Legislature. So much
has been said about "loyalty" to Caoxur,
and so little so very little about loyalty to
Jesus Christ, tho head of the Church. I
shall, however, endeavor so Jar to recall my
thoughts to tho character of this Assembly,
and to tho proprieties of a Court of tho
Church, professedly acting under tho Guid
ance of the Holy bpirit, and according to
the teachings ot the word ol Li-od, as to ab
stain from following those who have pro
ceded me in their windings and wanderings
on the subject of loyalty. They have yield
ed us no ngni on inc question wiucn inuy
are preparing with so much fiery zeal; and
one latin to gather, from all that lias been
said, any satisfactory solution of tho difficul
ties with which that question is surrounded.
It is not my intention to expose the misrep
resentations in which these gentlemen have
indulged, nor to correct their inaccurato
statement of facts, nor to avail the feeble
sophistries by which they have endeavored
to persuade this assembly to tho adoption of
a measure so dangerous as that now bclorc
them. To attempt this, would load mo far
away from the point I wish to press upon
the consideration of this body, and compel
me to pursue a courso of debate so little in
harmony with what I regard as becoming
in sucli a placo as this. And yet, sir, 1 am
compelled to take notice of ono ot trto
thiriL's that have been said here, not strictly
bcarinc upon the matter under discussion:
and yet, which have been urged, with mani-
lestcttect, upon tins Assembly, and the audi
ence whosccm to takeso deep an interestin its
nrocccdincs. 1 shall touch unon these mat'
tcrs as briefly' as possible, and then pass to
tho mam topic.
'And first, Mr. Moderator, I wish to call
the attention of this House to a charge that
has been made upon tins Uoor against a man
whose ashes now sleop ouietly In tho crave.
among tup fairest and noblest that ever gra
ced the ministry of tho Presbyterian Church.
I need not gay that I refer to tho llcv. Dr.
J. II. Thorowell. Sir, the last time I sat
in this venerable body, 1 sat side by side
with Dr. Thoruwell. Ho was admired by
all who knew him. Tho assembly hung up
on his classic eloquence whenever ho mined
in debate. The people listened with un
wearied delight when ho poured forth the
fullness of his largo Christian heart, and
neid up Deioro tneir oyos me rnaicnicss love
of a bleeding Savior. With an unction
rarely met with, ho preached Christ nnd
ft . ;i l A.l . ...1. .. . .1 -
mill cruciuuu, ivuu uuw, sir, wnut uu c
see? What do wo hear? Three times has
ho been held up here, in tho prcsencci of
tins Assembly, and tins vast congregation,
as tho friend and associate of assassins and
murderers nay. moro. as himself counsel
ing murder and assassination as a proper
means ol dctondinc tno uontcderacy. Ana
this chargo has been caught up by tho
newspapers, and is spread larand wide up
on tho wings of bwif't-flying and noisy faino.
Unon what does it rest? By what evidence
has it been attempted to fix so foul a blot
unon tho name ot so lair and no bio a ser
vant of God ? A tract has been brought
in hero by u brother (Dr. Lord, of Buffalo,
and an extract read from it. carbled an
so this stigma might bo affixed to one of
those whose labors havo dono so much to
render this Church illustrious. Thrice has
this been done in a manner as unnecessary
as it was unworthy ol tho brother to do it.
Sir, I tako upon mo to pronounce tho
chargo unjust and slandcroust and without
any foundation in truth. This 1 will show
by the very document itscf, which has been
paraaca in ko cxirauruiuury a manner oo;
foro this body as a witness, uncorroborated.
indeed, by any other, but represented as
giving testimony so clear and uncuWocal
as to leave no room for doubt. I will show
you that tho evidence has boon lalsiued;
that an essential part of tho testimony has
Dr. Lord I call tho brother to order.
Hc is reflecting on a member of this body.
I did not mention Dr. ThornweU's name. I
was bis friend. The Synod of Kentucky has
been dealt with by this Assembly with grt
lenity, This is not to bo endured from a
member of that Synod. "Cries of "Or
ThqMpdorator Tho Sneaker, Dr. Wil
son, simply following tho courso of do
bato indulged iij by Dr. Lord, and replying
to a chargo which has been made on the
floor. He will not bo interrupted. He is
strictly in order.
Dr. Wilson It is strange, indeed, that a
brother who has once and again, and even
a third timc, dragged this matter into those
discussions; who seemed so much affected
at tho horrible mention, and who made it
tho basis of protestations tho most vehe
ment against any compromise with" those
who held such atrocious sentiments it is
strange, I saj', that this brother should call
mo to order for simply appealing to the ev
idenco ho has himself brought forward, to
disprove tho chargo ho makes. If ho was
tho friend of Dr. Thoniwcll, ono should
think ho would-gladly listen to anyone who
should bo able to show that the construc
tion put upon his language was founded in
misapprehension and that plainly ho djd not
mean to sanction any thing of which a
Christian should be ashamed. But when
the brother objects to any attempt at such a
vindication, and cries out "order," one is
ready to exclaim, "Is this thy kindness to
thy friend ?"
I was about. Mr. Moderator, to show bv
an appeal to tho document adduced here in
evidence that the chargo relerrcd to was a
most slanderous aspersion on the character
of an eminent minister of Christ. This
appeal I now proceed to make. Listen to
what I shall read, and judge it what 1
have said be not true. I beam at tho place
cited by tho brother himself, and which has
been published in the papers ot this city as
"justifying assassination :"
"Public spirit will not havo reached tho bight
which the exigency demands until we havo re
llngulsticd all fastidious notions of military et
iquette, and havo conic, to tho point of expell
ing the enemy by any and ovcry, means that
Ood has put In our power. Wo aro iiotOglitlns
lor military i;lory; we aro flchtlnd for u homo
and a national existence. 'oiv;o not alining
todisplayour skill In tuctles and generalship;
we arc aiming to show ourselves a free people,
worthy to possess and able to defend the insti
tutions of our fathers. What signifies It to us
how tho foe is vanquished, provided It is done?
HccaUKo we havo not weapons of tho' most ap
proved workmanship, aro we to sit still and seo
our soli overrun, and our wives and children
driven from their homes, while we have oilier
weupons that conseqently do the work of death?
Aro we to sacrifice our country to military
punctilio? Tho thought is monstrous. We
must bo prepared to extemporize expedients.
We must ecaso to be ebarry cither about our
weapons or I ho means of using them."
Here, sir, the quotation stops. It breaks
off in thciniddlcof a paragraph. Yet even
this, mutilated as it is, speaks no such lan
guage as that imputed, nor could any but
tho most distortod version discover in it
aught boyond the earnestness of one who
saw no hope for his countrymen but in tho
most determined activity and courageous
devotion in the turning to account tho most
imperfect instruments for defense against
a strong anp overwhelming foe. But I will
not rest here. Let tho remainder of the
passage bo attend to; it is plain and un
"Tho end is to orivo back our foes. If we can
not procure the bestrides, let us put up with
tho oommnn kiihr of iho country; If thoy uan
not be bail, with pikes, and axes and tama
liuwks;any thlnsthat will do the worlcof death
Is an olfectlvo instrument in a bravo man's
hand. Wo should bo ready for tho regular bat
weak to stand an ciiKaBement l'n tho open Held,
we can way lav tho too nnd harass and annoy
tle or uie partisan slclrmlsli. II wo aro too
him. We must prepare ourselves for a guerrif-
la war. The enemy must bo conqueii'd, una
any method by which we can honorably do It
must be resorted to. This is tlio kind or spirit
which wo want to seo aroused among our peo
ple. II we cannot meet the enemy In thoplain.
we musi ociaitc ourselves 10 uie swamps aim
tho mountains; from wheno wo can pounco up-!,
on him at an unexpected moment. Wo must
inmate tne prowess ot such patriots as .Marion,
Smmtur, uml Davie."
Hits is the whole ot it. Jhis istho ex
tract, the horrid nature of which was to
send the blood, chilling, back to our hearts.
A passage which urges to tho uso of no oth
er means and to tho adoption of no other
methods ot the dctenso ot their
than brave men might honorary adopt.
Means and methods such as every body that
has read tho story of the Revolution in his
"First School Historv." and every cultiva-
tcd reader, acquainted with Lossing's Field
1500k Ot tho devolution," know lull well
weere sanctioned nnd employed by those wo
revere as heroes and patriots, in their death
struggle lor independence. And it is upon
such testimony, thus garbled and disfigured
that so great and good a man,, however he
may have been mistaken or misled in Borne
things, has been held up to tho gazo of this
venerable Assembly antl tho mpeking world
a counseling the attrocious crime of assas
sination, and as the associate and abettor
of murderers. Sir, tho courso of tho gen
tlemen forcibly reminds me of those old in
quisitors", of which I have read somewhat
in history, who dug up tho bones of the
servants ot Uhnst, whoso mighty logic they
dared not encounter, and whose burning el
oquence thov could noithcr imitate nor en
dure, and scattered them upon tho waves
or burned them at the stake.
But I pass from this matter, which unwil
lingly 1 fiavo been forced to notice and come
to tho resolution before us. And hrst. Mr,
Moderator, I ask your attention to tho point
ol objection raised by tho member, (Mr.
Morrison,) who opened this discussion.
relor to tho objection that there is no cer
tain standard of loyalty; It is as variant
as. the seasons, and us uncertain as the
winds. It is as undefined us tho horizon,
and thoso metes and boundrics which some
times seem to mark out its extent and limi
tations, liko lines drawn upon tho sandy
beach aro obliterated by tho next wavo of
popular caprice or rage that rolls in upon
them. The loyalty of yesterday has become
tho disloyalty of to-day; and tho loyalty of
to-day will bo branded as base treason to
morrow. Thoso opinions, and sentiments
and acts which were pronounced sound and
patriotic a little while ago by political lead
ers, both in tho Church and State, aro now
denounced by tho samo leaders as proof
positive that ono who hold by them is a
rank traitor. Let mu illustrate this point
by two or three noted examples. And, first,
1 will cite from tho Synod of Kentucky.
Sir, sonio of us from that Synod, have been
represented in this Assembly as worthy of all
condemnation because we' vo refused our as
sent to thoso acts of this body for several
venrs nasi tonchimr matters ot State nolicv.
This wo havo dono sincorcly, candidly, but
rcspecttully. and lor reasons various, and.
to us, conclusive, For this wo havo been
stricken in no very gentle manner again
and again, by members on this floor, and
our conduct set in anything but ii pleasant or
nattering contrast with the loyal and patn
otic members of tho Synod, who are in full
accord with.the Assembly. In narticular.
one speakor (Dr. .Lord) has felt, a special
call, onco and ag.ain, to commend in glowing
terms tho "heroic, self-denying," God-liko
zeal and dovotion of tho llcv. Dr. Robert
Brcckonridge, whoso unselfish sacrifices and
sultenngslor Ulnircu, and country wo havo
been told rcbuko tho "ltikowarmnoss" and
treason of his brethren, A giant among
pigmies; a hero among cowards: "in cordial
sympathy with tho deliverances of tlio As
sembly on loyalty and lrecdom; an Abdiel.
faithful among tne faithless, clarum tt ven
crabilcnomui! Such is tho strain of eulo
gy which has twice cilled forth from the
Assembly, and this audience, undsual deuv
onr.tratiousnf applause.. It U but a. mo.
ment since we heard again repealed thiselo
quctit eulogy, and tho echo of applause
called forth at tho utterance of tho name of
tho "loyal" Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge,
has butjust died upon our caw. Sir, it is
this very natno of such popularity and po
tency here, I adduce; it is to the utterance
of this "loyal" oracle I appeal foremost
of all in proof that this Assembly itself has
no standard of loyalty,' Mat there is no such
standard; and that which is seemingly set
up hereto-day if applied to the "clurumtt"
would consign tho vcnerulu'le iwmen to the
shades of darkness under tho anathemas of
thopo whose feet havo danced applause just
now at at its bare mention. It was this Dr.
It. J. Brcckcnridgo who first in the Synod
of Kentucky condemned tho action of tho
General Assembly on the duty of allcgiatieo
to tho Government of the United States.
A member Does the speaker refer to ac
tion of the Synod of Kentucky us condem
natory of tho Ascinbly,,mid does ho mean
to say that Dr. Brcckcnridgo concurred in
thai action r
Dr. Wilson Tiiat is precisely what I
n.ltl. Ill I no lllniititur f tlm Kvnrwl l.
C ' fl r loei n " J . 1,1 ,MU
uiiui ioui, u ouiiiiiuucu wus uppomicuon
tho Minutes of the Assembly, of that year, '
of which Committee Dr. Breckenridge was
Chairman. He brought in a report on'
the action taken by the Assembly on the
state of the country and their declaration
respecting loyalty and tho dnly of uphold-
ing tho hcdcral Government on tho part of'
mu uiiinsiciauiiu luuiuuiuuurNui mo enurcii.
This report was adopted by tho Syn-
od. In it the Synod say that the.
declaration of tho Assembly is "cow
trary to the word of God, an that Word
m inierprcicu in me ionjcssions or i-aiiu oj
the Presbyterian Church." And they fur-
thcr declare the action of the Assembly to
have been purely political, and incompc-
tent to asniritual court, and injurious and
divisivo in its tendency. This, sir, was the
manner in which the delivcranco of the As-
sembly of 1801 was treated by tho illustrious
loyalist, whoso name wo been told is so ven-
crablc, and whoso fame is to shine forever
with such unrivaled splendor. But whore
are the plaudits now, which but a moment
ago burst forth at the mention of that uarae?
Ah! I hear no stamping of feet, no clap-
ping ot hands now l
Moderator The applauso was given by
persons who were ignorant of the fact that
our usages do not allow of such domonstra-
tions. The-Moderator has requested that
should not be repeated. 1
Dr. "Wilson 1 certainly did not expect
such demonstrations under tlio new as-
ncct in which this matter is now presented. 1
But I pass on to cite another illustrative ex-,
ample of the uncertain responses given,
by tho most distinguished oracles, on
subject, of loyalty and patriotism. '
Tho example I have selected is one high in 1
position, and In the confidence of both the'
late President and his successor. It is no '
less than that of the present Attorney Gen-,
of tho United States. In the year
lSiil. tlm Union Statn f'nnimitien. of tlm '
State of Kentucky, issued an uddie.s to the
people ol that State on the course ot policy
which they judged ought to bo adopted in
tho tlion agitatod condition of tho country,
and in case certain contingent events should
occur. Of this Committee tho present At
torney Ueneral (Air. fenced) was a nronii-
nent member, andhisn.imo isfrigncd to this
TjV,,m it T fnfcn f lm Tnl nivlnir ni.
address. LHvm it 1 taso the loiiowing pas-
The Moderator Tho Moderator regards
tnospeaKer as cnuieiv in orucr. mu would
simply suggest that this is a political docu'
mcnt from which ho is about to read. Per
., . . , n.i i i
naps i no iiuuiuuuu nauuuuur uu oiiuuuu.
Dr. Wilson Moderator, this discusion.
under the particular form which it has as
sumed, has been forced upon mo. I told
you at the beginning of my remarks that the
course taken by those who had preceded me
would compel mo to speak of political ques
tions I would gladly havo seen kept out of
this Court of Christ. I am aware that what
I may say is likely to be little agreeable to
tho majority ot this house, and probably al
together unpopular with this largo asseni-
Wy of attentive and manilestly interested
specuuuurs. an, sir, me iuua inui pumi
cal questions ought to kc kept out ot this
house has been scouted and ridiculed.. . I
havo sat;here for eight or nine days Iistining
to discourses on loyalty and treason, and
rebels and rebellion, and .Copperheads; and
those who have iudulged in these, har
angues have gone on ad libitum without
interruption from any quarter. This is only
the second time I havo asked tho attention
of tho house. The State from which Iconic,
and the Synod of which I am a member,
have been assailed repeatedly as disloyal to
the country and tho Church, and 1 should
be wanting in respect to myself, to the Pres
bytery which I represent, and to the State
in which I live, did I not, to the best of my
ability, repel theso assaults.
A minister go ou, go on, and dou't lot
them interrupt you again.
Dr. Wilson 1 was about to show that,
as in tho case of Dr. Breckenridge,. so in
tho case of other great luminaries iu the
firmament of loyalty, the light which they
shed is dim and dubious, now waxing, now-
waning, with tho revolutions of months and
years. Tho proof I now adduce, though,
as has been said by tho Moderator, token
from a document not drawn by a religious
body, nor coming Irom a member ot tne
Church, is, on that very account, all tho
moro nortinent to IUV Purpose. It is tho
expression of views entertained but a short
time back, and inculcated upon tne masses
by ono who had tho confidence of the Gov
ernment, and who in his present high oihee
can decide, with authority, what is regard
ed as loyalty by "tho powers that be." Here
is tho rule and standard maintained by this
eminent jurist four years aao:
Tho nresent nolicv of Kentucky Ir to maintain
herpreseut Independent postlon, taking sides
not with tho (iovernmeut, and not with the bo
eeded Htales, but with tho Union against them
liom, iieeianng ner son io no saereii irom me
luiHtlle Iread of cither, aud If necessary, mak-
Ingthe declaration good with her strong right
mill. Alio io iiieeim inai weinay no iniiy pre
pared for this last contingency, and for all ihs
slble contingencies, we would have her arm
herself thoroughly at the earliest practicable
moment. , ,
"What tho future duty of Kentucky may bo,
wo of curse, can not with certainty foresee; but lf
tho enterprise nnounced in tho rroclamatlon of
the President should at any time hereiilter as
sume the aspect or a war lor the overrunning
and subjugation of tho seceded Htates, through
tho full assertion therein or tho uatioal lulls
diction, by a standing military force, wo do not
hcsltato to say that Kentucky should promptly
unsheath her sword in behalf of what will then
become tho common cause. Such an event, If
it should occur, ot which, wo confess, there does
not appear to us to be a rational proljabltity,
could havo hut one meaning meaning which
a peoplo Jealous of thi ir liberty would ho keen
to dectect, and which a peoplo worthy of liberty
would bo prompt and learlcss to resist. hen
Kentucky detects this meaning in lho action
ot theOovernment, she ought, without count
ing the cost, to tako iiparms at onco against the
Oovrrment. Until sho does ileleet Ibis mean
ing, she ought to hold herself independent, ot
both sides, and compel both bides to rrt.pt ct 'he
inviolability of her soil. 'Iho protcutlmis
meaning hi question Is not dieei uablo at this
time, and w believe it never will become, dls.
ccrnable. We, however, havo deemed it 111, In
consideration of all tlm extraordinary fealujes
of the lime to nuticlp.tto Ibis possible contin
gency." Thus, vim Deceive it was tho highest typo
of loyalty, in 1S01, to Ftand aloof from the
ennflicL botween brothcis'. it Was the do
manil nT nine, I ii.illintit.nl to JliiV II it
nrmis anv attempt on tho pait of "the
Government" to coeree a .tate into suhju
men on me suoject 01 loyalty are vague and
inconsistent and contradictory; and that
this Ax.embly, withall its wisdom and learn
the ing, has not fixed, and indeed, can not fix
any satisfactory or clearly defined standard
by which the Committee of Missions can
'judge of the loyalty of its misionaries.
The objection, therefore, of my collea
v-'ir. .uornsonj i uecm to have been
taken, as it certainly was well nut.
But there arc other reasons. Mr.
tor, why this resolution on
the treasury to warrant them in so doing.
Vu,1 now a new and widely different order
demanded. Aruleis askedforwhichisnot
t0 h equally applicable to all portions of
the Uiurch alike. A distinction and an in
they equahty are to be established between the
nionane3 of the Church,, under the di
any faction ol tlio Board; that is, to say the
le.as.t exceedingly invidious. And this
without any adequate reason. For if it is
proper and necessary to require "satisfactq
even ' eVldcncc of the possession of tlio quali
ties ncations herein described in respect to our
mis,iiiiiarics who are to go into oTie part of
the c0llnt!y mi rely it is equally proper and
"ccessary in regard to those who may be
.ent l? L'vcl- other part. These quahfica
eral ,tloniV lf demanded at all, are certainly not
lessdeiiiandct led in thoc who are to instruct
e is yctpne moro witness I desire to
iu then I shall leave his part of the t
.iiit. iho quotation Ishallnowgivo is!
from who one has Ionghcld no mean place in
mu commence oi wio UMUreil, uno WHO
not long since occupied the important post,
ol Corresponding Secretary of that Board
which is to sit in judgment, as ii proposed,
upon tho "loyalty" of the P robvterian min.
jstry Though no longer Secretary, ho
lives iu Philadelphia, where this inquest is
to sit, and his opinions may therefore be
considered as in harmony with tho ideafl of
loyalty there predominant. In irivintr
judgement at the last Assembly, in the case
oi ur. .icJ'hcctors, Lr. .Mtisgrave said:
tney luiddoHe in the tony af military arretU,
orders and rcttnwiU."
A member Dr. Musgravc's opinions
aro not my standard of loyalty.
Dr. llson Kxaetlv so. and 1 nm oKrl
to hear it. But this only illustrates and
confirms what T Inn l..n o,b.n,,r,' n
show, and what I have now, by most irrcf-
fn rral.ln n-zr ullri.r.. ,!. -1
imwi, n,iu,,u. mui, mu jiuuuus ui
irht not tn re.
ceive the sanction of this body reasons far
more important than that which lias just
been adverted to. To borne of these I ask
the serious and candid attention of the As-
And, in tho first place, it is proposed,
by the adoption of tins act, to establish an
entirely new rulo respecting the appoint-
mcnt of missionaries by the Board. The
rule which has, jn all timet past, governed
in this matter, is ono which commends it-
self to tho judgement of the whole Church,
It is that the Board shall appoint all mis-
sionarics who may be recommended by their
Presbyteries, provided there are funds in
the people of tho north, than they are in
thoso who arc to bo the teachers of the
South. Xew England oucht surely not to
he ncclcotod In tUo operation ol" UiVs rule
any inure than Missouri and Virginia. If
tho South and West need a guarantee, that
the men "who come to preach tho Gospel
there are sound on tho points named in this
resolution, no less do tho North and the
East need the liko guarantee.
But again, this order does not stop with
merely overpowcriug the Board to require
evidence of "loyalty to the National Gov
ernment on the part of missionaries, ap
poined by it to labor in the Southern States.
and of their acquiescence in the testimony
oi tno i-resDytcnau L'hurch on "loyalty and
freedom;" it requires more than this. It
empowers and require the Board to make
inquisition into the inmost thonnhts and
feelings ot these missionaries. It demands
that they will examine concerninc: the hid
den sympathies of their hearts. It forbids
them to appoint any man to preach the
Gospel'to the scattered and stricken Chris
tians or sinners of tho seceded or border
States; no matter how sound ho may bo in
the faith, or devoted to the order of the
Church, or unimpeachable in his conduct as
a Christian and a citizen, until they have ob
tained what they may be pleased to regard
as "satisfactory evidence of his cordial
sympathy" with the various and varying
utterances ol tho I'resbytcnan Church on
political questions of allegiance and human
rights. Is this General Assmbly thus pre
pared to bring back from the dead past the
spirit of Inquisition, with its rack, and its
iron boot, and its thumb-screw? But how
else are wo to wring from men a confession
of their "cordial sympathies," or a renun
ciation of their inmoit hidden feelings?
Nor is this all. ratal as tho objections
already urged. ought, to bo this.projiostion.
there is yet, if possible, an objection still
stronger against its adoiition. Sir, by this
act, it it should pass this house, tho Isoard,
which practically means in such connection.
the committee at Philadelphia, will be con
stituted into an Ecclesiastico-Political Privy
Council, or. as I micht say, a sort of Pro
vost Marshal's Guard for the Church, with
unlimited authority over her ministers to
decido upon their orthodoxy as ministers
and their character as citizens. It puts this
1'rivy Council above tho Lhurch and the
State both. It vests with them tho right
nay. it orders them to co behind the cer
tificate of recommendation of tho Presbyte
ry, and if they aro not satisfied respecting
the "cordial sympathies oi the man, to
treat that recommendation as valueless and
refuse to appoint as a missionary the minis
ter who may bring it. That is to eay, jlr.
Moderator, this Privy Councilmay in effect,
pass sentence of condemnation upon a min
ister, as not sound in doctrine; ns not "loy
al to the -National Uovcrnment: or. ns not
in "cordial sympathy with tho testimony of
the Church on loyalty and freedom;" and
thus virtually shut him out ot tho pulpit
and utterly destroy his infiuenco as a minis
ter of Christ. It is not enough that a man
should bo in good and regular standing in
his Presbytery; it is not enough that he
should bo an American citizen unimpeach-
ed and uncondciiincd; it is not enough that
ho should havo the approbation of his
peers, to whom, by the Constitution of the
Church, he is alone amenable. Somothinc
more is required. He must pass tho inqui
sition of tho "Board:" that is. tho "Com
mittee" of Missions, composed of some half
dozen gentleman sitting in. Chestnut street,
Philadelphia, who, by this act, arc to bo
exalted abovoall that aro called Presbyteries,
o u .1... ni i n .1-.
or oynuus in mu vjiiurcn, ana an inai aru
ordained in tho State to administer the laws
thereon Sir, is not this to bo disloial to
the State, thus to set up a court in tho
Church to try. tho question of allegiance,
and to determine tho ttatus of its citizens?
And,, sir, if in its spirits this rule is disloyal
tho civil power, becauso it would usurp one
of it highest, and most peculiar prerogatives,
how is it in regaid to tho Church itsell.'
May 1 not say. without any diHrnsneet tn
this Assembly, in view of tho great princi-
pies at stake, and certainly without fear of I
successful contradiction, it is in its spirit audi
tondjiicy, whatever its intent, revolutionary,
and destructive to. tho faith, constitution,
pnvmment, discipline, and liberty of the
Prcbvterian Chinch, a:, she has been en
dowed with thoi.o pr.icinus and inHlicn.ible
jilt:, by King snd Head, and a they
'have been handed down to her, sealed by
the blood of her holy martyrs of blessed
memory. And, sir, when I am persuaded
'to give my sanction to such an act, or to
nit to its enforcement, may "my right
1 forget its cunning, and my tongue
fc to tho roof of my mouth."
- r r ... . .
Mr. Moderator, I faiu awhile ago that in
tho absence of any clear and well-defined
standard of "loyalty," and in the constant
shifting of the standard both among church
nien and statesmen, thero was a solid and
insupcrablo objection against the iiassage
of this order. .Now, sir, I add that the
same objection lies with equal force against
tho order as it respects tho subject of 'frec
dom." It leaves it entirely to the "Board"
to settle the standard by which tho "loyal
ty," and "freedom" necessrry to bo ap
proved shall be determined. Then, sir, it
will bo requisite , that this Board should
prepare a- catechism on these subjects of
loyalty and freedom, . that our ministers
may have some cuide in their nrcnaration
for examination. And what are to be the
poinsts of inquiry on this vexed and com
plicated subject ot freedom? Is it to de
nounce slavery as the "sum of all villainies?"
Is it to say that to hold a slave is in itself a
sin and. tho slaveholder a criminal? Is
it to belie-e and hold that slavery is the
"root of all evil," and makes a man a rebel,
murderer and an assassin?. Is it to ap
provo . of . immediate and indiscriminate
emancipation, in our midst, of the whole
slave population of the. country? Is it to
belive the "Emancipation Proclamation"
to have been inspired of God. and to bo re
ceived by the church as an expression of
11 is holy will lor her guidance, to be en
forced with fire, and sword, and excommu
nication, and imprisonment, and death? Are
these, or such like these, to bo made the
excruciatory points of inquisition now? Ifi
so, I wish to know if the matter is to stand
at this, or to change with tho advance of
the so-called . spirit ot lreedomf fair, we
arc "progressive?" 1 haveunderstood that
there i3 a memorial in circulation here for
signatures asking this Assembly to give an
pression in favorof "negro suffrage. Well,
sir, is this to be made a point in the new
catechisms of "loyalty and freedom?" Why
not, sir; and even more than this? In the
present stage of this movement surely no
questions could be more pertinent than such
Arc jrou in favor of immediate and per
fect civil and social equality between tho
white and blacks.
Are you in favor of using the negroes to
keep down.the Horn an Catholics?
Are you in favor of negro suffrage?
Are you in favor of matrimony between
whites and blacks?
Let us know at least something about this
catechism of freedom to be used by the
Board, before we give them both the au
thority to make it and the power to enforce
it as. a test of the fitness of a Presbyterian
minister to preach the Gospel of Christ to
the Presbyterians of Georgia and Missis
sippi. Mr. Moderator, I must now leave this
subiect to the decision of this Assembly.
1 iavu oudeavuiwl to oct it bufuru them iu
something like its true natureand influence.
as it appears to me, in the light of the best
rules ot judging, i am able to. .apply to it.
I feel indeed conscious of how inadequately
I havo succeeded in expressing tho views 1
entertain upon tho subject; and how lar I
have como short of reaching to its full mag
nitude and importance, let I have aimed
only at attaining the ends of truth and right
eousness. I am conscious to myself of be
P. ?m cnsc ?us
ing aciuaieu oy no oiner seuumenis man
those of the deepest love and loyalty to my
i -f v. . j. ftJ A .u.
cuuiuiy, auu oi supreme uuvuiiuii iu mu
i ,. ,,. m v i.i.. -
i- Af n,,, T
glory of our Lord Jesus Christ, the sole
awgiver and king. .My brother ( JJr. .Lord)
has said that we from Kentucky
im IvnnrneL-v ':irn nor
capable ot ludirins in such a oucstion
this, because ol oxrsympathics? And if otir
sympathies, who come from a State where
brothers and sons and fathers have fallen
upon the same bloody field in fratricidal
strife incapacitate us from judging in
this matter, how. sir. arc brethren whocome
fiom other scenes of horror and sadness
with their sympathies, any more capable of i
judging? The sentiment of tho brother is
loundcd in an utter iaiJaey, which would
dehumanizo a man as a condition of his be
ing ablo to judge respecting the principles
of justice and the claims of humanity.
I'or my own part,, as.much as in me lies, 1
have from the beginning of this sad con
flict aimed to rise above the fierce passions
raging around me, and to avoid, as a min
ister tho Gospel of Peace, being so indenti
fied with either of tho contending parties
as would preclude my ministering to the
souls ot each in the consolations ot that
Gospel. And it has been my mournful
privilege to sit by the side of mothers whose
bons had fallen upon the same battle-field
as ioemen, ana to speas woras oi comiori
to them both from the same blessed Bible,
I am loyal to mycouutry, and I am loyal to
Christ. And it is because I am so that I
. 1. 1. J P ! .
am standing up here to speak thus iu the
presence ot this venerable AsscniDiy. it is,
because I am thus loyal that I now entreat
them to nause to consider well what they
aro about to do, to stop before they take a
step lull ol consequences, so lar-rcachmg
and so full of peril. Brethren, take not
this fatal plunge.
1 thank the Assembly lor its patient at
The Assassination Trial at
That calm and moderate paper, the New
Yorkibini(i?o Commerce, has tho follow
ing criticism upon the Military Commission
at Washington. It says:
"The trial presents a picture which will
be by no means honorable to us in history.
There is no pretense, that wo know of, on
the part of the Court or tho Judce Advo
cate, or any ono else, that a large mass of
tlio evidence giveu lias anything to do with
tho caso of tho accused. The civilized
world will look with surpriso and regret on
the strange spectacle presented by this. Court
or Commission, assuming jurisdiction to
try men aud women for capital offences,
where tho civil courts are in full power,
and after assuming this jurisdiction proceed
ing to head up a mass of testimony design-
e( st,lel3- ti
:( r i
fiUUl or 1
ieiy to reaen tno puouc minu, ana ut
without reference to the question ol
guilt or innocence oi any oi tne prison
ers. "Wo may be pardoned, in view of such
scene, for entering once moro on our re
cord a plea in bohalf of 'dueprocetsof law.'
It is the grand fortification of life, property
and reputation. But at the present time
no ono enjoys it no one is securo againsi
accusation, punishment, and death, without
possiblo e.-c.ipo by denfenso in due form."
A letter from Baleigh N. C, says (hat a
good story is told of a gallant brigadier
who niado a visit to the Deaf ami Dumb
Asylum at this place, he being so delighted
that he sent his band over tho sanui ovmi
ing to serenade the iumates. Tho fact be
enmin! known, ha was importuned to iu
vi to tho inmate.-, of the Blind A-ylumtosee
hp next p.iradc
A New Feature of American
Tho Washington correspondent of tho
St. Louis ItrpulUaxn commences a letter
on tho conspiracy trial, now in progess at
the Federal Capital, with the following re
"Go into tho Courl-room, and htayau
hour with your eyes atid cars open, aud tho
eoiiclution forces itself unon you that not ode
of theso eight miserable wretches on trial
stand the slightest show of escaping hang
ing. .incir uoom was bcaieu when tliey fell
into the hands of tho military. If Mr,
1 Rta,,i?n orgiuurcd a court to conc. thw ii
I11',. io"Reo it plainly in tho tearing, and
?otl.on ,o1 every member, from tho President
I tn T lift ! Mr-fit. t nllinn I ! .... I I .. .. 1 ! 1. 1
to the lowest officer. Gen. Htmler iiisiilfnil
ilevcrdy Johnson at tho start, tho overbear
ing demconor of the Judire-Advneatn. tlm
continual overruling and snubbing of tho
samo by tho Commission, and last, though
not least, as exprossivo of the unworthy uru
mw.Gen. Lew Wallace oDcnlvinsiiiuatinL' a
charge of bribery against a helpless negro
witness, for the defence; all theso reflect tho
true spirit prevailing in that Commission. It
says as plain as can be without, words, 'We
arc the greatest power in the land, we try
these men as a concession to publia opinion,
which wo think would bo nearer right were
ii Fausueu io anow us io condemn and
hang them without trial; and wk tolerate
tho council for the defence if for no
other reason because wo are determined
beforehand all their effort in behalf of tha
prisoners shall prove of no avail.'
"It can hardly be said that the prisoners
will, not get justice from this military, for
their crimes almost placo them beyond the
pale of the law's protection; yet it is very
unfortunate they were not tried by a civil
tribunal. The proceedings of the courtuow
trying, them will form another dark page in
the history of our time: tho more to bo re
gretted because there was not the least ne
cessity for its existence.
A Point made in the Jefferson
The Dayton (0.) Empire makes the fol
lowing point in connection with tho trial of
Mr. Davis. We think it well taken:
"The Tiiiai. or Jeieerso.v Davis.
There seems to. be no doubt now that the
charge of complicity in the assassination of
President Lincoln, on tho strength of which
a reward of $100,000 was offered for tho
arrest of Mr. Davis, is to be abandoned and
the prisoners put on trial tor treason, lho
bill of indictincn.t drawn by District-Attorney
Carrington and returned by the Grand
Jury, ia published. It predicates the chargo
uion the attack upon Fort Strong, near
Washington, by Early and Breckeuridge last
. It is due to. President Johnson's reputa
tion, to tho dignity of the Government and
to Mr..DaIs, that the charge of his com
plicity in the assassination should be with
drawn as formally as it was made, or ho be
given an opportunity to disprove it. The
utter failure ot the evidence adduced by
Stanton and Holt to implicate any of the
Southern men named, leave the impression
that, they intended to stigmatize them with
the infamous charge, without being called
upon for the evidence upon which it rested.
The clamor of the press against a secret
star-chamber tnal, obliged them to open
the doors of their "co.uft" and expose the
character of the "Bureau of Military Jus
tice." They didn't expect to capture Davis,
but fueil tlm poisoned nno-rr after him, just
as Stanton shot at Sherman.
"In each case the slander has returned tor
plague its authors."
Gen. Jackson's Motto.
- j ,,,i i, :. ,,.i:. , i i,
e l and(JroKted happincs,uhrealizcd, bo
". cause they did not adopt and act upon this
Think before you act, but wTicn tho time
comes for action, stop thinking," This is
the true doctrine. Many men fail in life,
and co down to the crave with hopes blast!
,,, vi,:- , ...,. ,n ..
motto. Nothing so prepares a man lor
as thought; but nothing so' .Unfits
J , fnr .;, lh. nF apt-
,.., . , . , , nfirslM
- . 1 . . . ' .
the best, than to keep continually thinking
without action. "Go ahead," ought to be
printed in every young man's hat, and read
until it becomes a part of his nature, until
he can act upon his own judgment, .and not
be turned from his course by every wind of
interested advice. In conclusion we would
say, "Think before you act; but when tho
time for action comes thinking."
The Family of the New President.
The Hon. Andrew Johnson, Presiden' of
the United States, is in the fifty-sixth year
of his aec. His family resido at present in
Nashville, Tennessee, and consists of his
wife aud four children, two sons and two
daughters. His son Robert is twenty-nine,
and Andrew Johnson, Jr., is twelve years
pt age. Mis two daughters, with their fam
ilies, also reside, in Nashville, having been
driven from their homes in Eastern Tennes
see. Ono of Mr. Johnson's sons, Charles,
a surgeon in the armv, was thrown from his
horse in tho year 1863 and killed; and Col.
Stover, a son-in-law. commandinc the 4th
Tennessee Lifantry Kegiment, was killed
(in the battle of Nashville, whilo gallantly
leading his command inaction. Judge
Patterson, who is also a son-in-latf of the
President, lives in Nashville. Mrs. John
son has been in very bad health for soma
time past, and it is probable Mrs. Colonel
Stover will prcsido over thn presidential
household. Washington Chr6(icle,-
A sweet little incident is related by a wri-t
ter. He says :
"I asked a little boy last eveninc. "Hava
you called your gandma to tea?"
'Tes. When I went to call her she was
asleep, and I didn't wish-to holler at grand
ma nor to shake her; so I kissed her check,
and that woke her very softly, then I ran in
to the nan, Rod said, pretty loud, ' urand
ma, tea is ready, and she never knew what
Do wo find anything more sweet, delicate
and lovely than (his in the annals of poetry?
Can conventionality improve unon such po
liteness, spontaneously in the heart of a six
years' old boy ?
State of Matrimony.
Polk is anxious to know the whereabouts
of the state of matrimony.
In answer we say that it is one of the
"united'.' states. It is bounded. by bulging
and kissing on one ride, and babies and chil
dren on the other. It chief products are
population, broomsticks, and staying out
o'nights. It was discovered by Adam and
Eve, while trying to find a tiorthwest pass
age out of Paradise. Tho climate is rather
sultry till you pass the tropics of.houso
kccping, when squally weather sets in, with
suflicient powor.to kcop all hands as cool as
cucumbers. For tho principal roads lead
ing to this interesting statu, consult thefirt
pair of bluo eyes you run against.
An lihh servant girl in Venango County,
Pa., wlio can neither read nor write, has fal
len heir to an incomo of three hutidrced
thousand dollars. Such is oil.
There arc tenement hou 1 1 in New York
fit) that .in rumonh '.ill "1 f"'U iv