Newspaper Page Text
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From pie linickerbo'clier.
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:: AND THN MSACH Mfg) I:MIMI:ITN 16; :
LB? lila author atilt) sheath book.
,' ; -.It is the 'common tamentation &the
' , Spauish historiographers, that, for ' tut
'obscure and melancholy vacs of time
. immediately succeeding the conquet of
their eountry by the Moslems, itu hist.
Ty is a teem wilderness of dubious facto,
'groundlese fableis,'and rash exaggera
I bons. Learned men, in cells and dais
1 . tars; have worn out their lives io vainly
t,, i endeavouring le 'commit -incongruous
- ,, evantat and to account for startling lop
, . Probabilitieri,' recorded' of 'Ibis period.
,'.),,. , The worthy Jesuit, Padre Aboreat' des
"1" :., clarti; that tor morn than' forty 'years,
düring which he bad been employed in
..' . the theological ' controversies? he bad
A , itever lound shy so obscure and inert
'.. phi:able as those which rise out of Ibis
,, portion of the Spanish history, and that
' ) the only fruit ot an indefatigable, prolix,
,'(! ind Oen prodigious study of tun subject
. ' was a Melancholy and even mortifying
:'')'!, state of indecision., ' ,,. '
-' '',. 'During this apocryphal period flourish.
(id Pnatro, the deliverer of Spein,
, !: whose name, like that of William Wal
lace; will ever be linked with the glory
' of his country, but linked, in like mans
nor, by a bond in which factand fiction
are inextricably interwoven.
' The quaint old Chronicle of the Moor
game, which, though wild and fanciful
' in. the extreme, is frequently drawn upon
, for early facts by Spanish historian,
professes to give the birth, parentage,
and whole course of fortune of ,Pelayo,
without the Iciest hesitation. 1t makes
I) hie a son of the Duke of Cautabria, and
descended, both by father and mother's
side, from the Gothic Kings of Spain.
1 shall pass over the romantic story of
his childhood., and shall Intent myself
. with a scene of his youth, which was
passed in a castle among the Pyrenees,
uoder the eye of hie widowed and noble
, minded mother, who caused bim to be
, inshucted in every thing befiittiog a
, cavalier of gentle birth. While the eons
of the nobility, were revelling amid the
.. pleasures of a licentious court, and sunk
. in that vicious effeminate indulgence
t which led to the perdition of unhappy
Spain, the youthful Polayo, tn his rug
ged mountain school, was steeled to all
, kinds of hardy exerCibes. A, great part
, of Wm time was spent in bunting the
bearsobe wild boars, and the wolves,
,k...., NO which thorryeness abounded: and
; so purely and chastely wee be brough
,- up, by bus good lady mother that, if the
" ancient chronicle from which 1 draw
4 my facts, may be relied on, he had tit
! tained his onestwentieth year, without
., having once sighed for woman! '
, Nor ware his hardy contests confined
' to the wild beasts of the forest. Occe.
; sunnily he had to contend with adver
, , earies of a formidable character. The
skirts and defiles of these 'border moun
t e, tains were often Wooled by marauders
2 from the Gallic plains ef Gaseous, says
f . an old Chronicle, were a people who
:. tilled smooth worda when expedient, but
., force when they had power, and were
, ready to ley their bands on every thing
.,: they rush Though poor, they were
p',' , iiroud; for there watt not one who did not
. pride himself on being a hijodalgo, or
fr the son of somebody. .
At the head of a band of these needy
hijodelgoe of Gascony, was one Arnaud,
.. a hroken down cavalier. Ile and four
., of his followers were well armed and
: mounted; the rest of scamper-grounds
on toot, furniebed with darts and jave
- lins. They were the terror of the bor
der; here to-day and gone to-morrow;
I sometimes in one rasa, sometimes in
mother. They would make sudden- in
.., roads into Spain, &our the roads, piens
der the eountiy, and were over the
, mountains and far away, before a force
' I could be collected to pursue them.
' Now it happened ono day, that a
, etealthy burgher of Bordeaux, who was
1 a merchant, trading wilh Biscpy, set
1,. out on a journey for that province.Ae he
'. intended 19 eojourn there for a season,
,, he took with his wife, who was a goodly
' dame, and daughter, a gentle damsel,
of marriageable age, and exceeding fair
to look upon.Ile Wdi attended by a
trusty clerk from hie comptoir, and man
servant; while another. servant led a
hackney, laden with bags of money,
' with which he intended to purchase mer
, chrindize. .
When the Goscons heard of this
s ' wealthy merchant and his convoy pas
. - eing through the mo;ntains, they than
'', ked their stars, for they considered all
, i peaceful men' of traffic as lawful spoil,
- eent by Provideve for the benefit of
. hijolalgos like themselves, of valor and
gentle blood, who live by the sword.
.. Placing themselves in ambush, in a lona
ly defile, by which the travellers had to
,,. ' pass, they silently awoited their coming.
e In a little while they beheld them ap
, ''. preaching. The merchant was a fair.,
portly man, in a buff aurceat and velvet
OP. His looks bepoke the geed cheer
: , of hie waive city, and, he was mounting
on a stately, welkfed steel!, while hie
wife and daughter paced gently on pat.
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CANAL DOVEkt, "TCSCAR,.ilVitk-:C53.1INTY! ( OUIO:) FEBR UAltir .28, 1E40
freys by- his' ,
The travellers hodadvanced slime dis
trines in the defile,-.:whes the Baneful.
eros rushed took eon molested them.
The merehant,theuih but little seems,
of arms, and unwioldly in hie .forrri, ye'
made a 'valiant defence,having hie! wits
1.3 daughter t money-begs. at hazard.
He was wounded in twe places, and
overpowered, .one of hie eervants Ives
slain, the ether. took to flight. ,
The freebooters' then began' to ran.
sack flu' spoil, but were disappointed at
not findidg the wealth they bad Ulm.
ted.. Putting their swords to the breast
of the trembhng merchant. and deman
ded where he had concealed his treas.
ure, and learned from him the hack.
ney that was following, laden with money..-
Overjoyed at this intelligence,
they bound their captives to trees, and
awaited their arrival of the golden roped.
On this same day, Foley sits out
with hie huntemen among the mountains,
and had taken hie stand on a rock, at a
narrow pass, to await the sallying forth
of a wild boar. Close by him was a
page, conducting a horse, and, at the
saddle bow hung his armor, for he al.
wayr prepared for fight among these
border mountains. While thus posted,
the servant of the merchant came flying
from the robbers: On beholding Pelayo,
he fell on his knees, and implored hie
life,for he supposed him to be one of the
band. A was some time before be could ,
be relieved from his terror end keade
to tell hie story. When relay heard
of the robbers, he concluded they were
the crew of Gascon bijodalgoe, upon
the scamper. Taking his armor from
the page, he put on his hemlet, slung
his bulkier round his neck, took lance
in hand, and mounting hie steed, corn
pelted the trembling servant to. guide
him to the scene of action. At the same
time he ordered the page to seek hie
huntsmen, and summon them to hie as.
When the robbers saw Peelayo ad.
vancing through the forest, with a IMP,
gle attendant on foot, and beheld his
rich armor sparkling in the sun they
thought a new prize had fallen into their
hands, and Arnaud and two of his corr.
panions, mounting their horses, advan
ced to meet him. As they approached,
Pelayo stationed himself in a narrow
pass, between two rocks, where he
could only be assailed in front, acd
bracing hie buckler, and lowering hie
lance, awaited their coming. '
'Who and what ereyiV cried ht,--"Crifl
what seek ye in this lama'
' 'We are huntsmen,' replied Arnaud,
land lo I out game runs into our toils!'
'Bv wy faith,' replied Pelayo, 'thou
wilt fled the game more readily roused
then taken: have at the for a villianll
So saying, he put spurs to his horse,
and ran full speed upon him. The Gas.
con, not expecting so sudden an amok
frr m a single horseman, was taken by
surprise. He hastily couched his lance,
but it merely glanced on the shield ot
Pelayo, who sent hie own through the
middle of his breast, and threw him out
of hie saddle to the earth. One of the
other robbers made at Pelayo, and
wounded him slightly in the aide, but
received a blow from the sword of the
latter, which cleft hie skullcap, and sunk
into his brain. Hie companion seeing
him fall, put spars to hie steed, and gal
loped oirthrough the Nest.
Beholding several other robbers on
foot coining up, Pelayo returned to his
station between the rocks, where he
was assailed by them all at once. fie
received two of their darts on his buck.
kr, a javelin razed his cuirass, and
glancing down, wounded hie horse. Pe.
layo then netted forth, and struck ooe
of the robbers had; the others, behol
ding several huntsmen advancing, took
to flight, but were pure, and several
of them taken.
The good merchant of Bordeaux and
hie family beheld this scene with trent
Ming and amazement, for never had
ilia), looked upon such feats of arms
They considered Don Pelee as a lea
der of Nome rival hand. of robbers; and
when the bonds were loosed by which
they were tied to the trees, they fell at
his feet and implored mercy. The fe
males were soonest undeceived, espe
cially the daughter; for the damsel was
itruck with the noble countenance and
gentle demeanor of Peleyo, and said to
lumself--'surely nothing evil con dwell
in so goodly and gracious a form.'
Paley now sounded his horn, which
echoed from rock to rock, and was an.
swered by shouts and horns from sari.
ous parts of the mountains. The mei..
chant's heart miegave him at these sig.
nals, and eepecially when he beheld
more than forty men gathering from glen
1 and thickV.r--They were clad in bun.
ter's drei,.. and armed with boar
apeare, darta and hunting eworde, and
many of them led hounds in long lash
es. All this was a new and wild scene
to the astonished merchant: not were
his feast abated, when he saw his sers
vent approaching with-the hackney, la
den with money beget 'for of a certain.
said lio to himself, 'this will be too
tempting a spoil for thee wild hunters
."Aip ". "!;
of the mou'utaiino.'''' 1.",;',"''' I
Paley, t however, tiolt 'tailors lie
tics of the gold, than ifit-thad.been 8o
much dross; at whirl) the honest burgh
er marvelled exceedirlirly, He 'ordered
ihat the wound.; dale' Metchant 'should
be dressed, and his own examined.' On
taking off his cuirass, lie wou.
found to be but slight; but his men were
so exasperated at'iteeing hie blood, that
they would havei put the captive robbere
to inefaut,destb, bad lie not forbidden
them to dothem any berms . ,
The huntsmen now deli great fire
at the foot of a tree, and bringing abriar
which the) 'killed, cut off -portions' and
roasted thimoer. broiled them on the
Coals.osit' Theit. drawing forth loaves ef
bread from their wallets, they devoured
their food half raw, with the hungry. rel
ish of huntsmee and monntainiers.. The
merchant, his wife and daughter look.
ed at all this, and wendered, for they
had never beheld so savage a repast
Polayo then inquired of them if they
did not desire. to eat; they were too
much in awe of him to decline, though
they felt a loathing at partaking at this
hunter's fare; but he ordered a linen
cloth to be spread under the shade of a
great oak, on the grassy margin of a
clear running stream; aad to their as.
toniehment, they were served, not with
the flesh of the boar, but with dainty
cheer, such as the merchant scarcely
hoped to find out of the walls of his nas
tive city of Bordeaux. '
The good burgher was of a commit.
nity renowned for gastronomic prowesa;
his fears having subsided, his appetite
was awakened, and he addressed him
seiemanfully to the viands that wore set
before him. His daughter, however,
could not eat; her eyes were ever and
anon stealing to gaze on Pelayo, whom
abe regarded with gratitude tor his pro
tectioli, 'and admiration for his valor;
and now that he had laid aside his hel
met, and she beheld hie lofty counten
ance, glowing with manly beauty, she
thought him something more than mor
tal. The heart of the gentle donzella,
says the ancient chroniclet, was kind
and yielding; end had Foley thought fit
to a8k the greatest boon that love and
beauty could bestowdoubtless mean
ing her fair handshe could not heve
had the cruelty to Bey him nay. Pelayo,
however, had no such thoughts; the love
of woman had never entered his heart;
and though he regarded the damsel as
the fairest maiden be had ever beheld.,
net beauty &wind hcipenturbitiim
When the repeet was over, Peley.
offered. to conduct the merchant and
hts family through the defiles of the
mountains, lest they ehould be moles.
ed by any of the scattered band of thi '
fobbers. The bodies of the slatn mar.
iudere were buried, and the corpse of
he servant was laid upon one of the
aorees captured in the battle. Havin.
termed their cavalcade, they pureueo
their way slowly up one of the steep 4,
v.nding pasees of the Pyrenees.
Towards sunset, they arrived at du
iwelling of a holy hermit. It was hewn
nit of the living rock; there was a croft
'vet. the door, and before it was a greet
Treading oak with a sweet spring ol
eater at es fool. The body of the faith
id servant, e ho had fallen in the de
.ance of his lord, was buried close by the
Nall of thief sacred retreat, and the her
mit promtsed messes for thel repose o,
his soul. Then Pelayo obtained from the
aoly hither consent that the merchant'.
wife and daughter should pass the night
within his cell; and the hermit made.
beds of moss for them, and gave them
aie benediction; but the datnsel: found
little rest, 80 much were her thoughts
iccupied by the youthful champion who
had rescued her from death or dishonor.
Peslayo, however, was visited by tit.
iuch wandering of the mind, but wrap
ping himeelf in the niantle slept sound
iy by ,the fountain under the tree. At
midnight, when every thing was buried
in the deep repose, he then awakened
'ion,' his eleee, and beheld the hermit
before him, with the beams of the moon
'Alining upon his silver hair and beard.
'This is no time,' said the latter, 'to
be sleeping; arise and listen to uiy words
and hear of the great work for which
thou art chosen!' ,
' Then Paley wove and seated him,
self on a rock, and the hermit eontinued
his discourse. '
'Behold,' said be, 'the ruin of Spain
is at hand! Itwill be delivered into the
hands of strangere, and will become a
prey to the spoiler. Its children.will be
ela n, or carried into captivity; or such ,
as may escape the evils, will harbor with
the beasts of the forest, or the eagle of,
the mountaine. ' The them ' and the:
bramble will spring up where now are'
seen the cern field, the vine, and the
olive, and hungry wolves will ream in
place of peaceful flocks and herds. But
thou, my soul tarry not thou to see these
things, for thou canst not prevent them.
Depart on a pilgrimage to, the sepulchre
of our blessed Lord in Palestine; purify
thyself by prayer; enrol thyself in 'the
order of chivalry, and prepare for the
great work of the redemption of thy ,
country; tor to thee it will4 be given to
-flillie it lion:101e depth of it8 ilinteti001
'''Pelayo,would have inquired larthei
into the evite.thus foretold, but the her
mit rebuled,. hie curiosity.
JSeek not to know more,' said he,
'than Heaven is pleased to reveal.
Clouds tied darkness cover its designs
and prophecy is never permitied to lift
op, but in part, the veil that rests upon
the future.' ,
When the first rays of the rising eun
shone upon .the tops or the mountains,
the travellers assembled round the 'bun.
tain beneath' the tree, and made their
morning's s':repaet. Then having
then' having,received the bene'dietion of
herbal they , departed , in
the 'freshness of the dav, and deseen
ded along the hollow de6les leading in
to Spain..--The good merchant was re.
freshed by sleep, and his morning's
meat; when he beheld his wife and
daughter thus secure by bie.side, and
the hackney laden with his treasure
close liehind him, his heart was light in
hie bosom, and be carolled a chanson
as he went, and the woodlands echoed
to hie song. But Polayo rode in silence,
for he revolved-to his mind the porten
tous words of the hermit; and the daugh
ter of the merehant.eyed him with ten.
derness and admiration,& deep sighs be
trayed the agitation of her bosom.
, At length they came to the foot of the
mountain, were the forests and the
rocks terminated, and an open and se
cure country lay before the travellers.
Here they halted, ler their roads were
widely different. When they came to
part, the merchant and his wife were
loud in thanks and benedictions, and
the good burgher would fain have Pe
layo the largest of his eacke of gold; but
the young man put it Beide with a smile.
'Silver and gold,' said he, 'need I not,
but if 1 have deserved aught at thy
binds; give toe thy pravere, for the pray
ere of a good man are above all price.'
In the meantime, the daughter had
never spoken a word. At length she
raised her eyes, which were filled with
tears, and looked timidly at Pelayo, and
tier bosom throbbed, and after a violent
struggle between strong affection LS, vir
gin modesty her heart relieved itself by words.
'Senor,' eaid ehe, 'I kaow that I am
unworthy of the notice ofoo noble a cab
slier; but suffer me to place this ring up
nu afinger of that hand which has so
bravely rescued us from death;and when
yodvregard it, you may consider it as a
illetnortal vt-your own valor, and not ol
me who is too humble to be remembot
;1 by ytis '
With these words she drew:a ring from her
finger, and put it upon the finger of Pelayot and
staving done this, she blushed and trembled at
tier own boldnese, arid stood as one abashed,
with her eyes cast down upon the earth.
Hay was moved at these words of the sine.
ole maiden, at the touch of her lair hand, and
her beauty, as she stood thus trembling arid
in tears Endure him: but as yet he knew noth.
mg of women, arid his heart was free from the
inures of love. 'Amiga,' (friend) said be, 'I
Accept thy present, and will wear it in mum
tsrance of thy goodness,' so saying he kissed
.rer on the cheek. Ike danisel was zheered by
loses words, and hoped that bbe had awakened
rote tenderness in his bosom; but it was no
such thing, says the grave old chronicler, for
his heart was devoted to higher and more sacred
matters; yet certain it is, that he always guarded
well that ring.
td, hen they parted, Paley remained, with
hie huntsmen on a clitT, watching that no evii
befol them until diey were tar lteyond the skirts
(dare mountain; and this damsel often Illnied to
took at hint, until bhe could no longer discern
iiin, ir the distance, and the tears that dimmed
And, for that be had accepted her ring, says
.her ancient chronicler, she considered herself
wedded to him in her heart, and would never
marry; nor could she be brought to Zook with
eyes of affection upon any ether man; hut for the
true love which the bore Pelayo, she lived and
died a vergin. And she composed a book which
treated of love and chivatry, and the temptations
of this mortal life; and one part discoursed of
celestral matters, and it was called "The con.
temptation of lore," because, at the time she
wrote it, she thought of Pelayo, and of his hie,.
ing accepted her jewel, and cailed her by the
gentle appellation of "Amiga." And often
thinking of him in her tender sadness, and ot
her never having beheld him more, she would
take the book, end would read it 'as if in his
mend; and while she repeated the words ot
love which it contained, she would endeavor
to fancy them uttered by relay and that be
stood beside her.
Frnm the N. Y. Observer.
A CORPSE GOING TO A BALL
Those who read the thrilling 'Pmsages from
the Diary of a London Physician,' Met were
published a few years since,will remember one
tale under the title of 'Death at the Toilet.'
Although it was asserted by the writer that those
narratives were the records of facts, few I pre.,
sums, were willing to believe that real life
could furnish matter of ouch romantic interest.
Especially did the one alluded to strike my OVEll
mind as quite unnatural. and 1 read it, as tithe's
admiring the genius more that the veracity of
Perhaps some who have seen the words at
the hurl of this article may imagine that they
aro about to be treated to a passage frnm the
dreams of fancy,but they are mistaken. 3 have
a Fad and solemn tide of truth to relate, and
when it has been read, there is no hesitation in
believing that 'truth is stranger than fiction.'
No coloring obeli be aid on the story; no art
of embelishment sha'l heighten its interest ; it
shall be told to others as it was told to me, and
you shalt be convinced that there is nothing
more than truth in the atoll of the cor?se that
went, to a ball. 1
You recollect the first day of January, 1840
it was a bitter cold day. It was cohl in flu' south
as the city of New ork, and up here in the
country' where I am writing, it was terribly se
4-pooliPodr , - ;7: 1 J. : .7- , - ,
1011 3... - '
yore. You could not ride fat against the wind
without being exposed to freezing. I have
heard of two cases ot death by cold ou that day
in thie region, and of another case in which tits
sufferer was saved Sy great exenion, when at
the point of perishing. s
The nigh, of that day wu to be observed, u
is usual here, by a New Year's ball. Invitations
had been extended for many miles around, and
a great gathering of the young and gay,' and
thoughtless wu expected. Extensive prepara
tions had been nlade for au evening of merri.
merit and gtee. and merry beans beat quickly in
anticipation af the pleasure of the scene.--None
was happier in the thought of coming joy than
whe took her seat in the sleigh by
the side of her partner for the evening, and set
out for a ride of some twenty miles, to join the
dance. She was young and gay, and her eharme
of youth and beautv never were lovelier than
when dressed for dtat New Year's ball. Of
course too thinly clid for the season, and wipe.
daily for that dreadful day, eh had-nor gone
far before she complained of being very cold,
very cold, but their iamto SI to reach there
in Itime to be present at the opening of the
dance, induced them to burry onwards without
stopping by the way. Not long eller this coin.
planting, elle said that she felt perfectly comfor.
table, was now quite warm, and that there was
no neceasity of delay on her account- They
reached. at length, the house whore the compu
ny was gath ring, the young mt,n'.1caped from'
the sleigh, and extended his hand to assist her
out, but she did not offer hers he spoke to her.
but she answered not,she was'dead stone dead
frozen stiffa corpse on the way to a ball.
SINGULAR INSTANCE OF DELUSION
The following exiraordinary instanee
of deluston is-related in the Courier itile
Lyon: A few nights ago, as a patrol
of police were making thdir tounde, in a
recluded spot in the suburbs ot the
town, they eaw a man digging what ep
peered to be a grave at d a gentleman
and three ladies anxiously watching his
proceedings. As a large sack .whieli
appeared to be well filled, wag tying
near the party, the police concluded that
it contained something which it was in.
tended mysteriously to inter. The)
were, howevrt surprised that, at then
approach, none of the Nutlet) attempted
to escapit, and that the man who was
digging did not even diecontinue
occupation. When the lieutenant ot
the patrol reached the epot, suspecting
dome horrible mystery, he laid huld el
the man who was digging, and of tht
gentleman who was watching him. Thv
tatter immediately said he vvae Mr G
s magnetistug physician, and that on.
of the somnambulatic patients had re.
Titled to bun that a iteasure lay coi.
coaled in the place where they wen
digging, and to which he was mecum
,isnied by three of ivs female pupile,whe
were elan Nomnainbulic, in order Um
he might obtain fuither indication fron
hen), if the firet ehould be itteefficient.
He added that it was his intention
dhare the treaeure with th.e government
eccording to law, but that he had chosen
to operate at night to 'nevem rinieu'e
e event of not eeuccees As the lieu
;tumult was not a Mesmerian, he did not
give entire credit to the statement w bleb
tie bed heard, and opetied the sack,
which howtser, was found to contain
only the neceeeary implements for dig
ging a hole,and a large number ot mon
ey bagel, in which the treasure was to
he placed when found Notwithstan
ling this confirmation of the magnolia
zer's Ettore, the police took the whole
nartv to the guard-house, where they
passed the remainder of the night, and
they were only discharged on the &l
iming day,when their identity had been
11HE FARMING INTEREST.
P it 1 C E S.
Most of the Journals in the country, not ex
clusively devoted to political thecrissione, have
for some menthe past been niore or less engag
ed in ingniries connected with the fundamental
principles of political economy, such as supply
and demand, production, prices, monopoly,and
their kindred topics, all of which are interest-,
ing, and should be understood by every individ
ual of our country.
Until the relation in understood, that neceasi
siste betsveen production and value ; and
the relative effect which the price of one article
if it be a leading and indispensable ono, exert,
shall be made familiar, there will be a liability
to imposition prices on one hand, iind a ten
dency to undue excitement on the other, when,
from any cause, the price of that article under
goes any considerable fluctuation.
Cotton might effort a very good illustration of
the effect which a fluctuation in price has on or
ther intereats, but we prefer wheat for this put
pews, as one with which the people of the
north are more familiar, and one to which their
mention, from peculiar causes, han been partic
ularly directed. With the question of monop
oly we shall not meddle. If the attempt at nto
nopoly in the wheat market has been made in
aay quarter, it has met with a most signet re.
bap; but, we millet refrain from expressing an
minion that much of thefeeling which bee been
manifested on this topic , though under the cit..
cumetances very natural,. has originated in an
entire misconception Mho actual etste of thinge
the object of dila paper is to ehow the effect
which the price of wheat must have on the o
ther intereste of the country.
In the first place, it must be remembered, that of
the article of bread, the wheat grower is the
producer, and that no powerou earth can cons.
pet him to grow a bullet, unlese it is for hie in
terest to do so. If the prices of wheat fall be
low the remunerating point of the scale: or if
they are forced down to much below their tele
,7 7 ; :
I' P,, Si e t
-tr. .).- i
live proportion to that ofiaber,and other thiii4e
the fanner, it is clear, hail the remissly in tato
for sale while .the ' dispreportion betweett the
prices 4.:f that end other things ut so peat, to do
so would be ft ily --eine. I be farina o ill aie ,
low bis farm to recruit let seeding down gigot.. .
see, or turning hissed to Other products, vnly
growing hie own bread, rather than wear hie -
1 terse arid himself met, inprodecing gram at mon .,
reminieratine ?mew .....Dimloilaled Int'dArti" '
will be the first :adult. , , , ,,, . ,-,
In ihe second place, 1'i:isocline in Ibe price of
1 , ,
wheit must affilet the ability, of the termer to
make his ordinary purchases, and this in precise -
proportion to the reduction. It may net, and .
will not, alrect his geueral prosperity, but it le
: weil known that when g am command, hips ,
'. prices, the wane; of the farmer illetbilVe in a
, corressponding eau, anti of course his prIrthse
' awe ere enlarged- in the same degree.- - Whetf,..,
i, prices fall, he ceases le buy, and if be is wise 7 ''''''-'"
leing his expenditures within hie income, es tels
fore. Now. it it of the n echanio and the men.
, nfacturer that the farmer buys. - When he does ,
I riot purchase, they do not sell, and the experi- ,
I once of this country, and of England, demon-. ,
!strata' that the prosperity of thefariner is alike
the prosperity of the mechanic and the menu.
facturer. The sale of new agent, carriages,'
. furniture, clothitig and luxuries, many of which
are perheps needless, and may well be dispense ,
ed with, are the consequence of good priceeof
, grain.. put down prices to ID improper point,
and the farmer ceases to buy : go below that,
and he ceases to produce until by the Istv'tot
supply ane demand "doylies prices are rester
, ed. Ditninished sales by the mechanic and . .
manufacturer will lie the second result. , ,
, A third result that must ensue,when any teat .
staple is from any cause reduced below its rola
five value in the scale of prices. is a general
! prostration of business scarcity of money, tied '
a cry of hard times. if the price of any staple
1 is above its proportionate value, business may
not be so efraitoally cliecked,but the taut' Oleo
is always felt as a pressure on soul one pan or
' the community. When the price of the stai le
! is below , all the springs' of imiust y are relaxtd,
and a deathlike languor and apathy seem 14 I
eetvade the country. When the just proportioe
is to mainiained, tile rteu I on the body politio .
is lihe that of vigerous health Ull the siiimel bre.
dyits influence is visible every where, whi'e
the equality vf action weenie it Whig felt any
where. The history of the cumin trade at the
south, as well as the wheat staple in the not th,
turnishes ample illustratiun of the euth of Lilian .
The legitimate conclusion at 'Which we Arrive
from there undinieble truths iti, that theneb the
miimumere of out great staples, especialiy ilio
indispensilde one of bread, may appareeny Mr
a moment be benefited by a forsed cloche or
pricea below their relative proportion,yet in the
end it may be found such atl ;roams has been
purchased at too dea r -a rate , Owl that 'retake&
prices are far prelerable to a forced and minatue
cal state of things. It intuit be remembered thet
.11 such a conflict of immerge, the ultimate ode
antage must always he on the side ot the orig.
mat producer, which in this case is the farn,er, ,
as by limiting or enurging his operations. ties
scale of price" in the re dinary course et 'overdo,. '
always remains withiti Ins peseta. , ...., ',
. , Genesee Farmers '
, Extracts from a speech by Dere P. Brown.
., FARMERS AND MECHANICS; - .
Why, gentleinen, who was it that shed the
brigtest lustre upon the vest science of astroho
my? One David Rittenhouse, a native of P6110
sylvania, who followed the ptough. V 130 wall
it that tore the lightiing frow heaven,and the
sceptre from tyrants ? Una B0f61101.01 Franklin,
a minter's boy, who protected hiniself from the
inclemency of winter by exercise alone, and lie
ad upon a single roll of bread a day. When the
veteran armies of Great Britain faltered and fled
in the Indian war. who safely conducted the re
treat, and secured the remnant of the army,
though lie had 'never set a sqnadron in the field, "
nor of the division of a battle knew more than
a apinstee?' One George Washington, a Vire
ginie Planter. W ho was it that shed the bright
est halo around the btightest reign 'that the .
world ever knew, the reign of Elisabethe, the
age of the.Ra leighs, the Bacons, the Sidney"? '
Why it was Ben Johneon, a quondam apprene
tire to a bricklayer, and one Will Sheakspear,
a peasant boy, shrewdly steted of poaching
upon his neighbor't deer' th passing from as
tronomy and poetry to law, who was it that nee
from a low beginning to be Lotd Chief Justice
of England ? One Charley Abbott, whose fa
ther was a barber. Who was it that rose to be
Lord High Chancellor ef England I One Jack
Copley, whin father wag an American painter.
Who was it that became the brightest star in the
judicial constellation ofGreat Britainl One Phil
Yorke, whose father no one knew. ,,
Although Id not mean to say that there nee- : ,
or was a great man among the wealthy curled
darlings of the nation, yet I do mean to may, .
and history sustains the assertien, that luxury ,-
and affluence are calculated to enfeeble the mind
and that those, therefore, who are great in des
pite of them, would probably be much greater '
if renioved from their influence. It is a well
known fact among gentlemen of the turf, that . .
blooded horses, which for yea!'" have been per
mitted to browse and cater on irregular and
mountainous pastures, have acquired a .nuch -
greater muscular stength, in sporbrinan's phrase, ,
better bottom than those fed upon a level eus- .
face. The appliontion of this, although a phye
sical illustration, is not difficult Men, whose
lives have been an uninterrupted course of diffie '
culty, a perfect up hill work. acquire in time a, :
self-dependence and a self-sufficiehey and pre. ,
niptitude in every emergency, vim!) these who -
IWO been accestomed to stand for fame on their ' .
forefather's breast, never have known, and nsv - .
er can know. , ,
FILEACHLNOt NOT PRACTICIAA cap. , .
hal anecdote is related of Miller, . the ,
Mil lentst; who in now lecturing on thi ,..
end of the world, and predicting its fwd.. .
The story runs. that Miller owns a , - I ,....w"-
valuable farm for-which.,het wee ofrered ', ' ,,''''
the other day, 16,000,caell'in 1)4314, the', '.5:,- '.-
purchaser not to take peewees-to' n ,.-'11 -, ' !
1845., two years after the Wortl , , ,,-.'-',
ding to the computation tir.1' ,- - ' ("6,.tar ' '-
come to an end. Miller ret.'.. ','""," 9' r 1 ,'
fer, and aosigned as a'rea- ' ntinl '''''. ,
end of dayo was ' so ne, '
could not thihi of,takir , - '
brother. . ' , , ; I , , 1..--
homy sevil'yttri, . : , -, -
chap said when Le s' , , : - i
1111 I 7
, HILL ti.MITCHga---PLII,I. IIERS ;., CANAL DOTEg. l'USCARjWA:COUNTY:' ( FEBR UAltir 1E40 ,
t -; ,
: ,VOLUME L UMBER 281
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