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BILL 4, MITCHENER:-PUBLISLIERS.
' , HARVEST HYMN.
HMG D OALLAOHIR.;
Great God! b-Our beart-telt thanks to Thee!
We feel thy presence everywherel
And pray that we may ever be
Thus objects of thy guardian care.
We sow diby Thee our work was seen,
And blesech and instantly went forth
Thy mandate; and in living green
Soon smilid the fair and fruitful earth.
We toll'cllaud Thou did'st note our toil;
And gaviet the sunshine and the rain,
Till ripen'd on the teeming soil , ,
The fragrant grass, and golden intim.,
, And now, we reaptand oh, oUr God!
From this, the earth's unbounded floor..
We send our Song of Thanks abroad, ,
And pmy Thee, bless lur hoarded Morel
GIVING The New York Herald, a
flaming Whig print, makes the following re
marks upon the prospects of, Whiggery New
sione important fact is certain, ,the Tippeca
toe party at present BROKEN UP, and divi
ded into inefficient squads in this city, by the'
miserable tricks and schemes of the Wall street
men: and if the Risme influences have been at
work in the interior, that have operated so blight
ingly hete, if the same aelfish spirit has preyed
ed in the country that has spread over the city
if the same insolent and tyrannical system of
dictation hes been put in operation throughout
the state, that has broken up the power of party
here, Mr. Van Buren will get the State by a ve
ry LARGE MAJORITY.
AA the position or affairs stand at present in
this city, if the vote for the Presidential question
were to be taken to-morrow, amongst uo, there
would no doubt be a majority of from 3,000 to
5,000 against G EN ERA L A Rill SON.
VAN.BUREN AND THE WAR.
The Strongest' Witness. Col. Richard 5f.
Johnson in closing his retnarks at the greatZanes
vitle Meeting, gave utterance to a few observa
tions, which will probably bring down upon
his time bleactuld head the bitterest denuncia
I 'lions of the whole federal family.
,Po1.1. said it wair proper for him to remark
In, that place that he bad been pessonally ac
quainted with LIARTIN VAN BUREN for
twenty-seven yeass-ethat during that long peri
od tbey badteenidentified in the contest for the
sermanency,of democratic principles that he
Irtiew Mr: Vantaren ever to have been the in.
flexible and nnfleviating advocate of the demo..
cratic partyythat he had indisputal,le documem
itary evidence in his then possession, which
proved beyond-the cavil of the most scrupulous
that Mr. Van .11tren, us early aa the year 1809,
three yeare.before the declaration of War, es
poused the cause of our country against the
Britielt that from that tilne up to 180, the pa
riod of Iheir first acquaintance, he was the most
zealous advocute of eh the measures of defence
and. redress of the war party.--that throtrghout
thettrvis time of the war he knew14Mr Van
to hav been one of the firinbseptriols,
and one in whom the entire democratic party of
NevvYlk placed the most unlimited confidence.
This was the substance of the venerable hero's
remorke. It :tvas received with the most un
bounded apt;lause by the audience, and with
marks lof chagrin, displeasure and disappoint
mem by the federalists who were scattered here
In the morning the most studious efforts were
made by a large portion of the Zanesville fed,.
eraliste to show their regard for Col. Johnson,
because he waif a ourviving veteran of a stin
guinary struggle with savage enemies; because
he had been the companion of Harrison but
more especially bemuse they had made use el
language imputei to him, to prove that he regar
ded Ilerrisou as a brave man and suecessful com
mender. In the evening. allerrCol. Johnson's
speech, the hypocricy of their professions was
eignatly manifested. A meeting of the whigs
was called at the Court-house, when the most
intoterable censures were heaped upon the old
man by the sante pRrty 'who in the morning hed
expressed for.biin the warmed feelings of kind
I A NA T1ONAL BANK
The intentions of the Whigs. though as they
think adroitly concealed. are by this time evi
dent to even the matt cursory observer& Nut
withstandii.g their utmost efforts at aecrecy, not.
withstanding their alTheted love for the work
ingmen, notwithstanding all their hypocritica'
horror at what they call tile union of the "sword
and the purse." their designs are radtially de.
eloping themsqlves, ,the nun& is falling off
and the establishment of a National wit iv
now whispered about among them as a cardinat
feature of their poliev.
The conviction of such a design is alone suft
fitment to work a defeat of any faction, more es
pecially when that design is concealed under
a pretended patriotism. The question of a Na
tional Bank has been definitety settled. Its day iv
over. Even proftligacy VilinOt obtain for it a
hearing, though before a court as corrupt as that
of W biggery. It has received the reprobation
of a communinity, long suffering under its lea
den weight, und the most desperate attempts of
faction cannot succeed iti procuring it another II
cense to destroy.
The hope or Whiggery, however, is in a No.
tional Bank. They care for nothing except to
gaip it, for they thus hope once more to fleece
the people. Every thing is secondary to this,
their main intent. We are not surmised there.
fore at their sacrifice of Clay, or their desertion
or Webster, their shifting policy, or their empty
delamatioo, or their viandere on all that is great
and good, or even their choice of a second rate
. manwe use the word(' or their leading organ,
the National intelligencerflir President. They
tare nothing for Won. Henry Harrison so far as
thev can make him their tool, just as they care
nothing for the hired scribblers, whom they
now reed, but whom, after tho election, they
, The whig faction is identified with a Natina.1
, Bank. TheY have always supported it, and
still continue its adherent, with a pertinacity,
which neither time, reason, nor defeat can curs. '
Ilut they will !earn a lesson soon that shall make
a radical reform among them; by the adminis.
.1 Minn of medicine to-them, which, while it
. "Tee, ahali at the same time kin them...
!this Na'tional. Bank will be ttteli,re wdohoigm,sft,ecrtit
:,Ily the fourth of March 1841,
-.Will be extinct..-Bpirit of the Times.
Wva.-..War is showy at é 'distance, korai!
- when at hend ; as the cape, which was hallsd
w:th joy by thepiscovererstand nerved the Cape
r coed Hope, was found, when they soiled
upair it, in (imam tic better name than
vCeve or stow,"
"7.:' , , z s .4
el , , -
BANK AND PEOPLE.
RI THR REIN MTN LICILAND
Nine hundred banks, containing three hunv
dred millions stock, with nine hundred presi
dents, nine hundred cashiers, and nine hundred
bank lawyers, five thousand directiors, (all in
fluential characters) filly thousand dealers on
bar.k credit, a great portion of the members of
congress and of the state legislatures, who holi
in banks, filly thousand insolvents, (who want
government to pay their debts) one hundred
thousand office Beaters, from the Fresidential
chair down to the bwest clerkship, with a mul.
titude who have ilching propensities for Pew
things. All their, form a niighty boat; flanked
on one wing by anti-masons, and on the other
with abolitionisterwith a rear guard of conserv.
atom snort many scouting parties beside.
Is it pouible for the democracy of the United
Bteteii to withstand this formidable arzny, wive
have already bid defiance and set the battle in
Democracy is principally comported of the
tillers uf the ground, and the mechanics, of the
most necessary article& This clime, for the
moat part, are not seeking nor expecting promo
tions: their:wish is to be protected by govern.
ment in the enjoyment of their honest earnings,
deducting therefrom what is necessary for the
security of the remainder. Caucuses, convert.
tions,Amd even the necessary polls of elections,
call them from their accustomed end cho.
gen pursuits: if there is no imperious calls, they
choose to be in their occupations. A deacription
of their clues forms no great splendor or. pa
pernothing for the pompous (who despise the
dull rrsuits of labor) to admirelTheir motto
is, ' equal rights, and no exclusive privileges."
And their boast is, that the two presidents Jur.
Arson and Jackson which they alone elected
over all opposition, have purchased more land,
paid more debts and obtained more indemnitien,
than all the rent of the presidents. The first of
these fuvorites drew the Declaration of Inde.
pendence, and the lag effiected a victory and
deliverance in the "Battled New Orleans."
These two events will never be forgotten while
history exists. Should the bank triumph over
the people in the coming contest, and forever
hereafter sustain eithe preeminence, yet the
whole communitv will ever enjoy the advanta.
gee achieved by ihe two democratic presidents,
as long as independence, the great western val.
ley of the Mississippi, and freedom from debt
are advantagee; although many may sillily the
man by whom the rich advantages were gained.
The out-cry, "hard times and tittle money ,"
has been constantly sounding for eighty years in
my hearing, with but small variation, and (ev
cepting those who have been trading presump
tuously on bunk loans, in speculations that have
been rather injurious to the nation) it is hard to
conceive any just grounds of complaint any have
at this time. Hard labor and all productions of
the earth, flocks and herds, taken in the, aggre
gate, demand current and handsome prices. If
the prices were higher, the money.would be pro.
portionably of less value.
The banks have proved their power over the
government, by suspending rimier payments;
they stopped the wheels of government, which
caused a special session of congress to remove
the Necks. , The same may happen as oflen
as the banks please, 'eo long as the government
and banks are united in marriage. Some are
for dissolving the Union and thereby retain
their rights, while others are shouting "0 Bank,
live forever! who is like unto this bend who
is aOle to make war with him!" '
To have money sufficient for a medium of
trade, to facilitate all useful commerce in which
individuals may grow wealthy, and the public
reap adventage, is desirable, but to have a cir
culating currency so abundant as to check use
rut industry in some, and assist others in gam!).
ling speculation in which one cannot grow
rich without others growing poor is rather in
junous to society at large; but moral reasoning
though ever so sound, is but feeble defence a.
gainst a heated disposition.
Borrowing nothing from history, but confin.
ing myself to what 1 have seen, there has been,
from the adniiiiistration of Lord North down to
the present time, a mint, war between the
claim of aristocrets and tle'le righte of man.
In the year 1774. the aristocrat contended for
the doctrine that kluge were oppointed by God,
and to mist them would be resisting the ordi
aance of God. anti bring oti condemnation.
rite democrats plead that natural right antecede
all institutionsthat oppositi,,n to tyrants was
.1bediance to Ged"liberty or death" was their
sounteriegn. In 1787, the aristocrats labored
o establish a government above the control of
the people. The democrats sought for a goy..
irnment that recognized the Povereignty of the
!peoplethe rights of man under equitable law
a government of expressed and defined pow
era. After the Constitution was put in op
eration, the aristocrats exerted al their power to
bind the administration into a monarchild chan.
net; and by uonstruction made consideralde
progress; hut the beginning of the present cen
tury brought the Apostte of Linen), into the
chair, whose elevation checked their deeigns but
did not change their wishes; for pi 1815, they
ohanged their ground of opposition and ex
claimed. "we are dll onenow is the era of
good feelingdrop all contention and let us build
together!" Therm good words and fair speech
es deceived the hearts of many who were gime
ply honest, broke down the line of demarcation,
, Bed arnalganiated themation into a botch potch.
During this apathy of tweive years, the seism.
crate geined great 'strength, until the Hero of
New Orleans was called from the Hermitage to
prenide over the nation, who boldly withstood
them eight years. As the deposites were re.
nuived from the Bank of the United Stan" and
that bank could not ootain a renewal of its
charter,it hes shown such haughtiness to the gov
ernment and towards other bank., that the pow
er or such an institution ought to be shunned;
, and yet the bankruptcies of all, and the 'wens
, sion of specie payments in all banhe, is laid to
the charge oflacksord '
During the revolutionary war, the declaration
, or the vvhigs was, "If we can have half our
intermit and gain in our independence, we shall
be satisfied.' But now the whigs of the New
Schooi say, "Give us moneygive us the offi
ces give us the governmetit, and we shail be
matisfied: otherwise, NO Will cast all the blocks
, in the way that is in our power, to etop the
wheele of government."
1 ' The love of money is common with ail polit
ical parties, and if a majority of the people of
. the United Shoos believe although the consti
tution givea no power that s bank inoorporated
by the General Government, will pay the debts
' of insolventsaid specuative enterprizefoster
. manufactures end nose the prices of hand labor
I and the produetionn of the earth, ths administra
1 non of the government WILL TALL INTO OTHER
HANDL it is possible. however, that the pets
! pie will realize that it is not the abundance, but
I the intrineic value of money that makes it prof.
s, halite. The rage for useleas "peculation may die
I away, end the people may yet triumph over the
S book, notwithstanding the present excitemeot.
, 'The nine hundred iron elietnell Biwa woro
( ' ' ' ' 1-. 'I:- . ' -
I ,of - ,4r ,
'.1-friti.::- -Di 94.ivtii7. .:4t.p, VE,t1 qr';'". .$,11...
CANAL 'DOVER, TU8CARAWAS COUNTy, (OHIO) AtIiffIST 28,1840.
discomfited before the patriotism of Barak.
From the Dedlaration of Independence unto
the present time, my unmitigated desire bus been
that the United States might enjoy freedom
without licentiousnessgood goiernment
out tyrannypure religion without hypocremy
and wealth without haughtiness. And now, at
the close of a very unprofitable life, my wi..h is
ardent, that the States in Union, and severally
in their looveretgrity, may, by good customs,
virtuous habits and wise councils, shun the fatal
gulf of ',satsuma USURPATION OVSt the
Rums OF ISDIVIDUALS e
-From the Chillicothe Advertiser. '
SPEECH Or COL. JOHNSON AT
When the veteran hero once more t
presented himself to the peoples ,nn in- 1
tense interest wee visible ou the counr
tenances of thole) who were present, 13
and the quiet stillness which prevailed
enabled them all to hear and understand
what he eaid to them; Ile commenced I
stating that he had been a public servant r
for the people thirty three yearstwo t
years under Jefferson's administration, I
eight under Madison, eight undei MUn.
roe, four under J. Q. Adams, eight un- t
der Jackson, and three years he has r
been aseociated in the administration orl
Martin Van Buren. Ile then said that I
he had been acquainted with MARTIN 1
VAN BUREN for twenty-eight years; t
and that for twenty years he hats been r
on 'terms of the greatest intimacyand I
it gave him pleasure to state that in the 1
whole of his political coonections ,
never knew one more upright in princi- 1
ple or purer in morale, and very few I
possessing latent of higher order than l
Martin Van Buren. No stronger rtd-11
vocate of the war policy was to be l I
found in 1809, and no abler defender of I
it In 1812, thin Merlin Van Buren.
He spoke of what helnew and felt io
be true, and of .wich he entertained not I
the least doubt. 1
Having been frequently urged by the
whim' to peak of the battle of the
Thames, he reluctantly felt compelled
in duty to state some of the leading
facts which come within hie own knowl
edge. Ha commenced by mating, that
he did uot wish to claim any glory for
himself on that occasionnor did he
wish in auy way to detract from the
fame of any companion on arms., far leee
from his commander. At the battle of
the Thames, he said his (Col. re) reg.
iment did pursue the enemy, marching
considerably in front of the infentry.--.
He was in the van at the head of three
companion) of mounted men, which sere
brought up in solid column. He came
up with the enemy who weie drawn up
in line of battle. The force under Te
curneeb was abont 12 or 14 hundred
strongthe Britiki 700. It was at firet
intended, he observed, by Gen. Harri
son, that the infantry under his com
mand should be brought up, and the eu
emy fought by our troops in line. , But
Col. J. having practised his regiment to
serve both on foot and on horseback
having frequently dismounted one-half
of them and fought sham battles for
that purpose), and believing that he could
successfully overthrow the enemy by a
charge of his mounted men, requeeted
permission to make such charge; which
having obtained, be left General Her
risen and proceeded to the front, where
hie regiment awaited hint. He never
General Harrison afierwards, un
til the battle was over, when the Gene
ral came to where he (Col. J.) was ly;.-
ing, nt the place to which his soldiers
had carried him back alter he was
wounded. When he left Gen Harrison,
he said be thought the swamp, which
separated the Indians from the British
army, could not be crossed. He after
wards aseeriained that it could; and he
then determined that his brother, 1..ieu
tenant Col. James Johoson, should at
tack the British at the same time that
be attacked the Inthann. His mode
was to charge rapidly on the enemy in
columns. In a few minutes after hie
brother made the attack on the British,
they surrendered. The British force
consisted of 700 men, and his brother
Jamee' division consisted of five hun
dred men. He related a humorous ao
ecdote of an Irishmen of rhe captured
army who asked his brother James if he
was the commander, and what they
should do with' their arms. Why re
plied Jamesi I bad not thought about ,
that. The Irishman then proposed to
stack them, which Pas immediately or
dered bl his brother. 18111011 then took
the 700 British and 'delivered them up
tti General Harrisonwho, as 'James
afterwards informed, him, was about a
niile Porn the scene of action. James
Johnson then received pormission of
General Harrison to reinforce his broths
er R. M. who was yet engaged with the
Indiene.' Front the commencement of
the action until he was' carried off the
ground,'' he (Richard M ) not see
Gen. Harrisonhe did not know where
he waswhether he, was bait a mile,
one mile or a mile' and a half in the
rear, exCept from report. II:a brother
Jamei expreseed , his sorrow that he
could not come more epeedily to his rel
lief, and state'd tbat it was hi cOnse,
queriee of having to take the Orisonote
the dietetics of a mile to give them up
to General Ilarrieon the commanding
officer. He however felt it his duty to
say that, that after he reeeived permis
ion to chip the enemy, neither Gen '
eral Harrison, Gov. Shelby or any one
else,' except himself and the other offl.
cers cof his regiment had command or-,
that regiment or any part thereof. The
figting was done by that regiment alone.
lie passed no censure on any one. He
fought not, he said, for gloryhe
fought for his country. He voted for
the war, and be coksidered it Ills duty
to take e part in that war.
The effect of which the unvarnished
taleof the venerahle bero produced on
the vise assemblage of the democracy
who:surrounded him, the eager expres
sion of each countenance denoting their
anxisity not to lose one word which
dropped from.the lips of the moot hon-1
est, upright, brave and patriotic states.,
man and soldier in the land, may be im.
aging(' but copilot be described. An
unbounded burst of applauee ae he took
his seet testified the warm reeling of at'.
fection and respect which. was felt by -
the thousands of democracy who bur,
1 UtOL171.1 1111111.
The sun having by this' time. sunk'
beneath tthe horizon, the procession
was' again formed without delay, and
theSice President and guests wete es
corte'd by a throng of democrats to the
Nalltmal Hotel ,
THH HEROINE Of COLOMBIA.!
A 'correspondent of the Backwood..:
wan (published at Jerseyville, Illinoie,)1
furnishes that paper with the following
tranektion, from Restreoo'e 6611istoria
dri la Revolution de la Columbia," of a
th.rilliug and soul-harrowing incident,
whicb occurred during the eaoguinary
and successfull struggle of the people
of the' country for national freedom
Alter the strindard of Liberty had
beenfaised in all the provinces, and
the people bud struck a successful Wei,
for freedom, Murillo, with an overwhel
min.i force, reconquered the country for
Spain. During six months this fiendish
savage held undisputed sway over Co
Iambi& The beet men of the province.
were by him seized and ehot, and each
ef hie officers had the power of death
over The inhabitants of the districts in
14 they were continued. It IPSO du
ring this period that the barbarous ex
yeetA pf Policarpa.,La Salveriele
heroic girl of New Granadaroused the
Patriot. once more to arms, and produ
ced in them a determination to expel
their oppressors or die. This young la
dy was enthusiseticelly attached to the
wise of liberty, and bad, by her, influ
ence. rendered essential aid to the Pat
riots. The wealth - of her father, and
her own superior talents and education,
early excited the hostihtx of the Spanish
commander against her and her coms
wander against her and her family. She
had promised her hand in marriage to a
' young officer in the Patriot eervice,who
had been compelled, by Morillo, to join
the Spanish army as a private soldier.
La Solvariette, by means that were
never disclosed, obtained, through him,
an exact account of the Spanish forces4
a plan of their fortifications. The Pat
riots were preparing to strike a decisive
hlow, and this intelligence was impor
tant to their success. She had induced
Saberion, her lover, and eight others, to
(keen. They were discovered,and op.
prehended. The letters of la Salvari
etta, found on the person of her lover,
betrayed her to the vengeance of the ty
rant of her country. She was seized,
brought to the Spanish camp, and tried
hy a court martial, The highest re
words were promised her if she would
disclose the names and pkns of her as
sociates. The inducements proving of
no avail, torture wee employed to wring
from het the secret, in which so many
of the best familiee of Colombia were
interested, but even on the rack she per
rusted in making no disclosure. The
accomplished young lady, hardly eight
een years or age, woe condeMned to be
shot. She calmly and serenely heard
her ientence, and prepared to meet her
fate. She confeseed to a cathOlic priest,
partook of the sacrament, and with a
firm step walked to the open square,
where a file of soldiers, in presence of
Morillo and hie officere,were drawn up
with loaded muskets. Turning-to Mo.
rillo, ehe said, "I obeli not die in vain.
for my hicied will raise up heroes from
every hill and valley of my couotry."
She bad scareely uttered the above when
alorillo himself gave the bignal to the'
soldiers to fire, and in the aext moment
La Salvarietta wse a mangled and bleed
ing corpse. The Spanish officers; and
soldiers ere overwhelmed with aston
ishment at. the firmnese and patriOtism
of this lovely girl, Let the effect upon her
own countrymen was electrical. The
patriots lost no time in flying to armi, &
their, war cry, "'La Salvarietta I l" made
every heart ban to inflict vengeance
npen her murderers. in a very short
time', the ermy of Morillo was nearly
mit to. pieces, and the commander him
self escaped death only by flight, and in
disguise. - "
Of little meddling comes great mei
THE 'STANDING ARMY.".Mr.'
VAN BUREN'S LETTER,--M
TRIUMPH OVER HIS ENEMIES
The following is Mr. Van Boreo's re
ply to one ofihe interrogatories put to
him bv several citizens of Elizabeth
City,. Va., on the 12tb rhino last, and
which were answered by him on the
31st 'My. The Pam. question with
several where, which were answered ,
by Mr Van Buren,. were also prOpoun ,
ded to Gen. Harrison, but be has not
thought them worthy dim mintier. The ,
letter is a triumphant overthrow. of the
vile attache of the Federal whigs a
gainst Mr. Van Boren, as regards his
connection with. Mr: Poinsett'a Militia
In. conclusion, you ask me. "Wheth- '
or I approve of Mr. Poinaett's scheme I
for the organization of the militia,"
My knowledge of Military affairs, is
very limited; but I will neverthelees I
give you such views as I have been able 1
toleke of the eubject of youe enquiry.
- .'Tho Couetitution of, the United J
States authorizes Congress' to provide
for orgaeizing, arming and dieciplining 1
the militia, and for governing them when 1
in the tiervice.nf the United States; re- 1
serving to the' Siete the appointment of 1
officers, end the authority to train the
militia, according, to the mode of die.. 1
cipline preecribbd by Congress. In
execution of this grant of power, Con,.
Kress during the administration of Gen.
eral Washington, and upon this recom
mendation, passed a law for the organi.
zation of the militia of the United
State,. By this act, it is provided first,
that every tree white citizen of the Uni
, ted Statee, resident therein, between
the ages of fifteen and forty-five (with
some enumerated. exemptions,) are to
be enrolled and divided by ,the several
Statee into companies, battallions, regi
ments, brigades and divisions, upon
principles therein eetabliehed, and in
like manner officered by themiccording
io the rules prescribed by 'Cot,grese for
determining their number and reepeetiee
reek. 2d. That the militia thus enroll.'
ed, shall be armed at their own szpen6a.
3d. That they shall be disciplined re
cording to the rules approved and ei9:11
tablieberl. by Congress, on the twenty
ninth M arch; 1779;' and 4111 That the
stiles for the Government of the Militia'
when called into tbe eeriece et the UM.
ted States, the manner and 'occasion!.
, of doing which being point, d out by
, law. ehall be the same rules and arti
1 Clatt ot war, as are provided for the
government of the troops of the United
The provisions of the act of 1792,
which obliges every citizen duly enroll.
ed, to be ',constantly provided with
arms, acaouttements and ammunition,"
was reenacted during the administration
of Mr. Jefferson; and so much enlist
set as established the dicipline and reg
elation of Baron Steuben was etibee.
quently repealed, and the syetem of dis
cipline and exercise of the Regular Ar
mv was adopted for the militia. These
additional provieions, with occasional
acts respecting the appointment of the
officers by the Staters, and ;hanging the
regulations concerning the pay and sub
eistence of the Militia when in the ac
tual service of the United States, and
the preparation ' and distribution of a
system of tacties, constitute every ma
terial part of the legislation of Congress
upon the subject of the Militia since
the establishment of the Government.
The organization of the Militia thus
established has been in force nearly fif.,
ty years. It varies in many essential
particulars' from that recommended by
General Washington, and has been re..
garded ever since its adoption ae de.
fective in an eminent degree as well by
the successive Presidents of the bnited
Slates, es by all other persons,' whove
habits of life and opportunies of per
eonal observation have fitted them 'to
form sound opinions upon the subject.
Its improvement wag therefore an ob
ject of unceasing and anxious solici
tude on the part of General Washing
ton, and almost every successive Fred,.
irdent commenced his- career with call,.
' mg the attention of Congress to the
subject, and closed it with expressions
of regret that these recommendations
had proved uttavailing.' General Coes,
when Secretary ' of War, stated in an
official report, that this subject had
'been presented for coneideration no
lese than thirtyone times official Ex
ecutive .communicalions, cummencing ,
with the inaugural address of President
The principal objections to the prime.
ent appear 'to ariee from the great and
Unnecessary extent of the enrollment
of the militia held to actual service, and
who are required to muster and to duty
a certain number of ckys in the year.
and from the want of adequate means or
inducements to secure a proper instruc
tion; by reason of which this heavy tax
id not only rendered in a great degree
useless, but it is also unreavonably bur
densome. 1 : ,
By the Federal Constitutien Con.
green hes the power to provide to' t
VOLUiEZt NUMÚER 54;-
ibg forth the militia to execute the lawn
of the Union, suppress itlitifteCti011 and ,
repel invasion. ;I'lutmilitis torte pro
vided for- throe' purposes, by existing
laws, and tyhich tto :render
Ilse, is compelled to .be -af all times'
provided with arms. eccoutternents-'..- ,
and ammunition, to , be rime.. -- -,
tered and drilled et elated perickdasn'd
kept always ready for SOrViCe,'compri. :
see, with limited end enumerated'
emptions, the whole of the eble.bodied '
male white populutionsof the Uotted - '; , ,
States botween the ages, of 18 and 451,1"4,
When it io considered that thetiumbet,,::
of these according to efficial returns ,
exceed a million and a half of otea,' and -!
probably at thie period, aniounts to two : : ,,,
millions, the immense and ennsequentiy ,
oppressive excess of ihe existing pie.
paratory enrollment, beyond die prImili ,,
ble wants of the country, mint be
rent to all. , How, far the exieting. Or. , ';'.
gan;zation and laws passed by the States ' ,
in pursuance theleof. have proved etic'sr
cessful in accomplishing the grest Asti.
ject in view, va: the instruetion.,iind . ,
improvement of citizen isoldiSrs :
tory tactics, you are 'able to judge for -
yourselves. The reeults were :a whdrt :
time since euinmed up by the officer
before alluded lo, in, these nmphatio :
word-:"It rain to expect, '
the who'e adult population of the coun, :
try can, or will furnish themselvee ,with ,
the articles required , by law;: or that ,
their collection, for any nuinber of dayiv: 4 s,
they can aftisrejo deveti to this chjoet,
and under thi.,unnal circumstances, ,.
euch eeeemblaigetheaUptciduce any bens '
eficial effecte to themselves r'or:, their' :0
couotry Already in a nunlet Of States,'
the system has sunk rider the: weight, '-: ,
or public,, opinioiv. and ;the practical '
question now in, whethet.ove 'drill -
mein in fact.' defenceleskiftricersort to a '
lane ,standing militaryloiee in time'of
peace, that just dread of all tree -.goy.
ernments, or adopt an efficient plan,. ,
ishich 'will prepare for the puhlio de.- '
fence the greatest force at the least .
coot, and without danger!! ,:
To.remedy the evils of the present ,
eystdm, it bae been riipeatedly proposed '
re.orgenize theonilstia, pie euch .a' .
nanner as. to redueb the number of : ,
nen, who ihall be filled rand always
'eady to perform the service contempt.
, ed by the qestitutios,,.fray In-myths:
number of two binntred
, housand,. and to pay the taster a reai -
'enable compensation out of the Na, '
Ilona! Treasury, in order to remunerate ,
them for the increased burthen thus ' ' "
imposed upon them. Several plane, to
effect this purpoee. have from time to s
time, been submitted to Congrees by
nuccessive Seeretaries of War, tom. ,
mencing with General Knot'e, in 1790,
and ending with that of .Mr. Poinsett's
in 1840. That Mr. Poinsett's is,a in
eeveral respects, preferable le -those
which have preceded tt, andlis ,
lated to effect a more equitable disposi. '
. tion of the whale military force of the
country than any heretofore presented,
appears to have been. the opinions or.
the Committees of both Houses or Con- -
grass. The grounds of this preference ,10,4
are fully eet forth in the able reports
made by their respective chairmen, at ,
the last Pension, which have been pub-
fished, and extensively circulated, -and , -
are as follows: - '
I et. It extends the pay,tfor the 1,eriod
occupied in training, to privates, as well
as to commissioned and oon.commie.
sioned.officers, to whom it was limited !
in the plane of others.. 21. It introdu
tea the principle of rotation, by which
the period during which 'the citizene ,
are engaged in training is diminiehed;
and the instruction they receives. mere
, directly imparted io the mass, and the ,
burtheos as well as beneCts more Oquali
ly distributed among the people.
In excluding from enrolment all between r
IS. and 20 year 'of age,being the pe.
riod flit in which young men are etri
ployed :in finishing their education ,
laming, trade, or studying the Praise. r
sion by which they hope 'to obtain eir' '
, In these Preferencei I Cobs'
cur. IS all other respects the difTerent
plans are understood te be aubstantiat-'
ly the some. 'They are so with regarð ' r
to the authority of the officers over 04'1, ::
privates, and the rules fOt the, govertt..'l "-
ment of all when called out fur ArilL"'
They all propose, that the' rules should' ,
be those esteblished for the goviitnment -
of the armYs The existing law tipper(
those rules to' the militia; when called.
into the service Of the U. S. tibilltisi -
done so for many years : -4!,
' Poineett's plan does not add a 'single:
penalty or new provision,' There eer-'
talnly Itrsome extent a prejotftti,,ie ,
in the'publie mind against the appliðisr ,
lion of the-same rigor in the ,
Citizen soldiere, who ire 'only '
out for short pane& of 4ersice, as that:
which is applied by alj Watione to : ' -
Who reake'arma a profesiiibb.; 'It'
men, whether the discipline of .
tir4 whoa called ' Into the serilis'or thc ,
U. States, will admit of auy relaxation" i .
No ono yet appetite to boo thought so '', ' s '
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- , :irraWMIAVAmir, Ont.
.7; - 400-4,