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CANAL DOVER,TUSCABAWAS COUNTY, (OHIO) DECEMBER 25. 184OE
t C. 11; MITCUENER.EDrrox & PILOPSIETOU
VOLUME.2. NUMBER 68i
proem! and'utisfactery Will justice), Of the no- ternhank of the Sethi. river, from its entrance 1
1 - 'MESSAGE 1
gociation. Three commissroners were eppoin- into the Gulf of Mexico to the thiny second de. 1
tod shortly allot tile aujournment of Cengress, gree of meth latitude. The commission ed- '
., . . FR051 THE
1' . , undathe act ditto last session providing ffir journed on the 1Gth June lastto reassemble on
,- . : President. the exploration and survey of the line which the first of November for the purpose of estab
4 sainultos ths States of rdaiim and New Hamp- tishing accurately the intersection of the thirty.
' Fellow Cidzans.of gh Senate, -
, ' ' and Maud of Pepresentatittes: ' , 1 attire from the British' Provinces; thni have second degree of latitude with the western
been actively employel until their progress wu bank of the Sabine, and tbe rneridien fine
. . interrupted by the inclemency of the seuon, thence to Red river, It is presumed that the
1 Our devout gAtilude iodue to the Supreme
le and will resume their laborn.at soon u practi work will be concluded in the present. season.
' Being for having graciously continued to our be
The premien sound condition of their fintincet
''a t leved,country, throbillthohyllhistitudee of anoth eshii in the ensuing PT' . I
er yeni, the' inviluable blnesings of beeith , plan 1 It is 'understood that their respective examin
' ' '" ' ' ' s ' ati VII th o li ht u on the suidect in
t y. and peace &Mom has this favored land one i r w new, g p and the access with which emberres sments in
regard to them, at times ap patently unsurmount
1 , beenle mann); exempted' from the tenses :coounstirmovperresiLannds weehricvhe mloareymehavveeenao-nerrmonsedos able. have been overcome, are matter' 'upon
;WI, seas., Wthe labor of the husbendirien which the people and the Government of the
n14 . elewhere prejudicial to the rights of the United U. Statee may well congratulate themselves.
amply,rewarded; and never &still ha,truvr, re
f ' States. It was, among othir reams. with a An overflowing Treasury, howeyer 'it may he
,,,, ,.,. t., Wiens with' whin. coutAties itati PI,Vetlin' a .
view of preventing t regarded as an evidence of public prosperity, is
i ,, . more avore . e ens t an t at ,, .sirc .,. t y,,!ðe
''''''''I ' t' HA b h li IVell iri'Figh he emberresments- which
seldom conducive to the permanent welfare of
in our peculiar system &government, impede
1..,'''''',;,.,' happily -.occupy et this , critical conjtilictura' & any people; 4-experience has demonstrared its
. . ,.;and complicate negociations involving the ter
11;,),;'',,',-this. rod& A rigid and pereeveringHiustmegs; i 1 . incompatibility with the salutary action of politi.
, r tona rights of& Stale, that I 'thought it my
.. 41' ' ft
. ,,..,, i ,, on) all interference with the domestic and poe cal institution' like those of the United States!
' ,l lo duty, u you hinge been Informed en a previous
i.e.. Utica! relations dottier Suites,' alike due to the Our safest rolian,ce for financial efficiency and ,
occasion, to propose to the British Government iudependatme has, on the contrary been foetid
' 7', genius and distinctive character of our &aim.
' I tbrough ils minister at Washington, that early to exist in ample resources unencumbered with
mei and to the principles by wl ich' it is dirge
1, . , ,s
led- it faithful observance. In the management steps they'd be taken to adjust the points (edit'. debt: and in this reapect, ;he Federal Govern
ment occupies a singularly fortunate and uuly
,k Ofer foreign relations,Of the practice &speak.' ference on the line &the boundary from the en
., enviabie positiou. '
,ii, Ins plainly, dealingjustly, and requiring truth Ira") of Latro SoPer0r 0 the mmt nusthw'"' When 1 entered upon the discharge
. , end justice in return,' is the best consereativee point of the Lake of the Woods, by the arbi Of toy official duties in March, 1837,
'il"?1 of this, pude &nations; a strict ' impartiality in tratioq of a friendly Power, in conformity with the act for the distribution of the eur
i,, out manifestatiene of friendship, in the commer I plus revenue was in.& course of tepid
1 cial privileges we concede, and those . we au the seventh article of the treaty of Ghent. No
1 t - execution. Nearly twenty-eight mil
., i . , answer hem yet beed rettme ekt the British lions of dollars of the public moneys
t quire from others: these accompanied by a die. were, is pursuance of its provisions,
Government to this prornmon conatitsininui .....
NI . position as prompt to maintain, in every smog I q shall it be my greatest latomited with the States in the months
I With Austriel Kranc.,76por sphere, to extend a I of Shaming-1 hatiithrld4Y1 at that Year'
gency,-our ovn rights; as we are from principle
Overse to tile invasison ofthose of others, have the remaining PiV..
it , TilOMA 8 CORWIN cial form. Thousands ofdoilaig opera! sus
1 ants by the
, - given to our conetry and government ' a stand. to informru o'ur re10, 1840. been spent in wrangling about
.......s three hundred, This is the com few excep
.' - r
t :,-, ing in the eye of nations, of which we have I most kit(
the "Retorter promised us. As alkiteldneetYi!
., just cause to be proud, and the advantages of , U DErtIOCRAT
ty of comtot not printing it, the Federal membere rionately
be printed in the papers. True the
:, which are esperienced by our citizens through.' PrinoiPlails DOVER, OHIO.
out every portiou of the earth to which their en. erel
1, concluded igi y, DECEMBER 25 ,I840. ' lc papers have published it, but the t the peo,
, with a few exceptions, have refuset, the
terpriaing and adventinous spirit may carry
' ified by pubs
, . tiled. Few, ft any, 'remain inaenstble to the the'''PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. in detached parte.
l The Whig cirgn, and tht
Value dour friendship', or ignorant of the terms laid beforc . . rawas, only pubiished the heed and I
, We give this valuable document to our e out
.,.. On which it Otte be acquired, and by which it gratulatie' The hearth cut out and threw away.
, is the last one of the k:nd we shall ea,
' 't eau alone be preserved ,. aditronk
, A aeries ot questions of long standing, .11"a".17 - -1, e er receive from Mr. Van Buren, and d
4,11c it is the best one. We call particular attention that man what right he had so to do 1 It i
uty he owes, and justice demands of Lim i
fair expression of the sentiments of the Execu,
Z11,, cult in their .consequeacee, in which tlippor
. 1 0 I 'MIMIC 1 as it draws the party lines strong five. When he does not do so, he is guilty o
t 1 ' 1
, of our citizens and the honer of the ,,0
a breach &trust. Be commits a fraud on tie
., . . .1, , I er than ever, between the defeated but united
the citizens of this conaty. Is that wh ich hi
were deeptý invelied, have, in the coup,' note
few years, (the met of them during takent Democracy, and the triumphant but discordant
published last week, es "Gov. Shannon'
cessini administration of my immediate redo of Fedeplism. It taye down in bold Message," a correct copy! Every honest ma
e . cesser,) !peen brought to a -satisfactory coiiem relief, (so that he who runs may read) the re Rapine. But why du the Federal membeia, ti
e Ilion; andIthe moat important of those remaratt . publican principles of '9 of 1800,, and ofeve. Federal editors refuse to print the Message as I
was delivered I neve thtly confidence in th
. , are, -I am happy td helieve in a fair way of MAI, democratic Administration eince and the
,ing speedily and utisfactorily adjusted.
With all the powers film) world our rola..
tioTi ate those dflionorable peace. Since your
, adjournment. nothing serious has oecurred to
interrupt or threaten thia desirable harmony. if
clouds havé lowered above the other hem's.
piton', they have not cast their portentious shad
. owl upon our happy shores. Bound by no enii
tangling allian cos, yet linked by a common na.
- ture and interest with the other nations of man.
kind. our aspirations are for the preservation of
peace, in whose solid and civilizing triumphs
! al may participate ivith a generoue emulation.
Yet it behooves ut to'bå.piepared for any event
and to be always reatty to maintain those just
and enlightened principles of national inter..
courakfor which this Government has ever
contending empires, it is only hy assuming a
resolute bearing, and clothing themselves with
defensive armor, that neutral nations can main.
; tais their independent righis.
The excitement which grew out dale tend.
Wrist controversy between the U., States and
,t Great Britain ha ving in a groat Measure subei
ded.'it is hoped that a favorable period is ty
proaching for its final s eneinem. Both Gov.
r " ernmenta must now bat convinced or the den.
gets with ivhich the tpiestion is fraught: and it
must be their desire, as it is their interest, that
this perpeinat cause of irritation should be re.
moved as speedily as practicable. In ray lain
) annual message yeti were informed that the
4 proposition fur a conmission of exploration and
' survey promteed by Great Britain had been Me
410, ceivcd, and that a counterproject, includir.g al.
so a proviaion for th6 certain and final :moles
ment ofthe limits in dispute, was then before
the British 9overnment for its consideration.
The WM' of that Government, accompanied
by additional proegaitions ofi its own, was
) promptliconsiderech such as were deetned cor
rect principle, and consistent with a due rei
gard to tho list rights of the United States and
prompt end'eatiefectory inetion, the
gociation. Three cominiseroners were appoi.4-
i separates we mated in amine eon row namp
shire from the British' Provinces; t le' y ave
Fellow Citizans.of the Senate, - - I 1 4 b
, ' and Meuse if Peprese dation: ' , I been actively employed until their progress was
suiteme interrupted by the inclemency of the season,
'21' .... Our devout gAtitude isdue to tlie
'1, Being for having graciously continued to our be
, lovitdcountry, throbilltheAhiseitudes of anoth
, . ,. . er ye'er, the invelueble bisaings of beath , plan I
, . : Sy. and neice;,' &Mom has this favored Ladd
í and will resume their labori.av soon as practi
I cabli in the ensuing year. ''' .
It is 'understood that their respe.ctive (minims
ations will throw new light upon the suidect in
I. ' . beenee gitioretti exempted. from the mese,- controversy, and serve to remove !my - errone,
Iroftlisease bet- he labor of t '
1 - - , . ' :e - he husbandman more ous impressions which may have been made
elswhere prejudicial to the rights of the United
amolv rewarded! anti TiStInL, ticlkteirds ti's:Vgin. ;pa .
-et the State of Maine, concurred in; and. the I It affords me pleaure to communicate to you
1 that the Government of Chili has entered into
! reasons for dissenting from the residue, with an
additional suggestion on our part, ceinmnnica an agreement to indemnify tke claimants in the
P ted by the Secretary of State to lifr., Fox. That case,of the Macedonian, for Amencan property
ministm, not feeling himselfsufficientiy instruoi seized in 1819, and to add, that information has
. , .. . .
ted upon aorn of the points raised in the discus alqr been received which 'justifies the hope of
) sion, felt it to..ba his duty to term the matter to on early adjustment of the remaining claims np
1 his own Government for ite further deciaion. On that Government. . , ,
.4' , Having nów been for sOtnO time 'under its adver The commissioners appointed in pursuance of
tisement, a ipeedy answer.may be confidently . the convention between the United States and
' expected., Frpm the charaCter of the points still Texas, for making the boundary between themo
1 in Menace, and the undoubted dispesifion of hale according to the last report received from
ies to bring the matter to an early con. our commissioner... surveyed awl:established the
' le3luthe; I . lbok 4ith entini confidence to a whole aztaat oilantudary earth slang the war
, - ' t .
inciples with which we will go into the fight
tu , ingfiet.
the 26th dive's last by the plenip&M
ries of the two Goven,ments. Ito stipulations
are founded upon those principles of mutual lib
erality and advantage which the United States
have always sought to make the basis of their
intUcourse with foreign Powers, and it is hre
ped they will tend to roster ind strengthen the
commercial intercourse of the two countries.
Under the appropiaticn of the last session or
Congress. an agent has been sent to Germany,
for the purpose of promoting si interests of
our tobacco trade,
The cominisioners appointed under the con.
vention for the adjustment of claims of citizens
of the United States upon Mexico having met
and organized at Washington, in August last,
the Implant in the possession of the Government,
relating to thou claims, were communicated to
the board. The claims not embraced by that
oonvention ere now the subject of negociation
between the two Governments, throdghthe
dium our minister at Mexico.
Nothing has.occurred te &Muth The harmony
()four relations with the different Governments
of South America. I regret however, to be o
bliged to inform yeti that the claims dour cit
, zens upon thir late Republic of Columbia have
not )el been satisfied by tbe separate Govern.
wants into which it hu been resolved.
The charge d'affairee of Brazil having ex.
pressed the. intention ol his Government not, to
prolong the iresrty of 1828, it will ce ass lo be
obligatory upon either party on the 12th day of
December 1841, when the extensive commer.
cial intercourse between the U. S. and that vast
empire will no longer be regulated by, expres
of 8h-initial hteltrafilleY1 cif that Year'
cial form. Thousands ofdoilaig enptc yet sutra
been Tent in wrangling about a a Y
few ex cep
three hundred, This is the corn qio.money.
the "Reform' promised us. As atknie fideli
not printing it, the Federal membericriunately
be printed in the papers. True the
lc papers liave published it, but the t the pee
with a few exceptions, have refuse4 the pubs
in detached parte. The Whig ergo.
rawas, only pubiished the heed and 1 e out
The heart he cut out and threw away. est
that man what right he had so to do 1 It i
duty he ewes, and justice demands of Lim
fair expression of the sentiments of the Execu.
tive. When he does not do en, he is guilty of
a breach of trust. He commits a fraud on the
the citizens of this connty. Is that wh ich he
published last week, as "Gov. Shannon's
Message," a correct copy! Every honest man
Rays no. Itut why du the Federal membets, &
Federal editors refuse to print the Message as it
was delivered 1 neve th.iy confidence in the
intelligence of the people 1 Their very course
denies this. Hence they endeavor to deceive
the people by false issues, and "crushing truth
l'e earth.' But,
far ) t. ' 4. crusli'd to earth will rise again;
While I hr
1 Naings, MI necessary outtaings, and also a I '
for the last four yeara.ffil'emeiher's,
1 d Distiller
enues we have, during the flame
been subjected to an unavoidable con- upon oda a candThon. 'Lot ler ob
linuance of hrge extraordinary ezpen- jection, scarcely lees formidable, to the
ees necessarily growing out of past trans commencement- of a new debt, is its in.
actione, and which could not be imme. evitable tendency to increase in magni
diately arrested without great prejudice tude, and to foster national strove
to the public interest. Of these, the genes. He has been an unprofitable
chorge u pon the Treasury, in conse observer ef events, who needs at this
(Pence of the Cherokee treaty elope, day to be admonished of the difficulties
wilho t adverting to others arising out which a Government, habitually depen
of heiian treaties, has already exceeded dent on loans to sustain ite ordinary
five millions of donate; that fur the pros expenditure's, has to encouuter in resum
eninon of meesures for the removal of
the Seminole Indians, which were found 'tog the influences conetantly exerted it,
((Ivor of additional Inane; by capitalists.
in progreee, hue been pearly fourteen tin enrinch themselves by Government
millions; and the public buildings have
required the unueual sum of nearly three securities for moonlit much exceeding
the money they actually advance--e
mi1ione. prolific scource of individual aggran.
It affords me, however, great pleas
ure to be abh to say, that, from the dizoment in all borrowing countriese by
stockholders, who seek their gains in
cOMmen5ement of this period to
the present day, every demand the rise and fall of public stocke; and
by the selfish importunities of applicants
npon the Government, at bonie or a
broad, has been promptly met. for appropriation,' for works avowedly
This for the accommodation of the public,
t as Leen done, not only
ting a permanent debt, or a tegort to
wilhout ma. but the teal objects of which are, too
frequentiy, the advanrement of private
additional taxation in any form, but in interesjs. The known necessity which
the midst of a steadily progressive re- so many of the States will be under to
, duct on of existing burdens upon the impose taxes for the payment of the in
people, leaving still a considerable bal. terest on their debts, furnishes an addi
ance of available funds which will re- ; 1
Lona. au- very cogent reason why the
thain in the Treasury at the end of the Federal Government should refrain
year. The small amount or Tresoury from creating a national debt, by which
noise, not exceeding four and a half 'ha people would be exposed to double
millions of dollars, midi outstanding, & taxation for a similar object. , We pot
less by twenty-three thillions than the less within ourselves ample resources
United States have in deposits with the for every emergeniK and we may. be
States, is composed ofsuch only as are quite sure that our citizen's, in no future
not yet due, or have not been presented exigency, will be unwilling to supply the
for payment. They may be redeemed Government, with all the meane asked
out of the accruing revenue, if the ex- for the defence of the country. In time
penditures do not exceed the amount of peace there can, et all evente, be no
within whichihey may, it is thoughtebe justification for the creation of a pe.r.
kept without prejudice to the public in- menent debt by tha Federal Govern
terest, and the revenue 401 prove to ment, Its limited range or constitution ,
be large as may justly be anticipated. al duties may certainly, under such cir-
Among the reflections arising from cumstances, be performed without such
the contemplation of these eircumstan- a resorts It hae, it is seen, been avol
ceP, ono, not the least gratifying, is-the ded during four years of greater &cal
consciousness that the Government bad difficulties than have existed in a aimi.
the resolutiosi and the ability to adhere, lar period since the adoption of the con
in every emergency, to the sacred oh- stitution, and also remarkable for the
ligation. of law; to execute all its con-. occurrence. of extraordinary cause. of
' trete according to the requirements-of expenditures.
the conetitution; end thus to present, But to accomplish so desirable an ob
when mast needed, a rallying-point by , ject two things are indispensable: firet,
which the business of the whole cowl- that the action of the Federal Govern
try might be brought back to a late and ment be kept within the boundaries pre
unvarying standardA result vitally im scribed by its founders, and, secondly,
Fame le WIllto the interest, luto.to the that all appropriations for objects admit.
morale of the people. Theretan sure- mitt
ly DOW be no difference of opioion in Plat
regard to the incalculable evils that a It.
would have arieen if the Government, and
at that critical moment. bad auffered it- Pont
Reif to be deferred from upholding the the
only true standard of value, either ty nom
the pressure of adverse circumstunces
or the violence of unmerited denuncia- lent
tion. The manner in which the pee- rIIPI
ple sustained the performance of this con'
duty was highly honorable to their for- will
'Rude and patriotism. It cannot fail to Ben'
stimulate their agents to adhere, under on,
all eircumstannes, to the line of duty;
and to eatisfy them ol the safety with 809
which a couree really right, and demon- ted
ded by a financial crieis, may, in a corn .i8o'
munity. like outs, be pursued, however din
apparently severe its immediate opera- ma
The policy of the Federal ,Govern- r d
ment, in extinguishing as rapidly as pee ual
sible the national debt, and, subeeouent pot
ly, in resisting-every teniptation to cre- tY
ate a new one, deserves to be regarded ad;
in the same favorable light. Among liti
the many objections to a national debt, Pio
the certain tendency of public securities IN
to concentrate ultimately -in the coffers a I
of foreign etock-holders,' is one which mI
is every day gathering strength. Al- no
ready have the resorces of many of the Po
States, and the future industry of their an
citizens, been indefinitely mortgaged to le
the subjects of European Governments, tY
to the amount of twelve millions annual th'
ly, to pay the constanty accruing ins 811
tenet on borrowed moneya sum ex- in
seeding half tho ordinary revenues of 80
the whole United States. The pretext tu
which this relation affords to foreigners T
to scrutinize the management of our do ur
mestic affairs, duo' actually to inters
' meddle with them, presentrk a subject Pc
for earnest attention, not to say of se.
rious alarm. Fortunately, the Federal re
- Government, with the exception of an ett
obligation entered into in behalf of the di
D District of Columbia, which must soon
be discharged, is wholly exempt from ol
t ony such embarrassment. It is also, as el
' is believed, the only Government which, al
Ativing fully and faithfuly paid all its a
- editors, has also relieved itself entire- tr
If Am debt. To maintain a dietinétion
J.-UtatAnd so honorable, to our 8
:----,311d be an object u
a aa a
The Subscriber offers for sale, an 'eitCtilloW
'" and commodious TANNERY, in the Town of
tb Dover, possessing ail the facilities necessary to
it carry on an ostensive business, and hu an ex- p
ie Nome run of custom,
If the above property is not sold before the
le first of April next. it will be to root.
-' ALSO FOR SALE. (
A. valuable Farm, within one half mile ofDo
ver, containing 132 acres of good Lime stone et
Land, with 70 ecru cleared, with several good
Springs, and necessary Duiloings, and also a e
It - I ti:
63 , is, a ststme A 11; I
upon stich a condition. Anotiler oe- (
jection, scarcely less formidable, to the (
m commencement- of a new debt, is its in. t
0 evitable tendency to increase in magni- I
:8 tude, and to foster national strove
le gance He has been an unprofitable I
observer a events, who needs at this I
e, day to be anonielied of the difficulties I
ut which a Government, habitually depen- I
ed dent on loans to sustain ite ordinary '
Db expenditure's, has to encouuter in rms. 1
iiniz the intlustices nonotently exerted
((Ivor of additional loans; by capitalists. '
Dn ho enrinch themselves hy Government ,
l'e securities for amounts much exceeding
88 the money they actually advancea
prolific scource of individual aggran',
e- dizoment in all borrowing countries; by
le stockholders, who seek their gains in
to the rise and fall of public stocks; and
od by the selfish importunities of applicants
a- for appropriations for works avowedly
lie for the accommodation of the public,
a. but the teal objects of which are, too
to frequentiy, the advanrement of private
interesle. The known necessity which
a- so many of the States will be under to
he impose taxes for the payment of the in.
al. terest on their debts, furnishes an addio-
tional aud very cogent reason why the
he Federal Government should refrain
111 from creating a national debt, by which
the people would be exposed to double
& taxation for a similar object. , We pees
,he less within ourselves ample resources
he for every emergenc.y;' and we may. be
ire quite sure that our citizen., in no future
led exigency, will be unwilling to supply the
ed Government, with all the meane asked
'x- for the defence of the country. In time
Int of peace there can, at all events,- be no
'be justification for the creation of a pe.r.
in- menent debt by the Federal Govern
to ment, Its limited range of constitution
al duties may certainly, under such cir
om CLIIIIStanCON be performed without such
in" a resort. It has, it is seen, been avoi-'
the ded during four years of greater fiscal
lad difficulties than have existed in a simis
le, ler period since the adoption of the con
)b- staution, and also remarkable for the
DV occurrence, of extraordinary caused of
'of expenditures. ,
int. But to accomplish so desirable an ob
by , Jac'. two things are indispensable: first,
mitted to be constitstional..anti the r.x tem uut tightto asy insi nothing boa uel
peadituri of thetn oleo, lie ()subjected to cuffed in the practical operation of the : .
a standard of rigid but well considered eyetem to weaken in the slightest ,da., -
and practical econ omy- The first de. pea, but much to strengthen the contis -
ponds chiefly on the people themeless, dent anticipations of its friends. , ' The ,
the opinions they form of the true cons grounds of theee have been,Piereldore ,
construction of the Conetitution. and the so full, explained as to require no re- ....
confidence they repose in the polititai capitulation. , In respect to the facility . ,
sentiments attune they select as their and convenience it afford in conduct. - .
representatives in the Federal Legisla. tiug the public service and the ability :, .2 -
ture; the second mete upon the fidelity df the Government to discharge through .
witb which their more immediate repre its agency evety duty attendant on the
sentatives, and other public functoneri- collection, transfer, and disbursment of
ea, discharge the trusts committed to the public money with promptitude and '
them. The duty of economizing the success, I cen 'ay with confidence that
expenses of the public bervice is admit- the apprehonlione of those who felt it
ted on all hands, yet there are few sub., to be their duty to oppose its adoption,
jecte upon which there exists a wider i have pioved to be unfounded. On the
diflerence of opinion than is constantly I contrary, th:s branch of the fiscal affairs
manifested in regard to the fidelity with of the Government has be- n, and it is ,
which that duty is discharged. Neith. believid may always be, thus carried on
r diversity of sentiment, nor even mu. with desirable facility and eecuriy A ,
ual recriminations, upon a point in res. few changes and improvenionts in the
, pect to which the public mind is so just details of the system, without affecting
ly sensitive, can well be entirely avoid- any principles involved in it, will be
ed; and least so at periods of great , pe- submitted to you by the Sectetary of the .
litical excitement. An intelligent pen. Treasury, and will; I am suri, leceive ., ,
pie, however, veld mired to arrive, in at your ban - that attention to which '
the snit, at correct conclusion(' in such they may, on examination, be found to
a matter- Practical economy in the be entitled .
management of public affairs can lave I havWdeamed this brief summer or ,
noadverse influence to contend whiners OW fiscal affair's necessary to the due
powerful than a large sjrplus revenue; performance ore duty spocially'enjoined
and the unusally largeeppropriations for upon me by the t: .,,, It .s.iiii
1ST may, without doubt, iudependent. serve, also, to ill
other article-1n ''''''
ly of the extraordinary requisitions for principles by which quired in the c
the public ,service growing out of the in rotenone to two con a ,. .s.,,.,, ,. ...-
state of our Indian relations, be, in no public policy, which wi.,,;.c-, ..
inconsiderable degree, traced to this their developm jid havesmiumkf,:
source. The sudden and rapid distri- important in I . irltitquencees.Ali,,,,41.,i
bution of the large surplus in the any that have ir coot t,d,...,
Treasury, and the equally sudden and cated and diffic 141...f, od .,'-
, unprecedentedly severe revulsion in the tem of Geyermien i its varieue Is
nod of J. I. &tithe '::-::,
commerce and business of the country, tional debt, D'art., a
pointing with unerring certainty to a was in time that-Ay lat all times' ber4:'
. great and protractei reduction of the by which the COUnit), -
a tirk intriteted to ;1:::.
revenue, strengthed the propriety of the ever since:the adoptio.).useus.it
earliest reduction of the public aspen. tion, in a great measure, ' emir . boy,
1 dilutes. and there is too much reation.,,,as be :i,,
1 But to change a system operating up- hend that the conflicting interests - ent.,'..,,
i on so large a surface, and applicable to oppoeing principles thus notrehall44,-,,,,,
i such numeroue. and divereified interests will continue as heretofore, ,to produce .
and objects, was more than the work of similar, if not aggravated conequentes.
) a day. The attention of every depart- Coming into office the declared mit.
. mont of the Government Wee immedi my of both, I have earnestly endeavor
) ately, and in good faith, direited to that ad to prevent a reeort mention .
r end, and ban so contintied to the present The consideration that a large public' .
moment. The eotimates and appropri Jebt afford!' an apol ogy, end produces,
D stions for the year IS38 (the first ove, to some degree, a necessity also, for
tr. ovhich 1 had any control) were some resorting to a eystem and exteat or
Dr - ---lieninished. Tho expo ndituree ot taxation which its net Only oppressive
to e.., A sod pig minions or dol. throughout. but likewiee so apt to lead,
1- MAIL iN.'''',4- '-ot.- 1810, exclusive of in the. end, to the commission of that
w e . , a debt and trust most odious of all offences against the
dly not exceed principles of Republican. government--
FROM Wooster 01.1, h t
iting oetween two the prostitution of political power, Con-
(Via, Mt. Eaton, CP-'" '
,. 'Alia, Ett4ort, ses lees than t!tose of the (erred for the general benefit, to the sig.
county, tiarrietar, and nine or ton mil. grandizement of paiticulat classes, and
.1 whIng:1 ilian those DE 1837- Nor has tho gratification of Individual cupidity--
a eurY3 ;,;;11'found necessary, in order to pro- is alone sufficient; iodependently of the
I es Ise this residt, to reeort to the power weighty objection which have already
... conferred by Congress', of postponting been urged, to render its creation an-cl
4) certain classes of the pubhc works. ex. existencelihe POUTCOI of bitter sod tic.
3, ccpt by dererriug expenditures for a appeasable discord. If we add to this;
i,. short period upon a limited portion of its inevitable tendency to produce and
i. them, and which postponement termi foster extravagant expenditures of the
io nated sometime since, at the moment public money, by which a necessity ill
is the Treasury Department bv further re- created for no loans and new burdens
!El ceipts from the ludebied banks, became on the people; and finally, if we retail'
i. fully assured of its abillity to meet them to the examples of every Government
.y without prejudice to the public service which has. existed, for .proof hovi seta
,. in ether reepects. Causes are in opera- dom it is that thó system whin Otle0 la
ii, tton which will. it la believed justify a dopted and implanted in the policy of a
)., "till further reduction without injury to country, has failed to speed itself, until
ni any important national internal interest. public credit was exhausted, and the .
111 Tee expenses of eusiaining the troops people were no longer able to endure
.s employed in Florida have been gradual- its inereasing weight, it seems imposi
1,, ty and greatly reduced through the per. hie to mild the conclusion, that no bens
)v .evering effort of the War Department, fite resulting frotn its career, no extent
in 4nd a reaeonable hope may be enter- of consequest, no occasion of wealth to
lit mined that the neceesity for military op- particular climate, nor any, nor all its
its erations in that quarter will soon cease. combined advautegos, can countetbal
ly rho pension list, one of the heaviest ance its ultimate results a eplendid
,o, charges upon the Treasury, is rapidly Government and an impoveriebed peps
Do diminishing lly death. The most costly pie. .
tie of our public buildings are either finish- If a Nationat'lankwae as is undeniable
ch ed, or nearly so, and we may, I ihink, repudiated by the framers of the Cott-
to merely promiae oureelves a continued ex- atitution as incompatible with the rights
ID. emption from border difficuitiee. of the States and Ithe liberties of the '
li. , The avaiablo balance ia the Treseury people, if, from the beginning, it has
he on the first of January next is estimated beea regarded by large portions of our
kin at one million and a half of dollar's. citizens ae coming in direct collibion
gs Thie sum, With the expected receipts with 'het great;and vital amendment of
)10 from ali sources during the next year, the Constitution, which declare, that
is. will, it is believed, beeufficient to enable all power not conferred by that instru.
los the Government to meet every engage- ment On the General Governmeat StO
be ment,:and leave a suitable balance in the reserved to IlieStates and to the people,
ire Treasury at the end of the year, if the if it has been viewed by them as the
me remedial measures .Connected.with the first great atop in the march of latitudiss
ed customs and the public lands, heretofore narian cynatructi on,which if unchecked
me recommended. shall be adopted, and the would render that sacred inetrument DI
no new appropriations by Congress shall as little value as an unwritten Constitus
Br- not carry the, ospenditures beyond the tion; dependent, as it would alone be
fn. official estimates. ' for its meaning, on the interested inter')
'The new system established by Con. pretation of a dominaut party, and di
ir... gross for the safe keeping of public fording no security to the rights of tbs
los money, prescribing the kind of curren- rights of the minoriiy; if such is voile
oi... cy to be received for the;publio revenue; nialde the 'case, whaflational grounds
old and providing additional guards and ses could have been conceived for anticipa.
ni. curities against losees has noir been ting aught but determined opposition le
ion several months in operation- Although such an institution it MS Present dap.
the it might be promatine, upon an experi
or ment of such limited duration, to form
a definite opinion. in regard to the ex- the consequences whiclt have flowet
whCeonuld e different resu !times been . expected,
ob tent of its influences in correcti ng many from its creation. and particulerly from Its shoe
evtils under which the Federal 'Govern- glee to perpetuate ita:existenceibad warmer h
ret, so striking a manner the. appreheileione Or la
lin meet and the country have hilherto suf. earliest opponents; 'kalif had been iiti &rub
ore fered, especially those that haie grown demonstrated that a concentrated money power,
ily, OUt of banking expanaions, depreciated . .
wteldisg tio east a capital. and combining luct
nit. , cutrency, and official tlefSICtitiOnet ye 1 , . Continued on 4th pageu i . '
mitted to be conetitstionat,.enti the re
peadituri of theto elso, eubjected to
a standard of rigid but well considered
and practical econ omy- The first de.
ponds chiefly on the people themselves,
the opinions they form of the true con
construction of the Conotitution. and the
confidence they repose in the political
sentiments of those they select as their
representatives in tbe Federal Legisla
lure; the second reete upon the fidelity
witb which their more immediate repo).
sentatives, and other public functuneri
es, discharge the trusts committed to
them. The duty of economizing the
expenses of the public service is admit
believed may always be, thus culled on.
with desirable facility and eecuriy. A
few changes and improvements in the , ,
details of the system, without effecting i
any principles involved in it, will be , i
submitted to you by the Secretary of the . - I
Treasury, and will; I am surd, receive . . N
st your ban that attention to which
they may, on examination, be found to ?
1 have'destned this brief summer of ' . 1
our fiscal affair's necessary to the due
performance fa duty spocially.enjoined
upon me by the t: ..., it liiii ..
rborn' Win, ,,-- .1
serve, aleo, to ill
other artietel - 7 '. )
principies by which nuired in lira e
upon me ay tue v -,,, It 'will .
serve. aleo, to ill rborn' Win, ..,. r
other articteln '" . - '. .',
principies by which finned in the c 1
in reterenc to two con a , . "'A.,.
public policy; which wiL v7L-, is,
their detelopm 1Lid have.miumfitfi. '
important in I vEretquenceorm,ve,;1.4 ,,,,,
any that haws r tone cr ç ' ,2 ' .'
I -.0? :' ,,,1- - '
cated and ditricas, ailt,Yeri ' --'," t
tem of Goverianon-lwi, , it. .,..:,..... '-, --' ,..
, - .- 4,11
flzd havo.miti-M, 1
vnitquencesi-A-ktemi, v, ,
111' COIE-rtm ,. ,5,,.'1,.;'.
141k, on '',,'-',7
.. , ,
1 i ita various , , -
unt" - -"T''"-----seati its various 2 -t
tional debt, ai4,,a nsttt 1-.1 I S h "
o mit P ,
"at all times be
was in these that-14y
by which the COUniqi
ever since:the adoptiot.usegs.it wIll be
tion, to a great measure,
and there is too much reason..m,,es be
hend that the conflicting interests - ent
opponing principles tbus nuirohall4,
will continue as tterettifore, to produce
similar, if not aggravated nominates.
Coming into office the declared cies
my of both, I have earnestly endeavor- ,
ad to prevent a retied to-either.
The consideration that a large public
,lebt affords en apol ogy, end producost
to some degree, a necessity aleo, for
resorting to a eystem and exteat or
taxation which io net Only oppressive -
throughout. but likewiee so apt to lead, ,
in the. end, to the commission of that
most odious of all offences spinet the
principles of Republican. government
the prostitution of political power, C011-
(erred for the general benefit, to the op
grandizetnent of particulat classes, and
tin, gratification of Individual cupidity
is alone sufficient; independently of the
weighty objectiens which have already
been urged, to render its creation ain't,
existenceithe POUTCOR of bitter sod tine
appeasable discord. If we add to this;
its inevitable tendency to produce and
foster extravagant expenditures of the
public money, by which a necessity te
created for no loans and new burdens
on the people; and finally, if we referr
to the examples of every Government
which has. existed, for ,proof how Bela
dom is that thó system whin once a.
dopted and implanted in the policy of a ,
country, has failed to expand itself, until
public credit was exhausted, and the
people were no longer able to. endure
its inereasing weight, it MOMS Impost--
Us to resist the conclusion, that no bens
, fita resulting frotn its career, no extent
of consequest, no occasion of wealth to
particular clasats. nor any, nor all its ,
combined advantligos, can collate:bal
1 ance its ultimate results a eplendid
r Government and an impoveriabed peom
If a National Llankwae as is undeniable
, repudiated by the framers of the Cott
- etitution as incompatible with the rights
of the States and Ithe liberties of the ,
people, if, from the beginning, it has
d beets regarded by large portions of our
citizens ae coming in direct collision
s with 'het great;and vital amendment of
, the Constitution, which declared, that
e all power not conferred by that instruo
ment on the General Governmeat are
e reserved to IlieStates and to the pelvis,
e ir it bas been viewed by them es the
a first great atep in the march of latitudis
re narian cynstructi on,which if unchecked '
le would render that stored inetrument of
as little value as an unwritten Constitua
lion; dependent, as it would alone be
for its meaning, on the interested intero )
pretation of a dominant party, and tr.,
io fording no security to the rights of the
rights of the minoriiy; if such is slide- '
et 'liable the 'case, wbaflational grounds
Ir. could have been conceived for anticipais
ting aught but determined opposition tO
such an inglitgli011 the present dap.
Could 4 dirTerent result have been expected,
rol when the somiequencea winclt base flowed , ,
from its creation, and particularly limm Ita strut
DY glee to perpetuate ite:existence,had minims() Its
n; so striking a mintier the. appreheileiont Ur
it earliest or:Tenons; when( if had been 1
Wn demonstrated that a concentrated money power, '
re( wieldiag rio.east a capital, and :paining Ouch
Continued on 4th perks.
Di the : ,
conti-: , , -
The ' 1
, 41,10, (elver
't;614 ,- SU B p
1 the fl
i by adi
' his o'
1 ries of
r are fo
t for th
d our tc
a of th.e
d the b
it of otu
d not )
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